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Contents Preface ........ pee sees ix Acknowledgments ....+00+6e0e08 xi PARTI ~=WRITING A PARAGRAPH an wee D Chapter} — Paragraph Structure ....---. ss eee ee eee eeeeeeee 2 ‘The Three Parts of a Paragraph .......60. 05 ‘The Topic Sentence . : Position of Topic Sentences . ‘The Two Pars of a Topic Sentence - ‘Supporting Sentences... cee ‘The Concluding Sentence Review ...... ee... Writing Practice ...... Chapter 2 Unity and Coherence 0... 6 ec cseseeee terrence IB Unity... ceeeeeeeeeee 18 Coherence. . -a Repetition of Key Nouns : 2 : Key Noun Substitutes . ; 2B Consistent Pronouns . 4. ‘Transition Signals . sec 25 Logical Order -2..2.. 0.0.2.5 34 Review —. 36 Writing Practice ».. 37 Chapter 3 Supporting Details: Facts, Quotations, ............39 and Statistics Facts versus Opinions . 39 Using Outside Sources. . 41 Plagiarism... . - 41 Citing Sources - 42 Quotations 2 Direct Quotations «.... 42 Reporting Verbs and Phrases . 2 4B Punctuating Direct Quotations oe 45 Indirect Quotations 47 Contents Writing Practice... Statistics Writing Practice Review PART II ‘WRITING AN ESSAY..... Chapter 4 From Paragraph to Essay...........055 ‘The Three Parts of an Essay ‘The Introductory Paragraph : Funnel Introduction : Attention-Getting Introduction . Thesis Statement Body Paragraphs .....2.. 0.2.05 Logical Division of Ideas : ‘Thesis Statements for Logical Division of Ideas ‘Thesis Statement Pitfalls ........ ‘Transition Signals between Paragraphs... The Concluding Paragraph . : Essay Outlining Review . Writing Practice Applying What You Have Leamed : Reading ......ce0ccseeesseessseentesetteseeennee Questions. Suggestions for Discussion or Writing Chapter 5 Chronological Order: Process Essays........ Thesis Statements for a Process Essay .......-. Transition Signals for Chronological Orr. Review ceeee Writing Practice Applying What You Have Learned Reading 1 - Questions : Suggestions for Discussion or Writing - Reading 2 : Questions Suggestions for Discussion or Writing Chapter 6 — Cause/Effect Essays . Organization for Cause/Effect Order . Block Organization . Chain Organization ‘Cause/Bifect Signal Words and Phrases 49 SI 53 54 wee 56 56 59 60 61 6 a 64 65 or Cy 2 5 7 8 B 9 80 80 381 84 86 88 89 89 89 90 o1 2 92 93 .94 95 95 98, 101 Contents Cause Signal Words 101 Effect Signal Words . sees 102 Review .. seve 105 Writing Practice......... we vevsee 105 Applying What You Have Leamed . 106 Reading. : 107 Questions . : 108 Suggestions for Discussion or Writing. 110 Chapter 7 Comparison/Contrast Essays..........-+.+++0+. IND Organization of Comparison/Contrast Essays. 113 Point-by-Point Organization : 113 Block Organization. ....... 4 ‘Comparison and Contrast Signal Words . 116 ‘Comparison Signal Words 116 Contrast Signal Words 119 Review. 122 Writing Practice... 123 Applying What You Have Leamed - 124 Reading... co 124 Questions . vies 126 Suggestions for Discussion or Writing +. 126 Chapter 8 Paraphrase and Summary .........6.0.00000005 127 Paraphrasing. 127 Plagiarism. 128 Using Paraprses as Supper. 135 Summariang.. : 136 Review . 14 Chapter 9 Argumentative Essays ........ 0. esse ee eee eee ee 42 Organization of Argumentative Essays cee 143 ‘The Introductory Paragraph... 147 ‘Thesis Statement. 147 Review... 150 Writing Practice. 150 Applying What You Have Learned . . 151 ‘Topic 1, Reading 1 . 1st Questions ...... 153 Topic I, Reading 2 .. 154 Questions .... 155 Topic 2, Reading 1 .. 156 = Questions .. 157 Topic 2, Reading 2 .. 158 : Questions 160