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Schematic

Beam dimensions and properties Values


If round cross-section (enter "yes" or "no") yes
Outside diameter, Do (mm) 30
Inside diamter, Di (mm) 25
If rectangular cross-section no
Outside height, ho (mm) 20
Outside width, wo (mm) 10
Inside height, hi (mm) 18
Inside width, wi (mm) 8
Radius of curvature, Rr (mm) 100
Angle, phi (degrees) 90
Angle, phi (radius) 1.571
Modulus of elasticity, E (N/mm^2) 200000
Poisson ratio, v 0.29
Shear modulus, G (Pa) 77519
Moment of inertia, I (mm^4) 20586
Distance farthest fiber to neutral axis, cc (mm) 15
Cross section area, A 216
EA 4.32E+07
GA 1.67E+07
EI 4.12E+09
Loading
Point load, Fx (N) 10
Point load, Fy (N) 76
Moment, Mo (N*mm) 22
X direction displacement (microns) Axial Shear Bending Total
Due to Fx 0.018 0.047 0.865 0.930
Due to Fy 0.000 0.000 9.230 9.230
Due to Mo 0.000 0.000 0.031 0.031
Total 0.018 0.047 10.125 10.190
Y direction displacement (microns) Axial Shear Bending Total
Due to Fx 0.000 0.000 1.214 1.214
Due to Fy 0.138 0.357 14.498 14.992
Due to Mo 0.000 0.000 0.053 0.053
Total 0.138 0.357 15.766 16.260
Slope (milliradians) Bending
Due to Fx 0.014
Due to Fy 0.185
Due to Mo 0.001
Total 0.199
Equations
To determine deflection of a curved beam
Beam_curved.xls
By Alex Slocum, 12/29/03, last modified 09/21/04 by Xue'en Yang
Enters numbers in BOLD, Results in RED
( )
( )
2
0
axial she
cos sin sin cos 1 cos sin
cos sin 0 sin cos 0 1 cos sin 1
sin cos
cos
x y x y x y o
x y o x y o x y o
x
x
P V M R R ds Rd
F F F F F F M
P P P V V V M M M
R R
F F M F F M F F M
U
F F
x y
Rd
F
EA
|
u u u u u u u
u u u u u u
u u u
o
u
= = + = + + =
c c c c c c c c c
= = = = = = = = =
c c c c c c c c c
c

= = +
c
}
( ) ( ) ( )
2
2 2 2
0 0
ar bending
2 2
3
axial shear bending
cos sin 1 cos sin 1 cos 1 cos
sin
2 sin 2 1 2 sin 2 1 1 6 8s
cos cos
4 2 4 2
o
x
x x x
R
F F F R F R M
x y x y
Rd Rd
GA EI
R R
F F F F F R y y
EA GA EI
| |
u u u u u u u
u u
| | | | | | |
o
+ + +
+
( ( | | | | + | | | |
= + +
+
( ( | | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ .
} }
( )
( )
2
2 3
2 2 2 2 2
0 0 0
axial shear bending
2
axial
in sin 2 1 2cos
cos
sin
4 2
cos sin sin 1 cos sin
sin cos sin
cos sin
1
cos
o y
o
y
y
y
F M R R
U
R
F F F F F R F R M
x y x y x y
Rd Rd Rd
F
EA GA EI
R
F
x
EA
| | |
| | | u
| |
u u u u u u u u
u u
o
u u u
|
o
( | | + + | |
+ +
( | |
\ . \ .
c
+ + + +

= = + +
c

=

} } }
( )
( )
2 2
2 3 3
shear bending
0
bending
ben
2 sin 2 1 2 sin 2 1 1 2cos 2 sin 2
cos cos
1 cos
2 4 2 4 2 4
1 cos sin
y y o x y
x y o
o
R
F F F F F M R R R x
GA EI
U
R R
F F M
Rd
M
EI
|
| | | | | | u | |
|
u u
u
u
u
( ( ( | | | | | | + + | | | | | |
+ +
+ + + +
( ( ( | | | | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ . \ . \ .
c
+ +
= =
c
=
}
( ) ( )
2 2
ding
1
sin 1 cos
o x y
R F F M R R
EI
| | | | ( + +

o
F
x
F
y
M
o
R
Rsinu
R(1-cosu)
| Circular cross-section
Rectangular cross-section
( )
( )
2
0
axial she
cos sin sin cos 1 cos sin
cos sin 0 sin cos 0 1 cos sin 1
sin cos
cos
x y x y x y o
x y o x y o x y o
x
x
P V M R R ds Rd
F F F F F F M
P P P V V V M M M
R R
F F M F F M F F M
U
F F
x y
Rd
F
EA
|
u u u u u u u
u u u u u u
u u u
o
u
= = + = + + =
c c c c c c c c c
= = = = = = = = =
c c c c c c c c c
c

= = +
c
}
( ) ( ) ( )
2
2 2 2
0 0
ar bending
2 2
3
axial shear bending
cos sin 1 cos sin 1 cos 1 cos
sin
2 sin 2 1 2 sin 2 1 1 6 8s
cos cos
4 2 4 2
o
x
x x x
R
F F F R F R M
x y x y
Rd Rd
GA EI
R R
F F F F F R y y
EA GA EI
| |
u u u u u u u
u u
| | | | | | |
o
+ + +
+
( ( | | | | + | | | |
= + +
+
( ( | | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ .
} }
( )
( )
2
2 3
2 2 2 2 2
0 0 0
axial shear bending
2
axial
in sin 2 1 2cos
cos
sin
4 2
cos sin sin 1 cos sin
sin cos sin
cos sin
1
cos
o y
o
y
y
y
F M R R
U
R
F F F F F R F R M
x y x y x y
Rd Rd Rd
F
EA GA EI
R
F
x
EA
| | |
| | | u
| |
u u u u u u u u
u u
o
u u u
|
o
( | | + + | |
+ +
( | |
\ . \ .
c
+ + + +

= = + +
c

=

} } }
( )
( )
2 2
2 3 3
shear bending
0
bending
ben
2 sin 2 1 2 sin 2 1 1 2cos 2 sin 2
cos cos
1 cos
2 4 2 4 2 4
1 cos sin
y y o x y
x y o
o
R
F F F F F M R R R x
GA EI
U
R R
F F M
Rd
M
EI
|
| | | | | | u | |
|
u u
u
u
u
( ( ( | | | | | | + + | | | | | |
+ +
+ + + +
( ( ( | | | | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ . \ . \ .
c
+ +
= =
c
=
}
( ) ( )
2 2
ding
1
sin 1 cos
o x y
R F F M R R
EI
| | | | ( + +

Bending ratio
0.865 1
9.230 1
0.031 1
10.125 1
1.214 1
14.498 1
0.053 1
15.766 1
0.014 1
0.185 1
0.001 1
0.199 1
Check: Bending (from
Roark) for phi = t/2
( )
( )
2
0
axial she
cos sin sin cos 1 cos sin
cos sin 0 sin cos 0 1 cos sin 1
sin cos
cos
x y x y x y o
x y o x y o x y o
x
x
P V M R R ds Rd
F F F F F F M
P P P V V V M M M
R R
F F M F F M F F M
U
F F
x y
Rd
F
EA
|
u u u u u u u
u u u u u u
u u u
o
u
= = + = + + =
c c c c c c c c c
= = = = = = = = =
c c c c c c c c c
c

= = +
c
}
( ) ( ) ( )
2
2 2 2
0 0
ar bending
2 2
3
axial shear bending
cos sin 1 cos sin 1 cos 1 cos
sin
2 sin 2 1 2 sin 2 1 1 6 8s
cos cos
4 2 4 2
o
x
x x x
R
F F F R F R M
x y x y
Rd Rd
GA EI
R R
F F F F F R y y
EA GA EI
| |
u u u u u u u
u u
| | | | | | |
o
+ + +
+
( ( | | | | + | | | |
= + +
+
( ( | | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ .
} }
( )
( )
2
2 3
2 2 2 2 2
0 0 0
axial shear bending
2
axial
in sin 2 1 2cos
cos
sin
4 2
cos sin sin 1 cos sin
sin cos sin
cos sin
1
cos
o y
o
y
y
y
F M R R
U
R
F F F F F R F R M
x y x y x y
Rd Rd Rd
F
EA GA EI
R
F
x
EA
| | |
| | | u
| |
u u u u u u u u
u u
o
u u u
|
o
( | | + + | |
+ +
( | |
\ . \ .
c
+ + + +

= = + +
c

=

} } }
( )
( )
2 2
2 3 3
shear bending
0
bending
ben
2 sin 2 1 2 sin 2 1 1 2cos 2 sin 2
cos cos
1 cos
2 4 2 4 2 4
1 cos sin
y y o x y
x y o
o
R
F F F F F M R R R x
GA EI
U
R R
F F M
Rd
M
EI
|
| | | | | | u | |
|
u u
u
u
u
( ( ( | | | | | | + + | | | | | |
+ +
+ + + +
( ( ( | | | | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ . \ . \ .
c
+ +
= =
c
=
}
( ) ( )
2 2
ding
1
sin 1 cos
o x y
R F F M R R
EI
| | | | ( + +

o
F
x
F
y
M
o
R
Rsinu
R(1-cosu)
| Circular cross-section
Rectangular cross-section
( )
( )
2
0
axial she
cos sin sin cos 1 cos sin
cos sin 0 sin cos 0 1 cos sin 1
sin cos
cos
x y x y x y o
x y o x y o x y o
x
x
P V M R R ds Rd
F F F F F F M
P P P V V V M M M
R R
F F M F F M F F M
U
F F
x y
Rd
F
EA
|
u u u u u u u
u u u u u u
u u u
o
u
= = + = + + =
c c c c c c c c c
= = = = = = = = =
c c c c c c c c c
c

= = +
c
}
( ) ( ) ( )
2
2 2 2
0 0
ar bending
2 2
3
axial shear bending
cos sin 1 cos sin 1 cos 1 cos
sin
2 sin 2 1 2 sin 2 1 1 6 8s
cos cos
4 2 4 2
o
x
x x x
R
F F F R F R M
x y x y
Rd Rd
GA EI
R R
F F F F F R y y
EA GA EI
| |
u u u u u u u
u u
| | | | | | |
o
+ + +
+
( ( | | | | + | | | |
= + +
+
( ( | | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ .
} }
( )
( )
2
2 3
2 2 2 2 2
0 0 0
axial shear bending
2
axial
in sin 2 1 2cos
cos
sin
4 2
cos sin sin 1 cos sin
sin cos sin
cos sin
1
cos
o y
o
y
y
y
F M R R
U
R
F F F F F R F R M
x y x y x y
Rd Rd Rd
F
EA GA EI
R
F
x
EA
| | |
| | | u
| |
u u u u u u u u
u u
o
u u u
|
o
( | | + + | |
+ +
( | |
\ . \ .
c
+ + + +

= = + +
c

=

} } }
( )
( )
2 2
2 3 3
shear bending
0
bending
ben
2 sin 2 1 2 sin 2 1 1 2cos 2 sin 2
cos cos
1 cos
2 4 2 4 2 4
1 cos sin
y y o x y
x y o
o
R
F F F F F M R R R x
GA EI
U
R R
F F M
Rd
M
EI
|
| | | | | | u | |
|
u u
u
u
u
( ( ( | | | | | | + + | | | | | |
+ +
+ + + +
( ( ( | | | | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ . \ . \ .
c
+ +
= =
c
=
}
( ) ( )
2 2
ding
1
sin 1 cos
o x y
R F F M R R
EI
| | | | ( + +