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# HOPE Charter School Tuesday, February 10, 2009

## PSSA Math Reporting Categories:

A Numbers and Operations
B Measurement
C Geometry
√ D Algebraic Concepts
E Data Analysis and Probability

SOLUTIONS
Name (legibly printed): _______________________________________________

## Seminar (circle one): Ackerman Beals Capers Harvey Hickson

Instructions:
• Place your solution into box in front of main office by end of 4th period today.
• Winner will be announced during 6th period lunch today. Winner will be
randomly selected from all entries, but the answer must be correct and justified
(SHOW WORK OR EXPLAIN).
• Link with questions and solutions posted at http://hopecharter.blogspot.com

Which of the following is the equation of the line that passes through (–2, 3) and has
1
slope ?
2
A 2x – y = –7
B x + 2y = 4
C 2x + y = –1
D x – 2y = –8

( N E X T PAG E )
Solutions:

Method 1:

## Solve each equation in the slope-intercept form y  mx  b

If the slope matches then test if the point suffices the linear equation.

## A strategy is to test each of the proposed solutions.

2x  y  7
2 x  2x -2x from both sides
 y  2 x  7
 y 2 x  7
  1 both sides
1 1
y  2x  7 simplify
So the slope of 2 does NOT match.  Answer A is incorrect.

x  2y  4
x x -x from both sides
2y   x  4
2y x  4
  2 both sides
2 2
1
y  x2 simplify
2
1
So the slope of  does NOT match.  Answer B is incorrect.
2

2x  y  1
2 x  2x -2x from both sides
y  2 x  1
So the slope of 2 does NOT match.  Answer C is incorrect.

At this point since we know A and B and C are all incorrect, we should just pick D, but
let’s show that D is in fact correct.

x  2 y  8
x x -x from both sides
 2 y  x  8
2 y  x  8
  2 both sides
2 2
1
y x4 simplify
2
1
So the slope of matches. Now test this linear equation to see if it passes through the
2
1
point  2,3 . Evaluate y  x  4 at  x, y    2,3 .
2
1
y  x4
2
1
3   2   4
2
3  1  4
33 

## which is true  Correct answer is D.

Method 2:

1
Since we are provided with a point of  2,3 and a slope of , we can express the stated
2
linear equation in the point-slope form of a linear equation, y  y1  m  x  x1  , and see
which of the possible provided answers matches.

## Therefore the stated problem can be expressed as:

y  y1  m  x  x1 
1
y 3
2
 x   2  
1
y  3   x  2
2

## x x -x from both sides

 2 y  x  8
2 y  x  8
  2 both sides
2 2
1
y x4 simplify
2
We need to make this look more like the point-slope form of the stated problem, so 3
from both sides, simplify, and compare:
1
y  x4
2
1
y  3  x 1 -3 both sides
2
1
y  3   x  2 factor
2
1
So the slope of matches and the point of  2,3 matches.  Correct answer is D.
2

Method 3:

## Simple substitution works if multiple choices are provided.

Test all provided multiple choice answers with the given point  2,3

2 x  y  7
2  2    3  7
4  3  7
7  7
So answer A is a possible candidate.

x  2y  4
 2   2  3  4
2  6  4
44
So answer B is a possible candidate.

2 x  y  1
2  2    3  1
4  3  1
1  1
So answer C is a possible candidate.

x  2 y  8
 2   2  3  8
2  6  8
8  8
So answer D is a possible candidate.

We need another point on the original line since all of the provided answers go through
the point  2,3 .
1 rise
Well if the provided slope is , that’s , that’s +1 to the y-value and +2 to the x-value
2 run
… so another point on the provided line would be  0, 4 

Test all provided multiple choice answers with the other point  0, 4  on the line.

2 x  y  7
2  0    4   7
0  4  7
4  7

x  2y  4
 0  2  4  4
08  4
84

2 x  y  1
2  0    4   1
0  4  1
4  1

x  2 y  8
 0   2  4   8
0  8  8
8  8

Method 4:

1
Graphical solution. Place a point on  2,3 and follow the slope of .
2
Multiple choice answer D is the only linear equation that overlaps the above graph.
Provided graph is dashed red, A is blue, B is green, C is magenta, D is yellow.

15

10

x
 10  8  6  4  2 2

 5

 10