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09/01/2013 Teacher: Brenda Yamel Zenteno Buitron. Student: Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.


I dedicate this work to my family especially my parents who have helped me every day, who have tolerated my mistakes I have and above all have supported me in what I want for my future as with school, work and so on.

Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Justification This album was written with the aim that this Tehuacn not hidden but it comes to light making known how important it is and that is a beautiful city with a great history, gastronomy, culture, among other things.

Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Location Puebla in Mexico

Tehuacan City in Mexico

Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

History of Tehuacan Tehuacn was part of the Royal Road that connected the port of Veracruz to the Great Tenochtitlan, which influences to Carmelita Temple construction is intended in the present location. Archaeological finds show that it was inhabited by village communities 8500 years before Christ. He had a major role in the process of domestication and cultivation of plants. In Tehuacn found the oldest fossil of corn in the world. On 16 March 1660 the Indians of the region acquire the title of "City Indians", earning him his offer to the Spanish at the time. During the War of Independence, the city was used as barracks by the illustrious leader Trujano Valerio.

Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Shield Tehuacan The Shield of Tehuacn is composed of four quarters: In the first room is the black eagle on a cactus with two arrows in the right claw and one crossed by the legs and left three cornstalks with ears of gold that the Indians call Miahuatl in the blue field. The second quarter shows a black eagle on a white field with golden beak put a paw on a teponaxtle golden and the other holding up two arrows. To the right of that eagle one ayacaxtle or rattle, an instrument playing and dancing with the natives. Shortly below a drum, the two sides left the teponaxcle, and below a quetzal feathers or beam. In the third quarter a matte finish and made to order a flower red branches which in their language called tlaxochitl. A bird biting a flower at the foot of a tree that kills leaving it to those who call their language Mezquite. On the right a castle on a hill that has a large cave underneath and near the castle some red and white stones, four pockets having said castle out three arrows on the one hand and between the first and second top out one maixquahuitl, instrument with which fought in antiquity and in the other two side pockets two arrows left and go through them in one maixquahuitl. In the fourth quarter is a freshly slaughtered head like a right hand that has outstanding hair and the other left hand is gripping a bow. Amid quartered Chimalpopoca head, and as crest, the Virgin of the Conception.

Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Glyph of Tehuacan This is the currently accepted glyph city of Tehuacn. It is based on the work of Felipe Franco's 1946 Geographic Indonimia Puebla State, same as inferred from the word Teohuacan, ie instead of gods or the sun. (From "La Fortaleza del Cerro Colorado Tehuacan Puebla," Galvez Mauricio Rosales)

The glyph is interpreted as follows: At the bottom you can see a gum with teeth, which means "place". The album is a solar symbol, or sacred. Hence, to be known as Tehuacn "City of Gods", "Place of those gods", "Place of those with God" or more currently "Sun City"

Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

The Riego.

Irrigation is located at the foot of the plateau. In the mid-17TH centurypossessed a great deal, since it supplied the extensive land of the estate of thesame name, which joined with the Board Assistant of Santa Maria eventos.Halfway through the 19th century, this property was gained by the Mont family.This spring is considered as the cradle of the bottler in Tehuacn industry sinceMr Joaqun Pita was installed in 1901 first same factory that produced twothousand boxes annually in mineral water brand diamond with the help of asteam engine with 15 horsepower engine. A year later Mr Pita partnered with AnacharsisPeralta Requena to produce the red cross brand.This company was sold in 1903 to Mr Lucindolanes who joined efforts with Joaqun Crdoba toproduce the Covadonga brand from 1924. In1933 this spring would return to industrialize itswaters under the signature of Andrs Zaplanaand Arturo de la Llave, later step Tehuacnwatering Springs power enterprise.

Peafiel. One of the companies committed to society and of great importance for thesame since it was helpful for the growth and rise of the same.But it also is said that tower seen in the image was used by the owner of Peafiel in it vijilaba to their workers day and night so that non stop alreadyproduce than if any of them what looked and wasn't doing nothing sent toflogging, this and many legends of Penafiel are counted. On the other hand not only was a soft drink company if not also had Hotel andBungalows equally important worldwide enter the years 50s by thepersonalities that they stayed like I had great fame for its curative mineralwaters.You can currently visit the Manantial de Peafiel, that offer tours guidedwithout any cost only a small bonus for the Guide, a unique experiencebecause is descendant 20 mts. to introduce to the mantial passing under themodernised with a tour on the history and processes of mantial for its bottlingwater.In 1948, Mr Garci Crespo left the society and with his departure the companychanged its name to "Manantiales Peafiel S.A". This name is due to
Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

the rockor penalty that hinders the undercurrents, and gives rise to the springs. Thispenalty has been sprouting water for many years, remaining faithful andunchangeable, therefore suggested the name of Peafiel.

Garci Crespo. VENERO was discovered in 1920 in the Board auxiliary of San NicolsTetitzintla by Jos Garci-Crespo. Over time exploded it into what mostforward would be the famous caves of Peafiel and its spring of thesame name. The underground corridors were not covered by anyartificial material. In 1948 the Garci-Crespo spring changed its name bythe Peafiel.Don Jos Garci-Crespo also acquired some land in the so-calledBuenagua station, where you installed the Garci-Crespo nurseries andlocated another spring, which to this day serves as bottling of softdrinks.

San Lorenzo. It is located about 7 km fromTehuacn, in the Junta Auxiliar deSan Lorenzo Teotipilco. itschemical composition made her favorite patients suffering from bileevils.Since the end of the 19th centurythe locals built a rustic hut wherepeople came to drink or to fillbottles with this healing water. Itwas around 1938 when Francisco Andrade Balseca began bottling of its tributaries.Shortly after Ramn Gonzlez buy and establish the renowned Springs SanLorenzo there same. Currently Axoxopan spring is used as a spa and importanttourist center.


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

San Francisco San Francisco appeared in 1976. The San Lorenzo brand strategy is relegated to small dealers, which leads her to disappear gradually and in 2002 left to develop.


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Poultry industry in Tehuacan

The innovation of new technologies and industrial production methods resulted in a spatial concentration in farming, especially in the "industria avicola", the Mexican poultry industry. The agricultural structure in the Valley of Tehuacan has been particularly influenced by this subsector of agro business industry. The development in this area has (since 1947) been determined, above all, by the initiatives and innovations introduced by the Romero Family. Today, the "Grupo Romero" is the leading Mexican egg producer. The development of this family company into a vertically integrated agribusiness firm is briefly described in this article. The expansion of the poultry industry has changed the agricultural structure of the Valley of Tehuacan consider ably.


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Traditional Food Tehuacan Mole de caderas Every year pamphlets explaining the origins of this dish, along with a list of ingredients, are distributed in Tehuacan's restaurants by the city's Gastronomic Council, an association of restaurant owners formed to promote local cuisine. If you live in a place where goat meat is available, this is worth trying. The proportions come from La Cocina Familiar en el Estado de Puebla, a regional cookbook published by Editorial Ocano de Mxico. We enjoyed mole de caderas at Tehuacan's Restaurante Casa Vieja, but the recipe is very traditional and the ingredients are standard and well prepared at most of the city's restaurants. Fans of goat barbacoa will love this dish, though you might start with less chile than is used in the Mixteca. Ingredients:

4 pounds goat meat, cut into chunks 2 onions, peeled and coarsely chopped 1 head plus 5 large cloves garlic, peeled 3 pounds tomatoes 2 pounds tomatillos, husked 10 costeo rojo chiles, seeded (see NOTE, below) 10 guajillo chiles 10 serrano chiles, seeded 2 tablespoons lard or corn oil 1 bunch guajes (see NOTE below), seeds removed from pods 1 bunch cilantro 3-4 avocado leaves pound green beans salt to taste


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Muegano Ingredients: 1 kilo of flour 1 egg liter of water 50 grs. of brown sugar 400 grs. Butter SalFOR HONEY: kilo of brown sugar liter of water 1 cinnamon stick Procedure: Mash well the brown sugar and dissolved in water.Mix the flour, egg, brown sugar dissolved in water and a teaspoon of salt.Knead the dough well so that is consistent and extends through the roller toleave quite thin.Cut dough into squares, fried in butter. Allowed to cool and get into the honeysyrup.To make honey, put water in a saucepan, brown sugar and cinnamon crushed,letting it boil until it holds strong ball.

Bread Of Donkey The name "Pan de Burro" comes from the tradition of carrying this food on donkeys, so when I saw people in the distance began yelling "Here comes the donkey bread". Donkey bread originated in San Jose Miahuatln in the approximate year of 1910 or 1912, and to bring the goods it has to accommodate in baskets and then placed in the back of the donkey for the journey to different parts of the region.


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Pulque. Iits origins go back atleast 1,000 years. Variousstories and myths havedeveloped as to its origins.Most involve Mayahuel, thegoddess of the maguey. It wasthought that the aguamielcollecting in the center of theplant was her blood.Other deities, such as the Centzon Totochtin (400 rabbits) are associated withit, by representing the drink's effects, and are the children of Mayahuel. Another version involving Mayahuel has her as a mortal woman whodiscovered how to collect aguamiel but someone named Pantecatl discoveredhow to make pulque.Another story states that pulque was discovered by theTlacuache who used his human-like hands to dig into the maguey and extractthe naturally fermenting juice.He became the first drunk. Tlacuache was thought to set the course of rivers.The rivers he set were generally straight except when he was drunk.Then they follow Tlacuache's meandering path from cantina to cantina. Another story traces the discovery of aguamiel to the Toltec Empire, when anoble named Papantzin was trying to get the emperor to marry his daughter Xochitl. He sent her to the capital with an offering of aguamiel, honey of theagave plant.

Mole de Guajolote Made in Santa Maria Coapan, Miahuatln, and San Diego Altepexi Chalma and each have a distinctive taste.


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Atole de granillo Atole is a traditional drink of pre-Hispanic origins, is consumed throughout the country, although the taste is different in different states or cities. The fact granillo gruel in San Cristobal de las Casas need white corn, cinnamon, lime, sugar and water. The corn is boiled in water with lime, after which it is ground (the left half and the other half thick film). And re-boil are added the remaining ingredients. Due to the cold weather of San Cristbal, many eateries and stoves often prepare this drink is ideal companion for tamales. This drink is consumed daily in this city.

Tortillas Coapan Santa Maria Coapan, auxiliaryboard is deeper cultural roots thatdistinguish it from the 12 towns of this county subaltern, indigenousinhabitants mostly not easilyinfluenced easily by trendsemerge daily to replace traditionsgive identity to the people.The town is located 5 minutessouth of the city, for years it hasbecome the main supplier of handmade tortillas in markets,restaurants, hotels and coloniesof the urban area, texture and size set it apart from the rest, that are still ingreat demand."The coapeitas" as popularly told, are women who are responsible for feedingsupplement tehuacaneros hundred, that from 10 in the morning can enjoytaking tortillas that distribute heat even clay griddle using for cooking; this isachieved by the traditional way as the van saved since doing, the multiplewrapped in cloth napkins placed inside containers and palm fabrics are knownas "tenates" have a height of about 45 to 50 centimeters, these thermo make itretains heat for more than one hour.Like everything in life changes, to transportthe tables above that population to Tehuacan, made long and arduous treks,with the advent of urban transport that changed.
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Mixteca Region This region is distinguished as semi-desert, is located south-west of the town of Tehuacan and where populations are: San Jose Miahuatlan This name comes from the words miahuatl Azteca, ear of corn, and tlan between or next, which means "between the ears of corn stalk." Crafts: reed baskets are manufactured.

Zapotitlan It is a place for a year feeding the goats that will be slaughtered for the traditional slaughter season, which starts in mid-October and ends in mid-November. Crafts: In San Antonio Texcala (Population Zapotitlan), are made of different pieces of marble and onyx stones in most of the area.


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

San Gabriel Chilac The Day of the Dead are armed colorful flower arrangements to decorate the candles that people put in the offering and on the grave of their dead. We found the tenates full of fruits, flowers, bread donkey and confetti adorning Chilac offerings.

Caltepec From the voices Nahua "calli" house "tepetl" hill and "c" in, from which is obtained Cal-tepec meaning "house on the hill". Architectural Landmarks: the church of Santa Maria Assunta XV century. Crafts: straw hats are manufactured and synthetic fiber mats, bottles are lined handbags.

Flora and fauna: The flora Biznaga, Pitahaya, Palo mulato, Quiotilla, tetecho, Garambullo, Cachitn, and Ixtle. The fauna consists of squirrels, snakes, eagles, rabbits, buzzards, bats, Rattle snakes, iguanas and deer


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Highlands Region It is located northeast of the city of Tehuacn and where populations are: Tepanco of Lopez The name of this town has two possible translations. It can be derived from the word tepantli (or boundary wall) and-co (locative particle). Crafts: They are crafted, woven palm and reed.

Chapulco Name consisting of the Mexica, "or chapulli chapollin" from which the aztequismo chapulin, lobster and "co" in, meaning "The Locusts or Grasshoppers". Crafts: tilled timber and tissues are made of palm and reed.

SANTIAGO Miahuatlan Nahuatl word derived from "miahuatl" ear of corn, "tlan" among or alongside and make meaning "between the ears of corn stalks." Crafts: Worked palm and reed. Hand embroidered dresses.

Flora and Fauna: thickets, mesquite, Lechuguillas, nopales and Cactus The fauna: rabbits, ants, vultures, snakes, bats, crows, quail and doves.


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Valley Region It is located at the ends of the north and southeast of the city of Tehuacn, which include the following towns: TEHUACN Its meaning as Fray Juan de Torquemada is "Place of the Gods", "Land of Gods" or "place of those who have God" and is derived from the Nahuatl teo: God hua: his or her and can: place. Also known as "Tehuacn of Pomegranates" or as the "First Latin American Hydromineral Center", also known as "Tehuacn, health city".

Ajalpan It comes from the Nahuatl roots "atl" water "xalli" sand and bread, which indicates on or in, so that the original name of Axalpan, become Ajalpan, means "water on the sand or on the sand of River ". Crafts: tissues are made of bamboo and palm, also practiced pottery and jarciera.

Coxcatln Aztec name consisting of "cuzcatl" string of jewels, stones or beads choker; "tln" close together (place); Cozca-tln means "City of (those using) necklaces or chokers. Crafts: Woven palm and reed.


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Altepexi It comes from the voices comes from Nahuatl "atl" water "tepexitl", rock, and "c" in; forms Tepexi Atl-C, which means "water on the rock." Crafts: Elaborate woven reed and palm.

The flora and fauna: consists of mesquite, cactus, Lechuguillas, pochote, spoon copaliyo buttery, and nopales The fauna consists of snakes, rabbits, ants, vultures, doves, quail, coyotes, doves and pigeons


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Sierra region This region is located east of the town of Tehuacan and where populations are:

Zoquitlan From the voices Mexica "zoquitla" quagmire, (from "zoquitl", mud, silt) and "tla" the abundance and the ending "tlan" indicating together, between what we have the meaning "between the mud and mire , site full of mud. " Crafts: wood carving, manufacturing of wooden spoons, reed baskets, blowers triangular palm, and in small quantities making wool clothing.

Eloxochitln Word composed of the words Mexica "eloxochitl" corn flower and "tlan" Tan changed, which means together, from which it appears "Corn Among the flowers." Crafts: Woven palm and reed.

Coyomeapan It originates from the Nahuatl voices "cayome", plural of Coyotl, Coyote, "atl" water and "bread" in, on, forming compound "Coyome-a-pan, which means" water of coyotes ' Crafts: needlework are made of wool, (cotons and Nahua embroidered) palm tissues and reeds.


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Diaz Tlacotepec Nahuatl word, from "tlahco" half and half, "tepetl" hill and "c" for co: in, meaning "in the middle or the middle of the hill." Crafts: tissues are made of bamboo and palm.

The flora and fauna: cypress, pine, vine, peach, apple, and mebrillos The fauna consists of squirrels, snakes, opossums, skunks, raccoons, insects, woodpeckers and cardinals

Mountain Region This region is located north of the town of Tehuacan and where populations are:

SAN ANTONIO Tepectln, Nahuatl name from the radical "tepetl" hill stone "tln", that means "between mountains". Crafts: They do work and reed palm tissue.

VICENTE GUERRERO Cuautln is the word of Nahuatl origin, formed by the radical "cuahuitl" tree and "tlan" instead, which means "place of trees". Crafts: Woven palm and reed.


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

NICOLAS BRAVO Cuauhitln: Nahuatl cuauhitl from tree: tlan together, they mean: "By the trees" or "place of wood or trees." Crafts: We manufacture woven palm and reed.

The flora and fauna: cypress, pine, apple, capulines and mebrillos The fauna consists of snakes, opossums, skunks, raccoons, birds and vultures.


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

Timeline 1724

In 1724 began the construction of the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception.


In 1804 was built the "Palacio Municipal.


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The March 16, 1860 born Joaquin Paredes Coln, founder of the "Public Library" and published "Historical Sketches of Tehuacn"

1864 On November 24, 1864, born Jos Garci Crespo Founder of GarciCrespo bottling.


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.

1905 The "Rastro Municipal" was opened on 1 February 1905

1909 On November 17, 1909 arrived in this city Mr. Francisco I. Madero who came to oversee the actions taken by the leaders and supporters of"Antirreeleccionista Party". Madero stayed at the "Hotel Mexico."


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In 1957 was inaugurated the "Mercado Municipal 16 de Marzo de 1660

1978 In 1978 he officially opened the Federal School Jorge L. Tamayo located in the division Arcadia.


Carlo Jair Jurez Ruiz.