55 views

Uploaded by Gabriel Chia

Steel compression lecture part 1

- محاضرات انشاءات معدنية د.سعد الدين مصطفي
- Memb221 Lab Manual Sem 1 2015 2016
- Structural Unit Method for Nonlinear Analysis
- Rc Wall Design Web
- Tut-1-4_SD-I-Steel
- Lect.07
- Cold Formed Steel design.
- Ng Evelyn K 201211 PhD Thesis
- Homework 3
- Load History and Buckling of the Production Casing in a Hpht Geothermal Well
- KIWIL
- Path Dependent Cyclic Stress Strain Relationship of Reinforcing Bar Including Buckling 2002 Engineering Structures
- Buckling in columns
- 9-1239
- Load Bearing Capability of CFST Columns with and without Shear Connectors
- purlins 3.pdf
- 2011_jtm-sanfran-paper_16
- 2395ch05
- Study on the Capacity of Cold-formes Steel Built-up Battened.pdf
- i-paper-24

You are on page 1of 23

Nominal Section Capacity

Kerri Bland

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA Copyright Regulation 1969 WARNING This material has been copied and communicated to you by or on behalf of Curtin University of Technology pursuant to Part VB of the Copyright Act 1968 (the Act) The material in this communication may be subject to copyright under the Act. Any further copying or communication of this material by you may be the subject of copyright protection under the Act. Do not remove this notice

References: OneSteel, Hot Rolled and Structural Steel Products, Third Edition Standards Australia, AS4100-1998 : Steel Structures

Calculate Limit State Actions Anticipate all failure mechanisms Calculate failure load of each possible failure mechanism Design capacity = * lowest failure load Design capacity ultimate actions

Compression Members (1) 3

Failure Load

A function of yield stress or ultimate tensile stress Yield and ultimate tensile stress for different types of sections and steels given in <Table 2.1> of AS4100 Yield and ultimate tensile stress for standard sections are given in Onesteel Hot Rolled and Structural Steel Products Manual

Note that yield and ultimate stresses for different plate thicknesses comply with AS4100

Capacity Factor

Different capacity factors for different types of actions, members and components given in <Table 3.4> of AS4100

Compression Members (1) 4

Section 6: Members subject to Axial Compression

Design of:

Compression Members

Actions of this magnitude can occur more than once during the life of the structure Steel remains elastic Elastic deformation PL

axial loads: (shortening)

AE

Design of:

Compression Members

Expect structure to just support this load Three possible failure mechanisms Squashing

Yielding of steel in the member Plastic deformation All steel is at yield stress (fy)

Crunching

Local plate buckling Squat sections (large plane area compared to length) but with thin plates that buckle

Buckling

Global member buckling Slender member whole member buckles

Compression Members (1) 7

Design of:

Squashing Crunching Buckling

Compression Members

Compression failure due to squashing or tension failure due to gross yielding of section (depends on fy) Tension failure due to fracture through holes (depends on fu)

Three Failure Mechanisms (compression):

Compression failure due to buckling of plate elements (depends on fy and section geometry) or member buckling (depends on member slenderness) Compression Members (1)

Design of:

Squash load

Compression Members

= An f y

An=?

Can only be achieved if plates are thick enough so that they dont buckle

Design of:

Compression Members

An defined in <6.2.1> An = net area = gross area cross section of unfilled holes

(holes with bolts are considered to be filled holes)

Where unfilled holes reduce the section by less than 100{1-[fy/(0.85fu)]}% (ie: reduced by less than 20-30%) use An=Ag

(most of the time)

10

Design of:

Squash load

Compression Members

= An f y

= k f An fy

Can only be achieved if plates are thick enough so that they dont buckle

Crunching load limited by local buckling of <6.2.1> plate elements kf : form factor; based on effective area kf takes plate element slenderness into account

If plates are thick (ie: wont buckle before full yielding occurs) then kf =1 If plates are just too thin to allow full yielding to occur then kf is just less than 1 If plates are very thin then kf is much less than 1

kf : <6.2.2>

11

Design of:

Compression Members

Calculating kf :

Plates with both ends stiffened (ie: web) buckle less readily than those with only one end stiffened (ie: flange outstand) Plate with stiffened edges Buckling is easier for plates with high

b t

b/ ratio t

b e t

12

Design of:

Compression Members

Calculate plate b fy element slenderness : e = t 250 for each plate element <6.2.3> (for a flat plate element) Calculate effective width for each plate element:

Calculating kf :

t1 b2 t2 b1

where ey =

ey be = b e

Yield slenderness limit is the slenderness at which full yielding of the plate element without buckling just occurs. If the slenderness is any higher (ie: more slender) the plate will buckle before yielding occurs.

Compression Members (1) 13

Design of:

Compression Members

Note how flat plates with both longitudinal edges supported have a higher yield slenderness limit, ie: they can reach a higher stress (higher load for the same area) before buckling will occur as they have more support, thus less tendency to buckle

Table taken from AS4100 1998 Refer to slide 2 for copyright warning

14

Design of:

Compression Members

Calculating kf : Ae kf = <6.2.2> Ag

be.flange outstand tweb be.web Where: Ag = gross area of the section Ae = effective area

= (be t )

tflange

Compression Members (1) 15

Design of:

Ae As k f = Ag

Compression Members

Ns = kf An fy

and usually An = Ag , then k f .An = Ae

Ns is determined by Ae.fy To rephrase: if a section has slender plate elements, such that they buckle before they yield, in order to calculate the section capacity (the amount of compression force it can take before failure) it would be logical to use the full cross sectional area and multiply it by its plate buckling stress (a bit tricky to find). However, in order to simplify calculations, the code uses the yield stress (easy to find) and a reduced area (effective area), such that: section capacity = Ag.plate buckling stress = Ae.yield stress = kf Anfy (as before)

(Note: plate buckling stress = kf.yield stress)

The relationship between the buckling stress and the yield stress is a function of the slenderness of the plates (cross sectional geometry), and that is used in the determination of the effective plate widths and thus kf

Compression Members (1) 16

Design of:

Compression Members

1.

Table and image taken from Onesteel Hot Rolled and Structural Steel Products Manual Refer to slide 2 for copyright warning.

17

Structural Design 266 (Steel) Example Determine the nominal section capacity of a 610 UB 101 section.

1.

Design of:

WEB

Compression Members

Web slenderness:

=602

=14.8 .6 10 = =572

=228

ey = 45

ey be = b b e 45 = 422 mm = 572 61

(<b)

Table 16 and image taken from Onesteel Hot Rolled and Structural Steel Products Manual Table 6.2.4 from AS4100-1998 Refer to slide 2 for copyright warning.

18

Structural Design 266 (Steel) Example Determine the nominal section capacity of a 610 UB 101 section.

1.

Design of:

Compression Members

=108.7

b e = t fy 250

=602 =14.8 .6 10 = =572

FLANGE OUTSTAND

Flange outstand slenderness:

=228

ey

= 16

ey be = b e

Slenderness of element less than yield slenderness limit, therefore flange wont buckle before yielding, so effective width equals actual width (dont need to reduce area to take buckling into Members (1) Compression account)

Table 16 and image taken from Onesteel Hot Rolled and Structural Steel Products Manual Table 6.2.4 from AS4100-1998 Refer to slide 2 for copyright warning. 19

Design of:

Compression Members

=108.7

Image and Table 15 taken from Onesteel Hot Rolled and Structural Steel Products Manual Refer to slide 2 for copyright warning.

Example Determine the nominal section capacity of a 610 UB 101 section. 1. Determine form factor kf

Find effective width of plate elements Web effective width = 422 mm Flange effective width = 228 mm Find effective area of section

=14.8 .6 10 = =572

=602

=228

kf =

Ae 11220 = Ag 13000

k f = 0.863

20

Design of:

k f = 0.863

Example Determine the nominal section capacity of a 610 UB 101 section. 1. Determine form factor kf

Compression Members

Table 16 taken from Onesteel Hot Rolled and Structural Steel Products Manual Refer to slide 2 for copyright warning.

Note: As kf is based upon section geometry and geometry for standard sections is known, kf has been calculated for all standard sections and is given in the manuals Therefore, it is not necessary to calculate kf for standard sections. This example was a demonstration only. kf in manual (0.888) is not exactly the same as what was calculated (0.863). Manual used a different method (more accurate but more comlex) to calculate kf. The kf calculated here is fairly close and slightly conservative so is acceptable for use. However, would not normally calculate kf for Compression Members (1) 21 standard sections.

Design of:

k f = 0.863

2.

Example Determine the nominal section capacity of a 610 UB 101 section. 1. Determine form factor kf

Compression Members

Tables 15 & 16 taken from Onesteel Hot Rolled and Structural Steel Products Manual Refer to slide 2 for copyright warning. Compression Members (1) 22

Design of:

Compression Members

Squashing = Anfy

Yielding of steel in the member Plastic deformation All steel is at yield stress (fy)

Crunching = kf Anfy

Local plate buckling Squat sections (large plane area compared to length) but with thin plates that buckle

<6.2.1>

Encompasses squashing and crunching failure mechanisms. Section will fail by crunching unless the local plates are stocky enough to not buckle, in which case kf = 1 and Ns = squash load

Compression Members (1) 23

- محاضرات انشاءات معدنية د.سعد الدين مصطفيUploaded byEmad Elhussieny
- Memb221 Lab Manual Sem 1 2015 2016Uploaded bySurenderan Logan
- Structural Unit Method for Nonlinear AnalysisUploaded bytharane
- Rc Wall Design WebUploaded byDavid Shutte
- Tut-1-4_SD-I-SteelUploaded byChirag N Patel
- Lect.07Uploaded byZiaullah
- Cold Formed Steel design.Uploaded byShivaji Sarvade
- Ng Evelyn K 201211 PhD ThesisUploaded byaenyma
- Homework 3Uploaded byKartika Purwitasari
- Load History and Buckling of the Production Casing in a Hpht Geothermal WellUploaded bynissefar007
- KIWILUploaded byNameis Ghoffar
- Path Dependent Cyclic Stress Strain Relationship of Reinforcing Bar Including Buckling 2002 Engineering StructuresUploaded byHugo Ramirez Carmona
- Buckling in columnsUploaded bynirga
- 9-1239Uploaded byAbdul Aziz
- Load Bearing Capability of CFST Columns with and without Shear ConnectorsUploaded byIJIRST
- purlins 3.pdfUploaded byraj
- 2011_jtm-sanfran-paper_16Uploaded byBobbi Middleton
- 2395ch05Uploaded bySheikh Mizanur Rahman
- Study on the Capacity of Cold-formes Steel Built-up Battened.pdfUploaded byjash
- i-paper-24Uploaded byedweery
- South Africa - Gardner 2011Uploaded byVasiliy Rogach
- Numerical modelling and design recommendation of axially-loaded thin-walled RCFST slender column, 2019 (Jingfeng Wang).pdfUploaded byPhan Đào Hoàng Hiệp
- bcukling 12Uploaded byEvon Goh
- STEEL (E-S).docxUploaded byMa Zairah Pascual
- 2657Uploaded byhitesh_tilala
- Index 1Uploaded byAnya Cooper
- Buckling Restrained Braces - Research and Implementation in Taiwan_tsai_lin_wu_chuangUploaded byAmir
- SOM_2012Uploaded bydebabrata_nag
- 09.pdfUploaded bysuganthi1711
- LateralUploaded byMathew Sebastian

- Using Strand7 ManualUploaded byGabriel Chia
- 1Uploaded byGabriel Chia
- Concrete InternationalUploaded byCarlos Andrés Blanco Mayorga
- DraftingUploaded byGabriel Chia
- Job applicationUploaded byGabriel Chia
- ScaffoldingUploaded byGabriel Chia
- Steel GirderUploaded byGabriel Chia
- Actions_02 Imposed Ed1-2004Uploaded byGabriel Chia
- Actions_01 Permanent Ed1-2004.pptUploaded byGabriel Chia
- Steel examUploaded byGabriel Chia
- SD266 assn1 2009_1Uploaded byGabriel Chia
- SD266 assn2 2009_1Uploaded byGabriel Chia
- SD266 Assn1 2009 Summary Sheets and Fully Worked SolutionUploaded byGabriel Chia
- Chapter 2 - Formwork ProceduresUploaded byGabriel Chia
- Chapter 1 - Introduction - Rev AUploaded byGabriel Chia
- Alpha a Multiplier for Bending DesignUploaded byGabriel Chia

- AWS100 Appendix 12 Fatigue (1)Uploaded bycarlosnovoan
- BaseIsolationDesignGuidelines-52.pdfUploaded byYamir Manuel Ortiz Reynaga
- Modeling of Sloshing Problems BrocaUploaded bylauro330
- Set11 METTALURGY (1)Uploaded byPritamjit Rout
- Chapter 10 The Skeletal System - sp10.pptUploaded byRanganathan Ramanan
- Mechanical Properties of MaterialsUploaded byfana
- 4 Pure BendingUploaded byBharat Jajoria
- Theories of Failure From My SOM BookUploaded byRavinder Antil
- Basement SEFIUploaded bysabareesan09
- PVP Vol 399 (SIF)Uploaded bybpraj70
- Aircraft Structures DefinitionsUploaded byPradeep Gnanavel
- Performance Based Seismic DesignUploaded byijump12
- 1 d PlasticityUploaded byinsomniacsh
- commentary-ec2-def080723.pdfUploaded byManVas
- Development of Performance-based Fire Design for Cold-Formed SteelUploaded byReaditReadit
- Objectives and Methods of Analysis and DesignUploaded byRenad Elrashid
- Basal Reinforced Embankments_2007Uploaded bySrividya Kiranmayi Bandhakavi
- Metal Expansion Joint CatalogUploaded byktsnl
- Performance of a Stone Column Supported EmbankmentUploaded bySeif15
- Bieniawaski Z. T.Uploaded byOlivin
- Creep and Creep TestingUploaded bykevin herry
- Mech Beha of Al6063Uploaded byRama Lingam
- PBEEtoolbox_UnivLub-ExamplesofapplicationsUploaded byCem Demir
- BSOL_DOWNLOADS_2014-04-28 02-47-07Uploaded by321daiqi
- nanoclay 1Uploaded byMastura Farhana
- Modelling of Negative Skin Friction on Bored Piles in ClayUploaded byLordM00n
- Piping BasicsUploaded byRajeshSekar
- MED Holistic ExamUploaded bySami Wondimu
- Spe 133452Uploaded bytomk2220
- Finite element analysis of repaired concrete structures (1998) - Thesis (202).pdfUploaded byJulio Humberto Díaz Rondán