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pt
PAST SIMPLE: BE
Affirmative:
I was
You were
He/she/it was
We were
You were
They were
Examples

Negative:
I was not = I wasnt
You were not = you werent
He was not = he wasnt
we were not = we werent
You were not = you werent
They were not They werent

Interrogative:
Was I?
Were you?
Was he/she/it?
Were we?
Were you?
Were they?

- She was at home yesterday afternoon.


- They were in the park yesterday.

Short answers:
- Was Hugo at the gym yesterday morning?
- Were his friends there too?

- Yes, he was. / No, he wasnt.


- Yes, they were. / No, they werent.

Past expressions:
Yesterday; last week; last month; last year; a week ago; a month ago; a day ago, etc.

PAST SIMPLE: THERE TO BE


- There is a train every hour.
- The time now is 11.15 a.m.
So, there was a train at 11 a.m.

Compare:
There is / there are present
- There is a good film on TV tonight.
- Are there any letters for me this morning?
- Im hungry, but there isnt anything to eat.

There was / there were


- past
- There was a good film on TV last night.
- Were there any letters for me yesterday?
- I was hungry, but there wasnt anything to eat.

PAST SIMPLE REGULAR VERBS


They watch television every evening. - present
They watched television yesterday evening. - past
Usually, regular verbs in the past end in ed:
Work worked
They worked in a bank for many years: from 1995 to 2001.
Clean cleaned
This morning I cleaned my teeth.
Dance danced
We danced a lot at the party.
Arrive arrived
The plane arrived on time.
BUT, if the verb ends in consonant+y:
Cry cried
study studied

copy copied

Or, if the verb has only one syllable and ends in vowel+consonant:
Stop stopped

By: http://ensinarpartilharinovar.blogspot.pt
IRREGULAR VERBS

Play
Start
Watch
Have
See
Do

Affirmative
I played
You started
He/she/it watched
We had
You saw
They did

Infinitive
begin
break
bring
build
buy
catch
come
do
drink
eat

Past
began
broke
brought
built
bought
caught
came
did
drank
ate

Infinitive
leave
lose
make
meet
pay
put
read
ring
say
see

Past
left
lost
made
met
paid
put
read (rd)
rang
said
saw

Negative
I did not play = I didnt play
You did not start = You didnt start
He/she/it did not watch = he/she/it didnt watch
We did not have = We didnt have
You did not see = You didnt see
They did not do = They didnt do

Traduo

comear
partir
trazer
construir
comprar
apanhar
Vir
fazer
beber
comer

Infinitive
fall
find
fly
forget
get
give
go
have
hear
know

Past
fell
found
flew
forgot
got
gave
went
had
heard
knew

Traduo

deixar/sair
Perder
Fazer
conhecer/estar com algum
pagar
colocar
ler
tocar
dizer
ver

Order of questions:
Did
your sister
What did
you
How
did
the accident
Where did
your parents

Traduo

cair
encontrar
voar
esquecer
obter/chegar
dar
ir
ter/tomar
ouvir
saber/conhecer

Infinitive
sell
sit
sleep
speak
stand
take
tell
think
win
write

Past
Sold
Sat
slept
spoke
stood
Took
Told
thought
Won
wrote

phone you?
do yesterday evening?
happen?
go for a holiday?

Short answers:
- Did you see Joe yesterday?
- Did it rain on Sunday?
- Did Helen come to the party?
- Did your parents have a good day?

Interrogative
Did I play?
Did you start?
Did he/she/it watch?
Did we have?
Did you see?
Did you do?

- Yes, I did. / No, I didnt.


- Yes, it did. / No, it didnt.
- Yes, she did. / No, she didnt.
- yes, they did. / No, they didnt.

Traduo

vender
sentar
dormer
falar
ficar
tomar
contar
pensar
vencer
escrever

By: http://ensinarpartilharinovar.blogspot.pt
EXERCISES
To be past simple
1. Complete with was or were.
a) Yesterday ______________________ Tuesday.
b) I ______________________ at school all day.
c) In the morning, my classmates and I ______________________ in our classroom.
d) After classes, the girls ______________________ at the English Club.
e) Our English teacher ______________________ with them.
f) The boys ______________________ at the sports ground.
g) At 4 oclock I ______________________ tired but very happy.
2. Look at the card and write questions and answers about this famous actor. Follow the model.
Name: Raul Solnado
Jobs: actor and comedian
Place of birth: Lisbon, Portugal
th
Date of birth: 19 October 1929
Best comic pieces: At the doctor, The war of 1908 and The story of my life
Age at death: 79 years old
1. Who/Raul Solnado?
______________________________________________________________
2. Where/born?
______________________________________________________________
3. When/born?
______________________________________________________________
4. What/best comic pieces?
_____________________________________________________________
5. How old/when he died?
_____________________________________________________________

________He was an actor and a comedian._____________


_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

There to be past simple


1. Look at the pictures and compare them. Write sentences with the past simple of there to be. Use the words
in the list to help you!

an armchair
some books

12345-

a carpet
a clock

some flowers
three pictures

a sofa
a small table

_________________________________There was a clock________________________________ on the wall.


____________________________________________________________________________________ on the floor.
____________________________________________________________________________________ on the wall near the door.
____________________________________________________________________________________ in the middle of the room.
____________________________________________________________________________________ on the table.

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6- ____________________________________________________________________________________ on the shelves.
7- ____________________________________________________________________________________ in the corner near the door.
8- ____________________________________________________________________________________ opposite the door.
Past simple Regular and Irregular verbs
1. Complete the sentences using the words in the box, conjugating the regular verbs.

clean
open
12345678-

die
rain

enjoy
start

finish
stay

happen
want

I ________cleaned______ my teeth three times today.


It was hot in the room, so I ____________________________ the window.
The concert ____________________________ at 7.30 and ____________________________ at 10 oclock.
When I was a child, I ____________________________ to be a doctor.
The accident ____________________________ last Sunday afternoon.
Its a nice day today but yesterday it ____________________________ all day.
We ____________________________ our holiday last year. We ____________________________ at a very nice place.
Anns grandfather ____________________________ when he was 90 years old.

2. Read about Lisas journey to Madrid. Put the irregular verbs in the correct form.

fly, get, have, leave, drive, arrive, park, go, have, go, wait, depart, arrive, take
Last Tuesday, Lisa (1) ___________flew___________ from London to Madrid. She (2) _________________________ up at six
oclock in the morning and (3) _________________________ a cup of coffee. At 6.30 she (4) _________________________ home
and (5) _________________________ to the airport. When she (6) _________________________, she (7) _________________________
the car and then (8) _________________________ to the airport caf where she (9) _________________________ breakfast. Then
she (10) _________________________ through passport control and (11) _________________________ for her flight. The plane
(12) _________________________ on time and (13) _________________________ in Madrid two hours late. Finally she (14)
_________________________ a taxi form the airport to her hotel in the centre of Madrid.
3. Complete the sentences with the verbs in the negative.
12345-

I saw Barbra but I ________________________________ Jane.


They worked on Monday but they ________________________________ on Tuesday.
We went to the post office but we ________________________________ to the bank.
She had a pen but she ________________________________ any paper.
Jack did French at school but he ________________________________ German.