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XV .

THE ANCIENT CONCEPTS ABOUT RHODOPE MOUNTAIN


ACCORDING TO SOME EUROPEAN MAPS FROM THE
15TH CENTURY A.D.
Jordan Iliev
Summary: The article presents an overview over the Geography of Claudius Ptolemy and some early
renaissance maps under the heading Tabula Europae IX, in which the Rhodope Mountain is presented. The
information is in several fields of study classified, as follows: (1) The Information of Ptolemy, (2) The maps from
th
the 15 century and after an emphasizing of differences in a number of cases, the author formulated (3) several
conclusions about their significance as historical sources about the ancient geography of the Mountain.
Key words: Rhodope, ancient geography, Claudius Ptolemy, Renaissance, Cosmographia

V . (1) , , (2). Jacobus


Angelus (Jacopo dAngelo), 1406/1409 . (3) ,
Cosmographia (4).

Tabula Europae IX (5). (6)
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(7).
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[Ptol. 3.11.5] (14).
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101

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[Ptol. 3.11.6].
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1470 1475 . , Codex Lat. V
Folio 32 (. 2), , (17). , : (Paneteu Pelagus Egeum),
(Propontidis) (Pontus Euxinus). . (Ebrus fl.), ,
(Arzus fl.), .
, Trita,
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. ,
. (Nessus fl.). -
.
1478 . (. 3)
(18). (Rhodope mons) .
(Hebrus flv.) . -
Arzus, . Dentheletica, Sardica,
Usdicesica, Urbana, Caenica Sapaica, praetura.

: Trita, Ostaphol Arzos. , (. 1: 28).

,
. .
1482 . (. 4) Johannes Schitzer
Nicolaus Germanus Jacobus Angelus (19).
.

102

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Dentheletica ( ), Sardica
Usdicesica ( ). (praeturae) : Bessica , Bennica
Samaica . :
Nessus, Ebrus, Arsus;
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1482 ., , , Francesco Berlinghieri (. 5).
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, : quaque
redit medium Rhodope porrecta sub axem [Georg. 3.351].
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. 1: (Geogr. 3.11.1-8),

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. 2: Codex Lat. V Folio 32 (1470 1475 .)

. 3: 1478 .

105

106

. 4: (1482 .)

. 5: Francesco Berlinghieri (1482 .)

V .

107

1. . Dike, O. A. W. Itineraries and Geographical Maps


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The World Map 1300 1492. The Persistance of Tradition and Transformation. Baltimore:
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2. Thrower, N. J. W. Op. cit., p. 58 sq.
3. 1406 ., . Edson, E.
Op. cit., p. 114.
4. Berggren, J. L., Jones, A. Ptolemys Geography. An Annotated Translation of the Theoretical Chapters. Princeton: University Press, 2000: p. 52.
5. Eames, W. List of editions of Ptolemys Geography (1475 1730). New York:
MDCCCLXXXVI: p. 1 sq.; Stevens, H. N. Ptolemys Geography. A brief account of all the
printed editions down to 1730. London: Henry Stevens, Son and Stiles, 1908: p. 7 sq. - p. 37 sq.; de Villiers, J. A. J. Famous Maps in the British Museum The Geographical
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6. - ,
- , : , . . .: ALEA,
1999: . 41 .; , .
. Jubilaeus, III. . . , 2000: . 120 .
. , . , . . ( V .). .: .
. , 1983; , . . , , ,
- . .: - , 1986; , .
. : , 2005; , . .
, , - . .: / , 2007.
7. . . . .
, , 67/1, 1974: . 119 .
, .
. Rhodopica, IV, 2007/1, . 89 .
8. , , . , ., , . , V . : , , 1. ., 2008: . 242 .; , . (V
V .). - 1470 1476/77 . Ibidem,
. 257 .

108

9. Tabula Peutingeriana, V . . ., -
, . Dike, O. A. W. Op. cit., p. 238 sq.; Salway, B. Op. cit., p. 28 sq.; Thrower, N. J.
W. Op. cit., p. 26 sq.
10. Cosgrove, D. E. Apollos Eye A Cartographic Genealogy of the Earth in the Western
Imagination. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001: p. 102 sq.; Edson, E. Op.
cit., p. 119.
11. . , . .
. .: , 1949: . 352
.
12. , . 352 .
13. - . Berggren, J. L., Jones, A. Op. cit.,
p. 23 sq. .
14. , . . ., . 353.
15. .: , . [ 1]. .: -4, 2000: . 32 . - Delev, P. Once More on the
Thracian Strategies of Claudius Ptolemy. Studia in memoriam V. Velkov. Sofia, 2008.
16. . . 5.
17. , . , . 124 .
18. Ibidem, . 123 . - Hoogvliet,
M. The Medieval Texts of the 1486 Ptolemy Edition by Johann Reger of Ulm. Imago Mundi,
vol. 54, 2002: p. 7 sq.
19. Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library, http://maps.bpl.org/
details_M0612030/?mhid=1 [17. 2009 .]
20. ,
.
21. Edson, E. Op. cit., p. 114; . Berggren, J. L., Jones, A. Op. cit., p. 45 sq.
22. Berggren, J. L., Jones, A. Op. cit., p. 41 sq.
23. . , . . ., . 90 .