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ANNA UNIVERSITY COIMBATORE REGULATIONS 2008 B.E (Electronics and Communication Engineering) SEMESTER V Code NoTHEORY Principles of Management Measurements and Instrumentation Digital Signal Processing Microprocessors and applications Transmission Lines & Waveguides Computer Networks PRACTICAL Communication Skills & Personality Development Digital Signal Processing Lab Networks Lab Total Code NoTHEORY VLSI Design Digital Communication Microcontrollers & RISC Architecture Antenna and Wave Propagation Digital Image Processing Elective I 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100 100 100 4 4 4 4 4 3 SEMESTER VI Course Title 4 3 3 3 3 3 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 11 P 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 2 100 2 100 2 M C 5 4 4 3 4 4 Course Title L T P M C

0 0 0 0 19 4 L T

PRACTICAL Analog and Digital Communication 0 Systems Lab VLSI Lab 0 Microprocessor & Microcontroller Lab 0 Total 18

0 0 0 5

3 3 3 9

100 100 100 -

2 2 2

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com SEMESTER VII Course Title

Code NoTHEORY

Embedded Systems Television & Video Engineering Optical Communication Microwave Engineering Elective II Elective III PRACTICAL Electronic System Design Lab Optical & Microwave Lab Project Phase-I+ Total SEMESTER VIII Course Title

3 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 18

1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 3

0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 9

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 -

4 4 3 4 3 3 2 2 2

Code NoTHEORY

Cellular and Mobile Communication 3 1 Disaster Management 3 0 Elective IV 3 0 Elective V 3 0 PRACTICAL Project Work+ 0 0 Modeling & Simulation Lab 0 0 Total 12 1 ** No Examinations + Project Phase I 50 % of Marks

0 0 0 0 12 2 14

100 100 100 100 200 6 -

4 3 3 3

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LIST OF ELECTIVES FOR B-E- ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGGSEMESTER VI Code NoCourse Title Medical Electronics Operating Systems Power Electronics Speech Processing Object Oriented Programming Numerical Methods and Linear Programming Network Analysis and Synthesis Neural Networks and Applications Digital Control System SEMESTER VII Code NoCourse Title Advanced Microprocessor Internet and Java Computer Hardware and Interfacing Advanced Digital Signal Processing Electromagnetic Interference and Compatibility High Speed Networks Device Modeling Fuzzy Systems & Engineering Applications Professional Ethics and Human Values RF MEMS RF Circuit DesigN Nano Electronics L 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 L T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 T P 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 P M 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 M C 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 C

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com SEMESTER VIII Code NoCourse Title Wireless networks Telecommunication Switching and Networks Satellite Communication Advanced Electronic system design Optoelectronic devices Telecommunication System Modeling and Simulation Radar and Navigational Aids Remote Sensing Engineering Acoustics Intellectual Property Rights Network Security Microwave Integrated Circuits Design Network Processors Genetic Algorithms Arm System Architecture & applications Total Quality Management Consumer and Entertainment Electronics Engineering Mobile Adhoc Networks L 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 P 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 M 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 C 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com SEMESTER V

PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT
L T P M 4 1 0 100 UNIT-I FOUNDATIONS C 5 9

Historical developments approaches to management Management and Administration Development of Management Thought Contribution of Taylor and Fayol Functions of Management Types of Business OrganizationUNIT-II MANAGERS & ENVIRONMENT 9

Social responsibilityPlanning Objectives Setting Objectives Process of Managing through Objectives Strategies- Policies & Planning Premises- Forecasting Decision-makingUNIT-III FUNCTIONAL AREA OF ORGANISATION 9

Formal and informal organization Organization Chart Structure and Process Departmentation by difference strategies Line and Staff authority Benefits and Limitations De-Centralization and Delegation of Authority Staffing Selection Process - Techniques HRD Managerial EffectivenessUNIT IV MOTIVATION & DIRECTIONS 9

Objectives Human Factors Creativity and Innovation Harmonizing Objectives Leadership Types of Leadership Motivation Hierarchy of needs Motivation theories Motivational Techniques Job Enrichment Communication UNIT-V CONTROLLING STRATEGIES 9

System and process of Controlling Requirements for effective control The Budget as Control Technique Information Technology Computers in handling the information Productivity Problems and Management Control of Overall Performance Direct and Preventive Control Reporting The Global Environment Globalization and Liberalization International Management and Global theory of ManagementTOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Harold Kooritz & Heinz Weihrich Essentials of Management- Tata McGrawHill-7th Edition-2007.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com 2. Joseph L Massie Essentials of Management- Prentice Hall of India- (Pearson) 4th Edition- 2003. REFERENCES: 3. Harold Kooritz & Heinz Weihrich Essentials of Management- Tata McGrawHill-7th Edition-2007. 4. Joseph L Massie Essentials of Management- Prentice Hall of India- (Pearson) 4th Edition- 2003. 5. Tripathy PC And Reddy PN- Principles of Management- Tata McGraw-Hill1999. 6. Decenzo David- Robbin Stephen A- Personnel and Human Reasons Management- Prentice Hall of India- 1996 . 7. Robbins- Principles of Management Pearson education -2005.

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MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION L T P M C 3 0 2 100 5 UNIT I MEASUREMENT CONCEPTS & INDICATING EQUIPMENTS 9 Principles of operation and construction of PMMC Static and dynamic characteristics units and standards of measurements error analysis moving coil, moving iron meters multi meters True RMS meters Bridge measurements Maxwell, Kelvin, Hay, Schering, Anderson and Wien bridge- Q meters Vector meters distortion meters-RF voltage and power measurements.. UNIT II VIRTUAL INSTRUMENTATION 9

Introduction- block diagram of a virtual instrument- physical quantities and analog interfaces-hardware and soft ware user interface-advantages over conventional instruments- architecture of a virtual instruments and its relation to the operating system- overview of software-lab view- graphical user interface- controls and indicators-labels and texts- data types- formatdata flow programming-editing- debugging and running a virtual instrumentgraphical programming palettes and tools- front panel objects- functions and libraries. UNIT III FUNCTION GENERATORS & ANALYZERS 9

Function generators RF signal generators Sweep generators Frequency synthesizer wave analyzer Harmonic distortion analyzer spectrum analyzer-heterodyne wave analyzer- frequency counters-time interval measurement-measurement of voltage, current, phase and frequency using CRO-Special type of CRO. UNIT IV TRANSDUCERS 9

Classification of transducers-selecting a transducer -strain gaugestemperature transducer-LVDT Advantages and disadvantages- capacitive transducers-Piezo electric transducers optoelectronic transducers Measurement of Pressure, Temperature, and velocity UNIT V MODERN MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES 9

A/D &D/A converters-Elements of a digital data acquisition system interfacing of transducers multiplexing Use of recorders in digital systemsdigital recording system-liquid crystal display-computer controlled instrumentation IEEE 488 bus fiber optic measurements for power and system loss optical time domains reflectometer. TOTAL: 45

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TEXT BOOKS: 1. Ernest.o.Doeblin, Dhanesh N.Manik, Measurement SystemsApplication and Design, 5th Edition TMH, New Delhi, 2007. 2. Albert D.Helfrick and William D.Cooper Modern Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques, Prentice Hall of India, 2003. 3. Garry.M.Johnson., LABVIEW graphical programming, TMH, New Delhi, 1996. (II UNIT) REFERENCES 4. B.C Nakara, K.K Chaudhry, Instrumentation Measurement and nd Analysis, 2 edition TMH, New Delhi, 2004. 5. Sanjay Gupta, Virtual Instrumentation, LABVIEW, TMH, New Delhi,2003. 6. Joseph J.Carr, Elements of Electronics Instrumentation and Measurement, Pearson education, 2003. 7. Alan. S. Morris, Principles of Measurements and Instrumentation, Prentice Hall of India, 2nd edition, 2003.

Built in Laboratory Component 1. Introduction to Lab VIEW Programming (Creating, Editing and debugging a VI ) 2. Programming Techniques in LabVIEW. 3. Basic Concepts of Data Acquisition and Terminology. 4. 5. 6. 7. Signal Conditioning (i)Thermocouple Measurement (ii)Multiplexed and Parallel Measurement (iii)Vibration Measurement

8. Analog Input, Analog Output, and Digital I/O based Data Acquisition

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DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING L T 3 1 UNIT I FAST FOURIER TRANSFORM P 0 M C 100 4 9

Introduction to DFT Efficient computation of DFT- Properties of DFT FFT algorithms Radix-2 FFT algorithms Decimation in Time Decimation in Frequency algorithms fast convolution- overlap save method. UNIT II FINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS 9

Amplitude and phase responses of FIR filters Linear phase filters Windowing techniques for design of linear phase FIR filters: Rectangular- Hamming- HanningBlackman and Kaiser Windows. Gibbs phenomenon principle of frequency sampling technique- principle of optimum equiripple approximation. Realization - FIR filters. UNIT III INFINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS 9

Review of design of analogue Butterworth and Chebychev Filters- Frequency transformation in analog domain Design of IIR digital filters using impulse invariance technique Design of IIR digital filters using bilinear transformation pre warping Frequency transformation in digital domain Realization - Direct form I, Direct form II, cascade and parallel. UNIT IV FINITE WORD LENGTH EFFECTS 9

Quantization noise derivation for quantization noise power Binary fixed point and floating point number representations Comparison truncation and rounding error input quantization error-coefficient quantization error limit cycle oscillations-dead band- Overflow error-signal scaling. UNIT V DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS 9

Architectural Features DSP Building Blocks Multiplier- Shifter- MAC Unit- ALU Bus Architecture and Memory Addressing Modes Address Generation Unit Hardware architecture pipelining- Overview of instruction set of TMS320C50. TOTAL: 45 TUTORIAL: 15 TEXT BOOKS: 1. John G Proakis- Dimtris G Manolakis- Digital Signal Processing PrinciplesAlgorithms and Application- Pearson/PHI- 4th Edition- 20072. S.K.Mitra- Digital Signal Processing- A Computer based approach- Tata McGraw-Hill- 1998- New Delhi.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com 3. B.Venkataramani & M-Bhaskar- Digital Signal Processor Programming and Application- TMH 2002 (V UNIT) REFERENCES Architecture-

4. John G Proakis- Dimtris G Manolakis- Digital Signal Processing PrinciplesAlgorithms and Application- Pearson/PHI- 4th Edition- 20075. S.K.Mitra- Digital Signal Processing- A Computer based approach- Tata McGraw-Hill- 1998- New Delhi 6. Allan V.Openheim, Ronald W.Sehafer & John R.Buck-Discrete Time Signal Processing,second edition-Pearson/Prentice Hall. 7. Johny R-Johnson: Introduction to Digital Signal Processing- Prentice Hall- 1984 8. Emmanuel I feachor Digital Signal Processing: A Practical Approach, 2/E Prentice Hall-2002 9. Li Tan Digital Signal Processing Elsevier-2008

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com MICROPROCESSOR AND APPLICATIONS L T P M 3 1 0 100 UNIT I 8 BIT MICROPROCESSOR ARCHITECTURE

C 4 9

8085-Internal Architecture - Addressing modes - Instruction set -Timing diagramsInterrupts-Assembly language Programming UNIT II 16 BIT MICROPROCESSOR ARCHITECTURE 9

8086-Internal Architecture -Memory segmentation -Timing diagram - Interrupts-8086 CPU Hardware design- Maximum mode CPU Module - Minimum mode CPU module UNIT III 8086 INSTRUCTION SET & ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING 9

Addressing modes - Instruction set- Data transfer instructions- String instructionsLogical Instructions Arithmetic Instructions Transfer of control instructions -Processor control Instructions -Assembly language programming AssemblerUNIT IV SPECIAL PURPOSE SUPPORT DEVICES 9

8255A -Programmable peripheral interface - 8251A USART -8279- keyboard and display controller -8259 programmable Interrupt controller -8257 DMA controller -8254 programmable interval timer -digital to analog and analog to digital converters UNIT V MEMORY AND I/O INTERFACING 9

Types of Main memory- SRAM -interfacing- DRAM -interfacing -I/O interfacingprogrammed I/O- Interrupt Driven I/O- DMA Interfacing Microcomputer to high power devices - Optical Motor shaft Encoders

TOTAL: 45 TUTORIAL: 15 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Douglas V-Hall Microprocessor and interfacing 2/E TMH,2002. 2. Walter A-Tribel & Avtar Singh The 8088 and 8086 Microprocessors programming -Interfacing -software -Hardware and Application 4/E Pearson/PHI 2003.

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REFERENCES: 3. John Uffenbeck Microcomputer and Microprocessors The 8080-8085 and Z-80 programming Interfacin 4. g and Troubleshooting 3rd Edition- -Pearson Education,2000 5. John Uffenbeck The 8086 family Design-programming and interfacing-3/Epearson Education 6. Ramesh Gaonkar-Microprocessor Architecture Programming and Application with 8085-Penram Publications pvt Ltd-5 E/Pearson 2000 .

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UNIT I

TRANSMISSION LINES AND WAVEGUIDES L T P M C 3 1 0 100 4 TRANSMISSION LINEPARAMETERS & THEORY 9

Transmission line Parameters Characteristic impedance as a cascade of TSections - Definition of Propagation Constant.-General Solution of the transmission line The two standard forms for voltage and current of a line terminated by an impedance physical significance of the equation and the infinite line The two standard forms for the input impedance of a transmission line terminated by an impedance meaning of reflection coefficient wavelength and velocity of propagation. Waveform distortion distortion less transmission line Input impedance of lossless lines reflection on a line not terminated by Zo - Transfer impedance reflection factor and reflection loss T and Section equivalent to lines. UNIT II THE LINE AT RADIO FREQUENCIES 9 Parameter of the open wire at high frequencies-coaxial line-Standing waves and standing wave ratio on a line One eighth wave line The quarter wave line and impedance matching the half wave line. The circle diagram for the dissipation less line The Smith Chart Application of the Smith Chart Conversion from impedance to reflection coefficient and vice-versa. Impedance to Admittance conversion and vice versa Input impedance of a lossless line terminated by an impedance single stub matching and double stub matching. UNIT III GUIDED WAVES 9

Waves between parallel planes of perfect conductors Transverse electric and transverse magnetic waves characteristics of TE and TM Waves Transverse Electromagnetic waves Velocities of propagation component uniform plane waves between parallel planes Attenuation of TE and TM waves in parallel plane guides Wave impedances. UNIT IV RECTANGULAR WAVEGUIDES 9

Transverse Magnetic Waves in Rectangular Wave guides Transverse Electric Waves in Rectangular Waveguides characteristic of TE and TM Waves Cutoff wavelength and phase velocity Impossibility of TEM waves in waveguides Dominant mode in rectangular waveguide Attenuation of TE and TM modes in rectangular waveguides Wave impedances characteristic impedance Excitation of modes.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com UNIT V CIRCULAR WAVE GUIDES AND RESONATORS 10

Bessel functions Solution of field equations in cylindrical co-ordinates TM and TE waves in circular guides wave impedances and characteristic impedance Dominant mode in circular waveguide excitation of modes Microwave cavities, Rectangular cavity resonators, circular cavity resonator, semicircular cavity resonator, Q factor of a cavity resonator for TE101 mode. TUTORIAL:15 TOTAL: 60

TEXT BOOKS: 1. J.D.Ryder Networks, Lines and Fields, PHI, New Delhi, 2003. 2. E.C. Jordan and K.G.Balmain Electro Magnetic Waves and Radiating System, PHI, New Delhi, 2003. REFERENCES: 3. B.Somanathan Nair, Transmission Lines and Wave guides, Sanguine Technical publishers,2006. 4. David M.Pozar: Microwave Engineering 2nd Edition John Wiley 2000.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com COMPUTER NETWORKS L T P M 3 1 0 100 UNIT I APPLICATION LAYER C 4 9

The Network Edge- The Network Core- Delay- Loss- and Throughput in PacketSwitched Networks-Protocol Layers and Their Service Models- Networks Under Attack- -Principles of Network Applications-The Web and HTTP-File Transfer: FTPElectronic Mail in the Internet- DNSThe Internets Directory Service-Peer-to-Peer Applications UNIT II TRANSPORT LAYER 9

Introduction and Transport-Layer Services-Multiplexing and DemultiplexingConnectionless Transport: UDP-Principles of Reliable Data Transfer-ConnectionOriented Transport: TCP-Principles of Congestion Control-TCP Congestion Control UNIT III THE NETWORK LAYER 9

Introduction-Virtual Circuit and Datagram Networks- Inside a Router- The Internet Protocol (IP): Forwarding and Addressing in the Internet-Routing Algorithms Routing in the Internet-Broadcast and Multicast Routing- Mobile IP UNIT IV THE LINK LAYER AND LOCAL AREA NETWORKS 9

Link Layer: Introduction and Services-Error-Detection and -Correction TechniquesMultiple Access Protocols-Link-Layer Addressing-Ethernet-Link-Layers Switches- The Point-to-Point Protocol-Link Virtualization: A Network as a Link Layer- WiFi: 802-11 Wireless LANs UNIT V NETWORK SECURITY AND MANAGEMENT 9

Principles of Cryptography- Message Integrity- End-Point Authentication- Securing Email- Securing TCP Connections: SSL-Network-Layer Security: IPsec- Securing Wireless LANs- Operational Security: Firewalls and Intrusion Detection Systemselements of QOS TOTAL: 45 TUTORIAL : 15 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Andrew S.Tannenbaum-Computer Networks- PHI/Pearson 4/E 2003. 2. Behrouz A.Forouzan- Data communication and Networking- Tata McGraw-Hill4/E-2007.

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REFERENCES: 3. James .F.Kurose & W.Ross Computer Networking: A Top down approach Pearson education-4 /E 2007 4. Alberto Leon Garcia, Communication Networks, 2nd Edition TMH, 2004. 5. Larry L-Peterson &Peter s-Davie-Computer Networks -Harcourt Asia Pvt-Ltd2/E. 6. Dougles comer Computer networks with Internet applications Pearson edition 2005

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COMMUNICATION SKILLS & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT L T P M 0 0 3 100 1. DEXTERITY IN WRITING

C 2

Importance of Writing Writing vs Spoken Language Formal & Informal styles of Writing Report writing-Resources for improving Writing Grammar and Usage Application Essays Project Proposals 2. COMPOSITION ANALYSIS Technical and non technical passages (GRE based) - Differences in American and British English Analyzing Contemporary issues Expanding terminology 3. PRESENTATION SKILLS Collecting and organizing materials- audience Content Rehearsing Delivering matter Questions Seminar Presentations (Subject Oriented/ General Topics) 4. RESUME PREPARATION 5. GROUP DISSCUSIONS / ACTIVITIES Preparation Participation Group Dynamics Intra / Inter Dept-- Group Discussion Team Work Negotiation Skills Organizational Behavior 6. INTERVIEWS Verbal and Non verbal Skills Rehearsing Taking the Interview Facing the Questions Mock Interviews 7. PSYCHOMETRIC TESTS - APTITUDE TESTS AND PUZZLES Logical reasoning - problem solving verbal- sharpening the skills

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DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LABORATORY L T P M 0 0 3 100 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS USING TMS320C5X 1- Generation of Signals 2- Linear Convolution 3- Implementation of a FIR filter 4- Implementation of an IIR filter 5- Calculation of FFT USING MATLAB 1- Generation of Discrete time Signals 2- Verification of Sampling Theorem 3- FFT and IFFT 4- time & Frequency response of LTI systems 5- Linear and Circular Convolution through FFT 6- Design of FIR filters (window design) 7-Design of IIR filters (Butterworth &Chebychev)

C 2

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NETWORKS LABORATORY L T P M 0 0 3 100 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. C 2

Implementation of Error Detecting Codes(CRC) Implementation of IP subnet Ethernet LAN protocol To create scenario and study the performance of CSMA/CD protocol simulation Token bus and token ring protocols: To create scenario and study the performance of token bus and token ring protocols through simulation. 6. Wireless LAN protocols: To create scenario and study the performance of network with CSMA / CA protocol and compare with CSMA/CD protocols. 7. Implementation and study of stop and wait protocol . 8. Implementation and study of Go-back-N and selective reject protocols. 9. Implementation of distance vector routing algorithm. 10. Implementation of Link state routing algorithm. 11. Implementation of Data encryption and decryption. *Open Source Software Tools like Ethereal /Wireshark Opnet IT Guru, Network Simulator 2, Router Simulator may be used for Simulation.

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SEMESTER VI VLSI DESIGN L T P M 3 1 0 100 UNIT I MOS TECHNOLOGY C 4 9

Chip Design Hierarchy- IC Layers Photolithography and Pattern Transfers- Basic MOS Transistors-CMOS Fabrication Submicron CMOS Process Masks and Layout CMOS Design Rules: Lambda based layout- Types of rules- SCMOS Design Rule set IIUNIT II MOSFET TRANSISTOR 9

MOSFET operation - MOSFET switch model and square law model MOSFET parasitic- MOSFET SPICE Modeling-CMOS Inverter: Voltage Transfer curve- LayoutBody Effect-Latch up problem in CMOS circuits-Latch up preventionUNIT III CMOS LOGIC GATES DESIGN AND LAYOUT 9

NAND and NOR Gates Complex Logic Gates Tri state circuits Large FETsTransmission Gate and Pass Transistor Logic-Standard Cell design: Cell hierarchyCell librariesUNIT IV STORAGE ELEMENTS AND DYNAMIC LOGIC CIRCUITS 9

SR Latch- Bit Level Register D Type Flip Flop Dynamic D Flip Flop The Static RAM Cell Dynamic Logic Domino Logic SR Logic Dynamic Memories UNIT V VHDL 9

VHDL Program Structure- concurrent code sequential code - Variables- signals and Constants-VHDL Operators -VHDL Description of Combinational Networks: Adders Modeling Flip Flop using VHDL Processes VHDL Model for Multiplexer Modeling a sequential MachineTOTAL: 45 TUTORIAL : 15

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com TEXT BOOKS: 1- John P Uyemura- Chip Design for Submicron VLSI:CMOS layout and simulation Thomson India Edition- 2006(unit I to IV) 2- Charles H Roth-Digital System Design Using VHDL- Thomson business Information India Pvt Ltd-2006 (Unit V) REFERENCES 3- Kamran Eshraghian- Douglas A Pucknell Sholeh Eshraghian Essentials of VLSI Circuits and Systems- Prentice Hall of India Pvt Ltd- 2006 4- Volnei A Pedroni-Circuit design with VHDL- Prentice Hall of India Pvt Ltd2005 5 Wayne Wolf, Modern VLSI Design System On Chip, PHI 2006, 3e, New Delhi

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS L T P M 3 1 0 100 UNIT I SAMPLING AND WAVEFORM CODING C 4 9

Sampling Theorem- Band pass sampling- PAM- PCM -Uniform and Non- Uniform Quantization- Quantization error- DM and Adaptive Delta Modulation-DPCM- TDM Principles- Digital Hierarchy. UNIT II BANDLIMITED SIGNALLING 9

Power Spectra of PAM signals- Inter Symbol Interference- Ideal Nyquist channelRaised Cosine Channels- Correlative Coding- Eye patterns- Adaptive Equalization for Data Transmission UNIT III PASS BAND DATA TRANSMISSION 12

Pass band Transmission Model- ML criterion-correlation receivers- Matched filters. Generation- Detection- Signal Space diagram- Bit error probability and power spectra of BPSK- QPSK- FSK and MSK schemes- Performance comparisons- carrier and bit synchronization UNIT IV ERROR CONTROL CODING 9

Linear block codes- Cyclic codes- Convolution Codes: Coding Gain and Viterbi decoding of Convolution Codes- Trellis coded modulation. UNIT V SPREAD SPECTRUM SYSTEMS: 6

Pseudo Noise sequences- generation-principles of DSSS-correlation properties- msequence and Gold sequence- FH-SS- processing gain- anti-jam TOTAL: 45 TUTORIAL: 15 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Simon Haykins- Digital Communications- John Wiley, 4/E- 2007. 2. H. Taub, D.L.Schilling, G. Saha- Principles of Communication Systems- 3/ETata McGraw Hill Publishing Company- New Delhi- 2008 REFERENCES: 3. John.G.Proakis Digital Communication- McGraw Hill 3/E - 2008. 4. K.N.Chari., D.Ganesh Rao-Digital Communications- 2/E- Sanguine Technical Publishers- Bangalore- 2005 5. B.Sklar Digital communications2/E Prentice Hall-2001

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com MICROCONTROLLER & RISC ARCHITECTURES L T P M 3 1 0 100

C 4

UNIT 1 THE 8051 ARCHITECTURE 9 8051 Microcontroller Hardware-Input/Output pins- ports and circuits-External memory-Counters and Timers-Serial Data Input/Output-Interrupts UNIT II THE 8051 INSTRUCTION SET AND PROGRAMMING 9 8051 Addressing Modes-Arithmetic Instructions-Logical Instructions-Single bit Instructions-Timer/Counter-Serial Communication-Interrupts ProgrammingAssembly Language programming UNIT III THE 8051-REAL WORLD INTERFACING 9 Interfacing LCD-ADC and sensors to 8051-8051 interfacing to a stepper motorkeyboard and DAC-8051 interfacing to external memory-8051 interfacing to the 8255 UNIT IV THE ARM RISC ARCHITECTURE 9

The RISC revolution-The reduced instruction set computer Design for low power consumption-The ARM architecture basics-Architectural inheritance-The ARM programmers model-ARM organization and implementation-3 stage and 5 stage pipeline ARM organization-ARM instruction execution-ARM implementation-ARM processor cores-ARM7 TDMI-ARM8 TDMI-ARM9 TDMIARM development tools-Architectural support for system development UNIT V ARM INSTRUCTION AND ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING 9 Exceptions-Conditional execution-Branch and branch with link and exchangeSoftware interrupt-Data processing instructions-Single word and unsigned byte data transfer and half word and signed byte data transfer instructions-Multiple register transfer instructions-Swap instructions-Architectural support for high level languages-The thumb instruction set-Thumb implementation-Thumb applications-Writing simple assembly language programs TOTAL: 45 TUTORIAL: 15 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Krishnakant Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Architectureprogramming and system design 8085- 8086- 8051- 8096- PHI 2007New Delhi. 2. Ajay.V.Deshmukh, Mircro controllers Theory and applications, TMH,2004. 3. Steve Furber ARM System-on-chip-architecture 2nd edition Addison Wesley 2000 www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com REFERENCES: 4. Muhammad Ali Mazidi-Jamice Gillispit Mazidi-The 8051 micro controller and Embedded System Pearson Education,2002. 5. Kenneth J-Ayala-The Microcontroller Architecture-Programming & ApplicationsPearson International,2003. 6. Alan Clements The Principles of Computer Hardware 3rd edition Oxford University Press 2000

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION L T P M 3 1 0 100 UNIT I RADIATION PROPERTIES

C 4 9

Concept of vector potential- Modification for time varying- retarded case- Fields associated with Hertzian dipole- Power radiated and radiation resistance of current element-Radiation from half-wave dipole and quarter-wave monopole antennas. Radiation intensity- Directive gain- Directivity- Power gain- Beam Width- Band WidthGain -Quarter wave monopole-Half-wave dipole and folded dipole- Reciprocity principle- Effective length and Effective area- Relation between gain effective length and radiation resistance. UNIT II ANTENNA ARRAYS 9

Antenna Arrays: Expression for electric field from two, three and N element arrayslinear arrays: Broad-side array and End-Fire array- Method of pattern multiplicationBinomial array- Horizontal and Vertical Antennas above the ground plane, Phased arrays, Frequency-Scanning arrays- Adaptive arrays and Smart antennas. UNIT III ANTENNA TYPES 9

Loop Antennas: Radiation from small loop and its radiation resistance- Radiation from a loop with circumference equal to a wavelength-Helical antenna: Normal mode and axial mode operation-Yagi uda Antenna- Log periodic antenna- Phased array- rhombic antenna- Horn antenna- Reflector antennas and their feed systems- Micro strip antenna-Selection of antenna based on frequency of operation Antennas for special applications: Antenna for terrestrial mobile communication systems, GPR, Embedded antennas, UWB, Plasma antenna. UNIT IV WAVE PROPAGATION 9

Ground wave propagation: Attenuation characteristics for ground wave propagationCalculation of field strength at a distance - Space wave propagation: Reflection from ground for vertically and horizontally polarized waves- Reflection characteristics of earth- Resultant of direct and reflected ray at the receiver- Duct propagation - Sky wave propagation: Structure of the ionosphere- Effective dielectric constant of ionized region- Mechanism of refraction- Refractive index- Critical frequency- Skip distanceEffect of earths magnetic field- Attenuation factor for ionospheric propagationMaximum usable frequency- Fading and Diversity reception. UNIT V ANTENNA AND IONOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS 9

Antenna Measurements:Reciprocity in Antenna measurements Near-field and Farfield - Measurements ranges - Measurement of different Antenna parametersDirectional pattern, Gain, Phase, Polarization, Impedance, Efficiency.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com Ionosphere Measurements:Measurement of vertical Incidence- Group Velocity and Group Delay- Relation between oblique and vertical Incidence transmission. TOTAL: 45 TUTORIAL : 15 TEXT BOOKS: 1. John D-Kraus and Ronalatory Marhefka- "Antennas"- Tata McGraw-Hill Book Company- 20022. E-C-Jordan and Balmain- "Electro Magnetic Waves and Radiating Systems"- PHI1968- Reprint 2003REFERENCES: 3. R-E-Collins- 'Antennas and Radio Propagation "- McGraw-Hill- 19874. Ballanis "Antenna Theory " - John Wiley & Sons- second edition 2003 5. D.Ganesh rao, B.Somanathan nair, Deepa Reghunath- Antennas and Radio-Wave Propagation, Sanguine technical publishers, Bangalore- 2007.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING L T P M 3 1 0 100 UNIT I DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS C 4 9

Elements of digital image processing systems- Elements of visual perception- psycho visual model- brightness- contrast- hue- saturation- mach band effect- Color image fundamentals - RGB- HSI models- Image sampling- Quantization- dither- Twodimensional mathematical preliminaries UNIT II IMAGE TRANSFORMS 9 1D DFT- 2D transforms DFT- DCT- Discrete Sine, Walsh- Hadamard- Slant- Haar Wavelet Transform UNIT III IMAGE ENHANCEMENT AND RESTORATION 9 Spatial domain enhancement: gray level transformations - histogram modification and specification techniques- Image averaging- Directional Smoothing- Median- Geometric mean- Harmonic mean- Contra harmonic and Yp mean filters- Homomorphic filteringColor image enhancement. Image Restoration degradation model- Unconstrained and Constrained restoration- Inverse filtering: Removal of blur caused by uniform linear motion- Wiener filtering- Geometric transformations: spatial transformations- GrayLevel interpolation UNIT IV IMAGE SEGMENTATION AND REPRESENTATION 9 Point- line and edge detection- Edge linking- Region based segmentation: Region splitting and merging. Image representation: chain codes polygonal approximations signatures boundary segments skeletons UNIT V IMAGE COMPRESSION 9 Need for data compression-Error free compression: variable length coding, bit plane coding, LZW coding. Lossy compression: Transform coding, wavelet coding. Compression standards: binary image compression standard, still image compression standards, video compression standards. TOTAL: 45 TUTORIAL : 15

TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. Dr.S.Jayaraman, Digital Image Processing TMH New Delhi ,2009 Anil K- Jain- Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing- Pearson/Prentice Hall of India- 2002-

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com REFERENCES: 3. 4. 5. 6. Rafael C- Gonzalez- Richard E-Woods- Digital Image Processing- Pearson Education- Inc-- Second Edition- 2004 David Salomon : Data Compression The Complete Reference- Springer Verlag New York Inc-- 2nd Edition- 2001 William K-Pratt- Digital Image Processing- John Wiley- NewYork- 2002 Kenneth R.Castleman-Digital Image Processing-Pearson-2003

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com ANALOG AND DIGITAL COMMUNICATION LABORATORY L T P M 0 0 3 100 1. Amplitude Modulation and demodulation2. Frequency Modulation and FSK Generation 3. Balanced modulator 4. Pre-emphasis & de-emphasis 5. Phase locked loop and applications 6. PWM Generation and detection 7. AM detector and AGC Characteristics 8. FM detector 9. PAM and verification of sampling theorem 10. Pulse Code Modulation Encoder and Decoder 11. Delta modulation and demodulation 12. Digital Modulation Techniques using Trainers

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VLSI LABORATORY L T P M 0 0 3 100 I- Design and simulation of Combinational Logic Circuit using VHDL 1. Adder 2. Multiplexer and Demultiplexer 3. Encoder and Decoder 4. Multiplier II- Design and simulation of Sequential logic circuit using VHDL 5. 6. 7. 8. Flip Flops Counter Shift registers Frequency Divider C 2

III- CMOS Circuit design using SPICE (DC and Transient Analysis) 9. CMOS Inverter 10. CMOS NAND and NOR Gates 11. CMOS D Latch IV- FPGA Implementation 12. 4 bit Adder 13. Real Time Clock Equipment / Tools Required 1. 2. 3. 4. HDL Simulation Tool FPGA Synthesis Tool Any SPICE simulator At least 500K Gate density FPGA trainer boards with adequate peripherals

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MICROPROCESSOR AND MICROCONTROLLER LAB L T P M 0 0 3 100 1- Assembly Language Programs using 8085/8086/8051 a- Programs based on Arithmetic and logic instructionsb- Arrays-Largest numberc- Sorting of an arrayd- Code conversion e- Programs involving sub routines- stackf- Programs with Look up tableg- Square root- factorial & average of n numbers-

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2- Experiments using 8051 microcontroller resources a- 8051 timer: -keeping time and /or calculating the amount of time between eventscounting events- generating baud rates for the serial portb- 8051: serial communication -setting the serial port mode- baud rate- writing and sending to serial port C- 8051 port programming 3- Experiments using the peripherals a. 8255 PPI-mode 0- mode 1- mode 2b. 8253 timer-to test various modes of operation and to implement a digital clockc. 8251 USART-transfer data between kits at 9600 baud rated. DAC interface using 8255e. ADC interface using 8255f. Stepper motor interfacing using 8255g. Matrix keyboard and seven segment display interface4-ARM PROCESSOR Study of minimum system based an ARM family microcontroller and writing simple Assembly programs.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com SEMESTER VII EMBEDDED SYSTEMS L T P M 3 1 0 100 9 C 4

UNIT I ARCHITECTURE OF EMBEDDED SYSTEMS

Categories of Embedded Systems-Specifications of Embedded systemsResent trends in Embedded Systems-Hardware Architecture-Software Architecture-Communication software-Process of generation of executable image-development/testing tools. UNIT II PROGRAMMING FOR EMBEDDED SYSTEMS 9

Getting the most of C-data types-manipulating bits in memory and I/O ports-accessing memory mapped I/O devices structures-variant access-mixing C to assembly-register usage-use of addressing options-instruction sequencing procedure call and return-parameter passing retrieving parameters memory management-scope-automatic allocation-static allocation-dynamic allocationshared memory-recognizing shared objects-reentrant functions-accessing shared memory device drivers- productivity tools. UNIT III HARDWARE PLATFORM 9

PIC microcontroller- Architecture of PIC 16c6x/7x- FSR- Reset actionOscillatory connection- Memory organization- Instructions- Addressing modesI/O ports- Interrupts-Timers- ADC- Assembly language programming. UNIT IV REAL-TIME OPERATING SYSTEM CONCEPTS 9

Architecture of the Kernel-task and task scheduler-Interrupt Service RoutinesSemaphores-Mutex-Mailboxes-Message Queues-Event Registers-Pipes-SignalsTimers-Memory Management Priority Inversion Problem UNIT V REAL-TIME OPERATING SYSTEM TOOLS AND CASE STUDIES

Use of C/OS-II- Case study of coding for an Automatic Chocolate Vending Machine using MUCOS RTOS- Case study of an Embedded system for an Adaptive Cruise Control Systems in a Car- Case study of an Embedded Systems for a Smart Card. TOTAL: 45 TUTORIAL : 15

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com TEXT BOOKS: 1.K.V.K.K.Prasad Embedded /Real-Time Systems:Concepts,Design and ProgrammingDream tech,Wiley 2003. 2. Ajay V Deshmukh Microcontroller Theory and Applications Tata McGraw Hill 2005 REFERENCES: 3. Raj Kamal Embedded Systems Architecture Programming and Design 2nd Edition TMH,2008 4.David E Simon An Embedded Software Primer Pearson Education 2003 5.Daniel 5.W Lewis, Fundamentals of Embedded Software Pearson Education2001 6. Peatman Designing with PIC Micro Controller,Pearson 2003

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TELEVISION AND VIDEO ENGINEERING L T P M 3 1 0 100 UNIT I FUNDAMENTALS OF TELEVISION

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Television System and scanning Principles: Sound and picture transmission- scanning process, video signals, characteristics of human eye, brightness perception and Photometric qualities, Aspect ratio and Rectangular scanning, persistence of vision and flicker, vertical resolution, Kell factor, Horizontal Resolution and video bandwidth, Interlaced scanning. Camera tubes- camera lenses- auto focus systems, camera pick up devices, Image orthicon- vidicon - plumbicon- silicon diode array vidicon CCDsolid state image scanners - Comparison of Camera tubes- camera tube deflection unit- video processing of camera signals- color television signals and systems UNIT II TELEVISION STANDARDS AND STUDIO EQUIPMENTS 9

Composite video signal, scanning standards- Horizontal and vertical syn- blanking standards, video modulation and video signal standard- sound modulation and Inter carrier system- standard channel characteristics Reception of VSB signals, TV Broadcast channels- CCIR-B standards-various TV broadcast systems- NTSC, PAL and SECAM system- comparison Television studio system- production and master control Rooms- Tele cine equipments- Helical and AST system UNIT III TELEVISION TRANSMISSION SYSTEM, PROPAGATION AND ANTENNAS 9 REQUIREMENTS OF TV Broadcast Transmission, Design principle of TV Transmitters, IF Modulation, power output stages- Block diagram of TV transmitters, visual exciter,- Aural Exciter- Diplexer- Transmitting antennas- Radio wave Characteristics- propagation phenomena- space wave propagation- Line of sight range- space wave reception over smooth terrain- distance reception- Shadow zonesco channel interference- Ghost images- interference problems. Receiving antenna requirements, characteristics and types- parasitic elements- Yagi aerials- Feedersmatching- booster amplifiers. UNIT IV TELEVISION RECEIVER SYSTEM 9

Block diagrams for monochrome and colour receivers-Specifications- VHF/UHF tuner with AFT, Digital tuning-Video If amplifier requirements- trap circuit- IF amplifier design SAW filter- video amplifier requirements- design of sound IF Takeoff Sound If amplifier- FM discriminators.- Picture Tube- Electron Gun-Deflection systemcharacteristics- colour picture tubes- shadow mask- Trinitron- PIL picture tubes- purityconvergence- automatic degaussing, pincushion correction- flat panel displaysplasma- displays-LCD- Horizontal vertical deflection systems- requirements- EHT

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com generation and regulation- synch separators- SMPS- colour killer-colour decodersCCD techniques. UNIT V ADVANCED TELEVISION SYSTEMS ( Qualitative treatment only) 9 Remote control of TV receivers, Wobbuloscope, pattern generators- Cam cordersCable TV Types, processors, scrambling and conditional access systems- Satellite Television system Tele text of video text systems- digital TV system- HDTV- 3DTV VCR-Videodisc system. TOTAL: 45 TUTORIAL: 15

TEXT BOOKS: 1. A-M-Dhake-" Television and video Engineering second Edition TMH 2003 2. R-R-Gulati-"Modern Television Practice -Technology and servicing -second edition New age International publishes -2004 REFERENCES: 3. Bernard Grob, Basic Television Principles and servicing- second edition, New age International Publisher -2004. 4. R.G.Gupta, Television Engineering and Video systems, First Edition, TMH India 2007. 5. S-P-Bali-" Colour Television -Theory and practice "- TMH 1994

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATION L T P M 3 1 0 100 UNIT I : OPTICAL FIBERS STRUCTURE 9 C 4

Evolution of Fiber Optic Systems Elements of an Optical fiber Transmission link Basic laws and definitions ray optics Optical fiber modes and configurations Mode theory of circular waveguides Overview of modes Key modal concepts Linearly Polarized waves Single Mode Fibers Graded Index Fiber StructureUNIT II : SIGNAL DEGRADATION IN OPTICAL FIBERS 9

Attenuation absorption loss Scattering loss Bending loss Core and Cladding loss Signal distortion in optical wave guides Information capacity determination Group delay material dispersion Wave Guide dispersion Signal distortion in single mode fibers Polarization mode dispersion Intermodal dispersion Pulse broadening in GI fibers Mode Coupling design optimization of SM fibers RI profile and cut off wavelengthUNIT III : OPTICAL SOURCES 9

LEDs LASER Diodes : Semiconductor Laser Diodes- Fabry-Perot Lasers Distributed Feedback (DFB) Lasers Modulation of LASER diodes Temperature effects - Power Launching and Coupling : Source to fiber power launching Lensing Schemes for Coupling improvement - LED coupling to single mode fibers UNIT IV : OPTICAL RECEIVERS 9

PIN Photo detector Schottky-Barrier Photodiodes - Avalanche Photodiodes Photodetector noise Detector response time Avalanche multiplication of Noise Temperature effects on Photo detectors Phototransistors Fundamental Receiver operation preamplifiers Error sources Receiver configuration Probability of error Quantum limit. UNIT V : DIGITAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS 9

Point to point link systems considerations Link Power budget Rise time budget Noise effects on system performance Operational principles of WDM Solitons EDFAs Basic concepts of SONET/SDH. TOTAL: 45 TUTORIAL: 15

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com TEXT BOOKS:

1. G.P Agarwal- Fiber Optic Communication systems- II edition- John wiley & Sons- NewYork- 1997. 2. Gerd Keiser- Optical Fiber Communication - Tata Mc Graw Hill - 3rd ed2007. REFERENCES 3. Palais Fiber optic communications pearson 2005 5e 4. John M. Senior-Introduction to Optical Fiber Communicationspearson/Prentice Hall. 5. Harry J. R Dutton- Understanding Optical Communications- IBM Corporation- International Technical Support Organization- 1998

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com MICROWAVE ENGINEERING L T P M 3 1 0 100 UNIT I C 4

MICROWAVE NETWORK CHARACTERIZATION AND PASSIVE COMPONENTS 9 Circuit and S parameter representation of N ports- Reciprocity Theorem- Lossless networks and unitary conditions- ABCD parameters-Cascaded networks-Relations between S- Y and ABCD parameters- Effect of changing the reference planes in the S matrix- S Matrix of a Directional Coupler- waveguide tees and rat race couplerQualitative discussion on: Waveguide Corners- Bends- Twists- Matched loads and movable shorts. UNIT II MICROWAVE TUBES 9 Transit time effect- Velocity modulation current modulation-bunching-Two cavity Klystron amplifier- Reflex Klystron- Slow-Wave structures -Helix Traveling-Wave Tubes- Convection Current- Axial Electric Field- Wave Modes- Bandwidth, Power and Gain Considerations cross field device Magnetron-power and frequency considerations UNIT III MICROWAVE MEASUREMENTS 9 Slotted line VSWR measurement- impedance measurement- insertion loss and attenuation measurements- measurement of scattering parameters - Return loss measurement using directional coupler-Introduction to vector network analyzer and its uses- return loss and insertion loss UNIT IV Microwave semiconductor devices 9 Gunn-Effect Gunn Diode- Differential Negative Resistance- Modes of OperationAmplification- Microwave Generation- Read Diode- Physical Description- Avalanche Multiplication- IMPATT Diodes- TRAPATT Diode- BARITT Diode- Principles of Operation- Physical Structures- Parametric Amplifiers -Nonlinear Reactance and Manley Rowe Power Relations. UNIT V STRIP LINES 9 Introduction- Microstrip Lines- Derivation of Characteristic Impedance of Microstrip Lines using Quasi Static analysis- Losses in Microstrip Lines- Quality Factor Q of Microstrip Lines- Substrate materials-surface wave excitation- Parallel Strip LinesCharacteristic Impedance- Attenuation Losses- Coplanar Strip Lines- Shielded Strip Lines- Problems- Microstrip based broadband matching networks TOTAL: 45 TUTORIAL : 15

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com TEXT BOOKS: 1. Samuel Y-LIAO : Microwave Devices and Circuits Pearson/Prentice Hall of India 3rd Edition (2003) . 2. Annapurna Das and Sisir K-Das: Microwave Engineering Tata McGraw-Hill (2000). REFERENCES: 3. R-E- Collin : Foundations for Microwave Engg- IEEE Press Second Edition (2002) . 4. David M-POZAR : Microwave Engg- John Wiley & Sons 2nd Edition (2003) . 5. Rizzi microwave engineering-passive circuits PHI 2007

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com ELECTRONIC SYSTEM DESIGN LAB L 1. Design of AC/DC voltage regulator using SCR 2. Design of Process Control Timer 3. Microprocessor/Micro Controller based system design along with suitable signal conditioners for the measurement using a. LVDT b. Strain gauge and Pressure Transducer c. Photocell / LDR d. Temperature measurement using RTD- Thermo couples 4. Data acquisition and storage of signals through Serial / Parallel port to PC 5. PC based data acquisition using add-on (PCI) card or USB compatible card 6. DC motor speed control using digital logic circuits/Microprocessor/PC 7. Simulation Experiments (using MATLAB) a. DTMF generation & detection b. Multirate Processing c. Echo Cancellation d. Error Detection coding e. Modulation and Demodulation 8. PCB Layout design using CAD

T P M 0 0 3 100

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com OPTICAL AND MICROWAVE LABORATORY LTPM C 0 0 3 100 2 Microwave Lab Experiments: Characteristics of Reflex Klystron and Gunn diode Oscillator Study of Power Distribution in directional coupler, Study of power distribution in E / H -Plane Tee, Magic Tee. VSWR Measurements Determination of terminated impedance Radiation Pattern of Horns, Paraboloids. Determination of guide wavelength, frequency measurement. Impedance measurement by Slotted Line Method. Optical Experiments: Measurement of Numerical Aperture and Coupling ( Angular and Lateral ) in Optical Fiber. DC Characteristics of LED and VI characteristics of LASER Diode. Data Communication and Wave length Division multiplexing and de multiplexing using Single Mode Fiber Optic System. Attenuation and Chromatic dispersion Measurement in Single Mode Optical Glass Fiber BER and Eye pattern measurement using a High Bandwidth Oscilloscope

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

List of Equipments Required to perform the above Experiments. 1. Fiber optics Trainer board with LED and facility for BER and Eye pattern Measurement 2. LASER Based Fiber Optic training System with Dual Wavelength Source and Detector with WDM and Data Communication Facility 3. Optical Power Meter 4. Single mode Fiber of Different Length for Attenuation and Chromatic Dispersion Measurement

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com SEMESTER VIII CELLULAR AND MOBILE COMMUNICATION L T P M 3 1 0 100 UNIT I

C 4

MULTIPLE ACCESS TECHNIQUES AND CELLULAR CONCEPT 9

Multiple Access Techniques: FDMA- TDMA- spread spectrum multiple access- CDMASDMA- CSMA protocols- Cellular Concept: Frequency reuse- channel assignmenthand off- Interference and system capacity- tracking and grade of service- Improving Coverage and capacity in Cellular systemsUNIT II MOBILE RADIO PROPAGATION 9

Free space propagation model- relating power to electric field -Propagation mechanisms- reflection -Ground reflection model -diffraction- scattering- link budget design using path loss models -Small scale Multipath propagation- Impulse response model of a multi-path channel- Small scale Multipath measurements- parameters of Mobile multipath channels- types of small scale fadingUNIT III MODULATION TECHNIQUES- DIVERSITY AND ANTENNAS 9

Modulation Techniques: Binary frequency shift keying- Minimum Shift KeyingGaussian MSK- Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing- Diversity reception- Types of diversity- RAKE receiver -Basic combining methods- Base station and mobile station antennasUNIT IV SPEECH CODING 9

Characteristics of speech signals - Quantization techniques - Adaptive Differential pulse code modulation (ADPCM)- Frequency domain coding of speech VocodersLinear Predictive Coders- Selection of Speech Codecs for Mobile CommunicationGSM Codec- USDC Codec - Performance evaluation UNIT V CELLULAR STANDARDS 9

AMPS- GSM-Architecture- Channels and Frame structure- GPRS- EDGE- CDMA standards (IS-95)-Forward CDMA channel and reverse CDMA channel W-CDMALayer architecture TOTAL: 45 TUTORIAL : 15

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TEXT BOOKS: 1. T.S.Rappaport- Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice- Second Edition- Pearson Education/ Prentice Hall of India- Third Indian Reprint 20032. Vijay K-Garg- Wireless Network Evolution 2G to 3G- Pearson Education- New Delhi- 2003 REFERENCES: 3. Dharma Prakash Agarwal and Qing An Zeng- Introduction to Wireless and Mobile Systems- 2nd Edition- Thomson Learning- New Delhi- 2007 4. William C.Y.Lee-Mobile and Cellular Telecommunications Analog and Digital Systems- 2 e -TMH. 5. Tse & viswanath cellular communicatoion 6. Schillermobile communications pearson 2005

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com DISASTER MANAGEMENT L T 3 0 P 0 M C 100 3 9

Unit I: Introduction Introduction Disaster preparedness Goals and objectives of ISDR Programme- Risk identification Risk sharing Disaster and development: Development plans and disaster management Alternative to dominant approach disaster-development linkages -Principle of risk partnership Unit II: Application of Technology in disaster risk reduction Application of various technologies: Data bases RDBMS Management Information systems Decision support system and other systems Geographic information systems Intranets and extranets video teleconferencing. Trigger mechanism Remote sensing-an insight contribution of remote sensing and GIS - Case study. Unit III: Awareness of Risk reduction Trigger mechanism constitution of trigger mechanism risk reduction by education disaster information network risk reduction by public awareness Unit IV: Development planning on disaster Implication of development planning financial arrangements areas of improvement disaster preparedness community based disaster management emergency response. Unit V: Seismicity Seismic waves Earthquakes and faults measures of an earthquake, magnitude and intensity ground damage Tsunamis and earthquakes

TOTAL: 45 Text Books: 1. Pardeep Sahni, Madhavi malalgoda and ariyabandu, Disaster risk reduction in south asia, PHI 2. Amita sinvhal, Understanding earthquake disasters TMH, 2010. Reference: 1. Pardeep sahni, Alka Dhameja and Uma medury, Disaster mitigation: Experiences and reflections, PHI

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com MODELING AND SIMULATION LAB L T P M 0 0 3 100 1- Embedded SYSTEM DESIGN WITH FPGA USING HDLA. SIMPLE ALARM SYSTEMB. PARITY CHECKERC. SCROLLING MESSAGE DISPLAYD. MULTIMODE CALCULATORS2- LOGICAL DESIGN- ADVANCED VERIFICATION AND DIGITAL IMPLEMENTATION AND PCB DESIGN USING SPICE3- MODELING AND PROTOTYPING WITH SIMULINK AND CODE COMPOSER STUDIO WITH DSK. 4- GRAPHICAL SIMULATION AND MODELING USING MATHEMATICAL TOOLS5- SIMULATION OF A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM LIKE DELTA MODULATIONADAPTIVE DELTA MODULATION- QPSK- CONSTELLATION DIAGRAMS USING SIMULINK. C 2

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com LIST OF ELECTIVES FOR B-E- ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGGSEMESTER VI MEDICAL ELECTRONICS L T 3 0 P 0 M C 100 3 9

UNIT I RECORDING AND MONITORING INSTRUMENTS

Bio electric signals and Electrodes- Biomedical Recorders-Medical display systemsmonitoring systems UNIT II MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES 9

Blood flow meters-Cardiac output measurement-Blood gas analyzers-electrophoresispulmonary function analyzersUNIT III THERAPEUTIC EQUIPMENTS 9

Cardiac pacemakers-cardiac defibrillators-Dialysers-Surgical diathermy-LASERPhysiotherapy and electrotherapy equipments-Oxygenations-Heart Lung MachinesUNIT IV MEDICAL IMAGING 9

X-Ray and computer axial tomography-Positron Emission Tomography-MRI and NMRUltrasonic Imaging systems-Medical ThermographUNIT V COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN MEDICAL FIELD 9

Bio medical telemetry-radio pill-Tele stimulation- Latest trends in diagnosis and therapy-Physiological parameter monitoring in space station-Arrhythmia monitoring system-EEG signal analysis-Role of expert systems-Pattern recognition techniques-Ehealth-Application of VLSI design tools in bio electronicsTOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. R-S-Khandpur- Hand book of Biomedical Instrumentation-Tata McGraw HillNewDelhi-19982. Leslie Cromwel- Fred- J- Weibel- Erich-A-Pferffer- Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurements- Pearson/Prentice Hall India- NewDelhi-2001-

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com REFERENCES: 3. John-C-Webster(Ed)- Medical Instrumentation Application and Design-3rd Edition- John Wiley&Sons Inc- New York-19984.Rangaraj-M-Rangayyan- Biomedical Signal Analysis-A Case Study ApproachIEEE Press- John Wiley&Sons Inc- New York-20025- Joseph -J-Carr and John -M-Brown- Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Technology- John Wiley&Sons Inc- New York-2002-

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com OPERATING SYSTEMS L T 3 0 UNIT I P 0 M C 100 3 9

INTRODUCTION AND TYPES OF OPERATING SYSTEMS

Introduction - Mainframe systems Desktop Systems Multiprocessor Systems Distributed Systems Clustered Systems Real Time Systems Handheld Systems Hardware Protection - System Components Operating System Services System Calls System Programs - Process Concept Process Scheduling Operations on Processes Cooperating Processes Inter-process CommunicationUNIT II PROCESS SCHEDULING AND SYNCHRONIZATION 9

Threads Overview Threading issues - CPU Scheduling Basic Concepts Scheduling Criteria Scheduling Algorithms Multiple-Processor Scheduling Real Time Scheduling - The Critical-Section Problem Synchronization Hardware Semaphores Classic problems of Synchronization Critical regions MonitorsUNIT III DEADLOCK 9

System Model Deadlock Characterization Methods for handling Deadlocks Deadlock Prevention Deadlock avoidance Deadlock detection Recovery from Deadlocks - Storage Management Swapping Contiguous Memory allocation Paging Segmentation Segmentation with PagingUNIT IV MEMORY MANAGEMENT 9

Virtual Memory Demand Paging Process creation Page Replacement Allocation of frames Thrashing - File Concept Access Methods Directory Structure File System Mounting File Sharing Protection UNIT V FILE MANAGEMENT 9

File System Structure File System Implementation Directory Implementation Allocation Methods Free-space Management- Kernel I/O Subsystems - Disk Structure Disk Scheduling Disk Management Swap-Space ManagementTOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Abraham Silberschatz- Peter Baer Galvin and Greg Gagne- Operating System Concepts- Sixth Edition- John Wiley & Sons (ASIA) Pvt- Ltd- 2003. 2. Dhamhdere, Operating System 2nd Edition, TMH,2006.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com REFERENCES 3. Harvey M- Deitel- Operating Systems- Second Edition- Pearson Education PvtLtd- 20024. Andrew S- Tanenbaum- Modern Operating Systems- Pearson/Prentice Hall of India Pvt- Ltd- 20034 Davis -operating systems - pearson 2005 5. William Stallings,Operating systems: Internals and design principle-5/E PHI 2004

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com POWER ELECTRONICS L T 3 0 UNIT I POWER SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES P 0 M C 100 3 9

Structure- operation and characteristics of Power Semiconductor Diode- SCR-GTOTRIAC- BJT- Power MOSFET- IGBT and MCT- Steady state and Switching characteristics- Protection UNIT II AC TO DC CONVERTERS 9

Half wave and full wave thristor converters- Semi- full and dual converters-Singlephase bridge configuration-Characteristics for continuous current operation-Input power factor-Effect of source inductance-Three-phase configuration (No analysis)-DC power supply UNIT III AC TO AC CONVERTERS 9

Principle of on-off control- Principle of phase control-Single-phase full wave controllers with resistive and inductive loads-Three-phase full wave controllers (No analysis)-Single-phase cyclo-converter-Static circuit breakers UNIT IV DC TO DC CONVERTERS 9

DC to DC converters using devices other than thyristors-Principle of step down and step up operation-Converter classification-Switching mode regulators-Buck- Boost and Buck-Boost regulators-DC power supply UNIT V DC TO AC CONVERTERS 9

DC to AC converters using devices other than thyristors-Single-phase and Three-phase inverters-Voltage Control-Single pulse-width- Multiple pulse-width and sinusoidal pulse-width modulation-Harmonic reduction- Current Source invertersUninterrupted Power Supply TOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. M.D.Singh, Power Electronics, 2nd Edition, TMH2007. 2. Muhamad H- Rashid- Power Electronics: Circuits- Devices and Applications Pearson/Prentice-Hall of India - Delhi- Third Edition 2007-

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com REFRENCES: 3.Ned Mohan- Tore-M-Undeland- William-P-Robbins- Power Electronics: Converters- Applications and Design- John Wiley and Sons- Third Edition20034.M S Jamil Asghar- Power Electronics Prentice Hall of India- New Delhi- 2007 5.Mr- V Jaganathan- Introduction to Power Electronics- Prentice Hall of IndiaNew Delhi- 2006

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com SPEECH PROCESSING L T 3 0 UNIT I ANALYTICAL BACKGROUND AND TECHNIQUES P 0 M C 100 3 9

Analysis of Discrete Time speech signals Time frequency analysis of speechAnalysis based on Linear predictive loading- Cepstral Analysis of Speech- Automatic Extraction and Tracking of Speech Formants- Automatic extraction of voicing pitchAuditory Model for speech AnalysisLinear Model and Dynamic System Model-Linear Model- Time-Varying Linear ModelLinear Dynamic System Model- Time-Varying Linear Dynamic Systems ModelNonlinear Dynamic System Model UNIT II FUNDAMENTALS OF SPEECH SCIENCE 9

Phonetic Process Introduction- Articulatory Phonetics and Speech generationAcoustic Models of Speech Production- Coarticulation- Acoustic Phonetics and characterization of speech signals- Introduction to Auditory Phonetics- Sound Perception- Speech Perception Phonological process phonemes- FeaturesArticulatory Phonology UNIT III MODELS FOR AUDITORY SPEECH PROCESSING 9

Models for the Cochlear function- Frequency Domain Solution of the Cochlear ModelTime Domain Solution of the Cochlear Model- Stability Analysis for Time Domain Solution of the Cochlear Model- Models for inner hair cells and for synapses to Authority nerve fibres- Interval based speech feature extraction from the cochlear model outputs- Interval-Histogram representation for the speech sound in Quiet in noise- models for network structures in the auditory pathway. UNIT IV SPEECH CODING 9

Introduction- Statistical Models- Scalar Quantization- Vector Quantization (VQ)Frequency-Domain Coding- ModelBased Coding- LPC Residual Coding UNIT V SPEECH TECHNOLOGY IN SELECTED AREAS 9

Speech Recognition Introduction- Mathematical formulation- Acoustic Pre-processorUse of HMMs in Acoustic Modelling- Use of higher order statistical models in acoustic modelling- case study speech recognition using a Hidden Markov Model Robustness of Acoustic Modelling and Recognizer Design- Speed synthesis Introduction- Basic approaches- Synthesis Methods- Databases- Case Study Automatic unit selection for waveform speech synthesis TOTAL: 45

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com TEXT BOOKS: 1. Li Deng Douglas OShaughnessy- Speech Processing: A Dynamic and Optimization oriented Approach- Signal Processing and Communication SeriesPrinted in USA- 2003 2. Thomas F-Quatieri- Discrete Time Speech Signal Processing: Principles and Practice- Pearson Education- New Delhi- 2006 REFERENCES: 3. John R., Jr. Deller , Discrete-Time Processing of Speech Signals , Wiley-IEEE Press-1999 4. Quatieri, Discrete-Time Speech Signal Processing: Principles and Practice,PHI2006.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING L T 3 0

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M C 100 3 9

UNIT I OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING AND BASICS OF C++

Software crisis Software evolution A look at procedure oriented programming Object oriented programming paradigm Basic concepts of object oriented programming Benefits of OOP Object-oriented languages Applications of OOP C++ statements Structure of C++ ProgramTokens Keywords Identifiers and constants Basic data types User defined data types Derived data types Symbolic constants Declaration of variables Dynamic initialization of variables Reference variables Operators in C++ Scope resolution operator Manipulators Type cast operator Expressions and their types Special assignment expressions Control structures - The main function Function prototyping Call by reference Return by reference Inline functions Default arguments Function overloadingUNIT II CLASSES AND OBJECTS 9

Specifying a class Defining member functions Private member functions Arrays within a class Memory allocation for objects Static data members Static member functions Arrays of objects Objects as function arguments Friendly functions Returning objectsConstructors: Parameterized constructors Multiple constructors in a class Constructors with default arguments Dynamic initialization of objects Copy constructor Dynamic constructors DestructorsUNIT III STATIC AND DYNAMIC POLYMORPHISM 9

Defining operator overloading: Overloading unary- binary operators - Manipulation of strings using operators Rules for overloading operators Type Conversions Defining derived classes Single inheritance Multilevel inheritance Multiple inheritance Hierarchical inheritance Hybrid inheritance Virtual base classes Abstract classes - Introduction to pointers to objects: This pointer Pointers to derived classes Virtual functions Pure virtual functionsUNIT IV INTRODUCTION TO JAVA 9

Java features: How Java differs from C and C++ - Simple Java program Java program structures Java tokens Java statements Implementing a Java program Java virtual machine Command line arguments - Constants Variables Data types Scope of variables Operators in JavaDefining a class Adding variables and methods Creating objects Accessing class members Constructors Method overloading Static members Inheritance: Extending a class Overriding methods Final variables and methods Final classes

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com Abstract methods and classes Visibility control - Arrays One dimensional array Creating an array Two-dimensional arrays Strings VectorsUNIT V PACKAGES- MULTITHREADING AND EXCEPTIONS 9

Defining interfaces Extending interfaces Implementing interfaces Accessing interface variables Java API packages Using system packages Creatingaccessing and using a package Adding a class to a package - Creating threads Extending the thread class Stopping and blocking a thread Thread exceptions Thread priority Synchronization Life cycle of a thread Using thread methodsTypes of errors: Exceptions Syntax of exception handling code Multiple catch statements Using finally statements Throwing our own exceptions Using exceptions for debugging- Preparing to write applets Applet lifecycle Creating an executable applet Designing a web page Applet tag Adding applet to HTML file Running the AppletTOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. E-Balagurusamy- Object Oriented Programming with C++- Second editionTata McGraw Hill- 2003 2. E-Balagurusamy- Programming with JAVA A Primer- Second edition- Tata McGraw Hill- 2003 REFERENCES: 3. Herbert Schildt- C++ - The Complete Reference- Tata McGraw Hill- 1997 4. Kris Jasma- Java Programming A Complete Reference- Galgotia Publication1994 5. Gotfried Object oriented programming with c++ Schaumseries-TMH-2007 6. kamthane object oriented programming with ANSI And turbo C++,Pearson2007 7. Stroustroup the c++ programming language pearson 2005

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com Numerical Methods and Linear Programming L T P 3 0 0 UNIT I: Curve Fitting and Theory of Equations:

M C 100 3 9

Empirical laws and curve fitting- linear law- method of group averages- principle of Least squares- fitting straight line, parabola, exponential curve- method of moments- theory of equations- Relation between the roots and coefficients of polynomial equation- equations with real coefficients and imaginary rootsequations with rational coefficients and irrational roots- symmetric of rootsTransformation of equations- Reciprocal equations. UNIT II: Solution of Equations: Solution of numerical algebraic and transcendental equations- the Bisection method- Iteration method- RegulaFalsi method- Newton Raphson methodHorners method- Solution of Simultaneous Linear algebraic equations- Gauss Elimination mwethod- Gauss Jordan method- Crouts method- Gauss Jacobi method- Gauss Seidel method- Relaxation method. UNIT III: Difference Calculus: 9 9

Finite differences- Forward, Backward and central difference operator- shifting operator- Properties and relation between operators- Interpolation- Newtons forward and Backward difference interpolation formula- Gauss forward and backward difference interpolation formula- Bessels Laplace and Everett formula. UNIT IV: Interpolation, Numerical differentiation and Integration: 9

Interpolation with unequal intervals- Divided differences- Newtons divided Difference formula- Lagranges interpolation formula-inverse interpolationNumerical Differentiation- Newtons forward and backward differentiation formula- Numerical Integration- The trapezoidal rule- Simpsons 1/3rd and 3/8th rule-Difference equations- solution of linear homogeneous difference equation with constant coefficients. UNIT V: Numerical Solution of Differential equation: 9

Numerical solutions of ordinary differential equations- Taylor series methodPicards method- Eulers Method- Fourth order Runge Kutta method- Milnes and Adams predictor- Corrector methods- Numerical solution of elliptic equation by Leibmanns method- solution of parabolic equation by Bender Schmidt methodSolution of hyperbolic equation. Mat lab : Toolkits the course content will be augmented by the usage of Mat lab tool box.

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TEXT BOOKS: 1. Curtis.F.Gerald, Patrick.O Wheatly, Applied Numerical Analysis, 6th Edition, Pearson Education New Delhi 2002. 2. John Mathews, Kurtis.D. Fink, Numerical Methods using MATLAB, PHI 1998. 3. Kandasamy.P , Thilagavathy.K and Gunavathy.k, Numerical methods, S.Chand and company Ltd., New Delhi, 2003.

References: 4. Jain.M.k. Iyengar, S.R.K.Jain, Jain.R.K, Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering Computation, 4th Edition New age International Publishers, New delhi, 2003. 5. Sastry.S.S, Introductory Methods of Numerical analysis, PHI , 2001.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com NETWORK ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS L T 3 0 UNIT I

P 0

M C 100 3 9

Network concept- Elements and sources- Network equilibrium equationsNode and mesh method-Network theorems Tellegens Theorem UNIT II 9

First and second order networks- State space equations- Transient responseNetwork functions- driving point and transfer functions- natural frequencies UNIT III Sinusoidal steady-state analysis- Maximum power-transfer theoremResonance- Equivalent and dual networks- Design of equalizersUNIT IV 9 9

Two-port network parameters-Z,Y,h ,ABCD parameters- Barletts bisection theorem- lattice network-Image and iterative parameters- Design of attenuatorsUNIT V 9 Two-terminal network synthesis- Reactance networks- Fosters reactance theorem- Synthesis of RL and RC networks-Cauer and Foster synthesis TOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS:

1. 2.

W-H-Hayt & J-E-Kemmerly- Engineering Circuit Analysis-6 e 2006Tata McGraw-Hill. F.F.Kuo Network analysis and synthesis 2/E John Wiley

REFERENCES: 3. T-S-Huang & R-R-Parker- Network Theory- Addison-Wesley- 1971. 4. Van Valkenburg : Network Analysis.pearson 2005 5. Van Valkenburg :Network Syntehesis.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com NEURAL NETWORKS AND APPLICATIONS L T 3 0 Unit I Neuron model network architecture

P 0

M C 100 3 9

Neuron model single input neuron activation function multiple input neuron neural networks viewed as directed graphs -feedback - network architectures knowledge representation linear and non- linear separable problem(XOR) Unit II Learning process 9

Error correction learning memory based learning - hebbian learningcompetitive learning-Boltzmann learning-credit assignment problem-supervised and unsupervised learning-adaptation-statistical learning theory. Unit III Perceptions 9

Single layer perception-Adaptive filtering-unconstrained optimization-Least-mean square algorithm-Leaning curve-Annealing Technique-perception convergence theorem-Relationship between perception and Bayes classifier-Back propagation algorithm- Network pruning techniques-supervised learning viewed as an optimization problem-convolutional network. Application to Adaptive Prediction and character recognition. Unit IV Attractor neural Network and ART 9

Hopfield model-BAM model-BAM stability-Adaptive BAM -Lyapunov functioneffect of gain-Hopfield design-Application to TSP problem-ART- layer 1-layer 2orienting subsystem-Leaning lawL1-L2-Leaning law L2-L1-ART algorithmARTMAP Unit V Principal Component Analysis and Self Organization 9

Principle of self organization-Principle Component analysis-Adaptive PCA using Lateral inhibition-Two classes of PCA algorithm-Two basic feature- mapping model-self organizing map-SOM Algorithm-properties of the feature map-LVQHierarchical vector Quantization. Applications of self-organizing maps: The Neural Phonetic Typewriter-Learning Ballistic Arm Movements TOTAL: 45

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com TEXT BOOKS: 1. Simon Haykin, Neural Networks and Learning Machines -3/E Pearson/ Prentice Hall 2009 2. Satish Kumar- Neural Networks : A Classroom Approach-TMH2008 REFERENCES 3. Freeman J.A., Skapura D.M.Neural networks, algorithms, applications, and programming techniques -Addition Wesley, 2005. 4. Laurene Fausett, Fundamentals of Neural Networks: Architectures, Algorithms, and Applications - Pearson/ Prentice Hall 5. Robert J Schalkoff-Artificial Neural Networks,McGraw Hill-1997

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS L T 3 0 P 0 M C 100 3

1.

INTRODUCTION

10

Overview of frequency and time response analysis and specifications of control systems - Advantages of digital control systems basic concepts of sampled data control systems principle of sampling, quantization and coding Reconstruction of signals Sample and Hold circuits Practical aspects of choice of sampling rate -Basic discrete time signals Time domain models for discrete time systems. 2. Z TRANSFORMATION 9

Z-transform, Z-transfer function Inverse Z transform, Z-transform analysis of sampled data control system, Z and S domain Relationship 3. TRANSFER FUNCTIONS AND SIGNAL FLOW GRAPHS 8

Pulse Transfer function and z transfer function Closed loop systems modified z transfer function sampled signal flow graph Multirate Discrete data systems. 4. STATE VARIABLE ANALYSIS 9

State space representation of discrete time systems state equations of discrete data system with sample and Hold devices State transition matrix State diagram of digital systems Decomposition of discrete data transfer systems. 5. STABILITY ANALYSIS 9

Mapping between S plane and Z plane- Jury's stability test - Bilinear transformation and extended Routh array- Root Locus Method TOTAL:45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Gopal M. Digital Control and State Variable methods, Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi, India, 2003. 2. Ogata K. Discrete Time Control Systems, Prentice Hall International, New Gercy, USA, 2002.

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REFERENCES: 3. Kuo B.C. Digital Control Systems, Oxford University Press, Inc., 2003 4. Houpis C.H. and Lamont C.B., Digital Control Systems, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 1999. 5. I.J.Nagarth and M.Gopal - Control systems engineering - Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1993.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com LIST OF ELECTIVES FOR B-E- ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGGSEMESTER VII ADVANCED MICROPROCESSORS L T 3 0 UNIT I STRUCTURE OF ADVANCED MICROPROCESSORS P 0 M C 100 3 9

General Structure of Microprocessors - Microprocessor Architecture Instruction Set- Data Formats- Instruction Formats Addressing Modes - - Memory Hierarchy- Register File Cache- Virtual Memory- Paging- SegmentationPipelining- The Instruction Pipeline- Pipeline Hazards- Instruction Parallelism RISC versus CISC RISC Properties- RISC EvaluationUNIT II THE 80386 AND 80486 MICROPROCESSOR 9

80386 Microprocessors Special 80386 Registers 80386 Memory Management Moving to Protected Mode Virtual 8086 Mode The Memory Paging Mechanism 80486 Microprocessor - 80386 Addressing Modes Instruction SetUNIT III THE PENTIUM MICROPROCESSOR 9

The Software model of the Pentium-Pentium processor registers, Data organisation,instruction types, Addressing modes-Pentium insructions-Interrupt processing-Programming the Pentium. UNIT IV PENTIUM HARDWARE 9

CPU pin description-RISC concepts-Bus operation-The Pentiums superscalar architecture-pipelining-Branch prediction-The instruction and data codes-The floating point unit-Protected mode operation-Segmentation-Paging-Protectionmultitasking-Exception-Input/output-Virtual 8086 mode-Pentium II and Beyond. UNIT V THE MOTOROLA M68000 FAMILY 9

The MC680X0 Architecture CPU Registers Data Formats Addressing Modes Instruction Set and Assembly Directives Memory Management Instruction and Data Cache Exception ProcessingTOTAL: 45

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com TEXT BOOKS: 1. Barry B. Brey- The Intel Microprocessors Architecture- programming and interfacing Pearson/PHI- 2003. 2. Daniel Tabak- Advanced microprocessors McGraw-Hill- Inc 1995. REFERENCES: 3. James.L.Antonakos-The Intel Microprocessor Family Hardware and Software Principles and applications-Thomson Indian Edition. 4. James.L.Antonakos-The Pentium Microprocessor-Pearson Edition. 5. James L- Antoratos- An Introduction to the Intel family and microprocessors- pearson Education- 1999.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com INTERNET AND JAVA L T 3 0 UNIT I P 0 M C 100 3 9

Internet connection concepts Dialup Internet access High speed connections Connecting LANs to Internet Email Concepts Email Commands Sending and receiving files by email - Security in EmailUNIT II 9

Online chatting and conferencing concepts Mailing lists Usenet Newsgroups Internet Relay Chat (IRC) Voice and video conferencing WWW concepts Searching on the WebUNIT III 9

Website creation concepts Creating web pages by hand and Web page editors Web Graphics Web audio files Advanced web options File Transfer concepts FTP programs Downloading and installing softwareUNIT IV 9

The Java programming language Basics Classes Packages Interfaces Inheritance - Exception handling Multithreading String and String buffer AppletsUNIT V 9 I/O streams the utility package Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) the net package Advanced concepts: RMI and ServletsTOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Margaret Levine Young et al- Internet The Complete Reference- Millennium edition- Tata McGraw Hill publishing company- New Delhi- 2002. 2. Deitel & Deitel- Java How to Program- 6th Edition PHI- New Delhi- 2005 REFERENCES: 3. Patrick Schilt- JAVA 2- The Complete Reference- Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company- New Delhi- 2003 . 4 R. Krishnamoorthy, Internet and Java Programming, New Age International (P) Ltd. (2004)

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COMPUTER HARDWARE AND INTERFACING L T 3 0 UNIT I CPU AND MEMORY

P 0

M C 100 3 9

CPU essentials- processor modes- modern CPU concepts- Architectural performance features- CPU over clocking- Over clocking the system- Over clocking the Intel processors- Essential memory concepts- memory organizations- memory packages- modules- Logical memory organizations- memory types- memory techniques- selecting and installing memoryUNIT II I/O AND VIDEO PERIPHERALS 9

Input- Output devices - Keyboard and mouse interfaces- Display - Video and LCD displays - CRT controller - Graphics controller- Audio / Video cards- printersInterface standards UNIT III STORAGE DEVICES 9

Storage Devices - Floppy Disks - Controllers and Standards - Hard disks Formats- Controllers and Interface Standards- Optical disks - CDROM disks and drive formats- High capacity Magnetic storage techniques - RAID- Magnetic Tapes Standards UNIT IV PC ARCHITECTURE 9

Operating systems and boot process-BIOSpersonal computer architectureMotherboard-Chipsets-Interfacing peripheral devices-Device drivers-Introduction to other personal computers/work stations/Network computersUNIT V SYSTEM BUS 9

Standards in PC Architecture - BUS standards- System Bus- I/O buscommunication Interface- Plug and play Systems- Current topics in PC architecture / standardsTOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Mueller-S- Upgrading and repairing PCS- 4th Edition- Prentice Hall- 1995 2. Stephen J-Bigelow-Troubleshooting-Maintaining & repairing of PCs- TMH, 2007. 3. Craig Zacker & John Rourke- The complete reference: PC hardware- Tata McGraw-Hill- New Delhi- 2007.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com REFERENCES: 4. Mike Meyers- Introduction to PC Hardware and Trouble shooting- Tata McGraw-Hill- New Delhi- 2005. 5. B-Govindarajulu- IBM PC and Clones hardware trouble shooting and maintenance- Tata McGraw-Hill- New Delhi- 20076. D-V-Hall- Microprocessors and Interfacing Programming and Hardware- Mc Graw Hill-2006

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com ADVANCED DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING L T 3 0 UNIT I MULTIRATE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING

P 0

M C 100 3 9

Decimation by an integer factor - Interpolation by an integer factor - Sampling rate conversion by rational factor -Decimation with poly phase filters Interpolation with poly phase filters - Complementary filters - Interpolated FIR filters - Special FIR filters: Half band filter and comb filter. UNITII TWO CHANNEL FILTER BANKS 9

Analysis and Synthesis Filter Banks-Quadrature Mirror Filter (QMF) banks-Filter bank with perfect reconstruction Paraunitary filter banks Biorthogonal and Linear phase filter banks Transmultiplexer filter banks.

UNITIII

UNIFORM-CHANNEL FILTER BANKS

Filter banks with tree structures, parallel structure Complex Modulated filter banks Cosine modulated filter banks Transmultiplexer filter banks Polyphase QMF banks Paraunitary polyphase and DFT polyphase filter banks . UNITIV WAVELET TRANSFORM 9

Short-time Fourier Transform - -limitations time-frequency scaling Heisenbergs uncertainty Continuous Wavelet Transform Discrete Wavelet Transform Haar, Daubechys wavelets Multi Resolution Analysis of audio signal. UNITV POWER SPECTRUM ESTIMATION 9

Estimation of spectra from finite duration observation of signals: Periodogram use of DFT in power spectrum estimation Non-parametric methods: BarlettWelch-Blackman and Tuckey Parametric Methods: Relationship between the autocorrelation and the model parameters AR model: Yule-Walker method Burg method Unconstrained least squares method sequential estimation methods MA model and ARMA model for power spectrum estimation filter bank realization of the periodogram Eigen analysis algorithm for spectrum estimation TOTAL: 45

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com TEXT BOOKS: . 1. Fredric J Harris, Multirate signal processing for communication systems, Prentice Hall, May 2004. 2. John G Proakis and Dimitris G Manolakis, Digital signal processingprinciples,algorithms and applications,4th edition, Prentice Hall of India, 2007. REFERENCES 3. N J Fliege, Multirate digital signal processing John wiley & sons Ltd., Reprinted with correction, Jan 2000. 4. Rao, R M and A S Bopardikar, Wavelet Transforms: Introduction to theory and applications, Addison Wesley,MA,1998. 5. K P Soman and K I Ramachandran Insight into Wavelets From Theory to practice, Prentice Hall of India, 2005.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFACE AND COMPATIBILITY L T P M C 3 0 0 100 3 UNIT I EMI/EMC OVERVIEW 9

Aspects of EMC - Electrical dimensions - Common EMC units - EMC requirements for electronic systems - Electromagnetic interference - EMI noise sources - Methods of noise coupling - Methods of eliminating interference- Susceptibility - Differential and common-mode noise source UNIT II EMI PROPERTIES OF PASSIVE COMPONENTS 9

Wires - Component leads- Resistors - Capacitors Inductors - Ferrite beads Common-mode chokes- Mechanical switches - PCB lands - Electromechanical devices Crosstalk and Cabling: Crosstalk via common impedance - Capacitive crosstalkInductive - crosstalk - Crosstalk combinations - Reduction of crosstalk - Shield transfer impedance - Shielding of electric field - Shielding of magnetic field - Different types of cables - Effect of Pigtails - Cable layouts UNIT III EMI CONTROL TECHNIQUES 9

Grounding: Safety grounds - Signal grounds- Single-point ground systems- Multipoint ground systems- Hybrid grounds - Functional ground layout - Practical low-frequency grounding - Hardware grounds - Grounding of amplifier shields - Grounding of cable shields -Ground loops - Elimination of ground loops - Shield grounding at high frequencies - Guard shields Shielding: Characteristic and wave impedances - Shielding effectiveness Attenuation of fields by metal plates - Shielding with magnetic materials - Apertures Faraday cage - Conductive gaskets- conductive window and coatings Filtering: Mechanism of conducted emission - Concept of power line filter design Diagnostic techniques - Layout of filter - Non-linear Phenomena - Consequences of nonlinear characteristics - Nonlinearity of semiconductor devices - Increasing the immunity of semiconductor circuits: aspects of system layout and adaptation of circuit design- Examples from practice UNIT IV DIGITAL CIRCUIT NOISE AND RADIATION 9

Spectra of digital circuit waveforms - Analog versus digital circuits - Digital logic noise Digital circuit ground noise - Noise minimization - Differential-mode radiationControlling differential mode radiation - Common-mode radiation and control Electrostatic Discharge: Static generation- Human body model- Static dischargeESD protection in equipment design- EMI Emission Measurements and Test Methods

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com UNIT V EMI MEASUREMENTS AND STANDARDS 9

Open-field test site - Shielded enclosures - Radio-frequency anechoic chamber Antennas - Line impedance stabilisation network - Absorbing clamp - Requirements and types of interference wave measuring instruments - Test procedures for conducted EMI emission - Test procedures for radiated EMI emissions - Susceptibility standards and regulations- Susceptibility of electronics to EMI/ESD - Software and hardware protection - Continuous waves and transients - Susceptibility tests- procedures and equipment -Problems with susceptibility tests TOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. J- P- Mills- Electromagnetic interference reduction in electronic systems- PrenticeHall- 1993. 2. J- J- Goedbloed- Electromagnetic Compatibility- Prentice-Hall India- 1992. 3. Clayton R. Paul Introduction to electromagnetic compatibility- John Wiley & Sons- 2006 REFERENCES: 4 V. Prasad Kodali, Engineering Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Press, 1996. 5 Weston David A., Electromagnetic compatibility : principles and applications, 2/E, CRC Press,2001 6 Tim Williams, EMC for Product Designers, 4th Edition, Elsevier/Newnes, Oxford, 2007

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com HIGH SPEED NETWORKS L T 3 0 UNIT I HIGH SPEED NETWORKS P 0 M C 100 3 9

Principles and standards - ISDN - B-ISDN- High Speed LAN- Frame Relay- DSLADSL-ATM and MPLS UNIT II PROTOCOLS AND STRUCTURE 9

Overview of Higher Layer-Layer ATM and MPLS protocol and Control Plane ProtocolATM Control Plane Structure and AAL- ATM User Network Interface (UNI) SignallingATM control Plane addressing- MPLS Control Plane Architecture- MPLS Label Distribution Protocols- ATM PNNI- and B-ISDN User Services PartUNIT III NETWORKING APPLICATIONS 9

Packet Voice Networking- Voice Trunking- Broadband Local Loop Emulation- Voice Over ATM and Pocket Networks- Multi-protocol Encapsulation over AAL5- ATM Forum LAN Emulation- Ethernet over MPLS UNIT IV QUALITY OF SERVICE AND TRAFFIC ENGINEERING 9

Quality of Service- Traffic Parameters and Conformance Definitions- Classes of Service- Achieving Conformance- Checking Conformance- Ensuring conformanceDelivering QoS- Congestion Control and ManagementUNIT V DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS 9

Design Considerations for ATM and MPLS Networks- Efficiency Analysis- Scalability Analysis- Complexity Analysis- Applications of ATM- Applications of MPLS- Possible Future of Multi-Service NetworkingTOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Uyless Black: MPLS and Label Switching Networks- Second Edition- Pearson Education- Asia- 2001 2. StallingsHigh speed networks- pearson/PHI,2006

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com REFERENCES 3. David E- WcDysan and Dave Paw- Communications Networking: ATM- MPLS Theory and Application Foundations of Multi-Service NetworkingOsborne/McGraw Hill- USA- 2003- Published in India by Dreamtech- New Delhi4. Sumit Kasera- and Pankaj Sethi- ATM Networks"- Tata Mc Graw-Hill- New Delhi- 20005. Rainer Handel, ATM Networks, Addison-Wesley-1994

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com SOLID STATE ELECTRONIC DEVICE MODELING L T 3 0 BASIC SEMICONDUCTOR PHYSICS

P 0

UNIT I

M C 100 3 9

Quantum Mechanical Concepts, Carrier Concentration, Transport Equation, Mobility and Resistivity, Carrier Generation and Recombination, Avalanche Process, Continuity Equation, Diode Small Signal and Large Signal Models, Temperature and area effects. UNIT II BIPOLAR DEVICE MODELING 9

Transistor Models: Ebber Molls Model, Gummel Poon Model, Mextram model, Temperature and area effects. UNIT III MOSFET MODELING 9

Introduction Interior Layers, MOS Transistor Current, Threshold Voltage, Short Channel and Narrow Width Effect, Models for Enhancement, Depletion Type MOSFET UNIT IV PARAMETER MEASUREMENT 9

General Methods, Specific Bipolar Measurement, Depletion Capacitance, Series Resistances, Early Effect, Gummel Plots, MOSFET: Long and Short Channel Parameters, Statistical Modeling of Biopolar and MOS Transistors. UNIT V OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICE MODELING 9 DC, AC and Noise Models of Photoconductor, PIN Photo diode, Junction LASER operation and its threshold current, Hetrojunctoin LASER, LASER Rate Equations. Total: 45

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Giuseppe Massobrio and Paolo Antogentti, Semiconductor Device Modeling with SPICE Second Edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, New York, 1993. 2. S.M.Sze Semiconductor Devices - Physics and Technology, John Wiley and sons, 1985. REFERENCES: 3. De Graaf H.C and Klaasen F M., Compact Transistor Modeling for Circuit Design, Springer Verlag Wien , New York ,1990.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com 4. Pallab Bhattacharya, Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices Prentice-Hall of India, Second Edition, 2002 5. Mohammed Ismail & Terri Fiez Analog VLSI-Signal & Information Processing 1st ED, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing company Ltd 2001.

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Fuzzy Systems & Engineering Applications L T 3 0 UNIT I ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS Basic-concepts-single layer perception-Multi layer perception-Supervised unsupervised learning back propagation networks- Application UNIT II FUZZY SYSTEMS P 0 M C 100 3 9 and 9

Fuzzy sets and Fuzzy reasoning-Fuzzy Matrices-Fuzzy functions-decomposition-Fuzzy automata and languages-Fuzzy control methods-Fuzzy decision making- Applications UNIT III NEURO-FUZZY MODELLING 9

Adaptive networks based Fuzzy interfaces-Classification and Representation treesData clustering algorithm-Rule base structure identification-Neuro-Fuzzy Controls UNIT IV GENETIC ALGORITHM 9

Survival of the fittest-pictures computations-cross over mutation-reproduction-rank method-rank space method- Application UNIT V APPLICATIONS 9

ANFIS Applications - Introduction- Printed Character Recognition- Nonlinear System Identification- Channel Equalization- Adaptive Noise Cancellation - Fuzzy sets and GA in Game playing-Introduction- Variants of GA- using GA in game playing- simulation results of the Basic Models- using Fuzzy characterized featuresTOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Jang J-S-R-- Sun C-T and Mizutani E- Neuro Fuzzy and Soft ComputingPearson/Prentice Hall India P Ltd-- New Delhi- 2006 2. S- Rajasekaran and G A Vijayalakshmi Pai- Neural Networks- Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithms Synthesis and Applications- Prentice Hall India P Ltd- New Delhi- 2007. REFERENCES: 3. Timothy J-Ross Fuzzy Logic Engineering Applications-Tata McGraw Hill- 19974. David E-Goldberg- The Design of Innovation (Genetic Algorithm and Evolutionary Computation) - Kluwer Academic publisher- 2002

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com PROFESSIONAL ETHICS AND HUMAN VALUES L T P 3 0 0

M C 100 3

UNIT I

HUMAN VALUES

Morals- Values and Ethics Integrity Work Ethic Service Learning Civic Virtue Respect for Others Living Peacefully caring Sharing Honesty Courage Valuing Time Co-operation Commitment Empathy Self-Confidence Character Spirituality UNIT II ENGINEERING ETHICS 9

Senses of 'Engineering Ethics' - variety of moral issued - types of inquiry - moral dilemmas - moral autonomy - Kohlberg's theory - Gilligan's theory - consensus and controversy Models of Professional Roles - theories about right action - Self-interest customs and religion - uses of ethical theoriesUNIT III ENGINEERING AS SOCIAL EXPERIMENTATION 9

Engineering as experimentation - engineers as responsible experimenters - codes of ethics industrial standards- a balanced outlook on law - the challenger case study UNIT IV SAFETY- RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS 10

Safety and risk - assessment of safety and risk - risk benefit analysis and reducing risk - the three mile island and chernobyl case studies- Collegiality and loyalty - respect for authority - collective bargaining - confidentiality - conflicts of interest - occupational crime - professional rights - employee rights - Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) discriminationUNIT V GLOBAL ISSUES 9

Multinational corporations - Environmental ethics - computer ethics - weapons development - engineers as managers-consulting engineers-engineers as expert witnesses and advisors -moral leadership-sample code of Ethics like ASME- ASCE- IE-E-E- Institution of Engineers (IEI) India- Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication engineers(IETE) India- etcTOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOK: 1. Mike Martin and Roland Schinzinger- Ethics in Engineering- Tata McGraw-Hill- 1996-3 e.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com REFERENCES : 2. 3. 4. 5. Govindarajan M- Natarajan S- Senthil Kumar V- S- Engineering EthicsPrentice Hall of India- New Delhi- 2004. R-S Nagarazan -A textbook on Professional Ethics and Human Values New Age International Publishers- New Delhi 2006. Charles D- Fleddermann- Engineering Ethics- Pearson Education / Prentice Hall- New Jersey- 2004 (Indian Reprint). Charles E Harris- Michael S- Protchard and Michael J Rabins- Engineering Ethics Concepts and Cases- Wadsworth Thompson Learning- United States2000 (Indian Reprint now available). John R Boatright- Ethics and the Conduct of Business- Pearson EducationNew Delhi- 2003.

6.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com RF MEMS L T 3 0 UNIT I P 0 M C 100 3 9

RF MEMS; microwave applications; configurations; MEMS switches; developments; silicon; GaAs electronics; hermetic packaging; nonhermetic packaging; Mechanical modelling; MEMS devices; static analysis; spring constant; cantilever beams; electrostatic actuation; temperature variation- linear dynamic analysis; small displacement; switching time calculations; applied waveforms; intermodulation products; Brownian noise analysis; MEMS switches; electromagnetic modelling; MEMS capacitive shunt switches; MEMS series switchesUNIT II 9

MEMS switch library; Raytheon capacitive MEMS shunt switch; Omron DC-contact MEMS series switch; Samsung low-voltage DC-contact MEMS series switch; University of Illinois DC-contact MEMS shunt switch; MEMS switch; fabrication; packaging; MEMS release procedures; substrate transfer process; conventional hermetic packaging; on-wafer hermetic packaging; RF feed-throughs; on-wafer hermetic packages UNIT III 9

MEMS switch reliability; power handling; failure mechanisms; MEMS capacitive switches; dielectric charging problem; DC-contact switches; contact material issues; MEMS switches; capacitive switches; high-current reliability tests; MEMS switch circuits; design; biasing; CPW MEMS shunt capacitive switches; inductive matching; microstrip implementation; DC-contact series switches; series/shunt MEMS switches; absorptive MEMS switches UNIT IV 9

MEMS phase shifters; reflection-type phase shifters; switched-line phase shifters; loaded-line phase shifters; switched networks; antenna feeds; library; phase shifter designs; distributed MEMS phase shifters; switches; T lines; measurements; DMTL implementation; X-band 2-bit DMTL CPW phase shifters; wideband distributed MEMS switches UNIT V 9

MEMS varactors; tunable oscillators; electrostatic; parallel-plate capacitors; inter digital capacitors; MEMS switched capacitors; discrete position control; inductor model; micromachining; thick metal layers; substrate etching; self-assembly techniques; solenoid-type copper inductors; reconfigurable MEMS networks; filters; antennas;

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com subsystems; matching networks; currents; reconfigurable antennas; quasi-optical components; tunable resonator fundamentals; millimeter-wave tunable filters; Lincoln Laboratories approach TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. RF MEMS Theory- Design- and Technology- Gabriel M- Rebeiz- Wiley 2003 E- Brown- "RF-MEMS Switches for Reconfigurable Integrated Circuits-" IEEE Trans- Microwave Theory Tech-- Vol- 46- November- 1998

REFERENCES: 3. J-J-Yao- topical Review: RF MEMS from a Device prespective- J-micromechmicro eng-10(2000) 4. G- Rebeiz- RF MEMS: Theory- Design- and Technology- Wiley/IEEE Press2003 5. H-J- De Los Santos- RF MEMS Circuit Design for Wireless CommunicationsArtech House- 2003

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com RF CIRCUIT DESIGN L T 3 0 UNIT I Physical and practical aspects of RF circuit design- Impedance mismatch effects in RF MEMSUNIT II 9 RF/Microwave substrate properties- Micro machined- enhanced elementsMEM switches- Resonators- MEMS modelingUNIT III 9 Reconfigurable circuit elements-Resonator MEMS switch Tunable CPW resonator- MEMS microswitch arrays- Reconfigurable antennaUNIT IV 9 MEMS phase shifters- Types of phase shifters- Switched delay line phase shifters- Distributed MEMS phase shiftersUNIT V 9 RF MEMS filters- Modeling of mechanical filters and resonators- SAW filtersMicromachined filters for millimeter wave applicationsTOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. H-J-D-Santos- RF MEMS Circuit Design for Wireless CommunicationsArtech House - 20022. G-M-Rebeiz - RF MEMS Theory - Design and Technology- wiley - 2003REFERENCES: 3. V-K-Varadan etal- RF MEMS and their Applications- Wiley-2003 4. Maloratsky- Passive RF and Microwave Integrated Circuits Elsavier-2008 P 0 M C 100 3 9

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com NANO EECTRONICS L T 3 0 Unit I Introduction P 0 M C 100 3 10

Nano and Nature- our technologies and the world we live in-Nano the BeginningElectron microscopes-Scanning probe microscopes- Optical microscopes for Nano technology- X Ray diffraction-Associated Techniques. Unit II Diversity in Nano systems 10

Fullerenes Synthesis and purification- Mass spectrometry and Ion/Molecule Reactions/Chemistry of fullerenes- Endohedral chemistry-conductivity and super conductivity in doped fullerenes-Carbon nanotubes- synthesis and purificationelectronic structure-transport-mechanical- physical properties- applicationsSemiconductor Quantum Dots- synthesis and Applications. Unit III Metal Nano Particles and Nano Shells 10

Method of preparation characterization- functions and Applications-core shell Nano particles- Types characterization- functions and Applications-Nano shells types- Types characterization-Properties-Applications. Unit IV Evolving Interfaces in Nano 10

Nano biology- Interaction between Bio molecules and Nano particle surfacesapplications of Nano in biology- microprobes for medical diagnosis and Biotechnology- current status-Nano sensors-order from chaos- applicationssmart dust sensors-Nano medicines various kinds- future directions. Unit V Society and Nano Technology 10

Introduction- Industrial revolution to Nano revolution-Implications of Nano sciences Nano technology on society- Issues-Nano policies and institutionsNanotech and war- Nano arms race- harnessing Nano technology for economic and social development. 1 Total: 50 Hours

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Textbook: 1. T.Pradeep, Nano: The Essentials, Understanding Nano science and Nano technology, Tata Mc-Graw Hill, New Delhi, 2007. References: 1. H.S. Nalwa (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology,Vol1-10, American Scientific Publishers, 2004. 2. C.N.R.Rao and A. Govindaraj, Nanotubes and Nanowires, Royal Society of Chemistry, London, 2005. 3. Jones, Richard A.L., Soft Machines: Nanotechnology and Life, Oxford University Press, 2004.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com LIST OF ELECTIVES FOR B-E- ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGGSEMESTER VIII WIRELESS NETWORKS L T 3 0 P 0 M C 100 3

UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9 Introduction Fundamentals of Wireless Communication Technology Electromagnetic Spectrum Radio Propagation Mechanisms - Characteristics of the Wireless Channel Wireless LANs and PANs Fundamentals of WLANs IEEE 80211 Standard HIPERLAN Standard Bluetooth Home RF Wireless Sensor Networks Optical Wireless NetworksUNIT II NETWORK PRINCIPLES 9

Air-Interface Design - Radio Propagation Mechanisms Path Loss Modeling and Signal Coverage Effects of Multipath and Doppler- Channel Measurement and Modeling techniques Simulation of Radio Channel Wireless Medium Access Alternatives Fixed Assignment Access for Voice-Oriented Networks Random Access for Data-Oriented Networks Integration of Voice and Data Traffic Wireless Network Topologies Cellular Topology Cell Fundamentals Signal-to-Interference Ratio Calculation Capacity Expansion Techniques UNIT III NETWORK OPERATIONS 9

Wireless Network Operation Mobility Management Radio Resources and Power Management Radio Resources and Power Management Security in Wireless Networks - Wireless WANs GSM and TDMA Technology CDMA Technology IS95 and IMT-2000 Mobile Data Networks CDPD Networks GPRS - Mobile Application ProtocolsUNIT IV INFRASTRUCTURELESS NETWORK 9

Introduction Issues in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks Medium Access Scheme Routing - Multicasting Transport Layer Protocols Pricing Scheme Quality of Service Provisioning Self Organization Security Addressing and Service Discovery Energy Management Scalability Deployment Considerations Ad Hoc Wireless InternetUNIT V MAC PROTOCOLS 9

Introduction Issues in Designing a MAC Protocol for Ad hoc Wireless Networks Bandwidth Efficiency Quality of Service Support Synchronization Hidden and

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com Exposed Terminal Problems Error-Prone Shared Broadcast Channel - Distributed Nature/Lack of Central Coordination Mobility of Nodes- Design Goals of a MAC Protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks Classification of MAC Protocols Contention Based Protocols Contention Based Protocols with Reservation Mechanisms Contention Based Protocols with Scheduling Mechanisms MAC Protocols That Use Directional Antennas Other MAC ProtocolsTOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS: 1.Kaveh Pahlavan- Prashant Krishnamurthy Principles of Wireless NetworksPearson Education- Delhi- 2002 and PHI- 2005 2.C- Siva Ram Murthy and B- S- Manoj Ad Hoc Wireless Networks Architectures and Protocols- Pearson Education -2nd Edition -Delhi -2004. REFERENCES: 3. Ron Price, Fundamentals of Wireless Networking, TMH,2007. 4. William Stallings- Wireless Communication and Networks- Pearson EducationDelhi- 2002 5 .Dharma Prakash Agarwal and Qing An Zeng- Introduction to Wireless and Mobile ystems- 2nd Edition- Thomson Learning- New Delhi- 2007

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING NETWORKS L T P 3 0 0 UNIT I MULTIPLEXING

M C 100 3 9

Transmission Systems- FDM TDM - Line Coding - SONET/SDH: SONET Multiplexing Overview- SONET Frame Formats- SONET Operations- Administration and Maintenance- Payload Framing and Frequency Justification- Virtual TributariesDS3 Payload Mapping- E4 Payload Mapping- SONET Optical Standards- SONET Networks- SONET Rings: Unidirectional Path-Switched Ring- Bidirectional LineSwitched RingUNIT II DIGITAL SWITCHING 9

Switching Functions- Space Division Switching- Time Division Switching- twodimensional Switching: STS Switching- TST Switching- No-4 ESS Toll Switch- Digital Cross-Connect Systems- Digital Switching in an Analog Environment- Elements of SSN07 signalingUNIT III NETWORK SYNCHRONIZATION CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT 9

Timing: Timing Recovery: Phase-Locked Loop- Clock Instability- Jitter MeasurementsSystematic Jitter- Timing Inaccuracies: Slips- Asynchronous Multiplexing- Network Synchronization- Network Control- Network ManagementUNIT IV DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER ACCESS 9

ISDN: ISDN Basic Rate Access Architecture- ISDN U Interface- ISDN D Channel Protocol- High-Data-Rate Digital Subscriber Loops: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line- VDSL- Digital Loop Carrier Systems: Universal Digital Loop Carrier SystemsIntegrated Digital Loop Carrier Systems- Next-Generation Digital Loop Carrier- Fiber in the Loop- Hybrid Fiber Coax Systems- Voice band Modems: PCM Modems- Local Microwave Distribution Service- Digital Satellite ServicesUNIT V TRAFFIC ANALYSIS 9

Traffic Characterization: Arrival Distributions- Holding Time Distributions- Loss Systems- Network Blocking Probabilities: End-to-End Blocking Probabilities- Overflow Traffic- Delay Systems: Exponential service Times- Constant Service Times- Finite QueuesTOTAL: 45

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com TEXT BOOKS: 1. Bellamy John- Digital Telephony- John Wily & Sons- Inc- 3rd edn- 20002. Thiagarajan Viswanathan,Telecommunication switching systems and Networks-PHI-2004 REFERENCES: 3. D N Krishna Kumar- Telecommunication & Switching- Sanguine Technical Publishers- Bangalore-2006 4. J.E.Flood, Telecommunication switching, Traffic and Networks, Pearson Education Ltd, New Delhi, 2001. 5. Syed R Ali, Digital switching systems, McGraw-Hill, New York 1998.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com SATELLITE COMMUNICATION L T 3 0 UNIT I ORBIT DYNAMICS P 0 M C 100 3 9

Keplers Three laws of Planetary motion- Definition of terms for Earth-Orbiting Satellites- orbital elements- orbital parameters- orbital perturbations- station keepingfrequency allocation- non Geo-stationary orbits- Geo stationary orbits- sun transit outages- limits of visibility- Look Angle determination-Sub satellite point- Elevation Angle Calculation- Azimuth angle calculation- Launching of Geo Stationary satellitesUNIT II SPACE SEGMENT AND LINK DESIGN 9 Space Segment: Power Supply Attitude Control Spinning Satellite Stabilization Momentum Wheel Stabilization Station Keeping Thermal Control TT&C Subsystem Transponders Wideband Receiver Input Demultiplexer Power Amplifier Antenna SubsystemLink Design: Satellite up link down link- link power budget- c/no- G/T- Noise temperature- System noise- propagation factors- rain and ice effects- polarizationUNIT III SATELLITE ACCESS 9 Modulation and Multiplexing: Voice- Data- Video- Analog digital transmission systemMultiple access: FDMA systems- TDMA systems- Beam Switching and Satellite Switched TDMA- CDMA UNIT IV EARTH SEGMENT 9 Transmitters- receivers- Antennas- Terrestrial Interface- TVRO- MATV- CATV- Test Equipments- Measurements on G/T- C/No- EIRP- Antenna GainUNIT V SATELLITE APPLICATIONS 9 INTELSAT Series- INSAT- VSAT- Weather service- Remote sensing- mobile satellite services: GSM- GPS- INMARSAT- Satellite Navigational System- Direct Broadcast satellites (DBS)- Direct to home Broadcast (DTH)- Digital audio broadcast (DAB)Business TV(BTV)- GRAMSAT- Digital video BroadcastTOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Dennis Roddy- Satellite Communication- Tata McGraw Hill-2006 2. Wilbur L- Pritchard- Hendri G- Suyderhoud- Robert A- Nelson- Satellite Communication Systems Engineering- Pearson/Prentice Hall- II Edition- 1993 3. Pratt and Bostian Satellite Communication John Wiley - 2001

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com REFERENCES: 4. Timothy Pratt - Charles Bostian & Jeremy Allmuti- Satellite CommunicationsJohn Willy & Sons (Asia) Pvt- Ltd- 2004 5. M-Richharia : Satellite Communication Systems (Design Principles)Pearson Second Edition 2005

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com ADVANCED ELECTRONIC SYSTEM DESIGN L T 3 0 UNIT I DESIGN OF POWER SUPPLIES

P 0

M C 100 3 9

DC power supply - using transistors and SCRs- Design of crowbar and foldback protection circuits- Switched mode power supplies- Forward- flyback- buck and boost converters- Design of transformers and control circuits for SMPSUNIT II DESIGN OF DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS 9

Low level signals Amplification Principles of Grounding- Shielding and Guarding techniques- A/D converters: Dual slope- quad slope and high speed- Microprocessors Compatible A/D converters- Multiplying A/D converters and Logarithmic A/D converters- Sample and Hold- two and four wire transmitters Design UNIT III RF DESIGN METHODOLOGY 9

Behavior of RF passive components-Chip components and circuit board considerations- Review of transmission lines- Impedance and admittance transformation- Parallel and series connection of networks- ABCD and scattering parameters- Analysis of amplifier using scattering parameter- RF filter Basic resonator and filter configurations Butterworth and Chebyshev filters- Implementation of micro strip filter- Band pass filter and cascading of band pass filter elementsUNIT IV RF TRANSISTOR AMPLIFIER DESIGN 9

Impedance matching using discrete components- Micro strip line matching networksAmplifier classes of operation and biasing networks Amplifier power gain- Unilateral design(S12 =0) Simple input and output matching networks Bilateral design Stability circle -conditional stability- Simultaneous conjugate matching for unconditionally stable transistors- Broadband amplifiers- High power amplifiers and multistage amplifiers- UNIT V DESIGN OF PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS 9

Technology of printed circuit boards (PCB)- General lay out -rules and parametersPCB design rules for Digital- High Frequency- Analog- Power Electronics and Microwave circuits- Computer Aided design of PCBsTOTAL: 45

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com TEXT BOOKS: 1. Sydney Soclof- Applications of Analog Integrated Circuits- Pearson/Prentice Hall of India- 19902. Walter C-Bosshart- Printed circuit Boards Design and Technology- TATA McGraw-Hill- 1983REFERENCES : 3. Reinhold Luduig and Pavel Bretchko- RF Circuit Design Theory and Applications- Pearson Education- 20004. Keith H-Billings- Handbook of Switched Mode Supplies McGraw-Hill Publishing Co-- 19895. Michael Jaacob- Applications and Design with Analog Integrated Circuits pearson/Prentice Hall of India- 1991-

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES L T 3 0 UNIT I P 0 M C 100 3 9

ELEMENTS OF LIGHT AND SOLID STATE PHYSICS

Wave nature of light- Polarization- Interference- Diffraction- Light Source- review of Quantum Mechanical concept- Review of Solid State Physics- Review of Semiconductor Physics and Semiconductor Junction DeviceUNIT II DISPLAY DEVICES AND LASERS 9

Introduction- Photo Luminescence- Cathode Luminescence- Electro LuminescenceInjection Luminescence- Injection Luminescence- LED- Plasma Display- Liquid Crystal Displays- Numeric Displays- Laser Emission- Absorption- Radiation- Population Inversion- Optical Feedback- Threshold condition- Laser Modes- Classes of LasersMode Locking- laser applicationsUNIT III OPTICAL DETECTION DEVICES 9

Photo detector- Thermal detector- Photo Devices- Photo Conductors- Photo diodesDetector PerformanceUNIT IV OPTOELECTRONIC MODULATOR 9

Introduction- Analog and Digital Modulation- Electro-optic modulators- Magneto Optic Devices- Acoustoptic devices- Optical- Switching and Logic DevicesUNIT V OPTOELECTRONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 9

Introduction- hybrid and Monolithic Integration- Application of Opto Electronic Integrated Circuits- Integrated transmitters and Receivers- Guided wave devicesTOTAL: 45

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TEXT BOOKS: 1. J- Wilson and J-Haukes- Opto Electronics An Introduction- Pearson/Prentice Hall of India Pvt- Ltd-- New Delhi- 20072- Bhattacharya Semiconductor Opto Electronic Devices- Pearson/Prentice Hall of India Pvt-- Ltd-- New Delhi- 2006REFERENCES: 3. Jasprit Singh- Opto Electronics As Introduction to materials and devices McGraw-Hill International Edition- 1998 4. Joachim Piprek, Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices, Elsavier-2003 5 S. O. Kasap, Safa Kasap, Optoelectronics and Photonics: Principles and Practices,PHI-2001

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TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM MODELING AND SIMULATION L T P M C 3 0 0 100 3 UNIT I SIMULATION OF RANDOM VARIABLES RANDOM PROCESS Generation of random numbers and sequence- Gaussian and uniform random numbers Correlated random sequences- Testing of random numbers generatorsStationary and uncorrelated noise- Goodness of fit testUNIT II MODELING OF COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS 9 9

Radio frequency and optical sources- Analog and Digital signals- Communication channel and models- Free space channels- Multipath channel and Discrete channel Noise and InterferenceUNIT III ESTIMATION OF PERFORMANCE MEASURE FOR SIMULATION 9 Quality of estimator- Estimation of SNR- Probability density function and bit error rateMonte Carlo method- Importance sampling method- Extreme value theoryUNIT IV SIMULATION AND MODELING METHODOLOGY 9 Simulation environment- Modeling considerations- Performance evaluation techniquesError source simulation- ValidationUNIT V CASE STUDIES 9

Simulations of QAM digital radio link in environment Light wave communication link and satellite systemTOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS : 1. MC-Jeruchim- P-Balaban and Sam K Shanmugam- "Simulation of communication Systems: Modeling- Methodology and Techniques "- Plenum press- New York- 20012. Averill-M-Law and W-David Kelton- "Simulation Modeling and Analysis- Tata McGraw-Hill 2007. REFERENCES: 3. Geoffrey Gorden- "System Simulation"- Prentice Hall of India- 2nd Edition19924. W-Turin- "Performance Analysis of Digital Communication Systems"- Computer Science Press- New York- 19905. Jerry banks and John S-Carson- "Discrete Event System Simulation"- Prentice Hall of India

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com RADAR AND NAVIGATIONAL AIDS L T 3 0 UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO RADAR P 0 M C 100 3 9

Basic Radar The simple form of the Radar Equation- Radar Block DiagramRadar Frequencies Applications of Radar The Origins of Radar-The Radar Equation-Detection of Signals in Noise- Receiver Noise and the Signal-to-Noise RatioProbability Density Functions- Probabilities of Detection and False Alarm- Integration of Radar Pulses- Radar Cross Section of Targets- Radar cross Section FluctuationsTransmitter Power-Pulse Repetition Frequency- Antenna Parameters-System losses Other Radar Equation ConsiderationsUNIT II MTI AND PULSE DOPPLER RADAR 9

Doppler and MTI Radar- Delay Line Cancelers- Staggered Pulse Repetition Frequencies Doppler Filter Banks - Digital MTI Processing - Moving Target Detector Limitations to MTI Performance - MTI from a Moving Platform (AMIT) - Pulse Doppler Radar Other Doppler Radar Topics- Tracking with Radar Monopulse Tracking Conical Scan and Sequential Lobing - Limitations to Tracking Accuracy - Low-Angle Tracking - Tracking in Range - Other Tracking Radar Topics -Comparison of Trackers Automatic Tracking with Surveillance Radars (ADT). UNIT III RADAR TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER Radar Transmitters: Linear Beam Power Tubes - Solid State RF Power Sources - Magnetron Crossed Field Amplifiers - Other RF Power Sources - Other aspects of Radar TransmitterRadar Receivers : The Radar Receiver - Receiver noise Figure - Superheterodyne Receiver Duplexers and Receiver Protectors- Radar Displays. Detection of Signals in Noise : Matched Filter Receiver Detection Criteria Detectors -Automatic Detector Integrators - Constant-False-Alarm Rate Receivers - The Radar operator - Signal Management - Propagation Radar Waves - Atmospheric Refraction -Standard propagation - Nonstandard Propagation - The Radar Antenna - Reflector Antennas Electronically Steered Phased Array Antennas - Phase Shifters - Frequency-Scan Arrays. 9

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com UNIT IV RADIO DIRECTION FINDING & RANGES 9

The Loop Antenna - Loop Input Circuits - An Aural Null Direction Finder - The Goniometer - Errors in Direction Finding - Adcock Direction Finders - Direction Finding at Very High Frequencies - Automatic Direction Finders - The Commutated Aerial Direction Finder - Range and Accuracy of Direction Finders. Radio Ranges : The LF/MF Four course Radio Range - VHF Omni Directional Range(VOR) VOR Receiving Equipment - Range and Accuracy of VOR - Recent Developments. Hyperbolic Systems of Navigation (Loran and Decca): Loran-A - Loran-A Equipment - Range and precision of Standard Loran - LoranC - The Decca Navigation System - Decca Receivers - Range and Accuracy of Decca - The Omega System. UNIT V METHODS OF NAVIGATION 9

DME and TACAN : Distance Measuring Equipment - Operation of DME - TACAN TACAN Equipment. Aids to Approach and Landing : Instrument Landing System - Ground Controlled Approach System - Microwave Landing System(MLS). Doppler Navigation : The Doppler Effect - Beam Configurations -Doppler Frequency Equations Track Stabilization - Doppler Spectrum - Components of the Doppler Navigation System - Doppler range Equation - Accuracy of Doppler Navigation Systems. Inertial Navigation : Principles of Operation - Navigation Over the Earth - Components of an Inertial Navigation System - Earth Coordinate Mechanization - Strapped-Down Systems Accuracy of Inertial Navigation Systems. Satellite Navigation System : The Transit System - Navstar Global Positioning System (GPS). TOTAL: 45

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com REFERENCES: 1. Merrill I- Skolnik -" Introduction to Radar Systems"- Tata McGraw-Hill (3rd Edition) 2003 2. Peyton Z- Peebles:- "Radar Principles"- Johnwiley- 2004 3 J-C Toomay- " Principles of Radar"- 2nd Edition PHI- 2004 4 Nadav Levanon- Radar Signals-1/E- IEEE Computer Society Press-2004

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com REMOTE SENSING L T 3 0 UNIT I REMOTE SENSING P 0 M C 100 3 9

Definition Components of Remote Sensing Energy- Sensor- Interacting Body Active and Passive Remote Sensing Platforms Aerial and Space Platforms Balloons- Helicopters- Aircraft and Satellites Synoptivity and Repetivity Electro Magnetic Radiation (EMR) EMR spectrum Visible- Infra Red (IR)- Near IR- Middle IR - Thermal IR and Microwave Black Body Radiation - Plancks law StefanBoltzman lawUNIT II ATERIALS EMR INTERACTION WITH ATMOSPHERE AND 9 EARTH

Atmospheric characteristics Scattering of EMR Raleigh- Mie- Non-selective and Raman Scattering EMR Interaction with Water vapour and ozone Atmospheric Windows Significance of Atmospheric windows EMR interaction with Earth Surface Materials Radiance- Irradiance- Incident- Reflected- Absorbed and Transmitted Energy Reflectance Specular and Diffuse Reflection Surfaces- Spectral Signature Spectral Signature curves EMR interaction with water- soil and Earth Surface UNIT III OPTICAL AND MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING 9

Satellites - Classification Based on Orbits Sun Synchronous and Geo Synchronous Based on Purpose Earth Resources Satellites- Communication Satellites- Weather Satellites- Spy Satellites Satellite Sensors - Resolution Spectral- SpatialRadiometric and Temporal Resolution Description of Multi Spectral Scanning Along and Across Track Scanners Description of Sensors in Landsat- SPOT- IRS series Current Satellites - Radar Speckle - Back Scattering Side Looking Airborne Radar Synthetic Aperture Radar Radiometer Geometrical characteristics UNIT IV GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM 9

GIS Components of GIS Hardware- Software and Organisational Context Data Spatial and Non-Spatial Maps Types of Maps Projection Types of Projection Data Input Digitizer- Scanner Editing Raster and Vector data structures Comparison of Raster and Vector data structure Analysis using Raster and Vector data Retrieval- Reclassification- Overlaying- Buffering Data Output Printers and Plotters

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UNIT V APPLICATIONS 9 Visual Interpretation of Satellite Images Elements of Interpretation - Interpretation Keys Characteristics of Digital Satellite Image Image enhancement Filtering Classification - Integration of GIS and Remote Sensing Application of Remote Sensing and GIS Urban Applications - Integration of GIS and Remote Sensing Application of Remote Sensing and GIS Water resources Urban Analysis Watershed Management Resources Information Systems TOTAL: 45 REFERENCES: 12345Anji Reddy- Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems - BS Publications 2001 M-G- Srinivas(Edited by)- Remote Sensing Applications- Narosa Publishing House- 2001Lillesand T-M- and Kiefer R-W- Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation- John Wiley and Sons- Inc- New York- 1987Janza-F-J-- Blue- H-M-- and Johnston- J-E-- "Manual of Remote Sensing Vol-I- American Society of Photogrammetry- Virginia- U-S-A- 1975Burrough P A- Principle of GIS for land resource assessment- Oxford- 1990

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com ENGINEERING ACOUSTICS L T 3 0 P 0 M C 100 3

UNIT I FUNDAMENTAL OF ACOUSTICS 9 Acoustics waves Linear wave equation sound in fluids Harmonic plane waves Energy density Acoustics intensity Specific acoustic impedance spherical waves Describer scales-Transmission from one fluid to another normal and oblique incidence method of imagesUNIT II RADIATION AND RECEPTION 9 Radiation from a pulsating sphere Acoustic reciprocity continuous line source radiation impedance - Fundamental properties of transducers- Absorption from viscosity complex sound speed and absorption classical absorption coefficient UNIT III HEARING & SPEECH- PIPES RESONATORS AND FILTERS 9 Physiology of speech and hearing- fundamental properties of hearing loudness level and loudness pitch and frequency voice- Noise- spectrum level and band level combing band levels and tones detecting signals in noise detection threshold Resonance in pipes - standing wave pattern absorption of sound in pipes long wavelength limit Helmoltz resonator - acoustic impedance - reflection and transmission of waves in pipe - acoustic filters low pass- high pass and band pass. UNIT IV ARCHITECTURAL ENVIRONMENTAL ACOUSTICS 9 Sound in enclosure A simple model for the growth of sound in a room reverberation time - Sabine- sound absorption materials measurement of the acoustic output of sound sources in live rooms acoustics factor in architectural design-Weighted sound levels speech interference highway noise noise induced hearing loss noise and architectural design specification and measurement of some isolation design of portionsUNIT V LOUD SPEAKERS & MICROPHONES 9 Transducer network canonical equation for the two simple transducers transmitters moving coil loud speaker loudspeaker cabinets horn loud speaker- receivers condenser microphone moving coil electrodynamics microphone piezoelectric microphone calibration of receiversTOTAL: 45 REFERENCES : 1. Lawerence E-Kinsler- Austin- R-Frey- Alan B-Coppens- James V-SandersFundamentals of Acoustics- 4ht edition- Wiley- 20002. Robert D.Finch, Introduction to Acoustics, PHI New Delhi 2008. 3. L-Berarek - Acoustics - McGraw-Hill 20004. Frank J. Fahy ,Foundations of engineering Acoustics 4 Michael Mser, Engineering Acoustics, Springer; 1 edition (March 19, 2004)

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS (IPR) L T 3 0 UNIT I IMPORTANCE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS

P 0

M C 100 3 5

Introduction Tangible and Intangible Properties- Intellectual property- an intangible wealth and a product of creative mind IPR and its significance- Types of IPRsUNIT II COPYRIGHTS AND RELATED ISSUSES 10

Works protected by copyright- Reproduction rights-moral rights-translation and adaptation rights-copyright issues-Piracy- civil -criminal remedies-InfringementPatents Copyrights of designs and related rights Trade Marks and rights arising from Trademark registration Definitions Industrial Designs and Integrated circuits Protection of Geographical Indications at national and International levels Application ProceduresUNIT III INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENT FOR THE PROTECTION OF IPR 10

Berne convention-Madrid agreement-Hague agreement-Patent cooperation treatyParis convention-Lisbon Agreement - Establishment of WIPO UPOV and WTOMission and Activities History General Agreement on Trade and Tariff (GATT)-

UNIT IV

PATENTED INVENTION AND ADMINISTRATION

10

Significance of Patent information-classification of invention according to technologyNovelty search and state of art search-Indian Position Vs WTO and Strategies Indian IPR legislations commitments to WTO-Patent Ordinance and the Bill Draft of a national Intellectual Property Policy Present against unfair competitionUNIT V APPLICATIONS 10

Case Studies on Patents (Basumati rice- turmeric- Neem- etc-) Copyright and related rights Trade Marks Industrial design and Integrated circuits Geographic indications Protection against unfair competition- Patent agents-Examiner of PatentsIPR ManagersTOTAL: 45

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com REFERENCES: 1. Prabuddha Ganguli, Intellectual Property Rights,TMH, 2001. 2. Subbaram N-R- Handbook of Indian Patent Law and Practice - SViswanathan (Printers and Publishers) Pvt- Ltd1998. 3. Richard Stim, Intellectual Property Copyrights, trademarks, and Patents, Cengage Learning India Private Ltd, 2004. 4. Deborah E. Bouchoux, Intellectual Property Rights, Cengage Learning India Private Ltd, 2005. 5. Dr.Radhakrishnan & Balasubramani IPR 6. Eli Whitney- United States Patent Number : 72X- Cotton Gin- March 14- 17947. Intellectual Property Today : Volume 8- No- 5- May 2001- [www-iptoday-com]-

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com NETWORK SECURITY L T 3 0 P 0 M C 100 3

UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9 Security Goals- Attacks- Services- Mechanism- Techniques- Substitution and Transposition ciphers- Stream and Black chippers- Data Encryption Standard - Multiple DES Advanced Encryption Standard(AES)UNIT II PUBLIC KEY CRYPTOGRAPHY 9 Introduction to Integer Arithmetic- Modular Arithmetic- Metrices- Linear Congruence RSA Cryptosystem- Elliptic Curve cryptosystem- Symmetric-key distribution-KerberosDiffie-Hellman and Station-to-Station key agreement Public-key distribution UNIT III AUTHENTICATION AND HASH FUNCTION 9 Message Integrity- Random oracle model-Message Authentication- Modification detection code- Message authentication code Hash Functions- SHA Digital Signature Biometrics UNIT IV SECURITY and POLICIES E-Mail Security PGP S/MIME - SSL Architecture- Transport Layer Security- IP Security Security PolicyUNIT V SYSTEM LEVEL SECURITY 9

Intrusion detection password management Viruses and related Threats Virus Counter measures Firewall Design Principles Trusted SystemsTOTAL: 45 REFERENCES: 1. Behrouz A- Forouzan- Cryptography And Network Security Principles and Practices Tata McGraw-Hill- 2006 2. Charles B- Pfleeger- Shari Lawrence Pfleeger- Security in Computing- Third Edition- Pearson Education- 2003 3. William Stallings- Cryptography And Network Security Principles and Practices- Pearson/Prentice Hall of India- Fourth Edition- 2006 4. Atul Kahate- Cryptography and Network Security- Tata McGraw-Hill- 2003 5. Jan Harrington- Network Security - Elsavier- 2008

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MICROWAVE INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DESIGN L T P 3 0 0 UNIT I

M C 100 3 9

Design and realization of Power Dividers: Hybrids- directional couplers etc using Strip lines and Microstrip linesUNIT II Filter Design: Kuroda identities - K inverter J inverter- Filter TransformationsRealization using Strip line and Microstrip lineUNIT III 9 9

Transistor Amplifier: Power gain equations- stability considerations- Analysis and Design using MICs UNIT IV Transistor Oscillators: Active Devices for Microwave Oscillators- Three port S parameter characterization of transistors- Oscillation and stability conditionsUNIT V 9 9

Diode Mixers : Mixer Design- Single ended mixer- Balanced mixer- Image Rejection mixer- Phase shifter Design- PIN diode- Phase shifterTOTAL: 45 REFERENCES: 1 2 I-J-Bahl & P-Bhartia: Microwave Solid State Circuit Design- Wiley Interscience1987G-D Vendelin- Design of Amplifier and Oscillator by the S parameter methodJohn Wiley- 1982 T-C- Edwards- Foundations for Microstrip Circuit Design- (2/e)- John Wiley-

3 1992 4 K.C.Gupta etal- Microstrip Lines and Slotlines- Artech House Publishers-2005

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com NETWORK PROCESSORS L T 3 0 UNIT I Protocol processing P 0 M C 100 3 9

Traditional Protocol Processing Systems: - Network Processing Hardware - Basic Packet Processing: Algorithms And Data Structures - Packet processing functions Protocol Software - Hardware Architectures For Protocol Processing - Classification And Forwarding Switching FabricsUNIT II NETWORK PROCESSOR TECHNOLOGY 9

Network Processors: Motivation And Purpose - Complexity Of Network Processor Design - Network Processor Architectures: architectural variety- architectural characteristics- Peripheral Chips Supporting Network Processors: Storage ProcessorsClassification Processors- Search Engines- Switch Fabrics- Traffic ManagersUNIT III COMMERCIAL NETWORK PROCESSORS 9

Multi-Chip Pipeline- Augmented RISC Processor- Embedded Processor Plus Coprocessors- Pipeline Of Homogeneous Processors - Configurable Instruction Set Processors - Pipeline Of Heterogeneous Processors - Extensive And Diverse Processors - Flexible RISC Plus Coprocessors - Scalability issues - Design Tradeoffs and consequencesUNIT IV ARCHITECTURE AND PROGRAMMING 9

Architecture: Intel Network Processor: Multithreaded Architecture Overview Features - Embedded RISC processor - Packet Processor Hardware Memory Interfaces System and Control Interface Components - Bus InterfaceProgramming: Software Development Kit IXP Instruction set register formats -Micro Engine Programming intra thread and inter-thread communication thread synchronization developing sample applications Strong-Arm programmingUNIT V IOS TECHNOLOGIES 9

CISCO IOS - Connectivity and scalability high availability IP routing IP services IPv6 Mobile IP MPLS IP Multicast Manageability QoS security switching layer 2 VPN TOTAL: 45

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REFERENCES: 1 Douglas E- Comer Network Systems Design using Network ProcessorsPearson/Prentice Hall- Jan 20032 Panos C Lekkas- Network Processors : Architectures- Protocols and Paradigms (Telecom Engineering) - McGraw-Hill Professional- 20033 Patrick Crowley- M A Franklin- H Hadimioglu- PZ Onufryk- Network Processor Design- Issues and Practices Vol - I- Morgan Kaufman- 20024 Patrick Crowley- M A Franklin- H Hadimioglu- PZ Onufryk- Network Processor Design- Issues and Practices Vol - II- Morgan Kaufman- 2003

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GENETIC ALGORITHM L T 3 0 UNIT I P 0 M C 100 3 9

Fundamentals of genetic algorithm: A brief history of evolutionary computationbiological terminology-search space -encoding- reproduction-elements of genetic algorithm-genetic modeling-comparison of GA and traditional search methodsUNIT II 9

Genetic technology: steady state algorithm - fitness scaling - inversion- Genetic programming - Genetic Algorithm in problem solving UNIT III 9

Genetic Algorithm in engineering and optimization-natural evolution Simulated annealing and Tabu search -Genetic Algorithm in scientific models and theoretical foundationsUNIT IV 9

Implementing a Genetic Algorithm computer implementation - low level operator and knowledge based techniques in Genetic AlgorithmUNIT V 9

Applications of Genetic based machine learning-Genetic Algorithm and parallel processors- composite laminates- constraint optimization- multilevel optimization- real life problemTOTAL: 45

REFERENCES:. 1- Melanie Mitchell- An introduction to Genetic Algorithm- Prentice-Hall of India- New Delhi- Edition: 2004 2- David-E-Golberg- Genetic algorithms in search- optimization and machine learningAddision-Wesley-1999 3- S-Rajasekaran and G-A Vijayalakshmi Pai-Neural Networks- Fuzzy logic and Genetic Algorithms- Synthesis and Applications- Prentice Hall of India- New Delhi2003 4- Nils-J-Nilsson- Artificial Intelligence- A new synthesis- Morgan Kauffmann Publishers Inc- San Francisco-California-1998

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com ARM SYSTEM ARCHITECHTURE AND APPLICATION L T P M C 3 0 0 100 3 UNIT I The ARM Architecture 9 ARM Embedded system-ARM processor fundamentals-ARM instruction set- The Thumb instruction set-ARM processor cores- ARM assembly language programming. UNIT II Architectural support for High level language 9

Writing and optimizing ARM assembly code-Instruction schedulesRegister allocation Conditional execution- looping constructs- Bit manipulationFunction and procedures- use of memory UNIT III Architectural support for System Development 9 The ARM memory interface-The advanced Microcontroller bus architecture(AMBA)-Hardware system prototyping tools-the ARMulatorThe JTAG boundary scan test architecture-The ARM Embedded trace- debug architecture-Signal processing support-DSP on the ARM-Architectural support for OS UNIT IV Memory hierarchy and ARM CPU cores 9

Caches-Memory protection unit-Memory management unit-ARM CPU cores-The AMULET asynchronous ARM Processors UNIT V Embedded ARM Applications 9

Embedded Operating systems-Principle components-Simple operating system.The VLSI Ruby II Advanced communication processor-The VLSI ISDN subscriber processor-The one CTMVWS22100 GSM chip-The Ericsson VLSI Bluetooth Baseband Controller-The ARM 7500 and ARM 7500FE.The ARM 7100-The SA-1100 REFERENCES 1.Steve Furber,ARM System-on-chip architecture Addison Wesley,2000 2.Andrew N.SLOSS,Dominic SYMES,Chris Wright,ARM System Developers Guide,Designing and optimizing system software,Morgan Kaufmann,2007. 3. David Seal , ARM Architecture Reference Manual, Pearson Education ,2007

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT L T 3 0 P 0 M C 100 3 9

1.

INTRODUCTION

Definition of Quality, Dimensions of Quality, Quality Planning, Quality costs Analysis Techniques for Quality Costs, Basic concepts of Total Quality Management, Historical Review, Principles of TQM, Leadership Concepts, Role of Senior Management, Quality Council, Quality Statements, Strategic Planning, Deming Philosophy, Barriers to TQM Implementation. 2. TQM PRINCIPLES 9

Customer satisfaction Customer Perception of Quality, Customer Complaints, Service Quality, Customer Retention, Employee Involvement Motivation, Empowerment, Teams, Recognition and Reward, Performance Appraisal, Benefits, Continuous Process Improvement Juran Trilogy, PDSA Cycle, 5S, Kaizen, Supplier Partnership Partnering, sourcing, Supplier Selection, Supplier Rating, Relationship Development, Performance Measures Basic Concepts, Strategy, Performance Measure-Business Excellence Model-Rajiv Gandhi National Quality Award 3. STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL (SPC) 9

The seven tools of quality, Statistical Fundamentals Measures of central Tendency and Dispersion, Population and Sample, Normal Curve, Control Charts for variables and attributes, Process capability, Concept of six sigma, New seven Management tools. 4. TQM TOOLS 9

Benchmarking Reasons to Benchmark, Benchmarking Process, Quality Function Deployment (QFD) House of Quality, QFD Process, Benefits, Taguchi Quality Loss Function, Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) Concept, Improvement Needs, FMEA Stages of FMEA. 5. QUALITY SYSTEMS 9

Introduction, Consensus, Scope, Selection and Use of the ISO 9000:2000 , The ISO 9000 Family, Implementing the ISO 9001:2000 Quality Management System. Elements, Implementation of Quality System, Documentation, Quality Auditing, QS 9000, ISO 14000 Concept, Requirements and Benefits.

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REFERENCES: 1. Subburaj Ramasamy,Total Quality Mangement,Tata McGraw Hill,NewDelhi,2007. 2. Dale H.Besterfiled, et at., Total Quality Management, Pearson Education Asia, 1999. (Indian reprint 2002). 3. James R.Evans & William M.Lidsay, The Management and Control of Quality, (6th Edition), South-Western (Thomson Learning), 2005 (ISBN 978-81-315-0136-8) 4. Narayana V. and Sreenivasan, N.S. Quality Management Concepts and Tasks, New Age International 1996. 5. Zeiri. Total Quality Management for Engineers ,Wood Head Publishers, 1991.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com CONSUMER AND ENTERTAINMENT ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING L T P M C 3 0 0 100 3 1. Introduction Review of Electronics circuits, Microprocessor/microcontrollers and interfacing, Digital signal Processing, Embedded systems, PC interfacing Product Design fundamentals- Identifying Customer needs Product specification Product architecture- Industrial design- Managing projects 2. Home entertainment 10 9

Home Gateway, DTV, DVB, Home Theatre, Games systems, Advanced DVD and CD, HDTV and Flat panel, 3D TV Technologies, Set top Box, Internet TV, Home Networking in Embedded Devices. 4. Mobile computing and communication 9

Handheld and wearable computers, AV streaming to handheld devices, Smart antennas 4. Automotive Entertainment and information Navigation, Driver assistance, sensors and control 5. Enabling technologies 10 9

Power and batteries, Human computer Interface, compliance testing - EMC/RFI, Environmental, Special needs and assistive technologies, Standards, Quality, Reliability prediction and Engineering. Text books: 1.Consumer Electronics for Engineers by Philip Hoff ,Cambridge University PressISBN 0 521 58207 5 2.Product Design and development Karl T Ulrich Steven D Eppinger Tata McGraw Hill ISBN 0 07 058513 X 2003 References: 1. Hardware Bible nby Winn Rosch Techmedia publications ISBN 81 87105 23 2 2. The students must be directed to build ideas based on various websearch: Typically : www.icce.org 3. Website of SONY, Toshiba, LG, Philips will provide more insights.

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www.Vidyarthiplus.com MOBILE ADHOC NETWORKS L T 3 0 1. Wireless Ad Hoc Communication Technologies P 0 M C 100 3 9

Wireless LANs(W-LANs) - W-LAN Network configuratios-IEEE 802.11 protocol specifications-ETSI Hiper LAN:layers,services, and entities-Bluetooth:Network configuration-protocol stack-topologies-applications-Short-range Ad Hoc Configurations:Body area network-wireless personal area network. 2. Dynamic Routing 9

Network model-Routing for wired networks:Decentralized and Global Routing Algorithm-Routing in mobile wireless networks-Routing and mobility management in infrastructured wireless networks:location tracking and updating the location database-Mobile wireless networks:route discovery,route maintenanc e,androuting protocol categories. 3. Transport Layer and Security Protocols 9

Design of transport layer protocol for Ad Hoc wireless network-classification of transport layer solution-TCP over Ad Hoc wireless network-security in Ad Hoc wireless network:requirements-issues and challenges in security provisioningattacks-key management-secure routing in Ad Hoc wireless network. 4. Quality of Service Sensitive Routing 9

Routing with Quality of Service (QoS) consraints-QoS in Infrastructured wireless mobile networks-hurdles for multimedia in mobile multihop wireless networksReference framework:Functional specifications-Application model and QoS bands-QoS mapping-QoS manager-call admission block-bandwidth reservationresource adaptation-degradation policies-packet sorter and shaper-schedulermedium access control-channel allocation-end to end path bandwidth calculation-slot assignment phase. 5. Energy Management and Multihop Relaying Classification of Energy management schemes-Battery management schemesTransmission power and System power management schemes-3G Networks versus W-LAN-potential of multihop relaying in future generation systems-future of ad hoc networking. Total: 45 hrs. 9

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References: 1. George Aggelou,Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited,New Delhi,2009. 2. Siva Ram Murthy C and Manoj B S, Ad Hoc Wireless Networks: Architectures and Protocols,Prentice Hall,June 2004. 3. Charles E Perkins, Ad Hoc Networking,Addison-Wesley,2001.

4. Toh C K, Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks: Protocols and Systems,Prentice hall,2001. 5. Basangi S,Marco Conti,Silvia Giordano,Ivan Stojmenovi and Cacute,Mobile Ad Hoc Networking,John Wiley and Sons,2004.

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