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Oonl enl s

Aooul l he Book
F : Fr esenl and | mper al | ve
Se|l esl |
F | l : Fasl
( |d|dn' l sl ud . / 0|d
ou
sl ud ?)
Used l o
( |usedl osl udy. )
Fasl Fr ogr ess| ve
( |Wassl ud |ng. )
Fasl Fr ogr ess| ve and S| mp| e Fasl Tense
( |Wassl ud |ng' / l sl ud|ed' )
sel l esl l |
F | | | : Fr esenl Fer l ecl and F sl Fer l e l
Fr esenl Fr ogr ess| ve
( |amsl ud |ng' )
S| mp| e Fr esenl Tense
( |
sl ud . )
Non. A l | on ver os
( | under sl and. )
Fr esenl Fr ogr ess| ve and S| mp| e Fr esenl ense 14
( |amsl ud |ng. / l sl ud . )
! mper al | ve
( Sl udy!
/ 0on' l sl udy! )
S| mp| e Fasl Tense: Al l | r mal | ve Sl al emenl s
( l sl ud|ed. )
S| mp| e Fasl Tense: Negal | ve Sl al emenl s and euesl | ons 2g
1 0
22
24
2
40
r
4G
50
Fresenl Fe ecl : S|nce andFor
( l havesl ud|eds|nceHa ' / |havesl ud|edl oramonl h )
Fresenl Ferl ecl : A|read and Yel
( | havea| r ead sl ud| ed. / | haven' l sl ud| ed
el . )
Fr esenl Fer l ecl : | ndel | n| l e Fasl
( | have sl ud| ed. )
Fr esenl Fe e l andS| mpl e Fasl Tense
( | havesl ud| ed. / l sl ud| ed. )
Fr esenl Fe ecl Fr ogr ess| ve
( | haveoeensl udy| ng. )
Fr esenl Fer l ecl and Fr esenl Fer l ecl
pr ogr ess| ve
GG
( l havesl ud|ed, / |haveoeensl ud |ng. )
r
| | |
58
G2
F sl Ferl e l
( | hadsl ud| ed. )
Fasl Fer l e l Fr ogr ess| ve
( |hadoeensl ud |ng. )
Se| l Tesl l l l
F | v: Ful ur e and Ful ur e Fer l ecl
Se|l Tesl v
F v| : Hoda| s ( | )
74
7 8
Ful ure: Be go|ng l o and w|||
( |am
go|ngl osl ud . / l W|||sl ud ' )
Ful ur e: 0onl r asl
Bego| ngl o, w| | | , S| mp| eFr esenl Tense, Fr esenl Fr ogr ess| ve
Ful ur e T| me 0| auses
( |W|||ca||
ou
al l erl sl ud . )
Ful ur e Fr ogr ess| ve
( W| | oe sl ud | ng. )
Ful ur e Fer l e l and Ful ur e Fe ecl Fr ogr ess| ve 9G
( | W| | | have sl ud| ed' / | W| | hav o n sl ud l ng' )
100
102
1 0 G
88
Sel l Tesl l v
F v: Wh O| uesl | ons' g O| uesl | ons' Add| l | ons
| 4| h. O| uesl | ons: Suoj e l and Fr ed| al e
( whosl ud| ed? / who d| d
ou
sl ud ?)
ag O| uesl | ons
( Yousl ud| ed, d| dn' l
ou?
/ Youd| dn' l sl ud ' d| d
ou?)
Add| l | ons W| l h So, Too, Ne| l her and Nol e| l her 110
( | sl ud| ed, and so d| dsh ' / | d| dn' l sl ud , and ne| l her d| d she. )
114
Ao|||l y: 0an, 0ou|d, Be ao|e l o 1 1 G
( |
can sl ud l or hour s. )
Fer m|ss|on= Ha , 0an, 0ou|d, 0o
ou
m|nd |l . . . ? 1zo
( Ha | sl ud on m oWn?)
Requesl s= w|||, 0an, wou|d, 0ou|d, wou|d you m|nd . . . ? 124
( w|||
ou
sl ud W|l h me?)
( You shou|d sl ud ng||sh. )
Suggesl |onsz 0ou|d, wh don' l ' . . ?' wh nol . . . ?, 1 2
L e l ' s , H o W a o o u l . . . ?
( wh nol sl ud ng||sh?)
Fr el er ences: Fr el er , wou|d pr el er , wou|d r al her 1 G
( | Wou dpr el er sl ud | ng Span| sh. )
| v
Se|l esl v! 140
F v| | : Hod | s
( | | )
Se|l esl v||
F vl | | : Adj e l | ves and Adver os
Ne ess|l y: Have ( gol ) l o and usl
( |' vegol l osl ud harder. / |musl sl ud harder. )
0ho| e: 0on' l havel o; No Oho| e: Husl nol and0an, l 14G
( | don' l havel o| eave. / l musl nol | eave. )
Expecl al | ons: 8e supposed l o 150
( |, msupposed l osl ud ' )
Ful ur e Foss| o| | | l yz a , | ghl ' 0ou| d 154
( l ma sl ud l herenexl
ear. )
Assumpl |ons= Hay, H|ghl , 0ou|d, Husl , 1 5 8
Have ( gol ) l o, 0an' l
( Shemusl oe agood sl udenl . )
Adv| sao| l | l y | nl he Fasl : Shou| d have, Oughl l o have, 1G2
0ou|d have, H|ghl have
( | shou| d have sl ud| ed har der When | Was
oung. )
Specul al | ons aooul l he Fasl : Ha have, | ghl have' 1GG
0an' l have, 0ou|d have, Husl have, Had l o have
( ema have oeen a good sl udenl | n h| s
oul h. )
142
Adj ecl | ves andAdver os
( qu|ck / qu|ck| )
Fa | c| p| a| Adj ecl | ves
( |nl er esl |ng / |nl er esl ed)
Adj ecl | ves and Adver os: Equal | ves
( as qu|ck as / as qu|ck| as)
Ad| e l | ves: 0ompar al | ves
( qu|cker l han)
Adj ecl | ves: Super | al | ves
( l hequ| ckesl )
Adver os: 0ompar al | ves and Super | al | ves
( mor e qu|ck| l han / l he mosl qu|ck| )
Oer unds: Suoj e l and ooj e l
( Sl ud |ng |s |mpor l anl , / |enj oy sl ud |ng. )
Oer unds al l er Fr epos| l | ons
( |nl er esl ed |n sl ud |ng / l |r ed ol sl ud |ng)
| nl | n| l | ves al l er 0er l a| n ver os
( |Wanl l o sl ud . )
170
172
180
1 8 8
202
20G
192
l 9 G
Se| l esl v| l |
F | X: Oer unds and | nl | n| l | ves
| nl | n| l | ves al l r 0el l a| n Adj e l | ves and 0eda| n Nouns 21o
( eas l o sl ud / l |me l o sl ud )
| nl | n| l | ves W| l h oo and nough
( l oo |al e l o sl ud / ear | enough l o sl ud )
| nl | n| l | ves ol Fur pose
( go home l o sl udy)
Oer unds and l nl | n| l | ves
( sl op sl udy|ng / sl op l o sl ud )
Hake, Have, Lel , He|p, and Oel
( make h|m sl ud / gel h|m l o sl ud )
Se|l esl ! X
F n X: Fhr asal ver os
Fhr asa! ver os: nsepa ao e
( run
|nl oa c|assmal e)
Fhr as | ver os: Seoar ao| e
( | ook
a Wor d up)
Se|l Tesl X
F | : Nouns, O| uanl | l | er s, A | | es, Rel | ex| ve
and Re | pr o al Fr onouns
Nouns
( o| | ege, Bosl on0o| | ege' cha| k, sl udenl s)
O| uanl | l | er s
( a
| ol ol , a l eW, a | | l l | e)
A | l es: | ndel | n| l e and 0el | n| l e
( a
/ l he)
o ( No A | c| e) and he
( sl udenl s/ l hesl udenl s)
214
218
222
22G
z o
2 2
2 G
240
242
254
2G2
2G4
2G8
24G
Rel | ex| ve Fr onouns and Rec| pr oca| Fr onouns ZSB
( ourse|ves/ each ol her)
Se|l Tesl X|
F X| | : The Fass| ve
The Fass| ve: Over v| eW
( | sdone / Was done / has oeen done)
he Fass| ve W| l h Hoda s
( musl
oe done)
he Fass| ve Oausal | ve 272
( have somel h| ng done)
v|
Se| l Tesl X| |
27G
F X| | | : he 0ond| l | ona|
Fa l ua| Oond| l | on | s: Fr esenl
( | l l sl ud , | gel goodgr ades' )
Fa l ua| 0ond| l | ona| s: Ful ur e
( l l | sl ud ' | W| | | gel goodgr ades. )
Unr e | Oond| l | onal s: Fr esenl
( | l l sl ud| ed. l Wou| d gel good gr ades. )
Unr ea| 0ond| l | ona| s: Fasl
( | l l had sl ud| ed. l Wou| d have gol l en good gr ades. )
w| sh: Fr esenl and Fasl
( |W|shl sl ud|edhere. / l W|shl hadsl ud|edhere. )
278
282
28G
290
294
298
2G
Se| l Tesl X| | |
F X| v: Ad| e l | ve | auses
Adj ecl | ve 0| auses W| l hSuoj e l Re al | ve Fr onouns 00
( someone
Whosl ud| es)
Adj e l | ve 0| auses W| l hooj e l Re| al | veFr onouns 804
or when and where
( somel h| ng l hal | Sl Ud / l he schoo| Wher e l sl ud )
Ad| ecl | ve c| auses: | denl | l y| ng andNon denl | l y| ng 08
( |
have a l r | end Who sl ud| es her e. /
oesl l r | end, Who knoWs
ou,
sl ud| es her e. )
se|l esl x|v
12
F Xv: | nd| r ecl Spee h
0| r ecl and l nd| r e l speech: mper al | ves 14
( ' ' Sl ud ! ' , / She l o| dme l osl ud . )
| nd| r e l Spee h: Sl al emenl s ( 1)
18
( Shesa| d l hal she Was go| ng l osl ud ' )
| nd| r ecl Speech: Sl al emenl s
( 2)
22
( She sa| d she had sl ud| ed. )
| nd| r e l O| uesl | ons
r She sked me | l | Was sl ud | ng. )
moedded
Ouesl | ons
( SheWanl edl oknoWWhal l sl ud| ed. )
80
Sel l Tesl Xv
8 4
v
Append| es
AFF N0l X1
AFF N0l X2
AFFEN0l X
AFF N0 x 4
AFF N0l X5
AFFEN0l XG
AFFEN0l X7
AFFEN0! X8
AFFEN0l X9
AFF N0l X10
AFFEN0l X1 1
AFFEN0l X' l 2
A F N0| x 1
AFF N0 x 1 4
AFFEN0l X1 5
AFF N0l X1 G
AFFEN0l X1 7
AFFEN0l X1 8
AFF N0l X1 9
AFFEN0l X2 0
AFFEN0l X2 1
AFFEN0l X2 2
AFF N0l x 2 8
AFF N0| x 2 4
AFF N0| x 2 5
AFF N0l x 2 G
AFFEN0l X 2 7
AFF N0| x 2 8
l ndex
AnsWer Key
l rregu|ar veros
0 mmonN n a l | on
( Sl al | v )
ver os
ommonv r osFo| | oW doyl h O r und
( Bas
F rm ol v ro +
|ng)
0omm nveros Fo||oWed oy l he l nl rn|l |ve
(
+ BaseFor m ol ver )
ver osFo| | oWedo ooj e l sandl hel nl | n| l | v
0ommonver osF | | oWedoyl heO r und or l hel nl r n| l | ve
0ommonver o+ Fr epos| l | on0omo| nal | ons
0ommonAdj e l | ve+ Fr pos| l | on0omo| nal | ns
0ommonAdj e l | vesl hal 0an Be Fo| | oW doyl h l nl | n| l | ve
l r r egu| ar 0ompar | sonsol Adj e l | ves' Adver os, and
Ouanl | l | er s
0 mmonFar l | | p| a| Adj e l | v s
SomeAdj e l | vesl hal For m l he0ompar al | veandSuper | al | ve
|n Twoways
0ommonRepor l | ngver os
0ommonT| m wor d0hanges| n l nd| r e l Spee h
0ommonFhr ases l nl r du | ng mo dded
Ouesl | ons
ver osand pr ess| ons0ommon| yUsed R l | e | v | y
Som 0ommonFhr asa| ver os
Some0ommonl r r egu| ar F| ur a| Nouns
Spe| | | ng Ru| es l r l heFr senl Fr og ess| ve
Spe| | | ng Ru| es l or l heS| mp| e Fr senl Tens :
Th|rd Ferson S|ngu|ar
( h ,
sh , |l )
Sp | | | ngRu| s l or l heS| m | e Fasl Tense l Regu| ar ver os
Spe| | | ngRu| es l or l he0ompar al | ve
( er )
and
Sup r | al | ve
( es| )
ol Adj e l | ves
Spe| | | ng Ru| es l r Adver osEnd| ng | n
| y
0 nl r a l | onsW| l h ver oFor ms
Fun l ual | on Ru| es l r 0| r e l Spe h
Fr onun | al | onTao|
Fr onun | al | onRu| s l or l h S| mp| e Fr esenl Tense:
Th|rd Ferson S|ngu|ar
( h ,
sh , |l )
Fr onun | al | on Ru| es l or l heS| mp| eFasl T nseol
Regu|ar v ros
8 G
7
7
88
888
88
88
888
8 8
9
89
889
40
840
40
40
41
4
48
4

8

45
47
47
4a
848
849
55
v| | |
Aooul l he Aul hor s
Har j or | e Fu hshasl aughl ESL al NeWYor k | l y T hn| a| 0o| | egeand
LaOuar d| a 0ommun| l y 0o| | eg ol l he0| l y Un| ver s| l y ol NeWY r k and FL
al l h Spr a h Sl ud| oL| ngua Nova | n un| h, Oer many. Sheho| dsaH sl er ' s
0eg ee| nApp| | ed Eng| | sh L| ngu| sl | s anda0er l | l | al e | n TESOL l r oml he
Un| ver s| l y ol w| s ons| n Had| son. Shehasaul hor edor o aul hor ed many
W| d | yusedESL l exl oooks, nol ao| y nYour wa : Bu| | d| ng Bas| cSk| | s| n
ng| | sh, 0r ossr o ds, TopT nl ESL wor dOames: B g| nn| ng vocaou| ar y
0 u l opm nl , Ar ound l hewor | d: F| cl ur s
l or
Fr acl | c , Fam| | | s: T n0ar d
O mes
l or
Languag L r n r s, FocusonOr ammar : n l nl r m d| l 0our s
l or
R l r nc and Fr acl | ce, Fo usonOr ammar : A H| gh l nl r m, d| al 0our s
l or
R l r nce and Fr a l | ce, andl heWo koooksl ol h Longman 0| cl | onar y ol
Am r | can Eng| | sh, l heLongm n Fhol o0| cl | onar y, Th l or dF| cl ur
0| cl | onar , andFocusonOr mmar : l nl er m d| al andH| gh l nl r m d| al e.
Hur gur l Bonner hasl aughl ESL al Hunl er 0o| | egeandl heBor ough
ol Hanhal l an 0ommun| l y 0o| | egeol l he0| l y Un| ver s| l y ol NeWYor k, al
Ta| Wan Nal | ona| Un| ver s| l y | n Ta| pe| , andal v| r g| n| a 0ommonWea| l h
Un|vers|l y |n R| hmond. Sh ho|ds aHasl er' s 0eg e|n L|orary S |en el rom
0o| umo| a Un| ver s| l y, andshehas doneWor k l oWar dsaFh. 0. | n Eng| | sh
L| l er al ur e al l heOr adual e 0enl er ol l he0| l y Un| ver s| l y ol NeWYor k. Sh
has onl r | oul edl oanumoer ol ESL andEFL pr oj e l s, | n | ud| ng Hak| ng
0onn cl | ons, nYour wa , andl he0ur r | u| um ReneWa| Fr oj e l | n oman,
Wher esheWr ol el xl oooks, Wor koooks, andl ea her smanua| s l or l he
nal | ona| s hoo| sysl em. Sh aul hor edSl p| nl owr | l | ng: A Bas| c wr | l | ng T l ,
and o aul h r ed FocusonOr ammar : An l nl r m d| al 0our s
l or
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and Fr acl | c , FocusonOr ammar : A H| gh l nl r m d| l 0our s
l or
Rel r nce
nd Fr acl | ce, Focl l , s onOr ammar : H| gh l nl r m d| al wor koook, and
Th l or dF| cl ur e0| cl | onar y l nl r r n d| al wor koook.
| x
Aooul l he Book
w | . o*
l oOr ommor Expr ess l hel asl Wayl osl udyand| ear nEng| | sh g ammar .
Or ommor Expr ess l eal ur es
r
Shor l , easy l o us l our pageun| l s
r
Or ammar po| nl spr esenl ed and onl exl ua| | zedl hr ough ar l oons, phol os,
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0hal l 0he ksl ohe| pyouus l hegr ammar har l s
'
0| ear Or ammar Exp| anal | onsand xamp| es
|
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r
B ar el u| ! Nol e shoW| ngl yp| a| m| sl akes sl udenl smake
r
Fr onun | al | onNol esl ohe| pyoupr onoun e Wor ds or r e l | y
r
A var | el y ol exer | sel ypesl opr a l | l hegr ammar po| nl s
r
Se| l Tesl sl o he kyou| pr ogr ess
|
ApFend| es W| l h he| pl u| | | sl s and| nl or mal | on
r
An | nd x l ohe| pyouqu| k| y l | nd gr ammar po| nl s
r
An AnsWer Keysoyou an he kyour ansW r s
U | s
Or ommor E pr ess has 7Gun| l s' Ea h un| l hasl our pages l Wo pagesol gr ammar
pr esenl al | on andl Wopagesol pr a l | e. Her e' shoWal yp| a| un| l | ooks:
Fr esenl al | on
Thegr ammar po| nl | spr esenl ed | n l hr eesl eps.
1 . ! | | u sl r l | o n
a hun| l oeg| nsW| l h an| | | usl r al | on a ar l oon, om| sl r | p, phol oW| l h
spee h ouoo| es' neWspaper head| | ne Wh| h | nl r odu es l hegr ammar po| nl
| n ar ea| | | l e, r ea| | anguage onl xl . l l a| so| nl r odu esl hel op| ol l heun| l .
( For
amp| , | n Un| l 8l h car l oon| nl r oduc sl h gr amm r po| nl usedl o,
andl h un| l l op| c,
l sh| on. )
A 0he kFo| nl he| psyoul h| nk aooul l hemean| ngol l hegr ammar p | nl | n
l he| | | usl r al | on.
2. 0har l s
Or ammar 0har l s shoWl hel or msol l hegr ammar po| nl . ( l n
Un| l 8
ou
c l n S
us dl o| n sl al m nl s, qu sl | ons, ndshor l n, s r s. )
0har l 0he< ksask quesl | onsaooul l heg ammar har l s. Th yhe| pyounol | e
| mpor l anl | nl r mal | on aooul l hel or msandusesol l hegr ammar po| nl youar e
sl udy| ng.
An xpr ess0he kl o| | oWsl h Or ammar 0har l s. Th| s | s aqu| k andeasyWay
l or youl ol r y oul l hel or ms| n l he har l s.
8. Nol es
Or ammar Nol espr esenl Or ammar Exp| anal | onsonl he| el l andExamp| eson
l her | ghl . T| me| | nes shoWl hemean| ngol ver ol or ms.
( For
e mp| , | n Un| l 8
l h l | m | | n
l or
osedl osho sl hal
ou
anus | l on|
l or
l h pasl . )
Usag Nol esl e| | youhoWEng| | sh speaker susel h gr ammar po| nl .
( l n
Un| l 8
l h Us g Nol
l or
usedl o p a| ns l hal l h| s
l or m
| smor ommon| nal l | r mal | u
sl al m nl s l han| n n g l | u sl al m nl s or qu sl | ons. )
B < ar el u| ! Nol espo| nl oul l yp| a| m| sl akes l hal Eng| | sh sl udenl smake.
( on
ol l h Be car l | | | ! Nol s| n Un| l 8l | | s
ou
nol l oconl us | sed l o | l h
oeusedl oor gel usedl o. J
Fr onun | al | on Nol esl e| | youhoWl o or r e l | ypr onoun el hegr ammar po| nl
| n ever ydaysp e h. Thesenol esuseeasypr onun | al | onspe| | | ngs.
0he k | l oul ! l e| | s youWh r el o| ook| n l h oook
( app nd| es
or ol h r un| l s) l o
l | nd mor e| nl or mal | on aooul l hegr ammar po| nl .
Fr acl | e
TWopagesol exer | sesg| veyoupr a l | e| n under sl and| ng andus| ngl he
gr ammar po| nl . A l yp| a| un| l hasl our e er | ses.
xer | se 1
Thel r r sl xer | se | sa| Waysa, , l or r e ogn| l | onon| y' ' exer | se. Th| smeansl hal
youW| | | havel ol | nd or under sl andl hegr ammar po| nl , oul youW| | | nol have
l ouse| l yel . ( For
mp| , | n [ Jn| l 8
ou
l | | | | | r ad shor l magaz| n ar l | c|
aooul
l ash| on,
nd
l | nd
and und r | | n a| | l h | , mp| es o/ usedl o h| chr l r
l opasl hao| l s. )
Ex er c| ses 2 an d8
l nl hes e er | ses youa l | ve| ypr a l | el hegr ammar po| nl . Th r ear ea
var | el y ol exer | s l ypes, | n | ud| ng mu| l | p| ho| e, l | | | | n l he o| anks,
des r | o| ngp| l ur es, senl en e omo| n| ng, andask| ng andansWer | ngquesl | ons.
The exer | sesa| WaysshoWl hegr ammar po| nl | n a onl exl l hal | s r | al edl o
l heun| l l op| .
( l n
Un| l 8, E r c| s 2,
ou
L | | | comp| l s nl nc s aooul
l ash| ol |
| n l h p | sl h| |
ou
d s r | o p| cl ur s. l nE r c| s 8,
ou
l | | | us ano| d
o' du r l | s n| nl l o s and nSL0 r
qu, sl | ons
aooul sn k r s' )
x|
xer | se 4
Th| s | s a| Waysaned| l | ng e er | se. l nl h| s e r | se, youW| | | hav l ol | nd and
orre l l y | a| m|sl akes l hal sl udenl s makeWhen l h y usel heg ammarpo|nl .
s s
The 7Gun| l s ol Or ommor Expr ess ar ed| v| ded| nl o 15par l s. Al l er ea hpar l you
W| | | l | nd aS | l esl . Thesel esl sW| | | he| pyour ev| eWandse hoWWe| | youhave
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: : : : : : :
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h ckl h or r cl nsW r .
A or d| ngl ol h l | sh, l hewor m
husl h l | avor ol h| ken.
a l s| | ke a h| k n.
r y
:
l AR HE l (
|r | T( Tru ) or
F( Fo|s ) .
F S m v r os
haveool h
an n a l | n
andana l | on
mean| ng.
F Av r o
us dW| l h
anon a l | on
mean| ng| s nol
used| n l he
prog ess|ve.
v RBsW| Bo NoN A | oN AN0A0 | oN | Ul AN| NOs
No A o
h l | sh We| ghs l | vepounds.
w l h| nk | l , s agooddayl or l | sh| ng.
Th| s l | sh l a' l s de | | ous.
h| s l oodsme| | s
qood.
A | o
H ' sWe| gh| ng l hel | shnoW.
w , r e l h | n k | n g ao o u l g o | n g .
, ml sl | n g l h l | sh n o W .
h o o k | ssm l | n g l h l o o d .
10
l hesoupr | ghl noWl l sa| l y.
Non. A l . on ver os r 11
Or * | r x p | an l | n x m l es
1. Hanyv r os des r | oe sl l s or s| l ual | ons | nsl ad r
ohn
has ooal .
ol a l | ons. Th se ver osar a| | ednon. a l | on ( Th v r ohosd s r | o s
John, s
s| l uol | on, nol
ver os ( or sl al | v ver os) . som l h| ng h | sdo| ng' )
Hosl non l | on ver os ar enol usua| y used| n | HeWanl s l | sh l or d| nn r .
l h p s nl pr ogr ss|veev nWh n l heydes r |o No l |s r r a l |ng l l ||l ||1 |. .
as| l ual | on l hal | shapp n| ng r | ghl noW.
2. Non. a l | on v r os ar usua| | y ver os l hal :
a. d s r | o asl al e ol oe| ng r
, an
| sl | r doul happy.
( o , l e |) r 5h l e|s good.
o. expr ssmol | ons A: 0oyou| | k myneWdr ss?
( h l , ||k , |ov ) B: l |ov |l !
. d s r | o menl a sl al s r l knoW ol ol goodr | pes.
( knoW, r memo r , oe| | v , l h| nk
[ =
oe| | ve| , | Ar | r m mo r s your numoer .
suppos , und r sl ond) | l l h| nk you, er | ghl .
d. shoWpossess| on | sa hasah ada he'
( hav , oWn, possess, o | ong) | Som sl udenl s oWn m| oWav s.
. d s r | o per epl | ons andsens s | | hear l h l phon .
( h or , se , sme| | , l asl , l e | , nol | , s em, r 0| nas ms l | r d.
|ook
[ =
s m| , opp or , sound)
l . d s r | o n edsandpr el er n s r | ne d ap n.
( ne d, W nl , pr el er )
g. d s r | o measur m nl l | Howmu hdo s| l osl ?
( We|gh' osl , onl o|n)
8. B u| ! Somever os anhavenon a l | on No l o
anda l | on m an| ngs ( l osl , sme| | , l ee| , | ook, r l l asl e ga | . 0| dyoupul some| nh r ?
l h|nk, l l ov , W |gh) . ( l nol | gor || , )
r hesoupl asl esgood' r ysome.
( Th soup| sgood, )
| oN
r , ml asl | ngl h soup l os e | l | l n ds mor sa l .
( |, ml r y|ngl h soup. )
0he k |l oul !
For a| | sl ol ommonnon a l | onver os' seeAppend| x 2onpage887.
1 2 r Un | l
| 0EN | l Y
o
R odl h| s onv r sol | on, Und r | | n o| | non cl | onv r osl hol d scr | o o
s| l uol | onl hol | s| npr ogr ss, | r c| o| | non o l | onv r osl hol des r | oe s| l uol | on
l hol | sgen r o| | y l r u ,
Ar , r : Th| s sl akl asl sde| | | ous. Your sa| mon| ooksg od l oo.
B : Her e, l ' mpul l | ngsomeonyour p| al e. l l h| nky u' | | | | ke| l .
Ar , r : Hmm. l | | k | l . Funn , l | . . , , u| | y( J . ' l d l | . h.
B : Red has l hal el l e l onp op| e.
Ar r : l have no| dea Whal you, l a| k| ng aooul . whal doy u mean?
B : we| | ' o| r s an hangel he Way Wel e | . l r ' r examp| e, peop| eol l enl ee|
hung | er | n a r ed r oom. l nol | el hal y u' r e | ook| ng r | ghl al l he r ed Wa| | paper .
Ar , r : And l r l a| n| l ee| hung y r | ghl noW. l ' m eal | ng ha| l your sa| mon.
B : Thal ' s oK' l , ml asl | ng your sl eak.
00sE

omp| l el h|smogoz|n orl | l W|l hl h orr cl l ormol l heveros


| npor enl h ses.
Lenny Kr amer | s | n a spor l s sl or e.
. '
| . o. | # | J. . uo. . , . n |
l | Wer s, oul he | sn' l
r ea| | y pay| ng al l enl | on l ol he ar oma v r y mu h oe aus he
a l a
2 . ( | o o k s
/ | s| o o k | n g )
pa| r l r unn| ng sh es. Th _
. u| . *
.
a | ol mo el han he usua| | pays, oul
Lenny r ea| | y, r ea| | y
l hos sh s. He' sl h v| l | m ol
. . smar l
s enl s. ' '
4 . ( w n l s
/ | sw n l | n g )
ar omas l hal sl or esuse l omake usl om r s ouy mor e.
A r oss l Wn' Lenny' s daughl er Hyr a | s l ak| ng a h| sl or y l sl | n a | assr oom
l hal Was r e enl | y pa| nl ed ye| | oW. A| l hough yr a h| sl r 5| , she
5 . ( h l es
/ | sh al | n g )
l oo d | ng We| | onl h| s l sl ' She
l he neW
G . ( s ms
/ | sseem| n g )
7 . ( | | k e s
/ | s | | k | n g )
w noW
l hal od r s, o| or s, and sounds al l e l our moodsand
9 . ( k n o W
/ ar k n o W | n g )
venour hea| l h. l n l a l , r | ghl noW L nny' s W| l e, 0| ndy' aooul
1 O. ( l h | n k s
/ | s l h | n k | n g )
Lenny and Hyr a' Sh ' s sur l hal Lenny | s spend| ng l omu h onsho sand l hal
Hyr a | s l a| | | ng anol her h| sl or y l esl . 0| ndy sul l er s l r om m| g a| ne heada hes, oul
she
aheada he l oday. Sh , s| n l he gar d n, and sh
1 1 . ( d o e s n ' l h a v e / | s n ' l h a v | n q )
o | o r o l h e r | a ssr o o m' . n l l | l h a l | l ' sh e | p | n g h e r o n l h l e sl '
oul | l | s. S | enl | sl s have shoWn l hal
e| | oW
| mp. , , eJ ol h m mor y and on nl r al | on.
| 2 . ( h r s
| | sh ear | n g )
o| r ds and| nse l sounds. Thev a| Wavs a| mh r doWn.
Non. A l . on ver os r 18
Ol l FLE
o
R odl h| sconv r sol | on. omp| el | l W| l hl he or r cl l or mol l h
v r os | npor enl hes s. Us l h pr es nl pr ogr ss| ve or l h s| mp| pr s nl l ns ,
A: H| , Ana. Hmm. Somel h| n* j h
go d! whal ' s ook| ng?
B: F| shsoup. l | l l ose | l | l m r egar | | .
2 . ( l asl ) 8 . ( n eed )
you
l ol r y| l ?
4 . ( W n l )
A: Hmmm. l l good, oul l | l needssa| l .
5 . ( l asl e) G . ( l h | n k )
B: OK. l aooul add| ng anned l omal o sl oo, venl hough | l
7 . ( l h | n k )
| n l her e | pe.
8 . ( n o l o e)
A: Thal | | k agood| dea. Bul Wa| l am| nul . l
9 . ( so u n d )
al l he r e | pe, and | l saysyou an add m| | k. HoW aooul l hal ?
B: l | l l he m| | k l r esh.
1 O. ( | o o k )
sur e. Lel ' s add
1 1 .
( n o l
k n o W )
A: l . | | he k. Hmm. l
1 2 ' ( o )
| l , oul l
l 8 . ( sm )
l he l omal o s| nsl ad.
B: OK. l ook| ng! Th Wh | house
| 5 . ( | o v )
When you k. And | l a| Ways pul s me| n a goodmood.
A: l Whal you . l
1 7 . ( k n o W )
same Way.
1 4 . ( n o l o )
gr eal
| G . ( sm | )
l h
1 8 . ( m e a n )
0| l
o
R odl h| s
j our no|
enl r . h r or e| ghl m| sl ok s | nl heus ol o l | onond
non. o l | onver os, F| ndond or r l l h m, Thel | r sl m| sl ok | s | r eodY cor r ecl d'
1 9 . ( l ee| )
gr cn

have
N0 99! l u \ + A8 gg p! _ ! w4! 9| 0 4 0
o ' ! 9. \ gry\
W! |o p, , ! arg
r mq' o_4_gn 9! ' rj Lo+ l ! u g a' ! ' ! * , Jr 4' q! |9l 9
og, h o; 5r ! 5_9g / r n O, nd9) ! ! ! 8 ! ' 5 q! | 9n| ' ! v: : W 9 9[ l a18 q
d ss|on)
g: 8
1re n
q1F! l 7rh
n ! c, , l u) , 1h9\ , 4919p, o l |, nol l h|nk|ng l h l
|n p
q
4l l r , ! ! eJL! q . 1l e4 |
l n K|rn
e+ ' ry, g|o
l
1 1grhng h 9 ! |g ! do1! . ' ' . . . _
9_ |wOr( l h ! p g0! : 0 oo |n ch: 2p' _
l |r o' ?nl
Jnav
a ?_$' ?' ?? rp|nl l ea Wrl h
\ F g|' |e l Jps: g! 2|0 |! 9 ?F999! , nA_h J?2 o 9 | : ' \ e: l | J qn1| w J l
l hgl !
! 9q. o1 ' |O r' g 04g9' 59 ! 42 ?ql |!
go 1gh\ ' oa l
W)
l l , ss pm|qgl h l

r h r r o0 s\ | so u| | ons'
Fr esenl Fr ogr ess| ve and
S| mp| e Fr esenl ense
0r oss 0u| l ur a| 0onl us| on
Fr | nds l r omd| l l er nl ul l ur es ol l en
hav d| l l er nl | deas aooul l | m .
Somel | m s l heydon' l agr aooul
so | al d| sl an , e| l her .
| | < F0l N
|rc| T( Tru ) orF( Fo|s ) '
F Kar | | s ar r | v| ng | al el n| ghl .
F l nSam| ' s u| l ur e, peop| er ar e| y sl and | osel oea hol her .
l |AR |l |(
he kl h or r l
onsW r s.
Thepr esenl
pr og ess| ve has:
l n par l
l Wopar l s
The s| mp| pr esenl
l ensehas:
LJ onel orm
l * o l or ms
FREs N.
Su ;
. F
B
oOREss| v
B s Fo
+
rArO
l
am
ar r | v| ng noW. w / You* / They ar e
H / Sh e/ l l s
* You
| sool hs| ngu| ar andp| ur a|
wh | Tar o
an | n g o ack
, |
F| n e l h a n k e ,
, oW ar
ou2,
wh | am|
l an d | n g eo
s| nF| FR S N Ns
5uU v
/ w / You/ Th y
n v r
ar Ways
ar r | v
o n l | m .
H / Sh e/ l l ar r | v s
l 4
E FREss
xd|
omp| l l hel o| | oW| ngchor l sW| l hl h v r oou '
Or mmar x p | an al | on s
Fr esen l Fr ogr ess| v e an d S| mp| e Fr esen l en se r 15
amp | es
FR SEN FRoOREss vE
Su |
|
B
|
B s Fo +
. |
l
l l oW r s noW. You
He
s| | uFLEFRES N Ns
Su ;
v . * |
u su a| | y ho ol al es. You
H
1. Us l h pr esenl pr ogr ess| ve l or l h| ngs
happ n| ng r | ghl noW.
o( o.
NoW ' l o
'
:
. * d$n'
p asl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ; . S9 . | . . . . Fu l u r e
|
Usel hes| mp|
r eJ nl
l nJ l odes | o
Whal r gu ar | y happ ns.
* ?*
Fasl
. ' . . . . . . . . . ' .
x
|
x. . . . . . . . . x. . . . . . . ' > Ful ur e
H l o|ks l oh||m ver do .
r Sam| | sl a| k| n9 l o ar o.
r l l h mom nl , ar o | ssp ak| ng ng | sh.
r Sam| l a| ks l oTar o ver y day.
| ar o sp ks
Japan s
al hom .
2. Us l hepr s nl pr ogr ss| v l or l h| ngs
happ n| ng l hese days.
F sl
No W
we. r sl udy| ng | nl h U. S. l h| smonl h.
Laur a, s sl ud | ng | nFr an l h| s
eor ,
Ar yousl udy| ng har dl h sedo s?
l
l
l
Ful ur
. . . . . . . . . . . >
8. R R! Hosl non a l | on v r os r
nol usua| | y us d| nl h
Fr senl
pr ogr ss| v
ven Wh nl h yd s r | o as| l ual | on l hal ex| sl s
l l h momenl ol sp ak| ng.
r
an
Wanl s l ogohom r | ghl noW.
No
4. Use l hes| mp| e pr esenl l nsel ol a| k aooul
s | nl | l | l a l s ndphys| a| | aWs.
r Sl r ess 0ausesh| gho ood pr ssur e.
r wal oo| | s l
|
00. .
0he k |l ou|!
For a| | sl ol omr n l r non a l | onver os, se Apper r d| 2onpage887.
1G r Un| l
zr
l 0EN l Y

R odl h s
j our no|
nl r | s o Br | on, onod| onsummer hong sl ud nl
sl ud | ng| nAr g nl | no. | r | eo| | l h v r os l hol d scr | o Wh l | shoppen| ngnoW.
Und r | | n l h v r osl hol des r | o Whol g ner | | hopp ns.
Ol l | Fl E E

Sl ud nl s or l o| k| ngoul s| d o | ossr oom. omp| l l h | r onv r sol | ons


W| l hl h pr s nl pr ogr ss| v or l hes| mp| pr s nl l nse ol l h ver os | npor nl h s s.
| . Lr Wu:
F ur, o:
Lr Wu:
F u|o:
Lr Wu:
H| ' Fau| o. w al
ar e
oh, l
o . ( W a| l )
HoW ar eyou?You
you
l or | ass l ooeg| n.
. ( o o k )
d. ( r vor k)
l oone l m
l | r ed.
even|ngsl h|s sem sl r. H y, |s l hal
d o | n
a . ( d o )
l ma| | l l | el | r ed. l
your l ea her over l her e?
Y s' She
e. ( l | k )
| assmal s.
F ur , o: l Wonder Whal , sWr ong. He
her . He
g . ( | o o k )
Lr Wu: Oh. Thal
h .
( n o l
me n )
| l ' snol r espe l l u| l o| ok
Ho r o: Look, l her e, s | gu | . He
l . ( n o l | o o k )
moar r assed.
anyl h|ng. l n Ta|Wan
d| r e l | y al y ur l ea h r .
l Lu| sa.
a .
( 1 | k )
a | ass l ogel her l h| s semesl r .
al
l l . \
l | : Js,
, . ) .
g
. r
*
' | |
. / . . , .
'
,,
! |
, . | | !
u
'
|
!
| r
\ +
J
\ , , 1 : |
l
, |
.4.B : .
, )
2.
Ju n e2 o ; l _l n ao aal
' l r Laoove Lhe ar l h
n r o u l o ' r q en | n a | u o u a
h av e d | n n r al l h | el | me, o u l r | q h
n o W l h av a h ad ach e l r o mLh e
ax0| Lamen .
g
e a ma | e
eal | nqm l ood. h | ook haF? ,
June o: l l ' e7: ,
g
ho l par nLe
ar e l | | Wor k| nq, ar oo, m l al h r ,
W r k a h n e. H | e or oLher
K| r d o | cu , o o k e ( an d
a l a) a o | ke oooo , K| qhl noW,
h ' e o o k | n q v er m h o u | d er an d
l r y| nql o r adm j our na ,
Ju y
4: TheWea h r | eco| dnoW,
| u eu a p en d l h l | r o l W k en d
ol Jul al l he o ach, Toda m
Wa k| ng ar ound| na heav ; v| ea er ,
ugu l Gz l l ee eoLl r ed l on| ghL.
ver yon r el e o qr al | nNh
v en n q o ecau ee l h l ak e| o n q
nap | n h al l r noon,
Nr : Yes. They
o . ( l k )
F| r eser r l r ogr ess| v r an d s| mp| e r esen l Ten se r 17
very |osel o a hol her.
( . ( sl an d )
Nl : No. l
l he
you
2
d .
( l h | k )
. ( d a l e )
| l
8. R sr r : Ther e' sHans. w| r v
a.
( W a| k )
al 9: 00. H sl | | |
0r u : He a|Ways
l .
( n o l
l h | n k )
anyl h| ng sp | a| . l
and peop| el h r e n r ma| | y
| osel o a hol h r .
sol asl ? 0| ass
o . ( sl r l )
l nm| nul es|
d . ( W a | k )
l asl . F op| el r om
l o o e | n hurry.
e . ( p a o
Lu| s?why
9 '
( m e n )
l rom 0osl aR| a,
h . ( m )
l hal
| ,
( s l a n d )
he
. r
l |
, | |
r , r ; | |
\
. |
SW| l zer | and ol l en
4 . Yo o: l sn' l l hal S r g| o and l he

l | a
. vl
| !
, . '
. . : s so8;

\ : J
' r.* 4
' '
\ ; | | \
.
)
l
! / ' r \ ,
.:
J ,J
.
; .. a,z ._
a. ( sh k )
ea hol h r . hands?They
Jr : l nBr az| | . r r r n
l | mel h
o .
1 k n o W ;
hands ev r y
< . ( sh ak e)
d . ( m e e l )
E0l T. Reodl h| s sl udenl , s
j our no| , F| nd nd or r e l | ev n m| sl k s | nl h useol l h pr es nl
pr ogr ess| v or s| mp| epr s nl l nse' Thel | r sl m| sl ok | so| r d cor r cl d'
' m o| n g
| l . s
' | : 8o
_dl + |
he
| | o1 1y r | ghl
oW.
y ! ssm l es q1e q | _| 1q
| un
l ogel ! 1'
l m| ss' myo| dr o l | n . l hom Wea| Ways ar ee l | ng | 9
q4!
l
: 1 o
| n l he
l l 9 11oor , r ' ' hen Wr r es
' 4 ' 9 ' ' '
ver da , | | mosl l [ !
o r se
m
ngl oor qd.
l
j us l
4eed
my l l er noo' 4 nqp! , ! | s ! s s g! v' qyg | . q
l n'
h| q
se sl e. r , .
e
Wor konap1oj e l
v| l h
v! d. eg m ' s' .
$L
l ea j . s l | l m| r r . g gr gups o.
peop| e | nd| l l er enl 9r ! l ur es' . wear eana ze
so | al
d| sl n e' hql me s hoW
9! 9_se
l o
e h o l h r l h e se p g o p | e sl a d . ' o r d | n g l o
l or my| : ooq! g s. eq ' her s. h 9r e r ea| y ar n' l
| | k| 9r yhq . o 9o e 9l q| '
8
| mper al | ve
:
FOl N
h kl h cor r l onsW r .
Th Woman| n l hephol o| s
|nv|l |ng someon l |earn l h Jao.
g| , , | ng| nsl r u l | ons onhoWl odol h Jao'
or der | ng someonel odol heJao.
A F|R||' A |vE
B s Fo |
o v |
B nd your nees.
Fu n h W| l hyour l | sl s.
To d ol h Jao :
B n d o u r k n a a n d
p aae
our
r | qhl l oo , | nl r on ,
| | k e l h | a, ?u n ah W | h ou r
n g h | l | aL.
|l R |l |(
h kl hecorr l
onsW r .
l r nper al | v senl n s
| n | udeasuoj e l .
don, l | n | ude
asuoj e l .
N OA | !
| B s Fo
0oN, l o v
v
0on' l
o nd your Kn es.
p u n h W| l hyour l | sl .
18
| mper al | ve r 19
E FR ss, ;
| ,
Us l h s v rosl ocomp|el l h ch rl s,
l ou h | | sl en sl and
AFF! R nA | v
B s Fo o v

l o l h mu s| .
your l oes.
sl r a| ghl .
8r * y n ar l ; x an l | gn s ar n | es
N OA vE
0o , l B s Fo o v
l o l h mu s| .
your [ oes.
sl r a| g h l .
1. h | mp r al | v l o mol l h ve o| sa| Ways l he r Har | , pl ase gel r ady
o s l or m. | l | sl hesam Whel h | l | sd| r l ed r O l r eady, guys!
l oon or sev r l peop .
2. h suoj l ol an| mp r al | ve sl al em nl | syou. r Sl and up sl r a| ghl .
HoW v r , Wedonol s yor Wr | l yo | n NoT l l | l .
| mp r al | ve s nl n s.
8. he| mp r al | v l or mhasanumoer ol us s.
Us l h | mp r al | v l o:
a. g| v d| r l | ons and| nsl r u l | ons | Tur n l l l al l h l r al l | | qhl .
o. g| veor d r s or ommands | 0on, l mov !
. maker q esl s ( Usep| ose | nadd| l | onl o | F| eos r ad l h| sa l | e.
l he| mper al | ve l or m. ) r R adl h| sa l | e, p| eos .
d. g| v adv| e or make sugg sl | ons r 0on, l e r | s Wh nyou, r e s| k.
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5 .
we are l l er|ng an | nl r odu l or y l r | a| memoer sh| p.
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l o r o l h r s , n o l l o u s | l j u s l l o r y o u r o W n g o o d . T h | r d , n o 1 |
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omenl .
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| 1. Har r y W r ks a| | l hel | me. H
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r e| axesnev r
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l .
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S| mp| e Fasl Tense:
Al l | r mal | veSl al emenl s
FOl N
h kl h y or l h s s nl nc s
opp ored|non Wspoper,
. . Foel
A|o rl R|mes| |v s|n Be| |um. ' '
r g g l r ggg
. . Foel
A| oer l R| mes| | v d| n
Be| g| um mosl ol h| s | | l e.
1989 1999
h ' o r
You Wer aqoad
man o u | a
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r gu| ar v r osl ol r m
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asl
l ense?

d o . e d

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HEsl | Ul FL FAs T NSE: 8
Su ;

Bl
| / H / Sh e/ l Was
y o u n g | n 1 9 8 0 .
we| You* / hey W r
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| sool hs| ngu| ar andp| ur a|
HEs| | l ' FLEFAs NS : R OULARv RBs
Su | r
|
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mov d
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Su ;
|
v. ,
|
l / H / Sh / l l / we/ You/ h y
Wr ol po l r y.
oe ame l amo u s.
o u | | l amo n u men l .
24
E FREss
omp| el e l h hor l ,
r am n r x | a l | s
S| r n p| e asl en se: Al l | r mal | v eSl al er n er r l s | 25
' x r es
B s Fo o v S| pr F s r s
oe
ome
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a n o
| . Us l h s| m |
asl
l ensel ol a k aooul l h| ngs
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H Wosopo l . |.
r l oer l R| mes | | ved
r H Was aoo l .
r H Wr ol poel r y.
| nl hel Wenl | el henl ur y.
2. You anu5 l h s| mp| pasl l enseW| l h
l | m expr ss| onsl hal r el r l ol h pasl
( l osl W k, o 1980, |nl h l Wenl |el h nl ur y,
l |l l y
or s
ogo) .
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H d| d mor el hanl ny or sogo,
l
l
8. hes| mp| e pasl l ns ol r gu ar ver os | s
l or m doyadd| ng
d
or
d,
B u| ! h r ar eol l en spe| l | nghanges
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l ol hev r o.
any ommonver os ar | r r gu| ar .
h | r paSl l ns | snol l or m doyadd| ng
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or
d.
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l | ve
j o | n
pr ay
sl udy
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o
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h ad
gol
W nl
he k |l oul !
For spe| | | ngr u| esl or l hes| mp| epasl l enseol r egu| ar ver s, seeAppend| x 21on
page 44.
For pr onun | al | onr u| esl or l hes| mp| epasl l enseol r egu| a v r os, seeAppend| x 28
onpage848.
For a| | sl ol | r r eg | ar ver s, seeAppend| x 1onpag s88G_887.
2G | Un| l
| 0EN | FY
o
R doooul
| pones
po l H l suoBosho. Und r | | n | | l her gu| or posl
l ns v r os, | r c| o| | l he| r r gu| or posl l ens v r os,
Hal suo Basho_ 0mor e l han 1' 000l hr ee | | ne
poems' or . . ha| ku. ' ' He hosel op| sl | m nal ur e, da| | y
| | l e, andhuman emol | ons. He o ame neol Japan' s
mosl l amous poel s, and h|s Work esl ao||shed ha|ku as
an |mp rl anl arl l orm.
Hal suo Basho Was oor n near Ky l | n 1G44'
H|s l al her Wanl d h|m l oe ome sarnura|
( Warr|or) .
l nsl ad, Hal suo mov d l oEd
( pr es nl day
Tokyo)
and sl ud| ed p el r y. By 1G81' h had many sl ud nl s
and adm| r er s.
Basho' shomeour neddoWn| n 1G82. Th n, | n
1G88, h| s mol h r d| d. Al l er l hese evenl s, Basho l e| l
r esl | ess. Sl ar l | ng | n 1G84, he l r av | d nl ool and on
hor seoa k a| | over Jap n. Somel | mes h| s l r | ends
j o| ned
h| m, and l hey Wr l po l r y
l ogel her . Tr ave| Was d| l l | u| l | n l h sevenl e nl h enl ur y, and Basho ol l engol s| k. He
d| ed | n 1G94, dur | ng a
j our ney
l o Osaka. Al l hal l | me he had 2, 000sl udenl s.
| | 00sE 8 Ol l FLE
o
Reodl h| so| ogr oph ol onol h r poel , m| | 0| ck| nson'
omp| l | l us| ngl h s| mp| posl l ns l or mol l h v r os | nl h oo s.
o e ome | ead | eav Wr | l e
m| | y 0| k| nson, oneol l h mosl p pu| ar Amer | an poel s,
| | ved
l r om1880 l o188G. Sh
l .
aooul | ove. nal ur . andl | me. These
l avor | l e l hem s' 0| k| nson an unusua| | | l e,
Al l er
j usl
oneyear ol o| | ege, she ar e | use
sh a| mosl never
5 .
her h use | n Amher sl ,
Hassa husel l s. Al h me, she
)<
o
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8 .
l am| | , and she on| y
7 .
Wh| l e.
noonee epl h r
S| mp| e Fasl e se: Al l | r | l | v eSl l me | l s | 27
addr ess
l nadd| l | onl oher poel r y, 0| k| nson
peop| ea| Ways
1 0 .
sevenol h r 1, 700poems
appear h ap p en Wr | l e
many
9 .
l he enve| opes l or her . 0ur | ns her
| n pr | nl and l h| s
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| | l el | meon| y
1 1 .
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o| l e . dr | nk eal hop
A o| r d doWn l heWa| k:
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. |
8.
n l kn Wl
He an ang| e Wor m | n ha| ves
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' 1 2 .
1 5 .
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1 7 .
nven| enl g ass'
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1 8 .
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0| T
0
Reodpor l ol sl ud nl , s
j our n | , F| ndond or r e l | ghl m| sl okes | nl heuseol l h
s| mp| posl l ns . Th l | r sl m| sl oke | so| r eody or r cl ed.
enj o ed
Tod | nc a. ss W r da
?o m
oyRooer l Fr os . l r ea| | y eq | l . | l Wasaoo l
? r aon
Who choos d o l | | | l Wo r o ds | n l or sl ' Bdor eh m d h| sdec| s| on, h
s? nl s a| ol al l | r ne l n7| ng l odec| d Wh| ch r o d l ol ol | oW. any
peopl e l houghl l h
? r son
W r c Fr osl . n r h nd, h l k l h r o d l h l W s ss l r v d on . 1e d c| d d
l oo po l . l h l d c| s| on cnang h| sl | l e a| ol .
Som l | m s l | e l | l l | e l | ke Fr osl ' Wo
\ ar s
agol dec| d l ocome l ol h| s
co nl r \ . Th l Wer l heo| gg sl d c| s| on ol r ny l | l e.
S| mp| e Fasl ense:
Negal | veSl al emenl s
andOuesl | ons
0 l r r , N r r , s
0l 0sH RASH???
L , ,
N W Our ,
Jur v
2, 1' 9 7. mdr | a ar h r l sma| |
p| an | l l l h | s| andol La al a l | y12: 00 m| dn| ghl . Sh Was
nol a| on on l h l | | ghl , ul sh and Fr d Noonan, h r
n av | g al o r , W r v l y l | r d . Sh r p o r l d h r | asl p o s| l | o n
al 8 : 1 , 4
p . .
A l r l h al , sh d | d n o l mak r ad | o o n l a l
aga| n.
\ vhy
d| d l h yd| sapp ar ?w. r l h y hausl d? 0| d
l h y r u n o u l o g as? Th U. S. 0o asl Ou ar d sl r l d | l s
s ar h o r l h n sW r l 1 0 : 1 5
p . .
| | Fol N
| r c| T( Tr ue) , F( Fo| s ) , or ?( l h or l | | doesn, l so ) '
r ? Thep| ane r ash d.
F ? Ear har l mader ad| o onl a l al l er 8: 14
p. .
F ? ar har l hadanav| gal or W| l h her .
s| HFLE FAs ENsE: NEOA v S ATEHEN s
BE
Su ;
, . o '
l / He/ Sh / l l W as
nol h r e asl y ar .
w / You* / TheyWer
* You
| sool hs| ngu| ar andp| ur a| .
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Wasnol
=
Wasn' l
w r e nol
=
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d | d n o l
=
d | d n ' l
l / , R E l ( l
h kl h or r cl
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whal Wor ddo
ou
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negal | vesl al emenl ?
ol J d|d nol
whal doyouaddl
ol her ver osl ol or m
n gal | v sl al menl ?
J nol J d|d nol
REOULA
Su ,
RAN0 l RR OULARv|
l B s Fo
0l ol , l o o v
RBs
l / He / Sh e / | l
we/ You/ Th y
d | d n o l
al |
l l y
| asl n | g h l .
2a
S| mp| e Fasl en se: Negal | v e sl al emen l s an | Ou esl | o s | 29
s| HFL FAs TENsE:
OUEsTl o Ns
YEs/ No
OU STl ONS:
8
B

su . . '
l
was sn e
h r e asl y ar ?
w r l hey
sHoR ANsw Rs
A | | v | N | v
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| No,
she d| dn, l .
| , l / l '
Ou s l oNS:
O HERv RBs
| | |
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l
0| o
|
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l
B s Fo
Why d | d | l d| sapp ar ?
xFREss
Unscr omo| l hes Wor dsl ol or moquesl | on ondononsW r .
nav| gal or
.
she
.
have

0| d
.
a
l | y . Sh d | d n ' l . a | o n
8
yar
r r r ar x | anal r r s xar np! s
R ||E K 2
h ckl h or r cl
onsW r .
wh| h Wor d( s)
anoeg| n
s| no
quesl | onsW| l h oe?
r|
|J Wos
r
|J Were
|J d|d
wh| h Wor d( s)
anoeg| n
s| no
quesl | onsW| l h
ol her v r os?
r|
|J Wos
r|
l J W re
J d|d
s | oR ANSwERS
A | | v
l
N. o, . u.
Yes,
sh e W as.
No,
sh e W asn ' l .
l hey Wer . l hey W r en, l
! vl ,
Ou s l oNS:
B
l |
w . wo o

8r
l
Suq

Why
Was sh e
h r e | asl year ?
Wer e l h y
YEs/ No
Ou s | oNs:
O HER v RBs
l l
0| o
l
Su !
|
B s Fo
l
0| d 5 n l l o x| o?
1. Us l hes| mp| pasl l nsel omak negal | v r Sh Wasn, l a one.
sl al emenl s ooul a l | ons or s| l ual | ons l hal ar r heyWer en, l onan| s| and.
noW l | n| sh d.
NoW
:
Fa s l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >
Wqsn' l o|one |
r h ey d | d n , l l | n d l h ep l an .
r H d | d n ' l 0a| | l h al n | q h l .
2. Us l h s| mpl epasl l nsel oaskquesl | ons r was sh a on | nl h p n ?
aooul a l | ons or s| l ual | ons l hal ar enoWl | n| shed. | wh r e d| d she| eavel r om?
0he k |l oul !
or quesl | onsaooul l hesuoj e l , seeUn| l 24onpages102_108.
8O r un| l z
REA0
.
Look l somel o l soooul Ame| | o r hor l '
o
She Was o r n | n l he Un| l d Sl al es.

She d| dn, l omp| el e | | g .

She d| dn, l keep her l | r sl a| r p| ane.

She l | eW a r ossl h Al | anl | o ean.
NsW R

Ful o h k| nl he or r l oo '
1. 0| d shegel many aWar ds?
2. was she a o| | egeg adual e?
8. w s sh an Amer| an c|l |zen?
4. 0| d shekeeph r l | r sl p| an ?
5. was sh an aul hor ?
G. 0| d shehaveahusoand?
7. was she a par enl ?

She r e e| ved many ar ar ds.
o
She mar r | ed Oe r geFa| mer Ful nam.

She d| dn' l have any h| | dr en.

She Wr ol l hr ee oo ks.
Yes

l
l
l
l
l
l
No
l
l

l
l
l
l
As| ( 8 Nsv| l ER

Us l he uesl o oskqu sl | ons oooul Am | | o or hor l . h n nsW r l he


quesl | ons W| l hl h | nl or mol | on | nl h oox'
E
, 9 7
Am r | n 0o| umo| aUn| ver s| l y l Woy ar s NeW Ou| nea l hr ee
w en / s e / r ossl h Al | anl | o an?
\ Nhen d| d h cr og l he l anl | aoc an? | n 192o ,
| .
2. wher e / s , e| sl udy?
8. Hor ' | ong/ oe/ sh / a so | a| Wor ker ?
4. wher e / her | asl l | | shl / | eave l r om?
5. HoW many oooks/ s , e / Wr | l ?
G. whal / / | ner nal | n | | l v?
7. when l she/ d| sappear ?
Ol l FLE E. h mogoz| neF | ngH. | gh
| nl er v| W W| l hl h or r l l or mol l h
Ye
0| d
s. m; r | e | easl en se: N g l | v e sl ; | l e n e l s ar | d Ou esl | on s r 8|
( FH) | nl er v| eW d o
oung
p| | ol ' omp| l e l he
v r os | np r enl h s s ondW| l hshor l onsW r s,
you a| Ways
Wan|
l oo ap| | ol ?
| . ( W a n l )
, l
a| d
. l saW a do umenl ar v aooul Ame| | a
2.
s| . She oe amem
your par nl s happ
,
l hey . Th ey mel ol |y.
5 . ( n o l W n l )
l h y | l Was l oodanger ous?
G . ( l )
l hey . Bul l Was ver y del er m| ned, and
7 ,
m l r om pur su| ng my dr eam.
you ever
9 . ( d e a m)
l l | y| ng ar und l he W r | d?
1 0 , ( n o l l h | n k )
you a| one on
| l Wou| d happensosoon.
, l
. l h a d a o . | | o l .
12.
| l d| l l | u| l l ol | nd
FH:
Su :
FH:
Su :
FH:
Su :
FH:
Su :
FH:
Su :
FH:
Su :
Ear har l When l Was
. ( o e )
w yn l ?
l hey
8 . ( n o l k e p )
ol our s . Bul l
1 1 . ( B )
r o| e mode| .
W| l h
our
d | s| n?
l he l | | ghl ?
a o p| | ol l or l h| s l | | ghl ?
| 8. ( B )
. She' smy r oommal e.
0| l
o
R odl h| sposl or d. F| ndond or r ecl s| xm| sl ok s | nl h us ol l h s| mpl e posl
l ens , Th l | r sl m| sl oke | so| r od cor r cl d.
| l
14.
r ece| ve
|! 0| o r ce |r cJ L|sl / l l r ? |nl ' l kn , l |ol , r
l l . ' l |, ||r ss so/ sel l l |l l o o r , |/ , / o e, l , / l e
o
|l l ov |?0||go r r ool l l l l u , l ov l |, |l ||
! 1o ?
Rl ghl , ol , ,
||l l o oo ||. , / , |
p/ , |
l / |l
l o / F sol v|s|l l |'
0|r
o
m l h r . l l l he o l |r e Ll sl
r ?
| l u|
l v|s|l h r l l |J , o|l l / o/ | , / l h l | . l
l |r sl
/ , , l s
go|r l o,|r|v
lrom
Los ge/ es,o l l |e ||e,' l o
l/
l u|sl |. / l |s|so | l l h|r , |
l / |1/ l l ,
o l / / l , v
l l un /
, l |, nl k ou,
l / |l |g
o / , . / o soml r h
l n!
op l u
h r
l r oul l ' .
' , 1
:
,
Ls. r
2 4
j
o:
5 v||l
21oB v| u, F| .
l l mp , FL 88G01
8
Used l o
. q: l l
Fg|N
h ckl h or r cl onsW r .
Theman | s l h| nk| ng aooul
ahao| l h hasnoW.
ahao| l h had| n l hepasl .
H R l l E l ( 2
heckl he orr l '
nsW r ,
l nquesl | ns, Whal
l orm ol used l o
| sus d?
| . . . u s e d l o
J | . . . u s l o
Look al l hal |
l u ed o Wear
o aq g j ean o
l | ART l l E l
|rc| T( True) or
F( Fo|s ) .
F l n al ||rmal |ve
sl al em nl s,
sed l o|s
usedW|l h
a| | suoj e l s.
AFF|R|uA l vE s A , | N s
| l B s Fo
Su

l l s oo
l
o v
l
Sh e
Th y
usedl o W ar
' eans.
N OA |vEs A E nEN s
| l
l |
B s Fo
Su ,

0l ol , l , us o
l
o v
l
Sh
h y
d | d n ' l u s l o W ar
Jeans.
YEs/ No
OUEs |oNs
0|o
l
suq

uu . o

o
0| d
you
sn e
l h y
us l o W ar
| ans?
sHoR ANSwERS
l
A r | | v
|
N | | v
Y s,
l
sn
l h y
d | d . No,
l
sh e
l h y
d | d n ' l .
vl ,
OUEs |oNs
wo o
l
o, o
|
Su ,

uu ' o

s Fo
whal d | d
you
she
l h y
us l o W ar ?
82
Used l r 88
FREss
.* : )': o|; 8
| r c| l h Wor dsl o omp| el l h s s nl n s,

He us dl o/ usesl oWear oaggy
j eans.
.
0| d y u use l o/ us d l oshopl or | ol hesW| l h your l r | nds?

whal d| d your par enl s usel osa . | ng/ sa. vao ul your | l hes?
l r r ar * l | s x mp | s
1. Us usedl o+ oas l or mol l hever ol ol a k
aooul pasl hao| l s or pasl s| l ual | ons l hal
nol ono r x| sl | nl h or s nl .
\ o W
Fasl . ' . . . ' . ' ' ' . ' ' x . . . . . . . . . ' . | . ' ' . . ' . ' ' . ' . ' ' . . . . . . . . . . >
us dl oou
|
B ul Usedl o Ways hasapasl mean| ng.
h r | snopr s nl l ense l or m.
r L ousedl o ouy oaggy
j ans.
( | nl h posl , h ol l en ooughl ooggy
j eons
do sn, l ou ooggy
j eons
an mor . )
r nh| s youl h, L ous dl o o l h| n
No d * l s dl eo l l,|n
2. weusua y use sedl o| ns nl n s l hal
Oonl r asl l he pasl and l he pr senl . we
ol l n mphas| ze l h| s onl asl oyus| ng l | m
e pr ss| ons su hasnoW| no | onger , and
nol anymor W| l hl hepr senl l nse.
| an s
u sed l o Oo meo n y | n o u e.
No W y o u an o u y l h em| n an y o o r .
heyus dl o | | v | n0enoa, oul l hey
no| onger l | v l h r e.
Sh usedl o W ar as| ze G, oul sh
do sn, l onymor .
8. B l ur ! Fo m qu sl | ons W| l hd| d+ usel o. r 0| dyouus l o W ar
j ans?
No |
For ml h n gal | v W| l hd| dn, l + usel o.
Us No : Usedl o | smor e ommon| n
al l | r mal | ve sl l em nl s l han| nneqal | ve
sl al me l 5 or
qu sl | ons.
r Theyd| dn, l us l o om | nd| l l r enl ol or s.
No _
4. B u| ! 0o nol onl us usedl o+ oas
l or mol l hev r oW| l hl h l o oW| ng expr ess| ons:
oe used l o ( o o usl om d l o)
g l used l o ( gel o usl om d l o)
| us dl o Wear l | ghl
j ans.
( | l Wosm pasl hoo| l l oW or l | ghl
j ons. )
l , mu s d l o W ar | n g l | g h l
j ean s.
( | l | snor mo| l or m l oW or l | ghl
j ons. )
gol usedl o Wear | ng l | ghl
j eans l asl yea '
( | gol o usl om d l oW or | ng l | ghl
j ons. )
84 r u n | l
| 0EN l EY
o
R odl h| sl osh| onor l | c| . Und r | | ne o| | l h e omp| es ol us d l o l hal
r el r l o hoo| l | nl h posl '
l nmanyWays, l ash| onusedl ooe
mu hs| mp| er . womend| dn' l usel o
Wear panl sl ol heol l | e, andmen' s
| ol hesnever usedl o ome| n or | ghl
o| or s. Feop| a| sousedl odr ess| n
spe | a| Waysl or d| l l er enl s| l ual | ons.
Theyd| dn, l useo| ue
j eans
asous| n ss
| ol hesor Wear
j oggl ng
su| l sWhen
l h yl r ave| ed. Todayyou angol o
l h oper aandl | nd s meW men| n
even| nggoWnsWh| | e ol her sar e| n
o| uej eans. venouy| ngj eansused
l oo as| er l he am n| y| n o| u
den| m. l ' msl | | | nol us dl oouy| ng
g en
j eans
andWear | ng l hem
l oWor k!
2. A| | men | ong ha| r .
en andWomen
al l or ma| oa| | s.
|l O0sE 8 Ol FL E
o
Lookol l hes p| l ur sl romono|d mogoz|ne.
Use l h v r os | nl h oo W| l hused l o. wr | l on s nl n aooul a hp| l ur .

ar r y dan e dr ess have W ar
| . sk| r l s
u edl o oe
l or ma| .
8. 0h| | dr en
adu| l s.
5. women
| | ke
G .
women' s
| ong and
pel l | oal s under l h | r sk| r l s.
many Hen Wa| k| ngsl | ks.
L| se. dl o r 85
Asl ( 8 NsW R
o
Lookol l h |nl orm l |on
aooul sn ok r s l r om 1922, omp| l e
l heFAOs* ' Us l he cor r cl l or m ol usedl o.
0| d neak r uGe o aome| n man co or ?
wo , s
l | o , s
7 8 SHALL
79 LAROE
880W |
950 l .
8 5 SHALL
8 9 LAR
( sn k er s
/
o m | n man y o | o r s?)
No. on| y| nWh| e ando a k,
HoW many sl y| es d| d l h y us l o ome| n?
( Ho W mu h | p an o l men ' sh | g h l o p s / o sl ?)
r . O:
A:
2 . O:
A:
8 . O:
A:
4 . O:
A:
s . O:
A:
G . O:
A:
whal ao ul Wom n' s sneaker s? 0| d l h y use l o osl l h same as men' s?
whal k| nd ol sneaker s d| d h| | dr en use l Wear ?
HoW many s| z s d| d l h r e use l oo l or o ysand
g| r | s?
* AOs
=
Fr quenl | y Asked
Ou sl | ons
E0l l
o
Reodl h| s sl udenl , s
j our no| '
F| ndondcor r cl l | v m| sl ok s | nl h us ol us dl o.
Th l | r sl m| sl ok | so| r eodv or r cl ed,
u e e
wh , n l W ao
ou n 7ar ,
c ol h | n q d | d n ' N W d l oo a ap r oo m, h aq | r e aNm
och oo| u e oW or r Nh r oam u n | l or m, l u eed ol h | n k h a | l Nook aW a l r om
m l r d om ol ch o| oa' NoW n W ar W h a W an l , o u c oLh ee oo amu ch
ven o ue
Jaano,
l , oda ' e, , un| l or m, ' ' uo d o o heap r , | r / y momUae pa \ a
h an
2
l or h er . l q u eee l h e d | d n ' l u e d o | d r e| q n r j an e o a k Nh n ,
|
You k n o W ao u ed l oo r aq a| n el e h oo u n | l ar me, o u N n oW l , m n o a u r e
Fasl Fr ogr ess| ve
F l N
he kl h or r e l onsW r .
Theg| r | | n l h hosp| l a| o d| s g| v| ng
her ver s| onol
Whal sheusua| | yd| d| nl h pasl .
Whal sheWasdo| ngal l hel | me
ol h r a | denl .
l R E K l
|rc| ( Tru ) or
F( Fo|se) .
F Th oasl
pr og ss| v
| s
mad up ol l he
pasl l ns l
oe+ oasel or m
ol l h ver o.
Su ;
s A | Y| N s
B s Fo o
B
( No ) v + l NO
/ H / Sh / l Was
( nol )
j ump| ng.
l a| | | n g .
we/ You* / hey
W r
* You
| sool hs| ngu| ar andp| ur a| .
AR l / |E l ( 2
h kl h cor r l
'
nsWer ,
l nquesl | ns,
l hever o
oe omes:
al l er l hesuoj e l
oel or l hesuoj e l
vEs/ No
OU s |oNs
B s Fo
B
5 u , : | + . l
was 5 n
j u mp | n g ?
l a| | | n g ?
w re you
sHoR
A | l v
ANsw Rs
* . or , u.
Y s,
5 n Was.
No,
sn W asn ' l .
w W r . w Wer n, l
w, '
OUEs | oNs
W Wo o
|


su . . ,

o' . Fo +
. | r uO
wher
when
Whv
HoW| ong
Wa5 5 n
j u mp | n g ?
l a| | | n g ?
W r you
8G
Fasl Fr ogr ess| ve r 87
FREss
k,; 8
omp| l l h| sconv r sol | onW| l hl h posl pr ogr ss| v l or mol l h v r osl a ,
A: where you
,)
B: l al a r esor l | n 0o| or ado.
l r * x
g l r
x | * r * 8| *
g
s x amp ! s
| . Us l h
Fasl
pr ogr ss| v l od s r | o ana l | on
l hal w s | np og ssl sp | l | l | m | nl h p sl .
Th a l | ono gano l or l hesp | l | l | m and
mayor maynol onl | nueal l r l hespe | l | l | me.
No W
8: 00
|
Fasl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : . . | . ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >
\ . . . ;
sk||ng
B u| ! Non a l | onve os ar nol usua | y
us d| nl hepr og ss| ve.
( For o ||sl ol ommonnon. o l |onv r os,
s App nd| 2onpog 8 7. )
wh l Wer e youdo| ng al 8: 00?
w Wer sk| | ng.
l W aseal | n g u n h al 8 : 0 0 .
r l had aheada h | asl n| ghl .
No _
A:
B:
0:
2. Us l h pasl pr ogr ss| ve W| l h Wl | | el ol a k
aooul l Wo l | ons| npr ogr ess al l h sam
l | me| nl he0asl . Us l h
p sl
or oor ss| ve | n
ool h | auses.
wh | | h eW ssk | | n g , l W as r ead | n g .
OR
l Was r ad| ng Wh| | eh Was sk| | ng.
r Sor r y, | Wasn, l | | sl n| ng When
ou
Wer e l a| k| ng.
:
Fa s l . 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l | . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >
\ os
sk|| $/
'
oodol 9
Us No : n| nl or m onv r sal | on, som
peopl use When W| l hl h pasl pr ogr ss| v .
8. Us l h pasl pr ogr ss| v l ol o usonl h
dur al | on ol ana l | on, nol | l s ompl l | on.
Us l h s| mp| pasl l ns l ol o usonl h
omp l | on ol ana l | on.
She| | a Was r ead| ng aoook| asl n| ghl .
( w don, l knoW| l shel | n| sh d l h oook. )
Sh | r ad aoook asl n| ghl .
( She pr oooo| l | n| shed l h oook. )
8 8 r u n | l
g
1 .
2 .
8 .
RUE 0REALS . R od o hnumo r d s nl n e. wr | l T( Tr u ) or F( Fo| s ) l or l he
sl ol m nl l hol l o| | oWs. wr | l oquesl | on mar k( ?) | l l h r | snol nough| nl or mol | on.
wh| | e Tanya Was Wal h| ng l hew| nl er o| ymp| s onTv, H| kae| Was shove| | ng snoW.
F
F| r sl H| kae| l | n| shed sh v | | ng snoW. Then Tanya sl ar l ed Wal h| ng Tv.
l n l h| s phol o, l Was pul l | ng onmy oool s.
l Was W ar | ng oool s| n l he ph l o.
Al 5: 00, l hey Wer e dr | nk| ng h l ho o| al eo l he l | r e.
we don, l kn W Wh n l h y sl ar l d dr | nk| ng hol ho o| al .
Lasl n| ghl , l Was r ead| ng an ar l | | e aooul sk| | ng | n Hor o o.
l l r n| shed l he ar l | | e.
Al 10: 00, he dr ank a up ol ol l e .
He l r n| shed l he ol l ee.
G. l l Was snoW| ng Wh| | e sh Was l ak| ng l he ph l og aph.
F| r sl sh l ookl h phol g aph. Then | l sl ar l ed l osnoW.
0E| 0Rl BE

Fr | l zond or nW r e ol o sk| ol .
posl pr ogr ss| ve'
wr | l oooul l h p| l ur . Us l h
1 . Frl l z
Wa W ar | ng a ha
2. Karyn
( we r
/ ah al )
Wa n, l W ar | nga ha ,
( w r /
ah l )
8. They
( s| l
| o u l s| d e)
4. l l
( sn o W ,
5 .
s. Th
G. They
( We r
/ su n g ss s)
( w a
/ l h e| r g | o v s)
z. TheWa| l er
( s r v
/ d r | n k s)
8. He
1 s r v
/ u n h )
9. Karyn
( 5 m | )
1o. Sh e
( h o l d / a e | l p h o n e )
F sl Fr < r gr ess. ve r 89
Ol FLE E

Hounl a| nSpor l sHagaz| ne( HS) | nl er v| Wed l h snoWooor d| ng


chomp| on, Ros| Hopp( RH) . 0omp| l l h | nl er v| eW W| l hl h cor r cl l or mol l h v r os
| npor enl heses ondW| l hshor l nsW r s.
HS: 0ong al u| al | ns! Y u
j usl
oe amea sem| l | na| | sl l or l he o| ymp| sn Wooar d| ng
l am.
Ner
o| |
e Feal | ng
l ogel l h| s l ar | n
| . ( ex p e l )
l he ompel | l | on?
RH: N , l
Wag|n, l
. 0ur|ng l h l r|a|s, l l r m a
oad o| d. By l he | asl day, l
l l houghl , anyWay.
8 . ( r o v e
ver y We| | . Thal ' s Whal
4. ( nol p l or m)
l r l he ann un emenl ?
RH: A l ua| | y' l
, . . * , n* ' ,
ao ul l he ompel | l | on al a| | ' Somel r | ends
HS: whal you
and l a mov| e.
E. ( W l h )
S: You' r e pr l l y neW l ol h| s spor l . wher
al l h| s l | me | asl vear ?
RH: l nSW| l zer | and. l
1o. ( W l h )
aooul oe| ng l hal good.
h
5 . ( l h | n k )
Wh| | you
G . ( w | l )
you
9 . ( sn o W o o ar d . |
Bar r l l 0hr | sl | eand
l 1 . ( d r m)
l or l heo| ymp| sal l hal l | m ? HS:
| 2 . ( r a l | )
RH: Yes, h And he Was amaz| ng.
0| T
o
R odl h| s
j our no|
nl r . F| ndondcor r e l e| ghl m| sl ok s | nl h useol l heposl
progress|ve, Th l |rsl m|sl ok |so|r od orrecl d.
Wer e
To l ghl , She|/ d| * a* / ook| g l som phol ogr phs
lom
m s o,uoo r,l| g l rl p |l h
Fr|l zo
l ||
/ sl r B l he | oll he rr | g,l |, |'| gh| g / |k r z , Th l u, sm! /
lrsl
per|e e o s o| oo rd,sol || p| l res , r pr l l emo rr ss| g, no eshol ,l s m
o ,n l / l s/ op o'1l 'l go k,l ol h,er o e, |o ,'/ * ',
l / || g
o l oll h sk| / h|/ |u s
r|d| g pl h s/ ope, Fr|l z sl k| q l h l p| l r
lrom
l h / |ll e l r .Ooodl h| g h nol
sl d| g rj hl d rm ! w |er s/ h Fr|l z s
l / / |l |g
,/ o l h s/ op ? l g ess l s ,l
rr! m mem,l l s m z| g horu
l .sl
Fr|l z g|r/ / |.|r d, K r , / r | l h l ek |,
She sdo| gj mps o8l h seco l d .B l h l l |m '/ sp nl |ol oll |m l l h sk| le'
1 .
Fasl Fr ogr ess| ve and
s| mp| e Fasl ense
wF l N
Numo r l h s sl ol emenl s | n l h
cor r cl l | m or der .
Ther eWas a
ar a | denl .
The dr | v r ol l hespor l s
ar wasonl h phone.
FAs FRoOR ss| v AN0 s| | v| F| FAs ENs
F s F o ss| v

w l |
l
s. , . . F s T s
HeWas spe d| ng Wh n l h a | denl happ n d.
s| l r L FAs Ns AN0FAs FRoOR ss| v
S| p| . F s s

W , , ,

o' ' F o ssl v
hea | denl happened Wh|
|
youW r dr | v| ng.
s| | v| F| FAs Ns AN0sl | | l FLE As Ns
S| pl . F s T s

W, , n
l
s. ' . . . F s T s
h po | Oam Wh n l hea | d nl happened.
FAs F oOREss| v AN0FAs FRoOREss| v
F s F o ss| v

W, , , ,

o' ' F o ss| v
h yWer l a| k| ng W h | l hey W r e dr | v| ng.
E FREss
| r c| l h or r cl Wor dsl ocomp| el l h s s nl nc s.
.
when / wh| | e l he ar r ashed, he h| l h| s head.
0| d
ou
ee
l h e ac | d en l ?
Ye a h . . . T h e g u
| nl he por l e ar Wa l a k| ng
on h | o e oh on e Wh en h eh | l
Lheol , her ar '
l | AR HE l (
|rc|eT( True) or
F( Fo| se) .
Use Wh| | el o| nl r odu e
F as| mp | ep asl
l nsea l | on.
F a p a sl
pr og ss| ve
a l | on.
40

HoW l asl Was he dr | v| ng1 d| d| e dr | ge When l he a | denl o ur r ed?
8r m Wear # pl . a * * l | ns
Fasl r ogr ess| ve and S| mp| e F sl ense | 41
: a p| s
1. Use l h pasl pr ogr ss| v W| l h l h s| mp| e
pasl l ens l ol a k aooul ana l | on l hal Was
| nl er upl ed oyanol h r a l | on. Us l hes| mp| e
pasl l ense l or l h | nl er r upl | ng a l | on.
Ful ur
Us | henl o| nl r odu l h s| mp| epasl l nse
a l | onoRus Wh| | el o| nl r odu e l h pasl
pr ogr ess| v a l | on.
r l Was r oss| ngl h sl r l Wh nl h d | v r
h on k d h | sh o n .
| heyW r e dr | v| ng l ool asl When
l h y r ash d.
r H Wasspe d| ng Whenl he| | ghl l ur ned r ed.
| wh| | eheWas spe d| ng, l he | ghl l ur ned ed'
2. B u| ! Nol | l hed| l l er en | nmean| ng
oel W en l hes l Wod| l l r enl s nl n es.
NoW
l | ghl cr ossed|
chong d sl r eel
:
F s l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x . . . . | . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >
:
NoW
Ful ur e
l whenl h | ghl hanged, l < r oss d l h sl r e l .
( F| r sl l h | | ghl hong d, Th n| r oss d l h sl r l , )
whenl he| | ghl hanged, l Was r oss| ng
l hesl r l .
( F| r sl l Was r oss| ng l h sl r l . Thenl h | | ghl
hanged, )
8. Us l hepasl pr ogr ss| v W| l h Wh| | el o
l a k aooul l Woa l | ons | npr ogr ss al l hesam
l | m | nl h pasl . Us l hepasl pr ogr ess| ve | n
ool h | auses.
N?*
Fasl
' r ' r ' | '
8| 9| |
9
L| nWas l a| k| ng onl hephon Wh| | ehe
W asd r | v | n g .
h yW r en, l pay| ng al l nl | on Wh| | el he
w r r oss| ngl h sl r l .
4. hel | m | aus ( l hepar l ol l h s nl en
oeg| nn| ng W| l hWhenor Wh| | ) an om al
l h oeg| nn| ng o l h ndol l h s nl en e.
h emean | n g | sl h esame.
Us a0omma al l r l hel | me | aus Wh n
| l omes al l heo g| nn| ng ol l hes nl n e.
l wh nyou a| | ed, | Was eav| ng.
r | Was eav| ng Whenyou a| | d.
| wh | | e h e Was dr | v | n g, h Wasl al k | n g.
r HeWasl a k | n gWh | | e h Was dr | v | n g.
4 2 l u n | l ' r o
RUE 0RFAl | E

R od ochnumo r ed s nl n . wr | l T( Tr ue) or F( Fo| s ) l or l he


sl ol em nl l hol l o| | oWs.
| . when ur l r | ends ar r | ved. We al e| un h.

our l r | nds ar r | ved oel or e| un h.
2, wh| | e W Wer e l a| k| ng onl he phone, l Was dr | v| ng l os hoo| .
we l | n| shed l he onver sal | on. Then l dr ovel os hoo| .
8. Lor | hear d aooul l he a | denl Wh| | e sheWas dr | v| ng l oWor k.
Lor | kn W aooul l he a | denl oy l he l | me shegol l oWor k.
4. when l hey ex| l ed l he l r eWay, | l sl ar l ed l o r a| n.
l l Was r a| n| ng Wh| | e l h y wer eon l he l r eeWay.
5. when Zoe gol l os hoo| , her | assWas l ak| ng al sl .
ZoeWas| al e l o | ass.
Ol l |Fl E E

Apo||ceol l |c r|s|nl erv|eW|ngl Wo W|l n sses ol l rol l |cocc|denl .


omp| el el he| nl er v| WW| l hl h cor r ecl l or mol l hever os| npor enl h s s nd
W| l hshor l nsWer s,
o ' r ' r , .
wer e
o|
and| ng
her e When l he a | d nl
1 . ( sl n d )
occur r ed 2
2. ( o u
wr ss 1: Yes, wg
W9r e
. \ r yg
8 . 4 . ( W | l )
l he ar .
al l heous sl op
When Wel | r sl
o r ' r :
5 . ( n o l | e)
l he ar Wh n | l
G. ( sp d)
l ol h | nl er s l | on?
7. ( gel )
wr ss1: Yes. | l ver y l asl When | l
e . ( g o )
l he or ner .
| o. ( r ea h )
| vr ss2: No. | l ! Thosemen
l l
O r :
1 5 . ( see)
wr ss 1: No, he
Wh| | e h
1 7 . ( l a | k )
. Thal ' s Why he
aga| nsl ar d
| 2 . ( r o ss)
When h
onh| s e| | phon
| n l | m .
1 9 . ( n o l sl o p )
1 1 .
| | ghl Whenl he ar l hem.
1 8 . ( h | 0
l he dr | v r
l he men?
1 4 . ( sl o p )
He
1 G .
1 8 . ( d r | v )
wr ss 2: Bul l hemen
20. ( nol pay)
al l enl | on Wh| | e l hey
2 1 . ( W a | k )
F sl Fr ogr ess| ve and S| mpl e Fasl Tense l 48
Wh n l he a | denl O ' r :
wr ss 2: Yes, | l
wr ss 1: No. | l
2 8 . ( h a p p n )
| l
2
2 2 . ( sn o W )
. l ' m sur e ol | l . The r oadsWer ever y s| | pper y.
24.
The snoW When l he
2G. ( sl ar l )
amou| an e
27. ( ar r | v )
0| l B| N

R odeochpo| r ol s nl nc s. omo| n l h m| nl oon s nl ence us| ngl hes| mp| e


posl l ns or l heposl pr ogr ss| ve l or mol l h ver os, Us ocommoWh r n c ssor ,
0ana al l ndedapar l y. The o| | zzal d sl ar l ed.
wh n
he o| | zzar d ar l , ed, oana Wa al end| nq a
?ar l ,
She dr ovehome. She | | sl ened l oher ar r ad| o.
wh| |
25.
1 .
2 .
G.
8. She pu| | ed over l ol he s| deol l her oad. Th v| s| o| | | l y gol ver y oad.
When
4. Sh | | sl ned l ol h n Ws. Shehear d aooul l he a | denl .
Wh| | e
l l sl oppedsnoW| ng. Sh dr ovel ol h po| | esl al | on.
Wh n
She l a| ked l ol h po| | . She l houghl aooul h r d| l or | a| l or l h m r n| ng paper .
wh| | e
E0l l
.
R odpor l ol l hel | r sl dr l l ol 0ono, sed| l or | o| . F| ndondcor r cl l | vem| sl okes | n
l h us ol l | m | ouses, Thel | r sl m| sl ok | so| r od cor r ecl d.
d r | v | n g
Y sl e day, a man Was l a|k|ng on h|s e|| phone Wh|| he Was dl |rl , h|s ar. Hayo
he he k|n$ h|s da|1y p|anner Wh||e h Was mak|n$ h|s n xl appo|nl m nl . H Was
rl a|n|y nol on nl ral |n$ on l he road When l he ||$hl sudden|y Was l urn|ng red.
The l Wo men |n l h sl re l w rr l y|n$ l o
j ump
oul ol l hr Way When l hey saW h|m,
oul | l Was l oo | al e. No one was oad| y hur l , oul l hal Was
j usl | u k. Lasl yea l he
0| l y 0oun | | Wer en' l pass| n$ l he
. . l a| k| n$
and dr | v| ng | aW. ' ' w ne d l hal , | a r !
Se|l esl
l l l || oNE
1. Roger me al 9: 00| asl n| ghl .
l A)
a| | ed
( 0) usedl o a| | ed
( B a| | s
( 0) a| | | ng
2. Sar a d| dn, l hear l he phone. Sh
wher e l o s hoo| ?
l A)
d| d you go ( 0) you go
( B) you d| d go ( 0) y uWenl
| aude d| dn, l | n 0anada.
( 4, ) | | ved
( 0) usedl o| | ve
( B)
usel o| | ve
( 0) us dl o| | v| ng
R| k | el l | ass ear | v o ausehe aheada h .
( A) had
( 0)
usedl ohave
( B) hav
( 0) Was hav| ng
As soonasl he | | ghl l ur n d r ed, she l h ar .
( A) d| d sl op
( ) sl ops
( B) sl opped
( 0) Was sl opp| ng
They When l he l | r a| ar m r ang.
( A) o k
( 0) Was ook| ng
( B) ooked
( 0) Wer e ook| ng
Johnny l he paper When l | nl er r upl d h| m.
( A) r ead
( 0) Was r ead| ng
( B) r eads
( 0) Wer er ead| ng
| r c| el h | l l er ol l h or r cl nsW r l ocomp| l eochsenl nc .
Ex l pl l :
Jenn| l er never l l ee. A_ 0
( A)
( B)
dr | nk
dr|nks
( 0) | s dr | nk| ng
( 0) Wasdr | nk| ng
( A) s| eps
( B) s| pl
8. Ther e
A)
ar e
B)
| s
4. one day| asl Har h, l
l A)
d| dgel
( B) gol
( 0) usedl os| eep
( 0) Was s| eep| ng
a | l ol pe p| e | n l h par k y sl r day.
( ) Was
( 0) Wer e
aver y sl r ange | l l r .
( 0) usedl og l
( 0) Was g l l | ng
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
5 .
7 .
9.
1 0 .
44
AB 0
Se| l esl | | | 45
11.
0| d
youWal h Tv | asl n| ghl ?
l Was sl udy| ng l or a l esl .
( A) Yes, l d| d. ( 0) No, l d| dn' l .
( B) Yes, l Was.
( 0) No, l Wasn' l .
12. l r memoer you. You l ogol os hoo| her e.
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
A 0
AB 0
( A) use
( B)
us d
( 0) Wer e us| ng
( 0) Wer e used
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
1s g | | N| w0
ochsenl nc hosl our und r | | n dWor dsor phr s s. Th l our und r | | ned por l sol
l h s nl nce or mor k dA, B, , ond0. | r c| el he| l l r ol l heon under | | ned
Wor dor phr osel hol | sNo oRR ,
18. why d| d you a| | ed h| m | asl W ek?
A B 0
14. They wer eWal h| ng Tv Wh| | e l Wer e r ead| ng.
A B 0
15. whal ar eyou do| ng| asl n| ghl al 8: 00?
A B 0
1G, The do l or a| | ed l h| s m r n| ng Wh| | e you s| epl .
A B 00
17. l l Was nor a| n| ng When l he gameoegan.
A B 0
18. Fau| Was dr y| ng l he d| shesWhen heWas dr opp| ng l he p| al e.
A 0
19. when O| or | a Wer e l ou sh usedl opr el nd shehad ahor se.
A B 0
whal dovou us l o doWhen v u l e| l al r a| d?
A
B
_

0
As soonas l h a| ar m | o k r ang| , sheWoke up and Was gel l | ng
A 0
ou l ol oed.
22. on e When l Was l en, l us dl ogel s| k and Wenl l ol hehosp| l a| .
A B 0
28. wh| | e l dr | v| ng home, l l ur ned on l he ar r ad| o and hear d aooul
A B 0
l he a | denl .
24. whal d| d you do Wh| | e you Wer e | | v| ng | n Spa| n?
A B 0
25. Fel e and Andy Wer e dr | v| ng l oWor k When l hey Wer e see| ng

'
_* ?

____
0_
l he a | denl .
Ex l pl :
| ke usua| | y dr | ves l o s hoo| , oul l oday he Wa| ks. AB o
A B 0
20.
2' , 1.
Fr esenl Fer l ecl :
S| nce and For
|
. * |
F0| N
| r c| T( Tr ue) or F( Fo| se) ,
F Theman| s sl | | | apr ol ess| ona|
l enn| s p| ayer .
*
You| sool hs| ngu| ar andp| ur a| .
l
B n| s an| r r egu| ar pasl par l | | p| e. For a| | sl ol | r r egu| ar ver os,
s eAppend| 1onpages88G_887.
vEs/ No
OU s |oNs
H vr
l suq. . , o' ' F | | |
sl | / r on
Hav e l hey
| | ved
p| ay d
oe n
her
s|n e
| a ?
l or a on gl | m ?
Has h
sHoR ANsw as
A | | v

OA | v
Yes,
l hey h av .
No,
l h y h av n , l .
h has. h h asn ' l .
o me o n !
You' ve oeena 0r
| nae 1994. NoW
ear v e l h oa
s > \
|r|r
sl
For gel | l !
Youhaven' | Wona
mal h l or Week
Oo h o me !
l | R l l E K l
heck l he cor r cl
nsWer .
The pr s nl per l e l | s
madeupol l Wopar l s:
1 hove+ pasl l ense
J hove+ pasl
par l | | p|
The r egu| ar l or mol
l hepasl par l | | p| | s:
ou. l or mol
v r o+
d
or
. ed
ou' l or mol
ver o +
en
s A E N s
Su '
o n , 1 o r 1 o ' ' F | l | sn | cr / r o n
| / we/ You* / h y h av e
( nol )
| | v d
pl ay d
oe nl
her
s| n e
| a .
l or a| ongl | me.
H / Sh / l h as
4G
N : For onl r a l | onsW| l hau , seeApp nd| x 24onpage84G.
l | ART l l E l ( 2
h ckl h cor r cl
onsW r .
For | s usedW| l h:
upo| nl ol l | me
u| engl h ol l | m
FREss
Lookol l hep sl por l | c| p| s, 0heckl hecor r cl co| umn.
Reg u | ar | r r eg u | ar
dr | ven l
ompel ed l l
Or r n r n ar x | a l | g n s
Fr esenl Fer l e l : S| nce and For l 47
s oR A sW Rs
S| n e
Janua y.
For al Wmonl hs.
R g u | ar | r r eg u | ar
wo n
l r | ed l l
x mp| s
, r '
OUEs | (
w wo o
on,
, u' . . ,
l
) NS
F s
F | | p|
HoW | on g
h av e l hey
| | v d
o n
her ?
h as h e
1. Us l h pr senl
r l l
W| l hs| eor l or l o
l al k aooul som l h| ng l hal o gan| nl hepasl and
onl | nues | nl ol hepr s nl ( andmay onl | nu
| nl ol hel ul ur ) .
Ha l | na H| ng| s has o e apr ol ss| ona| l nn| s
p| ayer s| n 1994.
Sh has o napr ol ess| ona l nn| s p ay r
l or
ear s.
( Sh o gonher pr ol ss| onq| or er y or s ago,
andsh | ssl | | | opr ol ss| ono| p| a r . )
hosoe n
2. Us l h pr esenl p l e l W| l hsj e+ po| nl
| n l | m ( s| n e 5: 00, s| n Hondo s| n e1994)
l oshoWWhensomel h| no sl a l d.
r Shehas ar ned m| l | ons ol do| | a s s| n e1994.
8. S| nce ana| so| nl r odu al | me | ause.
whenl hea l | on | nl h l | me l ausended| n
l hepasl use l hes| mp| e pasl l ense.
whenl hea l | on | nl h l | m ause oegan| n
l hepasl oul onl | nu s | nl ol hepr esenl , us l he
or s nl
pe l e l .
Ha l | na has | oved spor l ss| n sheWoso h| | d.
Sh has wonmanyl enn| s l our nam nl s
s| nce shemov d l omS ovak| a.
( Sh doesn' l | | v l h r onymor e, )
Sh hasoe om xl r em | y su ssl u|
s| nce sh has oe n | nSW| l zer and.
( Shesl | | | | | v s | nSW| l zer | ond, )
l
l
4. Us l h p esenl p l e l W| l hl or + | ngl h ol
l |me ( l orl enm|nul es, l orl WoWeeks, l ory rs,
l or o| onol | m ) l oshoWhoWl onoaor senl
ond| l | on has| asl d.
r Har l | na' s mol h r has o n h r oa h
l or mony y or s'
48 l un| l 11
| 0EN | FY
o
R doooul l nn| ssl or Hor l | n H| ng| s. Under | | n o| | l hever os| nl he
pres nl p rl ecl . |rc| || l hel |me xpress|ons W|l h s|nce orl or.
ar l | na H| ng| s p| ked up her l | r sl l nn| s r a k l al l he
ageol l Wo. _ shehas oe omeoneol l he g eal esl
l enn| s p| ayer s | n l heWor | d. Bor n | n S| ovak| a, shehas | | ved | n
SW| l zer | and l or many year s. She oe amel he oul door SW| ss
hamp| on al agen| ne. S| n e l hen shehas Won many
| nl er nal | ona| ompel | l | ons | n | ud| ng w| mo| edon, l heU. S.
Open, and l heAusl r a| | an Open.
For young sl ar s | | ke Har l | na, | | l e has | l s d| l l | u| l | es.
They ar under onsl anl pr essur e l oW| n, and l hey d n' l
have l | me l o
j usl
hang oul W| l h | assmal es. l n l acl ,
ar l | na hasn' l al l endeds hoo| s| n 1994, and shehas
o en| n l he puo| | sp l | | ghl l or year s. Bul sheSeemsl ooehand| | ng her
Su essW | | . S| n e shel ur ned pr ol ess| ona| , shehas p| ayed l enn| s a| | over l heWor | d
and has ear nedm| | | | ons l do| | ar s. She seesher | | l e aSnor ma| oe ausel enn| s has
oeen l he mosl | mpor l anl l h| ng l oh r s| n e sheWas a| | l l | g| r | .
a Fl E E a l 00sE

Reodl h| smogoz| n exc r pl oooul och| | dg n| us, omp| l | l W| l h


l hepr es nl per l l l or mol l hever os | npor enl heses, hoose o l W n s| n e ondl or .
Ronn| Sega|
ha oved
mal h h Th| r l e n year o| d
Wasa| | l l | ooy. . . l
9 l n ce
1 . ( o v ) 2 . ( s| n e
/ l o
| nl er esl ed | n numoer s
4 . ( s| n
/ l o r )
5 . ( S| n
/ Fo
8. ( o )
n| n year s, l | ve monl hs, l hr ee Weeks, and l Wodays, ' , saysRonn| e.
l he pasl yea Ronn| e g adual e | eve| | ass sal l he un| ver s| l y.
G . ( al l n d )
He oad| y.
7 . ( n o l d o ) 8 . ( S| n
| Fo r ) 9. ( l ak )
any ol l hem.
Januar y he
l han 100on l | ve exams and ag adeol | ess
1o. ( n ol g l )
Ronn| e oegan | asses, he an aver age ol
1 1 . ( S| n
/ Fo 1 2 . ( m l )
l . 824peop| eamonl h. And h| s l ul ur e?Young Ronn| e aooul | l
l or vear s. He
1 4 . ( k n o W )
1 8 . ( n o l l h | n k )
heWas a| | l l | e oovl hal he | s
| 5 . ( s| n
/ l o r )
go| ngl ooe omeal amous spor l s announ e gel mar r | ed, and have exa l | y 2. 2k| ds.
Fr esenl Fer e l : S| | e and For | 49
s a Nl wER
o
omp| l l he| nl r v| eWoooul or l | no H| ng| s. Us l h Wor ds| n
por enl heses l oWr | l quesl | ons, ThenonsW r l h quesl | ons W| l h| nl or m l | onl r om
xer c| se l .
1.
( HoW
| ng/ sh | p| a l enn| s?)
O:
HoW ongha hep a ed l , enn| g?
A:
| nc h Wa l Wo.
2.
( Ho
O:
A:
W | ong/ sh / | | ve | n SW| l zer | and?)
8.
( she
/ W| n any ompel | l | ons/ s| n el h oul door SW| ss hamp| onsh| p?)
O:
A:
4.
( she
/ al l nd s hoo| / s| n 1994?)
O:
W mu h money/ she/ ear n/ s| n esheoeganher ar er ?)
A:
s.
( Ho
O:
A:
G.
( Ho
O:
A:
W | ong/ l enn| s / oe| mpor l anl l oh r ?)
E0l T
o
Reodl h| ssl udenl , s por ogr oph. F| ndond or r e l s venm| sl ok s | n l h useol l h
pr senl p, r l cl , Thel | r sl m| sl ok | so| r od cor r cl d,
haveoeen
l | n s. Oodr | gu 7, s
?hus| c
duc l | on c ss s| nc l Wo r nonl hs. n1oy | l a| ol
nd n v on m| ss l Wo c ss ; s| nc l h o g| nn| ng ol l h s r n sl r ' l esp c|
| k l enn| s, o l ; | nc S mo r W don, l p o c us l h W al n r h v o n l oo
c d. so | | ke vo| | eyoa| | , andr n. 1 l m h sW| n l u| o g r n 9 s| nc W h v , r l d l o
c m? l W| l h L| nco n l 1| gh Schoo . ' m ook| ng l o r d l ol h nexl g m '
Fr esenl Fer l e l :
A| r ead and Yel
l l | F l N
| r c| eT( Tr u ) or F( Fo| s ) .
F Thel | u seasonW| | | sl ar l so n.
|l RT|/ |E |( 2
|rc|eT( Tru ) or
F( F |se) .
F Yel | sused| n
quesl | ons.
o
ou
can oee,
l h l u ea n h a a r ead
oegun, Have
ou
gol . l en
our
l u
ehoL
el ?
' nr ver l oo al e!
FLaOH R
a | m o e | n e v e r . . .
l | ART || E |( l
h ck l h cor r cl
nsWer .
Tosayl hal s mel h| ng
hashappened
oel or enoW,
[ 1 .|. o|reod ,
us yel .
T sayl hal somel h| ng
hasnol happened
oel or noW.
r.,. o|reod .
' . ' . n o l . . , Ye l .
AFF|R |,|A |vEs A El v| N szALRE 0Y
Sur y

on,
l
A, ' , n, ,

o' ' F l l l .

They have
o|reod
d v | op d an w l | u v a | n .
l l has sav d many| | ves.
N OA | vE S A HEN S:
Su |

on'
o'
l
F s F | |

v' ,
hey h av n , l l | n| sh d l h | nl v| eW
el .
l l h asn ' l en d d
YEs/ No
OUEs | oNS:

H v
su . . ' o ' ' F | | | v ' '
Hav l h y l esl d l h n W v a | n e
y l ?
Has | l gol l n appr ova|
50
52 l u n | l | Z
l A | l
o
och ous hosopr oooo| r esu| l . ol ch hecous W| l 8 l # 0aus
1. has a| r eady h| s l | u shol , so
he pr ` oao| y
0 . e| er has a| r eady l | n| shed
h| s | nl r v| eW+ soh 0r . He| r
hasn' l had | un h yel , sohe
Randy hasn' l gol l enh| s shol yel , sohe
Ran y has a| r ea` y had | un h, sohe
l h oppr opr | l er esu| l .
R su | l
a. | s r ea| | y hungr y.
o. may gel l he l | u.
O. has | el l l h Tv sl ud| o.
d. | sn' l ver y hung y.
e. Won' l gel l he l |u l h|s y ar.
4 .
5 .
Ol l / l FL E. Re dl h se qu sl | ons ondonsW r s l r omomogoz| n or l | c| . omp| l
l h mW| l hl hepr es nl p r cl l or m ol l ` v r os| n por nl h ses p| usa r eady or y l .
Upe sh r l onsWer s.
l pma| | po ! l l anus
l u
| po| | o
j v | n Jv | ne
| va | ne
m s| es
va | ne ol sma| | poxAl 0S v | n m | ar | a va | n
Wor | d v | nal | on
Fr ogr am
n er va | n
A: O:
wep| an l ol r ave|
l ound
| . ( l | n d )
No
l ol he r a| n l or esl nexl vear .
a ma| ar | a va r ne
hav n, l
manv d| l l er enl o| dv| r uses. l h v
mu h an er r esear h.
Have
l hey
el
Ta| k l oyour do l or aooul Ways l o
o| d?
l hey
2 .
pr venl l h| s d| seas .
O:
Hy do l or l o| d me l Won' l n edanol her sma| | pox va | nal | on. l Was sur pr | s d.
pma| | pox omp| el ` | , , * , o* ' ?
, | l
4 .
va | n s aga| nsl l hel | u. whal aooul l he ommon
A: O:
A: O:
Th y
5 . ( d v | o p
No. Be ause l r e ar e o
deve| op a va | ne
Ther e ' $ has po
l o
a su essl u| va | ne
7 . ( mak e)
l hey
G . ( n o l o ao | e)
anyon
A:
pr ogr ess| n r e enl y ar s, hoWev r .
Resear her s hauemade a| ol ol
r esenl er . l e l : | r eadv ar r d l | 58
0 s R| BE
o
0r . He| mul He| er ondh| sW| l , O| se| , or p| onn| ngopor l , Lookol l h | r
To0o | | sl s nd l h p| cl ur esol l he| r k| l ch n nd r oom. oul chor sl h y
hove o| r od
done. Th n s | l oooul | l mon To 0o| | sl s, ` _vF F v w_
To 0o O| el aY, : u : ' Th
c r pel
ou h
l he
W| n$oWe
; 1a O
l h o l | oon
.
wr
l h e g| l l
hl r |hr
o l r e
l he
Re
0ul
l he
l u | l y
l n
.
l he
ov n
mop
l h
l | oo
' | h l he
d| shes
He\ mul . ha a| r ead ooughl l | m.
O\ oe a ha n' vacuumedl he car pel
el ,
E0l T. Reod l h| snol e l r om O| s | o l o H | mul . F| nd ond cor r e l s| xm| sl okes| n l heuse
ol l h pr senl per l ecl W| l h a r ead ond
el .
l | r sl m| sl oke | so| r ody or r e l ed. | . r u l
, m | n h u r r y ' l h en ' eh op p n q r e d , o u l , l d o| l on l h h ome, K| l
h v r e h d d | n n er n d eh , e r d h h d r o h ' 1 v e ` T ou c r . a _ J coo eon
eT?
e' c ad r d l h r ee l | meo od ' l | e d u q h l r r h g ol l r n h er l u eh ol
r l
, o| l l oo
l e? ee
ou
l er ,
Fr esenl Fer l e l :
l ndel | n| l e Fasl
F l N
h ckl h cor r ecl onsWer .
Th
. . Fe| dsl e| n' '
asl | s l a| k| ng
aooul l h| ngs ol | mpor l an el ol h m
.' o* .
| n l h pasl .
For a omp| el epr esenl al | onol pr esenl p r l e l l or ms,
se Un| l 11, pages4G_47.
whal neu,on
..Fe[ dsl e|n' ,?
Tune |n 0honne|4l on|ghl
ol 8: o0 nd
l |nd
` av
' ve j u l l h ou g h l ol w h | o 0 0_ 8 2
n W | d ea
e r n n e n eW' Have vou
mel an on e | | k a
u o l or e?
l AR l / l E l ( l
|rc| T( Tru ) or
F( Fo| se) .
F You anuse
l h pr s nl
p r l e l W| l houl
m nl | on| ng a
sp | l | l | me.
s A |l ,| N s
Su |

on,
l
r o' 2

o' ' F| | | |

hey h av e
( nol )
appear ed
oe n
onw.
l l h as
HAR l l E K 2
heck l h cor r pNever
and j usl ome:
o l or l h` pasl
al l h end ol l h
sl al dmenl
s AT | vl N s w| H A0vEFBS| | | l |
|
H vr ( o ) 1 Aov | F s F| | | |
;

Aov ! G _ T` eyh a e
j usl
r enl | appear ed
o en on
w.
l l h as
They have ( nol )
appear d
o n
on v
|ol e| ,
re enl | .
l l has ( nol )
s4
Jo : R| ghl ! And | l
r e| a noW?
H r :
1 1 .
9 . ( n o l o o l h
r esenl er l eel and S| r | e asl ense | G
us al a| | , r ememoer ? L| sl en, Why d n, l l ` e yEl ? 1O. ( pr y) l a l , or r cl ed. 0h rs` ,
28
l l ,s .pl lr p
d hp,p ` l rl |/ / h r l o
l l pep` rl .H,ve
p |o ,l',e |l ' ! d ou k| |,vork s so dll| / l
/ ' l / ! / , , ve or ked / l ver ghl h|s ' ueek. |, m l |r d, d l h ven, l 7ol l m ch
/ , , F
/ sl ! hl ,
l m|ssJoe. / ,ve sre h|m / sl cu ek d, o l |l seems / |k / o g l |m 9o,
Fr esenl Fer l e l
Fr ogr ess| ve
l | FOl N
h ckl he or r ecl s nl nc .
y war n r doesn' l mak B an| e
Bao| esanymor e.
Feop| ar esl | | | o| | l | ng
Bean| eBao| s.
Ty war n r h aso n mak | n g Bean | Bao | s s| n 1 9 9 ,
andpeop| have o n o| | l | ng l hems| n e l hen.
You' ve o en
p a | ng W| h 7a
Lh e?l al qu e
a g a | n !
l |ARl H K |
|r l T( Tru ) or
F( Fo|se) .
F Th pr esenl
per l l
pr og ss| v
a| Wayshas l he
W r d oeen.
Su ;
H v ( No )
l TA |v| N s

o, . o o
l
Br r v +
, ' , O
| l
Sl l , l / Fon
/ w / You* / h vh av
( nol ) oe n
o| l e l | ng
mak | n g
l oys
l h em
s| nce 1992.
l or a| ongl | m .
H / Sh e/ l h as
* You
sool hs| ngu| ar andp| ur a| .
l RT l E l ( 2
heckl hecor r ecl
onsWer .
l nquesl | ons, Wh| h
par l s ol l h v r o ome
al l er l hesuoj e l ?
[ | hove oeen
oeen +
oasel r m+
. | ng
YEs/ No
OU ST|l
o ' . Fo
H vl
|
Su ,

B l , l

+
|
0Ns
Sl l ' l l / Fon
Hav you
oe n
o| l < l | ng
mak | n g
l oys
l h m
s| nce1992' |
l or al ong l | m ?
Has h e
sHoR ANsw Rs
l
A | | v
|
N. OA | vE
Y s,
w h av .
No,
wE hav n, l .
h h as. h h asn ' l .
G2
1' , l , .
Ou s | oN
w wo o
1
H vr
|
Su ,
|
8
B s Fo
+
l NO
HoW | on g
hav you
oeen
ol | l | ng
mak | n g
l oys?
l h m?
h as h
Fr esenl l eer l e l $r r Er ess| ve | G8
B:
A:
B:
heoeen| | v| ng her e?
a| ongl | me.
o| | e l | ng o| nss| n e| asl year .
l r e| gn o| ns?
, m W $es
FREss
0omp| el el h se conver sol | ons,
A: HoW | ong
l ' ve
Rea| | y? Have you oeen
8r al l |
g * ar
x 8l r l | el g l l | s
| . Usel he
r senl
p r l l
Fr ogr ss| v
l o
l a| kaooul l h| ngsl hal sl ar l ed | nl hepasl and
onl | nu upl ol hepr s nl . h s| l ual | on | s
usua| | y nol l | n| shed, and| l W| | | pr ooao| y
onl | nu | nl ol hel ul ur e.
* ?*
Fasl
. . . . . . . , . . | . . . , . . . . . . . . . .
h q
R ! Non a l | on v r os a e usual l y nol
us d | nl h pr og ss| v .
| | , veoe n o| | e l | ngBean| e Bao| es l or l our y a s.
( | sl ar l d o| l | ng l h ml our
ar s
ogo, ond , m
sl | | | o| | l | ng l h m. )
| , v oWn d l h| sdo l or y ar s.
No A* * + l | ' ng l h| sdo l o y ar s.
2. Usel hepr esenl per l e l
Fr ogr ess| v
l o
d s r | o l h| ngsl hal hav sl opp dver yr e nl | y.
hea l | on | snol happen| ng r | ghl no oul you
ansl | | | s e l her su l s ol l hea l | on.
r h k| dshav o n p| ay| ng h r e. he| l oys
ar ea | over l h oom.
| l , s o en r a| n| ng. h sl r l s ar esl | | | Wel .
he k |l oul !
For a| | sl ol ommonnon a l | on v r os, s Append| 2 npage887.
G 4 r u n | l | S
r r
a a a a a a a a a a a a O a a a a . a a a a a a a a a
| | 00s
o
R od ochnumo r d
sl ol menl .
Thenc| r c| el h | el l er ol l h s nl en e
( a) or ( o) l hol o sl descr | oes
l h | nl or mol | on
| n l h sl ol m nl .
1. O| na has oeen o| | e l | ng
sl amps s| n e
h| gh s hoo| .
a. O| na sl opped
o| | e l | ng
sl amps.
_
| u sl | | | o| | e l s
sl amps.
2. Enr | o has oe nWr | l | ng an ar l | | e
aooul l oys.
a. The ar l | | e | s l | n| shed.
o. The ar l | | e | sn, l l | n| sh d yel .
8. They' veoeense| | | ng
a| ol ol
pokdmon
l oys.
a. Feop| e
ar e sl | | | ouy| ng Fok mon
l oys.
o. The Fokemon
l ad | s l | n| shed.
4. Enr | o | ooked
oul l heW| ndoW
and
sa| d, l l ' soeenr a| n| ng. , '
a. l l ' s del | n| l e| y
sl | | | r a| n| ng.
o. l l ' sposs| o| e
l hal | l sl oppedr a| n| ng
a| | l l | e Wh| | e ag .
5. l l ' soeenr a| n| ng
s| n eG: 00.
a. l l ' ssl | | | r a| n| ng.
o. l l sl opped
r a| n| ng
a| | l l | e Wh| | ago.
G. They' ve
o enp| ay| ng
l or hour s.
a. They sl oppedp| ay| ng.
o. They' r e
sl | | | p| ay| ng.
peop| e
9 . ( sl an d )
l or FoWer Ranger s ver y
Ol l | FLE E o
Enr | coSonchez( S) | nl e r v| eW d
l hemonog r
ol To s ond Us( TAU) .
omp| l
l h |nl rv| W
W|l h l hepresenl p rl cl progress|ve
l ormol l heveros|n
por nl h s s,
Useshar l onsW r sWh nop' p, op, | o| , .
ES: So,
have
you
o en e | ng
a| ol ol l oysl h| s season?
Ye , Wehave
1 . ( s | | )
TAU:
,
Enr | o. l n l a l , FokGmon
l o s and games
2 .
oul ol l he sl or e. They' r e
our mosl popu| ar
| l em r | ghl noW.
8. ( l | y)
ES: l n aseoneol our v| eWer s
on ar s, ou| dyou
e p| a| n
4 . ( | v )
Whal FokGm n
l oys ar e?
TAU: Haha. l o l l he mpany
ES:
TAU:
ES:
TAU:
5. ( s n d)
FokGmon
l oHar s l oo. Th| s pr odu l
sl ar l ed oul | n Japan as a ompul er game.
S| n e 199G, l he har a l er s
G. ( appe r )
| n o| | e l or s' ar ds,
ooar d gam s you
name | l .
Whv
l h|s l ad
peop| e
a| | ov r l heWor | d?
we| | , my husoand
8. ( hoos )
/ . ( al l r a l )
l hesepr odu l s
l or our h| | dr en
oe ause
7 . ( al l r l )
l he har a l er s
ar e ul eand nol v| o| enl .
Hayoe l hal ' s Whv.
HoW aooul FoWer
Ranger s?
| | ne l r l hem?
1 0 .
mu h anymor e.
Feop| e
1 1 . ( n o l a sk )
r n
rr: : .: |.l . . : l : .: . : : .Y: .: : .: |Y: .
j :
. .g : . . . . . . . . . . .
0 s Rl BE
o
Lookol l hel Wop| cl ur sol
j our no| | sl Enr | coSonchez, wr | l senl enc s
descr | o| ngWhol hoso ngo| ngon,
Jse l h pr senl p r l ecl pr ogr ss| ve l or mol l he
v r os| npor nl heses. hoos o l We n ol l | r m l | v ondnegol | v l or ms,
He' oeendo| ng r eeear chon neWl o ,
( do r s ar h on n Wl oys)
( l sl
l h e| n l | n e sk al s)
( shool oask l s)
( eal p| zza)
( d | n k so d a)
( o u | d a a | n g ar )
( p ay v | d o g ames)
0l l
.
R odl h l h nk ou nol .
pr s nl p r l cl pr ogr ess| ve. Th
( sen d ma| l m ssag s)
F| ndond or r cl s| m| sl ok s | nl heus ol l h
l | r sl m| sl oke| so| r eodycor r cl d.
0 A | nl Ton| '
honk go, 0eng mo h l o l heFok r non o ds. g l | end ondJhove u , l ; # G
W| l hl hem o| | dog. Sol o . l or een W| nn| ng, l eo| g ove Foker n, on. / v| g or n en
ug| ng l hel ogsl o os e o | se she l h| nks l heg' ne l e l oo. A| | r g l n| ends \ ' 1e e
o| | e l | ng l he ds l onr nonl hs noW. ong | oves l hecor npol e gor ne go senl
l oo. She' veeen sk| ng r e l o
| og
W| l hhe . ol | ' ve oeen h v| ng l oor och l on
W| l hr ngo ds. HoWhove go0 een? J, ve een l ho | ghl ooo | l goo o ol l hope
go0 on or ne ondv| s| l 0ssoon'
w , Fq| N
|rc| T( True) or F( Fo|s ) ,
Th Woman| sl | n| shed
F l o| | oW| ngl he | ephanl .
F l ak| ng 100r o| | sol l | | m.
Fr esenl Fer l e l and
Fr esenl Fer l e l
Fr ogr ess| ve
FR SEN RF
phanl s hav r oamed l h ea l h l o l housands ol year s.
, v r ad l Wooooks aooul phanl s.
0 ' oW n hasWr | l l en manya l | es.
Sh e, s | | v ed | n man y ou n l | es.
FRES N F RF RocR ss| v
phanl s have o en r oam| ng l h a l h l o l housands ol y a s.
l ' veoe n r ead| ng l h| soooks| n Honday.
She, s o nWr | l | ng a l | l es s| n 1990.
Sh , s o n | | v| ng | nFr an l or ay ar .
l | R l l E l (
|rc|eT( Tru ) or
F( Fo|s ) .
F l nsome
senl n es
ou
anuse | l h r
l h pr esenl
per l l or l he
pr esenl per l e l
pr og ess| ve.
GG
he eal enl h
Fr esenl er l e l and Fr esenl Fer l e l r ogr ess| ve | G7
eal enl | v oagsol peanul s!
Who| e supp| y? B:
A: he
8y r * r * el r el l , An $
. Ther e ar e sl | | | l enoags| el l .
Exar | s
,FREss., #
omp| el l h| sconver sol | on W| l hl h ver oeal ondoshor l onsW n
A: He' soeen a| | mor n| ng!
B: whal he eal | ng?
A: Feanul s. He
| . Thepr es nl p r l l ol l nshoWsl hal
som l h| ng | sl | n| sh d. | l l o us s onl her su| l
ol l h a l | on.
N?*
Fasl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >
hov reod
:
Th pr s nl p r l l
r ogr ess| v
ol l enshoWs |
l hal ana l | v| l y | sunl | n| shed. | l l o uses onl he
onl | nual | on ol ana l | on.
, v e r ad ao ook ao ou l e ep h an l s.
( | l | n| sh d l heoook, )
Sh , s Wr | l l en anar l | .
( Shel | n| sh d l h or l | | ' )
, v o n r ead| ng aoookaooul phanl s.
( | ' m sl | | | r eod| ng| l , )
Sh , s o e n W r | l | n g an ar l | .
( Sh , s sl | | | Wr | l | ng | l . )
r
2. weol l nusel hepr s nl p r l l l ol a| kaooul

hoWmu hsom one hasdone.

hoWmany l | mes som one has don som l h| ng.

hoWmanyl h| ngs someon hasdon .
w ol l n ' us l h pr esenl per l e l pr ogr ess| v
l ol a| kaooul hoW ong somel h| ng hasoe n
h ap p en | n g .
B u| ! weusua| y donol usel h pr esenl
p l l pr ogr ess| ve Wh nWem nl | onanumoer
ol omp| el dev nl s.
l , ver ad o | ol aooul | l .
| | , v o n l oAl r | al W| e,
r Sh , sWr | l l n l hr e a l | | s.
l | , veoeen r ad| ng oooks one ephanl s l or
l Wo monl hs.
| , v r ead l hal oookl W| ce.
No
8. Somel | mes you anUs e| l h r l h pr s nl
per l e l o l hepr esenl per l l pr ogr ss| v .
Th mean| ng | soas| al | y l hesame. h| s| s
spe | a l y l r ueWhenyouus ver os su has
||v , Work, sl ud , and l eo hW|l h l or or s|nce.
She, s sl ud| ed phanl s l or l Woyear s.
OR
She, s oe n sl udy| ng phanl s l or l Woyear s.
( | nool h os \ shesl ar l d sl ud | ng | phanl s
l Woy or s ogoondsh | ssl | | | sl ud | ng l hem. )
G 8 l u n | l 1 G
5 .
G .
RUE 0RF L| E
o
R od ochnumo r d s nl ence. wr | l eT( Tr u ) or F( Fo| se) l or l h
sl ol emenl l hol l o| | oWs.
1 . Fr ol essor oW n has o nr ead| ng aoookaooul e| phanl s.
F
Sh l | n| shed l he oook.
2. She' sr ead aoookaooul e| ephanl s.
Sh l | n| sh d l heoook.
8. Sh , sWr | l l n a magaz| ne ar l | | e aooul l h r a| n l or esl .
Sh l r n| sh dl he ar l | | e.
She, so enWa| l | ng l or somesupp| | es.
She r e e| vedl he supp| | es.
They' ve| | v d | n Uganda s| n e 992.
Th y ar e sl | | | | n Uganda.
They, veo en| | v| ng | n Uganda s| n l 992.
They sl | | | | | v | n Uganda.
l | | 00sE
o
H r or som sl ol menl s oooul Fr ol essor oWen, sWor k, | r c| l hecor r cl
l or mol l hev r osl o omp| el el h se sl ol em nl s, | nsom os ' ool hl or ms r ecor r ecl ,
Fr ol ssor oWen | s Wor k| ng onl Woar l | | sl or Nal | on l w| | d| | l Hagaz| ne. She
l hes ar l | | s s| n Honday.
l al | ona| w| | d| | l Hagaz| ne has puo| | shed /
has
oe npuo| | sh| ng | l s annua| r por l on
l h env| r onmenl . l l , san ex e| | nl r epor l .
F| ve hundr ed and s| xl yAl r | an e| ephanl s hav a| r ead z d| ed/ hav oeend y| ng l h| s year .
Fr ol essor oWen has g| v n/ has o eng| v| ng many l a| ks aooul W| | d| | l pr s r val | on | n
pasl | e l ur ser | es.
She has spoken/ has oeenspeak| ng al our s ho | many l | m s.
Fr ol essor oWen Was | al l or a meel | ng. when she ar r | ved l he ha| r per s n sa| d,
. Al
| asl , you, r eher e. wehav Wa| l ed / hav oeenWa| l | ng l or you. , '
Fr ol ess r oW n has | | ved / has o n| | v| ng | n Eng| and l or l he | asl l W year s.
Shehas Wor ked / has oeenW r k| ng W| l h env| r onmenl a| | sl s | n Eng| and and Fr an e.
0ong esshas r al ed/ has oe n r al | ng aneW sl udy gr oup l od| s uss l he pr oo| em ol
endanger edan| ma| s. Th gr ouphas a| r eady mel l W| e.
1 .
2 .
8 .
4 .
5 .
G .
7 .
8 .
9.
Fr esenl Fer l e* l and r esenl Fer l e l Fr r ogr egs| ve | G9
0l FLE E
o
R odl h| senl r l r om0r . oWen, sl | e| dj our n |
oooul on l ephonl sh c | | s
Or ond d. Us l h pr senl per l cl or l hepr s nl per l ecl pr ogr ss| v l or mol l hever os
| np r enl h s s.
\ , ve
' ve
oeenhear | ng
ooul Or nd d s| nce W r r | v d h r | n
1 . ( h e )
r noos | F r k. H | son o+ l h sl
, sk O, ' ,
wo d s gol W l | nal l y s W n| m. | | sl usks
r e mor l h n sevenl ed | ong. l
anyl h| ng l | k l h m.
l

\ a|

|||

q.
:
''
.
e
O
s4 q
Or nd d
. ( \ | v )
4 . ( x p r | n e)
even1l h| nq, ndh
co nl ss l hr e l s l r or n h m n o | ngs. \ oung m n
coung o, ga| nsl h| m, nd
?ol . cn r c
7 . ( h u n l )
| | s p r | nc ndcour g
8 . ( sav )
For l h | asl l Wo d s, h
9. ( move)
h| r n l or h| s| vor v.
h| r n sol r .
sl oW| v l hr ough l he l al l
nd
1 . | . ( r sl )
ol l h| s
\ r ,
nd even l neo| ggesl phar l l s
nough l ood and w l r ,
2. ( s e)
h r e l or mor l hans| r l
r s'
|
5. ( su r v | v )
l h l r
G. ( l sl )
g r 5 5 . l +
L k| l y, | l
1o. ( al )
1 2 . ( r a | n )
1 8 . ( l | n d )
# : * ,
H j ' , .
0l T

R odl h| s sl udenl , s r epor l . F| ndondcor r ecl s| xm| sl ok s | nl heus ol l hepr senl


p r l cl ondpr es nl p r l cl pr ogr ess| v , Thel | r sl m| sl ok | so| r od cor r ecl ed,
| | v | n g
E|ephanl s arl d l he|r arr esl ors have oe n l | r on l h|s p|anel l or 5 m| on years.
S |enl |sl s have l ol rnd l he|r oones |n many p|a es, l rom As|a l o Noroh Amer| a.
Fr senl day e|ephanl s has a|so surW|ved |n d|ll enl k|nds ol nv|ronm nl s, |n |ud|n$
vel y d r areas |n N|$e
Fass|ands
|n Easl Al | a, a, ndl or sl s |n \ A|esl Al r| a.
Because ol l he|r gl eal
s|ze and sl renG$h, e|ephanl s have a|Ways l as |nal |n$
humans. our l as |nal |on has a|mosl ' aused Al r| rr e|ephanl s l o o ome ex |n l . Foa hers
(| ga|hunl ers) have a| ea oeen k||||ng hund eds ol l housands ol e1ephanl s lor l he
|vory ol l h |r l usks. A. l l e 1989 |l o ame | ega|l o se| | |vory. S|n e l hen, l h e|epha rl
popu|al |on has oe n
s o m
sl ead||y. R nl |y severa| orrnl r|es have oeen prol e l |n$
| phanl s |n nal |ona| parks, and herds have oe am | .arger and hea|l h|er.
Fasl Fer l e l
Fq NT
he kl heevenl l hol hoppenedl | r sl .
l opr ah l ur nedl We| v .
l opr ah de | d dona ar eer .
l l AR l l E l ( l
|rc|eT( True) or
F( F |s ) .
F Thepasl
per l e l uses
hod l or a||
suoj e l s.
l AR l ||E K 2
heckl h cor r ecl
onsWer .
l npasl per l e l
qu sl | ons, Wh r e
do shod go?
o l o. e l hesuoj l
al l er l hesuoj e l
Lh eL| r n e l Lu r n d
W v r , l h ad a r ead d ec| d ed
na ar r er . l WanNed l o
or pa| d l ol a| k !
a| k. shoW hosl opr ahw| nl r y W| l hh r vaud| n .
Su 1
s A | v| N s

oo( No )

o' ' F | | l .

/ H / S h / we/ Yo u
* / h
ey
h ad ( n ol )
d | ded o y l h en .
l l oe n asy.
* You
| sool hs| ngu| ar andp| u a| .
YEs| No
OU s | oNs
o
Su ;
r , o' ' F | | |

Had
sh d | d d oyl hen?
| l o n asy?
sHoR ANsw Rs
l
A | | v
|
N A l vE
Y s,
sh e
h ad . No,
sh
h ad n ' l .
|l |l
|,|/ l ' .
OUEs |oNs
w wo o

oo
l
su | . . ,

o' ' F | | p| .
Whv h ad
sh d | d d l oo al a| k shoW hosl ?
| l o en asy?
70
Fasl Fer l e l | 7
ExFREss, *
omp| el el h| sconver sol | on W| l hl hev r oar r | ve.
A: Had she oy 9: 00?
B: No, sh
8W r r * . l l e e * l l | s , x r m l * s
1. Usel hepasl p r l l l oshoWl hal somel h| ng r By1988opr ahw| nl r y had oe om l amous.
happened o l or asp | l | l | m | nl h pasl . | l Was1985. Sh had a r ady oeen | na
o c m
NoW
l mous
:
Fa s l . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . ' . x . . . . . . | . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >
1 9 8 8
:
Ho| | yWood l | | m.
2. Thepasl p r l e l al Ways shoWsar e| al | onsh| p r l n| 990opr ah | nv| l edHal l onl heshoW.
W| l hanol h pasl v nl . H had o nanaul hor l o l Woyea s.
( H Wosonoul hor oel or e 1990. )
Us l hepasl p r l l l or l heear | r ev nl . Use r Byl h l | me
| |
gol hom ,
, , Th
op ahw| nl y
l h s| mp pasl l ense l or l h | al er evenl . shoW, , had l | n| sh d.
nol | l h d| l l er en | nm anj ngo l W n l h ( F| r sl l h shoWend d, Th n sh | el l , )
s| mp| e pasl l ns andl h pasl p l l .
l whenl h shoWend d, sh had ! el l .
( F| r sl she| el l . Th nl h shoW nded' )
8. A| r eod ,
el ,
ever , andnever ar eol l enus d r | saW Th o| or Fur p| e asl n| ghl .
W| l hl h pasl per l l l oemphas| z l heev nl l had nev r se n | l o l or .
Wh| ho ur r ed l | r sl
.
Jason
hado| r eodyse n | l .
4. whenl h l | m r al | onsh| p oel Ween l Wopasl | Al l er opr ah had appear d l nTh o| or Fur p| ,
v nl s | s | ear , you anus l hes| mp| e pasl sh gol apa l | nanol h r mov| .
l ens l or ool h v nl s' h mean| ng| s oR
usua | y| ar Whenyouuseol l er , oel or , or | Al l er opr ah app ar ed | n The o| or Fur p| ,
os soon
gs
l o onn l l he venl s. 5h gol apa l | nanol h mov| .
5. weol l nus l hepasl per l e l W| l hoy . By 19GGopr ah had de | ded ona ar ee .
( a er l a| n l | m ) .
7 2 r E| n | l l Z
l l |
1 .
RUE 0RFALSE
o
R od ochnumoer d senl ence, wr | l eT( Tr ue) or F( Fa| se) l or l he
sl ol menl l h l l o| | oWs.
when l gol home, The Opr ah w| nl r ey ShoW sl ar l ed.
r
F| r sl l he opr ah shoW sl ar l ed. Then l gol hom .
wh n l g l home,
. . The
opr ah w| nl r ey ShoW, ' had sl ar l ed.
F| r sl l he Opr ah shoW sl ar l ed. Then l gol home.
Opr ah' s guesl had | osl 100poundsWhen she| nl er v| eWed h| m.
The guesl | osl l he We| ghl oel or el he | nl er v| eW.
By l he end ol l he sho l had l a| | en as| eep.
l l e| | as| eep al l r l he shoW.
when l Wenl l ooed, l had l ur ned ol l l he r ad| o.
l l ur n d ol l l he r ad| o al l er l Wenl l ooed.
By m| dn| ghl , l had l | n| sh d l he magaz| ne ar l | | e.
l l | n| shed l he ar l | | oel or e m| dn| ghl .
5 .
G.
r u
Ol l Fl E E
o
Lookol some| mpor l onl evenl s | n opr h w| nl r e , sor er . Th ncomp| l e
' . | .
#
l h senl nc s o | oW, Js l he p sl p r l ecl W| l ha r ead or nol y l .
, oso*
' o l u
' * NSu'
.o.o$
' ,
9v
' |
9o ' ' *
s
. l ,r
,$' ou
o : ' u :
.' * o\ 1,
' | a vol
' , uuo* * * * , , | * * ' * * o
* | . * . oo, ' n* * * , . ' ul *
d* $. ,
ou* ou* . ; $, $ . '
l l l l l | .
1 9 5 4 1 9 5 7 1 9 7 1 1 9 7 8 1 9 B 1 9 8 5
By 1958Opr ah
hada r ead g| ven
By 1 971 she
By 1972she
B 1972she
By 1985she
By 198Gshe
By 1987she
By 2000she
l
1 98G
| |
1 9 8 8 1 9 9 8
h r l | r sl spee h.
her l | r sl Tv
j oo.
her l | r sl r ad| o
j oo.
| n amaj or mov| e.
her Wn Tv shoW.
| n amaj or m v| e.
her oWn sl ud| o.
| n l he l | l mBe| ou d.
s| ( 8 NsWER

Lookol l h| sl p| co|
do| | schedu| l or o Tvl o| k shoW
hosl . omp| el l h qu sl | ons oooul
h| sschedu| . Us l h posl p r l ecl ond
g| v shor l onsW r s,
1. l l Was 7: 45. Thehosl wasons hedu| e.
A:
Had hear r | ved
2. Al 7: 80l hehosl Was al h| s desk.
A:
8. Al
A:
10: 55heWas hav| ng ol l ee.
5. Al 4: 00hehad a| al e| un h.
A:
G. He Wenl l ooedal 10: 80.
A:
Fasl er l e l | 78
l | |r ndm k uF
TaFe l h shoW
B:
Ye , hehad,
7: 00 . .
8: 00
| | : 00
2: 00
p. .
2: 80
5: 00
4: 80
r r | v
l sl d| o
_._.
4. l l Was 2: 00. He Was onh| s Way l omakeup.
al l he sl ud| o yel ?
l he day' ss h du| e
el ?
l he s h du| ov l hal l | me? B:
l he day' s guesl s oy l h n?
l he shoW yel ?
B:
B: A:
B:
W| l h h| s l r a| ner l hal day? B:
0l T. R odl h| ssl udenl , s r epor l , Th r o, es| |
| sl okes
| nl h use ol l he posl per l ecl .
F| ndondcor r cl l hem. Thel | r sl m| sl ok | s | r eodYcor r ecl d.
h a d
op ah w|nl rey |s an amaz|n$ person! By l he l |me she Was l We|ve, she o , ga|rea
de |ded on a areer. Nol |ong al l rWard, she
gol her l |rsl rad|o j oo.
A|l hou$h she hadn' l
have any xper| n e, she oe am a n ws repo l e . wl ren she
gol her o m Tv l a|k sho
she has a| r eady a l ed | n a maj or Ho ; r Wood mov| e. By l he | al e 198os
. . opr ah
w| nl r ey' '
had oe am a hous ho|d Wo d. Then |n 1994 she d |d d l o |mprove l he qua||l y ol
l a| k shoW l h mes. She a| so made a per sona| han$e. Sh had a| Ways had a W | $hl
pr oo| em, oul | n 1995 Tv v| eWer s saW a neW \ ' v| nl r y. She had | os d a| mosl n| n l y
pounds as a r esu| l ol d| el | ng and Wor k| ng oul . She had a| so ompel e | n a mar al hon.
She has r ea1| . yoeen an | nsp| r al | on l o many p op| e.
Fasl Fer l e l
Fr ogr ess| ve
AR l | |(
he kl hecor r ecl
onsW r .
whal l or mol oe
doesl hepasl
per l l pr og ss| v
a| Waysus ?
W s ol Were
l 1 | s, om, or or e
| oeen
w Fal N
| r c| eT( Tr ue) or F( F | se) .
F Ther a | sl | n| shed.
s oR ANsw Rs
A | | v | N | vl
Y s, sh had.
|
No, sh hadn, l .
h el | me
l , h e ael r u n n er cr o o d
h l | n | oh | n e, h eh ad o een
r u n n | n g 7 h o u r e , 1 G m| n u Na e ,
an d24e n do,
5u ;
s A n N s

o' . Fo o
H| o ( l , l o ) l
l
v +
, ' , O
|
/
H / S h e| | l / w / You* / h ey
' h ad
( n o l ) o een
r u n n r n g
W or k | n g
a| | day.
* You
| sool hs| ngu| ar andp| ur a| .
YES/ NO
qr
l l
o Sur y

, ,
, s | oNs
B s Fo
+
r WO
Had s h e oeen
r u n n | n g
Wor k| ng
a d a ?
|l r wo o
l
H o
yl ' .
OU s | oNs
l l
Su ;

B r

B s Fo +
. , NO
HoW | on g
Why
h ad sh oeen
r u n n | n g ?
Wor k| ng?
74
Fasl Fer l e l Fr ogr ess| ve | 75
E FREss,,l l |
omp| l l h| sconv r s l | onW| l hl h p sl p r l ecl pr ogr ss| ve l or mol l hev r opr a l | .
A: HoW | ong she When she enl ered l he race?
B: Sh l or mor e l han l Wo v ar s.
A: she a| one?
B: No. she She W| l h a par l ner .
Gr ar n ar x l ; l | al $ r ur . xam | s
1. Usel h pasl p r l e l pr ogr ess| vel ol a k | l Was2: 00
p. .
Th r unn r s had o nr unn| ng
aooul ana l | on l hal Was| npr og ss oel or a s| n
. | 0: 48
. .
spe | l | l | m | nl h pasl . h pr ogr ess| v r l l | na | y saWRooal 4: 00
p. .
l had o n Wa| l | ng
mphas| zes l h onl | nual | on ol ana l | on, l or hour s.
nol l heend su l . l one unne l a| nl ed. Shehadn, l oeendr | nk| ng
NoW
enough Wal .
10: 48 2: 00
|
Fasl \ . . . . . . . . . . . . . x. . . . . . . . . . . ' , . | . . ' ' . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >
z \ . . . , |
o| ;
|; ; '|'s |
Rg l r ! Non a l | on v r os ar nol usua| | y r | l Was5: 00
p. .
H had had aheada he a day'
us d| nl h pr ogr ess| ve. No He ah ada h a day.
2. h pasl p r l e l pr ogr ss| ve a| Ways shoWsa | Shehad oe n pr a l | | ng l or l h e y a s
r e al | onsh| p W| l hanol h r pasl ev nl . wh n sheenl er ed l h r a e.
Us l hepasl pe l l p ogr ss| ve l or l h
l l | r sl
sh pr o l | d. Th n sh nl r d l h r a e, )
ear | | er ev nl . Usel hes| mp| epasl l ense l or
l he| al er evenl .
8. weol l nus l h
asl
p r l l pr ogr ss| v | Sh Wasoul ol or al h. | l Was | ar l hal sh
l odr aW| on l us| ons aooul pasl v nl s oased had oe n r unn| ng.
onev| den e.
r h sl r el s Wer W l . l had o n r a| n| ng.
4. B u| ! | nl h s s nl en es W| l hWhen, l whenl h r a sl a l ed, | l Was r a| n| ng andl h
nol | el hed| l l er en | nm an| ngo l W en sl r l s W r eW l .
l hepasl pr og ess| ve andl h pasl p r l e l ( | l Wossl | | | r a| n| ngdur | ngl h r o , )
pr ogr ss| ve.
| whenl he a e sl ar l ed, | l had o en r a| n| ng
andl h sl r e l s W Wel .
( |l W sn, l ro|n|ngdur|ngl h rq . |l had
ol r ad sl opped. )
7G l un| l | B
1 .
8 .
4 .
5 .
G.
a .
o .
.
d .
.
l .
au se
He had oeenr ead| ng.
She had oe nr unn| ng.
They had oeenWal h| ng l her a e.
Shehad oeen r y| ng.
l l had oeenr a| n| ng.
They had oeendr | nk| ng soda.
Ol / FL E
o
R dl h| ssl or l r omomogoz| n or l | c| . omp| el e| l W| l hl hep sl per l ecl
pr ogr ss| ve l or mol l hever os| np r enl h s s.
l l |
l l | l l
o
o h r su| l hos a ous . Hol chl her esu| l W| l hl hecor r cl couse,
Resu | l
SheWas oul ol or eal h.
The gr ound Was Wel .
H r eyesW r e r ed.
Th r e wasan openoo k on l he ou h.
Ther Wer e empl y ans on l he l | oor .
The Tv Was on.
By B l o| |
nO l oo r 2 , l r a l hr Bosl on
r al hon Wl l h apar l n L ar | 0av| s'
1 u
hadoeenl r a| n| ng
1 . ( l r a | n )
l og l h r s| n asl y ar ; andw
l o nl r
2 . ( p n )
l h r a v r s| n W saW oor ah
| nl h \ ) ash| ngl on ar al hon' h sl ar l ol l h r a Wasdr mal | . Upl ol hal po| nl , W
,
oul W W r v r ys r l ous Wh n W | | n d Up. | w s son r yous
8 . ( j o k e an d | au g h )
| ou| dn, l or al h . ar | a and| onl hos s m sl r l s l or a
4 . ( p r a l | )
oup ol W ks, soal l h o g| nn| ng W d| dW | . By l h l | m W gol l o ar l or ak H| | | ,
W l or a| mosl l ur hour s, andl r a y o | | v d W ou| d
5 . ( r u n )
l | n| sh. Th n, ha| l Way upl h h| | | , ar l a sl opp d' Sh
j usl
ou| dn, l r un any mor r .
l ol h| s r a l or so| onq l hal l d| dn' l Wanl l o
qo
on
G . ( | o o k l o r W ar d )
on , oul ar | Wanl dm l ol | n| sh. wh n | gol l ol h l | n| sh | | n , | saW ar | a. Sh
l or m l or l hr hour s. Fr r sl W cr | ed. Th n W sl ar l ed l a| k| nq
7 . ( W a| l )
aooul n xl
ar ' s
mar l hon.
w
F sl er l e l sr r ogr ess| ve | 77
| l 00sE 8 O FLETE
o
Th mog z| neRunn r , swor | d ( Rw) | s| nl r v| W| ngmor ol hon
W| nner Foo| o spos| l o ( FE) . omp| l l he| nl r v| eW W| l hl heposl per l cl pr ogr ss| v
l or mol l h cor r ecl ver osl r oml heoo . Useshor l onsW r sWher eoppr opr | ol e,
dal e expe l ||ve
Fal rq
run
Had
ou
o enpr acl | c| ng
You
j usl
Won l he mar al hon. | ongl or | l ?
1 .
Ye . l had
For mor l han l | ve year s. F| r sl | n Hadr | d,
2.
l hen | n Rome.
Rw: You l r | pped dur | ng l he r a e. HoW | ng Wh n
Rw:
FE:
Rw:
FE:
Rw
F :
8 .
l hal happened?
F : l l Was | n l he | asl hour . Lu k| | y | l d| dn, l keep me l r om W| nn| ng.
Rw: l under sl and l hal you r e enl | y mar r | ed your l r a| ne Em| | | a Lea| . HoW | ong
ea hol her When you de | d dl ogel mar r | ed?
4 .
FE: Aooul s| x monl hs. w mel | n
oel ogel h r .
Rome and kneW r | ghl aWay l hal We Wanl d l o
5 .
| n Rome l or a| ong l | me Wh n you mel ?
. l n l a l , l had
j usl
movedl her e.
G .
when you r ossedl hel | n| sh | | ne you | ookedver v a| m.
l oW| n?
! l Was r ea| | y sur pr | sed. And ver y happy.
E0l T

Reodp r l ol on nl r l r omor unner , s j our no| , F| ndond or r ecl l | v m| sl okes | n


l heuseol l heposl per l cl pr ogr ss| ve, Th l | r sl m| sl ok | so| r e d cor r ecl ed,
7 .
8 .
o l oo r19,
l j sl gol o k
lrom
l h m r l ||o ! l , l |redhul vrr h pp 'whe l rossed l he
l| |sh
h ad
/ | , |/ l ml oe r | g
lorlo r
/ |o rs | hu l = l '|v m| l s.
J r
l u s sl | l | g
l h re, eh ,, oeen |l rd
lor
l l | l he ho/ l |me.w ere ool hso k| gl .u l .._l , o se
l h do sl u l | g; h , se |l h soe r | | gj sl / |l l / / ||/ e o p' ,l sso
8/ d
l os |||m' l h d e |ook
/ |,|u rd
l l h|sd
lor
sol ory dhop| gl h l l o |d
l |sh
l h r | / ess l h
l | r
d h / l / |o ,s.wh l gol home, | / / ,d m p r l s.
/ h d kh| g l h m r l / ol | o v h , l l / S e rossl h
l l sh
/ | !
Se| l Tesl
l l || 01,l E
0| r | l h | l l er al l h cor r cl onsW r l o omp| l eochsenl ence.
x l pl l :
Jenn| l r n ver l l ee.
( A)
dr | nk
( B) dr | nks
A_ 0
l 0)
| sdr | nk| ng
( 0) Wasdr | nk| ng
1 .
2.
8 .
4.
5 .
G.
.
H
l or l h o| ymp| s s| n e 1998.
A)
pr a l | ed
( 0) has oeenpr a l | | ng
B)
pr a l | es
( 0) Was pr a l | | ng
we' veknoWn Sa| | y a| ong l | me.
( A) s| n
( 0) Wh| | e
( B) oy
( 0) l or
we, veoeen | | v| ng | n Honl r ea| s| n e w
( A) have g adual ed
( 0) g adual ed
l B
hav oeeng adual | ng
( 0) g adual e
They haven' l anAl 0S va | ne.
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
( A) yel deve| oped
( B) deve| op d
yel
( A) | | v
( B) have | | ved
10. The shoW has
( A) j usl
( B) ev r
( 0) deve| opeda| r eady
( 0) a| r ady dev | op
( 0) has o enar r | v| ng
( 0) ar r | v s
( 0) had | | ved
( 0) have oe n | | v| ng
Won an aWar d.
( 0) | al e| Y
( 0) yel
you r eser ved your hol e| r oom
el ?
A)
0| d
( c) 0o
( B) Hav
( 0) Has
She hasn' l ver y ol l en.
( A) l | eW l 0)
l | oWn
( B) l | | es
( 0) l | y| ng
l l and l he gr und Was sl | | | Wh| l .
,
( A) snoWs
( ) W u| d SnoW
( B) had o ensnoW| ng
( 0) has snoWed
T| na | asl Week.
( A) has ar r | ved
( B) ar r | ved
g.
They h r e l r l hr ee year s oel r el hey moved.
7a
AB 0
Se| l Tesl | | | l 79
11. Fr ol essor K| dd l hr ee o okss| n e 1999, and she' sWor k| ng AB 0
onher l our l h.
( A) has o nWr | l | ng
( B) has Wr | l l n
12. we l oouy l hal
( A) haven' l de | ded
( B)
de | ded
AB 0
18.
Has
Har | a a| | ed
el ?
Yes,
she . Bul shed| dn' l | eave amessage.
( A)
d| d ( 0) hasn' l
( B) a| | ed ( 0) has
1 4 . S| n l s h o o | , l h a v e n ' l h a d m u h Sp a r e l | m e .
( A) o gun ( 0) have oegun
( B) o gan ( 0) oeg| n
AB 0
AB 0
( ) Wr l e
( 0) Wr | l es
ar yel .
( 0) have de | d d
( 0) ar e de | d| ng
l l ||
w0
ochs nl ence hosl our under | | n d Wor dsor phr oses. Th l our und r | | ned por l sol
l hesenl n or mor k dA, B, , ond0. | r c| el he| l l r ol l heoneund r | | ned
Wor dor phr s l hol | sNo oRR .
x l pl :
| ke usua| | , dr | ves l os hoo| , oul l odayhe Wa| ks.
A 0
A B _
15. when sheWas younge sh has p| a r d l enn| s ever y day.
_ | B
7G. l l | a| r eady 10: 00, oul Ter | hasn' l l | n| shed her homeWor k a| r eady.
A ( 0
18. l , v r ad agoodoo kr enl | y, oul l hav n' l l | n| shed | l y .
A B 0
19. 0| d youWr | l l n your pape or have youoe nWal h| ng Tv?
A B ( 0
20. Kar | has oeendr | v| ng s| n l enyear s.
A B 0
21. we, veoeenh r on| , oneday, oul We' veoeenl ak| ng l hr e r o| | s ol l | | m.
A B 0
22. Th| s hol e| has oeena| r ady| n ous| ness l o l | l l r year s.
A B 0
28. HoW mu h ol l d| d you oeendr | nk| ng | asl n| ghl ?
A B 0
24. l , veoe nsl udy| ng Fr en h s| n el , v sl ar l d h| gh s hoo| .
A B 0
25. B l or sheo am al | | m sl a sh has oeena sl and up omed| an.
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0 7. l l oe nWor r y| ng aooul you
A
We| | | al e| y.
0
e aus you haven' l o ns em| ng
B (
A 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
B 0
Ful ur e:
Be go|ng l o and w|||
F l N
h ckl h mo| n po| nl ol l h cor l oon.
man l or gol h| s umor e| | a.
e man | s go| ng l o l a| | | nl o l he ho| .
l | ART ' E l ( l
heckl h cor r cl
onsWer .
HoW many l or ms
doesoehave| n
oe go|ng l o?
l o. r
l o

l hr e
* For
onl r a l | onsW| l oe, seeAppend| 24onpag 845.
l You
| sool hs| ngu| ar andp| ur a| .
H R || E |( 2
|rc| T( True) or
F( Fo| s ) ,
F l n quesl | ons,
a l or m ol oe
goes al l r
l he suoj e l .
YEs/ No
OuEs | oNS:
8 O0l NO o
B
l
suq. . ,

, , ' , o

o, . Fo
Am
g o| n g l o | eav soon ? | s h
Ar you
Su ,
S A ENTS: BEOOl NO a
| |
B s Fo
B *

( No ) Ool l l o
|
o v
a m
( nol ) go| ng l o | eav e soon . H / Sh / l r s
w / Youl / Th y ar e
s oR ANSwERS
l
A | | v
l
N A l v
Yes,
you ar e.
No,
you ar en ' l .
h e | s. h | sn ' l .
a m. l
' m
n ol .
y , .
OU S l ONS:
BEOo| NO o
Uv wo o

.
l
su, | . . '

o, n , o

s. Fo
when
Why
a m
go| ng l o | eav ? l s h
ar you
80
Ful ur e: Be g | | ng l o and w| l l 81
l |ARTHE K 8
|rc| T( True) or
F( Fo|se) .
F The l r mol
rry||| |s l h
sam l or
a| | suoj e l s. sHoR ANsw Rs
A | | v | N | v
Yes, h W| | l .
|
No, h Won, l .
E FREss
Uns r omo| e l hes Wor dsl ol or ml Wosenl nces,
l o . r a | n r | l ' s . g o | n g
a n . g e l l , | |
. u m o r e | | a
G r a mar x an al | 0l n s l l | . aWm l l es
1. You an u s oego| n gl oor W| | | l o l a| k aoou l r Fr ol essor v oom | sgo| n gl oal l en da
l ul ur p| ans or pr ed| l | ons. onl en n xl W k.
* ?*
r Fr ol esso, v, o# W| l | al l enda onl er n
Fasl

: ' X
| ol l en, d o
nexl we K.
| .
conl r nc
r | l h| nk| l , sgo| ng l o o v y| nl er esl | ng.
, | o R
r | l h| nk| l , | | o v r y| nl er sl | ng.
2. Useoego| ngl oWhenl h e | ssom l h| ng | nl he r Lookal l hose dar k ouds! l , s go| ng l o r a| n.
pr s nl l hal | ads l ol h pr ed| l | on. No Look al l hose dar k l ouds! | l , a| n.
UseW| | | Whenyoud | d som l h| ng al l h A: Fr ol sso v oom| ssp ak| ng al noon.
mom n l ol sp ak | n g . B: oh . | l h | n k | , | | g o l oh | s l a| k .
F o u | o No
n| nl o ma spee h, go| ng l o| sol l enpr onoun ed
, , gonna. , ,
0onol Wr | l gonno,
s A | l .l N S; wl LL
Su ;

W l * ( l | o )

o' . o

| / H / S he/ | l | we| You | h y


W| | | ( nol ) | eave soon .
* For
onl r a l | ons W| l hu| | | | , seeAppend| x24 onpag 845.
Y Es/ No
OU s | oNS:
! v | . l '
Wl l l
l
Su |

o' . o

W| | | h | av soon ?
WH.
OU s | oNS:
w l L
| , U wo o
l
W

Su |

o, . Fo
wh n W | | | h | av e?
he k |l oul !
Th r ar ol h r Waysl ol a| k aooul l h l ul ur . SeeUn| l 20, pages84_85.
a2 r u n | l | 9
RE 0

Lookal Fr ol ssor or r vr oom, s e mo| | m ssog .


ANl wER

0h ck l | l h l h| ngsHor r vr oom| sgo| ng l odonexl W ekend.


| .
2.
8 .
| n Had| son
e | n 0h| ago
l gol r sh| ng
4 . a l l n d a o n l r e n e
5 . g | , . e a sp e e h
G. r l ur n onSal ur dav
7. d. | , , l oHad| son
8. seeOr eg
0E$ Rl B

Lookol l hep| l ur s. The shoWevenl s l r omado | nFr ol essor vr oom, s | | l e.


wr | l pr d| cl | onsor gu ss s. Usel heWor ds| nl heooxondol or mol oe
9o| n9
l o or
nol o go| ng l o.
ansW r l he
hone
dr | v g| veaspee h

l akeal r | p Wal h v
1 .
l , ' go| ng l o r a| n,
Or eg Jusl aqu| knol e l o| el youknoWmypl ans. | hear you' r e go| ng l ooe| n
Had| sonnexl Weekend. Unl or l unal e y, | won' l oel her e. hal meansl Won' l oeao| el o
gol | sh | n g W| l h y ou on Sal u r day . | ' mgo| n g l ooe| n 0h | ago g| v | n g aspee h al l h e
Smar l r anspor l onl er en e. | al l end ever y
ear ,
oul l h| s| sl hel | r sl l | me| ' mgo| ng l o
g| veaspee h. The onl er en e | sover onSal ur day, oul | ' mnol go| ng l or el ur n l o
Had| son u n l | | Su n day n | gh l . ' m go| n g l ol ak e l h el r a| n | n sl ead ol dr | v | n g' so| an gel
someWor kdone. So, | l doesn' l | ookl | ke We' | | gel l oseeea hol her l h| sl | me. | hope
nexl l | meWor ksoul oel l er .
Har r y
: Y . : : . . . F. : . ?\ | ? . . l : . Ty. ! ! . . . . 9 . . . . . . . . . .
ol l FL E

Al l er h| s sp ch, Fr ol essor vr oomonsWer d quesl | ons l r oml h oud| enc ,


omp| l l he quesl | ons ondonsW r s. Jse l h Wor ds| npor nl h s s ondW| or Won, l .
wo 1: y quesl | on | s l h| s, Fr l ssor vr oom:
W| | |
l he ar ol l he
ongaso| | ne?
wo 2:
v oo :
H 1:
v o :
l ul ur
v o : No, | l
r u n
1 . ( r u n )
Won' l ,
8. ( u se)
No, We
5 .
a spe | a| s a| sol hal l he
l n Whal ol her Ways
we| | , | nsl ead ol k ys, ar s
Yes, l hey
H W mu h
l don' l knoW e a l | y, oul l hey er l a| n| y
. l l
pr ooao| y
so| ar ener gy.
W sl | | |
l | al l | r es?
4. ( g l )
. By l hey ar 20l , l | r es
G . ( h av )
l hemse| ves.
7 . ( r p a |
ar S
d|l l renl ?
8. ( oe)
smar l ar ds. Thes
9 .
( h av )
a| ol | | ke r ed| l ar ds. Th y
door s
1 1 . ( o p n )
l h s al s, m| r r or s, and sl eer | ngWh e| s. Th
l he| ns| d l emper al ur .
ar l h l l s?
14. ( pr v e l )
! N xl quesl | on?Thal genl | eman | n l h oa k.
l h se ar s
1G. ( osl )
h ap.
1 O. ( | o o k )
and l hey
1 2 . ( a d j u sl )
ven
l hey
| 8 . ( o n l r o )
H 1:
v oo :
H 2:
v oo :
1 7 . ( o e )
E0l T
.
R adl h| s mo| | m ssoge l o Fr ol essor vr oom, F| ndondcor r l n| nem| sl ok s | n
l he us ol l h l ul ur W| l hW| | ndoe go| ng l o. Th l | r sl m| sl ok | so| r eod cor r cl ed.
Won' |
Har r y ' msor r y l h al We | | l h oeao| e l ogel l ogel h er | n Had| son . Har l h a, l oo, W| |
m| ssesyou. Fer haps we angel l ogel her somel | me nexl monl h. Har l ha andl am
go| ng
l ooe| n H| n n eapo| | s u n l | | Ju | y 15. Al l er l h al , Wear ego| n g v | s| l ou r son | n Fh oen | x . H| s
W| l e | spr egnanl andW| | | have aoaoy l hel | r sl Week| nJu| y. l l ' s har d l ooe| | eve l hal We' r e
gonnaoegr andFar enl s!
HoWex | l | ng l hal yougo| ng l ol a k al l he onl er en e!
l ' m sur e| l W| l | s oegr eal .
| , v e gol l or u n n oW. Th esk y | sgel l | n g r ea| | y dar k an d| l ' | | sl or m. l Wan l l ogel ou l ol l h | s
ol l | e oel or e l hen. Hor e al er .
Or eg
Ful ur e: 0onl r asl
0on' w r r y,
Th Won' eave
W | h ou l m ,
l ' m l h e
v| | o| !
u r r y u p' e| r ,
Yo' l ' r e go| ngl o oe| a| e.
Theehu l e eave | n
l | v am| n u | ee.
F l N
|r l T( Tru ) or F( Fo|se) .
F Th shul l | e l Har s has as hedu| ddepar l ur e.
F Thep| | ol | sl oo| al e.
AFF |R|l l , A |v s A | l N s
w , r ego| ng l o | ave
w , | | | av
l or Har s soon .
w , r | eav| ng
we| eave
| AR HE |(
|rc| T( True) or
F( Fo|se) .
F Ther e ar e
sever a| Ways
l ol a| k aooul
l hel ul ur .
F Y u an' l usq
l h pr esenl
l ensel o
l a| k aooul
l h l ul ur e.
N OA | v s A | v| N s
w ar n, l go| ng l o | eave
w Won, l | eav
u n l | | | : 0 0 .
wear en, l | av| ng
w don, l | eav
vEs/ No
OUEg | oNs
| s sh ego| n g l o | av
l o a ssoon?
0oessh | ave
sHoR ANsw Rs
sh | s. | sh | sn , l .
sh | sn , l .
sh d o esn , l .
w'
OU s | oNs
wh n| ssh go| ng l o | eav
wh nW| | | shel eav
when| ssh | eav| ng
wh ndoessh | av
l or Ha s?
84
F l u r r : | . . l r s | | 85
E FREss, ; %; : ; ! ,r; , ; ,* '
heckl h senl ences l hol r l er l ol hel ul ur e,
l ' | av| ng| n l | v m| nul s.
W ul l | m doyounor ma| | y | eav l h ol l | e?
A' y ugo| ngl ol h onl er n e| n ay?
l l l hemomenl , l ' mWor k| ngonar epor l .
WWa r p l l | l r # % # r pl | * *
1. Useoego| ng l o, W| | | , l h pr s nl pr ogr ess| v , | | , m go| ng l o l | y l oHar sn xl W k.
andl h s| m | pr s nl l nsel ol a| kaooul
l h| ngs | nl hel ul ur .
r | , | | l | y l oHar snexl W ek.
NoW
l , ml | y| ng l oHa sn xl Week.
|
r r y
r | l | y l oHa sn xl W k.
F sl
. . ' ' . . . . . . . . . . | . . . . . . . . . x. . .
|n xl W k
2. Us No s: Som l | m s on| yon l or mol l h
l ul ur | sappr opr | al , oul | nmany ases mor e
l hanon l o m| sposs| ol .
a. Us oego| ng l oor W| | | l omak pr ed| l | ons | | nal Wyear sp op| ear e go| ng l o l | y l o Har s.
or
qu ss s.
| | nal eWy ar s p op W| l l l | y l oHar s.
o. Us oego| ngl o( nol W| | ) Wh nsom l h| ng | Lookal l hal spa esh| p! | l , sgo| ng l o | and!
| nl h p senl eads l oapr ed| l | on. No + v* | . | | and.
( .
Us oego| ng l o, W| l l , or l h pr esenl r 0r . Or e n| sgo| ng l o sp ak l omo r oW.
pr ogr ss| ve l ol a| kaooul l ul ur | nl nl | ons r 0r . cr nW| | sp ak l omor r oW.
o p| ans. r 0r . Or n| sspeak| ng l omor r oW.
d. w ol l n useW| | | Wh nW d | d ' A: 0 . c n| sg| v| ng al a k l omo r oW.
somel h | n g al l h momen l ol sp ak | n g . B: oh ! Hay o e , | | g o.
wea| sous W| | | l omakeol l er s' A: cr al ! l , | | g l youal | k l .
. weol l enus l h pr senl pr ogr ess| ve | | , ml | y| ng l oHar sn xl Weel l . | , v a| r ady
Wh nW l a| kaooul l ul u e
| ans
l hal have gol l en al | kel .
a| r ady o nar r ang d. h r | susua| | y som
r el r en e l ol hel ul ur l hal shoWsl hal l h
v nl | snol happen| ng noW.
l . Us l hes| mp| pr senl l nsel ol a| k r h shul l l oHar s| av sal
. | 0: 00
. .
aooul s hedu| d l ul ur eevenl s su has l omor r oW.
l | mel ao| es, pr ogr ams, ands hedu| s. | we| and al m| dn| ghl .
8G | # m E 2*
l 0EN l FY

Fr ol essor Or n| sol l nd| ngoconl r n l h| sWe k, Re dher conv r sol | on


W| l hFr ol ssor Russ. Under | | n o| | l h ver osl hol r l er l ol h l ul ur e,
Russ: | | n! l l , sn| l oseeyou. Ar e you pr es nl | ng apaper l h| s W ek?
O : H| , R| k. Yes. l n l a l , my l a| k sl ar l s al l Wo o, | o k.
Russ: Oh, mayoe l ' 11 go. whal ar eyou go| ngl ol a| k aooul ?Roool s?
O : Y s. r , ml o us| ngonp r sona| r ool sl or hous ho| dWor k.
Russ: l ' d| | ke oneol l hose! wher e' s your son, oy l heWay? l sheh r eW| l h you?
O : No. Tony sl ays | n 0enver W| l h h| s g andpar nl s | n l h Summ r . l ' m go| ngl o
v| s| l h| m al l er l he onl er en e. S , Whal ar eyou Wor k| ng onl hesedays?
Russ: l ' m sl | | | W| l h l he Har s Asso | al | on. l n l a l , We' r ego| ngl ooeho| d| ng aneWs
onl er n n xl monl h aooul l he ar s shul l | | aun h.
O : Thal ' s e | l | ng. Hayoe l ' | | seeyou l her e.
Russ: Or eal . The onl er en eoeg| ns al noononl he l enl h.
H00sE

| r | l hemosl ppr opr | ol Wor dsl ocomp| el e l hes conver sol | ons,
1. O : wh| h pr oj e l doyou * or k / onn xl ?
Russ: l haven' l d | dedl or sur e. Fr oao| y l he Spa emoo| | e.
2. Russ: Look al l hosedar k | ouds!
O : Yes. l l | ooks | | k | l ' sr a| n| ng / | l , sgo| ngl or a| n any m| nul e.
8. O : l ' doel l er gel oa k l omy hol e| r oomoel or el he sl or m.
Russ: oK. l ' m see| ng/ l ' | | seey u | al er .
4. 0 s : Fr ol essor Or een, your son
j usl
a| | ed.
O : oh, good. l , | 1 a| | / l ' m a| | | ng h| m oa k r | ghl aWay.
5. O : H| , honey. HoW' s | l go| ng?
Tor y: Or al . l go/ l ' m go| ng l | sh| ng W| l h Or andpa l omor r oW.
G. O : Hav l un, oul don, l l or gel . You sl | | | have l ol | n| sh l hal pap r .
Tor y: l kno Hom. l ma| | / l ' mma| | | ng | l l omor r oW. l a| r eady have l he env | ope.
7, Tor y: HoW' s l he onl r n e?
O : Oood. l , mg| v| ng / l ' | | g| v al a| k l h| s al l r noon.
8. Tor y: Oood| u k. when ar
zou
/ W| | | you oeh r e?
O : Tomor r oW. y p| an | ands / W| | | | and al 7: 00, sol see/ l ' | | s eyou
aoou l 8: 00.
Fa. * l * * r e: ; * r $l l 87
0l FLE E
o
R odl h s onver sol | ons. omp| l l hemW| l hon ppr opr | ol el or mol l h
ver os | npor nl heses, ( Ther e | smor l honon cor r cl nsWer l or some| l ems, )
1. A: Hur r y up! Th shul l | e
l eave
| n
j usl
al Wm| nul s.
( l e a v )
B: Oh, l ' m sur e l hey l or us.
( Wa| l )
2. A: Look al l hos sl or m | ouds! 0o vou l h| nk | l
B: l d n' l knoW. l
( r a | n )
l heWeal h r l or e asl .
( h k )
8 . A: when w l h shul l | e?
B: w
( o o ar d )
l | r sl | ass, soweshou| d oeamongl he l | r sl
( l | y)
l oooar d.
woW! Th| s su| l ase| s heavy. 4 .
| l l or you. O| ve | l l ome.
( ar r y)
5 . whal l | m w
( | a n d )
A or d| ng l ol he s hedu| e, al 9: 00A. N . , oul l l h| nk We
a| | l l | | al e.
A:
B:
A:
B:
G. A:
B:
onHar s?
l ' m hungr . l hope w
( o )
some l ood soon.
( g l )
H l oo. l l h seal oodspe | a| . l or d r ed| l
( h v e )
| n advan e.
7. A: Look! The l | | ghl al l endanl | s g l l | ngr eady l oannoun e som l h| ng.
B: Or al . Thal means w ooar d| ngsoon.
( sl ar l )
E0l T. R odl h| sl | | ghl onnounc m nl onl h shul l | el oHor s, F| ndond or r l seven
m| sl okes | n l heus ol l h l ul ur e. Th l | r sl m| sl k | so| r od cor r cl d. ( Th r | sol l n
mor l honon WoYl ocor r cl om| sl oke) .
. . Oood.
even| ng, | ad| es and g nl | em n. Th| s * l | l u your apl a| n speak| ng. weo go| ng
l o| eavel he Ear l h' s gr av| l y l | e| d | n aooul l | l l eenm| nul s. Al l hal l | me, you ar e ao| e
l ounou k| e your s al oe| l s and l | oal ar ound l he ao| n. Hosl r oool sl ake or d r sl or
d| nner soon. Al l er l h sesl or m | ouds, W ar ehav| ng a smo l hl r | p. The shul l | e
ar r | ves onHar s l omor r oW al 9: 00. Ton| ghl ' sl mper al ur e onl he p| anel | s am| | d
m| nus 20degr es0e| s| us. By l omor r W mor n| ng l hel emper al ur | s 18deg ees, oul | l
| s l ee| | ngmor | | ke 28d gr ees. Enj oy your l | | ghl . , ,
Ful ur e | me c| auses
l l | F l N
heckl h cor r ecl onsWer .
h| | d| sl a| k| ng aooul apr es nl hao| l .
e h| | d | s p| ann| ng her l ul ur e.
| R HE l (
|r | T( True) or
F( Fo| se) .
F Thever o| n l h
ma| n | ause| s
| n l hel ul ur e.
F Thever o | n l he
l | me | aus | s
| n l hel ul ur e.
s ATE nEN s
H | O| us l . ' . O| us
| , mg o| n g l o o ao a l d an Whenl gr oW up.
Sh e, | |
| o| n
ao a| | el omp an y ol l er shegr adual es.
YEs/ No
OuEs | oNs
H | O| us | , ' . O| us
Ar ey ou g o| n g l o o eao a el d an er Whenyougr oW up?
w| | | sh j o| n
ao a| el omp an y ol l er sh gr adual s?
sHoR ANsw Rs
l
A l l v

N A | v
Y s,
l a m.
No,
| ' mn o l .
sh W | | | . sh W o n , l .
r , '
OUEs | oNs
H | 0 us | | 0 us
wh al
ar eyougo| ng l o oe Whenyougr oW up?
W | | | sh d o l l er shegr adual es?
88
Fu l u r | me O| au ses | 89
E FREss
Unscr omo| l h s Wor dsl ol or moquesl | onondononsW r .
oe
.
whal

g oWSup
.
she
o
When
o
W| | |

she
l o
.
s | enl | sl
.
a

go| ng
.
She, s

oe
l l | mmE l r l l | Bel l | el $ l l | * * * s
1. wh nasenl n aooul l ul ur e l | mehas l Wo m | n aus l | m l aus
| auses, l hever o| nl hema| n | aus | sol l en | n
| , | | | ook l o aj ooWhenhegr adual es.
l h l ul ur ( W| | | or o go| ngl o) . hever o| nl he
l | me | ause | sol l en| nl hepr s nl l ense.
ma| n aus l | m l aus
l ul u e l | m aus . No _.
hel | m | aus an omeal l h o g| nn| ng o | Bel or esheopp| | es, sh , | v| s| l s hool s.
l heendol l h senl n . hemean| ng | sl he oR
same. UseaOommaal l e l h l | me | aus When r Sh , | v| s| l s hoo s oel or esheopp| | s.
| l om s al l h oeg| nn| ng. 0onol usea omma No
When| l om s al l heend.
2. Her ea someOommon l | m x r ss| ons
you anus l ooeg| n l ul ur e l | m l auses.
a. when, ol l er , andos soonosol l en | wh n| gr adual , | , | | | ookl or aj oo.
| nl r odu e l h venl l hal happ ns l | r sl . | Al l er gr adual , , ook l or aj oo.
NoW
| As soonosl g adual , | , | ook l o a
j oo.
:
1
groduol e |ookl or j oo
l |rsl
|, mgo|ngl ogrodual , h n|, |||ookl oraj oo' )
a s l . . . . . ' . . . | . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ' J . 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >
o. Bel or e, unl | | , ando l hel | m ol l en | Bel or el gel aj oo, , | l | n| shs hoo .
| nl r odu l h venl l hal hapo ns s ond. | | | nl | | l g l aj oo, , l sl ay | ns hoo| .
NoW
| By l hel | mel g l aj oo, , | oeoul ol s hoo| .
:
. l | n| sh schoo| gel o
j oo
l | r sl
| , | | l | n| sh s hoo| ' Then | , | | gel a
j oo, )
Fasl
. . . . . . . ' . . |
. . . . . . . . . . . ' . . . . . . . . . . . . x . . . . . . > Fu l u r e
O. wh| | | nl r odu es anev nl l hal W| happen | wh| | e| | ook l o aj oo, | , onl | nu l osl udy.
al l h samel | m asanol h r v nl . ( | W| | | ook l or aj ooondsl udydur | ngl h sam
NoW
l | m p r | od. )
Fasl
. . . . . . . . ' . |

. ' 7 , . ' . ' ' . , . . .
Fu l u r e
:
\ Ol
l o' o' 1l |
.o 'Wd.
90 r un| l 21
RUE 0RFAl |
o
R odeo hnumo r ed s nl nce. wr | l eT( Tr u ) or F( F s ) l or l he
sl ol m nl l h l l o| | oW s.
1. Amoer W| | | openher oWnous| ness When shel | n| shes s hoo| .
F
Amoer W| | | openher oWnous| ness. Then she, | | l | n| sh s hoo| .
2. 0enze| | Won' l qu| l unl | | hel | nds anol her j oo.
0enze| | W| | | l | nd anol her j oo.
Then he' | | qu| l .
8. Jake W| | | r el | r e as soonashe l ur ns s| xl y.
Jake W| | | r el | r e. Then he' | | l ur n s| xr v.
4. Har | sa W| | | a| | you When shegel shome.
Har | sa W| | | gel home. Then she' | | a| | you.
5. wh| | L| j | ng | s | n s hoo| , she' | | Wor k par l l | me.
L| j | ng W| | | l | n| sh s hoo| . Th n she, | | gel apar l l | me j oo.
G. By l he l | me Har l a gel sher d| p| oma, she' | | oel Wenl y one.
Har l a W| | | l ur n l Wenl y one. Then she' | | gel her d| p| oma.
0l B| NE

Reodoooul Sondy nd
! l l ,
omo| n l h senl enc s.
| . Sandy and Jel l W| | | gel mar r | ed. Then S
1and andJel l W\ | gel mar r \ ed
andy W| | | g adual .
oel or e and
gr adual e .
2. Jel l | s go| ngl ogel ar a| se. Then l hey ar ego| ngl omovel oa| ar ger apar l menl .
as soonas
8. They' r e go| ng
l omov j l o. a| ar ger apar l menl . Then l hey, r ego| ngl ohave aoaoy.
Al l er
4. They, | | have l h | r l | r sl h| | d. Then Sandy W| | | gel apar l l | me j oo.
al l er
5. The| r h| | d W| | | oel Wo. Then Sandy W| | | gooa k l oWor k l u| | l | me.
By l he l | me
G. Sandy W| | | Wor k l u| | l | me. Al l he samel | me, Jel l W| | | gol os hoo| .
Wh| | e
. Jel l W| | | g adual e.
Then he, | | l | nd anol her j oo.
When
Fu l u r e | me O| au ses | 9
0l l Fl E E

Lookol l h| ssl udenl , s Wor ksheel , omp| el e| l W| l hl h cor r cl l or mol l he


v r os| npor nl h s s.
E0l T. R odl h| sdonc r , s
j our n l
nl r , F| ndondcor r cl s v n m| sl okes | n l h useol l ul ur e
l | m c| ous s. Thel | r sl m| sl ok | so| r od cor r l d. 0on, l l or gel l ocheckl or commos!
/ r.e / ! ororer! ssoo s
l |
l he
F rm n e
|here
regoj gl oo ol g
l l ! l orl p,
' *
ReFollurs |/ /
oe
l her?, h
rnl rr
l h|!
r.oom,
wh| e ,e / / ekor! lugpr1':
L! ! | k: y|pr.',:
: | ! ,; ll h, .dq qqg?! ! p. 4 e! ! : 1g! ! _ p S ry4og ''rnJ J! ! / o ,gl h ,p|F r
q! ,!
: r'd
l he| l rr|e s, we,r go|ng l o
e rm
l h|sshoeu
lor
l o eek, s soo s
l : lu|: h'd.
.l r ! dq
ecu
rogr. ! .
l ,m so..9 q|l d, u.er s| el . s / | ,ve 'd
lu
o o / el d n er
Oo AL Fl ANN| NO W o R. sHEE
| . wr | l e your maj or goa| .
y
' 11
gel ,
a
j oo
al l r |
( g l )
( g r ad u al e)
| | . L| sl l hr ee oenel | l s ol a h| ev| ng your goa| .
| . wh nl
2. wh nl
( gel )
a
j oo,
l
( hav )
mor mon .
nough mon y, l aus d ar .
( sav ) ( ou y )
8. l happ| er Wh nl mp| oy d.
( l ) ( o )
| | | . HoW W| | | you r ea h your goa| ? wr | l e doWn sma| | er goa| s.
| . As soon asl | n l h mor n| ng, l l he
( g el u p ) ( ouy)
n wspap r l o | ook al l he mp| oym nl ads.
2. wh n l l omv l r | nds, l l h m| l l h
( sp ak )
knoWol any
j oos.
8. l
\ r ' , ,
( sk )
al l h j oo nol | s ooar d Wh n l l o
( g o )
l h sup r mar k l .
4. B l or l on an | nl r v| W, l m
( g o ) ( | mp r o v e)
ompul r sk| | | s.
Fql N
l | ckl h or r cl onsW r .
wh n W| | | Roool ak l h d goul l or aWa| k?
o l o. e12: 00
l al 12: 00
l al l r 12: 00
Ful ur e Fr ogr ess| ve
l Won' | or her e al
12: , ' | o ou l
Wa| k| ng | he doq.
_
) l |
T
r |
vl |
)FR l
l | RT l l E K
|rc| T( Tru ) or
F( Fol s ) .
F You anl or m
l h l ul ur
pr ogr ess| ve
W| l h oego| ng
l oor W| | | p| us
oeandl he
oas l or mol
l h ver o +
| ng.
Su !
s A n N s
Br ( o ) ol l l o/
1
Br + B s
wl l l ( o )

Fo +
, NO
am ( n o l ) g o | n g l o
o Wor k| ng l omor oW. He/ Sh / | l | s ( nol ) go| ng l o
w / You/ hey ar e( nol ) go| ng l o
| / He/ Sh / l | we | You | They
W| | | ( n ol ) o Wor k| ng l omor r oW.
vEs/ No
OU s | oNs
| l l |
B / w| l l
l
Suq

Ool | l o
l
Br + B s Fo +
. |

Am
g o| n g l o o Wor k| ng l omo r oW? | s sh
Ar e you
w| l l you oeWor k| ng l omor r oW?
sHoR ANsw Rs
A l | v
|
. A | vE
Y s,
ouar .
No,
youar en' l .
sh | s. sh e| sn ' l .
l am. | ' m n o l .
W W| | | w W o n , l .
92
Ful r e r gr ess| We | 98
xFR ssr; # # ; l l |
Unscr omo| l h seWor dsl ol or ml Woquesl | ons, AnsW r l hequ sl | ons,
Wor k| ng
o
o
o
w| | |
o
l omor r oW

yo
Ll | , .
OU s | oNs
w wo o

' / W, , ' , .
l
su, | . . .

o, ' . ' o
l
Br + B s Fo +
, ' , O
wher e
wh n
l S h e g o| n g l o oe Wor k| ng?
W | | | sh o Wor k| ng?
ou

oe
.
whal

do| ng
o
ar e
o
l o
.
g | ng
WW ' gW r p# e a e * l l | r e
l * s
1. Usel h l ul ur e pr ogr ss| v W| l hoego| ng l o l
or W| | | l ol a k aooul l h| ngs l hal W| oe| npr ogr ss
al aspe | l | l | me| nl hel ul ur e.
Rooo| sgo| ng l o oe Wa| k| ng l h dog
al n oon .
OR
Roo o W | | | o eW a| k | n g l h ed og al n oon .
Fasl
R R! Non a l | on ver os ar n l usua | y
us d | nl h pr ogr ss| ve.
| You , r go| n g l o h av a h ada h
l o mo r o W mo n | n g .
N o _a h a d a h
l o mo r r o W mo n | n g .
2. Us No : w ol l enusel hel ul u p ogr ess| ve
l oh| nl l hal WeWou| d | k som on l odous
al avo .
w| l | youo go| ng oyl h posl ol l | e
l omor r oW?
Y s. 0oyoune dsl amps?
Y s. ou| dyoug l m som ?
A:
B:
A:
8. Rememo r l hal | l l hesenl n e has al | m
| ause, us l hes| mp pr s nl l ense or p es nl
p ogr ss| v | nl h l | me | ause, nol l hel ul ur eor
l ul ur epr og ss| v .
r l ' | | oe ook| ng Wh| | el her oool | s | an| ng.
No , | o ook| ngWh| l he oool W| . | . | o
l l |nlr
94 l \ 8W * # ,
l 0 N l FY
o
R odl h| spor ogr oph. Und r | | n ol l l hel ul ur pr ogr ess| ve l or ms.
TodayWe l | nd mosl r oool sWor k| ng | n l a l or | es ar ound l he Wor | d. Bul Whal
W |
r oool s
ol l hel ul ur e oedo| ng?one Hassa husel l s l nsl | l ul e ol Te hno| ogyd s| gner pr d| l s
l hal | n
j usl
al eWyear s, sma| | , | nl e | | genl r oool s ar e go| ng l ooel ak| ng ar e ol a| | l he
househo| d hor es. Th| s | s g | ng l omake | | l e a| ol as| r . wh| | e oner oool | s ok| ng
d| nne anol h r on W| | | oeva uum| ng l he l | o r . Bul Whal aooul oul s| de l he hom ?
w| | | r oo l soep| ay| ng l ool oa| | or l | ghl | ng War s? S | nl | sl s ar en, l sur . whal | s er l a| n,
hoWeve | s l hal r oool sW| | | oep| ay| ng a mor e and mor e s| gn| l | anl r o| e | n our | | ves.
0[ FL E
o
R odl h s conver sol | ons, omp| el el hemW| l hl h l ul ur pr ogr ess| ve l or m
ol l h Wor ds| npor enl h ses ondW| l hshor l nsW r s,
S u :
T :
HRs. O :
| vl . O :
HRs. O :
you
o eh av | n
ol l | e
a. ( w|
/ h av )
Ye , | W1
. l l o| un h
. ( W | |
/ g o )
when you l he ol l | e?
a. ( o g o | n g l o / av )
homeunl | | | al .
o . ( W o n , l
/ g l )
8 . To y: 0ad. Whal l | me you
a. ( o eg o | n g l o | o m )
homel oday?l needso | r he| p W| l h my s | en epr oj e l .
H . O : l H| a l ol h d nl | sl al l er Wor k, oul
o . ( W |
/ l ak ;
l ' | | o oa koy4: 00.
d| nn r o l or e
W| | |
1 .
hour s l oday?l ' d| | ke l ol a| k l oyou aooul my r oool | spaper .
o .
al 2: 00. Bul sl op| n anyl | meoel or el hen.
Al 2: 00. why? 0o We needsom l h| ng?
wou| d you m| nd p| k| ng up somem| | k? Roool or gol , and l
Tor y:
H . O :
S r, s :
Hom omeshome?
d .
l ' m a| | | ng l r om Roool r on| sl n . l
. ( B g o | n g l o / h av )
. You knoW We a| Ways Wa| l l or H m.
your
a. ( o g o | n g l o / v | s| l )
ne| ghoor hoodSoonl od monsl r al e our n wr oool .
Ro o: l ' m s r r y. The O e l am| | y
l or aWh| | e.
4 .
o. ( Won, l
| ou )
an wr oool
wc. k r * $* r gr * sssBWe | 95
0l LFL E
o
Look ol Rooo, s ondRoool o, s schedu| s l or l omor r oW. omp| el
l hesl ol em nl s.
F| oo o
8 : o o ma k o a k l a sl
9 : o o d u s l o e d o o m s
1 o : o o d o a u n d y
1 2 : o o m k e l u c h
, | : o o
g | v e H . Oe e a ma ssa g
5 : o o h e p To n y W | l h h o m W o k
7 : o o p l a y h ssW | l h o n y
F| o ol a
8 : OO p a y o | | | s
9 : o o v 0Uu m l | v | n g o o m
1 o : o o e a | n l k | l h e n
1 2 : o o e y | e l h g o a g e
1 : o o s h o o l o l o o d
5 : o o m a k d | n n e
7 : OO W a | k l h e d o o
1. wh| 1eRooo
| mak| ng or eakl a l ,
, Roool a
W| oe
?a | ng
o| ,
2. Rooo l h oedr oomsWh| | e Roool a
8. Roool a l hek| l hen Wh| | e Rooo
4. wh| 1 Rooo | un h. R ool a
5. Rooo amassageWh| | e Roool a
G. Roool a d| nner Wh| | e Rooo
7. wh| | e Rooo hess. Roool a
E0l T. R dl h| ssl udenl , s por gr oph. F| ndond or r e l s v n m| sl ok s | nl h us ol l h
l ul ur e pr ogr ss| v . Thel | r sl m| sl oke| so| r eod cor r ecl ed.
p er l or m| n g
l n l he l ul ur e, oool s W| 1| oe
B r er * mo e
and mor e l asks l or humans.
Th| s W| | | oe hav| n$ ool h pos| l | ve and negal | ve el l e l s. on l he on hand, Wh| |
r oool s r | | l oe d. o| ng l h oor | ng and d. an$er ous
j oos,
humans W| 1| o d vol | n$
mor e l | me l o | noer esl | n$ pu su| l s. l n l h| s r ay oool s | s
go| ng
l o oe mak| ng | | l
a | ol eas| er l or humans. on l he ol h r hand, l he W| despr ad use ol oool s | s
go| ng
r eal a | ol ol l ul ur e unemp| oymenl . Feop| e W| | | | os| n$ l h |
j oos
as
r oool s l | | | l he| r pos| l | ons. And som r oool s ou| d even oe ome dang ous. l ' m
al r a| d l hal | n l h nol l oo d| sl anl l ul ur e, oooos W| | | o op r al | n$ nu | ear
oWe
sl al | ons! And oel o e l oo | ong, oool s ar e
go| ng
l o or l | ghl | n War s. A| l hou$h, on
s cond l houghl , l hal W111 oe oel l e l han humans k| | | | ng a h ol her !
Ful ur e Fer l ecl and
Ful ur e Fer l e l
Fr ogr ess| ve
wFq| N
h kl h or r cl nsW r .
l l ' sFeor uar y.
hasn' l o nsav| ngl or l hr eeyear sy l .
FUTUREF RFE FRoOREssl v sTA | l , | N s
Su ;
|
wl l l ( o )

ou, B EN + B s Fo +
, NO
/ He/ Sh / l | we | Y ou| They
W | | ! ( n ol ) have o n sav| ngl o l hr year s.
FU UR FERF YEs/ No
OUEs | oNs
l |
wl l l
l
Su ;

H v + F s F | | pl
W| h hav saved noughoyl hen?
FU UR Ear FRoOR ss| v
Es/ No
OUEs | oNs
H vr B N+
wl l l
w| l l
Su ;
l
B s Fo +
, NO
hav oeensav| ngl o ong?
s oR ANsw Rs
A | l v | N | v
Y s, h W | | | '
l
No, h W on , l .
sHoR ANsw Rs
A | | v | N | v
Yes, h eW | | | .
l
No, h W on , l .
Feor uar y'
h e' \ \ h av e oeen eav | n g
l or l h r ee v ar e an d
| ' | | oer | ch!
. )
l AR E K l
| r l ( Tr u ) or
F( Fo| se) .
F Bol h l hel ul ur
p r l e l andl he
l ul ur e per l e l
pr ogT ss| ve use
W| | | hove oeen.
Su ,
FU UR F RF s A E nEN s
l
wl l l ( | l o )

ou, + F s F | | pl .
/ H/ S he/ l / w / You* | The W| | | ( nol ) havesavedenoughmoneyoyl hen.
* You
| sool hs| ngu| ar andp| ur a| .
l AR HE K 2
|rc| T( Tru ) or
F( Fo| se) .
F Sh r l ansWer
l or msar e
l hesamel or
l h l ul ur e
per l e l andl he
l ul ur e per l e l
pr ogr ss| ve.
9G
E FREss.
omp| l l h s senl ences W| l hl h
.
By June, l ' | | haveoeen
.
l ' | | have
r x m r * | el l | al * l
g
: Y . T: . . . : : l : . : : . 8: 9. . Y y. : : . : . . . : : : . : . : . : . 9: . : : . : : Y: . : . 27. . . . . . o o . . |
v r odr | ve. Us on Wor dl or eocho| onk.
mv neW cal l ol a v ar .
10, 000 m| | soyl hen.
x amp| s
1. whenw u5 l hel ul ur p r l e l , W | mag| ne
a er l a| n po| nl ol l | me| nl h l ul u , andWe
| ookoa k al v nl s l hal W| | oe omp| l ed ov
l h al l | m .
* ?*
Fasl
. ' . . . . . . . . . . . . | . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >
Fu l u r e
|
po|d
|un
.
deol
Useoy + l | m expr ss| on l o| denl | l y
l h po| nl | nl | me| nl h l ul ur .
Useo| r eod and
el
l oemphas| z Whel h r an
venl W| | | have happen d oyapo| nl | nl | m .
B
| une,
sh , l | hav ooughl aus d ar .
She, | | hav | ook d al a ol ol ar s oy l hen.
B a , h , l l hav o| r eod sav d $| , 000.
B a , h Won, l hav sav d $2, 00
el .
r By
Ju n e,
h eW | | |
| w Won, l have
have pa| d h| sd ol .
sav d noughoyl h n.
l
l
T
l
2. whenweus l hel ul ur p r l e l pr ogr ss| ve,
We| mag| ne a er l a| n po| nl | nl hel ul u , and
W | ookoa konl h| ngs a| r ady | npr ogr ss.
1gg8
* : *
0 c moer
Fasl
. . . ' . . . . . .
. . :
Fu l u r e
l |v|ng
hel ul ur e p r l l pr ogr ss| ve l o useson
hoW| ongandol l n| n | udes l h | engl hol l | me.
R ! Non. a l | on v r os ar enol usua| y
used | nl hepr ogr ss| ve.
w mov dh | n1998. Byn xl 0e emo r W
W| | hav oeen | | v| ng he e l or sev r a y ar s.
we' r emov| ngl oFar | s nexl year . By2005We
W| | | hav o n l | v| ngl h e l or s ver a y a s,
an d | l sh ou d l | | k h om .
r You, | | hav oe n sp ak| ng F n h l or
l n
eor s
oyl h n.
| ByHay, h , | | haveoWned h| s ar l or ayea .
No
8. Usel hel ul ur pe l e l or l hel ul ur epe l e l
p ogr ss| v W| l h l h s| mp| pr s nl l ns
l oshoWl heor d r ol ev nl s:
Fl s v l ul ur ep r l l ( pr ogr ess| v )
S o oEv : s| mp| epr s nl l ens
NoW
l |n|sh sl orl
d|nner l oreod orr|v
Byl h l | m youor r | ve, , | | hav l | n| shed d| nne .
No | , | h av
l | n | sh d d | n n .
Byl hel | meyouor r | v , , l l hav oe n r ad| ng
l or anhour .
Fasl
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | . . . . . x. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >
Ful ur
98 l L$ El *
TRU oR FAL| |
o
R odeochnumoer d senl nce, wr | l T( Tr u ) or F( Fo| se) l or l h
sl ol m nl l h ol l o| l oW s.
| . By l h| s

l | m l omor r o l , | | hav d | d d Wh| h ar l oouy.


l haven' l de | ded
yel Wh| h ar l ' m go| ngl oouy.
2. w , | | have a| r eady l | n| shed l he g o er yshopp| ngoy l he l | me yougel hom .
You W| | | gel home Wh| | e We ar e shopp| ng.
8. By n xl yea Har y W| | | hav o nWor k| ng al l he neWspap r l or l | ve year s.
N xl
eal , ,
Har y an | eor al her l r l l h ann| ver s al al l he neWspaper .
4. By l en o, | o k, sh Won' l have l | n| shed Wr | l | ng her o| umn yel .
Sh W| | | l | n| sh Wr | l | ng al l n ' | o k.
5. w W| | | hav movedl oa| ar ger ol l | oy l he year 2 l 0.
weW| | | movel oa| ar ger ol l | eal l er l hey ar 2010.
G. By nexl
ear , We' | |
hav o enpuol | sh| ng l he neWs| el l er l or l | l l eenyear s.
we sl ar l d l he neWs| el l r | ess l han l | l l een year s ago.
l FL E
o
Look ol l h l | m | | ne ndcomp| l el h senl enc s oooul Tom ndL| ndo, s
l ul ur eo comp| | shm nl s.
l Js l hel ul ur ep r l l or l hel ul ur eper l ecl pr ogr ess| v l or mol
l h Wor ds| npor nl h s s. hoos o l W en ol l | r mol | ve ondn gol | ve.
. . = : J|
ll|
1, , ,
, .
. : 1, ' : , ! ' . .
! | | ' ;
.
|
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L
1
' ' . ,
( l ; | ,
l . .
. ?
;
l
l
l
l zor s
ll|
1, , , 1, , ,
B 2 L2, l hey
By 2015, l hey
' | |
haveooughl
( ouy)
'
h av oeen | v | n g
a neW ar .
| n l he| r oWnhous l or l hr ee year s.
( | v )
By Tr av| s' s l | r sl o| r l hdaY, Tom
B 2017, Tom
By2019, l h y
They
( dr | v )
B 202 , L| nda
s hoo| l or l our year s.
anol her ar .
ar l or e| ghl
ear s
oy l hen.
h r ous| ness.
( 9 r ad u al )
( al l n d )
( ouy)
l he| r o| d
The
l or l Woyear s 202 .
( save)
l he oup| e
1,0,,
1,,,
B r el | r emenl ,
( o p n )
( a o mp | | sh )
a| ol .
Ful ur e er l e l and Fr * l un * er l e l r gr esg g* | 99
0l FLE
o
R dL| ndoL one, s ( LL) | nl er v| eW W| l hTeenag 0oup| esHagaz| ne( 0) .
omp| l l h | nl r v| WW| l hl h or r e l l or mol l h v r os| npor enl h ses. Us l h
pr ogr ss| v l or mWh nposs| o| . Usea| r ead or
el
Wh noppr opr | ol ,
T0: You l Wo ar amaz| g! By l he l |me you
gel
mar r | ed.
| ' ( g l )
o|
' |
have a! 214 ?1anned
your Who| | | l e l ogel h r !
LL: we| | , Wel e oeendal | ng s| n em| dd| e s hoo| . By l hel | me * u
. . . o' ouu. ,
l r o m h | g h s h o o | , a o o u l o u r m a r r | a g e l o r a | o n g l | m e .
T0: when Tr av| s
l r om o| | ege
,
Tom
. H W W| | | you manage W| l h Tom sl | | | | n s hoo| ?
LL l l Won' l oe easy, oul We' ve gol a p| an. Tom mosl
7 . ( l | n | sh )
ol h| s our sesoy l hen. He, | | sl ayhomeW| l h l heoaoy dur | ng l h day and gol o
n| ghl s hoo| .
T0: By l he l | me you
8 . ( | eo r l )
your l enl h Wedd| ng ann| ver sar y,
you _
9. ( ol sl ar l )
your ous| ness
Youhav a| ol ol pal | en e.
LL: Nol r a| | y. l year s ol pr a l | e onm
j oo
5. ( o oor n ) G . ( n o l g r ad u al )
| o . ( g l )
oy l hen. when l l he door sol L| nda, l n . ,
1 1 . ( o p en )
l av r y exper | en ed weo page des| gner .
. | 2 .
( o o m )
T0: we| | , good| u k l oyou, and l hanks l or l he | nl er v| W.
0l T. Reodl h| s
j our no|
enl r , F| ndondcor r ecl s| m| sl k s | nl h useol l h l ul ur e
p r l ecl ond l hel ul ur eper l ecl pr ogr ss| v . Th l | r sl m| sl ok | s l r ody cor r cl d.
h av e oeen
B ugusl | , | | oe Wor d
?r oc ; aor
l or l n
\ ar s'
nd ' l l e r n mosl l h sam s 1l or l hr
r s
l | l , s why | , ve m d aNeW \ r , s
r so ul | on l ogoo ckl o scnoo l h| s
r .
F| r sl ' m
go| ng l o Wr | l l or schoo c l l ogs ndsl r l 5 v| 0g l or l | l | on . B r ch, , h v l | gur oul
hoW r nucn l | l | on W| ( ( o l . Th n l , l sl ar app( y| ng. By a mm r , l h d r c | v d cc nc
e| l r s, n ugusl , , ( | l al k l or ny ooss oo l Wor k| ng p r l . l | m and go| ng l oschoo| p r l l | m ,
By l h l l | me, , l h u s v d r d nough l opay l or s m sl r ' s l | l | on ' By nexl NeW
\ r ' s 0ay, , | | h u o n sl ud | or one Wno| s m El r
Se| l Tesl
l | w0
l l l omor r oW.
A)
r a| ns ( 0)
' s
go| ngl or a| n
( B) r a| ned ( 0)
' s
r a| n| ng
The pa kage W| | | on Honday.
( A) ar r | ve ( 0) ar r | v| ng
( B) ar r | ves ( 0) oego| ngl oar r | ve
8. Oo dn| ghl . l you | n l he mor n| ng.
( A)
' | |
see ( 0)
' m
see| ng
( 0) see
al 7 : l 5 .
( 0) | av| ng
( 0) W| | | hav oeen| eav| ng
l omor r oW.
( ) l | y
( 0) have l | oWn
( 0)
' r e
oWn| ng
( 0) oWn
l he r epor l .
( ) 1| l | n| sh
( 0)
' s
oeenl | n| sh| ng
oyl hen.
( 0) have oeensav| ng
( 0) oesav| ng
| r c| el he| l l r ol l h cor r cl onsWer l ocomp| l eo hsenl ence.
Ex pl :
Jenn| l r never ol l ee.
A)
dr | nk
( B)
dr | nks
_ 0
( 0) | s dr | nk| ng
0)
Was dr | nk| ng
1 .
2 .
4 .
5 .
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
( B)
' m
go| ngl osee
Hur r y. The nexl ous
( A) | eave
B)
| eaves
B| | | W| | | oe l oTa| pe|
( A) l | | es
( B) l | y| ng
we aneWv0R soon.
( A) have oWned
( B) 11oWn
They, | | o mak| ng op| esWh| | e he
( A) l | n| shes
( B)
, | |
o l | n| sh| ng
8. She' | | a| mosl
$l , 000
( A) sav
( B) have saved
7 .
9. By nexl
ear ,
Roger W| | | her e l or l eny ar s.
( A) | | ve ( ) hav oeen| | v| ng
( B)
oe| | v| ng ( 0) oego| ngl | | v
10. w| | | you ouy an e| e l r | ar Wh n l hey ava| | ao| ?
( A) o me ( 0) ar eoe om| ng
( B) oe ame ( 0)
W| | | oe ome
100
AB 0
Se| l Tesl | v l 1O|
11. She' | | have gol l enmar r | ed Jun . AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
( A) a| r eady
( B) oy
72. wher e oe| | v| ng?
( A) l hey
( B) l hey W| | |
18. Look al l hose ar s! Thev !
( A) W| | | r ash
( B) W| | | oe r ash| ng
14. HoW l or o| | ege?
( A) shou| d pay
( B) W| | | shepay
( 0) s| n
( 0) unl | |
( 0) W| | | l h y
( 0) ar e l hey
( 0
' r e
go| ngl o r ash
( 0) W| | | hav r ash d
( 0) sh pays
( 0) she' sgo| ngl opay
[ l l || J. \ ' | w0
28.
1 5 .
1 G .
1 8 .
1 9 .
20.
2 1 .
o hs nl n hosl our und r | | n dWor dsor phr oses. Thel our und r | | ned por l s
ol l h s nl ence or m r kedA, B, , ond0. | r c| el h | l l er ol l heoneunder | | n d
Wor dor phr os l hol | sNo oRR ,
x pl | :
H| ke usua| | y dr | ves l o s hoo| , oul l oday he Wa| ks.
A B 00
A B _
w| | | you oeen so| ng l o l he dr ugsl or e l on| ghl ?
A B 0
The mov| e sl ar l s al 7: 80, sol l h| nk l gq.
A B 0
, 7.
we ar e go| ng l o sl udy l on| ghl unl | | We W| | | l | n| sh l h| s hapl er .
A B 0
By Apr | | , l ' | | have oeen dr | ven my neW ar l or a
eal .
A B 0
we' | | l r ave| l or a oup| e ol days, soyou Won, l oe ao| e l o a| | us.
0 A B
Jan l | n| shed s hoo| oy nexl Summe soWe' r e go| ng l ov| s| l her .
A B 0
wh| h pr oj e l W| | | h Wor ks onal l er he l | n| shes l h| s
j oo?
A B ( 0
By Januar y, he' | | have yg! saved
$1, 000. A*

* 0o
wher vou W| | | o sl av| ng When you g9l oHor o o?
* _ B l * _
l ' | | oe sl ud r | ngWh| | Ana W| | | o s| eep| ng.
A B ( 0
25. She W| | | n l has gr adual ed oy June.
A 0
| FOl N
h ckl h cor r cl onsWer s.
The | aWyer Wanl s l oknoW
l h evenl s nl hen|ghl ol Hay l 2l h.
l . W| l ness, spr ol ess| on.
l h namesol peop| eWhosaW
l h W| l ness.
wh
Ouesl | ons:
Suoj e l and Fr ed| al e
ANsW s ( s A r||EN s)
Su r y
v . * , l F* . o. . o, .
H saW me .
ANsw Rs( s A l NTs)
Su ;
v . * ' l F* . o. . o, .
saW h | m .
whal , happened
on Nh en | q h L ol
| a
1 2 Nh ?
wher ed| d
ou
go?whod| d
ou
oee? who aW
ou?
wh d\ dl
gel , oul , ol o d
Lh | e mo r n | n q ?
H R l | E |( |
0|rc|eT( Tru ) or
F( Fo|s ) .
F | h quesl | ons
ao ul l he
suoj e l hav
l hesame
Wor dor d r as
sl al emenl s.
OUEs | oNs
AB0U T sUB, (
w wo o
Su ,
v | F o|
who saW y ou ?
|| R | E l ( 2
|rc|eT( True) or
F( Fo|s ) ,
F | , Uh. quesl | ns
aooul l h
pr ed| al ehave
l hesam
Wor d or der as
sl al emenl s.
T F
Ouesl | ons
aooul l he
pr ed| al e an
| n | ude al or m
ol l hever o do.
OU s |oNs
ABoU H RE0l A
w wo o
l
Au* , . . o*
l l
F o |
v | Su | v
who( m) d | d you se ?
l o2
| / l r O| uesl | ons: Suo| e l and Fr ed| al e | 1o8
E FREss
Unscr omo| e l heseWor dsl ol or ml Woquesl | ons.
n| ghl

happened
.
whal

| asl
d o . d | d . wh a l o n e x l Yo u
8r a
g
ma r : l ; e* ?al | ns x amp| s
1. Us . qu sl | ons l oask l or s e | l | | nl or mal | on.
l , h. qu sl | ons o g| nW| l hquesl | on Wor dssu h
asWho, Whol , Where, Wh n, Wh , Wh| h,
Whos , hoW, hoW mon , hoW mu h, and
hoW | ong.
r wh o d | d y ou s al A , s 0 | l ?
r why d| dyougol h ?
| HoW many p op saWyoul her ?
r HoW l ongd| dyousl ay l her e?
2. whenyouar ask| ng aoo l l he suoj e l
( usua| y l hel | r sl pa l ol l h senl en e) , us a
Wh qu sl | on Wor d| np| a eol l h suoj l . he
Wor dor der | sl h same as| nasl al menl .
Someon saW y ou .
l
Y
r who saWyou?
8. wh nyouar eask| ng aoo l l he pr d| al
( usua| | y l he| asl par l ol l hesenl n ) , l he
quesl | on oeg| ns W| l haWh Wor d, oul l h Wor d
or der | sl h sameas| nayes| no qu sl | on.
som l h| ng | nl h p ed| al , youne d | l her
a. al o mol l h v r ooe.
OR
o. al or mol anaux| | | ar y ( , , h | p| ng, , ) v o
su hasdo, h v , on, W| | | .
YousaWsomeone.
0| dyous som on ?
r who d| dvous ?
| who| sHa r y dams?
| wh y W as h al A , s 0r | | | ?
r whydo s sh Wanl l ol esl | l y?
No _
4. Us No : | nver y l or ma| ngl | sh Wh nask| ng
aooul p op| e| nl hep ed| al , Whom | s
som l | m s us d| nsl ad ol Who.
you annol us Whom.
v y Fo |
r whom d| dyouse ?
| o | .
r who d| dyous ?
r who | sl h n xl W| l n ss?
No
1O4 l un| l 24
| l | A |
o
o hquesl | on go sW| l hononsW r . Hol ch o hquesl | onW| l hl h
cor r ecl nsW n
Ou sl | on
l
| . who d| d vou see?
2. who saWyou?
8. whal h| l h r ?
4. whal d| d sheh| l ?
An sW r
a. H| s W| l e saW m .
o. Sh h| l a car .
O. l gave l he money l oHar r y.
d. A ar h| l her .
5. wh| h man d| d you g| ve l he money l o? e. Har r y gav m l he money.
G. wh| h man gav
u
l he money? l . l saW l he d l ndanl .
Ol FLE E
o
R odl h| scr oss xom| nol | on. omp| l | l oyWr | l | ngl he| W r , s qu sl | ons.
1 . l , Wy .
whal | med| d
ou
r el , ur n home?
( wh al l | m / y o u / l u r n h o m ?)
wr ss: l r el ur ned home
j usl
oel or em| dn| ghl .
2. L Wy :
( Ho W
/ y o u / g l h o m ?)
wr ss: Som one gave m a | | l l .
8. L Wy :
( wh o
/ g | v / y o u | ar | d e?)
wr ss: A l r | end l r om Wor k.
4. L Wy :
( wh a l / h a p p n / n x l ? )
| vr ss: l openedmy door and saW someoneonmy | | v| ng r ooml | oor .
5. L Wy :
( w h o / y o u / s ? )
wr ss: 0eo r ah0 | | | ns.
G. L Wy :
( wh o
/ o / 0eo o r ah o | n s?)
She' smy W| l e' sooss. l mean sher osmy W| l ' sooss. She' sdeadnoW. wr ss:
7. L Wy :
wr ss:
8. L Wy :
( whal
| ou | l | g ?1
l a| | ed l h po| | e.
wr ss: No one a| | ed me. whv?
( Ho W man y / p o p | a |
o u ?)
1 .
AS| ( . R odl hese sl ol menl s. Th noskquesl | ons oooul l h under | | ned Wor ds.
Th W| l n ss r ecogn| zed Har r y Adams.
who r ecogn| zed Har r y dam ?
2 . The W| l ness r ogn| zedHar r y Adams.
who d| dl heW| l neee r ecogn| ze?
8. 0our l oeg| nsal 9: 00 . .
4. F| ve W| l nesses l esl | l | ed.
5. The
j ur y
l oundAdams gu| | l y oe ausehe d| dn, l hav an a| | o| .
G. Somel h| ng hor r | o| e happened.
7. The l r | a| | asl ed l WoW eks.
8. The
j udge
spokel ol he
j ur y.
9. Adams pa| dh| s | aWyer $2, 000.
1o. The d| sl r | l al l or ney quesl | onedl h r sl aur anl manager .
E0l T
.
R odl h| s| | sl ol quesl | ons. Ther e
qr e
s| xm| sl ok s | nl heus ol Wh qu sl | ons.
F| ndond or r l l hem, Thel | r sl m| sl ok
|so|r od corr l d,
| , ' | j l ' l , ' ' l ' . ' l , ' | ! | | | | | . ' | l | . | | , r l . , r . r r , , | , | , l : 1, , , | : 1. , r , : | : | . : | : | ; r ,
d | d
, l ,
Wh l
l | m l | h
so| sv cl
r l r n
home?
L| | ho
d| d
se
h| m?
w r
l h r
n
W| l ness s?
whom
W s
l hom z
U| hv
|
h l
, Sm| l h?
Wh l
d| d
h pp n
n n?
wh r
h d| d
go?
l 1oW
G 1
mon
hel ook
W| l h
h| m?
Tag O| uesl | ons
; |l 8: ! / ! ||%; : * * F0l NT
he kl he or r e l ansWer .
man| s ask| ngaooul
l heWeal her .
man | s ommenl | ng n
l heW al her '
wl H B As H HA| N v RB
AFFl R| v| A | vE
S
N OA | vE
T
You, r l r omL. A. * , ar en, l
ou?
* L. 4.
=
LosAnge| es
w| HALLAUx | L| ARY vERBSEX FT0o
AFF| R| | A | v
S
N OA | v
T
You' r emov| ng, ar en, l
ou?
He' so enh r e, h asn ' l h e?
hey Oan mov , Oan ' l l h ey ?
w| H 0o As AN AUXl Ll ARY vERB
AFF| R A | v
S
N OA | v
T
You | | ve h r e, don, l
ou?
h y mov d, d | d n ' l l h ey ?
| AR l | E l (
| r c| T( Tr ue) or
F( Fo| se) .
F l l l h e
sl al emenl
| s al l | r mal | ve,
l hel ag| s
al l r r mal | v .
F l l l h e
sl al menl
hasan
aux| | | ar y,
us l h same
aux| | | ar y | n
l hel ag.
F l l l he
sl al m nl does
nol haveal rm
ol oeor an
aux| | | ar y, you
needal or mol
do | n l hel ag.
NEOA | v
S
AFF| R| l nA
T
You' r e nol l r omL. A. , ar eyou?
N OA | v
S
AFFl R| l nA | v

You, r nol mov| ng, ar y ou ?
H h asn , l o en h e e, h as h e?
Th y Oan ' l mov , an l hey?
N OA | v
S
AFF| R| v| A | v
T
Youdon, l | | v h r , do you?
h y d| dn, l mov , d| d l hey?
L0G
Tag O| uesl | ons l | O7
FREss ||: ||)h ; |
Unscr omo| l h s Wor dsl ol or mo l ogqu sl | on.
a l or
.
you
.
an

ar en, l

You, r e
8
y
r u, a y ' gal | . r a m* # m W* ar p r s
1. weol l en usel ag quesl | onsl o:
a. he k | nl o mal | on Weo | | ve l ooel u
OR
o. omm nl onas| l ual | on
Tom| | v s | nL. A. , do sn, l h ?
( Th sp oker o | | v s l hal Tom | | v s | nL. A, ond
Wanl sl o h ckl h| s| nl or mol | on, )
l , s an| eday, | sn' l | l ?
( Th speak r | s omm nl | ng onl h W al her . )
2. Tagquesl | ons hav a sl al m nl and al ag.
For ms ol l agqu sl | ons va y, oul l he| r mean| ng
| sa| Ways s| m| | ar . hesl al m nl xpr ss s an
assumpl | on. hel agm ans R| ghl ?
a. | l l hesl al m nl v r o| sal l | r mal | ve, l h l ag
v r o| sn gal | ve.
o. | l l hesl al em nl ver o| snegal | ve, l hel ag
v r o| sal l | r mal | v .
sl a l m n l l a g
You, e nol l r omL. . , ar e
ou?
You, r
Ja k
La0osl a, ar en, l you?
Youdon, l dr | v mu h, do you?
al l | r m l | v e n eg al | v e
YouWor k onFr | days, don' l you?
n eg al | v al l | r mal | v e
Youdon' l Wor k onFr | days, doyou?
l
l
l
8. h l ag a Ways us s al or mol oeo anaux| | | ar y
ve o( oe, hove, do, or W| | | , or amoda| su has
on, cou| d, or shou| ,
Us No : Nol | el h l agl or l om,
wh nl h suoj e l ol l h sl al menl | sl h| sor
l hol , l h suoj e l ol l h l ag| s| l .
l , s an| day, | sn, l | l ?
You, v | | v d h r e a| ongl | me, haven, l you?
You om l r omN WYor k, don, l you?
You andr | v , an, l you?
, m n ex l , ar n , l | ?
omWo ks h , do sn, l h ?
No omWor ksh r , d s# l 4om?
Thol ' s agood| dea, | sn' l | l ?
No hal , s agood | d a, * ; r | l | al ?
l
l
l
l
l
l
4. wh nyouuseal agquesl | on l o h k
| nl or mal | on or l o ommenl on a s| l ual | on,
you vo| l a s onl h l ag. You xpe l l h | | sl n r
l oagr or
j usl
shoWl hal h or she| s| | sl n| ng.
agqu sl | onsana| sooeus d l ogel
| nl or mal | on. AsWl l h
s/ no
quesl | ons, your
vo| er | ses al l heend, andyouexp l l ogel an
ansWer ( Yes or No) .
| l , s gel l | ng war m , | sn, l | l ?
Y ah . S ems mo e | | k e su mme .
7
You, r e nol mov| n9, ar e
ou?
Yes. w , r r l ur n| ng l oL. .
OR
No. w , r sl ay| ng her e.
A:
B:
A:
B:
1o8 | 8j * l # s
| 0EN | FY
o
R dl h| s onv r sol | on, Under | | ne | | l h l ags.
K y: H| , T m. l l , san| e day, | sn' l | l ?
To : Sur e | s. Nol a | ud| n l he sky. H W ar eyou do| ng?
K y: Oo d, l hanks. You don' l knoW ol any va anl apar l menl s, doyou?Hy son| s
| ook| ng l or one.
To : He | s? l l h ughl heWas sl ay| ng W| l h you.
K y: we| | , he r ea| | y Wanl s a p| a l h| s oWn. 0o
ou
knoW ol anyl h| ng?
To : As a mal l er ol l a l , l do. You knoW l he Soo l as, don' l you?we| | , l
j usl
l ound oul
l hal l hey' r e m v| ng l o NeW Yor k nexl monl h.
K y: They ar e?whal k| nd l apar l menl d l hey have?
To : A one o dr oom.
y: l l ' snol l ur n| sh d, | s | l ?
To : No. why? He doesn' l needal ur n| sh d apar l menl , doesh ?
K y: we| | , he doesn' l have l ur n| l ur . Bul l guesshe an a| Ways r enl Some' an' l he?
T : why don, l you g| v your Sonmy numoe and | , | | g| ve h| m somemor | nl or mal | on?
K y: w| | | vou?Thanks. Tom.
l l | H

Eo hsl ol m nl go sW| l ha l ag, ol cheo hsl ol m nl W| l hl hecor r l l og.


l
a .
o .
0.
d .
.
l .
1 .
2 .
8 .
4 .
5 .
G .
7 .
8 .
9 .
Sl al men l
You' v a| | ed l he mover s,
Th y' r e om| ngl omor r o
Th| s | sn' l go| ngl oo heap,
You hav n' l l | n| shed pa k| ng,
w don, l needany mor oox s,
Fau| | s g | ngl ohe| p us,
w an pul somel h| ngs | n sl r age,
Ja k | sn' l ouy| ng our oook ases,
The mover s ar n' l pa k| ng l h oooksl or us,
Hov| ng | s har d,
Tag
an' l We?
doWe?
| s he?
| sn' l | l ?
ar e l hey?
have you?
| sn, l h ?
| s | l ?
hav n' l you?
ar en' l l hey? 1 0 .
9 .
h .
| .
| .
ag
Ouesl | ns | 1o9
Ol FLE E
o
A r od| ol o| k shoWhosl | s| nl er v| eW| ng oneol her guesl s, oHo| | yWood
s re np|oyWr|l r, omp| l l h |nl erv| WW|l hoppropr|ol l ogs.
Hos : You' ve | | ved | n Ho| | yWo d l or many y ar s'
haven' l
ou
. 7
1 .
Ou s : S| n e l Was e| ghl een and am her e l Wr | l e my l | r sl s r enp| ay.
Hos : You d| dn' l knoW an oneher e al l | r sl .
2 .
Ou s : No. And l d| dn' l have a nl l omy name. Jusl some| deas and a | ol ol hope. l l
soundscl az ,
8 .
Hos : Bul l h| ngs hav Wor ked oul l or
o ,
You' r e Wor k| ng on anol her s r eenp| ay noW,
Ou s : Yes. l l , sa omedyaooul somek| ds Who oe om | nv| s| o| e.
Hos : Speak| ng ol k| ds,
oU
have som ol your oWn'
Ou s : TWo ooys and a g| r | al | ver y v| s| o| e!
Hos : l knoW Whal you mean. 0o you v r W| sh l hey wer e| nv| s| o| e?
Ou s : No l hal ' s an | nl er esl | ng l houghl ,
7 .
0l T. Reodl h| spor l ol omov| scr | pl , F| ndondcor r ecl s v nm| sl okes | n l heus ol l og
qu sl | ons. Thel | r sl m| sl oke| so| r eodycor r e l d,
h a n , l
Ben: l l ' s oeen a | ong l | me, l o , h r e# l | l ?
r o : Thal dep nds on Whal you mr an oy a | ong l | m , d. oesn' l l hal ?
Ben: \ A hal are you do|ng around. he e, a rWay? l l ' s d. an$erous.
r o : l an l ake a e ol m5r se . l ' m sl | | | a| | ve, amn' l l ?
Ben: Yes, oul you' r e
sl | | | Wanl ed oy l he po| | e'
ar e you?
r r o : Look, l need a p| a e l o sl ay. You have a p| a , don' l you? . | usl l or one n| $hl .
Ben: l have l o l h|r ol
1r
W|l e and k|d. s. You arr l |nd. somep|a e e1se, arryou?
r o : No. You' ve gol
l o he| p m !
Ben: l ' v a| eady he| ped you p| nl y. l Wenl l oj a| |
l or you, haven' l l ?
r o : Yeah, oK, Ben. You r ememoer Whal happ n d. | n ve$as, d. oyou?
Ben; oK, oK. l an make a a11.
Add| l | ons W| l hSo, Too,
Ne| l he , and Nol e| l her
l
F0l N
h ckl h cor r cl nsWer .
e men| | ke d| l l r nl l h| ngs.
l e m n| | ke l h samel h| nps
w| H B As HE HA| N v RB
wl THALLAUx | L| ARYv RBSEX EF 0o
AFF| R | A | v
S | A00l | oN
and so| sSu .
Amy| sal W| n,
an d Su e| s l oo.
AFF| R nA
S Aoo | o
an d so an Su e.
Amy an sW| m,
an d Su an l oo.
AFF| R| vl A | v
S | Aoo| | o
my| | kes
l
and sodo s Sue.
dogs,
l
and Suedoes l oo.
N OA | v
S Aoo| | o
Amy| sn, l v r yl a | ,
and n | l her | sSu .
and Sue | sn' l e| l her .
N OA | vE
S Apo| | o
an d n e| l h r an Su .
my an , l sk | ,
and Su Oan, l e| l h r .
N OA l v
S | Apo| | o
my d o sn , l
|
an d n | l h r d o sSu .
| | k al s,
l and Su do sn, l | l h r .
H | Su
TW|ns Separal ed al B|rl h Are Reun|l ed!
Ha r k | | k e s h u n l | n g , l | s h | n g , n d 0h | n e s e l o o d .
So does Oer a| d.
l R l l E l (
|rc| T( True) or
F( Fo| se) .
F Ther e| smor e
l han oneWay
l omake
anadd| l | n.
F Us soor l oo
W| l h negal | ye
sl al m nl s.
F wh en a
sl al emenl does
nol hav a
l or mol heor
an aux| | | ar y
ver o, usea
l orm ol do |n
l he add| l | on.
1 1 0
w| H v RB s U s| NO 0o As AN AUx | Ll ARYv RB
Add| l | ons W| l h So. Toa. Ne| l her , and Nol e| l her l 111
Ex, FREss
Uns r omo| l h seWor dsl ol or m dd| l | ons,
| s . a r k . a n d n | l h r d o e s . O r a | d . s . a n d
O r a| d | sn, l mar r | ed. Har k l | ghl s l | r es,
8r a
g l r ar
l l | x | anal | ons amp| s
l . Add| l | ons ar phr as s or shor l s nl n es l hal r cer a d| sal | el | ghl , and so | sHar k.
l o| | oWasl al m nl . Us anadd| l | onl oavo| d ( r o| d| sol | r l | ghl r , ond ar k| sal | r l | ghl r . )
r ep al | ng l h | nl or mal | on | nl h sl al emenl .
2. Us soor l oo| l l headd| l | on l o oWs an r c r a d| sal | r l | ghl , andso| sHa k.
al l | r mal | ve sl al em nl oR
r 0 a| d | sal | r el | ghl e , andHar k| sl oo.
Us e| l her or nol e| l her | l l headd| l | on l o| oWs r c al dd| dn, l g l ma | d. Ne| l her d| d Ha k.
an oal | v sl al menl . oR
| 0 r a| d d| dn, l gel ma | d. Ha kd| dn
, l
| l her .
ne| l h r , hev r o omesoel or l hesuoj e l . | N | l her d| d Har k. No
8. Add| l | ons a| Ways us al or mol oeor an
aux| | ar y ver o( oe, hov , da, W| | | , or amoda
ver osu hascan, ou| d, shou| d, Wou| ,
a. | l l h sl al emenl us s l or mol oe, us a l | , mal W| n, andso| smy ous| n.
l or mol oe| nl headd| l | on l oo.
o. | l l hesl al menl uses anaux| | | ar y v o, r 0 a d had qu| l h| s
j oo,
andsohad Ha k.
us l hesam aux| | | ar y ver o| nl headd| l | on. l | an, l d | v , andn | l her Oanmyl W| n.
O. | l l h sl al em nl has aver ol hal us s doas r Oer a| d oWns adog, andsodo s Ha k.
anaux| | | ar y ver o, use l heappr opr | al e l or m r 0 a d ooughl aj ep,
andsod| d Ha k.
ol do | nl headd| l | on.
4. l n onver sal | on, you anuseshor l r s onses A: | hav al W| ns| sl r .
W| l hsq l oo, ne| l her , andnol e| l her l o agr e B: Jo do | . o | do l oo.
W| l hanol her speaker . A: l don, l hav anyo ol her s or s| sl s.
B N | l her do | . o | don, l e| l h r .
Us l No : n| nl or ma| spee h, peop| say A: , m| el l hand d.
He l oo andHe ne| l her l o xp ess s| m| | ar | l y B: , He l oo.
o agr em nl . A: , ve n ver h ar d ol l h se l W| ns.
Bz He ne| l her .
| | 2 l u n | l 2 G
| .
2.
8 .
4.
5 .
G .
RUE oR l ALsE
o
Reodl h se shor l conver sol | ons
o l We n r un| l ed l W| ns. wr | l T( Tr u )
ar F( Fo| se) l or l h sl ol emenl l hol l o| | oWs eochconv r sol | on,
H : l | | ke 0h| nese l ood.
O r , | r :
So dol .

O r a| d | | kes 0h| nese
l ood.
A : l don, l Wanl l o gooul .
B :
N |l her do l .
Bar oar a Wanl s l g ul .
l ' m nol hung y.
l ' m nol e| l her .
J an | sn' l hungr y.
J :
J :
Al l y: l ' ve a|Ways l e|l |u ky.
K r : Sohave l .
Non : l an' l sW| m.
0r : He ne| l her .
0| na an sW| m.
0 n : l shou| dn' l Wor k somu h.
Touo: N | l her shou| d l .
ToddWanl s l oWor k | ess.
J so : l , d| | ke l o | eave noW.
TYr , : He l o.
7 .
Hr :
Bo :
Kerr| has l |l |u ky.
l don' l eal meal .
l don' l e| l her .
Boo eal smeal .
Jr : l h av eah ead a h .
Br r , r , : l dol o .
Bol h J| m and B| | | have
heada h s.
Tv| er Wanl s l o| ave.
Hoos|

| r c| l h cor r l Wor dsl ocomp| el l h| spor ogr oph.


Som l | mes
o | ng al W| n an aus l r ouo| e. l n h| gh s hoo| , l Was | n Hr . Ja oos' s
h| sl or y | ass. Ne| l h r / G Was my or ol her . one dayWe l ok al esl . l gol quesl | ns 18
1 .
and 20wr ong. Hy or ol her d| d so/ l o . l d| dn, l spe| | 0onsl anl | nop|
or r e l | y, and
2.
e| l her / n | l her d| d he. The l ea her Was sur e We had heal ed. As ar esu| l , l gol an F
8 .
on l h l esl , and so

my or ol her . we l r | ed l o nv| n e Hr . Ja oos ol our
| nno en e, oul he d| dn' l oe| | ev us. The pr | n | pa| d| dn' l e| l her / l oo. we l | na| | y
5 .
onv| n ed
l h m l o g| ve us anol her l esl . Th| s l | me l gol | l ems 8 and 10Wr ong.
Ou ss Whal ?
Ne| l her
/ So d| d my or ol her . our l ea her Was asl unded.
So/ To Was
G .
u
7 '
l he
pr | n | pa| . w Wer n' l . w Wer e
j usl amus d.
9.
8dd l | s
. , | l | |
s : , l ' | ' | r | l ! r r . ar | d | l | ! ! # l l 118
Ol l | FLE E
o
Hor l o ond or l l or l W| ns. Theyogr onev r yl h| ng. omp| l el h | r
conver sol | on W| l hr spons s.
H : l ' m soh. pp We l | na| | y l ound ea h ol her .
0 r , : So
, T |
. l a| Ways l e| l | | ke somel h| ng Was m| ss| ng l r om my | | l e.
1 .
: So . l a| Wavs kneW l had a dou | someWher eoul l h r e.
2 .
0 r , : l an' l oe| | evehoW s| m| | ar We ar e.
H , : Ne| l her . l l ' s| | k a| Ways see| ngmyse| l | n l hem| r r or .
8 .
0 r , : Nol on| y doWe | ok| denl | a| , oul We | | ke and d| s| | k a| | l he samel h| ngs.
, : R| ghl . l hal e | l l u e.
0 ,r, : l And l d l sl | | v r .
4 .
H : S
0 r : So
5 .
l | ou p| zza, l hough.
Bul on| y W| l h l omal oand hees . l don' l | | ke pepper n| .
G .
: N | l h r
7 .
0 , l , : Th| s | s amaz| ng! l Wonder | l our husoands have somu h | n ommon.
H : He
8 .
E0l T
.
R odl h| s sl ud nl , s compos| l | on. Th r or s| m| sl okes | nl h us ol s nl nce
odd| l | ons. F| nd ndcor r ecl l hem, Th l | r sl m| sl oke| so| r od cor r l d.
Hy Br ol her and l
Hy o ol her | s j usl
a year o| d r l han l am. \ Al e have a | ol ol l h| n$s
| n ommon.
| h e
l r ' | r sl ol a11, W | ook a| | ke. l am 5, 10
' '
,
and so hs_| s' l hav sl r a| $hl o| a k
ha| r and dar k or oWn e es' and so does h . we sha e many ol l he same | nl e sl s
l oo. l | ov l o p1ay so and he l oo. Bol h ol us sW| m eve y day, oul l an' l ' d| ve,
and e| l her an h .
Somel | m s oe| n$ so s| m| | a has | l s pr oo| ems. For examp| , | asl n| $hl l
Wanl ed l he 1asl p| e e ol ho o| al e ak , and so do s he. ol l en l Won' l l ee| | | ke
do| ng l he d| shes, and ne| l he won' l he. wor sl ol a11, somel | m s l ' m | nl er esl d | n
dal | ng a er l a| n s hoo| mal , and so he | s. HoWeve mosl ol l he l | m l l | our
s| m| | ar | l | es ar e r ea| | y n| c . So does my or ol her .
Se| l esl
| . wher e
( A)
doesshe| | ve
l B)
she| | ves
2.
| sl l h| s Wa| | el ?
( A)
hom
( B)
whose
8. You, r e ynl h| a'
vou?
( A)
ar en' l
( B)
ar e
4. Laur a | vessoapoper as,
and.
( A)
Jane doesl o
( B)
soJane does
5. l d| dn' l | | ke spor l s, and
( A)
e| l her d| d
( B)
ne| l her do s
( 0)
shedoes| | ve
( 0)
she| | ved
( 0)
who
( 0)
who d| d
( 0)
d| dn' l
( 0)
Wer e
( 0)
Jan | ovesl o
( 0)
so| ovesJane
my or ol her .
( 0)
sod| d
( 0)
ne| l her d| d
( )
| l Wasn, l
( 0)
| l | sn' l
W ?
( )
do
( 0)
d| d
( 0) you gave
( 0) gaveyou
( ) you
saW
( 0) you
see
G.
Thal
| sn' l Sam, | s| l ?
No,
. Sam' sl a| | er .
( A)
| l | s
l B)
| l doesn' l
7. wed| dn, l eal h r e | asl Week.
( A)
d| dn' l
( B)
haven' l
8.
who
your
o| ke?
| v| | ke
d| d.
( A)
d| d g| ve you
( B)
d| d you g| ve
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
A 0
AB 0
AB 0
A 0
AB 0
9.
_who
al l h pal l ?
l
saW Sl el an.
( A)
saWyou
( B)
d| dyousee
| r c| l he| el l r ol l he or r ecl nsW r l ocomp| el
ochs nl en .
xompl :
Jenn| l er
never
( )
dr | nk
B)
dr | nks

| s dr | nk| ng
l 0)
Was dr | nk| ng
1 1 4
AB 0
Se| l Tesl v l 115
1 0 .
l
hal e aooage.
He
. l an, l even| ook al | l .
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
A 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
( A) l oo
( B) | l her
11. Wash| ng l hed| shesl on| ghl ?
( A) whose
( B) who' s
( 0) ne| l her
( 0) dol oo
( 0) who ar e
( 0)
who does
( 0) Wasn' l
( 0) ne| l her Was
12. L| am Was oor n | n l r e| and. oul h| s or ol her
( A) Was
( B) d| dn' l
w0
o hs nl nc hosl our und r | | nedWor dsor phr s s. Thel our und r | | n d p r l s
ol l h s nl nc or mar kedA, B, , ond0. | r c| l he| el l r ol l heon under | | n d
Wor dor phr osel hol | sNor ORRE ,
18. Th| s | s agoods hoo| , Wasn' l | l ?
A B 0
14.
w
Wenl l oSl an' s ho| | day par l y | asl yea hadn' l W ?
A B
( 0
Kev| n has a| Ways oeenag eal sl udenl , and soh| s or ol her has.
A B 0
Hy s| sl er has never gonesk| | ng, and ne| l her d| d l .
A B 0
wher e vouWor k d | asl year When youWer e go| ngl s hoo| ?
A 0
Thal s| gn | s l oosma| | l r ead, | sn' l l hal ?
A B 0
Eng| | sh | sn' l an easy| anguag l o| ear n, | s | l .
A B 0
Hy par enl s ar eool h good ooks, and mel oo.
A B
( 0
21. T m and Fr ed hadn' l oeenl oF| or | da oel or el hen. had he?
A B 0
22. l ' musua| | yr | ghl aooul l heW al he amn, l
! ?
A B 0
Fau| | | kes l l a| | an l ood, doesn' l Fau| ?
A B 0
wher e d| d l he Wenl
r esl er day?
A B ( 0
why you a| | me so| al e | asl n| ghl ?
AB 0
AB 0
1 5 .
1 G .
1 7 .
1 8 .
1 9 .
20.
28.
2 5 .
24.
x pl l :
H| k usua| | y dr | veg l o s hoo| , oul l oday he
A B 0
Wa| ks. A _
0
Ao| | | l y:
an, 0ou|d, Be ao|e l o
l l | F | N
|rc| T( True) or F( Fo|s ) .
F Thel al her Wanl sl oknoW| l
h| s daughl er hasper m| ss| on
l odospr eadshe l s.
|| R l / | l ( |
|rc|eT( True) or
F( Fo| se) .
F Th l or ml or
on and ou|d
| s l he sam l or
a| | suoj l s.
Su ,
sTA v| ENTS: N / oU L0

B s Fo

l | / 0oul o*

o v
| / H / S h / l / w / You/ h y
an ( nol ) do spr eadsh el s noW.
ou| d ( nol ) us a ompul er asl y ar .
* 0an
and cou| d ar moda| s. They do nol hav
s
| n l h l h| r d per son s| ngu| ar .
YEs/ No
OUEs |oNs
| |
l ' l / 0oul o

5u 1
1
0 N/ 0OUL0
s |
Fo
0an sh d o l h m?
0ou | d l hey use on ?
sHoR ANSwERS
l
l
A | | v | N A l vE
Yes,
sh a n .
No,
sh a n , l .
l h y ou | d . l h y ou | d n , l .
! UH.
Ou S | oNS:
AN/ 0OUL0
| 4| wo o
l
c l | / 0o* ,
l
sur y. . '

o, o

HoW We| |
can s h e d o sp eadsh l s?
ou| d l h y u s a omp u l r ?
| AR | E l ( 2

h kl h cor r cl
onsW r .
wh| h par l ol oe
oo| e l o hang sl or
d| l l r enl suoj e l s?

J oe J oo| e l o
s A , l N S: BE BLE o
Su ,
|
, .

' , , ' o

o' . o

l am
( nol ) ao| l o do sp adshe l s' H / Sh / l r s
w / You/ Th y ar
11G
| AR HE l ( 8
he kl h cor r ecl
onsW r .
l nquesl | onsW| l h oe
oo| e l o, Whal omes
oel or el hesuoj e l ?
al or mol oe
ul rm ol oo|e l o
YES/ NO O
l
B '
|
Su ,
|
l U s | o
A o
NS: B ABL o
o' . l
Fon
Ar e you
ao| l o d o spr adsh l s?
| s sh e
1y: : 1 | S?: : ' . ?. : ! ! : . . ? l . . r r . . : . . ! . 7. . . . . o . . . |
sl oR
A | | v
[ Nsw Rs
l
N | v
Yes,
l a m .
No,
| ' m n ol .
sh el S. sh e | sn ' l .
WH.
OU s | oNS:
B ABLE o
w . wo o

r
l
su . . ,

' , , ' o

o' . o

HoWW
ar you
ao| e l o d o spr eadsh l s?
| s sh e
A:
ExFREss Hj ; |: ||,|! ||,,! # ,
omp| l l h s s nl n es W| l h an or oe ao| l o. Useon Wor dl or e cho| onk.
sheao| e use a ompul er a| r eady?
B: Yes. she and sh l ype and dospr eadsheel sl oo.
* ' m' W, r # p# eW e* * % l l | xar * s
1. Us o or oeoo| l ol ol a| kaooul ao| | l y | n r She an do ompul gr aph| s.
l h p senl . | She, s ao l o do ompul gr aph| s.
Us r No l : | never yday spee h, on| smor e
ommonl hanoe oo| el o| nl h or esenl l ense.
2. Use | l h r ou| dor W s/ Wer eoo| l ol ol a k | Sam| ou| d r ead Wh nheWasl ou .
aooul ao| | l v ( oul nol asp | l | a h| vem nl ) | n r Was ao| l o us a ompul l oo.
l hepasl .
aooul aspe | l | a h| evemenl or as| ngl e evenl | n No
l heoasl .
Us | l h r cou| dor Wos/ Wer eoo| e l o | n r ou| dn, l W| n l heHal hF | ze asl y a .
n gal | v senl n es aooul pasl ao| | l y. | | Wasn, l ao| e l o do on p oo m.
8. For l or ms andl enses ol her l hanl h pr s nl or r
Jen
Wanl s l o o ao| l o Wr | l e p ogr ams.
pasl , useoe oo| e l o. ( | nl | n| l | v )
| By
June
she W| | | oe ao| l o omp| el e h r
ompul r ass. ( l ul ur e)
118 r | l n| l 27
l 0EN l FY
o
R odpor l ol onor l | c| eoooul somel o| nl d
Young
ous| n ss peop| e.
Und r||nel heWordsl hol expr ssoo|||l y.
0l LFl E
o
Reod ochdescr | pl | on, 0omp| el e| l W| l honom l r oml heor l | c| .
1.
Ja
so| dsol l War pr og amsal l h ageol l our l e n.
2.
8 .
4.
d| dn' l agr ee W| l h h| s par l ner .
ear ns moneyr ev| W| ng sol l War .
Was ao| e l d s| gn aweo pagel or aWr | l er .
0l LFL E
o
R dl hese por ogr ophs, omp| el el h mW| l hcan, ou| d, or oe ao| e l o.
Use an or ou| d Whenposs| o| e. hoos oel W n ol l | r mol | ve ndnegol | ve.
| . Sl el an | s en| oy| ngh| s ompul er | ass. TWo W eks ago, he
cou dn'
ven
us l he mous . oul noWhe d| l h| s hom Wor k. Bv nexl Week he
dor esear h onl h l nl er nel .
2. E| en| m| sses her l am| | y | n Or e . She v| s| l l hem l or v ar s. oul
l hey
j usl gol an e ma| | a ounl , sonoW l hey keep| n l ou h da| | y.
8 . l under sl and hoW l osel up apr esenl al | on. The sol l War e
| nsl r u l | ons d n' l h | p. l l h| nk l , 11 l ake apr ol ss| ona| deve| opmenl ur s . l n al W
monl hs mayo l make l hal pr senl al | on.
4. H| ke and l gel a| ng s| n We sl ar l d l h| s ous| ness. He
Wor k a| one
( he
n dspeop| ) , and l Wor k | n a

su r pr | s| n g n u m r ol y ou n g p op| h av e
\ o. n o| l o r al e su ssl u| w o oas d
u , | * , * , . o* y * , en l r pr n u r
j s
S m
Rooer l s. S m ou| dd s| gnw o
Fag s
Wh nh Was | ghl , oul h
gol h| sor e k l l W | v Wh na
Wr | l r h| r d h| ml od s| gn w o
L | ooW| l z, was ao l o s l | l Wo sol l W r
Fr ogr ams
Wh n h W sl ou r l n . H m de
$80, 000 on l h ede l an dn oWJay r u n sh | s
oWnw os| l . 0anF| n| ey Wr j l s
r v| Wsol new sol l W r . He
sl ar l ed h| sous| n ss l s| xl n. A
l u | l | m o| | ge sl u d n l , 0an an
wr Bus| ssr s
TOR TUN
AN0 FRol |
s| l e. Sam, s l | r sl ou s| n ss l | | d o au s h e
and h| s par l n r w r n, l o| el o g l a| ong.
HoW ver , h| sn Wous| n ss, weoman, | sup
an dr u n n | n g. An ol h r y ou n g ou s| n essman , Jay
Fay
a sl al l ol Wr | l r s andsl | | | r n$500a
monl h. A| l hough l hey | | m k money, a| |
l hr sl r l d oul l ohave l un l l h | r ho y,
nol l omak apr ol | l .
gr oup ( l
have l oWor k a| one) . l hopeWe Wor k oul our pr oo| ems soon.
Ao| | | l y: ar | , l | l | , 8 ao| e l | 19
0l LFLE E

Reodl h| sodver l | sem nl . omp| el | l W| l hl h oppr opr | ol el or mol < an,


ou| d, or o ao| l o p| usl hev r os | np r enl h s s. Us can or ou| d Whenposs| o| ,
0l T. Reodl h| ssl udenl , s
j our no| . F| ndond or r cl seven m| sl ok s | n xpr ess| ng oo| | | l .
Thel | r sl m| sl oke| s l r od cor r ecl ed.
Lo
p op e| s,; | d
j
r .W , l .,.
When , o ' .
an' d' d| d, n' l o| l , Wor k, l l | | enl ' ) ' o | d
ge, l an, l or he, our se o l | l Washar d. l can,
doa ol mor ea one oul som
j oos
ar el ooo| gl o , l hal , ur
| n, sl . r u l or
, , s l zs, . l hal , s, a, an' ,
wl l L B. HAFFY'
Fr ol ess| on l | ae| opm nl 0o r ses
T| m Hanagem nl Fr senl al | ons0ar er 0eve| opm nl amWor k
Th| nkaooul your | asl pr esenl al | on:
wer e
ou
ao| el o
?r eFar e onl | m ?
1 . ( p r e p a r )
you your | d as?
2 . ( o m m u n | a l e )
w| | | B. H pp _ hu, h | p dol h r s, andhe
8.
| p)
YoU|
. . B l or
l l ookw| | | B. Happy' s our s , myWor kWasa| Ways| al eo aus
as h du | . l a| soh ado| gp| | eson my d sk o au s l
4 . ( l o | | o W )
Whal Was| mpor l anl . NoWl myl | m
5 . ( d e | d e) G . ( m n ag )
l l l | v | y. N xl monl h, When myWor k| oad gel sh a* , l
, .
' * .
anddol h | mpor l anl l h| ngsl | r sl . ' ' S ol l
H l h| s' sl udenl
| nl r onl ol gr oups. NoWl an! ' '
H r
Zh ng, s l esm n ger
. . l
d| dn ' l u s l o
8 . ( sp ak )
Fer m| ss| on:
Ha , 0an, 0ou| d,
0o
oU
m| nd | l . . . ?
F l N
h ckl h s nl nc l hol d scr | o s Whol , s
hopp n| ng | nl he or l oon.
l sl udenl Wanl sl oknoW| l h| s ye
W| | | oeo l l er l omor r oW.
l sl ud nl | s ask| ngl hel a h r l o
a| | oWh| m l ol ak l hel esl l omor r W.
OUES | oNS:
H Y/ 0 l | / 0o| | l o*
|
su, | . . ,
HAY/ AN/ OUL0
l
B s Fo o v
Hay
0an
0ou| d
| / W / h / sh / | l | l h y sl ar l noW?
* Ho ,
can, ar ' d cou| d ar e moda| s. Th y do nol hav
s
| n l he l h| r d per son s| ngu| ar .
sHoR ANSwERS
A | l v | OA | vE
l
Yes, you| he/ sh e| | l | l he
may ,
c a n .
No, you/ h / sh / | l | l h y
may nol .
Oa n ' l .
| | h | n k
l h a v e e o ma | h | n q | n
m a o' ou dl l ake l , he
Lr Nl , omor r oW?
rr_l l
,.'v
1 l |
l ART | E |( |
heckl h cor r cl
onSWer .
wh| h moda| | sused
| n qu sl | nsoul NoT
| n shor l ansWer s
aooul p r m| ss| on?
[ moy
l
LJ on
[ | cou|d
l / l AR ' E l ( 2
| r l eT( Tr u ) or
F( Fol s ) ,
F Al l er 0o
ou
m | n d | l . . . ?
l h ver o| s l he
samel or a| |
suoj e l s.
F The ansWer
l vol ol o|| g|ves
per m| ss| on.
OU s | oNS:
0o YoUHl N0l F. . . ?
0ovou l | l N0 | F
l
su . . '
l
v. *
0o you m| nd | l
| / W / l hey sl ar l ?
h / sh / | l sl ar l s?
s oR ANSwERS
A | | v N | v
Nol al a| | .
No , | d o n ' l .
| Ye s ,
| d o .
s A |l , NTS: HAY
/ cAN
Suq

Y/
|
o, . Fo
| / H e/ S h / l / w / Yo u/ h y
may ( nol )
an ( nol )
sl ar l .
r20
EXFRESS
| r | l h or r cl Wor dsl o omp| el l h| s onv r sol | on.
A: 0oyou m| nd | l he h | p/ he| ps meW| l h my homeWor k?
B: Nol al a| | / Yes l do. He anhe| p / he| ps
o ,
oul you shou| d domosl ol l h Wor k.
1. Use mo , ou| d, and onl oask l or pe m| ss| on. l ay l a| | youn xl Fr | day?
r 0ou l d w u s ou d | l | on a | s?
| 0an h omel o ass W | l h m ?
Us No : Ho | sa| | l l | mor l or ma l han r Hay | | av l he oom, Fr ol ssor L ?
conand ou| d.
r el r l ol hepr es nl or l h l ul ur e. whenyouus B: r l a| n y. h l sl sl ar l s al 9: 00 . .
cou| dl oaskl or p. r m| ss| on, | l | snol pasl l ens
2. w ol l ensa p| eoseWh nW ask l or r 0oul d | askaqu sl | on, p| eose?
er m| ss| o1'
Nol el heposs| o Wor dor der s. r 0ou| d l p| ose ask aquesl | on?
8. Use0oyoum| nd| l . . . / l oask l o pe m| ss| on A: l l | E yr ur r r | nl ! | l an upl omor r oW?
Wh nyour a l | on m| ghl ool h r som on . B: Y s, a l ua | y, l dom| nd. | hal l os am ss.
0o
ou
m| nd| l . . , | g| ves per m| ss| on l odo B: Nol l | l .
som l h| ng. l m ans, | l , s K, | don, l m| nd ( You ma | ove l her oom
)
4. Us moyor on| nansW r s. 0onol us ou| d. A: oul dl oor r oW l h| sp n | ?
B: Y s, ol our s youcan.
No Yesa u< el * *
No * ea u+ q1n*
weol l en usepo| | l e expr ss| ons| nsl ad ol A: 0ou| d ose l h W| ndoW?
moda| sl oansWer r equ sl s l or p r m| ss| on. B Sur e,
r l a| nl .
Oaoh od.
No, p| eo
, s,
don, l . l , 5 hol | nhe .
5. | ; . p op . l . , , p. , | , , | on, l heyol l en A: an| pl ease huu. ul | l l l u ' or . . l | me?
o| v anapo oov andan xp anal | on. B: | , msor r v' oul l h l | me| suo'
| l l her u| s ar ev r y | ar , someon mayr l us 0 | v : anl par k h r ?
W| l houl anapo ogy or xp anal | on. o r l : No, you on, l ,
22 | L n | l 28
l | A |
0
chr qu sl l or p r m| ss| on go sW| l hor spons . Hol ch chr qu sl W| l hl h
cor r cl r espons ,
Requ sl Respon s
a. No, you an, l . l l , saous sl op.
d
1. ay we ome | n noW?
2, 0ou| d l seeyour l | k l s, p| ase? o. Nol al a| | . Th r ' s p| enl y ol l | me.
8. Hay l p| asespeak l oHar r y? O. Sur e l hey an. w hav r oom.
G. 0oyou m| nd | l l hav mor e l ea? l . 0er l a| n| y. Her e l h y ar e.
0l LFl E E
o
Hr . Hamod| ssuper v| s| ng o l sl , omp| el h| sconver sol | ons W| l hh| s
sl udenl s. Useopr onounp| usl h or r ecl l or mol l h Wor ds| npor nl h s s ond
shor l onsWer s.
A o:
0ou| dWecome
| nl o l he l sl r o mnoW?
H . H: Yes,
| . ( o u | d
/ o m )
cer l a| n|
. F| ease shoWyour r g| sl r al | on l r m
aSyou om r n.
So r : Hy or ol her | sn' l l ak| ng l h l esl .
r oomW| l h me?
8 . ( 0o y o u m| n d / sl y )
Sor r y, on| y peop| eW| l h l | kel s ar
H . H: Yes,
p r m| l l ed| ns| de.
Ros : ap n l oWr | l my name onl he l sl
5. ( ay
/ u se)
oook| el ?
H , . H: No, . You musl useapen | | . And ever yon
p| easer ememoe l he l sl unl | | l l | | vou l o.
7. ( an, l
/ sl ar l )
Ros : Jam| e. l h| s pen | | ?l on| yor oughl ap n.
8 . ( d o y o u m| n d | l / o o r r o W )
J rr : . Take | l . l or oughl a l eW.
9 .
H . H: oK.
10. ( . ,
/
p . 0
your l esl oook| el sand r ead l he
| nsl r u l | ons noW.
J : l , m| al e oe ausemv l r a| n or oke doWn.
H . H: * o ,
4. 0ou| d l hey omeW| l h us?
5. 0an l par k h r e?
d. Yes, you may. The l esl sl ar l s soon.
e. l ' m sor r y, h , sn l | n.
| n l he
4 .
| n?
1 | . ( a n
/ o m )
we' vea| r ady sl ar l ed l he l esl .
er m| ss| nz l \ , 4a . 0an, u| d, 0
l |
l | r d| l . . . ? | 28
S . Luc ond or | or go| ngl ooconcer l , R od ochs| l uol | on, wr | l quesl | ons l oosk
l or p r m| ss| on. Us l heWor ds| npor nl heses.
1. 0ar | Wanl s h| s l r | nd Boo l o ome.
0 r . : l have an exl r a l | kel .
0o
ou
m| nd| l ooocome ?
( 0o y o u m | n d | l )
2. 0ar | Wanl s l ouseLu y' s phonel o a| | Boo.
0 r , : Or eal . l ' | | a| | h| m r | ghl noW.
( o u l d )
8. 0ar | Wanl s l opar k | n l r onl ol l h sl ad| um.
0 | : w ' r ego| ngl ol h on er l , ol l r er .
( H )
4. Lu y, Boo, and 0ar | Wanl l omoveup al eWr oWs. Boo asks an usher .
Bo : A| | l hoses al sar e empl y.
5. 0ar | Wanl s l ol apel he on er l . Lu y asks l he ushe, n, . , . . . o ' o,
Lu y: Hy l r | nd or oughl a l ap r e or d r .
( a n )
G. Lu y hal es l he mus| . SheWanl s l o| eav .
Lu y: Th| s mus| | s g| v| ng m aheada he.
( 0o y o u m| n d | l )
E0l T. Th| sexer c| se | ss| m| | or l opor l ol l h oEFL_. F| ndl hem| sl k | neoch| l m
ondl | | | | n l h spoc l hol cor r sponds l ol he| l l r ol l h | ncor r l Wor dor phr os ,
Th n goonesl epo yondl he o FL_ ondcor r ecl l hem| sl k ,
c o m e
| . 0an he + s onl he l r a| n W| l h me or do she need al | kel ?

( 0
_ _
A B 00
2. l ' m sor r y, he ou| dn, l . on| y pass nger s an ooar d l h l r a| n.
_ _ _ _
A B 0
8. 0ou| d l hanged seal sW| l h you? l ' d| | ke l o s| l nexl l omy son.
_ _ _ _
A B 0
4. Yes, you ou| d. Oo r | ghl ah ad. l ' m gel l | ng l l soon.
A B 00
5. Hom, may l l ohave Some andy? l ' m hung y.
A B 0
G. No, you mayn' l . l ' m sor r y, oul you' ve a| r ady had enough andy.
_ _ _
A B l )
7. 0o you m| nd | l h p| ay h| s ompul r game?
A B 0
8. Yes, l do. He an
F y
| l h Wanl s. l l Won, l ool h r me.
A B 0
9. l ' m sl | | | hung y. 0an We, | | gel a sandW| h soon?
A B 0
| o. Nol al a| | . we an go l | nd l he | uo ar .
| J 0
___
___
___
____
___
____
Requesl s:
w|||, 0an, wou|d, 0ou|d,
wou|d you m|nd . . ?
'H|ss
F| rn|ng ,ol l dpu m|nd d| |lu 9l l
lor
m ?,'
.
. . . |
FOl NT
h k l h or r e l onsW r ,
Theous| n ssman| s
l g| v| ng an r d r '
ask| ng someon l d s mel h| ng.
ask| ng l o. | nl r mal | on.
No : 911 | sl h emer g n y l | ephon
numoer | nl h Un| l edSl al es
and 0anada.
|l R l | E l ( l
| r | T( Tr u ) or
F( F l s ) .
F You anuse
Wou|d and
ou| d| n
quesl | nsoul
NOT | n shor l
ansWer sl o
r equ sl s.
* These
Wor dsar emoda| s. They donol hav
s
| n l h l h| r d per sons| ngu| ar .
OU s | oNSz
wl LL/ AN
/ Wou
L0
/
oU L0
wl l l / 0 l l /
| | B s Fo
woul o/ 0oul o*
|
Su ,
|
o v
W|
0a n
wou | d
0o u | d
l h | s l or m ?
o u l a n , l .
wou | d y ou m| n d l h | s l o m ?
124

F| equesl sz w| | | , 0ar , wol | d, 0 l | | ' w dd
u
n| n | , ' . ? | 25
l | ART l l E K 2
h ckl h cor r ecl
onsWer .
Nol ol o| | m ans:
| o K n o
s oR ANsw Rs
A | | v | N OA | vE
No , n o l a l a | | .
| , msor r y, oul | an, l .
, d o g ad l o.
E FREssr; l ; : ; : : Z,,l l ,; j
omp| l l h| sconv r sol | on.
A:
B:
A: Thanks. And
B: Sor r y, oul l
8 mWW W p* eW l l | 8# s;
you m| nd l | | | ng l heser epor l s noW?
al a| | .
you ansW r l he phone, p| ease?
. Hv hands ar l u| | .
* r : r yl , ' *
1. UseW| | | , con, Wou| d, and ou| dl oasksom on
l od osomel h | n g .
w ol l nuseW| | | and onl o | nl or ma| r qu sl s. S| s : : w| | | youansW r l h phon ?
0anyoul ur n doWn l h Tv?
w us Wou| d andcou| dl omak r equ sl s Boss: wou d youl yp l h| s por l ?
mor po| | l e. ou| d youmak l n op| s?
8. w a| sousewou| dyoum| nd + ger und A: wou| d you m| d Wa| l | ng l or al Wm| nul s?
( W| l houl p| eas ) l omakepo| | l e qu sl s. Hr . 0a as | ssl | l l al am l | ng.
Nol el hal anegal | v ansWer means l hal you
' .
| : r r , , , ' j !
, , ' ,
W| l doWhal l h
p r son
r qu sl s.
2. w al sousep| eoseW| l hW| | | , on, Wo l | d, and | 0ou| d
ou
p| eose ose l h door ?
ou| dl omakel her equesl ev nmor epo| | l e. oR
Nol l h Wor dor d r . r 0ou| d you ose l h door , p| ose?
4. F op| usua| | y xp l usl osay
es
l opo| | l A: 0ou| d youl ak l h| sl oSusan Lan , s ol l |
equ sl s. wh nwe0annol say yes, w usua| y l or m ?
apo| og| ze andg| v ar ason. B| | , msor r | on, l . , m xp l | ng an| mpor l anl
p h o n a | | .
ansWer po| | l e quesl s. B: er l o| n| .
No # a|r* rel * d.
,
12G r un| l 29
' r . . . . . . . o . . . o o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
| 0EN l FY
o
Hor c| ohosoneWco Wor k r . Reodl he| r conver s l | ons, LLnd r | | ne| | l he
po | l er equ sl s,
1. H l : H| . You musl o l he neW ol l | ass| sl anl . l ' m Har | a Jones. L l meknoW | l
you ne danyl h| ng.
Lo : Thanks, Har | a. 0ou| d you shoWmel he oal | osel ?
| : 0er l a| n| y. l l ' sr | ghl ov r her .
2. Lo : Har | a, Wou| d you e p| a| n l hes | nsl r u l | ons l or l he l ax ma h| ne?
H l : Sur e. Jusl pul your | el l er | n h r e and d| a| l h numoer .
8. H r : l , m| eav| ng l or | un h. wou| d you | | ke l o ome?
Lo : Thanks, oul l an' l r | ghl noW. l ' m r ea| | y ousy.
H r : 0o you Wanl a sandW| h l r om l h ol l eshop?
Lo : Thal Wou| d oeg eal . 0an you g l me al una sandW| h and a soda?
H n r : Sur e. w| | | you ansWer my phoneunl | | l gel oa k?
Lo : 0er l a| n| y.
4. H r : Lor na, Wou| d you m| nd mak| ng Some ol l e?
Lo : l ' m sor r y, oul l an, l do| l noW. l ' vegol l ol | n| sh l h| s | l l er oel or e2: 0 .
aasE
o
Lor no, sr oommol e,
| ono,
| shov| ngpr oo| msl odo . heckl heoppr opr | ol e
r spons l o ochol
| ono, s
r quesl s.
1. Lor na, Wou| d you p| eas dr | ve m l | assl oday?Hy ar Won' l sl ar l .
a. Yes, l Wou| d. o.
, /
l ' do g| adl o.
2. wou| d you m| nd | nd| ng mel | ve do| | ar s? l ' mgel l | ng pa| d l omor r oW.
a. Nol al a| | . o. _ Yes.
8. L r na, anyou l ak l h s oooksoa k l ol he | | or ar y l or m ?l ' mr unn| ng | al e.
a. l ' m| al e l oo. Sor r y. o. No, l an' l .
4. 0ou| d you | o k l h door onyour wayoul ?Hy hands ar e l u| | .
a. Yes, l ou| d. o. Sur e.
5. 0an you l ur n l h r ad| o doWn?l n edl osl udy l or my mal h ql | z l h| s mor n| ng.
a. 0er l a| n| y. o. Nol al a| | .
G. w| | | you p| k up somem| | k onl he Way hom l h| s al l r noon?
a. l o, l Won' l . o. Sor r y. l ' 11 oeal Wor k unl | | 8: 00.
8: . ?. : . : |: . . .
yj , j ' .
?. 1: : . Y. ? ! ! : . ??. , 9. ' . Y?. ' 9. . 2Y . : |: . . . . : . . . ? . . : . . ! . ?7. . . o o . . . . .
l ||00sE AN0 Ol l / |Fl El E
o
Usel h oppropr|ol e|mperol |v l roml heoox l ocomp| l
l hes r equ sl s. Usepl easeWh nposs| o| e, ndmokeon n c ss r chong s.
Buysome er ea . 0a| | oa k| al r .

F| e l heser epor l s. Shul l hedoor . ur nonl h | | ghl s.


1.
gun ou
? eaee
a o l heW| ndoW?
l l ' sl r eez| ng| n her e.
2. 0ou| d l ' v l | n| sh d r ad| ng l hem.
8. wou| d vou m| nd l l ' sl o dar k | n h r e.
4. W| | | w don, l hav anv | el l .
s. 0ou| d
G. wou| d
Hs. 0ho | s onanol her a| | r | ghl noW.
Ther e' sl oomu h no| s | n l heha| | !
E0l T. Reodl hese r equ sl s l r omHor c| o, sooss ondHor c| o, s onsWer s ( | ndor kpr | nl ) ,
F| ndondcor r cl s| xm| sl ok s | nmok| ngondr espond| ngl or qu sl s. Th l | r sl m| sl oke
|so|r od corr cl d,
Su | : Sa es Heel | n g
Rep y
0 : 0 4 1 1 0 1 2 : 1 4 : 8 9 S
F o : Har | aJon es_dal al | n e. om
o: JohnSan hez_dal a| | ne. om
00: An n Oh en _dal a | n e. om
> > > < Joh n San h ez_dal a | n e. om> 04| 1 1/ 08 1 0: 87am> > >
p ea e ca
Themeel | ngs ar ego| ng We| oul l heyhaveoeenexl ended aday' 0ou d youe + l e s. F
0oug Roger s l ol r y l or es hedu e our sa| esmeel | ng?
Nol al a| | . l ' | | do| l r | ghl aWay.
we' | need l hr ee e l r a op| es ol l hemonl h y sa| esr epor l . wou d youaskAnnl ol ake ar e
ol l hal ?
Yes, l Wou| d. ( Ann 0ou| d youdol h| s?)
l hal e l oask, oul Wou| d youm| nd l oWor k onSal ur day? we' | | need l heexl r a l | me l ogoover
l heneW| nl or mal | on l ' ve gol l en.
Sor r y, oul l ou| dn' l . Hy| n. | aWs ar e om| ngl or av| s| l . Bul RooL| nsayshecan ome
| nl ol heol l | el ohe| poul .
on e asl l h | n g. | Wasgo| n g l op| k u pl h ose n eW ou s| n essar ds, ou l l Won ' l oeoa k | n l | me.
wou | d y ou m| n d do| n g l h al l or me?
Yes, | Wou| d. | ' | | sl opal l hepr | nl er ' s dur | ngmy| un hor eak.
Adv| e:
Shou|d, ughl l o,
Had oel l er
wFu| N
he kl hecor r ecl onsWer ,
e | nl er v| eW r | s suggesl | nga
l yp ol j oo l or l heapp| | anl .
l e | nl er v| eW r | s l e| | | ng l he
app| | anl hoWl ooesu essl u| .
s A E ,| N
Su ,
SH0UL0/ 0UOH o/ l A0 BE1
S oul o/ oUOl | o/

B s Fo
H o n* o v
r R
/ H / Sh / w / You/ h y
shou| d ( nol )
oughl l o
had o l l r ( nol )
| ook l or an W . | oo .
* Shou d
ar , do ghl l o ar emoda| s. Had oel l er | s s| m| | ar l oamoda| .
Thesel or msdonol hav
. s
| n l hel h| r d per sons| ngu| ar .
No : For onl r a l | onsol shou| dnol andhad oel l r , se Appendl 24onpag 84G.
Y s/ No
OU STl ONS:
S' TOUL0
| '

B s
S o u l o l Su , | Fo
Sh o u | d
l
h
| ook ?
s oR ANSwERS
l
A r | l v | EOA | vE
Yes,
you
h e
sh o u | d . No,
you
h
shou| dn' l .
l r ea d on , N
m| n d el ar l | n q al Nh e
ool ooman Wor k| ngm
Wa l o l ha op,
EHFLavH
oughl , l o con | der
aj ooaoan dav aNor
'||ARTl E l ( |
|rc| T( Tru ) or
F( F | se) .
F The samel or m
ol l hever o
l o| | oWsshou| d,
oughl l o, and
hod oel l er .
l | R l | E K 2
he kl he or r ecl
onsW r .
l nquesl | onsaooul
adv| e, Weusua| | y use:
A shou| d
1 oughl l o
| hod oel l er
v | w
OU s | oNS:
J oUl 0
| | |
w . wo o

S our o
l
Suq

B s Fo

wh r e sh ou | d
l
h
| ook l o an Wj oo?
128
B:
E FREss
omp| l e l h| sconver sol | on,
A: Th y' r | ook| ng l or a ash| er al H 0ona| d .
, o
l heoooksl or .
8r ar * ' l a r l l | * 8
g
Adv| e: Sh l l | d, l l ghl l o' d oel l r | 29
l app| y l or l h
j oo?
. You angel mor e moneyWor k| ng al
xar * * s
1. Us shou| dandoughl l ol osayl hal som l h| ng | Ha | oshou| d l | nd an W
j oo.
| sadv| sao| e. r H ou g h l l o r ad l h h p W an l d ad s.
Us No : wedonol usua| | y us l h negal | v r Heshou| dn, l qu| l s hoo| .
ol oughl l o| nAmer | an ngl | sh. w us
shou| dn' l | nsl ead.
No o o N_
2. Us hod oel l er l o u genl adv| Wh n you | You, do l l er | eav noW, or
ou, | |
oe | ol e.
o | v l hal som l h| ng oadW| happen | l l h
p r son do snol l o | oW l h adv| e.
Us No : w usua | y us l he onl r a l | on l or r You, do l l r app y l o mor el hanon j oo.
h od o el l r ,
No _
h n gal | ve ol hodo l l r | shod oel l er nol . r You, doel l r nol o | al .
No l l |
pr s nl or l hel ul u e, n ver l ol hepasl ( v n r You, doel l er a| | l h moa kl omor r oW.
l hough| l uses l h Wor dho .
8. Use sho | dl or qu sl | ons. w donol usua| | y us r Shou| d | app| y l or l hal
j oo?
oughl l oor hodo l l er l o quesl | ons. r wh nshou| d l app| y?
4. | l | susua | yons| der d | mpo| | l l og| ve F | l o: Shou| d | shak hands W| l hl h
adv| l o p o | ol equa| or h| gh r sl al us | nl r v| eWe ?
( su h asl r | ends or ooss s) un| ess l heyaskl or | l . You: Y s, youshou| d.
Boss: wh r sh ou | d | l ak e ou r | n l l o u n h ?
You : | l h | n k y ou sh ou | d g o l ol h u s an 0 | | | .
wh nW g| veunasked l or adv| e, Weol l en | r a, mo o yououghl l o app| y l o l h| s, | oo.
sol l n| l W| l hmo oe, per hops, or | l h| nk'
F o u | o No
oughl l o | sol l enp onoun ed
, , oughl a, ,
| n| nl or ma sp e h. 0onol Wr | l eoughl .
18o | Ug | l 8o
REA0
o
Look ol l hese j oo
s or chl | ps.
o
You shou| d l e| | a| | your l r | ends l hal you ar e | ook| ng l or a
j oo.
r
You' d oel l er nol qu| l your pr esenl j oo
oel or eyou l | nd a neW one.

You shou| dn' l l e| | your oossl hal you ar e | ook| ng l or a neW
j oo.

You oughl l o app| y l or sever a|
j oos
al on e.

You shou| dn' l | mmed| al e| y ask an | nl er v| eW r aooul
j oo
oenel | l s.

You shou| d a| Ways g| ve l he | nl er v| eWer a ur al e sa| ar y | nl or mal | n.
ANsWER

heckl h l h| ngsl h l or e Kl odooccor d| ngl ol h l | ps.


1. l el | . your l r | ends aooul your
j oo
sear h 4. | ea, . eyour j o
dur | ng your sear h
2. l l l your oossaooul your j o
sear h 5. app| y l or sever a|
j oos
al on e
8. ask aooul
j oo
oenel | l sr | ghl aWay G. l l l l he | nl r v| eWer your r ea| sa| ar y
| | 00sE
o
R dl h| sodv| cel or
j oo
s k r s. omp| el e| l W| l hl h cor r l Wor ds.
Read er week | y vo u me l | , ssu e 2 8
T ' T '
or n dan Wj oo?\ Ah n' sl h o sl l | m l osl ar l | ook| ng?R| ghl noW!
v v ou
, d
oel , l er nol .
d | ay. or
you, | |
sl ar l l ol |
.
1 . ( o u g h l l o /
' d
o el l er n o l )
d | a or you' | | sl ar l l ol |
. . sl u k. ' '
Th se l |ps W||| h |p:

A | ol ol p op| Wa| l nl | | al l r l h ho| | daysl o| ook l or aj oo. hal m ans| ss mp l | l | onl or
you | ghl noW. You Wa| l !
2 . ( sh o u | d n ' l
/ sh o u | d r

Too ol r syal Wor k l os h du| | nl v| Ws? ar | y mor n| ng | nl v| Wshav W r | nl r r upl | ons.
You askl or | nl r . r , | Ws o l or n| n o' | o k.
8 . ( sh o u d
/
, d
o l l r n o l )

l l ou ar | a| d ol l .
y< | u
l ak a| o| v pay| r r g j ooj l r sl l o
4 . ( , d o l l er / sh o u | d n , l )
g l Wo k. l l your n Wsa| ar y| s| o your mF| oy r won' l appr | al yo| | r sk| | | s. l l poss| o| , you
5 . ( , d o l l r n o l / sh o u d )
.
HoW v r ' mon y | sn' l v | yl h| ng! You
askl or asa| ar yl hal mal h syour sk| | | s.
G . ( o u g h l o |
, d
o l l r n o l )
l ak apos| l | on
W| l ha ompanyyoud| s| | k , or youwon' l do agoodj oo l h r '
.
0on' l | k aooul sa| ar yl oo soon. You
l h j oo and l a| kaooul your sk| | | sl | r sl .
7 . ( , d o l l r / sh o u | d n , l )
Wa| l | ar n aooul
Adv| e: Sl l . l | d, l ghl l ' | ad L| el l r | 181
Ol Fl ETE
o
K| mY , s ooss hos| nv| l dh| ml od| nn r ol h| shom . omp| l eK| m, s
conver sol | on W| l hh| sl r | nd. Useshou| d, oughl l o, or had o l l er ondl h Wor ds
| np r enl hes s. hooseo l W n l l | r mol | v ondn gol | v ,
Kr :
HoW hou d l dr e ?
l nasu| l ?
1 . ( Ho W
/ d r ss?)
S o : You don, l have l oWear a su| l .
2 . ( o o k
/ n e l )
oul vou anwear asua| | ol hes.
r :
8 . ( wh al l | m / ar r | v ?)
S o : l l , sr ea| | y | mpor l anl l ooe on l | me. Your ooss and h| s W| l e ar e expe l | ng you
al 7: 00. so l l ' soK l oea| | l l | e
4. ( ar r | v al l r 7: 15)
| al e, oul don' l make l hem Wa| l l oo| ongl or you!
Kr :
5 . ( o r | n g ag | l l ?)
S o : Yes, oul gel somel h| ng sma| | .
l l Wou| d emoar r ass l h m.
Kr :
7 . ( wh a l
| o u ?)
S o : l l h| nk
8. ( gel somel | oW r s)
0l T. Reodl h| s| el l r , F| ndondcor r cl s| xm| sl k s | nexpr ess| ng odv| c .
Thel | r sl m| sl ok | so| r od cor r l d,
0 r So
G . ( o u y an x p n s| v g | l l )
w ,r , '0h l. l o r oo l oor l l rj oo. o r l ol / l l ol l s|J ,rl roL 44,oer/ o' ,
s/ / l rnl l nr/ c l ooh rd,.Tho osl |l , 'o rl ' l ,l l

'a l l rl s
ol ,u
sc| o|, l nrk,,
, | | | oo o* o or yhl n or k, h, n d s n ukok| l | , ol l l u* . ko, nl l r | k ooud,
ool l u ,s c ol l r ooss
lor
l h, o, 'l * o ,' 4 , h l l
o /
hluo
F|o|4ry
oll h
sl Yo |o ,o* l u
ghl o
l l k l l olc ' ' n, OK?F|e ; o l k
7ood,
|o
ol o rs Yo ,d,ol o l l u sl l shpp L h, |, ou,.d |l sho ||nl rorkp|,
l
'l .
l o r !
ol ,l ,
1 |/ ,1, o l l u
gel
7oooL
'l ''
s 0o
ol ,l ,
n aj ,
ry
lo*
hor p? sh, , l r, l |o s ' L
ry
ol
ou
ooohsr Lel l l ,s k o r.
w / 1, ,,o,
j ,|ol , ,
J4d0a|,
Suggesl | ons:
0ou| d, wh don, l . ' . ?,
whynol . . . ?, Lel ' s,
HoWaooul . .
?
wwl l | FOl NT
0|rc|eT( True) or F( Fo|s ) .
F The adWanl s l o
knoW * hy many
p op| edon' l sl ay
al youl hhosl e| s.
W Y' v o r . , . ?
| |
w Y or
|
B s Fo
;
why nol sl ay l her e?
LE , s
Ll , s ( No )

o' . o

Lel ' s( nol ) sl ay l h r e.


l l AR HE |( 2
|rc|eT( Tru ) or
F( Fol s ) .
F Suggesl | ons
W| l h HoW
o o u l . . . ?
haveon| y
onel or m.
Lel ' s Trave|!
Oo| ng l o Oer m an ?
why nol sl ay al a youl h hosl e| ?
HoW aooul a magn| l | enl one
| | ke | l ena 0asl | e? A l ena | s a so
l un and heap. So, Why don' l
you make our casl | e your home?
HART|| E l ( l
heckl hecor r cl
onsWer .
Th ver o al l er cou| d,
Wh don, l , Why nol ,
or | el ' s
l hangesl or
d| l l er enl suoj e l s.
doesnol hang l or
d| l l er enl suoj e l s.
( H v )

su' | . . ,
0OUL0

our o

o, . o

( Hayoe) | / he/ she/ We/ you/ l hey


ou| d sl ay | n a asl e.
* 0ou| d
| s amoda| . l l doesnol hav
s
| n l h l h| r d per sons| ngu| ar .
wHY0ON' T . . . ?
W Y
l
ool r ,

Sur y

o, . o

Why
d on ' l / W / you/ l h y
sl ay | n a asl | e?
d o sn , l h / she
o W AB0 U , . , ?
l
HoW ABl U

u o/ Nou

HoW aooul
sl ay| ng | na asl | e?
a asl | ?
1..82
s g g e s l * r n g r s l , | | d , w| . | c r s ' l ' , ' ? ' wh n l ' . . ? ' L e l ' s , W a o o u l ' . ? | 1 8 8
o a a a a a a a a o o a a a a a a a a a a a a a a o a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a o a o o a o a a a a a o o a a a a a a a a a o a a a a a a a a o a a o a a a a a a a a a
Ex,FREss
# # A# : '
Addl h cor r l puncl uol | on.
L l , s l ake l he l r a| n Hayoe W ou| d l ak l he l r a| n
why nol l ake l he l r a| n HoW aooul l he l r a| n
8 WWa
g
r p# el l | e l | ' * W # p . *
1. Use| el , ( Ho oe) . . . cou| d, wh don, l / A: L l , sl ake al r | pl h| ssumme .
doesn, l , wh nol , andHoW aooul l o B: Hayoe We ou| d go l oO many.
mak suggesl | ons. A: why don, l W ask Luk l ogoW| l hus?
B: Oood | d ea. wh y d oesn , l om a| | h | m
l on | g h l ?
A: why nol a| | h| mr | ghl noW?
B: HoW aooul sl ay| ng al ayoul hhosl ?
A: HoW aooul A| l ena 0asl | e?
wh don, l / doesnl l omake asuggesl | on, l hese A: why don, l youv| s| l
, | |
| nHongKong?
expr ss| ons ar nol | nl or mal | on quesl | ons. h B: hal , s agood| d a.
so ak r do snol xo l l or | v | nl or mal | on | _ . . .
o l o
Ou s l o
l r oml hel | sl ener .
A: why don, l you al m al ?
B: B au se l , m av eg el ar | an .
2. Lel , s a Ways | n | udes l hesp aker . l m ans: | L l ' sgo l oHongKong.
Her e, s osuggesl | on l or
ou
ondme. ( | sugg sl l hal W gol oHongKong. )
8. Nol l hed| l l er enl l or ms l ouseW| l h B s Fo o v
l hese expr ss| ons. | L l , sl o8e l hel a| n.
r Hayoe W ou| d l o8e l hel r a| n.
| why don, l Wel okel h l r a| n?
r why nol l ol l el hel r a| n?
c u o o Nou
| HoW aooul l ok| ngl h l a| n?
r HoW aooul l h l r o| n?
4, Nol | el hepun l ual | on al l h endol a h S s
k| ndol suggesl | on. | L l , ssl ay al ahosl l .
r Hayoe W ou| d sl ay al ahosl .
Ou s | o s
r why don, l W sl ay al ahosl e| ?
r why nol sl ay al ahosl e| ?
r HoW aooul sl ay| ng al ahosl e| ?
| HoW aooul ahosl ?
184 r Un| l 8' l
| 0EN l FY
o
m| | ondHegonor v| s| l | ngHongKong, R odl he| r conv r sol | on, Und r | | ne
o| | l hesuggesl | ons.
E r r y: whv don' l We
g
l l he r a es? l hear l hey' r e r ea| | y ex | l | ng.
H : l ' d| | k l o, oul l needl ogoshopp| ng.
E r r . y: Then | el ' s g l ol he Temp| e Sl r e l Har kel l on| ghl . we m| ghl even se some
0h| nes oper a| n l he sl r e l Wh| | We' r el her e.
: Thal sounds| | ke l un. l l W dol hal , Why nol g l ol he r a sl h| s al l r noon?
E r r , : oK, oul | el ' sgel som l h| ng l oeal l | r sl | n on ol l hosel | oal | ng r esl aur anl s.
H : l don, l l h| nk We' | | have l | me. Hayoe We ou| d dol hal l omor r oW. R| ghl noW, hoW
ao ul gel l | ng d| m sum al l he Kau Kee R sl aur anl n xl door ?Th n We ou| d
l ak l he Sl ar Fer r y l oHong Kong l s| and and l he r a e our se.
E r r . y: Sounds good. Her e' s an | dea l r l omor r oW. why nol l ake oneol l hose sma| |
ooal s h a| do l o Lanl au l s| and?when W omeoa k. We ou| dhave d| nner al
l heJumoo Fa| a .
H : L l ' s dol hal . l l , sa| | l l | e e pens| ve, oul al | easl | l l | oal s!
Ol FL E
o
Readl h se conver sol | ons, omp| el el hemW| l hl heoppr opr | ol xpr ess| on
| npor nl h s s,
| . A: l l ee| | | ke hav| ng seal oodl or d| nne oul WeWenl l oTa| Fak l or seal ood| asl n| ghl .
wny no|
goaga| n?Th l ood' sg eal , and so| s l h v| eW.
( whynol / Lel ' snol )
why nol
2. Az l ' mr a| | v l | r d. r esl | ng oel or ew gooul ?
( Lel ' s
/ HoW aooul )
B: Thal ' s agood| dea. l ' ml | r ed l oo.
8. A: l Wanl l oe p| or edoWnl oWn Hong Kong.
l ak a m| n| ous? we, | | seea| ol mor l hal Way.
( Lel , s nol / why don, l W )
4. A: A g oupol l or e| gn sl udenl s
j usl
he ked| n al l h hosl e| .
B: ask l hem l o
j o| n
us l or d| nn r .
( Ho W ao o u l / ay o W o u d )
5. A: l sl | | | needl oouv som souven| r s oel or eWe| eav .
( L l
/ F . * aooug
go shopp| ng al l r d| nn r .
G. A: l don, l Wanl l ogohom l omor r oW. l ' mhav| ng ar ea| | y goodl | me her .
B:
B:
B:
B: Soaml .
( Lel ' snol / why nol )
| ave l mor r W.
B .

. gg: . : : | . o. . 1: . . . ?. ? ! 1: . Y: . ! ?, : . | ; . . . . ?. , . Y! l : . ?. , . , . . . .
, . : . \ ?! ' . . , . ?. ? . 1??. ! ! . ' . , . : . ?. . . : .
. | . 19. . . . . . . . . .
| l 00sE a Ol FLETE
o
Reodl h s conver sol | ons. omp| l l hesugg sl | ons W| l hphr oses
l r oml heoox. Addpr onounsondchong l hev r ososn c ssor . Funcl uol cor r cl | .
l akeal r | pl ogel her
gol ol heo a h
l r yl hal neWs al odp| a e
_* | c
ouyanol h r one
2.
8 .
4 .
5 .
| . Th r e, san oas| s on er l al l he A:
B:
A:
B:
8: 00
l ml
|,m
qo| ,q shopp| g,
l , | oeo k l
ea|
5: 00, Lrl s
e,' g
l 7: 00, oK?
e8
m|
5: 00
,m
8o| 8
l ooel ool |r d
l or
mor|e.
A: SW al er s ar e onSa
B: wegol h| m a sWea
A: l don' l knoW Whal
B: He l oo. whv don' l
A: l ' m hung y.
| e. Hayoe we ou| d ouy on l or Br | an' s o| r l hday.
l er | asl year . Lel ' s nol
l odoonspr | ng va al | on. l ' m s| k ol sl ay| ng | n l h dor m.
B: L l , s
E0l T. R odl hese nol s, F| ndondcor r cl sev nm| sl okes | n l h useol sugg sl | ons,
Th l | r sl on | so| r od cor r ecl d. 0on, l l or gel l oche kpuncl uol | on.
we' r near l h r e noW. Hayoe
l l ' s go| ng l ooehol l omor r oW.
l knoW. HoW aooul
Hong Kong 0onvenl | on 0enl r e nexl Weekend.
Wecou| dou l | ckel ,
g n
4: 00
. 7. 00
l or d| nn r | s l | ne.
| oW ooul gol o mav| l l W r d.
5
ou
l r .
e.
l u
G: 00
Ld,s
nol l l l h a rn r sl l |r nl
l 0n|gl |l ? ' |h don' l
W l ry|ng
n W
p| c ?
| oW ool ' | l Br o dWa
S l ood.
' r n d\ | ou oWnsl | r s
l 1: 00.
e.
lu o
,ue o dj sl
h g| g
ro nd
l he hosl u
l l r d| er ,
L l l | k
oo l
|l | l rr l ,ml g
F.
|v|.
Fr el er en es:
Frel er, wou prel er,
wou|d ral her
wF | N
heckl h mo| npo| nl ol l h oor gr oph,
Tue' , ager s| | ke l oWal hTv, r ead
oooks, and| | sl nl omus| .
T ' ,ugers ||k l Wal hTv oel l r
l han l h y| | k l odool her l h| ngs.
nager s ar oundl h Wor | dpr el r Wal h| ng vl oa l
ol h r | sur e l | me a l | v| l | es.
| RT|| E |( |
h kl he or r e l
onsW r ,
wh| hWor d( s) an
youuseW| l h a| |
suoj l s?
O prel er
l | Wou|d prel er
( ' d prel er)
H RT HE K 2
h ckl hecor r e l
onsWer .
wh| h l Wol or ms
ol l he ver o an
l o| | oWpr el er ?
l . oas l or m r
l heg r und
l l e ger und or
l he| nl | n| l | v
l '

oo
(!
OJ
o)
\ l s
o

(J
0)

Fr el er r ed TeenFasl | mes Ar oundl hewor | d


80
G 0
4 0
20
0
Wal h Tv r ad | | sl en. l o shop
mu s|
S A E |ENTS: FREFER/ wOUL0 FREFER
l
l Wou, o1
FREFER
|
ou / O u o| | F| N| | vE Su 1
| / w / You* / h y prel r
n Wspap r s ( l omagaz| nes) .
r ead| ng n wspap r s ( l or ad| ng oooks) .
( nol ) l o r ead n wspap r s.
H / Sh pr el er s
l / H / She/ w
| You| The
Wou| d pr el r
' d
pr el er
* You
| s ool hs| ngu| ar andp| ur a| .
Y Es/ No
OUEs l oNS:
FREFER/ wOU L0 FREFER
0o/ woul o
l sur y , . ' l nr u, * ou / O u o/ | F| N| | v
0o you/ l h y
pr el r
n Wspaper s?
r ead| ng neWspaper s?
l o r ead neWspaper s?
0oes h / she
wou| d
ou| l . he | h / sh
s | oR ANSwERS
A | | v

OA l vE
Yes,
l | We| l he d o .
No,
| / We| l h y d o n ' l .
h / sh do s. h / sh d o sn , l .
l | We| l he | h / sh W ou | d . l | We| l he | h / sh W ou | d n ' l .
18G
s A E|l | N S: WoUL0 RA HER
l
Woul oRA ' ER

o' . Fo o v Su ,
l / H / Sh / w | You/ Th y
Wou| d r al her
, d
r al h r
r ead neWspap s ( l han r admagaz| nes) .
( nol ) r ead n wspape s.
YEs/ No
OU s |oNS:
woUl .0RA l / ,ER
woul o
l
suq. . ,

o, , *

o' . Fo
wou| d sh r al her r ad?
Fr el er ences: Fr l r , wol l | d pr el r , wau| d r al her | 187
s oR ANsw Rs
A | | v | N OA | vE
Yes, sh Wou| d.
|
No, sh Wou| dn, l .
Sh , dr al h r nol .
E FREss
| r c| el h cor r cl Wor dsl ocomp| l el h| ssenl nc .
l , dr al her r ad/ l or ad l han / l oshop, oul Jo pr el er s shop/ shopp| ng.
Ar amr r ar p| anel | ons . xam | s
1. Usepr l er , Wou| d pr el er , andWou| d r al her | w usua y pr l r | l o| | on l ood,
l ol a k aooul l h| ngs l hal you | k o l l r l han r | , dpr l r l ohove0h| n s l oodl on| ghl .
ol h r l h| ngs. r , dr al h r ookal home.
Us No : w ol l enuse pr el er l or agen r a r wh| hdo youpr l er h| k n o shr | mp?
pr l er n e andWou| dpr el r or Wou| dr ol h r r wou| d youpr l er h| kenor shr | mpl on| ghl ?
l or apr l r n e | napar l | u ar s| l ual | on.
n o u n
2. Fr el r and Wou| d pr el r mayoel o| oW doya r l usua | y pr el er l heneWspoF r .
noun, a
qe und,
or an| nl | n| l | ve. g und
| 0o s B| pr el er r eod| ngmagaz| n s?
| nl | n| l | v
r H , dpr el er l o Wol h N.
o as l o r m
wou| dr al her ano l o| | oW doyon y l h | , dr al her sl oyhom l on| ghl .
oas l or mol l h v r o.
Us No : w ol l nus | , d r ol her nol , oy A: wou| dyou| | kel ohav somedess r l ?
| l s l , l or l use anol l er , suggesl | on, or | nv| l al | on. B: | , d r al h r nol . , v hadenoughl o al .
| , dr ol her nol . No
n o u n n o u n
8. A ompar | son W| l h l o mayl o | oW r Lan| pr el er s omed| sl oa l | onmov| s.
pr l er/ Wou|d pr l r+ noun.
g u n d g er u n d
A ompar | son W| l h l omaya| so l o oW | , dpr el er v| s| l | ng Lan| l ogo| ngl ol h pa l y.
pr l er / Wou| d
or el r + o r und.
o asel o r m o as l o r m
A ompar | son W| l h l honmayl o| | oW r | , d r al h r Wal hl ool oa| | l honp| ay| l .
Wou| dr l her + oasel or mol l hev r o.
188 l Un| l 2
RUE 0Rl LsE

| u| | o
r onkedsomeocl | v| l | s l r om1l o8 ccor d| ngl o h| spr l r ences
( 1_
h| sl ovor | l e) . Look ol h| s| | sl . Thenr e deochnumoer ed s nl nc ondWr | l
T( Tr u ) or F( Fo| s ) .

1. He pr el er s | | sl en| ng l o mus| l o p| ay| ng gu| l ar .
l | O0sE 8 0 Fl E71o
| u| | o
ondAno or d| s uss| ng l h | r ven| ng p| ons, omp| l l he| r
conver s l | on. l Jse Wou d r al h r ( nol ) W| l honeol l hev r os | nl h oo or o | l s | l | n
shor l onsWer s.
hav ook se Sl a
go
A : wou| d you | | ke l ogol o a mov| e l on| ghl ?
Ju| . | o:
' d r al her ol a
home and Wal h Tv.
1 .
Sounds good. Hayoe We u| dmake d| nner | al er .
l on| ghl . l ' ml ol | r ed.
A l : oK.
you
ar esl aur anl | nsl ead?
Lel ' s or der oul l or somep| zza.
HoW aooul apepp r on| p| zza?
2. H ' d r al her h| ke l han gosW| mm| ng.
8. He pr l er s sW| mm| ng l oo| k| ng.
4. He' d r al h r nol Wal h Tv.
5. He pr el er soak| ng p| es l or ead| ng.
G. He pr el er s Wal h| ng Tv l o r ead| ng.
7. He, dpr ooao| y pr el er a on er l l oah| k | n l heWoods.
. Fepper on| g| ves me hear l our n.
mushr ooms l han pepper on| | l l hal ' s OK.
l o
A :
Jur , r o:
Jur,r :
A :
Jur,r :
4.
5 .
A : No pr o| m. 0o you Wanl l oWal h l he Sl ephen K| ng l hr | | | er al 8: 00?
Jur.ro:
G.
A : we| | . . . l her e' sa omedyonal 8: 00and a do umenl ar al 8: 80.
7 .
Fr el er r edA l | v| l | s
1 l | sl en l omus|
5
gosW| mm| ng

go | k| ng
1
Wal h v
8
ak p| es
G
p| aygu| l ar
?
h | k e
Jur,ro: l he omedy. l need a | augh.
0l LFLE E
o
R odl hese onv r sol | ons, omp| l l hemW| l hpr el er , Wou| d pr el er , or
Wou| d r al h r . Usepr el r l osl ol g n r o| pr el er enc s. omp| l l h compor | sons
W| l hl o or l han.
1. A: we' r ego| ngl oRom aga| n nexl Week.
wou| d
o|
Fr el er l ak| ng l he l r a| n l | y| ng l h| s l | me?
B: YouknoW me.l a|Wavs l he p|ane l hel ra|n.
2 . 4 : l have l h a| s| e seal l heW| ndoW seal .
B: Thal ' s l |ne W|l h me.l l heW| ndoW seal . Thal Wav l an| ookoul .
8. A: wher e Wou| d you | | ke l osl ay?l n ahol | ol ap ns| on ?
B: Oh. l l osl ay | n ap ns| onel h| s l | me. l l , smor eper sona| .
. A: l eal | ng | n sma| | l r al l or | as eal r ng r n
o| g r esl aur anl s.
B: He l oo. They' r e | essexpens| v and l he l ood| s a| Ways de| | | ous.
5. A: Speak| ng ol l ood,
o
make l heoesl spaghel l | W| l h | am sau e| n l heWor | d.
B: Thanks, oul l or der | l | n ar esl aur anl
make | l al home!
G. A: wh n | n Rome. you dr|nk|ng l ea or ol l ee?
B: l del r n| l e| v ol l ee l ea. You knoW Whal
l hey say, when | n Rome doas l he Romans do!
E0l T
.
ReodAn , sr por l , F| nd ndcor r l s| xm| sl ok s | n l heus ol pr el er ond
Wou| d r al her . Th l | r sl m| sl k | so| r ody cor r cl ed.
For m rsl udy' l |nl e v|eWed l |l l y men and Women. There was no d|l l eren e
| n men' s and Women' s pr el er en es l or Tv. l l ound l hal ever yone pr el e s
l o
Wal ch|n$ v l h ,n
go|ng l ' omov|es. Hen and Women ool h e j oy neWs prog|ams
and enl er l a| nmenl spe | a| s. HoWeve men Wou| d al her Wal h| n$ advenl ur e
pr ogl ams and s | en el | l | on, Wh| | e womenpr el er soap oper as. Hen a| so | | ke l o
Wal h a| | k| nds ol spor l s, oul Women Wou| d r al h see
game
shoWs l o spor l s.
Read| n$ pr el er ences d| l l er l oo. Hen pr el e l o r ead| ng neWspape s' Wh| | e women
Wou| d r al her r ead. magaz| nes and oooks. l r \ hen men r ead oooks, l hey p el er ad
nonl | o| on and advenl ur e sl or es.
TAl omen
ar e pr el er r | n$ nove| s.
Se| l esl
|l l || 0N
8. Har | a an' l speak Oer man yel , oul al l r al eW| essons
s h e s p e a k a | | l l | e .
0| r c| l h | el l r ol l h cor r cl onsW r l ocomp| l ochsenl nc ,
x mp :
Jenn| l er never ol l ee.
l A)
dr | nk
( B)
dr | nks
_ 0
0)
| s dr | nk| ng
( 0) Was dr | nk| ng
| .
: * | :
shul l he doo p| ease?
( A) 0er l a| n| y.
( B) No' l an' l .
2. why a mov| e l on| ghl ?
( A) aooul see| ng
( B)
don' l We see
( A an
l B)
ou| d
( A) an
( B) ou| d
( A) an' l
( B ou| dn' l
( 0) Yes, l ou| d.
( 0) Yes, l W u| d.
( 0) nol see| ng
( 0 Wedon' l s e
( 0) W| | | oeao| l o
( 0)
Was ao| el o
( 0) haven' l oeenao| el o
( 0)
' m
nol ao| el o
4.
( 0) | s ao| l o
( 0)
W| | | oeao| el o
l n 1998, Tar a L| p| nsk| W| n l he go| dmeda| | n
l | gur e skal | ng al l hew| nl er o| ymp| s.
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
5. l make neW l r | ends s| n l m vedher e.
G. Sh oel l er nol ar r | ve | al e.
( A) d| d ( )
, d
( B) has ( 0) Wou| d
7.
0o
you m| nd | l l oor r oW a ha| r ?
0oyou needon| y one?
( A) l ' m sor r y.
( B) Nol al a| | .
8. wou| d you m| nd
( 0) Yes, l do.
( 0) Yes, l Wou| d.
mel omor r oW?
A B 0
l 0)
l o a| |
( 0) | l you a| |
( A) a| |
( B) a| | | ng
9. l , dr al h r
( A) Wal h
( B) l oWal h
l hemov| e. l hear | l ' sver y good.
( 0) Wal h| ng
( 0) nol Wal h
140
AB 0
10. You m| ss l he d ad| | ne or you' | | have l opay al ee. A B 0
( A) o l l er nol ( )
, d
oel l er nol
( B)
' d
oel l r
( 0) had noo l l r
11. l ak l he l r a| n | nsl ad ol l heous?l l ' sl asl er . A B 0
( A) HoW aooul
( ) why don' l
( B) Lel , s
( 0) wh nol
1 2 . Ha y m y s | s l e r l o | a s s W | l h m e l o m o r r o W ?AB 0
( A) ome
( 0) om| ng
( B)
omes
( 0) l o ome
1 8 . l h a v e d e s s e r l . l ' m l r y | n g l o | o s s o m e W e | g h l . AB 0
( A)
' d
r al her
( )
, d
pr el er
( B)
' d
r al her n l ( 0)
, d
pr el er nol
14. Jam| pr el r sWor k| ng al home Wor k| ng | n an ol l | . A B 0
( A) mor e
( ) l hal
( B) l han
( 0) l o
Eochs nl en e hosl our under | | n dWor dsor phr os s. Th l our under | | n d por l s
ol l h senl ence or emor kedA, B, , nd0, | r c| el h | l l r ol l heoneund r | | ned
Wor dor phr osel hol | sNo ORR l
x l pl :
H| ke usua| | , dr | ves l o s hoo| , oul l oday he Wa| ks.
A 0
A B _
15. when l Was l en. l ou| d sW| m. oul l Wasn' l ao| ed| ve. AB 0
A B 0
1G. why don, l We have d| nn r and l h n gqseeFoss| o| 0r ams A B 0
A B 0
17. You dr ovel or sevenhour s l oday, somayoeyou, dnol oel l r dr | v l on| ghl . A B 0
A B ( 0
18. w| | | you m| nd or | ng| ng your amer a l ol he g adual | on par l y l omor r oW? A B 0
A B ( 0
19. 0ad, may J| m oor r oWs l he ar l omor r oW or doesHom need| l ? A B 0
A B 0
20. l an' l he| p
oU,
somayoeyou shou| d l oask Har l a. A B 0
A B 0
21. Shou| d l or | ng l | oWer s l oL| sa' s or shou| d l g| v| ng her andy? A B 0
A B ( 0
22. Ha r oey u oughl l o
j usl
or | ng l | Wer s. A B 0
A B 0
28. S| | va e| or al ed| asl year oe auseshe ou| dW| n l he r a e.
A B 0
AB 0
A 0
AB 0
24. l l ' sr ea| | y | al e, so| el ' sWegeoul l od| nner l on| ghl .
A B 0
25. why Wou| d you r al her sl ay h me l o gooul l on| ghl ?
A B ( 0
Necess| l y:
ave ( gol )
and Husl
ll| e|
F0l N
h ckl hecor r cl onsW r ,
Us| ngaseal oe| l | s:
l ar qu| r emenl
l
LJ a ho|
s A |Ul N S: l U9T
Su '

us ( l | o )

o, . Fo
/ H / S h / l | we | Y ou| Th y
musl ( nol ) sl o .
( oN RA l oNs
Havegol l o
=
, v
gol l o
Hasgol l o
=
' s
gol l o
( oN RA T| oN
mu sl n ol
= mu sl n ' l
|| R ||| |( l
|r l T( Tru ) or
F( Fo|s ) .
F weus hove
gol l o| n
al l r r mal | v
andnegal | ve
sl al menl s.
AFFl Rl ,l A |v s A l U| EN S :
H vE( OoT) To

v o/

o, . Fo
Sur y
|
H vr Oo o
|
o v
| / we/ You/ Th y hav ( gol ) l o
sl op.
H / Sh e/ | l has ( gol ) l o
N OA v S A H NTS; H vETo
Su ;

oono.

on, , o

o' . Fo
l | we| You| heyd on ' l
have l o sl op.
He/ Sh / | l doesn' l
l |AR l l E l ( 2
heckl h cor r cl
onsWer .
l nquesl | onsW| l h
hovel o, Whal omes
oel or el hesuoj e l ?
[ | al orm ol do
al or m ol hovel o
YEs/ Na
OuEs | oNS:
H/
l |
l |
0o
| Su |
H vl o
vETO
B s
Fo
0o w
hav l o sl op?
0o s h
s | oRTANsw Rs
l
l
A | | v | N OA | vE
Yes,
you d o.
No,
you d on ' l .
h e does. h doesn' l .
142
* Husl
| samoda| . l l doesnol hav
s
| n l h l h| r d p r sons| ngu| ar .
. r y: : . : : . : | | : . ?. : : , g. ?: ! . l ?. 8: 9. Y. . : . : ' . . . 1. 1. 1o . . o. . . . .
E FREss. r !
omp| el l h| s onv r sol | on, Us on Wor dl or eocho| nk,
A: why she w ar her seal o | l ?
B: l l ' sl he | aW. Ever vone wear as al o | l .
Or ammar x p| an al | on s xam | s
1. Usel l oyel o, have gol l o, andr n sl l o
xpr ss ne ss| l y.
a. Hovel o | sl hemosl ommon xp ss| on | n r v yon has l o
Fass
ar oadl sl o l or
ev yday use. g l l | ng adr | v r , s | ns .
o. Havegol l ool l n expr ss s sl r ong l e | | ngs | H , sgol l o dr | ve mor es| oW| y. | , mal r a| d
| nspeak| no and| nl or ma Wr | l | no. h , s oo| nol ohav ana | d nl .
O. Hasl | sus d | nWr | l | ng ( l or ms, s| gns, nol | s) . | Youmusl sl op omp el | al asl ops| gn.
Husl | sused| nspok n ngl | s| . l , Wh n

l hespeak r | s| napos| l | on ol poW r . | L| ng | n9,
ou
musl | anyour oom.
( mol her l o| k| ngl oh r
Young
h| | d)

l he e | su genl ne ess| l y. | You a y musl l a| k l oyour ooss aooul ar a| s .
( l r| ndl o|k|ngl oal r|end)
havever yd| l l er nl m an| ngs, ( See Un| l 84. ) ( | l | sn, l n ssar y l osl op her . )
r Youm sl nol sl op h r e.
( You on, l sl oph r , | l , snol a| | oW d, )
2. Usel h or r e l l or mol hovel ol or a| | l nses | Al l h| sa | d nl , Sa| had l o l ake ad | v , s
andl o ms. | mp ov m nl l ass. ( posl l ns )
r Sh | a has had l o dr | v l oWo k l o l Wo
year s.
( pr s nl p r l l )
r | , | | hav l o dr | ve l omor r oW. ( l ul ur )
Usehove gol l oandm sl on| yl o l h pr s nl | | , vegol l o W ar g| asses a| | l h l | m .
or l h l ul ur e. | ver yon musl l ake aney l esl l omor r oW.
8. Usehovel ol or mosl quesl | ons. r 0oes Fau hav l o dr | ve?
pv
r ar | y us hoyegol l oor musl l or quesl | ons. ) r whenW| | ! h hav l o | eav ?
F o u | | o No
| n| nl o mal spee h, hovel o| sol l enpr onoun ed
, , hal l a, ,
andgol l o| sol l np onoun d
, , gol l a. , ,
0onol Wr | l hal l o or gol l a.
144 l un| l sB
l 0 N l FY
o
ReadB nLeonar d, s l | ephoneonv r sol | on W| l ho | r kl r oml he o| | l or n| o
0 por l m nl ol Hol or veh| | s ( 0Hv) , Und r | | n l h War dsl hol l o| koooul n cess| l .
0Hv: 0epar l m nl l Hol or veh| | es. Hay l he| p you?
B : l ' m mov| ng l 0a| | l or n| a s on. w| | | l have l o
gel a 0a| | l or n| a | | ens When l move?
0Hv: Yes, you W| | | . 0a| | l or n| a r es| denl s musl hav a 0a| | l or n| a dr | ver , s | | ense.
B : when W| | | l hav l o gel my 0a| | l or n| a | | ense?
0Hv: Y u have l o r ep| a e your o| d | | ense l en days al l er you oe omea r es| denl .
So ome| n and app| y l or your 0a| | l or n| a | | ense r | ghl al l er you gel her .
B : 0o l have l ol ake any l esl s l oex hangemy l | | | no| s | | ense l or a 0a| | l or n| a | | ense?
0Hv: S| n e you a| r ady have an l | | | no| s | | ense,
oU
Won' l have l ol ake l he r oad l esl . Bul
youW| | | have l ol ake l heWr | l l en l esl .
B : HoW aooul l he eyel esl ?
0Hv: oh, ever yone has gol l ol ake l he yel esl .
B oK. Thanks a| ol . You' veoeenver y he| pl u| .
Ol LFl E E
o
R odl h| sconv r s l | on. omp| l | l W| l hl h cor r e l l or mol have l o or
hav gol l o ondl h v r os | np r nl h ses, Usehave gol l o ondg| veshor l onsW r s
When v r poss| o| e.
when
d o
you B :
A : l
go doy . why?
9 . ( h | p )
a| | h| m aga| n. l l , shar d l or h| m
havel o u e
l h ar ?
soon. why?
l he | | ?
8 . ( h a n g )
l d| d | l ar | y l h| s m r n| ng. oh, and
l hal . l ooughl l hr ee r o| | s yesl er day.
| l s ol p| l ur s on l he l r | p.
?
7 . ( p a k )
He l r n| sh d and Wenl l oSar a' s l osav
me | an oul l he ar . l l ' s l u| | ol h| s sl ul l .
l o| eaveh| s l r | nds.
1 .
( u s )
J| m' s s hoo| r e or dspr el l y
2 . ( p | ku p )
you sl | | |
B : No.
A : oh,
B : w
l o ughl somel | | m.
4 .
you
5 . ( n o l d o )
G. ( l k )
J| m sl | | |
Ar : N .
B :
Ar :
He
8 .
' | |
l
l
1 o . ( a )
h| m l o omehome l W| e a| r eady.
m
oosE a FL TE
o
Look l l h s s| gns, l Js l h ver osl r oml heooxl ocomp| l el h

s nl n es oooul l h| ngsyoumusl doondmusl nol do.
l ur n dr | ve r | de Wa| k
| . \ gLL
muol nol l ur n
| sl l , .
r | ghl .
over 40mph.
G0mph.
5. B| v | | sl s
on l he r | ghl .
G. Fedesl r | ans
onl he r | ghl .
E0l l
.
Reod
| | m, s
| l l r l oSor o. F| ndond or r e l sev nm| sl k s | nexpr ss| ng n c ss| l y,
Th l | r sl m| sl ok | so| r odycor r cl ed.
0 r 5 r ,
oW r e\ ou do| ng? w , ve oe n h r ooul s| We ks. | l , s sl Y ng | v| ng | n
l hes our os.
gol
l h r ' s no
puo | c l r nsvor l l | an, so
\ o ' v
gdl o dr | v v ' [ Nn r . l h d l o
s| gns upl or dr | v r , sdl h| s s mesl r 50 can qd m | cens o sur nmevl | m . l , s
l hel aW h r e l hal ve | n r nusl s W ( s l oe| l . | us d l oh l l oouck uF, oul
W| l h l hel r a l | h r , l h v ch ng d m\ m| nd, 1T. | r r al ol ol l r W s, nd
\ o , ve
gol l knoW hoW l och nge n s w| l h al ol ol l asl l r l | . Lv n mv | v| or n h v
h d l og l us d l o| l . 0 d Wor k; l hor n , soh h sn, l h s l odo l ol l dr | v| ng.
l . l ave
ou
o l n l hos com?ul r g m s
l ?
' m h v| ng a| ol l l l o o| e W| l h
, ' 0oom. ,
\ ou
gol l oWr | l l o me ndl r n hoW l ogel
? 5l
l hel | l l h ve !
J| m
l E 1
|
L F
|
Rl O
||
|l |c|
l l sFE | |
l
L H|
|
|l 55|l
l | u
l l
4sj
2. You
8. You
4. You
wF l N
h ckl h cor r ecl onsWer ,
The dr | v r an hoosel o
par k | n l he r ossWa| k.
Oho| e: 0on, l have l o
No Oho| e: Husl nol
and 0an' l
l sl opl oaskl or d| r l | ons.
HUs , vor
Su

us *
, '
l
B s o

| / H e/ 5 h / | l | we | Y
ou| Th y musl nol
l
sl op h er .
AN,
Suq

, *

o' ' o

| / H / S h / | l | w e | Y ou| Th y Oan ' l sl op h .


don' | havel o
l o p a n d a o k l o r
d | r ecl | on o|
| l ,
[ / 1,
l z
'
, , l |
.
, 11
| R HE K l
heckl hecor r e l
nsW r ,
wh| h par l ol do nol
hove l o hangesl or
d| l l er nl suoj e l s?
l l
do LJ hove
Su ,
0ON' THAvETO
0ol , l o

on' ' ,

o' . Fo o v
l | we| You| Th yd on ' l
h av e l o
sl op
h .
H / Sh / l d o sn , l par k
l ||ARl HE |( 2
|rc| T( True) or
F( Fo| s ) .
F The l orm ol
musl ol and
con, l hanges
l or d| l l er nl
suoj e l s.
l | G
* Th se
Wor dsar moda| s. Theydonol have
s
| n l hel h| r d per sons| ngu| ar .
E8* .
Oh | e: 0on' l have l a N Oh | e: usl l r r d 0ar , l | 147
FREss # r
Unscr mo| l h s wor ds l ol or ml Wosenl en es.
sl op

He

have

her e

l

doesn' l
musl

l asl

You

nol

dr | ve

l oo
8rg
g
ry * r l l | l l | er l l | l g % ar p* es
| . Hov el oan d mu sl h av es| m| | ar mean | n g s. Th ey | You h av l o sl op al l h esl op s| g n .
ool h xpr ss l he| d a l hal som l h| ng | s r Youmusl sl op al l hesl ops| gn.
n ssa y o r qu| r d.
0on, l / 0oesn' l hovel oand musl ol havev r y
d| l l enl mean| ngs.
a. 0on, l / 0o sn, l hav l oexpr esses l hal | Youdon, l hav l o dr | v . | ando| l .
somel h| ng | snol n ssar y. | l means l hal r H do sn, l havel o l ur n her . H anl u n
l her e| sanol h poss| o| | | l y. h r e| sa ho| e. al l hen xl | nl r s l | on.
o. Husl ol xp sses pr oh| o| l | on. | l means r Youmusl nol usel h ar W| l houl
l hal somel h| ng | snol a| l oW d or | saga| nsl mype m| ss| on.
l h | aW. he | sno ho| . r Youmusl nol dr | v W| l houl a| | ns .
l l ' s aga| nsl l he| aW.
2. Husl ol | sus dl oe pr ess pr oh| o| l | on r Youmusl nol useyour hor nunn essar | y.
| nWr | l | ng, | n ud| ng ol l | | a| l or ms, s| gns,
andnol | es.
Us l No : | nspok n ng| | sh, W donol r w Oan, l par k he e. | l , s al oW aWay zone.
usua| | y us musl nol Wh nl a| k| ng l oor aooul
anol her adul l . weus con, l | nsl ad.
Somel | mes peop| usem sl nol l ol a h| l d r
J ss ,
youmusl n, l l ake ol l you seal o l
l hal l he| e| sno ho| e | nas| l ual | on. Wh| | e l h a | smov| ng.
8. You anusenol hovel ol or a| | l nses r Youdon, l hav l o dr | v . ( pr s nl )
andl or ms. | Sh Won, l hav l o r eneW h r | ns n xl
ear .
( l ul ur )
| w haven, l had l o
Fa
a| ol ol pa k| ng l | nes
l h| sy ar . ( pr s nl per l l )
| heyd| dn, l havel o l ake dr | ver , sdu al | on
| asl y ar . NoW | l , s r qu| r d. ( s| mp| posl l ns )
Husl nol l er s on| yl ol h p senl or r 0r | v r s musl nol passonl h r | ghl .
l hel ul u e.
148 l un| l 84
| 0EN l FY
o
R odl h| sor l | c| . Und r | | nel heWor dsl hol shoWl hol l h r | socho| ce ooul
do| ngsom l h| ng. | r c| l h Wor dsl hol shoWl hol l her | snocho| c ,
Ol FL E
o
Re dl h| sconv r s l | on. omp| el e| l W| l h an, l or l h cor r cl l or mol
nol hav l o ondl h v r o| np r nl h s s,
Jr : Ausl | n
doeon' l havel o e| l
| n a sal el yseal , oul l do. l l ' snol l a| r .
r . ( s| l )
A : J| m, you r ea| | y | | ke l hal | n l he ar . Your l al h r has
2 . ( y e| | )
l n nl r al e ndr | v| ng. Ben, l ur n | el l l r l h r esl aur anl .
B :
A :
B :
Ar :
B :
Aus r :
Jr :
we
8. ( l u r n )
There,sl he r sl auranl . Uhoh.You
8 . ( o r | n g )
Hom sa| d OK. AnyWay, l
|el l .l l a on Waysl re l .l ' || goar und l he o|o k.
h r e. l l , saoussl op.
r anl , J| m! l l ' sl ooo| g.
l ovou. L l , seal !
Hayoel ' | | par k | n l hal | ndoor gar age. Thal , | ; T .
5. ( Wor r y)
aooul our sl ul l Wh| | e We, r al | ng. Rem| nd me l oouy gas al l er | un h.
G. ( gel )
gas, doWe?Th l ank | s sl | | | ha| l l u| | .
l knoW. Bul We gasl or a| ongl | me. l ' mnol sur e l he
gauge | s Wor k| ng.
You l hal l r u k | nl o l he r esl au
A | eW A|l ernal |v
l o 0ar OWner sh| p
NeWdr | ver s ar eusua | y ex | l ed aooul l he| r
n eWl r eedom: Hy
momdoesn ' l h av el o
dr | vemeever ' / vher e anymor ! | don' l have
l oaskmyl r | ends l or r | des l os hoo ! ' ' when
youdon' l haveyour oWn ar yel , any
pr | e
s ems Wor l hpay| ng.
Bul on yououya
ar , you_your
ar paymenl s
and
pr oo| ems, hoW v er . Hemoer sol car
shar | ng gr oups hav e acar When l hey n ed
one l or e| l h r shor l l r | ps or v a al | ons, oul
l hey don' l hav el he h| ghexpenses ol
oWner sh| p' h y pay ver y | | l l | e l ousea
shar ed ar , and l hey don' l hav e l oWor r y
aooul ma| nl a| n| ng l h ar or
pay | ng
l he
| nsur an e. Feesl or shor l l r | psar eon| y
ao ou l $ . 0 0 an h ou r p u s
$ 0 . 5 0
p er m| | e.
Or oupsdo nol havesl r | l r qu| r emenl s
| nsur an e pr em| ums,
or y ouwon' l oe a e| l her . Hemoer smusl nol hav oad
dr | ver l or ver y | ong. You an' l eav gas
and dr | v| ng r e or ds or poor r ed| l , andl hey
ma| nl enan e oul ol l he oudgel | l her . musl nol r el ur n l he ar s| npoor
shap or
0ar shar | ng ol l er s ana| l er nal | ve l ol hese l hey W| | | pay exl r a.
7. ( ou y )
9 . ( | | sl n )
0ho| e: ) n. l hav l o N 0ho| e: usl r ; l a d ar ' l J 149
REA0 a 0l l FLEl E
o
Lookol l h| ss| gnol l h Ho| | do Hol e| sW| mm| ngpoo| . omp| l e
ochs nl nc r r | l h musl nol or don, l hav l o ondl hecor r cl l or mol l h ver o
| npor nl heses.
Ho| | day ol e|
SW| mm| ng Foo| Ru| es and R gu| al | ons
Fo o | Ho u r s| 0 : 0 0
_ | 0 : 0 0 p .
0h | | d r en u n d er | 2 y ar sNoT ALLOw 0 | n p oo|
W| l houl anadu| l .
ToW l s v | | o| l
l r onl
d sl l .
.
o a| | p | a | n g
.
r ad | os
NO
.
d | v | n g
g | ss o ol l | s
.
a| oho| | o v r ag s
1. 0h| | dr n under age12
mu nol gW| m
W| l houl an adu| l .
( sWr m, )
2. You
8. You
4. You
G. You
( o r | n g )
( p | ay )
your oWnl oWe| .
oa| | | n or ar ound l he poo| .
| nl o l he poo| .
( d | v )
5. Te nager s W| l h an adu| l .
( o )
l hepoo| al 8: 00
p. .
( v )
E0l T
.
R od usl | n, s posl cor dl oh| sl r | end, F| ndondcor r ecl l | vem| sl okes | nexpr ess| ng
n c ss| l . Thel | r sl m| sl ok | so| r eod cor r ecl d,
Ho| | day ol | , Rl e . 55
H| , Jonel /
we gol l o l her nol e| ol el h| s ven| ng e ooseWegol | osl Bul We
we e | ckg_l heg kepl o. nnoor n

* ! # l | | a onol . n
r nol e| . J| nr ng | s eo| | g hoFFg o | se hedon' l hovel ogol o ed
onl | ol l en10, 00, Whenl hesW| r nr n| ng poo c oses. we r n sl n' l | eove
| nl | 11' 00 l or no noW
( che ko l
l | r n ) , soweconsl ogop ol e .
Yoser | l e | son| gl o | hoonsoWog' so weWon' l hodl o d | vel he
Who e dogl or no noW. l l ' sgo| ngl o eex | l | ng. gponenl s sog
Weo so| ol | g r n | sl nol l ogoo | l go nse vesecol , | se l he
o e eonsl h e. l ' d ove l o seeo eo
( l or n
l he| ns| de ol l he
co ) . | ' sendoposl condol one.
Aosl | n
To: Jonel dWo ds
5500 Ar nhensl Lone
| e, F 1G50G
Expe l al | ons:
Be supposed
l o
wF l N
h ckl hecor r cl onsWer s.
The g oom' s l al her | s l h| nk| ng aooul
l somel h| ngh l or gol l odo.
l heusua| Waysomel h| ng| s done
al aWedd| ng.
' , d or er
h u r r u p W | Lh Nh eee
p| cl ur e' l ' uppo ed
h n o !
Wa u??o ed
l o pr epar e a
n p p 1
r Y v v v l l |
Th an k q o o d n e e
' m no eu??oeedl o pa l or
l h| phol oqr aph r ,
oesl man or | de, s ma| d or | d gr oom
par enl s ol hono
gr oom' s
par enl s
H R cl | l (
|rc|eT( Tru ) or
F( Fo|s ) ,
F You anus
he supposed l o
| n l h s| mp| e
pr esenl and
s| mp| epasl
l ns s.
Su ,
|
s A H N s
l l
!
( No ) Supr , os o o
|
s Fo o v

l
a m
Was
( nol ) supposed l o
sl and
oe
her e.
H / Sh / | l
l s
Was
w / You* / hey
ar r
W r
* You
| s ool h s| ngu| ar and p| ur a| .
YEs/ No
OU s | oNs

|
su |
|
su pos o r o

o, . o

Am
was
supposed l o sl an d her e?
| s
was
h e
Ar e
w r e
you
150
sHoR ANsw Rs
A | | v

EOA | vE
Yes,
you
ar e.
W r .
No,
you
ar n, l .
Wer n, l .
h
| s.
Was.
h
| sn ' l .
Wasn' l .
l
a m.
Was.
l
' m
nol .
W asn ' l .
FREss
rl r l rl |
omp| el el h s s nl n es.
A: whal We supposedl oWear yesl r day?
B: Our su| l s. l l
A: Oops.
supposedl oo adr essr eh ar sa| .
Or ammar x p| an al | on s amp| es
| . Useoe supposedl ol ol a k aooul d| l l r nl k| nds
ol xp l l | ons:
a. r u| sandusua| Ways ol do| ngl h| ngs r Thegr oom| ssuppos d l o ar r | v al l h
er emony ar | y' l , s a usl om.
o.
pr ed| l | o s
| | l , snol suppos d l o r a| n l omo oW. l hear d
| l on l h r ad | o.
O. h ar say ( Whal ever yon says) r heo a h| ssuppos d l o o o aul | l u | n
Augusl . v yon says so.
d. p| ans o ar r ang m nl s r h r emony | sn, l suppos d l o o g| n y l .
2. Useoe supposed l oon| y| nl h s| m | r Theo | de | ssupposed l o Wear Wh| l '
pr s nl l ns or | nl h s| m | e pasl l ns . | Th e mony Was suppos dl o o g| nal 7: 0 .
l | l Wasn' l supposedl o r a| n.
Us l h s| mp| e pr es nl l ns l o l r l oool h | | , msuppos d l o oeal l h Wedd| ngr h ar sa
l hepr esenl andl hel ul ur . l omor r oW.
No
Us No : h s| mp| e pasl l ens ol l n | a Was supposed l o or | ng l | oW r s, o l
sugg sl s l hal som l h| ng d| dnol happen. hel or gol .
E pe l al | ons: Be supposed l o | 151
52 l U . | | l 85
l 0 NTl FY
o
R odl h| sor l | c| e nd und r | | nel hephr asesl h l expr ess e pecl ol | ons.
l RUE 0RFAL| E
o
Re dl heor l | c| e go| n, wr | l eT( Tr ue) or F( Fo| s ) l or chs nl ence,
r
| . Th Sl r | k| ands p| ann d ao| gWedd| ng.
2. Th Weal her l or e asl er pr ed| l edr a| n.
8. The Sl r | k| ands | nv| l d l | l l y Wedd| ng guesl s.
4. The l r r y l o| | oWed a s hedu| e.
5. Feop| el h| nk l hal y | | sl s ar e | n goodshape.
O| | | Fl E E

Reodl hes conver sol | ons, omp| l l h mW| l hol or mol o suppos d l o
ond l hever o| npor nl heses, O| v shor l onsWer s, hoos l l | r mol | v or n gol | v ,
1. A: Nel l a, Oar y a| | edWh| | e
ou
wer oul .
B:
Am
1
u??o ed l . o ca
h| m oa k?
No, youar en' l
a. ( a| | )
. H ' | | a| | vou l h| s al l er noon'
2. A: The dr ess sl or a| | ed l oo. They d | | ver ed your Wedd| ng dr essl oyour ol l | e.
l hey l hal ?
a . ( d o )
! Thal , s Why l sl ayed home l day. They
| l her e.
. ( d | | v r )
8. A: Lel , sgel | n | | ne. Th r h ar sa| | n al Wm| nul s.
a. ( sl r l )
A:
B:
l w sN' Suppos 0 o B B| w ppl NO
F ov | o , Ju | y
| 9 Th Sl r | k | an d s
Wanl d a qu| l Wedd| ng l hal ' s Why l hey
e| op ed l o B| o k s| an d , ol l l h Al | an l |
0oasl ol l h Un | l ed Sl al s. Th | s| an d | s
q u | l sma| | ' so l h Sl r | k | an d s p a k ed
l h | r o| k s l or l h l r r yl r | p. The Weal h r
waSsuppos d l o oe | ov | y, and l h y had
ask ed l h may or l o mar r y l h m on a h | | |
ov r | ook| ngl h o ean.
. . wh n
W gol l h r , W l ounda r oWdol
y | | sl sadm| r | ngl h v| eW, , ' | aughedB l h.
wh en B| | | k | ss d h | so r | d , l h au d | n e
o u r sl | n l o | ou d ap p | au s an d r an g l h | r
o | y | o | | s.
, . w
w r n ' l su p p os d l o
hav l | l l y W dd| ng guesl s, oul W | ove
y | | n g , an d W ' r en ol sor r y , ' ' B| | | sa| d .
wh| | pa k| ng l h n l da ' Bel h | l l
h r W dd| ngoouqu l al l h hol e| . | nul s
o l or l h l r r ywasSupposed l o | av , B| | |
| ump d
on h| s o| k , gol l h l | oW r s, and
m d | l oa kl o l hel r r yon l | m .
. , 0y | | sl s
ar Suppos dl osl ayl asl andl | l , , , h sa| d.
B: we' r eor | desma| ds. wher e We
o . ( sl an d )
?
. z Oar y! You
B: why nol ?
her e!
a. ( o )
A: You
Nel l a unl | | l he r mony. l l , soad | u k.
o. ( s )
5. A: Soph| e, ou| dl oor r oW your handker h| el , p| eas ?l
a . ( w a r )
somel h| ng o| d, somel h| ng n W, somel h| ng oor r oWed, and somel h| ng o| u . l don, l
hav anyl h| ng oor r oWed.
B: l l
l oday. Hayoe l shou| d | end you my
o . ( r a| n )
umor e| | a | nsl ead.
G. A: l h ar Oar y and Nel l a ar e go| ng l oAr uoa onl he| r honeymoon.
B: Oh, l hal
ar ea| | y n| e| s| and.
a. ( o )
E0l T

ReodSoph| e, s | l l r l ool r | nd, F| nd ndcor r l s| xm| sl ok s | n l h us ol


oe suppos d l o. Th l | r sl m| sl ke| s | r odycor r cl ed,
0e r / sh ,
Wa9
l , msosorr kr|o , l l l s pposed l o r|l l o
o
/ sl eek oo l mgp/ s
l or|s|l ' ,reo 'ul / / o s ,lul
lr|e d
Nel l |sgel l | g m rr|ed soo , d she
sk dm l ooeh rm |dol ho orShe d O r cu l oo' 9l o d / | gTh ' r
s pposedl oh ve oo l l ,oh dredg esk, l h v / ol ol respo s|o|/ |l |es, l l a|/ / oe
s ppos dl og|re N l l shoru r lo,el h cuedd|l g(l h l p rl here v r o'|
or| gspr se k

l h or|de),/ l / sos pposol ohe/ pher hoos l hr or|desm |ds,
dress s,Theoesl r me J|m, e,/ / h / pO r gel ' e d ,/ / | re ,l m l h|m
el ,
o l h s ppos sl ooev r n| e.
,do l lurs goodo e ocu, l s pposedl o/ e v
lor
rehe rs /
lne
m| l s go,
Love,
Soph|
FS, oo l r |l / ,m s ppos|ng l o7 l somr l |meol | |/ , l o / dl h l
o o l , | l ?
Ful ur e Foss| o| | | l y:
Ha , H| ghl , 0ou| d
u op , s w
mp r al ur s | n London may dr op asm h as | v nd gr s
y l omor r oW mor n| ng.
\ w
m| ghl v ns som snoW l | ur r | s
| al r on | n l h day.
' w. | nds
o | d a h 40 mph.
YEs/ No
OU s | oNs
r eyougo| ngl ol y l oFar | s?
Ar youl ak| ng l h l r a| n?
wF l N
| r c| eT( Tr u ) or F( Fol s ) .
F l l ' sdel | n| l | y go| ng
l osnoW| n London
l omor r oW.
| , l / l , .
OU s | oNs
whenar e yougo| ng l oFar | s?
HoW ong W| youo l h r e?
sHoR ANsw Rs
may ( nol ) .
| / w

m| ghl ( nol ) .
ou | d ( n , l ) .
ANsw Rs
m a
| g | l o m o r r o W .
| / we
l
m| ghl
o u | d l o e l l h r a W k .
| AR l , K l
|rc|eT( Tru ) or
F( Fo|s ) ,
F Hoy, m| ghl ,
and ou|d have
on| y on l or m
l or a| | suoj e l s.
s A | v|EN s
Su |

* l ' / 0oul o*

B s Fo o v

/ H / S he/ l / w / You/ h y
may ( nol )
m| ghl ( nol )
ou| d ( nol )
gel ol d .
* These
Wor dsar emoda| s. They donol have
s
| n l hel h| r d per sons| ngu| ar .
l | R HE ' K 2
h ckl h cor r e l
onsWer .
when dovouus
moy, m|ghl , or cou|d
l or l ul ur e poss| o| | | l y?
m qu sl | ons
l , ansW r s
154
E
EXFRESS
omp| l e l h| sconv r sol | on W| l hm| ghl or m| ghl nol .
A: Ar e you go| ng home al l el | ass?
B: l
A: l
B: Hayoe you shou| d a| | Jean | nsl ead. l
O
ya
a r mr l l | * l l | l l | el | o r $
. l l ' sver y poss| o| e. why?
a| | you aooul l hehomeWor k ass| gnmenl . l don, l under sl and | l .
under sl and | l e| l her .
Ful ur e Foss| o| | | l z Hay, | ghl , 0ou| d | 155
a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a o a a a a a a a a o a a a a a a a o o a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a (
l | , xamp| r s
1 . Usemoy, m| ghl , and ou| dl ol a| kaooul r l l may o W| ndy al e .
l ul ur e poss| o| | | l y. | l m| ghl g l o| d.
r | l ou| d r a| n l omor r oW.
mo oe andmo oe. Bol h xpr ssposs| o| | | l y.
Hoy oe| samoda| + v r o. l | sa| Ways r H may o al l oday.
l WoWor ds.
Ho o | snol amoda| . | l | sanadver o. | l | s r Hayoe h , l ak l h l a| n.
a | W a y s o n e W o r d , a n d | l o m e s a l l h e o g | n n | n g No _
ol l hes nl en .
2. Usemoynol andm| ghl nol l o xp ss l he r h ar a ol ol | ouds, oul | l m| ghl
poss| o| | | l y l hal som l h| ng W| | | nol happ n. nol r a| n.
Use ou| dn, l l osay l hal somel h| ng | s A: whydon, l youask
John
l o a | d ?
| mposs| o| . B: | oul dn, l do l hal . He, s l ooousy'
B r u| ! weusua| y donol onl r a l r Youmay nol n da oal .
m| ghl nol , andw nev onl r a l mo nol , No
_
8. Ou sl | ons
aooul poss| o| | | l y usua | y ar A: wh nW| | | | l sl or l snoW| ng?
nol l or medW| l h mqYm| ghl , or cou| d. nsl ead, B: | l m| ghl sl ar l ar ound| un hl | m .
l heyar l or medW| l hl h l ul ur e( W| | | , oego| ngl o,
l h pr esenl pr ogr ess| ve) or phr ases su has
Az Ar e
ou
go| ng l o dr | vel oWor k?
0o o u l h | n k . , . ?o r | s | l p o s s | o | l h o l , , , ?
B: | m | g h l l a k e l h o u s | n s l a d .
| l , s l h ansW r s l o l h s qu sl | ons l hal A: whenor
oU
| eov| ng?
ol l enhavemo , m| ghl , or ou| d. B: l may | ave noW.
nshor l ansWer s l oyes| no qu sl | ons, usemo A: w| | | you ol l | e ose ea y?
m| ghl , or cou| da| on . B: l m| ghl .
Us No : | l al or mol oe| sl h ma| nver o, | l A: | sou l r a| nar | v| ng al e?
| s ommonl o| n | ude oe| nl hesho l ansW r . B: | l m| ghl oe.
15G l 8J l | l * * G
l 0EN l FY
0
A| | c | soco| | eg sl ud nl WhoWor ksp r l l | me; B| | | | sh r ooyl r | nd. Reod
l he| r conver sol | on. Under | | n l h Wor dsl hol pr ss l ul ur poss| o| | | l or | mposs| o| | | l .
Ar , r : l
j usl
hear d l hal | l may sn W l oday. Ar e you go| ng l o dr | ve l oWor k?
Br : No. l , | | l ake l he 7: 80l r a| n | nsl ead.
Ar , r : l ' | | l ake l he l r a| n W| l h you. l have someWor k l o do| n l he | | or ar y.
Br r , r , : Or eal . why don' l you ul your al l er noon | ass and have | un h W| l h me l oo?
Ar , r : oh, l ou| dn' l dol hal . Bul | el , smeel al l hel r a| n sl al | on al G: 00, oK?
Br r , : l m| ghl have l oWor k unl | | 8: 00l on| ghl . l ' | | a| | y u and | el you knoW.
ANsWER
o
whol W|||A||ceond B||l dol ogel her? h ckl h oppropr| l eooxl oreochocl |v|l .
1 .
2 .
8 .
Take l he l r a| n al 7: 80 . .
Have | un h.
Heel al l h l r a| n sl al | on al G: 00
p. .
0er l a| n
l
l
l
Foss| o| e
l
l
l
| mp o ss| o | e
l

Ol l |FLE E
o
A||ce|sgroduol |ng l romco|| geW|l hod gree|n or| h||dhood Edu ol |on.
omp| l l h| spor gr ophl r omher d| or y. hoosel h ppr opr | ol Wor ds| npor nl h s s.
l j sl gol l h nol | c l r omr ny schoo . l
' m
q o| n q | o
| . ( m | g h l n o l
/
' m
g o | n g l o )
gr du l | nJ ne, o l | sl | l don' l h v an p ans. Som d c r c nl r ; h| r d nl s
odor el h gr dl ' | l , sol appl v lora.1oo
2 . ( o u | d
/ o u d n , l )
noW. or l aFF| v l o gr du l schoo nd
8 . ( m| g h l
/ m| g h l n o l )
g l m masl er ' s d gr e' | , r n
j sl
nol s r l nougn1h se p sl l | l ' | o
r s
h u o en
h r d, ndl o r d l osl ud l or l Wom r '
4 . ( ma
/ may n o l )
l sl ms | r ooul r Y \ ca l l
5 . ( ' mg o | n g l o / m| g h l )
wOr k w| l h ch| | dr n ' l T| ' s c r l | n. l mad anappo| nl m nl l od| sc ss r nv
Fl ans
W| l h r n
r ch r , r s. H r nphr e , l omor r oW. l l al k
G. ( m yo
| ma )
l h| sov r W| l h h r . 5h
Whal l odo.
7 . ( W o n ' l / m| g h l ;
h ve n| d aoo l

Ful ur e Foss| o| | l : l 4a , h| | | ghl , u| d | 157


0ES Rl BE

Look l | | c , s sch du| l or Hond y. Sh pul oqu sl | onmor k( ?) nexl l o


och| l emsheWosn, l sl l r oooul , wr | l senl nc sooul A| | ce, s p| onsl or Hondo , Us
may or m| ghl l or l h| ngsl h l or poss| o| ondoe go| ng l o l or l h| ngsl hol or c r l o| n.
H0N0 Y
a| | 0| | | al 9: gol o Wor k al 1:
ou aomonol r oo koool or c a e
?
goahopp| ng al her Wor k
?
gol o meel | ngWl l hHr e, umphr e al 11: l ake 7: l r al n
?
havecol l er W| l h ur al l or l aee
?
p| kupp| zza
1.
| ce| go| ngl , oca\ | o| | al 9zoo,
2.
hema ou omeno eoook oel or ec| a .
8 .
4.
5 .
G .
7 .
8 .
E0l T. R odl h| ssl udenl , s r epor l oooul | N| l | o. F| ndondcor r cl | ghl m| sl okes | n
xpr ess| ng l ul ur poss| o| | | l y, Thel | r sl m| sl oke| so| r eod or r e l d,
Ev r y l eW year s, l he o ean nea F r u oe omes war mer . 0a| | d 1 N| l | o' l h| s
ma
var|al |on |n l emperal ure l l | l , ror ause Weal her changes a|| over l he Wor|d.
Th Wesl oasl s ol Nor l h and Soul h Amer | ca m| $hl l o have heavy a| ns. on
l he ol her s| de ol l he Fa | l | , NeW Ou| nea m| $hl oe omes ver y dr y. Nor l her n
a eas ou| d have war me Wel l e W| nl er s, and. soul h r n ar eas ou| d oe ome
much o| de . These Weal her chang s al l e l p| anl s and an| ma| s. Some l | sh
mayn' l sur v| ve | n War mer Wal er s. 0r ou$hl s ou| d caus| n$ r ops l o d| e, and
l ood may
gr l
ver y expens| ve. E| N| l | o may happen ver y l Wo year s, or | l
ou| d nol ome l or seven y a s. w| | | E| N| l | os
$el
Wor se | n l he l ul ur ? They
ou| d o . Fo| | ul | on ho| ds heal | n l he a| and | l W| | | | nc ease l he el l l s ol
E| N| l | o, oul no on | s su e y l .
Assumpl | ons:
Ha , H|ghl , 0ou|d, Husl ,
Have ( gol )
l o, 0an' l
F l NT
heckl hecor r ecl onsW r ,
Th l amousdel l | v Sher | o k
Ho| m s| s
mak| ng agu ss.
l ul k| . ' g aooul an o| | gal | on.
K| q h L a q a | n |
h | e ma n h a g o l
l o o e a g e n | u e |
Youmu l oe
O| n aLemo n l ,
l l AR l E |( |
|rc| T( True) or
F( Fo| s ) .
F Th l h| r d
per sons| ngu| ar
moda| d esnol
end| n
s.
Su '
s A | U|EN s

ooo.

o' . Fo o v

/ H / S h / | l | w e | Y ou| Th y
may ( nol )
m| ghl ( nol )
o | d ( nol )
musl ( nol )
can ' l
oe | g h l .
Wor k l h .
AFF R| l l , A | v s Ar n| N sz H vE ( Oo ) To
Suq

on, ( co ) o

o, . o

l | w | You| Th y hav ( gol ) l o oe | g h l .


H / Sh e/ | l has ( gol ) l o Wor k l h r e.
| AR | E K 2
|rc|eT( Tru ) or
F( Fo|se) .
F A1| r n da| s l
assumpl | ons
ar us d| n
qu sl | ons.
YEs/ No
OU s | oNs
| |
| |
oul o
l
Su ,

B| s Fo
0ou| d h Wor k l h ?
s | oR ANsw Rs
Hoo | . /
Sur y

H v ( o ) o
musl ( nol ) .
may ( nol ) .
m| ghl ( nol ) .
ou l d ( n , l ) .
Oan ' l .
has ( gol ) l o.
H
No : For onl r a l | ons W| l cou| d ol and
c , nnol , seeAppend| x 24 on pag 84G.
158
* : . : yg j : . T: : 8 : . Y' g, : ! ' . 9. ? . , ! : . Y. ' ?: . r? . : . 9. : . U. . r. 1 . 9. : : . | . . . . 1. . ? . . . . . . . . .
E FREss
0| r c| el h cor r cl Wor dsl ocomp| l el h| sconver sol | on.
A: l hear d a sound om| ngl r om l h oasem nl . whal ou| d/ m| ghl | l oe?
B: l ' mnol sur e. l l an/ m| ghl oel he al . l l can| can, l oel h dog. Th dog' supsl a| r s.
Gr an r mar x p| an al | n s * r * *
1. w ol l nmak assumpl | ons, o , , o sl guesses, , ,
oasedon| nl o mal | on Wehaveaooul apr senl
s| l ual | on. hemoda| l hal We hoose dep nds
onhoW er l a| n wear eaooul our assumpl | on.
A l | v
mu sl
hav ( gol ) l o
may
m| g h l , ou | d
N | v
Oan , l , ou | d n , l
musl nol
may nol
m| g h l n ol
1 0 o / o r l a| n
l
l
l
0o| o r l a| n
2. wh nyouar ea mosl 100p enl er l a| n l hal
som l h| ng | sposs| o| , us musl , hove l o, or
hov gol l o.
Us No : w usehovegol l o | n| nl or ma|
spee h andW | l | ng, andWeusua| l yonl r a l | l .
whenyouar e| ss r l a| n, us mo m| ghl ,
or cou| d.
Ho m s | sao r | | | an l d l e l | v .
Assu p l o
| H musl so| v a ol ol r | m s.
l H , s g ol l o o ag n | u s!
wal son knoWs a| ol aooul med| | n .
Assu p | o
r H m| ghl o ado l or .
8 . wh nvouar ea| mosl
. | 00
o r nl r l a| n l hal
somel h| ng | s| mposs| o| e, usecan, l or ou| dn, l ,
whenyouar es| | ghl | y | ess r l a| n, us musl nol .
Usemo nol or m| ghl ol Wh nyouar e
| ss er l a| n.
B u Hav l oandh v gol l oar nol
us d l o akenegal | ve assumpl | ons.
r H Oan , l o ed ad ! l h | n k h , s sl | | | o r eal h | n g !
| Sh mu sl n ol l | W . Sh e ook s p a| .
r H may n ol k n oW ao ou l l h p | an . H| s o oss
d o sn , l l h | m v er y l h | n g .
l | l an , l o l r u !
No l l |
4. Us ou| d| nquesl | ons.
Us : No : w r ar | yusem| ghl andW nev r
us , noy| nqu sl | ons aooul poss| o| | l y.
| Someon , s om| n g . wh o ou | d | l o e?
R : H| ghl h o al home?
No l l |
5. l nshor l ansWr r s, usehoye ( gol ) l o or a
moda| a| on .
Useoe| nsho l ansWer s l oqu sl | ons l hal
| n ude al o mol he.
0ou| dAnnknoWHa | ?
Sheh sl o. They' r e n | ghoor s.
| sRonsl | W| l h | l yBank?
l ' m n ol su . H m| g h l n ol o e.
A:
B:
A:
B:
1G0 | l r n| l 8?
| l l l l

hl ocl go sW| l hon ssumpl | on. Hol ch ochl ocl W| l hl he


or r ecl ossumpl | on,
o .
0.
d .
8 .
4.
5 .
Fa l
1. Her | asl name| s L monl . She
He' s n| y l h| r l e n. He
Her eyesar er ed. She
Sh ' sWear | ng aWedd| ng r | ng. She
H| s | n| l | a| s ar eH. B. He
The house| s omp| el e| y dar k. They
She has somr gr a ha| r . She
L ok! whal , sgo| ngon over l her e?
ou| dn' l o
Assu mpl | on
a. musl nol oeal home.
musl o mar r | ed.
has l ooe o| der l kr anl Wenl y.
an' l oemar r | d.
m| ghl have a| | r g| es.
may o Fr en h.
e.
l .
9.
ou| doeHar Br unner .
l | 00s
o
Lookol l hep| cl ur ondc| r c| el h cor r cl Wor dsl ocomp| l l h| sconv r sol | on,
7 .
l don' l knoW. l l Gou| /
Some k| nd l de| | v r y.
w so : Al l h| shour ?l l an' l / musl o
2 .
a| mosl m| dn| ghl ! Nol h| ng' s
opennoW.
Hor , s: Hmm. 27 0al | s| e Sl r eel . Thal
an, l / , s gol l oo l h oank.
w so :
Hor , s:
w so :
Hor , s:
w so :
Hor, s:
w so :
Hor , r cs:
|v so :
Hor . s:
8 .
l l | s l heoank.
0an you seeWhal l hal man | s l ak| ng oul ol l he ar r | age?
l l | ks | | ke aoox. whal doyou suppose | s | n | l ?
l don' l kno oul | s seemsheavy. l l ou| d/ musl nol onl a| n g | d.
4 .
Lookal l hal man| nl r onl ol l heoank. 0ou| d/ Husl heo l heoankmanager ?
5 .
He m| ghl / m| ghl oe.
G .
Bul Why ar e l hey mak| ng l h| s de| | ver y
oenor ma| .
The manager m| ghl nol / musl Wanl peop| el oknoW aooul | l . H
8 .
ou| dn' l / ma| r oeWor r | ed aooul r oooer s.
9 .
al l h| s l | me?Th| s ou| d/ ou| dn' l
7 .
* : . : yg : j : . T. : . . : . Y| . g. ?! ' . 9. ? ! ! : . Y. | ' ?! : 1?! . 1. 9. ?! ) . ! ?. , . ?. 1' : . . . : . . | . 9. 1. . . . . . . . . . |
Ol l l Fl E E
o
ReodSh r | ockHo| m s, s conver sol | on W| l homur d r suspecl . omp| el | l
W| l hl heWor ds| npor nl hes s ondomodo| l hol shoWsl hed gr ee ol cer l o| nl .
l l her e
moyoemor l honon cor r ecl nsWer , )
Youmue| oeO| na Lemonl .
Hor , s:
L o :
Hor , s:
L o :
L o :
1. A| mosl cer l o| n
( You
/ o / c| na L monl )
2. Foss| o| e ( |
/ oe)
Sher | o k Ho| mes. l hear somel h| ng| n l he ne l r oom.
8. Foss| o| e( l
/ o / l h l )
who Wanl s l oknoW?
. l ' ma| o n e.
Hor , s: A| on ?
4. A| mosl c r l o| n ( You
/ eal a ol )
p| al s onl he l ao| e.
you ar e m| sl aken?
L o : No,
G. l mposs| o| e ( | l
/ o )
someone. oul he never ame.
Hor . s: 0oesyour al smoke?l sme| | p| pel ooa o.
Ther e ar e l Wo
l hal
5. Foss| o| e( | l
/ o )
l Was expe l | ng
7, A| mosl er l o| n ( | l
/ ome | l r omyour oWn p| p )
8, | mposs| o| e ( h r
| o | an ol h r xp anal | on)
Hor , , s: oh.
9. Foss| o| e ( l h r
/ o )
a| ook al l h| s cal ?
E0l T. R odl h| ssl ud nl , s r eod| ngj our no| l or om sl r nov l , F| ndondcor r cl
s| xm| sl k s | n pr ss| ng ossumpl | ons, Thel | r sl m| sl oke| so| r od cor r cl ed.
Hay We have
Them | h r l l v|o/ / Sm|l h, |s o/ / gr SL lu h r, Shr |s l r | g l o
l d
herde d
gr dp r l s,l|rsl hom | l heu |l dSl l s,|l m !
8
| e ro l ocu . The
l o sp op/ e l her seems rrd, Th o / do h re s rel ,orl he m sl j sl h l u
sl r gers,l v|o/ / g h ssom o/ d|el l ursl h l mghl / e d herl ol hep/ .The r |
rme | ,o l o eol hersl de l smghk l r s/ l ul hem
l or
h r. he h l l oe
|mporl l o sel h l hor m l |o sl hemr( ghl cl ! / . The/ el l erm sl o l |
l o|/
se r l s,who |sl h o dg ? l o |d ,l o l hesl |e l oe se he nl s l ohe/ p,
l l mghl l oor l h l usp Frre / |l or | l hel o ,
l R E K 2
|r l ( True) or
F( Fo|s ) ,
F l nquesl | ons
andshor l
ansWer s,
Weusua| | v
on| yuse
shou| d hove.
Adv| sao| | | l y | nl he Fasl
F | N
h ckl h cor r ecl onsWer .
Th man
l | . p| ann| ngh| s l ul ur e.
. g el sl h| ngs| n h| s pasl .
s oR ANsw Rs
A | | v | NEOA l v
Yes, heshou| d hav .
|
No, h shou| dn, l have.
, l \ 1
ar en. l s
n| ghl
have en ourag|d
.
me m r e, ' . /
l shou| dn' l have
m| ssed
. l hal ,
'
oppor l un| J,
l cov|dhav oeen
r | ch and
amous.
l l AR l |E |( l
|rc| T( Tru ) or
F( F |se) .
F You anadd
ol l oa| |
moda| sl hal
expr esspasl
adv| sao| | | l y or
oo| | gal | on.
Su 1
s A E|l EN s

ooo.

o, '

o' ' F l | p|
/ He/ She/ we/ You/ h y
shou| d ( nol )
oughl ( nol ) l o
ou | d
m| g h l
h av e ap p | | ed .
YEs/ No
OUEs | oNs
S oul o
l
sur y. . '

on,

o' ' F | | p| .
Shou| d h hav ap p | | ed ?
/ r ' .
OU s | oNs
w wo o
l
s ou, ,
l
su . , ,

on,

o' ' F | | p|
wh n sh ou | d h h av e ap p | | ed ?
1G2
HART||E |( 8
h ckl hecor r ecl
ansWer .
wh| h Wor ds ar eNoT
usua| | y onl r a l ed?
J shou| dh ve
[ | cou|d hove
[ 1 oughl l o hove
Adv | sao| | | l y | n l h e Fasl l 1G8
oN RA( | oNs
sh ou d h av
= sh ou l d , v e
ou | d h av e
=
ou l d , v e
m| ghl hav
=
m| ghl , ve
shou| d nol have
= shou| dn' l have
xFR ss
omp| el l h| s onv r sol | on.
A: Shou| d l a| | ed youyesl er day?
B: Yes, you . l Wa| l ed a| | day l or your a| | .
Or ammar x | an al | o s * xann l * s
1. Usesho | dhove, oughl l o hov , ou| dhov , r l shou| d, ve app| | d l o o g .
andm| ghl hovel ol a| kaooul l h| ngsl hal Wer e ( | d| dn, l opp| Yl o o| | ege, ond| , msor r . )
adv| sao e | nl h pasl . hesemoda| sol l n
expr ss r egr el or o| ame.
| l oughl l o hav l aken l hal
j oo.
( | d| dn, l l okel h j oo, Thol Wosom| sl oke. )
r Sh ou| d, v gone l oao l l r s hoo .
( Sh d| dn, l gol oogoods hoo| ' NoWsh r gr l s
h r ho| , )
r Youm| ghl , v l o| d me.
( You d| dn, l l | | me, Thol WosWr ong, )
2. Shou| dnol hoveandaughl nol l o hovear e r Heshou| dn, l hav m| ssed l h xam.
l h on y, l or ms used| nnegal | ve sl al em nl s. | Heoughl nol l o have m| ssed l he xam.
Shou| dnol hove| smo e ommon.
Shou| d( nol ) have| sl hemosl ommonl or m r Shou| d he have a| | ed l h l a h ?
used | nouesl | ons.
F o u | o No
l n| nl or ma| spee h, hove| nmoda| phr as s | sol l enpr onoun ed | | k l heWor dol or o.
For e amp| e, cou| dhavesounds | ke
, , ou| d
ol , , or
, , ou| da. , ,
0onol W | l e ou| d ol or ou| do.
oughl l o| sol l enpr onoun d | ke
, , oughl a. , ,
0onol Wr | l oughl o.
1G4 l un| l BB
RUE 0RFAl sE
o
R od o hnumo r d s nl en e. wr | l eT( Tr u ) or F( Fo| s ) l or l h
sl ol menl l hol l o| | oWs.
1. l shou| dn' l have a| | edh| m. 4. Fe| | | a ou| dhave oeenpr es| denl .

l a| | edh| m. Fe| | | a | s pr es| d nl .
2. l shou| dhave l o| d l hem Whal l l houghl . 5. l oughl l ohave pr a l | ed mor e.
l d| dn' l l e| | l hem. NoW l , msor z. l d| dn, l pr a l | e enough.
8. He m| ghl hav War ned us aooul | l . G. They shou| dn, l have | enl h| m l he| r ar .
H kneW. oul he d| dn' l l e| | us. Th v | enl h| m l he| r ar .
0[ Fl E E
o
Reodl h| s x er pl l r omomogoz| n or l | | , omp| l | l W| l hl h cor r l
l or mol l h Wor ds| npor enl hes s ondoshor l onsW r , hoos oel Ween l l | r mol | v
ondn gol | v .
Regr l s . . .
l l , s n o l u n u su a| l o l | r g r l ao o u l l h | n g s | n l h p asl l h al y o u l h | n k y o u
h ou d h av e d on e
an d d | d n ol d o or l h op p s| l , ao ou l l h | n g s
1 . ( sh o u | d
/ d o )
y o u d | d d o an d l | y o u | n l a l , W | ar n ov
2 . ( sh o u | d
/ d o )
l h | n k | n g ao u l pasl m| sl ak s. For x amp| e, asl u d n l Wh ol a| | s al sl | ar n s l h al
h o r sh mor an d an | mpr v on l h
8 . ( sh o u | d
| sl u d y ;
n x l l sl . o l n , h oW v r , p op| sp n d l oomu h l | m l h | n k | n g aoou l Wh al l h
d| l l r n l | y . an y r gr l s ar s| mp| y n l oas d
4 . ( o u | d
/ d o )
| n l l . Amol h r r egr l s m| ss| n g al ol oa| | gam | n Wh | h h r son , s | gWas
| n | u r d .
, , l
' , , sh
k p s l | | | n g h r s | l .
5 . ( o u g h l l o / g o )
h o m . l
G. ( shou| d
| sl a ) 7 . ( o u l d
/ p r v n l )
l h | n | u r v . Th ol l | | a| s al | asl
m asSoon as| l h app n d. ' , 0| dsh r | |
8 . ( m | g h l
/ a | l )
h av l h poW r l opr v n l h r son , s | n j u r y ? l h
ol l | | | s h er o l or | ook | n g al l h | n
j u r ?
No, ol
9 . ( Sh o u | d
/ o n l a l )
ou r s , l h . Th r | san | l a| | an or v r o l h al sav s.
1 0 .
, , wh n
l h sh| phassunk' v r yon knoWs h Wl h | l .

1 1 . ( o u d
/ sa v )
l l , sasy l os on d gu ss aoou l l h pasl : Th r a| h a| | n g | sl oso| v l h pr oo| ms
' ' ' ' ' ' . ' ' | ' l ' '
y o u | a r | g n Ln Ow.
Ad r | s o| l | l | n l h asl l 1G5
REwRl E
o
R odOr l o, s r gr l s. R Wr | l el hemus| ngl hemodo| s| npor nl heses nd
choose oel W en ol l | r mol | ve ondnegol | v ,
1. l d| dn' l g l o o| | ege. NoW l , munhappy W| l h my
j oo.
( sh ou | d. )
hou dhavegonel o co ege.
2. l l ee| s| k. l al ea| | l he ho o| al e.
( sh u| d)
8. 0hr | sl | na d| dn, l omeover . Sh d| dn' l even a| | .
( m| ghl )
4. l d| dn' l
( or r 1d)
have enough mon y l oouy l he sh| r l . why d| dn, l d ol l er l o | end me some?
5. l
j ogged
l | ve m| | es yesl er day, and noW l ' me hausl ed.
( s| r u | d)
G. The super mar kel har gedme l or l he p| asl | oags. They us dl ooel r e.
( shou| d)
7. l d| dn' l | n
( oughl
l o)
v| l e 0ynl h| a l o l h par l y. NoW she' sangr y al me.
8. Yesl er day wasmy o| r l hday, and my or ol her d| dn' l sendme a ar d. l ' mhur l .
( m| ghl )
0| T
o
Re dl h| s
j our no|
enl r y, F| ndondcor r cl s| xm| sl kes | nl heus ol modo| s, Th
l | r sl m| sl oke| so| r eody or r cl d.
, . | r
||> \
0e m r / 5
oo l cu ekgo,
Je |ler
s/ l
lor
ork g |n, d0o g,o rooss,l o/ d mehe l rdl o
7el
r|d ol h r | s' e || ps l , ol o rs , J |l ersho / | , l o / l esool l n, o l heml |hl h s
l |ked l oher oo l l h proo| m oel rehede |de| l o|el h rgo, Th nh l o|d m l om k herj oo
|,ll / l
lor
h rsol / l l sh ,uo / q |l , |j sl pr l ,/ e / d|d ,l he r h|m, wh l m l ke!
l o ghl h ve o l onl ed h|m rghl l ! , or l o / d l / sl h v r edJ '
Jen |ler
|ssl | / here,o l no l 'm orr|ed o l m o j oo, Sho / | l oll o/ doo go ooss?/ o der
l ul oel sho |d h d/ el h| gs|l l |renl | | sl eek, The omp sho |d ever h s h|redl h|s8 ,
Specu| al | ons
aooul l he Fasl
wF | N
h ckl hecor r ecl onsW r .
Th quesl | onunder l hephol ogr aphasks
| | l Wasposs| o| el hal somel h| nghappen d.
| r peop| ehadper m| ss| onl odosomel h| ng.
s | sl o: 0ou| d v| s| l or s l omanol her p| anel
hav ou| | l l h s q| anl
sl al u s?
l | R l E K |
|rc| T( True) or
F( Fa| se) .
F The l or mol
l h moda| does
nol hange
l or d| l l er nl
suoj e l s.
s AT |v|EN s
Su
Hoo | . /
H o o
l
F s
H vl | F | | p| .
l / He/ She/ w / You/ They
may ( nol )
m| ghl ( nol )
can ' l
ou| d ( nol )
musl ( nol )
had l o
h av seen l h sl al u s.
|l R l l E l ( 2
he k l h cor r cl
onsW r .
wh| h moda| ano
used|n ool hquesl | ns
and shor l ansWer sl or
spe u| al | onsaooul
l hepasl ?
r
LJ on
[ | ou|d
1 m| ghl
Y Es/ No
OU s | oNS:
0oUl . 0
| | o' '
0oul o
|
Su .

H v

F | | | .
0ou | d h | h av seen a | n s?
S l ORT ANSwERS
l
Hoo | . /
|
Su ;

H o o
l
H v '
H
may ( nol )
m| ghl ( nol )
can ' l
ou| d ( nol )
musl ( nol )
had l o
h av .
E FREss
| r c| l hecor r cl Wor dsl o omp| l l hes s nl nc s.
0ou| d l hey ar v d / have ar ved l he sl al u s? Th y m| ghl / m| ghl hav .
1, GG
Spe u | l | on s aoou l l h e Fasl l G7
Or am * r xp| anel | | l s x amp| s
1. w ol l nsp u| al , or make
, , oesl
guess s, , ,
aooul pasl s| l ual | ons oasedonl h l a l sl hal We
have. Th moda l hal W hoose d pends on
hoW er l a| n wear aooul our sp U| al | ons.
| l v
musl hav
had l o have
may hav
m| ghl have
ou| d have
N | v
Oan' l have
ou| dn, l have
musl nol have
may ol have
m| ghl nol hav
100% er l a| n
1
l
l
0o| o er l a| n
2. wh nyouar a mosl 100per enl e l a| n l hal
som l h| ng Wasposs| o e, us musl hav or
hod l o hove.
whenyouar e sser l a| n, Use , ' ' oyhove,
m| ghl hov , or ou| d hove,
h sl al ues ar e ve y o| g.
Sp ul | o
r h ymusl hav oeen ha d l omov .
h | s| and r s w r ao| l o ar v l h sl on .
Sp u | o
r h sl on may have oe n qu| l esol l .
8 . whenyouar a mosl 100p r nl r l a| n l hal
som l h| ng Was| mposs| o| , useOo, | , l hoveor
cou| dn' l have.
whenyouar es | ghl | y l sse l a| n, us , ' UJl nol .
Usem y nol hov or m| ghl nol haveWh n
youar | ss r l a| n.
B u| ! w donol usua | y us hod l o hove
l or n gal | ve spe ul al | ons.
| Th e | sl an der s ou | dn , l h av e mov ed l h esl on e!
l Was l oo h avy.
Th ymusl nol hav moved | l W| l houl h p.
h | s| and r s m| ghl nol hav mov d l h
sl al ues ov r and. h y ou| dhav usedooal s.
T
l
4. Use ou| dhove| nqu sl | ons aoo l
poss| o| | | l y or u5 qu sl | ons W| l houl moda| s.
| 0oul dl h | s and r s have moved l h sl on ?
OR
r 0oyoul h| nkl h ymov dl h sl on ?
5. Useoe n| nshor l ansWer s l oqu sl | ons l hal
| n ude al or mol oe,
Useon y l h moda + hove| nshor l ansW r s l o
quesl | ons W| l hol her ve os.
0ou| d von0dn| ken hav oeenWr ong?
OR
wosheWr ong?
H r l a| n| you| d have oe n.
0| dl h | s and s Wor konl h | r oWn?
hey ou| d hav .
A:
B:
A:
B:
o u | | o No r
| n| nl or ma| spe h, hove| nmoda| ph as s | sol l n
For examp e, musl havesounds| | k
, , musl
ol . , , 0o
pr onoun d | | k l heWo dol .
nol Wr | l emusl ol .
1 G 8 r u n | l Be
| l | | l
o
och l ocl go s W| l h o specu| ol | on. Hol h och l ocl W| l h l h cor r cl
sp u| l | on ooul oul hor r | ch von 0| | n| k n,
a .
o .
1 .
Fa l
The or | g| na| l | l | e ol 0h r | ol s ol l h
Oods? WasBr | nn r ung n an
d| eZukunl l .
von 0| n| ken v| s| l ed ever yp| a ehe
des r | o d| n h| s oook.
l n 1978, heWr ol el n S ar ch ol
nc| nl Oods.
H do sn' l have a deg ee| n
ar haeo| og .
von 0l | n| ken' s oooksso| dm| | | | ons
ol op| es.
As soonasvon 0en| ken puo| | shed
h| s oooks. s | enl | sl s al l a ked h| m.
( m y )
p p| dr essed| n | o a| osl umes.
was von 0 n| ken upsel oy a| | l he r | l | | sm
Sp u | al | on
He musl have l r ave| ed a| ol .
They musl nol hav oe| | ved
h| s l h or | es.
He ou| dhave | ear ned aooul l he
suoj e l onh| s oWn.
He musl have made a| l
ol money.
He musl have Wr | l l en | l
| n O r man.
He m| ghl have Wr | l l en ol her
oooksl o .
0.
d .
2 .
8 .
4 .
5 .
e.
l .
8 .
ANSwER
o
Someor choeo| ogy sl udenl s r sk| ngqu sl | ons | n c| oss. Usel h modo| s| n
por enl heses l oWr | l shor l onsWer s.
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
heycou\ dhave
. They had l heknoW| edge and l he l oo| s.
1 . 0oyou l h| nk l he peop| eonEasl er l s| and ou| | l l he g| anl sl al ues l hems | ves?
( o u l d )
w, er e many peop| e| mpr ssed oyvon 0 n| ken' s l heor | es?
. H| s oooksWer e r ad a| | over l h W r | d.
( mu sl )
von 0 n| ken says l hal many an | nl ar l | l a l s shoW p| l ur es ol asl r onaul s. 0ou| d
l hesep| l ur es have | | | usl r al d anyl h| ng | oser l o ar l h?
4 .
l l ' sposs| o| el hal l he p| l ur es shoW
her e e| ved?
( m| g h l n o l )
. Al l er a| | , | l he| pedh| s oooksa| es.
0o you l h| nk von 0 n| k n he| ped | n r ease gener a| | nl er esl | n ar haeo| ogy? 5 .
( mu sl )
. Jusl | ook al l he s| ze ol l h| s | ass!
Spe u| al | ons ao ul l l r eFasl | 1' G9
Ol FLE R odpor l ol or ev| eW ol r | chvon0| | n| ken, s oook0har | ol sol l h Oods?
omp| l e| l W| l hl h ver os| npor enl h ses.
aou | d h av emad e
l he Easl er l s| and sl al ues?A or d| ng who
1 . ( o u d
/ m k )
l oEr | h von 0 n| k n. our an sl or s
Wr ol e h| s popu| ar
l he Easl er l s| and
4 . ( mu sl n o l / k n o W )
exper | menl s l hal pr ovedl hal l he an | nl | s| and r s
2 . ( o u d n o l
/ o u | d )
sl r u l ur es onl h | r oWnoe aus l h | r u| l ur s w r el oopr | m| l | ve. H| s so| ul | on:
They he| p l r om Spa ev| s| l or s. when h
8 . ( h ad l o / g l )
oook. von 0An| ken
l hes
aooul
and l h se
G ( l n sp o r l )
a| | en v| s| l or s. Nol on| y l hal , l he| s| and' s popu| al | on
mu h | ar ger l han von 0 n| k n o | | eves. on
7 . ( m| g h l
/ o )
s | enl | sl spe u| al esl hal asmany as20, 000pe p| e
8 . ( m y
/ | v )
on asl er l s| and enough p op| el ohave donel he
j oo.
v| s| l or s l r om anol her p| anel ?
5 ( o u l d
/ ar v )
sl al ues W| l houl any he| p l r m
A mor e| og| a| ansWer | s l ol h| nk l hal our an esl or s
g eal sk| | | , | nl e| | | gen e, and sl r engl h l o r eal el hese
9 . ( mu sl
/ h av )
Wonder l u| l h| ngs.
E0l T. R odp r l ol osl ud nl , ssso , F| ndond or r cl s| xm| sl okes | nl heuseol modo| s
l or specu| ol | ons oooul l h posl , Thel | r sl m| sl oke| so| r eod cor r ecl ed.
haveo en
l n 1927, Tor | o| o Hexl a esspe ol Fer u musl oave y su pr | s d l o see | | nes | n l h
shap s ol huge an| ma| s on l he
$ ound
o 1oWh| s a| r pJ. an . 0r al ed oy l he an | enl
Naz a u| l ur e, l hese l or ms ar e l oo o| g l o e oEpr | zel r om l he g ound. HoWeve al
aooul G00 l e l | n l he a| l he
g| anl
l or ms l ake

shape. T l | l houl a| r p| an s, hoW ou1dan an | enl


u|l ure had made l hem? \ hal purpos ou|d
l h y hav had? Aul ho E | h von 0 , n|k n
oe||ev s l hal l he draW|n$s m|$hl have mark a
| and| ng sl | p l o l he spa r r al l ol asl r onaul s
l r om anol her p| an l . A haeo| o$| sl s, hoWev
noW oe| | eve l hal l he an | nl Naz an | v| | | zal | on m| $hl dev | op l | | ghl .
They ou| d ol ou| | l hol a| r oa | ons and des| $n l he p| cl ur es l r om l h a| .
Se| l esl
|l l || 0|
| r c l h | el l r ol l h cor r ecl nsWer l ocomp| l e ochs nl ence.
2. Fr ank Wal hes a| | l he Laker s games. He l ooeoneol
l he| r o| gg sl l ans.
( A)
musl
( B)
has gol
| .
w. asn, l
l hal Hehmel | n | ass?
l l
. Hehmel | el l s hoo| | asl Week.
x :
Jenn| l er n ver ol l ee.
( A) dr | nk
( B)
dr | nks
( A
ou| dn' l
( B) ou| dhave oeen
l A)
don' l have l o
( B) musl nol
( A)
ou| dn' l o
( B) may o
( A)
shou| d have
( B) m| ghl have
( ) | s dr | nk| ng
( 0) Was dr | nk| ng
( 0)
ou| dn' l have oeen
( 0)
ou| dn' l hav
( 0)
ou| dn' l
( 0)
shou| d have
( 0) have l o
( 0) ar supposedl o
( 0) mayoe
( 0)
W| | |
( 0)
ou| dn' l have
( 0)
shou| dn' l hav
A_ 0
|
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
8. 0h| | dr en under l | ve year s o| d sW| m W| l houl an adu| l .
4. wher e We supposedl ogol or l he l esl l omor r oW?
( A) do ( 0)
W| | |
B)
ar e ( 0)
shou| d
5. Br | ng your umor e| | a. l l _ | al er .
( A) m| ghl r a| n ( 0)
ou| dn' l r a| n
( B) r a| ns ( 0) m| ghl hav r a| ned
G.
w| | |
your p| ane oe| al e l h| s al l er noon?
_l l
. The a| r por l Was | osedl h| s mor n| ng.
7. You l o| d Har k. You kneW | l Was a se r el .
8 . They ou| | l l h| s l emp| e 8, 000year s ago. Th| s musl
a g eal | v| | | zal | on.
( A) has oeen ( 0) Was
( B) have oeen ( 0) nol have oeen
Jan l o a| | Hyr a yesl er day oul he l or gol .
A)
supposed ( 0) supposes
( B) | s supposed ( 0) Was supp sed
170
9.
AB 0
1 0 .
0ou| d
Amy have oeen al home yesl er day?
She
. l r ea| | v don' l knoW.
( A)
ou| d hav o en
( B) m| ghl oe
11. 0hr | s l o | eanuph| s r oom. l l , samess.
( A) have gol
( B) has gol
12. l l a| | ed l he l esl . l
( A)
shou| d have
( B) musl hav
( A)
a| |
( B) has a| | ed
( 0) musl
( 0) gol
sl ud| ed har der .
( 0) shou| d
( 0) may
( ) had l ohave oeen
( 0)
ou| dn' l have
( 0) have a| | ed
( 0)
oe a| | | ng
| 8 . L| s a W a s | n l o W n r e e n l | y . Sh e m | g h l m e l o s a y h e 1 | o !
l l l | | w0
20.
28.
24.
chsenl ence hosl our under | | n dWor dsor phr oses. Th l our und r | | n d p r l s
ol l hes nl n or mor k dA, B, , ond0. | r c| l he| l l r ol l h on under | | n d
Wor dor phr os l hol | sNor oRR ,
1 4 .
1 5 .
1 G .
1 7 .
1 8 .
1 9 .
21.
Tom d| dn' l Wave l o me, sohe musl have knoWn l
r as
her e.
A B 0
we, doel l er hur r y, or l h l r a| n m| l | eaves W| l houl us.
A B 0
H| s Eng| | sh | s ex e| | enl , sohe had l ohas sl ud| ed har d.
A ( 0
we oughl l o have | ook al mor e ar s o l or eW ooughl our s.
A B 0
You gol l agel dr essedoe auseSasha may oeh r e soon.
A B 0
Youhave l oou k| your seal oe| l noW or you ou| dn, l dr | ve. l l , sl he| aW.
A 0
You don' l have l o dr | ve l asl er l han G5 mph or you m| ghl gel a l | kel .
A B 0
Har d| | e, s musl has gon oul ol ous| ness r e enl | y.
A B 0
l l musl r a| n l on| ghl , sol ' do l l er sl ay home.
A B ( 0
Jason W| | | o supposedl ooel her e l omor r oW, oul he an' l al l end.
A B 0
l l musl oea| mosl 11: 00, soWe r ea| | y hal l a | eavenoW.
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
A B 0
25. You shou| d ol s enl hal mov| W| l h us o ause| l may nol oeher e | ong.
A B ( 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
A 0
x pl l :
H| ke usua| | y dr | ves l o s hoo| , oul l oday he Wa| ks. AB o
A B
(
0
W| l l | F NT
h ckl h or r e l onsW r .
The oWn r l h| nks l h apar l menl | s:
/ r
LJ p r l l
* u. and ozv
Ad| e l | ves andAdver os
A0| | v s
Th ya qu| el l enanl s'
l , s al asl val or .
Th o u | l d | n g se ms n | .
| l , s aoso| ul y per l l .
A0v RBs
h yWor kqu| l | y.
l mov s v r y l asl .
Sh d s r | o d | l n| e| y.
| l , s aoso| ul e| y pe l l .
E FREss
omp| el e
A: l l ' sa
l hes senl ences W| l hl he or r cl l or mol l h Wor ds| oW.
| eval r . l l movesver Y
%|
l R cHE
0|rc|eT( True) or
F( F |s ) .
F Adver os ol l en
om o l or
nouns.
F Adj e l |ves ol l en
omeal l r
a l | onver os.
F Adver os ol l en
end| n
| y.
1 7 2
B: l l ' snol . l l
j usl
seems
Ad| e l | ves ar r d Adver os | 178
y m * r p8 el l | el l g Y s 8 am * s
1. Us ad| l | v sl odes r | o nouns or 0r onouns
( l o peop e, p| a es, andl h| ngs) .
Adj e l | v s usua| | y om | mm d| al e y oel or l h
nounl h ydes r | oe.
Adj l | vesanal so om al l r non a l | on ver os
su hasoe, | ook, or s m,
n o u n ad e l | v pr on . ad j l | v
r Th hous s ar eo oul | l u| . The ar eneW'
d | l | v n o Un
| h| s| sas, mo| | apar l m nl .
v r o ad | l | v e
r Th| sapar l menl se mssmo| | .
2. Us adver os l od s | o ver os, adj l | ves, and
ol h r adver os.
Adv r os l hal des r | oe adj e l | ves andol h r
adver os usua| yome| mm d| al e| y oel or
l h Wor dl h yd s | o .
v r o adv r o
r heyl ur n| shed | l n| e| .
ad v er o ad j l | v
| | l , s anexl r eme| yn| house.
d v er o ad v er o
r h y l ound| l ver yqu| k| y.
8 . Us adv r os ol manner l odes r | oe a l | onv r os.
h s adve os ol l nansWer HoW? quesl | ons. h y
om al l r l h ver ol h yd s r | o .
B u| ! 0onol pul anadver o ol mann r
oel W en l hev oand| l sd| r e l ooj l .
r | l , | | r enl qu| k| ,
( Ou| k| yd s r | o s hoWl asl | l W| | | r enl ' )
ver o d| r e l oo| l
r Sh , l l r enl l h| sapar l m nl qu| kl ,
No
4. Adver os ol manner ar eol l nl or m doy
add| ng
. | y
l oadj e l | ves.
l or xamp e, s||| l r| nd| |ov | and|one| ,
ad j l | v
wen daqu| k de | s| on.
ad v r o
You sh ou | dd | dequ | k | y .
ad| l | v
l , s a | ov e| y apar l m n l .
5 . SomeOommon adv r os ol manner donol
nd| n
. / y.
a. h adver ol or mol good| sWe| | .
o. Som adv os hav l hesam l or masl h | l
r al ed ad| e l | ves, l or exampl e, or | , l osl ,
Wron|l l |ol e, andhord.
B ur l , . Lol | y| snol l headver ol or mol
| al . L l e| m ans
, , r e enl y. , '
Hor d| | snol l he
adv r ol or mol hor d. | | or d| means
, , a mosl
nol . , ,
ad j l | v e
d v er o
r She, s agood W | l e . Sh Wr | l s W | | .
Ao1 l v
BooWas | al .
Aov
Boo am | al e.
Sh , s ahar d Wo ke . Sh Wor ks har d.
r Shehasn, l m l anyn w p op e | ol e| .
| h r , s hor d| noughl | m l opr par e l or h r
| asses. Her pa l l | me j ool akes upmosl ol h l | m .
he k |l ou|!
For ad| s uss| onol adv r osol l r equ n y' se Un| l 2, page7 .
171 r un| l 40
| 0EN l FY
o
Reodl h| snol | eoooul onopor l m nl l or r nl . l Jnder | | ne l he dj l | ves ond
c| r c| el h odver os. Th ndr oWonor r oWl r oml heodj ecl | v or odv r ol ol h Wor d| l
|sdescr|o|ng.
Ol l FLETE
o
HonYp op| W nl l ose l h opor l menl d scr | o d | n l h nol | eooov .
omp| l l h | r ommenl s oooul l h opor l menl W| l hl h cor r cl l or mol l heWor ds
|nporenl h s s.
l ' mver y | nl r esl ed. l l h| nk l he apar l menl | s
exl r eme| n| c
( x l r m
/ n | )
2. l Was e pe l | ngmu h o| gger r ooms. l Was
( l r r | o
/ d | s p p o | n l d )
8. l l houghl l he apar l menl Wou| d oehar d l ol | nd, oul | l Was
( su r p r | s| n g
/ asy )
4. l Was happy l ohear l hal l hepar k | s
( exl r em
/ sal )
5. l l ' sagr al p| a e, andl h pr | e| sr easonao| e. l l W| | | r enl
( | n r ed | o
/ l sl )
G. The oWner seemsn| e, oul shel a| ks
( aWl u|
/ s| oW)
7. The nol | esa| d | l Was qu| l , oul l hear d l he ne| ghoor s
( v r y
/ ear )
8. l h ar d l hem l oo. l l houghl l h | r vo| eswer e
| .
AF . FoRREN
Sl u d e n l s ! Ar e y o u | o o k | n g l o r a s p e | a | . p 1 a e l o 1 | v e ?
0o m e l o 1 4 0 Or a n l Sl r e e l , Ap l . B. T h | s a p a r l m e n l | s


p e r l e l l o r l W o s e r | o u s s l u d e n l s W h o a r e
| o o k | n g l o r a q u | e l n e | g h o o r h o o d , j u s l
1 5 m | n u l e s l r o m
a m p u s . T h | s 1 o v e 1 y a p a r l m e n l | s | n a n e W o u | | d | n g .
l l | s a s h o r l W a 1 k l o l h e o u s s l o p . T h e e x p r s s o u s g o e s
d | r e l 1 y | n l o l o W n . Al n | g h l l h o u s h a r d 1 y m a k e s a n y
s l o p s a l a 1 1 . Yo u a n W a 1 k s a l e | y l h r o u g h l h W o n d e r l u 1
p a r k s o n y o u r W a y h o m e . T h r e n l | s v e r y a l l o r d a o | e .
0a 1 1 l o r a n a p p o | n l m e n l : 5 5 5 5 0 5 0 .
0o n ' l W a | l ! T h | s a p a r l m n l W | 1 1 r e n l l a s l .
9. A| | | n a| | . | l ' s an
( x p l | o n a|
/ p asan l )
p| a e.
( u n u su a |
/ | o u d )
Ad| e l | ves and Adver os l 7 5
. . . . . o o o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
arur
h r u nn< .
omp| l Hogg| , s| l l r W| l hl hecor r cl Wor d| npor enl h s s.

\ ' | v | , . , r

Aor,l l / |/ * * orX > ad,


! * / oo,
Oa,,
/ ,1, U / /
xc|l . |ng
! * z
,x
l |al p,|a,||u|p u,, ,J, 1, ,
1 . ( x | l | n g / | l | n 9 | y )
,
/ ! ,,J||,a 4o,,,/ 4J p4J/ ,4q/
e adn/ /
4 ,11L a |,h o|
* a,| ,/ '| | )%o / 42
8 . ( o au l | l u / o au l | l u l l y )
5. ( ou sy
/ ou s| | y )
J r,4n,| |,?||Z
o
r'l '
a,,,,, ,r)a|/ 44 ,/ 4J / ! * | 1,,4r || / an,r
/ 1./ ,m
a' h a
2 . ( a g | ar g )
u,l ,4k) ,n / 4 ) ||''a/ Ju p|oa |/ pa / o r,
7. ( qu | l / qu | l | y )
J4,',' ,z, o,L / 1 a? /
8. ( har d| har d )
,4|
/ / ,4J
4,h, 4* ,,* |
G . ( n |
| n | e y )
| )|p,|| |l ,|' * / ,.l ,,
,,,,/
0 , J
1o. ( sh y / sh y | y )
9 . ( n | / n | l y )
/ * J ,* ,.,|, n
1 1 . ( g o o d / W | )
,/ / ,,,, , l / / n, p |,o J* J, / a'
v'
A, ,1/ 1,/ rrur|o
/ 4| , Jp 4l J l / l ,,
|orn,
aq|p
0| T. R dl h| ssl ud nl , s
j our n l nl r y, F| ndond
or r cl sev nm| sl ok s | n l h useol odj e l | v s
ond dv r os, Th l | r sl m| sl oke| so| r e d or r ecl ed,
l u n n
l
( , , / hpl , d. . . r ocud d, o l l hp p un. r | s| sl dl h l . | l s l l dl
!
h , , l | ol l o/ g/ |, |uh|/ r
h ||s , L | L
' k| ' gl r l h . oo ! , , , o l , , . . l u . l . . r | sm 11
/ , r l / ook| ! l r l ol her / l o' or r o . T / l | s g s, 1e
r
Far l | | p| a| Adj ecl | ves
ar ar l l
SaySl hal she | s an | nl er sl | ng per son.
|l l || FOl NT
0|rc|eT( Tru ) orF( Fo|se) ,
F Th Wr | l er ol l h ad
|l ARTHE |(
|rc|eT( True) or
F( F |s ) .
F Ther e ar e
.
l Wol ypesol
par l | | p| a|
adj e l | ves.
N W l ol heAr ea
S r eenName: neWge _XYZ. om
Age8 Oen der : 20
ear
o| dFema| e
Lo al | o n : H| m| , FL
Look | n gl or : Fr | en ds

sen mee. m | | !

sen mean
on| | negr eel | g!
Send l h| sl o
al r | end!
T| r ed ol d o| n g l h | n g s a| on e? Hel oo! 2 0 y ear o| d
o| | ege sl udenl , neWl ol hear ea, | s| nl er esl ed | n
meel | n g | n l er esl | n g p eop | e l or l r | en d sh | p n d l u n .
)
pr | nl / save
FAR | | F| AL A0, | vEs
. |
Ao; ( | vEs
|
o
Aol | vEs
H | soor | ng.
h yhadaoor | ng dal e.
Sh | soor ed.
Th yhadaoor d | ookonl h | r l a s.
Sh e| samu s| n g .
h yhadanamus| ng dal e.
H | samu sed .
h yhadanamus d | ookonl he| r l a s.
Themov| Wasl r | ghl en| ng.
heysaWal r | ghl en| ng mov| e.
h yWer el r | ghl ned.
h yhadal r | ghl ened | ookonl h | r l a es.
h ej oo | sl | r | n g .
Sh eh as al | r | n g
j oo .
Sh , s l | r ed.
Sh hasal | r ed soundl oh r vo| .
h We k nd Wasr e| ax| ng.
Hehadar | ax| ng W k nd.
H l e| l r el axed.
Hehadar e| axed mann r .
17G
Fa | | p| a| Adj e l | v es | 7 7
E FREss O|T| l |
omp| l l h chor l ,
Or ammar Ex p| an al | on s Examp| s
| Ao, | v s o Ao, | vl s
x | l | ng
| nl er sl ed
l r | ghl en| ng
amu sed
l | | n g
1. Far l | | p| a| adj e l | ves ar adj e l | v s l hal
endW| l h
| ng
or
ed.
h yusual y des r | o
l ee| | ngs or ea l | ons. hel Wol or mshave
d| l l er enl m an| ngs.
A: h asl Sl or wor s mov| Wasamaz| ng!
B: l knoW. l Wasamaz d oyl h sp | a| l l l s.
2. Far l | | p| a| ad| l | v s l hal end| n
. | ng
des r | o som on or som l h| ng l hal auses
al e | ng or r ea l | on.
Thal a l or | sal Ways amus| ng.
( H ous s omus m nl , )
h se d| r l | ons ar onl us| ng.
( h aus conl us| on. )
8. Far l | | p| a| adj e l | v s l hal nd| n
som on Who xp r | n s al ee | ng
w W r amus d oyl hal a l or .
( w l | l amus m nl ' )
, m r a yonl used oyl hes d| r l | ons.
( | l | onl us| on. )
. ed
des r | oe |
or r ea l | on.
4. Tol her | ghl ar esom ommonpar l | | p| a
ad| e l | v pa| r s.
annoy| ng
oor | ng
depr ess| ng
moar r ass| ng
x | l | ng
l r | ghl n| ng
r e| ax| ng
sho k| ng
su r p r | s| n g
annoy d
oor d
depr essed
moar r assed
x | l d
l r | ghl n d
r | axed
sho ked
sur pr | s d
0he k |l ou|!
For a | | sl ol ommon par l | | p| a| adj e l | ves, seeAppend| x11onpage889.
178 l Un| l 4|
l 0EN l FY
o
Reodl h| sor l | | , Und r | | n o| | l h
ed
p r l | c| p| o| odj e l | v s. | r c| o| |
l h
| ng
por l | c| p| l odj cl | v s.
1.4
.
S |o|r4
.
Lr s y|, s
Nol Fer sona| nough?
l |o r
. ! l
S s
l n som ounl r | s, p op| Wh ar
|nl r sl d |nm l |ng ol h rs l u n or h |pl o
p sona| ads | nn WsFaF r s andmagaz| n s,
and n| | n . A
_Fr l l | 0
num r o usy
p op| v| Wl h s a pra l | a| Wayol
| n r as| ng l h | r so | a| | r | .
. . l ' v
l r | d har d
l o m l p op| on my O. wn' , , sa| d on
sal |sl | dusl om r.
..l
Wasn W|n l oWnand
Wanl d l o mak l r | nds asl . Th
p r sona| spr ov| d d m W| l h a qu| k Way
ol m l | ngmany | nl r sl | ngp op| | n a
shor l p r | od ol l | m . ' ' Ol h r s ar nol so
| mpr ss d.
. . l
l h| nk | l k| nd ol d pr ss| ng
Wh n p op| n dl o r sor l l op| a | ngads
l o mak l r | nds, ' ' o s r v don man.
. . A
l r | nd ol m| n l r | d l h adss v r a| l | m s
and Was r a| | y d| sappo| nl d W| l h l h
r su| l s. l l j usl nol
Fer : ona . : : go ,

| / | 00sE
o
Reodl h| sconv r s l | on o l W n Hor l o ond Lu| s ooul l h | r l r | endA| | ce,
|rc|el hecorrecl Wordsl ocomp| l l heconv rsol |on,
H : whal ,s l he mal l er W|l h A|| e?
Lu r s: wh o k n W s?Sh e, sa| W ay s_ao o u l so mel h | n g .
1 .
H : l knoW. l l r y l ounder sl and he oul l h| s l | me l ' m r ea| | pl l zz| , ed / p| zz| | ng.
2 .
Lur s: Rea| | y? whal ' s sopuzz| ed / puzz| | ng l h| s l | me?
8 .
: l l houghl sheWas happy. She mel an | nl er esl ed / | nl er esl | ng guy | asl W k.
4.
Lur s: Thal ' s n| . was she| nl er esl ed/ | nl er esl | ng | n h| m?
5 .
H : l l houghl sheWas. She sa| d l hey saW al as | nal ed / l as | nal | ng mov| e l ogel her .
G .
Lur s: we| | , mayoe sheWas l as | nal ed/ l as | nal | ng oy l hemov| e oul
7 .
d| sappo| nl ed / d| sappo| nl | ng W| l h l h guy.
8 .
H : l don, l knoW. l l , shar d l ol e| | W| l h A| | e. Her moods ar a| Wavs v r Y
sur pr | s d / sur pr | s| ng.
9.
Lur s: l ' mnol sur pr | sed / sur pr | s| ng al a| | . Thal ' s
j usl
l heWay she| s.
1 0 .
Fa | | p| a| Adj e l | ves | 79
r u
FL ' / E

Reodl h| sconver s l | on oel We n | | ondh r dol ,


! ke.
omp| el | l

W| l hl hecor r cl l or mol l h Wor ds| npor nl h s s, hoos o l W n
ed
nd
| , ' 9
por l | c| p| o| odj e l | ves,
Ar , r : Thal waSaver y
| nl er e l | ng
mov| e. whal d| d you l h| nk?
1 . ( | n l er sl )
J : Too h nesl . l l ound | l k| nd ol . l ' m nol l hal
2. ( oor e)
| n s | en el | l | on.
8 . ( | n l r sl )
Ar , r : Rea| | y? l l | nd | l
o.
. , . , * * .
. whal k| nd ol mov| es doyou enj oy?
J : Hosl | y omed| es. Have you seenHom Ag , | n?
Ar , r : Y s' oul l Wasn' l al a| | . l n l a l , l l houghl | l Was
5 . ( amu s )
G. ( ho r | l y)
. The sl or v | | ne Was
?. ( onl use)
,
and l ou| dn, l
l | nd any hum r | n l he har a l er s' pr oo| ems. wh n l | el l l he l heal e l l e| l
k| nd ol
8. ( depr ss)
J : l ' m l hal you l e|l l hal Way! l l houghl |l Was very
9 . ( amaz )
| o . ( mu se)
Ar , r : we| | , l gu ss| l , samal l er ol l asl e.
J : Speak| ng ol l asl e, Wou| d you | | ke l ogel ao| l e l oeal ?
Ar r : Thanks. oul | l ' s| al and l , m
, , . , ' , , l )
.
0| l
.
Reod | | c , s j our no|
nl r . F| ndond or r cl s| xm| sl k s | n l h useol p r l | c| p| o|
odj cl |ves.Thel |rsl m|sl k |so|r d orr cl d,
d| oappo| nl ed
J sl gol
home,l ,md|s pprr # gl |l h l he v | g. l
lrsl
l l ho ghl J ke sol
| l resl 'd g ,o l l n |hl l
le/ l
som ' h l oored |l hh|s omp , weso|Lu Y r
e lurl | e/ mor| , o l J ked|d ,l / |kr|l ,l
l l ,
|l seems / |ke cu / | v onp/ l / g
d|lere l l slus| l h| gs, ll , l hemor|e,l l r|ed l om k o rers l |o ,o l |l
/ /
l d sl ogo hom ,So,/ l o/ dh|m / s h sl | g nd d|dn,l ru nl l o
g l home/ l r. l he sks meo l g | l ,m ol | l rresl | g.Tr | gl om el p op/
o Wr
lr sl r l e'd,
Ad| ecl | ves and Adver os:
Equal | ves
w; W F l N
h ck l h l h| ngs l h ooy
ond g| r | hove | n ommon.
l r | d| ngspeed
l W| dl hol shou| der s
l onl r o| ol o| ke
l | engl hol ar ms
l | RTl / |E
heckl hecor r e l
ansWer s.
wh| h Wor dsar e
a| Waysused| n
qual | ves?

Ll nol
o s
l a. . adj e l | v or
an adv r o
h r | d s asl asl ashedoes. Sh onl r o| s her o| ke
j usl
asWe| | .
Bul h r shou| d r s ar en, l asW| de ndher ar msar en, l as| ongas h| s.
why shou| d sh r | de o| k
des| gned l or h| m?
| z dl o l | l
ou.
A0 | v S:
l
v *
1l |o1

s
OUA l v s

o; . . , , u.

,
l
Th g | r
l s
| sn ' l
as
l asl
as
l h ooy.
Sh good h | s
H o | k e o| g h | s.
heg| r | , s o| k heavy l heooy' s.
* Non a l | on
ver os | | ke oe. | ook. s em.
A0vERBS: OUA | v s
l
v * ( o )

o'
|
Aov
|
o'
Th g | r |
r | des
doesn' l r | de
as
l asl
as
l heooy.
5 h W e| | h d o s'
H o | k e smool h| y h | s.
h g| r , s o| k ons| sl enl | y l h ooy, s.
* A l | on
v r os
180
! Er . r * . '
E F R E s s
|: |:
; ' .|; : : : : ' ,,:
omp| el l h se s nl en s W| l hl h quol | v l or mol l heWor ds| npor nl h s s.
A: v o| do| ke Wasn, l my neW one. ol our se, | l
( x p n s| v )
d| dn' l per l or m l he neW one.
( W | )
B: And | l d| dn' l | ook l h n W onee| l her .
( g o o d )
8 ; * l * : , # , l | : # ?| . 4. 1' , | ' h, : | . Txr % r r * r ' * ' * l *
r a
1. You anu5 equal | ves ( os+ ad e l | v + os) r Th Tr ax o| ke| sas xpens| ve asl hecor do.
l o omp r epeop e, p a s, andl h| ngs. ( Th Tr o osl s o| ol ol mon ' The Oor do osl s
l h same omounl ol mon . )
| | l , s n ol as| | g h l asl h Oor d o, l h ou g h .
( Th l Woo| k s or enol l h som W | ghl , )
Us os+ adj l | ve + osl o ompar peop| , r h| sh l mel | sasgood asyou s.
p| a es, andl h| ngs l hal ar equa | nsom Way. | l , s j usl as xpens| ve asyou s l oo.
Use
j sl
l oemphas| z l h equa| | l y.
Us nol os+ adj e l | ve + osl ol a| kaooul r hen Wad| s ol as l l e l | v ; | l h o don .
p op| e, p a es, andl h| ngs l hal ar ed| l l r enl | n r l | sn, l asl unny asl heo don | l h .
someWay.
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; : ; ,; ; ; ; ; o|* ; ; |; ; ; .; ; ; ; ; : ; ; ; ; ; ; * :
l o ompar a l | ons. ( Th r | d quo| | l osl . )
r H d o sn ' l r | d assal e| y assh e d o s, l h ou g h .
( heydon, l r|d l h |om Wo ' H r|dessol |y,
oul sh r | d s mor esol e| y, )
Useos+ adver o + osl ol a k aooul a l | ons l hal | K| een or | ghl ens asl hor ough| y asB | l .
a l hesam or equa| . Use
l sl
l oemphas| z r l moves sl a| ns
j usl
as l l l | v | y asB | l e.
l h equa| | l y.
Us ol os+ adver o + osl ol al k aooul a l | o s r K n do sn, l an asWe| l asBr | l e.
l hal ar nol l h same o qua .
8. Youdonol a| Ways havel omenl | onool hpa l s r Tr axandcor do ar eool hgr eal o| k s, oul Tr ax
ol a ompar | son. Somel | mes l hemean| ng | s | sn, l as| | ghl ( as Oor do) .
l ar l r oml he onl xl .
|
Jake
and0hr | sl oph r ool hr | de l asl , oul
h r | sl op h r d oesn , l r | d eassk | | | l u ! | y ( as
Jak ) .
| A2 l r | n| l 42
l 0EN l FY
o
Reodl h| s r l | c| on| oundr yd l er g nl s, Und r | | n o| | l he quol | v s W| l h
odj cl | ves, | r c| el h equol | v s W| l h dv r os,
Ol l | Fl E
o
Reodl h s conv r sol | ons, omp| el l h mW| l hequol | v s us| ngl h cor r cl
l or mol l h Wor ds| npor nl h s s.
1. To . 4. s:
0oe
your neWo| ke
r | dea coml or l ao a
l heo| done?
a. ( r | d
/ o ml o r l o )
0r : l l , sg eal . Th hand| eoa S
= . ' . . .
and l he handor akes __ .
Ool /
w. d )
l or a h. Th| s o| ke Was mad l or a sma| |
. ( n o l o / h ar d )
per son| | ke me.
2. H s: weneedaname l or l h| s pr odu l . l l shou| d shoWl hal l h| s del r genl
l he ol her s oul
a. ( | an
/ l l l | v )
l ol heenv| r onmenl .
Ev : l | | ke
. . Or enK| e n. ' , l l
o . ( n o l o / u n l r | n d y )
ol her pr odu l nam s, and
. ( so u n d
| x | l | n g )
| l l h message l h | r s l oo.
8. l Su: The | asl gr oup l r od W| l h
a. ( o e
/ n o | sy )
e| ephanl s. l pr el er l or | d a| one, oul l knoW | l ' sdanger ous.
Sr r . Hr : R| de W| l h r r | ene l W ekend. l
aher d ol
F oou R Ws + l u Y l l | Yl l | 8 l r l l
oy ou wer e r | d| n g l h el r a| | s l h | sWeek en d, an dy ou h | l l h ed| r l . NoW y ou r | ol h es | ook
asoadasy ou r o| k e. Nev er m| n d. h ey ' | l | ook as
l ood
asn eW n ex l Week en d. w
h e k ed ou l l h r ee maj or or an ds ol del er gen l , an dwe an l e y ou Wh | h on es | ean oesl
an dWh | h on esdon ' l r emov e l r a| sl a| n s el l e l | ve| y as ol h er s.
ov er a| | , Br | l an dK| een ar en ' l asex pen s| v e as r en d, ou l l h ey d| dn ' l per l or m asWe |
e| l her , HoWever , l hey Wer ea| mosl asgood| npar l | u ar cal egor | es. r end r moved ool h
mudand
gr ass
sl a| nsel l e l | ve y. Br | l e r emoved mud
j usl
asel l e l | ve| y as r end, oul | l
d| dn ' l r emov e gr asssl a| n s asWe . K een Wasel l e l | v e on gr asssl a| n s, ou l n ol on mu d.
Br | l e | ean ed | ol h es asl h or ou gh | y asK een , ou l aga| n , Br | l e an dK| een w r en ' l asgood
asTr en d | n l h | s al egor y . on l h eol h er h an d, Br | l e ameou l on l op| n or | gh l n | n g. o| or s
Wash ed | n K| een an d Tr en d
j u sl
d| dn ' l | ook asor | gh l asl h eon sWash ed | n Br | l e.
l pr om| se.
o . ( p ed a|
/ q u | el )
amouse.
Ad| e l | ves and Adver os: qual | v s | 188
Ol l LF RE 8 0 FLETE

R dl h chor l compor | ngsev r o| mode| sol o| | s. omp| l e


l h senl enc s W| l hequ l | ves us| ngl hecor r cl l or mol l heWor ds| npor nl h ses.
hoos oel W en l l | r m l | v ondn gol | ve,
1. The Oor Go
doe n, l el o? ag qu| ck a
l he Tr ax and l h Hul l .
( sl o p
| q u | k )
2. on Wel g ound, l h Hul l l h Tr ax.
8. The Oor do l he Tr ax and l he Hul l .
( o
/ x p n s| v )
4. The Tr ax
5. The Tr ax
( l
/ oml o l ao )
( o e
/ h ap )
G. Even l h Oor do l h Tr a .
( r | d e
/ o ml o r l ao e)
7. on l he r oad. l he Oor do
G, . , una 7goo
l heTr ax.
8. ol l l her oad. l h Oor do and l he Hul l l h Tr ax.
9. The Oor do
( h a n d
/
g o o d )
l h Hul l .
( sh| l l
/ asy)
E0l T. Reodl h se ou| | el | nooor dposl | ngs, F| ndondcor r l s| xm| sl ok s | n l heuseol
quol | ves. Thel | r sl m| sl ok | so| r e dycor r cl d.
l h Hul l .
| l her .
F oou R | s+ B: sY L s v: B O
+
O
+

wo s
Hoo | . F Oo o
B | SFEE0'
0RYOROUN0
B | SF E0'
w ORoUN0
S | |
EAs
0 . o o
l l AN0l l NO
0 . o o
AN0L| NO
Tr ax $999
o o _ _
Hul l $ss0
o o c _
Oor do $22s

a) a)
o
a)
ounl a| nB| k For u m l r . # / . , : , : ' * : l l |
R : Nol asmanyor u| ses!
| nexper | en ed r | der s shou| d l r y l heSoul h r a| | al Bear paW Far k. he s ener y | s
j usl
as
oeau| | l u|
eal , l | + l * + oul | l sr | d| ng l r a k | sn' l asunl r | end y l han l heNor l h Tr a| | ' s. Thes| opesar en' l as
sl eep, andyouwon' l l a| asl r equenl oe ause l her e ar en' l asmany r o ks. | l | sn' l asshor l | ke
l heNor l h, soyou' l | sl | gel agoodr | de, andyouWon' l l ee asd| s our aged al l heendol l heday.
R : The( expens| ve) neW r ax
0oesanyone have anyexper | en e W| l h l h| s o| ke? | l esl dr ove | l ar ound l hesl or e par k| ng | ol ,
andl ' m nol | mpr essed. Hyo| d Tr ax sh| l l s as
j usl
eas| | y, and| l hand| es assmool h| y l oo.
ol our se | l ' s nol as | ghl | y, oul l hen | l doesn' l osl $999 e| l her .
Ad| e l | ves: 0ompar al | ves
' ! ; ; |1*
F0|N
h ckl hecor r cl onsW r .
Th n Wr esl aur anl W| | | oe
| | d| l l . ' nl l r oml he o| dr esl aur anl .
l l sam asl heo| dr esl aur anl .
l / 'AR l l l (
| r c| T( r u ) or
F( Fo| se) .
F Th ompar al | ve
adj l | vel or m
a| Waysends
| n
er .
F You anus l h
sam omparal |ve
adj l | vel W| e
| n asl al emenl l o
shoWa hange| n
as| l ual | on.
FR ss,,,# '
omp| l l h| ssenl nce.
Bl l l l | U!
|0 yl l , l rl ( s|
l l
F 0!
o| | FARA | v s
0o p | v T
h neW sl aur anl | s
or | ghl er
oel l r
l h an l h o d on e.
mor e
| ss
oml or l ao|
oeau l | l u |
R FEA E0 oHFARA | vEs

o oo* A | vE
|
n,

o oo* A | v
h l ood| sg l l | ng
o l l er
an d
oel l r .
Wor se Wor se.
mor e mor e d | | | ou s.
| ess l ess | nl er sl | ng.
0oUBLE o| l , | FARA | v s
r
Oo p | v | |
r
o oo, o' . u. l
Th e mor e r oWded l h r sl aur anl ,l h s| oW r l h s r v| .
184
Ho' s | s o| gger and popu| ar va| ' s.
|alr.'
Ad| e l | ves: m ar al | vr s | 185
r a
g
r g ar x * e8* er s l l | x* .
8r s
1. Us l he
( ompar al | v
l or mol adj l | v s l o | hen w m nu| so| gg r l han l h o dm nu.
l o usonad| l l er en o l We n peop| , p| a s, r Th n WWa| l e s ar emor e exper | en ed l han
an d l h | n g s. l h o| d W a| l s.
2. Th r | smor el hanoneWayl ol or m l he
compar al | v ol ad| l | ves.
Aoj l v
a. For on sy | ao e adj l | ves andl Wo sy| ao| e or | ghl
adj e l | ves end| ng| n
. y,
us adj e l | v +
er .
l r | end y
Wh n
ou
add
er ,
o | g
pr l l y
ompar al | v l o ms. oad
o. For mosl ol h r adj e l | v s ol l Woor mor oml o l ao e
sy | ao| es, usemor e ess+ adj l | v .
o p l v
or | ghl er
l r | end| | er
n | er
o| gger
pr el l | r
oel l er
Wor se
mor oml or l ao| e
| ess oml or l ao|
0. For someadj e l | ves, use | l h r
er
or r Th | nn| squ| el er l han
Jo , s.
mor ess. r Th el n n | smor e q u | el l h an
Jo , s.
8. Usel h ompar al | v W| l h l hanWhenyou r h app| ep| | so l l r l hon l he ak .
m nl | on l h l h| ngs youar e ompar | ng.
Usel he ompar al | ve W| l houl l honWhen| l | s r Th neWd ss r l s ar oel l r .
| ear Wh| hl h| ngsyouar e ompar | ng, ( Th n Wd sser l s or o l l r l hanl heo| dd ss r l s. )
4. R p al l hesam ompar al | ve l ol a| k aooul
hange an | n r eas or ade :
OomFar al | v
. J .
ompar al | ve | l , s gel l | ng har d r and har d r l ol | ndan
ad| e l | v
+ ono+
ad e l | ve | nexp ns| ve r sl aur anl .
OR
mor e/ | ess+ nd + mor e/ | ess+ adj e l | v | l , s gel l | ngmor and mor d| l l | u l .
( Th d|l l | u|l y |s|n reos|ng, )
5. Useadouo| ompar al | v l oshoW aus
andel l e l :
Ll ' .
0ompar al | v
L, ' .
ompar al | v r h shor l er l h | n , l h l asl er l h se v| .
Ene+
ao l | ve
+ l ne +
adj e l | v ( wh nl h | | n | sshor l r , l hes r v| | s l osl r , )
0he k |l oul !
F' or spe| | | ngr u| s l or l he ompar al | v l or mol adj e l | ves' seeAppend| 22onpage844.
For a| | sl ol | r r egu| ar ompar al | veadj e l | v s, seeApp nd| x 10onpage889.
For a| | sl ol someadj e l | ves l hal l or ml he ompar al | ve | n l WoWays, seeAppend| 12onpage889.
18G l un| l 48
RUE 0RF l | E
o
Lookol l hes l Wor sl ur nl ods. Thenr odl hesl ol em nl s oe| oW, nd
d c|d |l l h reTru ( T) or Fo|s ( F) ,
l
| . Lu| g| ' s | s o| der l han Anl on| o' s.
2. Anl on| o' s | s mor er omanl | l han Lu| g| , s.
8. Lu| g| ' s | s pr ooao| y | ess r oWded.
4. Anl on| o' s seems heaper l han Lu| g| , s.
5. on Tu sdays, Lu| g| , s has shor l er ous| ness hour s.
0l l LFARE a Ol l FLETE
o
Lookol por l ol Lu| g| , sm nu. Th ncomp| l l h compor | sons.
Us l hecompor ol | vel or mol l h Wor ds| npor nl h s s.
? Spa l l | Fr | mav r a( u| | l h | hl s ul d u g l o| s) . . . . . . $G. 95
\
sp l l | Ar r a | al a( l a| l h h l h| l | pepp r sndl om l o s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . $7. s5
F l l u | n| A| l r do( u| | l h oul l r ndh u r am) . . . . . . . . . . . $s. 29
L| ngu| n Ag| | o o| | o ( l l | | l h g r | | ndo| | ) . . . .
$5. G7
v | oW l al , | oW sa| l
\ hol
and sp| y
| . The spaghel l | pr | maver a | ,
chea?er l ' han
l he spaghel l | ar r aoo| al a.
( h ap )
2. The | | ngu| ne ag| | oeo| | o| s l he l el l u | n| A| l r edo.
( xpens| v )
8. The spaghel l | ar r aoo| al a | s and
( hol )
l he | | ngu| ne ag| | o eo| | o.
( sp| y)
4. The l el l u | n| A| l r do | s
( l al l n| ng)
Lu| g| ' s
l l || n Resl rel nl
Fam| | y sr y| al | ng s| n 1990
Op n Tu sday_Sunday, 1 2: 009: 00
ryBl Sp r
( u | | d | n n r o r $ 1 0 . 9 5 | l o r d r d o G : 0 0 )
No r s ru l |o s ss r
No r d|l rds
B75or ang Sl .
4',l ''n
R| ' l o' nl e | l o| | ono
sl o | | sh d | 1 . 9 9 0
R | d d| | g | n r om nl | cl mosph r
opensevendaysaWeek d| nner on| y
r ser val | ons suggesl ed
| |
* r d| l r l dl
r . _
127 r ange Sl r eel 45 285
o e
l ree
oe|| r g |||l hl h|s d
l he spaghel l | pr | maver a.
s. The spaghel l | pr | maver a | s
( hea| l hy)
l hel el l u | n| A| l r edo.
Ad| e l | ves: 0ompar al | ves | l a7
Ol l FLE E

Reodl h s omm nl s oooul or esl our onl . omp| l l hemW| l hl he


compor ol | v l or mol l h Wor ds| npor nl heses l oshoW ous ondel l l or ochonge.
| . A: l an, l oe| | vel he s| zeol l h| s m nu. l l ' sgo| ngl ol ake mel or v r l o hoos .
B:
The onger
l hemenu,
l hemor ed| l l | auo
l he ho| e.
( ong) ( d| l l | U l )
2. A: They say l he l oodher | s gel l | ng and
l he l ood
( pe, | e)
| l | s. B: And
( g o o d )
8. A: The ser v| seemsa| | l l | e s| oWl on| ghl .
B: Y s, l her esl aur anl .
'
O o
( good)
l h ser v| e.
( p o p u | ar )
4. A: The | gar el l e smoke her e | s gel l | ng
B: l he r oom.
( smokY)
5. A: l l ' spr el l y | oud | n her e.
B: And l keep gel l | ng
and
( o ad )
m oughgel s.
( o a d )
l he r sl aur anl , | l | s.
( r oWd d) ( no| sy)
G. A: Th y er l a| n| y g, , . eyou a| ol ol l ood. l an, l eal an l her o| l .
l he por l | ons, | l | s l ol | n| sh.
( o | g ) ( h r d)
7. A: Th | r desser l skeep gel l | ng and
and
( d el | | o u s)
l
( heavy)
E0l T. Reodl h| sr esl our onl r ev| eW. F| ndondcor r ecl | ghl m| sl ok s | nl h useol l he
compor ol | veol odj ecl | v s, Th l | r sl m| sl ok | so| r eod cor r cl d.
0| n| ngOul
ByB u N W
F l , s F| a h as
l u sl
r p n d
u n d r n wman ag m n l . Th d| n | n gr oom
or | hl er
| ks o| gg r , m r + + ' and pr el l | r as
l h o| don . A| l h ou gh l h l ood| sn , l o l l r ,
| l | s
| u sl
asgood. Th m n u | smor v ar | d
and| ss xp ns| v r ' Tr yon l l h | r
pasl a
d | sh s. Y u W o n , l l | n d a mo r l r sh r
l omal sau | n l oWn . An d | av r oom
l or d ss r l . Th y
| usl
k pg l l | ngg od
ando l l r .
Th Wa| l sl al l | s l r | nd| youl n l ao|
l o hand| | ar g numo r sol p op| l h
r oWd d l h r sl ur anl , l h s| oW r l h s r v| .
Al d| nn r l | me l h | | n soul s| d l h| sp pu| ar
al r y ar g l l | ng | onger andmor | ong. Tr y
| un hl | m l r aqu| l r andr | ax d r m a| .
Ad| ecl | ves: Super | al | ves
wFql N
heckl h cor r cl onsWer .
Thes nder ol l h| s ar dl h| nks h| s
W| l e| s v r :
l yp| a|
spe | a|
No : va| nl | n ' s0ay
( F or uar y
14) | saho| | day| n l heUn| l d Sl al sand0anada.
Hany peop| send ar dsl ospe | a| p p| e| n l he| r | | ves l ol e| | l heml h | r l ee| | ngs.
sUF RLA | v s
Sup | . | v
|
Ao; | v Fo
|
Youar
l h sWe l esl
l he l unn| sl
l he oesl
l h mosl Wond r l u|
l h | easl se| l | sh
p r son | nl h Wo d.
Thal ' s
l he n| esl
l h | ov | | esl
l h Wor sl
l h mosl amu s| n g
l he | asl or | g| na|
ar d| , v v r r e| v d.
who j usl
happ ns l oo
myW|l !
H ppy
v L | ' s
0 !
HART HE l (
h ckl h cor r ecl
onsW r s.
wh| h Wor d a| Ways
go so l or el he
sup r | al | ve l or m
ol l headj e l | ve?
[ | oor on
. l l
LJ l he LJ mosl
wh| h | l l er s doy u
addl ol h endol a
shor l adj e l | v l o
l or ml hesup r | al | ve?
|
er
l
esl
wh| h W r dsdoyou
addo l or a| ong
adj e l | vel ol or ml he
super | al | ve?
[ | mor e r | ess
[ | mosl or | eosl
188
Aol l v Sup | . | v
n | e
o aul | l ul
wa m
h ap p y
* * . . y.YY |: |,: : | .,: : . . : .. .9F. . . . . . .. .l
E FREss* * |: ! ' |; .|,|! ||; j
omp| el e l h chor l ,
* W W . pl * * l W * pl | . *
1. Us l hesuper al | v l or mol adj e l | ves l o r Youar el he oesl par enl s | nl h Wor | d.
s| ng| oul p op e, p a es. andl h| ngs l omol her | Youar el h mosl Wond r l u| l | nd | , ve
peop| e, p| a es, andl h| ngs. ev r had.
2. her e| smor l hanoneWayl ol or m l h
super al | veol adj l | ves.
Ao | v Sup r | v
a. For on syl l ao or l Wo sy| ao e adj l | ves or | ghl l h or | ghl esl
nd| ng| n
. y,
usel h + adj e l | ve +
. esl .
l r | end y l he l r | nd| | sl
Whenyouadd
. esl .
o| g l h o| gg sl
p l l y l h pr l l | esl
sup al | v l or ms. oad l h Wor sl
o. For mosl ol her adj l | ves ol l Woor mo oml or l aol l h mosl oml or l ao|
sy| | ao s, us l hemosl / l he| eosl + adj e l | ve. l h | easl oml or l ao| e
O. For someadj e l | ves use e| l her l he. . .
. esl
| Hyl h| r dhol e| Wasl he qu| el sl .
or l h mosl / l he | eosl . r Hyl h| r dhol e| Wasl h mosl qu| el .
8. Th super al | ve | sol l enusedW| l h xpr ess| ons | You, r e l he oesl mol h r | n l heWor | d.
o g | n n | n g W | l h | n o r o l , su h a s | n l h W o r | d | H , sl h e sma r l e sl o n e o l u so | | .
andol a| | .
4. Th super | al | v | ssom l | m s l o | oWed oy a r Thal , s l he n| esl a dl , veever r ece| ved.
| aus . ol l nl he aus us s l hep s nl r Youhav l he | ov | | sl sm| l | , veever se n,
per l e l W| l heyer .
he k |l ou|!
F' or spe| | | ngr u| s l or l h sup r | al | ve l or mol adj e l | ves, s eAppend| x 22onpage844.
For a| | sl ol | r r gu| ar super | al | veadj l | ves' seeAppend| 10onpage889.
F' or a| | sl l someadj l | ves l hal l or ml h sup r | al | ve| n l Woways' seeApp nd| 12onpage889.
| 9O r Un| l 4u|
8. Y u ar e a l r r | l | l a her . You ar e
4. You make mel e| War m v n| n
5. You ar e ous1n
( n | )
G. Or andma, you ar e
| 0EN | l Y

Reodl h| sHol her , s0oycor dWr | l l no youngch| | d. Under | | ne | | l h


s u pe r l ol | v o d
j e l | ves.

You ar l h smo l sl , l h or | ghl ond


l hel unn| sl
do| | moms | . v v Kno r .
You
qr
l h n| dr n n \ ' ve ev
hqd.
Y u
q e
l k, osl Wond l u| ond del r h| l | y
Jh | qsl \ o 1.
No mom | n
1h r h \ e W| d Wor | d | s
ql l r 1hon you,
Y u r el h
9 l d
r nol he c
q| | .
| | v y v v r / vr yr nu h |
qF y H l h 0ay
|
v
w
w
N
. ;
0 FL TE l , 00sE. R odl hese s nl ences l r omvo| nl | ne, s 0oy or ds. omp| l l hem
W|l hl h super|ol |v l ormol l heodj l |v s |np renl hes s ond l heexpress|ons |nl h oox.
o l a | | , | n l h e s h o o l o l m y | | l e | n o u r l a m | | y o l l h e a r
1. Youar esogoodl ome. l am
l he uck| l
p r son
| nl h Wor d
( u k y )
2. The day w wer emar r | ed Was day
( h ap p y )
l ea h r
( g o o d )
( o| d)
Why l | oveyoul hemosl .
( W| s )
p r Son
monl hs
Hayo l hal ' s
Adj e l | ves; Sup r | al | ves | 191
0ES Rl BE
o
Lookol l h s g| l l | l ms,
l or mol l h Wor ds| np r nl hes s.
l l hem. Usel hesup r | l | ve wr | l s nl en es ooou
J =
* \ _
r
oo k
| l he ea l expen | ve g| l l , ,
( x p n s| v )
pa| nl | ng
pa| nl | ng
( u n u su )
1 . Th e
2. The
8. Th
4. The
5. Th
G. The
7. The
oook
( p r a l | )
( sm a | | )
pa| nl | ng
( o | g )
s ar l
( x p n s| v )
l oy
( l u nn| z)
0| T. Reodl h| spor ogr ophl r omosl udenl , s esso , F| ndondcor r ecl l | vem| sl ok s | n l he
us ol super | ol | ve odj cl | ves. Th l | r sl m| sl oke| so| r od or r ecl ed,
mo l er | ou
Ramadan |s l he sel |l |* srl l |m |n Hus||m u|l ure. 0ur|ng Ramadan, We do nol al l om
sunup l o suns l . Th| s | s d| l l | u| . l l or ever yone, oul l eena$ r s have l he har d sl l | m .
R| ghl al l r Ramadan | s l he E| d a| F| l . Th| s ho| | day | asl s l hr ee d. ays, and | l ' s l he mosl
happ| esl l | me ol l h y ar . Th mo n| ng ol E| d, my l am| | y gel s
up ear | y and
goes l o l he
mosque. Al l W
Gp l
ou ne| $hoo s oy say| ng E| d Huoa ek' ' ( Happy E| d) , we
go
hom . we eal l he o| $ or eakl asl you have ever seen. ou par enl s
$| v
us
g| l l s,
usua| | y
neW | ol h s and mon y. one yea E| d am ar ound l h l | m l
$ adual ed
l r om h| gh
s hoo| . Thal yr a l
$ol
l he mosl o aul | l u| | ol h s and l h l al l er nve| op ol money ol a| |
l he h||d en |n my l am||y. |d H |a |s parl ol E|d a|F|l r. on l hal day, We a||
$o
l o
a o| | pa k. Lasl year al | d He| a, l had l he oel l e l | me ol my | | l . l mel ' my o1dh| gh
s hoo| l r | nds, and We a11 al e
j unk l ood and shoW d ol l our n W | ol hes.
Adver os: 0ompar al | ves
andSuper | al | ves

FOl NT
| r | T( Tr ue) or F ( Fa| se) .
F Jor dan | mpr oves ever y l | me he p| ays.
| R || K
h kl h cor r e l .
a | sW r .
whal doyouaddl o
| ongadver osl ol or m
l he ompar al | ve?
J mor eor | ess
[ |
r
ol
esl
wh| h Wor ddoyou
a| Ways addl ol or m
l h super | al | ve?

LJ masl
l
l | l
sUFERLA | v s
Sup | . | v Aov Fo
H l hr W
l he l asl esl
l h o sl
ol an y on | n l h eg am .
l h e mosl
l h | easl
a ur al | y
l r equenl | y
FREss|,|' ; .,, |' | .,,' .; : ,| . ,,|' |,
| r c| el h cor r l Wor dsl ocomp| l l hes senl enc s,
S| ms l hr eW l asl r l han / ol J nes. He p| ayed oel l er / l heoesl ol a| | .
o me o n ,
or yanl , , Nr yhar der ,
wal chJor dan.
Themor ehep a e,
l he oel l er he| ooko,
o| Y| FARA | vEs
Oo p v Aov Fo o*
Jor dan
p| ayed
h ar d r
o l l r
l h an Br yanl .
mor
| ss
aggr ss| ve| y
on s| sl n l l y
192
Adver os: 0 r r al | ves nd sup r | al | vr s l 198
Gr ar pl | . e' x* l # l l | s x amp| s
1. Usel hecompar al | ve l or m ol adver osl o | heBu| s pl ayed o l l r l han l h Lak r s.
l o us ond| l l r en es oel Ween a l | ons. r
Jo dan
p ay d mor e sk| | | l u| | y l han o, Nea .
Use l he ompa al | v W| l houl l honWh n
j l
| s r H p ay d | essaggr ess| ve| y, l hough.
| ar Wh| hl h| ngs youar e ompa | ng.
2. Us l h super l al | ve l or m ol adv r os l o | Br yanl Wor kedl h har d sl .
s| no oul som l h| no aooul ana l | on.
w ol l enusel hesuper al | ve W| l h xpr ss| ons r Hes o d l he mosl l r equ nl ol on p| oy r
o g| nn| ng W| l h ol , su hasol on p| o r . onl h l am.
8. her e| smor el hanoneWayl ol or m l h
Oom ar al | v and sup r al | ve ol adver os.
Aov o p l v Sup l | v
a. For on sy | ao adver os, useadv r o +
. er
l asl l asl er l h l asl esl
or l he+ adv r o +
esl .
har d har der l he har desl
ompa al | v andsuo r l al | v l or ms. oad| v Wor se l h Wor sl
o. For mosl adv r os ol l Woor mor esy| | ao s, sk| l l u| y mor / | ess l h mosl / l he | asl
usemor e ess+ adv r o or sk| | | l u| | y sk| | | l u| | y
l hemosl / l h | osl + adver o.
. Someadv r os use | l h r mor e/ | ess or
er
qu| k y mor e qu| k| y l he mosl qu| k| y
andl hemosl / l he | eosl or l he. , .
. esl .
qu| k r l h qu| k sl
4. Repeal l hesame ompar al | ve l ol al k aooul
han _an| n r ase or ad ase:
ompar al | v
. ' J.
ompar al | v r Br yanl | sp ay| ng oel l r and oel l r asl h
adv r o
+ ono+
adv r o season onl | nu s.
oR
( H| s p r l or mon k eps | mpr ov| ng' )
mor e ess + ond + mor e/ | ess+ adver o r He| sshool | ngmor e and mor e a ur al e| y.
( | sshool | ng k ps g l l | ngmor o ur ol ) .
he k |l ou|!
For a| | sl ol | r r gu| ar ompar | sonsol adver os, s eAppend| x 10onpage889.
5. Us adouol e ompar al | ve l oshoW ause
and l l e l :
ompar al | ve
.
ompar al | v | Th har d r hep| ayed, l h oel l r h p l or med.
l he +
adv ro
+ l he +
adv ro ( wh nh p|o dhorder, h|s p rl ormon |mprov d. )
194 r un| l 4s
| 0EN l FY
o
R odl h| sl ol ur e sl or yl r oml h spor l ssecl | onol l hen Wspoper . Und r | | ne
o| | l he ompor l | v l or mson e. Und r | | neol l l h super | ol | v l or msl W| e.
O FLE E
o
Reodl h| sconver sol | on o l Ween l r | nds, omp| el e| l W| l hl h comp r l | ve
or sup r | ol | ve l or msol l heWor ds| npor nl h ses. Add l he ondl han Wher n ssor ,
Br r r , y: 0| d you hear aooul l hal neW speed r ead| ng our s ?l l he| ps you r ead
l ael er
a1G
1 . ( l asl )
Hr r r r , : l don' l oe| | eve| l ! Th
2. ( W | | )
8. ( l a
you r ead, l he
4 . ( | l l )
you under sl and.
Br r , r , y: Th ad saysl hal al l er l he our seyou' | | r ead l en l | me*
, 1' o. 9
and under sl and l | ve l | mes mor e. And l he oesl l h| ng | s l hal you Won' l hav
l oWor k anv
G . ( h ar d )
Hr u r , : l , d| | ke l o seel hal . A| | l hr ough h| gh s hoo| , l r ead
7. ( s| oW| y)
any sl udenl | n my | ass, oul l a| sor em moer ed del a| | s
8. ( | ar y)
and ol anv ol mv | assmal es.
9 . ( | o n g )
Br r , r , y: Hayoe you ou| dr ad ven
10. ( q, 4
l hal and sl | | | r em moer
del a| | s. Thal Way, you' d have mor e l | me l o gol ol he gym.
Hr u r , : 0| d you r ead l he our se d s r | pl | on omp| el e| y?
ol
O |dsB al S||v r s!
l n l h l | r sl so l gam l l h s ason, l h
Oo| ds o al l h S| | v r s, G l o 8. Th S| | v l am
p| ay d al r u| y l anl asl | gam , oul | l s d l ns
|s sl ||| W ak. Th O |ds d l nd d l h oa||
mu h mor aggr ss|v |y l han l h S||v r
l am d| d. ol our s , A
Ja kson
r l a| n| y
h |p d r|n l h gam l or l h Oo|ds. Th
Oo| ds' sl ar p| ay r Was oa k on l h l | | d
l day l o l h d | | ghl l h| s many l ans. H
W s hur l oad| y al l h nd ol | asl s ason,
oul h has r ov r d qu| k|y. A|l hough h
d| dn' l p a as W | | as p op| xp l d, h
sl | | | hand| d l h oa| | | | k l h o| d A . H
rl a|n|y hand| d |l l h m sl sk|||l u ol
anyon on l h l am. onl r o| | d l h oa| |
l h o sl , k| k d l | r oa| | l h l ar l h sl ' and
an l h l asl rsl ol an ol l h p|ay rs on
| l h r l am. H p| ay d h r d and h | p d l h
Oo| ds | ook good. l n l a l , l h ha d r h
p| ay d, l h o l l r l h Oo| ds p r l or m d.
w, al hA l h| s sr ason.
And Wal h l h S||v rs. Th y hav a n w
oa h, and l h y' r l r a| n| ng mor s r | ous| y
l h| s y ar . l l h| nk W ' | | s l h m p| ay o l l r
and o l l r asl h sr ason pr ogl ss s.
Se l | on8 Spor l s
Br r , r , y: l r ead| l
1 1 . ( o m p l y )
l r ead mosl l h| ngs.
l / | 00s 8 O FLETE

Lookol l h chor l . h ncomp| el el hesenl en s


W| l hl h ompor ol | veor sup r | ol | v l or mol l heWor ds| n l heoox.
YouW| | | usesom Wor dsmor l hononc .
l ar good l asl s| oW h | gh
A l . B o
Ju
Fol Y u | S. | L Ru
0ruz | 4. 8l e l 7l eel 8| n h s 24m| nul es
Sm| l h | 4 . | l e l 7 l eel 2 n h s 28m| nul es
L| n | 5 . 2 l e l 7l eel 8 n h es 80m| nul es
Sl or m | 5. 4l l 8l el 2| n h s 22m| nul s
0 | zj umped
l ar l her l han
Sm| l h.
Sl or m vau| l ed
l he h| gheel ,
ol a| | .
L| n r an
Sm| l h r an Sl or m.
Sl or m
j umped
l : uz l an Sm| l h.
Sl or m vau| l ed Sm| l h.
A| | | n a| | , Sl or m d| d
A| | | n a| | . Sm| l h d| d
E0l T. R odl h| s sl ud nl , s r por l oooul ooosk l oo| | gom , F| ndond or r ecl seven
m| sl okes | n l heus ol odv r os, Th l | r sl m| sl ok | so| r od cor r cl ed.
Lasl n| ghl l Wal hed l he Lake s and l he Bu| | s. Bol h l eams p| ayed mo e
l h an
agg ess| ve| y ' ve ever seen l h m. l n l acl , l hey p| ayed l he oel l er ol any
game
l ' ve Wal hed l ' h| sseason. l n l he l | r sl ha| l ' H| ha | . l or dan spr a| n d h| s | el l ' ank| e,
and Shaqu| | | e o' Nea| Was oul ol l he
game
oe ause ol l ou| s. Bul l hey sl | | | d| dn' l
sl ar l l he se ond ha any s| oWer l hal l he l | r sl . w| l h l or danoul , Kuko s or ed l he
mosl l r equenl e ol any p| ayer . He' s oeen p| ay| ng mor e and mor e oel l er as l he
season
goeson. l n l a l , mor e he p ays, l he oel l e he | ooks. The Bu| | s won97 l o
88. The Laker s ser med l o
gel o| r edal l he end. They p| ayed | | l l | e and | ess
ons| sl enl | y as l he
gam
W nl on.
Se| l Tesl
r c: S: r r pnr |
gNE
| r c| el h | l l er ol l he or r ecl onsW r l ocomp| l eochs nl enc .
( 0) mor eW nd r l u| | y
( 0)
l he mosl Wond r l u| | y
l expe l ed. l Wasd| sappo| nl d.
( 0)
asoad| y as
( 0)
o l l r
( 0) eas| esl
( 0)
eas| | y
( 0) l he mor l | r ed h gel s
( 0) he gel smor el | r ed
l r y| ng l oW r k.
( 0) mor e qu| el
( 0) qu| el
| ol l oday.
( 0) Wor sl
( 0) l h r r gor sl
| s mu h l han We l houghl .
( 0) l ar l her
( 0)
l hel ar l her
l hal We ou| dn' l s| ep| asl n| ghl .
Ex pl :
Jenn| l er never ol l ee.
( A) dr | nk
( B)
dr | nks
( 0) | s dr | nk| ng
( 0)
Was dr | nk| ng
_ 0
A 0
AB 0
AB 0
A 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
| .
2.
l have
j oo
| n l heWor | d.
( A) agood ( 0)
l heo sl
( B) oesl ( 0)
l heoel l er
The app| e p| e sm | | s
( A)
Wonder l u|
( B) W nder l u| | y
4. l passedmy dr | ver ' s l sl . l l seemedmu h l h| s l | m .
8. Our l eam d| dn' l p| ay
( A)
asWe| | as
( B) We| |
A)
easy
( B)
eas| er
5. The l asl er Tr anh Wa| ks.
( A) mor l | r ed
( B) he gel sl | r ed
G. 0ou| d you l a| k ?l ' m
( A) mor e qu| el | y
( B) qu| el er l han
7. L| sa | s sl ay| ng home. Her o| d| s a
( A) oad
( B) Wor se
8. Sor r y We' r e| al e. Your house
( A) l ar
( B) l hel ar l hesl
9. The mov| eWas
( A) ex | l | ng| y
( B) ex | l d
s o _
( ) | l
( 0) x | l | ng
ver y l h sedays.
( 0) har der
( 0) har d sl
10. 0hr | s | s Wor k| ng
( A) har d| y
( B) har d
19G
AB 0
F.
Se| l Tesl v| | | l 197
1 1 .
12.
1 8 .
1 4 .
1 5 .
1 G .
1 7 .
1 8 .
1 9 .
wr | l el h er ep o r l l | r sl . l l ' smo r e| mp o r l an l y o u r o l h r wo r k .
( A) l han ( 0) l r om
( B)
as
( 0) l hen
T h e | u n h m e n u | sv e r v sh o r l . l l ' s l h a n l h e d | n n r m e n u .
( A) var | ed ( 0) | essvar | ed
( B) mor evar | ed ( 0) l he| easl var | ed
Thank you! Thal , s r ' veever r e e| ved.
( A) l he n| er g| l l ( 0) n| esl g, l l
( B) a n| e g| l l ( 0) l he n| esl g| l l
l l ' sgel l | ng mor e l ol | nd a heap apar l menl .
( A) har d| y ( 0) l he mosl d| l l | u| l
( B) and mor e d| l l | u| l ( 0) and ver y d| l l | u| l
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
A 0
AB 0
| s, | oNl Two
20.
24.
0
ochs nl enc hosl our und r | | nedWor dsor phr os s, Thel our under | | ned por l s
ol l h s nl nce or mor k dA, B, , ond0. | r c| l he| el l r ol l h on under | | n d
Wor dor phr osel hol | sNor ORRE .
x pl l :
| ke usua| | y dr | ves l s hoo| , oul l oday he Wa| ks.
A 0
AB o
The har der Sy| v| a l r | es, | ess shesu eeds.
A B 0
Th| s has oeen l he oesl day l han my Who| e | | l e!
A B 0
w , r ea| Ways amaz| ng

John, s | n r ed| o| e l r av | sl or | s.
A B 0
we l ook a | ol ol phol os oe ause she Was su h a ul e| y | | l l | e oaoy.
A B 0
our neW ar | s har d l o dr | ve l han our o| d one.
A B ( 0
Fal r | k doesn, l r un qu| k| y as Lee, oul h an r un l ar l her .
A B ( 0
21. You d| d mu h mor oel l er | n l h | asl l esl l han | n l h| s on .
22. whal ' s l he mor e popu| ar ol a| | l he neW Tv shoWs?
A B ( 0
The mor e l pr a l | e l he p| ano, l he mosl sk| | | ed l gel .
A B ( 0
The gar oage| n l he sl r eel | s mor e d| sgusl ed l han l he pol ho| es.
A _E, _ 0
28.
2s. Todayseemsashol l er asyesl er day, oul l he hum| d| l y | s | oWer .
A B 0
Oer unds:
Suoj e l and ooj e l
| l l || F l N
heckl h cor r cl onsWer .
whal doesl h WomanWanl l og| veup?
l | gar l l es
r..|
LJ e r | se
l ' m a | |
ou l ol o r aal , h aq a| n .
l r ea| n r dl o
o u | l j ogg| n g!
A
8
O o a
HART||E K
h ckl hecor r cl
onsW r .
whal doesl heger und
ndW| l h?
l |
ed
1
|ng
whal goesoel or el he
ger und
l omak | l
negal | ve?

LJ nol
| don' l or doesn' l
O RUN0As SUB, E T
O u o ( Su )

v. * .
l
o . . ,
Smok| ng h ar ms y ou r h ea| l h .
Nol smok| ng mak s youh a l h| .
O uN0 AsoB,
_ | |
5u ,

v
[
O u o ( o 1 )
You sh o u | d q u | l smok| ng.
Hydo l o sugg sl s nol smok| ng.
198
A:
Oer unds: Suoj e l andooj e l r 199
ExFREss
l l |
omp|el l h|sconv rsol |on W|l hl h orrecl l ormol l h v rodr|nk.
Usel heol l |rmol |ve orneg l |v .
l oomu h ol l ee| sn' l g odl or you.
B: l k n o W . l q u | l ol l ee| asl vear .
A: Hy do l or suggesl ed sodae| l her .
x amp| es Or ammar x p| an al | on s
1. Ager und ( oas l or mol v r o+
| ng)
| sa l 0r | nk| ng l oomu h ol l e | soadl or you hea l h.
ver ol hal l un l | ons | | keanoun.
Age und ano l h suoj l ol asenl n e. | Smok| ng | sa| sounh a| l hy.
Whenyouadd
. | ng
l ol h oas l or mol l hev r o.
| og
j ogg| ng
Nol | e l hal ager und| sal Ways s| ngu| ar and| s r al | ng
j unk l oodmokes m s| k.
l o| | oWed oyl h l h| r d p r son s| ngul ar l or mol r | nha| | ng smok g| vesmeor on h| l | s.
l hever o.
g r u n d
pr ogr ss| v l or mol l heve o.
pr ogr ss| ve l or m
r H | sdr | nk| ng ol l e r | ghl noW.
2. ' ger und ana| sooel h ooj e l ol
r l a| n v r os.
r l enj oy e erc|s|ng.
| , v ons| der ed j o| n| ng agym.
ol her | ghl | sashor l | sl ol ver os l hal ano adm| l
l o| | oWedoyager und. avo| d
ons| d r
d ny
nj oy
l | n | sh
m| ss
pr a l | e
q u | l
r esenl
sugg sl
under sl and
8. Ther ar emany ommon xpr ss| ons W| l h | w ol l ngo sW| mm| ng| nl h l ak .
go + ger nd. hese expr ss| ons usua| | y r Y sl er day | Wenl shopp| ngl o an Wpa| r ol
d s r | o a l | v| l | es, su hasshopp| ng, l | sh| ng, r unn| ngsho s.
sk||ng, sW|mm|ng, and omp|ng.
he k |l oul !
For mor omp| el e| | sl s ol ommonver osl hal ano l o| | oWedoyl h g r und,
s Append| x8onpag 887andAppend| xGonpag 888.
2OO r un| l 4G
l 0EN | FY

R odpor l ol nor l | c| l r omoheo| l hn Ws| l l r . Under | | n l h Wor dsend| ng


| n
| ng
l h l or eg r unds,

Wl | | sgr al x r | s . l l . s
h a| l hy, l un, and r | a | ng. B aus
sW| mm| ng | sa
. . | oW | mpa l ' '
spor l ,
mosl p op| nj oy par l | | pal | ng | n
l h| sa l | v| l yW| l houl l ar l | nj ur y
l ol h | r oon s or mus | s. Jogg| ng,
Wh| h | sa
. . h| gh | mpa l ' '
a l | v| l y,
can al l | m s o har ml u| . l knoW
l h| sl r omp r sona| p r | n . Lasl
y ar Wh| | l Was
j ogg| ng,
l | nj ur d
my r | ghl kn . l don' l g j ogg| ng
anymor . Al l r apa| nl u| monl hol
r ov r y' l sl opp dr unn| ngand
sW| l h dl oWal r spor l s. | ' m noW
ons| d r | ng
j o| n| ng
asW| mm| ng
l amand omp l | ng| nr a s.
H00sE 8 0 FLEl E. R odl hes sl ol m nl s oooul h o| l h| ssu s. omp| l el h mW| l h
l h g r undl or mol l hever os| n l h oo . hooseo l W en l l | r mol | veondn gol | ve.
| n r ease eal do Wa| k dr | nk
nl |
sW| m r un go
1.
mok\ ng
| s oad l r your hear l and | ungs.
l omu h l al and sugar | s a| so unhea| l hy.
enough Wal er | s oad l or your gener a| hea| l h.
4. 0o l or ssuggesl l he amounl ol l r u| l s and vegel ao| s | n your d| el .
s. Avo| d l oomany h| gh | mpa l spor l s su h as
j ogg| ng
and
Jump g
r ope.
G. l nsl ead. ns| der | n apoo| ever y day. l l ' s an ex e| | enl
| oW | mpa l a l | v| l y.
7. Hany hea| l h e per l s l h| nk l hal
oe ausel her e | s | ess sl r ss onyour oodyWhen your l eel om
| nl o onl a l W| l h l he g ound.
8. Somepeop| ear e al r a| d ol l he do l o oul
| s am| sl ake.
2.
8 .
| s oel l er l han
l or r egu| ar he kups
gg |TgYj . ?. 1L: J. : |
. 1' | .
g?|: : . : .
. ?. 9|. . . . . . . . . .
sU | l | R| zE
o
Reodeochnumoer d sl ol m nl . omp| el l h l o| | oW| ng summor y us| ng
l h oppr opr | ol v r ol r oml heooxond l h g r undl or mol l h ver o| np r nl hes s.
a knoW| edge avo| d ons| d r deny
d
go qu| l
1. To : Ann
j ogs,
oul l don, l r ea| | y | | k l hal k| nd ol xer | se.
Su : Tom doesn' l
enj o j og | ng,
( Jo g )
2. : oh. nol hanks. l don' l sm ke an mor e.
Su v: ar l a
( sm o k )
8. 0 : l , mgo| ngl ol hal nr W sW| mm| ng poo| . wou| d you | | ke l goW| l h me?
Su v: 0hen | s go| ng l o
( sW | m )
4. Jr : l sme| | smokel o . Bul don, l | ook al m ! l d| dn' l hav a | gar el l e!
Su y: J| m
( sm o k )
5. l : l knoW l shou| d e er | se, oul l don' l Wanl l o. l guessyou' r er | ghl . l am | az .
Su y: l na l az .
( o )
G. F r r , : No, l hanks. The ak | ooks g al , oul l ' ml r y| ng l osl ay aWay l r m sW l s.
Su Fh| | sWeel s.
( eal )
7. vr r , : l ' m nol sur e' oul l ma goon ava al | on.
Su : v| | ma ava al | on.
( l ak e)
0l l
o
Reod
| | m, s
nol es, F| ndondcor r cl n| n m| sl okes | nl h us ol l h ger und,
Th l | r sl m| sl ok | so| r od cor r cl d.
9 HOKl NO
w 5l 0AN O | J' l * Ol < 0|e RE |
F| ck e acL daLeLo
4 | l
sv o e.
9Lopsv ok| ng cov pLeLeL\ , 1.
( 0 r doW | shar der Lha s oFp| vgaLL al ov| ce. )
Avo| dLooear o ndoLher s oker s
( aL
LeasL aLLheoeq| vl | v| g) .
9Lar r e er c| s| v| g da| L ' Toer er c| se0a r ed cesLr ess.
Nodr | k| gcol * eeYoav heLF Loo.
Lvnag| neoee a o sv oKer . Fos| | ve Wl ev| LaL l v ages ca heLp.
Lo s| der Lo
1o|
' suFFor L gr o F.
0ov| , L deLa LoasKl or he| p. 0aLL 0r . B r sr | ghLaWa \
Keep Lr | g an d d ov l , L
9 | v e
p !
Oer unds al l er Fr epos| l | ons
O T | v0l v 0!
| nl er esl ed | n| mpr ov| ng | l e on mpus?
T| r d ol he r | ng omp a| nl s nd nol l | nd| ngso| ul | ons?
Jo| n
l h e Sl u d n l
( ou n | !
N xl | 4 el | ng: on. , r h 25, 8: 00
p. . ,
| n Aud| l or | um
w | ook l or W r d l osee| ngyoul her e.
You
( AN
m k d| l l er n !
The Sl udenl 0oun | | | s | ook| ngl or sl ud nl sWho
F Wanl l omake neWl r | ends.
F Wanl l o| mpr ove | | l on ampus.
F | | k l o omp| a| n.
H RT|l|E |(
h ckl hecor r cl
onsW r s.
whal par l ol spee h
| s l heWor d l o| n
l ookl orWord l o?
par l ol l he
| nl | n| l | ve
l apr epos| l | on
whal l or mol l h ver o
l o| | oWsapr epos| l | on?
l l h oasel or m
l ger und
l | nl | n| l | ve
O RUN0S AFT RFREFos| | oNs
l
F* . , o, . , | o
r o )
, * uno
0oyouhav | d as l or | mpr ov| ng | | l e on ampus?
we' r egood al p | an n | n g ah ad .
You anh p o l ak | n g nol s.
Sh o | v s | n ( nol ) compr om| s| ng.
Ar eyoul | r d ol hear | ng ompl a| nl s?
Lel ' s Wor k | nsl ad ol omp | a| n | n g .
Th y| ns| sl o n ( nol ) om| n g l o l h m l | n g .
l | ookl or War d l o ( nol ) h av | n g l o sl udy nexl summ .
202
E ' FREss'
omp| l l h| sconver s l | on W| l hl h cor r cl l or mol l h ver o
| o| n.
A: Ar e you happy aooul l heSl ud nl 0 un | | ?
B: Sur e. l , doe n| ook| ng l or War d l o
Oer unds al l er r ep s| l | ns l 2o8
a gr oup l or aWh| | e.
Or mr nar l r x | * ma* l ;
ggl g
, xam | * s
n o u n
| . A pr epos| l | on | saWor dsu hasoooul , | h oun | | | ns| sl s on e| e l | ons,
ogo| nsl , ol , h , l or , | n, | nsl odol , ol , on,
o onoun
l o, W| l h, andW| l houl . pr epos| l | on anoe
| he oun | | ns| sl s on l hem.
l o| oW d oyanounor apr onoun.
oer und
Be ause ager und ( oas l or mol ve o+
| ng)
r he oun | | ns| sl s on 7ol | ng.
a l s asanoun, | l anl o| | oWapr pos| l | on l oo.
2. HanyOommon xpr ss| onsar emad upol a v + F posl | ol Ao; | v + F pos| l o
ver oor anadj l | v l o| | oWedoyapr epos| l | on. adv| se aga| nsl al r a| d ol
o | | v | n oor ed W| l h
ounl on ex | l d aooul
h s xpr ss| onsanoel o| | oW doyager und. l She ounl s on go| ngl o o g .
r H | s oor d W| l h Wor k| ng| nasl or .
8. B ur !
vl + F posl | o Ao; l v + F posl l o
a. | nl h xpr ess| ons l ol h r | ghl , l o| sa | ookl o War d l o a usl om d l o
pr epos| l j on, nol par l ol an| nl | n| l | v l or m. oo l l o oppos dl o
For l h| sr ason | l ano l o| | oW doy sor l l o us dl o
l heger und.
| | , m| ook| ng l or Wa d l o see| ng
ou.
No , m ook| ng l or War dl l l | j ol * .
o. 0onol onl us usedl o + oas l or m | l used l o l ake l hel r a| n.
ol ver o( l o hao| l s| nl hepasl ) W| l h ( | l Wosmyhoo| l l ol okel h l r o| n, oul | no| ong r
o / gel usedl o + g r und ( mean| ng l ok l h l r o| n. )
, , o / gel
a usl om d l o, , ) .
| | , mus dl o l ok| ngl h l r a| n.
( | , mo usl omed l ol k| ngl h l r o| n, )
| , mgel l | ng usedl o l ok| ngl hel a| n.
( | , mg l l | ngo usl om d l ol ok| ngl h l r o| n, )
he k |l ou|!
For a| | sl ol ommonver op| us pr epos| l | on omo| nal | ons, seeAppend| x 7onpag 888.
For a| | sl ol ommonadj e l | vep| us pr epos| l | on omo| nal | ons' seeAppend| x 8onpage888.
2O4 l Ll ||. |l 4?
l 0EN | FY
o
Th Sl udenl oun | | Wr ol o| el l r l al h a| | g pr es| d nl . R ad| l and
und r | | n | | l hepr pos| l | on + ger und omo| nol | ons,
\ A/ e, l he memoe s ol l he Sl udenl 0ounc||, Wou|d ||ke l o sha W|l h you
l he l houghl s and on e ns ol l he
genera|
sl ud nl ' oody. As you prooao|y kno
many sl udenl s are omp|a|n|n$ aooul l eon ampus. |ve a |nl eresl ed
|n meel |n T' r|l h you l o d|s uss our |deas l o dea n$T r|l h l hese omp|a|nl s.
\ [ l knoW l hal you a e l |red ol hear|ng sl udenl s omp|a|n and l hal you
a e nol used l o Wo k|ng w|l h l he Sl udenl 0oun ||. HoWeve |l you rea||y
oe| | ev | n
$| v| ng
neW | deas a l y, We hop you W| | | l h| nk aooul speak| ng w| l h
ou ep esenl al | ves soon. | ve | ook l or War d. l o hear | ng l om you soon.
00sE 8 0 Fl ETE

R odl h s comm nl s l r oml h s hoo| n Wspop r . omp| l el h


sl ud nl s, sl ol m nl s W| l hl heoppr opr | ol e pr pos| l | on l r oml h oox( ouW| | | useon
ol l h msever | l | mes) ondl h g r undl or mol l h ver o| npor enl h s s.
al on | n l o aooul l or
1. l don' l hav any p| ans l or spr | ng or ak, oul l ' mnol on er n d
aooul
el l | ng
( g l )
o r ed. l an a| Ways l ak aWa| k or som l h| ng. J| m Hsu
2. whal ar e my p| ans l or spr | ng or ak? l ' m ver y | nl er sl ed
( | | sl n )
l o
j azz. l , m go| ngl oal l end l h Spr | ng Jazz Fesl | va| . L| sa Suar z
8. Hy l r | ends and l ar e dr | v| ng l oNeW or | eans. l , mex | l ed
oul l ' mn r vous al n| ghl . Em| | | a Lea|
( d r | v )
4. l ' mr ea| | y | ook| ng l or War d al hom and
j usl
( sl ay )
. 0on F| l l
( r | ax )
5. l , mdr | v| ng l o
Ou oe .
l l ' sl amous
G, l | ove| anguag s, oul l ' mnol good
( | ar n )
my Japan s | ass over l he or eak.
0| a| r e
Kap| n
7. Hy l r| nds and l arego|ng amp|ng,oul my ||l l |e orol her |ns|sl s
( q o )
( h v )
g eal l ood.
Eun
Ko
l hem, sol ' m sl udy| ng l or
W| l h us. A | ol ol l un l hal , | | oe! omar S| san
8. Hy g| r | l r | end p| ans
| ;
u' d
( go, )
mov| es, sol guessl , | | r ad a| ol and seea| ol ol mov| es. T| m R| |
( o m )
l ol he
Oer unds al l er r e s| l | ons | 2os
O| B| NE
o
R odl h s po| r sol s nl nces oooul schoo| | | l e. omo| n l hemW| l hl he
pr pos| l | ons | npor nl h s s.
1. You an' l Wa| k on ampus | al e al n| ghl . You have l oWor r y aooul your sal el y.
Youcan' l Wa k oncam?u al e al n| ghl W| houl Wor r y| ng aooul
our
al el ,
( W| l houl )
2. we an make hanges. we an l e| | l he adm| n| sl r al | on ao ul our on er ns.
( oy)
8. The adm| n| sl r al | on anhe| p. l l an| | sl en l oour on er ns.
( oy)
4. l n some ases' sl udenl s
j usl
omp| a| n. They don, l make suggesl | onsl or | mpr ovemenl s.
( | nsl ead ol )
5. Sl udenl s gel annoyedW| l h som l ea her s. Somel ea her s ome| al e l | ass.
( l o0
G. You an | mpr ove your g ades. Sl udy r egu| ar | y.
( ov)
E0l T. Reodl h| s sl ud nl , s | el l er . F| ndondcor r ecl s v n m| sl ok s | nl heuseol g r unds
ol l rpr pos|l |ons,Th l |rsl m|sl oke|so|r od correcl ed.
0e rBr| ,
l h veor l l e d| gLo gl r o/ / ge
lor

! 'l r
|,m r r hoFF
ud | ng
oo l he,e, l
lrsl ,
|l s ||l l | h rdg l l | g
sed
l ospr k g|l sh
/ / l hr'l |me, o l noo|, l
le /
, , omlo,l o/ e ooul omm n| l e| m
se ond / g ge,
l j sl j o| d n| l ur l |on / sl d l gro p, d ,me |l ud ,|l l
me l | g e|a
F oF/ r,
S mmeror k|s om| g, nd
lr
ol
s
r p/ | g
ondosomol r re/ | gl ogel her. B n l oj o| l h|sgro p, l sedl ospe d
ho/ |d s / on .
F/ e sr r|l e, / ook
lor rd
l ohe
lo o !
/ < .
| nl | n| l | ves
al l er 0er l a| n ver os
L| l esl y| es Se l | on 4
As A N|
0 r Ann| e,
l
monl h ag l m l l h|s g al
AWoman,
gan, and l ask d
r | h r l o m rry m | l aWa .
Sh says l h|ngs a |
. . mov|ng
l oo
l asl ' ' ' and sh Wanl s m l o l h|nk
aooul m r p pos | som mo .
l l o|d h r l an'l allord l ra|l
l or v r. Am l r| l ?
_l mp l | nl
l l l | | F1l NT
h ckl h cor r cl onsWer .
gan Wanl s mor l | me
l o ons| d r l hemar r | ag
pr oposa| .
l Heganl h| nks l mpal | enl
shou| d ons| d r h| s
pr oposa| mor .
E FREss nEr l;
Unscr omo| l h s Wor dsl ol or mosenl enc ,
l | RT l |E K
|r | T( Tru ) or
F( Fo| se) .
F Th |nl |n|l |ve
=
oasel or m + l o.
F The n gal | v
| nl | n| l | ve
=
nol + |nl |n|l |ve.
F A| | ver osn d
anooj l o l or
l h | nl | n| l | v .
S A NTS: w| HoUT AN oB'
Su ,

v. * '
|
r o

| n, . n, , . u.
l
They
de | d d
agr d
( nol )
l o
l o
a| |
ask
An n | e.
S A E , N S: wl | AN oB'
Su ,

v' * '
l
or y. . ,

o 1

| n, . n. , . u.
l
hey
ur ged
adv| s d
Jo h n
h | m
( nol )
l o a |
l o ask
h r .
s A n NTS: W| H AN oF | oNAl oB
Su |

v. * ,
l
l o, , . . , )

| n, , n. . . u.
l
h y
Wanl ed
n d d
( o h n )
( h | m)
l o a| l
l o ask
her .
20G
l o Wanl Ann| e Wr | l e l o l
| nl | n| l | ves al l er 0er l a| n ver os l 2O7
Or ammar x | a al | on s xamp| es
1. er l a| nve s anoel o| oWed oyan| nl | n| l | ve r | Wanl l o gel ma r | d.
( l o+ oas l or mol l h v r o) . r | ask d Ann| l o he| p me,
2. Som ol l hes ver os ar l o | oW d d| r e l | y o | H d | ded l o Wr | l el oAnn| .
an | nl | n| l | v . r H hoped l ogel aqu| kr ep y.
h v r os l ol her | ghl ano l o| | oWedd| r e l y agr e p an
oyan| nl | n| l | v . o g| n r l s
l a| | seem
8. Somev r osn edanoo l ( nounor
r onoun)
ooj e l
o l or l h | nl | n| l | v . r l | nv| l ed Hor l o e| eor al W| l hus.
o o j l
r l r em| n d ed h er l o om .
h v r os l ol h r | ghl ne danooj e l oel or adv| s l | |
l he| nl | n| l | ve. enco r ag ur g
or d r Wa| n
4. Som v r os ano l o| | oW d oye| l h r :
.
an | nl | n| l | v
OR

an oo| e l + | nl | n| l | v
h ver os l ol h | ghl anoel o oWed
e| l her d| r e l | y oyan| nl | n| l | v o oyan
ooj l + | nl | n| l | ve.
r H Wa l s l o | eove' H , s l | r d.
OR
r H Wanl s
ou
l o | ove. You, r l | r ed.
ask need
expe l Wanl
he| p Wou| d | | ke
5. For manegal | ve | nl | n| l | ve oyp| a | ngnol r L e m mo d nol l o co| | al l 5: 00.
o l or l he| nl | n| l | ve. ( L d| dn, l o| | ol l er 5: 00. )
r nal o d m nol l ogol o | ass.
( Ano:
, , 0on, l
go. Th l o h r | ss| k, , , )
| nl | n| l | v anhav av r yd| l l er nl m an| ng ( van:
, , 0on, l
g| v up' , , )
l r omas nl n W| l han gal | v ma| nv r o
| vand| dn, l l | | m l og| v up.
( vond| dn' l soyanyl h| ng. )
0he k |l oul !
For a| | sl ol ommonver osl o| | oWedd| r e l | yoyl he| nl | n| l | ve, seeAppend| x4onpage888.
For a| | sl ol ver osl | | oW doyooj e l sandl h | nl r n| l | ve, s eApp nd| 5onpag 888.
For a| | sl ol ver osl hal anoel o| | oWede| l her d| r l | y oy an| nl | n| l | v or oyanooj e l +
| nl | n| l | v , se App nd| x5onpage888.
2O8 l un| l 48
l 0EN | l Y

ReodAnn| e, sr espons l o
, , | mpol | nl . , ,
LLnd r | | n o| | l hev r o+ | nl | n| l | veond
v r o+ ooj cl + | nl | n| l | vecomo| nol | ons.
L| l esl y| es 17
0 r l mpal | n
| o r doWn! You pp r l o | n l o mu h ol ahur y. You' v
on| y knoWn l h| s p r son l or am nl h andy l you ask dh
l o m l ry y u! . l hal ' s l h o|g rush? wl | an, l , yo|| al l rd l
ra|l ?Ar y u alra|d l hal |l sh g l s l knoW y u o l l sh may
d | d nol l o l | l h knol ?l ag W| l h you g| r | l r | nd. Y u n d
l ns|d r l h|ngs l|1or a lrr||y.Y u an,l rx l h r
( r y urs |l)
l m k s h an |mp l anl d |s|on so qu| k|y. l l you d n' l Wanl
l o r g| l ahasl y d |s| n, l adv|s you ool h l o g l l o kn W a
l h r o l l r o l o y u hurry l l h a l ar.
* nn|e
l Fl E E
o
Reodl h| sor l | c| . omp| el e| l W| l hl h cor r cl l or mol l hev r os| n
por nl h ses, Js l hes| mp| pr es nl or l h | mper ol | ve l or mol l h l | r sl v r o,
F|a|r|c||og l or L v
osl
peop| make ar el u|p| ans When l h y
dec| del o l ake
ava al | on.
Y l Wh nl hey
1. ( de | de
/ l ak )
amal e, l heyd pendon| u k.
2. ( al l mpl / l | nd)
dWar d A. 0r yl us, Fh. 0. ,
| ov l o han e.
8. ( Wa n
/ s| ng| peop / nol / | eav )

h| sl our , sl p p| anWh nl h ysear h l or a| | l par l n r .
, 4 . ( u r g / l h e m / u s )
R m mo r : when you you
G. ( p| n/ l a| | )
5. ( l a| | /
| an)
s F oN : Hak a| | sl . whal k| ndol per sondoyou
7. ( W| sh
/ me l )
Som one | nl | | | g nl ? Someone Who| ovesspor l s? L| sl ever yl h| ng.
s F Two: Hakeanol h r | | sl . whal k| ndol p r sonar eyou?
your | | sl and ommenl on| l . Th l Wo| | sl sshou| dmal h.
8. ( Ask
/ l Wol r | ends/ ad)
s F THR : | n r ase your han es.
s FOUR: Askl or | nl r odu l | ons. 0r .
| na l | v| l | syou | | k .
9 . ( h o o s / p ar l | | p l )
0r yl us
| o . ( d v | s /
p o p e / n o l / l e| )
moar r assed l oask. v r yon
1 1 . ( W n l
/ o )
amal hmak r !
sul l | l | R| z
o
R od ochnumo r d sl ol menl . omp| l e l heSummor Y us| ngl h
oppr opr | ol ev r ol r oml h ooxl o| | oW do n| nl | n| l | veor onooj cl + | nl | n| l | v ,
l r l | l * Wes al l * r r l a| r r v* | s | 2o9
Wou| d | | ke

| nv| l e ne d l or gel n our age
l h| nk you sh u| d l ake l h| ngs mor e s| W| y, 0hel .
ur ged 0hel l ol akel h\ ng mor e | oW| y.
agr ee r em| nd
| . A r : l r ea| | v
Su y: Ann| e
2, 0 y : Tom. ou| d
you
a| | me al 10: 00?
Su y: 0ar yn
8. Ku : m| | y, p| as r em mo r l ouy gasl oday.
Su v: Kur l
4. Jo : w , r ego| ngoul l or ol l ee, Har l a. wou| d you | | ke l o
j | n
us?
Su : John
5. J so : oK, oK, 0ad. l ' | | o hom oy 10: 80| l l hal ' sWhal youWanl .
Su y: Jason
G. J : oh.
Su : J l l
no! l l ' s4: l 5. l d| dn' l gol ol he2: 00sl al l meel | ng!
7. Ho : 0ome on, L| sa, don' l oes ar ed. Jusl l r y aga| n.
Su : L| sa' s mol her
8. T y: l , mus| ng l he ar l on| ghl . l ' m l ak| ng Sue l ol he ma| | .
Su : Ter r v
E0l T. Re dl h| s nl r | nop r sono| d| or . F| nd ndcor r cl s v n m| sl kes | n l h us ol
| nl | n| l | ves ol l r c r l o| nv r os. Th l | r sl m| sl ok | so| r eod or r ecl d.
8r

l o j o| n
r An n | e dv | s dm p | gac ao, o l k e c ss,
. . l . m_r ' aLl c, | l . . oor , l l hj s , h . . . c | o. | sp| nn| n gah| ngl j p
' l o. . . go ' ' r n* l | ng' ' | n. l he' 5Or . | , nq' Al . | , l r sl ' d | ! l anl ' s| gn| ngap, oal l he
\ J|,,el 1h'o.pedmok s mel r|en/ s. h .n L4o|n '|hj ; . o* h l .l 'dl dnl e W* ve e oel ng ,.,
Adj e l | ves
Nouns
| nl | n| l | ves
al l er 0e l a| n
and 0e l a| n
Wl l | F l N
0h ckl h or r e l onsWer ,
| . ' | ng goodl r | es| s d| l l | u| l .
e man har d| y al sanyl h| ng oul l r | es.
l , har d l o l | nd
qoodl r | e Nh o da e'
l l ART l | E l (
h kl h or r cl
onsW r s.
Th | nl | n| l | ve | s
l or medW| l h:
l l o + oasel or m
ol ver o
l l o + oasel or mol
ver o+
| ng
The| nl | n| l | v l o| | oWs:
er l a| n nouns and
adj e l | ves
l
LJ r l ar n
pr epos| l | ons
| NF| N| | vEs AF R R Al NA0' Ec | v s
l
Ao|. . r , u.
l
l n' n, r , u.
l
l l ' , s har d l o l | n d nul r | l | ous l asl l ood.
w , r e eag r l o hear aooul l h neWr esl aur anl .
Hes m d sur pr | s d l o | ar n l h amounl ol l al | naou g r .
| NF| N| | vEsAF ER R Al NNoUNs

ou*

l n' . n. ' . u.
l
l l ' , s l | me l o go.
Thal ' s ah| gh pr | e l o pay.
0o sh have p r m| ss| on l o sl ay oul | al e?
2l o
| n l | n | l | v es al l er 0e a| n Ad| e l | v s an d N u n s | 2l l
E FREss' 8
Unscr omo| l h s Wor dsl ol or ml Wosenl en s.
onven| enl

| l ' s

al
o
l asl

l ood

l o
pay
.
a

pr | e

| oW

Thal , s

l o
An, amr ar l r x e el | r cs . xam | es
ad j e l | v e| n l | n | l | v
| . 0 l a| n adj l | v s ano l o| | oWedoyan r Th yw r ag r l o l r l hen Wl a o.
| nl | n| l | v ( l o+ oas l or mol l h v r o) .
anyol l hes adj l | v s des r | oe al e | | ng r SheWasg| ad l o heor l hal | l Was oW| n a or | s.
aooul l h a l | on | nl h | nl | n| l | ve.
Adj e l | ves l hal expr ess
a. ! sc . a[ ne
a eol l en | | WasWr ong l o | eove,
l o oW d oyan| nl | n| l | v . r h yWer or ave l o l e| | h| m.
Adj l | v s l hal shoWl heor d r ol a l | ons a e r weW | asl l o or der .
ol l nl o| oW d oyan| nl | n| l | ve. r wh nl he h k am , sheWasl | r sl l o | ove
l her sl au anl .
adj l | v | nl | n| l | ve
2. w ol l enuse| l 8 + adj e l | ve + | nl | n| l | v . | | l , sgr al l o see youaga| n.
whenl h a l | on| nl h | nl | n| l | ve | sdoneoya r | l Wass| ol Toml o | av .
per son, Weol l enuseol or l or + noun, / r ono n. | l , s har d l or usl o g l h onl | m .
| l ' s+ adj l | ve + | nl | n| l | v | sol l nus dl o l | l , s onven| nl l o eol l asl l ood.
mak g n r a oos r val | ons. | | l , sd| l l | u| l l or sl ud nl s l o Wor kl u | l | me.
n ou n | n l | n | l | v e
8. 0 l a| n nouns anoel o| | oWed ovan| nl | n| l | v . | | l , s l | me l o l okeao eak.
r | hav l her | ghl l o eol Whal | Wanl .
| h ymad ad | s| on l o| oseW | ghl .
r | l ah| ghpr | l opo ,
r H hasp r m| ss| on l o sl o oul | al e.
henoun + | nl | n| l | v omo| nal | on ol l en | Roo| n | sl h p r son l o oskaooul l hal .
expr ss s advj sao| | | l y or ne ss| l y. ( You shou| d
qsk
Roo| n oooul l hol . )
r l haveal sl l o sl ud l or | ghl noW.
( | musl sl udyl or myl sl , )
he k |l ou|!
For a| | sl ol ommona e l | v sl hal anoel o| | oW doyl he| nl | n| l | ve, seeApp nd| x 9onpage888.
2 2 | U* | l
. * s|
Lasl year l sl opp d al | ng | n l he s hoo| al el r | a
p| ace l o have
u Was su h a gr | m
1 . ( p a e
/ h a v )
l he l | r sl l | me. l Was
2 . ( d | g h l d
/ l | n d )
l he ! They' r e
8 . ( W ay
/ g o )
heer l u| al mospher has made l he al el r | a a
eal | ng | un h l her ever y day l r om noW on. L,
l 0EN l FY
o
Reodl h| squesl | onno| r e. Und r | | neo| | l heodj e l | ve + | nl | n| l | v ond
noun+ | nl | n| l | ve omo| nol | ons. wr | l A ov r l h od| ecl | v s ondN oyer l h nouns.
0l LFLE E
o
Re dl h s excer pl s l r om| el l er sl ol he d| l or ol co | g n Wspop r ,
omp| l l hemW| l hl hecor r cl l or mol l h Wor ds| npor nl heses,
o aus l h l od
mea| . Y sl er dav l
Was sooad and | l
W nl oa k l or
Fasl l oodsar Ta oB | 1l her .
and l he
4 . ( l u n
/ l )
| n. l ' | | o
5 . ( p | asu r / al )
Br nner
l l Was a
G . ( m| sl ak
/ o r | n g )
7 . ( o u l r g o u s
/ s e)
l odl he Sr r ve | sn, l
sa| l ' and l al . F r ommul er sl udenl s, | l ' s
m a| o l or e ven| ng | ass, and | l ' s
l asl l ood ha| ns l ol h ampus. l l ' s
l h e a l samer esl aur anl s ever yWher eyou go. The
. l l onl a| ns mu h l oomu h Suga
8. ( good / al )
ah a| l hy
9 . ( ss n l | a
/ h av )
1 o . ( d | l l | u | l / g o )
0h n
F| ease l ake al eW m| r | ul esl o omF| el e l h| s quesl | onna| r e aoo l l asl . l ood r esl aur anl s.
0he k ( / ) a l he ansWer s l hal ar e aFFr opr | al e l or you.
A
1. HoW ol l enar eyou | | ke| yl o eal al al asl l oodr esl aur anl ?
1_ l | m saWe k . 74 G l | m saW k
. mor l hanGl | m saW k
.
' n ver
2. l n your op| n| on, l asl l ood| s:
: good
l oeal away l osav l | m
l nl oor der o as| ona | y nh a| l hy l o hav ver yday
8. wh| hsl al emenl esl d s r | es your l e | ngs aoo l l he osl ol l asl l ood?
l , s ah| ghpr | el o payl or onv n| n . | | Yo gel a| ol l or j usl a| | l l | emoney.
4. | s| l agood| dea l o| n ude h a l hyho| es | nl asl . l ood m nus?
Y s No
d| nn r . we
j usl
don' l hav l h l | me. B.
ol l ampus l or
j : j j : . . . l j y. : : . . 1T j . . : l 1| : | * Y| : : : . 1: . ?: . ' : : . j : , : : ; : . . , : . . ?, : . . . . . . . . .
| l 00s 8 O Fl ETE

R odl h s onver sol | ons oel W n co Wor k r s. omp| l l h m


W| l hl h Wor ds| np r nl h ses nd l he| nl | n| l | vel or mol o ver ol r oml h oox.
gel cr y hear k ep Wor k l | nd de | de Wakeup shoW
E<
0 r s: H y, 0ana. l , vegol l l a| k l oyou. 0oyou have
l , | me | o l , ake
1 . ( l | m )
aor eak?
0 : Sure, 0hr|s. whal ,s Wrong? You | ok ||ke you,re
2 . ( r ad y )
0 r s: Hr . Kay
j usl
ask dme| l l d oe
r c
l r om4: 00
p. .
l om| dn| ghl .
0 : Y u have an ear | y | ass. l l ' s
Wor k| ng | al e.
ear | y al o r
0 r s: R| ghl . when l l o| d h| m l hal h sa| d, . . l , m l hal ,
5 . ( su p r | s d )
0hr | s. l l h ughl youW r
r e
apr omol | on l o
sh| l l manager .
0 : l l ' s
?( . po. l a.
your g ades up l oo. 0| d he g| ve you
4 . ( h ar d )
?
8 . ( l | m )
0 r s: He
j usl
sa| d, oK. l ' | | ask Sl eve. we' | | g' , , eh| m l h. e
h| s | oya| l y l ol he ompal | . , ,
9 . ( h n )
0 : Fasl l ood
j oos
ar e ' Jusl on enl r al eons h o| .
1o. ( asy )
E0l T. ReodHr , Ko , s j our no| , F| ndondcor r cl s v nm| sl okes | n l heus ol | nl | n| l | ves.
Th l |rsl m|sl ok |so|r ody orr cl d,
l oa k
Ton| qhL L vna| oLhedec| s| o as. k4 0hr | sLol . akeLhe| ghr sh| l : . L
r e LL Lho sheWaL1aJn oveg adl or geLL| ngLheol l or 5he. has
xFc ses. Look sL| k e sheW sLheWr o
Fer so
l sk ed! he
Fr ool gl
* was s,! Le[ va5 |l _|||l | |
lu l g . L| l uLe
JmFa L.
j r , . . x JL_ WasWr qnqol
u$pr = pLhr ea en o. asK. . 5L e J c' p Ld_L: r _ _
h , L sh, e W' A' S. ' F r e L v \ n s? r l . p h9al * L. ha . J1Ll . h| K 0p l | L
* r* o ol |o * a
a 5Le|l .* l v e5 geLL| gao
rca| .
| nl | n| l | ves
W| l h Tooand nough
[ ' * F l N
|rc| T( Tru ) orF( F |s ) .
F Theman' spar enl s
Wanl l hemanl ogel
l hem adr | nk ol Wal er .
F Th manWanl sh| s
par enl s l og l h| m a
dr | nk ol Wal er .
|| AR l l E l (
h ckl h cor r cl
nsW r ,
wh| hWor d om s
oel or el headj e l | ve
or adv r o?

LJ l oo
| r
LJ enougn
( San,
our
r nol h r nd l l h| nk l hal
ou
ar noW o| d, r | ough
l og l
aur
oWn d, r | nkol a l r . ' '
| NF| N| | v
l
l Ao; | v /
Tool Aov
sw| H ao
( Fo + Nou /
|
o , F o ou )

| | | | v
w , r ( nol )
l oo
young ( l or peop ) l o l r usl .
hel a h l a| ked qu| k| y ( l o m ) l o l ak nol s.
l l ' s ( nol ) h ar d ( l or us) l o d | d .
| NF| N| | v s w| ENOUOl |
Ao ; | v /
1 o * + No u / l
Aov
|
E ou

o , F o ou )

| | | | v
Th y, r e ( nol ) o| d
enough
( l or peop ) l o l r usl .
Sh h asn , l ome ol l en ( l or m ) l o r ogn| ze her .
l l ' s ( nol ) asy ( l o us) l o de | de.
214
l nl | n| l | ves W| l h Too and Enouqh l 215
E FREss
Unscr omo| e l h s Wor dsl ol or ml Wos nl nc s.
vol e
r
She' s
.
l o
.
young
o
l oo
l o

en u$h

o| d
.
we, r e

Wor k
Gr am ar x | a| r al | s xa l s
| . Us l oo + adj l | v / adv r o + | nl | n| l | v l o | , ml oo young l o dr | ve.
g| vear eason. ( | , mnol s| l n
l ,
so| on, l dr | v . )
r She| sn' l l oo young l o dr | ve.
( Sh , s ov r s| l n, sosh ondr | v . )
r Shea | ved l oo | al e l o l okel hel esl '
( Sh ar r | ved l W nl m| nul s ol l r l h l sl sl or l d,
soshe ou| dn, l l akel hel sl . )
| Sh d| dn, l a | v l oo | al e l o l okel h l esl .
( Sh ar r | ved on| yl Wom| nul es ol l er l h l esl
sl or l d, soshe ou| dl ok l h l sl , )
2. You ana| sous ad| l | v / adv r o + | | , mo| d enough l o go | nl ol hea my.
enough + | nl | n| l | v l og| v a eason. ( | , mover | ghl n, so| ongo| nl ol h or m . )
| H | sn, l o denough l ogo | nl ol h ar my.
( H |sn, l e|ghl n
el ,
soh con, l go|nl ol heorm . )
r an l asl enough l opossl h phys| a .
( | r onv r l osl , so| possed l h ph s| a| ' )
| Sh d| dn, l r unl asl enough l o
Foss
l h phys| a .
( Sh d| dn, l r unv r yl asl , sosh d| dn, l poss
l h phys| o| ' )
8. Nol | el hal youdon, l ne dl ouse l h | nl | n| l | ve | , m sevenl en yea s o| d, and an, l vol e yel .
Whenl l | mean| ng | s | ar l r oml h onl exl . , m l oo young. , mnol o| d enough.
andenough.
oo omeso l or e l h adj l | v or adv r o. | Sh , s l oo o| d.
Enough omesal l l h adj l | ve or adv r o. | , mnol o| d enough. No | , mnol nel gh | *
4. Som l | mes weus l or + noun or | w ar l ooyoungl or peop| e l o l r usl us.
l ar + ooj e l
Fr onoun
o l or el h | nl | n| l | v . ( F op| don, l l r usl us, )
r wear l ooyoungl or l h m l o l r sl us.
( Th y don, l l r usl us, )
21G l | | ' | l s
| l 00sE
o
Feop| h v d| l l r enl op| n| onsoooul puo| | | ssues. Reod ochnumoer ed
sl l menl ol op| n| on, Thenc| r c| el h | l l r ol l hesenl enc ( a) or ( o) l hol o sl
summor | z s l hol op| n| on,
1. Teenager sar e r spons| o| e noughl osl ay oul pasl 10: 00
p. .
_
Teenager sshou| d have per m| ss| on l sl ay oul pasl 10: 00
p. .
o. Teenager sshou| dn, l have per m| ss| on l osl ay oul pasl 10: 00
p. .
2. Teenag r sar e l oo| mmal ur e l ovol e.
a. Teenager sshou| d oeao| el ovol .
o. Teenager sshou| dn' l oeao| el ovol e.
8. Teenager sar e r espons| o| e enoughl ousel he l nl er nel W| l houl ensor sh| p.
a. Teenag r s an usel he l nl er n l W| l houl ens r sh| p.
o. Teenager s an, l usel he l nl er n l W| l houl ensor sh| p.
4. Adu| l s ar e l o al r a| d ol hangel o| | sl en l o h| | dr en, s| deas.
a. Adu| l s | | sl n l o h| | dr en' s | d as.
o. Adu| l s don, l | | sl en l o h| | dr en, s| d as.
5. Al agesevenl y, peop| ear e nol l ooo| dl oWor k.
a. Al agesev nl y, peop| e anWor k.
o. Al agesevenl y, p op| e an' l W r k.
G. S| l n year o| dsar e nol exper | n edenoughl odr | ve al n| ghl .
a. S| xl en year o| ds an dr | ve al n| ghl .
o. S| xl een year o| ds an, l dr | v al n| ghl .
UN| RAl BLE. O| noWonl sl odr | v l oonol h r | l l or oconcer l , oul h r mol her l h| nks
she, s l ooyoung. Hokes nl enc s W| l hl h Wor ds| npor enl h s s, ThenWr | l O ( O| na)
or H ( Hol h r ) l oshoWWhose op| n| one chsenl en e r pr es nl s.
1 .
You' r el , oo
oung
l , ooeoul , o | al , e. H
( l o o
/ Yo u , r e | y o u n g | l o / o u l / o / so / al )
2 .
( g el / l , s | o | o l en / u s| l o o | h o m / l ar | l o r )
8 .
( l ak e ar o l / mal u / my s l | , m| l o / n o u g h )
4.
( d an g er o u s | l o o | n | g h l / | l , s
/ l o / d r | v / al )
5 .
( l o o
| g | v | W o r r | / mu h / l o / p er m| ss| o n / y o u )
G .
1l r r l / xper | en d/ dr | v / ar n, l | l ar | enough/ l o/ You)
8. l hopel he on er l ha| | | s
Ag l g * l * r es
' + v| l r
* l l | , , r : | ; | , ' ' ; ; . . 217
0 | l Fl E E
o
Somel nog r s or | ov| ngo on r l . omp| l l h s nl nc s, l Jse l he
Wor ds| npor nl heses W| l hl he| nl | n| l | v ondl oo or enough.
1. l ou| dn' l hear l hal | asl song. The gu| l ar 7gg
l oo o ud l or me o hear
l h Wor ds.
( o u d / m e / h e r )
2. Lel ' s gel l | kel s l or l he on er l | n Hampl on. They, r e
( h p / u s / l l o r d )
a| | l hel ans!
( | r g
/ h o | d )
4, l hop my mol her | el s m go. Th| s on er l | s go| ngl ooe
( g o o d / m / m | s s )
5. Lel ' s gel ap| zza al Sa| ' s. The | ar ge onesar e
G. l l , s9: 80a| r adv. l l ' s
( o | g
/ sh a r )
l or p| zza.
( l e
/ sl o p )
7, l hal l h| s ur l eW! l l h| nk We, r e ou l pasl 10: 00!
( o |
/ sl y )
8. Ky| e d| dn' l gel oul ol Wor k l on| ghl .
( ar
| om )
9. van, l ' mp| ay| ng oaskel oa| | l omor r oW. Ar e you sl | | | m ?
( s o W / o al )
10. L l , sl | nd oul . Bul l Wanl l oWa| k. Your ar | sn' l
( s l
/ d r | v )
E0l l
o
Reodl h| ssl udenl , s j our no|
enl r . F| ndondcor r e l e| ghl m| sl okes | nl h us ol
| nl | n| l | v s W| l hl oo or enough. Th l | r sl m| sl ok | so| r ody cor r cl d.

,
'
l o eep
|
,
T W, F / l l xl r , J, |e 'ol , p! No r l ' ,l ooo l l ,# rs ry . T|| l o
Oordo ,
nr sL ! l l ,, nl o ,l l * |u! ozLl 0 '* ! * l p s l l l ,r! ll o
l pu rul |o )ero r luc r , o l / ,' l 0hl o l o
go
lo,F* * .
l +
l | sl l , * l'',,! l l 'sl o l 1, ,o0L l l , |'' sl n ' d,.
ll rl |,
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heck | l l h cor r ecl onsWer s.
whal anyouusel h 0al a| al or as?
anaddr essoook l al e| ephone
| nl | n| l | ves ol Fur pose
ad| l | on ar y l an ol epad

LJ ar ad| o
AFF r A |v
| p u l h | sn u mo r | n my or g an | ze
( | n or d r ) l o save| l .
| mad anol e( | n or der ) l o
r em moer ou dal e.
l l al 9: 00( | n or der ) l o
ar r | ve ar | y.
| r an( | n or der ) l o al h l h ous.
N OA | v
| p u l h | sn u mo er | n my or g an | z r
| n or der nol l o | os | l .
| madeanol | n or d r nol l o
l or g l our dal e.
l l al 9: 00| n or d r nol l o
ar r | ve | al .
l r an| n or der nol l o m| ssl h ous.
||Al Al A 0 584 l
E|ecl ron|c 0rgan|zer
$89. 95
Ava| | ao| eal a| | La , s 0epar l me l Sl or es.
Use me
r ' | ookupWor ds
r ' l osl or e n ames n dph on n u mo r s
r ' l oaddandsuol r a l
l / l oWr | l edoWn| deas
r ' l o| ook oo| !
l | R l | E K
|rc| T( Tru ) or
F( F | s ) ,
F Ther e ar el Wo
Waysl ol or m
l he al l |rm l |ve
|nl |n|l |ve ol
pur pos .
F Th r e ar l Wo
Waysl ol or m
l henegal | ve
| nl | n| l | ve ol
pur pose.
218
n l | n | l | v es l Fu r os | 2 9
Unscr omo| l heseWor dsl ol or ml Wosenl nc s.
Sl or e
.
addr esses
.
use
.
l
.
an

or gan| zel
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l o
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| n or der
.
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my
.
a| ar m | o k
r
l o
Gr ar m r ar l | x | a el l ; s xar r r | s
1. Usean| nl | n| l | v ( l o+ oase l or m ol l h ver o)
l oexp| a| n l hepur pose ol ana l | on. | l ol l n
ansWer s l hequesl | onwh ?
Us No : nspoken ng| | sh, you an nsW r
l hequesl | onwhy?W| l han| n omp| l senl en
o g| nn| ng W| l h o.
Wh d| dyou
9o
l o La y, s?
| W nl l her l o ouy on ol l hos 0al a al o s
l saW | n an ad .
wh d| dyougol o La y, s?
To ouy ane l r on| o gan| z .
A:
B:
A:
B:
2. You ana| sous l h | ong l or m| n or d r l o +
oas l or m ol l h ver ol oexp| a| napur pose.
Us No : o+ oas l or m ol l h ve o| s
mor e ommon| n| nl or ma| spee handWr | l | ng.
| ooughl anor gan| z r | n or d r l o sl or e names
an d p h on n u mo e s.
l ooughl anor gan| z r l o sl or e nam s and
p h on e n u mo er s.
8. Us | n or der nol l o + oas l or m ol l hev r o
l o xor ss an oal | ve our oos .
l l usemy0al a al or | n or d r nol l o mak
m| sl akes | npr onun | al | on.
( | don, l Wqnl l omok m| sl qk s' )
4. You ana| sousenoun/ pr onoun + | nl | n| l | ve
l oexpr ss l h our oose ol anoo| e l .
| n danor gan| z r l o h l pm r ememo r
mys hedu| e.
l need| l l o h | p mer ememoer mys h du .
22o | 8 Ar * s *
/ | 0ENTl FY o
R dl h| s onver sal | on. Und r | | neo| | l h | nl | n| l | v sl hol xpr ss opur pos .
Yo o: l l , s5: 00. Ar en, l y u g | nghome?
L : l . [ . l , msl ay| ng | al e l ol | n| sh l h| s r epor l . whal aooul you?Ar e you go| ng
sl r a| ghl hom ?
Yo o: No. l ' mgo| ngl osl opal l heoank l ogel some ash. Th n l ' mgo| ngl oLa y, s
0epar l m nl Sl or e l ol ake advanl age ol l he sa| el hey' r hav| ng.
L : oh, Whal ar e you go| ng l ogel ?
Yo o; one ol l hos n W e| l r on| or gan| zer s l hey' r e adver l | s| ng. l , veo en| ook| ng l or
som l h| ng l ohe| p me W| l h my Wor k.
L : whal ' s wr ongW| l h
j usl
a r egu| ar a| u| al or ?
Yo : N l h| ng. Bul s m l | mes l have l o onv r l ol her ur r en | es l o do| | ar s.
L : whal | sear eyou go| ngl use| l l r ?
Yo o: oh, l osl or e| mpor l anl names and ph nenumo r s and l ooa| an e my he koook.
L : whal d| d We dooel or l hey | nvenl ed a| | l h s e| e l r on| gadgel s?
Yo o: w made a| ol ol m| sl ak s!
Nsv! R

Lookol Yoko, s | | sl ol l h| ngsl odo, ThenWr | l ophr osel oansW r


ochqu sl | on,
To 0o
Oel
gas
H ke
denl | appo| l m nl
_Buy
oal l e | es
w| l hd aW
$, | oo
| nv| l
F| | ka andTa o l d| ne
Buy
m| | kandeggs
1 .
2 .
8 .
4 .
5 .
G .
Whv
Whv
Whv
Whv
Whv
Whv
d| d she a| | 0r . T Wo| n, s ol l | ?
Tomakea denl a| appo| nl menl '
d| d sh g l l he oank?
d| d she
d| d sh
d| d she
d| d sh
a| | Hr s. wal anao ?
gol ol he super mar kel ?
gol ol hee| l r on| s sl r ?
gol ol he ser v| esl al | on?
nl | r r | l | es l | ; r r : s | | 22 '
m

l | H
o
For o hocl | on, l | ndl h or r ecl pur pose.
A l | on Fu r pose
q
1. He enr o| | ed | n 0h| nese 101oe ausehe a. d| dn' l Wanl l ogel any phone a| | s.
o
2. She l ookaousoe aus sh o. d| dn' l Wanl l ooe| al e.
8. SheWenl l ol he sl or eo ausesh O. Wanl ed l osl or e| nl or mal | n.
4. wed| s onne l ed ur phoneoe auseWe d. Wanl ed l o| | sl n l ol h neWs.
5. He l ur ned onl her ad| o oe ausehe . d| dn' l Wanl l oWor r me.
G. He d| dn' l l e| | meheWas s| k oe ausehe l . need dl ouy somed| shes.
7. Sheooughl a0al a| al or oe auseshe
9.
Wanl ed l o| ar n l he| anguage.
REWR| E
o
omo| n l hes nl enc por l s oov . Usel h | nl | n| l | veol pur pos .
1.
Heenr o ed | n0h| ne e1o1 l o | ear nl he anquage.
2.
1hel ook ou | nor der nol , o oe al e.
8 .
4 .
5 .
G .
7 .
E0l T. R odYoko, s j our no|
enl r y, F| ndond or r ecl s| xm| sl okes | nl heuseol l he| nl | n| l | ve
ol pur pos , Thel | r sl m| sl oke| so| r eod cor r cl d.
l o g l ,
|. rnl ..l .p.0r..T ..h| ..l u.l u g l l || . |g d...l pd. g..| h.| , ..l ..qs' q.[ l | g,.. .. ' ; d.. g.' ...
0 .l . .l r..l o' sl dg..l .or' l h ... .O. . L.,' .T.h. ' . .. spd..l l .l o.k / ; n . .Fra a l . . ..! .u.or.p .. | .p.. ! ..a d...
,d l
l |oss . r.. . . .p.p.r,| l . .r. .l ,. l l r.l | . .d. .l |s.l .l .h. . .k ' d.. l . .. .h. d. .|...q .d..; .! .
., l |k ..q d..T' ,rp,..d' | , . ..7; 8O,.,! ' ' ' .shp l d.. .s.e.|l .,[ ..|zr.d. ,r.l p.. . .l ' .l r.rg. .l .. .p.p. | .l l l | .l ; ' ! ..! . k||g,,
! l l . l . . r O |p|s' q' r . . . g. |r ' . . qd ' g' l |. . l h. . . 0. q. l l a. l p r . . ; p. . . . . sgd. . l h' ' . . l r ' r . . qk|' . . q. ' q . . k' sk. a. p. l 1| . q. . . . . . . . . . . .
|' |sl ,..wh.e. ' / ' .r|. Lh.q ..l h. .r. .l || .s' q.! l .p.l . .' .a ' .2|. .' d.qp.r.! . ..a||..h/ .d.q,' .s pgr' ! .l . h' . k.g.d..l h.r.* ' ..
0 l . q.l pr.d|r' l n ' rg. l a .l : .d
,.! h dg
s p r! ! ..T.| .' ! .h .||.dl .s p. r.l a,l . .d. . ' l ' ,! .. | . .l e..d..l ' . ..p. l . ' ...
p. |. . . qr dgr ' l . . l h. ' . dpar h|| l . . R. |k0 . . T. . qr . p. . g. . d. . |. p. g' . . . d' . |l h. . . l h . 0q. l l q. l p r ' ' |. . r . r |. l | ! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Yo oro r m |l l orl oo| omo l ur o|m sl oo,l do ,l k o. ho ||n d |l ho l |l !
emoar r a er d'
l d| dn, L r memoer
m el , | ng Boo.
cou d
ou
l or gel ?
Oer unds and | nl | n| l | ves
l
|
F0| N
|rc| T( Tru ) or F( Fo|se) .
F TheWomanhadanappo| nl m nl
W| l h Boo, oul sh l or gol l ogo.
F The Woman l or gol l hal shehad
m l Booon eo l or .
| NF| Nl | v s
Har l aWanl s l o go l opar l | s.
Sh | ovesl o m l neWp op| .
Shesl opp d l o ouy | r am.
| l , sl unl o me l n Wpeop| .
l l he par l y.
l par l r es r sex r l r ng.
aooul a| ol ol d| l l r enl l h| ngs.
HAR || l (
|r |eT( True) or
F( Fo| se) .
F S mever os
anoel o| | oWed
oy e| l her l he
ger undor
l he| nl | n| l | ve.
F The | nl r n| l | ve
somel | m s
l o| | oWsa
pr epos| l | on.
F Ag er u n d an
o l hesuoj l
ol asenl n .
OERUN0S
Har l a enj oys go| ngl opar l | s.
She| ov sm el | ng n Wp op e.
Shesl opped ouy| ng | r eam.
She, s Wor r | d aooul l or g l l | ng
peop| e, s nam s.
H el | ng neWp op| | sl un'
0omp| el el h s s nl enc s W| l hl hecor r cl l or mol l h v r os go or l a| k.
E FREss
Fh| | Wanl s

Fh| | enj oys


222
l l ' sl un l oneW pe p| e.
Oer u n ds an d | n l | n | l | v es r 228
Or ammar x p| an al | on s l , x amp| s
1. Som v r os ar el o| | oW d oy a ger und. | a l a nj oys meel | ngp op .
r Sh m| ssesgo| ngl opa l | s.
2. Somever os ar el ol | oWed oy an | nl | n| l | v . | Har l aWanl s l o meel p op .
r She' d| | ke l ogol opar l | es.
8. Somev r os anoel o| oW d oy | l h r
a g r und or an | nl | n| l | ve.
r Har l a| ov s meel | ngn Wp op .
OR
r ar l a| ov s l o meel n Wp op| .
4. B R u| ! Al Wver os ano l o| | oW doy r Har l asl opped eal | ng | eam.
| l h r ag r undor an| nl | n| l | v , oul l h ( Sh do sn, l ol | r am on mor , )
m an| ngs ar v Tyd| l l er enl
| Ha l asl opp d l o eal | am.
( She sl opped anol h r acl | v| l | nor d r l o ol som
| r om' )
r R| h ar d r em mo r d ma| | | n g l h | n v | l al | on .
( F| r sl h mo| | dl h | nv| l al | on. Th n h r m mo r d
l hol hed| d| l . )
| R| har d r ememoer d l o ma| l h | nv| l al | on.
( F| r sl her m moer ed. Th n h mo| | dl he
| nv| l ol | on, H d| dn, l l or gel , )
r Har l a l or gol meel | ng R| har d.
( Hor l om l R| hor d, oul ol l r Wor ds sh d| dn, l
r em mo r l h ev nl . )
r Har l al or gol l o me l R| har d.
( Hor l ohodp| onsl om l R| char d, oul sh d| dn, l
meel h| mo ous sh l or gol oooul l hep| ans. )
5. Ag r u d | sl heon y v ol or ml hal an
l o l oW a
Fr e oJ| l | on.
pr epos| l | on
| Har l a, sWor r | d aooul l or gel l | ng names.
G. Tomak gener a| sl al emenl s, you anUs :
.
ger und assuoj e l
OR
r H l | ng n w p op| | sl un.
OR
.
l l ' s+ adj l | v / noun + | nl | n| l | ve
l ; l , sl unl o meel n Wp op|
0he k |l oul !
For a | | sl ol ommon v r os l o| | oWed oy l he g r und, seeApp nd| x 8 on page 887.
For a | | sl ol ommon ver os l o| | oWed oy l h | nl | n| l | ve, seeAppend| x 4 on page 888.
For a | | sl ol ver os l hal an oe l o| | oWed oy l he ger und or l he | nl r n| l | ve, seeAppend| x G on page 888.
224 r un| l s?
RUE 0RF l | E. R od ochnumo r ed senl nce, wr | l T( Tr ue) or F( Fol s ) l or l he
sl ol m nl l hol l o | oWs.
Har l a r ememoer ed meel | ng r . Ja kson.

Har l a has a| r eady mel Hr . Ja kson.
R| har d sl opped smok| ng.
R| har d doesn' l smoke anvmor e.
She d| dn' l r ememoer l oouy a ake l or l he par l y.
She ooughl a ake.
She sl oppedeal | ng desser l s.
She usedl oeal desser l s.
R| har d l or gol l o| nv| l h| s oossl o l he par l y.
R| har d | nv| l d h| s ooss.
R| har d l or gol | nv| l | ng h| s ne| ghoor l ol he par l y.
R| har d | nv| l ed h| s ne| ghoor .
R| har d l h| nks g| v| ng a par l y | s l un.
R| har d l h| nks | l , sl un l og| ve a par l y.
Har l a | | kes go| ng l opar l | s.
Har l a | | kes l o g l o par l | es.
| |00sE
o
|r |el h correcl Words
Su per H mor y . *
l o comp| el l hese| d s l r om oook co| | d
1. Oel | nl o l he hao| l o l or epeal l h| ngs a| oud.
2. Nev r r e| y onsomeonee| se' smemor y. Lear n l r usl | ng / l ol r usl your oWn.
8. l l ' seasyl or gel l | ng/ l ol or gel Whal you don, l Wanl r em mo r | ng/ l or ememo r .
4. Sl udy | mmed| al e| y oel or ego| ng/ l ogol os| ep. You' | | r ememoer a | ol mor e.
5. our memor | es ar e l | | | ed W| l h l h| ngs We never meanl r ememoer | ng / l or memoer .
G. Hak | l ahao| l l o pass | n l r onl ol your ar ev r y l | me you g l oul , and you' | | never
l or gel l ur n| ng ol l / l ol ur n ol l your head| | ghl s.
7. F| a| r | ng / T p| ay gam s | s al un Way ol | mpr ov| ng / l | mpr ov your memor y sk| | | s.
* Sou :
0oug as
.
H r mann, Super Hemor : A
Ou| k
A l | on Fr ogr om l or H mor | mpr ov menl
( Aven | , N : w| ngs Books, 1991) .
| .
2 .
8 .
4.
5 .
G .
7 .
Oer u n ds n | n l | n | l | v es | 225
sUl | AR| zE
o
Reodeo hnumo r ed sl ol em nl or conver sol | on. omp| el e l hesummor
sl ol em nl us| ngog r undor n| nl | n| l | ve.
1. Ro : H| , R| har d. l or oughl l he soda. wh r e d youWanl mel opul | l ?
l oor \ n g l h e oda,
Su y: Roger r ememo r d
2. : You, r e Nal a| va! we m l | asl y ar al R| har d, s par l y! H W hav you oe n?
Su y: Har l a r m moer s
8. Ro 0on, l | ook al m . l d| dn, l sp| | | gr apej u|
onl h ou h!
Su y: Rog r den| ed
4. N r.y : l ,msog|ad R| h
Su y: Nal a| ya nj oys
ar dp| ays
j azz
al h| s par l | s. l | | sl nl o| l a| ol al homel oo.
5. L v: wou| d you | | ke l ogodan | ng somel | me?
H : Sur e. l ' d| | ke l hal ver v mu h.
Su y: Lev suggesl ed
Har l a agr eed
G. N r , y : Har l a' an W g| ve you a r | de hom ?
: Thanks, oul l l h| nk l ' | | sl ay a | | l l | | onger .
Su y: Nal a| va l l er d
Har l a de | ded
0l T
o
R odHor l o, s j our no| enl r oooul R| chor d, s por l . F| ndond or r cl s v n
m| sl kes | nl h useol l h ger undond| nl | n| l | v , Th l | r sl m| sl ok | so| r eod cor r cl ed,
wh l ||gr l
s|l |rl !
| s ||
, u, , 1l l ! u
rl |es
o , , se|l s h proo/ m
l ' |r
r l o
r mem | r
1| os|/ e
L| , | s, , msogL , ' / l h l oook oo l | 1 rov o rm mol , T/ l
l hor s gg slu| l o|o x r |ses, d l h r / / h / p |, l sl opp | l o orr oo l h l
p op| o / l l h| k ol , , l r| / l o
F,
l l l |o 1| |uh l p op/ er s | g' s
, s / l , | h , l 8re l l |l ! l ' m r p/ | ggo| g ||l | 7 |l h l h|sg Le
/ h re g||sh l sl l omorro | so/ sho / dsl op r|l | g o sl rl sl d | g,
Theoook v | | som 9oo, l |ps oo l sl r/
l or
. 1m, l hop l r m moer s|l Jsom ,
ol l h * l o |qhl !
Hak ,
Hav | Lel , Hel p,
and Oel
wl l | F0l N
| r | T( Tr u ) or F( Fo| s ) .
F The l a her | n l hep| l ur e
hasv r ysl r | l r u| es.
l l ' e q o | n q No
makeu l , a
al l er c a o,
1e, n ver
el , me ake h l
q u | za q a r n .
a| me
s a| anl e W| l hl Wool h| ssl udenl s.
l / ,AR l | E l (
| r c| T( Tr u ) or
F( Fo| se) .
F Hoke, hove,
and | el ar e
a|Waysl o||oW d
oyl heoase
lormoll h vero.
F Oel an oe
l | | oWedo
| l her l heoase
l or mol l he
ver o r l he
| nl | n| l | ve.
F H l p anoe
l o| | Wedoy
e| l her l h oas
l orm ol l h
ver oor l he
| nl | n| l | ve.
AKE, l l

/ H v /

5u ,

Ll / Hr l p l
vE,LE HELF
| o' . Fo
o '
l
o v
h l ea h r s ( don' l )
make
have
| l
he| p
u s
sl udenl s
do hom Wor k.
Su ;
l
l
O / H W
OET, ELF
l
. . l
l
l rl , l , n
h l a h r s ( don' l )
gel
he| p
u s
sl udenl s
l o do hom Wor k.
22G
Hake, Haven Lel , He| p, , and
( | el
l 227
o a a a a a a a a a a a a a a o a o o o a o o o a o a a a a o o a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a (
E FREss
omp| el l h s senl nces W| l hl h cor r e l l or mol l h ver os or r l or sl ay.
A: 0| d l he l ea h r gel l he sl udenl s l he| r essavs?
B: Yes. He had l hem l he| r essays| n g oups.
A: 0o vou l h| nk he, | | make l h m | al e aga| n l day?
B: l don' l l h| nk so. Bul he' | | | el l hem | al e | l l hey ne dhe| p.
Gr mmar Ax p| an al | o s , xamp1* s
1. Usemoke, hove, and| el l o| l oWed oyooj l + r Th l a h mak s h| ssl udenl sdo hom Wor k
oas l or m ol l hev r ol ol a| k aooul l h| ngsl hal ve y n| ghl .
someone nr ou| r . aus . or
per m| l
anol he ( H r qu| r s l heml odohomeWor k. )
per son l odo
| H has l heml ol l e spons| o| | l y l or l h | r oWn
| ear n | n g .
( H cous s l h ml ol ak r spons| o| | | l . )
r H | l s l her n hoose l h | r oWnessay l op| s.
( Hep r m| l s l h ml o hoos l he| r oWnessoy l op| s, )
You ana so us mokel omean
, , ause
l o. , , r h| sW| | | make
ou
oe omeaoel l r sl ud nl .
( Th| s W| | | aus
ou
l oo om oo l l r sl udenl . )
2. He| p canoel o| l oW doy | l her :

oo| l + oas l or m ol l h ver o
OR
.
oo| l + | nl | n| l | v .
hemean| ng | sl hesam .
Us r No : H l p+ oasel or mol l h v r o| s
mor e ommon.
r Shehe| p d meund r sl ondl h hom Wor k.
OR
r Sh h | ped me l o under sl ondl hehomeWor k.
8. Oel hasas| m| | ar m an| ngl omok andhove, r h l a h r gol sl o sl o a| | l l | | al r .
o u l | l | s l o | | o W e d o y o o j l + | n l | n | l | v , n o l No
l h oas l or mol l hev r o. ( Th l o h r p r suod d usl osl o o| | l l | | ol r , )
r Sh a Ways g l s me l o do myo sl .
( Sh o| Wo s per suod s mel odom o sl , )
228 l un| l sS
| .
RUE 0RF L| E
o
Re deochnumo r d s nl nce. wr | l eT( Tr ue) or F( Fo| s ) l or l he
sl l m nl l hol l o| | oWs,
Hy l ea her made m r Wr | l l he r por l .

l Wr ol l he r epor l aga| n.
s. Tr ag r | l us useour d| l | onar | es dur | ng l hel sl .
wehad l ous our d| l | onar | s.
Hr . O | doer g had us l r ans| al a shor l sl or y.
w l r ans| al ed a shor l sl or y.
Fau| o he| ped Heng d her h m Wor k.
Fau| o d| d H ng, s homeWor k l or her .
Hs. Bal s gol l h d| r l or l oar r ange a | assl r | p.
The d| r l or ar r anged a | assl r | p.
Fr ol essor wash| ngl on | el us hoos our oWn l op| l or our l er m paper .
we d| dn' l hooseour oWnl op| .
| | 00s
o
| r c| l hecor r cl Wor dsl ocomp| l l h| sor l | c| eoooul
| | m
sc l onl ,
8 .
4 .
5 .
l l l | r a | e Tea. Oher
/ '* ||r rU
|/
|||. ,; |l 11
7|
4! l r1l l l , ||| ' ,| l |. l k / |
T ' / h n
a| m
s a| anl l | r sl ar r | v dal
v U Oar l | | d H| gh, l he adm| n| sl r al | on ol
l h| s asl L. A. h| ghs hoo|
_
gangs ol
1 .
sl ud nl sr oaml h ha| | sandspr ayl heWa| | s
W| l hgr al l | l | . HoW v r ; l h| smal hl a h r l r om
Bo| | v| a o | | ved | nh| sU. S. sl ud nl s l oomu h
l oh | p/ | l l h m r un W| | d. Hemad / | l l hem
' n , o l ;
: : ; : ; : ; ; : ; ; : . : : ' 1
7 .
l h m dr op oul ol | ass. Th n h d| d l h
| mposs| o| . H had/ | l h| ssl ud nl sl ak
8.
l h Adv an d F| a m n l am, a v r y
d| l l | u| l nal | ona| l sl . wh n h| s sl udenl s
pass d, l h l esl | n g ompan y su sp l ed
l h mol he l | ng. Topr ov l h | r | nno n ,
s a| anl had/ gol l h ml akel h l esl aga| n.
9 .
Aga| n , v r y on pass d. HoW d| d
s | anl Wor kl h s m| r a | s? l nl h Wor ds
ol a sl ud nl , s a| anl
. . | l
/ mad usl |
1 0 .
poW l u| , l hal W ou| ddoanyl h| ng. ' ,
do mass| veamounl sol hom Wor k, had/ gol
4 .
l h m l ak da| | qu| zzes, and v ngol / | l
5 .
l h ml ol | | | oul da| | yl | m ar ds. Todev | op
l eamsp| r | l , h gol / mad h| ssl udenl sdo
G .
l ool oa| | | | k h r so l or | ass. H kn W
* L. A.
=
LosAnge| s
Y. 1 . : : . ?. Y ?. , . * ?. l : . l 2| l : . T. q . g?. l . . : . . ?. ??. . . . . . . . . .
s r | l l | R| zE
o
R odeochnumoer ed sl ol m nl . omp| l el hesummor yW| l hl h cor r l
l or mol l h ver os | npor enl h ses. hoose o l W en ol l | r m l | ve ondn gol | ve l or ms.
o' you anr eWr | l e l h| s ompos| l | on, oul on| y | l youWanl l o.
d| dn' l make?ao| or eWr | l e
h| s ompos| l | on.
( mak
/ r W r | l e)
2. Hs. A| r . : l knoW you pr el er Wor k| ng a| ne, Ana, oul you r ea| | y need l oWor k | n a
group l oday.
Su y: Sh r n a g oup.
( ma k / W o r k )
8. Hs. A| | : L| sl n, ever yone! No d| l | onar | s dur | ng l he l esl , p| ease. You shou| d oe
ao| e l oguess l he mean| ng l r om onl e l .
Su ,y: She d| l | onar | es.
4. Hs. A| | : Fer nand
( l
/ u s )
o, ou| d you dome a l avor and | ean l he ooar d oel or eyou | eave?
Su r She l heooar d.
( h v
/ n )
5. Hs. A| | : Jean Fau| , pul l he l | p ol your l ongue oel Ween your l el h and say
l h , l hor n. Yes! Thal ' s | l !
1. Hs. Ar . r . : Fao|
Su y: She
Su y: She
( 9 l / p r o n o u n )
G. Hs. A| | : Or el a, p| easeuseEng| | sh | n | ass!
Su : She
an Eng| | sh l h.
| n Oer man.
( l
/ sp k )
7. Hs. A| r , : o| ga, you an l ake l he l esl | n l he | assr oom. Jusl move your desk l o
a or ner .
Su y: She l her oom.
( mak e
/ | av )
E0l T
o
Reodl h| s sl ud nl , s
j our no|
nl r y, F| ndondcor r ecl seven m| sl ok s | nl h useol
mak , have, | el , h | p, ondgel . Thel | r sl m| sl oke | so| r eody or r ecl d,
l A/ hen l Was l eoag r , n\
?ar r l l |
nev r d m # nl | ( l h dl | n| sh da| l r ny
hor n Wor k. hey ev n m d meh p| ng r \ or her s W| l h l he| r hor newor kodor e
l cou d h v anv l n , nl heon nand, l h c vl | n gol m r n al ol . nl heol h r
h nd, l hey m| , de m o camel oo 5 r . o| 15, | W| sh l hey h d dmel o have al | l l | e mor e
l n. Jhen 1o cor n a
? r ol , |
Wanl l ohaue m\ cn. d ar ns r e5?on5. o| | | \ , o l al so
l Wou d wanl l o dh or sh h v l n. sB n Fr ank| | n 5 . d, , , | | wor k and no p a
mak s Ja ko come a du oov. , , | Wanl l o vo| d l hd r n| sl ak .
Se| l esl
|l l |l 0 r
| . Har | a, s
g | ngl osl op d| nne soshemay oe| al e.
| r c| l h | l l er ol l hecor r cl onsW r l ocomp| el chsenl nc .
x l p :
Jenn| l er never l l e.
( A) dr | nk
( B) dr | nks
A_ 0
( ) | s dr | nk| ng
0)
Wasdr | nk| ng
( A) al | ng
( B) l or eal | ng
( A) Wake
( B) Waken
l A)
l | dl
( B) y ungenough l o
( A) he| p| ng
( B) l ohe| p
8. l ooughl l h| s n W s l l War e
( A) l or | ear n| ng
( B) | ear n| ng
( 0) l oeal
( 0) al
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
A 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
2. Hy g| assesar | n my o okoug, oul l d n' l r ememoer
l hem l her e.
( A) pul l | ng
( B) l opul
8. l ask d h| m , oul he Wenl anyWay.
( A nol l ogo
( ) nol g | ng
( B) l onol g
( 0) h doesn' l go
4. | n al or | gn ounl r y | s s mel | m s d| l l | u| l .
( . ) l | | ve
( 0) L| v
( B) L| v| ng
( 0) L| ves
5. He' s nol usedl o uF soear | Y.
0)
l pul
( 0) pul
G. we' r ee| ghl een, Sowe' r vol e.
( ) Wakes
( 0) Wak| ng
( ) o| denoughl
( 0) o| denoughl or
7. l don' l l h| nk Tom enj oy d m sl udy l or l he l sl .
( 0) h | ped
( 0) h | ps
0h| nese.
( 0) l o| ear n
( 0) | ear n d
9 .
1 0 .
wegol aneW ar d ho| der | os our r d| l ar ds.
( A) | n or d r nol l o
( ) nol l o
( B) nol
( 0) l or nol
l l | sn, l d| l l | u| l l h| s l exl oook.
( A)
under sl and
( 0) l or under sl and| ng
( B) | n r der l ounder sl and
( 0) l ounder sl and
280
AB 0
Se| l Tesl | X r 281
l 1. Ar you r ady? l l ' sl | me
( A) l or go| ng
( B) l ogo
12. l r esenl ed
( A) he sa| d
( B) he say| ng
( 0) go| ng
( 0) go
l hal . He ou| dhave oeenmor epo| | l e.
( 0) h| s say| ng
( 0) h| m l osay
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
18. l l a| k d l ol h sl udenl s aooul Wor k| ng har de oul l ou| dn' l AB 0
l hem l o sl udy.
( A) make
( B) gel
14. Hy mol her domy homeWor k or l an' l gooul . AB 0
( 0) gol
( 0) | el
( A) makes me
( B) he| psme
( 0) gel sme
( 0) | el sme
| l l | l oN| w0
ochs nl nc hosl our und r | | n dWor dsor phr os s. Thel our under | | ned por l s
ol l h senl enc or mor k dA, B, , ond0. 0| r c| el h | l l r ol l heoneund r | | ned
Wor dor phr osel h l | sNor oRR .
Ex m :
H| ke usua| | v dr | ves l o s hoo| , oul l oday h Wa| ks.
A B B 0
A B _
l 5. l de | ded hang| ng
j oos
oe aus my oossmak s m Wor k ov r l | m .
A B ( 0
1G. Hosl sl udenl s appr e | al l he| r pr | n | pa| ' s
l r y
l o| mpr ve s hoo| ond| l | ons.
A B 0
7. l su eded| n l ol | nd a
j oo,
Somy par enl s d| dn' l make m gOl o o| | ge.
A B 0
18. Oel m r e ex r | seappear s l oo l h oesl wayl o| os We| ghl .
19. l n or d r l o nol l or gel l h| ngs, l p l a sl r | ng ar ound my l | nger .
20. Hans | s on| y l our l een, oul he seemsenougho| dl osl ay oul unl | | l en.
A B 0
21. l knoW you' r el ooous| z l osl ay, oul l | ookl or War d l ose you aga| n.
A B 0
22, l l or gol ou , | nggas, oul l g l agas sl al | on oel or el r an oul .
A ( 0
28. Oel l | ng en ughs| eep| s | mpor l anl | n or der nol l a| | as| eep| n | ass.
A B ( 0
24. Lel ' s sl opl o
| al h
somu h Tv sol hal w an r ad or g oul | nsl ead.
A B 0
25. l ' m l r y| ng l op r suad my s| sl er l odr | ve, oul r an' l gel her d | l .
A B 0
Fhr asa| ver os:
| nsepar ao| e
F l N
heck l h cor r ecl onsW r .
wh r e does l he Woman
suggesl eal | ng?
l al hom
| . , ar sl aur anl
l ' apar k
E FREss
Unscr omo| l h s Wor dsl ol or ml Wosenl en s.
| n l o we . B o r a n
ga oe
W e h o u d
eal ou| .
: < : ;
/ | | *
l | ART H K
h kl hecor r ecl
onsW r .
wher e doesl h
par l | | go?
o l o. e l hed| r e l
oj e l
l al l er l hed| r l
oj l
l NS FARABLE F | RASALv RBs
Suq

v. ' '

o* ' . . . .
l
0| o ,
Th y
came oa k.
9av
u F.
al e oul .
r an | n l o h| sl ea h r .
sl u k l o l h | r d | s| on .
282
o u l wa s o He a l | n g
h r asa| ver os: | | s par ao e | 288
8
g al l
* l a , A

ar r el * l l | l l | xa r p| * s
v r o +
p a r l |
| . phr asa| ver o ( a soa | ed al Wo pa l or r weol l eneal oul .
l Wo Wor dv r o) ons| sl s ol av r o + par l | | e.
2. Far l | | es and pr epos| l | ons | ook l h same. . sr . . | ?' T| : x 1| . , . unn r oe ause she
HoW ver , par l | | es ar par l ol l h ver ophr ase, wasn, l pay| ngal l nl | on.
andl h yol l en hano l h m an| ngol l h ver o. ( She o| | | d d W| l hanol h r r unner . )
v r o + p ar l |
| | r an | n l o
oh n
al l h su p er mar k l .
( | m l
John
oyo | d nl . )
8. hever o andpa l | e ar eusua| | yommonWor ds, | F| ase
9 r
on. l d| dn, l m anl o| nl er upl '
oul l he| r s par al e m an| ngs maynol hel p you ( F| oseonl | nue. )
guess l h m an| ng ol l he phr asa| ver o.
r wegol oack al l er dar k.
Us No l : Fhr asal ver os ar ever v ommon| n ( wer l ur ned ol l r dor k. )
v r yday sp e h.
| They a| | d ol l l h m l | ng.
( They on | ed l h me l | ng, )
d | r l o o | l
4. Hosl phr asa| ver osar el r ans| l | ve. ( Th y l ak r Youshou d go al l r
our
goo| s.
d| r e l ooj e l s) .
d | r l o L| j e l
Somel ans| l | ve phr asa v r osar e| ns par ao . r Sh r an | nl o her l r | endal l he | o a y.
h| sm ans l hal ool hnounandpr onoun ooj l s No Sh al l h | or ar y.
a| Ways goal l er l h pa l | | . You annol s par al ____; . | ' : ;
,
d| r l ooj e l
l hev r ol r om| l spa l | .
r Sh r an | nl o her .
No Sh r an h | n l o.
5. Somephr asa| v r os ar used | n omo| nal | on r She
( am
up W| l haor | | anl | d a.
W| l h er l a| n pr pos| l | ons. h se omo| nal | ons r | dr opp d oul ol s hoo andgol aj oo.
a eusua| | y | nsepar ao| .
he k |l oul !
l . or a| | sl ol some ommon| nsepar ao| ephr asa| v r os, seeAppend| x17onpag s841_842.
To| ear naooul separ ao| ephr asa| ver os, se Un| l 55, pages28G 287.
284 l un| l s4
m

0EN l FY
o
Reod l h|s orl |c|e. |rc| o|| l h phroso| v ros.
The r l ol Feng Shu|
G
,/ l l |:
l l |,: ||: H: : : :
: '; |, ; | : ; : l |nd oul .
! 9
F ng shu| ( m an| ng
. . W| nd
andWal er ' , ) | sl h an | nl h| nes ar l ol p a | ng l h| ngs | nl h
nv| r onm nl . A or d| ng l ol h| s ar l , l h ar r ang m nl ol l ur n| l ur e, door s, andW| ndoWs
l l l s our h a| l h, W a| l h, andhapp| n ss. r . HoWas onc r n d aooul h| sous| n ss,
oul hr d| dn, l g| v up. Fo| | oW| ng l h onsu| l nl adv| , h r mod d andr d or l d
h| sr sl aur anl . H| s a l | ons pa| dol l . Soonous| n ss p| k dupand r . Hooe am r | h.
. . | l
was l h o sl d | s| on v r made, ' ' h g| oWs. ndh | sn' l a| on | nh| s nl hus| asm.
Feng shu| has aughl onW| l hmod r n ar h| l l s andhom oWn r sv r yWh r ,
l | | | l

wr | l chphr oso| ver ol r oml h or l | c| en xl l o | l sm on| ng.


Fh r asa| ver o
1 .
2.
8 .
cameo ack
Hean | n g
has oe omep pu| ar
r el ur ned
Wer e Wor l hWh| | e
Fh r asa| ver o Hean | n g
| ear n | nl or mal | on
qu| l
| mpr oved
4.
5 .
H00sE
o
0omp| l l h| ssl udenl , s j our n l
enl r o c| r c| | ngl hecor r ecl p r l | c| es,

|
j s
l | n| shed n r l | c ooul l ngshu| ' l l h nd, r h ul nor uqgesl s s| | l | ng
\ v . / v
\ 7' Y
_ F| n our
hom nd l h| nk| ng ooul hoW
our
nv| r onm nl m k s
ou
l .
1 .
5ol oda Wn o l g
p+ g l r om
schoo , l l r | ed| l , l nol | c d l | l m apavl m nl | s
r qu| l dar k ndl l m k s r n l doWn. | l h| nk W| l h l he dd| l | on ol sor n | ghl s,
, d ch r W u / ?cons| d r o| y. | , ve com oul / p W| l h a| W ol h r | d sl oo,
8 . 4 .
yapar l r n r r l l ssr n , o l l l h| nk | l W| | | ook mor e sp c| ous | l |
j sl . sl r | ghl en
!
mor l r qu r l l l y. Hang| n qsor n mor sh v s l or r ny oooks m| ghl Wor k
We| (
l oo.
w| l h
j sl
al eWsm l ch ng s, l cou dnd oul ! . uF l | ng h pp| r | nr ny oWn nom '
, s l | nl v wor h
| ng
on
L. oul |
\
Fhr as | ver os: | nsepar ao| e | 285
' oosE a l FLETE
o
R odl h| sor l | c| e ooul l heor ch| l cl l , H. Fe| . omp| l e| l us| ng
l h cor r ecl l or mol l hephr oso| ver os| nl heoo .
ome upW| l h g| veup go oa k go up
A
keepon payol l l ur n oul
Bor n | n 1917, l eohH| ng Fe|
( oel l er knoWn as l . H. Fe| )
qr eW uF
| n 0anl on, 0h| na. when heWas
1 .
sevenl een' heW nl l ol h Un| l ed Sl al es l o| ear n aooul ou| | d| ng.
As| l ,
Fe| oe ameoneol l he mosl
2 .
l amous ar h| l e l s ol l he l W nl | el h enl ur y.
Fe| | s l amous l or h| s sl r onggeomel r | l or ms. one ol h| s
mosl onl r over s| a|
pr oj e l sWas h| s g| ass pyr am| d al l he Louvr e r n Far | s. The o| d museum
had a| ol ol pr oo| ems, oul noon Wanl d l odesl r oy| l . Fe| had l o
a so| ul | on. any Far | s| ans Wer e sho kedW| l h h| s pr oposa| l or a 7| l ool h| gh
g| ass
pyr am| d. l l
anyWay, o| end| ng W| l h l he env| r onmenl . Today
4 .
many peop| esay l hal | l | s agoodexamp| e ol l he pr | n | p| es ol l engshu| .
Fe|
desp| l e r | l | | sm. He sl r ong| y oe| | evedl hal . . you hav
5 .
l o| denl | l y l he | mpor l anl l h| ngs and pr ess l or l h m, and nol
H| s del er m| nal r on
. He onl | nued l oou| | d sl r u l ur es l hal
7 .
r el | e l ed l h nv| r onmenl . Fe| r e| ved many pr | zes l or h| s W r k. He used someol l he
pl | ze money l o sl ar l a s ho| ar sh| p l und l or 0h| nese sl udenl s l o sl udy ar h| l l ur e | n
l h Un| l ed Sl al es and l hen l o
l o0h| na l oWor k as ar h| l e l s.
E0l T
o
R odBoo, snol e l o h| s r oommol e, F| ndondcor r cl e| ghl m| sl kes | nl heuseol
| ns por oo| phr oso| v r os, Th l | r sl m| sl oke | so| r eod cor r ecl ed.
Eo yl h p l menl | ssu ham ss. l gol dl | . | + | l l h| s mor n| ngandd| dnl h v l | m l o
sl a ghl n o l ' mgo| ngl ol h gymnoWl oWor kol l l or anhour . l shou| d
9 l
a osso l or e
ou,
and ' | | | eanupl h n. JoW aooul l ng l onTghl oul ? l l r W r d, w an
9 l
l og l h r W| l h
* om ol l h g ysandmayo se a movT . o may eW ' | | omeover W| l h oel l e | d .
0oo
oh'

r anTom | nl oal s hoo| . | e' | | dr opol l l o s e
you| al n
Fhr asa| ver os:
Separ ao| e
wl l | F l N
he kl he or r e l ansWer .
The dogl h| nks l hal
l Oe r ge| sdr eam| ng.
O o. ge | s g l l | ngan| d al or
an| nvenl | on.
SEFARABLEFHRASAL vERBS
sEFARA 0
Sur y

v. '
l
o, * . . ' o ,

o* , . . . .
H
dr eamed
l h | d a
| l
u F.
Wor k d
l h d l a| | s
l hem
ou l .
E FREss
omp| el el h s s nl n s W| l hl h or r cl l or mol l h War ds| npor enl hes s.
l || RT l l K
0heckl hecor r cl
onsW r .
l 0| ' . l ooj e l s
l hal ar enouns
angooel or eor
al l r l h par l | | .
0| , . l ooj e l s
l hal ar epr onouns
a| Waysgoal l er
l hepar l | | e.
No SEFARA 0
Su |

v. .

o* , . . . .
l
o. * . . o 1
H
dr eam d u F l h | d a.
Wor ked oul l h d l a| s
28G
who
( d m u p / l h l | d a)
?0| d
o
( d r amu p / | l )
Fh r as l ver os: Sepa ao| e | 287
8y r w pl | . e
g?
ea * l * . ? s l l | a * es
v r o + oar l |
l . Aphr asa| v r o ons| sl s ol aver o + par l | | . | Sh s l up an xper | menl .
v r o + pr pos| l | on
Far l | | es ook l hesameaspr epos| l | ons, oul r H | ooked up al l hesky.
l h yar pa l ol l hever ophr as . h yol l en ( H | ooked | nl h d| r e l | on ol l h sk . )
hanq l h m an| nq ol l h v r o.
v r o + r l |
r He| ooked up l h | nl or mal | on onl hel nl er n l .
( H l oundl he| nl or mol | on onl h | nl er n l . )
hes par al mean| ngs ol l h v r oandpa l | | r Theyl ur n d doWn myappl | al | on.
mayo ve yd| l l r enl l r oml hemean| ng ol ( They r j l d myopp| | ol | on. )
l he phr asa| v r o.
2. Hosl phr asal v r osar el r ans| l | ve ( l h yl ake
d| r e l ooj e l s) . osl l r ans| l | v phr asa| v os
ar es par ao| .
h| smeans l hed| r l ooj < l ango:
v o + pa l | + d| r l ooj l
a. al l er l hepa l | e r l j usl dr amed up o n W| deo.
( v r o andpa l | | r nol s par al ed)
o
o R
v e o + d | r e l o o | l + o a r l |
o. o l Ween l h ver oandl h par l | | e r l j usl dr eamed o neW| deo up.
( ver o andpa l | | ar s par al ed)
d | l o o j l
Nol | el hal Whenl hed| r e l ooj e l | s r Sh dr amed uF on unusuo| | omp| | col ed
| n a | ong phr as , | l omesal l er l he neWdev| .
p a l | . No Sh
_
pr onoun,
| l musl go oel We nl h ver oand No Sh dr am d+ pl
l h oar l | '
8. w| l hasma| g oupol phr asa| ver os, l h ve o
andpar l | | musl o separ al ed.
keepsom l h| ng on
l o| k someone | nl o
| p your hol on.
No onj ourh +
r Sh l a| ked her ooss| nl o ar a| s .
No Sh e l l | a r a | s .
0he k |l oul !
For a | | sl ol ommon separ ao| e phr asa| ver os, seeApp nd| 17 on pages 84 _842.
For a | | sl ol ommon phr asa| ver os l hal musl oe s par al ed, seeAppend| x 17 on pages 4l _842,
F. or | nl or mal | on aooul | nsepar ao| phr asa| ver os, s Un| l 54, pages 282_288,
288 r un| l sS
|0EN |l Y
o
R odl h|sorl |c| .Und r||nel h phroso| v ros. |rc| l hed|r l ooj ecl s.
l l OO| E E, Ol l Fl ETE. Reodoooul on ol h| sl or y, s gr eol sl | nv nl or s, omp| l l h
| nl or m l | onW| l hl hecor r ecl l or mol l heappr opr | ol ephr oso| ver osl r oml h oo ,
l | l up keepaWay or | ng aooul
Gl r
sel up ar r youl payoa k p| kup
As a h| | d, Thomas A| va d| son
( 847_19811 l , r | ed oul
1 .
a|mosl anyl h|ng he heard aooul he ev n l r|ed l ohal h goos eggs
oy s| l l | ng onl hem! Bel or ehe Was l We| v , he
2 .
h| s l | r sl | aoor al or y us| ng moneyhehad ear nedh| mse| l .
He had hundr eds ol ool l | es. andh l hem
8 .
W| l h hem| a| sl or h| s xper | menl s. He
| aoe| edl h ool l | s
. . po| son, ,
l o h| s l am| | y
an W sk| | | . He
4.
. wh n heWas l | l l een, Ed| son
5 .
had saveda h| | d, s| | l e, and l he g al el u| l al he al e| eg aphoper al o
d| son oy l ea h| ng h| m l | eg aphy. Al l er l hal , Ed| son Was ao| l o
r eka!
: . , , r * | d y o u k n o W l h a l l W o o | | g d r o p o u l s l h o u g h l u p _o l l h e
a l #
% . ' per sona| ompul er ? whal , s mor , l heypul | l l og l her | nagar ag .

* | d
you knoW l h l l Wo o| | g dr opoul s l houghl up( h | de ol l h l | r sl
l #
% . ' per sona| ompul er ? whal , s mor ' l heypul | l l og l her | nagar ag .
l nv nl | ons don' l hav l o om oul ol l an | aoor al or | es. Aver ag p op| | n | assr ooms,
k | l h n s, an dh om Wor k sh ops ol l n dr amu pn w an du s l u | | deas'
Th ao| | | l y l ol h | n k ol som l h | n g n eWse ms| | k emag| l oman y peop| ,
ou l | n l a l
anyon and v | opl hequa| | l | sol an| nv nl or . F| r sl , | nvenl or s l o| | oWl he| r ur | os| l y.
Th SW| ss| nv nl or O or g d sl r a| Wanl dl ol | ndoul l h r ason| l Wassohar dl o
r emov our r sl r omh| sdog' s oal . H| sansW r | dl ol h | d al or v | r o noWus dl o
l asl n ever yl h| ng l r omsneak r s l ospa su| l s. S ond, | nv nl or s use| mag| nal | on l opul
l h| ngs l og l her | nn Wways. wa| l er Hor r | son Wal h d l Wom nl oss| ngap| panl o a h
ol h r an dl h ou gh l u pl h Fr | so on ol l h emosl popu | ar l oy s| n l h Wor | d. Fer h aps
mosl | mpor l an l , su ssl u | | n v en l or s don , l qu | l . Th y on l | n u ou s| y | ook u p| n l or mal | on
aoou l l h | r | d asan dl r y n Wdes| gn s ou l u n l | | l h ey su e d.
Wor k n| ghl s and h| s exper | menl s dur | ng l he day.
Fhr as | ver os: Separ ao| l 289
[ n 18G9, d| son l | ed ap| eol equ| pm nl l or a ompanyl hal supp1| edpr | es l o
go| dor oker s. Th| s
h| s l | r sl usel u| | nvenl | on l he sl o k l | ker
l or Wh| h h r e e| ved
$40, 000. H Was l hen ao| el ospenda| | h| s l | me W r k| ng onh| s
neW | nvenl | ons. 0ur | ng h| s | | l l | m , d| son Was | ssued 1, 098pal enl s!
O| | l Fl
o
R dl h se onver sol | ons l hol l ok p| oc | n schoo| | oor ol or . ompl el
l h mW| l hphr oso| v r osondpr onouns,
1. A: F| ease pul on your | ao oal s.
B: 0o We r ea| | y hav 1o ?ul
l hemon
?l l , shol | n her e.
2. A: l an, l l | gur e oul l h| s pr oo| em.
B: l knoW Whal you m an. l an, l
e| l her .
8. A: Rememo r l ol | | | oul l hesel or ms.
B: 0an W
al hom , or doW have l odo| l noW?
4. A: Ar e you go| ngl ohand oul l he ne l ass| gnmenl l oday?
B: l
a l eW m| nul es ago. wer en' l you her e?
5. A: l an' l gel l h| s l oWor k. we, doel l er do l heWho| e pr o edur eover .
B: wedon' l have l | m l o
. 0| ass | s over | n l enm| nul s.
G. A: Ar e We supposedl ol ur n | n our | ao r epor l s l oday?
B: No. F| ease
ne l Week.
E0l T. R odon| nvenl or , s nol es, F| nd ndcor r ecl s venm| sl ok s | nl heus ol phr oso|
v r os. Thel | r sl m| sl oke| so| r odycor r cl d.
|,|l |,l 8
,
8
l , l crl 80
._
l d/ J, 4 l r, * ru
ryood,
d' , ,j l ,l
F* l
l ,ul l h,l l ,pphr l or |,ko l hr,kh47, u,sd,lorsh' oo
Fouo u.
l l nool l d,,l ol ou h, o , sp l ol l , o l 12 / / ,, / / / .12|
p lu ,l l ,l | l l op ||,l l , ,,luo
rooL , l / . l ol , o|l r l ' u ' / L| h na. ' / ord r
s || | , / , p so l nl r l h , , |J. , .
l lJl , d l l |,n )ral ,lor ,p l ,|l l J41, 4 '|| , |l ul r l ' ooao ' ol o s ,sl ro l r,
,ol : |, n d' e ,l ol < l r ru oll ' o
od rl
sooru.
rd' e sl r l dl
prodacl l n o h,|ol l urulor d'p or l ors' l l ' el d,,l o
p l l o l l l l ,l 's uer
l l l l o ,s sor
, l
|hoo
j / |uu
lor
l / p d'el ' o l r n,. l l ,Uu4l ou ru r / L'
Se| l esl
l w l l | 0
2 . Yo u r m o l h r a | | e d . Sh e W a n l sy o u l o a | | h e r l o n | g h l .
4 . F1 e a se p u l y o u r | a o o a l so e l o r e y o u | e a v e l h e | a o o r a l o r y . AB 0
( A) ol l
B
aWay
5. ar k Wor ks sohar d l hal he' ssur e l o . AB 0
| r c| el h | el l er ol l h cor r cl onsW r l ocomp| l e hs nl ence,
x m r :
Jenn| l er never ol l ee.
( A) dr | nk
( B|
dr | nks
A_ 0
0)
| sdr | nk| ng
( 0) Wasdr | nk| ng
8. 0ou| d you l ur n l h mus| soWe an s| eep?
1. 0ome| n. F| eases| l
( A)
doWn
( B)
doWn| l
( A) | n
( B) ol l
A
doWn
B
aWay
( A) g| ve up
( B)
Wor k ol l
( A) a| | oa k
( B g| v oa k
( A) l ur n on
( B) o| oW up
( A) | ook | l over
( B) har ge | l up
( A) aooul
( B) doWn
( ) | l doWn
( 0) up
( 0) oa k
( 0) over
( 0) ver
( 0) up
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
G. Kev| n | s go| ng l o l r om va al | on l omor r oW.
( c) up
l 0)
| n
( ) up
( 0) | l
( 0) l ur n over
( 0) gel ahead
( 0)
sel
oa k
( 0) g l a| ong
( 0) pul up
0)
| | ghl up
( 0) l ake | l aWay
( 0)
l a| k | l over
( 0) ol
( 0) up
7. A | amp W| | | l h| s r ner n| e| y.
8 . l n sl ead o l ar g u | n g ao o u l l h ep r o o | em, | el , s .
9. Thal ' s ver y or | g| na| . HoW d| d you dr eam l hal | dea?
| o. Thal pol | s hol . 0on' l p| k !
( A) | l up
( B) up | l
240/
A 0
sel l esl X | 24|
1 1 .
12.
1 8 .
l l , s
o| d ul s| de. You n edyour j a kel .
OK.
l ' | | pul
( A) | l on
( 0) on| l
( B) | l over
( 0) over | l
She r an onl heWay home.
( A) h| m | nl o ( 0) | nl o Jason
( B) | nl ( 0) Jason| nl o
S| oW doWn. l an' l k epup you!
( A) l ( ) al l er
( B) W| l h
( 0) l o
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
ll|ll | Two
28.
24.
1 5 .
AB 0
AB 0
1 4 .
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
1 8 .
Eo hs nl nce hosl our under | | n dWor dsor phr ses. Th l our und r | | ned por l sol
l hes nl ence or m r kedA, B, , nd 0. | r c| el h | el l er ol l heon und r | | n d
Wor dor phr osel hol | sNor oRR .
Ex r :
H| ke usua| | y dr | ves l os hoo| , oul l odayheWa| ks.
A B 0
A B _
0ou| d We l a| k over | l o l or ey u l ur n l heWho| e | dea doWn?
A B 0
l knoW l | el

doWn When l l or gol l op| k h| s su| l oul l r om
A B ( 0
l he dr y | eaner ' s.
1G. l r an | nl o h| m Wh| | l Was gel l | ng l h ous ol l .
A B 0
17. As soonas l hand | n m| r r epor l , l ' m go| ngl ol ake a| | l heseoooks
A B (
on l ol he | | or ar y.
0
we' doel l er
gel
l he ous onnoW, or We' r ego| ngl om| ss | l .
A B ( 0
l nsl ead ol a| | | ng
q| l l l h meel | ng, mayoew an
j usl pul | l over
A B 0
unl | | nexl Week.
l l you don' l use oul l he m| | k oy Honday, p| ase l hr oW | l
aW y.
A B 0
0h l had l o
*
* + *
al l er l he ompanyl ur n d doWnh r app| | al | on.
0o you Wanl l oge! p oy your se| l or Wou| d you | | k me l oWak up you?
A B ( 0
Tom asked m l op| k somesl amps l or h| m al l h posl ol l | eup.
A 0
0| d you l r ndoul hoW Jane l a| ked | nl o Heg Wor k| ng onSal ur day?
A B 0
w g over W | | al l er We l ound oul We W r e ool h l r om 0h| ago.
1 9 .
2 7 .
2 5 .
A B 0
Nouns
A( Ros' HEA LAN l
oN A REE0 BoA
B oos Hay 7, 970. Nor W g| an
xp| or r Thor Heyer dah| , a| ongW| l h
an| nl r nal | ona| r W, has r oss dl h
Al | anl | o ean onRa l | . Th r ed ooal '
mod | dal l r l hoseol l h an | nl
Egypl | ans, mad l he
| our ney
| n57da s.
TH AH R| 0A
W. WF | N
h kl hecor r cl nsWer .
Th nam ol Hev r dah| ' sooal waS: u l l R edBoal
FRoF RNoUNs
Heyer dah| sa| | ed Ra| | a r oss l heAl | anl | .
o| v| | oN NoUNs
h x | or er sa| | d h| sooal a r oss l h o an.
0OUN Nl
l
A | . /

Nu | Nou
0UNS
v
A
on
sa| | or l s
o av .
( The)
Wo
sa| | or s a
NON.
Nou
oUN NoUNs
l
v
F| r
l s d an g r ou s.
Sa| | | n g
ExFREss
| r | l h cor r ecl Wor dsl o omp| el l hese senl ences,
The ooal sWas / Wer e made l r ed. 0r ss| ng l he o eanWas/ Wer har d.
l | AR l | E l ( l
|rc|eT( True) or
F( Fo| s ) .
F 0ommonnouns
ar eWr | l l en
W| l h ap| l a|
| l l er s.
l / , R l / l E K 2
|rc|eT( Tru ) or
F( Fol s ) ,
F 0ounl nouns
anoep| ur a| .
F Non ounl
nouns an
oep| ur a| .
242
Nouns l 248
Or n E l ar * ' p| a al | l r s x amp| s
1. Fr o er nouns ar l henamesol
r l | gj a|
o opl , o a es. andl h| nos. Tol h | ohl ar some
al egor | es andexamp| s ol pr oper nouns.
0ap| l al | ze l h l | r sl | el l e ol mosl pr op r nouns.
w do nol usua| y us anar l | e ( a/ onor l h )
W| l hpr op nouns.
Nol el hal l he| sus d W| l hsom nounsol p| a s.
Feop| H y dahl , gypl | ans
F| a s Al r | a, Hor o o, l h l l anl | o an
Honl hs S pl emoe , o l oo
0ays Honday, uesday
Ho| | days asl , Fassover , Ramadan
Lan g u ag s Ar ao | , Sp an | sh
r H yer da sa| | d a oss l heAl | anl | o an.
2. 0ommon nouns el er l opeop , p a es, and
l h| ngs, oul nol oyl he| r | nd| v| dua| names. For
examp| e, p| or r | sa ommonnoun, oul
yer doh| | s apr oper noun.
Feop| e
F| a s
Th | n g s
ex p o , sa| o , o u | d
onl | n nl , ounl r y, | l y
pol s, ggs, l | sh, honey
8 . 0ommonnouns a | l he ounl or non ounl .
( ounl
nouns ar el h| ngs l hal you an ounl
s par al e| y. hey ano s| ngu| ar o p ur a| . Fo
xamp| e, you ansa a sh| p or l hr sh| ps. You
anuseo/ onor l heo l or ounl nouns.
For m l hep| ur a| ol mosl nouns oyadd| ng
s
or
es
l ol h noun. Th r ar esom l | mes
sp | | nghanges Wh nyoul or ml h p| ur al .
Br u| ! Somenounsar | r gu| ar . Th ydo
nol l or ml h p| ur a| oyadd| ng
. s
or
e5.
| asa| or , l h sa| or , l Wo sa| or s
r an | s| an d , l h e | s| an d , l h r ee | s| an d s
l ash | p , l h e sh | p , l ou r sh | p s
sh | p sh | p s
Wal h Wal hes
l ool l el
h | d h | | d r n
pol al o pol al o s
ounl r y ounl r | es
man men
mou s m| e
4. Non ounl ouns ar l h| ngs l hal you annol
ounl s par al e| y. Fo xamp| , | n ng | sh you
ansaygo| d, oul you annol sayogo| dor
l Wo go| ds. Non ounl nouns usua| y hav no
p u al l or ms. w usua y donol us o/ on W| l h
non. ounl nouns. ol he | ghl ar som
al gor | | s and xamp s ol non ounl nouns.
Some ommonnon ounl nouns donol l | l | nl o
l hese al gor | es. Youmusl m mo | z nouns
su hasl h ones l ol her | ghl .
ver os andpr onouns.
Aosl r a l Wor ds oU a9 / edu al | on, l | m
A l | v | l | s ex p or | n g , sa| | | n g , l ar m| n g
F| el dsol sl udy g ogr aphy, h| sl or y
Food o n, ho o al e, l | sh
Oases a| r , oxygen, sl eam
L| qu| ds Wal , m| k, ol l ee, gaso| | ne
Hal er | a| s ol l on, p| asl | , s| k
Nal ur a| l or es o| d, l r | | l y, Weal h r
Far l | | s dusl , sand, suga , sa l , |
adv| e l ur n| l u j eW y mon y
| ol h | n g g ar o ag u g g ag n eW s
eq u | p m n l h omeW o k ma| l W or k
l ood | nl or mal | on
| Re d| s agoodmal r | a| l or ooal s.
r , l l l oal s | nl heh av| esl sl or m.
0he k |l ou|!
For a| | sl ol som ommon| r r gu| ar p| ur a| nouns' seeApp nd| x 18onpag 848.
244 l Un| l sc|
| 0EN | l Y
o
Reodl h| sar l | | oooul Thor H r doh| , | r c| eo| | l hepr op r nouns.
Under | | n onc o| | l he ommoncounl nouns. Und r | | n l W| c l h common
non counl nouns.
O| | l FLE
o
H gon nd
| oson
cKoyar p| ann| ng o
h| k| ngl r | p. omp| el l h | r onv r s l | onW| l hl h cor r ecl
l or mol l heWor ds| npor enl heses.
J so : Th r sl | | | a| l ol
| . ( o )
Wor k
l od l h| s ev n| ng.
l dl r l he l r | p.
2. ( Wor k)
w hav l o p| an l h
H : You, r er | ghl . r l a| n| y
8 . ( Fo o d )
| mpor l anl . l , v oeen
4 . ( o e)
r ead| ng l h| s oookaooul amp| ng. Th r e
| n | l .
'g
somegood
J so :
H :
J so :
H :
G . ( | d a)
oh?whal do s | l say?
weshou| dor | nga| ol ol
5. ( o )
and
8 . ( r | )
goodon amp| ng
7 . ( o ean )
9 . ( Fo l al o ) | 0 . ( o )
l oo.
1 1 . ( l r | p )
No,
an
l r sh
1 2 . ( v g l ao )
Whenw pass
1 8. ( o )
l hr ough al oWn.
Wu'
_ ' u)
r a| | yl h l | r sl e p| or r l o
d| s ov r l h Am r | as?Th or H y r dah |
d| dn ' l l h | n k so. H o | | v dl h al an | n l
peop| ew r ao| l oou| | dooal sl hal ou| d
r oss o eans. Tol sl h| s| d as,
h d | d dl oou | | da opy ol
l h r d ooal s l h al w r
p| l u r ed| n an | n l pa| n l | n gs
who Rea| | y
0| s ovr r d
Am r | a?
hon y, o| | , ggs, nul s, andl r sh l r u| l . Ra, l h
exp d| l | on' s ooal , ar r | dan | nl r nal | ona|
gr oup| n | ud| ng a Nor W g| an, an gypl | an,
an | l a| | an , a | an . an da0h ad| an .
Th l | r sl l r | p l a| | d, oul
v r yon sur v| v d andWanl d
l o l r y aga| n . 0epar l | n gon
a 7 , 9 7 0 , u n d r l h el | ag
andsa| | a r oss l h Al | anl | l r om Nor l h Al r | a
l oBar oados. Hey er dah | ' s l ama| so op| ed
an | enl H| dd| asl r n pol sandl | | | dl hem
W| l h
l ood
l or l h | r
j ou r n y dr | d
l | sh ,
ol l h Un| l d Nal | ons, Ra l l r oss dl he
Al | anl | | n57days. Th ped| l | onpr oved
l hal an | nl | v| | | zal | ons had l h sk| | | l o
r h l h Am r | as | ongoel or 0o| umous.
gel some
l o h avy l ar r y. Hayo W
* * u l l | s | 245
l he r eady? we shou| d goover
1 4 . ( B ) 1 5 . ( e q u | p m e n l )
l he he k| | sl .
H : l d| d l hal . we need l or l he r ad| o.
. | G .
( o al l y )
J so : why doW need ar ad| o? l l houghl We Wer e r unn| ng aWay l r om | v| | | zal | on.
| vl : Bul l he never . l sl | | | Wanl l oknoW
1 7 . ( n W s)
Whal ' s happen| ng.
J so : Thal ' s oK W| l h me. By l he Way, doWe have enough War m
| , . | l h|
l l gel s h| | | y | n l he mounl a| ns.
H : Thal ' s l r ue. And l he r ea| | y
1 8 . ( sl o p )
me al n| ghl .
2o. ( d) 2 1 . ( o o l h r )
J so : Bul We have War m s| eep| ng
, , .
a
H : And We have ea h ol her !
E0l T. T| n Ar o | l so| | dor oundl heWor | do| oneonosmo| | oool , R dh r d| or y
nl r | s. Ther e or el | l l en m| sl okes | nl heus ol nounsondsuoj cl v r o ogr eemenl .
F| nd ndcor r cl l hem. Th l | r sl l Wom| sl okes or | r eod cor r cl d.
0anar
cl ooer 7. ' v o n onl h a ar y s andsl or l hr da s noW. | , | | sl ar l hor n when
Wea her |
l he + r r oe| l er , l W s 50sur ?r | s d Wh n l p| cked Fr nl 7 ma| l od .
yl am| | \ se l l m sor ne o| vl hda
?r ser l l s.
B| r l hda | sl he l . l wonl o1 n
l h g| | l s nl | | l hen.
ocl oo r zg, l l h| nkl h v| n r | sge l | ng Wor s . | h r d l hund r s l od , oul l h r e
wasnl anv r a| n , l sl d l n o d u| | l h r ny c l , T ph| on, v ' | l | m | l l hunder d,
\ phoon
ndl anugg d uF c o; r und r l h cov r s. l sl Yl ed r d| ng 0, Nove ,
Br ve NeWwor d.
cl ooer 0, l | e l l he an r y s nds l od 1us | | ke co umou5. 1h r , s sl r ong W| nd
and
? nl
ol s nsh| ne noW. | Wenl z5' 0 l es.
, l oo r 1. , r n u l oda Toce or l e, l dr nk aom col l s l or or kl sl ndl
o? n d r n\
?r s nl s.
| qol som
? r + ur nr
nd
?r | l \
s| v r j W r | s.
Nover noer | . 1T. | ecl r | c| l | es r ven/ l oW. , d oe1l r nol us mucn nl | | l gd n r
neW Yor k, ' n dl h r d| ol h n. l r | n dl od , sol co dedw r sl or cook| ng.
Rel | x| ve Fr onouns and Re pr oea| r nouns | 259
Or l l | . E * * r #
l |

gg
el r r $ xar
$r s
suoj l
=
ooj e l
1. Us ar l | x| v pr onoun Wh nl h | Sar a ook d a her se| l | nl h m| or .
suo| l andoo| e l ol as nl n e r l r l ol h ( Sar o | ook d ol h r oWnl a e. )
sam
p eoo e
o l h | n os.
| n| mper al | v s nl ncr s us :
our se| l
Whenl h suo| e l | ss| ngu| ar |
, , 0on, l
pushyo r se| l sohar d, Tom, , , Sa a sa| d.
our se| yes
Wh nl h suoj e l | sp| ur al l
, , 0on, l
pushyour se| ves sohar d, gu s, , ,
Sar a sa| d .
2. Usear l ex| v
r onoun
l oemphas| z a | TomWasupsel Wh nh | osl h| sj oo. h
noun' | nl h| s as , l h r el | x| v pr onoun usua y
| oo
| l se| l wasn, l | mpor l anl l oh| m, oul h
l o | oWs l henound| r l | y. need d l hemone .
8. By+ a r l | x| v pr onoun meanso| one or r Sa a | v s oy her se| l .
W| l houl on he| p. ( Sor o | | v s o| on , )
r w pa| nl d l h hous oy our s ves.
( Nooneh | p d us, )
Be+ a r el | x| ve
Fr onoun
meanso l | nl he r
Jusl
oe your se| l al your | nl r v| W.
usu | Woy. ( l | | k
ou
usua| | o l ' )
| H Wasn, l h| mse| l al l r h | osl h| s j oo.
( H s emed d| l l er enl , )
4. Us ar | pr o a| pr onou Whenl hesuoj l suoj l
=
oo| e l
andl h oo. | e l ol as nl n e r l l ol h
r om and Sar a m l e Jr ol h r al Wor k.
sam peop andl hes peop havea
( Tom mel Sor o, andSor o mel Tom, )
l Wo Wayr | al | onsh| p. Us eo h ol her Wh n
suoj l
=
ooj l
l hesuoj e l | sl Wop op| . Usee| l h r one
r we a| | l ol doneonol her aooul our j oos.
anol her or eochol her Wh nl h suoj e l | s oR
mor l hanl Wop op| e. suoj l
=
ooj e l
r we a| ! l o| deochol her aooul our
j oos.
, : ; , :
|: ; ; ; r, h
o ng d| nl ormol |onW|l h v r
r el | ex| ve pr onouns hav d| l l r nl mean| ngs. ( Fr d l o| k d l o
| one,
ond
| on
l o| k d l oFr d, )
| F ed and
Jan
l a ked l ol hemse| ves.
( Fr d l o| k d l oh| ms | l ,
qnd
Jon
l o| ked l oh r s | l , )
5. Re | pr o a| pr onouns haveposs ss| ve l or ms: | TomandSa a l ookeo hol her , snumo r s.
eochol her , s, one onol her , s. ( Tom l ookSor a, s numo r ' Sor ol ookTom, s numo r . )
he k |l oul !
For a| | sl ol ver osandexpr ess| ons omm n| yusedr el | ex| v | y, seeAppend| x 1Gonpag 840.
2G0 r un| l G0
| 0EN | FY
o
R odl h| sor l | | oooul s | l l | k. l Jnd r | | ne l h r l | ex| ve pr onounsonceond
l her ec| pr oco| pr onounsl W| ce, 0r Wonor r oWl ol h Wor dl hol eachpr onounr l r s l o,
| | 00sE
o
TomondSor o, scompon he| donol l | e p r l y. hoos l h cor r ecl r el | ex| v or
r ec| pr oco| pr onounsl ocomp| l el h onv r s l | ons,
1. A: 0o you m| nd | l We pour
o e veo
som l h| ng l odr | nk?
( my s l
| o u r s | v s)
B: o l o u r se n o l . An d l h e r e ' sl o d l o o . F| a se h e | p _ .
( o u r se v s
/ l h ms l v es)
2. A: Thal , sl heneWheadol ar kel | ng. She' ssl and| ngov
. * . * n , nu' ' . ' * u
B: Lel , sgoand | nl r odu
( h | m s l
/ o u r s | v s)
8. A: l ' mner vous aooul m dal W| l h N| k| . l ul l W| e shav| ng.
( my s | l
| h r s l )
B: You' | | oel | ne. Jusl r e| ax and oe
( o u r s v s
/ y o u r s l )
4. A: Hy oossand l a| Ways g| v
l he sameho| | day gr l l s. Ever y year
( o u r s v s
/ h o l h r )
l g| ve h| m aoook and h g| ves me a s ar l .
B: Funny. l a| Ways l houghl you ooughl a| ol ol s ar ves.
( y o u r s l
/ h | ms l )
5. A: The n W sol l War | s soeasy, | l
j usl
se msl or un oy
( | l s l
/ mys l )
B: Re a | | y ?l n o u r d e p a r l m e n l , W e , r sl | | 1 l e a h | n g _h o W l o u se | l .
G. A: 0| d you and Ar m| na gol oJapan oy or W| l h al our gr oup?
( y o u r se l
/ y o u r s v s)
a l F
' | l l a| k
| sl h Wa W exp1a| n apr oo1 m l oour s 1v s. l l anal l l l heWay W l 1
andhoW W a l . TomandSar a, l or examp| e, ool h| osl l h | r j oosWh n l h | r omFany
| a| d ol l a| ol ol peop| e. Sar akepl h r se| l l | l andsp nl l | m W| l h l r | nds. Tomga| n dl n
pounds andsp nl a| | h| sl | m oy h| ms | l . Theyw r ool hun mp| o d, sol h s| l ual | on
| l s e | l a n , l e x p | a | n W h y . h T h m a | n d | l l r n
Wasl he Wa TomandSar aexp| a| nedl hepr oo| em. o. * ' . , . Sar ao | | vedl hal sh
h r s | l ou| d hangeh r s| l ual | on. TomsaWh| ms | l ashe| p| ess. Lal r , ever yon gol l he| r
j oosoa k. wh n l h ya| | l a| kedl oon anol h r oa kal l heol l | , Tomgr umo| d,
, , They
musl hav oeendesp r al e. , , Sar ar ep| | ed,
, , Th y
l | na| | y r a| | zedl h yn dus! , ,
B: w| l h a g oup. we' v a| | k pl | n l u h W| l h
( o n ean o l h r / o u r s v s)
s| n el he l r | p.
r . l . | . : j y. : . l : : . T: Yl : . . 1: 9. | : . : | ?: . ?: 8j . : : . T: . Yl : .
. : . . ?s! . . . o o o. . .
O l FLE E

O or g Fr ud ou| soh| ghschoo| Fr enchl cher , omp| el eh| s l o| kl oo


Tr oup
ol neWl och r s. Js r el | ex| v ondr c| pr oco| pr onouns.
l l ea h Fr en h, oul l he suoj e l
| l e l
1 .
| sn' l l hal | mpor l anl . l l h| nk my
exper | en e app| | es l o a| | suoj e l s. Your l | r sl
eal
may oehar d, sol ea h
2 .
l ouse
os| l | ve
se| l l a| k and keep l h| ngs s| mp| e. Rememoer l hal
a goodl ea her he| ps sl udenl s | ear n oy
sl udenl s' washav| ng l r ouo| e l ea h| ng
You W| | | a| | have l o de | de l or
l r ave| l o Fr an e, oul l sal | sl y
. Re enl | y, John, oneol my
hoW l ooake Fr en h or ad.
8 .
l en our aged h| m l okeep l ng, and | n l he end he su eeded. As l ar as d| s | p| | ne
goes, l havej usl
al eWr u| es. l l e| | my sl udenl s,
* Keep
ousy.
0| s uss l h | essons, oul don, l | nl er l er e W| l h
' s
Wor k. Keep
l ea h| ng mal er | a| s s| mp| e l oo. l pr | de
ono | ng ao| el ol ea h
7 .
anyWher e' even on a sl r eel or n r . F| na| | y, l he sa| ar y l or l ea her s | s nol g al ,
oul
youhave a|ol ol l reedom.l run my |ass oy j usl
l heWay l Wanl l o.
5 .
9 .
8 .
| l | l ' s
W| l h
Wor l h | l . l an' l al l or d l o
l r | ps l o
Oueoe !
| o .
E0l l

Re dl h| sWomon, sd| or y, F| ndondcor r cl s v nm| sl okes | n l h use ol r l | ex| ve


ondr | pr oc | pr onouns, Thel | r sl m| sl oke| so| r eod cor r l d.
rlorgol l ou|LJ nolu h|,s o|/ l / 4 .l ,,,,,,),j * ; # ,l o
,
J4d,l h | l lorgol
ryryl
l
l||l
l ur|j / o. susl u l .l l l , sa||,,
,,0or.r,|l
oo so h |do , ourse|ue ,''
o l l Znl o Jhruhu. sh
prrn hg onr JoL ),Ju| ! |,W l ||,rl 1. / |uJ
l re ' L ,. rl |rJe o , s l , k.l l s |j ,l |'
r
n ,hal l gol p,ry

o p ||l ,
proo/ 44'l o l | s l e . l r / |2l |, l / .l l l hz l l / h l l , .e |
J4' u/ l l 24! 0k2,l
l o
h' s ooL
4 l . ,l ' d42/
d,,l o l / hl o u,r.
l l * ,
J n
J47, l l r l ,d ol g , 1, ,. l ro
lorg |,v
' / '/ ll'r L? l ,k> ,
,g|,l
,
J4a l ,lrU* hlulo,loy l ,,l 1
o rd| * l ||d l ol l ,l l o d< s
o.
J n
j , l cou/ 7,lorgl |nl 4 ' ,or, ,
so l
gl ,l s
l * ,l,U* ,/ ' .
Se| l esl
|l l |l o
A)
l he
( B) som
| r c| el h | el l er ol l he or r l onsW r l ocomp| l eochs nl nc . 0hoose Wh n
noor l | c| | sn d d,
x pl l :
J nn| l er never
( A)
dr | nk
( B| dr | nks
ol l e. _ 0
( 0) | s dr | nk| ng
( 0) Wasdr | nk| ng
l .
2 .
8 .
4.
5 .
G.
7 .
9.
| o .
l | nl r odu ed l oB| | | as soonas l saWh| m.
A)
h| ms | l ( 0) myse| l
( B) m ( 0) ea h l h r
The
j oo
| sn' l a pr oo| em. l l ' smy ooss.
( A) myse| l ( 0) h| mse| l
( B) | l se| l ( 0) | l
The sl udenl s hange ar dsW| l h dur | ng l heho| | days.
A|
l hemse| ves ( 0)
a hol h r ' s
( B) our se| ves ( 0) oneanol her
whal aoeaul | l u| or a | el ! l s| l made ol go| d?
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
l ooughl ool l | edWal er o l or el h hur r | ane.
( A a| l l ( 0)
l We| ve
( B) al eW ( 0) many
H W eggsdoyou ne dl or l h ak ?
( A| many (

B)
mu h ( 0) mor e
She Was | ne| y oe auseshehad l r | ends al l r r sl .
( A) | | l l | e ( )
l eW
( B)
a| | l l | ( 0)
al W
8. Thal ' s oesl mov| e l , v ver s en.
( )
l he
0A
( q a
( 0) a
ur ope onva al | on.
(
( 0)
l he
asl r naul . Th r e ar e s| l l hem onl h| s m| ss| on.
( 0)
an
( 0)
l he
( A) a
( B) an
0| ' s | n
( A)
a
( B) an
Fr eda' s
a
( B) a
2G2
AB 0
Se| l Tesl | | 2G8
1 1 .
72.
l j usl
r nl d v| d o.
Or eal !
wh| h one?
( A) l he
( B) some
we don' l have l r u| l | el l .
( A) mu h
( B) some
( c) a
( 0) any
0ou| d you ouy someapp| es?
( ) | | l l l
( 0) many
AB 0
A 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
| c | r N| w0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
1 5 .
1 G .
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
chs nl ence hosl our under | | n dWor dsor phr os s, Thel our under | | n d por l s
ol l hes nl enc or mor kedA, B, , ond0. | r c| el he| l l er ol l h on und r | | n d
Wor dor phr osel hol | sNo oRR .
x pl :
H| ke usua| | v dr | ves l s ho | . oul l odav h Wa| ks.
_ * _ _
AB o
18. Ther e ar e a| ol ol l ood| n l he l r | dge, sohe| p y ur s | l .
A B 0
14. 0o
) our
l am| | | es omel r l hanksg| v| ng or doyou e| eor al
A (
oy
) ' our se| ves?
0
The n Ws ar sl ar l | ng, so| el , sWal h
T
| n l h | | v| ng r oom.
A B ( 0
L Wanl s l oo enh| s ous| n ss | n may and sl ar l Wor k| ng
A B
l or h| mse| l .
0
1 8 .
1 9 .
7. l m zse| l don, l al h| | | , oul | l , sl he mosl popu| ar sp| | n aWor | d.
A ( 0
A mone v| sn' l ever yl h| ng l he
j oo
r l s
has l ooe| nl er esl | ng.
A B ( 0
Hal hemal | s | sn' l Todd, soesl suoj e l , oul he su edsW| l h
A B (
har d Wor k.
H W many l | m s doWehave oel or el he mov| e sl ar l s?
A B ( 0
Sm| l h wasan unpopu| ar mayo sohehad al eWl r | ends | n po| | l | s.
A B ( 0
w hav on| y al Wm| | k | el l , so ou| dyou p| k Someup l or us?
A B 0
we d| dn' l knoW oneanol h r names oel or Har | a | nl r odu d us.
B ( 0
mon y sol hal h an gol o
* , 1
| n

l a| | .
l m l an a ounl anl and a| aWyer al
r our
par l y, and an a ounl anl
A B 0
sa| dhe, dhe| pm .
l he
0
20.
21.
22.
28.
24.
25.
A
Ben has l osav
A
a l W
B
he Fass| ve: over v| eW
wF l N
h ckl h |nl ormol |onyoucongel l roml heod,
l nameol l hel ounder
l numoer ol year s l h magaz| ne
has x| sl d
l pr | ol l h magaz| n
R od r ' s 0| g sl Wasl ound d | n1922.
Today| l | sr ead yp op| | never y ounl r y| nl heWor | d.
Shou| dn' l you on ol l hem?Su s r | l oday.
l / , R HE
|rc|eT( Tru ) or
F( F |se) .
T F The ooj e l ol an
a l | vesenl en
oe omesl h
suoj e l ol
l hepass| ve
senl n e.
F Fass| v
sl al em nl s
a| Wayshave
al r m l l he
ver o oe.
F Fass| ve
sl al em nl s
a| Wayshave
an oj e l .
H| | ons ol peop ouy | l . | l | so ou g h l o y m| | | | on s ol p op e.
Som on puol | shed| l | n1922, | l W as p u o | | sh ed | n 1 9 2 2 .
Su
FAss| v s A E| l , | N s
l |
l
F s

Br ( No )

F r | |
1 r
+ o )
l l | s( nol ) ooughl o y m| | on s ol p op | e.
l l Was ( nol ) puo| | sh d | n 1 9 2 2 .
YEs/ No
OU s |oN
l |
B
, u , . . .
| | | . . . o. .
l s
| s
| l so| d | n 0h | n a ?
was
sHoR
A | | v
ANsw Rs
l
l N | v
Yes, | l
| s.
No, | l
| sn ' l .
Was. Wasn' l .
W .
OU s | oNs
l
| o, ,
wo o

.
l
su l . . ,
|
||. . . . o. .
wher | s | l so| d?
2G+
he F ss| ve: ver v| W | 2Gs
E FREss
omp| el l h| ssenl nce W| l hl h poss| vel or mol l h ver opr | nl ,
HoW many op| esol R d r , s0| g sl
Or amm r Nol g
| asl year ?
x amp| s
1. A l | ve andpass| ve s nl n es ol l nhave A | v
s| m| | ar m an| ngs oul d| l l r enl l o uses. | H| | | | ons ol peop| r ad l hemagaz| ne.
( Th l ocus | sonl h p op| , )
F ss| v
| h magaz| ne | sr ead oym| | ons ol peop| .
( Thel o us | nonl h magoz| ne' )
2. For ml h pass| veW| l hal or mol oe+
pasl pa* | | p .
r l | sW r | l l en | n n | n l n | an g u ag s.
r | l W as p u o | | sh d | n 1 9 2 2 .
r | l hasj usl oeen pr | nl ed.
8. Us l h pass| v Wh n:
a. l h ag nl ( l h per son or l h| ngdo| ngl h r h magaz| n Was l ounded | n1922,
a l | on) | sunknoWn o nol | mpor l anl . ( | don, l knoW Whol ound d | l . )
o. l h | denl | l y ol l heag nl | s ar l r om r h magaz| ne | sso dal n Wssl ands.
l he onl xl . ( w
onassum l hal l h n Wssl and oWn r s and
emp oy s s | l , w don, l ne dl om nl | on l h m. )
0. youWanl l oavo| dm nl | on| ngl h agenl . l Somem| sl ak s Wer mad | nl hal ar l | e.
( | knoWWhomodel h m| sl akes, oul | don, l Wonl
l oo| amel h p r son Whomad l h m' )
4. Usel hepass| ve W| l h o | l
ou
menl | on r Thea l | | e Was Wr | l l en oyo ps ho| og| sl .
l h ag nl .
nl | on, l h ag nl Wh n:
a. you| nl r odu n ssar y neW| nl or mal | on r
John
0 | gado | sal amous spor l s Wr | l r .
aooul l heagenl . Hehas j usl oeen h| r d oy Nol | ono| Spor l s
l oW r | l amon l h y o u mn .
( Th n m ol
John, s
mp| o er | sn ssor y
n W| nl or mal | on, )
o. youWanl l og| ve r ed| l l osomeone Who r Th a l | Was Wr | l l en oy
| ohn
0e| godo'
r al d som l h| ng.
. l h agenl | ssur pr | s| ng. | ou W| ndoWs ar Washed o o r oool .
l om nl | onanag nl | npass| v senl en s. No hemagaz| ne | spuo| | sheo o + a* + | s r
0onol | n | ud anagenl unn ssar | | y. on eaW k.
2GG l un| l G|
| | 00sE

R dl h s s nl en es ondd c| de| l l he r cl | ve ( A) or Fass| ve ( F) .


Read r ' s 0| g sl Was l ounded | n 7922.
H| | | | ons ol peop| er ead | l .
A | ar ge l ypeed| l | on | s a| sopr | nl ed.
l ;
They a| sor e or d| l .
;
l l |
R ad r , s0| g sl | s puo| | shed n amonl h. l l |
l l has oeenl r ans| al ed | nl o many | anguages.
any r eader s suos r | oe l ol he magaz| ne.
l l | s so| dal neWssl ands ever yWher e.
l r ead an | nl er esl | ng ar l | | e | n | l .
The ar l | | e Was Wr | l l en oy al amous s | enl | sl .
RE 0 8 0l LFl TE

Lookol
l h chor l . Thencomp| l
l h senl en s, Usel h v r o
speak | n l heocl | veor l h
poss| v l or m.
1 .
2 .
8 .
4.
5 .
G .
7 .
8 .
9.
1 0 .
0anl onese ( 0h| na
Ho( B| har and Or | ssa Sl al es, | nd| a
SWah| | | ( Kenya, anzan| a, Uganda,
0emo r al | Repuo| | ol 0ongo)
agal og ( Fh | | | pp| n es)
Japanese
One m| | | | on peop| e
keno 12Gm| | on
o 57m| | | | onp op| e.
Span| sh
0anl ones .
24G m| | | | on peop| e.
or l han 500m| | | | on pe p| e
| n Uganda.
The Fass| ve: ver v| eW | 2G7
Ol FL E
o
Us l h p ss| v l or mol l hever os| n l h l | r sl sel ol por enl heses l o
comp| l el h| sr por l . l nc| ud l h ogenl ( l r oml h s condsel ol por enl h ses)
on| y| l ooso| ul | Y n c ssor .
H der n Reader N Ws|el l er T A | v sARY | ssu
0l o You| |o|ry

Hod rnl u ,d r
. . . ?
Wa l oundedo A, J. ThomFaon
l . n y ar sago.
)
Al l | r sl | l
)
Today | l
' 1 .
( l o u n d ) ( 4 .
J.
Th o mp so n )
Wa pr | nl d
on| y| n ng| | sh.
| n l hr l or | gnJanguag d| l | ons.
2. ( pr | nl )
l | l gp* l
8 . ( p u o | sh ) ( l h p u o | | sh
) l l
| n mor l hanl n ounl r | s.
)
S| n
)
Ba k
)
Th y
4 . ( r ad ) ( r ead r s)
2000, l W nl yn w mp| oy s
al hom , l nn w ompul r s
5 . ( h | r ) ( o u | n l r n l | o n | o l l | s)
| asl monl h.
7. ( us ) ( our Wr | l er s)
G . ( p u r h se) ( l h o mp an y )
l owr | l our aWar d W| nn| ngar l | | s.

od rn l u d r
)
our d| l or | a|
)
Th | nl r v| W
a| | ov l h Wo | d.
8 . ( d v r l | s ) ( d v r l | s r s;
sl al l | asl monl h.
9. ( | nl er v| eW) ( L| v ol T nTv)
| o . ( se ) ( m| | | o n s o l v | W er s)
E0l T. Reodoned| l or ' s nol esl or osl or y
| ghl m| sl ok s | n l h us ol l heposs| ve.
l or Hod r n Read r . F| ndondcor r ecl
Thel | r sl m| sl k | so| r odycor r ecl ed,
ar e| ocal ed
TWo\ h| r ds ol Bo | v| ' s l | ve m| | l | on p op| w | nl h coo| W sl r n h| ghl nds knoWnsl h l l | pl ano.
For c nl r | s, l h gr | n qu| noa h so n gr W | nl h mo nl | ns, L m s r | s d | or | u m l , r | d
l r anspor l l | on. ndl | n, Bo( | v| a, s r | ch sl n l r
( ao r ce,
| sr n| n| ng o m| n r s | nl h h| gh nd s,
l h r | nl , nol h r n m l or l h sl r n | oW| nds, | smosl l r op| c . Nc | sl h maj or | ood
cr op, ndcoW; ar r | s d l or r n| l k. o| l | s so l | ndl her e,
l l hough 5p n| sh | sl h a l | | al nguag , Nal | ve m r | c n angu g sr sl | l spoken oy
FeoFl ,
Tr d| l | on l l exl | l es ar Woven o h nd, ndml , | s| c pl a ed onr ed p| p s whose l on
r s mo s l h sound ol l h W| nd o| oW| ng ov r h| gh
p | ns | nl h nd s,
| l l , o me h | n q
h a l , oo ed on eao ou L d ,
e n or eeeo ou d h e, o o| n
Lok n ock u eou Lol or o | l !
| k n oW , ar a.
| , e can oehear d
o a c k o n a r l h
The Fass| ve W| l hHoda| s
F l N
h ckl h cor r cl onsW r ,
A or d| ngl o0ar | a,
hasl od. o somel h| ng
aooul h| s snor | ng.
l som o dy hasl odo
som l h| ngaooul
Ed' ssnor | ng.
Su
H v ( o ) o/
B ol o Br
F s
F | | p|
h e r eW
has ( gol ) l o
doesn' l havel o
| s( nol ) go| ng l o
o r p| a ed n x l mon l h .
* Hoda| s
have on| y one l or m. Th y do nol have
s
| n l h l h| r d per son s| ngu| ar .
HAR ' ,E |( 2
0h ckl h cor r cl
nsW r ,
whal omes
oel or el he suoj e l
| n quesl | ons?
J e
umoda| or an
au | | | ar y v r o
Yl
Hoo | .
s/ rvo
OU
, u , r . r
l
| s
Br
oNs
F s
F l | p| .
W| | |
| l oe r ep| a ed?
Sh o | d
sHoR ANsw Rs
l
l
A | | v N OA v
Yes, | l
W | | | .
No, | l
W o n ' l .
sh ou | d . sh ou | d n ' l .
l l AR HE |( |
|rc| T( Tru ) or
F( F |se) ,
F Fass| v sW| l h
m da| sa| Wavs
useoe.
F You annol
l a| k aooul l he
l ul ur e us| ng
l hepass| v
W| l h moda| s.
s A
Su ;
|
Hoo | . *
||,| N s
l
| F s
8g | F | | FLE
l
he r W
W| | | ( nol )
shou| d ( nol )
oe r ep| a ed n xl monl h.
2G4
h e Fass| v e W| l | r Ja| s l 2G9
ExFREss,# : ; ,
omp| l e l h| sconver sol | on W| l hl hep ss| ve l or mol
l ood
B: No. | l
8yaW ar l r p a r el
y
s
W| | | pr epar .
A: onooar d?
l l onEar l h.
E, x* r 1 s
YES/ Nl
Aux| | . l v |
v

5u

OUEs | o
l H v o/
l Oo o
NS
l
por l
Bg l F | Ol FL
0o s
| l
have l o
oe r epl a d?
| s g o| n g l o
s oR ANsw Rs
l
A | l v | N A | v
Yes, | l
does.
No, | l
doesn ' l .
| s . | sn ' l .
| . ol or ml hepass| v W| l hamodal , use
moda| + o + pasl par l | | p| e.
r TheSpa e Shul l W| | | oe | aun h d soon.
r he| aun h Won, l he posl pon d.
| he r w, n sl oe g| ven l | meol l .
r 0e | s| ons shou| dn, l oe mad l ooqu| k| y.
2. Us d| | or hego| ng l oW| l hl h pass| v l ol a| k | | l W| | | o | aun hed v ysoon.
aooul l h l ul ur . oR
r | l , s go| ngl oo | aun h d ver y soon.
8. Use o W| l hl hepass| v l oexpr ss r Th o| asl ol l conoe seenl or m| | es.
pr esenl ao| | | l y.
Use o | dW| l hl hepass| v l oexpr ss | l ou| do seen v r y | ear | y | asl y ar .
Fasl
ao| | | l y.
4. Use ou! d, l r o , m| ghl , and onl W| l h | l ou| doe | aun hed v r ysoon.
l h pass| ve l oexpr ss l ul ur poss| o| | | l y r l en hs | nl | sl s moy oe | nv| l ed l opar l | | pal e.
or | mposs| o| | | l y. r F anl s m| ghl o gr oWn onooa d'
| l con, l o don .
5. Useshou|d, oughl l o, hod oel l er, hove( gol ) l o,
andmusl W| l hl hepass| ve l oexpr ss:
a. adv| sao| | | l r h r Wsho | doe pr epar ed l oWor khar d.
r 0r Wmemoer s oughl l o oe g| ven ada ol l .
r F | va y hod oel l er oe r esp l ed.
o. ess| l y | R po l s hovel o o l | | ed.
r v r yone musl oe onsu| l ed.
27O l un| l G2
| 0 N | l Y
o
R odl h| sor l | c| eoooul l he| nl r nol | on | Sp c Sl ol | onUn| l y. Und r | | n o| |
l h poss| v s W| l hmod | s,
0l Fl E
o
0omel Hagaz| n ( 0H) | s| nl er v| eW| ng r ospoc eng| ne r
0r . Ber nor dKo ( BK) . omp| l l h | nl r v| WW| l hl heposs| vel or mol l h v r os
| npor nl hes s.
0H: 0r . Kay, l ' d| | ke l oask hoWm a| s
W! oehand| ed
| n l he Spa eSl al | on.
1 . ( W | | |
/ h a n d | e )
onooar d or
2 . ( B g o | n g l o / p r ep ar )
l r om l uoes?
8. ( sque z )
BK: Ne| l her . Oour m l mea| s
4 . ( W |
/ p r p a k g e)
onooar d.
5 . ( an
/ W ar mu p )
0H: The Spa eSl al | on W| | | have an | nl er nal | ona| r eW. HoW
l osu| l ever yone' sl asl ?
G . ( sh o u d
/ h o o s )
BK: An | nl r nal | ona| menu . Food
7 . ( h av l o / o l l r ) 8 . ( o u d
/ s l )
l r om l oodpr el er en el or ms l hal l he r eW m moer s omp| el e.
0H: d| shes onooar d?
9. ( w|
/ us )
BK: Fr ooao| y. Bul ul n. | | .
, * nuo * . * . , u, . * ,
l ol he p| al es sol hey Won' l l | y
onEar l h and l h n l hev
ar ound! Hea| s
L| v| ng | n oul r Spa
Fa
Sl al | on Un| l W| | | oe omF| el d W| l h| nl h nexl d de, and| nl r nal | ona|
l ms ol sl r on u l s W| | | l h n o sh ar | n g ose qu r l er s l or | on gp r | ods ol l | me.
wh l noedon l o| mpr ove | v| ngond| l | ons | nsp ? H r e, s Wh l l or m r
sl r onaul s sugg sl :
* Foo | l do sn, l l asl asgood | nzer o gr av| l y. Food shou| d o m d sp| | er l o
ov r ome l hos l l l s. | nl r n l | on | l sl s musl a| so e ons| d r d.
s 0r | l [ O Layer d| ol h| ngou| d h | p asl r onaul s sl ay oml or l ao| . he l op| ayer
ou| d o r mov d or dd d asl emFer l ur s v r y.
s S| p| l B us ol W | ghl | ssness, s| eep | sol l n | nl er r upl d | nspa .
oml or l o| r esl r a| nl s musl o pr ov| ded l og| ve as ns ol sl ao| | l y.
s o | oNAL N ps Feop| e n d
, , doWn
l | m , , | nspa e
j usl
asl h y doon ar l h.
| m oughl l oo pr ov| d d l or r | xal | on andpr | v y.
1 1 . ( o u g h l l o / m a k )
asp| easanl asposs| o| e.
E FREss
Hol ch l he| l l ouses W| l hl h r su| l c| us s,
1. l l youhal ea| r p| ane l ood,
2. You m| ghl nol oeao| el oooar d
8. l l peop| el r ave| a| ong d| sl an e' O. | l you don' l he k| n al l he gal e.
Or amr ar x | an al ; on s x mp| s
1. Usepr s nl l a l a| ond| l | ona| senl n es l o | l aus r su l l aus
l a| kaooul g n a| l r ul hs ands | nl | l | l a l s.
| | l | l ' snoon| nL| ma, | l ' sG: 00
p. .
| nRom .
| l a u se r su l l a u se
he| l | ause l a ks aooul l he ond| l | on, and | | l a| r expands, | l oe omes | | ghl .
l her su l aus l a ks aooul Whal hap ns | l
l he ond| l | on o ur s.
Us l h s| mp| pr senl l ns | nool h | auses.
2. You ana| sous pr es nl l a l ua| ond| l | ona| | l | us r su| l aus
senl n es l ol al k aooul hao| l s andr ur | ng
| | l B| l | | s, heor d r s asp | al m a .
venl s ( l h| ngs l hal happ n aga| n andaga| n) .
| l | aus esu| l aus
Us l h s| mp or s nl l nse o
p es nl
| | l , ml r av | | nq l a , | a| Wavs l | y.
pr og ess| ve | nl he| l | aus . Usel he
s| mp|
pr es nl
l ens | nl her su l | ause.
Fa l u | 0on d| l | on a| s: r esen l | 279
a. l h y ol l enl e|
j el
| ag.
o. you anor der aspe | a| mea| .
4. Us l h | m r al | ve | nl her su l | ause l og| v r | l youWanl l h seal l o e | ne, pr essl h oul l on.
| nsl u l | ons. ommands, and| nv| l al | ons l hal
dep ndona er l a| n ond| l | on.
r l l h s al o l | ghl | son, don, l | eav you s al .
| | l you om l oTokyo, sl ayW| l hus.
8. You ana so usemoda| s | nl h esu l aus . r | l youpr a l | your h| n s ver yday,
ou
on| mpr ove qu| kl y.
r Youm| ghl | ear n mo e| l you | sl en l o
h | n se l ap s.
5. You ano g| n ond| l | o a| s l en sW| l h r | l l he | | ghl go son, ou k| you seal oe l .
l h | l ause or l her esu l | aus . h mean| ng | s oR
l h sam . r Bu k | e y ou seal o l | l l h | | g h l g oeson .
Us a omma o l W n l hel Wo auses on| y
Wh nl h l l | aus om s l | r sl .
2aO r un| l G4
l 0EN l FY
o
Reodl h| sor l | c| . | neochl ocl u | cond| l | ono| senl enc , und r | | nel h r esu| l
c| ouseon e. Und r | | nel hec| ousel h l xpr sses l h cond| l | onl W| c .
sU l l AR| zE
o
R odl hes conver sol | ons oooul HongKong. Summor | z l heodv| c W| l h
cond| l | ono| senl en es,
1. A: l hal e hol W al her .
B: Th o sl l | me l ogol oHong Kong | s Nov moer or 0 emo r .
| l youhal ehol Weal her , l heoe l l | m l o qol o HonqKonq| Novemoer or 0ecemoer ,
2. A: l , ml r ave| | ng W| l h my h| | dr en.
B: Take l h m l o La| 0h| K k Amusemenl Far k | n KoW| oon.
F ss O Rs, R| s
l l
ou
r u n | n l op r oo | ms on y ou r
| ou r n y ,
k n oW y ou r r | g h l s asap ass n g er . ol l n l h ea| r | | n
omp an y | sr eq u | r ed l o omp en sal y ou l or d | a s or d amag es. For ex amp | e, l h a| r | | n p r ov | d es
mea| s an d h ol e| r ooms | l al | | g h l | su n d u | y d e| ay d . HoW v r , l h a| r | | n oW esy ou a| ol mor | l | l
au s d l h d | ay o y ov r o ook | n g . Th | s n o u r sp | a| | d u r | n g h o| | d a s | l a| r | | n s se| mor
l | k l s l h an l h r ar s al s. | l a| | l h p assen g er s a l u a| | y sh oW u p , l h en l h el | | g h l | sov er o ook d .
A| r | | n susu | | y aWar dupgr ad s or add| l | ona l r e l r av | l opasseng r s Whovo| unl er l ol ak a| al er
l | | g h l . HoW ev r , | l n oon v o| u n l er s, y ou r l | | g h l may o d | ay ed . | n l h al ase, l h ea| r | | n mu sl r ep ay
y o u | 0 0 p e r n l o l l h o s l o l y o u r l | k l l o r a d | a y o l u p l o l o u r h o u r s o n a n | n l r n a l | o n a | l | | g h l .
| l l h d e| ay | smor l h an l ou r h ou r s, y ou r | v 2 0 0 p r n l ol l h e osl ol y ou r l | k el .
8. A: wen da m | der al e| ypr | dhol | .
B: l suggesl l h Har oour v| eW l nl er nal | ona| House.
4. we| | ke seal ood.
B: Th r e ar ewonder l u| seal oodr esl aur anl s onLamma l s| and.
5. A: l ' ml as | nal d oy 0h| nes oper a.
B: You m| ghl | | k l he sl r eel oper a| n l he Shangha| Sl r e l N| ghl Har kel .
G. A: l ' d| | ke l ogel agoodv| W l Hong Kong.
B: You shou| d l ak l he l un| u| ar l ol he F ak.
Fa l a| c n d| l | en a| s: r sen l | 28
0l [ Bl NE

omp| el e l h| s| nl r v| eW oel We n ar eer sHagaz| ne ( H) ondl | | ghl


ol l end nl Ho S| mko( Hs) , omo| nel h s nl nces | npor nl heses l omokeol l uo|
cond| l | ono| senl ence. Usel hes meor d r , H ken cess r Y chong s | ncop| l o| | zol | on
ondpun l uol | on.
0H: HoW | ong ar you usua| | y aWa ?
HS:
l
0o
l o l he Bahama , l hav a l Wo da a over .
1 . ( l g o l o l h Bah mas. l h av al W o d ay | ay o v r . )
0H: whal dovou dol or l Wo davs?
HS:
2 . ( sp n d a o l o l l | m a l l h p o o | . l sl a y a l a h o l . )
HS:
8 . ( sl y W | l h l r | n d s. | sp n d l | m W | l h l h m . )
0H: Sounds n| e.
4 . ( l l , s n o l 5 o n | . l g l a
, , 0r u | . , , )
Thal , s When you l | y someWh r e al m| dn| ghl , spend l our hour s, and l hen l | oa k.
0 : Sounds | | k al ough
j oo.
l s| l W r l h | l ?
S:
5 . ( | l , s v r y r W ar d | n g . Yo u d o n , l m| n d h ar d W o r k . )
0H: who Wa| ks l he dogand Wal er s l he p| anl s When you' r aWay?
HS:
G . ( Yo u h v l h r r o o mmal s. Yo u d o n , l h av l r o u o l | n d | n g d o g W k s. )
oesl l h| ng ao ul l h| s
j oo?
0H: whal ' sl h
HS: Fr el r | ps.
7 . ( Al | g h l h asan mp l y s al . l r | d l o r l r ! ;
,
0| T. R odHo , s
j our n |
nl r . F| ndondcor r cl s v n m| sl okes | nl h us ol pr s nl
l l uo| cond| l | ono| s. Th l | r sl m| sl ke| so| r eod cor r l ed. 0on, l l or g l l o h k
puncl u l | on!
wh l gre , , , eke |! |l Lo / Ter| . zre , l l h o sl ||osl s |n l h or| , , * J2 o ||o |s,
' v | v|l dl h ml oNe , York, o l ' l ! u / |v | l he' B h m' l '
|o
r r / cu l l o/ e v . . |morro [ l l
m|d |hl l
l/
ro || l rl p
lrom
Ne Yorkl oF|l l so ,gh, There / .z s pr| l o
F! ,
ll gel
l
'a ke / | l h |s/ ds / / l u sg l
,'0r l / ,, lrr , rr/ s,
oh, u, / / ' l ll o ,l l / / s/ e p, l n s |/
. qel
/ ol ol re ||ng / o, e. F l |mool h
l / e
l uLo do
esl ur| ,
/ hop someo / kFr k
lo,
m .l / s / / ,
l
l ,/ / or u,o,k| ! l ,o r oll ||em oll l lFr|s|g |s / o e
lo,
|ong l |m ,heo, rk ,1 / ol ,
Th l d|sl ros l h ghoors, l u| o / sho / dj sl |e vel h Tvo
l o'
h|o, , | s v r! / m, |l
l h Tv|so . or m o / | oel l ur / / F l d sk her oo l ||ers hed / e' l l |l cu sG: 00p' m, h r |
NccuYork, |l 17, . oo p. m, | Lo don, T/ |r l \ sol l oo/ l l o / / '
Fa l ual Oond| l | ona| s:
Ful ur e
: : , = >
| l Bak r r a| s sl ax s, sma l ous| n ss s W| | | | eav .
wFq| N
|rc| T( Tru ) or F( Fol s ) .
F Baker | s del r n| l e| ygo| ng
l or a| sel ax s.
F Sma| | ous| nessesar e
del | n| l e| y go| ngl o| eave.
N OA | v s A | N s
| 0 us : F s R su| . 0 us : Fu u
l h do sn, l | oW r l axes,
l
ous| ness s Won, l r el ur n'
YEs/ No
OUEs | oNs
R su| . 0| us : Fu u | 0 us : F s
wl l l h | oW r l axes
| l heW| ns?
| sh go| ng l o l | ghl r | m
sHoR ANsw Rs
l
A | | v
|
Nl | v
Yes, he
W | | | .
No, h
Won ' l .
| s. | sn ' l .
l | R HE
h ckl h or r cl
nsW r ,
'
Usel hes| mp| e
pr esenl l nse| n
l e l l | aus '
l r esu| l | aus .
Use a ommao l We n
l h l Wo | auses
l Wh n l he| l | ause
om sl r r sl .
Whenl her su| l
| ause omesl | r sl .
AFFl |||A |v s A E||| N s
| 0 us : F s
| l Bak r W| ns,
R su| . 0 us : Fu u
h , | | r a| sel ax s.
h , s go| ng l o l | ghl r | m .
242
Fa l ua| Oond| l | ona| s; Ful ur | 2a8
WH
OU s l oNs
R su| 0 us : Fu u
|
| , . ous : FRESEN
wh al
W | | | h ed o
| sh g o| n g l o d o
| l h W| ns?
E FREss
Unscr omo| e l h seWor dsl ol or mos nl enc . Add ocomma| l n c ssor y,
l | ghl . she

r | me

sh ' | |

l l
o
W| ns
8r al l | l | Tl r nr l l | x | aml l l l l | s x amp| s
1. Us l l ur l a l ua| ond| l | ona| senl en es l o
| l | ause r su l aus
l a| k aooul Whal W| | | happ n under er l a| n
| | l Bak W| ns, he, | | r a| sel ax s.
ond| l | ons. he| l | aus sl al s l he ond| l | on.
( l , sor a| poss| o| | | l y l hol Bak r W| | | W| n, )
Ther su| l ause sl al s l her esu| l .
Us l hes| mp| e
r esenl
l ns | nl h | l | ause. r l Sol o W| ns, she, | | | mpr ove hous| ng.
Usel hel ul ur Wl l hW| | | or hego| ng l o | nl h r | l Sol oW| ns, she, s go| n$ l o | mpr ov hous| ng.
r esu| l aus .
You ana| so useamoda| | nl her su| l | aus . | | l youWanl l ovol ,
ou
musl r g| sl r .
l
| l youdon, l vol e, youm| ghl r gr el | l .
l h l ul ur e, us l h s| mp| ep esenl l ens . No l * h + v| | | * |
2. You ano g| n ond| l | ona| s nl n es W| l h r | l you vol e l or Sol o, youWon, l r gr l | l .
l h | l | ause or l her su l ause. Th mean| ng | s oR
l h sam . | YouWon, l r gr l | l | l you vol l or Sol o.
Us aOomma oel We n l hel Wo auses on| y
Wh nl hel l | ause omes l | r sl
| . | l andun| ess anool ho us d| n ond| l | ona| | l l
ou
vol , you, hav asay| nl h l ul ur
senl en es, oul l h | r mean| ngs ar ver y d| l l r enl . ol our | l y.
Us n| essl osl al e an gal | ve ond| l | on. | Un| ess youvol , youWon, l hav asay| nl he
l ul ur ol our | l y.
OR
Un| ess ol l nhasl hesamemean| ng
a s | l . . . n o l .
| | l
ou
don, l vol , youwon, l have asay| nl he
l ul u e ol ou | l y.
2a4 | | # l | l Gs
l l | l
o
och ond| l | onW| | | hov or esu| l , Hol h l h cond| l | onW| l hl he
ppr opr | ol r su| l .
0o n d | l | o n
l
l . l l Sol oW| ns. she
Resu | l
a. Won' l sl ay oul ol l r ouo| e.
. W| | | movel he| r ompan| s
oa k l ol he | l y.
l . W| | | | oWer l ax s.
9.
W| | | oea sal er p| a el o| | ve.
2. l l sh | oW r sl a es, ous| ness peop| o. Won, l haveasay| n l he
8. l l l h edu al | on sysl em | mpr ov s' We
gover nmenl .
4. Un| ess young peop| ehave hopel or
O.
: : ' . nl | e
an du al ed
l he l ul ur e, l e
wor Kl or e.
5. l l r | me de r ases. l h| s
d. Won' l oeao| l ovol .
G, Un| ess you r eg| sl e you
7. l l you don' l vol e, you
8 . ( g l )
0B: w | | , | l ' soe na| ong, har d ampa| gn.

l
l a shor l va al | on oel or l oeg| n my neW
j oo.
O| | Fl E
o
Reodl h| s| nl er v| eWo l W n Fo | l | s oday ( FT) ndmo or l cond| d l
0on| e| Boker ( 0B) . omp| l | l W| l hl h cor r ecl l or mol l h ver os | npor nl hesesnd
| l or u n l ss.
FT: whal ' s l he l | r sl l h| ng you
' | |
do
you
1 . ( d o )
| e l d?
2,
$ | u n l ss)
5 . ( W | n )
G . ( l k )
FT: Sounds g od. wher l o?
0B: Sor r y, oul l , dr al her nol say.
, l , / U' | |
l
* o. . . ,
mayo
9. ( l r )
l okeep my per sona| | | l e pr | val . Even mayor s needpr | va y.
FT: l an under sl and l hal . NoW, ev r ye| e l | onhas aW| nn r and a| oser .
whal
\ / nl r
_
1 o . ( d o ) 1 1 . ( | l
| u n s s )
you
1 2 . ( l o s )
0B: l h| s e| l | on, l l ooe
1 8 . ( l
/ Un ss) 1 4 . ( | o s ) 1 5 . ( o n l | n u )
a l | ve | n po| | l | s aS a pr | val e c| l | zen.
1G.
0l / Unoss)
ool h par l | s
,
l h| s | l y asg al as| l anoe.
. | 7 .
( o o p r al ) | 8 . ( n o l o )
F| na| | y,
_
l he p p| e
me l ool l | el h| s l | m ,
1 9 . ( | l
/ u n ss) 2 o .
( n o l
l )
l
2 . | . ( o )
oa k | n l our y ar s l ol r y aga| n!
Fa l ua| c nd| l | ona| s| Ful ur e l zas
0l l , Bl NE. YukoTomor | | sl r | ngl odec| deWh l her l ogo l o| Wschoo| . Shemod o
d c| s| onl r e l oh l pher dec| de. | n l h l r e, or r oWsconn l l hecond| l | ons nd l he
r su| l s, wr | l e s nl enc s oooul h r dec| s| ons. Us l ul ur l ocl uo| s nl nces.
o | ndeol l or y r s)
pul
mv s| sl r \

r un l or m yor
)
l l gol , o aW choo , ' | ake oul l udenl , oan ,
l k oul sl udenl | oans
nol h ve l od p nd |
_
go l o| aW s hoo| ?
o ao| l o| mpr ov l

| | l e l or ol h r s
)
l l l ake oul l uden | oan , ' | oe| ndeo l or
ear ,
| .
2 .
8 .
4 .
5 .
G .
7 .
8 .
9 .
1 0 .
E0l T. Reodl h| s j our no| enl r . F| ndondcor r ecl s| m| sl k s | nl heus ol l ul ur l ocl uo|
cond| l | ono| s, Th l | r sl m| sl oke | so| r eod cor r cl ed, 0on, l l or g l l och ck puncl u l | on!
Shou d l camp l gn l or sl d r l l counc|
vr s| d nl |
, l h v l o d c| d soon | l l u r un. | l | , l l oe
ous c mp | gn| ng, l Wonl h u much l | r n l osl ud . Th l , s pr oo m, o c s , m nol go| nq l oq l | nl o
good co l g | l l gel good gr d s l h| s
r .
n l h ol h r h nd, l h r ' s sor n ch l ado| n l h| sschoo\
ndnol h| ng | sg \ l | ng don | l Todd L ker o comes pr s| d nl g | n' A ol ol
v op
knoW l hal .
g l
W| | | knoW Wh l l odo| l , l l g l l h
1oo?
N ver m| nd' , l d W| l h l hal pr oo m, | l | W| n'
Unr ea| Oond| l | ona| s:
Fr esenl
Wl l | l l | F l N
0| r c| T( Tr u ) or F( Fo| s ) .
F S hr o de l hep| anop| aye Wanl sl mar r y Lu y.
sHoR ANSwERS
A | | v | N l v
Y s, | Wou| d.
l
No, | Wou| dn, l .
Uyl , .
OU s | oNs
R su| . O| us , , . ou, .
whal Wou| d voudo |l
you| ov d her ?
youW r e | n| ove?
||
| l
r J
l :
|

: ;
l :
| j
0l 0 YOU SAY,..l F,,
oR
. . UNL ss, , ?
l A0' ' | l sA| 0. . UNL ss: : .
| oF !
| RTl E |(
|rc| T( Tru ) or
F( F l s ) ,
F Usel hes| mp| e
pr senl l ense
| n l h | / | aus .
F Us Werel or
a| | suoj e l s.
F Us e a o m m a
oel W nl he
l Wo | aus s
When l he
r esu| l | ause
omesl | r sl .
AFFl R| v| A | v s A | l N s
| 0 us : Sl p| . F s

. , u. ' Ol . us : woul o + B s Fo o v
l l
h | ov d h r ,
h W r e* | nl ove,
h W ou | d g el mar r | d .
* Nol
l hal er | sus dl or a| | suoj e l s W| l h oe.
N
0l . us : S| p| F s
OA | v s A E| v| N s
R su| . 0 us : woul o + B s Fo o v
l l
h d| dn, l | ov h r ,
h W r en, l | n ov ,
heWou| d nol g l mar | ed.
YEs/ No
OUEs | oNs
R su| . O us

| . . ou, .
wou| d gel mar | ed |l
l | oved h ?
l Wer e | n| ov ?
24G
No : For onl r a l | onsW| l h ou| d, se Append| x24onpag 84G.
| . | n r ea| * n d| l | n a s: | . es n l | 287
xFREss
|r | l h correcl Wordsl o omp|el l h|squesl |on.
whal W| | | / Wou| d h do| l / When heWas/ Wer e am| | | | ona| r e?
8
g g
m* r p| l l | * el g# l l | $ # WW # *
1. Use pr senl unr ea| ond| l | ona| senl n es .
, | , . , ' | | d
h| m, | . # | . . J| l l | ar r y h| m.
l ol a| kaooul un a , unl r u , | mag| n d, or ( Bul | don, l | ov h| m, sol Won, l mor r h| m. )
| mposs| o eond| l | ons andl h | esu| l s.
| l | us r su l us
h l l | aus pr senl s l heunr a| ond| l | on. | | l l had mor l | m , | Wou| d l r av | .
h r esu| l | aus pr senl s l h unr a| su| l ol ( Bul | don, l hav l | me, so| don, l l r ov | . )
l hal ond| l | on.
/ l | u s r esu | l u s
2. Us l hes| mp| pasl l ns | nl he| l | aus . r | l l h yhad mon y, l h yWou| dn, l | | v l h r .
UseWou| d + oas l or m ol l hev r o| nl he
su| l aus .
a. h l l | au s u s sl h s| mp | p asl l en sel or m, | | l | h ad mor mon y n oW , | W ou d l ak al r | p
o u l l h m an | n g | sn ol p asl . a ou n d l h W o d .
o. 0on, l useWo | d| n l h | l | aus | np s nl r l sh kn W l heansW , sh Wou| dl you.
unr a ond| l | ona senl n s. No l sh We d < neW l h ansW r . . .
O. UseW r e l or a| l su o j l sW h en l h v er o | n | l l l w r er | h , | W ou | d l r av e ar ou n d l h eW or d .
l h | l | aus | sal or mol oe. No 4l * . r al + | #
Us No : YouW| | | som l | mes hear nal | ve
sp ak r s useWos| nl he| l aus . oWever ,
manv
p op| e
l h| nkl hal l h| s| snol or e l .
8. You ana| so useamoda| | nl her su| l | ause. r l l hadl | m , ou| dr ad mo .
4. You ano g| n ond| l | ona| s nl n esW| l h | | l l had mor e money, | Wou| dmove.
l he| l | ause or l h r su| l aus . hem an| ng | s oR
l h esam . r | W ou | d mov e | l | h ad mor mon y .
Us aOomma oel We n l h l Wo auses on y
Wh nl h | l | ause omes l | r sl .
5. Sl al em nl s o g| nn| ngW| l h| l | Wer
YoU,
. , , | | l | W r
ou,
, d ead
, , F anul s. , ,
ar ol l enus dl o
ve
adv| e. | l , s r a| | y l unny.
288 r Un| l GA
RUE 0RF l SE

R odeochquol ol | onl r oml hes


, , F onl | l s, ,
chor ocl r s. wr | l T( Tr u )
or F( Fo| s ) l or l h sl ol m nl l hol l o| | oWs.
1. S oopy: l l l Wer ahuman oe| ng, l Wou| dn' l evenou) nadog!
F
Snoopy| s ahuman oe| ng.
2. Lu y l o S oopy: Y u Wou| dn' l o sohappy | l you kneW Whal Was go| ng l ohappen.
Snoopy | s happy.
8. Lu y l oLr r q; s: l l l W r e
oU,
l , ds| eep under neal h l hal l r ee.
Lu y | s g| v| ng L| nus adv| .
4. S oopy l ow sTo : whal Wou| d
ou
d | l you had l r l y do| | ar s?
woodsl o khas l or l y do| | ar s.
5. S oopy: l l l al eonemor e snoWl | ake, l ' dl ur n | nl o a | zzal d.
Snoopyp| ans l oeal an l her snoWl | ake.
G. Lu y: l l WeWer e mar r | ed, S hr oede l ' d ome| n ever mor n| ng and dusl your p| an .
Lu y dusl s S hr oeder , sp| ano.
0l FL E
o
Reodpor l ol n r l | c| oooul l h com| csl r | p
, , Feonul s, , ,
omp| l e| l W| l h
l h cor r cl l or mol l h v r os| np r enl hes s.
Feanul s
whal makes
. . peanul s, ,
so
popul ar ?
Ol our se, | l | l
Wer en' l
1 . ( n o l o )
. . . . . . . . . . . o . . . .
l u n n u ,
p e g p l e
| l somu h. Bul
. . Feanul s, ,
p ov| des
2 . ( n o l l | k )
mor e l han
j usl
l aughs. l addr esses su h un| ve s l l hemes as[ ove,
j eal ousg,
l onel | ness, nd
hope. l l l he h a l e s s0 ea[ , We W| l h l h em.
8 . ( n o l o ) 4 . ( o u d n , l
/ | d n l | l y )
Take Lu g, l o exampl e. | nl ove W| l h l he
p| ano pl au| ng
S h oede| LU gompl a| ns,
. . | l
we
5. ( o )
gour gol l l uos! | l gou
mar r | ed, and
Uou
G. ( ov )
aspo l sa[
go| l , l
7 . ( h al )
gou
spo l s
8 . ( d r | v ) 9 . ( h l )
a ! l gou aooWl e l gou ooWl | ng oal l . , ' w| l houl
1 o . ( o ) 1 1 . ( h a l )
l ook | n g Upl r om h | s
p| an o
or m| ss| n g aoeal , S h oeder ask s,
. . So?' ,
h l e
Uou
p| an o! ' '
sh ou l s
LU g asshek| ks | l oul l on4 Unde h| m. Re ogn| z ol e oehav| o ? n
. . Fe nul s, ,
we seeour se| ' ves
al ong W| l h ou Weaknesses andhopes. Bul Wedon, l have l oanal gze
. . peanul s' '
l oenj og | l .
| l | l
1 2 . ( n o l o )
al | l l l e l ess l un.
l o om| sl | ps | | ke
. . Feanul s, , '
oU | | ves
1 8 . ( m | g h l
/ o )
Unr ea| 0ond| l | ona| s: Fr r s nl | 289
1 .
Ol Bl NE
o
Reodoooul l hese
, , Feonul s, ,
chor cl er s, whol Wou| dhopp n| l l h | r
s| l u l | onsW r d| l l er enl ? omo| nel h l Wosenl nc s | nl oone, us| ngl heunr o|
pr esenl cond| l | ono| .
S hr oeder | gnor sLu y. She gel sangr y al h| m.
l chr o d r d| dn' l , | gnor e Lu y, heWou dn' gel , an1r al , h| m,
2. S hr o der | ovesB l hov n. H p| ays h| s s nal asa| | l he l | m .
8. 0har | | e Br Wn do sn, l have enoughl r | ends. H l ee| s| one| y.
4. Sa| | do sn, l knoW her l ea h r ' sname. Sh an' l sendher a ar d.
5. L| nus | s smar l . He l | nds | ever so| ul | ons l o| | l e, spr o| ems.
G, woodsl o kand Snoopyhave a | oser e| al | onsh| p. woodsl o k onl | d s| n Snoopy.
7. Rer un' s par enl s r el usel o| el h| m hav adog. He l r | es l ooor r oW 0har | | ' s dog.
8. F| gpen doesn' l l ake noughoal hs. He, sl | | l hy.
0| T
.
R odl h| soo , s j our no|
nl r . F| ndond or r cl s| m| sl okes | n l heuseol l he
pr senl unr o| cond| l | ono| . Thel | r sl m| sl oke| so| r eodycor r l d,
W ou | d
, T, ' ue, go, l l o sl op sl og| ng up| ol e odl ng, , Feo ul s / l l l W n n| l o| Wogsso l | d' l l # | | | o o e
l o l og
qW , ke n
| g s. when ven l hel o h n, co s, on e, Jdon' l knoW Whql l osog. hen J, ,
. g l r e o| ger n on gssed ' e oos ol l hol ul e ed ho| ned g| n| l hol l | | ke' JWo r | d l o| k l ohe | l
l Wou| d, n l so shg. g l nl end Joson sqgs,
. . l l
l Wosgo0, l ' d
qsk
hen l ooponl g' ' ' l l ' m l oo
' , , , o r o| d l hol | l l osked he. n sh Woo d hoye sq| dno' Al . l | os , J, p| ogedose o | . No odg
, Wr ; r nl d n' e on' ' l e| , . l ean' l l l p ! og o el l en 1Woo| dgel ch osen , , sor nel | r nes, L| l e| sho d| | . on
r ea g u' ndensl ond l hol 0hon| | e B oWn cho ocl en | n, . onol . s, ' ' | nl ocl | l . l d| dn' l | o gh soho d
Wh| | n od| ng , . F onol s' ' ' l Wo | d cn| edJ
w . l l | Fq|
|rc| T( Tru ) orF( Fo|se) .
F O or geBa| | y Wasnev r | n Bedl or dFa| | s.
Unr ea| Oond| l | ona| s:
Fasl
YEs/ No
OU s |oNs
R su| . 0 us | | 0l us
wo d youhav l el l
l
| l
ou
had had money?
sHoR ANSwERS
A | | v | NEOA l vE
Yes, | W ou | d h av .
|
No, | W ou | d n , l h av .
S l | on5| l N NT 4 '
l l |
En, l Enl , l on | o| ; Jo vn* | ng
l l ' sawonder l u| L| l e
Ral | ng: * * * * oul ol * * * *
l l | r h l
Wou| d havehappen d | l you had never o n
Y Y oor n?O or g Ba| | y, sguar d| anang | , | ar en ,
shoWs0eor g l hal | | l | n B dl or d Fa| | s Wou| d haveo en
a| ol d| l l er nl | l O or gehadn, l oe nl her e. l nl h pr o Ss/
| ar en l a h s usa| | hoW our | | v sl ou hl h s l ol h r s.
H| gh| y r e ommended l or l heWho| e l am| | y.
O or g ( seol d)
W| l hh| s guor d| on ong |
l / |ART l ||
h ckl h or r l
onsW r s.
Us l h pasl p r l e l | n
l l u| / | ause.
l l er su| l | ause.
Use a ommaoel W en
l h l Wo | aus sWhen
l l e| l | ause
om sl | r sl .
l r esu| l | ause
om sl | r sl .
s AT |l ,| NTs
| 0 us :
F s F
R su| 0l . us :
woul o( l ,l o ) ,| Av + F s F | |p|
| l l had ( nol ) had money,
l
| Wou| d ( nol ) have mov d aWay.
290
Un r e | con d| l | on a| s: Fasl l 29
! vr , .
OU s | oNs
R su| . 0 us | | 0l . us
whal Wou| d youhavedone
l
| l youhad had money?
oN RA | oNs
Wou d h av
= Wou | d, v
Wou dn ol h av
= Wou | dn , l h av e
E FREss
omp| el l h| ssenl ence W| l hl hecor r ecl l or mol l hev r osl ud . Add ommo| l n c ssor ,
| l l had kn Wn aooul l h qu| z l oday.
8r ar r ar A,
a* al * al
s x r n | es
| l aus r su l | aus
1. Us pasl unr a| ond| l | ona| s nl n s l o | | l 0eor g had d| d young, h Wou| dn, l hav
l a| k aooul pasl ond| l | ons and esu l s l hal had h| | dr n.
never happened. ( Bul h d| dn, l d|
oung,
soh had h| | dr n. )
he| l aus p senl s l h unr a| ond| l | on. | l Oeor g hadn, l oeen oor n, manyp op , s
her su| l | ause pr es nl s l he| m g| nedr su| l | | ves Wou| d hav oe n wor s .
ol l hal ond| l | on. ( Bul or ge was oor n, sol h | r | | ves W r oel l r . )
| l | aus r su l | aus
2. Usel h pasl p r l l | nl h | l | ause. r | l l h l | mhad Won anos ar , | l Wou| d have
UseWoa| dhove+ pasl pal l | | p| | n o ome l amousr | ghl aWay.
l h r esu l ause.
8. You ana| sousemoda| s | nl h r esu| l | aus . | | l 0 or gehadgon l o o| | 9 , hem| ghl hove
o om anar h| l e l .
r | l c or g hado om anar h| l e l , h ou| d
hovedes| gned or | dges.
4. You anoeg| n ond| l | ona| senl n esW| l h | | l he had Won a m| l | | on do| | ar s, h Wou| d
l hel l | aus o l h r esu| l | aus . h m an| ng | s hav l r av | d l o h| na.
l hesam . oR
UseaOommao l W en l hel Wo | aus s on| y
r H Wou d have l r av | d l o0h| na| l he had
W h n l h l l | au seom s l | r sl .
_ . . . J
W on a m| | | | on d o| | ar s.
5. Fasl nr a| ond| l | ona| s ar eol l enus dl o | | l l had knoWn Har yWas| nl oWn,
xpr ess r egr el aooul Whal happened| nl h pasl . l Wou| d have | nv| l ed h r l ol hepar l y.
( | r egr el l hol | d| dn, l | nv| l her , )
2 9 2 l u n | l G 2
1 .
2 .
8 .
4.
RUE 0RF l | E
o
R d chnumo r d s nl nc . wr | l eT( Tr u ) or F( Fo| se) l or l h
sl ol menl l hol l o| | oWs,
l l l had had l | me, l Wou| d hav Wal hed| l , sa wond r l u| L| l .

l d| dn' l hav l | me l oWal h l l ' sa wond r l u| L| l .
l Wou| d hav l aped l he mov| e | l my v0R hadn, l or ok n.
l l apedl h mov| e.
l l 0| ar n hadn' l o enl her e, O or gem| ghl have k| | | ed h| mse| l .
0| ar n Was l her e.
Oeor geWou| dn' l have mel Har y | l h hadn' l gonel oh| s or ol her ' sg adual | on par l y.
Oeor ge d| dn' l gol ol he par l y.
Oeor geWou| d have oeenhapp| er | l hehad oe omean ar h| l e l .
O r geo amean ar h| l l .
The mov| eWou| dn' l hav o ens good| l James Sl eWar l hadn' l p| ayed l he par l l
Oeor ge Ba| | ey.
Jam s Sl eWar l p| ayed l he par l ol Oeor geBa| | ey.
O| l | FLE E
o
O or ge| sl h| nk| ngoooul l h posl , omp| el h| sl houghl sW| l hl h cor r cl
l or mol l h Wor ds| npor enl h ses.
1. l d| dn' l go| nl oous| n ss
h a d g o n e
| nl o
5 .
ous| ness W| l h h| m, l
2. l ou| dn' l go| nl o l h
W| l h my l r | end Sam.
Wou| d have oecome
a Su ess.
( o o m )
ar my o ausel Was deal | n on ear . l
( n o l sh o W )
l l l
l l l
( g o )
( g o )
| nl o l he ar mv | l l my hear | ng | n l hal ar .
( n o l | o s )
8. Har y and l W r en' l ao| l og onahoneymoon. we
my l al her s| k.
( n o l g el )
4. 0| ar n shoWedm hoW l he Wor | d Wou| d | ookW| l houl me. l
aWay | l
( an
/ g o )
( n ol k n oW)
me. l hal l Was so| mpor l anl | l 0| ar en e
5. H o| doosson emad al r r | o| e m| sl ake.
l o
j a| | .
( n
| g o )
Har y ahappy | | l | l sh
( ma
| n o l | ad )
h| m, h
( n o l h | p )
G .
7 .
( n o l mar r y )
| l l L| l e her
( o )
r a| | y d| l l r enl
( n o l l | v )
me.
Unr e | Oond| l | ona| s: Fasl | 298
REwRl E
o
R od ochl r u s| l uol | on. Th nWr | l oposl unr o| cond| l | ono| s nl en l o
xpr ess hoWl h| ngscou| dhoveo nd| l l r enl .
1. 0| ar en e Wasn' l al | r sl | ass ange| , sohe d| dn' l hav mu h se| l onl | den e.
l 0 ar nce hadoeen al | r l c a ange , h Wou d hav hadmor
ge l conl | d nc ,
2. Oeor geWas unhappy aooul h| s ous| n ss. He
| | ed
al h| s daughl er on0hr | sl mas ve.
8. Foor peop| e ou| douy housesoe auseO or ge' sous| ness | oaned l hem money.
4. Hr . Fol l er Wasn' l ao| el ol r | k O or ge, soOeor ged| dn, l s | | F l l er l he ous| n ss.
5. Oeor ge' sUn | e B| | | y | osl
$8, 000.
Oeor gegol | nl o l r ouo| e W| l h l h | aW.
G. Oeor ge' s l r | ends d| dn' l knoW aooul h| s l r ouo| es. They d| dn' l he| p h| m r | ghl aWay.
7. Oeor ge, sl r | ends o| | e l edmoneyl or h| m, sohe d| dn' l gol o
j a| | .
0| T. R od0| or enc , s d| or nl r . F| ndondcor r l s| m| sl ok s | n l h us ol l heunr o|
cond| l | ono| , Thel | r sl m| sl oke | so| r ody cor r cl ed, R m moer l oche k puncl uol | on!
0e ohr ,
h ad n ' l
l l 's
lu'
/ l ol l rl / ,|a su rk, oul l sol , |l |, s. l l
0e r9o +
, ,J4l j ,l o j ol
0l l / .l l or o o , hr|sl l ,l ,l uo,l
hl
auer |.l 1,,o! rl J4! n porl l
j ool |/ < |, s || | 44,. ' d, |l 4,, j nl o n sosl ooor l m / |, )er 4 |,
l h 'l oll / , 2, ||xn

shn , 1hj J4,l ,
(
l n B rd, F | |l l | l 44,, ol l oll ho s ' d' dprl
l | |,l l gs l ssu,| 1 ,/ ,/ ,l J so
FFo
dj dnl hWo h .l l
| eoryo7a||o
l ,l ? ' d, so l r, h|
o ||l |; sl o/ v|r. ol l l onFol l ,r |o / l r, h ,or l d, ro .d|l l r p rd ul l s l o / Ll h|so
F .
B l o ,c o

7 .orj

l rh o
j oo L
hor p . l J* l 42, l ol l l uol,r h|),
O |rj o
re / ,uzd, hpr / 4 |, , nndul,c|

l rl ,lrcl ,hx, l 1| / h ogol l l o j |,Lholr ,
'l
l|,
h |nl
j ||) n
, , rJ* * ry h2 l oj xn. w l L,, l k

h,Jr4j , hu, o
Jud hpd nl
go
l o j |/ ,, ' L l
gol
ry
l ,,' l ! sJ4d, oe ,l o ,l.rsl / ss * ! L!
w| sh: Fr esenl and Fasl
r e r r v|' h s
n dayapoor Wood ul l r waS g| v n
l hr W| sh s oyal r | l . wh nh| s
hungr yW| l h ar dl h n Ws, sh
sa| d, . . l W| shl hadsom sausag s. , ,
Al on l | v sausag S aFp ar d onap| al .
Th Wood ul l r Wasl ur | ousaooul Wasl | ng aW| sh.
. . l
W| shl hos sausag s Wer hang| ng
l r omyour nos ' ' , h shoul d. Al on l h sausag s hungl r omh r nos . Th l Wosl r ugg| d
l og l l h m| oos , oul l h y u| dnol . . . l W| shl hadn' l mad l hal W| sh, ' ' l h Wood ul l r
s| gh d. Al on l h sausag s w r onl h p| al aga| n. Th oup| happ| | yal l h sausag S
andW| sh dl or nol h| ngmor .
| l | |
49
T| F | r y Th| s wl s L :
wF l N
heck l hecor r ecl ansWer .
The Woman Wanl d sausages
l l hal day.
l l hedavoel or e.
R E |( l
h kl h cor r ecl
onsW r .
l nW| sh saooul l h
pr esenl , Whal v r o
l ens l o| | oWs W| sh?
l s| mp| epr esenl
l s| mp| pasl
w| s sABou H FR S N
l
H 0 us
|
w| s 0 us
Sh e W | sh s sh
h ad som l ood | gh l n oW.
W r e* r | h .
* Nol
l al u| r | s used l or a| | suoj e l s W| l h oe.
294
w| sh : Fr ese l an d asl | 295
| R || E |( 2
h ckl h cor r cl
nsWer .
l nW| sh saooul l h
pasl , Whal ver ol ns
l o| | oWsW| sh?
l s| mp| pasl
l pasl p r l e l
E FREss
r; # ,# ; ! ; ,l; #
omp| l e l h s s nl enc s W| l hl hecor r l l or ms ol l h v r oknoW,
. l W | s h l
. l W | s h l
agoodsl or y l ol e| | | n my nexl | ass.
mor e sl or | sas a h| | d.
8W W ; Ye 8Y . ,
W*
r mk# * r s # . ar pl *
| . Us W| shl o | oW d oyav r o| nl h s| mp| pasl r H W| sh s hehodaya hl .
l ense l ol a| kaooul l h| ngs l hal youWanl l oo ( He do sn, l hav o
o hl ,
oul heWonl s on . )
l r uenoWoul l hal ar nol l u .
l l er W| sh us Wer | nsl ad ol Wos. | Somel | mes | W| sh l W r ea h| d aga| n.
No Som l | m s | W | sh | W asa h | | d ag a| n .
2. UseWj shl o| | oW doyl h pasl per l e l l o r Th yW| sh l he hod movedl ol h | l y.
expr ss r qr el s aooul v nl s | nl h
pasl .
( Th d| dn, l mov l ol he | l andnoWl h l h| nk
l hql Wosom| sl ak , )
8. UseWou| d al l er W| shl oexpr ess ad s| r e l or | | W| sh
ou
Wou| d< ooko akl asl . Youhave
som one or som l h| ng l oa l | nad| l l r nl Way. mor el | m l han| do.
h| s ol l n ommun| al s a omp a| nl o ar gr l .
r | W| sh sheWou| dv| s| l mor ol l en. | r ea y
m| ss h r .
0o nol us l , v| | / al l er W| sh, No l l | mo ol l en.
4. Us ou| d or cou| d hoveal l er W| shl o
xpr ess ao| l | l y.
0o nol us onal er W| sh.
r H W| sh s he ou| dear n mor moneynoW.
r H W| sh s h cou| dhovel ound aoel l er
j oo
W h n h eW as y ou n 9 .
No l l | mo r mo n .
w| s l s ABoU | EFAs
H | 0 us | w| s 0 us
HeW | sh es h
h ad h ad l ood| asl n| ghl .
h ad o en | h a sa h | d .
; | 1| 1 | | | 1 ' | )
. , ' j
29G l un| l G8
1 .
2.
8 .
4.
RUE 0Rl ALsE
o
R odeochnumoer ed senl nc .
sl ol m nl l hol l o| | oWs.
l W| sh l Wer eapr | n ess.

l ' m nol apr | n ess.
l hal d | | v| ng | n ao| ghouse as a h| | d.
wr | l T( Tr ue) or F( Fo| s ) l or l he
l W| sh l had | | ved | n a sma| | hous .
H W| shes h ou| dl | nd aoel l er
j oo.
H | | kes h| s
j oo.
They ou| dn, l l ak ompul r | asses | n o| | ege' sol hey ar l ak| ng l hem noW.
They W| sh l hey ou| d l ake ompul er | asses.
Ha| ' s W| l p| ays ompul er gamesa| l . H Wanl s h r l osl op.
He W| shes sheWou| dn, l p| ay ompul er games.
He W| shes hehad a| ol ol money.
H d sn' l have a| ol ol money.
0l FLETE

R odl h| sor l | c| l r omops ho| og mogoz| n , omp| l | l W| l hl h or r cl


l or mol l h ver os| npor enl heses.
5 .
Fsy or ocY oRYou
Apr | | 2000
w| s | s AN0so| u | oNs
.
h o| d soy| ng go s,
, , l l
W| sh sw r hor s s, l h n oeggor sWou| d r | d . , ,
, . l
W| sh | l
'
: : .
l hol eosy, , , SOys l h r op| sl
oe|
Or | m s.
. . Bul
We on, l j usl W| sh
1 . ( o )
p r o o | m s _. we h v l o m o k e o u r o W n s o | u l | o n s . , , A o r d | n g l o h | m ,
omp| o| ner s or er o| | y soy| ng,
. , l
W| sh l a mog| o| so| ul | on. l W| sh
4 . ( n o l h av l o / d a| )
W| l hl h| smyse| l . ' , On | | nl , l or xomp| e, kepl omp| o| n| ng,
| W | sh l
_p eo p | , o u l my o p o r l m n l | sl o o smo | | . , , Or | m su r g d h er
l oso| v l h pr oo| m. Th| s
ear '
sh hosl do ho| | doy open hous , W| l h p op| om| ng ol
d| l l r nl l | m s. Sh sl | | | W| sh ssh h r Who| l om| | y| sl y o , oul
G . ( an
| | n v | l e)
she| or ned sh ou| d so| v h r oWn pr oo| ems.
. , Al
l | r sl | | nl sg l angr ol me l or nol
hond| ng l h m so| ul | ons, , , soysOr | m s.
, , Bul
When l h y exp r | n e l h | r oWn poW r , l h y
W| shl h y
7 . ( k n o W )
oooul | l soon r . , ,
w| sh : r es n l J asl | 297
R wRl E
o
| o l
Or | mes, s c| | enl scomp| o| noooul l h| ngs| nl heposl ond| n l hepr senl .
R Wr | l l he| r omp o| nl s osW| sh s.
1. l d| dn' l hav l | me l or ead oedl | me sl or | esl omy h| | dr en.
| W| gh | hadhadl | mel o r ad oedl | m l or | e l o m ch| dr en,
2. Hv husoand Won' l ask l or ar a| se.
8. Hy W| l ou| dn' l oa| an e l h he koo k| asl monl h.
4. Hy ooyl r | nd | s oul ol shape.
5. l ' m l ooo| dl ogooa k l os hoo| .
G. l an' l sl opsm k| ng.
7. Hv sondoesn' l a| | me.
8. Hy par enl s d| dn' l und r sl and m .
E0l T. R odl h| s j our no|
nl r y. F| ndondcor r cl l | v m| sl ok s | nl h us ol W| sh.
Th l | r sl m| sl k | so| r od cor r cl d.
Tod a l o| d 0r . l r | v n e9 , , , L W | sh Lh er e saW av Losp e d W or e L| r eW | Lh r | o o l r | en d ,
o LW e' r eo oLh Looo u s . ' , He
) u sL
sa| d ,
, . Ll
W | sh eswer e h or g esl o eg g ar s W o Ld r | d e' , '
h aL' s
cu Le, o l W | sh l u d er sLa d | | s v ea | g . v \ a v e | L
y e s
Lh aLW | sh | g W o , l so| ve
p r oo | er r n s' weLL, Lh aL, s W h r 7 l we L seeh | ! ! ! l W | sh h eW | LL eLL l | e W h al Lod o r | q h L
LheY| av| d Lher e, ouLher el used. 9peaK| ng ol W| shl LLh| nk| g, l W| shToddandL couLdhave
sFe LLheweekend LogeLher exLWeek. e vv| s ' r eover
l
o LhehasLo
l L l o 0e ver Lo
h | sj oo . l l W | sh eswer e h or ses| L, d r | d eo eLo0en v er ' 1 e Tod d | saLW a s sa | v l 9 , ( . l W | sh
r 7 o W o Ld cov n e W | l h W r e soW l eL| es' , ' L g u eg ; L
9 !
9 o
W | Lh h | r Lo 0eW er . 0r . ar | W | es sL
h av ev n ean LLh aLLca soLv e v y ow p r oo | er s. NoW l W | sh Lh av e , Lo een sor u d eLo h | W r .
Se| l esl
|l l ||
0
| . l l you
aheada h , you
AB 0
AB 0
7. l l l youw r es| k, l Wou| d have a| | ed Sooner .
AB 0
( 0) Wou| d have knoWn
( O)
knoW
8. l l y u Wanl l ogosk| | ng | n l he Soul h,
l oB| a k ounl a| n.
AB 0
| r c| l h | l l er ol l h cor r cl onsW r l ocomp| el ochsenl en ,
x pl :
Jenn| l er never
( A)
dr | nk
( B)
dr | nks
( 0) | s dr | nk| ng
( 0) Was dr | nk| ng
( A)
, | 1
hav
l B)
had
2. l W| sh We =
( A)
have
( B)
had
8. | l r a| ns ver y har d,
( A
l l
( B)
A| Ways
4. we' | | oe| al e un| ess We
( A) | eave
shou| d l ake an asp| r | n.
( 0)
hav
( 0)
ar ehav| ng
ao| gger house. Th| s one| s l oosma| | .
( 0)
Wou| d hav
( 0)
had had
l h sl r el sl | ood.
( 0) 0ur | ng
( 0)
Un| ess
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
5 .
G .
B)
don' l | eave
whal Wou| d Tom do| l he
( A)
Wou| d knoW
l B)
hasknoWn
l l l .
o ,
l ' d a| |
( A)
am
( B)
Wou| d oe
( A)
have knoWn
( B)
had knoWn
( A) you go
( B) you' | | go
noW.
( 0) had | el l
( 0) have | el l
l he l r ul h?
( 0) knoWs
( 0) kneW
and apo| o ze.
0)
Wer e
( 0) Was
( c) go
( 0)
Wenl
9. Jenn| l er has l r ouo| e W| l h o| | gemal h. She W| shes she
mor e| n h| gh s hoo| .
( A)
sl ud| es
( B)
has sl ud| ed
( )
had sl ud| ed
( 0)
sl ud| ed
298
AB 0
Se| l esl | | l 299
r o.
l l
W | nv| l ed ou. Wou| d
you
ome?
ol
our se l .
( A) do
( B) am
( A) ampa| gns
( B) Wou| d ampa| gn
1| . Jake W| | | W| n l he e| e l | on| l he har der .
( 0) Wou| d have
( 0) Wou| d
( 0) W| | | ampa| gn
( 0)
ampa| gned
( 0) hav n' l
( 0) hadn' l
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0 12. l l you l o| d us aooul l h oad ser v| e, WeWou| d have
al enl her e.
( A) d| dn' l
( B) Wou| dn' l have
rFl r| .| w0
Eochsenl n hosl our und r | | n dWor dsor phr s s. Th l our und r | | n d por l sol
l h senl enc or mor k dA, B, , ond0, | r | l he| el l er ol l h on under | | ned
Wor dor phr osel h l | sNo oRR .
x p :
H| ke usua| | , dr | ves l o s hoo| , oul l oda r he Wa| ks.
A B 0
A B O
1 8.
| l
you had oeenh r y sl er day, youWou| d hav s Jean. A B 0
A B 0
14. l W| sh our l am| | y ou| dol l ak n va al | ons Wh n weWer eyounger . A B 0
A 0
15. Un| ss WeWor k har de WeW| | | l | n| sh onl | m . A B 0
A B 0
1G.
l l
l W| | | have l omake ad| l l | u| l de | s| on l a| Ways d| s uss | l W| l h A B 0
A B 0
my l r | ends.
17.
Lar a
| s o| de sheWou| d l r y l ogel a
j oo
| n 0a| | l or n| a. A B 0
A B 0
| 8. w ou| d
had
donemor e
e
had had mor el | me. A B 0
A B 0
19. weal e ul s| del omor r oW un| ess | l r a| ns. A B 0
A B 0
20. l Wou| d l ake l he
j oo
| l
l am you. A B 0
A B 0
27. whal Wou| d you do| l you W| | | Won l h | ol l er y? A B 0
A B ( 0
22. l l , Ahol , soyouW| | | l e| o l l e | l y u dr | nk mor eWal er . A B 0
A B 0
28. l l l had sel my a| ar m | o k, l Wou| da
gol l en
up onl | me. A B 0
A 0
2 4 .
l h a v e l o l | y , l W o u | d g e l v e r y n e r v o u s, so l u su a | | y d r | v .
A B 0
A B 0
25. Lynn W| shes shehad ao| gger apar l menl and an ou r a ar . A B 0
A B ( 0
ll|; ,
: | | l l | * w| ! l l | | | | | | | : ; | | | | , : . . | | ' . | : , . 1| | , . | | | | | | | | | ' | ' | | ' r | | | | | | | | | : : | | ! | |
Adj ecl | ve 0| auses W| l h
Suoj e l Re| al | veFr onouns
FOl N
| r c| eT( Tr ue) or F( Fo| se) .
F Theman| sl a| k| ng
aooul l heWoman
ho| d| ngar epor l .
l l ART HE l (
h ckl h cor r cl
onsW r s.
Adj e l | ve | auses
des r | o :
l
LJ nOUnS
l ver os
Adj e l | ve | aus s
ango:
o l o. l h | a| n
| aus
| . ' l h m| dd| eol
l hema| n | aus
l al l er l h ma| n
| ause
A0' E l vE LAUSE AF ER H HA| N LAUS
| v| A| N LAUS A0, | v 0LAU
Suq

R | | v F o ou v
s
l
Thal , s myl r | nd
|
Who | | ves | n Rome.
E FREss
Uns r omo| l h s Wor dsl ol or mos nl enc .
l h man

Wor ks
.
Who
.
| n l h al el er | a
.
Thal ' s
A0| E | vE LAUsE | Ns| 0ETHEHAl N LAUs
l , A| Nl AUsE A0' | vE 0LAUS
|: | . J. F o ou u. *
| l , | A| N LAUS
( o . )
v
Hyl r | nd
|
Who | | v s | n Rom | sad an r .
800
l l | r WWy * W p* ar Y. * W s
Adj e l | ve O| auses W| l h Suoj e l | e al | ve r uns | 8o1
A ar s
| . Us adj e< l | ve | a s sl o| d nl | l y or g| v
add| l | ona| | nl or mal | on aooul nouns or
| nd l | n| l e
p onouns
su hassomeon '
someood , somel h| ng, onol ha| and ol her ( s) .
headj e l | ve| aus d| r l | y l o| oWs l h noun
( or pr onoun) | l | s| d nl | l y| ng or d s r | o| ng.
| knoWl h WomanWho | | vesl her .
( Th adj l | ve| aus | d nl | l | s l h WomanW or e
l o| k| ng oooul . )
Rom | sa | l yWh| < hal l r a l s l our | sl s.
( Th adj cl | ve| aus g| vesadd| l | on | | nl or mal | on
oooul l h | l . )
Someon Who hasa ol ol l r | ends | s| u ky.
No
2. S nl n s W| l h adj e l | ve | auses ano
se nasa omo| nal | on ol l Wosenl en es.
| hov ol r | nd. + He| ov s l oshop,
_
l have al r | end Who | ovesl o shop.
l r | nd | | v s | nRom . + Sh po| nl s.
=
yl | nd Who | | ves| n Rom pa| nl s.
8. Adj l | ve auses ar | nl r odu ed oy
r e| al | ve pr onouns.
Suoj e l r | al | ve pr onouns ar e:
a. Whoor l hol l or peop|
Us No : Thol | s| ss l or ma| l han o.
o. Wh| hor l hol l o p| a s or l h| ngs
Us No : Thol | s| ss l or mal l hanWh| ch.
O. Whos + noun l or
p op e, s poss ss| ons
pr onoun ndasuoj e l p onoun( | ,
ou,
h , sh ,
| l , W , l h y) | nl h sameadj e l | v l ause.
l have al r | nd Who| | v s | nHex| o.
l haveal r | end l hol | | ves | nHex| o.
N WYor k| sa | l y Wh| hn v r s| eps.
N WYo k| sa | l y l hol n v r s| eps.
| H , s l h man Whosedog oa ks a day.
r S ol l | ssom on e Whol ovesspor l s.
No S ol l | ssom one_.
l
l
l
l
4. Suoj e l r | al | ve pr onouns hav l hesam l or m
Wh l her l h y l er l os| ngu| ar or p ur a| nouns
or l omas u l | n or l m| n | n e n ou n s.
hal , sl h man r , yho | | v sn xl door .
h al , sl h eWoman Wh o l | v es n ex l doo .
Th osear el h peop| e Wh o | | v n x l door .
T
l
T
5 . h v r o | n l h adj e l | ve | aus | ss| ngu| ar | l
l hesuoj e l r e al | ve pr onoun r l s l oas| ngu| ar
noun. | l | sp| u a | l | l r l er s l oap| ur a noun.
B u| ! wh n Whose+ noun | sl h suoj l
ol anadj l | v | aus , l h v r oag es | n
numo r W| l hl hesuoj e l ol l headj e l | ve| aus .
| B n| smyl r | nd Wl l o| | ves| nBosl on.
| A and dar myl r | nds Who| | ve| nBosl on.
r H g| sap r son Whose l r | ends depend onh r .
No H 9 | sap r son _
onhe .
8O2 l Un| l Ge
l 0EN l FY
o
R odl h| s por ogr ophoooul l r | ndsh| p. F| r sl c| r c| e l her e| al | v
Fr onouns
ond
und r | | n l h od| ecl | v c| ous s. Thendr oWonor r oWl r oml h r | ol | v pr onounl ol h
nounor pr onoun| l descr | oes.
LvnosL e er | ov| e hasl r | ev| ds, 0ul | deas aoouL ' l r | ev| dso| ' a r | r o . Fer so ' ' Lo*
er sa J' . . or , n, , * ' '
l , | . , ' d
| , ' o* . nu, , . ' | Ln, / o. n ' a . . hr . Ln er neL : . ' '
* o her . s+ . aJr . | e. . d, . 5 . . , a 9. r s, 9v1 h, a_o a s_ no. Wn , ,
* : ||.L K ss a ,Lp,o.|.hers9 Lv s l r hcl rmLo' rS9m 9 x' e
yuh
o oWs' ' v.,ovr,' ' ' ' ,' ' ' ' '
| r mpsLs e u eL A haa , , , . * r Lp o pk
evnFhas| e dj l l ol * o. nL as 9LLs o *
_l r' d shj , , Lh.ere |s ovl e8eme Lr h| h, |sa|W vs
rl s.9 ALo* |s he,eJ' Y|19 E
ol skg|r,. ' |9 gLoe.,.aol e, L .95eLe Lp ' rl am.l l e
Feg |
haLrj d L ' ,he,0 ' 5 W ' 0uL,LL J1F' | K u,cl |,rj and As nL' hr o.Lo* g|s .
ar gar cL! ead o cesa| d, , ' . l r | ev| d | s sovv| eone' . Who choos es and| schosen:
J* L) s Lhj sj r o ad _gl o| . c. e L. h . . maKes l r | e dsh| s sFgc| aL_r eL ' , : p shl ' .
0l l FL l E

A U. S. mogoz| ne, Fsy ho| og Toda , ondu l ed onol | ono| sur ve an


l r | ndsh| p. Her or someol l h r su| l s, omp| el e ochs nl nce W| l hon ppr opr | ol e
r | ol | ve pr onounondl hecor r ecl l or mol l h v r o| npor enl h s s,
1. Fe p| e
Wno
2. Feop| e
have
moveda| ol hav l W r l r | ends.
| | ved | n l he sam p| a ehav mor el r | nds.
| n a magaz| ne may nol r epr senl ever yon .
l h magazl ne m| ghl have ol h r | deas.
( h v )
4 .
5 .
( h a v )
8. The qua| | l | es mosl | mpor l anl | n a l r | nd ar e | oya| l y,
( o )
War ml h, and l he ao| | | l y l okeep se r el s.
Someon a r | s| s l ur ns l ol r | ends oel r l am| | v.
( l a )
B l r aya| | s l he aus
end| ng al r | endsh| p.
mosl ol l enr espons| o| e l or
any pe p| have l r | ends so | a| r r e| | g| ous oa kg ounds
d| l l er enl l r om l he| r s.
7. Hosl p op| e l r | ends m moer s ol l h oppos| l esexsay
( | n u d )
l hal l hes r | al | onsh| ps ar d| l l er enl l r om r e| al | onsh| ps W| l h peop| eol l h sam S x.
( o )
( o )
8.
9.
A sur vey
Som one
( ap p ar )
( n o l r ad )
Adj e l | ve O| auses W| l h Suoj e l Re| al | ve Fr on uns | 8o8
Ol l Bl N
o
R d ochpo| r ol senl ences, Useor l ol | ve pr onounl ocomo| n l hem| nl o
on senl ence.
| . l have al r | end. y l r | end | | v s | n H | o 0| l y.
1have al r | end Who | vee | n
gex| co
0| l ,
2. Hex| o 0| l y | s an ex | l | ng | l y. The c| l al l l a l s a| ol ol l our | sl s.
8. Har l a has aor ol h r . Her or ol her ' sname | s Hanu | .
4. He Wor ks l or a magaz| ne. The magaz| ne | s v r y popu| ar | n He | o.
5. anue| Wr | l es a o| umn. The | umn d a| sW| l h r e| al | onsh| ps.
G. An ar l | | e Won a pl | ze. The ar l | | e d| s ussedl r | ndsh| ps.
7, A p r son| s | u ky. Thal per sonhas a | ol ol l r | ends.
E0l
.
R odpor l ol sl ud nl , s esso . F| nd nd or r cl s| m| sl ok s | n l h us ol
odj cl | ve c| ouses, Th l | r sl m| sl ok | so| r ody or r ecl d,
A W | l on r sa| d l hal l r | ends a e oor n. nol made. Th| s means l hal We
aul omal | a| | y o comel r | nd' sW| l h peop| eWho
d
ar r compal | o| W| l h us. l d. on' l
ag| ee W| l h l h| s W | l r . Lasl summe l made l r | ends W| l h some peop| Who' s
omp| el e| y d| l l er enl l om me.
l n Ju| y' l W nl l o Hex| o 0| l y l o sl udy Span| sh l o a monl h. l n ou
g oup' l her
was a l ea her Wh| ch wasmu h o| der l han l am. w o came r a| | y goodl r | nds. l n
my l | sl W ek, l had a p oo| em Wh| h Was gel l | ng m doWn. Hex| o 0| l y | s a | l y
Who has a | ol ol d| sl r acl | ons. As a r su| l , l Wenl oul a| | l he l | me, and l sl opped go| ng
l o my | asses. Boo he| p d me
$el
oa k | nl o my sl ud| es. Al l er l he l r | p, l kepl W | l | ng
l o Boo. He a| Ways W | l s sl o | es l hal | s | nl er esl | ng and n ou a$| n$. N xl summe
h ' s | ad| ng anol her l r | p Whal sounds | nl e esl | ng. l hope l an
$o.
Ad| e l | ve c| auses W| l h
ooj e l Re| al | veFr onouns
or when and wher e
/ \ / |,'l J4 ,,
r o r|
* l ul u!
l ' .l eros
|l l l o
l ,u,
44 |J''
sq , ,ro
l |l 1,v
l

l ,dl |o
l s r,
l |,
r
l |* l p.
n
o*
l|ol
p
W|l v
l h,o
,,.,
l ',
|
l 4 l
r r

F W
?
l os
, l ,ur|l u,
r|l h,gorgul ,l s
9,,
u!
l ,W
|n
|oW|
v l l n
l l | F | N
0|rc| T( Tru ) or F( Fo|se) .
F vana | s po| nl | ng oul
her l avor | l e al o.
A0 T l vE LAUSE AFT ERT H HA N LAUS
l l A| N LAUS A0' (
o 1
R | | v
F o ou
: | v 0L|
, ur r . . ,
|
USE
v
l
He ads a| | l h oooks
|
l hol sh e Wr | l s.
A0, E | vE LAUs | Ns| 0E H HA| N LAUs
E FREss
Unscr omo| e l h s Wor dsl ol or m senl ence.
l

l he
.
mov| es
.
a| |
.
h

d| r l s

s e

l hal
H R l l E l (
h kl h or r cl
onsWer .
Th ver o| n l he
adj e l | ve | ause
agr eesW| l h
l . noun| n l he
ma| n | ause.
l suoj e l ol l he
adj e l | ve | aus .
|rc|eT( Tru ) or
F( Fa| se) .
F The adj l | v
| aus a| Ways
l o| | oWsl he
ma| n | ause.
| v| A| N LAUS A0|
or y
R | | v
F o ou
| v |
Su
LAUs
v
l Y A| N0LAUS ( o . )
' . Jo
_|
l hol l hey oor r oWed s ms ver y| nl er sl | ng.
804
Adj e l | ve 0| a ses
' v| | | , |
oj : l l | | l | v ol l uns ar w . | er | and wl | er r | 8o5
a a a a a a a a a a . a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a o o a a a a a a a a a o a a a a o a a a a a a a o a a a a a a a a a a o a a a a a
l
ym
m
g
ar p '
g
el |
g $
w ' a p * '
1 . A r | al | v pr onoun anoel h ooj l
ol anadj e l | ve| aus ' Nol | e l hal :
a. Theoo| e l r | al | v pr onoun omes
a| l he
oeg| nn| ng ol l h adj e l | v aus .
o. ooj e l e| al | ve pr onouns hav l h same
l or m Wh l her l heyr l r l os| ngu ar or p| u a
n ou n s or l omas u | n or l m| n | n n ou n s.
. Th v r o | n l h adj l | v | aus agl r s
W| l hl hesuoj l ol l h adj e l | ve| aus .
B u| ! 0onol us ool hanooj e l r al | v
p onounandanooj e l pr onoun( m , you, h| m,
h r , | l , us, l hem) | nl h sam adj e l | ve ause.
No : Ooj l r | al | v pr onouns ar ol l en l l oul .
o o | .
vo|s
q
Wr|l er. + | soW her on Tv,
=
o o j .
| va, Who( m) | saW on Tv, | saW | l .
hal , s l h man Who( m) m l .
hal , s l h Woman Who( m) m l .
Thos ar l h p op| e Who( m) | mel .
su o j . v r o
| ke l h o umns Wh| chh Wr | l es.
| | ke l he o umn Wh| hl h y Wr | l .
She| sl h Wr | l Whol saW on Tv.
No She| sl h W | l r Whol saWh r onTY
r Sh | sl heWr | l e | saW on Tv.
l
T
l
l
l
2. oo| l r al | v
Fr onouns
a :
a. Whom, Who, or l hol l or p op|
Us No : whom| sv r yl or ma| .
Thol | s| ess l or ma| l hanWho.
Leav| ng oul l hepr onoun | sl he| asl l o ma| .
o. Wh| hor l hol l o l h| ngs
Us No : Thol | s| ess l or ma| l hanWh| h.
O. Whose* noun l or p op| e, s
ossess| ons
Sh , s l heWr | l Whom| m l .
Sh , s l h W | l r Whol mel .
Sh , s l h Wr | l r l hol l m l .
She, s l h W | l | mel .
l r adl h oookWh| hsh Wr ol e.
| ad l h oookl hol sh Wr ol e.
| r adl h oooksh Wr ol e.
| h al , sl h au l h or Wh ose oook | r ead.
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
Fo |
A
l
l
Y
| o l
Fo l
+
l
v
| o |
8. Ar al | v pr onoun anoel heooj l ol
a pr epos| l | on.
Us No : l n| nl or mal speak| ng andWr | l | ng,
Wepul l he
p pos| l | on
al l he ndol l h | aus ,
andW ol l en eav oul l he e al | ve p onoun.
| nl or ma| ng| | sh, Wepul l hepr epos| l | on al l h
o g | n n | n g ol l h | au s . | n l h | s ase, weUs
on| Whom andWh| h( nol Whoor l hal ) .
H , s l h Wr | l r . + | Wor kl or h| m,
=
| H , s l h Wr | l l hol l Wor kl or .
| He, s l heWr | l e | Wo kl or .
| H , sl he Wr | l er l or Whom l Wor k.
r h al , sl h e oook aoou l Wh | h l l o| dy ou .
4. wher eandWhen ana| soo us dl o| nl odu e
adj e l | v | aus s:
a. wher r l er s l oap a .
o. whenor l hol r el s l oal | m .
Thal , s l h | | or ar y. + Sh Wor ks l her e'
=
hal , s l h | | or ar y Wher esheWor ks.
| r m mo r l h da . + | m l h| ml hen.
=
memoe l hedayWhen| mel h| m.
| m mo r l h dayl hol l m l h| m.
l
l
80G l un| l 7< r
| 0EN l FY
o
Reodl h| sp r l ol ooookr v| W. Under | | n o| | l h odj cl | v c| ous s W| l h
oo| l r l ol | v pr onouns. | r c| l h oo| ecl r l ol | ve pr onouns , Wh n, or Wh r e , Then
dr W | | n l r oml h | r c| edWor dl ol h noun| l r l er s l o,
Ol Fl E E
o
As hoo| neWspop r , l h Or over Bug| e( OB) , | nl er v| eW d osl ud nl ,
H n| yoSuor z ( Hs) . omp| l l h | nl er v| eW W| l hr e| ol | v pr onouns , Wh n, or
Wher e, ondl h cor r l l or mol l h ver os | npar enl h ses,
Se l | on4 Boo s
l osl |n Tr ns| ,l |on:
| |n , Ne | ng ge

l l h ag ol n|n , va Hol l man | l l Fo|and
/ %' W| l h h r l am| | y. Sh Was o| d no
knoW Whal sh Was |os|ng: l a oW, a | o ! )
sh |ov d as on |ov s a p rson, l h sun
oak d v|||ag s Wh r l h y had l ak n su rm r
va al | ons, and l h onv r sal | ons and
s apad s W| l h h r l r | nds. 0| s onn l d
l rom a |l y Wh ||l Was ||v d |nl ns |y, h r
l al h Wou|d o om ov Wh |m d oy l h
l ans|l |on l o anada. va Wou|d |os l h
par nl Whom sh had Wal h d |n ||v |y
onvrl sal |on W|l h l r| nds |n ra oW al s.
And nol h|ng ou|d r p|a
h r l r | ndsh| p W| l h l h
oo Whos hom s| r
v| s| l d da| | and Whom
sh assum d sh W u| d
som da marry. . worsl ol a||,
hoW v sh Wou|d m|ss
h r | anguag . For y ar s, sh
Wol r|d l | no onn l |on l o l h ng||sh
nam ol an l h|ng l hal sh l |l Was |mpol l anl .
Losl | n Tr ns| l | on: L| l e | n l u
L ng ge ( W York: F ngu|n, 1989) l ||s
hoW va am l o l rrms W|l h h r n W |d nl |l y
and| anguag . l l ' sasl or yl hal r ad r sW| | | l | nd
l as |nal |ng and mov|ng.
E, l , aH Jl l ul l
4
OB: an| yaSuar ez| sasl ud r r l
Who
l anyol your a| r dy
knoW
1 .
. an| ya, Why | | | yo| l r l ar | | y s l l | | n Al | a| | l a?
2. ( knoW)
HS: Th ol | s| r | W| l h al l | r sl
8 . 4. ( sl ay)
| | ves| r r ' . l . | r al | s l h r aso| . | \ ' / hos Al | al r l .
OB: whal Wasl h nr osl d| l l | r r | l l | r | r r g aool | l go| r | gl os l r o | | | r r l h U. S. ?
| \ 1 | r | 1, . r SL| | . l ' Z
| \ 4S: T| r | ass | n l h o | g g sl p r . h | r r | s l l | | . sl
5 .
Was ng| | sh. l l Was har d l o sayl he l h| r r gs
G. ( hav )
7 .
you
8 . ( W n l )
OB: w| r al | sl | r eo| gg sl | , r ang sol ar ?
1 o . ( ex p r | n )
l S: weus | l o| | v | na| r o| l s l | l r
1 1 . r 2. ( o )
a| | l ol peop| e. H r l | | v W| l | r | 1. | y
| | ar nl s
ar r dl r voyol | l r g r s| sl r s
| 4. ( l ak ar ol )
al l r s | r o | . l gel a| | l l | e| or r | y somel | l r r s.
a| Ways
* 9j . : : . l j y. ?. 91?. : . : : . . Y: , | . ?FJ: : j . 1: ' . 1 Y: . j : : 8. 1: : . ?: , Y: F: . ?: * j | ?: : . . : . . 8: . 7. . o. o. . . o. .
Ol l Bl N
o
R odeochpo| r ol s nl nc s, Us r l ol | ve pr onoun When, or Wher e l o
como| ne l h m| nl oon senl ence.
| . Thal , sl h house. l g Wup | n l h h useW| l h my s| sl er Em| | | a.
Thal ' l hehou e l hal l gr eW up| nW| l , h m | er m| | a.
2. Th hous Was oeaul | l u| . we| | ved | n l he house.
8. m| | | a and l shar ed ar oom. w spenl n| ghl s l a| k| ng l her e.
4. A r oss l heha| | , l had agoodl r | end. l Wenl l os hoo| W| l h h r .
5. l l ookp| ano | ess nsl r om awoman. l mel her | n l heoaker y.
G. l r m moer oneSummer . The Who| e l am| | v Wenl l ol h | ake l h n.
7. ThoseW r e goodl | mes. l , | | a| Ways m| ss l hem.
0l l
.
Reodl h| ssl ud nl , s ssoy. F| ndondcor r ecl n| n m| sl okes | n l heuseol odj ecl | ve
c| ouses W| l hooj cl r e| l | v pr onouns. Th l | r sl m| sl oke| so| r od or r ecl ed.
Wh r eo | n Wh| ch
Ta| 0ong |s ohe sma|| |l y |n soul heasl rn Ta|Wan h|e l
$ eW
up. Hy l am|1y
moved l he e l r om Ta| pe| l he summer Wh n l Was oo n. Th house | n Wh| h l
GpeW
up | n | s on a ma| n sl eel | n Ta| 0on$. Hy l al her so| d l ea, and my mol her had. a
l ood sl and | n ou l onl our l ya d Wh e she so| d ome| el s a | y | n l he mor n| n$.
A usl ome Who l a| Ways hal l d W| l h h| m had a son my a$ . Al e Wer e oesl l r | ends.
A cous| n Who h| s l am| | y l v| s| l ed eve y summer | | ved W| l h us. He was an
appr enl | e Wh| h my l al h r asl a h| ng l h l a ous| n ss l o. on l he l | r sl l | oo ol
our house we had a hu$e k|l hen |n Where We a||
$al h ed
l o d|nn r. l l Was a l un
and no| sy p| a e. Th oedr ooms Wher e l he l am| | y s| pl was upsl a| r s. Hy l Wo or ol her s
s| pl | n one oedr oom. l s| epl | n one Whal l sha ed W| l h my o| d r s| sl er . Hy youn$er
s| sl er shar ed a oedr oom W| l h anol he cous| n Wh| h my l am| | y had adopl d.
Ad| e l | ve O| auses:
| denl | l y| ng and
No| ' ) | denl | l y| ng
wFu| N
| r | T( Tr ue) or F( Fo| se) ,
F Ther e | s on| y onep| l ur l | | on
l he ompul er .
FR ss
r oss oul l her | ol | v pr onounsWhenposs| o| ,
.
l gaveaWay my ompul Wh| h Was on| y l hr year s o| d.
.
l ooughl aneW on l hal had a| l mor m mor y.
o
l l Was l h mpul r Wh| h We saW al Le l r on| s.
h | r n u e o e h e
o| cNur el | ahel o d m
n o l l o o p en |
| AR HE |(
heckl hecor r cl
onsW r .
wh| h l ype ol
adj e l | v | ausehas
ommasar ound| l ?
l | d nl | l y| ng
non | denl | l y| ng
| r c| T( Tr u ) or
F( Fo| se) .
F You an| ave
oul ar e| al | ve
pl ono|n on|
When| l | s an
ooj l r e| al | ve
pr onoun| n
an| d nl | l v| ng
adj l | v | aus .
| 0 N | Y| NOA0' | v LAUsEs
Su ;
|
R | | v F o ou |
h ompul e Wh| ch | s| n l h l am| | y r oom | so r ok n .
( o
Rl | | v F o ou )
h ompul e ( Wh|ch) she ooughl | asl W k | snol Wor k| ng.
NoN | 0 N | FYl NO
Su ,
R | | v F o ou
A0| E | vE LAUs s
he ompul e , Wh| h | s| n l he l am| | y r oom, | so r ok en .
o 1
R | | v F o ou
he ompul er , Wh|ch sh ooughl | asl We k, | sn ol W o k | n g .
808
Adj e l | v e O| au ses: den l | l u | n g an d N n . d n l | l | g | 8o9
aW r r p| eme | * e | , xar n s
1. Adj l | ve| aus sanoe| d nl | l y| ng
or non | denl | l y| ng.
a. Usean| denl | l y| ng adj e l | ve | ausel o r | hav l hr phon s. Th phon Wh| h | s| n
| d nl | l y Wh| hm moer ol agr oupl he l he k| l hen | sor ok n.
s nl n l a| ksaooul . ( Th adj l | v | ouse | sne essor y l o| d nl | l Wh| h
phon | sm onl , )
o. Us anon | d nl | l y| ng adj l | ve | aus r l have on y onephone. Th phone, Wh| h | s| n
l og| veaddj l | ona|
j nl o mal | on
aooul l h l he k| l hen, | sor ok n.
noun| l r l r s l o. h | nl or mal | on| snol ( Th odj l | v | ous g| v sodd| l | on | | nl or mol | on,
ne essar y l o| d nl | l y l henoun. oul | l | sn, l ne ded l o| d nl | l l h phon , )
non. | d nl | l y| ng adj e l | ve ause. Us Who me asl n| ghl .
l or peop| eandWh| hl or p a es andl h| ngs. No Har | e,
2, | nWr | l | ng' , anon | d nl | l y| ng adj e l | ve r h sW| l h, Wh| h | son l he oa k, | sol l .
| a s | ss par l ed l r oml h r sl ol l he ( Th mo h| ne hqson| yon sW| l ch. | l , s on
s nl en e oy ommas. l h oo k. )
| nsp ak| ng, anon | denl | l y| ng ad l | ve| ause r ThesW| l h ( pouse) Wh| h | son l h oa k
| ss par al d l r oml h r sl ol l hes nl n oy ( pous ) | sol l .
o | el pauses. ( Th mach| ne hoson| on sW| l h' | l , s onl he oa k. )
w| l houl ommas or paus s, l he | ause | san r ThesW| l h Wh| h | son l he oa k | sol l .
| d nl | l y| ng ad| e l | v | aus , andl he ( Th mo h| ne hasmor l hanon sW| l ch. Th| s one
s nl en hasaver yd| l l er nl m an| ng. | sol l , )
8. You an | eave o l :
a. ooj e l r | al | v
Fr onouns
| n| denl | l y| ng r Thal , s l h ompul er l hol | ooughl .
ad| e l | v us s r hal , s l h ompul er | ooughl '
o. When r | r memo r l h da When| m l h| m'
r l r memoe l h day| mel h| m.
Us | l o : Th mosl ommonspok n l or m| s
l heoneW| l hno al | v pr onoun.
4. You annol | av oul :
a. r | al | v pr onouns | nanon | denl | l y| ng r Sher ememo r s Har , r . yho sh v| s| l d ol l n.
ad| l | ve | aus No Sher memo s Har 5h + | 5| l d' # l n.
o. Whose r Thal , s l h aul hor Whoseoook | r ad.
No hal , s l h aul hor l l | .
0. Wher e | hal , s l h | or a y Wher e| Wor k.
No hal , s l h | | or ar
. + l l | l .
81O l un| l 7' r
| | | . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . o . . .
1 .
RUE 0RFAl SE
o
R odeochnumoer ed senl ence. wr | l T( Tr ue) or F( Fol s ) l or l h
sl ol m nl l hol l o| | oWs.
Use l h ompul r Wh| h | s | n l he| | v| ng r oom.
F
Ther e | s on| y one ompul er .
Fr ss l he r ed oul l on, Wh| h | s onl h r | ghl .
Ther e | s pr ooao| y on| y on r ed oul l on.
Hy s| sl er Who l | x s ompul er s | | ves | n T as.
l hav mor el han on s| sl er .
Hy sl er eo, Wh| h Wor ked y sl er day, d esn, l Wor k l oday.
l l ' s| | ke| y l hal l hav anol her sl er ol anuse.
A | | phoneWh| h r ememoer s numoer s | s ver y onv n| enl .
A| | e| | phones anr ememo r numoer s.
Hy r oommal e, Who | s al r a| d ol ompul er s, has never oeenonl he l nl er n l .
l pr ooao| y have mor e l han on r oommal e.
A00 8 ROss OUT. Reodl h| sor l | c| eoooul l hnophoo| o. Add ommosWh r n c ssor Y.
0r ossoul l h r l ol | v pr onounsl h l c no | el l oul .
8 .
4.
5 .
,
l e h
.
J| o
. ' Fho .
| a
( ol l ) a l a Jh Som p op| hav aooul us| ng l hn | ogy
|
l youhave | l , you' r oneol l h 85p r nl ol
| peop| l hal l h| sneW
. . d| sease' '
hassl r u k.
ay e you oughl aphon onWh| h you an
Fr ogr am
25num r s_l henou| dn' l l ur n| l on.
or p r haFs youhav j usl r ad l hal your n w
00p| ayer 9 Wh| h youhave l | na| | y l ar ned hoW
l o use9 W| | | soon er p| a ed oy0v0Wh| h
youhav n v r v n h ar d ol .
Som xp r l ssayl hal l h| ngshav j usl
gol l n l oo omp| ex . w| | | | amSl ap| s Wh o
aul hor d a ook onl h | e l r on| ag l r | ed l o
h e| pa l r | n dWh o h adj u sl
ou gh l a n w
sl r o. Th sl r o Wh| h Wor k d el or e Wasn' l
Wor k| ng anymor .
. . On
l h l r onl ol l h sl r o
r | v r | l | | l er a| | yhada oup| ol doz n
ul l ons, ' ' saysSl ap| es. 0ona| dNor manWho
hasWr | l l na oul l heel l e l sol l hno| ogy
on p op[ | ames l h e d s| gn r s ol l h s
dev| s, nol l h peop| Whousel hem.
. . he
esl wayl o ur l hnopho | a | s l o ur e
l he r asons l hal aus | l _l hal | s, l o des| gn
l h| ngs l hal peopl anus anddes| gn l h| ngs
l hal Won' l r ak, ' ' | a| msNor man' H| hae|
0yr enl ur l h Whol a hes al l heUn| ver s| l y ol
| ssou r | . 0o| u m | a | | v es w au se ou r oWn
pr o | ems y uy| ng l e hno| ogy l hal W j usl
don' l ne d.
. . 0o
wer a| l yn dane| l r |
l ool h r ush?' ' h asks. A or d| ng l o0yr nl ur l h,
| mpor l anl l e hno| ogy l hal W an' l al l or dl o
r unaWay l r oma l ua| [ y ex| sl s. opr osp r , we
hav l oover ome our l e hnopho | a and| ar n
l ous | l .
Adj e l | v e 0| au ses: | den l | l y | n gan d N n | den l | l y | n g l 811
0l | B| N
o
R odl h s p | r sol senl en es. omo| n l h moy hong| ngl hes ond
senl ence | nl oonodj ecl | v c| ous . Useor e| ol | v pr onounon| yWh nn c ssor Y.
Usecomm sl or non | denl | l | ng odj cl | v c| ous s.
| . l ooughl a e| | ph ne. l an us | l l os ndand r e e| vee ma| | .
l oou gh l aoe| | ph on e l can u e l . o en d an dr ece| v e e ma| .
2. y neW | | phon has oe omeane essar ypar l ol | | l e. l on| y ooughl | l amonl h ago.
r r em mo r l h day. l Was al r a| d l ousemy n w ompul r l hen.
| '
4. No l h r ar e psy ho| og| sl s. They he| p l hnophoo susel e hno| ogy.
5. 0r . H| h | | we| | Wr ol e aoookaooul . . l e hnosl r ess. ' ' Sh | s apsy ho| og| sl .
G, l Wor k | n an ol l | e. l n my ol l | e, l he sol l War e hangesl r equ nl | .
7, A | ol ol p p| esul l r l r om l hnosl r ss. Thos p op| Wor k | n my ol l | e.
8. Somep p| dr eam ol a
j oo.
They an dol he
j o
W| l houl l e hno| og .
E0l T
o
Reodl h| s sl ud nl , s oookr epor l , F| ndondcor r cl s| xm| sl okes | nl heuseol
| denl | l | ngondnon | denl | l | ng odj ecl | v c| ous s. Thel | r sl m| sl oke| so| r eod cor r ecl ed.
l
j usl
ead a oook a| | d Technosl r ess' r h| hWas Wr | l l en oy 0r . H| h | | \ A| e| | .
Her o aul hor Was 0r . Lar r y Rosen, l hal | s he husoand and. a| so a psyr ho| og| sl .
Ac o d| n$ l o l h aul ho s, ever yoody l e | s sl r ess aoouo l e hno| o$y. our e| | phones
and o ep s, l hal We ouy l o me $en | es, soon | nvade our p | vacy.
l usl o ause
l hey an' peop| onl a l us al p| a es, Wher e we ar e e| ax| n$. Anol he pr oo| m | s
hav| ng l o 1ear n l oo mu h l oo l asl . Te hno| og| a| han$es, used l o ome one al a
l | me, noW ove Wh | m us. 0r . we| | suggesl s dea| | ng W| l h l hnosl ess us| ng l | ps l om
h r | al esl oook Wh| h an o
pu has d
l om her W o s| l .
: : | |! | l ll| l| lrl l l '
j |l|
||||||| |ll | | 1||?|ll| ll| ll| $||||! |r
Se| l esl
l l | | o
| r c| el he| l l r ol l h
no Wor d| sn ded.
cor r cl onsWer l ocomp| l eochsenl ence. hoos Wh n
Ex l pl | :
Jenn| l er never ol l ee.
( A) dr | nk
( B)
dr | nks
A_ 0
( ) | s dr | nk| ng
( 0) Was dr | nk| ng
1 . Thal ' s my l r | end | | ves | n R| o.
( A) Wh| h
( ) Whom
( B) Who
( 0) Wher e
The p| anl s Wh| h | n l he | | v| ng r oom need a| ol ol Wal er .
( A)
ar e
( 0) | s
l B)
oe
( 0) am
She' sl h Woman s| sl r oaoys| l s l or us.
( A| Who
( 0) l hal ' s
( B Wh| h
( 0) Whose
Thal , s l he do l or l or 0| | l l Wor ks.
( A) l hal
( ) Whom
( B) Wh| h
( 0) Whose
ar | e, l mel al l he par l y, a| | ed me| asl n| ghl .
( A) l hal
( 0) Wh| h
( B) Who
( 0) Whose
l r em moer A| , r odel he ous l s hoo| W| l h.
( A) l
( 0) Wh| h l
( B) Who l
( 0) Who
l usedl enj oyl he summe We had ao| g l am| | y p| n| .
( A) Wher e
( 0) Wh| h
( B) When ( 0) l hal
T a k e | n l h e r o | | o l l | | m Un | e Fe l e l o o k a l l h r e u n | o n .
( A)
Whal
| q
A
( B)
W| l h Wh| h ( 0) Whom
F| as pay a| | l he o| | | s ar e du l h| s Week.
| ' ) O
( 0) When
( B) l hal
( 0) l hey
Lel , s l r y l ag eeon a l | m we an a| | gel l gel h r .
( A) Wh| h

( B) Wh r e ( 0) al
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
8 .
4.
7 .
8 .
9 .
l o.
8r . 2
AB 0
se| l , ? e l . * l | 818
11. Te| | me aooul l he | l y you gr eW up. A B 0
( A) l hal ( 0) Wh| h
( B) Wher e
l 0l
12. Ann| e l ound l he souven| r s l hal Wanl ed al l h g| l l shop. A B 0
( '

( 0) she
( B) Wher e ( 0) Wh| h
. ' | w0
ochsenl nc hosl our under | | nedWor dsor phr os s. h l our und r | | n d por l s
ol l hesenl nce or emor k dA, B, , ond0, | r c| l h | el l r ol l h oneund r | | n d
Wor dor phr os l hol | sNo oRR ,
18. Al l er aWeek, W l | na| | y gol l oH| am| , l hal my aunl | | ves. A B 0
A B 0
14. Hy l avor | l e un | e, Wh| h | | ves | n Te as ar r | ved | asl n| ghl . A B 0
A B 0
15. Fau| o | s some neWho h r ea| | y | ovesSo r . A B 0
A B 0
1G. one s| nger Who, svo|
!
| | k a| ol | s Hadonna. A B 0
A B ( 0
17. The sl or | esWhal l ' vel o| dyou ar e a| | l r ue. A B 0
A B 0
18. l enj o z d r ead| ng l he ar l | | e l hal you l o| d me aooul | l . A B 0
A B 0
19, Sh ' sr ead Som oooksl hal d| s ussesl he l | me When l h| s ar a A B 0
A B 0
Wasundeve| oped.
20. San Fr an | s o, l hal | s aoeaul | l u| | l y, has apopu| al | on ol s| x m| | | | n. A B 0
A ( 0
21. 0o you knoW Whom Wr ol e l he songl hal A|
r as
s| ng| ng | asl n| ghl ? A B 0
A B 0
22, Hy aunl , sneW house| s ne l l oaoeaul | l u| ana| | n Wher e We

A 0
A B 0
sW| mm| ng ev r y day.
28. van, WhoW| l h l Wenl l os h o| , has oe omea l amousWr | l er . A B 0
A B ( 0
24. 0oyou r ememoer l he n| ghl Wh| h We al eal l he r esl aur anl l hal A B 0
A B 0
B| | | Wn d?
25. our ne| ghoor s, Wh l he| r daughl r oaoys| l s l or us, have moved. A B 0
A B 0
x pl l :
H| ke usua| | y dr | ves
A B
l os hoo| , oul l odayheWa| ks.
( 0
AB o
0| r e l and | nd| r e l
Spee h: | mper al | ves
wF l N
heckl hedocl or , s exa l Wor ds.

. . Eal
aheavym a| o l or eoed. , ,

. . 0on' l
eal ah aW m a|
oel or eoed.

. . Nol
l o al ah avvm a|
oel or eoed.
FREssry
| r c| el he or r ecl Wor dsl ocomp| el el hes s nl nc s,
.
The do l or l o| d me go/ l ogol ooedal l he same l | me ever yn| ghl .
.
She l o| d me, 0on' l Wor k / Nol l oWor k | n oed.
l l ART l |Ecl (
h kl h cor r l
onsW r ,
wh| h l ype ol
spe huses
quol al | onmar ks?
d| r l spee h
| . ' d| , l spee h
|rc| T( True) or
F( Fo|se) .
F l nd| r e l
| mper al | ves
a| Waysusel he
|nl |n|l |v l rm
ol l hever o
( l o
+ oas l or m) .
0| R SFE H
l R. oo l , * l
Su l
|
v
|
0| Sp
He sa| d ,
0r | n k m| | k .
, , 0on' l
dr | nk ol l . , ,
l N0l
l
R. oo* l , n
Su ,
|
v
| R ( sF H
l
Nou /
|
F o ou | | o| Sp
He
l o| d h r
l o d r | n k m| | k .
nol l o dr | nk ol l e.
sa| d
8 l 4
0| r e l an d | n d| r e l S ee h : | m er al | v es | 815
l | r m r r * ar x 8a nel | r r 5 A. ar m | s
1. 0| r l sp e h sl al es l h xa l Wo dsasp ak r |
, , 0ome
ear | y and or | ng your | nsur an e
us d. | nWr | l | ng, usequol al | on mar ks' Oar d, , ' sa| dl h do l or .
| nd| r e l sp e h r epor l s Whal aspeak sa| d r hedo l or l o dh r l o ome ar | y and or | ng
W| l houl us| ng l he xa l Wor ds. h r e ar e h r | nsur ance ar d.
noouol al | on mar ks.
2. her epor l | ng ver o ( su hassoyor l e| l ) | s 0| Sp
usua | y | nl hes| mp| e pasl l ns l or ool hd| e l |
, , 0 | nk
wa m m| l k, , , h sa| d.
and| nd| r l spee h. | pl Sp
r H l o| d h r l odr | nk War mm| | k.
m nl | oned. 0o nol usel e| | . No H + r * l < l l . | l , j . m | nl h mor n| ng.
8. 0| e l sp h| mp r al | v s usel heoas l or mol
l h ver o. | nd| r e l sp e h | mper al | v s use
l he| nl | n| l | v l or po l :
0| Sp l . | o| 5p
a. | nsl r u l | ons
, , 0om
ear , ' ' h sa| d. Hesa| dl o come ar | y.
o. ommands
, , U| | a| l . , ,
H l o| dmel o Wo| l '
. r equesl s
, , ou| d
youp eas Sh ask d h| m
ar r | v oy8: 00?, , l o or r | veoy8: 00.
d. | nv| l al | ons 0ou| dyouj o| n
She| nv| l ed mel o
| o| n
u sl or | u n h ?, , l h ml or u n h .
4. Usean gal | v | nl | n| l | ve ( nol + | nl | n| l | ve) 0| Sp | ol Sp
l or epor l n gal | ve | mper al | v s.
, , 0on, l
go. , , H l o d h r ol l ogo.
5. | n| nd| r l sp h, mak hang s l ok ep| l h
speake , s or | g| na m an| ng.
a. hang pr onouns andposs ss| v s. r H sa| d l oAnn,
, , T | |
me your pr oo em. , ,
| Hel o d Annl ol | | h| mher pr oo| m.
o. 0hang l | me phr ases. l
, , 0a
mel omor r oW. , ,
| Shesa| dl o a | h r l h ne l do .
. 0hangel l l | sandh r . l
, , S| gn
l h| s l or mh r . , ,
r Shel o| dh| ml os| gnl h l l or ml her e,
he k |l oul !
For pun l ual | on r u| s l or d| r e l spee h, se App nd| 25on page847.
For a| | sl ol ommonr por l | ngver os, seeApp nd| x 18onpage840.
For a| | sl ol commonl | meWor d hanges | n | nd| r e l spee h, seeAppend| x14onpag 840.
rl|'.|||r
| | g| | : ! |
'
81G | Ur | l 7
| 0 N | FY
o
R odl h| sor l | c| ooul s| epd| sor d r s, | r c| o| | l h r epor l | ngv r os,
l Jnd r | | ne onc l | l h d| r ecl | mp r ol | v s, Und r | | nel W| ceo| | l h | nd| r ecl | mper ol | ves,
l l OO| E

onn| eSungv| s| l ed0r . Thor pe, s s| epc| | n| c. omp| l eher nol sW| l hl h
cor r ecl Wor ds| npor nl hes s,
1 8: j T,|8o
urn|nE
l an' l
s| p?Y) l l ' l nol a| on . | | | | ons ol
\ p op| ar up l oss| ng and l ur n| ng
| nsl adol g l l | ngl h | r zzzz, s. 0r . Ray
Thor p , 0| r l or ol l h S| p 0| sor d r s
0| | n| ,
_, . . 0on' l
l h| nk l hal | oss ol s| p
| s
| usl
am| nor | n onv n| n . ' ' 0ur | ng an
| nl r v| W h
_m
l o l h| nk aoo| | l Whal
an napp n | r p op| _
l | . . d v r y y ar up l o 20o, 000 ar a | d nl s
ar a| | s d o dr oWsy dr | v r s. Th n | r
ask d m l o l h| nk aool l l al r nl | ndusl r | a|
d| sasl r ' han s ar l hal | l Was aus d al
| asl | n par l oy s| p d pr | val | on.
B |ng an |nsomn|a mys |l , l ask d
0r . Tho p l or Som sugg sl | ons. H l o| d m
l o sl op dr | nk| ng ol l . H sa| d l o hav a
War m g| assol m| | k | nsl ad. . . A| ol ol o| d
l ash| on d r m d| s Wor k. Hav a| r | gh
ar o hydr al sna k | | k aoanana o l or you
go l o o d' ' ' h sa| d. Bul h adv| s s pal | nl s
nol l o al ah avy m a| o l or l ur n| ng | n l or
l h n| ghl . \ hal aooul r | s ?
. . R gu| a
r | s h | ps, oul don' l r | s l oo | os
l o o dl | m , ' ' h sr r gg sl d. F| na| | , h l o| d m
nol l o d spa| r .
. . 0on' l
wor l y aooul n | l
s| p| ng. l l ' sl h Wo sl l | r | ngl o do, , ' h sa| d.
l don' l knoW. Al l r l h| nk| ng aooul l hos
| ndusl r | a| a | d nl s. l douol l ' 1| o ao| l o
s| p al a
Lasl W ek l v| s| l d. l h s| ep | | n| . 0r . Tho pe a| | ed. and asked m
l , oar r | ve
1 .
( ar r | v
/ l o ar r | v )
al 8 : 8 O . H m l o or | ng
2 . ( l o n | g h l
/ l h al n | g h l ) 8 . ( s | d
/ l o l ; 4 . ( my
/ y o u r )
n| $hl sh| l and l ool ho ush. l ar r | ved on s hedu| . Th l e hn| | an, Juan Esl r ada,
| nv| l ed me Tv | n l h | oun$e. H l o r e| ax
5 . ( W al h
/ l o W al h ) G . ( sa| d
/ l o | d )
Wh||e l h y gol my room ready. An hour |al
l uan
am oa k and
7 . ( h r
/ l h r )
gol me r eady l o s| ep. He al l a h d e| e l , r odesl o my oody and hooked m up l o a
mach| ne.
. . 0ou| d
you p| eas ?' ' l asked. The ma h| n r or ds o a| n
8 . ( x p a | n
/ l o e x p a | n )
a l | v| l y, . l u r r | nsl u l ed me
9. ( do, / l
/ nol )
| eave l he o d unl | |
10. ( l om* . o*
/ l h
' l )
mor n| n$. To my su pr | se, l l e| | as| ep r | hl aWay. l n l he mor n| ng, 0r . Thor pe l o| d me
l hal x epl l or some | e$ movemenl s du | ng l he n| $hl , l have hea| l hy s| ep pal l e ns. He
adv| sed me
1 | . ( g e l
/ l o g l )
some mor e ex r | se.
| r er l nd | nd| r er l speer h; | r | r al | v s | 17
REwRl E

R odl heodv| c l hol TvneWscomm nl ol or


John
Sl osse/ gov v| eW r s oooul
l h ommonond ver dong r ous pr oo| emol l e| | ng s| epyWh ndr | v| ng. ReWr | l h| s
odv| c | n| nd| r ecl speech.
l . Fu| | over and l ake aor | el nap.
Hel o| d l hem l o pu| | over andl akea or | el nap.
2. 0on' l l ake a| ongnap.
He a| d no l o l akea ongnap,
8.
. . S| ng
l o
our se| v s. ' '
4.
. . Tur n
your r ad| l oan annoy| ng sl al | on. , ,
5.
. . 0on, l
dr | nk ol l ee. ' '
G. Openyour W| ndoW.
7.
* Lel
o| da| r | n. ' '
8.
. . B
ar el u| When you sl opyour car , , ,
9.
. . 0on, l
sl opona deser l dr ads| de. ' ,
1o. 0on' l dr | nk and dr | ve.
E0l T. R odl h| s sl ud nl , s
j our no|
nl r , F| ndondcor r ecl l our l en m| sl k s | nl he
us ol | nd| r cl | mp r ol | v s.
. h
l | r sl m| sl ke| so| r eodycor r cl ed. Rem moer l o
ch ck puncl uol | on!
n Wr | l | ng c ssl od , J an r d on al h| s sl or | es' | l WaE Wond r l l ' l er c| ass,
l he l cher | nur l d ' ! nn sl or 1 | nc| ss or l | k, l oW v r , l o, sk d h r no l o c on
mener l Weekoec se ' m h v| ngl r o o gdl | ng | de s, 5h s | d m nol l oWor Y 1, nd
sh s | d l o Wa| l l or l Wo W eks' Th n l l l k d l o J an, aod sked h| r n l el l mel h so r c
l or
our
| d s' 1 s | d l h l l hey cam l r om h| s dr ms, nd h l o d me keepdr e m
. 1o r na(
l or | d s' | | nv| l d m , o r d som ol h| sj o r na| . , ' | l Was ver r y | nl r sl | ng, s' o
l sked h| m l ogr v me some l | ps on r memoer | ng d: r ms, H sa| d ge\ l | nggood
n| ghl , s s ee? o c l h onger dr ms | or n | l r ong p r | od ol s p, | l so l el
me l okee r ny
1o r n l
o l heo d nd l owr r l e a5 5ooosl Wake up, 1 s | d l ono mov
l r oml h s| pl ngpos| l | on, 1 sol o| dm l o donl l h| nk ooul l h d l l | r sl ,
( | l y o
l h| nk ooul
our
d ,
ol , l
r n| ghl l or gel
o : r
dr ms) osl | r npo l nl u n| ghl h
l e s h| msel l l hal l or em mo r h| s dr e msl omor r oW mor n| ng'
wF | N
h kl h mon, s xa l Wor ds.

. . l l
| o ksgr eal ony u! ' ' l
| nd| r e l Speech:
Sl al emenl s
( 1
)
. . l l
| ooked gr eal on m ! , ,
| N0| R sF H
l
R, oo* , .

ou /
|
Su ;
|
v
|
F o ou

| o| S
Sh e l o| d
J| m
m ( l hol )
sh | | k ed l h ed r ess.
sh h ad o ou g h l | l on sa| .
shehad Wor n | l l W| . sa| d
E FREss
| r c| l h cor r cl Wor dsl ocomp| el l h| ss nl enc ,
She sa| d/ l o| dl h sa| sp r sonl hal she| s/ Wasgo| ngl oouy l h dr ss.
ook
q r eaLon
ou
| L ookedqr eaL nr ne,
, ak e l h r n al l l
HAR H |(
heckl h cor r cl
nsW r s,
whal an hang
Wh nyougol r oma
d| r e l l oan| nd| r l
sl al emenl ?
l h pun l ual | on
l l h Wor d or d' r | n
l h sl al m nl
l v r ol ns | n
l hesl al em nl
p' o. ' ouns | n l h
sl al emenl
0| R sF H
l R. oo* r , * l
Su ;

v
|
0| r r S
Sh e sa| d ,
, , |
| | k l hedr ss. , ,
, , l
o ou g h l | l on s . , ,
, , , v
Wor n | l l W| . , ,
8 1 8
Or * m amar xpl | a al | r s
: : 9: : : . : . : . : . : : . T: . : : ?: : T. . : | : . ( | | . . : . . ?. 1?. . . . . . . . . .
x* r l r * s
1. An| nd| r e l spe h sl al m nl epor l s Whal a
sp ak r sa| d W| l houl us| no l h xa l Wor ds. Th
Wo dl hol an| nl r odu e l h | nd| r e l sl al m nl .
l h | | sl en | snol m nl | on d. 0onol us l e| | .
0l 5 p
|
, , l , s
a gr eal dr ss, , , h sa| d.
| o| S
| Hel o| dh l hol | l Was a gr al dr ss.
r Hel o| dher | l Was a gr eal dr ess.
r H sa| dl hal | l Wasagr al dr ss'
No H l o d+ h l | l Wasag eal dr ess.
2. wh nl h r por l | ng v r o | s| nl hes| mp|
pasl l ns , l h v r o| nl he| nd| r l spe h
sl al emenl | sol l en| nad| l l e nl l ense l r oml he
ver o| nl hed| r l sp e hsl al m nl .
0l Sp
S| mp pr senl
Fr esenl pr ogr ss| ve
S| mp| e pasl
Fr es nl pe l e l
| ol Sp
+
S| mp| e pasl
)
Fasl pr ogr ess| ve
)
Fasl p r l e l
+
Fasl p r l l
0l Sp
H sa| d,
, , l l , s
gr al . , ,
, , | , m
| av | n g. , ,
, , l
mad | l . , ,
Hesa| dl o h er ,
, , , v e
n ev r | | d. , ,
o l Sp
Hesa| d| l Wosg al .
Sh sa| dsh Wos| eov| ng.
H sa| d l hal h hodmod | l '
H l o d h r l h l
hehod n v r | | ed.
8. n| nd| r l sp e h l h ver o l ens hang | s
opl | ona| Wh nr por l | ng:
a. som l h| ng som one has j usl sa| d
o. som l h| ng l hal | ssl | | | l r u
O. ag n r a| l r ul h or s | nl | l | | aW
A: whal d| dyouj usl say?
B: l sa| d | , ml | r ed . o sa| d l W asl | r d .
r R| ksa| dl heoankW nl sa he k.
r R| ksa| dl h oankWonl eda h k'
r Shesa| d l hal ev r yone | | essom l | m .
r Shesa| d l hal ev r vone | | edsomel | me.
4. whenl h r por l | ng v r o | s| nl h pr senl
l nse, donol hange l hever ol ens | n
| nd| r l spe h.
, ' l
r nam| | ever yda . , '
Shesaysl hal sh r unsam| | e v r y day.
5. Rr ! hang p onouns, l | m expr ess| ons,
l h| s, andher | n| nd| r e l sp hl ok epl he
sp ak r , s or | a| mean| ng.
Annl o dR| k,
, , |
ooughl l h| s d ess h r e. , ,
Annl o| dR| k l hal shehadooughl l hol dr ss
l here.
l
l
he k |l oul !
For a | | sl ol ommon
For a | | sl ol ommon
r por l | ngv r os, se Append| x 18onpage840.
l | m Wor d hang s| n | nd| r l sp e h, s App nd| x 14 npage840.
82O r un| l ?8
| 0 N | FY

Re dl h| s r l | c| eoooul | | ng. | r c| o| | l her por l | ngv r os, Under | | neonce l |


l h d| r ecl sl ol em nl s. Under | | n l W| ce | | l h | nd| r cl sl ol menl s,
O| | l Fl l l
o
Reodl h| smogoz| neor l | c| . omp| el | l W| l hl h or r l Wor ds| npor nl h ses.
TH T RU HABOU'T l Y| O BY,'N N.F R ,'o*
Al
q. o
R| k Sp| v ak ' s o n k ph on dan d_) l h al h | s r ed| l r dpa men l Was| al .
, . Th
h k | s| n l h ma| | , ' ' | k _ q, | . | y . l | l | . r l r o' . | z g
a r oss l oWn. Ar r | v| ng | al e, R| kl o| dh| s | | enl l hal l r al l | hado noad. Thal ev n| ng,
R| k ' s l | an wor an eWdr ss. R| k h al d| l .
, . l
| ook s
u sl
gr al on y ou , ' ' h sa| d.
Th r e | | es| n on eday ! Yel R| k | s
j u sl
an or d| n ar y gu . a h l | m , h l o| dh | ms | l l h al
som l | m s l h l r u l h au ses l ooman y pr oo| ms. Hel o| dh | ms | l l h al h | sl | an was
l e| | n g goodaoou l h r pu r h ase. wh y sh ou | dh h u r l h r l | | n gs?
l sl | | | n g | | esan Wl r n d? h ma| or | l y ol peop| e| n ar n l su r v y sa| dl h al p op| e
w r mor h on sl l en
ear s
ago. Nev er l h | ess, | y | n g Wasn ' l r a| | y oor n y sl r day . | n l h e
| gh l n l h n l u r y , l h Fr n h ph | | osoph r vau v en ar gu s l o| dl h el r u l h aoou l | y | n g
Wh nh Wr ol .
. . A| |
m nar oor nl r ul hl u| andd| e| | ar s. ' '
. , Ly| ng
dur | nga
| oo
| nl r v| W | sr | skyous| n ss, ' '
sa| d
ar l aTo| do'
' 1 .
( sa| d
/ l o | d )
d| r l or ol amanag m nl onsu| l | ng l | r m.
. . Th
l r ul ha| Wa s al u n n y
2 . ( h as
/ h d )
Way ol om| n g ou l . ' ' To| dol | | sl h esl or y ol on woman app| y | n g l or a
| oo
as n ol l | e
sh m n ag r . h Woman l h | nl r v| W r
8 . ( sa| d
/ l o | d ) 4 . ( l h al
/ W h al )
aB. A. d gr e. A l u a| | y , sh Was | gh l r d| l s sh or l . Sh a| sosa| d
5 . ( h a s
/ h a d )
$80, 000
al h r | asl
oo.
Th l r u l h Was
$5, 000
G . ( |
/ sh ) 7 . ( mad
/ h ad m d )
| ss. wh nl h | nl r v| W r a| | dl o he kl h | nl or mal | on, l heapp| | anl ' s l or m r ooss
l o| dh r l h al l h eapp| | n l . An ol h r app| | an l , O| or | a, r po l d l h al
8 . ( h as | d / h d | d )
s h e h r u r r n l j o o l o a d v a n h r a r r . Sh g o l l h e n W j o o .
9 . ( | s q u | l l | n g / W asq u | l l | n g )
A| | W n l W | | u n l | | l h ompan y h | r dF l , Wh oh adWor k ed al O| or | a' S o| d ompan y .
F l e v en l u a| | y l o| dh | soossl h al h | so| d ompan y O| o r | a .
1 o . ( l | r d
/ h ad l | r d )
Th en W ompan l | r edh r l oo, pr ov | n g, on eaga| n , l h al | l doesn ' l pay l o| | .
| nd| r e l Speech: sl al em l s| | ) r 821,
REF0R
o
L| soondBenor el o| k| ngoooul B n, s j oo seor h, Usel hever os| npor nl h ses
l or por l l he| r conver sol | on. Hok n ssor chonges| nv r osondpr onouns.
| . B : l ' m sl | | | | ook| ng l or a
j oo.
( l e| | )
Hel o dher heWa l | ook| no l or aj oo,
2. Lr s :
( say )
l
j usl
hear d aooul a
j o
al a s | enl | l | r esear h ompany.
8. B : l maj or ed| n s | en eal F' | or | da Sl al .
( sa )
4. Lr s : They Wanl som on W| l h Som xper | n eaSapr og ammer .
( l 1|
|
5. B : l Wor k asapr ogTamm r l or 0al a Sysl ms.
( l | |
)
They don' l Wanl ar e enl o| | egegr adual . G. Lr s :
( say )
7. B :
( l | | )
8. Lr s :
( say )
l gol my deg el our year s ago.
l l sounds| | k l he r | ghl
j oo
l or you.
0| T. R odl h| ssl ud nl , s esso , F| ndondcor r e l l enm| sl okes | n l h us ol | nd| r ecl
sl ol emenl s. Thel | r sl m| sl oke| so| r od cor r l d,
on e When l Was a l eenage l W nl l o my Aunl Leah' s hous . Aunl Leah o| | e l d
l o| d
pol l ry, and Wh n l
! ! ol
l h e, she s, a* * m l hal she Wanl s l o shoW me h n W ooW|.
She l o1dshe has
j usl
ooughl | l . l l Was oeaul | l u| . \ hen Aunl L ah Wenl l o ansWe l he
doo l p| ked up l he ooW|. l l s pp dl om my hands and smashed l o p|eces on l he l |oor.
\ A h n Aunl L ah ame oa k, l s eamed and sa| d Whal l he al had
j usl
or oken your
neW ooW|. Aunl L ah gol
l h|s l unny |ook on h r l a and l o|d me l hal |l |sn' l |mporl anl .
l d|dn' l s| ep al a|| l hal n|$hl , and l h n xl morn|n$, l a1|ed m raunl and onl ess d
l hal l have or oken h r ooW| . She sa| d l had kno ml hal a1| a| ong. l p om| sed l hal
l am
go|ng l o ouy he a neW one som day. w sl ||| |augh aooul l h sl ory l oday.
| nd| r ecl
Spee h:
Sl al emenl s ( 2)
w F l NT
h ckl h W ol h r l or ecosl r , s
exa l Wor ds,

. . l l
Wou| doeW| ndy. ' '

. . l l
W| | | oeW| nd. v. ' '
l | AR HE l (
h ckl hemodo| sl hol
donol chong Wh n
yougo l romd|r cl l o
| nd| r ecl speech.
W| | |
oughl l o
m| ghl
l
musl
* ay
l shou| dhave
0l RE sFE l
l l
;
R o |

Su ,

v
| 0| S r
H sa| d ,
| ' | | | eavenoW.
| ' mg o| n g l o d r | v e.
Tr al l | c may oe oad.
, , Sh
m| ghl mov . , ,
HeOan h e| p .
, , h y
hav l o sl ay. , ,
, , You
musl o a l u . , ,
, , h y
oughl l o ouy oal l r | s. , ,
. , we
shou| d hav | el l soon r . , ,
Su ,
| N0| RE sF H
R po |

ou 7

v

F o ou
| l o| 5
H l o| d
J| m
me
l h em
( l hol )
h Wou| d | av l h n.
heWas go| ng l o dr | ve.
l al l | m| ghl o oad.
sh em| g h l mov .
h ou | d h p .
l h yhad l o sl ay.
/ W had l o oe ar l u| .
l heyoughl l o ouy oal l r | es.
l h yshou| d hav | el l soon r .
sa| d
822
j
: . : : .Y . : F.Y: : * : . |||Y T : : . J rj . .
.
. .?.1 . . . . . . . . (
E FREss
# h: ; '# j
R od
J| m, s
Wor ds. h ckl hesenl ence l hol cor r ecl | y r por l s Whol heso| d.
Jr :
. . l
may movesoon. ' '
l ; | m sa| d l hal l mav movesoon.
G a
g
r p* * * m* * g s
. | l m sa| d l hal he m| ghl m vesoon.
w pl | ' *
1. Asyou| ea n d | nUn| l 78, Wh nl h r epor l | ng
v r o | s| nl hes| mp| e pasl l nse, | nl h
| nd| r e l sp e h sl al m nl l h ver ol nseol l en
h an g s.
Hoda| s ol | l en hange | n| nd| r e l sp h l oo.
0| Sp
W|||
)
moy
musl
| ol Sp
Wou|d
ou| d
m| ghl
+
had l o
0l Sp
Sh esa| d ,
| l ' s W| n dy .
0l Sp
l sa| d,
, , h
W| nds
W | | | o esl r on g .
h yl o| dus,
, , You
an sl ayW| l hus. , ,
Hesa| d, Thesl or m
may | asl a| | n | g h l .
Sh l o| d u s,
, , You
musl | av . , ,
| o | Sp
Sh sa| d
| l WosW| ndy.
| ol Sp
l sa| d l h eW | n d s
Wou| doesl ong.
Th yl o d usw
cou| dsl oyW| l hl h m'
H sa| d l hal l h sl or m
m| ghl | osl a| | n| ghl .
Sh e l o| d u s
Wehod l o | eove.
2' Somev r os do nol hange | n| nd| r e l sp e h.
a. 0onol hang shou| d, ou| d, m| ghl , and
oughl l o| n| nd| r e l sp h.
o. 0onol hange l h pasl per l e l | n| nd| r l
spe h.
O. 0onol hange ver os | npr es nl and
pasl unr ea| ond| l | ona| s nl en s | n
| nd| r e l sp h.
d. 0onol hange pasl moda| s | n
| nd| r l sp e h.
0l l Sp
Youshou| d | | sl en
l ol h W al h
r por l , , , h l o d us.
| had
j usl
moved
h r aW ko l or , , ,
sh e sa| d .
, , l
| kn W,
l W ou | d l e| | y ou .
| l l had knoWn,
l Wou| d havel o| d
oU, , ,
sa| d
l | m.
, , |
shou| d hav
| l l . , ,
| o| Sp r
H l o| dusl hal W
shou| d | | sl enl o
l h W al h r r por l .
Sh sa| d sh e
hod
j usl
mov dl h r
aW eko l or .
J| m
sa| d| l hekneW,
heWou| d l e| | me.
H sa| d | l h
hod knoWn, he
Wou| d hove l o| d m .
Hesa| d l h al h
shou| dhove | el l .
8. R l ! 0hangepr onouns, l | m phr ses,
her e, andl h| s| n| nd| r l spe hl ok epl he
sp aker , s or | g| na| m an| ng.
, ,
j usl gol h r y sl er day. , ,
Saml o| dmehehadj usl gol l nl h r e
l hed oel or e.
l
l
824 l vn| l 74
H00s

R odWhol som one r por l edoooul l h Weol her l or cosl . Th n heckl he


senl enc l hol shoWsl heW l her l or cosl er , s ex l Wor ds.
1 . She sa| d | l Was go| ngl ooeal er r | o| sl or m.

. . l l
Was al er r | o| e sl or m. ' ,

. . l l , s
go| ngl ooeal er r | o| e sl or m. ' '
She sa| d l heW| nds m| ghl r a h 170m| | es p r hour .

. . The
W| nds may r a h 170m| | es p r hour . ' ,
l
. . The
W| nds Wou| d r a h 170m| | es per hour . , '
She sa| d l h r e Wou| d oemor e r a| n l he nexl day.
l
. . Ther
W| | | o mor e r a| n l he ne l day. , ,
l
. . Th r e
W| | | oemor r a| n l omor r oW. ' '
She l o| d peop| el hal l hey sh u| d l r y l o| av l he ar ea.
l
. . You
shou| d have l r | ed l o| av l h ar a. ' '
l
. . You
shou| d l r y l o| eav l h ar ea. ' ,
She sa| d l hal l hey ou| dexpe l a| ol l damage.
l
. . we
an p l a| ol ol damage. ' '
l |
. . we
ou| dexp l a| ol ol damage. , ,
, , h
we l h r wal h , , on 0h an n | 5
4.
5 .
REFaR

Youor e| n NeWYor k, | mog| n youh or dl h se r umor soooul ohur r | c n | n


F|or|do
esl erda
ond
ou
or r porl |ngl h ml odo .Use They sa|d l or porl l herumors.
1.
. . . Th
hur r | ane W| | | hanged| r l | on l on| ghl . , ,
The a| dl hal hehur r | cane Wou d ahange d| r eo | on | a l n| ghl .
2.
. . l l ' s
g | ngl pass nor l h ol h r e. ' '
8.
. . l l
may oe omeal r op| a| sl or m When | l | ands her . , '
4.
. . They
had l o | osesom or | dgesyesl er day oe auseol h| gh l | d s. ' '
5.
. . They
Won' l r sl or ee| e l r | | l yunl | | l omor r oW. , ,
G.
. . Th
s hoo| sh r e mav oe | os dl or aWh| | . ' '
7.
. . we
oughl l o use ool l | ed Wal er l r a l eW days. , ,
! 1g: : : . ? . 8 . : . . . : j : : . ?|||: : . : F.
j 8J. . : .
. ?. ?1o. . . . o . .
REWR|
o
R dl h|s|nl rv| WW|l hom l oro|og|sl .R Wr|l h|sonsW rsos|nd|recl
speech, h ngever ol ens s Whenposs| o| .
1.
O
A hur r | ane | s
j usl
a oad sl or m, r | ghl ?
A: Tooe ahur r | an , a sl or m has l ohave W| nds ol al | easl 74m| | es per hour .
He a| d hal , l o oeahur r | cane, a or mhadl . ohave W| nd ol a ea l 74 m| ee per hour ,
2.
O:
w seem l o o hav| ng mor e ol l hese o| g sl or ms.
A: l l ' s l r ue, and l hey W| | | pr ooao| y oe omemor e l r equenl .
8.
O:
why | s l hal ?
A: Thep| anel mayoegel l | ngWar me andl hal an ausemor esever e sl or ms.
4.
O:
whal r venl Wr ong al l r l he | asl sl or m?
A: mer gen y Wor ker s shou| d have ar r | v d mu h mor e qu| k| y.
5.
O:
l s l her e an ups| de l o a| | l h| s?
A: The neW sal e|||l s W||| h |p.l l W d|dn' l have l hem,WeWou|dn' l o ao|el oWarn peop|e.
E0l T
o
ReodR| l o, s e mo| | l oh r l r | endEm| | y. F| ndondcor r ecl l W | v m| sl okes | n l h use
ol r epor l ed spe ch, Th l | r sl m| sl ok | so| r od cor r ecl ed.
R : Hu r r | a n 4
wehadsomeex | l emenl her eoe auseol l hehur r | ane | asl Week. J| m' smol her a ed
j usl
oel or e l hesl or m. Shesa| d, r . 1| . l en| ngl ol heWeal her r epor l andl hal sheWas
Wor r | ed aooul us. Shel o| d J| ml hal | l youl WoWer en' l sosl uooor n, weW| l l pa kupand
| eave| mmed| al e| y. J| m' sl al her l o| dushoWl ogel r eady l or l hesl or m. Hesa| dWeshou| d
havepul l apeonour W| ndoWs r | ghl noWandl hal Weoughl l ol | | | l heoal hl uo W| l h Wal er .
Hea| sol o| dJ| ml hal Weshou| d ouyal ol ol oal l er | es oel or e l hesl or mh| l l on| ghl . Sue
al | ed. Shesa| dl hal her pl a e Wasl oo | osel ol he oasl andl hal she ou| dn' l sl ayher e.
Shel o d mel Wanl ed l osl ayW| l hmeandJ| m. Shesa| dsheshoul d al | ed ussooner .
| l o d her sheshou d omer | ghl noW. henWe| | sl ened l ol heWeal her adv| sor y, andl he
l or e asl er sa| dl hal l hesl or m | sgo| ng l ogooul l osea. Shesa| d| l Won' l h| l l h| sar eaal a| | !
| nd| r e l O| uesl | ons
Are._| F |N
heckH B nl | ey, s e a l Wor ds,

. . why
wer eyousl | | | s| ng| e?, '

. . why
ar eyousl | | | s| ng| e?' '
Th Sl r essl nl er v| eW
|| AR l l E l ( l
|r | T( Tru ) or
F( Fol s ) .
F You an| eave
oul | l r
Whel her | n
| nd| r l
s| no
quesl | ons.
F Youdonol
usedo l ol or m
| nd| r l
s| no
quesl | ons.
0| R SF E0H: YEs/ No
OU s oNs
!
. oo* , , n
l
Su '
|
v
|
0l
Ou s | o
H ask d,
, , 0o
you have any Xp | n ?, ,
, , 0an
you usea ompul r ?, ,
l N0l RE T SF 0H:
l
R. oo* , .
1 ou / |
Su '
|
v

F o ou )
|
YE, s/ No
OU s | oNs
| o|
Ou s | o
He ask d
( He| | ssa)
( h r )
|l
Whel her
shehad anyexp | en .
she ou| d us a ompul r .
l R l | K 2
|r l T( Tru ) or
F( Fo| se) .
F An |nd|re l
quesl |ona|Ways
ends| n a
qu sl | onmar k.
F Youdonol
usedol o
l or m| nd| r l
h quesl | ons.
Su ,
0l RE( SF 0H: | , l / ,
Ou s | oNs
R o

v

0|
Ou s | o
H ask d,
, , who
l o| d you aooul l h j oo?, ,
, , | A hen
do you Wanl l osl a l ?, ,
| N0| R ,
l R. oo* r , *
l
Su !

v
|
Ts Hz wH.
OU s | oNs
l
( Nou /
|
F o ou )

| o|
Ou s | o
H ask d
( H | | ssa)
( h r )
Whohad l o| d her aooul l h
j oo.
Whensh Wanl ed l osl ar l .
82G
l n d| r e l O| u esl | on s | 827
E FREss
Unscr omol l h s
W h y
o
h .
j o o
He asked h| m
eWor dsl ocomp| l l h | nd| r cl qu sl | on.

h| s
.
qu| l

had
Gr a*
g a
r A, * r al | n s x am | * s
| . Use| Whel her , or Whel her or nal l ol or m 0l Sp
| nd| r l
es/ no
qu sl | ons. |
, , 0an
you l ype?, , sh asked.
! ol 5 p
r Sh ask d | l l ou| d l yp .
Us No l : whel her | smor el or ma| l han| l . r Sheask dWhel h r ( or nol ) | ou| d l yFe.
2. | n| nd| r l
es/ no
qu sl | ons, l hesuoj e l 0l Sp
omesoel or e l heve o, l hesameas| n |
, , 0an
l sl ar l l omo oW?, ,
sl al em nl Wor dor der . l N0l RE Spr
r H ask d | l h ou| d sl ar l l omo oW.
No H asked l l * h * l a+ l omor r oW.
Be aus ol l hesl al menl Wor dor der , 0l Sp
do nol us do. does. or d| dl ol or m l
, , 0oes
l h
oo
pr ov| de o nel | l s?, ,
| nd| r e l qu sl | ons. | N0| RE Spr
| Heask d | l l h j oo pr ov| d d oenel | l s.
No Heask ed o n el | l s.
8. Usequesl | on Wor ds l ol or m| nd| r l 0l Sp
Wh qu sl | ons. l
, , | A| her e
| syour ol l | e?, , l ask d.
| o| Sp
| | ask d Wher eh| s ol l | Was.
4. | n| nd| r e l Wh. quesl | ons, l h suoj l al so 0| Sp
om so l or e l hever oas| nsl al menl s, andyou
, , why
d| d you | ave
our
j oo?, ,
donol usedo, does, or d| d. l N0 RE Sp
r Sheasked meWh | had | el l myj oo.
No Sh a s k e d m _
| n| nd| r l Wh. quesl | ons aoo l l h 0| Sp
suoj e l , l h qu sl | on Wor d| sl hesuoj l and | Booask d,
, , who
gol l h j oo?, '
l hev r ol o| oWs as| nsl al menl Wor do der . l p| Sp
r Booasked Whohad gol l l h
j oo.
5. l nd| r l quesl | ons ol l n nd| naper | od, | | ask d Wh d| dn, l gel l h
j oo.
n ol aq u esl | on mar k . No | ask ed
r
0he k | l oul ! For a| | sl ol ommonver osusedl r epor l quesl | ons, se Append| x 18onpag 840.
, 82a l un| l zS
l 0EN l FY
o
R odl h| s r l | l oooul sl r ss | nl r v| eWs. l Jnd r | | ne l l l h | nd| r cl qu sl | ons.
| A | 1
.
h ckl h d| r cl quesl | ons l hol m l chl h | nd| r cl quesl | ons | n l h or l | c| e.
l 1. 0an you wor kunder pr essur e? . was l her e an a | denl | n anu | ear
a 2. who Wr ol eyour app| | al | on | el l er
poWer p| anl ?
l or you?
l 5. HoW o| d ar eyou?
8. Ar you g | | ngl o ask me any ser | ous . when wer eyou mar r | ed?
quesl | ons?
l 7. l sl he quesl | on| mpr oper ?
REF0R

| o| r e, s l r | end
| o| me
Wonl sl oknoWo| | oooul h r | nl r v| eW, R por l
h| squ sl | ons.
1.
. . whal
k| nd ol
j oo
| s | l ?, '
H a kedWhal k| ndol
| oo
| l Wa .
2. when | s l he | nl er v| eW?
8.
. . . wher , s
l h mpan: r ?' ,
4.
. . 0o
you needd| r e l | ons?, '
5.
. . How
| ong d es| l l ake l o gel l her e?, ,
G.
. . Ar e
you go| ng l dr | v ?' ,
7. ' who' sgo| ng l o| nl er v| eW you?
8.
. . . when
W| | | l hey | el y u knoW?' '
Al WW ksago, e| | ssa or r oWhadasl r ss
| nl r v| W, on Wh| h l al ur d l ough, l r | ky
q u esl | on s
an d n eg al | v ev a| u al | on s. F| r sl , l h e
| n l r v | W er ask ed W h y sh ou | d n ' l W or k
under pr ssur e. Bel or sh ou| d ansW he
ask d Who hadWr | l l nher app| | al | on | l l r
l or her . He| | ssaWassho k d, oul sh hand| d
h r se| l v r y W | | . Sh ask d l he | nl r v| W r
W h el h r h eW asg o| n g l o ask h er an s r | ou s
q u esl | on s. Th en sh | el l .
0ompan| sg| vesl r ss| nl r v| Ws| nor der
l o Wal h hoW and| dal s hand| pr ssur e.
Su p p o s , l o r a mp | , l h a l l h r | s a n
a | d n l | n an u | ar p oW er p | an l . Th p | an l ' s
p u o | | r | al | on s ol l | r mu sl r ma| n a| m
When r por l r sask hoW l h a | d nl ou| d
hav happ n d. e aWar , hoW ver , l hal | n
som ounl r | es, l | kel h Un| l dSl al s, r l a| n
qu sl | ons ar nol a| | oW d un| ss l h y ar
d| r e l | yr | al dl ol h
| oo.
l l your | nl r v| W r
asks hoW o| d you ar , you an r el us l o
ansW r . Th | nl r v| W r a| so shou| d nol ask
Wh l h r youar emar r | dor hoWmu hmon
y ou ow . | l y ou l h | n k aq u sl | on | s| mp r op er ,
askhoWl h quesl | on r | al sl o l h
| oo.
l l | l
do sn' l , youdon' l hav l oansW r .
l nd| r e l Ou sl | ons l 829
REwRl TE
o
Thes qu sl | onsw r osked l 0| o| r , s | nl er v| W. 0 c| d Wh| chon s
l o| r oskedond Wh| hon sF l , l h mon ger , osk d. R Wr | l eo hquesl | onos
| nd| r cl sp h,
| .
. . w al
l ype ol l r a| n| ng | s ava| | ao| l or l h
j oo?' '
0 a| r e a ked Whal l peol l r a| n| ng Wa ava| ao e l or l hej oo,
2.
. . w al
k| nd ol e p r | en e doyou have?, '
?el ea kedWhal k| ndol exper | ence
ghe
had,
8.
. Ar
you | nl er v| eW| ng W| l h ol her ompan| es?' '
4.
. . whal
W| | | my r spons| o| | | l | es e?, ,
5.
, . HoW
| s
j oo per l or man er eWar ded?' '
G. whal Was your sl ar l | ng sa| ar y al your | asl
j oo?
7.
. . 0| d
you gel a| ongWe| | W| l h your | asl mp| oyer ?, ,
8.
. . 0o
you h| r e many W men?' ,
E0l l
.
R odpor l ol om moon| nl r v| Wer Wr ol , F| ndond or r ecl e| ghl m| sl okes | n l h
us ol | nd| r l qu sl | ons. Th l | r sl m| sl ok | so| r odycor r ecl ed, he kpun l uol | on!
l nl er.ol l | e ,l emo
l d| d some sl r ess quesl | on| ng | n m; r | nl v| eW W| l h 0ar | Tr en$ l s mor n| ng. l asked
h ecou | dn ' l
Hr. Tren Why rl rl |rl ' l * l aWork under pressu e. l a|so asked h|m W rd|d h|s
super v| sor d| s| | ke h| m. F| na| | y, l | nqu| r ed When he Wou| d qu| l l he
j oo
W| l h our
ompany? Hr . Tr ng ansWer ed my quesl | ons a| m| y, and h had some x e| | enl
quesl | ons ol h| s oWn. He asked
. . | l
weexpe l ed han$es on l hej oo. ' '
He a| so Wanl . ed
l o knoW hoW ol l en doWe va| ual e emp| oyees. l Was | mp essed Whr n he ask d Why
d| d l de | del o
j o| n
l h| s ompany. l l h| nk We shou| d h| r e h| m.
Emoedded O| uesl | ons
; F | N
h kl h qu sl | ons l he
peop| hove.
l Shou| dW | av al | p?
wu' l h ser v| eany good?
l ,e l hes guysgo|ngl o|eave
al | p?
l sl heser v| e| n | ud d?
l don' l knoW Whel h r l o l | p.
0oyouknoW
hoWmu hl o l | p?
Wher el o | eav l h l | p?
E FREss, # .# # ,
Fu ncl uol l h s s nl nc s.
A: 0oyou knoW hoW mu h l ol | p
B: Aooul | \ vo. Bul l ' mnol sur e Wher l o| eavel he l | p
l Won der
Whal k| nd ol
l | p l , he egu a
ar eg o| n g
| o | eave. 9er v ae
| n c| u d ed
Th e r v| ce
Wao l er r | o| e! Wonder
| eavea l | p. 1 /
oo
' > 1G2
| l uJr
l | RT l l E l (
|rc|eT( True) or
F( Fa| se) .
F Emo dded
quesl | ons
a| Wavs end
W| l h aper | od.
F You anus l h
| nl | n| l | ve al l r
Whel her or a
quesl | onWor d.
| l ' A| N LAUSE
| , m nol sur
| l | B 00E0
OUEs | oN
| l | el l l h r | ghl l | p.
Whel her | l Was nough.
anyour ememo r
hoW mu h| l Was?
Wh r eWe al e?
880
r r oeddad * esl | l l s | 881
l l | r WW W r p* e e 8# B% p* *
| . | nUn| l 75
ou
| a n d l ous | nd| r e l 0l
Ou s l o
| ol
Ou s l o
qu sl | ons l or por l anol her per son, s Wor ds. Shou| d | l | p? H ask d | l h shou| d l | p.
| nd| r l quesl | ons ar ak| ndol moedded oo o
Ou s | o
qu sl | on_on l h l | s| n | uded | n nol her 0oyouknoWWhel h r
s nl en e. h| sun| l d| s ussesmoedd d qu sl | ons | shou| d l | p?
l hal donol r epor l anol h r per son, s Wor ds.
2. | l l h emoedded quesl | on | s| n a sl al em nl , H l S
=
S
useaper | od al l he ndol l h senl n e. | l l he | l don, l knoWWhoour s r v | s.
moedd d qu sl | on | s| n a quesl | on/ usea H l S
=
Ou s l o
quesl | on mar k al l h endol l h s nl n e. | 0oyouknoWWhoour s r v r | s?
8. weol l nus mo dded qu sl | ons l o
a. exp ss somel h| ng W donol knovY. | | Wonde Why he d| dn, l l | p l he m han| .
o. ask po| | l y l or | nl or mal | on. | 0anyoul e| | m | l l h l | p | s| n | ud d?
Us | No : w| l hsl r ang s or | nal or ma L ss Fo r
s| l ual | on, an mo dd d qu sl | on | s ons| d d | 0oes our o| | n | ude al | p?
mor pol | l l hanad| r l quesl | on. Ho Fo| l l
| 0an y ou l e| m | l ou r o | | | | n | u d esal | p ?
4. | nl r odu emoedded yes/ noquesl | ons W| l h r 0oyouknoW| l he l | ps?
| l , Whel her , or Whel h r or nol . r 0oyou knoWWh l her ( or nol ) he l | ps?
Us No : whel her | smor el o ma| l han| l .
| nl r odu e emoedd d Wh quesl | ons W| l ha | Hanyl our | sl s Wond r hoWmu hl hey shou| d
ou sl | on Wor d' . l | p l he| r r sl aur anl s r ver .
You ana so use l h | nl | n| l | v al l er aqu sl | on r Hanyl ou | sl s Wond r hoWmuchl o l | p.
Wor dor Whel her . | Som Wond r Whel her l o l | p al a .
|l or Wh . No w Wond r d|| 1l * o ve+ l l .
5. B r ur ! Usesl al menl Wor d or d r r 0ou| dyoul e meWh r el hey ar e?
| na| | emoedd dquesl | ons. No 0ou| dyoul | | m A l e* + * h ?
0onol | av oul | l or r , yhel her | n emo dded r 0ou dyoul me| l | l | s G: 00yel ?
s/ no
quesl | ons. No ou| dyoul e| | me| | G. . l ?
0onol usedo. does, or d| d| nemoedded r l don' l knoWWhenl he p| zza Oame.
quesl | ons. No don, l knoW
he k |l oul !
For a| | sl ol ommonphr ases| nl r odu | ngemoedded quesl | ons' seeAppend| x 15onpage840.
882 r Un| l 7G
l 0ENTl FY

R odl h| son| | n odl or l h oookT| psonT| pp| ng. l Jnd r | | ne l he


moedded quesl | ons,
REwRl E
o
omp| l l h s qu sl | ons oooul l | pp| ng usl oms. hongel hed| r e l
qu sl | ons | np r nl h ses l o moedd d qu sl | ons. Usel h | nl | n| l | ve When v r
poss| o| e. Us cor r cl puncl uol | on.
1. 0an you l e| | m Whel her
l o | | p | n0anada?
( Sh o u | d | l | p | n n a d ?)
2. l , mgo| ngl oFr an . F| ease p| a| n
( Ho W a n l l | | l l h l | p | s| n u d d | n l h o | ?)
8. 0an you l | | m
( wh y d | d s r v | p o p | n l n d r l u s my l | p s?)
4. l ' mmov| ng l oJapan. l ' d| | ke l oknoW
( Ho W mu h sh o u d l l | p a| r p o r l p o r l r s?)
5. we' r ev| s| l | ng Ausl r a| | a. F| eas l e| | us
( wh o x p l s l | p n d W h o d o sn , l ?)
G. r , mva al | on| ng | n Nor Way. l ' d| | ke l oknoW | l
7. l l oka
j oo
| n 0h| na. l ne dl oknoW Whel her
( | s l | p p | n g sl | | | | | | g l h r ?)
( Sh o u l d l l | p my sk | | n sl r r . r l o r ?)
: T. .
| son | | ppnq By l F l ( n r U | l l o, | . )
Th| s ook| sl or you| l . . .
you' ve ev r avo| ded as| l ual | on j usl
ause youd| dn, l knoWhoWmu hl ol | p.
you' ve ev r r a| | zed ( l oo[ al e) l hal youwer e suppos d l ool l er al | F.
you' ve ev r g| ven ahug l | pandl h nWond r d | l al | pWasne ssar y al a| | .
you' v v r need d l oknoWhoWl o a| u[ al e l h r | ghl l | p| nsl anl | y.
you' r e n Wl ol heUn| l dSl al s andyou' r e nol sur e Whoyoushoul d l | pher e.
youU| | k l o| ear n hoWl | pp| ngpr oper | y angel youl h sl s r v| e l or your mon y.
whal r ader s ar say| l . . .
, . |
an' l | mag| ne hoWl gol a| ongW| l houl | l ! , hr | sS r l on, | nn po| | s
. . ak
| psa| ong| l youWanl asl r ess l r e va al | on. , , | dor | ol k , s ko,
J p n
l | kh r l os ndl or l h u| l | mol gu| d l ol | pp| ng|
. E
8. l n O r many l he l | p | s | n | ud d. l don' l knoW Wh l h r
( Sh o u l d l l | p n y W a y ?)
|
moe< Jded Ouesl | ns l 888
l | OOsE 8REWR| E
o
TWol or e| gn xch ng sl ud nl s or ev| s| l | ngw sh| ngl on, 0, ,
omp| l l he| r conver sol | ons, hoosel h oppr opr | l qu sl | ons l r oml heooxond
chong l heml o mo dded qu sl | ons. Rememo r l opuncl uol l h senl ncesor r l | y.
HoWmu hshou| dW l | pl h l ax| dr | v r ? wher e| sl h Sm| l hson| anHuseum?
0ou| dW r enl a ar and dr | ve? whal d| d l h ypul | nl he sau e?
wher e anW ouymel r ol | k l s?

1. : we' r e go| ng l ol he Hol e| Ed| son. 0o you knoW


Wh r | l , | ?
0 r y : Sur e. O l | n and l , | | l ake vou l her e.
2. Hr u r :
( u| h| sper | ng)
0o you knoW
H : A or d| ng l ol he oook, We, r esupposedl | eave 10l 15per enl . l ' vegol | l .
8. H : Ex use me. 0an
you
l | | me
o r . | : Sur e. Jusl l ur n r | ghl al l he or ner . You, | | see| l r | ghl aWay.
4. Hr u r : l ' d| | ke l o l ake l h m l r o l o l he zoo, oul l don' l knoW
: Fr ooao| y r | ghl | n l he sl al | on.
5. H : l Wanl l ov| s| l w| | | | amsour g. 0o y u l h| nk
Hr u r : Lel , s l | nd oul . Thal sounds | | ke l un.
G. H : Th| s | s de| | | ous. Lel , s l r y l ol | nd oul
Hr u r : l l l asl es | | ke g| nger and gar | | l o m .
E0l l
.
Reodl h| senl r yl r omHor l o, s
j our no| , F| ndondcor r ecl s v n m| sl okes | nl he
us ol mo dd d qu sl | ons. Th l | r sl m| sl oke| s | r od cor r ecl ed. R m moer l o
ch ck puncl uol | on!
wh nyou| | ve| n l or e| gn ounl r v n sm | | o s| on an eanadv nl u ! Bel or myd l e
hou d
W| l h J n kl on| ghl l d| dn' l ev nknoWWh l dl | + W r ! Jeans? dr ess?John Or T| | TsnT
l anc esl r anl oul | l Was J n k o| r l hdayandl W nl dl o m k l a o| go as| on. H| ukT Was
v r yhe| pl | , 8a| W ys. | kn WhoWl og l l oJohn Or T| | , oul | d| dn' l knoWhoW| ong| l WasgoTng
l ol ak l og l l h r ?| | l l al G: 00, Wh| hshou| dhav g| v nm p| nl yol l | m , oul Wh n| gol
ol l l h ous, l W snl sur l l l ol ur n | l l or r | ghl . | sk d po| | ol l | r Wh r eW sJohn , nd
l W son| y l W m| nul s| al e. | h dp| ann d l ol ak J n koul l o asp | | d ss r l l l er W r d,
o l | ou| dn' l r memo r hoWl l ol | ndl h p| | k| h ds gg sl d, andJ n kh s o nher
ev n| essl | m l han m .
( nyWa '
l he d ss r l s l John l r nedo l l o o v r ygood. ) Then,
Wh nWegol l h o| | | ' | W sWond r | ng Whel her l ol | por no. l hadl o skJ n kd| dheknoW.
or l una e| y' h h dr d T| pson T| pp| ng, so h l o| dme l o | av a oul 5o/ o.
Se| l esl
l l ||
0
1.
. . You
| ook o aul | l u| | n l hal dr ess. ' ,
Lasl n| ghl shel o| d me o aul | l u| | n l hal dr ess.
A
you | ook ( ) l , | 1 | ook
( B) you| ooked ( 0) l | ooked
2. we' doel l er l | nd oul l he l r a| n | l l .
( A) | l ( 0) has
l B)
does ( 0) d| d
Shou| d
We l ur n | l l or gosl r a| ghl ?
Hmm.
l , mnol sur eWh| h Way
( A) d We l ur n ( 0)
shou| d W l ur n
( B) l ol ur n ( 0) | l l ur ned
. . why
don, l youj o| n
us l or ol l ee, 0on?, ,
Al l er l h mov| e, We asked 0on us l or ol l ee.
( A) W u| d h
j | n ( ) l o
j o| n
( B) Why he d| dn' l
j o| n
l 0)
l or
j o| n| ng
wemusl | eave| mmed| al e| y!
when l he l | r e a| ar m r ang, our l a her sa| d | eave| mmed| al e| y.
l A)
Wehad l o ( 0) nol l o
( B) Wehave l o ( 0) he musl
Today| s l hehapp| esl day ol my | | l e.
Al l he r e epl | on| asl n| ghl , l he gr oomsa| d l hehapp| sl day
ol h| s | | l e.
( A) l odayWas
( B) l hal day | s
7. l Wonder Who
( A)
our Wa| l er | s?
( B) | s our Wa| l er .
8.
. . F| ase
don, l | eav
our
oool s| n l heha| | . , '
y m l h e r | sa 1 W a y sl e | | | n g m e o o o l s| n l h e h a 1 | .
A)
nol l | eav my ( 0) l onol | eavemy
( B) nol l o| eaveyour ( 0)
don' l | eavemy
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
| r c| l he| l l r ol l h cor r cl onsW r l ocomp| l chs nl ence,
x l pl l :
Jenn|l er never
( A)
dr|nk
( B)
dr | nks
ol l ee. A_ 0
( 0) | s dr | nk| ng
0
Was dr | nk| ng
8 .
4 .
5 .
G.
( 0) y sl er day Was
( 0) l oday| s
( 0)
our Wa| l r | s.
( 0) | s our Wa| l er ?
884
AB 0
Se l esl Xv l 885
9 . H| , Boo. 0| d you l ake l he
j oo?
Boo' sl r | end asked h| m l he
j oo.
( A)
d| d he l ake ( ) | l hehad l aken
( B) d| d you l ake ( 0) had he l ak n
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
AB 0
10.
. . weal her
pal l er ns hange. ' '
Exper l s noW sayl hal Weal her
( A) hanged
( B) ar e hang| ng
pal l er ns
( ) had hanged
( 0) hang
l l | N| w0
11. The l ea h r sa| d l he | assl hal hol a| r r | ses and o| da| r s| nks.
A 0
1G. 0o
zou
knoW | l or nol We n dl oor | ng our passpor l s?
17. Sh d| dn' l knoW
! l
l ol | p, sosh asked meWhal l odo.
A B 0
18. Ron sa| d l hal h Wasn' l Sur ' oul l he sl or m m| ghl sl opa| r eady.
A 0
19. l ' d| | ke | osl e oul l hemenu doesn' l sayhoW mu h does| l osl .
A B 0
20. L| n
a| ayg
says l hal h r an a m| | ver y da r l hese days.
A B 0
21. 0ou| d you l e| | meWhen l h n xl l r a| n | eav s and Wher e l oouy l | k l s .
A 0
22.
1l l
you anWa| l al eWm| nul es
,
l W| | | g| veyou ar | de. _ Rhoda sa| d.
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28. J| m Wanl s l oknoW ou| d
zou
a| | h| m and l e| | h| m Wher l ome l you.
A B 0
24. The denl | sl sa| d l oor ush l hr l | mes a day and don, l eal andy.
A B 0
25. Al l he | nl r v| W l hey ask d m When an you sl ar l Wor k '
A 0
o hsenl nce hosl our und r | | nedWor dsor phr oses. Thel our under | | ned por l s
ol l hes nl nc r m r k dA, B, , nd 0, | r c| l h | el l r ol l h on und r | | n d
Wor dor phr os l hol | sNo oRR ,
Ex l pl :
| ke usua| | y dr | ves l o s hoo| , oul l oday he Wa| ks.
A B 0
AB o
12, l asked Sean hoW l opr onoun eh| s name?
A 0
l 8. Oer r y a| | ed | asl W ek and sa| d l hal h n ededl he r epor l r | ghl noW. A B 0
A B 0
14. TWo days ago, l heWeal her l or e asl er War ned us l hal al or nado| s om| ng. A B 0
A B 0
15. Sandy a| | ed l r omH| am| dur | ngl he sl or mand sa| d sheWassW| mm| ngh r e. A B 0
A B 0
Append| es
B s
Fo
ar | se
aWake
oe
oeal
oe ome
oeg| n
o nd
o l
o| l e
o| eed
o| oW
or eak
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our n
our sl
ouy
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ome
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ul
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al
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l | nd
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l or o| d
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l org|ve
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gel
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| r r egu| ar ver os
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F s
ar ose
aWoke
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or oke
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r epl
ul
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dug
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dr W
dr eamed/ dr eaml
dr ank
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l e
l e| |
l ed
l e| l
l oughl
l ound
l | l
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l | eW
l or o de/ l or oad
l or gol
l or gave
l roze
g0l
gav
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Fo
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have
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sl u k
sl ung
sl ank/ sl unk
sl r u k
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sped
sp nl
sp| l | d/ sp| | l
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spal
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sl u k
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B s
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under sl and
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Oommon Non a l | on ( Sl al | ve) ver os
H |. S s
agr e Know
assu me mean
oe| | ve m| nd
ons| der pr esume
d| sagr ee r e | ze
d| soe | eve r e ogn| ze
sl | mal e r memo r
xpe l see
( under sl and)
l ee| ( oe| | eve)
suppose
l | nd susp l
guess l h| nk ( oe/ | ey )
hes| l l under sl and
| m g| ne Wonder
w s o
F c s
hope
n ed
pr l r
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per e| ve
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App
ov | u
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r
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| ng

a knoW| edge
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adv| se
ppr e | al
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el eor al e
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keep ( onl | nue)
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l l or d
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an( , l ) al l or d
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pr l er sl ar l
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sl op'
l ry
l a| k aooul
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sr k ol
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sur pr | sed al / aooul / oy
l r r | ol e l
l | r ed ol
used l o
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r e u l anl sur pr | sed
sad l ou hed
sho ked upsel
sor r y W | | | | n g
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pr om| se*
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r equesl '
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v er os n a so o l o oWed oy l h e| n l | n | l | v e W| l h ou l an ooj e l ( e mp : ask l o| eav eor ask someon e l o | eav e) '
Oommon ver os Fo| | oWed oy l he Oer und or l he | nl | n| l | ve
* h ese
v er os an o l o| | oWedoy e| l h r l h g r u n dor l h | n l | n | l | v e ou l l h er e| s o| gd| l l er en e | n mean | n g.
0ommon ver o + Fr epos| l | on Oomo| nal | ons
oe| | ev | n
hoose oel W en/
amon g
omp a| n aooul
ounl on
de W| l h
dr eam aooul / ol
l ee| | | ke/ aooul
| ns| sl on
| ook l or War d l o
ooj e l l o
pay l or
p | an on
r e| y on
r esor l l o
su ed | n
common Ad| e l | ve + Fr epos| l | on Oomo| nal | ons
a usl om d l o
al r a| d ol
am zed al / oy
ngr y al
asham d ol
aWar e ol
aWl u| al
o d al
al r | d
a| ar med
amazed
angr y
* Ex mp e:
| , mh app l oh ear l h al '
888
nx| ous depr ssed d| sl ur o d en our aged happy
ashamed d l er m| n d eager x | l ed hes| l anl
ur | ous d| sappo| nl ed e sy l or l unal | | k | y
de | ghl ed d| sl r essed moar r ass d g d u ky
oor ed W| l h/ oy
ap o| e ol
ar el ul ol
on er ned aooul
onl enl W| l h
ur | ous aooul
d| l l r enl l r om
ex | l edooul
l amous l or
l ed up W| l h
l ond ol
g| d aooul
good al
happy aooul
| nl er esl d | n
ner vous aooul
oppos d l o
pl eas d ooul
r eady l or
r spons| o l or
s d ooul
sal e l r om
sal | sl | d W| l h
sho ked aUoy
Oommon Ad| e l | ves l hal Oan Be Fo| l oWed oy l he | nl | n| l | ve*
p| eased
pr oud
r dy
r | eved
Aov
oad| y
l ar
W e| |
l | l l
mu h * / a ol
Oo p | v
W0r se
l ar l her / l ur l h r
oel l r
| ss
mor
m0r e
ed
d| sl ur oed
emoar r assed
enl er l a| n d
ex | l ed
hausl ed
l as | nal ed
l r | ghl ened
hor r | l | ed
| nsp| r ed
| nl er esl ed
| r r | l al d
ed
mov d
par al yz d
p| eased
r e| ax d
s l | sl | ed
sho ked
sur pr | sed
l er r | l | ed
l | r ed
l ou h d
l r ouo| ed
| n g
mov| ng
par a| yz| ng
p | e s| n g
r e| ax| ng
sal | sl y| ng
sho k| ng
sur pr | s| ng
l er r | l y| ng
l | r | n g
l ou h | n g
l r ouo| | ng
Sup | . | v
ommonesl / mosl ommon
r ue esl / mosl r u
d ad| | sl / mosl dead| y
l r | ndl | esl / mosl l r | end y
handsomesl / mosl handsome
happ| esl / mosl h ppy
| | ke| | esl / mosl | | ke| y
| | ve| | esl / mosl | | ve| y
on | esl / mosl on y
| ove| | esl / mosl l ove| y
nar r oWesl / mosl nar r oW
p e sanl esl / mosl p easanl
po| | l esl / mosl po | l
qu| l sl / mosl qu| el
sha oWesl / mosl sh | | oW
s| n er sl / mosl s| n er e
sl up| desl / mosl sl uF| d
l r uesl / mosl l r u
l l |
| r r egu| ar ompar | sons ol Ad| e l | ves, Adver os' and Ouanl | l | er s
Ao. | | v
o d
l ar
good
| | l l | e
many/ a | ol ol
mu h* / ol ol
* Hu h
| su su y on y u sed| n qu esl | on s an dn egal | v e sl al m n l s.
| ng
d| sl ur o| ng
emoar r ass| ng
enl er l a| n| ng
ex | l | ng
exhausl | ng
l as | nal | ng
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hor r | l y| ng
| n sp | r | n g
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Sup l . | v
Wor sl
l ar l h sl / l ur l h sl
oesl
sl
mosl
mosl
l l |
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ed
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mazed
amused
annoyed
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| ng
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d| sl r ess| ng
Oo p |v
ommOner / mor ommon
r ue| r / mor r u
dead| | er / mor dead| y
l r | nd| | r / mor e l r | nd y
handsom r / mor e h ndsom
happ| er / mor happy
l | k | er / mor e l | ke| y
| | ve| | er / mor e | | ve| y
| one| | er / mor e | one| y
l ovel | er / mor e | ov y
nar r oWer / mor e nar r oW
p| easanl er / mor e p| easanl
po | l r / mor po| | l e
qu| l er / mor e qu| el
sha| | oWer / mor e sha| | oW
s| n er er / mor e s| n er e
sl up| der / mor sl up| d
l r u r / mor e l r ue
l l |
Some Ad|e l |ves l hal For ml heOompar al |veandSuper l al |ve
|nTwoways
Ao. | | v
ommon
r ue|
dead| y
l r | end| y
h an d som
h ppy
| | ke| y
| | ve| y
| one| y
| ove| y
nar r oW
p| easanl
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sh | oW
s| n er e
sl up| d
l r ue
889
Oommon
Repo | ng
ver os
S s
a knoW| dg
dd
adm| l
announ e
answ r
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a| m | nd| al r p| y
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on | ude mean say
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de | ar ooser ve sugg sl
deny
pr om| se l e| |
ex | a| m r emar k war n
exp | n r epeal Wr | l e
| s uc |o s, co AN0s
R ou s s' AN0| |o s
adv| s | nv| l
ask or der
aul | on s y
omm nd l | |
d mand ur ge
| nsl r u l war n
Ou s | o s
ask
| n q u | r e
qu sl | on
Wanl l oknoW
Wonder
0o y o u k n o W . . . ?
0 o y o u u n d r s l a n d . . . ?
an you l e m . . . ?
o u | d o u e x p a | n . . . ?
n y o u r e m e m o e r . . . ?
wou| d you shoW me . . . ?
wh o k n o W s . . . ?
l l | ver os
and xpr ess| onscommon| y
UsedRel | ex| ve| y
l e| sor r y l or on s | l
l or g| v on s | l
g| v on se| l
h | p ones | l
hur l ones | l
| mag| n on se l
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k| | | onese| l
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l ookl onese l
pr | de onese| l on
push onese| l
r m| nd ones | l
see ones | l
l kear e ol onese l
l a| k l oones | l
l ea h onese| l
l e| | onese| l
l r eal ones | l
Wash on s | l
l l | 0ommon
| mewor dOhanges
| n| nd| r e l Spee h
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)
l hen
l oday

l hal day
l omor r oW
+
l h nexl dayo l hel o| | oW| ng day o l h d y al l er
yesl r day
+
l h dayoel or o l hepr v| ous day
| h| s Week/ monl h/ year
J l hal We k/ monl h| year
| asl Week/ monl h/ year
+
l heWeek/ monl h/ year oel or
nexl W k/ monl h/ year
_)
l hel o| | oW| ng Week/ monl h/ year
l l | 0ommon
Fhr ases| nl r odu | ng
moeddedOuesl | ons
l don' l knoW . . .
| don, l und r sl and . ' .
| W o n d e r . . .
| , m nol sur ' . .
an' l r em mo r . . .
| n, l | mag| ne ' . '
l do sn' l say . . .
amuse onese| l
sk ones | l
ava| | on se| l ol
oe har d on ones | l
oe ones l l
oe p| eased W| l h ones | l
o pr oud ol onese| l
o hav onese| l
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ol am on s | l
ul on s | l
depr | v on s | l ol
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| , d | k l oknoW . . .
l Wanl l ounder sl and . . .
| , d | k l o l | nd oul . . .
w need l ol | nd oul . . .
L e l , s s k . . .
840
Some 0ommon Fhr asa| ver os
( s. o. _ someon s. l '
=
somel h| n9)
No 1: | nsep r ao| e phr asa| ver os ar shoWn W| l h l he ooj e l al l r l he pa l | | e ( go
al l er s' l , ) '
Separ ao| e phr asa| ver os r e shoWn W| l h l he ooj e l o l Ween l h v r o and l he par l | e ( ca| | s' o'
up) ,
ver os Wh| h musl oe s par al ed ar e shoWn W| l h an sl er | sk ( ) ( do
s. l . oyer ) .
No 2: S par ao| e phr asa| ver os an have l he noun ooj e l e| l her oel We n l h ver o and l h par l | |
or al l er l h ep ar l | e
( a| | Jan
u p 0 R a| | u p J n ) . h esev er o smu sl , h oW ev Lo esep ar al ed W h en l h r e
| sapr onoun ooj e l
( ca| | her upN0
F s | . v H |
asks. o. over | nv| l e l oone' s home
o| o ks. l . oul sl op l r om pass| ng l hr ough
( | | ghl , no| s )
o| oWs. l . oul sl op our n| ng o o| oW| ng
o| oWs. l . up l | | | somel h| ng W| l h a| r ( a oa| | oon,
aWal er l o )
o| oW
( s. l . )
up
( make
s. l ' ) e p| ode
or eakdoWn sl op l un l | on| ng
or eak oul o ur sudden|
or | ng s. l . aooul m ke somel h| ng happen
or | ng s. o' or s. l . oa k r el ur n someone or somel h| ng
or | ng s. o. doWn d pr ess
or | ngs. l . oul | nl r odu e
( a
neW pr odu l , aoook)
or | ng s' o. up r a| se ( h| | dr en)
our n
( s. l . ) doWn our n comp| el e|
a| |
( s' o. ) oa k r el ur n aphon a| |
a| | s. l . ol l an e|
a| | s. o' up l / ephone 50meone
ar r y ons' l . onl | nue
ar r y s. l . oul ondu l
l h on oe ome popu| ar
heer
( s. o' )
up
( make
som one) l ee| happ| er
| an
( s. o. or s. l . ) up | eanomp| el e|
| ear
( s. l . )
up make or oe ome | ear
ome aooul happen
ome a| ong a ompan
ome oa k r el ur n
ome | n enl er
omeol l s' l . oe ome unal l a hed
om oul
ome up
appear
ar | se
ome upW| l hs. l . | nvenl
over s. l . up over omp| el e|
r oss s. l . oul dr aW a| | ne l hr ough
ul s. l . doWn or | ng doWn o ul l | ng
ul s. l . ol l 1' sl op l he supp| ol somel h| ng
2. r emove o ul l | ng
ul s. l . oul r emove o ul l | ng
dos. l . over doaga| n
dr eam s. l . up | nvenl
dr ess up pul onspe | a| or l or ma| | ol hes
dr | nk s. l ' up dr | nkomp| el e|
dr op oy/ | n v| s| l une pe l ed|
84r
F s | . Y H |
dr op s' o. or s. l . ol l l ke someo ne| somel h| ng somep| a e
dr opoul
( ol
s. l . ) qu| l
al oul eal | nar esl aur anl
empl y
( s. l . )
oul empl omp| el e|
l | gur e s. o. or s. l . oul under sl and
( al l er
l h| nk| ng aooul )
nd up
l a| | ol l
l | | | s. l . | n
l | | | s. l . oul
gel ah ad
gel a| ong
gel o k
gooa k
gool l
goon onl | nue
gooul | eave
1' dosomel h| ng une pe l ed
or un| nl ended
2' r ea h al | na| p| a e or ond| l | on
oe ome del a hed
omp| el e W| l h | nl or mal | on
omp| el e
( a l or m, anapp| | cal | on)
make pr ogr es' su eed
r e| al e We| |
rel urn
2. oe par l ol
r el ur n
e p|ode
( a gun, l |reWorks, aro kel )
l | | | ( s. l . ) up l | | | omp| el e|
l | nd( s. l . ) oul | ear n | nl or mal | on
l o| | oW( s. l . ) l hr ough omp| el e
l oo| ar ound oe p| a l u|
gel s. l . a r oss gel peop| e l ounder sl and an| dea
gel oy sur v| ve
gel oul
( ol
s' l . ) | eave ( a
ar , al a | )
gel s. l . oul ol s. l . * oenel | l l r om
gel l ogel her meel
gel up r|se l romoed
g| ves. l . aWay g| ve W| l houl har g| ng mone
g| ves. l . oa k r el ur n somel h| ng
g| ves. l . oul d| sl r | oul e
g| v ( s. l . ) up qu| l , aoandon
goal l r s. o. or s. l . pur sue
goa| ong W| l hs. l . 1. suppor l
goover
g ou p
gr oW up
su eed W|l h anaud|en
oe ou| | l
oe ome an adu| l
hands' l ' | n g| ve some Wor k l o ooss or l ea her
hand s. l . oul d| sl r | oul e
hang up end a
phone
onver sal | on
hang s. l . up pul on ahook or hanger
( conl | n d
on n l pag )
F s | . U
h e| p ( s. 0 . )
ou l
h o| d on
k ep ( s' o.
or s' l . ) aWay
k ep on
keep s. l . on*
keep up
( W| l h
s. o. or s. l . )
| ays. o. ol l
| eave s. l . on*
| e v s. l ' oul
l el s. o. doWn
| el s. o. or s. l . | n
l l s. o. ol l
| el s. o. or s. l . oul
| | edoWn
| | ghl ( s. l . )
up
| ook ou l
| ook s. o. or s. l . over
| ook s. l . u p
make s. l . up
pass s. l . oul
pay s. o. or s. l . oa k
payol l
p| k s' o. or s. l . oul
p | k u p
p | k s. o. or s. l . u p
p | ay ar ou n d
po| nl s. o. or s. l . oul
pul s. l . aWay
pul s. l . oa k
pul s. o. or s. l . doWn
pul s. l . ol l
pul s. l . on
pul s. l . l og l her
pul s. l , up
r un | nl o s. o.
r un oul ( ol
s. l . )
see s. l . l h r ou g h *
s l s. l . ol l
sel s. l . up
H |
ass l
Wa| l , nol hang upl h phone
( ause
l o) sl a al ad| sl an e
onl | nue
nol r emove ( ap| e e ol | ol h| ng
or
j eWe|r )
goasl asl as
end someone, s mp| o menl
1. nol l ur n ol l ( a
| | ghl , ar ad| o)
2. nol r emove ( ap| e e ol | ol h| ng
or
j eWe|r )
om| l
d| sappo| nl
a| | oW l oenl er
a| | oW l o| eave ( a
ous, al r a| n, a ar )
a| | oW l o| eave
r e | | ne
| | | um| nal e
oe ar el u|
e am| ne
l r l ol | nd | naoook or onl he| nl er nel
r eal e
d|sl r|oul e
repa
oeWor l hWh| |
| . se/ e l
2' | d nl | l
| mpr ove
1 . ||l l
2. gel ( an
| dea, aneWoook, an| nl er esl )
have l un
| nd| al e
pul somel h| ng | nanappr opr | al e p| a e
r el ur n somel h| ng l o| l s or | g| na| p| a e
sl op ho| d| ng
posl pone
over l he ood W| l h ap| e e ol | ol h| ng
or j eWe| r
ssemo/ e
er e l
meel a | denl a| |
nol have enough ol asupp|
omp| el e
use l oe p| ode
1. esl ao| | sh ( a
ous| ness,
anor gan| zal | on)
2. pr epar e l or use
F s | . v
shoW s. o. or s. l . ol l
shoW up
shul s. l . ol l
s| g n u p
s| l doWn
sl and up
sl ar l ( s. l . ) over *
sl ay up
sl | k W| l h/ l o s. o. or s. l .
sl r a| ghl en ( s. l . )
up
sW| l h s. l . on
l akes. l . aWay/ ol l
l ake s. l . oa k
l ak ol l
l ake s. o. on
l ak s. l . oul
l a| ks. o. | nl o*
l a| ks. l . over
l e m upW| l hs. o.
l ear s. l , doWn
l ear s. l . up
l h| nk oa k ons. o. or s' l .
l h| nk s. l . ov r
l h| nk s. l . up
l hr oW s. l . aWay/ oul
l ou h s. l . up
l r ys. l , on
l r ys. l . oul
l ur n s. o. or s. l . doWn
l ur n s. l . | n
l ur n s. o. or s. l . | nl o
l ur ns. o. ol l
l ur ns. l . ol l
l ur n s. l . on
l ur n oul
l u r n u p
l ur n s. l , up
us s. . up
Wake up
Wake ( s. 0. )
up
Wal h oul
Wor ks. l . ol l
Wor koul
Wor ks. l . oul
Wr | l e s. l . doWn
Wr | l e s. l . up
H l
d| sp| a l he oesl qua| | l | es
appear
sl op amach| ne or | | ghl
r eg| sl er
l ake se l
r | se
sl ar l aga| n
r ma| n aWake
nol qu| l , nol | eave
make neal
sl ar l ama h| ne or a| | ghl
r emove
rel urn
depar l ( ap| ane)
h| r e
oor r oW l r om a| | or ar
p r suade
d|s uss
sl arl l oWork W|l h
desl ro
l ear | nl o sma| | p| e es
r ememoer
ons| der
| nvenl
d|s ard
| mpr ove o mak| ng sma| | hanges
pul l ol h| ng onl osee | l | l l | l s
l | nd oul | l somel h| ng Wor ks
1 ' rej e l
2, de r ease l he vo| ume ( ar ad| o, aTv)
suom| l
hange l r om one l or m l oanol her
( s ang)
desl r o | nl r esl
sl op ama h| ne or | | ghl
sl ar l ama h| ne or | | ghl
have apar l | cu| ar r esu| l
appear
r a| se l he vo| ume
useomp| el e| , onsum
ar | se al l er s| eep| ng
aWaken
oe ar el u|
r mov o Wor k or acl | v| l
1. oer eso| ved
2' e r | se
so| ve
Wr | l e onap| e e ol paper
Wr | l e | nal | n| shed l or m
842
* .
Some 0ommon | r r egu| ar F| ur a| Nouns
S| u| .
an | ys| s
o s| s
r | s| s
hypol h s| s
pass
r ush
r ax
ouzz
F| u | .
ana| yses
oases
r | s s
hypol h ses
S| u| .
h a| l
kn| l
| eal
| | l e
| oal
she| l
W| l e
Fl . u |.
ha| ves
kn| ves
| eaves
| | ves
| oaves
she| ves
W| ves
S| ul .
man
Woman
h | l d
l ool
goose
l ool h
F| u | .
m n
Women
h | l d r n
S| u| . F u | .
mou s m| e
deer deer
l | sh l | sh
sheep sheep l eel
geese
l eel h
8 .
1. Add
| ng
l ol he oase l or m ol l h ver o.
r d r ead g
sl and sl nd| ng
2' l aver onds | n s| nl
e,
dr op l he l | na

and add
| ng.
| eave | eav| nq
l k l ak| ng
| naone sy ao Wor d, | l l h asl l hr e el l er s ar
onsonanl voW onsonanl omo| nal | on
( v ) ,
douo
l h | asl onsonanl o l or e add| ng
| 9.
v
JJJ
s | l
v
JJJ
r un r unn| ng
1. Add
s
l or mosl ver os.
Wor k Wor ks
ouy ouys
r | de r | des
r l ur n r el ur ns
2. Add
es
l or Wor ds l hal nd | n
h, 5, 5h, ,
or
z'
W l h Wal hes
Spe| | | ng Ru| es l or l he Fr esenl Fr ogr ess| ve
p r son peop| e
HoWeve| donol douo| l he asl onson nl | n Wor ds l hal end
| nW, , or
'
s w seW| no
l | x l | | ng
enj oy enj oy| ng
4. | n Wor ds ol l Wo or mor sy l ao es l hal end | na onson nl
voWe onsonanl omo| nal | on, douo| e l he l asl onsonanl
on y | l l he | asl sy | o e | s sl r essed.
adm| l adm| l l | ng ( The asl sy ao| e | ssl r ssed,
so you douo| e l he
l , )
l
Wh| sper Wh| sper | ng( he | asl sy| l aol e | snol sl r essed,
so you don' l douo l h
r . )
5. | l aver o nds | n
| e,
hange l h | el o yo l or add| ng
| ng'
8. hange l he yl o| and add
es
When l he oase l or m ends | n
onsonanl + y.
sl udy sl ud| es
hur r y hur r | es
dr y dr | es
0o nol hange l h yWhen l he o s l or mnds | n voWe|
+ y. Add
s.
p| ay p| ays
enj oy enj oys
4. Al eW ver os have | r r equ r l or ms'
oe | s
does
go s
h s
s| l l | ng
d | d | ng
Spe| | | ng Ru| es l or l he S| mp| e Fr esenl Tense:
Th| r d Fer son S| ngu| ar ( he, she, | l )
pass 5
r ushes
r e xes
ouzzes
0 0
g o
n av e
848
Spe| | | ng Ru| es l or l he S| mp| e Fasl Tense ol Regu| ar ver os
1. l l he ver onds | na onsonanl , add
ed.
r el ur n r el ur ned
he| p he| ped
2. l l h ver onds | n
e,
add
d.
| ve | v d
r al r eal ed
d| d| ed
8. l n one sy ao Wor ds, | l l h v r o ends | n onson nl
voWe onson nl omo| nal | on ( v ) ,
douo| e l he l | na|
onsonanl and add
ed'
v
JT J
hop hopped
v
JJJ
r uo r uooed
1. Add
er
l oon sy l ao e adj e l | ves l ol or m l he ompar al | ve.
Add
esl
l oone sy| | ao adj e l | ves l ol or m l he super | al | ve.
heap he p r heapesl
or | ghl or | ghl er or | ghl esl
2. l l he dj e l | ve nds | n
e,
add
. r
or
sl '
n | e n r n 5r
8. l l he adj e l | ve ends | na onsonanl + y, hang yl o|
Spe| | | ng Ru| es l or l he Oompar al | ve ( er ) and
Super | al | ve ( esl ) ol Adj e l | ves
HoW ve1 donol douo e one sy aol e Wor ds end| ng | n
W' ,
or
'
ooW ooWed
m| x m| xed
p ay p yed
4. | n Wor ds ol l Wo or mor e sy | ao| es l h l end | na onsonanl
voWe| onsonanl omo| n l | on, douo| e l he sl onsonanl
on y | l l he asl sy ao e | s sl r ssed.
pr el dr pr l r r d ( h | asl sy| | ao| | ssl r ssed,
so you douo l he
r . )
u| | ' v| s| l ed ( he
sl sy ao e | snol sl r essed,
so you don' l douo| e l he l . )
5. l l h ver onds | n onsonanl + y, hang l he yl o| nd
add
ed.
Wor r y Wor r | ed
r r y ar r | ed
G. l l h v r o ends | n avoW + y, add
ed.
( 0o
nol h ng
l he yl o| . )
p y p ayed
annoy annoyed
x epl | ons: pay pa| d, l ay a| d, say s | d
4. | l l h adj e l | ve ends | na onsonanl voWe onsonanl
omo| nal | on ( v ) ,
douo| e l he l | n | onsonanl oel or e
dd| ng
er
or
esl .
v
JJJ
o | g o | g g e r o | g g e sl
HoWev r , donol douo e l he onsonanl | n Wor dsnd| ng
| n
W
or
'
s| oW s| oWer
oy oyer
s| oWesl
oyesl
oel or e you add
er
or
esl .
pr l l y pr el l | er pr l l | esl
shyesl Ex epl | on: shy shyer
Spe| | | ng Ru| es l or Adver os End| ng | n
l
1. Add
/ y
l ol he or r espond| ng adj e l | ve.
n| e n| e|
qu| el qu| el / y
oe ul | l u| o aul | l u / y
2. l l h adj e l | v ends | n onsonanl + y, h ng l he yl o|
oel or e add| ng
/ y.
easy eas| |
844
8. | l l h adj e l | ve ends | n
. / e,
dr op l he e nd dd
y.
poss| o poss| o y
HoWeve1 donol dr op l he el or ol her dj e l | ves end| ng | n
e.
e l r m exl r em / y
Ex epl | on: l r u l r u|
4. | l l he adj l | ve ends | n
| ,
add
a| | ,
oas| oas| a| |
l anl asl | l anl asl | a/ / y
Oonl r a l | ons W| l h ver o For ms
1. S| pl F s T s , F s F o ss| v , AN0 | p | v
0onl r l | ons W| l hBe
| a m
you ar e
h e | s
she | s
| l | s
we ar
you ar
l h y ar e
| m nol
you ar e nol
he | snol
she | snol
| l | snol
Wear e nol
you ar nol
l h y ar e nol
0onl r a l | ons W| l h0o
| ' m
you' r e
he' s
she' s
| l ' s
w , r e
you' r
l h y, r e
| ' mn ol
you' r e nol or
he' s nol or
sh , s nol or
| l ' snol or
We' r e nol or
you' r e nol or
l hey, r nol or
you ar en' l
he| sn' l
she | sn' l
| l | sn ' l
W r en, l
you ar en' l
l hey ar en' l
S| p| . F s
| ' masl udenl .
H , s my l ea h r '
we, r l r om an da.
S| pl . F s
She, s nol s| k.
He | sn , l l e.
we r en, l l W| ns'
They' r e nol her e.
F s F o ss| v
| , n r sl u d | n g h er .
H , s l . r h| r | g ver os'
we, r | | v | l r g h er e.
F s F o ss| v
Sh e, s n r l r d | | r q .
He| sn , l m| | . . | : .
wear n , l | | | r .
Th ey , r n l
| ' ; | l | | : .
donol
does nol
don' l
doesn' l
S| p| . F s l p | v
h ey d on , l | | v e h er e. 0 n ' l r u !
l d oesn ' l sn oW mu h .
S| p| F s F s F o REss| vE
H W s n , l a p o e l . He W a s | . | s | n q | n q .
Th ey W er en , l l W | n s. h ey W r en l s| e | | ; r : .
wed| dn ' l see h er .
Fu u W| wl l . l
, l k e l h l r | n .
l l ' | | oel asl er l hal Wav.
we' | | gol ogel her .
H W on ' l ome W | l h u s.
They Won' l m| ss l he l r a| n.
2 . S| pl . F s T s AN0 FAs F o ss| v
0onl r a l | ons W| l hBe
Was nol
=
wasn' l
w r nol =
wer n, l
0onl r a l | ons W| l h0o
d| d nol
=
d| dn' l
Fu u
0onl r a l | ons W| l hv | | /
l W | | |
=
| ' | |
y ou W | | |
= y ou ' | |
h e W | | |
= h e' | |
sh e W | | | = sh e' | |
| l W | | |
=
| l ' | |
W e W | | |
=
W e' | |
y ou W | | |
= y ou ' | |
l h y W| l | =
l h y, | |
W| | | nol
=
Won' l
8 .
( conl | nu d
on n l pag )
845
, . | | . | * | | ' l | | n| l |
'
4 .
0onl r a l | ons W| l hBego| ngl o
| m g o| n g l o =
| , m g o| n g l o
you ar e go| ng l o
= you' r e go| ng l o
h | s go| ng l o =
he, s go| ng l o
sh | s go| ng l o
=
she, s go| ng l o
| l | sgo| ng l o =
| l ' s go| ng l o
we ar e go| ng l o
=
w , r go| ng l o
you ar e go| ng l o
= you' r e go| ng l o
l hey ar e go| ng l o
=
l hey' r e go| ng l o
F s F r AN0 FR s N F RFE F o ss| v
conl r a l | ons W| l hHaye
l h v =
| , ve
you have= you' ve
he has =
he' s
she has =
she' s
| l has =
| l ' s
W have
=
we, v
you have= you' ve
l hey have
=
l hey' ve
h ve nol
=
haven, l
has nol =
hasn' l
5. Hoo l s AN0 Ho0AL. Ll Exp ss| o s
annol or n nol =
an, l
ou d nol =
ou| dn, l
shou| d nol =
shou| dn' l
h d oel l er =
, d
oel l er
Wou d pr el er =
, d
pr l er
Wou| d nol =
Wou| dn' l
Wou| d r al her =
' d
r al her
ou d have =
ou| d, ve
shou d hav =
shou| d, v
Wou| d h v =
Wou| d, ve
musl have =
musl ' ve
m| ghl have =
m| ghl ' ve
G. 0o o| | oNA| s w| | woul o
| W o u | d =
| ' d
you Wou| d = you' d
he Wou| d =
he' d
she Wou| d =
she' d
WeWou| d =
We' d
you Wou| d = you' d
l hey Wou| d =
l hey' d
Wou| d hav =
Wou| d, ve
Wou| d nol =
Wou| dn' l
Fu u W| 8g Ool NOo
, m go| ng l oouy l | kel s l omor r oW.
Sh , s g o| n g l o a| l y ou .
l l ' s g o| n g l or a| n soon ,
we' r e go| ng l odr | ve l oBosl on.
hey, r e go| ng l o r ash!
You' ve a| r eady r ead l hal page.
we' ve oeen Wr | l | ng l or an hour .
She, s oeen l o Al r | l hr ee l | m s.
| l , s oe n r a| n| ng s| n e yesl er day.
we haven, l seen any e phanl s yel .
hey haven, l oeen l | v| ng h r e ong.
She hasn' l l aken any phol os l oday.
Sh an , l d an e.
we sh ou | d n ' l g o.
hey, d oel l er de | de.
, d pr el er
ol l ee.
Sh e W ou | d n ' l .
| ' dr al her l ake l he ous.
w ou | d , v e W al k ed .
we m| ghl , ve ar r | ved l e.
l l had l | m , | , d l r ave| '
| l you moved her e, you' d oehappy.
l she kneW l he ansW 1 she, d l e| | you.
we, d ouy an war | l Wehad l he money.
l you | nv| l ed l hem, l hey, dome.
| l l had knoWn, l Wou| d' ve l o| d you.
| Wou| dn, l dol h l | l l Wer e you'
84G
Fun l ual | on Ru| es l or 0| r e l Speech
j
0| r e l spee h may | l her l o| oW or om oel or l he r epor l | ng
v r o. wh n d| r l spe h l o| | oWs l h r epor l | ng ver o,
. Ful a Omm al l er l h r por l | ng v r o.
o. Use open| ng quol al | on mar ks ( . . )
o l or e l he l | r sl Wor d ol
l he d| r e l spe h.
. Beg| n l he quol al | on W| l h a ap| l a| l l r .
d. Use l he appr opr | al nd pun l ual | on l or l he d| r l spee h.
| l may oe aper | od ( . ) , aqu sl | on mar k ( ?) , or an ex m .
l | on po| nl ( ! ) .
. Ful | os| ng quol al | on mar ks ( , , )
al l er l h end pun l ual | on
ol l he quol l | on.
xamp| es: He sa| d,
, , l
h d good l | m . , ,
5he sk d,
, , wher , s
l he par l y?, ,
hey shoul d,
, , Be
ar l u| ! , ,
Fr onun | al | on Tao| e
voW l . s
when d| r e l spee h omes oel or e l he r epor l | ng ver o,
a. Beg| n l he s nl en W| l h open| ng quol l | on mar ks ( , , ) .
o' Us l he appr opr | l end pun l ual | on l or l h d| r l spee h.
| l l h d| r l spee h | sasl al m nl , us a omma ( , ) .
| l l h d| r l spee h | s aquesl | on, use quesl | on mar k ( ?) .
| l l he d| r e l spee h | s nex | mal | on, use anex | amal | on
p o| n l ( ! ) .
. Us | os| ng quol al | on mar ks al l er l he nd pun l ual | on
l or
l h d| r e l sp e h ( , , ) .
d. Beg| n l he r epor l | ng | ause W| l h a| oWer se l l r .
e. Us per | od al l h nd ol l h ma| n senl n e ( . ) .
xamp| es:
, , l
h d agood l | me, , , he s | d.
, , wher e, s
l h par l y?, , she ask d.
, , Be
r l u ! , , l hey shoul ed.
co so s
Symoo| Key wor d
| oeal , l ed
r o| l , d| d
l dal e, pa| d
oel , oed
8 oal , oad
o oox, odd, l al her
ooughl , dog
ou ooal , r oad
u oook, good
u oool , l ood,
sl udenl
A oul , mud,
mol h r
Symoo| Key wor d
o an an a, amon g
sh| r l , mur der
al o| l e, r y, ouy,
eye
au aooul , hoW
Jl vo| e, ooy
r r oeer
l r oar e
or oar
) r door
ur l our
S ss
'
shoWs ma| nsl r ess.
Symoo| ey wor d
p pa k, happy
o oa k, r uooer
Symoo| ey wor d
!
sh| p, ma h| ne, sl l | on,
spe | al , d| s uss| on
8
m asur , v| s| on
h hol , Who
m men
n sun, kno pn umon| a

su n g , r | n g | n g
W Wel , Wh| l e
l | | g h l , | on g
r r | ghl , Wr ong
y yes, use, mus|
l .
oul l r , ool l |
l
d
k
g
l l
d8
l
v
0

s
Z
l | e
d | e
ame, key, qu| k
gam , gu sl
hur h, nal ur e, Wal h
j udge, gen r l , maj or
l an, phol ogr aph
van
l h| ng, or eal h
l h n, or e l h
s| p, | l y, psy ho| ogy
z| p, p e se, goes
847
Fr onunc| al | on Ru| es l or l he S| mp| e Fr esenl Tense:
Th| r d Fer son S| ngu| ar ( he, she, | l )
1. he l h| r d per son s| ngu| ar | n l he s| mp pr esenl l nse a| Ways
nds | nl he | el l r
. s.
her er e, hoW ver , l hr e d| l l er enl pr o
nun | al | ons l or l he l | na| sound ol l he l h| r d per son s| ngu| ar .
4. The l | na sound | spr onoun d / z/ al l r a| voWe| sounds,
agr ee agr e s
l r y l r | s
sl ay sl ays
knoW knoWs
5. he l | nal sound | s pr onoun ed al l r l h sounds l s , l z ,
l l ,
$ '
/ l / , and | | ' | | z| adds asy| | ao| e l ol h v r o.
r a r a s
l r e z l r ez s
r ush r ushes
mass g massages
Wal h W l hes
j u d g e j u d g es
G. 0o and s y hav hang | nvoW | sound.
2. The l | nal sound | s
pr onoun ed
/ s/ al l er l he vo| el ess sounds
| p| , | | | , | k| , and | l L
l op l ops
gel gel s
l ke l kes
u g h u g h s
8. The l | na sound | s
pr onoun ed
z| al l er l he vo| d sounds
| o| , | d| , | g| , | v| , 1G| , | m| , | n| , | r 1| , | | | , and | r | .
des r | o d s r | o s
spend spends
hug hugs
| | ve | | ves
o l he oal h s
seem se ms
r ema| n r ema| n s
s| ng s| ngs
l e| | l e| | s
| oWer | oWer s
The r gu r s| mp pasl al W ys ends | n l h el l r
d.
her e
r , hoWev r , l hr e d| l l r enl pr onun | al | ons l or l he l | n
sound ol l h r egu| ar s| mp e pasl .
l sl l |
| du|
says s z
does | d z|
mass ge massaged
hange hanged
r hym r hymed
r el ur n r el ur ned
o ng oanged
en r o| | en r o| | ed
pp ar app ar ed
oal h oal h d
4. The l | na sound | spr onoun d / d/ al l er | l voWe sounds.
agr ee agr e d
p ay p yed
d | e d | ed
nj oy nj oyed
r oW r oW d
5. he l | na sound | spr onoun ed / r d/ al l er l | nd / d/ .
/ l d/ adds asy| | o| e l ol he v r o.
sl ar l sl r l ed
de | de de | ded
| s| | z|
l | k s ov s
l l | | d|
r ed | v ed
|l z|
d n es
| l d|
al l end d
say
do
| Fr onun | al | on Ru| es l or l he S| mp| e Fasl Tense ol Regu| ar ver os
1 .
2.
8 .
The l | na| sound | spr onoun ed / l / al l er l h vo| e ess sounds
| p| , | k| , | l | , | s| , |
[ | ,
and l 1.
hop hopped
Wor k Wor ked
| au g h | au g h ed
addr ess ddr ssed
p u o | | sh p u o | | sh ed
Wal h Wal hed
he l | na| sound | spr onoun d / d/ al l er l he vo| ed sounds
o ' g , v , z , 8 , , m , n , | , | , r , and G| '
r uo
h u g
| | v e
r uoo d
hugg d
| | ved
sur pr | se sur pr | sed
848
| ndex
A| an, 25 _25
A
l |l eu: ,
24G_247
A gr al d a| ol , 24G_247
A | | l l | e l | | l l | e, 24G 247
A |ol ol , 24G247
Ao| | | l ' 11G_117
pass| ve, 2G9
W | l h u l | sh . 2 9 5
A l | ve/ pass| ve, 2G4
_2G5
Add| l | ons, 110 111
Adj e l | ve | auses
| denl | l y| ng and
non | denl | l y| ng, 808 809
W| l h ooj e l r e| al | v pr onouns,
804 805
W| l h suoj e l r e| al | ve
pr onouns, 800 801
W| l h h n ar d h r e. 805
Adj e l | ves
ompar al | ves, 184
_1B5,
889, 844
onl r asl W| l h adver os.
1 7 2 l 7 8
equal | v s, 180_181
l o| | oWed oy | nl r n| l | ves,
2 r 0 2 1 r , 2 1 5 , 8 8 8
| r r egu| ar ompar | sons, 889
par l | | p| a , 7G_ 77, 889
W| l h pr epos| l | on
omo| nal | ons. 208. 888
sup r | al | ves, 188_189,
889' 44
Adver os
ompar al | ves, 192_198' 889
onl r asl W| l h adj e l | ves,
r 72 l 78
end| ng| n
_| ,
l 72_l 7 , 844
equal | ves, 180 181
ol l r equenc , 7
l o| | oWedoy | nl | n| l | ves, 215
| r r egu| ar ompar | sons, 889
ol manne l 78
super | al | ves, 192 198
Adv| e, \ 28_129
l l l r
ou, 287
| mper al | v , 19
pass| ve, 2G8 2G9
Adv|sao|||l y |n l he pasl , 1G21G8
All er
W| l h l ul ur l | me | auses, 89
W| l h pasl per l ecl , T|
Ag nl
W| l h pass| ve, 2G4 2G5
W| l h pass| ve ausal | ve,
272 278
go, 25
Al r ad
l ul ur e per l e l , 97
pasl per l ecl , 7l
pr esenl per l e l , 50_51
A| u| a s, 7
An , 2 4 7
Ar l | | es
a/ an, 248, 250 25l
no ar l | | e, 250_25
no ar l | | e onl r asl ed W| l h l h ,
254255
l h , 248, 250_25
As | n equal | ves, 180 181
As soon as
l ul ur l | me | auses, 89
pasl per l ecl , T|
Assumpl | ons, 158 159
Au | | | ar y ver os
| n add| l | ons, 110 111
W| l h quesl | onsaooul
pr d| al e, 108
| n l ag quesl | ons, 10G 107
B
onl r a l | ons. 845
l o| | oWed oy r el | x| ve
pr onoun, 259
s| mp| e pasl l ense, 24 25,
2829
B ao| e l o' 1G_117
Be
( do|ng) ,
28
Be go|ng l o
onl r a l | ons' 84G
onl r asl W| l h ol her l ul ur e
l or ms, 84 85
l a l ua| ond| l | ona| s, 288
l ul ur e, 80 81, 84 85
l ul ur e pr og ess| ve, 92
W| l h pass| ve, 2G8 2G9
Be supposed l o, l 501, 5l
Be used l o| used l o, 88, 208
Bel or
l ul ur e l | me | auses' 89
pasl per l ecl , T|
B
W| l h l ul ur per l e l , 97
W|l h pass|ve, 2G42G5, 2G82G9
W| l h pass| ve ausal | ve,
272_27
W| l h pasl per l ecl , TL
l o| | oW d oy r el | ex| ve pr onoun'
259
B l he l | me, 89
0an
ao| | | l y, 11G 117
per m| ss| o , 20_L2
r equesl s, l 24 l 25
0an' l
ao| | | l y, 11G 117
assumpl | ons, 158 159
W| l h pass| ve, 2G9
pr oh| o| l | on, 14G 147
spe u| al | ons aooul l he pasl ,
1GG 1G7
0an' l haae, 1GG1G7
0ommands
| mper al | v , 18_19
| nd| r e l spee h, 815
0ommas
W| l h adj e l | ve | auses, 809
W| l h l a l ua| ond| l | ona| s,
2 7 9 , 2 8 8
W| l h l | me | auses, 41, 89
W| l h unr ea| ond| l | ona| s.
287 . 291
0ommon nouns, 242 248
849
0ompar al | ves
adj e l | ves, 184_18 5, 889, 844
ad v r o s, 1 9 2 _ 1 9 8 , 8 8 9
| r r egu| a 889
0ond| l | ona| s
l ul ur l a l ua|, 282_288
pasl unr ea| , 290 29l
pr s nl l a l ua| ' 27 8_27 9
pr esenl unr ea| , 28G 287
W| l h ul | sh, 294 295
0onl r a l | ons
W| l h v r o l or ms. 845_84G
0oul d
ao| | | l y, 1. 1G 11 7
assumpl | ons, 158 159
l ul ur poss| o| | | l y,
154155
| nd| r l spe h, 828
W| l h pass| v , 2G9
p r m| ss| on, 120_12
r equesl s, l 24 l 25
spe u| al | ons aooul l he pasl ,
1 G G 1 G 7
suggesl | ons, 182 188
al l er | sh . 2 9 5
0o l dn, l
assumpl | ons, 158 159
| mposs| o| | | l y, 155
pasl ao| | | l , l l G_l l 7
0ou| d haue
adv| sao| | | l y | n l h pasl ,
l G2 l G8
spe u| al | onsaooul l he pasl ,
1. GG1G7
0ounl nouns/ non ounl nouns'
242 248
and ar l | Tes, 250 251. ,
254255
and quanl | l | er s, 24G 247
d
O
_ed)
0el r n| l e ar l | | e, 250_25l
0| r l spee h
| mper al | v , 814_815
pun l ual | on r u| es, 847
quesl | ons
,
82G 827
sl al emenl s, 818 819,
22_828
0| r l | ons, 19
8 5 0
0o
W| l h add| l | ons, 110
onl r a l | ons, 845
l agquesl | ons, 10G 107
0o
ou
m| nd | l , l 20_l 2l
0onl l haue l o| l nusl nol .
l 4G 147
Each ol her | each ol her ' s.
258259
d
adj l | veend| ng, l 7G_177
pasl par l | | p| , 4G
p asl l en se, 2 4
Emoeddedqu sl | ons, 880_881
phr as s | nl r odu | ng, 840
Eno gh
W| l h ounl and non ounl
nouns, 24G 247
W| l h | nl | r n| l | ve s, 2l 4 2l 5
Equal | ves, 180 181
r
ompar al | v adj e l | ves,
184 185, 844
ompar al | ve adver os, 192_198
esl
sup r | al | ve adj e l | ves,
188 189, 844
super | al | ve adver os, 192 198
Eu r
W| l h pasl per l ecl , T0
W| l h pr esenl p r l e l , 55
W| l h super | al | ves, 189
pe l al | ons
oesuppos dl o, 150_151
Fa l ua| ond| l | ona| s
l ul ur e, 282_28
pr senl , 278_279
Feus a
l u: '
24G_247
For | s| nc , 4G_47
Ful ur e
o go| ng, q 80_81
onl r asl ol l ul ur e l or ms. 84_85
p ass| v e, 2 G 9
pr es nl pr og ess| ve, 85
s| mp| e pr esenl l ense, 85
l | m | aus s, 88_89
| | | , 81' , 85
Ful ur l a l ua| ond| l | ona| s'
282288
Ful ur per l l , 9G_97
Ful ur e per l e l pr og ess| ve,
9G97
Ful ur e poss| o| | | l , 54_1' 55, 2G9
Ful ur pr ogr ss| ve, 92_98
Oer unds
onl r asl W| l h | nl | n| l | ves.
222 228
al l r pr pos| l | ons, 2 2 2 ,
2 2 8
assuoj e l or ooj e l , 198_199
al l er r l a| n ver os, 198_199,
2 2 8 , 8 8 7 8 8 8
Oel
( s. o.
l odos. l . ) , 22G 227
Oel | haue
( s. l .
done) , 27 2 278
O l s dl o sedl o, 88, 208
Oo + ger und, 199
Had o n
( do| ng) ,
74_75
Had oel l er
adv| e, 128_ 29
W| l h pass| ve, 2G9
Had
( don ) ,
70_7l
Had l o hans , 1GG_1G7
Hard| , l 78
Haae
onl r a l | ons, 84G
pr es nl per l e l , 4G_47, 50_51,
54 55
pr senl per l e l pr ogr ess| ve,
G2G8
Haoe
( s. o.
dos. l . ) . 22G 227
Hau oe n
( do| ng)
pr esenl per l e l pr ogr ess| v e, G2
Hau
( done) ,
4G47, 50_51,
5455
Haue| g l
( s. l '
don ) , 272_27
Hanl e
( gol )
l o
assumpl | ons, 158 159
ne ess| l y, l 42_l 48
W| l h pass| ve, 2G9
He| p
( s. o.
dos. l . ) , 22G 227
Hor o aoou 182 188
l denl | l y| ngadj e l | ve | auses,
808 809
rl
onl r asl W| l h un| ss' 288
| n emoeddedquesl | ons,
8 8 0 8 8 1
| n | nd| r e l quesl | on s, 82G_ 27
' l l | auses
l ul ur e l a l ua| ond| l | ona| s,
282288
pasl unr ea| ond| l | ona| s,
290291.
pr s nl l a l ua| ond| l | ona| s,
278_2 9
pr senl unr ea| ond| l | ona| s,
28G287
l l l er
ou,
287
l mper al | ve, 18 19
d| r l and | nd| r e l spee h,
8 1 4 8 1 5
l a l ua| ond| l | ona| s' 27 9
r el | | vepr onouns, 259
l n or der l o, 2l B 2l 9
l ndel r n| l e ar l | | , 250_25l
l nd l | n| l e pasl , 54_55
l nd| r e l quesl | ons, 82G_827, 881
l nd| r e l spee h
| mper al | ves, 814 815
| nd| r e l quesl | ons, 2G_827
pr onoun hanges, 815, 828
r epor l | ngver os, 815, 840
sl al menl s, 818_8l 9' 822_828
l | me Wor d hanges, 8l 5, 28,
840
ver ol nse hanges' 819,
822828
l nl | n| l | ves
al l er er l a| n adj e l | ves,
2 7 0 2 1 1 , 2 1 5 , 8 8 8
al l er adv r os, 215
onl r asl W| l h g r unds, , 222_22
W| l h | nd| r e l | mper al | ves,
8 1 4 8 1 5
negal | ve, 20G 207
,
218 219,
8 1 4 8 1 5
al l er r l a| n nouns, 2l 0_2l l
al l r ooj e l s, 2 G_207, 227
ol p u r p ose, 2 l S 2 l 9
al l r quesl | onWor ds, 880_881
W| l h l oo and nough, 2l 4_2l 5
al l er er l a| n ver os, 20G_207,
888
| ng
as adj e l | veend| ng, 17 G_1' 77
l ul ur e per l e l pr og ess| ve,
9G97
l ul ur e pr og ess| ve, 92_98
ger unds, 198 199, 202 208
pasl p r l e l pr og ss| e, 7 7 5
pasl pr og ss| ve' 8G_87
pr es nl per l e l pr og ess| ve,
G2G8
pr esenl pr og ess| v e, , 2
l nsepar ao| e phr asa| ver os,
282_28 ' 84l _842
l nsl r u l | ons
| mper al | v , 18_19
| nd| r e l spe h, 815
l nv| l al | ons
| mper al | ve, 19
| nd| r e l spe h, 815
l r r egu| ar p| ur a| nouns, 848
l r r gu| ar ver os
| | sl s, 88G 887
s| mp| e pasl l ense, 24 25, 28
l l , s + adj e l | ve+ | nl | n| l | ve, 2 l
Jusl , 54 55
Lal e| , 54_55, 78
Less| l nor , l 84, 92_ 98
Lel
( s. o.
dos. l . ) , 22G 227
L l , s, 182_188
L| l l | e| a | | l l | e, 24G 247
_l
as adj l | veend| ng, l 78
as adver oend| ng, 172 178,
844
Hake
( s. o.
dos. l . , ) , 22G 227
Han , 24G_247
Ha
assumpl | ons, 158 159
l ul ur poss| o| | | l , 15 4_155, 2G9
p er m| ss| on , l 2 0 l 2 |
spe u| al | ons aooul l h pasl ,
1GG1G7
Ha haa , GG
Ha o
onl r asl W| l h ma o , l 55
| n suggesl | ons, 182 188
H ne| l h
He l oo, l l 1,
H|ghl
assumpl | ons, 158 159
l ul ur poss| o| | | l , 154_ 55,
2G9
| nd| r e l spee h, 828
spe u| al | ons aooul l he pasl ,
r G G l G 7
H| ghl haae
adv| sao| | | l y | n l he pasl ,
l G2l G8
spe u| al | ons aooul l h pasl ,
1GG 1G7
Hoda| s
( s e
a| so sp c| l | cmoda| s)
l a l ua| ond| l | ona| s. 279. 288
| nd| r e l spee h, 828
and pass| ve, 2G8 2G9
and unr ea| ond| l | ona| s. 287.
29l
Hor e | ess, 184_18 5, 92_19
Hosl | | asd 1B8_1B9, 192_198
Hu ch , 2 4 G 2 4 7
H sl
assumpl | ons, 158 159
ne ess| l y, r 42_l 48
W| l h pass| ve, 2G8 2G9
spe u| al | onsaooul l he pasl ,
1, GG 1G7
Husl haue, l GG l G7
Husl nol | don' l haa l o.
l 4G 147
Husl nol
( hau ) ,
1GG_1G7
N ess| l y
hau
( go0
l o andmusl '
l 42 l 48
pass| ve, 2G9
Negal | ve | n r n| l | ves
| mper al | ves, 815
ol pur pose, 2l B 219
al l er r l a| n ver os, 20G_207
N | l h 110_111
8 s1
Neuer
W| l h
Fasl Fer l ecl , Tl
W| l h pr es nl
per l e l , 54
W| l h s| mF| e Fr esenl
l ense, 7
Non. a l | on
ver os, 10_11
| | sl , 887
Non. ounl
nouns/ ounl
nouns'
242248
and arl | es,
250_25 ,
254= 255
and
quanl |l rers,
24G247
Non | d nl | l y| ng
adj e l | ve
| auses,
808_809
Nol al a||, 72012l ,
l 25
Nol | l h r ,
l _ l
Nol
l , 5 0 _ 5 1
Nouns
ommon'
242 248
ounl , 242_248,
24G_247,
250251, 254255
del | n| l , 254_255
| ndel | r n| l e , 254 255
l o| | oWed
o | nl | n| l | ves,
210_211
| r r egu| ar F| ur a| s,
248, 848
non oun
l , 242_248,
24G 247,
250251
254255
p| ur a| , 248' 848
pr ope 242_248
W|l h
quanl |l | e l s, 24G247
ooj e l
g r unds, 198_199
oel r | nl | n| l | ves,
20G_207,
227
W| l h | nseFar ao| e
and
seFar ao| e Fhr asa|
ver os,
282_28 , 28G_287
ooj e l r e| al | v
p| nouns,
8 0 4 8 0 5 , 8 0 9
l l en' 7
n anol h r | one
anol her , s,
258259
ughl l o
adv| e,
l 2B_ 29
| n | nd| r e l spee h, 828
W| l h
Fass| ve,
2G9
Oughl l o haae,
1G2 1G8
Far l | | p| a|
adj e l | ves, l 7G_177
| | sl , 889
852
Far l | | es
onl r asl
W| l h
pr pos| l | ons,
282288, 287
| nsepar ao| e Fhr asa|
ver os,
282288, 84l 842
separ ao| e Fhr asa|
ver os,
28G 287, 841 842
Fass| ve
W|l h agenl , 2G42G5
onl r asl
W| l h a l | ve,
2G4 2G5
W|l h moda|s,
2G82G9
Fass| ve ausal | ve,
27 2_27
Fasl O
S| mp e
pasl l ns )
Fasl par l | | p| es
l o l orm l ul ure
p rl e l , 9G_97
l o l or m
Fass| ve,
2G4 2G5,
2G82G9
l l r m
pass| ve ausal | ve,
272 278
l l or m pasl per l ecl , 70_77
l o l or m pr esenl
per l e l ,
4G 47 , 50 51,
54 55
Fasl per l e l , 70_7l
W| l h a r ad , 7l
W | l h U r , 7
| nd| r e l spee h, 828
W | l h n u r , 7 l
W | l h
l , 7
Fasl
per l e l pr og ss| ve,
7 4_7 5
Fasl
pr og ess| ve, 8G_87
onl r asl
W| l h s| mp| e
pasl
l n s , 8 7 , 4 |
W| l h s| mp|
pasl l ense, 40_4
W| l h h| ' 87, 40_4l
Fasl unr a| ond| l | ona| s,
290291\ 828
Fer m| ss| n, l 20 l 21
po| | l e ansWer s,
121
Fhr asa|
ver os
| nseFar ao| e, 2S2 288
| | sl , 84| 842
separ ao| e , 28G 287
l r ans| l | ve, 288, 287
Fl ease
W| l h per m| ss| n,
l 2
W| l h r equesl s,
125
F| ur a| nouns, 248, 848
Foss| o| | | l Y
l ul ur , 54_l 5, 2G9
quesl | ns, 1G7
Fr d| al e,
102_108
Fr l e
18G_187
Fr el r en es,
18G_187
Fr epos| l | ons
omo| n d
W| l h adj e l | ves,
888
omo| ned
W| l h ver os, 888
onl r asl
W| l h par l | | s,
282 288, 287
l o| | oWedoy ger unds, 202 2 8,
228
r e| al | ve
pr onoun as ooj e l ol ,
805
Fr senl nl | nuous
( s Fr s nl
pr ogr ss| u )
Fr esenl l a l ua| ond| l | ona| s,
278 279
Fr s nl
per l l
W| l h a| r ad
and
l ,
50_51
onl r asl
W| l h pr es nl p r l l
pr og ess| ve,
GG_G7
onl r asl
W| l h s| mp|
pasl
l n se, 5 8 _ 5 9
W| l h u 55
| ndel | n| l e Fasl ,
54 55
W| l h7 sl , 55
W| l h | al | , 55
W|l h s|nc and
l o
4G47
Fr s nl
perl e l prog ss|ve, G2_G, 8
onl r asl
W| l h pr esenl p r l e l ,
GGG7
Fr es nl
pr og ess| v e, 2 8
onl r asl
W| l h s| mp| e
pr es nl
l ense, 14 15
l r l ul ur e, 85
spe| | | ng
r u| s, 848
Fr esenl unr a| nd| l | ona| s,
28G287
Fr oh| o| l | on
musl nol andcan' l , 14G 147
Fr onouns
r e | pr o a| , 258_259
rel |ex|v ,
258_259
r | al | ve, 800_801, 804_805'
808 809
Fr nun | al | on
s| mp| e
pasl l ense l r egu| ar
ver os, 848
s| mp|
pr esenl l ens , 848
l a |e, 47
Fr oFer nouns' 242 248
:
l
$
|
Fun l ual | on
( s
a| so sp c| l | c
puncl ual | on)
d| r e l spee h, 847
al l r suggesl | ons, 188
Fur pose, 278 219
Ouanl | l | er s
and ounl nouns, 24G_247
| r r gu| ar ompar | sons, 889
and non ounl nouns. 24G_247
Ouesl | on
mar ks
| n moeddedquesl | ons,
880 881
| n | nd| r e l quesl | ons, 82G 827
| n suggesl | ons, 182 188
Ouesl | ons
( se
o| so wh_
qu sl | ons; Yes/ l r ( o qu sl | ons)
moedded, 880 881, 840
| nd| r e l , 82G 827, 88l
per m| ss| on, , l 20
poss| o| | | l , 1G7
aooul pr ed| al , 102_108
r quesl s, 124
s| mp| e pasl l ense, 28 29
aooul suoj e l , 102_108
l ag, 10G 107
Ouol al | on
mar ks, 814_815, 47
Rar | , 7
R cenl | , 54_55
Re | pr o a| pr onouns, 258_259
Rel | ex| ve expr ess| ons, 840
Rel | ex| v pr onouns, 258_259
Regr el
pasl unr ea| ond| l | ona| s, 291
W | l h | sh , 2 9 5
Regu| ar ver os
pr onun | al | on r u| es, 848
s| mp| epasl l ense, 24 25, 28
Re| al | ve | ausesO Ad| cl | u
c| aus s)
Re| al | ve pr onouns
| n | denl | l y| ng and
non | d nl | l y| ng adj e l | ve
| auses, 808_809
ooj e l , 804_805
suoj e l , 800 801
Repor l ed spee h
( s e
l nd| r cl
sp h)
Repor l | ng ver os, 814 815, 840
R quesl s, 24_l 25
| mper al | ves, 19
| nd| r e l spee h, 815
po| | l e ansWer s, 125
Se| domr T
Separ ao| e phr asa| ver os,
28G 287, 84r
S aer a| , 24G_247
Shoul d
adv| e, l 28_r29
| nd| r e l spe h, 828
W| l h pass| v , 2G9
Shou|d haue, 1G21G8
Shou| dn' l , l 29
Sho l dn' l hanse, 1G2_ G8
S| mp| pasl l ense, 24_25, 28 29
onl r asl W| l h pr esenl per l e l ,
58 59
| r r egu| ar ver os, 24 25,
88G 887
W| l h pasl pr gr ess| ve, 40_4l
pr onun | al | on r u| es, 848
spe| | | ng r u| es, 25, 844
S| mp| e pr esenl l nse, G_7
onl r asl W| l h pr esenl
pr ogr ess| v , l 4_l 5
l or l ul ur e, 84 85
W| l h l ul ur per l e l , 97
W| l h l ul ur per l e l
pr og ess| ve, 97
| n l ul ur e l | me | aus s, 89
pr onun | al | on r u| es, 848
sp | | | ngr u| s, 848
S| nce| l o 4G_47
So, 1 1 0 1 1 1
So l , e, 24G_247, 250_25l
Sor nel | r nes, T
Spe u| al | ons aooul l hepasl ,
1GG 1G7
Sl al | ve ver os
( s
Non , cl | on
u r os)
Suoj e l
ger unds, l g 199, 228
ol | mper al | ve, 19
l h_ quesl | ons, 102_108
Suoj e l r e| al | ve pr onouns,
800 801
Suggesl | ons, 182 188
| mp r al | ve, 19
Super | al | ves
adj e l | ves, 188_189, 89, 844
adver os, l 92 l 98
Tag quesl | ons, 10G 107
Te| | | sa , 8 1 5 , 8 1 9
Than, 184 185, 192 198
Thal
W| l h | nd| r e l spee h, 818_819
r | al | vepr onoun, 801,
804 805
Thal |u: h|ch' 8 l
Th
del | n| l e ar l | | e. 250_25l .
254 255
W| l h super | al | ve adj e l | ves,
188 189
W| l h super | al | v adver os,
l 92_l 9
T| me | auses
l ul ur , 88_89' 98, 97
p asl , 4 0 4 l , 7 L, 7 5
W| l h s| nc , 47
Too
| n add| l | ons, 110 111
W| l h | nl r n| l | ves, 2\ 4 215
Tr ans| l | v phr asa| ver os, 28 , 287
TWo Wor d/ par l ver os
( s
Fhr asa| u r os)
Un| ss||l ' 288
Unr a| ond| l | ona| s
pasl , 290 29l
pr esenl , 28G 287
Un l | | , 89
Usedl o, 82 88
onl r asl W| l h o | g l us dl o,
88, 208
Us | l , 7
858
l | | # g| | | | | : , | , | | . | .
v r os
W| l h ool h a l | on and
non a l | onmean| ngs, 10_11
omo| nedW| l h pr epos| l | ons,
2 0 8 , 8 8 8
l o| | oWedoy ger und, 198 199,
2 2 2 2 2 8 , 8 8 7 8 8 8
| mp r al | ve l or m, 18_19
l o| | oWed oy | nl r n| l | ves,
20G 207
, 222 228, 888
| r r egu| a 24_25, 28' 88G_887
non a l | on, 10_11, 15, 887
phr asa| , 282 288, 28G 287,
84r842
r eg u | a 2 4 , 2 8 , 8 4 4 , 8 4 8
r epor l | ng, 814_815, 40
s| mp| pasl l ense, 24_25,
8 8 G _ 8 8 7 , 8 4 4 , 4 8
l ag quesl | ons and aux| | | ar y,
10G 107
l r ans| l | v
, 288,
287
used r el | e | ve| v. 840
war n| ngs, 19
was|u: re
( do|ng) '
8G_87
w re
| n pr esenl unr ea| ond| l | ona| s,
28G287
| n W | sh s, 2 9 4 _ 2 9 5
when
W| l h adj e l | ve | auses, 805, 809
l ul ur l | me | aus s. 89
pasl per l ecl , T0
pasl per l e l pr og ess| ve, 75
s| mp| e pasl l ense, 40 41
where
W| l h adj e l | ve | aus s, 805, 809
quesl | ons, 108
whel her
| n emoeddedquesl | ons,
8 8 0 8 8 1
| n | nd| r l quesl | ons, 82G_827
whel her or nol , 827
wh| ch
| denl | l y| ng and
non_| d nl | l y| ng adj e l | ve
| auses, 808_809
r e| al | vepr onoun, 801, 805, 809
wh| |
W| l h l ul ur e l | me | auses. 89
W| l h pasl p og ess| ve, 40_4l
who
W| l h quesl | onsaooul suoj e l
and pr ed| al e, 102_108
r e| al | v pr onoun, 800_801,
8 0 5 , 8 0 9
whom
W| l h quesl | onsaooul
pr ed| al e, 108
r | al | ve pr onoun, 805
wh os , 8 0 1 , 8 0 5 , 8 0 9
wh quesl | ons
emoedded. 880 881
| nd| r e l , 82G_827
suoj e l and pr ed| al , 102_108
wh don, l , 182_188
wh nol , l 82_L88
W | u , 8 0 9 1 , 8 4 9 5
onl r a l | ons, 845
l a l ua| ond| l | ona| s, 288
W| l h pass| ve, 2G9
W| l h r equesl s, 124 125
W| oe
( do|ng) ,
92_98
W| haa oeen
( do| ng) , 9G_97
W| | | h ue
( don ) , 9G_97
w|sh, 294295
wou| d
ond| l | ona| s, 28G 287
W| l h r equesl s, 124 125
W| l h ul | sh, 295
wou| d haae, 290 291
wou| d pr el e 18G_187
wou| d r al h 18G_187
wou| d
o
m| nd' l 24_l 25
Y s| no quesl | ons
emoedd d' 880_881
| nd| r e l , 82G_827
Y l
W| l h l ul ur e per l e l , 97
W| l h pasl per l ecl , T|
W| l h pr senl per l l , 50_51
854
AnsWer Key
No : l n l h | san sW k ey , Wh el h on l r a l ed l or m| sg| v en , l h el u | | l or m| sa so o r e l ,
an dWh r l h el u l o m| sg| v n , l h on l l d l or m| sa so or l .
Fr esenl Fr ogr ess| ve
Fql N
l l ' shappen| ng noW!
l | R l l E |( |
oe+ oasel or m ol v r o +
| ng
o
HAR HE |( 2
F
E FREss,, # : r: / ; : ;
ar e. . . | eav| ng
ar e . . . per l or m| ng o ' r e . . per l or m| ng
l l | l _ver y
har d l hese days, oul l
hav somegoodn Ws. R| ghl no l , ms| l l | ng
al a d sk | n l he Enl er l a| nmenl Se l | on ol
l Jne T | oun ! l our se l _sl | | | Gk| 0
j our na| | sm
| assesal n| ghl asWe| | . Thej oo
| s l empor ar y_Joe S| ms, l he r egu| ar r epor l e
_l h| s
monl h ol l l oWr | l aoook. Th| s
Week * u r ej ar | n l o | nl r v| eW your
l avor | l e gr ouF, l he A| r heads. l n l a l , al l h| s
ver y momenl l hey' r e l | y| ng | nl o l oWn oy
he| | opl er . The per l or m| ng l he K| ng
Theal er a| | Week. HoW_r ou
__
you sl | | |
_ us| ?
oops! The r eW
| s a| | | ng me. They, r e | eav| ng l or l he
l heal er noW. wr | l e soon!
2 . a r e . . . g o | n g
. | s Wa| l | ng o , s Wa| l | ng
4.
' m
Wor k| ng
s.
' r e
nol do| ngoRar en' l do| ng
G . ' r e . . . s | l l | n g
7.
' m
s| l l | ng
8 . ' m . . . l h | n k | n g
9. ar esl ay| ng
8. why ar e you l our | ng aga| n?
. whal ar e you Wor k| ng onl h se days?
5. w o, ss| ng| ng W| l h you noW?
G. l s sher ep| a | ng Tol | ?
7. No, she| sn' l . o No, she, snol .
' m
Wr | l | ng
l Wr l e l oyoul r om my hol e| r oom. ver yone
eep | n g
' m
| l | n g
e|se |s s| , oul l s|+ + | g here and Wal h|ng
l he o ean. w , r esl ay| ng al l heF| aza | n
Al |anl | Bea h, and l he v| W |s oeaul |l u|. The
g o | n g
l our |s g sW ||. The aud|en e |s uaz aooul
l he n W songs' oul l he l u. , . a|Ways ask|ng
l or you. HoW |s l h oaoy? She has a g eal
re
vo| . 0 you l ea h|ng her l o s|ng yel ? Hayoe
ool hol youW| | | omea| ongl or l hene l l our !
S| mp| e Fr esenl nse
F l N
Hank' s wor k| ng Hao| l s
HAR || E |(
T ' F
E FREss, : 1: ; ,: ,' ' : ' 4,
why doeshe r ush
l l | l n
l oday, s l asl pa ed Wor | d, *
_
es ape
sl r ess. Sl r ss
_al l e l s
us psy ho| og| a| | y,
oul a or d| ng l o 0r . Roads, aul hor ol l he
neW oesl se| | e 0al m 0o n! , | l a| soal l l s
us phys| a| | y. For e amp| e, sl r ess auses
h| gh o| oodpr essur e. 0o l or s
_ qq
med| al | on l or sl r ess r e| al ed| | | nesses.
ed| | ne
_r | a| 0| oWer s
apal | enl ' s o| ood
( conl | nu d
onn l pag )
855
85G r 8nsWer Key
pr essur e. Bul , 0r . Roads | a| ms, . . Youdon' l
l
. l r
n r
( a| Wavs) need pr | | s.
Re| axal | on exer | s s
q _as el l l | veasp| | | s. For
examp| e, or eal h| ng ex r | s sool hr e| ax y u
and | oWer your o| oodpr ssur e. l l on| y l akes
al eWm| nul es!
8. l ake
4. r ushes
5. | sn' l
G. | s
* : l l | F | N
has l he l | avor ol h| ken
HAR HE
T
7. doesn' l l | n| sh
8. Wor r | es
9. doesn' l hav
1o. doesn' l have
4.
0oes he Wor k on r epor l s | n l he al l er noon?
N , hedoesn, l .
w endoeshe see | | enl s?He sees | | enl s
l r om9: 00l o 12: 00.
0oeshe l ake a| un h or eak?Yes, hedoes.
whal doeshe dol r om 12: 80l o5: 00?H
r el ur ns phone a| | s.
7. wher e doeshegoal 5: 80?He al l ends o
goesl on| ghl s hoo| .
n ev er h av e
l , msol | r ed. l h v l | v+ l | me l o r e| ax.
el ud
l W r k a| | day and sl r * d| esa| | n| ghl . Hy ooss
l e
l e me l hal l n edava al | on. l ag e, oul
l ' m l h | n k
l al ra|d l ol ak one. 0oes my oossl h|nks l hal
d on ' l
l he ol l | an l un l |on W|l houl me?l d nl Wanl
l hem l ol h| nk l ' m nol ne s. sar y. Bul my W| l
| sunhappy l oo. s | l | | l | l hal shenever
s sm anymor e. Hy s hed, , l * cr az , l
don' l l h| nk l an keep l h| s up mu h | onger .
Wan|
l don' l Wanl s l oqu| l n| ghl s hoo| , l h ugh.
ol l en
l ' l h|nk l l en l hal l here has l ooeaoel l er Way.
Non. A l | on ver os
5 .
G .
E FREss,L r: ; : .| : ,|: #
' m
l asl | ng, l asl es
Ar r : Th| s sl eak l asl es de| | | ous. Your
sa| mon | ooksgoodl o .
B : Her , l ' m pul l | ng som onyour
p| al e. l l h| nk you' | | | | k | l .
A| r : Hmm. l | | ke | l . Funny, l usua| | y
_ l | . .
B : RedG l hal el l e l onpeop| e.
A r ; l have no | dea Whal you' r l a| k| ng
aooul . whal doyou m an?
B : we| | , o| or s an hange l he Way We
_
For examp| e, peop| e ol l en_
hungr | er | n ar ed r oom. l nol | el hal
you' r e | k| ng r | ghl al l h r ed
Wa| | paper .
Ar , r : And l er l a| n| y l ee| hung y r | ghl
noW. l ' m eal | ng ha| l your sa| mon.
B : Thal ' s oK. l ' ml asl | ng your sl eak.
z. | s | ook| ng
8. osl
4. Wanl s
s. hal s
G. seems
z. | | kes
2 . ' m l a sl | n g
8. needs
+ . 0 o . . . W a n l
5. l asl es
. l h| nk
7 .
' m
l h| nk| ng
8. | sn' l
9. sounds
1o.
' m
| ook| ng
8. doesn' l suspe l
9. kn W
1o. | s l h| nk| ng
1 1. do sn, l hav
1 2 . h ear s
1 1 . d on ' l k n oW
1 2 . | s
18.
' m
sme| | | ng
14.
' m
nol
1 5 . | ov e
1 . sme| | s
17. knoW
1 8 . m an
| F. l ee|
Nol agoodday! l l e | k| nd ol depr essedand
h av e n eed
l ' m hav| g aheada he. l m_+ e d| + s l o do
som l h| ng r | ghl aWay l o hange my mood
and gel r | d ol l h| s pa| n. Lasl W ek, l r ad an
ar l | | e aooul hoW sme| | s an al l e l mood
' m
m | n
and evenh a| l h, sor | ghl noW l sm an
or ange
( l or
l he d pr ess| on) and a g een
app| e
( l or
l he heada he) . They sme| | n| e,
d on ' | l h | n k
oul |* _no# + r|nk|ng l hal l nol | e a d|lleren e
pr el er
|n hoW l l ee|! l l h|nk l rel rr|* s l o eal
somel h| ng When l l e | doWn. Bul l Wor r y
W | gh
l hal l + ve|| |ns l oo mu h. So, al l he
' m
h av | n g
momenl l h . vea upol pepper m| nl l ea W| l h
| emon. The ar l | | e says l hal l he pepper m| nl
sme| | he| ps you eal | ess. we| | , l don' l knoW
aooul l hal ! A ho o| al e| e r eam sundae
sounds pr el l y goodr | ghl aooul noW!
eem
l l s em|* g l hal l here are no easy so|ul |ons.
Fr esenl Fr ogr ess|ve and
S| mp| e Fr esenl Tense
Fql N
T
,|ART'| E |(
l Wopar l s
l Wol or ms
E FREss,,l r.l,ll||lj
FR SEN FRoOREss| v
l
Su |
1
B
1
B s Fo +
' NO
l
a m o u | n g
l | oW r snoW.
You a r e . o u | n g
He | ou | n g
s| FLE FR SEN ENSE
l
Su | |
| v |
u su a| | y
ou
ho o| al es.
You
ou
He ou e
AnsWer Key l 857
l l | June
z : ( s| l l | n0 | naseal 80, 000 l el
aoovel he ear l h en r oul e l oAr genl | na!
l usua| | y have d| nner al l h| s l | me, oul
r | ghl noW l _ aheada he l r om l he
ex | l emenl . Hy seal mal e_* ,
l ood. SheG happy.
Jun 80: l l , s7: 80. Hy hosl par enl s
G sl | | | _.
0ar | os, my l al he
Wor ks al home. y | | l l | e or ol her R| ar do
| s ul e. He | ooks
( and
a l s) a | ol | | ke
Boooy. R| ghl . ' o* , _over my
shou| der a' ' d_ 0l o r ead m
j our na| .
Ju| y 4: The Weal her _ o| d noW. l usua| | y
spend l h l r r sl Weekend ol Ju| y al l h
oea h. Today l _ar ound | n a
h avy sW al er .
Augusl G: l _ so l | r ed l on| ghl . ver yone
e| se l ee| s g eal | n l he even| ng oe aus
l hey l ake | ong naps | n l he al l er noon.
1. o.
' m
Wa| l | ng
. | ook
d.
' m
Wor k| ng
e.
' s
l a| k| ng
l . | sn, l | ook| ng o ' s nol | ook| ng
g. | ooks
h. doesn' l mean
2. a.
' s
l a| k| ng
o.
' r e
l ak| ng
.
' r e
sl and| ng
d . 0 o . . . l h | n k
e.
' r e
dal | ng
l . don' l l h| nk
g. means
h. ome
| . sl and
8 . a . | s . . . W a | k | n g
o. sl ar l s
. has
d. Wa| ks
. appear
4. a. al e. . . shak| ng
o. knoW
O. shake
d. meel
858 r AnsWer Key
, m
| l l , | ng
l l ' s 12: 80and l s| l | n l he | | or ar y r | ghl noW.
y | assmal es ar e eal | ng | un h l ogel he oul
never eal
l ' m nol hungr y y l . Al home, We * : ae\ r er
l h| s ear | y. Today our
j ur na|
l op| | s u| l ur
sho k. l l ' s a goodl op| l or m r | ghl noW
oe aus l , ml | pr el l y hom s| k. l m| ss my
a
o| d r oul | ne. Al home W a| Ways ar e al | * g a
o| g mea| al 2: 00| n l he al l er noon. Then We
l have
r sl . Bul her e | n Tor onl o m+ l r | ng a 8: 00
onver sal | on | ass. ver y day, l a| mosl l a| |
as| eep| n | ass, and my l ea her x| l ,
. A.
youoor d? ol our sel , mnol oor ed. l
j usl
| oa Wa
need my al l er noon nap! Th| s | ass * r a s| s
' r e
Wor k| ng
l un. Th| s sem sl e WeWer k on a pr oj e l W| l h
v| deo amer as. Hy l eam | s l | | m| ng g oupsol
ana z| ng
peop| | n d| l l r enl u| l ur es. w ar e ana z
. . so | a|
d| sl an . , , Thal meanshoW | os l o
ea hol her l hesepeop| esl and. A or d| ng l o
' m
| eav| ng
my neWWal h, | l ' s 12: 55, sol eav noW
l or my 1: 00 | ass. T a her sher r ea| | y
don' l | | ke
ar en+ + < + Wh n you ome| al e!
| mper al | ve
wF | N
g| v| ng | nsl r u l | ns onh W l o dol he Jao
H R l E
don' l | n | ude a suoj e l
FR ss
AFFl Rr Ul A | vE
B s Fo o v

L| l en l o l h mu s| .
Tou ch y ou r l o s.
l an d sl r a| gh l .
N OA | v
0o ,

o, . Fo or v

0on ' | | l en l ol h mu s| '


0on' | l o u o h y ou r l o s.
0on ' | l an d sl r a| gh l .
e
d
2.
8 .
2 .
8 .
4.
5 .
G.
c 4 .
o s .
2. Lear n
8. 0e r eas
4. l n r as
5. Be me
G. 0on' l m| ss
1 . 8
2 . 0
8 . 4
G.
7 .
z. Take
8. 0hoos
9. 0on' l Wa| l
l o. Reg| sl er
9.
1 0 .
1 1 .
12.
a
l
wash s| x sl r aWo r r | s.
0ul l he sl r aWo r r | es | n ha| l .
Four or ange
j u| e | nl o l he o| ender .
Add l he l r u| l l ol he or ang
j u| .
B| end l he | ngr ed| enl s unl | | smool h.
For l he B| a k Be| l essay, Hasl er O| ooons
wr | l e
gaveus l h| s ass| gnmenl : ) ou Wr | * e aooul
som l h| ng | mpor l anl l oyou. Hy l op| | s Th
R| ghl wo , l h r u| es ol | | l e l or l he mar l | a|
r e pe
ar l s. ! . | r sl , r espee sol her peop| e l r eal l h m
l he Way you Wanl l hem l ol r eal you. Se ond,
h p
h peop| e| n n ed. l n ol her Wor ds, use
don' l ,
yo\ rrsl rengl h l or ol hers, l |ol l o use |l
j usl
l or
don' l ,
your oWn good. Th| r d, ne | | e or sl ea| . Th s
ar e l h mosl | mpor l anl r u| es l ome.
Se|l esl
( Tol a| :
100po| nl s. Each | l m
:
4po| nl s. )
l l |l ONE
5 .
G .
7 .
1 8 . 0
1 4 . 0
A 1 5 .
A
0
A

B 4 . ' 8 .

l
l
|
l s c l oN| w0
( 0or r l
anSl 0 r S ar | n par nl h s s. )
1 G . A
( sW | ms)
21.
( hal )
17.
( | s
r a| n| ng) 22. '
( usua| | y
ar r | ves)
r s. B
( ar eyou) 28. B
( ar en, l
o ar enol )
19.
( don' l )
20. B
( s ems)
WwFql N
1 9 8 9
1 9 9 9
|l R |l E |(
l Wo
d
ol
d
E FR ss l
Was, Wer e
ame
saved
24. 0
( ' m
a| Wa s | os| ng)
25. B
( d | l
o, , |
S| mp| e Fasl Tense:
Al l | r mal | veSl al emenl s
Hal suo Basho_ or e l han 1, 000l hr
| | ne poems, or
. . ha| ku. ' '
He_, oo| s l r om
nal ur e, da| | y | | l e' andhuman emol | ons. H

Ogge 9one
ol Japan' s mosl l amous poel s,
andh| s Wor k sl ao| | shedha| ku as an
| mpor l anl ar l l or m.
Hal suo Basho
_ oo. n
near Kyol o | n
1' G44. H| s l al h r Wanl ed h| m l oe omea
samur a|
( War r | or ) .
l nsl ead, Hal suo movedl o
do
( pr s nl day
Tokyo) and sl ud| ed poel r y.
By 1G81, heGa0many sl udenl s and adm| r er s.
Basho' shomeour n d doWn | n 1G82.
Th n, | n 1G88, h| s mol her d| ed. Al l er l hese
evenl s, Basho_r esl | ess. Sl ar l | ng | n 1G84,
he l r ave| ed onl ool and onhor seoa k a| |
over Japan. S mel | mes h| s l r | ends. | o| ned
,/ ; \
h| m, and l hey_ 9poel r y l ogel h r . Tr ave|
O a| m u| l
| n l h sevenl eenl h enl ur y, and
Basho ol l enO s| k. He d| d| n 1G94,
dur | ng a
j our ney
l oosaka. Al l hal l | m he
Gu0z, ooo sl udenl s.
AnsWer Key r 859
2. Wr ol
8. Wer
. | ed
5. oe am
G. | el l
7. saW
8. Wor
9. Wr ol e
| o. addr essed
1 1 . ap p ear ed
| 2. happ ned
14. saW
l s. o | l
1G. al e
17. dr ank
| s. hopped
Today| n | assWer ead apoemoy Rooer l
enj o ed
Fr osl . l r ea| | y l l j | l . l l Was aooul a per son
ah o e
Who heesedo l Ween l Wo r oads | n a l or esl .
Bel or ehe madeh| s de | s| on, he
#
a | ol
ol l | m l r y| ng l o de | deWh| h r oad l ol o| | oW.
W a9
Hany peop| e l houghl l he per son W FeFr osl .
l ook
l n l he end, he l l < e l he r oad l hal Was | ess
l r ave| ed on. He de | d dl ooeapoel . Thal
ch an g ed
de | s| on hange h| s | | l a | ol .
Somel | mes l l e| a| | l l | | | ke Fr osl .
dec| ded
TWo year s agol d| d l o om l o l h| s
W a9
ounl r y. Thal W l l he o| ggesl de | s| on ol
my | | l e.
S| mp| e Fasl Tense:
Negal | ve Sl al emenl s
and Ouesl | ons
wwF l N
?, F, 7
|| AR l | E |( l
nol
d| d nol
HAR l E K 2
Was, Wer e
d| d
ExFREss
0| d shehave a nav| gal or ?
She d| dn, l l | a| one.
4.
5 .
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
Y s
G.
7 .
||l 'l|| ||; |||'
'
8G0 | A s r er Key
2. wher e d| d she sl udy?
( Al )
0o| umo| a
Un|vers|l y.
8. HoW | ongWas shea so | a| Wor ker ?
( For )
l Woyear s.
4. w er e d| d her | asl l | | ghl | av l r om?
( Fr om)
NeW Ou| n a.
5. HoW many oooksd| d sheWr | l e? Thr ee.
G. whal Was her nal | ona| | l y? Amer | an.
7. when d| d shed| sappear ?
( l n)
1987.
8. wer e
4 . No . . . W e r n ' l
5. d| dn' l Wanl
G . 0 | d . . . l e e |
7 . Ye s . . . d | d
8. d| dn' l keep
9 . 0 | d . . . d r a m
r o. d| dn' l l h| nk
1 1 . wer e
1 2 . No . . . W a s n ' l
1 8 . was
1 4 . No . . . W a s n ' l
r eceNe
l | ! 0| d you r ee | + edmy | asl | el l er ? l d| dn' l
knoW
kn r ' r your neW addr ess sol senl | l l oyour
d| d
ou
move
o|d one. wh n
ou_n* ove ?
0|d your
r oommal moveW| l h you? R| ghl noW l ' m n
ooar d a p| ane l | y| ng l o E| Faso l ov| s| l Ana.
meel
0| d you mel her al l he onl er n e| asl
eal ?
d| dn' l have
l Wanl ed l ov| s| l her | n June, oul l ne had
l h l | me. Al l | r sl l Was g | ng l o dr | ve l r om
Los Ange| es, oul l de | ded l o l | y | nsl ead.
Th|s |s n|y my l h|rd l ||ghl , oul l |ove l |y|ng!
d | d n ' l
l dn* nl knoW l |y|ng ou|d oe so mu h l un!
Hope l ohear l r myou.
Used l o
wr yw Fu| N
ahao| l hehad | n l he pasl
l | R |l E l ( l
T
|| AR || E |( 2
d | d . . . u s e l o
E FREss
us dl o
usel o
say
m

( Ansu| r s
m Uar s| | ghl | . )
z. Th y ( on| y)
usedl o ome| n l Wo sl y| es.
( h| gh l op
and | oW l op)
8. HoW mu h d| d a pa| r ol men' s h| gh l ops
l n many Ways' l ash| on used l o oemu h
s| mp| er . women d| dn' l use l oWear panl s l o
l he ol l | e, and men' s | ol hes never used l o
ome| n or | ghl o| or s. Feop| e a| so used l o
dr ess | n spe | a| Ways l or d| l l er enl s| l ual | ons.
They d| dn' l us o| ue
j ans
asous| ness
| ol h s or Wear
j oggr ng
su| l s Wh n l hey
l r ave| ed. Today you an gol o l h op r a and
l | nd som Wom n | n ev n| ng goWns Wh| | e
ol her s ar | n o| ue
j ans.
Even ouy| ng
j eans
usedl ooeeas| er l h y on| y ame| n o| ue
d n| m. l , msl | | | nol usedl oouy| ng g en
j eans
and Wear | ng l hem l oWor k!
2. usedl ohave
8. usedl odr ess
4. usedl odan e
5. usedl oWear
G. usedl o ar r v
usel o sl ?
( They
usedl o osl ) 98_.
No. women' s sneakers d|dn' l use l o osl l he
sameasmen' ssn aker s. women, ssneaker s
usedl o osl | essl han men' ssneaker s.
Th y
( on| y)
us dl oW ar | oW l opsneaker s.
Ther e usedl ooe
( on| y)
l Wo s| zes.
( sma| |
and | ar ge)
when l Was younge | ol h| ng d| dn, l r * s dl o
o.
8 | oo| em.
A| | l he g| r | s al my s hoo| used
l oW r e l he same un| l or m. l used l ol h| nk
l hal | l l k aWay l r om my l r dom ol ho| e.
NoW l an Wear Whal l Wanl , oul | ol hes
4 .
5 .
G.
osl somu h! ven o| ue
j eans,
l oday' s
u ed
. . un| l or m, ' '
used l ooe heaper . y mom r * ses
l opay | essl han
$20
l or her s. l gu ssl hey
u g e
d| dn' l used l o se| | des| gner
j ans
oa k l hen.
You kno l u used l oo aga| nsl s hoo|
un| l or ms, oul noW l ' m nol sosur e!
Fasl Fr ogr ess| ve
: :
|, 1 F 0|N
Whal sheWas do| ngal l he l | me ol
her a | denl
l | R HE l
F
l | Rl l | |( 2
oel or el he suoj e l
E FREss # ; l r: ; .r: H: ll|
A: W r e . . . s l a y | n g
B: Was sl ay| ng
2 .
8 .
4.
T
F
F
T
1
5 .
G.
8. Wer s| l l | ng oul s| de.
4. Wasn' l snoW| ng.
5. Wer eWear | ng sung| ass s.
G. w r en' l Wear | ng g| oves.
z. Was ser v| ng dr | nks.
8. Wasn, l ser v| ng | un h.
9. Wasn' l sm| | | ng.
1o. Was ho| d| ng a | | phone.
8. Was r over | ng
4. Wasn' l per l or m| ng
5 . W e r e . . . l h | n k | n g
G. Wer eWa| l | ng
7. Wasn' l l h| nk| ng
8. Wer e Wal h| ng
9. W r e . . . snoWooar d| ng
1o. WasWal h| ng
11. ( Was) dr eam| ng
1 2 . wa s . . . p r a l | | n g
1 8 . W as
dl * * * . K* * y | 8G1
Ton| ghl , Sh | | a and l W. as| ook| ng al some
phol ogr aphs l r om my snoWooar d| ng l r | p
W| l h Fr | l z' s l am| | y | asl year . By l h end ol
W r e
l h even| ng, WeJaugh| ng | | ke cr az . Thal
Was my l r r sl exper | en eona snoWooar d, so
l he p| l ur es wer epr el l y emoar r ass| ng. l n
c o m| n
one shol , l Was m ' d Wn l he s| ope on my
oa k. l n anol her one' my ooar d. # H l a| | | ng
oul ol l he sk| | | l l Wh| | e l Was r | d| ng up l he
l ook
s| ope. F | l z W + + + s l hal p| l ur e l r om l he
Wa n' l
| | l l enl r an . Oood l h| ng h n l sl and| ng
r | ghl und r me! wher Was l When Fr | l z
Was l a| | | ng doWn l he s| ope?l gu ss l Wasn' l
car r | ng
r my amer a. l l Was amaz| ng hoW l asl
Fr | l z, s g| r | l r | nd, Kar yn, | ear ned l hal
W ek nd. Sh Was do| ng
j umps
oy l he
W a p en d | n g
s ondday. By l hal l | me, l s nl a| ol ol
l | me al l he sk| al G.
Fasl Fr ogr ess| ve and
S| mp| e Fasl ense
w mFal N
2 , r
l | AR l E |(
T
EXFRESS' # ! ; : : ; : |; : j
wh n
Washedr | v| ng
2 .
8 .
4. Wer Wa| l | ng
5. nol | d
G . wa s . . . s p d | n g
. gol
8. Was
9. Was go| ng
| o. r ea hed
1
' 1.
Wasn' l
. | 2.
Wer e r oss| ng
1 8 . h | l
F
T
F
T
4.
5 .
$s| l | | |: l
8G2 | 8ms er exr
1 4 . 0 | d . . . s l o p
1 5 . saW
l . d| dn, l
' 17.
Was l a| k| ng
18. Was dr | v| ng
r 9. d| dn' l sl op
2o. Wer en' l pay| ng
21. Wer eWa| k| ng
2 2 . wa s . . . s n o W | n g
28. happened
24. Was
25. Wasn' l
2G. sl ar l ed
27. ar c| ved
z. sheWas dr | v| ng hom , she| | sl ened l oher
ar r ad| o.
8. She pu| | ed ov r l ol he s| deol l he r oad . . .
l h v| s| o| | | l y gol ver y oad.
+ . She hear d aooul l he a | denl . . . sheWas
| | sl en| ng l o l h neWs.
s. She dr ove l o l h po| | e sl al | on . . . | l
sl oppedsnoW| ng.
G. sh Was l a| k| ng l ol he po| | e, sheWas
l h| nk| ng aooul her d| l or | a| l or l he
mor n| ng pap r .
Y sl er day' a man Was l a| k| ng onh| s e| |
d r | v | n
o : 8
Wh| | e he Was d+ | vGh| s ar . Hayoe
he' h k| ngh| s da| | y p| anner Wh| | e he
Was mak| ng h| s nexl appo| nl menl . He Was
er l a| n| y nol on enl r al | ng onl he r oad
Whenl he||ghl sudden|y ,n * 8l Tl j |* * s , 4.
l r | ed
Th l Wo m n | n l h sl r e l Wer e l r y| ng l o
j ump
oul ol l he Way When l hey saW h| m, oul
| l Was l oo| al . No oneWas oad| y hur l , oul
l hal Was
j usl
| u k. Lasl yea l he 0| l y 0oun | |
| d n ' l p a
Weren+ ss| g l h
. . l a|k|ng
and dr|v|ng
| aW. we needl hal | aW!
Se| l Tesl
( Tol a| :
100po| nl s. Each | l m
:
4po| nl s. )
l l |l l g
0N
7 , ' 1 0 .
8 . B 1 1 .
9 . o 1 2 . 8
1 . A 4 . B
2 . 0 s . A
8 . 0 G .
l l | w0
( 0or r cl
ansu) er sar | n par enl hes s. )
1 8 .
( a| | )
| . 0
( W as)
1 5 . A
( W r e)
1 7 . B
( n o l )
1s. 0
( dr opped)
1 9 . A
( W as)
2 0 . ' ( d | d )
21. 0
( gol )
22.
( gol )
24, B
( d | l
comma)
2 5 . 0
( saW )
1G. 0
( W r
s| e p| ng) 28. B
( Was
dr | v| ng)
Fr esenl Fer l e l :
S| n eand For
' ru. T Fql N
T
HAR | E |
hau * pasl par l | | p| e
oasel or m ol ver o +
d
ol
_ d
HAR || E |( 2
a | engl h ol l | me
E FREss 8: ; ! : ' ! ; ' : : ,: ' ,:
dr | u n: | r r egu| ar
comp l d: r egu| ar
on: | r r egu| ar
l r | d: r egu| ar
Har l | na H| ng| s p| ked up her l | r sl l enn| s
r a k l al l he ageol , * o. _ shehas
o omeoneol l he g eal esl l enn| s p| ayer s
| n l h Wor | d. Bor n | n S| ovak| a, shehas | | ved
| n SW| l z r | and' _ She oe ame
l he oul door SW| ss hamp| on al agen| ne.
_
sh has Won many | nl er nal | ona|
ompel | l | ons | n | ud| ng w| mo| edon, l he
U. S. Open, and l heAusl r a| | an Open.
For young sl ar s | | ke ar l | na, | | l e has
| l s d| l l | u| l | es. They ar e under onsl anl
pr essur e l oW| n, and l hey don' l hav l | me
l o
j usl
hang oul W| l h | assmal es. l n l a l ,
Har l | na hasn' l al l endeds hoo|
_,
and shehas oe n| n l he puo| | spol | | ghl
| | .
Bul she seems l o o hand| | ng her
| n she l ur ned r ol ess| ona su ssW | | .
shehas
p| ay d l nn| s a| | over l h Wor | d
and has ear nedm| | | | ons ol do| | ar s. Sh
s esher | | l e asnor ma| oe aus l enn| s
has o enl he mosl | mpor l anl l h| ng l oher
| n e sheWas a| | l l | e g| r
8.
' ve
oeen
. l ol
5. For
. has al l ended
7. hasn' l done
. S| n
9. has l aken
10. hasn' l gol l en
1 1 . S| n e
12. has m l
18. hasn' l l houghl
14.
' s
knoWn
1 5 . s| n e
J
W8
2. HoW | ong has she| | v d | n SW| l zer | and?


( Sh has | | ved | n SW| l zer | and) l or
many year s.
8. Has sheWon any ompel | l | onss| n el h
oul door SW| ss hamp| onsh| p?
Yes. shehas.
4. Has sheal l endeds hoo| s| n e 1994?
No. shehasn' l .
5. HoW mu h money has she ear ned s| n e
sheoegan her ar e r ?
( She
has ar ned) m| | | | ons ol do| | ar s.
G. HoW |ong has l enn|s o en|mporl anl l oher?
( Tenn| s has oe n| mpor l anl l oher ) s| n e
sheWas a | | l l | e g| r | .
h av e o een
l am | n Hs. Rodr | guez' s phys| a| edu al | on
l or
1asss| ne l Wo monl hs. l enj oy| l a | ol and
m| ed
hav on| y m| ss l Wo | asses s| n e l he
oeg| nn| ng ol l he semesl er . l es | ' , , * l ; l o
l enn| s, oul s| n e Sepl em er We d n p a
oe ausel heWeal her h r e o enl oo o| d. l
a| so | | ke vo| | eyoa| | , and my l eam u, | #
l Wo games s| n e Wel G
sl ar l ed l o omp l e
W| l h L| n o| n H| gh S hoo| . l ' m | ook| ng
l or War d l o l he n xl game.
| LnsWer F' * | 8G8
Fr esenl Fer l e l :
A| r ead and Yel
: : : : . : ': ,1',: '
F 0l N
F
HAR HE l
usea| r ad
u s e n o l . . . l
l | R |l E |( 2
T
E FREss
; : j : # .: ! ; F; ;
Hav you had | un h yel ?
Y s, vWe have. oRl r [ o, vWe haven' l .
l l |
2' c
8 . a
4 .
5 . d
a| r ea , oul | , | | do| l onl he Way home. R| l a
h a
h J a| r eady had d| nner and she' sa| r eady
ca| | ed
had her oal h. Have you ea Hr . Ja ooson
a r e a d c a e d
yel ? He' s a + rea l hre l |mes l oday.
h a' n' l ,
H| s daughl er has gol l en her l | u sh l yel .
l s| l l oo| al e? S eyou| al er .
# |
Y. #
8. Has . . . d| sappear ed a| r eady o yel
4 . Ye s . . . h a s
s. have a| r eady deve| oFed
G. haven' l oeenao| e . . . Yel
7 . H a s . . . m a d e . . . y l
8 . No . . . h a v e n ' l
W|
W
8. He| mul has a| r eady oaked l h ak .
l
. O| se| a has a| r ady ooughl l | oW r s.
s. He| mul hasn' l pul l he l ur key | n l he
ovenyel .
. O| se| a has a| r eady Washed l heW| ndoWs.
z. He| mul has a| r eady mopped l he l | oor .
. O| s | a has a| r eady hung l heoa| | oons.
9. H | mul hasn' l Washed l h d| sh syel .
1o. O| se| a hasn' l Wr apped l he g| l l syel .

g o n e
Y, 8
l ' m| n ahur r y. l haven, l W n+ shopp| ng
e
| | | : ; ; ! ! | $| | 4| | $ | | : | : ! :
j . . ; ! ! | |
8G4 l Ans r Key
4 . F
s . F
Fr esenl Fer l e l :
| ndel | n| l eFasl
: : , , . | | ? * F l NT
noW
|| AR |/ |E l
T
|l R l |E K 2
oel or el he pasl par l | | p| e
E FREssr; |; ; |: ; |; ,,: ; ' ,
Have you ev r Wal hed. . Th S| mpsons' ' ?
Yes, vWe have. o No, vW haven, l .
ll|
l l |
z . F
. T
. F'
. T
2.
' v
had G.
, ve
. . . Wanl ed
8.
' ve
sl opped 7. hav . . . l r ave| ed
4. Have . . . l a| ked 8.
' ve
l r ave| d
s . h a v e . . . W a n l e d 9 . h a v . . . m a d e
2, l , enever evenoeen| n a hal r oom.
8. HoW hav you hangedas an a l or ?
4. l ' veoe omeaoel l er l am p| ayer | al e| y.
5. Who has oeenyour r o| emode| ?
G. 0har | | e 0hap| | n has had g eal | nl | uen
onme.
7. whal has o enyour oesl momenl on
l h| s shoW?
8. J| mmy has
j usl
W n l he mmy.
9. Whal haveyou l oundmosl r eWar d| ng
aooul l h| s exper | en e?
. l o.
l , vemel somel anl asl | peop| eon
l h| s sh W.
Wal ched
l ' v
j usl
W. al hl h B| | nd 0al e ep| sod on
Fe| dsl e| n! Have
r o, ,
# seen anyl h| ng so
l unny? l Lov l h| s shoW! l l , sl he oesl shoW
geen
' ve
l hav ever s | v | n my | | l e. l ' r ea| | yenj oyed
nol | ced
|l |al e|y. By l he Way, have you nol | l hal
J| mmy and Ar | en ar e oeg| nn| ng l o gel
a| ong? l l h| nk J| mmy # . sl ar l ed l o r a| | y
| | ke her . Lasl n| ghl Ar | ene
moved r | ghl
ne l door l o J| mmy, oul he doesn' l knoW | l
y l ! l an' l Wa| l l o seeWhal happens onl he
ne l ep| sode. 0oesanyoneknoW When
J| mmy, s oook | s om| ng oul ?
Fr esenl Fer l e l and
S| mp| e Fasl Tense
r ur r F0
T
|/ |AR ,| E |(|
l he pr esenl per l e l
l |AR HE 2
hau * pasl par l | | p|
E FRES T# ,! ' : |; ' ,,! |||!
m l , have oeen
Hany moder n mar r | ages ar e l | nd| ng
| nl er sl | ng so| ul | ons l o d| l l | u| l pr oo| ems.
Joe and Har | a, l or exampl , _
mar r | ed s| n e 1995. Al l er l he| r Wedd| ng, l he
oup| esel l | eddoWn| n Bosl on, Wher e Har | a
openedan a ounl | ngous| ness. Then | n 1997
Joe| osl h| s
j oo.
By l hal l | m , Har | a' s neW
ous| ness Was ooom| ng, sol hey d| dn' l ons| der
mov| ng. Jo never l ound a neWj oo
| n Bosl on,
oul | n 1998, he gol
ag eal ol l r onl he ol her
s| de ol l he ounl r y | n Los Ange| es. Th
. o. ' p| _ apar l ever s| n e. HoW
Gu? )
l y
_
l h|s
. .
o mmul er marr| age, ,
up l onoW?Joenol es, . . l l er l a| n| y
z= *
\
re s99
easy. W( yg geog aph| a||y
separ al ed, o. . , l * _a | ol | oser
emol | ona| | y. For l hal r eason, | l ( oe
Wor l h | l .
2 . 7
8 . F
4 .
5 .
F
T
8. haven' l sl opped
. h a s . . . o e e n
s. s| epl
G. haven' l gol l en
7. saW
. d| dn, l do
g.
d| dn' l ool her
1o. Have . . . l r | ed o 0| d . . . l r y
1' 1. Yes, l have. oRYes, l d| d.
12.
, e
dr unk
18. dr ank
5. 0| d you sl ar l your ous| ness oel or your
mar r | age?
G. No, l d| dn' l .
z. HoW | ong have you oWned
our
oWn
ous| ness?
8.
( l ' ve
oWnedmy oWnous| ness) s| n e
1995/ l or s| r year s.
p.
when d| d youl r ndyour j oo
| n Los
Ange| es?
1o.
( l
l oundmy
j oo
| n Los Ange| es) | n
l 998/ l hr eyear s ago.
11. Has your ommul er mar r | ag oeenver y
d| l l | u| l ?
12. Y s, | l has!
'
oeen
l l , s8: 00
p. .
l l W s ahar d Week. and | l ' snol
over y l ! l
ar l ed
l ' ve
' l ar l ed
Wr | l l en
Wr el e on| y l | ve pag s. And | l , sdue n l
h a o e e n
Week! wor k W s sod| l l r u| l | al e| y. l , ve
Wor ked | al ever y n| ghl l h| s Week. l ' m l | r ed,
d| dn' l gel
and l ve+ l sol + el l mu h s|e p |asl n|ghl .
5 aW
l m| ss Joe. l , vese nh| m | asl Weekend, oul
| l seems| | k a| ongl | me ago.
Fr esenl Fer l e l
Fr ogr ess| ve
sl | | | have l o l | n| sh l hal r epor l .
| l | asl Honday, oul sol a l ' ve
l l | Fq | N
Feop| ear e sl | | | o| | l | ngBean| e Bao| es.
| R |l E |
T
AnsWer Ke | 8G5
R l | E |( 2
o en* oasel or m +
| ng
FR ss
A: has
B: For
A: oeen
B: o| | e l | ng
2 . o
8 . 4
4 . o
5 . a
G . o
8. hav oeen l | y| ng
. has oeen| | v| ng
5. has oeensend| ng
. hav oe nappear | ng
7. has . . . o en al l r a l | ng
8. has oeen hoos| ng
9. Hav . . . oeensl and| ng
1o. No, l hey haven' l .
| l . hav n' l oeenask| ng
2. He hasn, l oeenl sl | ng l he | n| | ne skal es.
8. He hasn, l o enshool | ngoask l s.
4. He, soeen al | ng p| zza.
s. He hasn' l oeendr | nk| ng soda.
G. H ' soeenou| | d| ng ar a | ng ar .
7. He' s oe np| ay| ng v| deo games.
8. He hasn' l o ensend| ng e ma| | messages.
Thank you ver y mu h l or l he Fok mon
7 a | n g
ar ds. y l r | end and l have oeen
a
, | 11'
l hem a| | day. So l a l
j *
oeenW| nn| ng.
h a
l r ea| | y | ove FokGmon. Hy Hom| een ouy| ng
l h l oys l or us oe ause shel h| nks l hey' r e
have oeen
ul e l oo. A| | my l r | ends Wr e o| | e l | ng l he
ar ds l or monl hs noW. Tonya | oves l he
h '
ompul er game you senl l oo. Sh o en
ask| ng m l o p| ay W| l h he oul l ' veoeen
hav| ng l oomu h l un W| l h my ar ds. HoW
l h|nk|ng
hav you oeen?l ' veoeenl h | * l aooul you
a| ol . l hopeyou an om andv| s| l us soon.
8GG l AnsWer Key
Fr esenl Fe| . l e l and
Fr esenl Fer l ecl
Fr ogr ess| ve
wF l N
F, T
l |AR l | |(
T
E FREss
A: eal | ng
B: h a s . . . o e e n
A: has o
, s
B: Has
A: No . . . h a s n ' l
|

o . T
z. has puo| | shed
8. have a| r eady d| ed
. has g| ven
s. has sp ken
G. haveoeenWa| l | ng
z. has | | ved o has oeen| | v| ng
8. has Wor ked o has oe nWor k| ng
g.
has r al d
2 . ' v e . . . s e e n
. has o en| | v| ng o has | | ved
. has exp r | en ed
5. has sur v| ved
G. have l sl ed
7. have hunl ed
8. have saved
9. has oe nmov| ng
1o. haso en al | ng
11.
( has
o n) r esl | ng
12. has oe nr a| n| ng o has r a| ned
| 8. havel oundo have oe nl | nd| ng
| phanl s and l he| r an esl or shav oeen
| | v | n g
| | ve onl h| s p| anel l or 5 m| | | | on year s.
S | enl | sl s have l oundl h | r oones| n many
p| a es, l r omAs| a l oNor l h Amer | a. Fr esenl
have
day | ephanl s as a| so sur v| ved | n d| l l er nl
k| nds ol nv| r nm nl s, | n | ud| ng ve y dr y
4 . F
s . T
ar eas| n N| ge g ass| ands| n asl Al r | a,
and l or esl s | n wesl Al r | a.
Be ause ol l he| r
n ?: z| x1* ) d
sl r engl h,
e| ephanl s have a| Ways l se| na+ | nghumans.
our l as | nal | on has a| mosl ausedAl r | an
| phanl s l oo omeexl | n l . F a h r s
k|||ed
( | | | ega|
hunl r s) have a| r eady oe+ k| | + | ng
hundr ds ol l housands ol e| ephanl s l or l h
| vor y ol l he| r l usks. Al l r 1989| l o am
| | | ega| l os | | | vor y. S| n e l hen, l he e| phanl
7r oWn
o oeen gr oW| ng
popu| al | on has en r W+ sl ead| | y.
Re enl | y sever a| ounl r | eshaveoeen
pr ol e l | nge| ephanl s | n nal | ona| par ks, and
oecome
her ds have o al l | r | ar ger and hea| l h| r .
Fasl Fer l e l
l|ll| _ F0l N
opr ah de | dedona ar er .
l R l / / E |( |
T
HAR l l E 2
o l or el he suoj e l
FR ss
ll|ll|
A: ar r | ved
B: hadn' l
l l | r . , 4 . F G . r
5 , .
5 . F
2. hadn' l yel gol l en
8. had a| r eady gol l en
. hadn' l yel oeen
5. hadn' l y l gol l en
G. had a| r eady o en
z. hadn' l yel ou| | l
s. had a| r eady sl ar r d

l
l
l
z. Had her ev| eWed . . .
. Had her v| eW d . . .
. H a d h e m e l . . .
s. Had hel aped . . .
. Had heWor ked oul .
No, hehadn' l .
Yes, hehad.
No, h hadn' l .
Yes, hehad.
Yes, hehad.

' l
* l
Opr ah w| nl r ey | s an amazr ngper son! By l he

had
l | me sheWas l We| v , sheh s a| r eady d | ded
on a ar e r . l . ol | ong al l er War d, sh gol her
h ad
l | r sl r ad| o
j oo.
A| l hough shehadn' l h ve any
exper | en e, sheoe am aneWs r epor l er .
had
when she gol her oWnTv l a| k sho sheh* s
a| r ady a l ed| n a maj or Ho| | yWood mov| e.
B l h | al 1980s
. . opr ah
w| nl r ey' , had
o eaome
o m ahous ho| dWor d. Then | n 1994she
de | ded l o | mpr ove l he qua| | l y ol l a| k shoW
l hem s. She a| somade aper sona| hange.
She had a| Ways had aW | ghl pr oo| em, oul
| n 1995Tv v| W r s SaWan Ww| nl r ey.
l o l
She had a| mosl n| nel y pounds asa
r esu| l ol d| el | ng and Wor k| ng oul . She had
compel ed
a| so e r pel | n a mar al hon. She has r a| |
oeenan| nsp| r al | on l omany peop| e.
Fasl Fer l e l
Fr ogr ess| ve
wF | N
T
l | ARl |l |(
o en
E FR ss
A: had . . . oeenpr a l | | ng
B: had oeenpr a l | | ng
A: Had . . . oeenpr a l | | ng
B: hadn' l , had oe npr a l | | ng
AnsWer | ( ey l G7
G . c
z. had oeenp| ann| ng
. had o en
j ok| ng
and | augh| ng
. had o enpr a l | | ng
s. had oe nr unn| ng
. had oeen| ook| ng l or War d
7. had o enWa| l | ng
. had you oeenr unn| ng
. had youoeendal | ng
s. Had you oeen| | v| ng
G. No, l o Wehadn, l
z. Had youoeene pe l | ng
8. No, l hadn' l
l
j usl gol oa k l r om l he mar al hon! l , ml | r ed
oul ver y huppy. wh n l r ossedl he l r n| sh
had
| | ne, l h vr o enr unn| ng l or l our hour s and
l Wenl y l | ve m| nul es. Jer emy Was sl and| ng
Wa| l | ng
l h r . H had o enW | + edl or me l he Who| e
l | me. w Wer eool h soak| ng Wel l , o aus
l had oeensWeal | ng; he, oe ause| l h s oeen
r a| n| ng
j usl
a | | l l | e Wh| | o l or . l Was so
| ook | n g
g| ad l o seeh| m. l had oe n eokl or War d l o
l h| s day l or so| ong andhop| ng l hal l ou| d
l | n| sh l he r a e| n | essl han l our and aha| l
hour s. when l gol home, l a| | ed my par enl s.
oe n
They had' Wal h|ng l he maral hon onTv and
had a l ua| | y seenme r ossl he l | n| sh | | n !
Se|l Tesl
e
d
4 . a
s . l
( Tol a| :
100po| nl s. Each | l m
l l l || o l
:
4po| r l l s. )
1 . s . B
2 . 0 G .
8 . 7 . B
4 . ' 8 .
9.
1 0 .
1 1 .
12.
1 8 .
1 4 .
A
0
B

ll| * .
8G8 l AnsWer Key
a a a o a a a a a a a a a a a o a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a o a
8 . ' 1 1 . . . u s e
4 . w| | | . . . g e l
5. Won' l
G. W| | | have
7.
' | |
r epa| r
|l l |, | wo
( 0or r cl
ans r s ar | n par nl h s s. )
1 5 .
( d | l h as)
1G. 0
( yel )
1 7 .
( seemed )
1s. A
( ' ve
o enr ead| ng)
1e. A
( Have)
20. 0
( l or )
21. 0( l aken)
22. B
( has
a| r eady oeen| n ous| ness oRl or
l | l l y year s a| r ady)
28,
( dr | nk)
24.
( d | l , ve)
25.
( had)
Ful ur ez Be go| ng
l o
and W| | |
wr Fo
The man | s go| ng l o l a| | | nl o l he ho| .
l l R HE |( l
l hr ee
|l R |l E |( 2
F
|l AR |l E |( 8
T
E FREss
l l ' sgo| ngl or a| n.
l ' | | gel an umor e| | a.
l l |
| l ems he ked 2, 4,
2.
l | e, sgo| ngl ol ak al r | p.
8. He, snol go| ng l o dr | ve. o He | sn, l go| ng
l odr | ve.
4. H ' s go| ng l o g| v a spee h.
5. He' sgo| ng
l o ansWer l hephone.
G. He' s nol go| ng l oWal h Tv. o H | sn, l
go|ng l o Wal h Tv.
s . W | | | . . . o e
s. W| | | have
l o. W| | | | ook
1 1.
' | |
open
12.
' | |
adj usl
l l | l ' m
sor r y l hal We # | * oe ao| e l o gel
1 8 . ' 1 | . . . o n l r o |
l . W | | | . . . o s l
14. w| | | . . . pr evenl
17. Won, l oe
1 s. W | | |
l ogel her | n Had| son. ar l ha. l oo. W| | |
m|
m| sses you. Fer haps We an gel l ogel her
somel | m ne l monl h. ar l ha and l
go| ng
l o o | n H| nn apo| | s unl | | Ju| y 15.
l o
Al l er l hal , We ar e go| ng' v| s| l
our son | n
Fhoen| x. H| sW| l e| spr egna l
J , : | | | , l ; .
aoaoy l he l | r sl Week | n Ju| y. l l ' shar d l o
oe| | ve l hal We, r
' oe
g andpar enl s!
ar e R' r e
HoW e | l | ng l hal you' go| ng
l ol a| k al
l he onl er en e! l , msur e | l # | | oegr eal .
l ' vegol l o r un noW. The sky | s gel l | ng r a| | y
| l , ' go| ngl o
dar k and | # sl or m. l Wanl l o gel oul ol l h| s
ol l | eoel or el hen. Hor e | al er .
Ful ur e:
0onl r asl
w Fl l N
T F
|| R l | E |(
T F
E FREss
l r; ; : , * ll|'
l ' m | av| ng | n l | ve m| nul s.
Ar e you go| ng
l o l he onl er n e| n Hav?
l l |
Russ: E| | en! l l ' s n| e l o s eyou. Ar e you
pr esenl | ng
a paper
l h| s Week?
O : H| , R| k. Y s. l n l a l , my l a| k sl ar l s
al l Wo o' | o k.
Russ: oh, mayo l , | | go.
whal ar q you
so| ng l o l a| k aooul ? Roool s?
O : Yes. l ' m l o us| ng
on per sona|
r oool s
l or househo| dWor k.

l
x
|
|
Russ: l ' d| | ke oneol l hos ! wher e' syour
son, oy l he Way? l she here W|l h
You?
O : No. Tony sl ays | n 0enver W| l h h| s
g andpar enl s | n l he summer .
l ' m go| ng l ov| s| l h| m al l er l he
onl er en e. So, Whal ar eyou
W r k| ng on l hese days?
Russ: l , msl | | | W| l h l he Har s Asso | al | on.
l n l a l , We, r e
go| ng l ooeho| d| ng a
neWs onl er en enexl monl h aooul
l he Har s shul l | e | aun h.
O : Thal ' s ex | l | ng. Hayoe l ' | | see
you l h r e.
Russ: Or eal . The onl er en eoeg| ns al
noononl he l enl h.
z. | l ' s go| ng l o r a| n
8. l ' | | see
. l ' | | a| |
5. l ' m go| ng
G. l ' m ma| | | ng
7. l ' m g| v| ng
s. W| | | you oe, | ands,
l ' | | see
l .
' | |
Wa| l
2.
' s
go| ngl or a| n,
, | |
he koR' m go| ngl o
he k
do. . . ooar d o W| | | . . . ooar d o
ar . . . go| ng l o ooar d,
' r e
l | y| ng
' | 1
ar r y
do . . . | and oRar e . . . go| ng l o | and o
W| | | . . . | and oRar . . . | and| ng,
' r
go| ngl ooeo , ' | | o
' r e
go| ngl ogel o gel oR' r gel l | ng
oR' | | g l ,
, m
hav| ng oR' m go| ngl ohave
' r e
go| ng l o sl ar l oR
' | |
sl ar l o sl ar l
8 .
4 .
5 .
G .
7 .
'
. . Oood
even| ng, | ad| esandgenl | emen. Th| s
l a
r | |
| O al e
W| | | oe your apl a| n speak| ng. w ego| ng
l o | eave l he ar l h' s g av| l y ' ' , u' # , , u o .
l | l l een m| nul es. Al l hal l | me, you ar e ao| e l o
unou k| e

o ' ' ?: * H n
* , , | *
ar ound
l he ao| n. Hosl r oool ake or der sl or
d| nner soon. Al l er l hesesl or m | ouds,
' r e
go| ng ohave o ' have
Wea+ eh : * |l g a smool h l r|p. The shul l |e
ar r | ves onHar s l omor r oW al 9: 00. Ton| ghl ' s
8* sWer ' 8 * * | 8G9
l emper al ur e on l he p| anel | s a m| | d m| nus
20deg ees0e| s| us. By l omor r oW mor n| ng
| hq
W| oe

'
go| ng l ol ee o
' |
l ee|
l mperal ure 18deg ees, oul |l |s re |ng
mor e | | ke 28 d g e s. nj oy your l | | ghl .
Ful ur e T| me O| auses
,.' : : |: |; *
F0|N
The h| | d | s p| ann| ng her l ul ur e.
|l AR l | E |(
F
xFR ss
',.|',,,|: .'.,,: : ; ||,,.,; .! 8
whal W| | | sheoeWh n she gr oWs up?
She, sgo| ngl ooea s | enl | sl .
T
F
T
F
4 .
5 .
G . 7
l l | , .
8
Y
2. Theyar ego| ngl omovel oa| ar ger
s
apar l men l . . . Jel l gel s ar a| se.
8. . . . l hey move l o a| ar ger apar l menl ,
l hey' r e go| ng l ohave aoaoy.
. Sandy W| | | gel a par l l | me
j oo
. . . l hey
have l h | r l r r sl h| | d.
5. . . . Sandy goesoa k l oWor k l u| | l | me,
l he| r h| | d W| | | oel Wo.
G. Sandy W| | | W r k l u| | l | m . . . Jel l goesl o
s hoo| o Jel l W| | | gol o s hoo| . . . Sandy
Wor ks l u| | l | me.
. Jel l W| | | l r nd anol her
j oo
. ' . h g adual es.
g adual e
.
1. gel ,
' | 1
have oR
' m
go| ngl ohav
2. save, ' 11 ouy oR' m go| ngl oouY
.
' | |
l e | oR' m go| ngl ol e| , am
l .
r . gel up'
, | |
ouy o
, m
go| ngl oouy
2. speak, ' | | ask oR' m go| ngl oask
.
' | |
| ookoR' m go| ngl o| ook, go
4. go,
' | |
| mpr ove oR' m go| ngl o| mpr ove
87o | 8nsWr r ey
WTomor r oW
| smyl r r sl dan e r e | l a| ! Byl he
l | m l * x Wr | l e my nexl
j our na|
enl r y, | l
W| | | a| r ady oeover ! As soonasWel | n| sh
l he per l or man e' l her * go| , ' g l o oe a o| g
par l y l or us. Repor l er s W| | | oe l her qxWhen
We enl er l he r oom. wh| | e We | e| eor al ,
l he press W||| |nl erv|eW memo rs ol l he dan e
gr oup. As soonas l gel up Sunday mor n| ng,
l ' | | ouy l h paper and r ead l he | nl er v| Ws.
we' r e go| ng l o per l or m l h| s shoW l or
l Wo W eks. As soon as| l , sl | n| shed,
' r
go| ng o ar n o ' ear n
W . ear ned a neW pr og am. l ' m soex | l ed.
Ever s| n l Was | | l l | e' l , veWanl d l o oe a
oa| | l dan er .
Ful ur e Fr ogr essave
:
: ..
|': : : : : : : ,.
F 0 | N
B l or e12: 00
HARTl |E |(
T
E FRE,ss|; ! : : ; : : |; |/ : ,: 1
w| | | you oeWor k| ng l omor r oW?
Yes, l W| | | . o No, l Won' l .
whal ar e you g | ng l oo do| ng?
( Ans r s
u| | | | uar . )
l l | Today
Wel | ndmosl r oool s Wor k| ng | n
l a l or | s ar ound l he Wor | d. Bul Whal
W| | | r oool s ol l he l ul ur e o do| ng? one
Hassa hus l l s l nsl | l ul e ol T hno| ogy
des| gner pr ed| l s l hal | n
j usl
al eWyear s,
sma| | , | nl e| | | genl r oool sar e
go| ngl ooe
l ak| ng ar e ol a| | l he hous ho| d hor s.
Th| s | s go| ng l o make | | l a | ol as| r . wh| | e
oner oool | s ook| ng d| nn anol h r on
W| | | o va uum| ng l he 1oor ' Bul Whal aooul
oul s| d l he home? w| l | r oool s oe
p| ay| ng
l ool oa| | or l r ghl | ng War s? S | enl | sl s ar en' l
sur . whal | s er l a| n, hoWeve | s l hal r oool s
W| | | oe
p| ay| ng a mor e and mor e s| gn| l r anl
r o| | n our | | v s.
8 .
4 .
2.
8 .
4 .
5 .
G.
7 .
.
, | |
oego| ng
a. ar e . . . go| ng l oo | eav| ng
o. Won' l oegel l | ng
a. ar e . . . go| ngl ooe om| ng
o.
' | |
oe l ak| ng
. Ar . . . go| ng l ooehav| ng
d. No, W ar n' l . o No, . We' e nol .
a.
' m
go| ng l oev| s| l | ng
o. Won, l o ouy| ng
W||| o dusl |ng o |s go|ng l ooedusl |ng . . .
| sva uum| ng o va uums l he| | v| ng r oom.
W| | | oer epa| nl | ng oR| s go| ngl oo
r epa| nl | ng l he k| l hen . . . | s do| ng o
doesl he | aundr y.
| s mak| ng o makes . . . W| | | oer e y | | ng
o | s go| ng l ooer e y | | ng l he gar oag .
W| | | oe g| v| ng o | s go| ng l o oeg| v| ng
Hr . Oee . . . | s shopp| ng o shops l or l ood.
W||| oemak|ng oR|s go|ng l ooemak|ng . . .
| s h | p| ng o he| ps Tony W| l h homeWor k.
| s p| ay| ng o p| ays . . . W| | | oeWa| k| ng o
| s go| ngl ooeWa| k| ng l he dog.
l l | l n
l he l ul ur e, r oool s * | l l Fl l | g
mor and mor el asks l or humans. Th| s
have
W| | | k * av| + s ool h pos| l | ve and negal | ve
el l e l s. on l he onehand' Wh| | e r oool s
ar e d o| n g o d o
W|||_ e e|* s l he oor|ng and dang rous
j oos,
humans W| | | oedevol | ngmor el | me l o
| nl er sl | ng pur su| l s. l n l h| s Way r oool , 1
go| ng l oo mak| ng | | l a | ol eas| er l or
humans. on l he ol h r hand, l heW| despr ead
l o
use ol r oool s | s go| ng' l eal e a| ol l l ul ur e
unemp| oymenl . F op| eW| | | ' | os| ngl he| r
j oos
as r oo l s l | | | l h | r pos| l | ons. And some
r oool s ou| devenoe omedanger ous.
l ' m al r a| d l hal | n l he nol l oo d| sl anl l ul ur e,
r oool s W| | | oeoper al | ng nu | ear poWer
sl al | ons! And oel or el oo| ong, r oool s ar e
l | g h r | n g
go| ng l o oel | l | n War s. A| l hough, on
s ondl houghl , l hal W| | | oeo l l er l han
humans k| | | | ng ea h ol h r !
Ful ur e Fer l e l
and
Ful ur e Fer l e l
Fr ogr ess| ve
r ' , r umFo
H hasn' l o en sav| ng l or l hr year s yel .
HAR l | E l ( l
F
l | Rl |l |( 2
T
E FREssr: |; : ; : : | ; ! ! |* 8
dr | v| ng, dr | ven
F
F
F
T
4.
5 .
G . 7
wl
Y#
8. Won' l hav g adual d
a. W| | | have al l endedo W| | | haveoeen
al l end| ng
5. Won' l have ooughl
G.
' | |
have o en dr | v| ng
7. Won' l have opened
8.
, | |
hav o ensav| ng
9. W| | | have a omp| | shed
8. g adual e
4.
, l
hav a| r eady oe nl h| nk| ng
s. | s oor n
G. Won, l have g adual d
. . . yel
z. W| | | hav a| r eady l r n| shed
8. | eor al e
9. Won' l hav sl ar l ed. . . yel
1o.
, | |
hav a| r ady o engel l | ng
1 1 . o p e n
12. ' l havea| r adyo ome
| hnsr r er A ey | 87
m _
have o en
Y#
By Augusl l ' | | o a Wor d pr o essor l or
l |
h av e ar n d o h av o een ar n | n
l en y ar s. And l ' | | ar n a| mosl l he am
sa| ar y l or l hr e year s! Thal ' s Why l ' vemad
a NeW Year ' s r eso| ul | n l o gooa k l o s hoo|
l h| s year . F| r sl l ' m go| ng l oWr | l e l or s hoo|
al a|ogs and sl arl sav|ng l orl u|l |on. By Har h,
l | gur ed
l ' 11 have l | g| * r oul hoW mu h l u| l | on W| | |
osl . Then l ' | | sl ar l app| y| ng. By summ
' | |
have
l h d r e e| ved a epl an | el l er s. l nAugusl ,
l ' | | l a| k l o my ooss aooul Wor k| ng par l l | me
and go| ngl o s . hoo| par l l | me'
By l hal l | me,
a r ead av d
l ' | | have s v l enough l o pay l or a
sem sl er ' s l u| l | on. By ne l NeW Year ' s 0ay,
l , | | have . , , l l | , o. ' Who| e semesl r !
Se| l Tesl
( Tol a| :
100po| nl s. Eqch | l m
:
4po| nl s. )

A
B

B
B
A
B

A
A
B
5 .
G .
7.
8 .
9 .
1 0 .
1 1 .
12.
1 8 .
1 4 .
l l | | o
1 .
2 .
8 .
4.
l l ||\ l w0
( 0or r cl
ansu) r sar | n par nl h s s. )
l s. B
( o e)
1G. 0
( W| | |
go)
' l 7.
0
( l | n| sh)
1s.
( dr | v| ng)
9,
'
( o
l r ave| | ng)
20. '
( W| | |
l r n| sh o | s go| ng l ol r n| sh)
21. B
( Wor k
oRoeWor k| ng)
22.
( a| r ead
o de| l
el )
28. A
( W| | |
you)
z+ . 0
( | s)
2s. B
( have)
872 | 8r * Wer E' e
wh O| uesl | ons:
Suoj e l and Fr ed| al e
r
F l N
l he evenl s on l he n| ghl ol Hay 12l h
l he names ol peop| eWho saWl heW| l ness
|l R |l E l ( l
T
||AR |/ | 2
. T
E FREss ; : : , |||' . . l l |
whal happ ned| asl n| ghl ?
whal d| d vou don xl ?
. o
5 .
G . e
2. HoW d| d you gel home?
8. who gaveyou a r | de?
. whal happen d nexl ?
s. who( m) d| d you s e?
G. who | s 0 oor ah 0o| | | ns?
7. whal d| d you do?
8. HoW many peop| e a| | edyou?
8. whal l | m
( o
when) does our l oeg| n?
. HoW many W| l nesses l esl | l | d?
s. why d| d l he
j ur y
l | nd Adams gu| | l y?
G. whal happened?
7. HoW | ong
( o
HoW many Weeks) d| d l he
l r | a| | asl ?
8. who spoke l o l he
j ur y?
9. HoW mu h d| dAdams pay h| s | aWyer ?
l o. who( m) d| d l he d| sl r | l al l or ney quesl | on?
d | d
whal l | me' l hesusp l r l ur n home?
aW
who d| * s e h| m? wer e l her e anv W| l nesses?
wh o
whom Was al home?
why d| d he a| | A. Sm| l h?
h ap p en ed
whal * + + appen nexl ?
d | d h e
wh re h 4|d go?
d | d h e l ak
HoW mu h monev he_+ o k W| l h h| m?
a
d
ag 0| uesl | ons
. . ' . . 8. : , , ' , r , ' Z
FOl NT
The man | s ommenl | ng onl he Weal h r .
H R l | E |(
F' T
FREss/ ' ,; |j # ,: ,:
' !
You, r e an a l o| ar en, l vou?
y:
To :
K y:
To :
y: H|, Tom. l l ' s a n| day,
|s ' ! ?
To : Sur e | s. Nol a | oud | n l he sky. HoW
ar e you do| ng?
K : Oood, l hanks. You don, l knoW ol any
va anl apar l menl s, doy u? y son
| s | ook| ng l or on .
T : He |s?l l houghl h Was sl ay|ng W|l h you.
y: we| | , he r ea| | y Wanl s a p| a e ol h| s
oWn. 0o y u knoW l anyl h| ng?
To : As a mal l r ol l a l , l do. You kn W l h
Soool as, don' l vou?w | | , l
j usl
l ound
oul l hal l hey' r e mov| ng l o NeW Yor k
ne l monl h.
They ar e?whal k| nd ol apar l menl do
l hey have?
A on o dr oom.
l l ' snol l ur n| sh d, | s | l ?
No. why? He doesn' l needal ur n| shed
apar l menl , do sh ?
K y: we| | , he doesn, l have l ur n| l ur . Bul l
guessh an a|Ways r nl some, an' l hg?
To : why don' l you g| ve your son my
numoe and l , | | g| ve h| m somemor e
| nl or mal | on?
y: w| | | you?Thanks, Tom.
l l | : ,
' n
4 . l
2. d| d you
8. doesn' l | l
4. haven' l l hey
8 .
9 .
1 0 .
5. ar en' l you
. don' l you
7. | sn' l | l
s . o
G . 9
7 . a

d
l l | B :
l l , s oeen a| ong l | me, . | o , l l | | l ?
Jo : Thal dependsonWhal you m an oy a
| l
| ongl | me, doesn' l ? ...F
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
B : whal ar e you do| ng ar ound her e,
anyWay? l l ' s danger ous.
Jo : l an l ake ar e ol myse| l . l , msl | | |
ar en' |
a| | ve' mn+ l ?
B : Yes, oul you, r e sl | | | Wanl ed oy l he
ar en' |
po| | e, you?
J : Look, l need ap| a e l o sl ay. You hav
ap| a e, don' l you? Jusl l or on n| ghl .
B : l hav l o l h| nk ol my W| l and k| ds.
can ' |
You an l | nd somep| a e e| se, eaRyou?
Jo : No. You, vegol l ohe| p m !
B : : l ' ve a| r eady he| ped you p| enl y. l Wenl
d| dn' l ,
l o
j a| | l or you, h Y * + l ?
Jo : Yeah, oK, Ben. Your ememoer Whal
don' | *
happened | n vegas, 4oyou?
B : oK, oK. l anmake a a| | .
* oR:
You don' | r ememoer Whal happened | n
v ga , do
ou?
Add| l | ons W| l h So, Too,
Ne| l her , and Nol e| l her
w l rl l |Fq|N
The men | | ke l he same l h| ngs.
l R || E |(
T
E FREss,L l l |#
and ne| l her | s ar k
and sodoesOer a| d
ll|
ll|
ll|
T
T
2 . F
8 . 7
2. d| d l
8. anl
4 . 7
s . F
4. dol o
s . d o |
. d o l .
7 . d o |
G . 7
7 . F
8.
9 .
2. l oo 4. d| d . So
8. ne| l h r 5. e| l h r z. So
Ar sWer Key | 878
Hy or ol her | s
j usl
ayear o| der l han l am.
wehave a | ol ol l h| ngs | n ommon.
F| r sl ol a| | , We| ook a| | ke. l am 5' 10 , and
| h e
sohe_| s. l have sl r a| ghl o| a k ha| r and dar k
or oWn eyes, and sodoeshe. weshar e many ol
l he same| nl er esl s l oo. l | ovel op| ay so e
d oe
and he' , l oo. Bol h ol us sW| m ever y day, oul
n e| l h er
l an' l d| v , and e| l her an he.
Somel | m s, o | ngsos| m| | ar has | l s
pr oo| ems. For examp| e, | asl n| ghl l Wanl ed l he
d | a
| asl p| e e ol ho o| al ake, and sodo she.
ol l en l Won, l l ee| | | ke do| ng l he d| sh s, and
W | | |
ne| l her Won' l he. wor sl ol a| | , somel | mes l ' m
|nl eresl ed |n dal |ng a erl a|n s hoo|mal e, and
l h e
sohg | s. HoWeve mosl ol l he l | me l l ee| our
s|m||ar|l |es are rea||y n| e. Sodoesmy orol her.
Se|l Tesl
( Tol a|
:
700po| nl s. Each | l m
:
4po| nl s. )
| !
0 E
1 . 4 4 . '
2 . 5 . 0
8 . 4 G . 0
! l r J | w0
( 0or r cl
ans r s ar | n par nl h ses. )
1 8 .
( | sn ' l )
14.
( d| dn' l )
| s. 0
( has
h| s or ol her )
1G. 0
( have)
17. '
( d| dyou Wor k oRWer eyou Wor k| ng)
1 8 . 0
( | l )
| e . 0
( ?)
20. 0
( l
am l ooo soam l )
21. 0
( l hey)
22.
( ar en' l )
z8. 0l l )
z . 0
( go)
2s. '
( why
d| d you)
7 . 0
8 . 0
e . B
1 0 .
1 1 .
12.
A
B

874 l AnsWer Key


Ao| | | l y:
0an, 0ou| d, Be ao| e l o
w F l N
F
l ART || E '( l
T
l |AR |l E K 2
o
l | AR l |E K 8
al or mol o
E FR ss
A: l s . . . l o
B: | s . . . a n
A sur pr | s| ng numo r ol youngpeop| ehave
o enao| el o r eal esu ssl u| weo oased
ous| nesses. One young enl r epr eneur | s Sam
Rooer l s. Sam ou| dd s| gnweopagesWhen
heWas e| ghl , oul hegol h| s or eak al l We| ve
Wh n aWr | l r h| r ed h| m l od s| gn aw o
s| l . Sam, sl | r sl ous| ness l a| | ed oe ausehe
andh| s par l ner Wer en' l ao| l o
g l
a| ong.
HoWev h| s n W ous| ness, weoman, | s up
andr unn| ng. Anol her youngous| nessman,
Jay Le| ooW| l z, Was ao| e l o se| | l Wo sol l War
pr og amsWhen heWas l ur l en. He made
$80, 000
onl he dea| and noWJay r uns h| s
oWnweo s| l e. 0an l r ' | n| eyWr | l es r ev| eWs ol
neW sol l War e. He sl ar l edh| s ous| ness al
s| l een. A l u| | l | m o| | gesl udenl , 0an
an
pay a sl al l ol Wr | l r s and sl | | | ear n $s0
a monl h. A| l hough l hey a| | make money, a| |
l hr ee sl ar l d oul l ohave l un al l h | r hooov.
nol l o make a pr ol | l .
2. Sam
8. 0an
+ . Sam
1. an,
, | |
oeao| el o
2. hasn' l oe nao| el o, an
8. an' l , , | | oeao| el o
4. haven' l oeenao| el o, an' l , an, l , ' | | oeao| el o
2. wer e . . . ao| l o ommun| al e
8. anh | p
4. ou| dn' l l o| | oW
s. ou| dn' l de | de
G. anmanage
z.
' 11
oe ao| e l o ol gan| ze
8. oeao| el ospeak
Today | n m w| | | B. Happy TeamWor k our se'
l | ear ned aooul Wor k sl y| es 0r | ver s and
. . Enl hus| asl s. ' ,
l ' m a 0r | ve sol anmake
l o
d | s| ons, oul l , mnol ao| . . | | sl n l ool her
p op| , s| deas. The Enl hus| asl | n our gr oup
aommu n | oa| e
an mmu+ | l es We||, oul you an' l
dependonher . NoW l under sl and Whal Was
happen| ng | n my ous| ness | ass| asl yea
l ee|
When l ou| dn' l l | l oml or l ao| e W| l h my
l am. l l houghl l hal l h y a| | l a| ked l o
Wer en' |
mu h and d| d# l ao| e l oWor k el l | | enl | y.
Wa ao e l o
l l * + d g l anA l or l he our se, oul | l Was
har d. l an doa| ol mor ea| one, oul some
j oos
ar el ooo| gl or l hal . our | nsl r u l or says
oe
l hal soonl he 0r | ver s W| | | . . ao| el o | | sl n and
W| | | oeao| e l o
l he Enl hus| asl u+ 4 oemor edependao| e.
Fer m| ss| on:
Ha , 0an, ou|d,
0o
ou
m| nd| l . . . ?
wF l N
The sl udenl | s ask| ng l he l ea h r l oa| | oW
h| m l ol ake l he l esl l omor r oW.
l AR l E '( |
cou| d
l |AR || E |( 2
T
E FREss
A: h | ps
B: Nol al a| | , he| p

E ' *
4 . c
. . '
8 . e 5 . a
G . o
r+
8. 0oyou m| nd | l he sl ays
. l d o
5. Hay l us
G. youmay nol oRyou an' l
7. you an' l sl ar l
8. doyou m| nd | l l oor r oW
9. l l ol al a|| o l r o, l don' l o Oo r|ghl ahead
1O. youmay open
1 | . 0an l ome
12. you an, l
m

( Ans r s. ma
uar s| | ghl | . )
z. 0ou| d l useyour phone?
8. Hay l
( o
We) par k her ?
+ . 0ou| d We mov up al eWr oWs?
5. 0an W
( oR
he) l apel he on r l ?
G. 0o you m| nd | l l
( o
We) | ave?
z. B
( an' l )
. B
( hange)
. B
( an)
s. 0
( hav )
. A
( may
nol o an' l )
7.
p
( p| ays)
8. A
( No,
l don' l o Nol al a| | )
e. 0
( We)
10. A
( Yes,
we an oRSur e o 0er l a| n| y)
Requesl s:
w|||,0an, wou|d, 0ou|d,
wou| d
ou
m| nd . . . ?
wFq| N
ask| ng someonel od somel h| ng
l AR H |( l
T
l || R l |E |( 2
OK
ExFR ss
A: w u| d
B: No, n l
A: W| | | oR an o Wou| d o ou| d
B: an, l
l . H r :
Lo , :
H | :
2. Lo :
l :
. H l :
L :
H r :
Lo :
Lo :
. H l :
Lo , :
AnsWer Key | 75
H| . You musl oel h neW ol l | e
ass| sl anl . l ' m Har | a Jones. Lel
r neknoW | l you need anyl h| ng.
Thanks, Har | a. 0ou| d you shoW
mel he oal | osel ?
0er l a| n| y. l l ' sr | ghl over her e.
Har | a' Wou| d you exp| a| n l h se
| nsl r u l | ons l or l h l ax ma h| ne?
Sur . Jusl pul your | el l er | n
h r e and d| a| l h numo r .
l ' m | eav| ng l or | un h. wou| d you
| | k l o ome?
Thanks, oul l an' l r | ghl noW.
l ' mr ea| | y ousy.
0o youWanl a sandW| h l r om
l he ol l e sh p?
Thal Wou| d oeg al . 0an you gel
me al una sandW| h and a soda?
H l : Sur . w| | | vou ansWer m. yphone
unl | | l gel oa k?
0er l a| n| y.
Lor na, Wou| d you m| nd mak| ng
some ol l ?
l ' m sor r y, oul l an, l do| l noW.
l ' vegol l ol | n| sh l h| s | el l r
oel or e2: 00.
2 . a
8 . a
4 . o
5 . a
G . o
2. you l | | e l heser epor l s?
8. l ur n| ng onl h | | ghl s?
4. you ouy some r ea| ?
5. you a| | oa k | al er ?
G. you shul l h door o you m| nd shul l | ng
l he door ?
The m el | ngs ar go| ngWe| | oul l heyhave
oe nxl ended aday. 0ou| d, o, , # l l l l |
0oug Roger sl ol r y l or es h du| eour
sa| smeel | ng?
0er l , a| n o ol our ae o ur e
No+ a+ |l l ' || do |l r|ghl aWa .
we, | | n edl hr ee exl r a op| esol l he monl h| y
sa| esr por l . wou| d you askAnn l ol ake ar
ol l hal ?
0er l a| n o ol cour e o 1ur e
y+ s_' + + Y u .
( Ann 0o | d you do l h| s?)
( onl | nu d
on n l pag )
87G l AnsWer KeY
Wor k| n
l hal e l ask, oul Wou| d you m| nd l eWer L
on Sal ur day? we, | | need l h exl r a l | me l o go
over l he n W | nl or mal | on l ' vegol l en.
an , l
Sorr , oul l * |dnzl . Hy |n. |aWs are
om| ng l or a v| s| l . Bul Roo L| n says he
an om | n l o l he ol l | e l o he| p oul .
one | asl l h| ng. l Was go| ng l o p| k up l hose
neW ous| ness ar ds, oul l Won, l o oa k | n
l | me. wou| d you m| nd do| ng l hal l or me?
Nol al a| | oF. l ' d oeg| adl o
s $o * ' d.
l ' | sl op al l he pr|nl er' s
dur | ng my | un h or eak.
Adv| e:
Shou| d, Oughl l o,
ad oel l er
w. F | N
The | nl r v| W r
| s suggesl | ng al ype ol
j o
l r
l he app| | anl .
l | R HE |( l
T
l | R H |( 2
shou| d
FREl l l | l l |
A: Shou| d
B: No . . . s h o u | d n ' l
[ l ems he ked:
1, 5, G
2. shou| dn' l
s. shou| d
. sh u| d
.
, d
oel l r nol
. shou| dn' l
7.
' d
oel l er
2. You shou| d
( o You oughl l o) | ook neal
8. whal l | me shou| d l ar r | ve?
4. you shou| dn, l
( you, doel l er nol ) ar r | ve
al l er 7: 15
s. Shou| d l or | ng a g| l l ?
G. You shou| dn' l
( o
You' d oel l er nol ) ouy an
expens| v
g| l l
7. whal shou| d l ouY?
8. you shou| d
( o oughl l ) gel somel | oWer s
l l | We
ar e so happy l ohear aooul your neW
j oo'
0ong al u| al | ons! Jusl r memoer you
shou| dn' l Wor k
l oohar d. Th m sl
|mporl anl l h|ng r|ghl noW |s your s hoo|Wo k.
ou h l o
Hayoe
you on| y oughl Wor k l Wo days a
Week | nsl ead ol l hr ee. A| so, Wel h| nk you' d
oel l er ask y ur oossl or l | m l l dur | ng
exams. Thal Way you' | | have p| enl y ol l | me
'd
l o sl udy. You Weu| d oel l er g| ve l h| s a| ol ol
ar el u| l houghl , oK? F| ease l ake good ar e
oel l er nol
ol yourse|l . You, d n l _oel + rsl arl ' o' o, ; |o*
mea| s, and you del r n| l | y sh u| dn' l W + ked
'd
al n| ghl . Al your age' you r | oel l er
gel a
goodn| ghl ' s s| eep. 0 you need anyl h| ng
l r omhom ?Sh u| d We sendany ol your
oooks?Lel usknoW.
Suggesl | ons:
ll|
F
0ou| d, whY don' l .
why nol . . ?, Lel ' s,
o W a o o u l . . . ?
F0|N
l l R l | E l |
doesnol hange l or d| l l er nl suoj l s
l l AR l ||E |( 2
F'
E FREss
: .ll|: ; '
Lel ' s l ake l he l r a| n.
Ha o We ou| d l ake l h l r a| n.
why nol l ake l he l r a| n?
HoW aooul l h l r a| n?
2
Ful ur e Foss| o| | | l y:
a , |ghl , 0ou|d
wl l | Fq l N
F
l | n | E |( |
T
l | AR l |E l ( 2
| n ansWer s
FREss
B: m| ghl
A: m|ghl
B: m| ghl nol
Ar , r : l
j usl hear d l hal | l may snoW l oday.
Ar e you go| ng l o dr | ve l oWor k?
Br r r . : No. l ' | | l ake l he 7: 80l r a| n | nsl ead.
Ar , r : l ' | | l ake l he l r a| n W| l h you. l have
someWor k l o do| n l he | | or ar y.
Br r : Or eal . why don, l you ul your
al l r noon | ass and have | un h W| l h
me l oo?
Ar , r : oh, l ou| dn' l dol hal . Bul | el , smeel
al l h l r a| n sl al | on al G: 00, oK?
Br r , : l m| ghl have l oWor k unl | | 8: 00
l on| ghl . l , | | a| | you and | el you knoW.
1. 0er l a| n
2. l mposs| o| e
8. Foss| o| e
2. ou| d 4. may nol
8. m| ghl 5.
' m
go| ng l o
G. may
7. m| ghl
8. Sh ' sgo| ngl oa meel | ngW| l h
Hr s. Humphr ey al 11: 00.
. Sh may
( o
m| ghl ) have ol l eeW| l h Su
al l el | ass.
5. Sh , sgo| ngl ogol oWor k al 1: 00.
G. She may
( o
m| ghl ) g shopp| ng
al l r Wor k.
z. Sh may
( o
m| ghl ) l ake l h 7: 00l r a| n.
8. She' sgo| ngl op| k | p p| zza.
ver y l eW year s, l he o eannear Fer u
oe omesWar mer . 0a| | ed | N| l | o, l h| s
ma
var | al | on | n l emper al ur e l na o aus
Ansuver Key l 881
Weal her hanges a| | over l h Wor | d. The
Wesl oasl s ol Nor l h and Soul h Amer | a
m| ghl 0Ghave heavy r a| ns. On l he ol her s| de
o come
ol l he Fa |l r , NeW Ou|nea m|ghl oe om s
ver y dr y. Nor l her n ar eas ou| d have War me
Wel l er W| nl er s, and soul h r n ar eas ou| d
oe omemu h o| der . These Weal her hang s
ma nol
al l l p| anl s and an| ma| s. Some l | sh ma # l
sur v| ve | n War mer Wal er s. 0r oughl s ou| d
cau oe
l r s| ng r opsl o d| e, and l oodmay gel ver y
expens| ve. | N| l | o may happen ever y l Wo
ma K m| ghl
year s' or | l eor * d nol omel or sevenyear s.
w| | | | N| l | os gel Wor s | n l he l ul ur e? They
ou| d ' ( . Fo| | ul | on ho| ds h al | n l he a| and
ma oR m| g h l o cou d
| l W| | | | n r ease l he el l e l sol | N| l | o. oul no
on | s sur e
el .
Assumpl | ons:
ay, |ghl , 0ou|d, Husl ,
Have ( gol ) l o, 0an' l
w r Fa
mak| ng a guess
l | AR l 1 |( l
T
l l R || E |( 2
F
E FREss
A: ou| d
B: m| ghl , an' l
m
W 2 . d
4 .
8 . e 5 . 9
2. musl
8.
' s
gol l o
4. ou| d
s. 0ou| d
G . a
7 . c
G.
7 .
8 .
9 .
m| ghl oe
u| dn' l
m| ghl nol
may
82 | Ansrrver ey
2. l m| ghl
( o
ou| d) oe
8. l l ou| d
( oRm| ghl o may) oel he al
4. You musl al a| ol
5. 0ou| d | l oe
G. | l an' l
(
ou| dn' l ) oe
7. l l musl omel r omyour oWnp| pe.
8. Ther an, l
( o
ou| dn' l ) oeany ol h r
exp| anal | on.
9. l h r e ou| d
( o
m| ghl o may) oe
The r na| n har a l Ho| | y Sm| l h, | s a o| | ege
SL l ea h r . Sh | s l r y| ng l ol r ndher dead
gr andpar enl s, l | r sl home| n l h Un| l ed
oe
Sl al es. l l may or | l | g | n a near oy l Wn.
Th l oWnspeop| el her e se ms ar ed. They
ou| d , have a se r l , # ?[ ; * : ; ' ' ,
hal sl r anger s. Ho| | y has someo| d| l l er s
l hal m| ghl | ead her l ol he p| a e. They ar e| n
Ar m n| an, oul oneol h r sl ude. , l . # | *
have | o
l r ans| al e l hem l or her . They h * a o
| nr por l anl oe aus l h aul hor menl | ons
l h m r | ghl aWay. Th | el l er musl onl a| n
l am| | y se r el s. who | s l heoad gu ?l l ou| dn' l
oel he sl udenl o auseheWanl s l ohe| p. l l
m| ghl o l h neWspaper ed| l or | n l h l oWn.
Adv| sao| | | l y | nl he Fasl
wF | N
r egr el sl h| ngs | n h| s pasl
HAR l E |( |
F
l | R l E l ( 2
T
l | R HE |( 8
oughl l ohau
E FREssr*
A: have
B: shou| dhav
4.
5 .
G . 7
l l | | :
F
T
z. shou| dn' l have don
8. shou| d have sl ud| ed
4. ou| dhav done
5. oughl l ohave gon
. shou| dn, l have sl ayed
7. ou| dhave pr evenl d
s . m | g h l . . . h a v e a | | e d
9. Shou| d, . . have onl a l ed
l o. shou| dn, l hav
11. ou| dhavesaved
2. l shou| dn' l have eal na| | l h ho o| al .
8. She m| ghl hav a| | ed.
4. H ou| dhav ol l er dl o| end m some
( money) .
5. l shou|dn' l have
j ogg d
l |vem|| s yesl erday.
G. They shou| dn, l hav har gedme
( l or
l h p| asl | oags) .
7. l oughl l o have | nv| l ed 0ynl h| a
( l o
l he par l ) .
8. He m| ghl hav s nl m a ar d.
Aooul aWeek ago, Jenn| l r Was | al l or
Wor k aga| n, and 0oug, our ooss, l o| d m h
Wanl d l gel r | d ol h r ' l Was r ea| | y upsel .
have
ol our s ' J nn| l er shou| dn' l h d oeen | al e
have
sool l en, oul he m| ghl has l a| ked l oher
aooul l he pr oo| em oel or ehe de | dedl o| l
her go. Then hel o| d me l omake her
j oo
d| l l | u| l l or h r sol hal sheWou| d qu| l .
l j usl pr el endedl d| dn' l hear h| m. whal a
ou g h l l o
m| sl ake! l ouhl a have onl r onl d h| m
r | ghl aWay. or l ou| d al | easl have War n d
Jenn| l er . AnyWay, Jenn| l er | s sl | | | h r e,
oul noW l , mWor r | d aooul my oWn
j oo.
have
Shou| d l l l o| d0oug' sooss?l Wonder .
! |
h av e h an d | ed
Hayoe l shou| d h nd el h| ngs d| l l er enl | y
have
| asl Week. Th ompany shou| d never has
h| r ed l h| s guy.
Spe u| al | ons
aooul l he Fasl
wF0| N
| l | l Was poss| o| el hal somel h| nghappened
|| R l |E |( l
T
cl R l | |( 2
cou| d
E FREss
hav ar ved, m| ghl hav

d
2 . a
8 . l
4.
5 .
G . o
2. Th y musl hav oe n
8. They may hav
4. He m| ghl nol hav oeen
5. He musl have
2. ou| d nol have ou| | l
8. had l ohave gol l en
4. musl nol have knoWn
s. ou| . d have ar ved
G.
( ou| d
have) l r anspor l ed
7. m| ghl have oeen
8. may have | | v d
9. musl havehad
l n 1927, Tor | o| o Hexl a esspe ol F r u
have oeen
musl o ver y sur pr | sed l osee| | n s | n l h
shapesol huge an| ma| s onl he g oundo | oW
h| s a| r p| an . 0r eal ed oyl he an | enl Naz a
u| l ur e, l hese l or ms ar l o o| g l o r e ogn| ze
l r om l he gr ound. HoWeve l r om aooul
G00l eel | n l he a| r l he g| anl l or ms l ak
shape. w| l houl a| r p| anes, hoW ou| dan
AnsvWer Key l 888
h av e
an | nl u| l ur e had r nadel h m? whal
pur pose ou| dl hey hav had?Aul hor r | h
von0d' n| k noe| | vesl hal l he dr aW| ngs
mar k ed
m| ghl have m r k a| and| ng sl r | p l or l h
spa e r al l ol asl r onaul s l r m anol her
p| anel . Ar haeo| og| sl s, hoWev noWo | | ve
l hal l he an | nl Naz an | v| | | zal | on m| ghl
h av e d v e o p ed h av e
dv | p l | | ghl . They ou| d l ou| | l hol . a| r
de | gned
oa| | oons anddes| gn l he p| l ur es l r om l he a| r .
B
A

B
0
A
Se| l esl

( Tol a| :
100po| nl s. Each | l m
:
4po| nl s. )
l l l |l o |
1 .
2 , 8
8 . 8
4 . 8
s . A
G . 8
7. 0
8.
9 .
1 0 .
|l l |El \ | w0
( 0or r cl
, ns r sar | n par enl h s s. )
14.
( musl
nol have knoWn)
1 s. 0
( | eav e)
1G. c
( hav )
17. B
( | ooked)
| s. A
( havegol l o)
19.
( an, l )
20. A
( musl
nol )
21. B
( have)
22. '
( may
o m| ghl o ou| d)
28. '
( Was
o | s)
24.
( have
l o)
2s. '
( shou| d
have)
w Fq| N
War m and ozy
l l R HE K
F. F. T
1 1 .
12.
1 8 .
Ad| e l | ves and Adver os
884 | # |rrsr* er e8r
xFR ss,, : ! # ,; l , # '
A: s| o s| oW| y
B: s| oW, s| oW
: _ , 1
w 2. l r r | o| v d| sappo| nl ed
| 1 _
8. sur pr | s| ng| y asy
4. exl r eme| Y sal e
s. | n r d| o| y l asl
G. aWl u| | s| oW| y
7. Yer | ear | y
8. unusua| | Y
| oud
9. ex epl | ona| | y
p| easanl
Sl ud nl s! Ar e y u | ok| ng l r u. ouGu| pl | .
l o| | v ? 0ome l o 140Or anl sl r eel , Apl . 4B.
.._..
Th| s apar l menl
| s
( aoso| ul e| y) pe l e l l or l Wo
:
q, dl |; d nl s Who are |ook|ng l or a
99, !
ne| ghoor hood,
j usl 15m| nul es l r om ampus.
Th| s | ove| v apar l r r enl
| s | n aneW ou| | d| ng.
l l |s a ' h. , ? l k l ol he ous sl op. The e p ggq
o
goGsO| r e l | | | nl o l Wn. Al n| ghl l he ous
.

rr
Gu' a0 | k '
anysl opsal a| | . You anWF| k
G l | ) l hr ough
l h Wonder l u|
par ksonyour
J y o* e. The, , , l | .
e uo.

0a| | l or an aFFo| nl menl : 555 5050'


r7l '
Th| s apar l menl
W| | | r enl _g) .
2. | ar ge
. o aul | l u| |
+ . happ| | y
s. ousy
G. n| e
7. qu| el
. har d| y
9. n| e
r o. shy
l r . g o o d
g , a
1
l u n n y . '
w, l l | Som aparl menl ads are sol |l l |l l |l ! one ad
. .
War r n
des r|oed ap|a as
. . Warm|) r
a deoz . , ' l l Was
rea||y hol and roWded, oul l he oWner |ns|sl ed
per l ecl
l hal | l su| l ed me' per l l . l Was l r y| ng ver y
har d
h d' nol l o |augh Wh|| he Was des r|o|ng
| l , sol had l o| eave qu| k| y. Anol h r p| a e
cu| e
l saW Was suppos d l oe. . n| e and ul e\ r . ' '
l a l
whal amess! ! l | l l l hal p| a v r y l s
l oo. l ' m nol ask| ng l or l he moon! l on| y Wanl
a sma| | p| a e | n a | an ou| | d| ng W| l h
l r | nd| y ne| gho r s. l ' m | o k| ng al anol her
p| a el omor r oW. The ad says' . . 0| ean and
or | ghl . Sma| | oul onven| enl apar l menl on
u | el
|ove|y, q||el ' o|o k. , , l Wonder Whal l hal
r ea| | y means!
Fa | | p| a|
Ad| e l | ves
wFq| N
F
HAR | E l (
T
E FREss ' ,,l l |
ex | l | ng
ex | l ed
| nl er esl | ng
| nl er esl ed
l r|ghl en|ng
l r|ghl ened
amus| ng
amused
l |r|ng
l |red
m_
l n
some ounl r | es,
pe p| eWho ar e| nl r sl ed
| n meel | ng l h r s l ur n l or h | p l o p r s na|
ads | n neWspaper s and magaz| n s, and
on| | n . A_numoer
ol ousy peop| e
v| eW l hese ads as a pr a l | a| Way ol
| n r as| ng l he| r so | a| | r | e.
. . l , ve
l r | ed har d
l o me l peop| eon my oWn, , , sa| d onesal | sl | d
usl m r . . . l Was neW | n l oWn and Wanl ed l o
make l r | nds l asl . The per sona| s pr v| d d
me W| l h a qu| k Way ol m el | ng many
_peop| e
| n a shor l
Fer | od
ol l | me'
Ol her s ar e nol so| mpr essed. l l h| nk | l ' s
k| nd ol _When
pe p| eneedl r esor l
l o p| a | ng ad' sl o make l r | ends, ' ' ooser ved
oneman.
' A
l r | end ol m| ne l r | ed l he ads
sever a| l | mes andWas r ea| | y d| sappo| nl ed
W|l h l he r su|l s. l l ' s
j usl nol persona| enough. ' ,
2. puzz|ed
8. p| zz g
+ . | nl er esl | ng
5. | nl er esl ed
G. l as | nal | ng
2. oor | ng
8. | nl er esl d
. l as | nal | ng
5. amused
. hor r | l y| ng
d | ap p o| n l ed
Jusl gol home. l ' m d|s p |+ l |+ g W|l h l he
even| ng. Al l | r sl l l houghl Jake Was an
| n l er eal | n g
|n+ resl ed guy, oul l on|ghl l l e|l someWhal
oor ed W| l h h| s ompany. we saW aver y
en l er | a| n | n g
n+ e+ l | d mov| e. oul Jake d| dn, l | | ke | l .
l n l a l , | l se ms1| k We have omp| el e| y
d| l l r enl l asl es | n l h| ngs. Al l er l he mov| e,
l l r | ed l o make onv r sal | on, oul a| | l r ea| | y
Wanl d Was l ogohom . So, l l o| dh| m l Was
exhau l , d
e a| * s+ | nsand d| dn' l Wanl l o g l home | al e.
| nl , er l ed
l l h asks m oul aga|nl , m nol |+ l eres# |ng.
l r u r al , | ng
Try|ng l o meel peop|e an oevery l + r* sl ral ed.
Ad| e l | ves and Adver os:
qual | ves
; ,: ,,: |; |.: ! : l
F0l Nl
r | d| ng speed, onl r o| ol o| k
H R l | E l (
os' an adj e l | ve or an adver o
E F REss, . . , ' : . , , ' . . ' ' , ' , .
'
A: as pens| veas, asWe| | as B: asg odas
SoyouWer e r | d| ng l h l r a| | s l h| s Week nd,
and you h| l l h d| r l . NoW your | ol hes | o k
as | ad q your o| ke. N ver m| nd. They' | |
| ook asgg ! n W n l Weekend. we
he ked oul l hr e maj r or ands ol del er genl ,
7. l as | nal ed
8. d| sappo| nl d
9. sur pr | s| ng
1o. sur pr | sed
7. onl us| ng
. depr essed
9. amazed
1O. amus| ng
1 1 . ex h au sl ed
8r * * . 8 * xr l 885
andW an l e| | y uWh| h on s | eanoesl
and Wh| h onesdon' l r movel r a| | sl a| ns
.
| ;
ol hers.
over a| | , Br | l e and K| e n ar n, l
as e pens| ve asTr end, oul l hey d| dn' l
p . l o. . ' ' _ * | l h r . HoWev l he5r Wer e
a| mosl asgood| n par l | u| ar al egor | s.
Tr end r emoved ool h mud and g ass
sl a| ns el l e l | ve| y. Br | l e r emoved mud
j usl
el l e l | ve| y Tr end. oul | l d| dn' l r emove
g ass sl a| ns
_
K| een Was el l e l | v on
g asssl a| ns, oul nol onmud. Br | l | eaned
| ol hes l hor oush| v as K| een, oul aga| n,
Br | l e and K| een Wer en' l asgoodasTr end
| n l h| s al egor y. on l h ol her hand, Br | l e
ameoul onl op| n or | ghl en| ng. 0o| or s
Washed | n K| een andTr end
j usl
d| dn' l | ook
asor | ghl asl h onesWashed | n Br | l e.
1. o. ar en' l asW| de
. ar en' l ashar d
2. a. c eansas el l e l | ve| y as
o. | sn' l asunl r | end| y
O. soundsase | l | ng as
d. xpr esses. . . as | ear | y as
8. a. Wasasno| syas
o.
( W| | | ) peda| asqu| el | y as
2. doesn' l sl opas s| oW| y as
8. | sn' l asexp ns| veas
4. doesn' l l ee| as oml or l ao| eas
5. | sn, l as heap
. r | des as oml or l ao| y as
z. hand| es asWe| | as
8. don' l hand| e asWe| | as
g.
sh| l l s aseas| | v as
RE: Nol as many or u| s s!
l nexper | en dr | der s shou| d l r y l he Soul h
Tr a| | al B ar paW Far k. The s ener y| s
j usl
oeaul | l u|
asoe + l | l u , oul | l s r | d| ng l r a k | sn, l as
a e
unl r | nd| v l , h nl he Nor l h Tr a| | ' s. Th
s| opesu. . r ' l as sl eep, andyouWon' l l a| |
l r e uenl v
asl + | en| o aus l her ar en, l as man
( onl | nu d
on n l pag )
88G | J| , l svl r K y
r o ks. l l | sn, l as shor l l l | | . Nor l h, so
you' | | sl | | | g l a goodr | de, and you Won' l
l ee| as d| s our aged al l he end ol l he day.
RE: l he
( expens| ve)
neW T?a
0oes anyone have any exper | en e W| l h
l h| s o| ke? l l esl dr ove | l ar ound l h sl or e
par k| ng | ol , and l ' m nol | mpr essed. y o| d
| u l a
Tr a sh| l l s j l * . , l eas| | y, and | l hand| es as
smool h| l oo. ol our se | l , snol u,
l l | ,
oul l hen | l doesn' l osl $999e| l her .
Adj e l | ves:
0ompar al | ves
rruru F l NT
d| l l er nl l r om l he o| d r esl aur anl
|| R |l E |(
F, T
E FREss ?: ; |[ : ! | ' ,|,! '
m o r e . . . l h a n
2 . 7 8 . 7 4 . F s . F
2. | essexpens| vel han oR| sn' l mor e
e pens| ve l han
8. hol l er . . . sp| | er l han
4. mor e l al l en| ng l han
s. hea| l h| er o mor e hea| l hy l han
m
W
2 . o e l l e r . . . o e l l e
L.
l h oel l er . . . l he mor e pens| ve
. l h mor epopu| ar
. . . l he s| oWer
4. Wor se . . . Wor se, l h smok| er . . . l h Wor se
s. The mor e r oWded. . . l h no| s| er
. The o| gger . . . l he har der
7. mor e . ' . mor ede| | | ous, heav| er . . . heav| er
l l | F l e, s
F| a e has
j usl
r eopened under neW
managemenl . The d| n| ng r oom | ooks o| gge
or | ghl er
l han
m r r|eh+ , and prel l |er as l h o|d one.
A| l hough l h l ood| sn' l o l l e | l | s
j usl
as
good. The menu | s mor evar | ed and | ess
xpen | ve
peas| ve . T. y oneol l he| r pasl a d| shes.
You Won' l l | nd a0o* l r esher l omal o sau e
| n l oWn. And | ave r oom l or d sser l . Th y
oel l er
j usl
keep g l l | ng g dand oel l er .
The Wa| l sl al l | s l r | nd| y oul nol ao| e l o
hand| |arge numoers ol peop|el # | ||o* a a
l he r sl aur anl , l he s| oW r l he s r v| . Al
d| nn r l | me l he | | nes oul s| de l h| s popu| ar
| on g er
eal er y ar e gel l | ng | nger and m r e | + g. Tr y
| un hl | me l or aqu| el r
u' d| l l | * d uu| .
Adj e l | ves:
Super al | ves
m p l l |Fq|N
spe | a|
|l AR | E |(
l h ,
_ sl ,
mosl ol asl
E x F R E s s' ' , : F' ; |: J|
( l he)
n| esl
( l he)
mosl oeaul | l u|
( l h )
War mesl
( l he)
happ| esl
Wa
T, #
2. l he happ| esl . . . ol my | | l e
8. l he oesl . . . | n l he s hoo|
+ . l h o| desl . . . ol l h year
5. l he n| esl . . . | n our l am| | y o ol a| |
G. l he W| sesl . . . ol a| | o | n our l am| | v
You ar el he oesl mol her | n l heWho| eW| de
Wor | d. You ar e l he smar l esl , l h or | ghl esl ,
and l h l unn| esl ol a| | moms r , veever
knoWn. You ar e l he n| esl mom r ' ve ever
had. You ar e l he mosl Wonder l u| and
del | n| l e| y l l l | m
| n l he
Who| e W| d Wor | d | s o l l r l han you. Y u ar e
l he gr eal esl
mol her ol a| | . l | ove you ver y,
ver y mu h! Happy Hol her ' s 0ay!
2. | s l he mosl unusua| g| l l .
8. | s l he | easl pr a l | a| g| l l .
a. | s l he sma| | esl g| l l .
s. | s l he o| ggesl g| l l .
G. | s l h mosl expens| ve g| l l .
7. | s l he l unn| esl g| l l .
moel er | ou e
Ramadan | s l h s + | or * ses+ l | me | n Hus| | m
u| l ur . 0ur | ng Ramadan, We donol eal
l r om sunup l o suns l . Th| s | s d| l l | u| l l or
ev r yone, oul l eenager s hav l h har desl
l | me. R| ghl al l r Ramadan | s l he E| d a| F| l r .
Th| s ho| | day | asl s l hr ee days, and | l ' s l he
E l l | happ| esl l | me ol l he year . The mor n| ng
ol E| d, my l am| | y gel s up ear | y and goesl o
l he mosque. Al l er We g el our n | ghoor s oy
say| ng. . E| d Huoar ek' ,
( Happy
| d) , Wego
home. w al ' n| , L| eakl asl you have
ev r s n. our par nl s g| ve us g| l l s, usua| | y
n W | ol hes and money. on yea | d ame
ar ound l he l | me l g adual ed l r om h| gh
s hoo| . Thal
ear , l
gol l he m sl oeaul | l u|
l al l eol
| ol h s and l h l l l e+ enve| ope ol mone ol
a| | l he h| | dr en | n my l am| | y. | d He| a | s
par l ol | d a| F| l r . on l hal day, W a| | gol o
a o| gpar k. Lasl y ar al | d e| a, l had l he
oeol
o+ l e+ l | m ol my | | l e. l mel my | d h| gh
s hoo| l r | ends, and Wea| | al e
j unk
l oodand
shoWedol l our neW | ol hes.
Adver os: 0ompar al | ves
and Super | al | ves
, F | N
T
Ansr|rre . K* | 8a7
|| R |l |(
mor or ss, l h
E FREss,
l han. l h o sl
l n l h l | r sl so er gameol l he s ason, l he
Oo| ds oeal l he S| | ver s, Gl o8. The S| | ver
l eam p| ayed a l r u| y l anl asl | game' oul | l s
del ense| s sl | | | Weak. The Oo| ds del ended
l he oa| | mu h mor e aggr ess| ve| y l han l he
S| | ver l eam d| d. ol our se' A e Ja kson
er l a| n| y he| pedW| n l he gamel or l he Oo| ds.
The Oo| ds' sl ar p| ayer Was oa k onl he l | e| d
l oday l ol he d | | ghl ol h| s many l ans. He
Was hur l oad| y al l he ndol | asl season,
oul he has r e ver ed qu| k| y. A| l hough h
d| dn, l p| ay asWe| | aspeop| ee pe l ed, he
sl | | | hand| ed l heoa| | 1| kel he o| dA e. He
er l a| n| y hand| ed | l l he mosl sk| | | l u| | y ol
anyoneonl he l eam. e nl r o| | dl l r oa| |
! h. e
e , k| ked l he oa||
g
l a||og , and
r an l h l asl esl ol any ol l he p| ayer s on
e| l her l eam. He p| ayed har d andh | pedl he
Oo| ds | ookgood. l n l a l , l hehar der he
p| ayed, l he oel l er l he Oo| ds per l or med.
wal h A e l h| s season.
And Wal h l he S| | ver s. They have a neW
oa h, and l hey, r l r a| n| ng mor e ser | ous| y
l h| s year . l l h| nk We' | | seel hem p| ay oel l er
and oel l er asl h seasonpr ogr sses.
2. o l l er
8. l asl r
. | ess
s. mor er ap| d| y
. har der
z. l he mosl s| oW| y o l h s| oWesl
. l he mosl | ear | y
g.
l h | ongesl
10. mor equ| k| y l han
11. mor e omp| el e| yl han
. l he mosl s| oW| y o l he s| oWesl
4. mor e s| oW| y l han o s| oWer l han
s. l he l ar l hesl
o. l asl er l han
z. h| gher l han
. l he o sl
g.
l heWor sl
888 l AnsWer KeY
a o a a a a a o a a a a o a a l
. J '
l l | Lasl
n| ghl l Wal hed l heLak r s and l h
Bu| | s. Bol h l eams
p| ay d mor aggr ess| v | y
l h an
J

ver seenl hem. l n l a l , l hey p| ay d l h
o
o. l l * ol any
game l ' veWal h d l h| s season.
l n l he l r r sl ha| l H| hae| Jor dan spr a| ned h| s
| el l ank| , and Shaqu| | | e o, N a| Was oul ol
l he gameoe auseol l ou| s. Bul l hey sl | | | d| dn' l
l h an
sl arl l he s ondha|l any s|oWer l hal l he l |rsl .
w| l h Jor dan oul , Kuko s or edl he mosl
l r quen|
l l q| n+ +
ol any p|ayer. He, s oeen p|ay|ng
oe| l er and
m r e + + m +
oel l er as l he season
goeson.
| h e
l n l a l , ' mor he p| ays, l heoel l er he| ooks.
The Bu| | s Won 97l o 88. The Lak r s s em d
l e 5
l o gel l | r ed al l he end. Th y p| ayed | + l |
and | ess ons| sl enl | y
asl he gameWenl on.
Se| l e' * m
( Tol
:
100 po| nl s. E ch | l m
:
4po| nl s. )
|l l ||
0N
| .
2 .
8 .
4 .
1 5 .
( l h | ess)
| . 0
( ol |
1 7 . B
( amazed )
| s.
( ul e)
19. B
( har d r )
20. A
( r un as qu| k| y)
e . 0
| o . B
1 1 . A
12.
1 8 .
1 4 .

0
B

A
B

A
A

5 .
G.
7 .
8 .
|l l |q rcTwo
( 0or r cl ansu) r sar | npar nl heses, )
21. B
( de| l mor )
22. B
( mosl )
28.
( mor e)
24.
( d| sgusl | ng)
2s. B
( hol )
Oer u n d s:
Suoj e l andooj e l
: : : |: |/ ,ll.
F l N
e r | se
H R l E l (
| ng,
nol
E FRESS l: r; l: .ll# ; ll|.
A: 0r | nk| ng
B: dr | nk| ng
A: nol dr | nk| ng
SW| mm| n
| s g eal e er | se.
l l , shea| l hy,
l un, andr e| a | ng. Be ause sW| mm| ng | s a
. . | oW | mpa l ' '
spor l , mosl peop| eenj oy
par l | | p l | ng | n l h| s a l | v| l y W| l h ul l ear ol
| nj ur y l ol he| r oonesor mus | es. Jogg| ng,
Wh| h | s a. . h| gh. | mpa l , '
a l | v| l , an al
l | mes o har ml u| . l knoW l h| s l r om per sona|
exper | en .
Lasl year Wh| | e l Was
j ogg| ng,
l | nj ur ed my r | ghl knee. l don' l go| ogg| ng
anymor .
Al l r apa| nl u| monl h ol r over y,
l sl oppedr unn| ng and sW| l hedl oWal er
spor l s. l ' mnoW ons| der | ng. j o| n| ng
a
sW| mm| ng l am and ompel | ng
| n r a es.
2. al | ng
8. Nol dr | nk| ng
+ . | n r as| ng
5. do| ng
2. qu| l smok| ng
8. gosW| mm| ng
. d n| ed o den| es smok| ng
5. a knoW| edges
oe| ng
G. | s av | d| ng eal | ng
7. | s ons| der | ng
l ak| ng
Smo k | n q
ways l 0an
Ou| l
sm k 0| gar el l es
mok | n g
F| k an xa l dal e l o qu| l sm ke.
ul l | n
Sl op smok| ng mp| el | y. l e+ * | | oWn | s
har d r l han sl opp| nga| | al on . )
o e | n q
Avo| d + + ar ound ol h r smok r s
( al | easl al l h o g| nn| ng) .
G. sW| mm| ng
z. Wa| k| ng, r unn| ng
8. nol go| ng
xer c| | ng
Sl arl exer |s|ng da||y. T+ g er |se an
r edu esl r ess.
Nol
N dr | nk| ng ol l eemay he| p l oo.
o e| n g
l mag| ne or l l a non. smoker . Fos| l | v m nl a|
| mages an he| p.
j o| n | n g
0ons| der + j | n a suppor l gr oup.
a k | n g
0on' l de| ay l e. sk l or he| p. 0a| | 0r . Bur ns
r | ghl aWay!
Keep l r y| ng and don' l g| ve up!
Oer unds al l er Fr epos| l | ons
Fq| N
F
AR || E K
a pr epos| l | on, l he ger und
FREss
A:
j o| n| ng
B:
j o| n| ng
we, l he memoer s ol l h Sl udenl 0oun | | ,
Wou| d | | ke l o shar e W| l h
ou
l he l houghl s
and on er ns ol l he gener a| sl udenl oody. As
you pr ooao| y kno many sl udenl s ar e
omp| a| n| ng aooul | | l e on ampus. w ar e
| nl r esl ed | n meel | ngW| l h you l od| s uss
our | deas l or dea| | ng W| l h l hes omp| a| nl s.
we knoW l hal you ar l | r d ol hear | n
sl udenl s omp| a| n and l hal you ar e nol
usedl oWor k| ng W| l h l h Sl ud nl 0oun | | .
HoWeve | l you r ea| | y oe| | ev | n
g| v| n
n W
| d as a l r , We hopeyou W| | | l h| nk aooul
speak| ng W| l h our r epr esenl al | v s soon. we
| ook l or War d l o h ar | ng l r om you Soon.
2. | n | | sl en| ng
8. aooul go| ng, aooul dr | v| ng
4. l o sl ay| ng, r e| ax| ng
5. l or hav| ng
G, al | ar n| ng
7. on om| ng
8. onr ead| ng,
( on) go| ng
AnsWer ey | 889
l l | ,
we an make hanges oy l | | | ng l he
adm| n| sl r al | on aooul our on r ns.
The adm| n| sl r al | on anhe| p oy | | sl en| ng
l oour on r ns.
l n som ases' sl udenl s
j usl
omp| a| n
| nsl ad ol mak| ng suggesl | ons l or
r mpr ovem nl s.
5. Sl ud nl s gel annoyed W| l h somel ea her s
l r m| ng| al e l o | ass.
G. You an | mpr ove your g adesoy sl udy| ng
r gu| ar | y.
l have oeen al l nd| ng L ngl r ee 0o| | ge l r
l ud | ng
a year . l , mver y happy aooul sl + * d her e.
Al l | r sl , | l Was a | | l l | e har d gel l | ng used l o
p eak | n g
s k Eng| | sh a| | l he l | me, oul ' noW l l ee|
ver y oml or l ao| e aooul
# x| n
my
se ond| anguage.
l
j usl j o| n d
an | nl er nal | ona| sl udenl
ao ou |
gr ouF, and l , mex | l ed W| + + meel | ng neW
peop| e. Summer or eak | s om| ng, and al eW
d o| n g
ol us ar e p| ann| ng. ond somel r ave| | ng
l og l her . Bel or # l l | l h| sg oup, l used l o
spendho| | days a| on .
F| ease Wr | l e. l | ook l or War d , ! # . l
l r om vou!
! nl | n| l | ves
al l er 0el l a| n ver os
w8Fq| N
Hegan l h| nks
. . l mpal | enl ' ,
shou| d ons| der h| s
pr oposa| mor e.
l AR HE |(
' T ' F
ExFR ss
l Wanl l oWr | l e l oAnn| e.
8 .
4.
89O l AnsWer Key
S| oW doWn! You appear l ooe| n l oomu h ol
ahur r y. You' v on| y knoWn l h| s p r son l or a
monl h andyel you askedh r l omar r y you!
whal , s l he o| g r ush? wh can, l you al l or d l o
Wa| l ? Ar e you al r a| d l hal | l sh g l s
l oknoW
youoel l e shemay de | denol l ol | e l he
knol ? l agr eeW| l h your g| r | l r | end. You ne d
l o ons| der l h| ngs mor e ar el u| | y. You an' l
exp l her
( or
vour s | l | l omake su han
| mpor l anl de | s| onsoqu| k| y. l l you don' l
Wanl l or egr el ahasl y de | s| on, l adv| sev u
ool h l o
gel
l o knoW ea h ol her oel l er oel or
you hur r y l o l he a| l ar .
2. al l empl l ol | nd
8. War ns s| ng| e peop| enol l o| eave
4. ur gesl hem l ouse
5. l a| | l p| an
G. p| an l o l a| |
7. W| sh l omeel
s. Ask l Wol r | ends l or ead
9. 0hoosel opar l | | pal e
| o. adv| s speop| enol l ol |
1 1 . W an l sl oo e
( Ansu| r s
m l uar s| | ghl | . )
2. Wou| d | | k Toml o a| | h r al 10: 00.
8. r m| nded Em| | y l oouy gas( l oday) .
a. | nv| l ed Har l a l o
j o| n
l h m l or ol l e .
5. ag eedl ooehomeoy 10: 80.
G. l or gol l ogol ol he 2: 00sl al l meel | ng.
7. en our agedher l ol r y aga| n.
8. needsl ousel h ar
( l on| ghl ) .
l l | Ann| e
ad. v| sed. , '
l l |
a | uo or , l ake a
| ass, and l l r na| | y d| d | l ! l de | ded' oe ome a
memoer ol l he s hoo| ' soul door Advenl ur e
0| uo, and l Wenl l o m l | r sl m el | ng | asl
n| ghl . l ' mr ea| | y e | l daooul l h| s. The | uo
| s p| ann| ng ah| k| ng l r | p n xl W k nd. l
del | n| l e| y Wanl l o gor al l | ng | n l he spr | ng.
Al l | r sl l d| dn, l Wanl : # r up, oul l h
no| l o
| eader Was son| e. He ur ged me* nol m| ss
l h| s l r | p, sol pul my name on l h | | sl . Al l er
l he me l | ng, agr oup ol peop| easkedm l o
gooul W| l h l hem. we Wenl l o a ol l eeshop
| o
and l a| ked l or hour s. w | | , l hoped' make
somel r | ends When l
j o| ned
l h| s | uo, oul
| o oe
l d| dn' l pe l ever yone
r #
l r | end| y.
l ' m g| ad Ann| e per suaded me* o l o g| ve up.
| nl | n| l | ves
al l er 0er l a| n Adj e l | ves
and 0el l a| n Nouns
WFu| N
| nd| ng goodl r | es | s d| l l | u| l .
l R | E K
l o * oase l or m ol v r o
er l a| n nouns and adj e l | ves
E FRES
l l ' s onv n| enl l oeal l asl l ood.
Thal ' s a | oW pr | e l o pay.
N
F| as l ak a l W m| nul es l o omp| el l h| s
quesl | onna| r aooul l asl l oodr sl au anl s.
0he k
( / )
a| | r l he ansWer s l hal ar e
appr opr | al l or you.

1. HoW ol l enar eyou | | ke| y l oeal al a


l asl l odr esl aur anl ?
| | 1 8 l | mes aWeek
4_Gl | m s aW ek
0 mor el han Gl | mes aWe k
0 never
2. l n your op| n| on, l asl l ood| s:
A
l oodl oeal
N
aWav l o savel | me

| l un l oor der o as| ona| | v
.,., Ja|l l ohave ev r y day
wh| h sl al emenl oesl des r | o syour
l ee| | ngsaooul l he osl ol l asl l ood?
N
c l l , sa h| gh pr | e l o pav l or onven| en e.
0 You gel a | ol l or
j usl
a | | l l | e mon y.
N
l s| l a good| dea l o | n | ude hea| l hy
ho| es| n l asl l oodmenus?
0 Y s c No
8 .
4 .
2. de| | ghl ed l o l | nd
8. Way l ogo
4. l un l o eal
5. p| easur e l oeal
G. m| sl ake l oor | ng
z. r ead l o r y
8. W| | | | ng l oWor k
4. har d l oWake up
5. sur pr | sed l ohear
G. eagel l o g l
7. oul r ageousl o s e
8. goodl o al
9. essenl | a| l ohave
r o. d| l l r u| l l o go
7. | mpor l anl l okeep
8. l | me l ode | de
9. han e l o shoW
| o. asyl ol | nd
l oask
Ton| ghl l mad l h d | s| on ask d 0hr | s
l o l ake l he n| ghl sh| l l . l r ea| | y l houghl she
| o
\ el ,
Was go|ng l o oe g|ad l rg l . l |* g l he ol l er.
l o
She has her oWn r enl ' Fa , and l knoW | l ' s
h er
har d l or sh l ome l a| | her xpenses. Looks
l oa k
| | ke sh Was l he Wr ong p r son sked! Th
pr oo| em Was, sheWasn' l W| | | | ng l o# vu,
or No, and l ' m al r a| d l gol a| | l l | e | mpal | enl .
l l Was wr ongol mel ol hr eal en l oask Sl v .
l ou| dl | | l hal sheWas pr l l y upsel l ohear
l hal . l ' | | l h| nk aooul g| v| ng h r l he pr omol | on
l og l
any|vay. She d serves g l l |r a oreak.
| nl | n| l | ves
w| l h Too and nough
F l N
T
|| R |l E |(
l oo
E FREss
She' sl ooyoung l ovol .
we' r eo| denoughl oWor k.
2 .
8 . a
4 . o
5 . a
G . o
AnsWer Key l 891
2. l l , sl ool ar l or us l o gel hom oy l en. O
8. l , mmal ur enough l o l ake ar e ol
myse| l . O
4. l l , sl oodanger ous l o dr | v al n| ghl . H
5. l Worry l oomu h l og|veyouperm|ss|on.
G. You ar en' l e per | en ed enough l o dr | ve
l hal l ar. H
m
r
2. heap enough l or us l o al l or d
.
8. | ar ge noughl ho| d
4. l oogoodl or me l om| ss
s. o| g enoughl o shar e
G. l oo| al e l o sl op
z. o| denoughl osl ay
8. ear | y enoughl o ome
9. l oos| oWl ooeal
1o. sal eenough l o dr | ve
m ' , n r . r

Th Fh| sh on r l Was aWesome! NoW l , m
l oo | l eaJ | l | | . Thal H| ke Oor d n
g ood en ou g h
an r ea| | y s| ng. Hy vo| e | sn, l l * g ed
l o s| ng | n l he shoWer ! Al l er l he on er l We
l oo
W r e r ea| | y hungr y, oul | l Was l o | al e l o go
l ol p| zza. l l ATE l h| s sl up| d ur l eW! l l ' sl oo
| o
We| r d' under sl and. Hy l r | end Todd Wor ks
and has l o pay l a es, oul l h | aW says he' s
l o l a
l ooyoung l r s+ a | l l goul pasl 10: 00! Thal ' s
qaz
enoughl omake meWanl l os r eam.
Thal r em| nds me. l sur ehopemy mol her
hanges her m| nd soonenoug r o# 1o ouy
al | kel l ol he Hampl on on r l . They se| |
oul ver y qu| k| y. why doesn, l shel h| nk
en ou g h
l ' m mal ur e' l odr | ve l | l l y m| | es? l ' | | have l o
do| l somel | m ! we| | , l , doel l r ol r l o
8el
some s| eep or | , | | oel ool | r ed l oo g l up | n
l he mor n| ng.
892 r AnsWer Key
| nl | n| l | ves ol Fur pose
wF l N
an addr essoook, ad| l | onar y, anol epad
|l AR |||E |(
T F
E FREss
l use an or gan| zel l o sl or e addr esses.
l sel my a| ar m | o k| n or d r nol l oover s| eep.
Yo o: l l , s5: 00. Ar en' l yougo| nghome?
L : No. l ' m sl ay| ng | al e l o l | n| sh l h| s
r epor l . whal aooul
u?
A e you
go| ng sl r a| ghl home?
Yo o: No. l , mgo| ng l o sl op al l he oank
l o gel some ash. Then l ' m go| ng l o
La y, s 0epar l menl Sl or e l o l ake
advanl age ol l he sa| e l hey' r e hav| ng.
L : oh, Whal ar e you go| ng l o gel ?
Yo o: one ol l hose neW e| e l r on|
or gan| zer s l hey' r e adver l | s| ng. l ' ve
oeen | ook| ng l or somel h| ng l o he| p
me W| l h my Wor k.
L : whal , s wr ongW| l h
j usl
a r egu| ar
a| u| al or ?
Yo o: Nol h| ng. Bul somel | mes l have l o
onver l ol her ur r n | es l o do| | ar s.
L : whal e| se ar e you go| ng l o use | l l or ?
Yo o: oh, l o sl or e | mpor l anl names and
ph ne numoer s and l o oa| an my
he koook.
L : whal d| d We dooel or l hey | nvenl ed
a| | l hese e| l r on| gadgel s?
Yo : we made a | ol ol m| sl akes!
2. ToW| l hdr aW $100.
8. To| nv| l e R| ka and Tar o l o d| nner .
4. Toouy m| | k and eggs.
5. Toouy oal l r | es.
G. Togel gas.
F| r sl Far l :
8 . l 4 . a s . d G . e T . c
Se ond Far l :
8. She Wenl l ol he sl or
( | n
or der ) l oouy
somed| shes.
4. we d| s onne l ed our phone | n or der nol
l ogel any phone a| | s.
l h r ad| o
( | n
or der ) l o| | sl n
meheWas s| k | n or der nol
0al a| al or
( | n
or d r ) l osl or e
l o gel
l Wenl l o 0r . ToWo| n
+ | l | g
my l eel h
| eanedl oday. wh| | e l Was Wa| l | ng, l usedmy
0al a|al or l o sl udy l or l heTO FL. Then l used
h e | p
| l l oh mepr onoun e. . novo a| n , , and
denl a| l | oss l or my appo| nl menl . Al l er l he
denl | sl , l he kedmy s hedu| e and saW. . R| ka
andTar o, d| nne 7: 80. , , l shou| duse| l | n or d r
no| l o
+ oa l l orgel appo|nl m nl s! Lu k||y, my re |pes
ar e a| r eady onl he 0al a| al o sol usedl hem
l o make
rm k|ns a qu| k shopp|ng ||sl . when l gol
home, l her e Was a nol e on my door 0a| |
o| dg. super . ' ' l he ked l he 0al a| al or
d| l | onar y l o l | nd
. . o| dg.
super . , , The
. . ou| | d| ng
super | nl endenl ' ' Wanl d l o omeup | n or der
l o
' l r x
l he door oe| | ! R| ka, Tar o, and l p| ayed
W| l h l he 0al a| al or a| | even| ng. You an
pr og am | l l r l o p| ay ompul er gamesl oo.
l don' l knoW hoW l ||ved W|l houl |l !
Oer unds and | nl | n| l | ves
wF l N
F, T
|| AR || E K
F, T
FREss
l o go, O | ng, l a| k| ng, l o l a| k oRl a| k| ng
7.
He l ur n d on
l ol h n Ws.
He d| dn' l l e| |
l oWor r y me.
Sh ooughl a
| nl or mal | on.
T
T
2 . 7
8 . F
4 , 7
s . F
G .
7 .
s . T
2. l ol r usl
8. l ol or gel , l or ememo r
4. go| ng
5. l or ememoer
G. l ol ur n ol l
z. F| ay| ng, | mpr ov| ng
wA
W
( Ans r . s
ma Uar s| | ghl | , )
2. meel | ngNal a| ya | asl y ar ( al
R| har d' s
Far l Y) .
. sp| | | | ng gr ap j u| ( on
l h ou h) .
. | | sl en| ng l o
j azz
o | | sl en| ng l oR| har d
p a j azz ( al
h| s par l | s) .
go| ngdan | ng
( some
l | me) ,
l ogo( dan | ng
somel | me) .
l og| ve Har l a ar | de home,
l o sl ay a| | l l | e | onger .
l u d | n g l , ou e
sl u l or an exam. l hope l r ememoer r * s| ng
someol l h m l on| ghl !
Hake, Have,
and Oel
: : : ': ,: : :
F0|N
T
HAR l l |(
T , T
5 .
G.
l l | whal
ag eal par l y! l usua1| y avo| d
l l |
l o
par l | es oe ause| l , ssu hapr oo| em l or me l o
r em moer peop| e' snam s. l ' m sog| ad l r ead
l hal oook aooul # w your m mor y. Th
d o | n
aul hor suggesl edl 4 e er | ses, and l hey
Wor r v n
r ea| | y he| ped. l sl oppedl eWer | aooul Whal
peop| eWou| d l h| nk ol me, and l l r | ed l opay
al l enl | on l oWhal peop| ew r esay| ng. As a
r esu| l , l had agr eal l | me! l ' m venp| ann| ng
l , o go R ongol ng
s | ns
dan | ng W| l h l h| s gu Lev.
l have an Eng| | sh l esl l omor r o sol
shou| d sl opWr | l | ng noW and sl ar l sl udy| ng.
The o okevenhad somegoodl | ps aooul
Lel , He| p,
Ans er e | 898
ExFR s|, l l r# # # '
A: l o or r e l
B: or r e l
A: sl ay
B: sl ay
ll|
ll|
2 . F 4 . F
8 . T s . T
G . F
s. had
e. had
1 O. mad e
2 . 1 e l s. g o l
. made G. mad
. had 7. | el
2. madeher Wor k
8. d| dn' l | el l hem use
( l he| r )
d| l | onar | es
a. had h| m | an
5. gol h| m l opr onoun e
. d| dn' l | el her speak
z. d| dn' l make her | eave
when l Was a l eenage m par enl s never
| el me! q
p| ay unl | | l had l | n| shed a| | my
h e| p
homeWor k. They evr n made meh | p| ng my
or ol her s W| l h l he| r homeWor k oel or el ou| d
hav any l un. on l h on hand, l hey er l a| n| y
l o
gol me' | e al n a | ol . on l he ol her hand, l h
o ecome
mad m oem l ooser | ous. l W| sh l hey
had | el me) , G. have a | | l l | e mor e l un. when
l o om a par enl , l Wanl l ohave my h| | d
| ear n
e + ns r spons| o| | | l y, oul a| so l Wou| d
h| mor her
Wanl l o | el h+ + _shehave l un. As Ben
Fr ank| | n sa| d, ' A| | Wor k andnop| ay makes
Ja k oe omea du| | oov. ' ' l Wanl l o avo| d
l hal m| sl ake.
Se| l Tesl
( Tol | :
100po| nl s. E ch | l m
:
4po| nl s. )
l l | l l | oNE
1 .
2 . '
8 . 4 s . 0
4 . B G .
7 , A
s .
894
l AnsWer
KeY
a a a a a a
' o '
e . A
1 1 . B
1 0 . 0
1 2 .
F' ._1
w0
r 8 . B
1 4 . A
( 0or r cl ans r s
ar | npar nl h s s. )
15. B
( l o hange)
2 . 0
( l osee| ng)
' u. | l r y| ng)

22. '
( l oouy)
17. ( l | nd| ng)
28. 0
( nol l ol a| | )
18. A
( O l l | n| )
24. B
( Wal h| ng)
| e. B
( nol l o)
2s' 0
( l odo)
20.
( o| denough)
Fhr asa|
ver os:
| nseFar ao| e
l l | Fql N
| n a r esl aur anl
l l AR
l E |(
oel or e
l he d| r e l
ooj e l
xF Ess
# : # F
we r an | nl Boo.
H Was al | ng
oul .
l l | Ho
0a m| ng' s
neW r esl aur anl
Was l a| | | ng'
H| s usl omer s
r ar e| y
_
why?
Hr . Ho onl a l ed
al ng shu| onsu| l anl
l o
Gnd .
Feng shu|
( mean| ng W| nd and
Wal er , , )
| s l h an | enl
0h| nese
ar l ol p| a | ng
l h| ngs
| n l he env| r onmenl .
A or d| ng
l ol h| s
ar l , l he ar r angemenl
ol l ur n| l ur e'
door s'
and
W| ndoWs
al l e l s
our hea| l h,
Wea| l h,
and
happ| ness.
r . Ho Was on er n d
aooul
h| s
ous| ness,
oul h d| dn' l _e
Fo| | oW| ng
l he onsu| l anl ' s
adv| e,
h r mode| d
and
r ed' or al d
h| s r esl aur anl .
H| s a l | ons
_Soon
ous| ness | u0and
Hr . Ho
oe ame
r | h. . . l l
Wasl heo sl de | s| on
l ver
mad , , , he
g| oWs. Andhe| sn' l a| one
| nh| s
nl hus| asm.
Feng* ho| _
W| l h m d r n
ar h| l e l s
and homeoWn r s
ever yWher e.
1. has aughl
on
2. ame
oa k
.
pa| d ol l
2. oa k
8 . u p
4. up
5. up
2. l ur ned
oul
8. omeup W| l h
. Wenl up
5. keFl on
l l | Sor r y
l heapar l menl
| ssu h amess.
l gol
l osl r a| ghl . ,
# . l , m
go| ng l ol he
gyT' *
, . . l or
anhour .
l shou| d
gul # | | ,
o l r e
you, and l ' | 1 | an
up l h n.
HoW aooul
ou l | on | q h l
eal |ng
l |g# ?
Al l erWard,
W an
gel
l og l her
W| l h some
ol l he
guys and mayoe
seea mov| .
or mayoe
We, | | ome
# W| l h
aoel l r
| dea.
| nl ol om
ohl
ran Te+ | l
al s hoo|.
He' || drop
# , o
see
you| al e .
Fhr asa|
ver os:
SeFar ao| e
l l | F l N
Oeor ge
| s gel l | ng an | d a l or an | nvenl | on.
l R
l / |E l (
0| r e l
oj e l s
l hal ar e nouns
an
goo l or
or
al l er l h
par l | | e.
xFR ss
. # ; ! H,# 8'
dr eamed
up l hal | d a o dr amed
l hal
| dea up'
dr eam
| l uF
. l r nd oul
5.
g| ve uF
.
p| ked up
G. ul
7 . u p
8. ul
G.
g| ve uF
z.
pa| d ol l
8. gooa k
0| d you knoW l hal l Wo o| | gedr opoul s
l houghl up_ol l hel | r sl per s na|
ompul r ? whal ' s mor ' l he p ! _l ogel her
| n a gar age. l nv nl | ons don' l have l o ome
oul ol l an y | aoor al or | es. Av r age peop| e | n
| assr ooms, k| l h ns, andhomeWor kshops
ol l en dr eam up and usel u| |
The ao| | | l y l ol h| nk ol somel h| ng neW
seems| | ke mag| l o many peop| e, oul | n
l a l anyone an deve| op l h qua| | l | s ol an
|nvenl or. F|rsl , |nvenl ors l o||oW l h |r ur|os|l y.
The SW|ss |nvenl or Oeorg d Hesl ra| Wanl ed
l ol |nd oul _ g |l Was sohard l oremove
our r s l r omh| s dog, s oal . H| s ansWer | ed
l o l he | d a l or v | r o_, noW used l o l asl en
ever yl h| ng l r om sneaker s l o spa esu| l s.
Se ond, | nvenl or s use| mag| nal | on l opul
G ! qg9 l
|n neW Ways. wa|l er Horr|son
\ _________Y_ /
Wal hedl Wom n l oss| nga p| epan l oea h
ol her and l houghl up
_; ' ,
oneol
l he mosl popu| ar l oys | n l h Wor | d. Fer haps
mosl | mpor l anl , su essl u| | nvenl or s don' l
2 .
8 .
4 .
5 .
G . p a | d . . . o a k
7. ar r y oul
8. or oughl ao ul
5. do| l over
G. l ur n l hem | n
J
w8 2. l | sur e | l oul
,
8. l | | | l hem oul
4. handed | l oul
qu| l . They onl | nuous| y | ookup_
aooul l he| r | deas and
y_eW es| g oul
unl | | l hev su eed.
sel up
l | | | e d . . . u p
k e p . . . a W a y
p| ked up
u ?
Hay 8 l dr am d ov r a r ea| | y good| dea a
j ar
ol pa|nl W|l h an app|| al or ||k l he k|nd
usedl or shoepo| | sh. l l ano usedl ol ou h
u ?
oa spol sonaWa| | , When peop| edon' l
Wanl l o pa| nl aWho| e r oom. l knoW a
h| mup
manul a l ur er . l ' | | a| |
+ | l l |
and or d r
oul
sever a| l ypes, sol an l r y l hem | n.
AnsWer ! ey l 895
Ju| y 8 l l r | | ed d8| L an app| | al | on l or a
pal enl and ma| | ed | l yesl er day. l , | | o
u F
ao| el ose a sl r ongand onv| n | ng
demonsl r al | on ol l he pr odu l

soon.
Augusl 80 l demonsl r al ed l he pr odu l al an
exh| o| l | on l or de or al or s. l Wanl ed l opo| nl
oul l hal |l , svery n al l ouse' sol p, * l | l .
g| oves l or l he demonsl r al | on. l l Wenl over
ver y W | | .
Se| l Tesl
( Tol | :
100po| nl s. Each | l m
:
4po| nl s. )
l l |l
o l
1 . 4
2 .
8 . 4
4 . 8
s . 0
G .
7 . 0
8 . 0 1 1 . A
9 . 0 1 2 .
| o . A 1 8 .
l l | gr w0
( 0or r cl
ans r sar | npar nl h s s. )
14. A
( | l
over )
l s. 0
( u p )
1G. 0
( ol l
l h ous)
77. 0
( oa k)
| s. B
( gel
onl heous)
l g. 0
( l l |
zo. A
( up)
2 r .
( h er
u p )
22. 0
( Wake you up)
28. 0
( p| k
somesl amps up l or h| m . . . oR
p| k up somesl amps l or h| m . . . )
24. 0
( Heg
| nl o)
2s. B
( a| ong)
Nouns
F | N
Ral l
89G l AnsWer Key
l AR HE |( |
F
|l R E 2
T F
E FREssl l |# |# ,
Wer e, Was
l l | Wur _r ea| | y
l hel | r sl exp| or er l o
d| s ov er l __
d| dn' l l h| nk so. He oe| | evedl hal an | enl
peop| e
W r e ao| el oou| | d ooal sl hal ou| d
r osso ans. Tol esl h| s | d as, he de | ded
l oou| | d a opyol l he r eedooal sl hal W r
p| l ur ed | n an | enl pa| nl | ngs
and sa| | a r oss
l he_ n r ' o* __l o_
/ ! = /
gyg| aeo, s
l eam a| so op| ed an | enl H| dd| e
Easl er n pol s
and l | | | d l hem W| l h l o | l or
l he| r . | our nev dr | ed l | , hq gy, 9 , e S,
nul s, and l r esh
l l | l
_, l he
exped| l | on' s
ooal , ar r | ed an | nl er nal | ona| gr oup | n | ud| ng
u_, u. , _' u. r _a| | u| , u
$! g9,
anduO ' .
Thel | r sl l r | pl a| | ed, oul ever one
sur v| v dandWanl edl ol r y aga| n. 0epar l | ng
o _ 17, l g7O, under l hel | asol l he
( O|l ul ' ,) G_u
\ .ossedl he_ rrl |E |n
57davs. The exped| l | on pr oved l hal an | enl
| v| | | zal | ons had l he sk| | | l or ea hl he
_| o n g o el o r _
8. Food 18. ar e
+ . | s 1 4 . l s
5. ar e r 5. equ| pm nl
G. | deas 1G. oal l er | es
7. oeans 17. n ws
8. r | e 18. sl ops
9. Fol al oes 1 . | ol h| ng
1o. ar 2o. o| d
1 1. l r | ps 21. ool her s
12. vegel ao| es 22. ags
an ar
cl o el 27. l , veo en on l he * al l s| ands
l or l hr e days noW. l ' | | sl ar l hom Wh n
Weal her | o
l h \ l l l hl s_ re o l l er. l Was sosurpr|sed
ma | |
When l p| ked up my ma| + sl oday. Hy
l am| | y s nl me someo| r l hday pr esenl s.
o| r l hda
Hy B| + + hda | s l he 81sl . l Won, l openl he
g| l l s unl | | l hen.
ocl oo r
oe+ ooer 29. l l h| nk l h Weal her | s gel l | ng
Wor se. l hear d l oday, oul l h r e
Wasn' l any r a| n. l sl ayed| n oedW| l h my
al , Typh on. Ever y l | me | l l hund r ed,
T phoon

and l snugg| edup | oser und r
nov
l he over s. l sl ar l ed r ead| ng a Nove ,
Br au N wor | d.
o l ooer 80. l | el l l h 0anar y l s| ands
0o | u mo u a
l odayj usl ||ke r* mor* s. There, s a
sl r ong W| nd and p| enl y ol sunsh| ne noW.
m| e
l Wenl 250 4+ | s.
o l ooer 81. l , m2l l oday! T e| eor al e,
col l ee
l drank some l l sl or oreakl asl and
l op nedmy pr senl s. l gol s meper l ume
and pr l l y s| | ver
dE
Novemo r 1.The
# || |* %
very|oW.
l ' do l l er nol us mu h unl | | l gel n ar
NeW
n WYor k. l ' | | ne dl her ad| o l hen. l l r a| ned
Wa| er
l oday, sol o| | e l ed Wal er s l or ook| ng.
0| uanl | l | er s
F | N
a goodsupp| y l ho | al
| AR |l K
F' T
FREss, : | : ,l l |: : # '
A: many B: mu h A: many
Ar e you r eady? Hany peop|
don, l r eal | z
l hal som nal ur a| d| sasl r s su has
ar l hquakes an sl r | ke * | . h_l | * . . , .
l l may l ake sev r a| days l or ass| sl an l o
r ea hyou. Fr epar e your d| sasl r k| l | n
advan e! Her e ar al eWl | ps.

wal er may eunsal e l o dr | nk. Sl or e
_l or
sever a| d' ays. Ea h
per son needs aga| | on per day l or ook| ng
and Wash| ng.
You W| | | a| so need l oodl or sev r a| davs.
l l ' sagood| d a l osl or e_


al l l | 0, vesel ao| es, and
G| | 0.
HoWev a| so| n | ude s ver a| k| nds ol h| gh
ner gy l od, su h as peanul oul l er and
j e| | y.
And don' l l or gel me. . oml or l l ood
| | ke ook| esand ho o| al e!
.
l l you don, l hu, . eG. , y e| * l . | | yo'
m| ghl nol have_e| l her . Keep
someo| ank l s. s| eep| ngoags. and exl r a
| ol h sl or ver yon .

Fr epar e a l | r sl a| d k| l W| l h somepa| n
r e| | ever s, s v r a| s| z sol oandages, and
an anl | sepl | .

The ATH, s m| ghl nol oeWor k| ng. 0o
you hav ( l r y as You shou| dn' l keep
__| n
l he hous , oul you shou| d
have a | ol ol sma| | o| | | s, and a l eW | ar ger
o| | | s l oo.
2. an
8. Sever a|
4. a gr eal dea| ol
5. a | ol ol
G. Han
7. a l eW
1. o. al W
c. many
d. mu h
. a l eW
l . a | | l l | e
8. mu h
9. l eW
1O. Some
1 1 . a| | l l | e
12. al eW
2. a. a | | l l | e
o. l eW
. a l eW
d. | | l l |
. a l eW
we
hadao| gsl or m| asl We k, andW | osl
l h e| e l r | | l y l o l eW days. on e l gol over
oe| ngs ar ed, | l Was a| ol ol l un a | | l l | e | | ke
AnsWer | ( ey l 897
amp| ng oul . wehave an e| e l r | l ur na e, so
We d| dn, l hav J heal . we s| epl | n our
s| eep| ng oags ar ound l h l | r ep| a e. we sur e
a| ol ol
us d up na n Wood! Hom oak d someor ead
| n an | r on pan | n l he l | r ep| a e. Sh had l o
l r y sever a| l | m s, oul | l Was r ea| | y g od
When | l Wor ked. we al e | l W| l hl | l l | peanul
oul l er . The l | r sl n| ghl * u u * | %l | l
pr oo| ems l | gur | ng oul Whal l o do. l l gol dar k
l eW
ear | y, and We on| y had a| | l and| es and
noTv! 0| ndy | s l | ve, and sheWas r ea| |
l r aked oul unl | | We made hol ho o| al e
over l he l | r e. F| na| | y, ever yoody l ook l ur ns
l e| | | ng sl or | es. l l oundoul l hal 0ad knoWs
ol
a | ol ' go dsl or | es.
A | | es:
| ndel | n| l e and 0el | n| l e
W F l N
Ther | s on| y oneEar l h.
l l RT l |E l (
F, T T
xFR ss
a, The
2. an
8 . a
4. an
5. an
2. l he
8. l he
4 . a
G . a
1o. l he
| ' 1 . a
1 2 . l h
r 8. l he
8. an, l he
9. l he
4 . o
s . o
a
o
G.
7.
8.
9.
l he
a
l he
l he
a
l he
Th
5 .
G .
7.
898 r AnsWer Key
,
l , a a a a a a a a o a a a a o a o a o a a a a o a a o a a a a a a a a a
on e l her eWas ap| umoer named Har | o.
h p u mo er a
Fh+ |no| Fhad' oeaul |l u| g|r|l r|end. on day,
T uo l e| | | n | ove W| l h l h g| r | l r | nd and
l h e
k| dnapped her . The p| umo r hased' ape l o
r es ueh| s g| r | l r | end'
Th| s s| mp| e l a| e oe ame0onk Kong,
l h e
a l | r sl v| d o gam W| l h a Sl or y. l l Was
| nvenl ed oy S| ger u Hal s| mol o, ar l | sl W| l h
N| nl endo, l n . al s| mol o | ovedl r . v| deo
games' oul heWanl ed l omak l hem mor e
| nl r sl | ng. He | | ked l a| r y l a| es, sohe
a
| nvenl ed; sl or y s| m| | ar l al amous l a| r y l a| .
The l or
s+ + Was an | mmed| al e su ess, and
N| nl endo l o| | oWed| l W| l h Th H r | o Br ol h r s,
The r esl | sv| deogam h| sl or y.
o ( No A | | e) and The
wFOl NT
l he | | l l | e g| r |
|| AR l |E |(
| nd l | n| l
p| ur a|
E FR ss
rdry.ll|
A: l he B A: l he B
0o you enj oy amusemenl par ks? Tomor r o
B| ar e Oar dens W| | | openl o
_
p. , dl o'
_ l | . ' l _l al ur s
aW| d
var | el y ol r | des and gamesl hal W| | | appea|
l oool hadu| l s and h| | dr en. And ol our se
an amusemenl par k Wou| d nol oe omp| l e
W| l houl ol l on andv and hol dogs
( l l oo0
al B| ar Oar dens pr om| ses l ooever y good.
0ome ar | y, or | ng Who| el am| | and oe
l h l | r Wor ks d| sp| sur e l o sl ay l or l hal
l akesp| a r | ghl al l er __. el s. So,
he k| l ul ! YouWon' l oed| sappo| nl ed.
l h
a
l he

l he
l he
2 .
8 .
4 .
5. l h
G .
7. o
s. a
9 .
2. l h
8. l he
4 .
5. l he
G . 4
1 0 .
. a
12.
1 8 . l h e
r a. l h
1 5 . l h
r c . 4
1 7 . l h
7. a
s. a
e. a
1 0 .
1 8 .
1 9 .
20.
2 1 .
22.
28.
24.
2 5 .
1 r . Th e
12. l he
1 8 . l h e
| a. l he
H| ! B| ar e Oar dens | s aWesome! Th| s l l | l ; . r ,
va al | on we, ve ever gonr on! l | ov l he r | des
her e. l mean, l , veo enonl E r o| | er oasl er s
o l or e, oul nol h| ng | s | | k l he onel hey' ve
l h e
gol h r e! And' l ood| s gr al l oo. l usua| | y
d. on, l al | | hol d. ogs, . * | l l d gsher e ar
l he
g eal . So| s' p| zza. 0o you| | ke | # amusemenl
par ks? l l so, you' ve gol l o gel your l am| | y
l h e
l o ome. The on| y pr oo| em | s r oWds her .
Feop| e hav l o Wa| l l o gel nl o u r l h| ng
evenl h r esl r ooms! S e
you
soon.
Rel | ex| ve Fr onouns and
Re | pr oca| Fr onouns
w F l N
F
HAR l E |(
T
E FR ss
A: your se| l
B: myse| l
Se| l l a| k | s l h Way weexp| a| n apr oo| em l o
our se| ves. l l an al l e l l he Way W l ee| and
hor r We a l . Tom and Sar a, l or e amp| , ool h
| osl l he| r
j oos
When l he| r ompany| a| d ol l a
| ol ol peop| e. suG l | l and spenl
l | me W| l h l r | ends. ' : 1d l en pounds
and spenl a| | h| s l | me oyh| ms | l . They Wer e
ool hunemp| oyed, sol he . | l | o' _! l an' l
exp| a| n Why l hey a l ed sod| l l er enl | y l r om
. u. G ma| n d| l l er n e Was l he Way
Tom and Sar a exp| a| ned l hepr oo| em l o
l h r ; . su
ou| d hang her s| l ual | o. , . o a* l gq
ashe| p| ss. Lal ev r yon gol l he| r
j oos
o a k . w n l
oa k al l he ol l | , Tom gr umo| d, . . They
musl have o endesper al . ' , Sar a r ep| | ed,
. . They
l r na| | y r ea| | z d l h yneedus! ' '
1. your se| ves
2. her se| l , our se| ves
8. myse| l , your se| l
4. ea h ol he your se| l
5. | l se| l our se| v s
G. your se| ves, oneanol her
2. your se| ves
8. l hemse| ves
a. h| mse| l
5. your se| ves
G. ea hol her
oRon anol h r
7. mys | l
8. myse| l
9. your se| ves
1O. myse| l
l l or gol l o a| | Jan on h| s o| r l hday.
m oe l
l r em| nd d m a| | day, and l h n l l or gol
anyWay! l l e| l l er r | o| e. Hy s| sl er Anna sa| d.
our e l
. . 0on, l
oe sohar d on
ol * r se| ves, , , oul
l d| dn' l
her e l
oe| | eve her . She pr | des her on r memoer | ng
ever yl h| ng. Then l r ead an ar l | | e on
se| l l a| k. l l sa| d l hal peop| e an hang l h
l hem e v
Way l hey e p|a|n proo|ems l o l ' h |+ s |v s.
l r ea| | zed l hal l he Wav l l ur l | E| | .
AnsWer Key l 899
| nsu| l | ng | | ke l he Way our h| gh s hoo|
mal h l ea her usedl ol a| k l ous. l l houghl ,
Jan and l l r eal ea h ol her We| | . He l or gave
me
m s|l l or my m|sl ak r|ghl aWay, and l
l or gave h| m l or l or gel l | ng our d| nn r dal e
l Wo Weeks ago. Jan and l ou| d l or g| ve
ach o her
l h se|ves, so l guess l an l org|ve myse|l .
Se| l T sl
( Tol a| :
100po| nl s. Each | l m
:
4po| nl s, )
| l l || oNE
1 .
2 . 8
8 . 0
4 .
s . A
G . 4
7 .
8.
9.
1 0 .
1 1 .
12.

| s | oN| w0
( 0or r cl
ansu) r sar | npar nl h s s. )
l . A
( | s) 19. 0
( d | l
Lhe)
14.
( Thanksg| v| ng) 20. B
( mu h
l | me)
cap| l a | z Hon yJ 25. 0
( l he
a ounl anl )
The Fass| ve: Over v| eW
Fql N
l he numoer ol year s l he magaz| ne has ex| sl ed
|l ART|l E |(
F
ExFR ss '
Wer e pr | nl d
1s. B
( | s
sl ar l | ng)
1G. B
( Hay)
17. 0
( l he)
| s. A
( d l
a d
21.
( l eW)
22. B
( a
| | l l | e)
28. B
( on
anol h r , s)
24. B
( a
| | l l | )
7 .
8 .
9.
1 0 .
2.
8 .
4 .
5 .
G .
A
F
A
F
A
F
A
F
F
4OO l AnsWer Key
8. Taga| og| s spoken
4. | s spokenoy 417m| | | | on peop| e
5. Sevenl y onem| | | | on peop| espeak
G. Ar ao| | s spokeno
7. speak ng| | sh
8. SWah| | | | s spokenoR
Feop| espeak SWah| | |
8 . | sp u o | | sh ed ( | )
. | s r ead
( l l | )
5. haveoeenh| r ed oy our
| nl er nal | na| l l | es
G. Wer e pur hased ( l u )
7. ar eused
( r | l l | )
l . | s adver l | sed
( l u* | * )
9. Was | nl er v| eWed oy L| u al TenT
1o. Was seenoy m| | | | ons ol v| eWer s
TWo l h| r ds ol Bo| | v| a, s l | . v m| | | | on peop|
ar e| ocal ed
| n l he oo| Wesl er n h| gh| ands knoWn
as l he A| l | p| ano. For enl ur | es, l he g a| n
qu| noa has o en' s | n l he mounl a| ns.
ar e
L| amas' r a| s d l or l ur , meal , and
l r anspor l al | on. And l | n, Bo| | v| a' s r | h sl
m| n ed
nal ur a| r sour e, | s r n| nhg

| n
l he h| gh Andes.
The Or | enl e. anol her name l or l he
easl er n | oW| ands, | s mosl | y l r op| a| . R| e | s
l he maj or l od r op, , and oWs ar e r a| sed l or
m| | k. O| | | s a| so l | nd l her e.
A|l hough Span|sh |s l he ol l | |a| |anguage,
Nal | ve Amer | an | anguages ar e sl | | | spoken
.
Tr ad| l | ona| l exl | | es ar eWovenoy
hand, and mus| . p y a onr ed p| pes Whose
l on r esemo| esl he soundol l heW| nd
o| oW| ng over h| gh p| a| ns | n l he Andes.
he Fass| ve w| l hHoda| s
wF l N
someoodyhas l dosom l h| ng aooul
d, ssnor | ng
HAR HE |( |
F
|l R |l E |( 2
a moda| or an aux| | | ar y ver o
E FREss
A: w| | | . . . o p r e p a r e d
B: | l Won' l , W| | | oepr epar ed
l l | Spa e
Sl al | on
( Jn| l W| | |
o omp| el d
W| l h| n l he ne l de ade, and | nl er nal | ona|
l eams ol asl r onaul s W| | | l hen oeshar | ng
| osequar l er s l or | ong per | ods ol l | me. whal
an oe donel o | mpr ove | | v| ng ond| l | ons | n
spa e?Her e' s Whal l or mer asl r onaul s
suggesl :

Foo0 l l do sn' l l asl as good| n z r o
gr av| l y. Food shou| d o made sp| | er l o
over omel hoseel l e l s. l nl er nal | ona|
l asl s musl a| sooe ons| der ed.

LoT l O Layer ed | ol h| ng ou| d he| p
asl r onaul s sl ay oml or l ao| e. The l op
| a er ou| d oer moved or added as
l emper al ur es var y.
o
SL Fl N Be ause ol We| ghl | essness,
s| eep | s ol l en | nl er r upl ed | n spa e.
0oml or l ao| r esl r a| nl s musl oe
pr ov| ded
l g| ve a senseol sl ao| | | l y.
.
E oTl oNAL N s Feop| n d. . doWn
l | me' ' | n spa e
j usl
asl hey doonEar l h.
T| me oughl l o o
pr ov| ded l or r e| axal | on
and pr | va y.
2. l s . . . go| ngl ooepr epar ed
.
( | sgo| ngl ooe) squeezed
. W| | | oepr epa kaged
5. anoeWar m d. ' p
. s h o u | d . . . o h o s e n
7. has l oe ol l er d
8. ou| do se| e l ed
9 . w| | | . . . o e u s d
10. had o l l er oeal l a hed
r 1. oughl l ooemade
2. shou| d oekepl
8. oughl l ooe| mpr ov d
. ou| doedes| gned
5. anoer emoved
G. oughl l o oeg| ven
7. ar ego| ngl ooede| | ver d
8. W| | | oedone
s. W| | | oesl or ed
l usedl he s| eep| ngr sl r a| nl s | asl n| ghl and
oemade
s| epl a | l oel l r . They oughl l o make mor e
oml or l ao| e, l hough. l l e| l l r apped. l
j usl
| ooked | n l he m| r r or . Hy l a | s
ul l y
and
ger
my ey sar r ed. l d oel l er o _g l l e+ n
l h e er | se o| ke r | ghl aWay. l an oe
m| eunder sl ood
_
When l | ook| | ke l h| s.
Lasl n| ghl Ha l houghl l Was angTyal h| m
l or l ur n| ng n
. . Sl ar
Tr k. ' ' A l ua| | , l | ove
l hal shoW. l m| ghl oeg| ven ear | y | un h
sh| l l l oday. l hope l hey have mor e l er | yak| .
l l , sn| e and sp| 5| , and l h sau e an a l ua| | y
oe
o r n l asl ed, ev n al zer og av| l y. Some ol | l
l | oWn
had oel l er o l | | n on l he Shul l | e pr el l y
soon, or l her e m| ghl oe someunhappy
asl r onaul s! Sp ak| ng ol unhappy, | asl n| ghl
Kr | sl en a| | d and l o| d me sh Was p| ann| ng
l a| ked
l o qu| l s h o| . l l h| nk sh ou| d oe l a| k oul
ol | l , oul l ' m al r a| d l ' | | gel angr y and ye| | | l
oe
We d| s uss| l . l m| ghl ' over hear d oy ol her s.
wen edsomepr | va y h r e!
Ans | er Key | 40
The Fass| ve aus l . ve
T Fq| N
Wenl l o aha| r sa| n
l | AR | ,E |(
F. T . F
FREss
|; : ; ; 'l. #
A: don
B: done, do
4 .
5 .
G . 7
8. Amoer had l he doggr oomed.
a. They ar go| ngl ogel l heW| ndoWs Washed.
5. They had l he ar p l s | aned.
. Amoer | s go| ngl ohaveher ar sp| er ed.
7. Jakegol h| s ha| r ul .
. Th y ar go| ng l ohave l oodand
dr | nks de| | ver d.
1. oRhave | l shor l ened
2. gel ( o
have) | l dr y | aned
8.
, r e
gel l | ng ( o
hav| ng) l hem Washed o
, r e
go| ngl ogel ( o
have) l h m Washed
4,
' m
gel l | ng ( o
hav| ng) | l ul oR, m go| ng
l ogel ( o
have) | l ul
5. gel ( o
have) | l o| or ed
G. 0| d . . . gel
( o
hav ) | l pa| nl ed
The par l y Wasl on| ghl . l l Wenl r ea| | y We| | !
Th house| ook dgr eal . Hom and 0ad had
l h l | oor s Wa ed and a| | l he W| nd
* : ,
pr ol ss| ona| | y soever yl h| ng spar k| ed. And
oa| n l ed l h eW h o| e h ou ee
l our s W
our se| v s| asl summ r .
( l , | |
never l or gel
l hal . l l l ookusl WoWeeks! ) l Wor emy neW
o| a k dr essl hal l shor l n d ov Bo. and
'
?,.TL| * # |'
oyAndr . Hed|d
a
gl eal
j oo.
Ther e W r e a| ol ol guesl sal l he par l y.
had| nv| l ed o | nv| Ned a mogl , l | l l peop e
we , and l hey
T
F
T
T
( o| l l | nu d
on n l p g )
4o2 | AnsW r Key
a| mosl a| | shoWedup! The l oodWas g eal
l oo. Hom made mosl ol l hema| n d| shes
her se| l oul shehad l he r esl ol l h l ood
pr epar ed
pl l oy a al er er . Hom and 0ad h| r d a
pr ol ess| na| phol ogr aphe soal l he endol
hadour p| a ur e aken
l he par l y We a| |
.
0ad, s
gel l | ng l hem oa k n xl Week. l an' l Wa| l
l oseel hem!
1 .
2 . 0
8 . 4
4. B 7.
5 . 8 .
G . 8
. * # * . . . re w0
( 0or r cl
anSl 0 r S ar | n par nl h s s. )
r r . 0
( oy )
12. '
( d | l
Wer e)
18.
( o
or r e l ed)
14. 0
( de el
oy l he pr | nl r )
15. A
( d | l
Was)
1G. 0
( r l ur n)
17.
( l hem
done)
1s.
( oe
d| s uss d)
1e. A
( Waspa| nl ed)
20,
( ou| dn, l
oRWasn' l ao| el o)
21.
( g oWn)
22. 0
( Was
Wor k| ng)
28.
( hav
l ooer ep| a ed)
24.
( | eaned)
2s. '
( oe
made)
( Tol a| :
100po| nl s. Each | l m
:
4po| nl s. )
l l l | 0 l
Se| l e' l m
' ,'' TF;
F l NT
T
AR || E |(
F' F
9 . 0
B 1 0 . B
Fa l ua| Oond| l | ona| s:
Fr esenl
E FR ss' l l |. rc,
1 . o 2 . c 8 . a
l l you r un | nl o pr oo
,
kn W vour r | ghl s as a
passenger .
ol l n l he
a| r | | ne ompany| s r equ| r ed l o ompensal e
you l or de| aysor damages. For examp| e, l he
a| r | | ne pr ov| desmea| s and hol e| r ooms
| l
l | | ghl | s undu| v de| . HoW ve l he a| r | | n
oWesvou a| ol mor el r | l auseal ae|
over oqg g. Th| s an o ur spe | a| | v
dur | ng ho| | davs r l a| r l | nes sel l mo
l an l er e ar sea . l al l l e passenger c
a l ual l y s oW up, l hen l he l | | ghl | s
over oook d. A| r | | nes usua| | y aWar d
upg ades or add| l | ona| l r ee l r ave| l o
passenger sWho vo| unl eer l ol ake a| al er
l | | ghl . HoWev l noonevol unl eer s' your
l | | ghl mav oede| aved. l n l hal ase, l he
a| r | | ne musl r epayyou 100per enl ol l he
osl ol your l | kel l or a d | ay ol up l o l our
hour s on an | nl er nal | ona| l | | ghl . | q
j 9| ay
| s mor e l han l our hour c, you r e| ve
200
per enl
ol l he osl ol your l | k l .
o The o sl l | me l ogol oHong Kong
| s N vemoer or 0 moer | l youhal e
hol Weal her .
l l you' r e l r ave| | ng W| l h your h| | dr n,
l ake l hem l oLa| 0h| Kok Amusem nl
Far k | n KoW| oon. oRTake your h| | dr en
l oLa| 0h| Kok Amusemenl Far k | n
KoW| oon | l you' r e l r ave| | ng W| l h l hem.
l l youneedamoder al | y pr | edhol e| ,
l suggesl l he Har oour v| eW l nl er nal | ona|
House. o , l suggesl l he Har oour v| W
l nl er nal | ona| House | l youneeda
moder al | y pr | ed hol e| .
l l you | | ke seal ood, l her e ar e Wonder l u|
s al oodr esl aur anl s onLamma l s| and. o
Ther e ar e Wonder l u| s al oodr esl aur anl s
onLamma l s| and | l you | | ke s al ood.
l l you' el as | nal ed oy 0h| nese oper a'
you m| ghl | | ke l he sl r eel oper a | n l he
Shangha| Sl r e l N| ghl Har k l . o
You m| ghl | | ke l he sl r e l oper a | n l he
2 .
8 .
4.
5 .
Shangha| Sl r eel N| ghl Har k l | l you, r e
l as | nal edoy 0h| nese oper a.
G. l l you' d | | ke l o gel agoodv| eW ol Hong
K ng, you shou| d l ake l he l un| u| ar l o
l he Feak. oRYou shou| d l ake l he l un| u| ar
l o l he Feak | l you' d | | ke l o gel a good
v| eW ol Hong Kong.
8A
l l |
2. l spend a| ol ol l | meal l hepoo| | l l sl ay

al a hol | .
8. l l l sl ay W| l h l r | ends, l spend l | me
W| l h l hem.
4. l l ' snol son| e| l l g l a
. . 0r a u| a. , '
5. l l ' sver y r eWar d| ng | l you don' l m| nd
har d W r k.
G. l l you have l hr e r o mmal es, you don' l
hav l r ouo| l | nd| ng dog' Wa| ker s.
7. l l al | | ghl has an empl y seal , l r | d l or l r .
whal a g eal Weekend! l l Lou and Ter |
don' |
ar en, l l h oesl hosl s | n l he Wor | d, l Wa+
knoW Who | s. l ' v | nv| l ed l h m l o NeW Yor k,
oul | l you | | ve | n l h Bahamas, you r ar e| y
Wanl l o | ave. Tomor r oW al m| dn| ghl l l | y
r oundl r | p l r om NeW Yor k l o F| l l sour gh.
Ther e' s a| Ways a pr | e l o pay. l l l gel a l r ee
W ekend | n l he | s| ands' l a| Ways
r 2! , ,
. . 0r a u| a' '
al l er War ds. oh, We| | . l l l W +
l a| | as| eep, l anusua| | y g l a| ol ol r ead| ng
done. Fal and K| m ool h l | eW l o London
yesl er day. l hope someone an Wa| k Fr | sky
l ' m
l r me. Usua||y, |l F|+ + Work|ng, one ol l hem
| s ol l . l l Fr | sky | s a| one l or a | ong l | me, he
oar k
ar ked a | ol . Thal d| sl ur os l he ne| gho r s.
Hayoe l shou| d
j usl
| eavel heTv nl or h| m.
He' s a| Ways ver y a| n , a| l l he Tv | s on. or
mayoe l , doel l er a| | Fal and ask her ao ul
h r s h du| e. l l | l , * * G: 00
p. .
her e | n NeW
Yor k' | l , s11: 00
p. .
| n London. Thal ' s nol l oo
| al l o a| | .
8 sW* r Key | 4o8
Fa l ua| Oond| l | ona| s:
Ful ur e
wr u F | N
F, F
l | RTl |E K
l he | l | ause
Wh n l l r e| l | aus om sl | r sl
E FREss
: # l ,: ! ; : ; 8
l l sh W| ns, she' | | l | ghl r | me.
ll|
ll|
2 . e
8 .
4 . a
s . g
G .
7 .
8. gel
4. l l
5. W| n
G.
' | |
l ake o ' m go| ngl ol ak
7 . l l
8. oe om
9.
' | 1
l r y o ' m go| ngl ol r y
10. W| | | . . . dooRar e . . . go| ngl odo
1 r . | l
1 2 . | ose
1 8 . l l
14. | os
15.
' | |
onl | nu oR
' m
go| ngl o nl | nue
1G. Un| ss
17. oop r al e
18. Won, l oeo | sn, l g | ngl oo
| e. | l
20. don, l e| e l
2, . .
,
o o ' m go| ngl oo
( poss| o
ans r s)
8. l l l l ak oul sl ud nl | oans, l Won' l have
l o depend on my l am| | y, oRl Won' l have
l o depend on my l am| | y | l l l ake oul
sl udenl | oans.
4. l l l g l o| aW s hoo| , l ' | | ar n mor e mon y.
o l ' || earn moremoney|l l gol o|aW s hoo|.
5. l l l ar n mor emoney' l ' | | oeao| el opay
oa k my
( sl udenl )
| oans qu| k| y. oRl ' | |
oeao| el opay oa k my
( sl ud nl ) | oans
qu| k| y | l l ear n mor e money.
G. l l l puyoa k m | oans qu| k| y, l ' | | pul
my s| sl er l hr ough o| | ge. o l , | | pul my
s| sl r l hr ough o| | ege| l l pay oa k my
| oans qu| k| y.
d
o
4o4 | 8nsW r * *
, a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a
7. l l l gol o| aW s hoo| , l , | | go| nl o po| | l | s.
oRl ' | | go| nl o po| | l | s | l l g l o| aW s hoo| .
s. l l l go| nl o po| | l | s, l ' | | oeao| e l o| mpr ove
| | l e l or ol her s. oRl , | | oe ao| e l | mpr ov
| | l e l or ol her s| l go| nl o po| | l | s.
9. l l l go| nl o p | | l | s, l , | 1 gel | e l edl ol he
| l y oun | | . o | , | | gel e| l edl ol he | l y
oun | | | l l go| nl o po| | l | s.
1o. l l l g l e| l edl ol he | l y oun | | , l , | | r un
l or mayor . oRl ' | | r un l or mayor | l l gel
| e l edl ol he | l y oun | | .
Shou| d l ampa| gn l or sl ud nl oun | |
Wan
pr es| denl ? l , | | have l ode | desoon| l l r * an+ ed
l ' m
l or un. l l | e ousy ampa| gn| ng, l Won' l
havemu h l | me l osl udy. Thal ' s apr oo| em,
o ausel , mnol go| ngl ogel | nl o agood
u n | eo *
o| | ege| l l gel goodgr ades l h| s year . on l he
ol her hand' l her e' ssomu h l odo| n l h| s
W| gel o | go| ng og l ,
s hoo| , and nol h| ng | s gr + + | | l l s done| l Todd
Laker oe om spr es| denl aga| n. A | ol ol
p op| eknoW l hal . Bul W| | | l knoW Whal l o
l
do| l gel l he
j oo?
N ver m| nd. l , | | dea|
W| l h l hal pr oo| emy| l l W| n.
oR| l l don' | ge|
Unr ea| Oond| l | ona| s:
Fr esenl
: : : : : ; ; ! ; ; ! : : F l NT
F
|| AR l | E l (
F' F
FREss ) ?|||' |.| ||: |' .
j
Wou| d, | l , Wer e
2. Wou| dn, l | | k
8. Wer n, l
. ou| dn' l | d nl | l y
5. Wer e
G. | oved
z.
' d
hal e o Wou| d hal e
8. dr ove
9.
' d
hal o Wou| d hal e
1o. W r e
11.
, d
hal eo Wou| dhal e
12. Wer n, l
18. m| ghl oe
2. l l S hr oeder d| dn, l | ov Beel hoven, he
Wou| dn, l p| ay h| s s nal asa| | l he l | m .
8. l l 0har | | Br oWn had enoughl r | ends, he
Wou| dn' l l e | | one| y.
4. l l Sa| | y kneW her l ea h r ' sname, she
ou| dsendher a ar d.
5. l l L| nus Wer n' l smar l , heWou| dn, l l | nd
| ev r so| ul | onsl o| | l e' spr oo| ems.
. l l woodsl o kand Snoopyd| dn' l have a
| oser e| al | onsh| p, w odsl o kWou| dn' l
onl | de| n Snoopy.
7. l l Rer un' s par enl s d| dn' l r el usel o| el
h| m hav a dog, heWou| dn' l l r y l o
oor r oW 0har | | e' s dog.
s. l l F| gpen l ook noughoal hs, heWou| dn, l
oe l r | l hy.
l ' v gol l osl opsl ay| ng up | al e r ead| ng
W ou | d
. . F anul s' ' !
l l l Wer en' l a| Ways sol | r ed, l W| | +
oeao| el osl ay aWake | n | ass. whenev r l he
l ea her a| | s onme, l don' l knoW Whal l o say.
Then l gel r ea| | y moar r assed oe auseol l hal
ul r ed ha| r ed g| r | l hal l | | ke. l Wou| d l a| k
Wer en' l ,
l oher | l l ver * | dn, l soshy. Hy l r | end Jason
says'
. . l l
l | , you, l , d. ask her l oa par l y, , , oul
l ' ml ooal r a| d l hal | l l askedhe sheWou| d
a
ha| r e sa| d no. Al l r | ass, l p| ayed oaseoa| | .
p a ed
Nooody Wanl ed me on l he| r l eam. l l l pr a
o l l e l Wou| d gel hosensomel | mes. L| l e | s
har d! l an r a| | y under sl and l hal 0har | | e
Br oWn har a l r | n. . Feanul s. , , l nl a l , | l l d| dn, l
| augh sohar d Wh| | e r ad| ng. . Feanul s, , ,
cr
l Wou| d l !
4 . F
s . F
T
T
G . F
G. He l o| d l hem
( o
H sa| d) l oopenl h | r
W| ndoWs.
. He l o| dl hem
( o
He sa| d) l | el o1d a| r | n.
. He l o| d l hem
( o
H sa| d) l o oe ar l u|
When l hey sl op l he| r ar s.
9. He l o| dl hem
( o
He sa| d) nol l osl opon
ades r l edr oads| de.
r o. He l o| dl hem
( o
He sa| d) nol l odr | nk
and dr | ve.
l n Wr | l | ng | ass l oday, Juan r ead oneol h| s
sl or | s. l l Was Wonder l u| . Al l er | ass, l h
l ea her | nv| l ed, , , J! ua a sl or y | n | ass ne l
nol
Week. HoWever . l asked her n l o a| | on
me n xl W ek oe ause l ' m hav| ng l r ouo| e
l o| d
gel l | ng | deas. Sh s+ | dme nol l o Wor r y, and
she sa| d l oWa| l l or l Wo Weeks. Then l l a| ked
l o
l oJuan, and l asked h| m' l e| | me l he sour
h |
l or
+ r
| deas. He sa| d l hal l hey ame l r om
h| s dr eams, and he l o| d Jj . . o a dr eam
j our na| l or | deas. He | nv| l ed me
l o
r ead
som ol h| s
j our na| . Xl l
Wasver y | nl er esl | ng,
sol asked h| m l o g| ve me somel | ps on
l o el
r ememoer | ng dr eams. He sa| d g l | g a
goodn| ghl ' s s| eep oe ause l he | onger
dr eams omeal oer a | ongper | odol s| eep. He
l o| d
a| so l e me l o keep my
j our na|
oy l he oed
and l oWr | l e as soonasl Wake up. He sa| d
nol l o
l e move l r om l he s| eep| ng pos| l | on. H
nol l o
a|so l o|d me l + d nl l h|nk aooul l he day al
l r r sl .
( l l you l h| nk aooul your day, you m| ghl
l or gel your dr eams. ) osl | mpor l anl ever y
n| ghl h l e| | s h| mse| l l hd l o r em moer h| s
l hene
dreams l m+ r q | morn|ng.
Ans * e ! ey | 411
| nd| r e l Sp_e h:
Sl al emenl s ( 1)
Fq NT
. . l l
| ooksgr al onyou! ' '
|| R |l |(
l he pun l ual | on
l he ver o l ens | n l h sl al m nl
pr onouns | n l h sl al emenl
ExFREss'
l o| d. Was
l l | Al
9: 00 R| kSp| vak, s oank phon d and
G| 0
l al | s r ea| l ar . . . The
he k | s | n l he ma| | , ' , R| k
_qu| k| y.
Al
11: 45R| k | el l l or a 2: 00meel | ng a r oss
l oWn. Ar r | v| ng | al e, R| kGl | | | . | | enl
q!
l . am aa e . Thal v n| ng, R| k' s
l | an GeWor ea neW dr ess. R| k hal d | l ' l l
| ooks
j usl g eal onyou, , ' h
_
Thr e | | s | n oneday! Yel R| k | s
j usl
an or d| nar y guy. Ea h l | me, he_l 0 | mse| l
l hal somel | m sl he l r ul h ausesl oomanv
F g.
He_! h| mse| l

e 999
Was el | ng goodaoo . why
shou| d he hur l her l ee| | ngs?
l s l e| | | ng | | s a neW l r end? The maj or | l y
ol peop| e | n a r e enl sur vey
_ e| ! 99p| 9
Wer e mor hon sl l .
Never l he| ess, | y| ng Wasn' l r ea| | y oor n
yesl er day. l n l he | ghl eenl h enl ur y, l he
Fr en h ph| | osopher vauvenar gues l o| d l he
l r ul h aooul | y| ng Wh n he
_
. . A| |
m n
ar e oor n l r ul hl u| and d| | | ar s. ' '
z. has
. l o| d
. l hal
s. had
. sh
z. had made
. had | | ed
9. Was qu| l l | ng
l o. had l | r d
412 l 8res a . ey
2. L| sa sa| d
( l hal )
sh had
j usl
hear d aooul
a
j oo
al a s | enl | l | r sear h ompany.
8. B n sa| d
( l hal )
hehad maj or ed| n s | n
al F| or | da Sl al .
. L| sa l o| d h| m
( l hal )
l hey Wanl d someone
W| l h someexper | n eas apr og ammer .
5. Ben l o| dher
( l hal )
heWor ked asa
pr ogr ammer l or 0al a Sysl ems.
G. L| sa sa| d
( l hal )
l hey d| dn, l Wanl ar e enl
o| | egegr adual .
7 Ben l o| dher
( l hal )
hehad gol l enh| s
degr eel our year s agoo oel or .
8. L| sa sa| d
( l hal )
| l sounded| | ke l he r | ghl
j oo
l or h| m.
on e When l Was al eenage l Wenl l omy
Aunl Leah' s house. Aunl Leah o| | e l ed
l o| d
pol l er y, and When l gol l her e, sh s | d me
Wanl ed
l hal sheW nl s l o shoW me her neW ooW| .
me* h ad
She l o| d' she h s
j usl
ooughl | l . l l Was
o aul | l u| . when Aunl Leah Wenl l oansW r
l he d o l p| ked up l heooW| . l l s| | pped
l r om my hands and smashedl op| e eson
l he l | oor . w en Aunl Leah ame oa k,
l hal
l s r eamed and sa| d r h l l he al had
j usl
h e r
or oken
l *
neW ooW| . Aunl Leah gol l h| s
l unny | ook on her l a e and l o| d me l hal | l
Wa n, l ,
| s+ l | mpor l anl . l d| dn' l s| eep al a| | l hal
n| ghl , and l he ne l mor n| ng, l a| | ed my
h ad
aunl and onl essedl hal l h v or oken her
o h e
ooW| . She sa| dl had knoWn l hal a| | a| ong.
l pr om| s dl hal l * # go| ng l oou her a
n wonesomeday. we sl | | | | augh aooul l h
sl or l oday.
* o
9 h e a| d h e. ' .
| nd| r ecl Spee h:
Sl al emenl s ( 2)
,ry: |%: .l l |
F0|N
l l W| | | oeW| ndy.
, AR |l E |(
oughl l o, m| ghl , shou| d have
xF ss
, ; l r; : ; ll|: 8
J| m sa| d l hal hem| ghl movesoon.
2.
. . Th
W| nds may r ea h 170m| | es p r hour . ' '
8. Ther eW| | | oemor er a| n l omor r oW.
4.
. . You
shou| d l r y l o | eav l he ar ea. ' '
5.
. . we
anexpe l a| ol ol damage. , '
z. They sa| d
( l hal )
| l Was go| ngl opass
nor l h ol l her .
. They sa| d
( l hal )
| l m| ghl oe omea
l r op| a| sl or m When | l | and d l her e.
+ . Th y sa| d
( l hal )
l hey had had l o | ose
someor | dg s l he day oel or eoe ause ol
h| gh l | des.
s. They sa| d
( l hal )
l hey Wou| dn' l r sl or
e| l r | | l y unl | | l oday.
. They sa| d
( l hal )
l h s hoo| sl h r m| ghl
oe | osedl or aWh| | e.
z. They sa| d
( l hal )
l h y oughl l ouseool l | ed
Wal er l or a l eW davs.
z. He sa| d
( l hal )
| l Was l r ue, and
( l hal )
l hey
Wou| d pr ooao| y oe omemor el r equenl .
8. He sa| d
( l hal )
l he p| anel m| ghl oegel l | ng
War me and
( l hal )
l hal ou| d ausemor e
sev r esl or ms.
. He sa| d
( l hal )
mer gen yWor ker s shou| d
have ar r | ved mu h mor qu| k| y.
5. He sa| d
( l hal )
l he neW sal e| | | l s Wou| d
he| p. He sa| d
( l hal )
| l We d| dn' l hav
l hem, WeWou| dn, l o ao| el oWar n peop| e.
w had someex | l emenl her eoe auseol
l hehur r | ane | asl Week. J| m, s mol her
a| | ed
j usl
oel or el he sl or m. She sa| d , J; 1u
| | sl en| ng l ol he W al her r ep r l andl hal she
waswor r | edaooul us. Sh l o| dJ| m l hal | l
W ou | d
#
. * o W r en, l sosl uooor n' weW| pa k
up and | eave | mmed| al | y. J| m, s l al her l o| d
us hoW l o gel r eady l or l he sl or m. He sa| d
We shou| dh< pul l apeonour W| ndoWs
l h en
r | ghl n W and l hal We oughl l o l | | | l he
oal hl uo W| l h Wal er . He a| so l o| d J| m l hal
We shou| d ouy a | ol ol oal l er | es oel or el he
l h al n | h l
sl or m h| l l n * | l . Sue a| | ed. She sa| d l hal
her p| a eWas l oo | osel ol h oasl and l hal
l , her e he
she ou| dn' l sl ay h + . She l o| d m l Wanl ed
l osl ay W| l h me and J| m. She sa| d sheshou| d
have
' a| | ed
us sooner . l l o| dher sheshou| d ome
l h en
r | ghl R W. Then We | | sl ened l o l he Weal her
adv| sor y, and l he l or asl er sa| d l hal l he
W a5
sl or m | s go| ng l o gooul l o s a. She sa| d | l
Wou| dn' |
r e# l h| l l h| s ar ea al a| | !
| nd| r e l 0| uesl | ons
w Fql NT
. . w y
ar e you sl | | | s| ng| e?' '
l |AR l l l
F, T
l , R ||| |( 2
F, T
FR ss l l |
Why h had qu| l h| s
j oo.
A l eWW ks ago, e| | ssa Hor r oW had a
sl r ess | nl er v| e oneWh| h l al ur ed l ough,
l r | ky quesl | ons and negal | ve eva| ual | ons.
F| r sl , l he | nl r v| eWer asked Wh| zshe ou| dn' l
Wor k under
pr essur e.
Bel or eshe ou| dansWe
he asked Who had Wr | l l en her app| | al | on
| el l er l or h r . H | | ssa Was sho k d, oul sh
A s r er ey | 41. 8
hand| ed her s | l ver y We| | . She askedl he
| nl r v| eWer Whel her h Was
go| ng
l oask
her anv ser | ous
quesl | ons. Then she| el l .
0ompan| s g| ve sl r ss| nl er v| eWs | n
or der l oWal h hoW and| dal shand|
pr essur e. Suppose, l or examp| e, l hal l her e
| s an a | denl | n anu | ear poWer p| anl . The
p| anl ' s puo| | r | al | ons ol l | r r musl r ma| n
a| m When r epor l er s ask hoW l he a | denl
ou| dhave happ ned. Be aWar e, hoWeve
l hal | n som ounl r | es, | | ke l he Un| l ed Sl al es,
er l a| n quesl | onsar enol a| | oWedun| ess
l hey ar e d| r e l | y r e| al ed l ol he
j oo.
l l your
| nl er v| eWer asks hoW o| d. vouar e' you an
r el use l o ansWer . The | nl r v| eWer a| so shou| d
nol ask Whel her
rou
are marr|ed orhoW mu h
moneyyou oWe. l l you l h| nk a quesl | on| s
| mpr ope ask hoW l he
quesl | on r e| al es l ol he
j go.
l l | l doesn' l ,
o
don, l hav l o ansW r .
l l ems 0he ked: 2. 8. 5
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8. He askedWher e l he ompanyWas.
4. H asked | l
( o
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d| r e l | ons.
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( o
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l odr | ve.
7. He asked Who Was go| ng l o| nl r v| eW h r .
8. He asked When l h v Wou| d | el her knoW.
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( o
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| nl er v| W| ng W| l h ol her ompan| es.
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Wou| d oe.
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j oo per l or man eWas
r eWar ded.
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her | asl
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had oeeno had o enal her
| asl
j oo.
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( o
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a| ongWe| | W| l h her | asl emp| oyer .
0| a| r e asked| l
( o
Whel her ) l heyh| r ed
many Women.
5 .
7 .
414 l AnsWer Key
l d| d somesl r ess quesl | n| ng | n my | nl er v| eW
W| l h 0ar | Tr eng l h| s mor n| ng. l asked
h e cou | d n ' |
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pr essur e. l a| s asked h| m Why | | dh| s
d | | k ed
super v| sor d| s| | k h| m. F| na| | y, l | nqu| r ed
When heWou| d qu| l l he
j oo
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ompanyxHr . Tr eng ansWer edmy quesl | ons
a| m| y, and hehad someex e| | enl quesl | ons
ol h| s oWn. He ask dX| l Weexpe l ed hanges
onl he
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ol l en| l G* We eva| ual e emp| oy s. l Was
l haddec| ded
| mpr essed Wh n he asked Why d| * | dee| de
l o
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h| r e h| m.
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hoW ol l enWeeva| ual ed
moedded 0| uesl | ons
w , F | N
Shou| d W | aveal | p?
l sl h ser v| e| n | uded?
l R l | l (
T
ExFREss,,, # : : ; l l |
A: ? B: .
Th| s oook | s l or you | l . . .
you' veev r avo| deda s| l ual | on
j usl
oe auseyou d| dn' l knoW hoW mu h l ol | p.
you, veever r ea| | zed
( l oo
| al e) l hal you
Wer supposedl ol l r al | p.
oyou' ve ever g| ven ahuge l | p and l hen
Wonder ed| l a l | p Was ne essar yal a| | .
2.
hoWl ol e| | | l l h l | p | s | n | uded | n l heo| | | .
8. Why ser v| peop| e| n l | andr l used
my l | ps?
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7. l | pp| ng | s sl | | | | | | ega| l her .
8. l ol | p anyWay.
2. hoW mu h l ol | p
( o
hoW mu h We shou| d
l | p) l h l a | dr | ver ?
8. Wher e l he Sm| l hson| an Huseum | s?
4. Wher e We anouy
( o
Wher e l oouy)
m l r o l | k l s.
you' veever need dl oknoW hoWl o
a| u| al e l h r | ghl l | p | nsl anl | v.
. you' r eneW l ol heUn| l ed Sl al es and you' r e
nol sur Who voushou| d l | p her e.
you' d | | ke l o| ear n hoW l | pp| ng
pr oper | v
an
gel
voul he oesl ser v| l or vour monev.
whal r eader s ar say| ng . . .
. . l
an' l | mag| ne hoW l g l
a| ongW| l houl | l . ' ,
. . Take
l | ps a| ong | l you Wanl a sl r ss l r ee
va al | on. , ,
W ou| dr nl a ar and dr | ve?
Whal l hey pul | n l he sau e.
when you | | ve | n a l or e| gn ounl r y even a
sma| | o as| on ano an advenl ur e! Bel or e
my dal e W| l h Janek l on| ghl , l d| dn' l even
h ou d R l o
knoW Whal sh r * | * l Wear ! J ans? A dr ess?
John, s Or | | | | sn' l a l an y r esl aur anl , oul | l
Was Janek' s o| r l hday and l Wanl d l omake
| l ao| g o as| on. H| uk| wasv r y he| pl u| , as
a| Ways. l kn W hoW l o g l l oJohn' s Or | | | ,
oul l d| dn' l knoW hoW | ong| l Was go| ngl o
l ake l ogel l her l | l l al G: 00, Wh| h
shou| d hav g| ven me p| enl y ol l | me, oul
5 .
G.
Whel her
When l gol ol l l he ous, l Wasn' l sur e# l o
l ur n | el l or r | ghl . l asked a po| | e ol l | er
John' Wa
Where WaqJl ohn , and l Was on|y a l eW
m| nul es | al e. l had p| anned l o l ake Janek
oul l or a spe | a| desser l al l er War d, oul
l ou| dn' l r ememoer h W l o l | nd l h p| a e
H| uk| had suggesl ed, andJanek has oeen
her e even | ess l | me l han me.
( AnyWay,
l he
dess r l s al John' s l ur n d oul l ooev r y
good. ) Then, When W gol l he o| | | , l Was
nol
Wonder | ng Whel her l ol | p or no. l had l o ask
| l hekneW
Janek d|* hekne| r. Forl unal e|y, he had read
T| ps onT| pp| ng, soh l o| d mel o| eav
aooul 1, 57o.
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