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2000
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14.11.2000. 6090/8. . 500 .
062426 23 1998 .

77..8.953..28.2.99 5.02.99.
: 191011, , ., 13, 11. . (812) 315 25 12,
(812) 314 09 20, e%mail: zlat@peterlink.ru
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Preface

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PREFACE

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One of the most topical issues in theory and practice of teaching Russian as a foreign
language concerns describing different stages of language mastery and creation of tests
specifically designed to measure Russian language proficiency.
Independent and objective control provided by a unified testing system will allow to
measure Russian language proficiency regardless of where, when and for how long the
student studied Russian, and will allow for correlation of language proficiency in Russian
with other foreign languages as well as promote recognition of international language
proficiency certificates. A universal system of testing will also foster unification of Russian
language teaching methods in Russia and abroad.
In their definition of stages of language proficiency the authors based the
classification on the requirements as stated in the Russian Federation State Educational
Standard for Speakers of Russian as a Foreign Language.1 Each level is characterized
by certain skills and practical communicative objectives in different areas of activity. The
standard takes into consideration the communicative situation and factors affecting it,
personally oriented communicative objectives and their achievement via different
communicative strategies and tactics in major types of communicative events, types of
discourse and corresponding grammatical systems and vocabularies.
Currently the Russian testing system for speakers of Russian as a foreign language
consists of elementary and intermediate levels as well as four certification levels of
competency in Russian as a foreign language, and corresponding tests2:
. Test of Russian as a Foreign Language. Elementary level.
. Test of Russian as a Foreign Language. Basic level.
%1. Test of Russian as a Foreign Language. First Certification level.
%2. Test of Russian as a Foreign Language. Second Certification level.
%. Test of Russian as a Foreign Language. Third Certification level.
%4. Test of Russian as a Foreign Language. Fourth Certification level.
1

The Russian Federation State Educational Standard for Speakers of Russian as a Foreign Language, 1st
certification level. Zlatoust Publishers, 1999: St. Petersburg.
2
These certified tests have been designed by groups of authors at the Moscow State Lomonosov University
and St. Petersburg State University.

%4

The Russian state testing system is included in the ALTE (Association of Language
Testers in Europe). Levels of competency in Russian as a foreign language correspond
to other European languages (see table):
Level 2
Threshold

Level 3
Independent

Level 4
Competent

Level 5
Good User

Level 1
Waystage User

English
Preliminary
English Test
(PET)

English
First
Certificate in
English (FCE)

English
Certificate in
Advanced
English (CAE)

English
Certificate of
Proficiency in
English
(CPE)


%
()

(%1)

(%2)

(%3)

(%4)

English
Key English
Test (KET)

The present text includes a test which is a part of the system as described above.
Its a standardized test which determines whether the student has achieved the first
certification level of competency in Russian as a foreign language (%1).
This test consists of 5 sections. Each section tests a different type of language
proficiency:
Section 1. Vocabulary and Grammar.
Section 2. Reading.
Section 3. Writing.
Section 4. Listening Comprehension.
Section 5. Speaking.
4th level referred to as an advanced stage of proficiency close to the native%speaker
level, provides high%level final qualification in the language. This level is obligatory for
receiving Master of Arts degree and is recognized for academic purposes in the field of
the Russian language.
These tests measure general command of the Russian language. They are
complemented with a specialized section which measures command of professional
proficiency (4th certification level). The test of general language command is uniform
for all candidates, while the specialized section is selected according to the candidates
major concentration.
7

%4

achieve the 4th level of certification, an international student in a Russian university


usually requires 180 instructional hours, with 60 hours of general language instruction
and 120 hours of professional communication.
Upon completion of the test the test score is issued to the student (see appendix).
Those successfully passing the test are issued State Certificates.
The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of the Russian People Friendship
University and Moscow State University in preparing this publication.

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