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FRANKLIN FRANCE

THE GLOBAL APPROACH TO LIGHTNING

Destructive Lightning
Lightning, an universal, permanent and natural phenomenon, causes considerable damages every year. It costs billions of euros to a countrys economy, and kills thousand of persons. It is enough destructive in all over the world to concern everybody, all the countries, regions and fields of activities. With the coming of high technologies, the omnipresence of components more and more sensitive and expensive equipment, protect ourselves against the devastating effects of Lightning, is an evident priority and Franklin France a partner wishful to be.

Lightning, our job - Franklin France, the Reference


Created in 1980, the activity of Franklin France is based on the Global Approach to Lightning protection. Many times awarded for its innovations, the company never stopped to carry out new solutions and appears like The Reference for all your problems linked to Lightning. Leader acknowledged in this field of activity, it obtained the responsibility of the studies and supply of global solutions for yards the most important in France and abroad.

Franklin France, experts of the Lightning to your service


A complete range of products of quality and undeniable "know-how" of its teams, allows Franklin France company to offer solutions totally adapted to each situation and with the best cost. Based on its Engineering and installations Franklin Assistance services, Franklin France realizes for the account of consultants and its contractors, the whole proceeding useful to the good march of risks assessment projects and the checking of the installations.
"It pleased God out of his love for humanity to allow men to discover the means of protecting their homes from damage caused by thunder and lightning". Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

Franklin France, the Lightning phenomenon at least adapted to yourself


With its C3F training centre, Franklin France brings within somebody comprehension, the Lightning phenomenon and proposes you a complete range of training adapted to your needs for the prescription, distribution, the choice and installation of protection systems against Lightning.

Franklin France, the solution for all your Lightning problems


Franklin France company is present all over the world, with several tens of thousand lightning conductors and overvoltage protection products. Franklin France manufactures and commercializes products destined to tertiary and industrial sectors in compliance with French (NF), English (BS), German (VDE), European (EN), American (UL) and International standards (IEC). VERSION 2000 QUAL/2001/17569a

Franklin France, always more to serve you better


Belonging to the Sicame group, a leader of the means of the electrical distribution and associated systems of protection, Franklin France promises to serve you always better, using the means of development of a big structure, combining reactivity and proximity of a company with a human size. Certified ISO 9001 version 2000, Franklin France is in constant evolution and takes its wealth from the quality of its management and its experts. The quality of the product and the service given to the customer is its credo and the global approach declines by The listening and service oriented satisfaction customer with an international logistic and multilingual teams specialists of import-export. The communication with its website in five languages. The control of the phenomenon with its teams of research, engineering and installation. The training and the advice with its C3F multilingual training centre, the Franklin Assistance service and its "Lightning Risk" calculus software. New products with its Research and Development department and its technological innovations such as " St Elme " and "Saint-Elme Active " lightning conductors and also the "Coaxstop".

The obtaining of Qualifoudre reference frame in 2005, shows the quality of the services in 4 fields: Studies, Manufacture, Installation and Checking and this, whatever the level of complexity: Simple cases, intermediates and complexes.

Franklin France SICAME group

E-mail: franklin@franklin-France.com

http://www.franklin-france.com

Summary

Practical Guide
The Lightning Phenomenon Lightning origins The devastating effects of Lightning The transient overvoltages The global Approach to Lightning protection Lightning and overvoltage protection Keraunic level and Lightning density Winds map Lightning Risk Assessment Lightning protection Overvoltage protection Systems of protection Lightning protections Comparative ESE Lightning conductor Simple rod Principles of installation and earthing systems Overvoltage protections Principles of installation Examples of installations / open area sites Protection by ESE Lightning conductor and energy network Protection by meshed cage and Telecom network Protection of the transmissions Protection of a church

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8

11

14 18

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Franklin France, the expertise to your service 31


The control of the Lightning phenomenon Lightning, our job Franklin France and the standardization Franklin France on the top In situ tests The approved C3F Training Centre The training for the Lightning phenomenon and its protection Programmes and aims Franklin Assistance Services Engineering and installations Studies, advices and audits Installations Control, maintenance and safety Efficiency and reliability of a Lightning installation Control and maintenance of the installations Removal of radioactive lightning conductors and measures of contamination Prestigious references In France In the world 32

33 34

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Summary

Lightning Products
Lightning conductors Lightning conductors Saint-Elme Active Saint-Elme Lightning conductors Simple rod Lightning conductors Lightning conductors Kits Lightning counter Elevation rods and fixings Meshed cage protection Conductors and fixings Earthings Equipotentiality

39
40

46 47 50 52 59 61

Overvoltage Products
Surge Protective Devices for energy networks Modular Surge Protective Devices Surge Protective Device cabinets Mobile Protections Surge Protective Devices for strategic networks Overvoltages Counter and associated products Surge Protective Devices for TBT networks and low currents Plug-in Surge Protective Devices in multi-line housings Surge Protective Devices for mounting on DIN rail and wall mounting Surge Protective Devices for computers and data networks Surge Protective Devices for coaxial networks 50 and 75 Coaxstops Quarter wave Coaxstops

63
65

85

91

Other products and miscellaneous


Prevention systems Storm advisors Autonomous system for energy networks Analogue and digital testers Beaconing Energy storage, control cells Night and day beaconing Towers

95
96 98 99 104

FRANKLIN FRANCE
THE GLOBAL APPROACH TO LIGHTNING

Destructive Lightning

Annual effects of Lightning:


- an average of 1 000 000 of thunder bolts (Meteorage source) - the cost of the damages caused by Lightning numbers in milliards of euros - between 8 and 15 dead persons (Lightning Protection Association source) - 20 000 animals killed by Lightning - 20 000 sinisters due to Lightning (15 000 fires) - 50 000 electrical counters distroyed - 250 bell-towers distroyed - 13% of the incidents on the computer material is due to Lightning

Practical Guide

The Lightning phenomenon


The origins of Lightning Lightning devastating effects The transient overvoltages

The Global Approach to lightning protection 11


Lightning and overvoltage protection Keraunic level and thunder density Winds map

Lightning risk Assessment


Lightning protection Overvoltage protection

14

Systems of protection
Lightning protections Comparative ESE Lightning conductor Simple rod Principles of installation and earthing systems Overvoltage protections Principles of installation

18

Examples of installations / open area sites


Protection by ESE and energy network meshed cage Protection by meshed cage and Telecom network Protection of a church

27

Practical Guide The Lightning Phenomenon


Lightning origins The storm cloud
Possibly reaching several kilometres height and depth, Lightning is produced by cumulo-nimbus storm clouds. A separation of charges in the cloud is caused by atmospheric turbulences and big differences of temperature (up to 60 C at 10 km altitude): the upper part of the cloud is made up of positively charged ice crystals and the base contains negatively charged water droplets.The base of the cloud influences locally the charge of the ground at the surface, attracting an equivalent quantity of electrical charges of opposed signs. When it is highly charged, the cloud tries to dispel this charge in "exploding": it discharges with charge exchanges either with the ground (lightning), either with other clouds or clouds zones (lightning flashes intra or inter-clouds). Millions of electric charges are then dissipated giving rise to currents, possibly reaching 500 000 A and several millions of volts. It is important to note that currents of 30 mA under voltages of only 50 V can be dangerous for people, even mortal for values higher than 1 A!
Lightning

Flash

Discharge phenomenon
From the cloud base, generally negatively charged, a low luminosity discharge known as the tracer, is released. This makes its way to the ground in leaps of some tens of meters. As it approaches the ground, the highly charged tip of the tracer causes the electric field vertically below it to increase considerably. At about 200 m from the ground, jets of charges or "streamers" are released at points highly prone to lightning where the electrical field is the more intense (tree tops, chimneys, lightning conductors, ). The jet is transformed into a positive upward discharge which goes to meet the dart leader. The streamer with the best triggering characteristics and which travels most quickly, will reach the leader and provides the electrical junction cloud-ground with the formation of an ionized channel. This favoured way causes strong electrical discharge of several amperes named "return stroke". Within the space of 0.2 s to 1 s, several lightning strokes may be exchanged in continuous progression and at a very high propagation speed.
Tracer Dart leader 1 000 km/s Streamer

~ 0.001 s

~ 0.05 s

Return stroke

100 000 km/s

Types of Lightning and Lightning conductors


According to the polarity of the cloud (positive or negative charges at its base) and the direction of the discharge (ascending or descending), four types of discharges can occur. Under our latitudes, statistical measures in situ proved that more than 90% of the discharges are descending lightning strikes type negative. Installed in compliance with certain guidelines, lightning conductors are designed to give, whatever type of lightning, excitation and propagation characteristics, better than all other elements nearby. It doesnt attract (or push) lightning, but protects the structure against its effects, diverting the lightning current to the ground and ensuring its flow.

Practical Guide The Lightning Phenomenon


The devastating effects of Lightning
Without any appropriate protection, the lightning current propagation can produce several effects. That is the reason why, it is necessary to arrange protection according to basic rules, paying attention especially to earthing systems and interconnections with conductive elements, and to the down conductors and electrical equipment in the installation (refer p 22).
C1

Luminous effects
The ionization of the air produced by the lightning current provokes numerous luminous particles, or "photons". It can create an image on the observers retina which may leave him dazzled for several seconds before regaining his sight.
V2 C2 V1

Acoustic effects
The current of lightning is at the origin of enormous electro dynamic forces, which result in a strong rise, in the pressure of the air (2 to 3 atmospheres) in the outfall channel. The shock wave created or "thunder" can be heard at many kilometres from the impact point, like rumbling or crackling sounds, according to spectral distribution and position of the observer.

Effects due to electrical arcs


The resistivity of the soil and earthing systems provoke a sudden rise in the potential of the installation, when a lightning current passes through it. Differences in potential can appear on various metal parts connected incorrectly to the earthing system creating excitation, electrical arcs and destruction of electrical or electronic equipment.

Electrodynamic effects
Close to the path of lightning current, appears a strong magnetic field creating voltages and induction current on all conducting elements situated in its sudden action field. The mechanical forces induced can provoke deformation, twisting, and destruction, ...

Electrocution effects
As the path of the lightning current can provoke death, the dispersion of lightning current in heterogeneous soils can create potential differences dangerous to all live animals and people (pace voltage). These can provoke burns or heart attacks and respiratory problems.

Thermal effects
Thermal effects or "Joule effect" can create at the impact point the melting of the materials and even their destruction by explosion when it presents a high humidity rate or causes fires to start.

Electrochemical effects
These effects are caused by the chemical decomposition of the materials by electrolytic reactions. Although very negligible and without effect compared to stray currents in the soil, it appears mainly at the earthing systems level.

Practical Guide The Lightning phenomenon


The transient overvoltages
The increasingly frequent presence of sensitive electronics makes electrical equipment additionally vulnerable to transient overvoltages associated with lightning. Compared to other possible origins (industrial overvoltages, network overvoltages, electrostatic discharges, ), transient overvoltages from atmospheric origins are the most dangerous for equipment and for electrical or electronic installations. Caused by enormous energies generated in a very short time, it can be provoked by a direct lightning strike on electrical network (phone lines etc ), by induction or by ground rising conductors. Insulation measures compulsory under the standards of equipment manufacture are not sufficient (IEC 610000-4-5: immunity of the equipment). The equipotentiality of equipment and ground must be achieved. Installation of surge protection devices are also necessary to absorb the energy.
Overvoltage

Overvoltages by conduction
When there is a direct lightning strike on an electrical line or a tower, the current can propagate and reach all the installations distributed by the line, even if they are situated at several kilometres from the impact point. These currents are all the more dangerous as main part of lightning strike energy is "conducted" by the network.

Coupling

Overvoltages by induction
All the metallic elements situated in an area very near a lightning strike act, as antennas, which capture by "induction" the sudden variations of the electromagnetic radiation induced by the lightning. Transient overvoltages and currents appear then, on all the equipment which is connected with it, of which the effects are proportional to the strength and the nearness of the lightning strike. Even if it constitutes a means of protection against the direct impact of the lightning, burying electrical networks does not guarantee their protection.

Ground rising conductor


When there is a lightning strike close to a building, the propagation of the current through the earth, can reach the building and cause a local rise in potential of the electrical earthing of the installation, which is connected to the body of any equipment. Differences of potential appear then between equipment bodies and networks to which they are connected. Without any protection, these overvoltages are at the origins of "rising" strong transient currents which can be very dangerous. One part of the lightning current is dispersed by the lightning conductor earth, another part by the installation earth, this is the ground rising conductor.
Ground rising

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Practical Guide The global approach to Lightning protection


Lightning and overvoltage protection
A lightning conductor installation on a building is not a sufficient protection against lightning. Indeed, the lightning conductor installation only protects structures and people against lightning impacts ("direct effects"). More over, the part of the lightning strike current captured by a lightning conductor is dissipated in the installation earth. Lightning on or near an installation is at the origins of the transient overvoltages (" indirect effects") which can be very dangerous for the equipment.

Global approach
A protection is efficient and reliable when all the phenomenons are considered for avoidance: - direct lightning strikes (direct effects), - indirect effects like ground rising conductors, induced currents, - ground defects and establishment of potential differences between points close to the installation. The protection can be done only in the case of the global approach to lightning, which supposes the control of all the stages, such as: - risk assesment, - studies to define protection devices appropriate to each situation and its mode of installation, - protection device installation in compliance to the code of practice and the final use of the installation.

Lightning protection
The lightning protection or the "direct effects" consist in: - capturing the lightning, which constitutes a preferential impact point capture device, natural or specific (Franklin lightning conductor, meshed cage or tight strand), - flowing the lightning current helping its path to earth, - running out the current of the lightning to the ground by ensuring its dispersion in the ground, with an "earth electrode lightning conductor".

Overvoltage protection
The transient overvoltage protection or the " indirect effects" consist in: - preventing the lightning current from reaching the equipment, directing it to the earth, with surge protective devices like a barrage which stops and channels the water flow, - keeping a residual voltage compatible with the protected equipment, - flowing and discharging the current to earth.

Earthing systems and equipotentiality


An installation can be protected effectively only if: - the flow of the current to the earth and its dispersion in the ground is guaranteed, using an earthing system of low impedance (this gives best conductivity), - All the metallic bodies of the building are connected electrically to the electric earth of the building or "excavation earthing system", - "the equipotentiality" of the earth of the building and lightning conductor is done.

k twor y ne nerg E or netw com Tele k

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Practical Guide The global approach to Lightning protection


Keraunic level and Lightning density
The study of a lightning protection requires a study of the local geographical conditions, especially the exposure degree of the structure - to the lightning risk to assess the "potential for risk" useful in the specification of protection devices, - to the winds, studying the structures architecture to determine the best mechanical design of the device.

Keraunic level Nk
The keraunic level Nk expresses the number of days per year where thunder is heard at a given place.

Lightning density Ng
The Lightning density Ng expresses the number of strikes per year per km2. In France, lightning density values are determined by the "Meteorage storm detecting network. When the density is not known for a given place, it can be found from Nk using the relation

Ng = 0.02 x Nk1.25 ou Ng max = 2 x Ng = 0.04 x Nk1.25 Approximation: Ng = Nk / 20

From 0.0 to 0.3 From 0.3 to 0.6 From 0.6 to 0.9 From 0.9 to 1.2 From 1.2 to 1.5 From 1.5 to 1.8 From 1.8 to 2.1 From 2.1 to 2.4 From 2.4 to 2.7 From 2.7 to 3.0

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Practical Guide The global Approach to Lightning protection


Winds map
Although the elevation rods are specially made for extreme wind conditions without using a guying system (refer page 47), it can be sometimes necessary to check the mechanical strength of the eventual installation. If a superior mechanical strength is necessary, Franklin France teams are able to propose you a convenient design for the installation.

240 220 200 220 km


2 elevation rods: guying system necessary 2 elevation rods: without guying system

Localization and exposure degree


The ability of the protection device to withstand the strength of the wind is calculated using a specific calculus software based on the snow and wind rules NV65, which divide the territory of France into 5 zones (refer chart below) by taking account of: - the geographic zone of the site and its nature (normal or exposed site), - the eventual protection device, fixing mode and its disposition on the structure. Normal site: plain or plateau of large area with only small differences in level, slope lower than 10%. Exposed site: Coastal and water front to a 6 km depth, cliff tops narrow islands or peninsulas, narrow valleys, isolated or high mountains, several mountains passes.

Wind speed (km/h)

180 162 km 160 140 120 100 I II III IV V


Normal site Exposed site 3 elevation rods: guying system necessary 3 elevation rods: without guying system

Geographic zone

Winds map
Max wind speed (km/h) Zone
I II III IV V

Extreme values of the wind speed supported without guying system by the Franklin France lightning conductors, equipped with elevation rods in normal site and exposed site (altitude max.: 1000 m, height structure: 10 m). Contact us for any further information.
Normal site
136.1 149.1 166.6 182.5 210.6

Exposed site
158 170 186 200 231

Max values of the wind speed that the installation must be capable of withstanding, according to its geographical zone (values based on the dynamical pressures of reference). Values for a maximum altitude of 1000 m and a structure with a height of 10 m. The installation can be fixed at greater altitude and be a greater height if the design specifications are increased. Contact us for any further information.
Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Zone 5: Guadeloupe, Martinique, Reunion, Mayotte

References: Rules NV 65 (04/2000). Rules which define the effects of the snow and wind on the constructions. (Ref. Afnor: DTU P 06-002).

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Practical Guide Lightning Risk Assessment


Lightning protection
The "Lightning Risk" is defined as the annual probability that damages can be caused to a given structure by a direct lightning strike. The risk assessment consists in determining a level of risk "acceptable" for the structure, studying the lightning strike probability and the consequences which could be caused. At this risk level there is an associated "protection level" which is equivalent to the minimum efficiency necessary for the system.

Lightning Risk Assesssment


Based on the consideration of the methods of analysis and calculating described by the NF C 17-100, NF C 17-102 and IEC 61024-1-1 standards, Lightning Risk Assessment allows you to determine if protection is necessary and to define precisely the level of protection required for "Exterior Installation of Lightning Protection" (EILP). The analysis relies on the evaluation of the annual average frequency (probability) Nd, of expected direct lightning strikes on the structure and the frequency of lightning strikes the structure is designed to accept. 5.5 x 10-3 C2 x C3 x C4 x C5 with - Nd: average annual frequency of direct lightning strikes, - Nc: lightning frequency accepted by the structure, - C1: environment surrounding the structure, - C2: type of construction, - C3: contents of the structure, - C4: occupation of the structure, - C5: Effects of lightning on the environment, - Ae Equivalent surface area of capture of the structure (in m2). Ae = L x I + 6 x H x (L + I) + 9H2 Note: the values of the coefficients C1 and C5 are defined in NFC 17 100 and NFC 17-102 standards.

Nd = 2 x Ng x Ae x C1 x 10-6

Nc =

Choice of the level of protection


- If Nd > Nc A system of protection against the direct impact of lightning (EILP) must be installed. According to the level of protection determined, the EILP must have an effectiveness E such as: E1Nc Nd The determination of the level of protection defines: - the minimum radius of protection of the lightning conductors specifying the excitation distance (mesh sizes for the meshed cages), - minimum distances of safety beyond which an interconnection of mass with down conductors is necessary, - frequency of the checking of the EILP. It should be noted that complementary measures must be taken (plan of masses, additional surge protective devices) when the level of protection required is 1+. - Si Nd Nc The installation of a system of protection against the direct impact of lightning (EILP) is not necessary if any written law imposes it.
Efficiency
E > 0.98 0.98 E > 0.95 0.95 E > 0.90 0.90 E > 0.80 E 0.80

Level of protection NF C 17-100 IEC 61024-1-1


Level I+ (+ complementary measures) Level I Level II Level III Level IV

NF C 17-102
Level I+ (+ complementary measures) Level I Level II Level II Level III

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Practical Guide Lightning Risk Assessment


Lightning protection Lightning Risk Software
In order to make easy your analysis, Franklin France and its teams propose you the "Lightning Risk" calculus software. In compliance with the national NF C 17-100, NF C 17-102 standards and international ones IEC 61024-1-1, it is very easy to determine the level of protection required by your installation.

Reference: RISK0002.

Lightning protection and regular texts


Certain decrees and orders in council of the Official Journal or even of the generic standards can make compulsory a lightning protection and its indirect effects. Hereafter are recalled certain of these obligations. Preliminary study to realize and compulsory discharge impact lightning controller for sites with environmental risks. Electric Installations (NF C 15-100): compulsory installation of an overvoltage protection on the main board of the structures equipped with a protection against the direct impact (lightning conductor or equivalent system). Another analysis can be also done according to the UTE C 17-100-2 guide.

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Practical Guide Lightning Risk Assessment


Overvoltage protection Risk evaluation method
The method described below is not based on a standard, but on our experience in this activity and uses the current methods of risk analysis of UTE guides C 15-443 and IEC 61643-12.

1- Evaluation of the level of exposure to overvoltages


Either X = 2Kn (1 + 2L BT + T HTA + E PAR + d) / 20 or Ng = Kn*0.05 (Ng is the local lightning density) L BT = length in km of the overhead LV line supplying power to the facility (if > 0.5 km : LBT = 0.5). THTA = type of network supplying power to the HVA/LV substation (= 1 if the supply is aerial and = 0 if it is subterranean). EPAR = information about the presence of a lightning conductor. d = coefficient taking account of the location of the overhead line and the installation.

2- Evaluation of the consequences of a disturbance


In addition to the level of exposure to overvoltages, the consequences of disturbances must also be taken into account. One can define the evaluation of the consequences of the disturbances by the following relation: Y=A+S+M+I+E A = previous experience of lightning strikes for an identical configuration. S = sensitivity of the material to be protected. M = indicates the price of the material. I = represents the loss of production resulting from possible damages. E = information about the possible consequences on the environment.

Consequences of a disturbance
Y = 11 to 13 Y = 8 to 10 Y = 5 to 7 Y<5 ** * / / X <= 3 *** ** * /

Level of exposure
**** *** ** * 8 < X < 14 **** **** *** *** X >= 14

3 < X <= 8

* protection not very useful *** protection strongly recommended ** protection recommended **** protection essential

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Practical Guide Lightning Risk Assessment


Overvoltage protection The overvoltage risks assessment software
Developed by Franklin France, this software will allow you to estimate the need for a surge protection device on a structure.

Some parameters of this risk assessment can impose a type of protection or can simply make compulsory the overvoltage protection.

The NFC 15-100 standard requires: to realize an overvoltage protection type 2 if the installation is supplied with an overhead LV network in a area where Nk > 25. to realize a protection type 1 compulsory (I imp. = 12.5 kA min.) for all networks distributing buildings of a protected site against the direct impact of lightning (level of risk 2).

To get this software, contact Franklin France by mail or on our website www.franklin-france.com.

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Practical Guide Systems of protection


Lightning protections Meshed cage installations
The protection by meshed cage consists in the installation, on the surface of a building, of a Faraday cage with large meshes, connected to the ground earthing systems. Points with low dimensions (0.5 meters), named strike points, are arranged on any summit (chimneys, shelters,). The dimension of the meshes and the distance between any 2 down conductors correspond to the level of protection needed to comply with the NF C 17-100 standard:

Level of protection
I II III IV

Dimensions of the meshes


5x5 10 x 10 15 x 15 20 x 20

Distance between the down conductors


10 15 20 25

The meshed cage can only protect what it encloses.

The tight strand


This system consists in the protection of a structure without touching it. This protection is most often used if dangerous products are stored in the structure. This system requires the installation of guyed towers to sustain the cables and as many earthing systems as necessary.

The simple rod


Known also as a simple lightning rod Franklin type, its installation consists in the inclusion, on the top of the structure to protect, slender points connected to the earth by the most direct path possible. A cone of protection is produced which corresponds to the height of the rod and to the level of protection required. Contrary to the meshed cage, this method only protects the elements which are in its radius of protection.

The ESE Lightning conductor


The principle of the Early Streamer Emission Lightning conductor consists in equipping a simple rod with a device which allows a reduction of the excitation time. The radius of protection proposed by this type of lightning conductor is then widely superior to a simple rod, it can even reach 120 m in level III.

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Practical Guide Systems of protection


Comparative ESE Lightning conductor Simple rod The ESE (Early Streamer Emission) Lightning conductor
The guiding principle of an Early Streamer Emission (ESE) Lightning conductor rises from an experimental observation. While simulating, in a high voltage laboratory, a range of electric discharges "lightning" on a simple rod (Franklin type), one notes that the excitation times are distributed graphically in a ramdom way, with a certain standard deviation, around an average value TSR. The guiding principle of an ESE Lightning conductor consists in equipping a simple rod with a device allowing for one part to reduce the average value of excitation times TESE < TSR and in addition to attenuate their standard deviation. That means that, placed under the same conditions, in particular, when they have the same height and the same geometrical form, the start of the discharge for an ESE Lightning conductor (ascending tracer) occurs earlier than with a simple rod, with an increase in effective length L, it thus has a better probability of capturing the tracer going down and of flowing the current of the lightning.
t Tmin TSR Tmax kV

ESE

The ESE Lightning conductor allows then to improve the radius of protection of the simple rod of 1.5 to 3 times. This can be checked by the relation of the NFC 17-102 giving the radius of protection of an ESE Lightning conductor according to the level of protection:

Rp = h (2D - h) + L (2D + L)
Knowing that the radius of protection for a simple rod is expressed:

Rp = h (2D - h)
With D the diameter of the fictive sphere depending on the peak current I of the first arc-back assigned by the level of protection according to the relation:

D = 10 * I2/3
L: Effective increase in length of the ascending tracer. h: Height of the ESE rod above the surface to protect.

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Practical Guide Systems of protection


Principles of installation and earthing systems Lightning conductor and down conductor installation
The lightning conductor principles of installation are given in two main standards: NF C 17-100 for the protection of structures against lightning and NF C 17-102 for the protection by ESE Lightning conductor on structures and open areas:
Saint-Elme lightning conductor

From the lightning conductor, run one or several down conductors in tined copper tape 30*2 mm fixed in three points per meter.

2.00 m

The lightning conductor is installed on the highest point, fitted on a (or several) mast(s) in galvanized steel or stainless steel 2 meters above any other elements.

Conductor fixings: 3 per meter

Staff

Conductor coupling

Two down conductors: For simple rod: route of the conductor > 35 m
3.80 m

First elevation rod Tin-plated copper conductor 30 x 2 mm

Control junction

For ESE Lightning conductor:

Height of the building > 28 m Height chimneys or churches > 40 m Horizontal route > vertical route

Stainless steel conductor clamp

If there are several lightning conductors on the structure, they are connected together, but should not be connected if the connection must clear an obstacle (wall, fire break, parapet wall) with a positive or negative level difference in excess of 1.50 m. The copper down conductors are made of tapes, braids, or round with minimum section of 50 mm2. At the bottom of the down conductor there must be installed a control junction and a 2 meters mechanical protective tube. The exterior metal grounds are connected in equipotential configuration to the lightning conductor circuit according to the safety distances of the NFC 17-100 which also advises the distances to maintain between the down conductors. If a discharge counter is required, it is installed above the control junction.
7.40 m 5.60 m

3 stainless steel fixing clips Second elevation rod

Protective tube length 2 m

Third elevation rod

Lateral sealing to 4.15 m, 2 brackets; above, 3 brackets

20

0.40 m

2m

Practical Guide Systems of protection


Principles of installation and earthing systems
Route of the down conductor: As direct as possible As short as possible Avoiding sudden right-angle bends Avoiding upward sections

40 cm Maxi

45 Maxi

Avoid the contour of a parapet wall. If it is not possible then: No danger of electric breakdown if d > l / 20 d = length of the loop l = width of the loop A vertical section of 40 cm maximum is allowed for crossing of a parapet wall with a slope lower or equal to 45.

d
You can use certain metallic elements of the structure to act as the down conductor if they correspond to the standards NF C 17-100 and NF C 17-102 standards.

For the diverting of down conductors, bends formed edgewise should preferably be used.

l
When there is a presence of a radio broadcasting receiver antenna, and in compliance to the NFC 90-120 standard, the antenna support mast should be connected through a surge protection device or a spark gap to the down conductors of the installation.

The safety distance is defined in the NF C 17-102 and NF C 17-100 standards with the formula: S(m) = n*(ki / km) * l n: coefficient governed by the number of down conductors interconnected ki: depends on the level of protection km: depends on the material between the two extremities of the loop l: vertical distance between the point where the proximity is taken into account and the earthing system of the mass or equipotential junction.

l
d

In case of churches equipped with 2 down conductors, if a non metallic cross or a statue is situated at the extremity of the nave, this will be equipped with a capture point.

In case of open areas, the ESE Lightning conductor will be installed on lightning masts, towers, or other existing structures.

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Practical Guide Systems of protection


Principles of installation and earthing systems Earthing systems installation
The earthing system should have: a resistance less than or equal to 10 ohms. If this value cannot be reached, the earthing system should contain a minimum of 100 m of buried electrode, and knowing that the length of each vertical or horizontal element should not exceed 20 m.
Triangulated rods earthing system Ground 0.60 m 60 2m 1m Wall
Earthing rod, 1.5 to 2 m ht

2m

60

An exterior loop earthing system should be buried at least 0.5 meters below the ground and at least 1 m from the walls.
Crow's-foot earthing system

Ground

8m

The lightning conductors earthing system is connected in equipotential configuration either directly to the buried ground circuit or via a bar left free at the bottom of the down conductor.

8m

45 45
Wall

8m

1m

There are several types of earthing systems which depend mainly on the environment in which they will be installed: Triangulated rods earthing system: it is one of the two earthing systems described in the standard, and uses less flat conductor. Crows foot earthing system: this is the second earthing system described in the standard, it occupies a greater surface area because its 3 horizontal conductors each measures 8 m. Improved crows foot earthing system: the vertical components make it possible to find ground of different natures to reduce the resistance. In-line earthing system: this system is used in conditions where there is a restriction in the area available.

Improved crow's-foot earthing system Ground


0.60 m

8m 8m 45 45 8m

0.60 m
Wall
1m

The earthing system value must be measured by conventional means on the insulated earthing system from all conductor elements.

2m

The interconnections of the conductors between each other are made by clamping with elements of the same material, with riveting, by welding or brazing.

2m 1m

Checking of the installations


The checking of one installation must be done according to the level of protection (every 2 years for level I and every 4 years for level IV).
Level of protection
I II III IV

Normal periodicity
2 years 3 years 3 years 4 years

Normal periodicity
1 year 2 years 2 years 3 years

22

0.60 m

An earth pit must be installed to disconnect easily the excavation from the earthing system to measure it.

In-line earthing system

Ground

Wall

Practical Guide Systems of protection


Overvoltage protections
The indirect effects of the lightning are numerous. For this reason we have to protect all the electrical, electronic and computer elements. That is why all the products of protection against overvoltages were created.

The different protections against overvoltages


There are 3 main families of protection: - Energy networks protections: Protect all the electrical material against the overvoltages from the energy network. Divided in class according to the protection required. Protections installed in parallel. Protections equipped with varistors and spark gaps. - VLV protections: Divided in class to the protection required. Exist for all types of VLV network or transmission. In series on the installation. Equipped with transil diodes and tripolar spark gaps. - Coaxial protections: Existing products for specific applications (GSM, TV, UHF systems). Bi-directional products equipped with passive components. Installed in series on the incoming line near to the equipment.

Choice of the surge protective devices


Common rules valid for all ranges in order to ensure the safety of the people and the working of the products under best conditions: The choice of the Up level of protection depends on the electric sensitivity and also on the existence or not of an ESE Lightning conductor on the building. For Telecom and coaxial protections, it is necessary to take more into account the Up level of protection, the frequency of operation (Band-width), the attenuation and the voltage of the communication network. The choice of the surge protective device will be facilitated by the markings made compulsory by IEC 61-643 standard. The end of life of the surge protective devices needs to be studied in order to ensure the good working of the material (requiring additional disconnecting elements for energy networks surge protective devices).

23

Practical Guide Protection systems


Overvoltage protections

EF EF 20 20

EF 20

Connection equipment
- The cables should run separate from other conductors, and the earthing system should have the shortest possible route to the equipotentiality bar or the body of the cabinet. - The path of the conductors needs to be optimized, paying attention to the fact that the input wires on the surge protective device be distinct from those of the output. - The output protected by an overvoltage arrester must be taken to the same terminals, on the surge protective device and breaking device installed for end of life protection. - The total length of the connections, breaking device and protection device must not exceed 50 cm.

Earthing system
- Any separate ground connection. - If in an electric board or a cabinet, and if the link to the general ground is too long, an intermediate ground terminal box shall be installed. - One ground connection per building or per protected installation is required. - To optimize the installation, the resistance of this ground connection must be the lowest possible HF impedance. - A check should be made to ensure that there are no connections within the same building or electrical cabinet to separate ground connection distributions with remote equipotentiality devices. All these installation rules are valid for all protections.

24

Practical Guide Systems of protection


Principles of installation Energy network protection
The choice of the surge protective devices to set up, depends on the behaviour of the electric material to protect. The characteristics of the surge protective devices were studied to protect al levels of an electric installation. There are 4 classes of shock voltages: 1.5 kV, 2.5 kV, 4 kV and 6 kV. Belong to a class depends on the electrical resistance to the material to the overvoltages.

Some important values: Uc: the maximum voltage under continuous operating conditions. Up: the residual voltage in kV transmitted by the equipment when these protection devices are kept to their nominal current. In: the nominal discharge current. It is the peak value of a current in the 8/20 wave form, flowing in the overvoltage arrester. Iimp: Maximum discharge current in wave 10/350. Un: the nominal operating voltage. It characterizes the simple voltage between phase and neutral. Imax: discharge current that the overvoltage arrester can withstand once.

Rules of installation
- The surge protective device will be inserted in parallel the shortest possible path on the power supply concerned. - In complement of the integrated thermal disconnection, a protection against the short-circuit at the end of life will be installed, upstream of the connection of the surge protective device. The diagram of connection will be given, according to whether the priority is given to the continuity of service or that of protection. - It is possible to obtain at the same time the continuity of service and the continuity of protection, thanks to the use of several identical surge protective devices, assembled in parallel, and equipped each one with a deconnector. - In partnership with the modular surge protective devices, one will choose either of the fuses or of the circuit breaker. This insertion must hold account of the number of poles to protect and the current from possible short-circuit at the point considered. It is obligatory to carry out a protection with surge protective device of the type I in the case or the structure would have a lightning conductor. The section of conductor obligatory for the surge protective devices type 1 is 10 mm2 and 4 mm2 for types 2 and 3.

F1

RCD

I d1

L1 L2 L3 N PE

F1, F2: fuses or circuit breaker

F2 d2 E SPD d3 5a 5b BP M
SPD: surge protective device TT Earthing system: RCD obligatory upstream of the surge protective devices type "C1" BP: main terminal of earthing Total length d1+d2+d3 the shortest possible (< 50 cm recommended)

25

Practical Guide Systems of protection


Principles of installation Rules of installation for TELECOM protections
- These protections are installed in series at the entrance of the installation, on the customer side of the network termination. For maximum protection they are placed close to the equipment if the equipment is located far from the network termination (30 m or more). - The connection to the earthing system is compulsory to ensure proper operation of the protection. - Respect the incoming/outgoing wiring direction. - Do not connect in parallel incoming and outgoing lines. - Check proper wiring of the earthing system. - The earth conductor is connected with the main earth of the installation according to the rule of the shortest possible path. - It is recommended to have spare protection units to be able to quickly replace any faulty ones. - Products shall never be opened in order to avoid any destruction or failure and to keep the warranty running.

Input 1a Output 1a
Input 1b

Output 1b
Output 2a

Input 2a

EQUIPMENT

Input 2b

Output 2b

Input

Output

Rules of installation for coaxial protections


- This type of protection is installed in series on the coaxial line located nearby to the equipment to be protected. - It can either be mounted on the equipment itself or outdoors and also in a penetration mode. - The connection to the network will be direct with connectors of the product. - Spark gap based coaxial protectors are connected to the earthing system by spade terminals for conductor from 2.5 to 6 mm2 and the quarter wave type protectors by spade terminal from 6 to 25 mm2. - Some models of coaxstops are provided with a cross-partition mounting (IEMN models). - Check that the rated voltage and maximum power of the protection is coherent with the network. - The end of life of a protection is reported as the loss of the signal or as a communication interruption. - Products shall never be opened in order to avoid any destruction or failure and to keep the warranty running.

EQUIPMENT

26

Practical Guide Protection by ESE Lightning conductor and energy network


AFB 1062 2D
see page 42

AFV 0907 CF
see page 46

AFB 1060 2D
see page 42

AFZ 0514 PD
see page 48

AFY 7600 EA
see page 62

AFK 0080 BC
see page 59

AFH 8041 PC
see page 54

ASS 1114 D1
see page 67

ASS 4212 A2
see page 68

AFK 0419 PT
see page 60

AFK 0020 RP
see page 60

AFK 8000RV
see page 59

27

Practical Guide Protection by meshed cage and Telecom network

AFE 0050 PC
see page 50

AFH 6032 BM
see page 53

AFJ 0812 RE
see page 56

AFF 0836 PC
see page 50

ASX 5001 CO
see page 92

AST 4001 CC
see page 88

AFH 6414 AC
see page 55

AST 7403 CC
see page 86

28

Practical Guide Protection of the transmissions

AFB 1062 2D
see page 42

AY7 9161 BO
see page 100

AST 4001 CC
see page 88

ASX 5005 CO
see page 91

AFH 1057 CS
see page 54

AFK 0901 GT
see page 59

ASS 1106 C1
see page 67

29

Practical Guide Protection of a church

AFB 1006 SE
see page 43

AFH 0030 AM
see page 53

AFM 6422 AF
see page 55

AFG 0030 CC
see page 52

ASS 4212 A2
see page 68

AFJ 0819 RL
see page 56

ASS 1114 D1
see page 67

AFH 2030 CM AFH 8030 CC


see page 53

30

Franklin France, the know- how at your disposal

The control of the Lightning Phenomenon


Lightning, our job Franklin France and the standardization Franklin France on the top In situ tests

32

The approved C3F training centre

33

The training for the Lightning phenomenon and its protection Programmes and aims

Franklin Assistance Services

34

Engineering and installations Studies, advices and audits Installations Control, maintenance and safety Efficiency and reliability of a Lightning installation Control and maintenance of the installations Removal of radioactive lightning conductors and measures of contamination

Prestigious References
In France In the World

36

Franklin France, the expertise at your service The control of the Lightning Phenomenon
Research & Development Lightning, our job
Founded in 1980, Franklin France company has built its reputation on a global approach to the Lightning phenomenon. With its know-how, it has acquired a position of leader and specialist in the Lightning protection field. Franklin France invests every year more than 5% of its turnover in Research and Development to stay at the top of the technology. Specialized in physics of atmospheric discharge, its teams have inside the company and inside the Sicame group extensive means of conception, testing and simulation such as lightning shock generators, climatic chambers, vibration and traction test benches

Franklin France and the standardization


Franklin France works in cooperation with the research laboratories of the principal French administrations from whom it has obtained licenses. The products benefit then by the conformity to the main national and international standards (NF, BS, VDE, UL, EN, IEC). Within the drafting of the french and international standards, Franklin France teams take part in order to define the main objectives and participate in the numerous working groups of the main standardization organisms such as the GIMELEC (Grouping of the Industries of the Electrical Equipment), UTE (Technical Union of Electricity), the CENELEC (European Committee of Standardization of the Electro technical industries). Franklin France also takes part in the Technical Committee of the American Association of Prevention Against Fires (NFPA).

Franklin France on the top


Creating the surveillance network "Meteorage" in 1986, for a long time, Franklin France has acquired the image of a pioneer in the field. Numerous collaborations take place with research organizations to improve the products and the knowledge of the Lightning phenomenon. Fundamental research is conducted in partnership with the laboratories of the Central School of Lyon in France. Such partnerships, especially with the CEA (Commissariat at the Atomic Energy), allowed the company to obtain numerous First Prizes for technological Innovation, especially for the "Saint-Elme lightning conductor development" and "Coaxstop". Strong in its know-how, the company opens today the way to a new generation of lightning conductors: the "Saint-Elme Active " Lightning conductor. This lightning conductor has a double device, an impulse device and a power device, collecting the solar and wind energies, this re-affirms the position of leader and pioneer as Franklin France.

In situ tests
Franklin France has thousands of lightning conductors installed all over the world which protect perfectly. Franklin France introduced on pilot sites in areas of high lightning strikes (in Asia and Latin America) supervision stations to carry out successful tests in real life conditions. The main aims of these studies are To do comparative measures with theoretical protection devices, Measure the performances of the actual devices and to make them more powerful and introduce new concepts, Increase the simulation tools and the protection models to achieve accurate reference points.

32

Franklin France, the expertise at your service The approved C3F training Centre
Become an expert in Lightning protection Training for the Lightning phenomenon and its protection
For Franklin France, the Global Approach includes training as well as the sharing of its expertise. In order to answer your requests, the Company has created several years ago an approved C3F training Centre integrated into its ISO 9001 version 2000 quality system. An elaborate programme of training is proposed in several languages (French, English, Spanish, other languages on request) allowing you to become the experts of the Lightning protection and phenomenon. Run by the teams of Franklin Assistance in the offices of the company and complimented with a visit in the workshops and production. This training can also take place in your offices. Composed of modules, the main aims of this training are: the Lightning phenomenon, The global Approach to Lightning protection and its effects induced (the overvoltages), The analysis of the risk and the software for calculating "Lightning Risk", Regulations and standard practice, Installation and design specification, Electro Magnetic Compatibility (EMC), Examples of practical cases.

Programmes and aims


Modules
DE1

Training Topics
The lightning risk

Targets
To present the lightning phenomenon. To explain the regular and standard prescriptions concerning lightning protection against direct impacts to quote the protection equipments. To explain the needs and functioning of overvoltage protections following the standards. To determinate an efficient protection. Regrouping DE1 and DE2 with practical cases studies.

Recommended for
Engineers Installators Architects

Required knowledge
General Industry & construction knowledge

DE2

Overvoltage

Engineers Technicians

Knowledge in Electrotechnics and Electronics Knowledge in Electrotechnics and Electronics Knowledge in Electrotechnics and Electronics No particular knowledge required

DE3

Lightning overvoltage Case studies (DE1/DE2/cases)

Engineers Technicians Maintenance manager Security manager Engineers Technicians

DE4

Electromagnetic compatibilty EMC

To present the Electromagnetic. Compatibility risks and to inform about protection means.

DE5

Removal of radioactive lightning conductor

Information about radioactive risks. Presentation of the differents radioactive ligthning conductors and the removal settlement. To inform about lightning protection following regulation in force.

Installators Maintenance manager Security manager

DE6

Information on Lightning risks

Engineers - Technicians Architects - Installators Maintenance manager Security manager

No particular knowledge required

Other training sessions upon request: contact us.

33

Franklin France, the expertise at your service Franklin Assistance Services


Engineering and installations
Based on the expertise of the teams of Franklin Assistance, Franklin France is capable of leading all your projects of lightning protection from the creation of plans until their final realization. All work follows the code of practice of the trade and standards are fully respected.

Studies, advices and audits


Franklin Assistance is listening to you to: answer all your technical requests and advise you, inform you on the effects and risks linked to Lightning and regulations and obligations, analyze and determinate the level of risk of your installations with "the Lightning Risk" software, realize the studies and plans of projects of Lightning and overvoltage protection, propose you systems of protection adapted to your needs and at lowest cost, answer your schedule of conditions. Its teams can move on sites to: collect the necessary information to realize the risk study, realize, finalize or refine a study, to target with more precision, the risk of an installation, inspect your installation and do a complete audit, analyze and determinate the origin of a problem and the corrective actions to take. To be of most benefit to you, Franklin Assistance has developed specific computer software which it holds at your disposal. Based on our long "know-how", this software applies the actions and obligations of Lightning (NF C 17-100, NF C 17-102, IEC 61024) and overvoltage standards (EN 61643-11, EN 61643-21, UTE C 15-443). In simple terms the "Lightning Risk" software will allow you to realize all your Engineering studies.

Installations
Credo of the Franklin France company, the Global Approach finds its real significance in the particular attention given to the installation of the protection systems. Indeed, a correct protection, efficient and reliable can be done only if the installation is realized in total conformity with the "design rules" and the standard regulations. To be of the most use to you, Franklin Assistance teams are specialized for several years in the installation of protection systems. Only one team manages the totality of your projects, from the studies until the final handover of the installation. Carried out with products manufactured by the company, this constitutes your the best guarantee of an effective and durable total protection.

34

Franklin France, the expertise at your service Franklin Assistance Services


Controls, maintenance and safety Efficiency and reliability of a Lightning installation
The efficiency and reliability of a global system of protection is based on the use of quality products working correctly and: a correct installation of the protection system in compliance with the standards, regular checking especially after a storm. Approved to come to the sites, Franklin Assistance teams are available for: checking the condition of your installations, doing a complete audit and maintenance operation, suggesting possibilities of improvements, specifying modifications required for achieving safety standards or a achieving conformity in your installations. In the case of problem, an expert report will be opened by the quality Department of Franklin France.

Control and maintenance of the installations


The maintenance and check operations of a Lightning installation are specified by NF C 17-100 and NF C 17-102 standards and electrical standard NF C 15-100. They consist in checking: the state, the nature and the section of the down conductors, the running, the performance and the electric continuity of these same conductors, the mechanical fixings of the different elements of the installation, in particular those which insure the electric interconnections, conform to the rules and safety checking intervals, the values of the resistances of the earthing systems, the presence and the state of the different elements assuring the equipotential connection to the earthing systems, the mechanical fixings of the connection conductors of the surge protection devices to the networks and earthing systems. Whatever the application and the type of network, the surge protection devices do not need any maintenance. Only the surge protection devices for energy networks and the "Saint-Elme Active " lightning conductors must be checked at regular intervals, these operations are limited to check, its operating state and the protection devices associated to the surge protection devices (fuses or circuit breakers), the correct operating of the remote systems.

Removal of radioactive lightning conductor and measures of contamination


According to the decree of 11/10/83 which forbids the manufacture and trade of radioactive lightning conductors, Franklin France proposes that you dispose of the radioactive lightning conductors and to ensure their recycling by ANDRA (National agency for the management of the radioactive scraps). The teams of Franklin Assistance are qualified to do this disposal, its collection and storage, in compliance with safety procedures required. It is also at your disposal for the teams to measure contamination of sites and to advice or inform you.
Ordering code FP1 FP2 FP5 PC1 PC2 PC5 Radiam Designation Container 3 radioactive heads Container 5 radioactive heads Container 1 radioactive head Take in charge 3 radioactive heads Take in charge 5 radioactive heads Take in charge 1 radioactive head Rental machine of measure of decontamination

35

Prestigious references
In France
Among numerous prestigious references in France and in the world

Cement plants, Amiens

Elysee Palace

National Library, Garnier and Bastille Operas, Senate house, CDG Airport,
Hospitals and Universities, Paris

Port
Nuclear

Central Fire-men, Castle, DCN


Insurances MMA
Versailles

Customs, penitentiary centres EDF

regional aid centre

Airport

Castle of

Gendarmerie School Chambord CEA GDF


Rhodia

IFP, Opra Haras

GEC Alstom

SNPE

Hippodrome, Longchamp
GDF

Snecma

Butagaz, production site, Aubigny-sur-Nre

Military
engineer

Shell, port, Airport

Airport

Airbus Industries,Toulouse

Cathedral, Rodez

Nice, Airport

Other references available upon request.

36

Franklin France, the expertise at your service Prestigious references


In the world
Among numerous references prestigious in France and all over the world

Mosque of Constantine

Tabarka Airport Refinery of Tabriz

Vasco de Gama Bridge, Portugal

Telecom Canada US Radars Air Force Petroleos Mexicanos, Sony, Carrefour, Hospitals ESSO, banks

Royal Air Force Minist. Defence, BP, Shell Telecom Portugal Algrie Tlcom, Minist. P&T et Df. Mosques, Ports African Explosive Co. GSM networks Space centre guyanais

Reuter, GSM networks, Fedex Europe

Hospitals, Mosque, Presidential Palace Congress Palace Samsung, Toshiba, Cementeries Pakistan Nat. Power Company

Ericsson thermic central Tunisian GSM, Military Sites, Presidential palace Golfs, Airports Banks

Bouygues

Shangai Tower Shenzhen Tel. Radar stations

Minist. of the Defence, Kinshasa Airport, golfs Abatale GSM, Lanka Bell BP Pipelines BASF, Samsung Golf Sultan Brunei Jakarta Airport

Airport, Coca-Cola Ministry of Defence, BP, Shell Elf Mining Sites Chili Alstom

Ports & airports, Malagasi Telecom Military Sites

Plus Petrol, Shell, Nestl Universities TV transmissions

Refinery of Sumatra TV transmissions Legislative Palace of Montevideo Ayutaya Temple, Thailand

Other references available upon request.

37

Franklin France, the expertise at your service Prestigious references


In the world But also:
International Airport in Jakarta Airports of Mulhouse, Montpellier, La Baule, Marseille (France) Autonomous Ports, Le Havre and Marseille (France) Motorways of South of France GSM SFR France network, Algeria Telecom, Ericsson Azteca Television (Mexico) Telecommunications lines TDA (Algeria) Command of land (Algeria) Air base 110 (France) Munitions storage Ministry of Defence (France) Police stations of Le Mans and Rochefort (France) Ministry of the National Defence (Algeria) Intervention and assistance centre of la Marne (France) Penitentiary Centre of Chteau- Thierry (France) DCN Brest Pyrotechnic Centre (France) Transmission centre of the customs (France) Eleme Refinery (Nigeria) "Etang de Berre" Refinery - SHELL (France) Storage zones (Mexico) And perhaps soon your site

Find herewith one of our references in image and in action:

Palace of the Prime minister of Malaisia in 2005

38

Lightning Products

Lightning conductors

40

Lightning counter

46

Elevation rods and fixings

47

Meshed cage protection

50

Conductors and fixings

52

Earthings

59

Equipotentiality

61

Lightning Products Early Streamer Emission lightning conductors


Protection offered by Early Streamer Emission lightning conductors (NF C 17-102)
The ability to favour excitation at lower values of the electrostatic field (hence earlier) enhances the "capture probability" of lightning conductors. This capacity gives them greater efficiency in the role of "preferential capture points" compared to any other point of the building they protect. Therefore, these lightning conductors offer superior guarantees during low intensity discharges (2 to 5 kA) compared with simple rod type lightning conductors, which can only intercept them over short distances. The zones of protection of lightning conductors are obtained theoretically by plotting the electro-geomatric model, but are in practice, for low heights, comparable to a cone of revolution whose excitation is the tip of the lightning conductor. French Standard NF C 17-100 describes the calculation method applicable to Franklin and meshed cages rods. French Standard NF C 17-102, deals with Early Streamer Emission (ESE) lightning conductors and takes into account the levels of protection Np depending on: the excitation advance the level of protection Np according to the degree of severity (I to III) determinated previously by an assessment of the lightning risk, done with the calculus "Lightning Risk" software developed by FRANKLIN FRANCE in compliance with the standard. The excitation distance D considered according to the level of protection required D (I) = 20 m, D (II) = 45 m, D (III) = 60 m. The table below gives the Rp (m) values for the three levels of protection Np depending on the actual height h (m) of the lightning conductor in relation to the different planes considered.

Rp (m) h (m)
2 4 6 8 10 20 30 60

Np

I
13 25 32 33 34 35 35 35

T = 15 s II
18 36 46 47 49 55 58 60

III
29 41 52 54 56 63 69 75

I
19 38 48 49 49 50 50 50

T = 30 s II
25 51 64 65 66 71 73 75

III
28 57 72 73 75 81 85 90

I
25 51 63 64 64 65 65 65

T = 45 s II
32 65 81 82 83 86 89 90

III
36 72 90 91 92 97 101 105

I
31 63 79 79 79 80 80 80

T = 60 s II
39 78 97 98 99 102 104 105

III
43 85 107 108 109 113 116 120

(*) In compliance with the NF C 17-102 standard, and if the lightning constitutes a risk for the environment (C5 = 10) a coefficient of security of 40% is applied in France on the radii of protection, concerning the sites classified for the protection of the environment (ICPE, decree of the 28/01/93, JO 26/02/93 p3035), it means silos (Decree of the 15/06/00 JO 19/07/00 p 11092), nuclear installations (INB, Decree of the 31/12/99 JO 15/02/00 p 2263).

H (m)
2 4 6 8 10 20 30 60

15 s
7 15 19 20 20 20 20 20

30 s
11 23 29 29 29 29 29 29

45 s
15 31 38 39 39 39 39 39

60 s
19 38 48 48 48 48 48 48

40

Lightning Products Early Streamer Emission lightning conductors


Principle & operating
A first device, named "impulse device" stores the electrostatic energy present in the atmosphere at the approach of a stormy cloud and releases the excitation of the ascending discharge at the right time. A second device, named "power device", collects and stores the wind and / or the solar energy in several strong power capacitors. The Saint-Elme lightning conductor is in this way permanently pre-loaded of an important energy which enables him to support the propagation of the ascendant tracer. Close to the storm activity, an integrated sensor measuring the surrounding electric field value, releases the impulse device like most of usual Early Streamer Emission systems. Those lightning conductors almost immediately reverse the polarity of their head, creating a sudden amplification of the electrical field. The innovation of "Saint-Elme Active " Lightning conductor comes from the use of a second integrated sensor which measures the intensity of the electric discharge current, which is formed on the lightning conductors head. When the downward leader enters in the protection area of the lightning conductor, the measured current strongly increases. As soon as this current is higher than the characteristic threshold, the power capacitors discharge and release the necessary energy for the propagation of the leader. In this last device, the lightning conductors head acts as a capture device. Therefore, the head is electrically insulated from the ground.

Caracteristics of the Saint-Elme Active lightning conductor


Take in account the energetic information to choose the tracer which can become an ascending tracer. Maintain the propagation of the tracer by discharge of the power device. Source of energy autonomous and clean - Solar (2) or wind (1) energy for the "power device" - Atmospheric electrical field for the "impulse device" (3). Consider the cloud polarity. Radius of curve of the head optimize to reduce the corona effect and guarantee the excitation device. Protection of the electrical part against the rain with a dimensioned flange (4). High quality materials, esthetical. Use of stainless steel to resist against corrosion.

41

Lightning Products Early Streamer Emission lightning conductors


Test
The Saint-Elme Active lightning conductor was tested in the high voltage laboratory Bazet (CEB) in compliance with the NFC 17-102 standard and is subject of tests campaign in situ. lightning conductors exitation advance device has been determinated comparing to a rod of reference The Saint-Elme Active obtained in short-circuiting the double device of this lightning conductor.

Range of product

Saint-Elme Active
Pattern
SE 2D 30 SE 2D 60 SE 2D 30 SE 2D 60

range
Solar
AFB 1030 2D AFB 1060 2D AFB 1730 2D AFB 1760 2D

Dimensions
Wind + solar
AFB 1032 2D AFB 1062 2D AFB 1732 2D AFB 1762 2D

t (s)
30 60 30 60

Counter*
Not included Not included Included Included

* Counter.

Packaging
Complete lightning conductor conditionned in carton box. - Weight: 7 kg - Dimensions: 800 x 200 x 240 mm

Saint-Elme Active AFV 0100 TT

lightning conductor remote control tester

The Saint-Elme Active lightning conductor can be tested on site, with its remote control tester (initial checking, periodic checking in compliance with NFC 17-102 and decrees in force, maintenance, ). Simple and fast, the test does not require any particular operation of dismounting of the lightning conductor and can be done safety from the ground.

42

Lightning Products Early Streamer Emission lightning conductors


Saint-Elme, lightning conductors
The operating principle of the Saint-Elme lightning conductor is to create free charges (ionized particles and electrons) in the air surrounding the lightning conductor and to create, within a cloud ground electric field, a channel of high relative conductivity constituting a preferential path for lightning. Free charges are created by the corona effect by applying on the Saint-Elme lightning conductors ionized point(s) the voltage supplied by cells of piezo electric ceramics (lead zirco titanate), their feature is to produce a very high voltage by simply modifying the applied pressure. The Saint-Elme lightning conductor is therefore equipped with a mechanical device that transforms the stress resulting from the wind action on the lightning conductor into a pressure stress on the piezo electric cells. The voltage therefore produced is applied, through the high voltage cable that runs inside the lightning conductors support pole, on the ionized point(s) to create, by corona effect, free charges. Then, these charges are expulsed, by the Venturi system, from the lightning conductors head, profiled on purpose. The Saint-Elme lightning conductor is designed for the protection of a site (building, manufacture, monument, open areas) against the direct impact of lightning on important radii of protection.
Type Model Counter
SE6 SE9 SE12 SE15

Church

Historical monument 2 m polished copper Without


AFB0016SE AFB0019SE AFB0112SE AFB0115SE

Aladin 2.4 m chromium copper Without


AFB4006SE AFB4009SE -

2 m stainless steel 1.5 m polished copper t (s)


15 30 45 60

Without

With

Without
AFB3006SE AFB3009SE AFB3015SE

With
AFB3706SE AFB3709SE -

With
AFB4706SE AFB4709SE -

AFB1006SE AFB1706SE AFB1009SE AFB1709SE AFB1012SE AFB1712SE AFB1015SE AFB1715SE

Refer page 46 for the discharge counter AFV0907CF and its characteristics.

Saint-Elme Polished copper AFB0019SE

Aladin Chromium plated copper AFB4009SE

43

Lightning Products Lightning rods


NF C 17-100 Simple lightning rod "Franklin" type
Franklin lightning conductors, which are tappered, have a perfectly slender and attractive point. They exist in nickel/chromium-plated copper and stainless steel versions. They have a standard length of 2.4 m and can be extended by the addition of treated steel or stainless steel elevation rods. These systems do not require guying and can be up to 7 or 8 m long. The tip of Franklin lightning conductors features a solid point of marine bronze or stainless steel.

AFA 0001 PF

Ref.
AFA 0001 PF AFA 0002 PF AFA 0003 PF AFA 0004 PF AFA 1001 PF AFA 1002 PF AFA 1003 PF AFA 1004 PF AFA 0100 PF

Designation
Franklin lightning rod Franklin lightning rod Franklin lightning rod Franklin lightning rod Franklin lightning rod Franklin lightning rod Franklin lightning rod Franklin lightning rod Multi-point

Type of point
Nickel copper Chromium-plated Galvanized steel Treated steel Stainless steel Stainless steel Stainless steel Stainless steel Chrome plated bronze

Total height (m)


2.40 4.15 5.90 7.65 2.40 4.15 5.90 7.65

Base o.d. (mm)


30 33 36 49 30 34 42 48

Weight (kg)
3.71 8.04 12.57 18.40 3.41 7.39 12.41 17.99 0.35

Elevatlon rods number

1 2 3

1 2 3

"Industrial stack" model


This model is only available in stainless steel. The points are bent to keep them out of fumes and corrosive vapours. They are generally used in quantities of two or more, depending on the diameter of the stack.

AFA 1006 PF

Ref.
AFA 1005 PF AFA 1006 PF

Designation
Franklin lightning "Industrial stack" Franklin lightning "Industrial stack"

Type
Stainless steel Stainless steel

Height (m)
1 2.40

Straight section (m)


0.30 0.80

Bend a
30 30

Base o.d.
M10 30

Weight (kg)
0.67 3.41

AFJ 3100 SE fixing clip

Radii of protection
Not applicable beyond values marked x. Only the fictive sphere and mesh methods are applicable in this case. h is the height of the device above the volume to be protected. "a" is the hall-angle of the vertex of the cone of revolution, defining the radius of protection. Protection levels I, Il, III, and IV are defined by the NF C 17-100 standard.

44

Lightning Products Lightning conductors kits


Franklin Frances lightning conductors kits and earthings kits have been implemented in order to offer an easy and complete direct lightning protection. ESE Kit
38 m radius of protection - Level II Composed of: - 1 Saint-Elme SE 9 lightning conductor - 1 elevation rod n1 in galvanized steel with 2 clamping collars for down conductor - 2 galvanized steel offset brackets length 220 mm - 40 clips for 30 mm flat conductor support - 10 slate slides for tiles - 1 flat - flat cross coupling - 15 m flat 30 x 2 mm tinned copper tape - 1 set of screws for installation - 1 surge divester with fixing accessories Reference AFP 0010 SE Weight: 22 kg

Simple Rod Kit


8.2 m radius of protection - Level II

Composed of: - 1 Franklin rod - 1 elevation rod n1 in galvanized steel with 2 clamping collars for down conductor - 2 galvanized steel offset brackets length 220 mm - 40 support fixings for flat conductor 30 mm - 10 slate slides for tiles - 1 flat - flat coupling - 15 m 30 x 2 mm tinned copper tape - 1 set of screws for installation - 1 surge divester with fixing accessories Reference AFP 0011 PF Weight: 17 kg

Earthing Kit
Composed of: - 1 control junction - 1 galvanized steel protective tube for flat conductor 30 mm with 2 fixing collars - 3 copper earthing rods 1.50 16 mm - 3 earth rod to tape clamps - 10 m 30 x 2 tinned copper tape Reference AFP 0012 PT Weight: 12 kg

AGN 7730 AT

Vane Kit
Arrow vane kit adaptable on lightning conductor kits. Reference AGN 7730 AT Weight: 2.3 kg

45

Lightning Products Lightning counter


Impact controller 1 kA to 100 kA Conformity tests carried by LCIE Complies with UTE C 17-106/2001 Description
The impact controller or lightning counter is designed for detecting and counting lightning strikes received by the structures equipped with lightning conductors. It is fitted in general to a down conductor. The information received by the controller can be used for specific maintenance of the equipment. It is totally autonomous and does not require any external power supply. It is delivered with 2 collars AFJ0819RL. Counter compulsory for protected sites (Decree of the 28 of January of 1993), recommended for Expertise purposes and Insurance Companies.

AFV 0907 CF

Ordering code
Counting range Counter threshold IEC 60-1 and 1180-1 (Minimal discharge current detected) Maximum discharge current detected in compliance with IEC 60-1 and 1180-1 Permanent working current Terminal capacity Necessary circuit breaker Operating temperature range Protection index Dimensions Weight

AFV 0907 CF
00 to 99 1 kA in 8/20 wave (no detection below 150 A) 100 kA in 8/20 wave* (150 kA in 4/10 wave) None 8 mm (50 mm2) No - 30 C / + 80 C IP53 165 x 92 x 47 mm 430 g Lightning counter Lightning conductor Down conductor

* Value corresponding to the maximum discharge current available in the testing facility.

Installation
NFC 17-102: installation at approximately 2 m from its base. Mounting in serial on the down conductor, on a compulsory path of the lightning current.
Control junction

Meshed cages: installation recommended of a counter on each frontage, on the down conductors connecting to the highest points of the structure.

Protective tube Earthing system

46

Lightning Products Elevation rods and fixings


Franklin elevation rods for lightning rod conductors
Franklin elevation rods, consisting of 2 m elements, nest into each other, avoiding bolting and water infiltration, that can cause premature corrosion. These heavy-duty rods require no guying. They are delivered with conductor connecting clamps. "Standard" version: drawn seamless steel, galvanized. "Corrosive atmosphere" version: stainless steel.
Overall Number Base Weight height of element o.d. (m) (mm) (kg)
2.00 Galvanized steel AFC 2002 MR AFC 2003 MR AFC 1001 MR AFC 1022 MR AFC 1023 MR AFC 1002 MR AFC 1003 MR AFC 5001 MR Nr 1 + Nr 2 Nr 1 + Nr 2 + Nr 3 "Corrosive atmosphere" elevation rod Nr 1 "Corrosive atmosphere" elevation rod Nr 2 "Corrosive atmosphere" elevation rod Nr 3 steel Nr 1 + Nr 2 304 L Nr 1 + Nr 2 + Nr 3 Bent support for St-Elme 5.50 1 3 1 48.3 33.7 14.58 8.13 3.75 2 42.4 9.00 Stainless 3.75 5.50 2.00 2.00 2.00 2 3 1 1 1 36.0 49.0 33.7 42.4 48.3 8.86 14.69 3.98 5.03 5.58 2.00 2.00 1 1 1 33.0 36.0 49.0 4.29 4.57 5.83

AFC 2001 MR

Ref.
AFC 2001 MR AFC 2021 MR AFC 2031 MR

Designation
Standard elevation rod Nr 1 Standard elevation rod Nr 2 Standard elevation rod Nr 3

Type

Guying kit: AFD 1050 KH Fixings for lightning rod conductors and elevation rods
Support sockets for caulking or welding These sockets are designed to accomodate lightning conductor staffs or elevation rods by simple fitting. Like the elevation rods, they feature a hammered out section adjusted to 25 cm. They can be used as sockets for caulking in concrete cubes or can be welded to the structural steelwork.
Part for caulking (mm)
250

Ref.

Designation
Caulking socket for lightning conductor

Type

Dimensions (mm)
750

Concrete Weight cube (kg) (mm)


250 1.52

AFD 2200 FS

Galvanized steel

AFD 2200 FS

Vertical and carriage bolt holdfasts


Ref.
AFD 2005 TC AFD 2006 TL

Designation
Carriage bolt 0.2 m for lightning conductor Carriage bolt 1 m for lightning conductor

Type
Galvanized steel

Drilling Weight Observations dimensions (mm) (kg)


18 1.16 6.54 For lightning conductor staff On wood and concrete structures

AFD 2005 TC

"

"

47

Lightning Products Elevation rods and fixings


Fixing brackets presented below are designed for lightning conductors installation such as: - 2 fixing brackets for lightning conductors installation only or equipped with an elevation rod, - 3 fixing brackets for lightning conductors installation with 2 or 3 elevation rods.

"Offset" fixing brackets


Fixing by stud gun, bolting, taping
Passage (mm)
10

AFZ 0414 PD
Type
Galvanized steel

Ref.
AFZ 0414 PD AFZ 0514 PD AFZ 0815 PD AFZ 0614 PD AFZ 0714 PD

Designation
"offset" brackets 220 mm "offset" brackets 310 mm "offset" brackets 500 mm "offset" brackets 220 mm "offset" brackets 310 mm

Weight (kg)
1.44 1.68 6.77

" "
Stainless steel

" "
10

AFZ 0417 FC
1.37 1.59

"

"

Lateral fixing brackets


For offset fixing of lightning conductor masts and elevation rod on towers, vertical pipes, metal frameworks.
Ref.
AFZ 0412 SL AFZ 0417 FC AFZ 0513 SL

Designation
SL brackets Cross fixing SL brackets

Type
Galvanized steel

Passage (mm)
30 to 50

Weight (kg)
1.82 1.48 2.27

AFZ 0412 SL

" "

"
30 to 114

AFZ 0513 SL

Multi-purpose fixing brackets


To be used when the wall does not allow deep caulking. Fixed by stud gun, pluf or taping. Used to fix 2F elevation rods. Locked in place by a clip.
Ref.
AFZ 2802 FU

Designation
Multi-purpose fixing brackets

Type
Galvanized steel

Diam.
33 to 49 mm

Dimensions (mm) Weight (kg)


15 x 110 x 140 1.08

AFZ 2802 FU Lateral sealing brackets


Ref.
AFZ 2008 PS

Designation
Lateral sealing brackets 400 m

Type
Galvanized steel

Clamping (m)
from 30 to 50

Weight (kg)
1.46

AFZ 2008 PS

48

Lightning Products Elevation rods and fixings


Three-feet saddle
Three-feet saddle are designed for fixing the lightning conductors and elevation rods in terrace or on the ground. Made of galvanized steel, it can be used for every lightning conductors and elevation rods with a diameter of 50 cm.
Distance between feet (mm)
385

AFD 3200 FS

Ref.
AFD 3200 FS

Designation
Universal Three-feet

Height (mm)
800

Drilling (mm)
M 10 max.

Weight (kg)
6.00

Saddle
Fixing of Saint-Elme lightning conductors and 2.40 m Franklin rods only on towers and metal frameworks.
Ref.
AFD 0411 EB AFD 1411 EB

Designation
Threaded base Threaded base

Type
Treated steel Stainless steel

Passage diameter
M 16 M 16

Weight (kg)
0.88 0.87

Observations
Mast delivered drilled

AFD 0411 EB

Taping
Generally used to fix lightning conductors and their elevation rods to stacks, concrete masts, etc.
Ref.
AFZ 2012 PS

Designation
Taping

Type
Galvanized steel Galvanized steel

Clamping (m)
25 to 60

Weight (kg)
0.9

Observations
For lightning conductor or elevation rod In 25 m rolls In 5 m rolls

AFZ 2012 PS

AFD 2010 PS AFD 2011 PS

Strip coil 40 mm Strip coil 40 mm

5 1

"

AFD 2010 PS Water deflecting cones


Water deflecting cones: water deflecting cones are mainly used for vertical fixings of lightning conductors and their support masts on roofs. Two rubber* models are suitable for different passage diameters. Their reinforced aluminium alloy base, forming a plate, can be deformed to match different structural shapes while remaining water-proof. Possibility of fixing by sealed rivets.
Ref.
AFD 5001 CE AFD 5002 CE

AFD 5001 CE

Designation
Water deflecting cone Water deflecting cone

Type
Rubber

Passage diameter (mm)


6 to 60 6 to 127

Passage dimensions (mm)


120 x 80 200 x 105

Weight (kg)
0.07 0.18

"

* (EPDM).

49

Lightning Products Meshed cages


NF C 17-100 Level of protection
The mesh of a cage is defined according to the level of protection required. The highest points, the overstructures and the crossings are equipped with strike points.
Level of protection (m)
I II III IV

AFE 0100 PC

Fictive sphere radius R (m)


20 30 45 60

Mesh size (m)


5x5 10 x 10 15 x 15 20 x 20

Space between down conductors (m)


10 15 20 25

AFE 0050 PC

Strike points
Franklin strike points are designed for use on industrial buildings, residential buildings and private homes. These points are easy to install, gently tapered and entirely conical, lightweight, rugged and attractive. They are available in several dimensions, in nickel/chromium plated copper and stainless steel. Their tips are fitted with a solid point of marine bronze or stainless steel. They are threaded at the base for fixing by stud gun, plug, bolting, on all materials. A fixing bracket, designed for flat and round conductors, is inserted at the fixing point, so that clamping guarantees perfect electrical continuity. An added advantage is the possibility of creating a cable path without taking account of the point positions. These can be determined subsequently, and points can be added or removed without any difficulty.
Ref.
AFE 0050 PC AFE 0100 PC AFE 1050 PC AFE 1100 PC AFE 0051 PC

AFF 0502 PC AFF 0501 PC

Designation
Strike point Strike point Strike point Strike point Strike point for cage multipoint Strike point for cage multipoint Extra fixing bracket for tape Extra round fixing bracket for round cond.

Type
Nickel/chromium

Height (mm)
500 1000 500 1000 500

Base Dimensions
M10 M10 M10 M10 M10

Weight (kg)
0.44 0.72 0.43 0.67 0.79

AFF 2025 PC

"
Stainless steel

"
Nickel/chromium

AFE 0101 PC

"
Tin-plated copper

1000

M10

1.17

AFF 2030 PC

AFF 0501 PC

65 x 30 mm

0.07

AFF 0502 PC

"

0.05

Fixings for strike points


Threaded rods, carriage bolt mounts and expansion mounts are delivered with seal collars.

AFF 0836 PC
Ref.
AFF 2025 PC AFF 2026 PC AFF 2030 PC AFF 0836 PC AFF 0835 PC

Designation
Threaded rod Carriage bolt mount Expansion mount Support angle Support plate

Type
Galvanized steel

Depth
M10

Length (mm)
100 140 85 50/50 x 30 x 5 65 x 65

Drilling (mm)

Weight (kg)
0.080 0.065 0.045 0.12 0.430

12 x 60

"
Treated steel Treated brass Treated steel

" "
M10 M10

AFF 0835 PC

50

Lightning Products Meshed cages


Aerial mast adaptors
Fixing strike points to tubular masts such as aerial masts.
Ref.
AFD 0416 AA

AFD 0416 AA

Designation
Aerial adaptor

Type
Stainless steel

Mast diameter (mm) Weight (kg)


46 0.90

Cement "point support" studs


Cement "point support" studs: these studs, consisting of a black plastic envelope filled with cement, are used to fix strike points of meshed cages when waterproofing of the roof, terrace and acroteria must not be touched. Can be fixed by cement adhesive.
Ref.
AFF 8036 PC

Designation
Cement "point support" stud

Type
PVC + cement

Dimensions (mm)
140 x 140 x 80

Passage diameter
M10

Weight (kg)
1.00

AFF 8036 PC

"Point support" bases


The "Point support" bases can be used in certain cases. It can be used as collars fixings for strike points.
Ref.
AFF 0503 PC

Designation
"Point support" base

Type
Treated cupro-aluminium

Dimensions (mm)
53 x 53 x 14

Passage diameter
M10

Weight (kg)
0.22

AFF 0503 PC

Fixing details for meshed cages


AFF 0501 PC AFH 6413 AC

AFJ 0811 RE

AFF 2030 PC

AFF 8040 PC

AFF 0835 PC AFF 0503 PC

AFF 0501 PC

AFF 0501 PC

AFF 8036 PC

AFF 0501 PC

AFJ 0812 RE

AFF 0501 PC

AFF 2025 PC

AFF 0836 PC

51

Lightning Products Conductors


The conductors offered below are suitable for rod and mesh type lightning protection. In compliance with NF C 17-100 and 17-102 standards, flat conductors are preferable to round conductors, and copper is preferable to all others materials. Flat Conductors
Ref.
AFG 0302 CP AFG 4303 CP AFG 2333 CP AFG 6303 CP

Designation
Flat conductor (by 50 and 80 m) Aluminium flat conductor (by 100 m) Tape 33.5 x 3 (by 50 m) Flat conductor in PVC

Type
Tin-plated copper Aluminium Galvanized steel Copper Stainless steel Stainless steel

Dimensions Cross-section Weight (mm) (mm2) (kg/m)


27 x 2 30 x 3 33.5 x 3 30 x 3 30 x 2 30 x 2 > 50 90 100 > 50 > 50 > 50 0.49 0.24 0.81 0.25 0.48 0.48

AFG 0302 CP

AFG 1011 CP Stainless steel tape 30 x 2 (by 25 m) AFG 1012 CP Stainless steel tape 30 x 2 (by 50 m)

Round conductors
Ref.
AFG 0028 CR AFG 0018 CR

Designation
Round conductor (by 80 m) Round conductor (by 25)

Type
Bare copper Bare copper

Dimensions Cross-section Weight (mm) (mm2) (kg/m)


8 8 8 8 8 8 > 50 > 50 > 50 > 50 > 50 > 50 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.39 0.33 1.35

AFG 0008 CR Copper round conductor (by 50 m) Annealed tin-plated AFG 2008 CR AFG 2018 CR AFG 0008 BC Steel conductor round Stainless steel conductor 3 m bar Galvanized steel Stainless steel Bare copper

AFG 0008 CR

Flexible braids
For portable installations.
Ref.
AFG 0303 CS AFG 5038 CR AFG 0025 CR AFG 0035 CS AFG 0016 CS

Designation
Multibraid conductor 50 mm2 Multibraid conductor 50 mm2 Multibraid conductor 25 mm2 Multibraid conductor 35 mm2 Multibraid conductor 16 mm2

Type
Tin-plated copper Bare copper Bare copper Tin-plated copper Tin-plated copper

Dimensions Cross-section Weight (mm) (mm2) (kg)


30 x 3 8 5.6 6.7 4.5 > 50 > 50 25 35 16 0.48 0.45 0.23 0.32 0.15

AFG 0303 CS

Preformed elbows
For flat conductors diverting.
Ref.
AFG 0030 CC

Designation
Preformed elbow

Type
Tin-plated copper

Dimensions (mm)
30 x 2

Length. x radius (mm)


~ 70 x 30

Weight (kg)
0.27

AFG 0030 CC AFG 0430 ST

Shunts
Shunts are used to connect metal frames to down conductors. They are made of flexible tin-plated copper braid, and each end features a crimped eyelet. Available in various dimensions. Further details on request.
Ref.
AFG 0130 ST AFG 0230 ST AFG 0330 ST AFG 0430 ST

Designation
Flat flexible braid shunt 250 mm Flat flexible braid shunt 500 mm Flat flexible braid shunt 750 mm Flat flexible braid shunt 1000 mm

Type
Tin-plated copper

Dimensions Cross-section Weight (mm) (mm2) (kg)


30 x 3 > 50 > 50 > 50 > 50 0.15 0.25 0.38 0.51

" " "

" " "

AFG 0230 ST

52

Lightning Products Conductors fixings


NF C 17-100 and NF C 17-102 standards. Three fixings per linear meter. Driving in hooks
Fixing of flat conductors to masonry, concrete, brick walls etc. Use preferably with lead plugs.
Ref.
AFH 1030 CM AFH 2030 CM AFH 2040 CM AFH 8030 CC

AFH 2030 CM

Designation
Masonry driving in hook for 30 mm tape Masonry driving in hook for 30 mm tape Masonry driving in hook Plug for driving in hook 30 mm

Type
Stainless steel Zamak Galvanized steel Lead

Length (mm)
30 30 40 30

Weight (kg)
0.017 0.014 0.018 0.006

AFH 8030 CC

Staples
To fix flat conductors on tile or slate roofs.
Ref.
AFH 0030 AM AFH 0031 AM

AFH 0030 AM
Type
Tin-plated copper

Designation
Flat clip-on tile

Stem length (mm)


200 100

Weight (kg)
0.040 0.026

"

"

AFH 0031 AM

Roof clips
Roof clips: for fixing flat conductors on zinc shingles or roof, pop rivets on shingles and welding on metal roofs.
Ref.
AFH 0030 BF

Designation
Clip for zinc roof

Type
Tin-plated copper

Drilling hole (mm)

Weight (kg)
0.006

AFH 0030 BF

"Mamouth" brackets
To fix flat conductors on flat waterproof roof terraces. These brackets are attached by heat cementing.
Ref.
AFH 6032 BM AFH 6133 BM

Designation
"Mamouth" bracket "Mamouth" bracket

Type
Bituminized alu Bituminized alu

Dimensions (mm)
200 x 40 0.2 x 7 m roll

Weight (kg)
0.032 5.38

AFH 6032 BM

Collars
Fixing of flat conductors on different support types. Delivered with wood screw in steel M7 x 40.
Ref.
AFH 7000 AC

Designation
Fixing collar for flat conductor

Type
Brass

Dimensions (mm)
50 x 16

Weight (kg)
0.026

AFH 7000 AC

53

Lightning Products Conductors fixings


NFC 17-100 and NFC 17-102 Standards Three fixings per meter linear. Fixing for angle plates, towers and metal frameworks
These fixings can be used to fasten flat and round conductors to angle type metal supports.
Ref. Designation Type Fixing
Thickness 10 mm max. Thickness 10 mm max. Thickness 7 to 11 mm max.

AFH 2000 AC AFH 2001 AC

Weight (kg)
0.105 0.105 0.002

AFH 2000 AC Frame clip for round conductor 8 or 10 Galvanized steel AFH 2001 AC AFH 6501 CL Frame clip for flat conductor 30 x 2 Clips for round cond. 8 on flat support Galvanized steel Plated steel

Gutter passages
Ref.
AFH 2002 PG

Designation
Gutter passage

Type
Galvanized steel

Conductor
Flat 30 mm and round 10 mm max.

Weight (kg)
0.200

AFH 2002 PG

Clamping collars
For clamping conductors around cylindrical elements such as tubes, tubular towers, masts etc. Stainless steel collars. Clamping by hexagon head screw or by gripper.
Ref.
AFH 1051 CS AFH 1052 CS AFH 1053 CS AFH 1054 CS AFH 1057 CS

Designation
Clamping collar

Type
Stainless steel

Strip width (mm)


13

clamping Max/Min (mm)


25 to 45 35 to 52 47 to 67 62 to 82 8 to 100

Weight (kg)
0.025 0.026 0.030 0.032 0.008

" " "


Clamping collar INOX

" " " "

" " "


8

AFH 1051 CS

Expansion rivets
Quick assembling, no particular tool necessary.
Ref.
AFH 0075 RP AFH 3000 PR AFH 0075 RN

AFH 1057 CS
Thickness (mm)
10

Designation
Alu. Pop rivet Pop rivet clamp Vulca alu disc

Type
Aluminium

Dimensions (mm)
4 x 12.5

Weight (kg)
0.002 0.420 0.002

Aluminium

10 x 4.8

Cement "conductor support" studs


Similarly to the strike point supports, these studs consist of a black synthetic(1) envelope filled with cement. Their own weight makes cementing unnecessary. They are used when the roof waterproofing must not be touched. A groove is provided for the round conductor.
Ref.
AFH 8039 PC AFH 8040 PC AFH 8041 PC
(1)

AFH 8039 PC

Designation
Cement conductor support stud Stant-off conductor support Cement conductor support stud

Type
PVC + cement PVC + cement PVC

Height (mm)
140 x 140 x 80 mm

Weight (kg)
1.00 1.00 0.08

" "

AFH 8040 PC

in polypropylene.

54

Lightning Products Conductors fixings


NFC 17-100 and NFC 17-102 Standards Three fixings per meter linear. Metal clips
Made in stainless steel, these clips are used to fix flat down conductors 30 x 2 or 30 x 3. Fixing with pop rivets or screws.
Ref.
AFH 6500 CL AFH 6502 CL AFH 0075 RP

AFH 6500 CL

Designation
Tape clip for 30 x 2 Tape clip for 30 x 3 Alu pop rivet 4 x 12.5

Observations
Fixing hole diam 4 mm Fixing hole diam 4 mm Box of 100 units

Weight (kg)
0.002 0.002 0.100

AFH 6414 AC

"Cableway" clips
These clips, made of inalterable synthetic material, are used to fix round and flat conductors to all materials. Fixing thread diameter 6 mm. The "pad" model is also used with expansion rivets and "pop" rivets. "Plug" model: plug diameter 8 mm. The "support" model concerns the following accessories to which it adapts. Stud gun model: 6 mm diameter.
Ref.
AFH 6413 AC AFH 6414 AC AFH 6415 AC AFH 6416 AC AFH 6405 AC AFH 6406 AC AFH 6407 AC AFH 6408 AC

AFH 6415 AC

AFH 6416 AC

Designation
Clip for 30 mm flat conductor "stud" H 8 mm Clip for 30 mm fiat conductor "pad" H 14 mm Clip for 30 mm flat conductor "plug" H 14 mm Clip for 30 mm flat conductor "support" H 24 mm Clip with lock "stud gun" H 18 mm

Observations

Weight (kg)
0.022

For flat or round conductor

0.023 0.023 0.023 0.008

AFH 6406 AC

For round conductor Clip with lock "pad" H 18 mm Clip with lock "plug" H 18 mm Clip with lock "support" H 25 mm 10 mm max. 8 mm* 0.010 0.010 0.010

AFH 6407 AC

* For 6 and 10 upon request.

"Cableway" clip support accessories: used with "support" clip models.


To be used with "support" type clips.
Ref.
AFH 6417 CE AFH 6418 CT AFH 6419 GT AFH 6420 GT AFH 6421 CB AFH 6422 AF

AFH 6420 GT AFH 6419 GT

Designation
Expansion plug Tile or slate hook Tile or slate slide (nailed) Tile or slate slide (spiked) Bolt hook clamp M8 x 60 Roof tree clamp

Type
PVC White plated steel White plated steel White plated steel White plated steel White plated steel

Observations
16-length 42 mm Length 44 cm Length 23 cm Length 40 cm For corrugated plate roof Adjustment 17/24 cm

Weight (kg)
0.016 0.093 0.040 0.074 0.010 0.074

AFH 6421 CB

AFH 6422 AF

55

Lightning Products Conductors fixings


Conductor interconnections. Channel clips
Made of spring metal, channel clips can connect two tapes together easily and attractively, As a rule, two clips mounted in opposition are used for these connections. The large clip allows a cross and tee coupling.

AFJ 0811 RE

AFJ 0812 RE
Ref.
AFJ 0811 RE AFJ 0812 RE

Designation
Channel clip 30 mm Channel clip 90 mm

Type
Spring bronze Spring bronze

Dimensions (mm) Weight (kg)


30 x 30 x 7 90 x 30 x 7 0.026 0.070

AFJ 0005 RC "Cross couplings"


Ref.
AFJ 0005 RC AFJ 0819 RL AFJ 0008 RC AFJ 0817 RT AFJ 0818 RL

AFJ 0819 RL
Type
Cupro alu Stainless steel Galvanized steel Zinc Zinc

Designation
Cross coupling "Flat/round" coupling Round/round clamp T-coupling for round/round In line coupling for round/round

Observations
For flat 30 mm In line - 8 and 10 mm 8 and 10 For round 8 or 10 mm For round 8 or 10 mm

Weight (kg)
0.218 0.100 0.120 0.120 0.120

AFJ 0817 RT

AFJ 0818 RL AFH 0458 RC

Clamping connectors for diam. 8 mm trolley AFH 1558 RC

Ref.
AFH 0458 RC AFH 0558 RC AFH 1558 RC AFH 0388 RC

Designation
Straight connector T connector Cross connector Right angle connector

Type
Bare copper Bare copper Bare copper Bare copper

Dimensions (mm)
45 55 55 38

Conductor (mm)
8 8 8 8

Weight (g)
52 82 114 56

AFH 0388 RC

Cable clips AFH 1050 SC


Ref.
AFH 1050 SC AFH 1695 SC

Designation
Cable Brass dip Cable Brass dip

Type
Brass

Dimension (mm) (L x l x h)
28 x 29 x 34 36 x 39 x 46

Section (mm2)
10 to 50 16 to 95

Number of screws
2 x M6 2 x M8

Weight (g)
64 154

"

Cable sockets
Ref.
AFH 1650 CC AFH 2650 CC

Designation
Cable socket Double cable socket

Type
Brass

Dimension (mm) (L x P)
43 x 21 64 x 21

Section (mm2)
6 to 50 6 to 50

Number Weight of sockets (g)


2 x M5 4 x M5 40 76

AFH 2650 CC

"

56

Lightning Products Conductors fixings


HOTWELD Aluminothermic Welding Kit
The HOTWELD process is used to create electrical molecular bonds between copper/copper, copper/aluminum, copper/steel, aluminum/aluminum, without any external power or heat source. The principle consists in placing a welding metal and a starting powder in a special mold. The composition of the filler metal depends on the metals to be welded (copper oxide and aluminum for copper/copper welding). The reduction of the copper oxide by the aluminium produces, at a very high temperature, molten copper and aluminum oxide slag. This bath of molten copper is channeled by the mold to the parts to be welded, melts them and creates a molecular bond between them. The shape and dimensions of the mold and the amount of filler metal depend on the items to be welded and their size. HOTWELD welding can be used on areas from 2.5 mm2 up to 800 mm2 or more. THE MOLECULAR BONDS PRODUCED GUARANTEE: The same conductivity as the bonded Items The ability to withstand overvoltages Total resistance to corrosion.

In addition to "standard" bonds, Franklin can also provide 3 welding kits. Each of these kits has been specially designed to meet the requirements of each specialist's activity.

Items common to all kits:


1 clamp 1 G-cramp 1 scraper 1 brush 1 primer 1 plastic case

Items specific to each kit:


Electrician's kit
Choice between: One mould for 25 mm2 cable AFK 5101 SA or One mould for 35 mm2 cable AFK 5102 SA or One mould for 50 mm2 cable AFK 5103 SA (Each mold is used for welding to a vertical metal support) and 20 welds

Telecom Kit: AFK 5200 SA


Composed of: One mould for horizontally welded flat cable 1 One mould for horizontally welded flat cable in flat position One mould for a flat crossing of two conductors 3 One mould for a vertical crossing of two conductors 4 10 welds for each connection

57

Lightning Products Conductors fixings


Computer kit
Choice between: Two moulds for 25 x 2 mm braid Welds produced: On horizontal metal support 90 crossing of two conductors or Two moulds for 30 x 3 mm braid Welds produced: On horizontal metal support 90 crossing of two conductors and 20 welds for each connection
Ref.
AFK 5101 SA AFK 5102 SA AFK 5103 SA AFK 5200 SA AFK 5301 SA AFK 5302 SA

AFK5301SA

AFK5302SA

Designation
Electrician's kit, 25 mm2 cable Electrician's kit, 35 mm cable Electrician's kit, 50 mm2 cable Telecom kit Computer kit, 25 x 2 mm cable Computer kit, 30 x 3 mm cable
2

Weight (kg)
7 7 7 12 11 11

Other possibilities Other possibilities are available in addition to those in kits. Please contact us. Examples of kits:

AFK 5401 SA

AFK 5402 SA

AFK 5403 SA

AFK 5404 SA

AFK 5405 SA

AFK 5407 SA

AFK 5408 SA

AFK 5409 SA

AFK 5410 SA

AFK 5411 SA

AFK 5413 SA

AFK 5414 SA

58

Lightning Products Earthings


Earthing equipment. Control junctions
NF C 17-100 and NFC 17-102 standards: A control junction must be inserted on each down conductor to allow disconnection from its earth terminal. The 2F control junction, featuring very low impedance and perfect conductivity, is designed for easy installation and inspection Features: - For use with 30 mm tin-plated copper or alu flat conductors, 8 and 10 mm diameter round conductors. - Base fixed by stud gun, wood screw, etc. - Safety locking by hexagonal key delivered with control junction. - Highly profiled and compact item.
Ref.
AFK 0080 BC

AFK 0080 BC

Designation
Control junction

Type
Copper/alu

Dimension (mm)
70 x 37 x 20

Weight (kg)
0.36

AFK 4200 FP

Protective tubes
Designed to protect down conductors against any mechanical impact. Placed on the ground level and near passageways. Delivered with their clamping collars.
Ref.
AFK 4200 FP

Designation
Protective tube for flat conductor 30 mm Protective tube for round conductor 30 mm Protective tube for flat conductor

Type
Galvanized steel

Dimensions (mm)
40 x 4 x 2000

Weight (kg)
1.26

AFK 4204 FP AFK 4201 FP

Stainless steel Stainless steel

40 x 4 x 2000 20 x 2000

0.83 2.18

Multistrand coupling and earth bars


Used to assemble three or more flat conductor strands to make a "crow's-foot" type earthing connection.
Ref.
AFK 0004 RM

Designation
Multistrand coupling

Type
Cast copper alu.

Dimension (mm) Weight (kg)


80 x 80 x 20 0.93

AFK 0004 RM

Earth pits
Designed to accomodate control junctions when these are provided on the ground, as well as all mechanical interconnections to the earthing network.
Ref.
AFK 8000 RV AFK 8001 RV AFK 8002 RV

AFK 8001 RV

Designation
PVC inspection pit

Type
Slate grey PVC Cast-iron

Dimensions (mm) Weight (kg)


170 x 170 x 90 230 170 0.9 4.9 2.5

" "

"

Earthing tester: refer page 98.

AFK 8000 RV

Earthing grids and plates


Used in some cases as earth connections. They consist of red copper in a mesh of 115 x 40 mm.
Ref.
AFK 0900 GT AFK 0901 GT

Designation
"Copper" earthing grid "Copper" earthing grid

Type
Copper

Dimensions (mm) Weight (kg)

AFK 0900 GT
920 x 660 2000 x 1000 2.64 7.00

"

59

Lightning Products Earthings


Earth rods and accessories Galvanized steel earth rods
In hot dip galvanized welded tube with preformed spike. They are equipped with a clamping collar. Lengthenable rods: Round with diameter 20 mm, hot dip galvanized with incorporated spike. Of high resistance, they can be lengthened by simple clamping and without coupling.
Ref.
AFK 0101 PT AFK 0102 PT

AFK 0101 PT

Designation
Galvanized steel earth rod Galvanized steel earth rod

(mm)
21 21 20

Length (m)
1.00 1.50 1.20

Weight (kg)
1.18 1.69 2.87

AFK 1029 PT

AFK 0103 PT Galvanized steel earth rod (can be lengthened)

Stainless steel earth rods


Stainless steel tube of diameter 16 mm. Clamping collars for flat or round necessary.
Ref.
AFK 1029 PT AFK 1030 PT

Designation
Stainless steel earth rod (can be lengthened) Stainless steel earth rod (can be lengthened)

(mm)
16 16

Length (m)
1.00 2.00

Weight (kg)
1.48 3.20

Copper-steel earth rods


Copper earth rods with a steel core for greater hammer penetration rigidity. Can be lengthened by elements using conical brass clamps, ensuring a perfect electrical continuity. - Constant copper thicknesses - Diameters and dimensions according to table.

AFK 0316 PT
Ref.
AFK 0316 PT AFK 0416 PT AFK 0319 PT AFK 0419 PT

Designation
Copper-steel earth rod Copper-steel earth rod Copper-steel earth rod Copper-steel earth rod

(mm)
16 16 19 19

Length (m)
1.5 2 1.5 2

Weight (kg)
1.9 2.56 2.76 3.89

Other dimensions upon request.

Clamping and driving accessories


Ref.
AFK 0010 RP AFK 0020 RP AFK 2016 PE AFK 2019 PE AFK 0016 MA AFK 0019 MA AFK 2069 BE AFK 2070 BE

AFK 0020 RP
Weight (kg)
0.084 0.150 0.138 0.164 0.136 0.180 0.190 0.400

Designation
Earth rod to tape clamp Earth rod diam 19 to tape clamp Spike Spike Rod connecting clamp Rod connecting clamp Driving head Driving head

Type
Brass Copper-alu Treated steel Treated steel Brass Brass Treated steel Treated steel

(mm)
Flat 16 Flat 16-19 Flat 16 Flat 19 Flat 16 Flat 19 Flat 16 Flat 19

AFK 2069 BE

AFK 0016 MA

AFK 2016 PE

Signalisation accessories
Ref.
AFH8000PS

Designation
Lightning earthing marker

Type
Aluminium

Dimension (cm)
10 x 10 x 10

Weight (kg)
0.11

AFH 8000 PS 60

Lightning Products Equipotentiality devices


Equipotentiality bar
These bars are used for the equipotential connection of the various ground conductors (cable, round or flat) and provide the possibility of disconnecting. They can be installed on a wall, rack or bay frame etc. or in an inspection pit.

Ref.
AFK 0020 BE AFK 0125 BE AFK 0080 BE AFK 0100 BE AFH 4000 IT

Designation
Equipotentiality bar, 2 x 8 holes Dia. 10 + insulators Equipotentiality bar, 70 holes, Dia. 10 Equipotentiality bar, 140 holes, Dia. 10 Equipotentiality bar, 140 holes, Dia. 10 Earth bar isolator

Dimensions (mm)
200 x 50 x 5 1750 x 25 x 5 1750 x 80 x 5 1750 x 100 x 5 40 x 40

Weight (kg)
0.59 1.70 5.60 7.00 0.10

AFK 0020 BE

Clips for equipotentiality connections


Ref.
AFH 8100 CE AFH 8101 CE AFH 8102 CE

Designation
Clips for equipotentiality

Type
Stainless steel

Cliping diameter (mm)


12-32 32-50 50-75

Weight (g)
46 50 50

" "

" "

AFH 8102 CE

Ground coil
This coil is installed in series on the equipotential link between two earthing systems. For example, between the lightning conductor's earthing and the mass grounding. It increases the impedance of the connection which, on a short connection, reduces the shock effect and energy transmission to the electrical distribution, without compromising equipotentiality. This device, which presents no danger to personal safety, complies with standards NF C 15-100, NF C 17-100 and NF C 17-102. The coil is connected as close as possible to the mass ground (wall or inspection pit). Inductance: 20 H / 10 MHz Wire cross-section: 25 mm2 (flexible) Continuous resistance: 1.5 m Maximum continuous intensity: 100 A

AFK 0001 ST

Ref.
AFK 0001 ST

Designation
Ground coil

Dimensions (mm)
225 x 68 x 102

Weight (kg)
1.33

61

Lightning Products Equipotentiality devices


Surge divester
Purpose Due to their shape and exposed position, TV and other professional antennas often receive discharges of static or atmospheric electricity.The damage sustained is often considerable and may destroy both the antenna and any equipment connected to it. To avoid this damage, and reduce the risks, surge divester should be installed on the grounding circuit.

AFY 7600 EA

Reference
Applications Type Discharge current Level of protection Up (Impulse spark-over voltage, 1.2/50 wave) Couplings Protection index Dimensions Weight (kg)

AFY 7600 EA
TV antennas, Inox + resin 100 kA, 10 x (8/20) 1.5 kV Per collars IP65 180 x 50 x 40 mm 0.35

Equipotentiality surge divester


To be sure of the potential balancing of the different earths when a direct link between the earths is not allowed by the application.

AFK 0112 BE
Reference
Applications Type Discharge current (8/20 wave) Level of protection Up (Impulse spark-over voltage, 1.2/50 wave) Couplings Protection index Dimensions Weight (kg)

AFK

0112 BE
Risk of corrosion Inox +PVC 100 kA, 10 x 4 kV 8 mm IP65 45 x 160 mm 0.29

0111 EG
Explosive environment, cathodic prot Zinc + PVC 100 kA, 10 x 2.2 kV

0113 EE
Explosive environment, cathodic prot Zinc + PVC 100 kA, 10 x 2.2 kV

AFK 0111 EG

2 x M10 2 x M10 (cable 130 mm) (cable 230 mm) Ex(s) G4 63 x 90 mm 0.75 Ex(s) G4 63 x 90 mm 0.85

62

Overvoltage Products

Energy networks
Modular surge protective devices type I Modular surge protective devices type II Cabinets of protection Mobile protections Strategic networks Miscellaneous

64

Telecommunication Data transmission


Multi-line housings Wall protections DIN modules Computer networks Coaxial networks

84

Overvoltage Products
Electric networks

Modular surge protective devices type 1


T1 range 25 kA T1 range 12.5 kA

66

Modular surge protective devices type 2


T2 range C1D Common mode Plug-in T2 range C2D Differential mode Plug-in T2 range M Monoblock

68

Cabinets of protection
Modular cabinets 230/400 V networks

71

Mobile protections
Mobile surge protective devices type 3

77

Strategic networks
Surge suppressers 19" rack units

78

Miscellaneous
Overvoltage counter Coordination coils and filter

82

Overvoltage products Energy networks


Comply with NF C 15-100, IEC 60364, UTE C 15-443, NF C 61-740 and IEC 61-643-1 standards Concerns
Interference and discharges of atmospheric origin (lightning induced surges and electrostatic discharges) can create very strong electromagnetic radiation over large distances which can destroy all equipment connected to any nearby power lines. (Highly energetic discharges with long duration times, overvoltages larger than the components damage threshold voltage of electronic equipment, inductive effects due to overvoltages with steep slopes). Whether routed inside or outside the buildings, all lines are at risk from such discharges and the use of protections are here presented is highly recommended for protecting the equipment to which they are connected.

Purpose
The induced currents are diverted to the earth before they can reach the equipment connected to the downstream power network while the overvoltages are kept to a harmless level and the equipment running in total transparency for the user.

Application
These devices are recommended for protecting any equipment connected to main power supplies in the case of domestic and industrial installations. The selection of the products type is done taking into account the exposition degree to lightning of the area (NFC 17-100 or IEC 364 and IEC 61643-1), installation in isolated or metropolitan area, cost and sensitive level of the equipment to protect, the neutral earthing system, the installation mode.

Interest and performances


These products offer a large panel of performances with discharge current ranging from (5 kA to 160 kA in wave 8/20 s and 10 kA to 100 kA in wave 10/350 s), protection levels of 600 V (diode arrays or products based on the association of varistors and surge arrestors) to 4000 V (encapsulated spark gaps only), short response time, redundancy of the protection for applications in isolated areas, products for external applications

Installation
They are installed in parallel with the mains in association to a circuit breaker against short circuits (mandatory only if not already provided by mains or when the upstream circuit breaker is not adapted, NFC 61-740 and 15-100 or IEC 61643-1 and IEC 60364). Earthing is mandatory and it is done according to the rule of the shortest possible path (all earth conductors must be interconnected IEC 61312). Installation of a remote control system coupled to the circuit breaker or to the overvoltage protection with an overvoltage controller is recommended to secure the overall installation.

F1, F2: Fuses or circuit breaker. P: Surge Protective Device (SPD). BP: Earth E: Equipments. PE: Conductor of protection. M: Mass of equipments.

Reduce at the maximum the area tinted grey of the loop formed by the conductors perturbed.

d1+d2+d3: the shortest as possible (< 50 cm recommended).

65

Overvoltage products Electric networks


Class I modular surge protective devices - T1-25 range 25 kA and 100 kA (10/350) modular protections 120/208 V and 230/400 V networks - Level I Applications Standards: EN 61643-11 (NF C 61-740, VDE 0675, IEC 61643-1 /2002), UL 1449 ed. 2, ANSI C62.41, EN 61000-4-4, EN 61000-4-5 Description
These products are based on very high energy varistors and encapsulated spark gaps, these surge protective devices are designed for protecting the inputs of main power supplies for highly exposed sites. Their flow capacities are much higher than the minimum requirements of NF C 15-100 and IEC 60364 electrical standards (sites protected against direct lightning: protection of networks inputs with 12.5 kA/class I SPDs). Products equipped with end of life indicators and terminals for remote monitoring. Mounting on symmetrical DIN rail foot (EN 50022). Applications types: main boards of main and secondary buildings.
Ordering code Nominal voltage Un Type of network (three phase, single) Neutral earthing systems Protection modes1 / Diagram type Technology2 Max. operating voltage Uc TOV withstand characteristics Ut Discharge current3 Iimp IEC 61643-11 In Imax Imax (IEC 61643-1/1998) Protection level Up at In Up at In = 40 kA Residual overvoltage Ures at 3 kA Ures at Iimp Specific energy (charge) W/R (Q) Response time Residual current / Follow current Thermal disconnection and end of life indicator Associated overcurrent protection4 Short circuit withstand Residual Current Device (RCD)5 Remote monitoring (RM) Capacity Wiring length / Torque L, N, PE terminals Capacity Wiring length / Torque Operating temperature range Enclosure: Protection index / Material Location category / Number of ports Weight
1 2 4

ASS3311T1 120 V all TT, TNS, TNC all / A MOV 175 V > 208 V

ASS3312T1 ASS3114A1 230 V 230 V all three phase + N TT, TNS, TNC TT, TNS all / A 4+0 / B MOV MOV 335 V 335 V > 416 V > 416 V 25 kA 70 kA 100 kA 160 kA 1 kV 2 kV 2 kV 0.85 kV 1.5 kV 1.5 kV 0.5 kV 0.85 kV 0.85 kV 0.65 kV 1.15 kV 1.15 kV 156 kJ/ (12.5 A.s) < 25 ns < 2 mA / yes 250 A gG 25 kA Selective or delayed - 5 kA min. (8/20) (IEC 60364: 3 kA) 1.5 mm2 7 mm / 0.25 Nm 4 to 35 mm2 (stranded: 25 mm2 max.) 14 mm / 4 Nm - 40 / +80 C IP20 / thermoplastic UL 94 V-0 internal / 1 port 255 g 335 g 1300 g

ASS9302N1 120 V or 230 V all TT, TNS N-PE / C GDT 255 V 100 kA 80 kA 160 kA 160 kA 1.5 kV 0.8 kV 0.15 kV 1.75 kV 2500 kJ/ (50 A.s) < 100 ns - / 100 A -

260 g

Installation rules and electrical safety: NF C 15-100, IEC 60364 or the national equivalent electrical standard.
2+0, 3+0 or 4+0 ("C1" type): protection L-PE et N-PE (connexion of type 1). 3+1 ou 1+1 ("C2" type): protection L-N et N-PE (connexion of type 2). L: line. N: neutral. PE: earth. MOV: varistor. GDT: encapsulated sparkgap. 3 EN 61643-11: product tested with its associated overcurrent protection (IEC 61643-1/1998: without). max. calibre of fuses upstream the SPD (circuit breaker: 80 A). 5 TT systems: RCD compulsory upstream "C1" type SPDs.

Installation principle (general case)

Association of SPDs

Internal diagrams and dimensions (mm) (A) (B) (C) Side view

F1, F2: fuses or circuit breaker. SPD: surge protective device TT systems: RCD Compulsory upstream a "C1" type SPD MEB: main earth bar 5a or 5b: 4 mm2 min. With lightning conductor: 10 mm2 min. (IEC 60364: 16 mm2 min.) E (M): equipments (masses)

F2 compulsory if F1 > max. calibre. 4 Protection of neutral compulsory. Earth: 5a or 5b link. Total length d1+d2+d3 as short as possible (< 50 cm recommended)

(RM) 11-12: normal / 11-14: fault (max. 250 Vac / 0.5 A or 125 Vdc / 1 A) V: red indicator at end of life (red = fault)

66

Overvoltage products Electric networks


Class I and II modular surge protective devices - T1-12.5 range 12.5 kA (10/350) modular protections 120/208 V and 230/400 V networks - Level I and II Applications Standards: EN 61643-11 (NF C 61-740, VDE 0675, IEC 61643-1 /2002), UL 1449 ed. 2, ANSI C62.41, EN 61000-4-4, EN 61000-4-5 Description
These products are based on very high energy varistors and encapsulated sparkgaps, these surge protective devices are dedicated to the protection of the inputs of highly exposed sites. They fully comply with the minimum requirements of NF C 15-100 and IEC 60364 electrical standards (sites with lightning conductors: protection of the networks inputs with 12.5 kA/class 1 SPDs). Products equipped with end of life indicators and terminals for remote monitoring. Mounting on symmetrical DIN rail foot (EN 50022). Standards applications: Main boards of main and secondary buildings.
Ordering code Nominal voltage Type of network 2 and 4 poles 1 pole (L3) Un (single phase, three phase) ASS1111C1 ASS1111L1 120 V all L3 TT, TNS, TNC L3: TNC 2+0 / A L3: 1+0 / B Uc (L-N/N-PE) Ut Iimp In Imax Up at In Up at In = 25 kA Ures to 3 kA Ures to Iimp W/R Q (L-N/N-PE) (L-N/N-PE) MOV 175 V > 208 V 12.5 kA 40 kA 80 kA 1 kV 0.85 kV 0.53 kV 0.65 kV 40 kJ/ (6.25 A.s) < 25 ns < 2 mA / yes ASS1113D1 120 V three phase TT, TNS 3+1 / C MOV+GDT 175 / 255 V > 208 V 12.5/50 kA 40/50 kA 80/100 kA 1/1.2 kV 0.85/1.2 kV 0.53/0.15 kV 0.65/0.6 kV 40/625 kJ/ (6.25/25 A.s) < 25/100 ns < 2 mA / - / 100 A yes (N-PE: - ) ASS1112C1 ASS1111L1 230 V all L3 TT, TNS, TNC L3: TNC 2+0 / A L3: 1+0 / B MOV 335V > 416 V 12.5 kA 40 kA 80 kA 1.8 kV 1.5 kV 0.9 kV 1.1 kV 40 kJ/ (6.25 A.s) < 25 ns < 2 mA / yes ASS1114D1 230 V three phase TT, TNS 3+1 / C MOV+GDT 335 / 255 V > 416 V 12.5/50 kA 40/50 kA 80/100 kA 1.8/1.2 kV 1.5/1.2 kV 0.9/0.15 kV 1.1/0.6 kV 40/625 kJ/ (6.25/25 A.s) < 25/100 ns < 2 mA / - / 100 A yes (N-PE: - ) ASS1106C1 ASS1106L1 400 V all L3 all L3: TNC, IT 2+0 / A L3: 1+0 / B ASS1118A1 400 V three phase TT, TNS, IT+N 4+0 / D -

Neutral earthing systems Protection modes1 / Diagram type Technology2 Max.operating voltage TOV withstand characteristics Discharge current3 IEC 61643-11 (L-N/N-PE) Protection level (L-N/N-PE) Residual overvoltage (L-N/N-PE) Specific energy (Charge) (L-N/N-PE) Response time Residual current / Follow current

MOV 440 V Uc 12.5 kA 40 kA 80 kA 2.4 kV 2 kV 1.25 kV 1.55 kV 40 kJ/ (6.25 A.s) < 25 ns < 2 mA / yes

Thermal disconnection and end of life indicator Associated overcurrent protection4 Short circuit withstand Residual Current Device (RCD)5 Remote monitoring (RM) Capacity Wiring length / Torque L, N, PE terminals Capacity Wiring length / Torque Operating temperature range Enclosure: Protection index / Material Location category / Number of ports Weight (L3)
1 2 4

250 A gG 25 kA Selective or delayed - 5 kA min. (8/20) (IEC 60364: 3 kA) 1.5 mm2 7 mm / 0.25 Nm 1.5 mm2 7 mm/0.25 Nm

270 (210) g

525 g

4 to 35 mm2 (stranded: 25 mm2 max.) 14 mm / 4 Nm - 40 / +80 C IP20 / thermoplastic UL 94 V-0 internal / 1 port 320 (240) g 570 g 290 (225) g

565 g

Installation rules and electrical safety: NF C 15-100, IEC 60364 or the national equivalent electrical standard.
2+0, 3+0 ou 4+0 ("C1" type): protection L-PE et N-PE (connexion of type 1). 3+1 ou 1+1 ("C2" type): protection L-N et N-PE (connexion of type 2). L: line. N: neutral. PE: earth. MOV: varistor. GDT: encapsulated sparkgap. 3 EN 61643-11: product tested with its associated overcurrent protection (IEC 61643-1/1998: without). max. calibre of fuses upstream the SPD (circuit breaker: 63 A). 5 TT systems: RCD compulsory upstream "C1" type SPDs.

Installation general principle


F1, F2: fuses or circuit breaker. SPD: surge protective device TT systems: RCD Compulsory upstream a "C1" type SPD MEB: main earth bar 5a or 5b: 4 mm2 min. With lightning conductor: 10 mm2 min. (IEC 60364: 16 mm2 min.) E (M): equipments (masses)

Association of SPDs

(A)

Internal diagrams and dimensions (mm) (B) (C) (D) Side view

F2 compulsory if F1 > max. calibre. 4 Protection of neutral compulsory. Earth: 5a or 5b link. Total length d1+d2+d3 as short as possible (< 50 cm recommended)

(RM) 11-12: normal / 11-14: fault (max. 250 Vac / 0.5 A or 125 Vdc / 1 A) V: red indicator at end of life (red = fault)

67

Overvoltage products Electric networks


Class II modular surge protective devices - T2-C1D range 60 and 40 kA pre-assembled plug-in protections 120/208 V and 230/400 V networks- Level I and II applications Standards: EN 61643-11 (NF C 61-740, VDE 0675, IEC 61643-1 /2002), UL 1449 ed. 2, ANSI C62.41, EN 61000-4-4, EN 61000-4-5 Description
These plug-in devices make maintenance of networks (isolation tests or else) very easy and in total security while insuring continuous servicing. They are pre-assembled in 2, 3 and 4 poles with a single remote monitoring terminal (RM) making their installation straightforward. Standards applications: Main boards of main and secondary buildings (sites with medium risk levels). Distribution boards: second protection level (sites protected against direct lightning or with a very high risk level). Mounting on symmetrical l DIN rail foot (EN 50022).
Ordering code 4 poles + RM 3 poles + RM 2 poles + RM 1 pole Un 2 and 4 poles 3 poles 1 pole ASS4211A2 ASS4211B2 ASS4211C2 ASS4201T2 ASS8211A2 ASS8211B2 ASS8211C2 ASS8201T2 ASS4212A2 ASS4212B2 ASS4212C2 ASS4202T2 ASS8212A2 ASS8212B2 ASS8212C2 ASS8202T2 ASS4214A2 ASS4214B2 ASS4204T2 ASS8214A2 ASS8214B2 ASS8204T2

Nominal voltage Neutral earthing systems

Protection modes1 / Diagram type Technology2 Max. operating voltage Uc TOV withstand characteristics Ut Discharge current3 In IEC 61643-11 Imax Imax (IEC 61643-1/1998) Iimp (2 modules in parallel) Protection level Up at In 0.95 kV 0.95 kV 1.65 kV 2.3 kV 2.1 kV 1.6 kV Up at In = 15/20 kA 0.85 kV (15 kA) 0.85 kV (20 kA) 1.5 kV (15 kA) 1.4 kV (20 kA) 2.1 kV (15 kA) 1.9 kV (20 kA) 0.55 kV 0.53 kV 1 kV 1.4 kV 0.9 kV 1.25 kV Residual overvoltage Ures to 3 kA Response time < 25 ns Residual current / Follow current < 1 mA / Thermal disconnection and end of life indicator yes Associated overcurrent protection4 125 A gG 160 A gG 125 A gG 160 A gG 125 A gG 160 A gG Short circuit withstand 25 kA Residual Current Device (RCD)5 Selective or delayed - 5 kA min. (8/20) (IEC 60364: 3 kA) Remote monitoring (RM) Capacity 1.5 mm2 7 mm / 0.25 Nm Wiring length / Torque 4 to 35 mm2 (stranded: 25 mm2 max.) L, N, PE terminals Capacity 12 mm / 4 Nm Wiring length / Torque Operating temperature range - 40 / +80 C Enclosure: Protection index / Material IP20 / thermoplastic UL 94 V-0 Location category / Number of ports Internal / 1 port Replacement module ASS4001T2 ASS8001T2 ASS4002T2 ASS8002T2 ASS4004T2 ASS8004T2 120 g 140 g 125 g 150 g 130 g 155 g Weight (for 1 pole) Installation rules and electrical safety: NF C 15-100, IEC 60364 or the national equivalent electrical standard.
1 2 4

120 V 230 V 400 V TT, TNS TT, TNS TT, TNS, IT+N TNC TNC TNC, IT TT, TNS, TNC TT, TNS, TNC all 4 poles: 4+0 / A - 3 poles: 3+0 / B - 2 poles: 2+0 /C - 1 pole: all / D MOV 175 V 335 V 440 V > 208 V > 416 V Uc 30 kA 30 kA 20 kA 30 kA 20 kA 20 kA 60 kA 60 kA 40 kA 60 kA 40 kA 40 kA 70 kA 70 kA 40 kA 70 kA 40 kA 40 kA 15 kA 15 kA 15 kA -

2+0, 3+0 ou 4+0 ("C1" type): protection L-PE et N-PE (connexion of type 1). 3+1 ou 1+1 ("C2" type): protection L-N et N-PE (connexion of type 2). L: line. N: neutral. PE: earth. MOV: varistor. GDT: encapsulated sparkgap. 3 EN 61643-11: product tested with its associated overcurrent protection (IEC 61643-1/1998: without). max. calibre of fuses upstream the SPD (circuit breaker: 50 A). 5 TT systems: RCD compulsory upstream "C1" type SPDs.

Installation principle (general case) (A)


F1, F2: fuses or circuit breaker. SPD: surge protective device TT systems: RCD Compulsory upstream a "C1" type SPD MEB: main earth bar 5a or 5b: 4 mm2 min. With lightning conductor: 10 mm2 min. (IEC 60364: 16 mm2 min.) E (M): equipments (masses)

Internal diagrams and dimensions (mm) (B) (C) (D) Side view

68

F2 compulsory if F1 > max. calibre. 4 Protection of neutral compulsory. Earth: 5a or 5b link. Total length d1+d2+d3 as short as possible (< 50 cm recommended)

(RM) 11-12: normal / 11-14: fault (max. 250 Vac / 0.5 A or 125 Vdc / 1 A) V: red indicator at end of life (red = fault)

Overvoltage products Electric Networks


Class II modular surge protective devices - T2-C2D range 40 kA pre-assembled plug-in protections - TT and TNS systems 120/208 V and 230/400 V networks - Level I, II and III applications Standards: EN 61643-11 (NF C 61-740, VDE 0675, IEC 61643-1 /2002), UL 1449 ed. 2, ANSI C62.41, EN 61000-4-4, EN 61000-4-5 Description
These devices with a type 2 connexion or "C2" (varistor + sparkgap)1 are recommended for TT and TNS systems. Plugable and pre-assembled in 2 and 4 poles with a single terminal for remote monitoring (RM), their installation is straightforward and maintenance of the networks can be made in total security (isolation tests, ). Standard applications: Main boards of main and secondary buildings (sites with a low risk level). Distributions boards: second protection level (sites protected against direct lightning or with a high risk level). Protection of sensitive equipments (autocom, alarm or fire centres, private flats, ) Mounting on symmetrical DIN rail foot (EN 50022).
Ordering code Nominal voltage Neutral earthing systems Three phase + N Single phase Un ASS4211D2 ASS4211G2 ASS4201E2 120 V 120 V TT, TNS TT,TNS 3+1 / C 1+1 / A 1+1 / B MOV+GDT 175 / 255 V > 208 V 10/20 kA 20/20 kA 20/40 kA 40/40 kA 0.9/1.2 kV 0.95/1.2 kV 0.7 kV/1.2 (5 kA) 0.85/1.2 kV (15 kA) 0.58/0.15 kV 0.55/0.15 kV ASS4212G2 230 V TT, TNS 1+1 / A MOV+GDT 335 / 255 V > 416 V 10/20 kA 20/40 kA 1.5/1.2 kV 1.15/1.2 kV (5 kA) 1/0.15 kV 20/20 kA 40/40 kA 1.65/1.2 kV 1.5/1.2 kV (15 kA) 1/0.15 kV ASS4212D2 ASS4202E2 230 V TT, TNS 3+1 / C 1+1 / B

Protection modes1 / Diagram type Technology2 Max. operating voltage Uc (L-N/N-PE) TOV withstand characteristics Ut Discharge current (L-N/N-PE) In IEC 61643-113 Imax Protection level Up at In (L-N/N-PE) Up at In = 5/15 kA Residual overvoltage (L-N/N-PE) Ures to 3 kA Response time (L-N/N-PE) Residual current / Follow current Thermal disconnection and end of life indicator Associated overcurrent protection4 Short circuit withstand Residual Current Device (RCD)5 Remote monitoring (RM) Capacity Wiring length / Torque L, N, PE terminals Capacity (stranded/rigid) Wiring length / Torque Operating temperature range Enclosure: Protection index / Material Location category / Number of ports Replacement module Weight
1 2 4

63 A gG 10 kA 1.5 mm2 7 mm / 0.25 Nm 1.5 to 4/6 mm2 (PE: 4 to 25/35) 9.5 mm / 2.5 Nm (PE: 12 / 4)

< 25/100 ns L-N: < 1 mA / - (N-PE: - / 100 A) L-N: yes (N-PE: - ) 63 A gG 125 A gG 125 A gG 10 kA 25 kA 25 kA Selective or delayed - 5 kA min. (8/20) (IEC 60364: 3 kA) 1.5 mm2 7 mm / 0.25 Nm (single phase: no RM) 4 to 25/35 mm2 12 mm / 4 Nm 1.5 mm2 7 mm / 0.25 Nm 1.5 to 4/6 mm2 (PE: 4 to 25/35) 9.5 mm / 2.5 Nm (PE: 12 / 4) 1.5 mm2 7 mm / 0.25 Nm (single phase: no RM) 4 to 25/35 mm2 12 mm / 4 Nm

- 40 / +80 C IP20 / thermoplastic UL 94 V-0 Internal / 1 port ASS4001G1 L-N: ASS4001T2 N-PE: ASS4002N2 225 g (445 g) ASS4002G2 130 g L-N: ASS4002T2 N-PE: ASS4002N2 230 g (460 g)

(three phase)

125 g

Installation rules and electrical safety: NF C 15-100, IEC 60364 or the national equivalent electrical standard.
2+0, 3+0 ou 4+0 ("C1" type): protection L-PE et N-PE (connexion of type 1). 3+1 ou 1+1 ("C2" type): protection L-N et N-PE (connexion of type 2). L: line. N: neutral. PE: earth. MOV: varistor. GDT: encapsulated sparkgap. 3 EN 61643-11: product tested with its associated overcurrent protection (IEC 61643-1/1998: without). max. calibre of fuses upstream the SPD (circuit breaker: 20 A and 50 A resp.). 5 TT systems: RCD compulsory upstream "C1" type SPDs.

Installation principle (general case) (A)


F1, F2: fuses or circuit breaker. SPD: surge protective device TT systems: RCD Compulsory upstream a "C1" type SPD MEB: main earth bar 5a or 5b: 4 mm2 min. With lightning conductor: 10 mm2 min. (IEC 60364: 16 mm2 min.) E (M): equipments (masses)

Internal diagrams and dimensions (mm) (B) (C) Side view

F2 compulsory if F1 > max. calibre. 4 Protection of neutral compulsory. Earth: 5a or 5b link. Total length d1+d2+d3 as short as possible (< 50 cm recommended)

(RM) 11-12: normal / 11-14: fault (max. 250 Vac / 0.5 A or 125 Vdc / 1 A) V: red indicator at end of life (red = fault)

69

Overvoltage products Electric networks


Class II and III modular surge protective devices - T2-M range 40 kA and 10 kA monoblock protections 120/208 V and 230/400 V networks - Level II and III applications Standards: EN 61643-11 (NF C 61-740, VDE 0675, IEC 61643-1 /2002), UL 1449 ed. 2, ANSI C62.41, EN 61000-4-4, EN 61000-4-5 Description
These devices are recommended for second and third protection stages of energy networks with TT and TNS earthing systems (ASS1108A2: any earthing system). Standard applications with 40 kA protections: Main boards of secondary buildings (sites with a low risk level and not protected against direct lightning). Distribution boards: second protection level (sites protected with a low risk level). Standard applications with 10 kA protections: Third protection level of very sensitive equipments (sites with a high risk level and/or protected against direct lightning). Distribution boards: second protection level (sites with a low risk level and not protected against direct lightning). Mounting on symmetrical DIN rail foot (EN 50022).
Ordering code Nominal voltage Neutral earthing systems Three phase + N Single phase Un ASS1103D2 ASS1101E2 120 V TT, TNS 3+1 / A 1+1 / B Uc (L-N/N-PE) Ut In Imax Up at In Up at In = 15 kA Up Uoc Ures to 3 kA (L-N/N-PE) MOV+GDT 175 / 255 V > 208 V 5/20 kA 10/40 kA 0.85/1.2 kV 0.85/1.2 kV 10/20 kV 0.67/0.15 kV < 25/100 ns < 1 mA / (N-PE: - / 100 A) yes (N-PE: - ) 40 A gG 10 kA ASS4101C2 120 V TT, TNS 2+0 / C MOV 175 V > 208 V 20 kA 40 kA 0.95 kV 0.85 kV 0.55 kV < 25 ns < 1 mA / ASS1104D2 ASS1102E2 230 V TT, TNS 3+1 / A 1+1 / B MOV+GDT 335 / 255 V > 416 V 5/20 kA 10/40 kA 1.4/1.2 kV 1.4/1.5 kV 10/20 kV 1/0.15 kV < 25/100 ns < 1 mA / (N-PE: - / 100 A) yes (N-PE: - ) 40 A gG ASS4102C2 230 V TT, TNS 2+0 / C MOV 335 V > 416 V 20 kA 40 kA 1.65 kV 1.5 kV 1 kV < 25 ns < 1 mA / ASS1108A2 400 V TT, TNS, IT+N 4+0 / D MOV 440 V Uc 5 kA 10 kA 2 kV - / 2 kV 10/20 kV 1.7 kV < 25 ns < 1 mA / yes 40 A gG 10 kA

Protection modes1 / Diagram type Technology2 Max. operating voltage TOV withstand characteristics Discharge current (L-N/N-PE) IEC 61643-113 Protection level (L-N/N-PE) Class III Tests (L-N/L-PE, N-PE) (L-N, L-PE/N-PE, L+N-PE) Residual overvoltage (L-N/N-PE) Response time Residual current / Follow current Thermal disconnection and end of life indicator Associated overcurrent protection4 Short circuit withstand Residual Current Device (RCD)5 Remote monitoring (RM) L, N, PE terminals Capacity Wiring length / Torque Capacity Wiring length / Torque

yes yes 125 A gG 125 A gG 25 kA 10 kA 25 kA Selective or delayed - 5 kA min. (8/20) (IEC 60364: 3 kA) 4 to 35 mm2 (stranded: 25 mm2 max.) 14 mm / 4 Nm - 40 / +80 C IP20 / thermoplastic UL 94 V-0 Internal / 1 port

Operating temperature range Enclosure: Protection index / Material Location category / Number of ports Weight (single phase)
1 2 4

210 g (400 g)

230 g

215 g (420 g)

240 g

430 g

Installation rules and electrical safety: NF C 15-100, IEC 60364 or the national equivalent electrical standard.
2+0, 3+0 ou 4+0 ("C1" type): protection L-PE et N-PE (connexion of type 1). 3+1 ou 1+1 ("C2" type): protection L-N et N-PE (connexion of type 2). L: line. N: neutral. PE: earth. MOV: varistor. GDT: encapsulated sparkgap. 3 EN 61643-11: product tested with its associated overcurrent protection (IEC 61643-1/1998: without). max. calibre of fuses upstream the SPD (circuit breaker: 16 A and 50 A resp.). 5 TT systems: RCD compulsory upstream "C1" type SPDs.

Installation principle (general case)


F1, F2: fuses or circuit breaker. SPD: surge protective device TT systems: RCD Compulsory upstream a "C1" type SPD MEB: main earth bar 5a or 5b: 4 mm2 min. With lightning conductor: 10 mm2 min. (IEC 60364: 16 mm2 min.) E (M): equipments (masses)

Association of SPDs

Internal diagrams and dimensions (mm) (A) (B) (C) (D) Side view

70

F2 compulsory if F1 > max. calibre. 4 Protection of neutral compulsory. Earth: 5a or 5b link. Total length d1+d2+d3 as short as possible (< 50 cm recommended)

V: end of life visual indicator (red = fault)

Overvoltage products Main power supplies


Transient overvoltages VE range Modular cabinets - 120/208 V and 230/400 V networks Protection from 10 to 120 kA (8/20) and 10 to 50 kA (10/350) En 61643-11, IEC 61643-1, IEC 60364 and NFC 15-100 standards Description
These cabinets are designed for Main Boards (MB) and Distribution Boards (DB) overvoltages protection and may be installed in either outdoor or indoor locations including isolated sites. The concept developed here grants these products a great flexibility and enables to use them - for any industrial or home installation - for any neutral earthing system and any protection mode this, whatever - the exposition level to lightning risk of the site (overvoltages withstand) - the sensibility to the equipment to protect (level of protection, primary and secondary protections) In addition to overvoltage protections (SPD), these cabinets may be equipped1 - with a backup overcurrent protection (fuses or circuit breakers)2 - with auxiliary dry contacts to ensure information feedback2: defaults signalling in case of overloads making the SPD ending its life of further melting of the backup fuses or the backup circuit breakers opening

Modular cabinets adapted to your needs

1: Surge protective device


Protection against transient overvoltages

2: Overcurrent protection
Protection against short circuit currents

The need
Protection against transient overvoltages integrated in a cabinet

3: Cabinet
Protection against direct contacts and external conditions
Choose the cabinets components according to your needs, we assemble them To order, choose
1 2 3 4 The surge protective device The overcurrent protection The cabinet The auxiliary dry contact Code ASS Code ASS Code ASN or ASM Code ASS

4: Auxiliary dry contact


Information feedback

Devices for symmetrical DIN rail mounting 35 mm (EN 50022 standard) such as surge protective devices, modular circuit breakers, fuses, power terminal blocks Highly recommended for the protection of mains inputs, building entrance and industrial sites highly exposed to lightning risk or industrial risks.

71

Overvoltage products Main power supplies


Transient overvoltages Modular cabinets - VE range - 120/208 V and 230/400 V~ networks Surge protective devices guideline (1)
The installation of the surge protective devices should be done in compliance with the electrical safety rules of the electrical standards NF C 15-100, IEC 60364 or all equivalent electrical standard in the country. As for all electrical equipments, their installation should be done according to the electrical safety rules, for the protection of the persons and equipments, against the risks of faults of the network and the directs or indirect contacts, coordination and of selectivity of the protection devices for the protection against the heating and fires risks, types of protection devices specified in the technical sheets of the SPD s.

According to the risk assessment


Risk assessment (methodology: refer also the practical guide) HVLV downstream protection2 Main Board Divisionary board Equipments at more than 30 m3 Secondary buildings (main boards) Risk assessment (methodology: refer also the practical guide) HVLV downstream protection Main Board Divisionary board Equipments at more than 30 m Secondary buildings (main boards)
3 2

Level of risk WITH lightning conductor1 Very high (R1) T1-25 T2-60 T2-40 T1-12.5 T1-25 T1-12.5 T2-60 T2-40 T1-12.5 T1-12.5 T2-40 T2-10 T1-12.5 High (R2) T1-25 T1-12.5 T2-40 T2-10 4 T1-12.5 Medium (R3) T1-12.5 T2-40 T2-10 4 T1-12.5 Low (R4) T1-12.5 T2-40 T2-10 4 T1-12.5

Level of risk WITHOUT lightning conductor Very high (R1) T1-12.5 T2-60 T2-40 T2-60 T1-12.5 T2-60 T2-40 T2-10 T2-40 T2-60 T2-40 T2-10 4 T2-40 High (R2) T1-12.5 T2-40 T2-10 T2-10
4

Medium (R3) T2-40 T2-10 4 T2-10


4

Low (R4) T2-10 T2-10 4 T2-10 4 T2-10 4

T2-10

T2-10

According to the protection mode


Mode 5 "3+1" ("1+1") "3+0" "4+0" ("2+0") Type of connection 5 "C1" "C2" "C2" Protected conductors 3 (1) surge arrestors in between line and neutral (differential mode) 1 spark gap in between neutral and earth (common mode) 3 surge arrestors in between line and earth (common mode) 4 (2) surge arrestors in between active cables (live and neutral) and the earth (common mode)

According to the risk assessment


Range TT system TNS system TNC system IT system IT+N system T1-25 (Iimp = 25 kA) ASS3114A1 ASS3114A1 ASS3312T1, x3 ASS1106C1, x3 ASS1118A1, x2 Protections recommended for three phases networks 230/400 V WITH lightning conductors T2-40 T2-60 T1-12.5 T2-10 (Imax = 40 kA) (Imax = 60 kA) (Iimp = 12.5 kA) (Imax = 10 kA) ASS4212D2 ASS8212A2 ASS1114D1 ASS1104D2 ASS1112C1, x2 ASS1112C1, x1ASS1112L1, x1 ASS1106C1, x1ASS1106L1, x1 ASS1118A1 ASS8212A2 ASS8212B2 ASS8214B2 ASS8214A2 ASS4212A2 ASS4212B2 ASS4214B2 ASS4214A2 ASS1104D2 ASS1108A2

TT system: Recommendations for the electrical safety


A protection type "C1" ("4+0" or "2+0") will be obligatorily installed downstream from the differential circuit breaker (RCD) of the board in which is integrated in order to ensure the protection against the indirect contacts (currents of defects). A protection type "C2" ("3+1" or "1+1") will be installed as well upstream as downstream from the differential circuit breaker of the board. 1 Independently of the risk assessment, a protection type 1 with limp = 12.5 kA min. (class I of tests, EN 61643-11) is compulsory at the input of a protected building, (or belonging to a protected site) against the direct impact of the lightning (lightning conductor). 2 Protections recommended for important industrial sites and sensitive sites. 3 Protections recommended when the equipment to protect are distant more than 30 m from the upstream protection (effects of lines which can provoke overvoltages superior to the residual tension of the surge protective device). 4 Optional. Protections recommended if the continuity of service is required or in presence of sensitive equipment. 5 2+0, 3+0, or 4+0 (type "C1"): protection L-PE and N-PE (connection of type 1) 3+1 or 1+1 (type "C2"): protection L-N and N-PE (connection type 2). L: line N: neutral PE: earth.

72

Overvoltage products Main power supplies


Transient overvoltages Modular cabinets - VE range - 120/208 V and 230/400 V networks Backup overcurrent protection guideline (2)
Note: the backup overcurrent protection will be selected according to the installation requirements and coordinated with the upstream overcurrent protection (refer also recommendations following page).
230 / 400 V backup circuit breakers (50/60 Hz) - C class Rated load current (gauge) Interrupting power 230 V Single phase 230 / 400 V three phase without neutral 1 230/400 V three phase with neutral Recommended with the ranges
1 2

16 A 15 kA ASS1615DD ASS1615DT ASS1615DQ T2-C2D/17 mm, T2-M/10 kA

25 A 15 kA ASS2515DD ASS2515DT ASS2515DQ T2-C1D/40 kA, T2-C2D, T2-M/40 kA

50 A 15 kA ASS5015DD ASS5015DT ASS5015DQ T1-12.5, T2-C1D/60 kA

63 A 15 kA ASS6315DD ASS6315DT ASS6315DQ T1-25

TNC and IT systems without neutral (networks with only 3 conductors). 2 TT, TNS and IT systems with neutral (networks with 4 conductors). Fuses gG type- 120/208 V and 230 / 400 V (50/60 Hz) - dimensions 22 x 58 mm Rated load current (gauge) Interrupting power Standard fuses Fuses for remote monitoring purposes Recommended with the ranges 32 A 100 kA ASS4032FU ASS5032FU T2-M/10 kA 40 A 100 kA ASS4040FU ASS5040FU T2-C2D/17 mm 80 A 100 kA ASS4080FU ASS5080FU T2-C1D/40 kA, T2-C2D, T2-M/40 kA 125 A 100 kA ASS4125FU ASS5125FU T1-25, T1-12.5, T2-C1D/60 kA

Cabinets guideline (3)


General characteristics Cabinet type Enclosures protection index Cable glands Door Protections type (safety) Operating temperature range Wall mounting Metallic (iron) IP55 - IK09 Mounted Glass (Altuglass) Key secured - 20 C / + 50 C Fixing brackets Polyester (PVC) IP55 Without Transparent (smoked) Double protection - 20 C / + 50 C M6 screw

Next page
Standard applications for the protection of Mains inputs and Divisionary Boards

Codes and specific characteristic of the cabinets to equip Polyester enclosures Types of networks and nominal Voltage Un Overvoltage protection modes Recommended earthing systems Backup overcurrent protection (type) Auxiliary terminals OF associated to SPD to SPD and circuit breakers to SPD and fuses Terminal max. capacity network / earth Auxiliary dry contatcs Any type Any type no Possible no no 50 mm2 /50 mm2 1.5 mm2 PG13 25 x 22 x 15 cm ASM9100VE ASN9100VE ASN9300VE 1 ASN9200VE 230 V single phase and 230 / 400 V three phase Any type Any type possible (circuit breakers) Possible Possible no 35 mm2 / 50 mm2 1.5 mm2 PG13 40 x 30 x 17 cm ASM9200VE "3L" mode TNC and IT without N Possible (fuses) Possible no Possible 35 mm2 / 50 mm2 1.5 mm2 PG13 40 x 30 x 17 cm ASM9300VE 1 ASN9400VE 1 "3 +1" and "3L+N" modes TT, TNS and IT with N Possible (fuses) Possible no Possible 35 mm2 / 50 mm2 1.5 mm2 PG13 40 x 30 x 17 cm ASM9400VE 1

Cable glands (metallic enclosures only) Maximum dimensions (H x W x D) Metallic enclosures


1

Fuses holders (fuses 22 x 58 mm) directly integrated in the cabinets.

73

Overvoltage products Main power supplies


Transient overvoltages VE range Modular cabinets - 120/208 V and 230/400 V networks Protection of Mains inputs
Recommendations: Protection against overvoltages associated to fuses with high flow capacity for installations with short circuit currents Icc larger than 5 kA1. Protection of HVLV transformers on the low voltage side (Pa 150 kVA for three phase networks)2 Protection of Main Boards (MB) Protection of Distribution Boards with short circuit currents Icc larger than 5 kA.
Ranges TT, TNS, IT+N Systems Fuses (gG type) Fuses for remote monitoring (gG type)3 Auxiliary dry contacts OF associated Associated cabinets TNC, IT systems Fuses (gG type) Fuses for remote monitoring (gG type)3 Auxiliary dry contacts OF associated Associated cabinets
1 2

T2-C2D/17 mm, T2-M/10 kA ASS4032FU (32 A), x4 -

T2-C1D/40 kA, T2-C2D, T2-M/40 kA ASS4040FU (40 A), x4 -

T1-12.5, T2-C1D/60 kA ASS4080FU (80 A), x4 ASS5080FU (80 A), x4

T1-25

ASS4125FU (125 A), x4 ASS5125FU (125 A), x4

ASS9400CA ASN9400VE or ASM9400VE ASS4032FU (32 A), x3 ASS4040FU (40 A), x3 ASS4080FU (80 A), x3 ASS5080FU (80 A), x3 ASS4125FU (125 A), x3 ASS5125FU (125 A), x3

ASS9300CA ASN9300VE or ASM9300VE

Icc: larger short circuit current (fault current) than can be delivered by the transformer at the installation location of the cabinet. Pa: Power of the transformer. 3 Fuses show all fusion of the fuses.

Protection of lines and Distribution boards (DB)


Recommendations: Protections against overvoltages associated to the circuit breakers (C class) for installations with short circuit currents Icc lower than 5 kA1. Protection of distribution boards (DB) Small HVLV transformers on the low voltage side (Pa 150 kVA for three phase networks)2 Main Boards (MB) with short circuit currents Icc lower than 5 KA.
Ranges TT, TNS, IT+N systems (4 poles) Protection circuit breaker (C class) TNC, IT systems Protection circuit breaker (C class) TT, TNS, IT+N systems (2 poles) Protection circuit breaker (C class) Auxiliary dry contact OF associated Associated cabinets T2-C2D/17 mm, T2-M/10 kA ASS1615DQ (16 A) ASS1615DT (16 A) ASS1615DD (16 A) T2-C1D/40 kA, T2-C2D, T2-M/40 kA ASS2515DQ (25 A) ASS2515DT (25 A) T1-12.5, T2-C1D/60 kA ASS5015DQ (50 A) ASS5015DT (50 A) T1-25

ASS6315DQ (63 A) ASS6315DT (63 A) ASS6315DD (63 A)

ASS2515DD (25 A) ASS5015DD (50 A) ASS9200CA ASN9200VE or ASM9200VE

Services (4)
Remote monitoring
Ranges Auxiliary dry contacts for remote monitoring Type of auxiliary dry contacts Associated to the SPD Associated to the SPD and to a circuit breaker (for any earthing system) Associated to the SPD and to fuses for TNC and IT without N earthing systems Associated to the SPD and to fuses for TT, TNS and IT+N T2-C2D/17 mm, T2-M/10 kA Optional T2-C1D/40 kA, T2-C2D, T2-M/40 kA Recommended T1-12.5, T2-C1D/60 kA Recommended T1-25 Highly recommended Code ASS9100CA ASS9200CA ASS9300CA ASS9400CA

Other services
Other services possible upon request.

74

Overvoltage products Main power supplies


Transient overvoltages VE range Modular cabinets - 120/208 V and 230/400 V networks Protection of an industrial site with a very high lightning risk level
Example of a site with TNC-S earthing system. Protection of the main security building is T1-12.5 type (building protected with a lightning conductor). Protections integrated on DIN rails within the distribution boards are not discussed.

HVLV High Voltage / Low Voltage transformer MB DB F P Main Board Distribution Board Backup fuses or circuit breaker SPD (surge arrestor) MB bg.1 (TNC) HVLV (TNC) transformer F A B
PEN (PE) Transformer earthing system

DB1 bg.1 (TNS)

F Equip.

C
PE

DB1 bg.1 DB2 bg.1 DB bg.2

DB bg.2 (TNS)

F Equip.

PEN (PE)

Equip.

D
PE

Foundation earth electrode

Protections A and B
L1
P G13

Protection C
L1
PG1 3

Protection D
PE
L1
PG13

L2
PG1 3

L3
P G13 P G13

PEN

L2
PG1 3

L3
PG13

N
PG13 PG1 3

L2
PG1 3

L3
PG13

N
PG1 3 PG13

PE

TNC "3L"
fuses with dry contacts
F US FU S FU S

TNS "3+1"
circuit breaker with dry contacts

TNS "3+1"
circuit breaker with dry contacts

prewired auxiliary dry contact


P ro te c ti o n Pro te ct i o n P ro te c ti o n

prewired auxiliary dry contact


TRI

prewired auxiliary dry contact


P ro te ct i n o Pr o te c ti o n P ro te ct i n o Pr o te c ti o n

11 14

11 14

11 14

to remote monitoring

to remote monitoring

to remote monitoring

Protection Protection type Network type SPD Backup protection Cabinet Dry contacts

HVLV transformer A protection T1-25 / TNC system

MB Bg.1 production, stocks, B protection T1-12.5 / TNC system

DB1 Bg.1 offices, computer rooms C protection T2-C1D / TNS system 230 / 400 V three phase ASS8212A2 ASS5015DQ ASN9200VE ASS9200CA

DB Bg.2 security building D protection T1-12.5 / TNS system 230 / 400 V three phase ASS1112C1 (x2) ASS5015DQ ASM9200VE ASS9200CA

Bg.2 alarm & control system E protection T2-M / TNS system 230 V single phase ASS4102C2 ASS2515DD ASN9200VE ASS9200CA

230 / 400 V three phase 230 / 400 V three phase ASS1112C1 (x1) ASS3312T1 (x3) ASS1112L1 (x1) ASS5125FU (x3) ASS5125FU (x3) ASM9300VE ASS9300CA ASM9300VE ASS9300CA

75

Overvoltage products Main power supplies


Transient overvoltages VE range Modular cabinets - 230/400 V~ networks Protection of an industrial site with a very high lightning risk level
Example based on the same site with an IT+N earthing system (refer to previous diagram).
Protection Protection type Network type SPD Backup protection Cabinet Dry contacts
1

HVLV transformer None

Main Board (Bg.1)1 production, stocks, F protection T1-25 / IT+N system 230 / 400 V three phase ASS3314T1 (x4) ASS5125FU (x4) ASM9400VE ASS9400CA

DB1 Building 1 offices, computer rooms G protection T2-C1D / IT+N system 230 / 400 V three phase ASS8214A2 ASS5015DQ ASN9200VE ASS9200CA

DB Building 2 Security building G protection T1-12.5 / IT+N system 230 / 400 V three phase ASS1118A1 ASS5015DQ ASM9200VE ASS9200CA

Building 22 Alarm & control system G protection T2-M / IT+N system 230 V single phase ASS4204T2 (x2) ASS2515DD ASN9200VE ASS9200CA

The HVLV transformer protection being not implemented, the MB protection is reinforced with a SPD type 1 with Iimp = 25 kA. 2 Single phase protection similar to G protection (with 2 poles protection).

Protections F
L1
PG 13

Protection G
L1
PG 13

Protection H
L1
PG 13

L2
PG 13

L3
PG 13

N
PG 1 3

L2
PG 13

L3
PG 13

N
PG 13

L2
PG 13

L3
PG 13

N
PG 13

IT+N "3L+N"
fuses with dry contacts
FUS FUS FUS FUS

IT+N "3L+N"
circuit breaker with dry contacts

TT "3+1"
fuses with dry contacts
FUS FUS FUS FUS

prewired auxiliary dry contact

prewired auxiliary dry contact

prewired auxiliary dry contact


Pr otec tion P rotec tion Pr otec tion Pr otec tion

11 14

Pr otec tion

Pr otec tion

Prot ec tion

Pr otec tion

P rot ec ti n o

Pr otec tion

P rotec t i n o

Pr otec tion

P rotec t i n o

Pr otec tion

P rotec t i n o

Pr otec tion

11 14

11 14

to remote monitoring

to remote monitoring

to remote monitoring

Protection of a university campus with a high lightning risk level


The site is composed of: the technical building housing the Main Board and the boiler room (building 1) - the main building (building 2) housing the reception, classrooms, offices and a computer room - one restaurant (building 3), the students lodge (building 4) and the security lodge (building 5). The overall site is distributed along with a TT earthing system and it is protected against direct lightning with lighting rods. Protections are implemented in key secured cabinets while the HVLV transformer is not implemented.
Protection Protection type Network type SPD Backup protection Cabinet Dry contacts
1 2

Main Board (Bg.1) technical premises H protection T2-C1D / TT system 230 / 400 V three phase ASS8212A2 ASS5125FU (x4) ASM9400VE ASS9400CA

DB1 Building 2 offices, computer room, H protection T2-C2D / TT system 230 / 400 V three phase ASS4212D2 ASS5080FU (x4) ASM9400VE ASS9400CA

DB Building 3 restaurant H1 protection T2-C2D / TT system 230 / 400 V three phase ASS4212D2 ASS2515DQ ASM9200VE ASS9200CA

DB Building 4 Students lodge C2 protection T2-C2D / TT system 230 / 400 V three phase ASS4212D2 ASS2515DQ ASM9200VE ASS9200CA

DB Building 5 Security lodge H3 protection T2-C2D / TT system 230 V single phase ASS4202E2 ASS2515DD ASM9200VE ASS9200CA

Protection H with a 25 A circuit breaker. Similar to protection C (see previous page) with a 25 A circuit breaker and without the PE (PE not distributed for TT systems). 3 Single phase protection (2 poles protection) similar to protection H with a 25 A circuit breaker.

76

Overvoltage products Electric networks


Plug in conditioners type 3 SPD - PP and RP ranges 10 kA and 15 kA plug in conditioners - TT or TNS systems 230/400 V networks 16 A - Level III applications Standards: NF C 61-740 Description
These protections are designed for protecting sensitive equipments as well professional as domestic (computers, telephone, fax, TV, video tape recorder, video, Hi fi, radio, alarm, deep-freeze, heating regulation, ). It is characterised by a low residual overvoltage and a very fast response which make them very efficient for protecting sensitive electric and electronic equipment against lightning induced surges and AC power interference. These protections are directly connected to 16 A - 230 V sockets and as close as possible to the equipment to protect. Any definitive failure makes the visualisation control system (LED based) turn off while the equipment and the overall installation can still be used, the default line being automatically disconnected by the internal disconnection system. Products equipped with the children protection and against fault currents.
Ordering code Nominal voltage Protection modes1 / Technology 2 Maximum permanent operating voltage Uc Discharge current Protection level In Imax Up 4 yes 435x75x45 mm 700 g ASS6240PP Un 4 Circuit breaker no 435x75x45 mm 800 g ASS6241PP 4 Filter EMI/RFI 40 dB 2 MHz yes 435x75x45 mm 800 g Un ASS6228RP ASS6922RP ASS6231RP 230 V L-N, L-PE and N-PE / MOV + GDT 280 V 6 kA 10 kA 1.2 kV 1 Computer Protection no 285x75x45 mm 500 g ASS6242PP 230 V L-N, L-PE and N-PE / MOV + GDT 250 V 6 kA 10 kA 10 kA 15 kA Filter EMI/RFI 40 dB 2 MHz 150 x 85 x 60 mm 190 g 10 kA 15 kA 1 kV Protection TV + filter EMI/RFI 10 kA 200 V 1 GHz / 1 dB 150 x 85 x 60 mm 210 g < 25 ns < 1 mA / without Yes / LED green off: fault 3520 VA / 16 A 5 kA Selective or delayed - 5 kA min. (8/20) (IEC 60364: 3 kA) - 20 / +40 C Polyester thermoplastic UL 94 V-0 Installation rules and electrical safety: NF C 15-100, IEC 60364 or the electrical national standard equivalent. 1 L: line. N: neutral. PE: earth. 2 MOV: varistors. GDT: encapsulated sparkgaps. 3 Max. gauge of the device upstream the SPD. 4 RCD compulsory upstream the SPD. 10 kA 15 kA Satellite protection + filter EMI/RFI 10 kA 200 V 1 GHz / 1 dB 150 x 85 x 60 mm 210 g 10 kA 15 kA Tel./fax protection + filter EMI/RFI 10 kA 180 V 150 x 85 x 60 mm 140 g In Imax Up 150 x 85 x 60 mm 140 g 1 Phone, fax Protection no 600 g ASS6243PP 3 Voltage Controller yes 800 g ASS6244PP ASS6232RP ASS6233RP ASS6234RP

Number of protected sockets terminal Additional functions supplied Main switch with light indicator Dimensions Weight Ordering code Nominal voltage Protection modes1 / Technology2 Maximum permanent operating voltage Uc Discharge current Protection level Number of protected socket terminal Discharge current max. Cut off voltage Max. frecuency / Attenuation Dimensions Weight Response time Residual current / Issue current Thermal disconnection / end of life indicator Max. capacity / Protection device3 Short circuit withstand Differential circuit breaker (RCD)4 Operating temperature range Material

285x75x45 mm 435x75x45 mm

77

Overvoltage products
Surge suppressers (Up 100 V) 40 kA protection - 230/400 V~ Comply with EN 60950 standard Description
Strategic installations need specific protections with very high performances able to simultaneous absorb very high energies with voltages ranging up to thousands of volts and to let go through towards the equipment to protect very low residual overvoltages (< 100 V). The surge suppresser combines both functions together with continuous servicing of the installation even after discharges with very high energies such as direct lightning discharges. The product is dedicated for protecting equipment such as: - telecommunications and radio-communications centres, Hertzian relays, - Main distribution cabinets of automotive systems, computer centres, ) - very sensitive isolated systems

Strategic networks

The operating principle of the product is based on cascade association of 3 subsystems with different protecting modes, each of them being especially relevant and conferring to the surge suppresser a maximum reliability and improved performances relatively to standard protective devices: - a primary protection level based on the parallel association of high energy varistors which absorb most of the energy of the discharge, the energy being transferred to the earthing system. This 1st level of protection is redundant (double protection conferring a maximum reliability to the surge suppresser) and each active conductor is protected by varistors mounted in between the active conductors and the earth (common protection mode). - A 1/1 screening transformer as the secondary protection stage especially designed for suppressing surge overvoltages (transients) transferred down through the varistors stages. - a capacitive stage (third protection stage) absorbing the residual energy and spikes transmitted at the output of the screening transformer. The surge suppresser is installed in series with the power line of the installation to protect. Circuit breakers protect the input and the output of the suppresser itself (protection of the transformer mainly) and the overall installation located downstream, these circuit breakers being especially calibrated and adapted to each particular application (single or three phase power network, differential current device at the output for TT or TN-S systems, ). Normal operation of the product with no load and up to its maximum capacity shows very little in line energy losses and almost no current/voltage phase shift (cos j 0.95). The power of the product will be defined according to the needs of the installation to protect, starting currents possible future extensions of the installation.

Type of network Power (kVA) Nominal discharge current EN 61641-11, IEC 61643-1 Maximum discharge current EN 61641-11, IEC 61643-1 Protection level (residual overvoltage at In) Integrated automatic disconnection Dimensions (mm) Height Width Depth Up In 4/5

Single phase 230 V 6/8

Three phase 230/400 V 5/15/30 50/100

20 kA, 15 times, 8/20 s wave 40 kA, 8/20 s wave P yes 600 600 350 820 600 350 1400 or 1700 700 400 1900 900 700

Request our services for changes of specifications, items or other inquiries (products designed according to the needs, dimensions, ).

78

Overvoltage products
Surge suppressers (Up 100 V) 40 kA protection - 230/400 V~
The surge suppresser will be installed in an open space room following the procedures detailed in the installation instructions delivered with the product. Incoming and outgoing conductors (and any other cable) will be physically separated to avoid any possible cross-coupling. Connection to the main earth will be done according to the rule of the shortest possible path. All earth cables must be interconnected (IEC 60364).

Strategic networks

Synopsis of the surge suppresser for TT earthing systems

ICB: input circuit breaker Mains input

Screening transformer

Capacitive stage

OCB: output circuit breaker

Equip.

With RCD Circuit breaker n1 Circuit breaker n2 Remote control system ICB: 3 poles OCB: 4 poles (with neutral conductor disconnection)

Varistorss stage n1

Varistorss stage n2 Earthing system

PE (earth)

Ordering code Power Input and output circuit breakers (Class D)1 Current Earthing systems Upstream energy protection Intermediate protection stage Residual protection stage ("filtering") Response time Integrated circuit breakers Remote monitoring, auxiliary terminals Internal short circuit withstand Terminal capacity Operating temperature range Protection index Mounting Weight
1

ASB3005 AB 5 kVA 10 A 7A

ASB3015 AB 15 kVA 40 A 22 A

ASB3030 AB 30 kVA 63 A 43 A 40 kA (8/20 s wave)

ASB3050 AB 50 kVA 100 A 72 A

ASB3100 AB 100 kVA 200 A 145 A

Product adapted to the type of earthing systems upon request Redundant protection in common mode Suppression of the residual overvoltages with a 1/1 screening transformer Residual energy transmitted through the transformer absorbed by capacitive stage < 25 ns Varistors: 100 A gG/gL fuses / capacitors: 10 A gG fuses Detection of the varistors end of life 25 kA /50 Hz 16 to 35 mm2 - 10 C / + 45 C in a open space room IP20 Fixed rack (wheels under request) 170 kg 230 kg 350 kg 580 kg 700 kg

Inputs with a 3 poles circuit breaker and outputs with 3 or 4 poles (delta to star type screening transformer). Depending on the type of earthing system, the downstream circuit breaker is integrated with a differential residual current device.

79

Overvoltage products Strategic networks


Transient overvoltages Telecommunication 19" rack units Protection of telecommunication base stations 230 V~ Single phase
The telecommunication protection units are designed for very severe applications in highly exposed areas. They are equipped with high performance protective devices characterised by a very high energy flow capacity and a very low residual (or "letthrough") overvoltage what makes the units very effective for protecting telecommunication units against lightning induced discharges and AC power interference from the mains. Standard configuration of the units combines all the functions needed for the protection of a base station: - protection of the mains with 6 outputs equipped with series filters. This protection is redundant, - protection of up to 42 telecommunication or data transmission lines with different voltages adapted to the foreseen application (6 to 170 V), - protection of 2 coaxial lines with 50 or 75 impedance. Protection of the mains is based on the use of high energy varistors characterized by a very high flow capacity with an optimum protection level (redundancy insured by a double protection1). In the event of any definitive failure, continuous servicing is maintained while the internal automatic disconnection system isolates the defective device. Telecommunication and data transmission lines are protected by the association of surge arrestors and diodes insuring very fast operation, high flow capacity and low let through overvoltages. The units are secured by an emergency stop. They are equipped with on site control and survey systems-alarm, light indicators for servicing and defect operation modes and allow remote control monitoring. Thermal stabilisation of the units is achieved with an air exhaust monitored by a thermal sensor and filtered vents. The use of an auxiliary 24 V external source is also made possible with a pre-cabled assembly. Based on standard 19" (42 steps) racks with adjustable depth, the dimensions of the units are 210 x 60 x 80 mm. A secured glass door permits direct access to the front control panel, the coaxial and auxiliary outputs, mains and telecommunication lines being all located at the back and accessible through the secured rear door. The units structures and panels are made out of steel colour RAL7030 and RAL7032. Self blocking wheels facilitate their use.

Main functions of the 19" - 42 units base stations1

Ordering code ASS 1001 to 1004 AP

230 V~ single phase main power supply (IEC 60947, IEC 61643-1 EN 61643-11 standards)

Emergency stop On line indicator 40 kA (8/20 s wave) redundant protection with plug-in modules 6 protected lines equipped with series filters (40 Db at 2 MHz) and fuses Continuous servicing + automatic disconnection of the defective device Alarm + on site survey system with the possibility of remote control monitoring 42 lines protected uo to 10 kA (wave 8/20 s) with 2 pairs plug-in modules 2 lines (50 or 75 ) with 20 kA (8/20 s wave), protection and N type connectors 6 outputs for 24 V applications with specific connections + on line indicator On line indicator + forced running mode

48 V / 170 V Telecommunication lines (IEC 61643-21 standards and recommendations CCITT) Coaxial lines (CECC 22000 and IEC 60-1 standards) Auxiliary external power supply Thermal stabilisation
1

Specific modifications or any other functionality can be introduced upon request.

80

Overvoltage products Strategic networks


Transient overvoltages Description
The units will be installed in an open space room according to the installation instructions supplied with the equipment. Incoming and outgoing cables will be physically separated to avoid any possible cross-coupling. Connection to the main earth will be done according to the rule of the shortest possible path. All earth cables must be interconnected (IEC 60364).

Synopsis of a units power supply

Equip. 1 Emergency stop Mains input Filters Fuses Equip. 5

Redundant protection

Control Aux. To remote control system Fans Control and forced running mode

Earthing system

PE (earth)

Main specifications of the protection for the mains: 230 V~ single phase main power supply
Max. discharge current (IEC 61643-1, EN 61643-11) Protection level Up Integrated thermal disconnection Terminal capacity Operating temperature range
1

40 kA, 1 time, 8/20 s1 wave 1.5 kV at 15 kA (8/20 s wave) Yes with on site mechanical indicator + dry contacts for remote control monitoring 10 mm2 max. - 10 C / + 45 C in a open space room

The protection is redundant (2 stages of protection mounted in parallel insuring a high efficiency), i.e, 80 kA effective flow capacity.

Main specifications of the protection for telecommunication lines with 48 V and 170 V nominal voltages2
Max. discharge current (IEC 61643-1, EN 61643-21) Protection level Up (defined for the nominal current In) Nominal voltage Un (max. permanent operating voltage Uc) Impedance max. running current Terminal capacity
2

10 kA, 2 times, 8/20 s wave 70 V 48 V (53 V max.) 2.5 mm2 max. 300 V 170 V (190 V max.)

impedance < 10 - series protection, 200 mA max.

Possibility of mixing protections with different nominal voltages.

Main specifications of the protections for 50 coaxial lines3


Max. discharge current (IEC 60-1) DC and impulse spark-over voltages Bandwith Reflection coefficient and attenuation Maximum power
3

20 kA, 10 times (8/20 s wave) DC: 90 V 20% / impulse: < 600 V at 1 kV/s 0 - 2 GHz Reflection: 20 dB (R.O.S. < 1.22) / attenuation: < 0.2 dB 30 W

Refer to technical data sheets of the "Coaxial networks - UHF transmission lines protections" for more information or other products.

81

Overvoltage products Overvoltage counter


300 A to 100 kA Tests of conformity carried by LCIE Description
The overvoltage counter is intended for detecting and recording surge currents on any installations equipped with overvoltage protection systems (surge currents with atmospheric origins such as lightning strikes, interference produced on the mains). Designed for DIN foot systems, it is installed in serial on the path of the discharge current towards the earthing system, i.e on the earth conductor in serial in between the overvoltage protection device and earth system. The use of such apparatus allows to maintain and to secure lightning protection installations through routine inspections. The overvoltage controller operates with no internal or external power supply and it does not need any particular maintenance. Recommended for expertise purposes and Insurance Companies.

Ordering code Counting range Counter threshold (IEC 60-1 and 1180-1 standards) (Detected minimum discharge current) Detected maximum discharge current IEC 60-1 and 1180-1 standards Permanent working current Terminal capacity Necessity of circuit-breaker Operating temperature range Enclosures protection index Mounting Dimensions Weight Other family products
1 2

AFV 0908 CS 00 to 99 300 A, 8/20 s wave (no detection below 150 A) 100 kA, 8/20 s1 wave (150 kA, 4/10 s wave) None 6 mm2 min. to 50 mm2 max.2 No - 20 C / + 60 C IP20 On symmetrical 35 mm DIN rail foot - EN 50022 90 x 64 x 36 mm 240 g Lightning strike counter, code. AFV 0907 CF

Value corresponding to the maximum discharge current available in the testing facility. With converters.

82

Overvoltage products Main power supplies


Coordination coils and filters - 230/400 V~ Comply with IEC 60364 and EN 138000 standards Description
Overvoltage protection of mains may need in the case of specific applications the arrangement in cascade of multiple levels of surge protective devices. It will then be essential to make these devices compatible together. The device compatibility is of critical interest when these have to be integrated in the same cabinet making the length of the cables interconnecting consecutive devices shorter than 10 m. The devices are made compatible using coordination coils which are inserted in series in between each consecutive protection.

Ordering code Nominal voltage Un Nominal current In Nominal inductance Ln Static resistance Rs

AFV

0035 SL 500 V / 50 - 60 Hz 32 A 15 H ~ 5 m 32 A 6 to 35 mm2 max. - 20 C / + 80 C IP20

0063 SL 63 A

Recommended circuit breaker1, 2 Internal short circuit withstand Terminal capacity Operating temperature range Enclosures protection index Mounting Dimensions (H x D x W) Weight

63 A

25 kA / 50 Hz with recommended circuit breaker

On symmetrical 35 mm DIN rail foot - EN 50022 87 x 65 x 35 mm 300 g 87 x 65 x 70 mm 660 g

Sensitive equipment may need high quality power supplies what can be ensured by filtering the inputs. The series filter ASS 6404 EV is a low pass PI filter with 40 dB attenuation at 2 MHz and a 3 dB cut off frequency of 50 kHz (refer to measurements). It will be inserted downstream the overvoltage protection and it can be used in front of any equipment with 16 A max. current needs. Designed for filtering single phase power supplies, their association make filtering of three phase power supplies also possible.

Ordering code Nominal voltage Un Nominal current In Line inductance Parasitic capacitance Recommended circuit breaker1 Internal short circuit withstand Terminal capacity Operating temperature range Enclosures protection index Mounting Dimensions (H x D x W) Weight
1

ASS 6404 EV 250 V / 50 - 60 Hz 16 A 400 H ~ 20 nF Circuit breaker 16 A class C 10 kA / 50 Hz with recommended circuit breaker 1.5 to 2.5 mm2 - 20 C / + 60 C IP20 On symmetrical 35 mm DIN rail foot - EN 50022 90 x 58 x 35 mm 150 g

Required only if not already provided by the mains or if the upstream circuit breaker which is already installed is bigger that specified. 2 gG / gL fuses or circuit breaker class C.

83

Overvoltage products
Telecommunication - Data transmission

Multi-line housings
8 to 64 pairs housing 2 pairs plug-in module

86

Wall protections
1 to 4 pairs module

87

DIN modules
1 pair module

88

Computer networks
Coaxial computer networks Special computer networks PG

89

Coaxial networks
UHF coaxial networks 50 ohms N / DIN / 7/16 UHF coaxial networks 50 ohms BNC / TNC UHF coaxial networks Quarter wave N / DIN / 7/16 UHF coaxial networks 75 ohms

91

Overvoltage products Telecommunication - Data transmission


Comply and tested with CCIT/1998 recommendations and NFC 61-740/1995 and IEC 60-1 standards Concerns
The surge protective devices for the data transmission and Coaxstops are designed for protecting against overvoltages of atmospheric origin (lightning and electrostatic) the equipments connected to any nearby network. Highly energetic discharges with long duration times, overvoltages larger than the components damage threshold voltage of electronic equipment, overvoltages with steep slopes. Whether routed inside or outside the buildings, any transmission line is at risk from such discharges and the use of protections as here presented is highly recommended for protecting the equipment to which they are connected.

Purpose
The induced current is diverted to the earth before it can reach the equipment connected to the network while the overvoltage is kept to a harmless level and the equipment running. These devices do not alter in any significant way the characteristics of the lines.

Applications
The Coaxstops are recommended for protecting any equipment connected to coaxial networks such as in the case of GSM applications, satellite and TV transmission/reception, UHF data transmissions systems, video units, microwave relays The user will verify proper fitting of the products rated maximum power with the networks maximum power, and when applicable, that the DC voltage transmitted by the network is lower than the static (DC) spark-over voltage of the protection (90 V or 1000 V in the case of the spark gap based protections). The other protections are recommended for the protection of the equipments linked to Telecom networks or datas transmission such as telephone exchange systems, terminals, solar energy, automation, robotic, computer and Ethernet equipments, RNIS, alarms, telephone answering machine, modems, fax, telex, specialized lines or current loop. For these protections, the user will check that the maximal voltage transferred by the network in permanent system is not superior to the threshold voltage specified of the protection, and that the operating intensity of the line is compatible with the maximum intensity of the surge protective device operating.

Interest and performances


The Coaxstops are bi-directionnal protections and equipped with passive components only. They can be used for large bandwidth applications from 0 to 2.5 GHz or at specific frequencies (Quarter wave Coaxstops). Moreover spark gap (gas arrestors) based products can transfer on the inner conductor a DC voltage to the downstream equipment within the limit of the DC spark over voltage of the capsule. These products have a high discharge current capacity (flow capacities up to 100 kA) and a residual (or let-through) overvoltage lower than 100 V.

Installation
These protections are inserted in series with the coaxial lines and located nearby (upstream and as close as possible) to the equipment to be protected. It will be connected to the earth according to the rule of the shortest possible path (all earth conductors must be interconnected). The end of life of these protection is reported as the loss of the signal or as communication interruption, and it will be replaced automatically.

Network access

Output

AS.....

EQUIPMENT

85

Overvoltage products Telecommunication - Data transmission


10 kA protections - Multi-line housings 8 to 64 pairs modular units to equip with 2 pairs plug-in modules - Comply with CCITT / 1988 recommendations EN 61643-21 standard Description
The multi-line housings AST 7400 CC, equipped with 2 pairs plug-in modules, are designed to protect communication and data transmission lines against lightning induced surges and interference. These protections are installed in series with the network signalling their end of life with the loss of the communication while keeping the protected equipment safe from outside perturbations. They consist of a multi-level protection that enables to get both fast operation and low residual overvoltages, this along with a high derivation capacity of transients achieved using gas arrestors. These products are especially designed for telephone exchange systems, terminals. Plug-in modules exist for operating voltages of 6, 12, 24, 48 or 170 V and modules with different voltages can be mixed in the same safety cabinet and spare modules can be kept on unused locations.

Multi lines housings


Ordering code Number of pairs (number of modules) Dimensions Weight Terminal capacity AST 7403 CC 8 (4) 150 x 130 x 70 mm 0.66 kg 7404 CC 16 (8) 150 x 210 x 70 mm 1.03 kg 7405 CC 32 (16) 150 x 410 x 70 mm 1.85 kg 7402 CC 64 (32) 300 x 410 x 70 mm 3.58 kg

Network: 2.5 mm2 max. - earth: 6 or 10 mm2 with spade terminal

Plug-in modules (2 pairs units)


Ordering code Type of networks (non exhaustive examples) Nominal voltage Un Maximum permanent operating voltage Uc (cut off voltage) Protection level Up (max. residual overvoltage) 3 dB bandwidth with 50 Parasitic capacitance Nominal discharge current In According to IEC 60-1 standard Maximum discharge current According to IEC 60-1 standard Discharge current for long duration waves Response time Type of protection and impedance of line Max. running current Permanent working current (leakage current) Follow on current Total failure End of life detection Operating temperature range Dimensions and weight of 1 module Associated product AST 7410 CC RS422, MIC RNIS T2 6V 12 V 20 V 0 - 6 MHz < 800 pf 7451 CC RS232, LS RS485 12 V 15 V 25 V 0 - 7 MHz < 600 pf 7409 CC Current loops, LS 24 V 27 V 35 V 0 - 10 MHz < 300 pf 7408 CC LS, Telex, ISDN T0 48 V 53 V 70 V 0 - 12 MHz < 200 pf 7407 CC RTC, fax 170 V 190 V 300 V 0 - 20 MHz < 150 pf

5 kA, 10 times, 8/20 s wave (7 kA, 4/10 s wave) 10 kA, 2 times, 8/20 s wave (15 kA, 4/10 s wave) 200 A, 200 times, 10/1000 s wave < 1 ns Series protection - impedance < 10 200 mA < 5 A None Short-circuit Communication interrupted - 10 C / + 50 C 63 x 51 x 20 mm - 65 g Plug-in module controller, code AST7400TM

86

Overvoltage products Telecommunication - Data transmission


10 kA protections - 2 to 4 pairs Comply with CCITT / 1988 recommendations and EN 61643-21 standard

Description
The AST 7460-80 CC range 2 to 4 pairs products is designed for protecting communication and data transmission lines against the overvoltages of atmospheric origins and interference. These protections are installed in series with the network, signalling their end of life with the loss of the communication, while keeping the protected equipment safe from outside perturbations. They consist of a multi-level protection that enables to get fast operation and low residual overvoltages (2nd protection stage based on diodes), this along with a high derivation capacity of transients that is achieved using gas arrestors (1st stage). Products available for operating voltages of 6, 12, 24, 48 or 170 V.

Ordering codes 2 pairs protection 3 pairs protection 4 pairs protection Type of networks (non exhaustive examples) Nominal voltage Un Maximum permanent operating voltage Uc (cut off voltage) Protection level Up (Max. residual overvoltage at In) 3 dB bandwidth with 50 Parasitic capacitance Nominal discharge current In According to IEC 60-1 standard Maximum discharge current According to IEC 60-1 standard Discharge current for long duration waves Response time Type of protection Impedance of line Max. running current Permanent working current (leakage current) Follow on current Total failure End of life detection Terminal capacity Operating temperature range Protection index of enclosure Mounting Dimensions Weight

AST AST AST

7466 CC

7467 CC 7462 CC

7468 CC 7463 CC Current loops, LS 24 V 27 V 35 V 0 - 10 MHz < 300 pf

7469 CC 7459 CC 7464 CC LS, Telex, RNIS ISDN T0 48 V 53 V 70 V 0 - 12 MHz < 200 pf

7470 CC 7460 CC 7465 CC RTC, fax 170 V 190 V 300 V 0 - 20 MHz < 150 pf

RS422, MIC RNIS T2 6V 12 V 20 V 0 - 6 MHz < 800 pf

RS232, LS RS485 12 V 15 V 25 V 0 - 7 MHz < 600 pf

6 kA, 20 times, 8/20 s wave (9 kA, 4/10 s wave) 10 kA, 2 times, 8/20 s wave (15 kA, 4/10 s wave) 200 A, 200 times, 10/1000 s wave < 1 ns Serie 6 max. 200 mA < 5 A None Short-circuit Communication interrupted Network: 2.5 mm2 max. - earth: 2.5 min. to 6 mm2 max. (with spade terminal) - 20 C / + 60 C IP20 Wall mounting, 4 screws 120 x 60 x 31 mm < 60 g

87

Overvoltage products Telecommunication - Data transmission


10 kA protections - 1 pair product Comply with CCITT/ 1988 recommendations and EN 61643-21 standard

Description
The AST4000CC range of overvoltage protections is designed to protect communication and data transmission lines against lightning induced surges and interference. These protections are installed in series with the network and end up after total failure in a short circuit, meaning the communication is interrupted. They consist of a multi-level protection that enables to get fast operation and low residual ("let through") overvoltages (2nd protection stage based on very fast diodes), this along with a high derivation capacity of transients that is achieved using gas arrestors (1st stage). Protections available for the following working voltages: 6, 12, 24, 48 or 170 V. Although inserted in series with the network, the AST4007CC product is a parallel protection based on gas arrestors only (i.e with a 0 impedance) and dedicated for large bandwidth applications at very high frequencies.

Ordering code

on DIN rail wall

AST4006CC AST7415CC RS422, MIC RNIS T2 6V 12 V 20 V 0 - 6 MHz < 800 pf

AST4005CC AST7416CC RS232, LS RS485 12 V 15 V 25 V 0 - 7 MHz < 600 pf

AST4004CC AST7412CC Current loops, LS 24 V 27 V 35 V 0 - 10 MHz < 300 pf

AST4003CC AST7413CC LS, Telex RNIS T0 48 V 53 V 70 V 0 - 12 MHz < 200 pf

AST4001CC AST7414CC RTC, fax 170 V 190 V 300 V 0 - 20 MHz < 150 pf

AST4007CC1 ISDN 190 V < 600 V2 0 - 100 MHz < 20 pf 10 kA (15 kA) 10 kA (15 kA) 200 A < 100 ns Parallel 0 3A < 1 A None Open line

Types of networks (non exhaustive examples) Nominal voltage Un Maximum permanent operating voltage Uc (cut off voltage) Protection level Up (Max. residual overvoltage at In) 3 dB bandwidth with 50 Parasitic capacitance Nominal discharge current In According to IEC 60-1 Maximum discharge current According to IEC 60-1 Discharge current for long duration waves Response time Type of protection Impedance of line Max. running current Permanent working current (leakage current) Follow on current Total failure End of life detection Terminal capacity Operating temperature range Protection index of enclosure Mounting Dimensions Weight
1 2

5 kA, 20 times, 8/20 s wave (9 kA, 4/10 s wave) 10 kA, 2 times, 8/20 s wave (15 kA, 4/10 s wave) 200 A, 200 times, 10/1000 s wave < 1 ns Series 6 max. 200 mA < 5 A None Short-circuit Communication interrupted Network: 0.5 to 2.5 mm2 - earth: 2.5 mm2 - 20 C / + 60 C IP20 On symmetrical 35 mm DIN rail foot - EN 50022 90 x 58 x 17.5 mm < 60 g

Product valid for any ISDN application, 2 modules needed for ISDN SO TO (ISDN lines with 2 pairs or 4 wires). Impulse spark-over voltage (1 KV/s), the residual overvoltage being smaller than 100 V under In.

88

Overvoltage products Coaxial network


Ethernet and IBM TwinAx networks 20 kA protection Comply with CCITT K17, IEEE 802.3 (ISO/IEC 8802-3) and NFC 61-740 standards Description
These overvoltage protections are designed for protecting coaxial data transmission lines against lightning induced surges and high frequency interferences, such as Ethernet (LAN) and IBM networks equipped with N type (ThickNet), BNC (ThinNet or CheaperNet) and TwinAx termination. These protections are installed in series with the networks. They consist of a multi-level protection that enables to get both fast operation and low residual ("let-through") overvoltages (2nd protection stage based on very fast diodes), this along with a high derivation capacity of transients which is achieved using gas arrestors (1st stage). This type of protections is designed with a large frequency bandwith using a decoupled diode array especially designed to achieve a low capacitance.

Ordering code Types of networks Terminals (plugs only) Impedance Nominal voltage Un Maximum permanent operating voltage Uc (cut off voltage)

ASZ

7470 PT IBM 34/36/38 TwinAx 105

7471 PE ETHERNET 10 base 5 (thickNet) type N 50 10 V 12 V 70 V to 10 kA (In) 30 V to 5 kA 0 - 50 MHz 10 Mbit/s < 1 dB 0 - 20 MHz: > 20 dB (R.O.S < 1.2) 20 - 50 MHz: > 15 dB (R.O.S < 1.4) 10 kA, 10 times, 8/20 s wave (15 kA, 4/10 s wave) 20 kA, 1 time, 8/20 s wave (30 kA, 4/10 s wave) < 1 ns Series 5 max. 400 mA < 2 A None Communication interrupted - 20 C / + 60 C IP 52 Flat or wall mounting 120 x 65 x 40 mm < 300 g

7472 PE ETHERNET 10 base 2 (ThinNet and CheaperNet) BNC 50

Protection Up (residual voltage or "peak let through" overvoltage) 50 Bandwidth Max. data transmission rate Insertion loss (attenuation) Return loss (or VSWR) Nominal discharge current In selon IEC 60-1 et 1180-1 Maximum discharge current IEC 60-1 and 1180-1 standards Response time Type of protection In-line impedance Max. running current Permanent working current (leakage current) Follow on current End of life detection Operating temperature range Protection index of enclosure Mounting Dimensions Weight VSWR: Voltage Standing Wave Ratio.

89

Overvoltage products Special computer networks - PG


Coaxial network protections Multi-line data transmission networks Protection with DB9 to DB25 pins Comply with CCITT V11 and V24 standards Description
These protections are designed for protecting data transmission lines against lightning induced surges and high frequency interference. They are equipped with DB9 to DB25 pin termination and are adapted for networks to V24/RS-232 C (with and without handshake), V11/RS-422 A and RS/485 protocols. ASZ 7474, 7476 and 7478 PG devices consist of a multi-level protection that enables to get both fast operation and low residual ("let-through") overvoltages (2nd protection stage based on transil diodes), this along with a high discharge current capacity (1st stage based on surge arrestors). Characterised by a lower insertion loss, ASZ 7484, 7486 and 7488 PG devices are dedicated for the protection of networks distributed over long distances. Equipped with DB9 to DB25 pin termination, these protections are easy to connect with the network. They are inserted in series and any definitive failure is signalised by the loss of the communication.

Ordering code Types of networks

ASZ

7474 PG V24/RS 232 C

7476 PG V11/RS 422 A

7478 PG RS-485 V11/RS 422 A 9 pins Female/male 3, 4, 8, 9 2 and 7

7484 PG1 V24/RS-232 C with handshake 25 pins Female/male 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 20 7 1

7486 PG1 V11/RS 422 A

7488 PG1 RS-485 V11/RS 422 A 9 pins Female/male 3, 4, 8, 9 2 and 7

Maximum permanent operating voltage Terminal's type Input & output (protected side) terminals2 Protected data lines Grounded line Earth In-line impedance Nominal discharge current In IEC 60-1 and 1180-1 standards Maximum discharge current IEC 60-1 and 1180-1 standards Protection level Up (Residual overvoltage at In) 50 Bandwidth Response time Max. running current Leakage current End of life detection Operating temperature range Mounting Protection index of enclosure Dimensions Weight
1 2

15 V 25 pins Female/male 2, 3 7 1 15 pins Female/male 2, 4, 9, 11 8 1 10 2 kA, 10 times, 8/20 s wave 5 kA, 1 time, 8/20 s wave 25 V 0 - 3 MHz < 1 ns 200 mA < 10 A Communication loss - 20 C / + 60 C 4/40 UNC screws IP40 63 x 54 x 17 mm < 100 g 15 pins Female/male 2, 4, 9, 11 8 1 0 120 A, 10 times, 8/20 s wave 250 A, 1 time, 8/20 s wave 20 V

Standard design of the product. Terminals can be adapted upon request. Products designed with a shielded housing and internally connected to the earth. Input and output can be reversed if necessary (contact us).

90

Overvoltage products UHF transmission lines


Transmissions lines very High Frequencies 50 Coaxstops - N and DIN 7/16 connectors Description
Coaxstops are designed for protecting UHF data transmission equipment connected to coaxial networks against natural (lightning) and non natural surge voltages. The induced discharge currents are deviated to the earth and therefore will not reach the equipment. Equipped with spark gap capsules, these protections are designed for wide bandwidth applications. They allow to transfer DC voltages to the equipment within the limit of the DC spark over voltage (or static ignition voltage) of the spark gap (surge arrestor). Coaxstops are bi-directionnal, totally sealed and equipped with passive components only.
Ordering code ASX CO Connectors Type of connections Penetration mode (IEMN protection) Bandwidth (GHz) Attenuation VSWR Reflection coefficient Flow capacity 8/20 wave (IEC 60-1) DC spark-over voltage Impulse spark-over voltage Maximum power (see note and graph next) Impedance Insulation resistance Capacitance Operating temperature range Protection index of enclosure End of life Dimensions L x Weight Material VSWR.: Voltage Standing Wave Ratio. M/F NO 5005 5006 N type F/F NO 0-2 M/F YES 5015 5009 7/16 M/F NO 0 - 2.2 < 0.2 dB < 1.22 20 dB 20 kA, 10 times 90 V 20% < 600 V to 1 kV/s < 350 V to 100 kV/s 30 W 50 > 1010 < 1.5 pF - 40 C to + 100 C IP 65 Communication interrupted or loss of signal 85 x 35 mm < 300 g Brass, silver plated 10 kA, 10 times 1 000 V 20% < 1 300 V to 1 V/s > 3 000 W to 100 MHz > 900 W to 1 GHz > 600 W to 2 GHz 5008 5016 5010 7/16 F/F YES 0 - 2.5 M/F NO

N type M/F NO

ASX5015CO

Surfaces located below the curves represent the maximum transmitted powers. The power is limited by the connectors type for products equipped with 1000 V spark gaps. On the other hand, 90 V spark gaps limit the power to 30 W: coaxstops based on such 90 V spark gaps are recommended for receiver applications. ASX5010CO

91

Overvoltage products UHF transmission lines


Very High Frequencies transmission lines 50 Coaxstops - BNC and TNC connectors Description
Coaxstops are designed for protecting UHF data transmission equipment connected to coaxial networks against natural (lightning) and non natural surge voltages. Equipped with spark gap capsules, these protections are designed for wide bandwidth applications. The induced discharge currents are deviated to the earth and therefore will not reach the equipment. They allow to transfer DC voltages to the equipment within the limit of the DC spark-over voltage (or static ignition voltage) of the spark gap (or surge arrestor). These products are bi-directional, totally sealed and equipped with passive components only.

Ordering code ASX CO Connectors Type of connections Penetration mode (IEMN protection) Bandwith (GHz) Attenuation VSWR Reflection coefficient Flow capacity 8/20 wave (IEC 60-1) DC spark-over voltage Impulse spark-over voltage Maximum power (see note and graph next) Impedance Insulation resistance Capacitance Operating temperature range Protection index of enclosure End of life Dimensions L x Weight Material VSWR.: Voltage Standing Wave Ratio.

5001 BNC M/F

5002 BNC F/F

5081 TNC M/F NO

5004 BNC M/F

5084 TNC M/F

0 - 2.2 GHz < 0.2 dB < 1.22 > 20 dB 20 kA, 10 times 90 V 20% < 600 V at 1 kV/s < 350 V at 100 kV/s 30 W 50 > 1010 < 1.5 pF - 40 C to + 100 C IP 64

0 - 2.4 GHz

10 kA, 10 times 1 000 V 20% < 1 300 V at 1 V/s > 3 000 W at 100 MHz > 900 W at 1 GHz > 600 W at 2 GHz ASX5001CO - ASX5004CO

Communication interrupted or loss of signal 85 x 35 mm < 300 g Brass, silver plated

Surfaces located below the curves represent the maximum transmitted powers. The power is limited by the connectors type for products equipped with 1000 V spark gaps. On the other hand, 90 V spark gaps limit the power to 30 W max. These products are recommended for receiver applications.

ASX5001CO

92

Overvoltage products UHF transmission lines


Very High Frequencies transmission lines Quarter Wave Coaxstops - N and DIN 7/16 connectors Description
QUARTER WAVE Coaxstops are designed for protecting UHF data transmission equipment connected to coaxial networks against surge voltages. These protections based on /4 shorting stubs are especially designed for equipment working at ultra high frequencies in very narrow bandwidths and with very high requirements. Any signal with frequencies lower than 1 MHz being filtered, induced discharge currents are filtered and deviated to the earth. This implies that no DC voltage can be transferred to the equipment through the protection (short circuit of DC signals). Quarter Wave Coaxstops are bi-directional, totally sealed and equipped with passive components only. Products adapted for other frequency ranges also available upon request.

Ordering code ASX QO Connectors Type of connections Penetration mode (IEMN protection) Bandwidth Attenuation VSWR Reflection coefficient Flow capacity 8/20 wave (IEC 60-1) DC spark-over voltage Maximum power Maximum power required Impedance Insulation resistance Capacitance Operating temperature range Protection index of enclosure End of life Dimensions L x Weight Material VSWR: Voltage Standing Wave Ratio. NA: Non Applicable.

5061 N type F/F YES 80 - 170 MHz < 0.05 dB (< 0.1 dB 60 - 240 MHz) < 1.15 (< 1.1 90 - 140 MHz) > 23 dB 50 kA

5053 7/16

5063 N type M/F YES

5055 7/16

5065 N type

880 - 960 MHz < 0.05 dB (< 0.1 dB 0.8 - 1 GHz) < 1.1 (< 1.05 900 - 940 MHz) > 26.5 dB 100 kA NA NA 50 kA

1.6 - 2 GHz < 0.05 dB < 0.1 dB 1.4 - 2.2 GHz) < 1.1 (< 1.05 1.75 - 1.85 GHz) > 26.5 dB 100 kA 50 kA ASX5053QO

4000 W

1300 W 50

900 W > 1010 NA

900 W

600 W

- 40 C to + 80 C IP 65 No destruction 60 x 50 mm 500 g Brass, silver-plated ASX5055QO IP 66

ASX5055QO

ASX5055QO

93

Overvoltage products UHF transmission lines


Very High Frequencies transmission lines 75 Coaxstops Description
Coaxstops are designed for protecting UHF data transmission equipment connected to coaxial networks against natural (lightning) and non natural surge voltages. The induced discharge currents are deviated to the earth and therefore will not reach the equipment. Equipped with spark gap capsules, these protections are designed for wide bandwidth applications. They allow to transfer DC voltages to the equipment within the limit of the DC spark over voltage (or static ignition voltage) of the spark gap (surge arrestor). Coaxstops are bi-directional, totally sealed and equipped with passive components only.

Ordering code ASX Connectors Type of connections Penetration mode (IEMN protection) Bandwith (GHz) Attenuation VSWR Reflection coefficient Flow capacity 8/20 wave (IEC 60-1) DC spark over voltage Impulse spark over voltage Maximum power Impedance Insulation resistance Capacitance Operating temperature range Protection index of enclosure End of life Dimensions L x (mm) Weight (g) Material

7480 TV1 TV M/F NO 0 - 0.3 < 0.5 < 1.5 > 14 20 kA 10 times

7574 CO 7472 PE 7591 CO 7572 CO 7605 CO 7610 CO F type F/F NO 0 - 1.2 < 0.5 < 1.5 > 14 5 kA 10 times NO BNC F/F YES 0-2 < 0.2 < 1.22 > 20 20 kA, 10 times 90 V 20% < 600 V at 1 kV/s < 350 V at 100 V/s 20 W 75 > 1010 < 1.5 pF ASX7472PE TNC F/F NO NO 0 - 1.3 N type F/F YES

- 30 C to + 80 C NA Note < 300 IP 54 70 x 24 < 150

- 40 C to + 100 C IP 64 84 x 35 < 300 Brass, silver plated ASX7610CO IP 65

Communication interrupted or loss of signal

1 Note: delivered with 2 cables with a length of 15 cm for TV adaptation. VSWR.: Voltage Standing Wave Ratio. NA: Non Applicable.

ASX7605CO

ASX7605CO

94

Other products and miscellaneous

Storm detector

96

Autonomous system for energy networks

97

Analogue and digital testers

98

Energy storage, control c e l l s

99

Aerial beaconing Low Intensity

100

Aerial beaconing Medium and High Intensity

101

Aerial beaconing for line

102

Towers

104

Other products and miscellaneous Storms detector


AFV 2000 DF Reference Description
The Lightning detector is a thunderstorm early- warning system which generates a "lightning risk" alert and allows the disconnection of sensitive equipment from the mains and/or the communication network. The operating principle is the use of a reception antenna which detects electromagnetic disturbances generated by lightning within a radius of 5 to 10 km. The antenna performs a continuous detection of the lightning risk and delivers a signal to the control unit. When the threshold levels are reached, the control unit will activate an audible buzzer and a visual LED alarm and also a relay to allow remote disconnection of the equipments. The Lightning detector is composed of: - The reception antenna is a green pyramid of 140 mm. It should be fixed on a mast on top of the installation to be protected. - 10 m shielded cable to connect the antenna to the control unit. - The control unit is a modular plastic box (6 modules) for DIN rail mounting which provides: - the power supply to the antenna, - conditioning of the signal from the antenna, - display of the risk level, - adjustment of alarm and pre-alarm thresholds, - battery control, - audible alarm control, - control of the relay switches for remote monitoring. - the 6 V battery power supply (4 batteries type "C" or LR14 1.5 V alkaline) connected to 6 V CC power supply terminals. - the test unit to check the status of the system in absence of thunderstorms.

Characteristics
Antenna Weight: Dimensions: Operating temperature range: Enclosure protection index: Power supply: Output signal: Control unit Weight: Dimensions: Operating temperature range: Ambient conditions: Power supply: or or Relays: 450 g 140 x 140 x 140 mm - 30 / +60 C IP65 5.5 to 7 V DC (supplied by the control unit) 0 to 4 V

200 g 105 x 90 x 60 mm 0 / +50 C relative humidity of 20 to 80% no condensation 5.5 V to 7 V DC (4 batteries of 1.5 V type "C" or LR14, around 1 year of operation) 12 to 24 V AC 50/60 Hz, maximum consumption 100 mA 12 to 48 V DC, maximum consumption 100 mA 5 A - 230 V AC or 30 V DC maximum isolation: in between the contacts of one relay: 2000 Vrms in between the contacts and the coils: 3000 Vrms

96

Other products and miscellaneous Systems of prevention


Autonomous systems for energy networks 230/400 V~ networks - All neutral earthing system Cabinets of protection for strategic networks Standards: IEC 61643-1/2002, EN 61643-11 (NF C 61-740), NF C 15-100, NF EN 60950, 50081-1 and 50082-1 Description
These cabinets are designed for protecting very sensitive equipments of the strategic networks supplied. Totally autonomous, it protect the equipments with the ultra fast disconnection of the line in case of defect. It ensure: - protection against atmospheric overvoltages, - overvoltage protection and under-tensions network, - protection against the "frank defects" type over intensities and short-circuit currents, - the insulation of the line after a test of re-interlocking in case of frank defect maintained, - the re-interlocking of the circuit breaker when the "furtive defect" disappears in the others cases (overloading, overvoltage due to network operate, transient defects, ) Integrated in tight cabinets IP55 with a transparent door, it allow the visual control of the state of the intern devices, without any dismounting operation. Available in single and three phases versions, it will be installed downstream the circuit breaker of protection against the over intensities (TT system: circuit breaker type delayed and/or selective compulsory upstream). Options: storage of the incidents, order for 2 to 4 circuit breakers, remote control tester of the circuit breaker, monitoring, adjustment of the temporization.
Surge protective devices1 references
Protection level under In Nominal discharge current In Maximum discharge current Imax Upstream protection2 Internal short circuit withstand3

ASS4202EF / ASS8202EF
1 000 V / 1 200 V 10 kA / 20 kA (8/20) 45 kA / 65 kA (8/20) Circuit breaker 50 A curve C 10 kA / 50-60 Hz 10 / 16 mm2 Wall mounting IP55 -20 C / + 50 C

Operating principle
In order to ensure a maximal safety of the persons and properties, one only test of re-interlocking is done in case of frank defect (short-circuit or insulation defect). If the defect goes on, the line is disconnected (putting in defect). In case of furtive defects, 3 tests of re-interlocking are done before the putting in defect of the line, a reset being insured after 5 mn without defect. After all putting in defect of the line, the defect must be found and eliminated before putting on service again the product. In case of under-tension or overvoltage of the specified threshold (180 V and 260 V), the re-interlocking of the circuit breaker is automatic as soon as the tension is restored.
1

Terminal capacity (flexible/rigid) Mounting Enclosures protection index Operating temperature range

Refer the technical sheet for any further information. IT system: ASS4204EF or ASS8204EF. 2 Compulsory without upstream protection or if the upstream protection gauge is superior to the gauge recommended. Safety general rules: see the electrical NF C 15-100, IEC 60364 standards or the equivalent national standard. 3 Superior circuit breaker capacity upon request.

Ordering code
Circuit breaker gauge

ASN

4042 CP
10 A 300 mA

4202 CP
25 A Without

4642 CP
63 A 300 mA

8304 CP
32 A Without 335 V

8404 CP
40 A Without

8544 CP
50 A 300 mA

8544 CP
63 A 500 mA

Differential residual circuit breaker gauge Nominal voltage Uo (Un) Maximum permanent operating voltage Uc Threshold of under-tensions/overvoltages Level of immunity Frequency of use Maximum time of disconnection Temporization Indicators: service Indicators: defect Watchfulness consumption / motorization Dimensions (Height. x width. x depth.) Weight

Single phase 230 V

230/400 V Three phase 180 V / 260 V (safety: hysteresis of 10 V)

1 kV (fast transient) / 8 kV (electrostatic discharges) 50/60 Hz < 10 ms Refitting after 2 s (options: adjustable from 2 s to 10 h according to versions) Green (switch off: absence of tension) Interlocking gear: flickering red Detector of under/overvoltages: yellow (under-tension) or red (overvoltage) 25 VA / 20 mA 400 x 295 x 147 mm < 3 kg 550 x 295 x 147 mm < 5 kg

97

Other products and miscellaneous Analogue tester - Digital tester


Use
These autonomous and weatherproof work site instruments are lightweight and easy to use. They provide measurement of grounding resistance levels using the standard rod method. Analogue tester AFM 2412 TL - Measurement range from 0.5 to 1000 Ohms, - Conditions of use: -10C to 55C / 20 accuracy 5% +/- 0.5 Ohm to 90% RH - Galvanometer: moving coil, class 1.5, - IP54 case logarithmic scale - Protected by high breaking capacity fuse - Measurement frequency: 128 Hz - Autonomy: 1700 measures of 15 seconds - Off-load voltage <= 24 V peak Designed in compliance with standards difficult conditions and under any weather IEC 1010-1 with double insulation. conditions. Earthing accessories: This instrument features very high safety characteristics. - AFM 2409 MA It is particularly suitable for measuring under - AFM 2405 MA - AFM 2410 MA Digital tester AFM 2411 TL - Measurement from 0 to 2000 Ohms - Off-load voltage <= 42 V peak - Accuracy - Conditions of use: -10C to 55C/20 to 90% RH - Response time: 4 to 8 s, depending on 2% L +/- 1 pt up to 200 Ohms measuring conditions 2% L +/- 3 pt from 200 to 2000 Ohms - IP 54 case - 2000-point digital display (3 digits 1/2), - Protected by high breaking capacity fuse height 18 mm - Autonomy: 1800 measures of 15 seconds - Measurement frequency 128 Hz Designed in compliance with standards voltages, high ground currents, high-resistivity IEC 1010-1 with double insulation. auxiliary connections, etc. This instrument features very high safety Earthing accessories: characteristics. - AFM 2409 MA It is particularly suitable for measuring under - AFM 2405 MA difficult conditions: presence of interfering - AFM 2410 MA Digital tester AFM 2406 TL - Measurement from 0 to 2000 Ohms, in three - Measurement frequency 128 Hz automatic ranges - Off-load voltage <= 42 V peak - Accuracy - Conditions of use: -10C to 55C / 20 2% L +/- 1 pt up to 19.99 Ohms to 90% RH 2% L +/- 1 pt from 20 to 199.99 Ohms - IP 54 case 2% L +/- 3 pt from 200 to 2000 Ohms - Protected by high breaking capacity fuse - 2000-point digital display (3 digits 1/2), - Autonomy: 1800 measures of 15 seconds height 18 mm Designed in compliance with standards between electrically independent earthing IEC 1010-1 with double insulation. systems. This instrument features very high safety Earthing accessories: characteristics. - AFM 2409 MA This instrument is used for measuring soil - AFM 2413 MA resistivity, grounding resistance and coupling - AFM 2414 MA Terca 2 AFM 2404 TE - Range from 2 Ohms to 20 K Ohms - Dielectric rigidity: 2000 Veff - Accuracy 2% L +/- 1 pt - Conditions of use: 5C to 50 C / 80% HR - Maximum measure tension: 50 Veff - IP 54 case - 2000 points digital display (3 digits1/2), - Protected by 500 Veff breaking capacity fuse height 18 mm - Autonomy: > 1300 measures - Measurement frequency 128 Hz Designed in compliance with standards Ref. Designation IEC 1010-1 with double insulation. AFM 2412 TL Analogue ground tester This instrument features very high safety characteristics. AFM 2411 TL Digital ground tester This instrument is used for measuring soil resistivity to locate and calculate earthing systems depth, grounding resistance under Ground and AFM 2406 TL difficult conditions (parasite voltages, high telluric currents, etc) resistivity tester and coupling between electrically independent earthing systems. AFM 2404 TE Terca 2 Earthing accessories Luxury bag for earthing tester - AFM 2410 MA Ref. Designation Rigid bag with pockets containing 2 smooth T rods, AFM 2409 MA Carrying bag 3 cables on reel (100 m red, 60 m blue, 10 m green) and a mall. Luxury bag for earting and resistivity tester - AFM 2413 MA Bag for earthing tester / AFM 2410 MA Luxury Same as above with 2 rods and 20 m of black cable on reel. Standard bag for earthing tester - AFM 2405 MA Bag for earthing and AFM 2413 MA resistivity tester / Luxury Soft bag containing 2 straight rods, extraction keys, 30 m of red cable and 30 m of blue cable reel, 3 m of green cable and a mall. Bag for earthing tester / AFM 2405 MA Standard bag for earthing and resistivity tester - AFM 2414 MA Standard Same as above with 2 rods and 3 m of black cable on reel. Bag for earthing and AFM 2414 MA Terca resistivity and earthing case - AFM 2415 MA resistivity tester / Standard 4 auger rods, 3 x 50 meters cable, 1 x 100 meters cable on reel and AFM 2415 TE Terca 2 case 1 screw clamp.

Dimensions (mm) Weight kg


238 x 136 x 150 238 x 136 x 150 238 x 136 x 150 390 x 260 x 250 1.3 1.3 1.3 6.2

Dimensions (mm) Weight kg


440 x 380 x 280 440 x 380 x 280 460 x 225 x 280 460 x 225 x 280 7 9 3.5 4 -

98

Other products and miscellaneous Energy storage, control cells


Power cabinets
These power cabinets transform the mains power supply (230 V DC) into a lower voltage DC supply and have battery backup in the event of a mains power supply cut. (STNA recommendations - Air Navigation Technical Department)

References
AY7 9012 AE AY7 9020 AE AY7 9036 AE

Capacity Ah
12 20 36

Output voltage V DC
48 48 48

Max. nr of lights
6.5 to 12.5 mm 40 to 45 mm 6.5 to 12.5 mm

Dimensions H x L x l (mm)
650 x 450 x 200 820 x 520 x 270 820 x 520 x 270

Weight (kg)
3.7 3.7 5

Photoelectric cell
This photoelectric cell controls the lighting or extinction of a light signal. Its detection threshold is 50 lux. Above this luminosity value, the cell automatically switches off the beacon.

References
AY7 9201 CP AY7 9202 CP AY7 9203 CP

Operating voltage
24 V DC 48 V DC 240 V AC

Dimensions x H (mm)
60 x 180 60 x 180 60 x 180

Weight (kg)
0.6 0.6 0.6

Solar stations
On sites without any electrical power supply, an autonomous power source must be available. In such cases, solar panels can be used to provide the following functions: - Conversion of the suns radiation by the photovoltaic cells of the panels, - Storage of the transformed power, - Regulation and management of the beacon power supply.

For any further information, contact Franklin Assistance to the following number: +33 (0)1 60 34 54 44.

99

Other products and miscellaneous Beaconing Low Intensity


Compact cylindrical lamps - Neon lamps
Composed of a weather-proof aluminium barrel, electronics with built-in High voltage converter and a red lamp complying with the specifications of the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization). Applications: Chimneys, towers, cranes, pylons, high buildings Installed directly at the top of the obstacle with a 16 screw or along it with a square.
Ref.
AY7 9161 B0 AY7 9163 B0 AY7 9165 B0 AY7 9167 B0 AY7 9169 B0

Luminous Intensity
32 Cd 32 Cd 10 Cd 10 Cd 10 Cd

Power supply voltage


230 V AC 12 V DC 12 V DC 24 V DC 48 V DC

Power consumption
55 W 55 W 15 W 15 W 15 W

Dim. x l (mm)
70 x 550 70 x 550 70 x 450 70 x 450 70 x 450

Weight (kg)
2.2 2.2 2 2 2

Removable lamp beacons - Neon lamps


Composed of a weather-proof aluminium box protected against corrosion, a builtin converter with an overvoltage protection device and input filter and a red removable lamp. Easy maintenance of electronic, easy replacement of the lamp, direct connection by screw terminal.
Ref.
AY7 9000 B0 AY7 9012 B0 AY7 9125 B0 AY7 9149 B0

Luminous Intensity
35 Cd 10 Cd 10 Cd 10 Cd

Power supply voltage


230 V AC 12 V DC 12 V DC 24 V DC

Current input
0.3 A 1.3 A 0.6 A 0.27 A

Dim. L x l x H (mm)
206 x 185 x 515 206 x 185 x 440 206 x 185 x 440 206 x 185 x 440

Weight (kg)
3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6

Vertical or horizontal fixing with 6 mm screw.

LED beacon lights


These beacons provide a luminous intensity of around 10 Candelas with very low power consumption. They are recommended especially for use in backed-up systems or on solar panels, as the size of batteries or solar panels required is considerably reduced.
Luminous Intensity
10 Cd 10 Cd 10 Cd 10 Cd 10 Cd 10 Cd

Ref.
AY7 9180 B0 AY7 9181 B0 AY7 9182 B0 AY7 9183 B0 AY7 9184 B0 AY7 9185 B0

Power supply voltage


12 V DC 12 V DC 24 V DC 24 V DC 48 V DC 48 V DC

Current input
0.535 A 1.535 A 0.235 A 0.235 A 0.145 A 0.145 A

Dim. L x l x H (mm)
206 x 185 x 265 206 x 185 x 265 206 x 185 x 265 206 x 185 x 265 206 x 185 x 265 206 x 185 x 265

Weight (kg)
3 3 3 2 3 3

Vertical or horizontal fixing with 6 mm screw.

For any further information, contact Franklin Assistance to the following number: +33 (0)1 60 34 54 44.

100

Other products and miscellaneous Medium and High Intensity beaconing


Medium intensity flash lights
These obstruction lights are recommended when the structure covers a large area or is higher than 45 m. Medium-intensity lights can cover a radius of 450 meters and can be used beside low intensity lights. These lights are powered from a weatherproof unit with 3 m connecting cable and can be controlled by a photoelectric cell. The unit contains an electronic converter, providing voltage/current regulation of the capacitor charge required for the flash. The lamp (overall dimensions 325 mm x 288 mm dia.) is mounted on a aluminium base plate with stuffing boxes providing the electrical connection with the unit. The opening of the beam is 4 vertically and 360 horizontally with a 125 W power. This device provokes flashes frequency of 20 per minute.

Reference
AY7 9020 B0 AY7 9021 B0 AY7 9022 B0 AY7 9023 B0

Colour
Red Red White White

Luminous intensity
2000 Cd 2000 Cd 20000 Cd 20000 Cd

Power supply
240 V AC 48 V DC 230 V AC 48 V DC

Weight (Kg)
17 15 17 15

Incandescent lamps
These simple-design lamps come in a single or double version. They have a yellow polyamide base with a red lamp glass. The double version provides a backup by switching automatically from one lamp to the other.

Reference
AY7 9501 FI AY7 9502 FI

Version
Simple Double

Power consumption
55 W under 220 V

MTBF
8 000 h 2 x 8 000 h

Dimensions (mm)
Diam. 110 x H 190 L. 380 x l. 150 x H. 250

Weight (Kg)
1.4 5

Fixing of the AY 9501 FI: on threaded base 21 mm type gas. Fixing of the AY 9502 FI: 4 5 mm screws.

101

Other products and miscellaneous Beaconing for line


ABS resin sphere
Designed and dimensioned for aerial beaconing on overhead ground wires and / or energy cables of 132 kV maximum, are available in two diameters (500 and 610 mm) and in three colours (Red, Orange and white). The ABS resin coloured in the mass used for these spheres enhances their UV resistance and makes them highly durable.

References
AY6 0511 SB AY6 0517 SB AY6 0611 SB AY6 0517 SB

Sphere diameter
500 mm 500 mm 610 mm 610 mm

Colour
Red Red Red Red

Conductor diameter
6.5 to 12.5 mm 40 to 45 mm 6.5 to 12.5 mm 40 to 45 mm

Weight (Kg)
3.7 3.7 5 5

Balisor high-voltage line beacons


The use of beacons on HV lines in areas concerned by air navigation regulations enable facilities to comply with such regulations. These beacons specially designed for high voltage lines of 33 to 800 kV produce a red light with intensity greater than 10 Candelas. These lamps are installed directly on the phase conductor with an antenna mounted in parallel to the power conductor creating an induced current adequate for energizing the lamp.
Cross-section / Diameter mm 2 / mm
116 to 127 / 14 to 19 228 to 366 / 19 to 25 613 to 851 / 32 to 38 852 to 1 600 / 38 to 52

References
AY7 0031 BL AY7 0112 BL AY7 0224 BL AY7 0505 BL

Line voltage kV
30 to 35 110 to 115 220 to 230 500 to 533

Wind socks
Used to indicate the strength and direction of the wind, both day and night, wind socks are installed on aerodromes, helicopter landing pads, road sides, leisure areas, sport grounds. A wind sock is composed of: - A tilting of 7.40 m high white and red mast, - A wind vane 500 or 1000 mm in diameter, - A red and white wind sock diameter 500 to 1000 mm.
References
AY9 9908 MV AY9 9909 MV

Diameter in mm
500 1 000

Length in mm
2 250 4 500

For more information on the other references and for options contact Franklin Assistance to: +33 (0)1 60 34 54 44.

102

Other products and miscellaneous Beaconing for line

Location of obstruction beacons


If an object is beaconed by low-or medium intensity obstruction lights, and if the summit of the object is more than 45 m above the surrounding ground, or the height of the tops of surrounding buildings (if the object to be beaconed is surrounded by buildings) additional lights shall be installed at intermediate levels. These intermediate lights shall be spaced as evenly as possible between the light placed at the summit of the object, and the ground level or the level of the top of the surrounding buildings, as the case may be, and this spacing must not exceed 45 m. The number and layout of the low, medium and high intensity obstruction lights to be installed at each of the beaconed levels shall be such that the object is beaconed from all directions

Examples of beaconing
Light beacons on a crane One light at the summit of the pillar, plus one level of lights for every 45 meter section. One light at the end of the beam, one light at the end of the counter beam. An intermediate light if the beam exceeds 50 m. Light beacons on a chimney (E.g. h = 60 m excluding service equipment) Two levels of lights, each comprising three lights at 120 to each other. Summit light: 1.5 m to 3 m above the summit. Second level at the +30 m height ("equidistant" lights). Beacons on a self-supporting tower (E.g. h = 60 m excluding service equipment) At the summit: 2 twin lights overhanging in such a way that each light is visible from all directions, or, where this is not possible, 3 lights at 120 to each other around the periphery. At the +30 m height approx. 3 lights at 120 to each other. Extract from the regulations in force, established by the International Civil Aviation Authority (chapter 6 Appendix 14).

103

Other products and miscellaneous Guyed towers


Guyed towers are manufactured from metal trellis girders with a triangular crosssection of 175 mm center-to-center, and round tubular bracing ribs, dia. 22 mm. They are delivered in 3 or 6 meter sections, each section having to be fitted with a guy stage. They are joined by means of cadmium-plated sleeves and stainless steel nuts and bolts. The sections and all accessories are protected by hot-dip galvanization. Maximum height: 36 meters with standard sections. Carrying weight at summit: 50 kg. Carrying horizontal force at summit: 60 kg. Contact us for higher structures.
Lightning conductor

4m

Elevation rod

Gripping head AFD1060KU

Fiber security clamp AFD1051KU

Glass fiber AFD1055KU

Ref.
AFD 1050 KH AFD 1051 KU AFD 1052 KU AFD 1053 KU AFD 1054 KU AFD 1055 KU AFD 1056 KU AFD 1057 KU AFD 1058 KU AFD 1059 KU AFD 1060 KU AFD 1061 KU AFD 1062 KU AFD 1070 KU

Designation
Guying kit Fiber security clamp Lantern type tensioner Guying collar 3 directions Double expansion pin diam. 10 mm 100 m glass fiber roll, diam. 5.6 mm Ground plate Standard foot 6 m section 3 m section Gripping head Neophrene plate Double expansion pin diam. 12 Stainless steel manila diam. 6 mm

Weight (kg)
28.64 0.20 0.56 0.19 0.15 5.30 3.27 1.59 19.00 10.00 3.50 0.21 15 m 0.27 0.20 Double expansion pin Standard foot AFK1057KU Ground plate AFK1056KU Standard section AFD1059KU Fiber security clamp AFD1051KU 15 m

References of some complete towers:


Ref.
AFD 1080 KU AFD 1081 KU AFD 1082 KU AFD 1084 KU AFD 1083 KU

Designation
Guyed tower 6 m Guyed tower 9 m Guyed tower 12 m Guyed tower 15 m Guyed tower 18 m

Tower parts
2 of 3 m 3 of 3 m 2 of 6 m 2 of 6 m + 1 of 3 m 3 of 6 m

Weight (kg)
42.75 52.71 67.01 78.67 96.23

Other configuration upon request.

104

Other products and miscellaneous Self supporting towers


When chosing towers as supports for lightning conductors, it is preferable to chose self-supporting towers. They are chosen on the basis of the following parameters: - The exact geographical location of the site, determining the type of "wind region" it belongs to (region category 1 to 5). - The exposure of the site: Normal or Exposed. If the site is exposed, the next higher wind category will be selected. There are 3 categories: Category 1 Category 2 (equivalent to exposed region category 1) Category 3 (equivalent to exposed region category 2) Category 4 (equivalent to exposed region category 3) Category 5 (equivalent to exposed region category 4) - The force exerted on overhead structures (total force to which the tower will be exposed). All the towers whose references are given below are composed of a base section for sealing in concrete, a tapered section and a straight section. Only the head parts are different.

The sections are connected using bolted plates. All the sections, including the bolting, are galvanized by hot dipping. The nuts and bolts are made of stainless steel.

Ref.
AFC 5006 PA AFC 5007 PA AFC 5009 PA AFC 5015 PA AFC 5018 PA AFC 5024 PA

Height (m)
6 9 9 15 18 24

Max. load (daN)


100 40 100 100 100 100

Head area (m2)


0.67 0.33 0.63 0.56 0.96 0.64

Wind region category


3 3 4 4 2 3

Recommended concrete base CxCxH


1.3 x 1.3 x 1 1.3 x 1.3 x 1 1.4 x 1.4 x 1 1.7 x 1.7 x 1.2 1.7 x 1.7 x 1.2 2.2 x 2.2 x 1.4

Weight (kg)
77 93 126 270 296 644

Other configurations are possible upon request.

Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Zone 5: Guadeloupe, Martinique, Reunion, Mayotte

105

Brochures available upon request

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