4.1K views

Uploaded by sanjeevi_12

The voltage lift technique is a popular method that is widely applied in electronic circuit design. Because of the effect of parasitic elements the output voltage and power transfer efficiency of DC-DC converters are limited. The voltage lift technique opens a good way to improve circuit characteristics. In this paper the voltage lift technique has been successfully applied for DC-DC buck converters to operate as boost. This converter performs positive DC-DC voltage increasing conversion with high power density, high efficiency, low cost in simple structure. They are different from other existing DC-DC step-up converters and possess many advantages including a high output voltage with small ripples. Therefore, these converters will be widely used in computer peripheral equipments and industrial applications, especially for high output voltage projects.

- Boost converter
- A Bidirectional Dc-dc Converter Mod
- Final Project Report
- DC-DC Buck Converter TL494
- Buck Converter
- Types of Basic DC-DC Converters
- Erickson Fundamentals of Power Electronics PDF
- DC-DC Converter Basics
- Buck converters
- compressor
- Simple DC to DC Converter Circuits
- DC-AC Inverter 10KW
- BEEE QBank CIT
- Buck and Boost Converter Using PSPICE
- Sample Industrial Visit Letter
- UnderstandingandApplyingCurrent-ModeControlTheoryv1
- push pull inverter
- Buck Converter Design Example
- Faraday's Paradox
- Charles Yost - Longitudinal Electrodynamic Wave Experiments

You are on page 1of 7

P. Sanjeevikumar

Abstract-The voltage lift technique is a are V1 and I1, out voltage and current are VO

popular method that is widely applied in and IO. Assuming no power losses during

electronic circuit design. Because of the the conversion process V1 x I1 = VO x IO.

effect of parasitic elements the output The voltage transfer gain is M, where

voltage and power transfer efficiency of DC- M=VO/V1. In case of conventional boost

DC converters are limited. The voltage lift converter it requires two controllers, hence it

technique opens a good way to improve becomes non economical for high voltage

circuit characteristics. In this paper the applications whereas the proposed DC-DC

voltage lift technique has been successfully boost converter requires only one closed

applied for DC-DC buck converters to loop controller.

operate as boost. This converter performs

positive DC-DC voltage increasing In this paper a new series of DC-DC

conversion with high power density, high converter topology analyzed which is

efficiency, low cost in simple structure. different from conventional converter. The

They are different from other existing DC- performance of this DC-DC converter is

DC step-up converters and possess many superior to conventional DC-DC with

advantages including a high output voltage reduced control scheme.

with small ripples. Therefore, these

converters will be widely used in computer It performs similar to conventional

peripheral equipments [1-3] and industrial DC/DC boost converter with

applications, especially for high output comparatively high voltage transfer

voltage projects. ratio.

I. INTRODUCTION

ripple at the output voltage is an added

advantage of this proposed converter.

VOLTAGE LIFT (VL) technique is a

popular method widely used in electronic

circuit design. It has been successfully

High power density with high efficiency

employed in DC/DC converter applications

than conventional boost converter.

in recent years, and opened a way to design

high voltage gain converters. The output

Closed Loop controller requires only

voltage increases stage-by-stage along the

one sensor.

geometric progression. This paper

introduces positive output boost converters

In this paper, the basic operation of this

that implement the output voltage increase

topology is first described. A PWM

in a simple geometric progression. They also

algorithm is developed for the P-channel

effectively enhance the voltage transfer gain

MOSFET switch is illustrated for the boost

as per power-law terms. The circuit has only

operation. Finally system level simulation

one switch S, two inductors, and two

study is conducted using

capacitors and diodes. The conduction duty

MATLAB/SIMULINK to verify its output

ratio is k, switching frequency is f,

voltage performance with line and load

switching period is T = 1/f, the load is

disturbances.

resistive R. The input voltage and current

II. PROPOSED TOPOLOGY

across Co, Vo=V1+Vc will appear across R

for short duration of time. The inductor Lo

maintains the current direction even during

Fig. 1 illustrates the proposed Boost switch OFF. Thus the new series of DC-DC

Converter which is derived from Cuk or converter maintains current and high voltage

Zeta Converter and Luo-converter of at the output.

previous topology. The new series of DC-

DC boost converter provides better voltage Elementary equations of conventional DC-

transfer ratio compared to the previous DC converter are given below for the

topologies. performance comparison of the proposed

topology.

The circuit essentially consists of a P- K

O u t p u t V o lt a g e V o = V1

channel MOSFET switch triggered using the 1 -K

1 -K

PWM switching pulse with variable O u tp u tC u rre n t I O = I1

K

frequency and duty ratio k. The switch is K

operated in two modes with the incorporated V o lta g e T r a n s f e r G a in M =

1 -K

passive components C and L at the input A v e ra g e V o lta g e V C = V O

side. The purpose of capacitor C is to lift

the voltage of the Co during the switch ON A verage C urrent I LO = I O

time. The voltage across Co will be the K

I LO = IO

voltage across the load under steady 1-K

condition. Purpose of providing L is to lift

the voltage across C. During the charging III. ANALYSIS OF PROPOSED

period the voltage across Co will be V1+Vc CONVERTER

and this voltage is maintained even when

switch is off. The switching equivalent Under Steady state the average inductor

circuit of the fig.1 is shown in fig2&3. voltage over a period is zero hence,

VC 1 =VC O =VO

corresponding Voltage across L =V1

IL – decreases when switch is OFF-

corresponding Voltage across L = -VC

FIG. 2 EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT WHEN SWITCH ON

K

VC =

1-K V 1

During switch ON period the voltage across .

V1 + X 2 − X 4

CO is equal to the source voltage V1 plus the X3= (1)

voltage across C LO LO LO

.

X3 − X4

VCO = V1 +VC X4 =

C O RC O

K

V V O = V1 + V

1 -k 1

Similarly when the switch is open the State

1

VC O = V Space equation are:

1 -K 1 .

-X 2

Voltage transfer gain of Continuous

X1=

LO

Conduction Mode .

X1

VO VCO 1 V1 1

X2 =

M = = = = C

V1 V1 1 -K V 1 1 -K

(2)

Summary of Analysis .

X4

X3= −

Output Voltage V O = 1 LO

V1

1 -K .

Output Current X3 − X4

I O

= (1 -K ) I 1 X4 =

1 C O RC O

Voltage transfer gain M=

1 -K By using State Space averaging method, the

Average Voltage VC = K VO state space averaging equation of the

converter are given as

VC1 = VO

Average Current I LO = I O ⎡ 1-k ⎤

1 ⎢ 0 0 0 ⎥

⎡k⎤

IL = I ⎢ L1 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥

1-K O

⎢ -(1-k) k ⎥ ⎢ L1 ⎥

IV. MODELING OF PROPOSED . ⎢ C 0 C 0 ⎥ ⎢0⎥

CONVERTER X= ⎢⎢ -k

⎥+

-1 ⎥ ⎢ k ⎥

X (3)

0 0 ⎢ ⎥

⎢ Lo Lo ⎥ ⎢ L0 ⎥

State Space Modeling of the proposed ⎢ ⎥

converter is [4] done for the design of PI ⎢ 0 1 -1 ⎥ ⎢⎣ 0 ⎥⎦

0

controller under closed loop operation for its ⎢ ⎥

⎣ Co RCo ⎦

stability analysis with disturbances and the VO = X 4

analysis is given below:

T

Where X= ⎡⎣X1 X2 X3 X4⎤⎦ is the state vector

The State Variables X1, X2, X3 and X4 are

chosen as the current iL1, the voltage Vc, the Equation 3 represents the state space model

Current iLO and the voltage VO respectively. of the proposed DC-DC converter for

When the switch is closed, the State Space obtaining the optimum PI controller

equations are: parameter and hence the converter

. performance can be validated for the various

V1

X1= disturbance conditions. Generally, the

L1 control for DC-DC converters is to regulate

. the output voltage at desired level. Sliding

X3

X2 = mode controller often uses a sliding surface

C which ensures that output voltage reaches

the desired level once the system gets onto

the sliding surface [3]. [3] Derivative DC voltage of the load is fed back and

function S and state variable utilized for this compared with Vdc reference voltage and

converter is utilized are given below. the error is given to the PI controller to

stabilize the error and the signal obtained

In steady state, the system is kept on the from the controller is the modulating signal

sliding surface. for the PWM scheme.

Let the derivative of S as

S=G*X+V (1 1) Signal from the PI controller is compared

Where G = [g, g... gn] with high frequency ramp signal to produce

V is a constant. required pulse for the P-channel MOSFET

switch to obtain the reference DC voltage at

In this paper for the above model of the the load.

converter [3-9] using the Ziegler-Nichols

method 1 is (S-shaped curve technique) VI. SIMULATION RESULTS

applied to design the PI controller. Step

input is applied to the plant model above Simulation results are given below for the

equation [3] and the response is the S shaped performance characteristics of the proposed

curve. By drawing the tangent to the S- DC-DC Boost Converter. Inductance and

shaped curve at its inflection point with Capacitance values are same for both load

reference to X-axis, the time delay L and and lift part of the circuit.

time constant T is calculated. Using [10]

Ziegler-Nichols chart the value of the Kp and

Ti are calculated. The PI controller Simulation Parameters:

designed by the above method is tested

under different disturbance conditions and

results are provided for the feasibility. Input Voltage V1 = (10-11) volts

Inductance = 100µH

V. CLOSED LOOP CONTROLLER Capacitance =5µF

Load Resistance = (5-6) ohms.

Switching Frequency = 50 KHz.

proposed DC-DC boost converter is shown

in the above figure consisting of only one

voltage sensor with simple control structure

when compared with conventional DC-DC

boost converter which requires both voltage

and current sensors.

FIG. 11a & 11b PWM PULSE AT STEADY STATE

FIG. 8 OUTPUT DC CURRENT SWITCING

load and line variations. The PI controller

quickly responds to the line and load

disturbances to stabilize the output voltage

with maximum peak over shoot less than

20%.

proposed DC-DC boost converter

maintaining 30V under both line and load

disturbance. Hence the converter provides

FIG. 9 OUTPUT DC VOLTAGE high efficiency and stabilizes even under

distortion conditions. Line disturbance is

applied at 0.04 sec and Load disturbance is

applied at 0.06 sec.

Fig 8 shows the DC output current of the

proposed DC-DC boost converter

maintaining 5A under line disturbance and

increases to 6A as the load varies from 6Ώ

to 5Ώ.

proposed DC-DC boost converter

FIG. 10 OUTPUT DC CURRENT maintaining 30V under both line and load

disturbances at same instant. The converter

provides high efficiency and stabilizes the VIII. REFERENCE

output even under such distortion

conditions. Line disturbance and load 1. MEDLEY, K.M., and CUK, S.:

disturbance both are applied at 0.04 sec to ‘Dynamics of one cycle controlled Cuk

prove feasibility of the converter. The converter’, IEEE Trans. Power Electron.,

corresponding current variations are shown

1995, 10, (6), pp. 634-639.

in Fig 10.

2. LUO, F.L.: ‘Re-lift converter: design,

Fig 11a shows the modulating signal test, simulation and stability analysis’,

provided PI by the controller and carrier IEE Proc. Electr. Power Appl. 1998,

signal for PWM generation. Fig 11b shows 145, (4), pp. 315-325.

PWM pulse for the P-channel MOSFET 3. LUO, F.L.: ‘Luo converters - voltage

switch. lift technique’. Proceedings ofthe IEEE

Power Electronics Special conference

Fig 12a shows switch ON and OFF instant IEEE-PESCP8, Fukuoka, Japan, 17-22

of the P-channel MOSFET correspondingly May 1998, pp. 1783-1789.

the charging and discharging of the

4. Y. He, LUO. F.L.”Study of Slide

Capacitor (Vco) are shown in fig 12b

mode Controller for DC-DC converter”.

illustrating even when the switch OFF the

average of 30V is maintained at the load. International conference 2004,

POWERCON 2004, Singapore

VII. CONCLUSION 5. LUO, F.L.: ‘Luo converters, a series

of new DC-DC step-up (boost)

Since the effect of parasitic elements of conversion circuits’. Proceedings of the

DC-DC converters limit their output IEEE international conference PEDS’97,

voltage and power transfer efficiency, Singapore, 26-29 May 1997, pp. 882-

the conduction duty ratio k usually 888.

should not be higher than 0.9. The paper 6. LUO, F.L.: ‘Re-lift circuit, a new DC-

provides successful application of the DC step-up (boost) converter’, Electrun.

Voltage lift technique in a DC-DC buck Lett. 1997, 33, (I).

converter to be operated in Boost mode 7. LUO, F.L., LEE, W.C., and LEE,

with a simple closed loop technique. The G.B.: ‘Self-lift circuit, a new DCDC

close controller has only one sensor converter’. Proceedings of the 3rd

which makes more suitable for high National Undergraduate Research

voltage applications. The technique Programmed (NRRP), Congress 97,

overcomes the effects of parasitic Singapore, 13 Sept. 1997.

elements and greatly increases the output 8. RASHID, M.H.: ‘Power electronics:

voltage of the DC-DC converters. It has circuits, devices and applications’

the characteristics of high efficiency, prentice-Hall, USA, 1993, 2nd edn.).

high power density and simple topology 9. Katsuhiko Ogata “Modern Control

with low cost and wide range of control Engineering” Second Edition Prentice-

with smooth current ripples. These Hall of India private Limited @New

converters can be used in computer Delhi, 1996.

peripheral circuits, medical equipments

and industrial applications with high

output voltage.

BIOGRAPHIES

Engineering (Electrical & Electronics)

from the University of Madras and

Master of Technology (Electrical Drives

& Control) from Pondicherry University

in 2002, 2006. He worked as a Lecturer

in the Department of Electrical &

Electronics Engineering in IFET College

of Engineering, Tamilnadu, India (2002

– 2007). He also worked as Manager

Training at Edutech LLC, Dubai, Middle

East, UAE. His area of interest includes

alternate topology for Matrix converter,

Luo converters, soft switching PWM

schemes and power electronics

application towards power systems. He

has published papers in national,

international conferences and journals in

the field of power electronics.

Email ID: sanjeevi_12@yahoo.co.in.

- Boost converterUploaded bySpk Sudhin
- A Bidirectional Dc-dc Converter ModUploaded byvinay kumar
- Final Project ReportUploaded byShubhendra Singh
- DC-DC Buck Converter TL494Uploaded byLovemore Makombe
- Buck ConverterUploaded bymayank.rkl
- Types of Basic DC-DC ConvertersUploaded bySyed Muhammad Munavvar Hussain
- Erickson Fundamentals of Power Electronics PDFUploaded byBryan
- DC-DC Converter BasicsUploaded bymsholihulhadi
- Buck convertersUploaded bymuddassir07
- compressorUploaded byFrenchwolf420
- Simple DC to DC Converter CircuitsUploaded bycarlken_07
- DC-AC Inverter 10KWUploaded bynishan
- BEEE QBank CITUploaded bybeulahruby
- Buck and Boost Converter Using PSPICEUploaded bymohanrajgupta19
- Sample Industrial Visit LetterUploaded byPankaj Kapse
- UnderstandingandApplyingCurrent-ModeControlTheoryv1Uploaded bypandass
- push pull inverterUploaded byPrem Sagar
- Buck Converter Design ExampleUploaded bynsalazar1389
- Faraday's ParadoxUploaded byRavan Harshavardhan
- Charles Yost - Longitudinal Electrodynamic Wave ExperimentsUploaded byTHE NIKOLA TESLA INSTITUTE
- 12Uploaded byvinay kumar
- Titanic Loss for TeslaUploaded bysaucersource
- inverterUploaded byfransjack1234
- free energyUploaded byback2back
- 04Uploaded byvinay kumar
- Hi Fi Circuits CrowhurstUploaded by1102hd
- 12V_inverterUploaded byDeli Adji
- Libros2009Uploaded byAlberto Maximiliano Cabral
- Using the TL431 in a SMPSUploaded byFLORESCU MARCEL

- UNR 3.3-8 D5Uploaded byCheng Yi Tsai
- Design and Analysis of Dynamic Voltage Restorer for Deep Voltage Sag and Harmonic CompensationUploaded byJoffie Jacob Pulpel
- 07312183.pdfUploaded byAhmad Fahrudin
- Cooper Nova Manual S280421 Part1Uploaded byArliel John Garbo
- l37.pdfUploaded byGajendraPatel
- Ips SyllabusUploaded byVeera Chaitanya
- 1553397689384_reportUploaded bychirag goyal
- PE24-133-137-neural network controller for buck boost converter fed dc motorUploaded byvinod
- MPPT BASED OPTIMAL CHARGE CONTROLLER IN PV SYSTEMUploaded byMalik Sameeullah
- ElecUploaded bymohd786azhar
- SmartCtrl User ManualUploaded byHer Oliveira
- A 03502001005Uploaded bytheijes
- tiduai7 (1)Uploaded bymustafeez18
- A High Step-Down Interleaved Buck Converter with Active-Clamp Circuits for Wind TurbinesUploaded bySuma Cn
- DC-DC Converter for Charging Super-capacitor in PV ApplicationUploaded byIRJET Journal
- paper6Uploaded byanil4shop
- e95b010Uploaded byAg Cristian
- 07872494.pdfUploaded bychaitanya
- 2016 2017 Ieee Eee Project TitlesUploaded bysathish
- Www.ampublisher.com September 2012 EEE 1210 014 Design Performance Analysis Solar PV DC Water Pumping SystemUploaded bysandeepbabu28
- AN920-D-1Uploaded bysantosh_babar_26
- Power Electronics PG SyllUploaded byBhimasen Soragaon
- [1] Novel Zero Voltage Transition PWM Flyback Converter 2008H0065 05 TETN-2009-0430Uploaded bypauloferetti
- DC DC Converters Transient PerformanceUploaded byVaibhav Siwach
- 10.1109@COMPEL.2018.8460104Uploaded byVeeravasantharao Battula
- BoostUploaded byRagunathan Narayanan
- Power Electronics Converters, Applications, And DesignUploaded byaaaravin
- DC-DC Converter SimulationUploaded byMThe Strokes
- Modeling Grid Connection for Solar and Wind Energy 5Uploaded bydhanrajkishore
- 06-林永裁-Integrated CMOS Buck DC-DC Converter with On-Chip PWM CircuitUploaded byRGinanjar Nur Rahmat