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beam_cantilever.

xls
To determine deflection of a cantilever beam under superimposed loads
By Alex Slocum, 1/1/04, last modified 06/11/04 by Xue'en Yang
Enters numbers in BOLD, Results in RED
Schematic

L
F

af

wL

aw
am

wa

Beam dimensions and properties


Length, L (mm)
Width, W (mm)
Height, H (mm)
Length increment, Linc (mm)
Modulus of elasticity, E (N/mm^2)
Moment of inertia, I (mm^4)
Distance from farthest fiber to neutral axis, cc (mm)
Loading
Point load, F (N)
Location of point load, af (mm)
Distributed load amplitude, wa, (N/mm)
Distributed load amplitude, wL, (N/mm)
Starting point of distributed load, aw (mm)
Moment load, M (N-mm)
Location of moment load, am (mm)
Maximum deflection (microns)
Maximum slope (milli radians)
Reactions at beam ends
RA, Ra (N)
RB, Rb (N)
MA, Ma (N)
MB, Mb (N-mm)
qA, ta (radians)
qB, tb (radians)
dA, da (mm)
dB, db (mm)

B
Values
100
25
6
1
200000
450
3
10
0
1
1
50
10
25
-56.771
0.779
0.000
60.000
0.000
-2240.000
0.001
0.000
-0.057
0.000

Equations
2

w L w a x aw
V F x a f w a x aw
2 L aw
2
w L w a x aw
w a x aw
M M A R Ax F x a f

2
6 L aw
0

M x am

w L w a x aw
V F x a f w a x aw
2 L aw
2
3

w a x aw
w L w a x aw
0
M M A R Ax F x a f

M x am
2
6 L aw
2
3
4
2
F
x

a
M

w a x aw
w L w a x aw
f
M
R
Ax
Ax
q q A

EI
2 EI
2 EI
6 EI
24 EI L aw
3
4
2
3
F
x

a
x

a
w L w a x aw
w
f
a
w
d d A q Ax M A x R A x

2 EI
6 EI
6 EI
24 EI
120 EI L aw
0

RB

w L w a L aw
F

qA
dA

M B F L a f

F L af
2 EI

L a
2

6 EI

F 2 L 3 3a f L 2 a f
6 EI

2
L aw

wa

wL w
3

w L w a M L aw

wa

4
EI

L a w 3L a w w 4L a
3

24 EI

Note: For other types of distributed loads, use principle of superposition

beam_cantilever.xls
n of a cantilever beam under superimposed loads
/1/04, last modified 06/11/04 by Xue'en Yang
umbers in BOLD, Results in RED

L
F

B
Instructions
Enter total length of beam in mm
Enter width of beam in mm
Enter height of beam in mm
Enter length increment to be used in finite difference calculation
Enter elastic modulus in N/mm^2
=1/12*W*H^3
= H/2
See schematic for definitions of loads and positions
Enter amplitude of the point load, in N
Enter location of the point load, in mm
Enter amplitude of the distributed load near the cantilever end, in N/mm
Enter amplitude of the distributed load at the clamped end, in N/mm
Enter location for wa, in mm
Enter amplitude of the applied moment, in N*mm
Enter location of the moment load, in mm
Return maximum deflection along the beam in microns
Return maximum slope along the beam in milli radians
Reaction force at A
Reaction force at B
Reaction moment at A
Reaction moment at B
Rotation at A
Rotation at B
Deflection at A
Deflection at B

w a x aw
L aw

aw

wL

w L w a x aw

6 L aw

M x am

w a x aw
L aw
2

aw

wa

af

w L w a x aw
0

M x am
6 L aw
3
4
x aw
M x am

w L w a x aw

6 EI
24 EI L aw
EI
3
4
5
M

w a x aw
w L w a x aw

24 EI
120 EI L aw

F L a f

2
L aw

wa

x am
2 EI

wL wa M
3

w a M L aw

4
EI

w a 3 L aw

w L w a 4 L aw M L am

2 EI

Deflection
10.0
0.0

Deflection (mcrons)

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

80

90

100

90

100

-10.0
-20.0
-30.0
-40.0
-50.0
-60.0

Distance from left end of beam (mm)

Moment
0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

Moment (N-mm)

-500

-1000

-1500

-2000

-2500
Distance from left end of beam (mm)

Transverse Shear
0

Transverse Shear (N)

-10

-20

-30

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

Transverse Shear (N)

-30

-40

-50

-60

-70

Distance from left end of beam (mm)

Slope
0.900

Slope (milli radians)

0.800
0.700
0.600
0.500
0.400
0.300
0.200
0.100
0.000
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

70

80

90

100

Distance from left end of beam (mm)

Stress
0.0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

-2.0

Stress (Pa)

-4.0
-6.0
-8.0
-10.0
-12.0
-14.0
-16.0
Distance from left end of beam (mm)

Distance along beam, x


0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Shear (N)
0
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10

Moment (N-mm)
0
-10
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
-110
-120
-130
-140
-150
-160
-170
-180
-190
-200
-210
-220
-230
-240
-250
-250
-260
-270
-280
-290
-300
-310
-320
-330
-340
-350
-360
-370
-380
-390
-400
-410
-420
-430
-440
-450
-460
-470
-480
-490

Stress (Pa)
0.0
-0.1
-0.1
-0.2
-0.3
-0.3
-0.4
-0.5
-0.5
-0.6
-0.7
-0.7
-0.8
-0.9
-0.9
-1.0
-1.1
-1.1
-1.2
-1.3
-1.3
-1.4
-1.5
-1.5
-1.6
-1.7
-1.7
-1.7
-1.8
-1.9
-1.9
-2.0
-2.1
-2.1
-2.2
-2.3
-2.3
-2.4
-2.5
-2.5
-2.6
-2.7
-2.7
-2.8
-2.9
-2.9
-3.0
-3.1
-3.1
-3.2
-3.3

Slope (mrad)
0.779
0.779
0.778
0.778
0.778
0.777
0.777
0.776
0.775
0.774
0.773
0.772
0.771
0.769
0.768
0.766
0.764
0.763
0.761
0.759
0.756
0.754
0.752
0.749
0.747
0.744
0.741
0.738
0.735
0.732
0.729
0.726
0.723
0.719
0.715
0.712
0.708
0.704
0.700
0.696
0.691
0.687
0.683
0.678
0.673
0.668
0.663
0.658
0.653
0.648
0.643

51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

-11
-12
-13
-14
-15
-16
-17
-18
-19
-20
-21
-22
-23
-24
-25
-26
-27
-28
-29
-30
-31
-32
-33
-34
-35
-36
-37
-38
-39
-40
-41
-42
-43
-44
-45
-46
-47
-48
-49
-50
-51
-52
-53
-54
-55
-56
-57
-58
-59
-60

-501
-512
-525
-538
-553
-568
-585
-602
-621
-640
-661
-682
-705
-728
-753
-778
-805
-832
-861
-890
-921
-952
-985
-1018
-1053
-1088
-1125
-1162
-1201
-1240
-1281
-1322
-1365
-1408
-1453
-1498
-1545
-1592
-1641
-1690
-1741
-1792
-1845
-1898
-1953
-2008
-2065
-2122
-2181
-2240

-3.3
-3.4
-3.5
-3.6
-3.7
-3.8
-3.9
-4.0
-4.1
-4.3
-4.4
-4.5
-4.7
-4.9
-5.0
-5.2
-5.4
-5.5
-5.7
-5.9
-6.1
-6.3
-6.6
-6.8
-7.0
-7.3
-7.5
-7.7
-8.0
-8.3
-8.5
-8.8
-9.1
-9.4
-9.7
-10.0
-10.3
-10.6
-10.9
-11.3
-11.6
-11.9
-12.3
-12.7
-13.0
-13.4
-13.8
-14.1
-14.5
-14.9

0.637
0.631
0.626
0.620
0.614
0.608
0.601
0.595
0.588
0.581
0.574
0.566
0.558
0.550
0.542
0.534
0.525
0.516
0.506
0.497
0.487
0.476
0.465
0.454
0.443
0.431
0.419
0.406
0.393
0.379
0.365
0.351
0.336
0.320
0.305
0.288
0.271
0.254
0.236
0.217
0.198
0.179
0.159
0.138
0.116
0.094
0.072
0.048
0.025
0.000

Deflection (microns)
-56.8
-56.0
-55.2
-54.4
-53.7
-52.9
-52.1
-51.3
-50.6
-49.8
-49.0
-48.2
-47.5
-46.7
-45.9
-45.2
-44.4
-43.6
-42.9
-42.1
-41.3
-40.6
-39.8
-39.1
-38.3
-37.6
-36.8
-36.1
-35.4
-34.6
-33.9
-33.2
-32.5
-31.7
-31.0
-30.3
-29.6
-28.9
-28.2
-27.5
-26.8
-26.1
-25.4
-24.7
-24.1
-23.4
-22.7
-22.1
-21.4
-20.8
-20.1

-19.5
-18.8
-18.2
-17.6
-17.0
-16.4
-15.8
-15.2
-14.6
-14.0
-13.4
-12.8
-12.3
-11.7
-11.2
-10.6
-10.1
-9.6
-9.1
-8.6
-8.1
-7.6
-7.1
-6.7
-6.2
-5.8
-5.4
-4.9
-4.5
-4.2
-3.8
-3.4
-3.1
-2.8
-2.4
-2.2
-1.9
-1.6
-1.4
-1.1
-0.9
-0.7
-0.6
-0.4
-0.3
-0.2
-0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

Beam dimensions and properties


Length, L (mm)
Width, W (mm)
Height, H (mm)
Length increment, Linc (mm)
Modulus of elasticity, E (N/mm^2)
Moment of inertia, I (mm^4)
Distance from farthest fiber to neutral axis, cc (mm)
Loading Condition
Point load, F (N)
Location of point load, af (mm)
Distributed load amplitude, wa, (N/mm)
Distributed load amplitude, wL, (N/mm)
Starting point of distributed load, aw (mm)
Moment load, M (N-mm)
Location of moment load, am (mm)
Maximum deflection (microns)
Maximum slope (milli radians)
Reactions at beam ends
RA, Ra (N)
RB, Rb (N)
MA, Ma (N)
MB, Mb (N-mm)
qA, ta (radians)
qB, tb (radians)
dA, da (mm)
dB, db (mm)

Values
100
25
6
1
200000
450
3

ProE Mechanica
100
25
6
1
200000
450
3

10
0
1
1
50
10
25
-56.771
0.779

10
0
1
1
50
10
25
-56.017

0.000
60.000
0.000
-2240.000
0.001
0.000
-0.057
0.000

0
60
0
-2238
0
-0.056
0