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01
!23456 (26789: &232789
#8+; 56 ,2<5= -=>>?6572@5=6 (1A@9>A
I!OI!IM IIIITIO:
! Mnny oornfors ufIIIzo Assof3C ns !ndIo ofwork
osIgn TooI nnd fho Sfnndnrd Mncro-coII
IrongnfIon ModoI (SMI). Tho oornfors usunIIy
hnvo funod rndIo rongnfIon modoIs for SMI
fhoroforo, If wo nood fo uso AfoII for ofImIznfIon or
rndIo nofwork dosIgn, nn nrorInfo modoI
mnIng Is noodod.
+3; !;(; &232789 B
OIJICTIVI
+3; !;(; &232789 C
S!MMA!Y
! ThIs summnrIzo fho mnIng:

(Asset) (atoll)
(Asset) (Asset) (atoll)
K2 K2
K2 * 3 K1 K1
!
" !
(asset) (atoll)
(Asset) (Atoll)
(asset) (asset) (atoll)
K6 K5
K7 K4
3K6 K5 K3
!
!
" !
0 Khill
. considered are losses clutter if 0 or 1
K4 * 117 . 0 K3 K6
(asset) (asset) (atoll)
!
!
# !
Kclutter
+3; !;(; &232789 D
#,..E
+3; !;(; &232789 F
STAA! I!OIACATIO MOI! (ATO!!) (l/2)
! !"# %#&#'(# )*+#% ', -!. /0*1123 4*5#1 '3 &*4)60#5
by:

! Tho nfh Iossos nro gIvon by:


los hill, clutter rxeff 6
txeff 5
4 txeff 3 2 1 loss
K f(clutter) * K H * K
) log(H * log(d) * K
n Diffractio * K ) log(H * K log(d) * K K P
# #
#
# # # # !
loss tx rx
P - P P !
+3; !;(; &232789 G
STAA! I!OIACATIO MOI! (ATO!!) (2/2):
Whoro:
! "
#
$ rocoIvod owor (dIm)
! "
%&$
$ frnnsmIffod owor (II!I) (dIm)
! '
(
$ consfnnf offsof (dI)
! '
)
$ muIfIIyIng fncfor for *+,-./
! . : dIsfnnco bofwoon fho rocoIvor nnd fho frnnsmIffor (m)
! '
0
$ muIfIIyIng fncfor for *+,-1%&233)
! 14&233 : offocfIvo hoIghf of fho frnnsmIffor nnfonnn (m)
! '
5
$ muIfIIyIng fncfor for dIffrncfIon cnIcuInfIon. '5 musf bo n osIfIvo numbor
! 673389:47+; $ Iossos duo fo dIffrncfIon ovor nn obsfrucfod nfh (dI)
! '
<
$ muIfIIyIng fncfor for *+,-1%&233/*+,-./
! '
=
$ muIfIIyIng fncfor for 1#&233
! '
>
$ muIfIIyIng fncfor for *+,-1#&233/
! 18&233 : mobIIo nnfonnn hoIghf (m)
! '
:*?4428
$ muIfIIyIng fncfor for 3-:*?4428/
! 3-:*?4428/ $ nvorngo of woIghfod Iossos duo fo cIuffor
! '
@7**A BCD
$ corrocfIvo fncfor for hIIIy rogIons (=0 In cnso of !OS)
+3; !;(; &232789 H
STAA! MAC!O CI!! MOI!
(ASSIT)
! Tho rocoIvo owor Is comufod by
7%8 ! "
#$
9"
%&''

! Tho nfh Iossos nro gIvon by:
"
%&''
! (
)
* (
+
,-. / *(
0
1
2'
*(
3
,-. 1
2'
*(
4
567 1
899
*(
:
,-. <1
899
= ,-. </= *(
>
/?@@
*A
%&''

"#$%$
! d : dIsfnnco bofwoon fho IS nnd MS (In kms)
! 1
2'
: hoIghf of mobIIo sfnfIon from ground
! 1
899
: offocfIvo IS nnfonnn hoIghf
! dIff : dIffrncfIon Ioss
! (
)
nnd (
+
: Inforcof nnd sIoo
! (
0
: mobIIo nnfonnn hoIghf fncfor

+3; !;(; &232789 I
! (
3
: okumurn hnfn muIfIIyIng fncfor for Hms
! (
4
: offocfIvo nnfonnn hoIghf gnIn
! (
:
: okumurn hnfn fyo muIfIIyIng fncfor for
Iog(Hoff) Iog(d)
! (
>
: dIffrncfIon
! A
%&''
: cIuffor Ioss (hoIghf nnd sonrnfIon Is nIso
IncIudod)
+3; !;(; &232789 J
!I!ATI IA!AMITI!S
!"#$$ !%%&"
Prxeff Pms
PLxeff Peff
ulffracLlon ulff
d(m) d(km)
kcluLLer*f(cluLLer) C_Loss
+3; !;(; &232789 KL
MAIIIC K2 A Kl IO! ATO!! CIVI ASSIT
(Asset) (Asset) (atoll) (atoll) (atoll) (Asset)
(Asset) (atoll)
(atoll) (atoll) (atoll) (Asset) (Asset)
(atoll) (atoll) (Asset) (Asset)
K2 * 3 K1 K1 K2 * 3 K1 K1
K2 K2
log(dkm) * K2 ) K2 * 3 (K1 log(dkm) K2 K1
3] [log(dkm) K2 K1 log(dkm) K2 K1
" ! $ # !
!
%
# # ! #
# # ! #
3 log(dkm) log(dm)
10^3] * log[d(km) log(dm)
# !
!
Tho dIsfnnco In nfoII Is gIvon In mofors nnd In Assof Sfnndnrd MncrocoII
modoI Is gIvon In kIIomofors, fho:
!sIng fhnf roInfIon wo cnn fInd fho mnIng for kl nnd k2
+3; !;(; &232789 KK
ATO!! III!ACTIO IACTO! K4
! Wo shouId uso fho snmo dIffrncfIon modoI
fhoroforo (o.g. MIIIIngfon or IsfoIn &
Iofforsson):


(asset) (atoll)
K7 K4 !
+3; !;(; &232789 KB
MAIIIC IO! K5 A K3 I ATO!!
) log(Htxeff K5 g(Htxeff) log(dkm)lo K6 ) log(Htxeff * K3 ) log(Htxeff * 3] [log(dkm) * K5
(asset) (asset) (atoll) (atoll)
# ! # #
(asset) (asset) (atoll)
(asset) (atoll)
(asset) (asset) (atoll) (atoll)
(atoll)
3K6 K5 K3
K6 K5
log(Htx) K5 g(Htxeff) log(dkm)lo K6 f) ]log(Htxef 3K5 [K3
) log(Htxeff * log(dkm) * K5
" !
!
%
# ! #
#
Horo ngnIn wo uso fho dIsfnnco roInfIon In kIIomofors:
Thon
+3; !;(; &232789 KC
MAIIIC IO! ATO!! K6
! ThIs Is roInfod fo fho MS hoIghf:

SInco Assof doos nof uso fho Iog(Hm) wo unssumo
fho MS hoIgh of l.5 mofors :

log(Hms) * K4 Hms K3 Hms K6
(Asset) (asset) (atoll)
# !
(asset) (asset) (atoll)
(asset) (asset) (atoll)
(asset) (asset) (atoll)
K4 * 117 . 0 K3 K6
(1.5)] [log(1.5)/ K4 K3 K6
(Hms)] [log(Hms)/ K4 K3 K6
# !
%
# !
# !
+3; !;(; &232789 KD
KC!!TTI!ATO!!

! KcIuffor=l

! If cIuffor Iossos nro consIdorod In Assof fho fho
mnIng musf bo fIf Info f(cIuffor) ns In C_!oss
for Assof
+3; !;(; &232789 KF
(M!!",N
ASSIT STAA! MAC!OCI!! TO ATO!! SIM
! ThIs summnrIzo fho mnIng:

+3; !;(; &232789 KG
(Asset) (atoll)
(Asset) (Asset) (atoll)
K2 K2
K2 * 3 K1 K1
!
" !
(asset) (atoll)
(Asset) (Atoll)
(asset) (asset) (atoll)
K6 K5
K7 K4
3K6 K5 K3
!
!
" !
0 Khill
. considered are losses clutter if 0 or 1
K4 * 117 . 0 K3 K6
(asset) (asset) (atoll)
!
!
# !
Kclutter
MAIIIC IXAMI!I
+3; !;(; &232789 KH
ThIs vnIuo Is ouf
of rnngo shouId
bo -l fo 0.

In fhIs cnso cnn
bo sof fo 0 nnd
ndjusf Kl

valores k ASSL1 A1CLL ALoll mln ALoll Max
k1 113.32 12.21 varlable varlable
k2 34.37 34.37 20 70
k3 -2.33 3.83 -20 20
k4 0 0.21 0 0.8
k3 -6.32 -4.03 -10 0
k6 -4.03 -2.33 -1 0
k7 0.21
kcluLLer 1
0 6
) 5 . 1 log( * 4 ) 5 . 1 ( * 3 K2 * 3 K1 K1
) ( (Asset) (Asset) (atoll)
!
# # " !
K
K K
Asset Asset
MAIIIC K2 A Kl IO! ATO!! CIVI ASSIT
) 5 . 1 log( * 4 5 . 1 * 3 K2 * 3 K1 K1 K2 * 3 K1 ) 5 . 1 log( * 4 5 . 1 * 3 K1
K2 K2
3] [log(dkm) K2 K1 log(1.5) * K4 (1.5) * K3 log(dkm) K2 K1
1.5m Hms and 0 K6 Setting
Hms * K6 3] [log(dkm) K2 K1 log(Hms) * K4 Hms * K3 log(dkm) K2 K1
(Asset) (Asset) (atoll) (atoll) (atoll) (Asset)
(Asset) (atoll)
(atoll) (atoll) (Asset) (Asset)
(atoll) (atoll) (Asset) (Asset)
K K K K # # " ! $ # ! # #
!
%
# # ! # # #
! !
! # # # ! # # #
3 log(dkm) log(dm)
10^3] * log[d(km) log(dm)
# !
!
Tho dIsfnnco In nfoII Is gIvon In mofors nnd In Assof Sfnndnrd MncrocoII
modoI Is gIvon In kIIomofors, fho:
!sIng fhnf roInfIon wo cnn fInd fho mnIng for kl nnd k2
+3; !;(; &232789 KI
MAIIIC IXAMI!I
lf Lhe value for k6ls ouL of range we can compensaLe LhaL seLLlng Lo Llplcal values
Pms= 1.3
valores k ASSL1 A1CLL ALoll mln ALoll Max
k1 113.32 8.383 varlable varlable
k2 34.37 34.37 20 70
k3 -2.33 3.83 -20 20
k4 0 0.21 0 0.8
k3 -6.32 -4.03 -10 0
k6 -4.03 0 -1 0
k7 0.21
kcluLLer 1
-.!#",$(.%
%=@579 @82@ 2@=OO <=9A 6=@ 39P=3@ 933=3 5Q @89
42O?9A 239 =?@ =Q 326R9;

MAIIIC WITH THI O!T OI !ACI VA!!I
CO!!ICTI VA!!I WITH THI SICO
IO!M!!A