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Some important Weaving Calculations

1. Reed Count It is calculated in stock port system.No. of dents in 2 inches is called Reed Count. Reed Count = EPI/(1 + Weft crimp %age) 2. Reed Width Reed Width = Cloth Width *(100+ weft crimp %age)/100 3. Crimp Percentage Crimp %age = {(Warp length - Cloth length)/Cloth Length}* 100 Crimp %age = {(Warp width - Cloth width)/Cloth width}* 100 4. Cloth Cover Factor a. b. c. Cloth Cover Factor = Wp.C.F +Wt.C.F. - {(Wp.C.F. - Wt.C.F)/28} Maximum EPI for particular count . a. b.
c. other design = (Ends /Repeat * 1/Yarn Diametre)/ (No of intersections/repeat+ ends/repeat)

d. Warp Density

= <350

Weave Density = 50+{(Warp Density - 100) * F.D - 100} /{(Weft Density - 100)* F.D - 100}

Effective Weave Density = W. D x K of loom width x K of Design = < 72


Wp / filling - K Loom Width - K Weave Design - K

Cotton = 1.00 Polyester/Cotton = 1.03

140 cm - 0.99 Plain1/1 = 1.00 180 cm - 1.00 Twill 1/2 = 0.87

Viscose Filament = 1.17

190 cm - 1.01 Matt, Gabardine 2/2 = 0.82 250 cm - 1.08 Satin 1/4 = 0.69 330 cm - 1.15 360 cm 1.20

Polyester Filament = 1.22 220 cm - 1.02 Drill 1/3 = 0.77

To change the count and the number of thread / inch , keeping the same denseness of fabric

To change the count without altering the denseness of the fabric EPI in Exp.cloth = (EPI in exp.Cloth2/EPI in given cloth) * count in given cloth To change the EPI without altering the denseness of the fabric

Warp requirement to weave the cloth


Warp weight in grams /metre = {(Total Ends * 1.0936 * 453.59 * crimp %)/(840 * count)} * wastage %

Weft weight in grams /metre ={(R.S. in inches * 453.59 * PPI)/(840 * count)} * wastage % * crimp % Cloth length in metres with given weft weight=( weft weight in kgs * weft count * 1848 * 0.9144)/(PPI * R.S in inches)

For silk and Polyester


Warp weight in grams /metre ={(Total Ends * count (Denier) )/9000} * wastage % * crimp % Weft weight in grams /metre = {(R.S in inches * count(Denier)* PPI)/9000}* wastage % * crimp %

Allowance for count in bleached and Dyed fabric 1.Count becomes 4% 2. FinerDyed counts become max 6% Coarser Fabric Production Calculation Loom Speed = Motor RPM * (Motor Pully Diametre)/(Loom Pully Diametre) Loom Effeciency Percentage = (Actual Production/Calculated Production )* 100

Moisture Regain Percentage = {(Yarn Weight - Dried Yarn Weight)/Dried Yarn weight} * 100 Moistue Content Percentage = {(Yarn Weight - Dried Yarn Weight)/Yarn weight} * 100
Type of Yarn Moisture Regain % Moisture Content %

Cotton Jute Silk Wool Nylon

8.50 13.75 11.00 17.00 4.20

7.83 12.10 9.91 9.91 14.50 3.78

Rayon, Viscose 11.00

Warp Weight in Kg = (Total Ends * Tape Length in metres)/(1693.6 * Warp Count) Weft Weight in Kg = (R.S in centimetres * cloth length in metres * PPI )/(4301.14 * weft Count) Cloth weight in GSM = {EPI/Warp Cout)+(PPI/Weft count)}* 25.6 oz (ounce ) per sq. yard = GSM(Grams per sq. metre)/34 Material Measurement To calculate the length of any rolled fabrics, this formula gives the nearest accuracy. L = {0.0655(D-d)(D+d)}/t Where L = Length of material (Feet) t = Thickness of fabrics (inches) D = Outside diameter (inches) d = Inside diameter (inches)

Weight of yarn in a cloth The weight of cloth manufactured on looms depends upon the weight of yarns in thewarp and weft: ends/inch, picks/inch and the weight of size on the warp. Therefore, Cloth weight = Weight of warp + Weight of weft + Weight of size (All inlbs.) Where as Weight of warp in lbs. = (Total No. of Ends * Tape Length in Yards)/(840 * warp yarn count)

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