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Prctica no. 1 Simulador de Circuitos de Potencia : PSIM EDEI DEPARTAMENTO PROFESOR Computacin, Electrnica y Mecatrnica M.

C Jos Mariano Fernndez Nava MATERIA PERIODO ME451-01 Laboratorio de Electrnica de Potencia Primavera 2013

Objetivo: Utilizar el simulador PSIM como herramienta auxiliar de diseo de circuitos de potencia. Instrumental, Equipo y materiales: Computadora Personal.
Introduccin PSIM is a simulation software specifically designed for power electronics and motor control. With fast simulation and friendly user interface, PSIM provides a powerful simulation environment to address your simulation needs. The basic PSIM package consists of three programs: PSIM schematic program, PSIM Simulator, and waveform display program Simview. PSIM provides an intuitive and easy-to-use graphic user interface for schematic editing. A circuit can be easily created and edited. To handle large systems, PSIM provides the subcircuit function which allows part of a circuit to be represented by a subcircuit block. To further enhance the user friendliness, extensive on-line help is available for each component. PSIM simulator is the engine of the simulation environment. It uses efficient algorithms to overcome the problems of convergence and long simulation time existing in many other simulation software. The fast simulation allows repetitive simulation runs and significantly shortens the design cycle. Simulation results are displayed and evaluated in Simview. Various waveform manipulation functions, such as multiple screens and line styles, are provided. Post-processing functions such as addition/subtraction and average/rms value calculation are also provided. With its unique features in simulation speed, capability of handling power converter circuits of any size, and simulation of control circuits, PSIM is ideal for circuit-level and system-level simulation, control loop design, motor drive systems, and other dynamic system studies.

Key features of PSIM are: Easy to Use Fast Simulation Flexible Control Representation Frequency Response Analysis (ac sweep) Co-simulation with Matlab/Simulink Comprehensive Motor Drive Library Digital Control System Simulation Dynamic Link to Finite Element Analysis Software Custom C/C++ Code Built-in Power and Control Blocks

Desarrollo: A. Simule el circuito de la figura 1.

Figura 1. Circuito RL con fuente de voltaje senoidal. B. C. Ajuste el voltaje de entrada Vs con una magnitud igual a 170 Volts pico. Simule el circuito y obtenga las siguientes mediciones segn se indican en la tabla 1: Tabla 1.- Resultados de Simulacin circuito RL Vrms Irms Vmedio Imedio

Elemento Vs R1 R2 L1

Vp

Pmedia

PAparente

D. Determine el Factor de Potencia (FP) a partir de los datos de la tabla 1.

PF=______________
E. Realizar el anlisis matemtico del circuito de la figura 1 presentar los datos segn se piden en la tabla 2: Tabla 2.- Resultados tericos circuito RL Vrms Irms Vmedio

Elemento Vs R1 R2 L1

Vp

Imedio

Pmedia

F.

Determine el Factor de Potencia (FP) a partir de los datos de la tabla 2.

PF=______________
G. Sustituir el Inductor de la figura 1, por un capacitor el cual tenga una impedancia capacitiva (XC) de 10 a 60hz. H. Simular el circuito y obtener las mediciones segn se indican en la tabla 3.

Tabla 3.- Resultados de Simulacin circuito RC Elemento Vs R1 R2 C1 Vp Vrms Irms Vmedio Imedio Pmedia PAparente

Post-laboratorio
1. Demostrar matemticamente que el valor RMS de una seal senoidal ( ) Es igual a 2. Demostrar matemticamente que el valor medio o promedio de una seal senoidal ( ) Es igual a ( ) ( )

3. 4.

Describir claramente el significado del concepto de Factor de potencia. Demostrar matemticamente en el circuito de la figura 2 la potencia media en el inductor ideal L es igual a cero.

Figura 2.- Circuito Inductivo 5. Demostrar matemticamente en el circuito de la figura 3 la potencia media en el capacitor ideal C es igual a cero.

Figura 3.- Circuito capacitivo


Reportar: Tablas 1 y 2. Graficas de potencia Instantnea en la fuente. Post-laboratorio