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Araneta, Pauline Mae P.

Administrative Law B

Administrative Law Syllabus for S.Y. 2012-2013, 2nd Semester A. General principles 1. Definitions a. Administrative Law b. Government of the Republic of the Philippines (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 2) c. National Government (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 2) d. Local Government (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 2) e. Agency of the Government (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 2) f. Department (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 2) g. Bureau (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 2) h. Office (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 2) i. Instrumentality (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 2) j. Regulatory agency (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 2) k. Chartered institution (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 2) l. Government-owned or controlled corporation (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 2)
2. Classification of Administrative Law

a. As to its source i) The law that controls administrative authorities ii) The law made by administrative authorities b. As to its purpose i) Adjective or procedural administrative law ii) Substantive administrative law c. As to its applicability i) General administrative law ii) Special or particular administrative law 3. Scope of Administrative Law 4. Sources of Administrative Law Cases: a. Mecano v. COA, G.R. No. 103982, December 11, 1992216 SCRA 500

b. Leveriza v. IAC, G.R. No. L-66614, January 25, 1988, 157 SCRA c.

d. e. f. g.

282 Luzon Development Bank v. Association of Luzon Dev. Bank Employees, G.R. No. 120319, October 6, 1995 64 SCAD 918 or 249 SCRA 162 Iron and Steel Authority v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 102976, October 25, 1995, 65 SCAD 261 or 249 SCRA 538 Ignacia Balicas v. Fact-Finding & Intelligence Bureau (FFIB), Office of the Ombudsman, G.R. No. 145972, March 23, 2004 Malaga v. Penachos, Jr., G.R. No. 86695, September 3, 1992, 213 SCRA 516 Preclaro v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 111091, August 21, 1995247, SCRA 454

B. Administrative agencies
1. Definition 2. Manner of Creation

Creation, establishment and abolition of administrative agencies Cases:


a. Crisostomo v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 106296, July 5,

1996258, SCRA 134 b. Viola v. Alunan, III, G.R. No. 115844, August 15, 1997, 277 SCRA 409 (1997) c. Biraogo v. The Philippine Truth Commission of 2010, G.R. No. 192935, Dec. 7, 2010 d. Kapisanan ng mga Kawani ng Energy Regulatory Board v. Commissioner Fe Barin, G.R. No. 150974, June 29, 2007 e. Commission on Human Rights Employees Association v. Commission on Human Rights, G.R. No. 155336, November 25, 2004
3. Kinds of administrative agencies 4. Reorganization of administrative agencies

a. Definition of Reorganization b. Presidents power to reorganize; basis c. Power of other agencies to reorganize; limitations Cases: Anak Mindanao Party-List Group v. The Executive Secretary, G.R. No. 166052, August 29, 2007

Bagaoisan v. National Tobacco Administration, G.R. No. 152845, August 5, 2003 National Land Titles and Deeds Registration Administration v. Civil Service Commission, G.R. No. 84301, April 7, 1993, 221 SCRA 145 Sinon v. Civil Service Commission, G.R. No. 101251, November 5, 1992, 215 SCRA 410 Domingo v. DBP, 207 SCRA 766 (1992) Eugenio v. Civil Service Commission, G.R. No. 115863, March 31, 1995, 60 SCAD 262 or 242 SCRA 196 (1995) Larin v. Executive Secretary, G.R. No. 112745, October 16, 1007

5. Administrative organization

a. Traditional branches i) ii) The legislative power The executive power

Doctrine of political agency - Joson v. Executive Secretary, G.R. No. 131255, May 20, 1998, 290 SCRA 279 iii) The judicial power b. Special bodies or agencies
6.

Administrative relationship a. Supervision and control b. Administrative supervision c. Attachment

C. Powers of administrative agencies 1. Definition of powers and functions 2. Source of powers Cases:

Hijo Plantation, Inc. v. Central Bank, G.R. No. L-34526, August 9, 1988, 164 SCRA 192 Tayug Rural Bank v. Central Bank, G.R. No. L-46158, November 28, 1986, 146 SCRA 120

3. Scope of powers

a. Express and implied powers Cases:

Makati Stock Exchange, Inc. v. SEC, G.R. No. L-23004, June 30, 1965, 16 SCRA 623 Chavez v. National Housing Authority, G.R. No. 164527, August 15, 2007, 530 SCRA 235 Taule v. Santos, G.R. No. 90336, August 12, 1991, 200 SCRA 512 Radio Communications of the Phils., Inc. v. National Telecommunications Commission, G.R. No. 93237, November 6, 1992, 215 SCRA 455 Laguna Lake Development Authority v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 110120, March 16, 1994, 231 SCRA 292 Buenaseda v. Flavier, G.R. No. 106719, September 21, 1993, 226 SCRA 645

b. Inherent powers Case: Masangcay v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No. L-13827, September 28, 1962 6 SCRA 27

c. Quasi-legislative (rule making) power

i) ii) iii) iv)

Legislative power Doctrine of separation of powers Non-delegation of legislative powers Exceptions to the doctrine of non-delegation of legislative powers

Cases:

US v. Barrias, G.R. No. 4349, September 24, 1908, 11 Phil. 327 People v. Vera, G.R. No. L-45685, November 16, 1937, 65 Phil 327 Maceda v. Macaraig, G.R. No. 88291, May 31, 1991, 197 SCRA 771 Eastern Shipping Lines, Inc. v. POEA, G.R. No. 76633, October 18, 1988, 166 SCRA 533 Rabor v. CSC, G.R. No. 111812, May 31, 1995, 61 SCAD 569 or 244 SCRA 614 Araneta v. Gatmaitan, G.R. Nos. L-8895 and L-9191, April 30, 1957, 101 Phil. 328 Edu v. Ericta, G.R. No. L-32096, October 24, 1970 35 SCRA 481

v)

Kinds of administrative rules and regulations 1. Supplementary or detailed legislation 2. Interpretative legislation 3. Contingent legislation

Cases: ABAKADA Guro Party List v. Purisima, G.R. No. 166715, August 14, 2008 Gutierrez v. DBM, G.R. No. 153266, March 18, 2010 BPI Leasing v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 127624, Nov. 18, 2003 Board of Trustees v. Velasco, G.R. No. 170436, February 2, 2011 vi) Requisites for validity of administrative rules and regulations Cases: Dagan v. Philippine Racing Commission, G.R. No. 175220, February 12, 2009 Smart Communications, Inc. v. NTC, G.R. No. 151908, August 12, 2003 Conte v. Commission on Audit, G.R. No. 116422, November 4, 1996, 76 SCAD 16 or 264 SCRA 19
vii)

Penal rules and regulations Cases: People v. Santos, 63 Phil. 300 (1936) People v. Que Po Lya, 94 Phil. (1954) People v. Maceren, 79 SCRA 450 (1977) Force and effect of administrative rules and regulations

viii)

Cases: ix) Peralta v. Civil Service Commission, 212 SCRA 425 (1992) Javellana v. DILG, 212 SCRA 475 (1992)

Requirements of notice and hearing or publication Cases: Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Court of Appeals, 261 SCRA 236 (1996) Construction of administrative rules and regulations Cases: Victorias Milling Co v. Social Security Commission, 4 SCRA 627

x)

National Food Authority v. MASADA Security Agency, G.R. No. 163448, March 8, 2005 SGMC Realty Corporation v. Office of the President, G.R. No. 126999, August 30, 2000 Prospective or retroactive operation of rules and regulation

xi)

Cases: Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Azucena T. Reyes, G.R. No. 159694, January 27, 2006 Rosario Dadulo v. Honorable Court of Appeals, Office of the Ombudsman, et al, G.R. No. 175451, Sept. 28, 2007 Amendment or repeal of administrative rules and regulations Cases: Republic of the Philippines v. Express Telecommunications Company, Inc., G.R. No. 147096, January 15, 2002 Administrative rule and interpretation distinguished Kinds of executive interpretations of the law

xii)

xiii) xiv)

Case: San Miguel Corp. v. Inciong, 103 SCRA 139 (1981) xv) Weight accorded to contemporaneous construction

Case: Asturias Sugar Central Inc. v. Commissioner of Customs, 29 SCRA 617 (1967) xvi) When contemporaneous construction disregarded

xvii) Erroneous construction creates no right; exception


d. Quasi-judicial (adjudicatory) powers

i) Definition Cases: Carino v. Commission on Human Rights, 204 SCRA 483 (1991) Megaworld Globus Asia, Inc. v. DSM Construction and Development Corp., GR No. 153310, March 2, 2004

NAPOCOR v. Hon. Rose Marie Alonzo-Leasto, GR No. 148318, Nov. 22,2004 Guerzon v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 77707, August 8, 1988, 164 SCRA 182 Freeman, Inc. v. SEC, G.R. No. 110265, July 7, 1994, 233 SCRA 735 Antipolo Realty Corporation v. National Housing Authority, G.R. No. L-50444, August 31, 1987, 153 SCRA 299 City of Baguio v. Nio, G.R. No. 161811, April 12, 2006, 487 SCRA 216 ii) Distinguished from quasi-legislative functions

Case: Lupangco v. Court of Appeals, 160 SCRA 848 (1988) iii) Jurisdiction Cases: Chin v. Land Bank of the Philippines, 201 SCRA 190 (1991) Azarcon v. Sandiganbayan, 268 SCRA 747 (1997)

iv) Administrative Due Process Administrative Procedure (1987 Administrative Code, Book VII) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Definition of "contested case" Institution of proceedings Forum shopping Acquisition of jurisdiction of quasi-judicial agency Default in administrative case Hearing Subpoena Contempt power Evidence

v) Due Process in quasi-judicial proceedings

Cases: Santiago v. Alikpala, 25 SCRA 356 (1968) NDC v. Collector of Customs, 9 SCRA 429 (1963)

vi) Cardinal primary requirements of due process

Cases: Fabella v. CA, 89 SCAD 264 or 282 SCRA 256 (1997) Lupo v. Administrative Action Board, 190 SCRA 69 (1990) Madenilla v. CSC, 194 SCRA 278 (1991)
vii) Administrative appeal and review

Case: Kanlaon Construction Enterprises Co., Inc. v. NLRC, 87 SCAD 196 or 279 SCRA 337 (1997)
o

Rules subject to Supreme Court modification Case: First Lepanto Ceramics, Inc. v. Court of Appeals, 231 SCRA 30

Technical rules not applicable Case: Manuel v. Villena, 37 SCRA 747 (1971)
viii)

Administrative res judicata

o o

Definition Exceptions Cases: Exec. Judge Henry Basilla v. Judge Amado L. Becamon, Clerk of Court Lolita delos Reyes and Junior Process Server Eddie delos Reyes, MCTC, Placer-Esperanza-Cawayan, Masbate, G.R. No. A.M. No. MTJ-02-1404, December 14, 2004 National Housing Authority v. Segunda Almeida, Court of Appeals and RTC of San Pedro, Laguna Br. 31, G.R. No. 162784, June 22, 2007 Judge Felimon Abelita III, v. P/Supt. German Doria and SPO3 Cesar Ramirez, G.R. No. 170672, August 14, 2009

e. Fact-finding, investigative, licensing and rate-fixing powers

Cases:

Secretary of Justice v. Lantion, G.R. No. 139465, January 18, 2000, 322 SCRA 160

Montemayor v. Bundalian, G.R. No. 149335, July 1, 2003, 405 SCRA 264 Department of Health v. Camposario, 457 SCRA 438 (2005) Securities and Exchange Commission v. Interport Resources Corp., et al, G.R. No. 135808, October 6, 2008 Potranco South Express, Inc. v. Board of Transportation, 191 SCRA 581 (1990) Carmelo v. Ramos, G.R. No. L-17778, November 30, 1962 116 Phil. 1152 Gaoiran v. Alcala, G.R. No. 150178, November 26, 2004, 444 SCRA 428 Vigan Electric Light Co., Inc. v. Public Service Commission, 10 SCRA 46 (1964)

D. Administrative disciplinary investigation 1. Discipline: general provisions (see Administrative Code of 1987, 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Section 46) Disciplinary jurisdiction (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 47) Procedure in administrative cases against non-presidential appointees (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 48) Appeals (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 49) Summary (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 50) Preventive suspension (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 51) Lifting of preventive suspension pending administrative investigation (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 52) Removal of administrative penalties or disabilities (see Administrative Code of 1987, Section 53) Cases:

Hagad v. Gozo-Dadole, G.R. No. 108072, December 12, 1995 Fabella, et al. v. CA, G.R. No. 110379, November 28, 1997 Beja, Sr. v. CA, G.R. No. 97149, March 31, 1992 Estampa, Jr. v. City Government of Davao, G.R. No. 190681, June 21, 2010

E. Judicial recourse and review 1. Doctrine of primary administrative jurisdiction o Definition

Cases:

Emerson B. Bagonghasa v. Johanna L. Romualdez, G.R. No. 179844, March 23, 2011 Nestle Philippines, Inc. v. Uniwide Sales Inc., G.R. No. 174674, October 20, 2010 GSIS v. COA, G.R. No. 138381, November 10, 2004 Gregorio Vigilar v. Arnulfo D. Aquino, G.R. No. 180388, January 18, 2011 Geraldine Gaw Guy v. The Board of Commissioners of the Bureau of Immigration, G.R. No. 167824, July 2, 2010

2. Doctrine of exhaustion of administrative remedies o Definition o Exceptions Cases:

New SunValley Homeowners Association v. Sangguniang Barangay ng Sun Valley, G.R. NO. 156686, July 27, 2011 Arlin Obiasca v. Jeane Basallote, G.R. No. 176707, February 17, 2010 Republic v. Carlito Lacap, G.R. No. 158253, March 2, 2007 Khristine Rea Regino v. Pangasinan Colleges of Science and Technology, et al, G.R. No. 156109, November 18, 2004

3. Doctrine of finality of administrative action o Definition o Requisites Cases:

Mendiola v. Civil Service Commission and Economic Intelligence and Investigation Bureau, G.R. No. 100671, April 7, 1993 Fraginal v. Hrs. of Paraal, G.R. No. 150207, February 23, 2007