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BS 8100- Part 4

Kgs
Mean Site Wind Speed
Vs

5400

1620

C Arm

7900

VB xSbxSdxSc

Where
3 sec Gust wind speed

50.00 m/s

For Zone

180 Kmph

Relative Hourly Mean Wind speed


Vb

Sa

24.5 m/s

Zone

Altitude factor

Velocity
Hr Mean W S
Cl 3.1.4 : S a = 1 + 0.001 D
When D is 100m

Section 1
Section 2
Section 3

Ss

=
=
=
=

Vz

26.9 m/s

Section 4
Section 5

MW
MW Dia
GSM
A1
B1
C (Arm 1)

Vs

Pi
pe

Direction factor
Cl 3.1.5 : S d
1.0
Seasonal factor
Cl 3.1.6 & Annex E : S s
1.0

en
ne

et
e

Sd

1.1

An
t

on
r

Sa

VsxSoxgn

A2
B2
C (Arm 2)

ei
g

Terrain Factor

Country Terrain;
S 0 = S c (1 + S h)
Where S c : Fetch Factor = 1.3
S h : Topography Factor =

0.6 0.6 (Cl 3.2.4 & Annex H)

2.08

S0 =

W
in

S0

Fo ht
rc
e

GSM Antennae
0.6 MW Dishes
GSM Antennae
0.6 MW Dishes
Section 1
Section 1.2
Section 2
Section 3
Section 4
Section 5

gn

Vz

1.2

Trun Mome

26.901

2.08

67.1 m/s

1.2

242 Kmph

For Survival Condition

W k (W pressure)
=

0.56 x V z 2

2525 N/m2

2.525 kN/m2

For Servisibility Condition


Wk

=
=

V b x Sa x So
24.455
x
56.0 m/s

W k operational
=

1.1

2.08

201 Kmph

0.56 x Vk 2

1753 N/m2

1.753 kN/m2
Selected Factor

Multiplication Factor for operational to survival


W k operational

Zone
1
Multi Factor0.56

W k Survival

1.7
1.0

:
:

2.5
1.47

R AW = C N K A A A Sin 2 q
CN
For Power cables

0.6
W k KN/m2

Force /kN/m

2
0.575

Option1
Option2

CN
0.6
2.0

KA
1.000
1.000

Dia(m)
0.025
0.025

No.
4
4

AA
0.1
0.1

R AW Operational
SurvivalOperational
Survival
0.060
1.753 2.525 0.105 0.151
0.200
1.753 2.525 0.351 0.505

ANTENNA ANCILLARIES
R AW = C A K A A A
MW Dishes
At height/(m)
Nos
33.00

Dia
2.0

Wk kN/m2
Antenne
Force/Antennae kN
CA
R AW
Wt
Dead(kN)
OperationalSurevival
Area (m2)K A
Operational
Survival
1.2
180 1.765
1.753 2.525
1.131
1.0 1.262 1.4269
2.502
3.603

R AW = C A K A A A
CA

1.18

KA

1.0

Cellular Antennas ( GSM )


At Height
(m)
34.90

Nos

Size

Wt

Dead

Wk kN/m2

Antenne K A

BxH
(Kg)
(kN)
OperationalSurevival
Area/(m2)
6.0 0.27 x 2.90
18.5 0.181
1.753 2.525
0.783

CA
1

Force/Antenne kN
R AW
Operational
Surevival
1.18 0.9239
1.62
2.33

Operational Wind Speed

Structural components
AS
Structural Pipe/Rod
No
Dia. (m)
Section-01
2.0
0.0483
(Above32m)
2.0
0.0160
2.0
0.0160

Section-01
(Bellow32m)

Section-02

Section-03

Section-04

Section-05

2.0
2.0
2.0

2.0
2.0
2.0

2.0
2.0
2.0

2.0
2.0
2.0

2.0
2.0
2.0

Anciliary Components
( Data Cable )
AA

Length Area Dia


No
(m2)
(m)
0.6000 0.0580
0.025
0.3805 0.0122
0.2340 0.0075
0.0776

0.0483 0.6000 0.0580


0.0160 0.3805 0.0122
0.0160 0.2340 0.0075
0.0776

0.0250

0.0483 0.6000 0.0580


0.0160 0.4633 0.0148
0.0160 0.3530 0.0113
0.0841

0.0250

0.0483 0.8000 0.0773


0.0160 0.6225 0.0199
0.0160 0.4770 0.0153
0.1125

0.0250

0.0483 0.8000 0.0773


0.0160 0.7573 0.0242
0.0160 0.6430 0.0206
0.1221

0.0250

0.0483 0.8000 0.0773


0.0160 0.8846 0.0283
0.0160 0.7890 0.0252
0.1308

0.0250

Width Height Solidity Drag


(m)
(m) Ratio
Coeff
C NC
b
h
y

Kq

RM

Operational
Wind Force
Wk
Pipes
kN/m2
kN

Length Area
m2
(m)
0
0.600 0.0000

0.0000 0.2840 0.6000


0

0.3477 1.1000 1.0 0.0925

1.753 0.2703

0.2561 1.1000 1.0 0.1237

1.753 0.2711

0.2202 1.1000 1.0 0.1343

1.753 0.2943

0.1952 1.1000 1.0 0.1439

1.753 0.3154

0.8000 0.0000

0.0000 0.6930 0.8000


0

1.753 0.2563

0.8000 0.0000

0.0000 0.5490 0.8000


0

0.4555 1.1300 1.0 0.0877

0.6000 0.0000

0.0000 0.4030 0.6000


0

1.753 0.2563

0.6000 0.0000

0.0000 0.2840 0.6000


0

0.4555 1.1300 1.0 0.0877

0.8000 0.0000

0.0000 0.8380 0.8000

Zone

With

6.0

GSM

2.0

&

MW Dishes

OVER TURNING STABILITY CALCULATION

Stability Circle

YPlatform

k
p

Y=0
B

YC
LF Cos 60

LF
LF Sin 60

Checking the side most likely to fail

Center of Gravity Without Concrete


Weight
Tower+Head Load
1533 Kg
Shelter
0 Kg
Tower Frame 289 Kg
2 Front Poly Pts(Arm)
576 Kg
2 Rear Poly Pts(Arm)
0 Kg
Base Struc Wt3045 Kg
Wt of Accessories0 Kg
Resultant Wt 5443 Kg

Force
15,034
0
2,835
5,651
0
29,871
0
53,391

Y
0.500
4.750
0.300
-3.000
6.000
1.700
0.000
0.790

Tr M (J)
7.52
E+03
0.00
E+00
8.51
E+02
-1.70
E+04
0.00
E+00
5.08
E+04
0.00
E+00
4.22
E+04

For Power cables

Option1
Option2

CN
0.6
2.0

KA
1.000
1.000

Dia(m)
0.025
0.025

No.
4
4

AA
0.1
0.1

W k KN/m2
Force /kN/m
R AW Operational
SurvivalOperational
Survival
0.060
1.753 2.525 0.105 0.151
0.200
1.753 2.525 0.351 0.505

Center of Gravity of the system with Concrete


Weight
Force
Y
Tr M (J)
Tower+Head Load
1533 Kg 15,034 0.500 7.52
E+03
Shelter
0 Kg
0 4.750 0.00
E+00
Tower Frame 289 Kg 2,835 0.300 8.51
E+02
2 Rear Poly Pts(Arm)
0 Kg
0 6.000 0.00
E+00
2 Nos Concrete @ A
10800 Kg 105,948 6.000 6.36
E+05
2 Nos Concrete @ B3240 Kg 31,784 0.000 0.00
E+00
2 Nos Concrete @ C
15800 Kg 154,998 -3.000 -4.65
E+05
2 Front Poly Pts(Arm)
576 Kg 5,651 -3.000 -1.70
E+04
Base Struc Wt3045 Kg 29,871 1.700 5.08
E+04
Wt of Accessories0 Kg
0 0.000 0.00
E+00
Resultant Wt 35283 Kg 346,121 0.615 2.13
E+05

Turning Moment = WF Per Segment x No of Segments x Elevation

Total Wind Turning Moment


=
1576.07 KNm
Total Wt of the System
=
Leverage Required =

346 KN
Total Wind Turning Moment / Total Wt of the System
4.55 m

Y Platform =
X Platform =

6.5
2.3

Y CG

0.615

=
Tan

(Length of Guy Arm)

Tan -1{ ( L x Sin 60) / (Y platform + Lx Cos60)}

5.20
9.50

28.68 Degrees

=
Tan

(Center of gravity of system with concrete Blocks)

Tan -1{ ( X Platform) / (Y platform - Y CG)}

2.30
4.20

28.71 Degrees

X Platform / Sin

4.79

f+d

Sin

Comparisan to select the side Most likely to fail


Side Leverage

Sin

f+d

4.03 Failure
A legs leverage

(Y platform - Y CG)
5.88 Stable

C legs leverage

Radius of Stability Circle

0.89

(Y CG + L x Cos 60)

3.62 Failure

4.55

1.29

0.79

Concrete Blocks Required


W 53.391 KN
0.790 m Y CG

A
3

6
72 KN

224 KN

C
186 KN

Taking Moments about A


Over turning moment=
=
Moment of self Weight
=
=
Resultant Moment =
=
Required Weight

=
=

186 x 9
1674 KNm
W x ( 6 - Y CG )
278.15
Over turning moment - Moment of self Weight
1395.85
Resultant Moment / ( 6 + 3)
155.09 Nm

Taking moment
Overabout
Turning Moment
Moment of Self WtResultant MomentRequired Wt
@
KNm
KNm
KNm
KN
about A
1674
278.15
1395.85
155.09
C
about C

648

202.37

445.63

49.51

1
5400

1
1.4 Over Lap

Kg

1.40

1.40

1.40

5400

1620

A (Near Goose Neck1)

Kg

5400

3900

3200

1620

7900

B ( Under Twr1)

Kg

1620

1620

1620

7900

1.29 Goose

C (Arm 1)

Kg

7900

7900

7900

0.89 Side

A (Near Goose Neck2)

Kg

5400

3900

3200

0.79 Legs

B ( Under Twr2)

Kg

1620

1620

1620

C (Arm 2)

Kg

7900

7900

7900

29840

26840

25440

29840

0.615

Center of Gravity

Zone

180

KPH

24.46

m/s
mm
mm

0.0483
0.0483

mm
mm
0.0483 mm
2.0
Nos
1.2
Nos
6.0
Nos
5400 Kg
1620 Kg
7900 Kg
5400 Kg
1620 Kg
7900 Kg
29.84 Ton
34.90 m

3240

0.0483
0.0483

33.00
4.860
5.003
0.256
0.256
0.270
0.271
0.294
0.315

m
kN
kN
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m

Perational
Vb

Zone

TIA
33.13

1
SL
24.46

Pitch 1
Pitch 2
Pitch 3

29.80
23.13

21.25
17.50

Pitch 4
Pitch 5

Post Desaster
1

120

105
85

Survival
Vs
24.46
1.1
1

V k = V b x Sa x So

1.50

m/hr

1
1

1.62

1.5

Sa
Ss

Altitude Factor

1.3
0.6

26.9005
1.3
0.6
1

VsxSbxSdxSc
Sc
Sh
Sd

2.08
0
55.95304

2.08
1.2
67.14

S 0 = S c (1 + S h)
Gamma Partial SF
Vz=VsxSoxgn

0.6
0.6
0.8
0.8
0.8

782 Nm

1753.22
1.753

2524.63
2.525
Ratio
1.440

0.59

0.06
0.56

N/m2
kN/m2

Wk

Wind Pressure

3
0.59

Survival
Wk
kN/m2

Wind Force
Pipes
kN

Prof val

Rest
R av= cn ka aa sin 2 shy

2.525 0.5536

0.0896

0.1120

0.1850

#REF!

-0.1667

2.525 0.5536

0.1140

#REF!

#REF!

2.525 0.5837

0.1040

#REF!

#REF!

2.525 0.7808

0.1392

#REF!

-0.1319

2.525 0.8476

0.1427

#REF!

-0.1516

2.525 0.9084

0.1525

#REF!

-0.1629

26.25 m
20.75 m

15.25 m

9.75 m
4.25 m

1.5x.6
1x1

3240
2400

6480
4800

over lap

1.5 x .3

1620

3240

Z
A

5500

Rear

0
16000

Front
5400 Kg
5400 Kg
1620 Kg
1620 Kg
7900 Kg
7900 Kg

77.5473
24.7572

0.30

1620

Wind Force effect


UDL
Description
Area
Repetition
Operational
Survival
of Segments kN
kN
m/hr

Operationl

Neutral Structure
In Sri Lanka

Mean Wind Speed


GSM Antennae

0.675 m2

3.0

1.6199

2.3326

m/s

0.6 MW Dishes

1.131 m2

2.0

2.5017

3.6025

110

180

24.46

Section 1

0.014 m2

0.2563

0.5536

95
75

160
120

21.25

Section 1.2

0.020 m2

17

0.2563

0.5536

17.50

Section 2

0.037 m2

18

0.2703

0.5837

Section 3

0.052 m2

18

0.2711

0.7808

Section 4
Section 5

0.055 m2
0.059 m2

18
21

0.2943
0.3154

0.8476
0.9084

120

210 ok

Elevation App Loads


m
ISURU
34.90
4.8596
33.00
5.0035
32.65
0.2563
32.65
0.2563
25.55
0.2703
18.45
0.2711
11.35
0.2943
4.25
0.3154

Wind Pressure

Cable s
Sin 2 Shy

0.1935

0.0000

0.1935

0.0000

Prof Has Considered 16mm Rods


0.1161

0.0000

0.0641

0.0000

0.0477

0.0000

0.0376

0.0000

Turning Moment
Pt Force
Operational Survival
Operational
Surv KN
KNm
4.8596

6.9978

169.60

244.22 8.494742

5.0035

7.2050

165.12

237.77 5.247771

0.2563

0.5536

8.37

18.08 1.367034

4.2931

9.2730

140.17

302.76 2.596099

4.7970

10.3615

122.56

264.74 4.539735

4.8123

13.8594

88.79

255.71

5.2241
6.7023

15.0454
19.3025

59.29
28.48

170.77 4.725192
82.04 7.660181

782.38

1576.07

4.68949

0.513

Reference
BS 8100-4

Description

Results

WIND SPEEDS
Mean Wind Spped
Mean Wind Speed = 180 km/h for Zone 1
Corresponding Hourly Mean Wind Speed = 24.455 m/s

Clause 3.1.3

VS Vb S a S s S d
Vs = Mean Wind Speed
Vb = Basic Wind Speed (Hourly Mean Wind Speed)
Sa = Altitude Factor
Ss = Seasonal Factor
Sd = Directional Factor

Vs =
Clause 3.1.4

24.46 m/s

24.46 m/s

S a 1 + 0.001
= Elevation from the Mean See Level
=

100 m

Sa = 1+0.001x100

1.1

Clause 3.1.5
& Table 1

Sd =

1.0

1.0

Clause 3.1.6
& Annex E-1

Sd =

1.0

1.0

VS Vb S a S s S d
Vs = 24.46x1.1x1x1

Reference

26.90 m/s

Description

Results

Effective Wind Speed


Clause 3.2.1

V z VS S o g v
Vz = Effective Wind Speed
VS = Mean Wind Speed
So = Terrain Factor
v = Partial Safety Factor for Wind Speed
VS =

Clause 3.2.2

26.90 m/s

26.90 m/s

For an Open Country Terrain

S o S c 1 + S b
Sc = Fetch Factor
Sb = Topography Factor
Figure 3

Sc =

1.3

Clause 3.2.4

Sb =

0.6

So = 1.3(1+0.6)
Figure 1

2.08

considering Upper Graph Performance


v =
Vz = 26.9x2.08x1.2

Reference

Description

m/s

1.2

1.2
67.14 m/s

Results

Charasteristic Wind Speed


Clause 3.2.1

Vk Vb S a S o
Vk = Charasteristic Wind Speed
Vb =

1.1

1.1

So =

2.08

2.08

Description
WIND RESISTANBCE

24.46 m/s

Sa =

Vk = 24.46x1.1x2.08

Reference

24.46 m/s

m/s

55.95 m/s

Results

Section Members
Clause 4.2.1

RM K q C N As
RM = Total Wind Resistance
K = Wind Incident Factor
CN = Overall Normal Drag Coefficient
As = Total Area Projected on the Concerned Face
1. Face of 0.4 m Segments of the Topmest Tower
Section
1.1 Pipes
Outer Diameter of the Pipe

48.3 mm

Length of the Pipe Segment

0.6 m

Number of Pipes

Area of Pipes Facing to Wind

2
2
0.0580 m

1.2 Diaganal Stiffeners


Outer Diameter of the Stiffeners =

16 mm

Length of one Stiffener

0.38 m

Number of Stiffeners

Area of Pipes Facing to Wind

2
0.0122 m

1.3 Horizontal Stiffeners


Outer Diameter of the Stiffeners =
Length of one Stiffener

Number of Stiffeners

Area of Pipes Facing to Wind

Reference

Description
1.4 Power Cables

16 mm
0.234 m
2
2
0.0075 m

Results

Outer Diameter of the Cable

25 mm

Length of one Cable Segment

0.6 m

Number of Cables

Area of Cables Facing to Wind =

2
0.0000 m

Total Solid Area Facing to Wind = A0 =

2
0.0776 m

Width of the Segment

=b =

0.284 m

Height of the Segment

=h =

0.600 m

Area of the Section

2
0.1704 m

=A=

Solidity Ratio = = As/A

0.4555

Figure 7

K =

1.0

1.0

Figure 8

CN =

1.13

1.13

RM K q C N As
2
0.0877 m

RM =

For a Wind Load Corresponding to 1m Length


of a Tower Section, The Multipliction Factore
=1/0.6

2
= 1.667x0.0877 mm

Reference

Description
2. Power Cables

R AW K A C N AA

1.67

2
0.1462 m

Results

Clause 4.3

R AW K A C N AA
RAW = Wind Resistance
KA = Reduction Factor for Ancillaries
CN = Drag Coefficient
AA = Reference Area of the Item

Clause 4.3

KA =

1.0

1.0

Table 2

CN =

2.00

2.00

Diameter of a Cable

Area of a Unit Weight

Number of Cables Facing Wind =


RAW =

Reference

Description
3. Microwave Antennae

R AW K A C A AA

25 mm
2
0.025 m

2
0.025 m

3
2
0.150 m

Results

Clause 4.4

R AW K A C A AA
CA = Drag Coefficient

Clause 4.3

KA =

1.0

1.0

Clause 4.4

CA =

1.26

1.2617

Clause 4.4

Diameter of an Antena

Area of an Antena

Number of Antenae

=
RAW =

Reference

Description
4. GSM Antennae

R AW K A C A AA

1.2 m
2
1.13 m

2
1.13 m

2
2
2.854 m

Results

Clause 4.4

R AW K A C A AA

Clause 4.3

KA =

1.0

1.0

Clause 4.4

CA =

1.18

1.18

Clause 4.4

Dimensions of an Antena
Area of an Antena

=
=

Number of Antenae

=
RAW =

Reference

Description
WIND LOADING

0.27 x 2.90 m
2
0.783 m

2
0.783 m

6
2
2.772 m

Results

Clause 5.2.2

Survival Conditions

r a
V
2

2
z

W k = Meam Wind Pressure


a = Density of Air
Vz = Effective Wind Speed
3
1.12 kg/m

a =
Vz =
Wk = 0.5x1.12x67.14

Clause 5.2.2

67.14 m/s
kN/m2

3
1.12 kg/m

67.14 m/s
2
2.52 kN/m

Operational Conditions

Vk

Vz = Effective Wind Speed


3
1.12 kg/m

a =
Vz =
Wk = 0.5x1.12x55.95
Survival to Oparational ratio

Clause 5.2.2

Reference

55.95 m/s
kN/m2

3
1.12 kg/m

55.95 m/s
2
1.75 kN/m

1.44

The Wind Forces for Survival and Operational Conditions


can be Calculated by Multiplying these Wind Pressure
Values by the Wind Resistance Values of Each Type
of Components

Description

Results

Uniformly Distributed Loads


Wind Loads on:

Operation Survival

Section 1-1
Section 1-2
Section 2
Section 3
Section 4
Section 5
Data Cables

kN/m
0.2563
0.2563
0.2703
0.2711
0.2943
0.3154
0.2630

kN/m
0.3691
0.3691
0.3892
0.3904
0.4238
0.4542
0.3787

Point Loads
Wind Loads on Antennae
6 GSM Antennae
2 0.6m Diameter MW Antennae

Operation Survival
kN
kN
4.8596
6.9978
5.0035
7.2050

The tower has been analyzed fro operational


canditions.

TANTRI MARINE ENGINEERING COMPANY


Design and Consultation Department
No. 117, Biyagama Road, Kelaniya

Date

Phone - +94777324380 E-mail - tantri@slt.lk

Performed by

TOWER SPECIFICATION
Tower type
Natulre of support
Overall height
Number of sections

40 m
5

Project

BS 8100- Part 4
Mean Site Wind Speed
Vs
=
VsxVbxSdxSc
Where
3 sec Gust wind speed
=
50.00 m/s

For Zone

180 Kmph

Relative Hourly Mean Wind speed


Vb
=
25 m/s
Vb
Sa

Sa

Sd

Ss

=
=

Altitude factor
Cl 3.1.4 : S a = 1 + 0.001 D
When D
is 100m

Direction factor
Cl 3.1.5 : S d
1.0
Seasonal factor
Cl 3.1.6 & Annex E : S s
1.0

Vs

Vz

VsxSoxgn

S0

Terrain Factor

27.5 m/s

Survival

Country Terrain;
S 0 = S c (1 + S h)
Where S c : Fetch Factor =
1.3
S h : Topography Factor = 0.6 (Cl 3.2.4 & Annex H)
2.08

gn

Vz

=
=

Wind Pressure
=
=

27.5

1.3
0.59

1.3
0.6

2.067
1.2
62.01

2.08
1.2
68.64

2268.69

2779.76

1.1

S0 =

Vs
25 x 1.1

1.2
27.5
2.08
68.64 m/s

0.59 x V z

2.78 kN/m2

1.2

0.59

For Servisibility Condition


Vk

=
=

V b x Sa x So
17.5 x 1.1 x 2.08
40.04 m/s

W k operational
=

0.59 x 40.04 2

0.946 kN/m2

R AW = C N K A A A Sin 2 q
CN

CN
0.6
2.0

Option1
Option2

0.6

KA
1.000
1.000

Dia(m)
0.025
0.025

No.
4
4

AA
0.1
0.1

R AW
0.060
0.200

W k KN/m2
Force /kN/m
Perational Survival
OperationalSurvival
0.946
1.362
0.057
0.082
0.946
1.362
0.189
0.272

ANTENNA ANCILLARIES
R AW = C A K A A A
At height/(m)
Nos
36

Dia
2.0

Wt
1.2

Wk kN/m2
Antenne
Dead(kN) Operational Surevival Area (m2) K A
180
1.765
0.946
1.362
1.131

CA
1.0

Force/Antennae kN
OperationalSurvival
1.2617
1.135
1.94

R AW = C A K A A A
CA

1.18

KA

1.0

Cellular Antennas
At Height

Nos

Size

Wt

Dead

Wk kN/m2

Antenne

KA

CA

Force / Antenne kN

(m)
40

BxH
(Kg)
(kN)
Operational Surevival Area/(m2)
6.0 0.27 x 2.90
18.5
0.181
0.946
1.362
0.783

Anciliary Components
( Data Cable )
AS
Structural Pipe/Rod Length
Area
Dia
No
Dia. (m)
(m2)
(m)
Section-01
2.0
0.0334
0.4000
0.0267
(Above32m)
2.0
0.0120
0.3210
0.0077

No

AA
Length
(m)

Width
(m)

2.0
2.0

0.0334
0.0120

0.4000
0.3210

0.0267
0.0077

0.0250

0.4000

0.0344
Section-02

2.0
2.0

0.0334
0.0120

0.4000
0.4260

0.0267
0.0102

0.4000

0.0369
Section-03

2.0
2.0

0.0483
0.0120

0.4000
0.5410

0.0386
0.0130

0.4000

0.0516
Section-04

2.0
2.0

0.0483
0.0120

0.4000
0.6760

0.0386
0.0162

0.4000

0.0549
Section-05

2.0
2.0

0.0483
0.0120

0.4000
0.8320

0.0386
0.0200
0.0586

0.4000

0.4000

0.3030

0.2840

0.4000

0.6551

0.4030

0.4000

0.4773

0.5490

0.4000

0.4172

0.6930

0.4000

0.3422

0.8380

0.4000

0.2942

0.0400

0.0400
0.0250

0.2840

0.0400

0.0400
0.0250

Solidity Ratio
y

0.0400

0.0400
0.0250

Height
(m)

0.0400

0.0400
0.0250

OperationalSurevival
0.87
1.26

Area
m2

0.0344
Section-01
(Bellow32m)

1.18

0.0400

0.0400

Over turning stability Calculation

A
f

YPlatform
Stability Circle

X Platform

YCG

p
m

q Guyo

YTWR
Y=0 Line
B

LF
LF Cos 60

LF Sin 60
Figure 8.2.2 : Checking the side most likely to

Center of Gravity Without Concrete


Weight
Force
Tower+Head Load
1533 Kg
15,034

Y
0.500

Tr M (J)
7.52 E+03

Shelter
0 Kg
Tower Frame
289 Kg
2 Front Poly Pts(Arm)
576 Kg
2 Rear Poly Pts(Arm)
0 Kg
Base Struc Wt 3045 Kg
Wt of Accessories 0 Kg
Resultant Wt 5443 Kg

0
2,835
5,651
0
29,871
0
53,391

4.750
0.300
-3.000
6.000
1.700
0.000
0.790

0.00
8.51
-1.70
0.00
5.08
0.00
4.22

E+00
E+02
E+04
E+00
E+04
E+00
E+04

Center of Gravity of the system with Concrete


Weight
Force
Y
Tr M (J)
Tower+Head Load
1533 Kg
15,034
0.500 7.52 E+03
Shelter
0 Kg
0
4.750 0.00 E+00
Tower Frame
289 Kg
2,835
0.300 8.51 E+02
2 Rear Poly Pts(Arm)
0 Kg
0
6.000 0.00 E+00
Concrete @ A 3240 Kg
31,784
6.000 1.91 E+05
Concrete @ B 3240 Kg
31,784
0.000 0.00 E+00
Concrete @ C 3240 Kg
31,784 -3.000 -9.54 E+04
2 Front Poly Pts(Arm)
576 Kg
5,651 -3.000 -1.70 E+04
Base Struc Wt 3045 Kg
29,871
1.700 5.08 E+04
Wt of Accessories 0 Kg
0
0.000 0.00 E+00
Resultant Wt 15163 Kg
148,744
0.925 1.38 E+05

Turning Moment = WF Per Segment x No of Segments x Elevation

Wind Force effect


Area
Repetition Elevation
of Segments
m
GSM Antennae
0.675 m2
1
30.00
1.2 MW Dishes
1.131 m2
1
28.00
Section 1
0.014 m2
14
26.25
Section 1.2 0.020 m2
14
24.00
Section 2
0.037 m2
14
20.75
Section 3
0.052 m2
14
15.25
Section 4
0.055 m2
14
9.75
Section 5
0.059 m2
21
4.25
Description

WF per seg Turning Moment


KN
KNm
1.260
37.80
1.940
54.32
0.134
48.35
0.213
70.43
0.179
51.06
0.220
46.21
0.133
17.80
0.236
21.31
347.29

Total Wind Turning Moment


=
Total Wt of the System =
Leverage Required

347.29 KNm
149 KN
Total Wind Turning Moment / Total Wt of the System
2.33 m

Y Platform
X Platform

=
=

6.5
2.3

Y CG

0.925

=
Tan

=
Tan

(Center of gravity of system with concrete Blocks)


(Length of Guy Arm)

Tan -1{ ( L x Sin 60) / (Y platform + Lx Cos60)}


5.20
9.50

28.68 Degrees

Tan -1{ ( X Platform) / (Y platform - Y CG)}


2.30
4.20

28.71 Degrees

669663.4

X Platform / Sinf

4.79

Sin

1.5x.6
1x1
1.5 x .3

f+d

Comparisan to select the side Most likely to fail


Side Leverage=

A legs leverage
=

Sin

f+d

4.03

Stable

C legs leverage
=
=
Radius of Stability
=
Circle

Stable

Stable

Front

2.39
A
B
C

(Y CG + L x Cos 60)
3.92

1.73

(Y platform - Y CG)
5.58

Rear

1.68

2.33

900

3240 Kg
3240 Kg
3240 Kg

Concrete Blocks Required


W

53.391 KN
0.790 m

Y CG

3m

6m
72 KN

224 KN

C
186 KN

Taking Moments about A


Over turning moment =

186 x 9

1674 KNm
W x ( 6 - Y CG )

Moment of self Weight =


=
Resultant Moment

278.15

Over turning moment - Moment of self Weight

=
Required Weight

1395.85

Resultant Moment / ( 6 + 3)

155.09 Nm

Taking moment
Over
about
Turning Moment Moment of Self Wt
KNm
KNm
about A
1674
278.15
about C

648

202.37

Resultant Moment
KNm
1395.85
445.63

Required Wt
KN
155.09
49.51

@
C
A

Post Desaster
Zone 1
Zone 2
Zone 3
Sa

Altitude Factor

Sc
Sh

S 0 = S c (1 + S h)
Gamma Partial SF
Vz=VsxSoxgn

120
105
85

Operationl
Neutral Structure
In Sri Lanka

110
95
75

180
160
120

0.06

R AW
0.856169
0.856169

Height Varies

Drag Coeff
C NC

OperationalForce

Kq

Wk
kN/m2

RM

Prof
kN/m

with Uni cable


With Solidity
W k * RM
F1
Balance

Cable
A with shy A no shy

Without Solidity
Tot F

1.4000

1.0

0.0482

2.780

0.0896 0.133966

-0.0444

0.0000

0.0000

0.134

0.1340

0.1340

1.4000

1.0

0.0482

2.780

0.1140 0.133966

-0.0200

0.0341

0.0560

0.213

0.1681

0.1900

1.1900

1.0

0.0440

2.780

0.1040 0.122207

-0.0182

0.0219

0.0476

0.179

0.1441

0.1698

1.1400

1.0

0.0589

2.780

0.1392 0.163592

-0.0244

0.0185

0.0456

0.220

0.1821

0.2092

1.1000

1.0

0.0604

2.780

0.1427 0.167759

-0.0251

0.0148

0.0440

0.225

0.1825

0.2118

1.1000

1.0

0.0645

2.780

0.1525 0.179207

-0.0267

0.0128

0.0440

0.236

0.1920

0.2232

26.25 m
20.75 m
15.25 m
9.75 m over lap
4.25 m

Lightening Arrestor
0.030 m2
Aviation Lamp
0.060 m2

1
1

32.00
32.00

0.028
0.056

0.90
1.79

Cables

36.00

0.124

26.71

0.150 m2

Prof
our
1260.00
6019.54
1940.00
5128.39
742.00
2460.80
2400.28
3029.85
2822.00

2400.28
2274.53

3240
2400
1620

6480
4800
3240

5500

0
16000

6480
6480
12000

Checking for Bending and Shearing and deflection of Goose neck due to Uplift

No of Beams Weled
Weld Thickness

=
=

Weld Contact Lenth

UB200x150
UB200x150
UB150x150
UB150x150

2
0.006 m
Weld Len
County
0.150 m
0.395 m
0.250 m
0.174 m

4
2
3
2

Total Weld Length


Throught thickness factor

=
=

Effective Length

Area

Distance Between Pivot Pts

Forces On Cantelevered Arm


Weight
Force
Self Wt
180 Kg
-1766
Guy Top
8449
2nd
8272
3 rd
7952
Guy Bottom
7209
Up Lift
30117

Force At Pivot

Stress developed

Cos(45)
0.707
1.760
0.021114095 m2
0.264 m

Y
1.700
1.771
1.646
1.521
1.396

Tr M
-3002
14963
13616
12095
10064
47737

181163

8580207.608 N/m2

8.58 N/mm2

Allowed Tensile Stress =

270.00 N/mm2

S.F

31.47

J
J
J
J
J
J

0.600 m
0.791 m
0.750 m
0.348 m
2.488 m

Analysis for bending of Cantilevered Beam.


Up lift

30,117 N
RB=

30,116.73 Kg

210 Gpa

L Extended

3.00 m

3.60 E-05

Max Bending Moment Allowed

3.39 E+04

Differential Equations
EI V(x) 4

EI V(x) 3

+ c1

EI V(x) 2

c1.x

+ c2

EI V(x) 1

+ c1.x2
2

+c2.x

+c3

EI V(x)

+ c1.x3
6

+c2.x2
2

+c3.x

Boundry Conditions

1
2
3

+c4

Sh Force V(0) 3

RA

V(L) 3

=
=

RB
#########

V(0) 2

V(L) 2

Tangent V(0) 1

V(L) 1

infinite

V(L)

dB

C4

C3

V(L) 2

EI V(L) 2

c1.L

- c1.L

RB

BM

Deflection V(0)

From eq'n 5
V(0)

From eq'n 4
V(0) 1

From eq'n 3

c2

+c2

Form Equation 2
V(L) 3

EI V(L) 3

30,116.73 Kg

295,445.14 N

+ c1

2.10E+11 Pa (N/m2)

Neutral Axis

Neutral Axis

Moment of Inertia of the Flange

(75 x 53 )/12 + (75 x 5) x 72.5

For two flanges


Moment of Inertia of web and Plates

For three webs


Total Moment of inertia of Lifting I beam

1971875

3943750
5 x 1403 / 12

=
=

1143333.333

3430000

7373750 mm
7.37375E-06 m

c1
From 7

=
c2

c2

295,445.14
- c1.L

-886335.4314

Sh Force

EI V(x) 3

+ c1

BM

EI V(x) 2

295,445.14 .x

-886,335.43

Tangent

EI V(x) 1

+ c1.x2
2

+c2.x

EI V(x)

147,723 .x3

-886,335.43 .x2

Deflection

295,445.14

+c3

Table 1 Deflection Parameter Table

0
1
2
3

X from end Deflection mm SF / N


0.00 m
0.00
295,445
0.08 m
-0.65
295,445
0.15 m
-2.57
295,445
0.23 m
-5.71
295,445

BM
886,335
864,177
842,019
819,860

0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

0.30 m
0.38 m
0.45 m
0.53 m
0.60 m
0.68 m
0.75 m
0.83 m
0.90 m
0.98 m
1.05 m
1.13 m
1.20 m
1.28 m
1.35 m
1.43 m
1.50 m
1.58 m
1.65 m
1.73 m
1.80 m
1.88 m
1.95 m
2.03 m
2.10 m
2.18 m
2.25 m
2.33 m
2.40 m
2.48 m
2.55 m
2.63 m
2.70 m
2.78 m
2.85 m
2.93 m
3.00 m

-10.02
-15.45
-21.95
-29.48
-37.97
-47.39
-57.69
-68.80
-80.69
-93.31
-106.60
-120.52
-135.02
-150.04
-165.54
-181.47
-197.78
-214.42
-231.33
-248.48
-265.81
-283.28
-300.82
-318.40
-335.96
-353.45
-370.83
-388.05
-405.05
-421.79
-438.21
-454.27
-469.92
-485.11
-499.78
-513.90
-527.41

295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445
295,445

Deflection /(mm)

797,702
775,544
753,385
731,227
709,068
686,910
664,752
642,593
620,435
598,276
576,118
553,960
531,801
509,643
487,484
465,326
443,168
421,009
398,851
376,693
354,534
332,376
310,217
288,059
265,901
243,742
221,584
199,425
177,267
155,109
132,950
110,792
88,634
66,475
44,317
22,158
0

0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.17
0.19
0.22
0.26
0.31
0.38
0.51
0.77
1.53
10,000.00

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

Deflection /(mm)
0.00
-100.00

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

25

27

29

31

33

35

37

39

41

37

39

41

-200.00
-300.00
-400.00
-500.00
-600.00

Fig 3.2.3 Deflection Diagram

Bending Moment Diagram


1,000,000
800,000
600,000
400,000
200,000
0
1

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

25

27

29

31

33

35

Fig 3.2.4 Bending moment Diagram

Shear Force Diagram /( N )


350,000
300,000
250,000
200,000
150,000
100,000
50,000
0
1

11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41

Fig 3.2.5 Shear Force Diagram

Max
Min

0.00
-527.41

Amax

527.408 mm

6.00

5
6
7
8

5.09E-06
5.98E-06
6.84E-06
7.66E-06

W
Axis

Axis
H

Neutral Axis
tw

tw

tf

Componet Material Type


Twr
Pipes
Stiffner
Flat Iron
Pivot Shaft
GuyArm

SHS 4'x4'x 6
Brackets

Guy Stuff

Turn Buckle
Shacles
Gassete Plates

Twr Lock

Lock Pin
Verti Screw

Stress
Yield(N/mm2) UTenStr
st 52
335
1020 C Steel
200

Tensile
Shear
523
380

Material ?
(MPa) ?
(MPa) ?
Yield strength Ultimate strength
first carbon nanotube ropes
?
3,600
Structural steel ASTM A36 steel
250
400
Steel, API 5L X65 (Fikret Mert Veral)
448
531
Steel, high strength alloy ASTM A514 690
760
Steel, prestressing strands
1,650 1,860[citation needed]
Steel Wire
Steel (AISI 1,060 0.6% carbon)2,200-2,482[1]
Piano wire
High density polyethylene (HDPE)
26-33
37
Polypropylene
Dec-43 19.7-80
Stainless steel AISI 302 - Cold-rolled
520
860
Cast iron 4.5% C, ASTM A-48
130
200
Titanium alloy (6% Al, 4% V)
830
900
Aluminium alloy 2014-T6[citation needed]400
455
Copper 99.9% Cu
70
220
Cupronickel 10% Ni, 1.6% Fe, 1% Mn, balance
130 Cu 350
Brass
200+
550
Tungsten
1,510
Glass
50 (in compression)

Bending

Buckling

E-Glass
N/A
3,450
S-Glass
N/A
4,710
Basalt fiber
N/A
4,840
Marble
N/A
15
Concrete
N/A
3
Carbon Fiber
N/A
5,650
Human hair
380
Spider silk (See note below)
1,000
Silkworm silk
500
Aramid (Kevlar or Twaron)
3,620
UHMWPE
23
46
UHMWPE fibers[2][3] (Dyneema or Spectra) 2,300-3,500
Vectran
2,850-3,340
Polybenzoxazole (Zylon)
5,800
Pine Wood (parallel to grain)
40
Bone (limb)
104-121
130
Nylon, type 6/6
45
75
Rubber
15
Boron
N/A
3,100
Silicon, monocrystalline (m-Si) N/A
7,000
Silicon carbide (SiC)
N/A
3,440
Sapphire (Al2O3)
N/A
1,900
Carbon nanotube (see note below)
N/A
62,000
Carbon nanotube composites N/A
1,200[4]

Properties of Steel
%
%
H_b
UNS Number
Processing Method
Yield Strength Tensile
MPa Strength
Elongation
MPa Reduction
in 2 in.
in
Brinell
AreaHardness
G10100
Hot Rolled
179
324
28
50
95
G10100
Cold Drawn
303
365
20
40
105
G10150
Hot Rolled
186
345
28
50
101
G10150
Cold Drawn
324
386
18
40
111
G10180
Hot Rolled
220
400
25
50
116
G10180
Cold Drawn
372
441
15
40
126
G10350
Hot Rolled
269
496
18
40
143
G10350
Cold Drawn
462
551
12
35
163
G10350
Drawn 800 F
558
758
18
51
220
G10350
Drawn 1000 F
496
710
23
59
201
G10350
Drawn 1200 F
427
627
27
66
180
G10400
Hot Rolled
289
524
18
40
149
G10400
Cold Drawn
489
586
12
35
170
G10400
Drawn 1000 F
593
779
23
62
235
G10500
Hot Rolled
338
620
15
35
179
G10500
Cold Drawn
579
689
10
30
197
G10500
Drawn 600 F
1240
1516
10
30
450
G10500
Drawn 900 F
896
1068
18
55
310
G10500
Drawn 1200 F
551
723
28
65
210
G15216
Hot Rolled, Annealed 558
689
25
57
192
G41300
Hot Rolled, Annealed 413
620
30
45
183
G41300
Cold Drawn, Annealed 599
675
21
52
201
G41300
Drawn 1000 F
916
1006
17
60
293
G41400
Hot Rolled, Annealed 434
620
27
58
187

G41400
G41400
G43400
G43400
G43400
G43400
G46200
G46200
G61500
G61500
G87400
G87400
G87400
G92550
G92550

Cold Drawn, Annealed 620


Drawn 1000 F
903
Hot Rolled, Annealed 475
Cold Drawn, Annealed 682
Drawn 600 F
1612
Drawn 1000 F
1116
Case Hardened
613
Drawn 800 F
648
Hot Rolled, Annealed 400
Drawn 1000 F
909
Hot Rolled, Annealed 441
Cold Drawn, Annealed 661
Drawn 1000 F
889
Hot Rolled, Annealed 537
Drawn 1000 F
1102

703
1054
696
765
1791
1254
827
896
627
1068
655
737
1047
792
1240

18
16
21
16
12
15
22
23
22
15
25
17
15
22
15

50
45
45
42
43
40
55
66
53
44
55
48
44
45
32

223
302
207
223
498
363
248
256
183
302
190
223
302
223
352

Modulus E
210x 1000 N/mm2

(g/cm) ?
Density
1.3
7.8
7.8
7.8
7.8
7.8
7.8
0.95
0.91
8.19
4.51
2.7
8.92
8.94
5.3
19.25
2.53

Density

Manuf Safty Lim

2.57
2.48
2.7

1.75

1.44
0.97
0.97

1.6
1.15
2.46
2.33
3.9-4.1
1.34
N/A

BS 8100- Part 4
Mean Site Wind Speed
Vs
=
VsxSbxSdxSc
Where
3 sec Gust wind speed

50.00 m/s

For Zone

Relative Hourly Mean Wind speed


Vb
=
26.25 m/s
Sa

Altitude factor
Cl 3.1.4 : S a = 1 + 0.001 D
When Dis 100m

Sa

Sd

Ss

=
=

1.1
Direction factor
Cl 3.1.5 : S d
1.0
Seasonal factor
Cl 3.1.6 & Annex E : S s
1.0

=
Vs

28.88 m/s

Vz

VsxSoxgn

S0

Terrain Factor

Country Terrain;
S 0 = S c (1 + S h)
Where S c : Fetch Factor = 1.3
S h : Topography Factor = 0.6 (Cl 3.2.4 & Annex H)
S0 =

2.08

gn

Vz

=
=

1.2
28.88

72.07 m/s

2.08

1.2

180 Kmph

Wind Pressure
=

0.59 x V z

=
=

3065 N/m2
3.06 kN/m2

For Servisibility Condition


Vk

=
=

V b x Sa x So
26.25
x
60.06 m/s

W k operational
=

1.1

2.08

0.59 x 40.04 2
2128 N/m2
2.128 kN/m2

R AW = C N K A A A Sin 2 q
CN
For Power cables
CN
Option1
0.6
Option2
2.0

0.6

KA
1.000
1.000

Dia(m)
0.025
0.025

No.
4
4

AA
0.1
0.1

W k KN/m2
Force /kN/m
R AW Perational
SurvivalOperational
Survival
0.060
2.128 3.065 0.128 0.184
0.200
2.128 3.065 0.426 0.613

ANTENNA ANCILLARIES
R AW = C A K A A A
MW Dishes
At height/(m)
Nos
26

Dia
1.0

Wk kN/m2
Antenne
Force/Antennae kN
KA
CA
R AW
Wt
Dead(kN)
OperationalSurevival
Area (m2)
Operational
Survival
1.2
180 1.765
2.128 3.065 1.131
1.0 1.262 1.4269
1.822
2.624

R AW = C A K A A A
CA

1.18

KA

1.0

Cellular Antennas ( GSM )


At Height
(m)
30

Nos

Size

Wt

Dead

Wk kN/m2

Antenne K A

BxH
(Kg)
(kN)
OperationalSurevival
Area/(m2)
3.0 0.27 x 2.90
18.5 0.181
2.128 3.065 0.783

CA
1

Force/Antenne kN
R AW
Operational
Surevival
1.18 0.9239
5.90
8.49

Anciliary Components
Structural components
( Data Cable )
AS
AA
Structural Pipe/Rod Length Area Dia
No
Length Area
m2
No
Dia. (m)
(m2)
(m)
(m)
Section-01
2.0
0.0334 0.4000 0.0267
(Above32m)
2.0
0.0120 0.3210 0.0077
0.0344
Section-01
(Bellow32m)

2.0
2.0

0.0334 0.4000 0.0267


0.0120 0.3210 0.0077

0.0250

0.0344
Section-02

2.0
2.0

0.0334 0.4000 0.0267


0.0120 0.4260 0.0102

0.0250

0.0369
Section-03

2.0
2.0

0.0483 0.4000 0.0386


0.0160 0.5410 0.0173

0.0250

2.0
2.0

0.0483 0.4000 0.0386


0.0160 0.6760 0.0216
0.0603

Section-05

2.0
2.0

0.0483 0.4000 0.0386


0.0160 0.8320 0.0266
0.0653

Operational
Wk
Pipes
kN/m2
kN

3.065

0.1477

0.0400 0.2840 0.4000

0.6551 1.4000 1.0 0.0482

3.065

0.1477

0.4773 1.1900 1.0 0.0440

3.065 0.13473

0.4369 1.1400 1.0 0.0638

3.065 0.19548

0.3617 1.1000 1.0 0.0663

3.065 0.20319

0.3140 1.1000 1.0 0.0718

3.065 0.22001

4 0.4000 0.0400

4 0.4000 0.0400

4 0.4000 0.0400

4 0.4000 0.0400

0.0400 0.6930 0.4000


0.0250

RM

0.3030 1.4000 1.0 0.0482

0.0400 0.5490 0.4000


0.0250

Kq

0.2840 0.4000

0.0400 0.4030 0.4000

0.0560
Section-04

Width Height Solidity Drag


(m)
(m) Ratio
Coeff
C NC
b
h
y

4 0.4000 0.0400

0.0400 0.8380 0.4000

Force

Force
Cables WF
kN
kN

0.0000 0.1477

0.1277 0.3265

0.1277 0.2867

0.1277 0.3411

0.1277 0.3437

0.1277 0.3605

BS 8100- Part 4
Mean Site Wind Speed
Vs

VsxSbxSdxSc

Where
3 sec Gust wind speed

50.00 m/s

For Zone

Relative Hourly Mean Wind speed

Wind factor

Vb

33.00 m/s

Sa

Altitude factor

1.3

Cl 3.1.4 : S a = 1 + 0.001 D
When D is 100m
Sa

Sd

Ss

=
=

1.1
Direction factor
Cl 3.1.5 : S d
1.0
Seasonal factor
Cl 3.1.6 & Annex E : S s
1.0

=
Vs

Vz

VsxSoxgn

S0

Terrain Factor

36.3 m/s

Country Terrain;
S 0 = S c (1 + S h)
Where S c : Fetch Factor = 1.3
S h : Topography Factor = 0.6 (Cl 3.2.4 & Annex H)
S0 =

180 Kmph

2.08

gn

Vz

36.3

90.60 m/s

1.2
x

2.08

1.2

Wind Pressure
=

0.59 x V z

=
=

4843 N/m2
4.84 kN/m2

For Servisibility Condition


Vk

=
=

W k operational
=

V b x Sa x So
33
x
75.50 m/s

0.59 x 40.04 2

3364 N/m2

3.364 kN/m2

1.1

2.08

R AW = C N K A A A Sin 2 q
CN
For Power cables
CN
Option1
0.6
Option2
2.0

0.6

KA
1.000
1.000

Dia(m)
0.025
0.025

No.
4
4

AA
0.1
0.1

W k KN/m2
Force /kN/m
R AW Perational
SurvivalOperational
Survival
0.060
3.364 4.843 0.202 0.291
0.200
3.364 4.843 0.673 0.969

ANTENNA ANCILLARIES
R AW = C A K A A A
MW Dishes
At height/(m)
Nos
36.00

Dia
2.0

Wk kN/m2
Antenne
Force/Antennae kN
KA
CA
R AW
Wt
Dead(kN)
OperationalSurevival
Area (m2)
Operational
Survival
1.2
180 1.765
3.364 4.843 1.131
1.0 1.262 1.4269
5.759
8.294

R AW = C A K A A A
CA

1.18

KA

1.0

Cellular Antennas ( GSM )


At Height
(m)
37.50

Nos

Size

Wt

Dead

Wk kN/m2

Antenne K A

BxH
(Kg)
(kN)
OperationalSurevival
Area/(m2)
6.0 0.27 x 2.90
18.5 0.181
3.364 4.843 0.3915

CA
1

Force/Antenne kN
R AW
Operational
Surevival
1.18 0.4620
9.32
13.43

Structural components
AS
Structural Pipe/Rod Length
No
Dia. (m)
Section-01
2.0
0.0483 0.4000
(Above32m)
2.0
0.0120 0.3210

Section-01
(Bellow32m)

2.0
2.0

Anciliary Components
( Data Cable )
AA
Area Dia
No
Length Area
m2
(m2)
(m)
(m)
0.0386
0.0077

Width Height Solidity Drag


(m)
(m) Ratio
Coeff
C NC
b
h
y

0.0463

0.2840 0.4000

0.4080 1.4000

0.0400 0.2840 0.4000

0.7601 1.4000

0.0483 0.4000 0.0386


0.0120 0.3210 0.0077

0.0250

0.0463
Section-02

2.0
2.0

0.0483 0.4000 0.0386


0.0120 0.4260 0.0102

0.0250

0.0489
Section-03

2.0
2.0

0.0483 0.4000 0.0386


0.0160 0.5410 0.0173

2.0
2.0

0.0483 0.4000 0.0386


0.0160 0.6760 0.0216

0.0250

0.0250

2.0
2.0

0.0483 0.4000 0.0386


0.0160 0.8320 0.0266
0.0653

0.4369 1.1400

4 0.4000 0.0400

0.0400 0.6930 0.4000


0.0250

0.5513 1.1900

4 0.4000 0.0400

0.0400 0.5490 0.4000

0.0603
Section-05

4 0.4000 0.0400

0.0400 0.4030 0.4000

0.0560
Section-04

4 0.4000 0.0400

0.3617 1.1000

4 0.4000 0.0400

0.0400 0.8380 0.4000

0.3140 1.1000

Zone

With

GSM

6.0

2.0

&

MW Dishes

OVER TURNING STABILITY CALCULATION

YPlatfor
Stability
Circle

X Platform
YC

p
m

q Guylo

YTWR
Y=0

LF
LF Cos 60

LF Sin 60
Figure 8.2.2 : Checking the side
most likely to fail

Center of Gravity Without Concrete


Weight
Tower+Head Load
1533 Kg
Shelter
0 Kg
Tower Frame 289 Kg
2 Front Poly Pts(Arm)
576 Kg
2 Rear Poly Pts(Arm)
0 Kg
Base Struc Wt3045 Kg
Wt of Accessories0 Kg
Resultant Wt 5443 Kg

Force
15,034
0
2,835
5,651
0
29,871
0
53,391

Y
0.500
4.750
0.300
-3.000
6.000
1.700
0.000
0.790

Tr M (J)
7.52
E+03
0.00
E+00
8.51
E+02
-1.70
E+04
0.00
E+00
5.08
E+04
0.00
E+00
4.22
E+04

Center of Gravity of the system with Concrete


Weight
Force
Y
Tr M (J)
Tower+Head Load
1533 Kg 15,034 0.500 7.52
E+03
Shelter
0 Kg
0 4.750 0.00
E+00
Tower Frame 289 Kg 2,835 0.300 8.51
E+02
2 Rear Poly Pts(Arm)
0 Kg
0 6.000 0.00
E+00
2 Nos Concrete @ A7000 Kg 68,670 6.000 4.12
E+05
2 Nos Concrete @ B9200 Kg 90,252 0.000 0.00
E+00
2 Nos Concrete @ C7600 Kg
74,556 -3.000 -2.24
E+05
2 Front Poly Pts(Arm)
576 Kg 5,651 -3.000 -1.70
E+04
Base Struc Wt3045 Kg 29,871 1.700 5.08
E+04
Wt of Accessories0 Kg
0 0.000 0.00
E+00
Resultant Wt 29243 Kg 286,869 0.804 2.31
E+05

Turning Moment = WF Per Segment x No of Segments x Elevation

Total Wind Turning Moment


=
1705.52 KNm
Total Wt of the System
=

287 KN

Leverage Required =

Total Wind Turning Moment / Total Wt of the System


5.95 m

Y Platform =
X Platform =

6.5
2.3

Y CG

0.804

=
Tan

(Length of Guy Arm)

Tan -1{ ( L x Sin 60) / (Y platform + Lx Cos60)}

5.20
9.50

28.68 Degrees

=
Tan

(Center of gravity of system with concrete Blocks)

Tan -1{ ( X Platform) / (Y platform - Y CG)}

2.30
4.20

28.71 Degrees

X Platform / Sin

4.79

Sin

f+d

Comparisan to select the side Most likely to fail


Side Leverage

Sin

f+d

4.03 Failure
A legs leverage

(Y platform - Y CG)
5.70 Failure

C legs leverage

Radius of Stability Circle

0.68

(Y CG + L x Cos 60)

3.80 Failure

5.95

0.96

0.64

Concrete Blocks Required


W 53.391 KN
0.790 m Y CG

A
3

6
72 KN

224 KN

C
186 KN

Taking Moments about A


Over turning moment=
=
Moment of self Weight
=
=
Resultant Moment =
=
Required Weight

=
=

186 x 9
1674 KNm
W x ( 6 - Y CG )
278.15
Over turning moment - Moment of self Weight
1395.85
Resultant Moment / ( 6 + 3)
155.09 Nm

Taking moment
Overabout
Turning Moment
Moment of Self WtResultant Moment
Required Wt
@
KNm
KNm
KNm
KN
about A
1674
278.15
1395.85
155.09
C
about C

648

202.37

445.63

49.51

1
Kgs

3500

1
1.4 Over Lap

Kg

1.40

3500

3500

4600

A (Near Goose Neck)

Kg

3500

4600

4600

3800

Kg

3500

C Arm

3800

3800

0.68 Side

B ( Under Twr)

Kg

4600

0.96 Goose

Kg

4600

0.64 Legs

C (Arm 1)

Kg

3800

C (Arm 2)

Kg

3800

23800

23800
0.804

Center of Gravity

Velocity

180

KPH

Section 1

0.0483

mm

Perational

Section 2

0.0483

mm

Vb

Section 3

0.0483

Section 4

0.0483

Section 5

0.0483

2.0
6.0
A
3500
A
3500
B
4600
B
4600
C (Arm 1) 3800
C (Arm 2) 3800
23.8
GSM Antennae
37.50
1.2 MW Dishes
36.00
Section 1 32.65
Section 1.232.65
Section 2 25.55
Section 3 18.45
Section 4 11.35
Section 5 4.25

mm
mm
mm
Nos
Nos
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Ton
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

GSM Antennae
13.425
1.2 MW Dishes
8.294
Section 1 0.558
Section 1.29.534
Section 2 9.262
Section 3 9.567
Section 4 9.640
Section 512.106

kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN

W
in

Fo

rc
e

ei

gh
t

on

re

te

An
t

en
ne

Pi
pe

Zone

MW
GSM

33.00
1.1

1.3
0.6

V k = V b x Sa x So

2.08
0
75.504
3363.50
3.364

Survival

Ratio
1.440

0.59

0.06

nnae kN

nne kN

revival

Kq

RM

Operational
Wk
Pipes
kN/m2 kN

Force
Cables WF
kN
kN

1.0 0.0649

4.843 0.3143

0.0000 0.3143

1.0 0.0649

4.843 0.3143

0.2018 0.5968

1.0 0.0581

4.843 0.2816

0.2018 0.5218

1.0 0.0638

4.843 0.3089

0.2018 0.5390

1.0 0.0663

4.843 0.3211

0.2018 0.5431

1.0 0.0718

4.843 0.3477

0.2018 0.5697

####
####
####

#### over lap


####

1.5x.6
1x1
1.5 x .3

3240
2400
1620

6480
4800
3240

Z
Rear

5500

Front

0
16000
3500 Kg
3500 Kg
4600 Kg
4600 Kg
3800 Kg
3800 Kg

1.40

1.40

2600

1200

2600

1200

3300

1200

3300

1200

2800

1200

2800

1200

17400

Wind Force effect


Description
Area
of Segm
Operationl GSM Antennae 0.675 m2
Zone

7200

Post Desaster
Neutral Structure
In Sri Lanka1.2 MW Dishes 1.131 m2
1

120

110

105
85

95
75

180 Section 1

0.014 m2

160 Section 1.2


120 Section 2

0.020 m2
0.037 m2

Section 3

0.052 m2

Survival

Section 4

0.055 m2

Vs

Section 5

0.059 m2

1
36.3
1.3
0.6
1
2.08
1.2
90.60
4843.45
4.843

Sa
Altitude Factor
Ss
VsxSbxSdxSc
Sc
Sh
Sd
S 0 = S c (1 + S h)
Gamma Partial SF
Vz=VsxSoxgn
N/m2
kN/m2

Wk

Wind Pressure

Cable s
A with shy A no shy

0.0000

0.0000

0.0386

0.0560

Prof Has Considered 16mm Rods


0.0249

0.0476

0.0193

0.0456

0.0156

0.0440

0.0136

0.0440

ce effect
Survival
Repetition
WF per seg Elevation WF n Seg
Turning Moment
of Segments KN
m
KN
KNm
1
13.4252 37.50
13.425
503.44
1
8.2936 36.00
8.294
298.57
2
0.3143 32.65
0.558
18.21
16
0.5968 32.65
9.534
311.27
18
0.5218 25.55
9.262
236.64
18
0.5390 18.45
9.567
176.52
18
0.5431 11.35
9.640
109.42
21
0.5697
4.25
12.106
51.45
1705.52
KmPH

8.494742
5.247771
1.367034
2.596099
4.539735
4.68949
4.725192
7.660181

=
=

4.200 x 3.200
1,928.93

Wind Force Truning Moment =


Gap between beams

685712.72 J

0.8 m

Force on beam for the criticle case =


=

857140.89 N
87.374199 Ton

Total weight

Load on One Beam

Number of points the beam is Suppoted from bottom


Load on Beam

24,761 Kg

87.374 Ton
43.687 Ton

43.7 Ton

Gravitational Acc

9.812 m/s2

Analysis for Bending failure


Section Moduli
Steel Density

310 N/mm2

3 E+08 Pa

7,900.00 Kg/m3

Considering the critical situation arisen while lifting from lifting hooks
Length L

6.000 m
tf

Thickness
t
0.0120

tw

0.0120

2t
0.0240
W

Unit length Weight


Beam weight

51.0 Kg/m
306.0 Kg

tw
tf

Fig 3.2.6 I beam Cross section

R3

R1

R2

Fig 3.2.7 Free body Diagram I Beam

Shearing stress
X sec Area
Allowed Max S Force

UDL of dead load On One Beam


Total weight =
On one Beam =
No of Segments =
Linear weight Intensity
Per Segment =

300 N/mm2
0.0069 m3
2.074 E+06 N

3,265 Kg
1,633 Kg
40
40.81 Kgs/m

Table 3.2.4.2 Beam Property input table


X from end Seg Wt/ (Kg) XsecArea
0
0.00 m
31.00
0.00691
1
0.15 m
31.00
0.00691
2
0.30 m
31.00
0.00691
3
0.45 m
31.00
0.00691
4
0.60 m
31.00
0.00691
5
0.75 m
31.00
0.00691
6
0.90 m
31.00
0.00691
7
1.05 m
31.00
0.00691
8
1.20 m
31.00
0.00691
9
1.35 m
31.00
0.00691
10
1.50 m
31.00
0.00691
11
1.65 m
31.00
0.00691
12
1.80 m
31.00
0.00691
13
1.95 m
31.00
0.00691
14
2.10 m
31.00
0.00691
15
2.25 m
31.00
0.01171
16
2.40 m
31.00
0.01171
17
2.55 m
31.00
0.01171
18
2.70 m
1389.29
0.01171
19
2.85 m
1389.29
0.01171
20
3.00 m
1389.29
0.01171
21
3.15 m
1389.29
0.01171
22
3.30 m
1389.29
0.01171

Moment of Inertia of the beam Section


H
W
MI Web
MI Fla
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.200
5.45 E-06
2.88 E-08
0.200
0.400
5.45 E-06
5.76 E-08
0.200
0.400
5.45 E-06
5.76 E-08
0.200
0.400
5.45 E-06
5.76 E-08
0.200
0.400
5.45 E-06
5.76 E-08
0.200
0.400
5.45 E-06
5.76 E-08
0.200
0.400
5.45 E-06
5.76 E-08
0.200
0.400
5.45 E-06
5.76 E-08
0.200
0.400
5.45 E-06
5.76 E-08

Ad2
2.12 E-05
2.12 E-05
2.12 E-05
2.12 E-05
2.12 E-05
2.12 E-05
2.12 E-05
2.12 E-05
2.12 E-05
2.12 E-05
2.12 E-05
2.12 E-05
2.12 E-05
2.12 E-05
2.12 E-05
4.24 E-05
4.24 E-05
4.24 E-05
4.24 E-05
4.24 E-05
4.24 E-05
4.24 E-05
4.24 E-05

23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

3.45 m
3.60 m
3.75 m
3.90 m
4.05 m
4.20 m
4.35 m
4.50 m
4.65 m
4.80 m
4.95 m
5.10 m
5.25 m
5.40 m
5.55 m
5.70 m
5.85 m
6.00 m

1389.29
1389.29
31.00
31.00
31.00
31.00
31.00
31.00
31.00
31.00
31.00
31.00
31.00
31.00
31.00
31.00
31.00
31.00
10748.00

0.01171
0.01171
0.01171
0.00691
0.00691
0.00691
0.00691
0.00691
0.00691
0.00691
0.00691
0.00691
0.00691
0.00691
0.00691
0.00691
0.00691
0.00691

0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200

Max

0.200

Table 3.2.4.3 Bending moment at diastance x


x
Mx
BM Allowed
S Factor
0.00 m
0
0.00 m
-9,056
148,559
16.40
0.15 m
-18,007
148,559
8.25
0.30 m
-26,851
148,559
5.53
0.45 m
-35,591
148,559
4.17
0.60 m
-44,224
148,559
3.36
0.75 m
-52,752
148,559
2.82
0.90 m
-61,174
148,559
2.43
1.05 m
-69,490
148,559
2.14
1.20 m
-77,701
148,559
1.91
1.35 m
-85,806
148,559
1.73
1.50 m
-93,806
148,559
1.58
1.65 m
-101,699
148,559
1.46
1.80 m
-109,487
148,559
1.36
1.95 m
-117,170
148,559
1.27
2.10 m
-124,747
148,559
1.19
2.25 m
-132,218
280,217
2.12
2.40 m
-139,583
280,217
2.01
2.55 m
-146,843
280,217
1.91
2.70 m
-151,998
280,217
1.84
2.85 m
-155,049
280,217
1.81
3.00 m
-155,995
280,217
1.80
3.15 m
-154,838
280,217
1.81
3.30 m
-151,575
280,217
1.85
3.45 m
-146,209
280,217
1.92
3.60 m
-138,738
280,217
2.02
3.75 m
-131,161
280,217
2.14
3.90 m
-123,478
148,559
1.20
4.05 m
-115,690
148,559
1.28
4.20 m
-107,797
148,559
1.38

0.400
0.400
0.400
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45
5.45

E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06

5.76
5.76
5.76
2.88
2.88
2.88
2.88
2.88
2.88
2.88
2.88
2.88
2.88
2.88
2.88
2.88
2.88
2.88

E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08

4.24
4.24
4.24
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12

Dis

E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05

4.35 m
4.50 m
4.65 m
4.80 m
4.95 m
5.10 m
5.25 m
5.40 m
5.55 m
5.70 m
5.85 m
6.00 m

-99,797
-91,692
-83,481
-75,165
-66,743
-58,215
-49,582
-40,842
-31,998
-23,047
-13,991
0

148,559
148,559
148,559
148,559
148,559
148,559
148,559
148,559
148,559
148,559
148,559
148,559

1.49
1.62
1.78
1.98
2.23
2.55
3.00
3.64
4.64
6.45
100000.00

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

Mx
0
-50000

Mx

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

25

27

-100000
-150000
-200000

Fig 3.2.9 Bending moment diagram


Table 3.2.4.4 Shear Force at diastance x
x
SF
SF Allowed
S Factor
0.00 m
-60,374 2,073,600
10000.00
0.15 m
-59,670 2,073,600
34.75
0.30 m
-58,965 2,073,600
35.17
0.45 m
-58,261 2,073,600
35.59
0.60 m
-57,556 2,073,600
36.03
0.75 m
-56,852 2,073,600
36.47
0.90 m
-56,147 2,073,600
36.93
1.05 m
-55,443 2,073,600
37.40
1.20 m
-54,738 2,073,600
37.88
1.35 m
-54,034 2,073,600
38.38
1.50 m
-53,329 2,073,600
38.88
1.65 m
-52,625 2,073,600
39.40
1.80 m
-51,920 2,073,600
39.94
1.95 m
-51,216 2,073,600
40.49
2.10 m
-50,511 2,073,600
41.05
2.25 m
-49,807 2,073,600
41.63
2.40 m
-49,102 2,073,600
42.23
2.55 m
-48,398 2,073,600
42.84
2.70 m
-34,369 2,073,600
60.33
2.85 m
-20,339 2,073,600
101.95
3.00 m
-6,310 2,073,600
10000.00
3.15 m
7,719 2,073,600
268.63
3.30 m
21,748 2,073,600
95.34
3.45 m
35,778 2,073,600
57.96
3.60 m
49,807 2,073,600
41.63
3.75 m
50,511 2,073,600
41.05
3.90 m
51,216 2,073,600
40.49
4.05 m
51,920 2,073,600
39.94
4.20 m
52,625 2,073,600
39.40

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

29

31

33

35

37

39

41

4.35 m
4.50 m
4.65 m
4.80 m
4.95 m
5.10 m
5.25 m
5.40 m
5.55 m
5.70 m
5.85 m
6.00 m

53,329
54,034
54,738
55,443
56,147
56,852
57,556
58,261
58,965
59,670
60,374
0

2,073,600
2,073,600
2,073,600
2,073,600
2,073,600
2,073,600
2,073,600
2,073,600
2,073,600
2,073,600
2,073,600
2,073,600

38.88
38.38
37.88
37.40
36.93
36.47
36.03
35.59
35.17
34.75
34.35
10000.00

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

SF
80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
0
-20,000
-40,000
-60,000
-80,000

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

25

27

29

31

33

35

37

39

Fig 3.2.10 Shear Force diagram


Table 3.2.4.5. Deflection at diastance x
x Deflection(mm)Allowed Def
0.45 m
-0.05
12.00
0.60 m
-0.19
12.00
0.75 m
-0.38
12.00
0.90 m
-0.56
12.00
1.05 m
-0.75
12.00
1.20 m
-0.93
12.00
1.35 m
-1.11
12.00
1.50 m
-1.29
12.00
1.65 m
-1.46
12.00
1.80 m
-1.64
12.00
1.95 m
-1.81
12.00
2.10 m
-1.98
12.00
2.25 m
-2.14
12.00
2.40 m
-2.31
12.00
2.55 m
-2.47
12.00
2.70 m
-2.63
12.00
2.85 m
-2.78
12.00
3.00 m
-2.94
12.00
3.15 m
-3.08
12.00
3.30 m
-3.19
12.00
3.45 m
-3.25
12.00
3.60 m
-3.27
12.00
3.75 m
-3.25
12.00
3.90 m
-3.18
12.00
4.05 m
-3.07
12.00
4.20 m
-2.92
12.00
4.35 m
-2.76
12.00
4.50 m
-2.60
12.00

S Factor
10000.00
63.10
31.69
21.24
16.02
12.89
10.81
9.32
8.20
7.34
6.64
6.08
5.60
5.21
4.86
4.57
4.31
4.08
3.89
3.76
10000.00
3.66
3.69
3.77
3.91
4.11
4.34
4.62

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

800 mm

3.274 mm Max Deflection

0.008186138
0.469020659 Degrees

4.65 m
4.80 m
4.95 m
5.10 m
5.25 m
5.40 m
5.55 m
5.70 m
5.85 m
6.00 m
0.00 m
0.00 m
0.00 m

-2.44
-2.27
-2.10
-1.93
-1.76
-1.58
-1.41
-1.23
-1.04
-0.86
-0.67
-0.48
-0.27

12.00
12.00
12.00
12.00
12.00
12.00
12.00
12.00
12.00
12.00
12.00
12.00
12.00

4.93
5.29
5.71
6.22
6.83
7.58
8.54
9.79
11.50
13.96
17.82
24.75
10000.00

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

V/EI / (mm)
0.00 mm
-0.50 mm
-1.00 mm
-1.50 mm
-2.00 mm
-2.50 mm
-3.00 mm
-3.50 mm

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

25

27

29

31

33

35

37

39

Fig 3.2.11 Deflection diagram


Reaction Force

40,719.24

Segment Size dx

0.150 m

Table 3.2.4.6. Dummy Tables Used to derive parameters

X1
X2
X3
X4
X5
X6
X7
X8
X9
X 10
X 11
X 12
X 13
X 14
X 15
X 16
X 17
X 18
X 19
X 20
X 21

Xn
0.0000
0.0750
0.2250
0.3750
0.5250
0.6750
0.8250
0.9750
1.1250
1.2750
1.4250
1.5750
1.7250
1.8750
2.0250
2.1750
2.3250
2.4750
2.6250
2.7750
2.9250
3.0750

X
0.000
0.150
0.300
0.450
0.600
0.750
0.900
1.050
1.200
1.350
1.500
1.650
1.800
1.950
2.100
2.250
2.400
2.550
2.700
2.850
3.000

Seg Wt(Kg/m) UDL Forces


72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
1,430 Kg
1,430 Kg
1,430 Kg

R force

704.49 -61,078.85
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
14,029.28
14,029.28
14,029.28
0.00

Resultant
-60,374.36
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
14,029.28
14,029.28
14,029.28

Shear Force
-60,374.36
-59,669.87
-58,965.38
-58,260.88
-57,556.39
-56,851.90
-56,147.40
-55,442.91
-54,738.42
-54,033.93
-53,329.43
-52,624.94
-51,920.45
-51,215.95
-50,511.46
-49,806.97
-49,102.47
-48,397.98
-34,368.70
-20,339.42
-6,310.15

41

X 22
X 23
X 24
X 25
X 26
X 27
X 28
X 29
X 30
X 31
X 32
X 33
X 34
X 35
X 36
X 37
X 38
X 39
X 40

3.2250
3.3750
3.5250
3.6750
3.8250
3.9750
4.1250
4.2750
4.4250
4.5750
4.7250
4.8750
5.0250
5.1750
5.3250
5.4750
5.6250
5.7750
5.9250
6.0000

3.150
3.300
3.450
3.600
3.750
3.900
4.050
4.200
4.350
4.500
4.650
4.800
4.950
5.100
5.250
5.400
5.550
5.700
5.850
6.000

1,430 Kg
1,430 Kg
1,430 Kg
1,430 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
72 Kg
12,452 Kg

Xn
0.0000
0.0750
0.2250
0.3750
0.5250
0.6750
0.8250
0.9750
1.1250
1.2750
1.4250
1.5750
1.7250
1.8750
2.0250
2.1750
2.3250
2.4750
2.6250
2.7750
2.9250
3.0750
3.2250
3.3750
3.5250
3.6750
3.8250

f dx

Top plus this

-9,056.15
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
2,104.39
2,104.39
2,104.39
2,104.39
2,104.39
2,104.39
2,104.39
105.67

-9,056.15
-8,950.48
-8,844.81
-8,739.13
-8,633.46
-8,527.78
-8,422.11
-8,316.44
-8,210.76
-8,105.09
-7,999.41
-7,893.74
-7,788.07
-7,682.39
-7,576.72
-7,471.05
-7,365.37
-7,259.70
-5,155.31
-3,050.91
-946.52
1,157.87
3,262.26
5,366.65
7,471.05
7,576.72

14,029.28
0.00
14,029.28
14,029.28
14,029.28
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49 -61,078.85
122,157.71
0.00

BM = V"
0
-9,056.15
-18,006.63
-26,851.44
-35,590.57
-44,224.03
-52,751.82
-61,173.93
-69,490.36
-77,701.13
-85,806.21
-93,805.63
-101,699.37
-109,487.44
-117,169.83
-124,746.55
-132,217.59
-139,582.97
-146,842.66
-151,997.97
-155,048.88
-155,995.40
-154,837.53
-151,575.27
-146,208.62
-138,737.57
-131,160.86

V'
-679.21
-2,029.71
-3,364.36
-4,683.15
-5,986.10
-7,273.19
-8,544.43
-9,799.82
-11,039.36
-12,263.05
-13,470.89
-14,662.87
-15,839.01
-16,999.30
-18,143.73
-19,272.31
-20,385.04
-21,481.92
-22,413.05
-23,028.51
-23,328.32
-23,312.47
-22,980.96
-22,333.79
-21,370.96
-20,242.38

14,029.28
14,029.28
14,029.28
14,029.28
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
704.49
-60,374.36

7,719.13
21,748.41
35,777.69
49,806.97
50,511.46
51,215.95
51,920.45
52,624.94
53,329.43
54,033.93
54,738.42
55,442.91
56,147.40
56,851.90
57,556.39
58,260.88
58,965.38
59,669.87
60,374.36
0.00

V
-50.94
-203.17
-404.55
-603.56
-800.19
-994.45
-1,186.32
-1,375.82
-1,562.94
-1,747.68
-1,930.05
-2,110.03
-2,287.64
-2,462.87
-2,635.73
-2,806.20
-2,974.30
-3,140.02
-3,292.12
-3,408.12
-3,476.76
-3,498.06
-3,472.01
-3,398.61
-3,277.86
-3,121.00
-2,950.52

V/EI / (mm)
-0.05 mm
-0.19 mm
-0.38 mm
-0.56 mm
-0.75 mm
-0.93 mm
-1.11 mm
-1.29 mm
-1.46 mm
-1.64 mm
-1.81 mm
-1.98 mm
-2.14 mm
-2.31 mm
-2.47 mm
-2.63 mm
-2.78 mm
-2.94 mm
-3.08 mm
-3.19 mm
-3.25 mm
-3.27 mm
-3.25 mm
-3.18 mm
-3.07 mm
-2.92 mm
-2.76 mm

3.9750
4.1250
4.2750
4.4250
4.5750
4.7250
4.8750
5.0250
5.1750
5.3250
5.4750
5.6250
5.7750
5.9250
6.0000

105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
105.67
-9,056.15

7,682.39
7,788.07
7,893.74
7,999.41
8,105.09
8,210.76
8,316.44
8,422.11
8,527.78
8,633.46
8,739.13
8,844.81
8,950.48
9,056.15
0.00

-123,478.46
-115,690.40
-107,796.65
-99,797.24
-91,692.15
-83,481.39
-75,164.95
-66,742.84
-58,215.06
-49,581.60
-40,842.47
-31,997.66
-23,047.18
-13,991.02
0.00

-19,097.95
-17,937.66
-16,761.53
-15,569.54
-14,361.70
-13,138.02
-11,898.48
-10,643.08
-9,371.84
-8,084.75
-6,781.80
-5,463.01
-4,128.36
-2,777.87
-1,049.33

-2,777.67
-2,602.44
-2,424.83
-2,244.84
-2,062.48
-1,877.74
-1,690.62
-1,501.12
-1,309.24
-1,114.99
-918.36
-719.35
-517.97
-287.04
-78.70

-2.60 mm
-2.44 mm
-2.27 mm
-2.10 mm
-1.93 mm
-1.76 mm
-1.58 mm
-1.41 mm
-1.23 mm
-1.04 mm
-0.86 mm
-0.67 mm
-0.48 mm
-0.27 mm
-0.07 mm

1 m Wt
29.96
37.07
66.28
54.60

I Comp/m4
4.79 E-05
4.79 E-05
4.79 E-05
4.79 E-05
4.79 E-05
4.79 E-05
4.79 E-05
4.79 E-05
4.79 E-05
4.79 E-05
4.79 E-05
4.79 E-05
4.79 E-05
4.79 E-05
4.79 E-05
9.04 E-05
9.04 E-05
9.04 E-05
9.04 E-05
9.04 E-05
9.04 E-05
9.04 E-05
9.04 E-05

I Comp
TYPE
2.77 E+07
UB
3.59 E+07
UB
7.02 E+07
UB
4.79 E+07
UB

Height
200
200
215
200

Width
150
200
205
200

Web
thk
6
6
10
12

Nos

B
1
1
1
1

6
6
10
12

9.04
9.04
9.04
4.79
4.79
4.79
4.79
4.79
4.79
4.79
4.79
4.79
4.79
4.79
4.79
4.79
4.79
4.79

E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05

0.60

Mx

-3.27

Deflection

Tower tilt

ExI

210

2.1E+11

5.09E-06 m4
1068287.5

H
182
182
183
176

d
0
0
0
0

BH3/12
3.01 E+06
3.01 E+06
5.11 E+06
5.45 E+06

Flange
(BH)d2
thk
Nos
0.00 E+00
9
2
0.00 E+00
9
2
0.00 E+00
16
2
0.00 E+00
12
2

H
150
200
205
200

d
9
9
16
12

95.5
95.5
99.5
94

BH3/12
9.11 E+03
1.22 E+04
7.00 E+04
2.88 E+04

#REF!

1.2
1
0.8
0.6

0.4
0.2
0
1

9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35

(N/m2)

(BH)d2
1.23 E+07
1.64 E+07
3.25 E+07
2.12 E+07

33 35 37 39

ddf
ww

qqq

sfsdf

qqq
w
r

d
s

df
12
34
5
6
7
7
4
8
9
2
67
45
344
3

7
7
4
8
9
8.5
9
9.5
10
10.5
11
11.5
12
12.5

Intro

TABLE OF CONTENTS
0 Notations and Symbols..
0
0
1 ABSTRACT..
0
0
2 INTRODUCTION..
0
0
3 ANTENNAE DETAILS..
0
Calculation for antennae supporting frame Area
0
4 DESIGN CONCEPT RELATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL LOADS
0
0
5 STRUCTURE CLASSIFICATION..
0
0
6 Tower Specifications..
0
0
7 Material Used for Tower Section..
0
0
8 Wind Loads Analysis
0
0
9 Bending Strength Calculation
0
Table 9.1. Wind Velocity Variation with Height
0
Table 9.2. Tower Vertical Pipe Data
0
Table 9.3. Tower Vertical Pipe Data Derived from Table003
Table 9.4. Section Wind force and Gravity centers
0
Table 9.5. Data of Stiffeners..
0
Table 9.6. Moment of inertia of the Composite sections
0
Table 9.7. Weight of Tower Sections
0
Table9.8. Wind Force Effect on Projected Area
0
Table 9.9. Bending Moment Failure Analysis
0
10 Calculation for Buckling
0
Calculation for Deflection
Calculation for buckling failure..
0
Calculation for Lifting Cable strength..
0

Calculation for Deflection & Guy wire strenth..


0
Guy wire Data.
0
Analysis For Guy wire behavior Under Loads
0
10.8 Bending failure of Guide Arms
0
11 Yielding Failure
0
Yielding Failure in Compression.
0
Table 11.1. Yielding Failure in Compression Analysis
0
0
12 Failure from the pivot..
0
Analysis for Failure from the pivot
0
Annex failure While lifting
13 Failure of Landing Leg Sand Shoe..
0
0
14 STABILITY CALCULATION..
0
Load Details
Cabin Details
0
Tower Frame Details
0
Guide Arms
0
Base Frame Details
0
Concrete Block Details
0
Calculation
0
Turning Moment Due to Wind Force & Inclination
0
Locating the center of Gravity
0
15
16

Length Parameters of Guide Arms


0
Self Stabe Safety factor Calculation
0
Tor bar Safty Calculation
Anchored Hilty Calculation

17
18
19
20

Calculation for Dimensions of the Rectangular Land Area


0
Finalized Parameter Values relevent to tower Models and Relevent0Cases
CONCLUSIONS..
0
REFERENCES..
0
ANNEX: BENDING CALCULATION (EACH TOWER SECTION) 0
A
1 Top Most Section
0
A
2 2nd Section From Top
0
A
3 3rd Section From Top
0
A
4 4th Section From Top
0
A
5 5th Section From Top
0
0
#REF!

Annex 1

Speciman Deflection Calculation for the bottom Most section


Checking for Deflection of tower Without Guy Wires
Analysis for bending of Cantilevered Beam.
Load at the Top of Bottom Section

#REF!
RB=

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

210 Gpa

m4

dB

Fig 1 Tower section


Differential Equations
EI V(x) 4

EI V(x) 3

+ c1

EI V(x) 2

c1.x

+ c2

EI V(x) 1

+ c1.x2
2

+c2.x

+c3

EI V(x)

+ c1.x3
6

+c2.x2
2

+c3.x

+c4

Boundry Conditions

Sh Force V(0) 3

RA

V(L) 3

=
=

RB
#REF!

V(0) 2

V(L) 2

Tangent V(0) 1

V(L) 1

infinite

V(L)

dB

C4

C3

V(L) 2

EI V(L) 2

c1.L

- c1.L

RB

BM

Deflection V(0)

From eq'n 5
V(0)

From eq'n 4
V(0) 1

From eq'n 3

c2

+c2

Form Equation 2
V(L) 3

#REF!

#REF!

EI V(L) 3

+ c1

2.10E+11 Pa (N/m2)

Neutral Axis

Moment of Inertia of the Flange

(75 x 53 )/12 + (75 x 5) x 72.5

For two flanges


Moment of Inertia of web and Plates

For three webs


Total Moment of inertia of Lifting I beam

1971875

3943750
5 x 1403 / 12

=
=

1143333.333

3430000

4
7373750 mm
4
7.37375E-06 m

c1
From 7

=
c2

c2

#REF!
- c1.L

#REF!

Sh Force

EI V(x) 3

+ c1

BM

EI V(x) 2

#REF!

#REF!

Tangent

EI V(x) 1

+ c1.x2
2

+c2.x

#REF!

+c3

Deflection

EI V(x)

Table 1 Deflection Parameter Table

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

X from end Deflection mm


0.00 m
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

Deflection /(mm)
1.00
0.80
0.60
0.40
0.20
0.00
1

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

25

27

29

31

33

35

37

39

41

Fig 3.2.3 Deflection Diagram

Fig 3.2.4

4
SEMI TRAILER
Stable

4.00

Pro INDEX

SEMI TRAILER

SEMI TRAILER

Stable

Mobi 40 New

Stable

1.213804126

1.213804126

SEMI TRAILER

1.21

1.213804126

1.213804126

FALSE m Tower

1.21

#REF!

Pg 0

#REF!

Bearing SF

OUTPUTS

Bearing SF

Pg 4

#REF!

#REF!
Bearing SF
0
#REF!

#REF!

Custo req S factor


0

1.7

0.0

Custo req S factor

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

DESIGN PHILOSOPHY RELATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL


DESIGN PHILOSOPHY
LOADS 0 RELATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL L
STRUCTURE CLASSIFICATION

STRUCTURE
0
CLASSIFICATION

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Head Area

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Head Area

GSM Len

GSM Len

GSM Wdh

GSM Wdh

GSM L/w

GSM L/w

Gsm Area

Gsm Area

Gsm Drag

Gsm Drag

0.6MW Dia
0.6MW Area

0.6

0.000

0.6MW Dia
0.6MW Area

1.2MW Dia

1.2MW Dia

1.2MW Area

1.2MW Area

GSM Nos

GSM Nos

0.6MW Nos

0.6MW Nos

1.2MW Nos

1.2MW Nos

X Head Area

X Head Area

Excess Head Load

Excess Head Load

#REF!

6.000

#REF!

0.000

Antennae Load
0

400

0 Kg

Antennae Load

No of Pipes

No of Pipes

Antena Frame

Antena Frame

Top Most

Top Most

2nd Frm Top

2nd Frm Top

3rd Frm Top

3rd Frm Top

4th Frm Top

4th Frm Top

5th Frm Top

5th Frm Top

Overlap

Antena Frame

1.000

Overlap
Antena Frame

Top Most

1.400

Top Most

2nd Frm Top

1.400

2nd Frm Top

3rd Frm Top

1.400

3rd Frm Top

4th Frm Top

1.400

4th Frm Top

5th Frm Top

2.000

5th Frm Top

0.000

0.000

0.000

Platform Height

0.9

Building/Mountain Elevation

0.650

0.000

Platform Height

Building/Mountain Elevation

Wt intensity

Wt intensity

1.2

1.20

2.5

2.50

1.7

5.41

5.41
Thickness

0.0

Antena Frame

Thickness
0.00508

Antena Frame

Top Most

0.0046

Top Most

2nd Frm Top

0.0046

2nd Frm Top

3rd Frm Top

0.0051

3rd Frm Top

4th Frm Top

0.0051

4th Frm Top

5th Frm Top

0.0051

5th Frm Top

0.0000

0.0000

Sch No

0.0000

Antena Frame

Sch No
80

Antena Frame

Top Most

80(Std)

Top Most

2nd Frm Top

80(Std)

2nd Frm Top

3rd Frm Top

80(Std)

3rd Frm Top

4th Frm Top

80(Std)

4th Frm Top

5th Frm Top

80(Std)

5th Frm Top

80(Std)

80(Std)

D out

0(Std)

Antena Frame

D out
0.075

Antena Frame

Top Most

0.0334

Top Most

2nd Frm Top

0.0334

2nd Frm Top

3rd Frm Top

0.0483

3rd Frm Top

4th Frm Top

0.0483

4th Frm Top

5th Frm Top

0.0483

5th Frm Top

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

Top Most

Top Most

2nd Frm Top

2nd Frm Top

3rd Frm Top

3rd Frm Top

4th Frm Top

4th Frm Top

5th Frm Top

5th Frm Top

2.4

9.300

8.500

8.500

8.500

8.500

0.000

0.000

0.000

0
Top Most

Section Gap

Top Most

0.035

2nd Frm Top

0.035

2nd Frm Top

3rd Frm Top

0.036

3rd Frm Top

4th Frm Top

0.035

4th Frm Top

5th Frm Top

0.035

5th Frm Top

0.000

0.000

0.000

Length of Pipe

Length of Pipe

Antena Frame

Antena Frame

Top Most

Top Most

2nd Frm Top

2nd Frm Top

3rd Frm Top

3rd Frm Top

4th Frm Top

4th Frm Top

5th Frm Top

5th Frm Top

DiPCenTrCenter 5th

0.789

Gap between Sec

0.035

0.000

Gap between Sec

0.000

0.8373

DiPCenTrCenter 5th

0.000 m

0.000113097

0.00

0.000113097

0.00

0.000201062

0.00

0.000201062

0.00

0.000201062

0.00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

Pressure/(Pa)

Pressure/(Pa)

1889.373345

1889.37

1889.373345

1889.37

1732.649256

1732.65

1732.649256

1732.65

1641.871407

1641.87

1553.536012

1553.54

270

Guy Presence

Antena Frame

Antena Frame

Top Most

Top Most

2nd Frm Top

2nd Frm Top

3rd Frm Top

3rd Frm Top

4th Frm Top

4th Frm Top

5th Frm Top

5th Frm Top

0.138

0.000

Shelter

Shelter

weight

weight

Height

0.00m

Height

width

0.00m

width

Length

3.50m

Length

Y Shelter

3.00m

Y Shelter

0.00m

SAND

SAND

Height

Height

Length

0.000m

Length

Breath

0.000m

Breath

Volume

0.000m

Volume

0.000m3

Small Con Cubes

Small Con Cubes

Front Concrete

Front Concrete

Xsec Size

1.5

Xsec Size

Height

0.60

Height

Fr Nos

2.00

Fr Nos

Xsec Size

Xsec Size

Height

0.50

Height

Fr Nos

2.00

Fr Nos

Rear Con Position

Rear Con Position

0.000m

Xsec Size

Xsec Size

Height

0.50

Height

Fr Nos

2.00

Fr Nos

No of Main I beams

No of Main I beams

No of Cros I beams

No of Cros I beams

Side Beam Nos

Side Beam Nos

Main I beam Size

205x133

Main I beam Size

Cross I beam Size

205x133

Cross I beam Size

Side Beam Size

205x134

Side Beam Size

Side Beam Unit Wt

30

Side Beam Unit Wt

Side Beam type

UB

Side Beam type

FrCube

0.5

FrCube

Arm Cube

1.6

Arm Cube

No Fr Cubes

No Fr Cubes

No Arm Cubes

No Arm Cubes

Axels

Wt Details Descrip

Axels
Generator

0.00

Generator

Other

0Kg

Other

Weight Details

0Kg

Weight Details

Base Descrip

Trailer weight

Base Descrip

Base Descrip
0
Truck
Skeltal

Trailer weight

Base Descrip

0
0

950Kg

Tot Ch Weight

0Kg

0Kg

Truck
Skeltal
Tot Ch Weight

Front Arm Sufficient

Front Arm Sufficient

Safe

Y Twr & Head Load

0.500m

0.000m

Safe
Y Twr & Head Load

Base Gr Centr

5.5

Base Gr Centr

Base Struc Wt

3045

Base Struc Wt

Wts Acc Stab

Wts Acc Stab

Rear Arm

Rear Arm

Front Arm

Front Arm

Auto Create

Auto Create

Guy Wire Angle

Guy Wire Angle

Y platform

Y platform

Y F Pivot

Y F Pivot

Y R Pivot

Y R Pivot

LoadGrCentr

LoadGrCentr

Weight Details

Weight Details

Concrete

Concrete

Truck

Truck

Skeltal

Skeltal

Tot Ch Weight

Tot Ch Weight

4.466092517

Rear Extension

4.47

Rear Extension

0.00

Front Extension

6.00

Front Extension

120.00

Y platform

Y platform

X platform

1.15

X platform

Y F Pivot

0.03

Y F Pivot

X F Pivot

1.15

X F Pivot

Y R Pivot frm Back

0.03

Y R Pivot frm Back

Y R Pivot

6.47

Y R Pivot

0.00

q Guy
0

120

q Guy

5.466092517

1.00

1.00

CASE NUMBER

CASE NUMBER

Back Leverage

4.207157398

4.21

4.207157398

4.21

5.47

1.00

Back Leverage

5.292842602

5.29

2.292842602

2.29

0.00 m

Case

Case

1.00

Rear LL Leverage enough 1

Rear
0
LL Leverage enough 1

R exeeding the Rear LL 2

R
0

exeeding the Rear LL 2

Front Leverage is enough

Front
0
Leverage is enough

1.00

Auto Create

Auto Create

4.207157398

4.21

#REF!

#REF!

2.292842602

2.29

6.5

6.50

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

Case NUMBER

Case NUMBER

Overall Tilted Height / (m)

O
0 verall Tilted Height / (m)

Y CG - Y F LL

Y CG - Y F LL

Y CG

Y CG

Dia Of Anchor tor Bar

0.000

No of Anchor bars

16

Dia Of Anchor tor Bar

No of Anchor bars

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 Anchor Tor Bar Dia

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Anchor Tor Bar Dia
0

0.000

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

Top Most

Top Most

2nd From Top

2nd From Top

3rd From Top

3rd From Top

4th From Top

4th From Top

5th From Top

5th From Top

Top Most

Top Most

2nd From Top

2nd From Top

3rd From Top

3rd From Top

4th From Top

4th From Top

5th From Top

5th From Top

6th From Top

6th From Top

7th From Top

7th From Top

Guy Diameter

0.008

Alloed Guy Tention

4.200m

0.0Ton

Alloed Guy Tention

Guy Diameter

Presence

Presence

1.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

AntenaFrame

0.00

Top Most

0.00

2nd From Top

0.00

0.00

6180.30

0.00

7.23

Percentage

0.00

0e

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.07

0.00

Initial Length

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

(L + e)2
0
(L + e)2

0.02

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Half of Twist angle
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Safe
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Top Most
2nd From Top

3rd From Top


4th From Top
5th From Top
0
0
0
3rd From Top
4th From Top
5th From Top
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

Pro INDEX
5
Mobi 40 New
SEMI TRAILER
FALSE m Tower
OUTPUTS
4

1.7

0.6

6
2
1

0.163539967
6

400

6
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

1
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
2

0.9
0.65

1.7
0.00508
0.00455
0.00455
0.00508

0.00508
0.00508

80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80

0.075
0.0334
0.0334
0.0483
0.0483
0.0483

2.4
9.3
8.5
8.5
8.5
8.5

Section Gap
0.035
0.035
0.0355
0.0345
0.035

0.789
0.035

0.8373

270

Guy Presence
1
1
1
1

0.138

3.5
3

1.5
0.6
2

1
0.5
2
6.85
1
0.5
2

2
3
2
205x133
205x133
205x134
30
UB
0.5
1.6
1
2
Wt Details Descrip

Trailer weight
Trailer weight

950

0.5

5.5
3045

6
120
6.5
1.15
0.03
1.15
0.03
6.47

120

16

0.008
4.2

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0.34
0.33
0.33
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

BS 8100- Part 4
Mean Site Wind Speed
Vs
=
Where
3 sec Gust wind speed

VsxVbxSdxSc
=

50 m/s

For Zone

Relative Hourly Mean Wind speed


Vb
=
17.5 m/s
Sa

Sa

Sd

Ss

=
=

Altitude factor
Cl 3.1.4 : S a = 1 + 0.001 D
When D
is 100m
1.1
Direction factor
Cl 3.1.5 : S d
1.0
Seasonal factor
Cl 3.1.6 & Annex E : S s
1.0

=
Vs

19.25 m/s

Vz

VsxSoxgn

S0

Terrain Factor

Country Terrain;
S 0 = S c (1 + S h)
Where S c : Fetch Factor =
1.3
S h : Topography Factor = 0.6 (Cl 3.2.4 & Annex H)
S0 =

2.08

gn

Vz

=
=

Wind Pressure
=
=

1.2
19.25
2.08
48.05 m/s

0.59 x V z

1362.08 kN/m2

1.2

180 Kmph

For Servisibility Condition


Vk

30.5000

=
=

V b x Sa x So
17.5 x 1.1 x 2.08
40.04 m/s

W k operational
=

0.59 x 40.04 2

0.946 kN/m2

R AW = C N K A A A Sin 2 q
CN

0.6
W k KN/m2

CN

KA

Dia(m)

Option1

0.6

1.000

Option2

2.0

1.000

Force /kN/m

No.

AA

R AW

0.025

0.1

0.060

0.946

1.362

0.057

0.082

0.025

0.1

0.200

0.946

1.362

0.189

0.272

Perational Survival

OperationalSurvival

ANTENNA ANCILLARIES
R AW = C A K A A A
At height/(m)
Nos
36

Dia
2.0

Wt
1.2

R AW = C A K A A A
CA

1.18

KA

1.0

Cellular Antennas

Wk kN/m2
Antenne
Dead(kN) Operational Surevival Area (m2) K A
180
1.765
0.946
1.362
1.131

CA
1.0

Force/Antennae kN
OperationalSurvival
1.2617
1.135
1.94

At Height Nos
(m)
40

Size
Wt
Dead
Wk kN/m2
Antenne K A
BxH
(Kg)
(kN)
Operational Surevival Area/(m2)
6.0 0.27 x 2.90
18.5
0.181
0.946
1.362
0.783

CA
1

Anciliary Components
( Data Cable )
AS
Structural
Pipe/Rod Length
Area
Dia
No
Dia. (m)
(m2)
(m)
Section-01
2.0
0.0334
0.4000
0.0267
(Above32m)
2.0
0.0120
0.3210
0.0077

Width
(m)

2.0
2.0

0.0334
0.0120

0.4000
0.3210

0.0267
0.0077

0.0250

No

Length
(m)

0.4000

0.0344
Section-02

2.0
2.0

0.0334
0.0120

0.4000
0.4260

0.0267
0.0102

0.4000

0.0369
Section-03

2.0
2.0

0.0483
0.0120

0.4000
0.5410

0.0386
0.0130

0.4000

0.0516
Section-04

2.0
2.0

0.0483
0.0120

0.4000
0.6760

0.0386
0.0162

0.4000

0.0549
Section-05

2.0
2.0

0.0483
0.0120

0.4000
0.8320

0.0386
0.0200
0.0586

0.4000

0.3030

0.2840

0.4000

0.6551

0.4030

0.4000

0.4773

0.5490

0.4000

0.4172

0.6930

0.4000

0.3422

0.8380

0.4000

0.2942

0.0400

0.0400

0.0400
0.0250

0.4000

0.0400

0.0400
0.0250

0.2840
0.0400

0.0400
0.0250

Solidity Ratio
y

Area
m2

0.0400
0.0250

Height
(m)

AA

0.0344
Section-01
(Bellow32m)

Force / Antenne kN
OperationalSurevival
1.18
0.87
1.26

0.0400

0.0400

Over turning stability Calculation

A
f

YPlatform
Stability Circle

X Platform
YCG

p
m

q Guyo

YTWR
Y=0 Line
B
LF
LF Cos 60

LF Sin 60

Figure 8.2.2 : Checking the side most likely to

Center of Gravity Without Concrete


Weight
Force
Tower+Head Load
1533 Kg
15,034
Shelter
0 Kg
0
Tower Frame
289 Kg
2,835
2 Front Poly Pts(Arm)
576 Kg
5,651
2 Rear Poly Pts(Arm)0 Kg
0
Base Struc Wt 3045 Kg
29,871
Wt of Accessories 0 Kg
0
Resultant Wt
5443 Kg
53,391

Y
0.500
4.750
0.300
-3.000
6.000
1.700
0.000
0.790

Tr M (J)
7.52
E+03
0.00
E+00
8.51
E+02
-1.70 E+04
0.00
E+00
5.08
E+04
0.00
E+00
4.22
E+04

Center of Gravity of the system with Concrete


Weight
Force
Y
Tr M (J)
Tower+Head Load
1533 Kg
15,034
0.500 7.52
E+03
Shelter
0 Kg
0
4.750 0.00
E+00
Tower Frame
289 Kg
2,835
0.300 8.51
E+02
2 Rear Poly Pts(Arm)0 Kg
0
6.000 0.00
E+00
Concrete @ A 5000 Kg
49,050
6.000 2.94
E+05
Concrete @ B 5000 Kg
49,050
0.000 0.00
E+00
Concrete @ C 5000 Kg
49,050 -3.000 -1.47 E+05
2 Front Poly Pts(Arm)
576 Kg
5,651 -3.000 -1.70 E+04
Base Struc Wt 3045 Kg
29,871
1.700 5.08
E+04
Wt of Accessories 0 Kg
0
0.000 0.00
E+00
Resultant Wt 20443 Kg
200,541
0.944 1.89
E+05

Turning Moment = WF Per Segment x No of Segments x Elevation

Wind Force effect


Area
No of Segments
Elevation
m
GSM Antennae0.675 m2
6
40.00
1.2 MW Dishes1.131 m2
2
36.00
Description

WF per seg Turning Moment


KN
KNm
0.760 182.40
1.180
84.96

Prof
our
4560.00
6019.54
2360.00
5128.39

Cables
0.150
Section 1
0.034
Section 2
0.037
Section 3
0.052
Section 4
0.055
Section 5
0.059
Lightening Arrestor
0.030
Aviation Lamp 0.060

m2
m2
m2
m2
m2
m2
m2
m2

6
21
21
21
21
21
1
1

36.00
26.25
20.75
15.25
9.75
4.25
0.00
0.00

Total Wind Turning Moment


=
Total Wt of the System =
Leverage Required

0.124
0.099
0.091
0.121
0.124
0.133
0.028
0.056

26.71
55.39
39.95
39.31
25.75
11.99
0.00
0.00
466.47

466.47 KNm
201 KN
Total Wind Turning Moment / Total Wt of the System
2.33 m

Y Platform
X Platform

=
=

6.5
2.3

Y CG

0.944

=
Tan

(Center of gravity of system with concrete Blocks)


(Length of Guy Arm)

Tan -1{ ( L x Sin 60) / (Y platform + Lx Cos60)}


5.20
9.50

28.68 Degrees

742.00
2110.13
1925.25
2577.63
2641.38
2822.00

2150.54
2099.76
2400.28
2400.28
2274.53

669663.4

=
Tan

Tan -1{ ( X Platform) / (Y platform - Y CG)}


2.30
4.20

28.71 Degrees

X Platform / Sinf

4.79

Sin

1.5x.6
1x1
1.5 x .3

f+d

Comparisan to select the side Most likely to fail


Side Leverage=

A legs leverage=

Sin

f+d

4.03

Stable

C legs leverage=
=
Radius of Stability
= Circle

Stable

Front

1.73

(Y platform - Y CG)
5.56

Rear

2.39
A
B
C

(Y CG + L x Cos 60)
3.94

Stable

1.70

2.33

900

Concrete Blocks Required


W

53.391 KN
0.790 m

Y CG

3m

6m
72 KN

224 KN

C
186 KN

Taking Moments about A


Over turning moment =

186 x 9

=
Moment of self Weight =
=
Resultant Moment

=
=

Required Weight

=
=

1674 KNm
W x ( 6 - Y CG )
278.15
Over turning moment - Moment of self Weight
1395.85
Resultant Moment / ( 6 + 3)
155.09 Nm

Taking momentOver
about
Turning Moment Moment of Self Wt

Resultant Moment

Required Wt

about A

KNm
1674

KNm
278.15

KNm
1395.85

about C

648

202.37

445.63

KN
155.09

49.51

Post Desaster
Zone 1
Zone 2
Zone 3

0.59

120
105
85

Operationl
Neutral Structure
In Sri Lanka

110
95
75

180
160
120

Section
Sec
0.06

1
2
3
4
5
0

R AW
0.856169
0.856169

8.50
8.50
8.50
8.50
8.50

R out / (m) = y
#REF!
O L Redu Top
0.000 m
0.000 m
0.000 m
0.000 m
0.000 m
0.000 m

Drag Coeff
C NC

Operational

Kq

1.4000

Wk
kN/m2

RM

1.0

0.0482

Force

F1

0.946 0.045586

Tot F

0.102

1.4000

1.0

0.0482

0.946 0.045586

0.102

1.1900

1.0

0.0440

0.946 0.041584

0.098

1.1400

1.0

0.0589

0.946 0.055667

1.1000

1.0

0.0604

1.1000

1.0

0.0645

kN/m

A A

0.0896

1.057206564

0
0
0
0
0.1140 0.091172
0
0
0

0.0635

0.696292938

0.1040 0.083169

0.0421

0.505768907

0.112

0.1392 0.111334

0.0423

0.380180601

0.946 0.057085

0.114

0.1427

0.11417

0.0350

0.30671961

0.946

0.118

0.1525 0.161224

0.2860

1.773746723

0.06101

3240
2400
1620

6480
4800
3240

5500

0
16000

3240 Kg
3240 Kg
3240 Kg

6480
6480
12000

d internal/(m) r / (m)
O L Redu Bot
3.000 m
3.000 m
3.000 m
3.000 m
3.000 m
0.000 m

30.5000
25.0000
19.5000
14.0000
8.5000
30.5000

x Sec height/(m)
Area Rad of Gyration
1.000
#REF! #REF!
Center
#REF! ####### #######
26.250 m
#REF! ####### #######
20.750 m
#REF! ####### #######
15.250 m
#REF! ####### #######
9.750 m
#REF! ####### #######
4.250 m
#REF! ####### #######
0.000 m
#REF! ####### #######

( 359 )

0.00 B SF

CELL ON WHEEL

Tower Model

COW 4009

CONTENTS
Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 360 )

1.GENERAL
1.1 Strenth Limt States
1.2 Serviceability Limit States
1.3 Analysis
1.4 Definitions
1.5 Symbols
2.LOADS
Scope
Classification of Structure
Combination of Loads
Tempeerature Effects
Dead Loads
Wind and Ice Loads

3.ANALYSIS
4.DESIGN STRENTH OF STEEL
5.MANUFACTURING

6.OTHER STRUCTURAL
STRUCTURE
MATERIAL
CLASSIFICATION
7.GUY ASSEMBLIES
8.INSULATORS
9.GUY ARM/FOUNDATION AND ANCHORAGES
Conrete
10.PROTECTIVEBending
GROUNDING
Strength Calculation

Table 9.1. Wind Velocity Variation with Height

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 361 )

11.OBSTRUCTION MARKING

Table 9.2. Tower Vertical Pipe Data

Table 9.3. Tower Vertical Pipe Data Derived from Table 03


12.CLIMBING FACILITIES

Table 9.4. Section Wind force and Gravity centers

Table 9.5. Data of Stiffeners

13.PLANS, ASSEMBLY TOLARANCES,AND


Table
MARKING
9.6. Moment of inertia of the Composite sections

Table 9.7. Weight of Tower Sections

14.MAINTAINANCE AND CONDITION ASSESMENT


Table9.8. Wind Force Effect on Projected Area

Table 9.9. Bending Moment Failure Analysis

15.EXISTING STRUCTURES
10 . Calculation for Buckling & Deflection
Calculation for buckling failure..

Table 10.1. Buckling Failure Analysis


Table 10.2. Buckling for bottom most sub section

Calculation for Lifting Cable strength

Calculation for Deflection & Guy wire strenth


Table 10.2. Guy wire Data.
10.3 Bending failure of Guide Arms
11 . Yielding Failure
Yielding Failure in Compression.
Table 11.1. Yielding Failure in Compression Analysis
Yielding Failure in Tension
Table 11.2. Tower Tensile failure of the pipe on the wind flow side
12 . Failure from the pivot..
Table 12.1. Analysis for Failure from the pivot
13 . Failure of Landing Leg Sand Shoe
14 . STABILITY CALCULATION..
Table 14.1. Shelter Details
Table 14.2. Tower Frame Details
Table 14.3. Guide Arms

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 362 )

Table 14.4. Base Frame Details


Table 14.5. Concrete Block Details
Table 14.6. Load Details
Table 14.7. Turning Moment Due to Wind Force & Inclination
Table 14.8. Locating the center of Gravity
15 . Length Parameters of Guide Arms..
Calculation to find arm length for bolting Option.

16 . Safety factor Calculation..

17 . Calculation for Dimensions of the Rectangular Land Area


18 . Finalized Parameter Values relevant to tower Models and Relevant Cases
19 . CONCLUSIONS..
20 . REFERENCES..
ANNEX: BENDING CALCULATION (EACH TOWER SECTION)

1.

GENERAL

0 . Notations and Symbols


Symbol

Description

Area needed for I composite calculation

Ce Gra Above

Center of gravity of the tower sections

Cen W Force

Center of wind force

d internal

Internal Diameter..

D Out

External Diameter.

D Stiff

Diameter of Stiffeners

Height..

h1

Upper portion of section height

h2

Lower portion of section height

Height Above

Height above the tower section

Moment of Inertia..

I Composite

Moment of Inertia of composite section

L Pipe

Length of pipe of the tower section

L stiff

Length of stiffener of the tower section

n Stiffeners

No of lengths of stiffeners

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 363 )

offset X val

Offset due to 1 degree inclination

Internal Radius..

R out

External Radius..

Required Ld

Required leverage distance from guide Arms for stability

Sch No

Schedule Number.

Sec height

Sectional Height of tower section

SF

Safety Factor..

Start Height

Starting height of a tower section

Tr Moment

Turning Moment..

Un Wt of Pipe

Unit Weight of Pipe

Un Wt of Stiff

Unit weight of stiffeners

Symbol

Description

Wi Pressure

Wind Pressure..

Wind Force Tr Moment


Turning Moment due to wind force
y

Distance to Extreme Fiber

Distance to Center of Gravity from tower side end of the Frame

// to Center Line Parallel to center line

90o to Center LinePerpendicular to Center line


Note: All other notations are illustrated with figures

1 . GENERAL
Tower Calculations have been done according to AISI EIA/TIA 222 G

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 364 )

Standard. While trying to strict to standard the designer have tried to adopt the formal
procedure in order to model the systemcloser to reality. Each action taken will be
explained with illustrations in Calculation section

2 . INTRODUCTION
The study has focused on the most critical aspects of the real tower. While reviewing the reader
will be able to see the data in the form of tables. Also he will notice that Specimen calculation
is provided for the most important (Critical) row of the table. This has been done to prevent the
Proposal getting lengthen unnecessarily. The calculation for the area and weight of antennae
are followed as per customers request.
1.

All steel materials used are made according to DIN standards.

Ref 7. Material Used for Tower Sections


2.

This calculation is withstand a wind speed of

3.

Total head load weight and Area is followed in the section


Load
Details
400 Kg Head
RefHead
Load details

160 Kmph

Customer allowed area Max is 6.00 m2

4.

All tower sections are subjected to Hot dip Galvanization.

5.

Tower support frame and Platform structure is sand blasted, Primered and

painted according to clients requirement.

4 . DESIGN PHILOSOPHY RELATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL LOADS


The proposed revision of the standard is based on limit states design.
The structures are checked for two major limit states.
Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 365 )

i ) Strength limit states


ii ) Serviceability limit states
According to TIA-222-G standard Wind load is considered as the major fact
controlling the stability.
Wind Speeds escalated with height according to the terrain characteristics
surrounding a given site.

Here Exposure C (Flat open area) is selected


The direction of wind and tower orientation of a mobile tower at a given time
cannot be predicted. Therefore AISI/TIA standards have allocated a 0.85
Directionality Safety factor.
According to Figure shown bellow the Wind velocity V is most likely to turn
the whole system about the axis AB depending on the power of the wind force.
But the force which will turn the system will be the cross particle perpendicular
to AB and always will be less then or equal to wind force.

Therefore it is not essential to depend on a


Directionality safety factor as long as critical
situation is concern.
The calculations are flexible for any wind
flow direction provided Wind velocity is
less than Survival Wind velocity.

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 366 )

Tower side

Fig 3.1 Wind flow Direction Analysis


5 . STRUCTURE CLASSIFICATION
Structures are classified according to reliability requirements.
Category I Structures have the lowestreliability requirements and are intendeddamage
to represent structures for which there is a low hazard to human life and to property in
the event of failure.
Category II structures represent a substantial hazard to human life intended for services
that may be provided by other means. This tower falls under this category. Also ice loading
does not apply to this category.

2 . LOAD
HEAD LOAD DETAILS
Calculation for area of GSM antennae
Length

2.50 m

Width

0.27 m

9.26

0.68 m2

Length to breath Ratio


Area

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 367 )

Force coefficient of the section

0.9

Diameter

0.60 m

Area

0.28 m2

Diameter

1.20 m

Area

1.13 m2

Calculation for area of 0.6 MW antennae

Calculation for area of 1.2 MW antennae

Effect of Cables Per Meter


13 Kg Feeder Cable

0.013 m2

0.075 m2

1 Kg

Optical Cables

0.005 m2

0.014 m2

1 Kg

Power Cables

0.005 m2

0.014 m2
0.10 m2

Weight and Area parameters of head Loads with Brackets


ANTENNAE AND ACCESSORIES
Unit Weight
Description

Area

Wnid Nor q

Nos

Elevation

Tot Area

35 Kg GSM Antennae

0.68 m2

0 Deg

40.0 m

1.35 m2

35 Kg GSM Antennae

0.68 m2

120 Deg

40.0 m

1.35 m2

35 Kg GSM Antennae

0.68 m2

240 Deg

40.0 m

1.35 m2

45 Kg 1.2 MW Dishes

1.13 m2

0 Deg

38.0 m

1.13 m2

55 Kg 1.2 MW Dishes

1.13 m2

0 Deg

36.0 m

1.13 m2

10 Kg Lightening Arrestor0.03 m2

0 Deg

45.0 m

0.03 m2

4 Kg

0 Deg

42.0 m

0.06 m2

Aviation Lamp

0.06 m2

Total Antenne Area

6.40 m2

Excess Head Load

40.0 m

0.60 m2
7.00 m2

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 368 )

Antenne Frame

Cables

21 Kg Ant Frame Poles 0.18 m2

0.10 m2

40.0 m

1.08 m2

12 Kg Ant Frame Brackets0.03 m2

0.00 m2

40.0 m

0.18 m2

680 Kg Total Head Load

6.39 m2

TOWER
Unit Weight
Description

Area

Wnid Nor q

Nos

Elevation

Tot Area

Top Most

2.28 m2

0 Deg

33.05 m

2.28 m2

2nd Frm Top

2.22 m2

0 Deg

25.55 m

2.22 m2

3rd Frm Top

2.77 m2

0 Deg

18.45 m

2.77 m2

4th Frm Top

2.77 m2

0 Deg

11.35 m

2.77 m2

5th Frm Top

2.77 m2

0 Deg

4.25 m

2.77 m2

6 . Tower Specifications
Type & Model

Tower Height

Tower Weight

Total Head Load

680 Kg

Number Of Sections

Gravity Acceleration

Overlap

1.400 m

Tower Elevation

0.900 m

From System Level

Distance from Elevated level to tower

0.650 m

From Ground Level

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

COW
40 m
853 Kg

9.812 m/s2 (On Earth)

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 369 )

lding/Mountain Elevation

7 . Material Used for Tower Sections


1. Pipe

Schedule 80 - 1" , 1/2" DIA

(DIN 17100 Standard)

OD - 48.3, 33.4 mm
Thickness- 5.08mm
Material

ST 52.3

(DIN 17100 Standard)

Tensile Stress

523 N/mm2

Yield Strength

335 N/mm2

2. Stiffeners (Lattice Structure )


Bright Steel Rod

Material

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(DIN 17100 Standard)


Top Stiffeners

1/2" DIA

Bottom Stiffeners

5/8" DIA

1020 Carbon Steel


Tensile Stress

380 N/mm2

Yield Strength

200 N/mm2

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 370 )

8 . Wind Loads Analysis


Survival wind speed

160 Kmph

44.44

Operational wind speed

140 Kmph

38.89

Wind Velocity relevant to each case will be found with the following formulae and factors.
There will be two cases one for operational and the other for survival wind velocity.
=

Vb . K1 . K2 . K3

Vb

Basic wind speed of the place in m/s

K1

Probability Factor(Risk coefficient)

K2

Terrain height and Structure size Factor

K3

Topography Factor ( 1.0 for planes )

Vz

Where

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 371 )

K1 for Towers
Height/(m) Operational(120)

Terrain Category I

Survival(160) K2 Class A K2 Class B

50

1.05

1.07

1.20

1.18

40

1.05

1.07

1.20

1.18

30

1.05

1.07

1.15

1.13

20

1.05

1.07

1.12

1.10

15

1.05

1.07

1.09

1.07

10

1.05

1.07

1.05

1.03

Pz

Wind Reg H Frm Grnd

0.6 x Vz2

V z /(ms-1) Pressure/(Pa)

39.45 m

56.12

1.89 E+03

35.30 m

56.12

1.89 E+03

31.75 m

53.74

1.73 E+03

28.20 m

53.74

1.73 E+03

24.65 m

52.31

1.64 E+03

21.10 m

50.88

1.55 E+03

0.00 m

0.00

0.00 E+00

0.00 m

0.00

0.00 E+00

Calculation for wind Load on the antennae


At

160 Kmph

-1
44.44 ms

K1

1.07

K2

1.18

K3

1.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 372 )

Vb . K1 . K 2 . K3

Vz

Vz

56.12 m/s

0.6 x Vz2

1,889.37

Wind Pressure P

At

-1
38.89 ms

140 Kmph

K1

1.05

K2

1.18

K3

1.00

Vz

Vz

48.18 m/s

0.6 x Vz2

Wind Pressure P

N/m2

Vb . K1 . K 2 . K3

1392.98 N/m2

Calculation for wind Load on the Tower

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 373 )

At

160 Kmph

44.44

K1

1.07

K2

1.10

K3

1.00

Vz

Vz

52.31 m/s

0.6 x Vz2

Wind Pressure P

Vb . K1 . K 2 . K3

=
At

1641.87 N/m2

140 Kmph

38.89

K1

1.05

K2

1.10

K3

1.00

Vz

Vz

44.92 m/s

0.6 x Vz2

Wind Pressure P

Vb . K1 . K 2 . K3

1210.50 N/m2

Calculation for wind Load on the Shelter(Only if present)

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 374 )

At

160 Kmph

44.44

K1

1.07

K2

1.05

K3

1.00

Vz

Vz

49.93 m/s

0.6 x Vz2

Wind Pressure P

Vb . K1 . K 2 . K3

At

1496.00 N/m2

140 Kmph

38.89

K1

1.05

K2

1.05

K3

1.00

Vz

Vz

42.88 m/s

0.6 x Vz2

Wind Pressure P

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Vb . K1 . K 2 . K3

1102.96 N/m2

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 375 )

9 . Bending Strength Calculation

Terrain category I Class B

for tower sections

Table 9.1. Wind Velocity on tower sections for Survival wind velocity (160 Kmph)
Section

Height/(m)

V z /(ms-1)Wi Pressure/(Pa)

Antennae Frame

39.5

56.12

1.89 E+03

Top Most

35.3

56.12

1.89 E+03

2nd Frm Top

31.8

53.74

1.73 E+03

3rd Frm Top

28.2

53.74

1.73 E+03

4th Frm Top

24.7

52.31

1.64 E+03

5th Frm Top

21.1

50.88

1.55 E+03

0.0

0.00

0.00 E+00

0.0

0.00

0.00 E+00

Material

Sch No

D Out/(m)

Thickness

MS

80(Std)

0.0750

0.00508

Table 9.2. Tower Vertical Pipe Data


Section
0

Antena Frame

Top Most

MS

80(Std)

0.0334

0.00455

2nd Frm Top

MS

80(Std)

0.0334

0.00455

3rd Frm Top

MS

80(Std)

0.0483

0.00508

4th Frm Top

MS

80(Std)

0.0483

0.00508

5th Frm Top

MS

80(Std)

0.0483

0.00508

0(Std)

0.0000

0.00000

0(Std)

0.0000

0.00000

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 376 )

Table 9.3. Tower Vertical Pipe Data Derived from Table 03


Section

R out / (m) = y

d internal/(m)

r / (m)

x Sec height/(m)

Antena Frame

0.038 m

0.0648

0.032 m

1.000

Top Most

0.017 m

0.0243

0.012 m

0.217

2nd Frm Top

0.017 m

0.0243

0.012 m

0.320

3rd Frm Top

0.024 m

0.0381

0.019 m

0.433

4th Frm Top

0.024 m

0.0381

0.019 m

0.559

5th Frm Top

0.024 m

0.0381

0.019 m

0.683

0.000 m

0.0000

0.000 m

0.000

0.000 m

0.0000

0.000 m

0.000

h1
Sec Height
h2

Fig 9.1. Section Height detail of tower section

M tot

H tb

q`
B

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 377 )

q`
B
W

Fig 9.3. State of tower under equilibrium just before falling

Fig 9.2. Horizontal movement due to 1o Inclination(Worst Case)

Table 9.4. Section Wind force and Gravity centers


Distance from Elevated level to tower
Tower base Elevation from ground level H Twr Ele

Section

H Above Sec bottom

Antena Frame

=
=

0.900 m
0.650 m

Cen W F Sec AbvStart Height CGgAbvTwrBot

2.40 m

1.20 m

36.70 m

37.90 m

Top Most

10.70 m

5.35 m

28.40 m

33.05 m

2nd Frm Top

17.80 m

8.90 m

21.30 m

25.55 m

3rd Frm Top

24.90 m

12.45 m

14.20 m

18.45 m

4th Frm Top

32.00 m

16.00 m

7.10 m

11.35 m

5th Frm Top

39.10 m

19.55 m

0.00 m

4.25 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

39.10 m

19.55 m

Total Height

40.00 m

Table 9.5. Data of Stiffeners


Section
1

Material
Top Most

Xsec Area D Stiff/(m) Un Wt of Stiff

BS Shafting

0.0001131

0.012

0.89 Kg/m

2nd Frm Top BS Shafting

0.0001131

0.012

0.89 Kg/m

3rd Frm Top

BS Shafting

0.0002011

0.016

1.58 Kg/m

4th Frm Top

BS Shafting

0.0002011

0.016

1.58 Kg/m

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 378 )

5th Frm Top

0
0

BS Shafting

0.0002011

0.016

1.58 Kg/m

0.000

0.00 Kg/m

0.000

0.00 Kg/m

Note : Moment of inertia of the composite section about the neutral axis is found
using the Parallel axis theorem
I

p(R4-r4)
4

I Comp

( I + a x h12) + [2 x ( I + a x h22)]
4

Table 9.6. Moment of inertia of the Composite sections


Section

I
Antenna Frame 6.856 E-07

a / (m2)

a.h1 2

a.h2 2

1.12 E-03

5.53 E-04

1.53 E-04

Top Most

4.398 E-08

4.12 E-04

1.07 E-05

3.27 E-06

2nd Frm Top

4.398 E-08

4.12 E-04

2.18 E-05

6.26 E-06

3rd Frm Top

1.633 E-07

6.90 E-04

6.76 E-05

1.96 E-05

4th Frm Top

1.633 E-07

6.90 E-04

1.09 E-04

3.06 E-05

5th Frm Top

1.633 E-07

6.90 E-04

1.59 E-04

4.38 E-05

0.000 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.000 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

Table 9.7. Weight of Tower Sections


Weight / (Kg)
Section

Pipes

Frame + Head Load126.1 Kg

Xtra Stuff SectionTot Total Abv


553.6 Kg

679.7 Kg

679.7 Kg

Top Most

90.3 Kg

29.3 Kg

119.6 Kg

799.4 Kg

2nd Frm Top

82.5 Kg

37.3 Kg

119.8 Kg

919.2 Kg

3rd Frm Top

138.1 Kg

66.4 Kg

204.4 Kg

1123.6 Kg

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 379 )

4th Frm Top

138.1 Kg

66.4 Kg

204.4 Kg

1328.1 Kg

5th Frm Top

138.1 Kg

66.4 Kg

204.4 Kg

1532.5 Kg

0.0 Kg

0.0 Kg

0.0 Kg

0.0 Kg

0.0 Kg

0.0 Kg

0.0 Kg

0.0 Kg

Tower Weight

852.8 Kg
Pole (Only)
Center of

Table 9.8. Wind Force Effect on Projected Area


Force Coefficient for Circular sections

Effective Area

TM

0.5

(AISI Standard)

Projected Area x Force Coefficient


WF x H

Area Projected/(m2)
Section

Pipes

Cables

Frame Antennae 1.080 m2

Extra Stuff Sec Total

Eff Total

0.245 m2

5.307 m2

6.632 m2

3.316 m2

Top Most

0.932 m2

0.949 m2

0.396 m2

2.276 m2

1.138 m2

2nd Frm Top

0.852 m2

0.867 m2

0.504 m2

2.223 m2

1.111 m2

3rd Frm Top

1.232 m2

0.867 m2

0.672 m2

2.771 m2

1.385 m2

4th Frm Top

1.232 m2

0.867 m2

0.672 m2

2.771 m2

1.385 m2

5th Frm Top

1.232 m2

0.867 m2

0.672 m2

2.771 m2

1.385 m2

0.000 m2

0.000 m2

0.000 m2

0.000 m2

0.000 m2

0.000 m2

0.000 m2

0.000 m2

0.000 m2

0.000 m2
12.811 m2

Bending Stress ( s )

270 N/mm2

BM

I comp x s

2.70 E+08 Pa

y
Table 9.9. Bending Moment Failure Analysis
Righting Moment

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Turning Moment

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 380 )

Section

Guy Cable

Stru RigidityWind Force Inclination

Antena Frame

3.76 E+03

4.41 E+03

Top Most

-1.36 E+04

-1.55 E+05 2.83 E+04

4.52 E+03

2nd Frm Top

-1.95 E+04

-1.15 E+05 6.03 E+04

4.02 E+03

3rd Frm Top

-3.22 E+04

-1.62 E+05 1.14 E+05

3.55 E+03

4th Frm Top

-6.19 E+04

-1.28 E+05 1.75 E+05

2.58 E+03

5th Frm Top

-6.19 E+04

-1.46 E+05 2.45 E+05

1.12 E+03

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

-1.89 E+05

6.23 E+05

1.58 E+04

BM Total

Y Extreme BM Allowed Safety Factor

Section

Antena Frame 8.17 E+03

0.500

4.66 E+05

56.99

-1.36 E+05

0.143

3.39 E+04

1.95

2nd Frm Top -7.05 E+04

0.211

4.57 E+04

2.35

3rd Frm Top

-7.64 E+04

0.286

1.05 E+05

3.08

4th Frm Top

-1.17 E+04

0.369

1.30 E+05

12.79

5th Frm Top

3.82 E+04

0.451

1.54 E+05

4.04

0.00 E+00

0.000

0.00 E+00

0.00

0.00 E+00

0.000

0.00 E+00

0.00

Top Most

Note: ( - ) safety factor denotes higher safty as it has to go passing 0 to go to Failiure.


Consideration of stiifner Strenth for Bending Effect
Segment Height (L i )

0.400 m

Def

a
Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 381 )

L com Stif

q
b

L ten Stif

q L i/ 2

Pipe Distance

q/(Deg)

Tan Inv (Def/Li)

(L I /2) 2

L ten Stiff 2

L Ten Stif x L i

(L I ) 2

L Com Stiff 2

2 x L Com Stif x L i

Righting Moment from Stiffners


Total Swaey

Def Allowed at H

0.14 Deg
Height x Tan (Def)

=
Section

Peak H

0.094 m

Def All at H Def for Sec DefPerSegment

Top Most

39.10

0.094

0.019

0.00041

2nd Frm Top

31.20

0.075

0.017

0.00040

3rd Frm Top

24.10

0.058

0.017

0.00080

4th Frm Top

17.00

0.041

0.017

0.00080

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 382 )

5th Frm Top

9.90

0.024

0.024

0.00112

0.00

0.000

0.000

0.00000

0.00

0.000

0.000

0.00000

Sway
Section

Pipe Distance

q/(Deg)

L Stiff

L Ten Stiff

Top Most

0.251

0.059

0.3206187

0.3207786

2nd Frm Top

0.369

0.058

0.4197719

0.4199487

3rd Frm Top

0.500

0.115

0.5389253

0.5392989

4th Frm Top

0.646

0.115

0.6758561

0.6762404

5th Frm Top

0.789

0.161

0.8139539

0.8144976

0.000

0.000

0.0000000

0.0000000

0.000

0.000

0.0000000

0.0000000

(E ) for BS Shafting

209.8

Considering The Stiffner Being tensioned


b/(Deg)

a/(Deg)

Exp len, e

Contr Len ,c

Top Most

51.370

51.442

0.0001599

0.0001600

2nd Frm Top

61.502

61.591

0.0001768

0.0001769

3rd Frm Top

68.117

68.315

0.0003735

0.0003738

4th Frm Top

72.682

72.892

0.0003842

0.0003845

5th Frm Top

75.625

75.927

0.0005437

0.0005440

0.000

0.000

0.0000000

0.0000000

0.000

0.000

0.0000000

0.0000000

Righting Moment

Force x Perpedicular Distance

Tentioned Stiffner
e/(m)

X sec Area

Axial Force Righting Moment

1 Top Most

0.00015987

0.0001131

11,831.51

1477.24

2 2nd Frm Top

0.00017685

0.0001131

9,996.27

953.91

3 3rd Frm Top

0.00037351

0.0002011

29,235.18

2179.30

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 383 )

4 4th Frm Top

0.00038424

0.0002011

23,981.89

1427.75

5 5th Frm Top

0.00054367

0.0002011

28,175.36

1399.01

0.00000000

0.00

0.00

0.00000000

0.00

0.00

Comressed Stiffner
c/(m)

X sec Area Axial Force Righting Moment

Top Most

0.00015995

0.0001131

11837.42

1851.32

2nd Frm Top

0.00017692

0.0001131

10000.49

1759.23

3rd Frm Top

0.00037377

0.0002011

29255.46

5437.02

4th Frm Top

0.00038446

0.0002011

23995.53

4586.77

5th Frm Top

0.00054403

0.0002011

28194.19

5469.60

0.00000000

0.00

0.00

0.00000000

0.00

0.00

14 . STABILITY CALCULATION

Stability Circle

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Y CG

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 384 )

Coordinate System definition


As shone in the figure front side will be decided according to the orientation of tower when irected
Extream center point of Front side Beam will be taken as the coordinate center.

X tra Leverage required for stability will given by the extension of Arm or leverage beam.
Details of Heavy Objects effecting the Stability
Table 14.1. Shelter Details
Weight

0 Kg

Height

0.00 m

Width

0.00 m

Length
Y Shelter Start

3.50 m

Area

3.00 m
0.000 mm2

Table 14.1.1 Sanded Volume Details


Height

0.000m

Length

0.000m

Breath

0.000m

Volume

0.000m3

Extra Weights Distributed On the Deck


Unit Wt
Sand

Country

1840 Kgs

Small Concrete Blocks


10Kgs

Tot Weight

0.0000 m3

0.00 Kg

1Pcs

0.00 Kg

0.000 m

Distance at which the Block is fixed from arm End

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Number

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 385 )

Center of gravity of block from End of extension

0.290 m

Center of gravity of block from Pivot

5.711 m

Table 14.5. Concrete Base Details(Underneath Landing Legs)


Description

Placed Y Dis

X sec Size

Height

Cube Weight

Twr Side Concrete -2.855 m

1.500 m

0.579 m

3127 Kg

Mid Concrete

0.000 m

1.500 m

0.579 m

3127 Kg

Other Side Concrete


6.850 m

1.500 m

0.579 m

3127 Kg

Table 14.2. Tower Frame Details


Beam/Plates

402.00 Kg

Other Loads

10.00 Kg
Total

412 Kg

Note. If Guy wires are present they fixed to the X tra leverage Extentions therefore
it only Makes the Structure rigid relative to the Base Frame. The whole system is
made sure to be Stable the self weight of the Whole system.
Tower is checked for stability when the total system is about fall about two ground
contact Points

Table 14.3.Weights at Critical Polygon Points

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 386 )

Unit Wt

County

Units

Total Wt

Front Polygon Points


48 Kg/m

6.00 m

576.00 Kg

Rear Polygon Points


48 Kg/m

0.00 m

0.00 Kg

Off Set X val

Wind Force

w1
H/2

w2

w3
w4

1o
w5

1o
Fig 14.1. Factors causing Turning Moment

Wind Force

M tot

R=0
R = Wt

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 387 )

R=0
R = Wt

Wt
Ld Required
A

Fig 14.2. State of tower under equilibrium just before falling


By taking moment about point A
L d Required x Wt

"="

M tot

L d Required

"="

M tot
Wt

"="

6.70 E+05 J
1.98 E+05 J

"="

3.38

r x V2

WF

PxA

TM

WF x H

Table 14.7. Turning Moment Due to Wind Force & Inclination


Area
Head Loads

Pressure

Wind Force Cen W Force

6.387 m2

1889 Pa

12068 N

40.0 m

Tower Wind Force12.811 m2

1642 Pa

21034 N

19.6 m

0 Pa

0N

0.0 m

0.

0.000 m2

Turn ower TM

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 388 )

Tur'gMomenRi'g Moment
Antennae Moment

4.83E+05 J

Twr Wind F Moment

4.11E+05 J

Twr Inc'n Moment

1.58E+04 J

Self Righting Moment

7.06E+05 J

Guy Righting Moment

4.46E+05 J

Slac Guy Init Moment

2.42E+05 J
1.15E+06 J

1.15E+06 J

Table 14.8. Locating the center of Gravity


Weight

Force

Tower+Head Load 1533 Kg

Tr M (J)

15,037

0.500

7.52 E+03

4.750

0.00 E+00

289 Kg

2,836

0.300

8.51 E+02

2 Front Poly Pts(Arm) 576 Kg

1,648

-3.000

4.95 E+03

2 Rear Poly Pts(Arm)

0 Kg

1,648

6.000

9.89 E+03

Front arm Con Blocks5000 Kg

49,060

-2.855

-1.40 E+05

Rear concrete Block 5000 Kg

49,060

6.850

3.36 E+05

Extra Mid Concrete U5000 Kg

49,060

0.000

0.00 E+00

Base Struc Wt

29,878

1.700

5.08 E+04

5.500

0.00 E+00

198,227

1.362

2.70 E+05

Shelter

0 Kg

Tower Frame

Wt of Accessories
Resultant Wt
Total Tr Moment

3045 Kg
0 Kg
20443 Kg
"="

Centre of
Gravity

6.70 E+05 J

Y
b

YPlatform

Y CG

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Stability Circle

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 389 )

X Platform

LF

Fig 14.3. Polygon point Arrangement

15 . Length Parameters of Extention Points( STABILITY CALCULATION )

Radious of Stability Circle (R)


L Cr
Critical Leaverage Length

3.38 m

4.36 m

(Minimum Perpendicular Distance Fr

Calculations are followed

Note:

As discusssed earlier the required R has to be satisfied in and Direction as the Wind Flow and its Direction can't be predic

Stability Verification
204 KN

1.362

3m

6m
B

36

112 WF

Concrete
about C
about A

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

wt Mom

10

982

324

70

1578

837

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 390 )

Practically the structure rotates about two arms, In this section Critical Direction is considered for failiure analysis.

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 391 )

Length (L)
Safty Leverage Parameters

of the critical points of the Safty Polygon

Front Extension

6.00

Rear Extention

0.00

COW
Length Platform // to center line Y Platform
Width 90o to center line X Platform

6.500

Pivot Point Y Distance Front Ext Y F Pivot

0.030

Pivot Point Y Distance Rear Ext Y R Pivot


q Guy

6.470

1.150

120 Deg

Note: The Polygon created by poligon points


should Be greater than 3m x 3m in size to
have the best stablity and minimum
deflection of platform structure.
Provided above condition is

YTower

satisfied the platform structure


can be adjested upto extent
allowed by the design.

Fig

Please refer calculation Relevent to case

Case 1 _ Stability Circle is within Polygon Rear Points


Case 2 _ Stability Circle is Beyond Polygon Rear Points
Case 3 _ Stability Circle is within Both Rear and Front Polygon points

Desiding on Number of Arms and Guy Wire Orientation

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

enough 1

( 392 )

Platform length
R
Y CG
Pl Frm Length - Y CG

=
=
=
=

6.50 m
3.38 m
1.36 m
5.14 m

Rare leverage, Prefered Direction( if Required )


Rear Extension

Not needed

Front Extension

Foward

Ref Fig 14.3 to see directions

Desiding on front arm sufficiency ( Only for Case 2 )


Derivation of front Point Inclination Angle

X
Y Pivot
Y Tower

=
=
=
=
=

g Considering the pivot

a
1.15 m
0.03 m
0.50 m

( X2 + (Y Pivot - Y Tower)2 ) 1/2


1.24 m
( tan -1 {X / (Y Pivot - Y Tower)}
67.8 Deg

112.2 Deg

7.8 Deg

6.000

k
Sin d

0.03

Rear LL 2

q Guy - g

s enough

By appling Sin formulae


LF
=
Sin ( q Guy- g )
Sin d

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

0.135

1.242

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 393 )

44.378
d

180 - q Guy

180 - a + d

d + q Guy

1.6 Deg

CW from reference X axis


=
L VG

YTower

121.6 Deg
k Cos ( q Guy - g) + LF Cos d

Fig 14.5. Arm and Guy wire


orientation Case

Distance to front Exream Point from tower center

7.23 m

Checking for front point extention Sufficiency Along Y Axis front side
LF
=
6.00 m

120.0 Deg

3.38 m

LF cos a

-3.00 m

LF Sin a

5.20 m

Y FLL

=
=

X FLL

=
=

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Abs( Y F LL)

>

2.97 m

>

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Y F Pivot + LF Cos a
-2.97 m
X Platform + LF Sin a
6.35 m
Abs(R - Y CG)
2.02 m

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 394 )

Front Arm Sufficient


Backwards

LRb
h
R

k
q

X Platform

s
f

m
Side Ways

YCG

90-d

YF Pivot

LF
Stability Circle
Fig 14.6.Optimisation Analysis Case 1

YMax
f d

p
f

X Platform
Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 395 )

X Platform

s
m m

b
q Guyo

YCG

YTWR

d
180-m

LF

Stability Circle

Fig 14.6.Optimisation Analysis Case 3 to eliminate One Arm


Checking for elimination of Xtra rear Poligon point (Only for Case 1 & 3)
X Platform
=
1.15 m
R
Y Platform
Y Tower
Y CG
( q Guy )

=
=

=
=
=
=
=

3.38 m
6.50 m
0.50 m
1.36 m
120.0 Deg

( X Platform2 + (Y Platform - Y CG)2 ) 1/2


5.27 m
(Tan -1 { X Platform / ( Y Platform - Y CG )}
12.6 Deg

( Cos -1 { R / k}
50.1 Deg

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

90-s-f

27.3 Deg

=
=

180-q+d
32.7 Deg

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 396 )

X platform + {(Y Platform x Tan d - (Y TWR x Tan d}

4.25 m

By appling Sin formulae

Sin ( 180-m )

Sin ( 90-d )

l
0.89

6.98 m

L VG

=
Y FLL

=
X FLL

6.98 m
Y Twr + LGV Cos q Guyo
-2.99 m
LGV Sin q Guyo
6.05 m

X Ref

Backwards

YMax
b

LR

k
q

X Platform
m
Checked By: Athula Haputantri

R
d

Design By : Aravinda Perera

90-d

R
m
Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 397 )

X Platform

Side Ways

l
YCG

YR Pivot

YF Pivot
LF

Stability Circle

Fig 14.6.Optimisation Analysis Case 2

Derivation of Arm length and Angle of Front arm relevent to case 3


LF
(X FLL - X Platform )2 + ( Y FLL - Y F Pivot)
=
=
Tan a

5.76 m
(X FLL - X Platform )

( Y FLL - Y F Pivot)
a

g Considering the pivot

-58.3 Deg

121.7 Deg

Checking for Most Critical side of failure


Here in this case the designer himself tried maximum to minmise the length of guide arms by
identifiing the optimal angles for Guide arm orientation. Also he have suceeded in doing so.
Shortest Distances

rall Tilted Height / (m)

Cross Particle

Two Rear platform pts


Rear Side

5.14 m

Two Rear Poly 5.14


Points
m

Slanted to or // to Center Line


Tower Side Two Front Poly 4.36
Points
m
Two Front platform pts

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

1.36 m

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 398 )

L Cr
Critical Leaverage Length

4.36 m

i.e Minimum

16 . Safety factor Calculation ( Only placed on ground, not fixed to Ground )

Righting Moment

S.F.

Resultant Wt x L Cr

8.6 E+05 J

8.6 E+05 J
6.7 E+05 J

1.29

Safe

Calculation to find Safty factor After Fixing the System to Ground

In case of taking moment about two Extream points all Bolting material canbe assumed
Total Turing Moment

6.70 E+05

Weight Turing Moment

8.65 E+05

Needed X tra Turning moment

-1.95 E+05

Distance between concurrent bolting points

Fixed Arm Length

6.500

4.60

Note: Always in the criticle case at least two arms will give the Righting moment.
Force Exerted

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

-4.2 E+04 N

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 399 )

Min Requirement
Bolts Should Withstand

Dia of Tor Bar

Shear Capacity of Tor Bar

-4.32 Ton (Number of Bolts and size can be


0.000m

500 kN/mm2

0 kN

16

Ability to create resisting moment

0.00E+00

Total Turing Moment

6.70E+05

Total resisting Moment

8.65E+05

No of bolts

SF

1.29

Safe

Note: Provided anchoring is done Using the appropriate chemical and to


the right standered, The tower will not fail by Tor bar Failiure.

Anchorage depth

0.000 m

Area

0.000 m2

Concrete Grade

Allowable Per Torr Bar

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

25 N/mm2

250,000 N/m2

0.00 N

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 400 )

Force Per Bolt

Anchroing Safty factor

-2,651.61 N
0.00 Unstable

TT

10 . GUY WIRE

Calculation for Buckling & Deflection with the presence of guy wire
Note: Trailer type tower is taken as example

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 401 )

Fig 10.1 Guy wire Orientation

Fig

When the angle is 30 degrees since Cos(30) is equal to 0.5 the above shown system reduces to the following s
T1

b1

TTot
T2

b2

b3

T3

Fig 10.4 Side view of Guy Wire arrangement


Thus the side view can be analyzed as follows

Even if any case is to be having n number of Guy wires, the case will be considered to have one guy wire per G

Finally the modification will be restored or corrected by dividing the forces among Guy wires depending on inclin
angles.

Calculation for buckling failure

Tensile
Force

TTot
WF

b
Topposite = 0

Wind Force

CF1
Compression
Force

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 402 )

Compression
Force

R=0

Fig 10.5 Side view of the Reduced section

Height at which the cable is fixed

39.10 m

Y distance of Tower

0.500 m

X length of Platform(Width)

1.150 m

L(Landing Leg)

6.00 m

120 Deg

L Sin a

5.20

L Cos a

-3.00

0.030 m

Y F Pivot

Ref 14.Stability Calcula


Distance at which the Guy wire is fixed on the Arm
Tan b

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

=
=

7.23 m

Cable Fixing Height / Fixed Distan

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 403 )

Tan b

0.185

Tan -1 (

10.5 Deg

By resolving horizontal forces on tower


Total Turning Moment
T Tot

TTot x Sin b

Total Turning Moment by Guys


Heignt x Sin b

445,689 J
7.11

T Tot

Downwards compression force

=
=

62,701 N

TTot x Sin b + Head Load


62,336 N

Considering the whole tower


E

210 GPa

3.142

1.20E-04

Le Factor

0.70

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

(1020 Carbon Steel)

m4

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 404 )

Le

P cr

L x Le Factor

28 m
p2 x E x I

Le2

Compression force
S.F

3.17 E+05

62,336 N

5.09

> AISI standard Safety factor 0.85 for a guyed

Table 10.1. Buckling Failure Analysis for each section


Section

Le Factor

Le

I /(m4)

P Cr

Top Most

0.70

6.51

1.741 E-05 8.52E+05

2nd Frm Top

0.70

5.95

3.444 E-05 2.02E+06

3rd Frm Top

0.70

5.95

1.073 E-04 6.29E+06

4th Frm Top

0.70

5.95

1.703 E-04 9.97E+06

5th Frm Top

0.70

5.95

2.468 E-04 1.45E+07

Table 10.2. Buckling Failure Analysis for bottom most sub section of each section
Section

Le Factor

Le

0.300

0.70

0.21

4.398 E-08 2.07E+06

0.300

0.70

0.21

4.398 E-08 2.07E+06

0.300

0.70

0.21

1.633 E-07 7.68E+06

0.300

0.70

0.21

1.633 E-07 7.68E+06

0.300

0.70

0.21

1.633 E-07 7.68E+06

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

I /(m4)

P Cr

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 405 )

0.000

0.00

0.000 E+00 0.00E+00

0.000

0.00

0.000 E+00 0.00E+00

Thus Buckling doesn't Occur with present conditions

L-a

L
L+e

LW

Fig 10.6 Guy wire and Tower orientation after Deflection

Analysis For Guy wire behavior Under Loads


Case 1 : Not tensioned
Tightening tension

5N

Unit length Weight

5N

Length of the cable

40.65 m

Cable Weigth

203.24 N

Max Downward Deflection

6.532

Table 10.4. Guy Cable Behavior under tension and self weight
Seg

X(L )

y, (H)

0.00

0.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Y Sag
20.000

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Y red

Grp

0.000

0.000

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 406 )

0.18

1.00

20.637

0.637

0.363

0.36

2.00

21.241

1.241

0.759

0.54

3.00

21.813

1.813

1.187

0.72

4.00

22.351

2.351

1.649

0.90

5.00

22.858

2.858

2.142

1.08

6.00

23.331

3.331

2.669

1.27

7.00

23.772

3.772

3.228

1.45

8.00

24.180

4.180

3.820

1.63

9.00

24.556

4.556

4.444

10

1.81

10.00

24.899

4.899

5.101

11

1.99

11.00

25.209

5.209

5.791

12

2.17

12.00

25.486

5.486

6.514

13

2.35

13.00

25.731

5.731

7.269

14

2.53

14.00

25.944

5.944

8.056

15

2.71

15.00

26.123

6.123

8.877

16

2.89

16.00

26.270

6.270

9.730

17

3.07

17.00

26.385

6.385

10.615

18

3.25

18.00

26.466

6.466

11.534

19

3.43

19.00

26.515

6.515

12.485

20

3.61

20.00

26.532

6.532

13.468

21

3.80

21.00

26.515

6.515

14.485

22

3.98

22.00

26.466

6.466

15.534

23

4.16

23.00

26.385

6.385

16.615

24

4.34

24.00

26.270

6.270

17.730

25

4.52

25.00

26.123

6.123

18.877

26

4.70

26.00

25.944

5.944

20.056

27

4.88

27.00

25.731

5.731

21.269

28

5.06

28.00

25.486

5.486

22.514

29

5.24

29.00

25.209

5.209

23.791

30

5.42

30.00

24.899

4.899

25.101

31

5.60

31.00

24.556

4.556

26.444

32

5.78

32.00

24.180

4.180

27.820

33

5.96

33.00

23.772

3.772

29.228

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 407 )

34

6.14

34.00

23.331

3.331

30.669

35

6.33

35.00

22.858

2.858

32.142

36

6.51

36.00

22.351

2.351

33.649

37

6.69

37.00

21.813

1.813

35.187

38

6.87

38.00

21.241

1.241

36.759

39

7.05

39.00

20.637

0.637

38.363

40

7.23

40.00

20.000

0.000

40.000

Y red

Grp

Case 2 : Mannually tensioned


Tightening tension
Unit length Weight

1000 N

5N

Length of the cable

40.65 m

Cable Weigth

203.24 N

Max Downward Deflection

0.033

Table 10.5. Guy Cable Behavior under tension and self weight
X(L )

y, (H)

0.00

0.00

20.000

0.000

0.000

0.18

1.00

20.003

0.003

0.997

0.36

2.00

20.006

0.006

1.994

0.54

3.00

20.009

0.009

2.991

0.72

4.00

20.012

0.012

3.988

0.90

5.00

20.014

0.014

4.986

1.08

6.00

20.017

0.017

5.983

1.27

7.00

20.019

0.019

6.981

1.45

8.00

20.021

0.021

7.979

1.63

9.00

20.023

0.023

8.977

10

1.81

10.00

20.024

0.024

9.976

11

1.99

11.00

20.026

0.026

10.974

12

2.17

12.00

20.027

0.027

11.973

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Y Sag

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 408 )

13

2.35

13.00

20.029

0.029

12.971

14

2.53

14.00

20.030

0.030

13.970

15

2.71

15.00

20.031

0.031

14.969

16

2.89

16.00

20.031

0.031

15.969

17

3.07

17.00

20.032

0.032

16.968

18

3.25

18.00

20.032

0.032

17.968

19

3.43

19.00

20.033

0.033

18.967

20

3.61

20.00

20.033

0.033

19.967

21

3.80

21.00

20.033

0.033

20.967

22

3.98

22.00

20.032

0.032

21.968

23

4.16

23.00

20.032

0.032

22.968

24

4.34

24.00

20.031

0.031

23.969

25

4.52

25.00

20.031

0.031

24.969

26

4.70

26.00

20.030

0.030

25.970

27

4.88

27.00

20.029

0.029

26.971

28

5.06

28.00

20.027

0.027

27.973

29

5.24

29.00

20.026

0.026

28.974

30

5.42

30.00

20.024

0.024

29.976

31

5.60

31.00

20.023

0.023

30.977

32

5.78

32.00

20.021

0.021

31.979

33

5.96

33.00

20.019

0.019

32.981

34

6.14

34.00

20.017

0.017

33.983

35

6.33

35.00

20.014

0.014

34.986

36

6.51

36.00

20.012

0.012

35.988

37

6.69

37.00

20.009

0.009

36.991

38

6.87

38.00

20.006

0.006

37.994

39

7.05

39.00

20.003

0.003

38.997

40

7.23

40.00

20.000

0.000

40.000

Case 3 : When Applied Initial tension


Tightening tension

6180.3 N

Unit length Weight

5N

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 409 )

Length of the cable

40.65 m

Cable Weigth

203.24 N

Max Downward Deflection

0.005

Table 10.6. Guy Cable Behavior under tension and self weight
X(L )

y, (H)

0.00

0.00

0.18

Y red

Grp

20.000

0.000

0.000

1.00

20.001

0.001

0.999

0.36

2.00

20.001

0.001

1.999

0.54

3.00

20.001

0.001

2.999

0.72

4.00

20.002

0.002

3.998

0.90

5.00

20.002

0.002

4.998

1.08

6.00

20.003

0.003

5.997

1.27

7.00

20.003

0.003

6.997

1.45

8.00

20.003

0.003

7.997

1.63

9.00

20.004

0.004

8.996

10

1.81

10.00

20.004

0.004

9.996

11

1.99

11.00

20.004

0.004

10.996

12

2.17

12.00

20.004

0.004

11.996

13

2.35

13.00

20.005

0.005

12.995

14

2.53

14.00

20.005

0.005

13.995

15

2.71

15.00

20.005

0.005

14.995

16

2.89

16.00

20.005

0.005

15.995

17

3.07

17.00

20.005

0.005

16.995

18

3.25

18.00

20.005

0.005

17.995

19

3.43

19.00

20.005

0.005

18.995

20

3.61

20.00

20.005

0.005

19.995

21

3.80

21.00

20.005

0.005

20.995

22

3.98

22.00

20.005

0.005

21.995

23

4.16

23.00

20.005

0.005

22.995

24

4.34

24.00

20.005

0.005

23.995

25

4.52

25.00

20.005

0.005

24.995

26

4.70

26.00

20.005

0.005

25.995

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Y Sag

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 410 )

27

4.88

27.00

20.005

0.005

26.995

28

5.06

28.00

20.004

0.004

27.996

29

5.24

29.00

20.004

0.004

28.996

30

5.42

30.00

20.004

0.004

29.996

31

5.60

31.00

20.004

0.004

30.996

32

5.78

32.00

20.003

0.003

31.997

33

5.96

33.00

20.003

0.003

32.997

34

6.14

34.00

20.003

0.003

33.997

35

6.33

35.00

20.002

0.002

34.998

36

6.51

36.00

20.002

0.002

35.998

37

6.69

37.00

20.001

0.001

36.999

38

6.87

38.00

20.001

0.001

37.999

39

7.05

39.00

20.001

0.001

38.999

40

7.23

40.00

20.000

0.000

40.000

Turn Buckle Strenth


Force allowed by the Guy Wire
D Shackle

41202 KN

10 mm

Twice Safer than The Cable for

Safer than The Cable for Tensil

Turn Buckle strength(Considering the Tread Shear)


Diameter

16 mm

Pitch

2 mm

Tread Height

0.8 mm

Tread Length per nut

16

Number of Nuts

No of Treads

16

1,608.50 mm2

Shear Area
Shear Stress

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

262.5 N/mm 2

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 411 )

Allowed Force

422,230 N

Safe

AF Antenna Wind Force

43.04 Ton

Calculation to find the tension required By Guy

Tensile
Force

TTot
WF Wind Force Twr
RM Self Righting Moment

R=0

Fig 10.5
B

10.5 Deg

39.10 m

Total Tension to be Taken by Cables


Total Righting Moment

T Tot

4.46E+05 J

Righting Moment
H x Sin b

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

62,701N

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 412 )

Calculation for Deflection and Guy wire strength


H

37.70 m

Lw

Guy Wire Diameter

0.008 m

(H2 + Lw2)1/2

38.39 m

7.23Cable
m
Fixing Height / Fixed Distance on Arm

d restored with Guy

0.14 Deg

90 + d

90.14 Deg

Cos (90+ d)

-0.002

(L + e)2

=
=

Lw2 + H2 - 2 x Lw x H Cos (90+ d)


1,474.86

(L + e)

38.40

(e)

0.017

90 - d

89.86 Deg

Cos (90 - d)

0.002

(L - a)2

=
=

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Allowable load

Lw2 + H2 - 2 x Lw x H Cos (90+ d)


1,472.23

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 413 )

(L - a)

38.37

(a)

0.017

TTot x Cos b

15,878 N
E

210 GPa

5.03E-05

F x L

Strain of the wire (e)

m2

A x E
e

0.05779 m

L+e

L +

F x L

A x E
=
Cos (90+ d)

Lw2 + H2 - (L + e)2
2 x Lw x H
-4.44
545.03

Cos (90+ d)

90 + d

d restored with Guy


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

-0.008
Cos -1 ( -0.008)

90.5 Deg

0.47 Deg

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 414 )

Deflection Analysis Done


=

0.14 Deg

Ultimate Deflection Will be

0.14 Deg

Guy Wire Should be Given an initial tension of

6,180N

Calculation to find the tension in each Guy wire using the Simplified model.
Distance at which the Guy wire is fixed on the Arm
Table 10.2. Guy wire Data
Guy Wire form TopH i (Fixed H)

7.23 m

Initial Length

bi

37.70 m

38.39 m

10.9 Deg

0.0171 m

29.80 m

30.66 m

13.6 Deg

0.0169 m

22.70 m

23.82 m

17.7 Deg

0.0166 m

15.60 m

17.19 m

24.9 Deg

0.0158 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.0 Deg

0.0000 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.0 Deg

0.0000 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.0 Deg

0.0000 m
0.0664 m

Calculation for Top most Guy wire


Failure force for Guy =
Max Strain allowed(e) =

16,147 N

T1

F x L
A x E

0.059 m

T2

b3

Failure force for Guy =


Max Strain allowed(e) =

41202 N

T3

F x L
A x E

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 415 )

Fig 10.7 Side view of Guy Wire


e

0.150 m

Max allowed Tightening of Turn Buckle


=

0.091 m

91 mm

Table 10.3. Turn Buckle safety for Guy Wire form Top(Not applied for self standing)
H i (Fixed H) Initial Tension
Turns Initial Max e Allowed
Max Tightening
1

37.00 m

6,180.30 N

5.62

0.150 m

0.133m

29.80 m

6,180.30 N

4.49

0.120 m

0.103m

22.70 m

6,180.30 N

3.49

0.093 m

0.076m

15.60 m

6,180.30 N

2.52

0.067 m

0.051m

0.00 m

0.00 N

0.00

0.000 m

0.000m

0.00 m

0.00 N

0.00

0.000 m

0.000m

0.00 m

0.00 N

0.00

0.000 m

0.000m

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 416 )

11 . Twisting Failure

Consideration of a Slanted Member Givng the Righting moment to resist twist


Turning Moment if the total Area is at the X tream Fibre
Y Xtream

Y extream
Dish Radius

0.50

1.38

Distance to Center of Wind Force


=

1.88

1,889.37

6.387 m2

Wind Force

12,068.21

Turning Moment

22,712.10

Pressure
Area

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Pa

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 417 )

Note: Segments of 3 m Heights is checked to have a righting moment greater than this value

L Guy Br
5o

Li

ao

Fig .Incident of Tower section being Rotated

L Ex
L sh

180-5
2

87.5

Note: The Twisting Member Can be assumed to be fixed from Both ends if Cross Guys are present at the top.
Trial and error MannerTwist angle at the center of Total tower which satisfies the required safty factor
=

4.90 Degrees

If the Top most section of the tower is applied cross guys then the twist at the center will be Half of the
twist angle at the center.

t2

t sh

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

2x (L Sh)2 x (1- Cos (g))

14660.215

121.07938

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 418 )

Triangle Height
L Sh

1,074 mm

709 mm

Li

37000 mm

=
=

L Ex 2

180 - a
92.5
Li2

+
-

1.369E+09

L Ex

37005.479

Extension

5.48 mm

12

65.75 mm

No of Cables At this Height


Total Extension

Cable Axial Force required per cable to extend

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

209.80 Gpa
5.03E-05 m2
0.0054791 m
Li - Initial Tightening

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 419 )

37.000 m

AEe
L I - Initieal Ex
1561.85 N

Righting Turning Moment per cable

1106.97

Number of Cables

All cables at the same height

6641.83 J

Gap Between two concecutive stiffner weld points


Li

Distance Between two wave peaks

Height of Twr

No of segments for analysis

Total Rotation allowed

Allowed Per Segment

=
a/Deg

b/Deg

Considering The Pipes Being tensioned


Tri Height

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

X sec Area

Design By : Aravinda Perera

t/(m)

Peak Gap

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 420 )

Top Most

0.143

0.000412 0.000245

0.200

2nd Frm Top

0.211

0.000412 0.000361

0.200

3rd Frm Top

0.286

0.000690 0.000489

0.400

4th Frm Top

0.369

0.000690 0.000631

0.400

5th Frm Top

0.451

0.000690 0.000771

0.400

0.000

0.000000 0.000000

0.000

0.000000 0.000000

e/(m)

Axial Force Righting Moment


No of Segments

Top Most

0.00000057

246

35

47

2nd Frm Top

0.00000094

408

86

43

3rd Frm Top

0.00000072

260

74

21

4th Frm Top

0.00000104

375

139

21

5th Frm Top

0.00000140

508

229

21

0.00000000

0.00000000

L Pipe Cen

0.05o

L com Stif
t

Li
Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 421 )

Li
q
L ten Stif

Pipe Distance
q
q

Li2

L Ex 2

2 x L Ex x L i

L Ten Sitff 2

BS shafting

(L i/2) 2 +

Pipe Distance 2 - 2xPipe Disx(L i/2) 2

209.8 Gpa

Considering The Stiffner Being tensioned(Only one Side of Prism Considered)


Tensioned Stiffner

q/(m)

Pipe Dis Eff LeverageStiff X sec

1 Top Most

0.070

0.251

0.072

0.0001131

2 2nd Frm Top

0.103

0.369

0.105

0.0001131

3 3rd Frm Top

0.070

0.500

0.143

0.0002011

4 4th Frm Top

0.090

0.646

0.185

0.0002011

5 5th Frm Top

0.110

0.789

0.225

0.0002011

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

e/(m)

Axial Force Righting Moment


No of Segments

Top Most

0.00011375

10003.16

716.39

47

2nd Frm Top

0.00017409

10802.79

1139.42

43

3rd Frm Top

0.00022711

17776.17

2542.35

21

4th Frm Top

0.00030137

18809.84

3470.44

21

5th Frm Top

0.00037377

19370.30

4367.75

21

0.00000000

0.00

0.00

0.00000000

0.00

0.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 422 )

Total Of Righting Moments For 3m Lengths


Per 0.4 Segment

Max Turning Moment Allowed for 3m Section


=

22,712.10 J

Number of segments for 3 m Distance


=

3/0.4

7.5
For 3m Seg

Te'n R Mom/(J)

Com/Pipe R Mom/(J)
Te'n R Mom/(J)Com/Pipe R Mom/(J)

Top Most

2149.17

2184.43

16118.76

16383.22

2nd Frm Top

3418.25

3504.27

25636.87

26282.00

3rd Frm Top

7627.05

7701.31

57202.85

57759.81

4th Frm Top

10411.31

10549.84

78084.79

79123.77

5th Frm Top

13103.25

13332.22

98274.39

99991.67

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Total R Mom/(J)

SF

Top Most

35822.89

1.58

2nd Frm Top

51918.87

2.29

3rd Frm Top

114962.66

5.06

4th Frm Top

157208.56

7.92

5th Frm Top

198266.06

9.73

Sections requireing Cyrups indicated as per the color code

SF

Top Most

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

1.58

Stiff Presence
ColorCode
1

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 423 )

2nd Frm Top

2.29

3rd Frm Top

5.06

4th Frm Top

7.92

5th Frm Top

9.73

11 . Yielding Failure

Yielding Failure in Compression


According AISI standard 1.95 additional safety factor is given to check Yield failure
Considering Bottom most section (5th From Top)
Subjected load

73,359 N

AISI Load

143,051 N

Area

=
=

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

3 x Pipe Cress section area


1.24E-03

m2

PxA

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 424 )

115.61

sy

310 MPa

<

sy

MPa

Therefore yielding does not occur with current parameters


Table 11.1. Yielding Failure in Compression Analysis
Section

AISI Load

Yield/(MPa)

Status

SF

Top Most

54,332 N

43.91

Safe

7.06

2nd Frm Top

96,734 N

78.18

Safe

3.97

3rd Frm Top

139,140 N

112.45

Safe

2.76

4th Frm Top

143,051 N

115.61

Safe

2.68

5th Frm Top

25,405 N

20.53

Safe

15.10

Table 9.10. Bending Moment Failure Analysis without Guy Wire


Bending Moment/(J)
Section

Guy

Wind Force Inclination

Total

Top Most

0.00E+00

2.83E+04

4.52E+03

3.28E+04

2nd Frm Top

0.00E+00

6.03E+04

4.02E+03

6.43E+04

3rd Frm Top

0.00E+00

1.14E+05

3.55E+03

1.18E+05

4th Frm Top

0.00E+00

1.75E+05

2.58E+03

1.78E+05

5th Frm Top

0.00E+00

2.45E+05

1.12E+03

2.46E+05

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

6.23E+05

1.58E+04

Bending Moment/(J)
Section

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

BM Allowed

Wind Force

Inclination M Left for W H


F Above

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 425 )

Top Most

2.00E+04

4.52E+03

1.54E+04

5.35

2nd Frm Top

2.69E+04

4.02E+03

2.29E+04

8.90

3rd Frm Top

6.19E+04

3.55E+03

5.84E+04

12.45

4th Frm Top

7.63E+04

2.58E+03

7.37E+04

16.00

5th Frm Top

9.06E+04

1.12E+03

8.95E+04

19.55

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00

2.76E+05
Section

Area Abv

1.58E+04

2.60E+05

Pressure Allowed
Velocity

FailureSpeeds

Top Most

2.80 m2

1,032 Pa

41.48 ms-1 118 Kmph

2nd Frm Top

3.91 m2

658 Pa

33.11 ms-1

3rd Frm Top

5.29 m2

886 Pa

38.43 ms-1 114 Kmph

4th Frm Top

6.68 m2

690 Pa

33.91 ms-1 101 Kmph

5th Frm Top

8.06 m2

568 Pa

30.76 ms-1

94 Kmph

0.00 m2

0 Pa

0.00 ms-1

0 Kmph

0.00 m2

0 Pa

0.00 ms-1

0 Kmph

94 Kmph

Note: Irection can be allowed if and only if wind speed is less than
(Irection Means when no Guy wires)

Critical case of tower under going maximum downward


Calculation for Strength of Lifting Cable
Note : Critical case of tower being lift under 160 KMPH wind velocity while the guy wires fixed
Load on Lifting cables
=

Load on one cable

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Compression force - weight of bottom section

60,292 N

30,146.0 N

Design By : Aravinda Perera

3.1 Ton

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 426 )

Maximum allowed load per cable


=

4 Ton

Thus The system is stable for most Critical Case


Calculation for Strength of tower lock
=

Load on Tower Lock

60,292

6 Ton

`
Diameter of the shaft

Shear Area

0.00113

m2

Shear Area For Both

0.00227

m2

F/A

Stress Developed

38 mm

2.7

E+07 N/m2

Bending Stress ( s )

270 N/mm2

Shear Strength

2.70 E+08 (N/mm2)

SF

10.16

10.3 Bending failure of Guide Arms


1. Plates

Top/Bottom Thickness- 5mm High tensile(Equivalent to 8.5mm MS


Side Plate Thickness- 10mm

Thickness Height
Thickness Width

Material Mild Steel

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Tensile Stress

523 N/mm2

Yield Strength

335 N/mm2

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 427 )

Reaction Force

9.911

Bending Stress

3 E+08 Pa

270 N/mm2

Steel Density

E+04 N

7,900.00 Kg/m3

Sh stress for M/S

4 E+08 Pa

370 N/mm2

Allowed S Force

8.347
BM

E+05 N

Ixs
y

Note: High tensile steel is used in order to reduce the weight of the arm and maximize the bending Str

w it prevents bending

Also Minimum cross section area is considered for critical

Table 10. 7 Bending failure of Guide Arms Input Data


Arm Length x from end
X sec Area

0.00 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.30 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.60 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.90 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

1.20 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

1.50 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

1.80 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

2.10 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

2.40 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

2.70 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

10

3.00 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

11

3.30 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

12

3.60 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

13

3.90 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

14

4.20 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

15

4.50 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 428 )

16

4.80 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

17

5.10 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

18

5.40 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

19

5.70 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

20

6.00 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

Note: A Doublers plate and the pivot bush is playing the role in Increasing the cross section area of the arm nea
M of Inertia Cross area
SHS Slant

100x100x3

1.83 E-06

0.00116

SHS for Stiff

100x100x3

1.83 E-06

0.00052

Projected Area

Projected Area

Area/ Cos (Angle)

Table 10. 8 Inertia of Guide Arm with extra Box Stiffener


Arm Length x from end
Inertia Sys

Inertia Arm Inertia Top Box


Fixed Height

0.00 m

2.08 E-05

3.34 E-06

1.20 E-05

0.200

0.30 m

3.90 E-05

3.34 E-06

2.11 E-05

0.265

0.60 m

6.47 E-05

3.34 E-06

3.27 E-05

0.330

0.90 m

3.35 E-05

3.34 E-06

1.20 E-05

0.395

1.20 m

3.90 E-05

3.34 E-06

2.11 E-05

0.460

1.50 m

1.12 E-04

3.34 E-06

8.27 E-05

0.525

1.80 m

1.67 E-04

3.34 E-06

1.04 E-04

0.590

2.10 m

1.48 E-04

3.34 E-06

1.29 E-04

0.655

2.40 m

1.63 E-04

3.34 E-06

1.55 E-04

0.720

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2.70 m

2.16 E-04

3.34 E-06

1.85 E-04

0.785

10

3.00 m

3.18 E-04

3.34 E-06

2.17 E-04

0.850

11

3.30 m

2.82 E-04

3.34 E-06

2.51 E-04

0.915

12

3.60 m

2.96 E-04

3.34 E-06

2.88 E-04

0.980

13

3.90 m

3.75 E-04

3.34 E-06

3.28 E-04

1.045

14

4.20 m

5.36 E-04

3.34 E-06

3.70 E-04

1.110

15

4.50 m

4.22 E-04

3.34 E-06

4.14 E-04

1.175

16

4.80 m

4.69 E-04

3.34 E-06

4.61 E-04

1.240

17

5.10 m

5.19 E-04

3.34 E-06

5.11 E-04

1.305

18

5.40 m

5.71 E-04

3.34 E-06

5.63 E-04

1.370

19

5.70 m

6.26 E-04

3.34 E-06

6.18 E-04

1.435

20

6.00 m

6.83 E-04

3.34 E-06

6.75 E-04

1.500

Angle between Two box bars

0.25
14.0 Deg

Table 10.8 .Bending failure of Guide Arms Data comparison


Length x from end Wt/ (Kg)

S Force

Mx

BM Allowed

0.00

5.35

0.30

5.35

9.9

E+04 2.97 E+04 4.21 E+05

0.60

5.35

9.9

E+04 5.95 E+04 6.98 E+05

0.90

5.35

9.9

E+04 8.92 E+04 3.61 E+05

1.20

5.35

9.9

E+04 1.19 E+05 4.21 E+05

1.50

5.35

9.9

E+04 1.49 E+05 1.21 E+06

1.80

5.35

9.9

E+04 1.78 E+05 1.81 E+06

2.10

5.35

9.9

E+04 2.08 E+05 1.60 E+06

2.40

5.35

9.9

E+04 2.38 E+05 1.76 E+06

2.70

5.35

9.9

E+04 2.68 E+05 2.33 E+06

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

0.00 E+00

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10

3.00

5.35

9.9

E+04 2.98 E+05 3.43 E+06

11

3.30

5.35

9.9

E+04 3.27 E+05 3.05 E+06

12

3.60

5.35

9.9

E+04 3.57 E+05 3.20 E+06

13

3.90

5.35

9.9

E+04 3.87 E+05 4.05 E+06

14

4.20

5.35

9.9

E+04 4.17 E+05 5.79 E+06

15

4.50

5.35

9.9

E+04 4.47 E+05 4.56 E+06

16

4.80

5.35

9.9

E+04 4.76 E+05 5.07 E+06

17

5.10

5.35

9.9

E+04 5.06 E+05 5.60 E+06

18

5.40

5.35

9.9

E+04 5.36 E+05 6.17 E+06

19

5.70

5.35

9.9

E+04 5.66 E+05 6.76 E+06

20

6.00

5.35

9.9

E+04 5.96 E+05 7.37 E+06

106.93
max Shearing

Safe

Arm Pivot Point failures(Strenth of pivoting Point is Neglected, Arm will turn about Upper
pivoting Point)
No of Pivot Plates

Thickness

0.020 m

Weld Contact Lenth

0.100 m

Area

0.004 m2

Distance Between Pivot Pts

1.5 m

Forces On Cantelevered Arm


Weight
Arm Wt

Force

Tr M

576 Kg

-5652

3.250

-18368 J

3127 Kg

-30678

6.500

-199408 J

Guy Top

15858

7.100

112592 J

Guy Mid

15527

7.000

108686 J

Guy Bottom

14925

6.900

102986 J

Arm Compression

9980

Concrete

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106487 J

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Force At Pivot

70991

This can easily be Overcome by even only one of 8.8 Bolts


Stress developed

Allowed Tensile Stress


S.F

17747784 N/m2

17.75 N/mm2

348.00 N/mm2

19.61

According to the Study The most Critical case is near the pivot center
To increase the bending strength of the arm stiffeners are introduced
at certain points of the arm.
The Doublers plate and the pivot bush is playing the role in Increasing
the cross section area of the arm near the pivot.
Thus the Guide arm is Safe all critical cases considered.

13 . Calculation to find the bearing capacity depending on the soil condition

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As mentioned earlier in case of system falling about two arms The total weight can
be considered to act on Just Two Arms
Desiding On concrete Blocks at x tream Points
Total Weight of System-Two Blocks

14189 Kg

Weight on One Arm

14 Ton
2

LandingLegsCapacity

7.1 Ton

40 Ton

Therefore the landing legs does not fail due to load

Area of the shoe/Concrete Block

Stress On Shoe

1.50 m

2.25 m2

Force

Area
=

30,933 Pa

30.93 KN/m2

Allowed By site Soil

40 N/m2

SF

1.29

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0.031 MPa

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Desiding On Concrete Block Under the Twr


Load

10,443 N

LandingLegsCapacity

5.2 Ton

40 Ton

Therefore the landing legs does not fail due to load

Area of the shoe/Concrete Block

Stress On Shoe

1.50 m

2.25 m2

Force

Area
=

22,765 Pa

0.023 MPa

22.76 KN/m2

Allowed By site Soil

40 N/m2

SF

1.76

Therefore the landing legs does not fail due to load

Area of the shoe

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0.60 m

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Stress On Shoe

0.36 m2

Force
Area

19,707 Pa

0.020 MPa

Obviously the stress value Occurred at the shoe much lesser than Yield Stress if steel (355Mpa)

Therefore the shoe of landing legs does not fail due to load

17 . Calculation for Dimensions of the Occupied Projected Land Area

Length extended from front Bolster

Max Length // to Center Line

1.50 m

Max(Y R LL , Y Platform ) +Max(Front Side ,Y F LL


5.14 m

=
Width 90o to Center Line

=
=

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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#REF!

2 x (Width Side ways)


12.69 m
Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 435 )

18 . Finalized Parameter Values relevant to tower Models and Relevant Cases

Front Extention Pivot / (m)

#REF!

Rear Extension Pivot / (m)

0.000

Front Extention / (m)

6.00 m

Rear Extension / (m)

0.00 m

Front Extension Angle / (Deg)

120 Deg

Rear Extension Angle / (Deg)

0 Deg

Rented area length/(m)

Rented area width/(m)

12.69 m

Max Inclination/(Degrees)

0.00 Deg

#REF!

19 . CONCLUSION

1 ) According to the design calculation carried out throughout the study, It has been proven
beyond doubt that the system isstable under the Strength limit status velocity or Survival
Wind Velocity.

2 ) Therefore it is certain that the system is Stable for the Serviceability limit or Operational Wind
Velocity. (AISI Standard)

3 ) During the Calculation tower has been tested for Bending, Tensile, Shear , Buckling and
Yielding failure, and proven safe.

4 ) All failure tests are satisfied the AISI safety factor Requirements Under
Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 436 )

TIA - 222 -G Standards

5 ) The design of the Tower Supporting Frame and the locking system
confirm the rigidity of the tower relative to base frame.

6 ) Provided that the velocity is lower than the survival velocity the system
is stable regardless of the direction of wind flow.

7 ) The ground utilization has been optimized by the design.

20 . REFERENCES

AISI/EIA/TIA-222-G Standard

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( 437 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 438 )

..

city Variation with Height..

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( 439 )

Pipe Data..

cal Pipe Data Derived from Table 03..

nd force and Gravity centers..

feners..

inertia of the Composite sections..

Tower Sections..
Effect on Projected Area..

nt Failure Analysis..

..

..

..

..

alysis
the wind flow side

..

..

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( 440 )

..

..

..

..

..

Units
m2
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
Kgm2
Kgm2
m
m
Nos

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( 441 )

m
m
m
m
Num
m
m
Nm
Kg/m
Kg/m

Units
Pa
Nm
m
m

to AISI EIA/TIA 222 G

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( 442 )

ed to adopt the formal

ion taken will be

e reviewing the reader

pecimen calculation

n done to prevent the


weight of antennae

Ref- Head Load details

d, Primered and

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( 443 )

as the major fact

characteristics

r at a given time

ocated a 0.85

st likely to turn

er of the wind force.

ticle perpendicular

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( 444 )

Extreme Point

Also ice loading

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( 445 )

0.5

0.04 m2

0.5

0.01 m2

0.5

0.01 m2
0.05 m2

Proj Area Drag Coeff


1.35 m2

1.18

0.68 m2

1.18

0.68 m2

1.18

1.13 m2

1.2

1.13 m2

1.2

0.03 m2

0.5

0.06 m2

0.5

5.05 m2
0.5
5.05 m2

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( 446 )

1.69 m2

0.00 m2

0.5

1.69 m2

Proj Area Drag Coeff


2.28 m2

0.5

2.22 m2

0.5

2.77 m2

0.5

2.77 m2

0.5

2.77 m2

0.5

From System Level


From Ground Level

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( 447 )

(DIN 17100 Standard)

(DIN 17100 Standard)

(DIN 17100 Standard)

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( 448 )

ms-1
ms-1

ng formulae and factors.

ival wind velocity.

nd speed of the place in m/s

y Factor(Risk coefficient)

eight and Structure size Factor

phy Factor ( 1.0 for planes )

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( 449 )

K3 (Topography)
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

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( 450 )

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( 451 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 452 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 453 )

Un Wt of Pipe

L Pipe

8.76 Kg/m

2.40 m

3.24 Kg/m

9.30 m

3.24 Kg/m

8.50 m

5.41 Kg/m

8.50 m

5.41 Kg/m

8.50 m

5.41 Kg/m

8.50 m

0.00 Kg/m

0.00 m

0.00 Kg/m

0.00 m

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Area

Rad of Gyration

0.001116

0.000614

0.000412

0.000107

0.000412

0.000107

0.000690

0.000237

0.000690

0.000237

0.000690

0.000237

0.000000

0.000000

0.000000

0.000000

M tot

R = Wt

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um just before falling

Self offset X valCen Gr Abv Section

0.66 m

37.90 mm

0.58 m

33.75 mm

0.45 m

30.20 mm

0.32 m

26.65 mm

0.20 m

23.10 mm

0.07 m

19.55 mm

0.00 m

0.00 mm

0.00 m

0.00 mm

L stiff/(m) n Stiffeners
6.000

5.5

6.000

6.000

6.000

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6.000

0.000

0.000

al axis is found

h12) + [2 x ( I + a x h22)]

I Composite
8.624 E-04
1.801 E-05
3.572 E-05
1.115 E-04
1.773 E-04
2.572 E-04
0.000 E+00
0.000 E+00

Cen Gr Frm Bottom


Wt x X
37.90 m
33.05 m

3953.55

25.55 m

3062.06

18.45 m

3771.79

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11.35 m

2320.31

4.25 m

868.84

0.00 m

0.00

0.00 m

0.00

16.39 m

13976.55

Pole (Only)
Center of
(AISI Standard)

d Area x Force Coefficient

Total Above Wind Force/(N)


1.658 m2 3.13 E+03
2.796 m2 5.28 E+03
3.908 m2 6.77 E+03
5.293 m2 9.17 E+03
6.678 m2 1.10 E+04
8.064 m2 1.25 E+04
0.000 m2 0.00 E+00
0.000 m2 0.00 E+00

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Sec BM

BM Total

8.17 E+03

8.17 E+03

3.28 E+04

-1.36 E+05

6.43 E+04

-7.05 E+04

1.18 E+05

-7.64 E+04

1.78 E+05

-1.17 E+04

2.46 E+05

3.82 E+04

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
0
0

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Pipe Distance 2

L ten Stiff 2

2 x L Com Stif x L i

DefPerSegment

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( 460 )

L Comp Stiff
0.3204588
0.4195950
0.5385516
0.6754717
0.8134099
0.0000000
0.0000000

Gpa

Contr Len ,c

Force x Perpedicular Distance

No of SegmentsTotal R Mom/(J)

47

68,692

43

40,541

21

46,310

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( 461 )

21

30,340

21

29,729

0
215,612

No of SegmentsTotal R Mom/(J)

47

86,086

43

74,767

21

115,537

21

97,469

21

116,229

0
490,088

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orientation of tower when irected

on of Arm or leverage beam.

0.00 Kg

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( 463 )

No of CubesTot Weight
2

6253Kg

6253Kg

6253Kg
18760Kg

entions therefore

whole system is

about two ground

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( 464 )

R = Wt

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R = Wt

Tr Moment
4.8 E+05 J
4.1 E+05 J 8.9 E+05 J
0.0 E+00 J

Turn ower TM

6.7 E+05 J

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( 466 )

Centre of

Stability Circle

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(Minimum Perpendicular Distance From Tower center)

Calculations are followed

ind Flow and its Direction can't be predicted.

62,336 N

3m

93

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( 468 )

considered for failiure analysis.

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Angle
120 Deg

0 Deg

Stable

X Platform

a
g

Fig 14.4. Arm and Guy wire orientation Case

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Ref Fig 14.3 to see directions

Pivot

- Y Tower)2 ) 1/2

/ (Y Pivot - Y Tower)}

44.38

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X Platform
k
q Guy
Tower

14.5. Arm and Guy wire


orientation Case 2

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( 472 )

YR Pivot

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( 473 )

TWR

-m

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( 474 )

x Tan d - (Y TWR x Tan d}

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h of guide arms by

eeded in doing so.

5.14 m
6.35 m
4.36 m

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( 476 )

Bolting material canbe assumed to be at the center

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( 477 )

(Number of Bolts and size can be desided on this)

chemical and to

12566.371
314159.27

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120
T120oo

TT

T
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Fig 10.2. Plan view of Guy wire Orientation

own system reduces to the following system

onsidered to have one guy wire per Guy arm

among Guy wires depending on inclination

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R = Wt

Ref 14.Stability Calculation

Cable Fixing Height / Fixed Distance on Arm

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0.185)

Total Turning Moment by Guys


Heignt x Sin b

TTot x Sin b + Head Load


=

6.4 Ton

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andard Safety factor 0.85 for a guyed mast

Subjected load

S.F

27,863 N

30.57

49,607 N

40.65

71,354 N

88.09

73,359 N

135.94

13,028 N

1109.20

Subjected load

S.F

29,036 N

71.20

50,783 N

40.71

73,359 N

104.65

75,365 N

101.86

15,034 N

510.64

n of each section

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0N

0.00

0N

0.00

45.00

40.00

35.00

30.00

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25.00

20.00

15.00

10.00

5.00

0.00
0.00

1.00

2.00

3.00

4.00

5.00

6.00

7.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

8.00

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45.00

40.00

35.00

30.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 486 )

25.00

20.00

15.00

10.00

5.00

0.00
0.00

1.00

2.00

3.00

4.00

5.00

6.00

7.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

8.00

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45.00

40.00

35.00

30.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 488 )

25.00

20.00

15.00

10.00

5.00

0.00
0.00

1.00

2.00

3.00

4.00

5.00

6.00

7.00

8.00

Twice Safer than The Cable for Tensile


Safer than The Cable for Tensile

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 489 )

Antenna Wind Force

CF1
Compression
Force

Self Righting Moment

Fig 10.5 Side view of the Reduced section

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( 490 )

Height / Fixed Distance on Arm

4.20 Ton
41202 N

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 491 )

38.445 m

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 492 )

(From Tower Center)


Factor

Tension Ti

0.2575

16,147 N

0.2548

15,977 N

0.2498

15,664 N

0.2379

14,914 N

0.0000

0N

0.0000

0N

0.0000

0N
62,701 N

1
T1

b1

TTot

2
b2

b3

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 493 )

Side view of Guy Wire

d for self standing)


Max No of Turns
33.22
25.72
19.12
12.84
0.00
0.00
0.00

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( 494 )

Y Xtream
R Dish

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( 495 )

ment greater than this value

nt of Tower section being Rotated

oss Guys are present at the top.

he required safty factor

center will be Half of the

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 496 )

t2
2xtxLi

Cos (b)

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Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 497 )

0.200 m
0.400 m
40
100
9.8 Deg
0.098 Deg
89.951

Deg

90.049

Deg

L Ex

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 498 )

0.20000057
0.20000094
0.40000072
0.40000104
0.40000140

Total R Mom/(J)

1640
3656
1578
2944
4866
0
0
14683

com Stif

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( 499 )

L i/ 2

ten Stif

ipe Distance
t2

nce 2 - 2xPipe Disx(L i/2) 2

x Cos (q + 90)

Tensioned Stiffner

Initial

Exp Len

0.2698080

0.2699217

0.3823721

0.3825462

0.5389253

0.5391525

0.6758561

0.6761575

0.8139539

0.8143277

0.0000000

0.0000000

0.0000000

0.0000000

Total R Mom/(J)

33312.10
48425.20
54024.91
73746.75
92814.70
0.00
0.00
302,323.65

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( 500 )

Guy Wire
3320.9148

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 501 )

check Yield failure

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( 502 )

BM Allowed Safety Factor


3.39E+04

1.04

4.57E+04

0.71

1.05E+05

0.89

1.30E+05

0.73

1.54E+05

0.63

0.00E+00

0.00

0.00E+00

0.00

Wind Force
Wind Force

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 503 )

2,886.32
2,569.99
4,689.07
4,607.66
4,576.40
0.00
0.00

FailureSpeeds

94.07 Kmph

wer under going maximum downward

velocity while the guy wires fixed


weight of bottom section

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( 504 )

0.038 m

valent to 8.5mm MS

Thickness Height

0.006

Thickness Width

0.006

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 505 )

he arm and maximize the bending Strength, case.

b
0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088

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( 506 )

0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088
0.088

the cross section area of the arm near the pivot.


Projected Area
0.001200
0.000516

Inertia ExtraFixed
Stiff Height RHS
5.48 E-06
1.46 E-05
2.87 E-05

0.330

1.81 E-05

0.165

1.46 E-05

0.000

2.58 E-05

0.295

5.95 E-05

0.590

1.58 E-05

0.295

4.57 E-06

0.000

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( 507 )

2.79 E-05

0.425

9.78 E-05

0.850

2.79 E-05

0.425

4.57 E-06

0.000

4.43 E-05

0.555

1.63 E-04

1.110

4.57 E-06
4.57 E-06
4.57 E-06
4.57 E-06
4.57 E-06
4.57 E-06

Bending

SF

Safe

14.17

Safe

11.74

Safe

4.05

Safe

3.54

Safe

8.12

Safe

10.12

Safe

7.67

Safe

7.41

Safe

8.71

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( 508 )

Safe

11.53

Safe

9.31

Safe

8.95

Safe

10.47

Safe

13.90

Safe

10.21

Safe

10.64

Safe

11.07

Safe

11.50

Safe

11.94

Safe

12.38

m will turn about Upper

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 509 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 510 )

14 Ton

1.50 m

N/m2

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 511 )

10 Ton

1.50 m

N/m2

0.60 m

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 512 )

an Yield Stress if steel (355Mpa)

LL ,

Y Platform ) +Max(Front Side ,Y F LL )


#REF!

dth Side ways)

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( 513 )

dy, It has been proven

atus velocity or Survival

lity limit or Operational Wind

e, Shear , Buckling and

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 514 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 515 )

0.00 B SF

40 m

TOWER CALCULATION
0.650 m

Revision

SEMI TRAILER

Above Ground Level

( 5.4 )

April 2009 Edition

CONTENTS
Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 516 )

1.GENERAL
1.1 Strenth Limt States
1.2 Serviceability Limit States
1.3 Analysis
1.4 Definitions
1.5 Symbols
2.LOADS
Scope
Classification of Structure
Combination of Loads
Tempeerature Effects
Dead Loads
Wind and Ice Loads

3.ANALYSIS
4.DESIGN STRENTH OF STEEL
5.MANUFACTURING

6.OTHER STRUCTURAL
STRUCTURE
MATERIAL
CLASSIFICATION
7.GUY ASSEMBLIES
8.INSULATORS
9.GUY ARM/FOUNDATION AND ANCHORAGES
Conrete
10.PROTECTIVEBending
GROUNDING
Strength Calculation

Table 9.1. Wind Velocity Variation with Height

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 517 )

11.OBSTRUCTION MARKINGTable 9.2. Tower Vertical Pipe Data

Table 9.3. Tower Vertical Pipe Data Derived from Table 03


12.CLIMBING FACILITIES

Table 9.4. Section Wind force and Gravity centers

Table 9.5. Data of Stiffeners

13.PLANS, ASSEMBLY TOLARANCES,AND


Table 9.6. Moment
MARKING
of inertia of the Composite sections

Table 9.7. Weight of Tower Sections

14.MAINTAINANCE AND CONDITION


Table9.8.ASSESMENT
Wind Force Effect on Projected Area

Table 9.9. Bending Moment Failure Analysis

15.EXISTING STRUCTURES
10 . Calculation for Buckling & Deflection
Calculation for buckling failure..

Table 10.1. Buckling Failure Analysis


Table 10.2. Buckling for bottom most sub section

Calculation for Lifting Cable strength

Calculation for Deflection & Guy wire strenth


Table 10.2. Guy wire Data.
10.3 Bending failure of Guide Arms
11 . Yielding Failure
Yielding Failure in Compression.
Table 11.1. Yielding Failure in Compression Analysis
Yielding Failure in Tension
Table 11.2. Tower Tensile failure of the pipe on the wind flow side
12 . Failure from the pivot..
Table 12.1. Analysis for Failure from the pivot
13 . Failure of Landing Leg Sand Shoe
14 . STABILITY CALCULATION..
Table 14.1. Shelter Details
Table 14.2. Tower Frame Details
Table 14.3. Guide Arms

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Table 14.4. Base Frame Details


Table 14.5. Concrete Block Details
Table 14.6. Load Details
Table 14.7. Turning Moment Due to Wind Force & Inclination
Table 14.8. Locating the center of Gravity
15 . Length Parameters of Guide Arms..
Calculation to find arm length for bolting Option.

16 . Safety factor Calculation..

17 . Calculation for Dimensions of the Rectangular Land Area


18 . Finalized Parameter Values relevant to tower Models and Relevant Cases
19 . CONCLUSIONS..
20 . REFERENCES..
ANNEX: BENDING CALCULATION (EACH TOWER SECTION)

1.

GENERAL

0 . Notations and Symbols


Symbol

Description

Area needed for I composite calculation


m2

Ce Gra Above

Center of gravity of the tower sections


m

Cen W Force

Center of wind force


m

d internal

Internal Diameter..
m

D Out

External Diameter.
m

D Stiff

Diameter of Stiffeners
m

Height..
m

h1

Upper portion of section height


m

h2

Lower portion of section height


m

Height Above

Height above the tower section


m

Moment of Inertia..
Kgm2

I Composite

Moment of Inertia of composite section


Kgm2

L Pipe

Length of pipe of the tower section


m

L stiff

Length of stiffener of the tower section


m

n Stiffeners

No of lengths of stiffeners
Nos

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Units

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 519 )

offset X val

Offset due to 1 degree inclination


m

Internal Radius..
m

R out

External Radius..
m

Required Ld

Required leverage distance from guide Arms for stability


m

Sch No

Schedule Number.
Num

Sec height

Sectional Height of tower section


m

SF

Safety Factor..

Start Height

Starting height of a tower section


m

Tr Moment

Turning Moment..
Nm

Un Wt of Pipe

Unit Weight of Pipe


Kg/m

Un Wt of Stiff

Unit weight of stiffeners


Kg/m

Symbol

Description

Wi Pressure

Wind Pressure..
Pa

Units

Wind Force Tr Moment


Turning Moment due to wind force
Nm
y

Distance to Extreme Fiber


m

Distance to Center of Gravity from tower side end of the m


Frame

// to Center Line Parallel to center line

90o to Center LinePerpendicular to Center line


Note: All other notations are illustrated with figures

1 . GENERAL
Tower Calculations have been done according to AISI EIA/TIA 222 G

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( 520 )

Standard. While trying to strict to standard the designer have tried to adopt the formal
procedure in order to model the systemcloser to reality. Each action taken will be
explained with illustrations in Calculation section

2 . INTRODUCTION
The study has focused on the most critical aspects of the real tower. While reviewing the reader
will be able to see the data in the form of tables. Also he will notice that Specimen calculation
is provided for the most important (Critical) row of the table. This has been done to prevent the
Proposal getting lengthen unnecessarily. The calculation for the area and weight of antennae
are followed as per customers request.
1.

All steel materials used are made according to DIN standards.

Ref 7. Material Used for Tower Sections


2.

This calculation is withstand a wind speed of

3.

Total head load weight and Area is followed


in theRefsection
Details
400 Kg
HeadHead
LoadLoad
details

160 Kmph

Customer allowed area Max is 6.00 m2

4.

All tower sections are subjected to Hot dip Galvanization.

5.

Tower support frame and Platform structure is sand blasted, Primered and

painted according to clients requirement.

4 . DESIGN PHILOSOPHY RELATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL LOADS


The proposed revision of the standard is based on limit states design.
The structures are checked for two major limit states.
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( 521 )

i ) Strength limit states


ii ) Serviceability limit states
According to TIA-222-G standard Wind load is considered as the major fact
controlling the stability.
Wind Speeds escalated with height according to the terrain characteristics
surrounding a given site.

Here Exposure C (Flat open area) is selected


The direction of wind and tower orientation of a mobile tower at a given time
cannot be predicted. Therefore AISI/TIA standards have allocated a 0.85
Directionality Safety factor.
According to Figure shown bellow the Wind velocity V is most likely to turn
the whole system about the axis AB depending on the power of the wind force.
But the force which will turn the system will be the cross particle perpendicular
to AB and always will be less then or equal to wind force.

Therefore it is not essential to depend on a


Directionality safety factor as long as critical
situation is concern.
The calculations are flexible for any wind
flow direction provided Wind velocity is
less than Survival Wind velocity.

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 522 )

Tower side

Extreme Point
V

Fig 3.1 Wind flow Direction Analysis


5 . STRUCTURE CLASSIFICATION
Structures are classified according to reliability requirements.
Category I Structures have the lowestreliability requirements and are intendeddamage
to represent structures for which there is a low hazard to human life and to property in
the event of failure.
Category II structures represent a substantial hazard to human life intended for services
that may be provided by other means. This tower falls under this category. Also ice loading
does not apply to this category.

2 . LOAD
HEAD LOAD DETAILS
Calculation for area of GSM antennae
Length

2.50 m

Width

0.27 m

9.26

0.68 m2

Length to breath Ratio


Area

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 523 )

Force coefficient of the section

0.9

Calculation for area of 0.6 MW antennae


Diameter

0.60 m

Area

0.28 m2

Calculation for area of 1.2 MW antennae


Diameter

1.20 m

Area

1.13 m2

Weight and Area parameters of head Loads with Brackets


ANTENNAE AND ACCESSORIES
Unit Weight
Description

Proj Area

Nos

Elevation

Tot Area

Drag Coeff

35 Kg GSM Antennae

0.68 m2

40.0 m

4.05 m2

1.2

45 Kg 0.6 MW Dishes

0.28 m2

40.0 m

0.57 m2

1.2

55 Kg 1.2 MW Dishes

1.13 m2

40.0 m

1.13 m2

1.2

10 Kg Lightening Arrestor0.03 m2

45.0 m

0.03 m2

0.5

4 Kg

42.0 m

0.06 m2

0.5

Aviation Lamp

0.06 m2

Total Antenne Area

5.84 m2

Excess Head Load

0.16 m2

0.5

6.00 m2

Antenne Frame
21 Kg Ant Frame Poles 0.18 m2

40.0 m

1.08 m2

12 Kg Ant Frame Brackets0.03 m2

40.0 m

0.00 m2

0.5

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( 524 )

1.08 m2
Cables
13 Kg Feeder Cable

0.05 m2

0.30 m2

0.5

1 Kg

Optical Cables

0.01 m2

0.03 m2

0.5

1 Kg

Power Cables

0.01 m2

0.03 m2

0.5

0.35 m2
680 Kg Total Head Load

7.29 m2

6 . Tower Specifications
Type & Model

SEMI TRAILER

Tower Height

Tower Weight

Total Head Load

680 Kg

Number Of Sections

Gravity Acceleration

Overlap

1.400 m

Tower Elevation

0.900 m

From System Level

Distance from Elevated level to tower


=

0.650 m

From Ground Level

40 m
853 Kg

9.812 m/s2 (On Earth)

lding/Mountain Elevation

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

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( 525 )

7 . Material Used for Tower Sections


1. Pipe

Schedule 80 - 1" , 1/2" DIA

(DIN 17100 Standard)

OD - 48.3, 33.4 mm
Thickness- 5.08mm
Material

ST 52.3

(DIN 17100 Standard)

Tensile Stress

523 N/mm2

Yield Strength

335 N/mm2

2. Stiffeners (Lattice Structure )


Bright Steel Rod

Material

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(DIN 17100 Standard)

Top Stiffeners

1/2" DIA

Bottom Stiffeners

5/8" DIA

1020 Carbon Steel


Tensile Stress

380 N/mm2

Yield Strength

200 N/mm2

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( 526 )

8 . Wind Loads Analysis


Survival wind speed

160 Kmph

-1
44.44 ms

Operational wind speed

140 Kmph

-1
38.89 ms

Wind Velocity relevant to each case will be found with the following formulae and factors.
There will be two cases one for operational and the other for survival wind velocity.
=

Vb . K1 . K 2 . K3

Vb

Basic wind speed of the place in m/s

K1

Probability Factor(Risk coefficient)

K2

Terrain height and Structure size Factor

K3

Topography Factor ( 1.0 for planes )

Vz

Where

K1 for Towers

Terrain Category I

Height/(m) Operational(120)Survival(160) K2 Class A K2 Class B K3 (Topography)


50

1.05

1.07

1.20

1.18

1.00

40

1.05

1.07

1.20

1.18

1.00

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( 527 )

30

1.05

1.07

1.15

1.13

1.00

20

1.05

1.07

1.12

1.10

1.00

15

1.05

1.07

1.09

1.07

1.00

10

1.05

1.07

1.05

1.03

1.00

Pz

0.6 x Vz2

Wind Reg H Frm


V Grnd
z /(ms-1) Pressure/(Pa)

39.45 m

56.12

1.89 E+03

35.30 m

56.12

1.89 E+03

31.75 m

53.74

1.73 E+03

28.20 m

53.74

1.73 E+03

24.65 m

52.31

1.64 E+03

21.10 m

50.88

1.55 E+03

0.00 m

0.00

0.00 E+00

0.00 m

0.00

0.00 E+00

Calculation for wind Load on the antennae


At

160 Kmph

-1
44.44 ms

K1

1.07

K2

1.18

K3

1.00

Vz

Vz

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Vb . K1 . K2 . K3
56.12 m/s

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Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 528 )

Wind Pressure P

At

0.6 x Vz2

1,889.37

140 Kmph

-1
38.89 ms

K1

1.05

K2

1.18

K3

1.00

Vz

Vz

48.18 m/s

0.6 x Vz2

Wind Pressure P

N/m2

Vb . K1 . K2 . K3

1392.98 N/m2

Calculation for wind Load on the Tower


At

160 Kmph

44.44

K1

1.07

K2

1.10

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( 529 )

K3

Vz

Vz

52.31 m/s

0.6 x Vz2

Wind Pressure P

1.00
Vb . K1 . K2 . K3

=
At

1641.87 N/m2

140 Kmph

38.89

K1

1.05

K2

1.10

K3

1.00

Vz

Vz

44.92 m/s

0.6 x Vz2

Wind Pressure P

Vb . K1 . K2 . K3

1210.50 N/m2

Calculation for wind Load on the Shelter(Only if present)


At

160 Kmph

44.44

K1

1.07

K2

1.05

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( 530 )

K3

Vz

Vz

49.93 m/s

0.6 x Vz2

Wind Pressure P

1.00
Vb . K1 . K2 . K3

At

1496.00 N/m2

140 Kmph

38.89

K1

1.05

K2

1.05

K3

1.00

Vz

Vz

42.88 m/s

0.6 x Vz2

Wind Pressure P

Vb . K1 . K2 . K3

1102.96 N/m2

9 . Bending Strength Calculation

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 531 )

Terrain category I Class B

for tower sections

Table 9.1. Wind Velocity on tower sections for Survival wind velocity (160 Kmph)
Section

Height/(m) V z /(ms-1)Wi Pressure/(Pa)


Antennae Frame

39.5

56.12

1.89 E+03

Top Most

35.3

56.12

1.89 E+03

2nd Frm Top

31.8

53.74

1.73 E+03

3rd Frm Top

28.2

53.74

1.73 E+03

4th Frm Top

24.7

52.31

1.64 E+03

5th Frm Top

21.1

50.88

1.55 E+03

0.0

0.00

0.00 E+00

0.0

0.00

0.00 E+00

Table 9.2. Tower Vertical Pipe Data


Section
0

Antena Frame

Material

Sch No

D Out/(m)

Thickness

Un Wt of Pipe

MS

80(Std)

0.0750

0.00508

8.76 Kg/m

Top Most

MS

80(Std)

0.0334

0.00455

3.24 Kg/m

2nd Frm Top

MS

80(Std)

0.0334

0.00455

3.24 Kg/m

3rd Frm Top

MS

80(Std)

0.0483

0.00508

5.41 Kg/m

4th Frm Top

MS

80(Std)

0.0483

0.00508

5.41 Kg/m

5th Frm Top

MS

80(Std)

0.0483

0.00508

5.41 Kg/m

0(Std)

0.0000

0.00000

0.00 Kg/m

0(Std)

0.0000

0.00000

0.00 Kg/m

Table 9.3. Tower Vertical Pipe Data Derived from Table 03


Section

R out / (m) = y
d internal/(m)
Antena Frame

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

0.038 m

0.0648

r / (m)
0.032 m

Design By : Aravinda Perera

x Sec height/(m)Area
1.000

0.001116

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 532 )

Top Most

0.017 m

0.0243

0.012 m

0.217

0.000412

2nd Frm Top

0.017 m

0.0243

0.012 m

0.320

0.000412

3rd Frm Top

0.024 m

0.0381

0.019 m

0.433

0.000690

4th Frm Top

0.024 m

0.0381

0.019 m

0.559

0.000690

5th Frm Top

0.024 m

0.0381

0.019 m

0.683

0.000690

0.000 m

0.0000

0.000 m

0.000

0.000000

0.000 m

0.0000

0.000 m

0.000

0.000000

h1
Sec Height

h2

Fig 9.1. Section Height detail of tower section

M tot

H tb

q`
B
W

Fig 9.3. State of tower under equilibrium just before falling

Fig 9.2. Horizontal movement due to 1o Inclination(Worst

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 533 )

Table 9.4. Section Wind force and Gravity centers


Distance from Elevated level to tower
=
Tower base Elevation from ground level H Twr =
Ele

Section

0.900 m
0.650 m

H Above SecCen
bottom
W F Sec AbvStart Height Ce Gra AboveSelf
Twroffset
Bot X val

Antena Frame

2.40 m

1.20 m

36.70 m

37.90 m

0.66 m

Top Most

10.70 m

5.35 m

28.40 m

33.05 m

0.58 m

2nd Frm Top

17.80 m

8.90 m

21.30 m

25.55 m

0.45 m

3rd Frm Top

24.90 m

12.45 m

14.20 m

18.45 m

0.32 m

4th Frm Top

32.00 m

16.00 m

7.10 m

11.35 m

0.20 m

5th Frm Top

39.10 m

19.55 m

0.00 m

4.25 m

0.07 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

39.10 m

19.55 m

Total Height

40.00 m

Table 9.5. Data of Stiffeners


Section
1

Material Xsec Area D Stiff/(m) Un Wt of Stiff L stiff/(m)


Top Most

BS Shafting 0.0001131

0.012

0.89 Kg/m

6.000

2nd Frm Top BS Shafting 0.0001131

0.012

0.89 Kg/m

6.000

3rd Frm Top

BS Shafting 0.0002011

0.016

1.58 Kg/m

6.000

4th Frm Top

BS Shafting 0.0002011

0.016

1.58 Kg/m

6.000

5th Frm Top

BS Shafting 0.0002011

0.016

1.58 Kg/m

6.000

0.000

0.00 Kg/m

0.000

0.000

0.00 Kg/m

0.000

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 534 )

Note : Moment of inertia of the composite section about the neutral axis is found
using the Parallel axis theorem
I

p(R4-r4)
4

I Comp

( I + a x h12) + [2 x ( I + a x h22)]
4

Table 9.6. Moment of inertia of the Composite sections


Section

a / (m2)

Antenna Frame 6.856 E-07 1.12 E-03

a.h1 2

a.h2 2

I Composite

5.53 E-04

1.53 E-04 8.624 E-04

Top Most

4.398 E-08 4.12 E-04

1.07 E-05

3.27 E-06 1.801 E-05

2nd Frm Top

4.398 E-08 4.12 E-04

2.18 E-05

6.26 E-06 3.572 E-05

3rd Frm Top

1.633 E-07 6.90 E-04

6.76 E-05

1.96 E-05 1.115 E-04

4th Frm Top

1.633 E-07 6.90 E-04

1.09 E-04

3.06 E-05 1.773 E-04

5th Frm Top

1.633 E-07 6.90 E-04

1.59 E-04

4.38 E-05 2.572 E-04

0.000 E+00 0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00 0.000 E+00

0.000 E+00 0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00 0.000 E+00

Table 9.7. Weight of Tower Sections


Weight / (Kg)
Section

Pipes

Frame + Head Load126.1 Kg

Xtra Stuff SectionTot Total Abv Cen Gr Frm Bottom


553.6 Kg

679.7 Kg

679.7 Kg

37.90 m

Top Most

90.3 Kg

29.3 Kg

119.6 Kg

799.4 Kg

33.05 m

2nd Frm Top

82.5 Kg

37.3 Kg

119.8 Kg

919.2 Kg

25.55 m

3rd Frm Top

138.1 Kg

66.4 Kg

204.4 Kg

1123.6 Kg

18.45 m

4th Frm Top

138.1 Kg

66.4 Kg

204.4 Kg

1328.1 Kg

11.35 m

5th Frm Top

138.1 Kg

66.4 Kg

204.4 Kg

1532.5 Kg

4.25 m

0.0 Kg

0.0 Kg

0.0 Kg

0.0 Kg

0.00 m

0.0 Kg

0.0 Kg

0.0 Kg

0.0 Kg

0.00 m

Tower Weight

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

852.8 Kg

Design By : Aravinda Perera

16.39 m

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 535 )

Pole (Only)
Center of
Table 9.8. Wind Force Effect on Projected Area
Force Coefficient for Circular sections
=
Effective Area
TM

0.5

(AISI Standard)

Projected Area x Force Coefficient

WF x H

Area Projected/(m2)
Section

Pipes
Frame Antennae 1.080 m2

Extra Stuff Sec Total Total Above Wind Force/(N)


6.211 m2

3.645 m2

3.645 m2 6.89 E+03

Top Most

0.932 m2

0.396 m2

0.664 m2

4.309 m2 8.14 E+03

2nd Frm Top

0.852 m2

0.504 m2

0.678 m2

4.987 m2 8.64 E+03

3rd Frm Top

1.232 m2

0.672 m2

0.952 m2

5.939 m2 1.03 E+04

4th Frm Top

1.232 m2

0.672 m2

0.952 m2

6.891 m2 1.13 E+04

5th Frm Top

1.232 m2

0.672 m2

0.952 m2

7.843 m2 1.22 E+04

0.000 m2

0.000 m2

0.000 m2

0.000 m2 0.00 E+00

0.000 m2

0.000 m2

0.000 m2

0.000 m2 0.00 E+00

4.197 m2
Bending Stress ( s )

270 N/mm2

BM

I comp x s

2.70 E+08 Pa

y
Table 9.9. Bending Moment Failure Analysis
Righting Moment
Section

Turning Moment

Guy Cable Stru RigidityWind Force Inclination


Antena Frame

Sec BM

8.26 E+03

4.41 E+03

1.27 E+04

Top Most

-1.36 E+04 -1.55 E+05 4.36 E+04

4.52 E+03

4.81 E+04

2nd Frm Top

-1.95 E+04 -1.15 E+05 7.69 E+04

4.02 E+03

8.09 E+04

3rd Frm Top

-3.22 E+04 -1.62 E+05 1.28 E+05

3.55 E+03

1.32 E+05

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 536 )

4th Frm Top

-6.19 E+04 -1.28 E+05 1.81 E+05

2.58 E+03

1.84 E+05

5th Frm Top

-6.19 E+04 -1.46 E+05 2.38 E+05

1.12 E+03

2.39 E+05

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

0.00 E+00

-1.89 E+05

6.68 E+05

1.58 E+04

BM Total

Y Extreme BM Allowed Safety Factor

Section

Antena Frame 1.27 E+04

0.500

4.66 E+05

36.74

Safe

-1.20 E+05

0.143

3.39 E+04

1.98

Safe

2nd Frm Top -5.38 E+04

0.211

4.57 E+04

2.55

Safe

3rd Frm Top

-6.24 E+04

0.286

1.05 E+05

3.39

Safe

4th Frm Top

-6.11 E+03

0.369

1.30 E+05

22.92

Safe

5th Frm Top

3.14 E+04

0.451

1.54 E+05

4.90

Safe

0.00 E+00

0.000

0.00 E+00

0.00

0.00 E+00

0.000

0.00 E+00

0.00

Top Most

Note: ( - ) safety factor denotes higher safty as it has to go passing 0 to go to Failiure.


Consideration of stiifner Strenth for Bending Effect
Segment Height (L i )

0.400 m

Def

L com Stif

q
Checked By: Athula Haputantri

L ten Stif

Design By : Aravinda Perera

b
Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 537 )

L ten Stif

q L i/ 2

Pipe Distance

q/(Deg)

Tan Inv (Def/Li)

(L I /2) 2

L ten Stiff 2

L Ten Stif x L i

(L I ) 2

L Com Stiff 2

2 x L Com Stif x L i

Righting Moment from Stiffners


Total Swaey

Def Allowed at H

0.14 Deg
Height x Tan (Def)

=
Section

Peak H

0.094 m

Def All at H Def for Sec DefPerSegment

Top Most

39.10

0.094

0.019

0.00041

2nd Frm Top

31.20

0.075

0.017

0.00040

3rd Frm Top

24.10

0.058

0.017

0.00080

4th Frm Top

17.00

0.041

0.017

0.00080

5th Frm Top

9.90

0.024

0.024

0.00112

0.00

0.000

0.000

0.00000

0.00

0.000

0.000

0.00000

Sway

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 538 )

Section

Pipe Distance

q/(Deg)

L Stiff

L Ten Stiff

L Comp Stiff

Top Most

0.251

0.059

0.3206187

0.3207786

0.3204588

2nd Frm Top

0.369

0.058

0.4197719

0.4199487

0.4195950

3rd Frm Top

0.500

0.115

0.5389253

0.5392989

0.5385516

4th Frm Top

0.646

0.115

0.6758561

0.6762404

0.6754717

5th Frm Top

0.789

0.161

0.8139539

0.8144976

0.8134099

0.000

0.000

0.0000000

0.0000000

0.0000000

0.000

0.000

0.0000000

0.0000000

0.0000000

(E ) for BS Shafting

209.8 Gpa

Considering The Stiffner Being tensioned


b/(Deg)

a/(Deg)

Exp len, e

Contr Len ,c

Top Most

51.370

51.442

0.0001599

0.0001600

2nd Frm Top

61.502

61.591

0.0001768

0.0001769

3rd Frm Top

68.117

68.315

0.0003735

0.0003738

4th Frm Top

72.682

72.892

0.0003842

0.0003845

5th Frm Top

75.625

75.927

0.0005437

0.0005440

0.000

0.000

0.0000000

0.0000000

0.000

0.000

0.0000000

0.0000000

Righting Moment

Force x Perpedicular Distance

Tentioned Stiffner
e/(m)

X sec Area

Axial Force Righting Moment


No of Segments

1 Top Most

0.00015987

0.0001131

11,831.51

1477.24

47

2 2nd Frm Top

0.00017685

0.0001131

9,996.27

953.91

43

3 3rd Frm Top

0.00037351

0.0002011

29,235.18

2179.30

21

4 4th Frm Top

0.00038424

0.0002011

23,981.89

1427.75

21

5 5th Frm Top

0.00054367

0.0002011

28,175.36

1399.01

21

0.00000000

0.00

0.00

0.00000000

0.00

0.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 539 )

Comressed Stiffner
c/(m)

X sec Area Axial Force Righting Moment


No of Segments

Top Most

0.00015995

0.0001131

11837.42

1851.32

47

2nd Frm Top

0.00017692

0.0001131

10000.49

1759.23

43

3rd Frm Top

0.00037377

0.0002011

29255.46

5437.02

21

4th Frm Top

0.00038446

0.0002011

23995.53

4586.77

21

5th Frm Top

0.00054403

0.0002011

28194.19

5469.60

21

0.00000000

0.00

0.00

0.00000000

0.00

0.00

14 . STABILITY CALCULATION

Stability

Y CG

Coordinate System definition


As shone in the figure front side will be decided according to the orientation of tower when irected
Extream center point of Front side Beam will be taken as the coordinate center.

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 540 )

X tra Leverage required for stability will given by the extension of Arm or leverage beam.
Details of Heavy Objects effecting the Stability
Table 14.1. Shelter Details
Weight

0 Kg

Height

0.00 m

Width

0.00 m

Length
Y Shelter Start

3.50 m

Area

3.00 m
0.000 mm2

Table 14.1.1 Sanded Volume Details


Height

0.000m

Length

0.000m

Breath

0.000m

Volume

0.000m3

Extra Weights Distributed On the Deck


Unit Wt
Sand

Country

1840 Kgs

Number

Tot Weight

0.0000 m3

0.00 Kg

1Pcs

0.00 Kg

Distance at which the Block is fixed from arm End


=

0.000 m

Center of gravity of block from End of extension =

0.300 m

Center of gravity of block from Pivot

5.700 m

Small Concrete Blocks


10Kgs

0.00 Kg

Table 14.5. Concrete Base Details(Underneath Landing Legs)


Description

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Placed Y DisX sec Size

Height

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Cube WeightNo of Cubes

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 541 )

Twr Side Concrete -2.850 m

1.500 m

0.600 m

3240 Kg

Mid Concrete

0.000 m

1.500 m

0.600 m

3240 Kg

Other Side Concrete


6.850 m

1.500 m

0.600 m

3240 Kg

Table 14.2. Tower Frame Details


Beam/Plates

402.00 Kg

Other Loads

10.00 Kg
Total

412 Kg

Note. If Guy wires are present they fixed to the X tra leverage Extentions therefore
it only Makes the Structure rigid relative to the Base Frame. The whole system is
made sure to be Stable the self weight of the Whole system.
Tower is checked for stability when the total system is about fall about two ground
contact Points

Table 14.3.Weights at Critical Polygon Points


Unit Wt

County

Units

Total Wt

Front Polygon Points


48 Kg/m

6.00 m

576.00 Kg

Rear Polygon Points


48 Kg/m

0.00 m

0.00 Kg

Off Set X val


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 542 )

Off Set X val

Wind Force
w1

H/2
w2

w3

w4

1o
w5

1o
Fig 14.1. Factors causing Turning Moment

Wind Force

M tot
R=0
R = Wt

Wt
Ld Required
A

Fig 14.2. State of tower under equilibrium just before falling


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 543 )

Fig 14.2. State of tower under equilibrium just before falling


By taking moment about point A
L d Required x Wt

"="

M tot

L d Required

"="

M tot
Wt

"="

6.86 E+05 J
1.98 E+05 J

"="

3.47

r x V2

WF

PxA

TM

WF x H

Table 14.7. Turning Moment Due to Wind Force & Inclination


Area
Head Loads

Pressure

Wind Force Cen W ForceTr Moment

7.291 m2

1889 Pa

13775 N

40.0 m

5.5 E+05 J

Tower Wind Force 4.197 m2

1642 Pa

6891 N

19.6 m

1.3 E+05 J

0 Pa

0N

0.0 m

0.0 E+00 J

0.

0.000 m2

Tur'gMomenRi'g Moment
Antennae Moment 5.51E+05 J
Twr Wind F Moment 1.35E+05 J
Twr Inc'n Moment 1.58E+04 J
Self Righting Moment

7.06E+05 J

Guy Righting Moment

2.37E+05 J

Slac Guy Init Moment 2.42E+05 J


9.43E+05 J

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

9.43E+05 J

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 544 )

Table 14.8. Locating the center of Gravity


Weight

Force

Tower+Head Load 1533 Kg

Tr M (J)

15,037

0.500

7.52 E+03

3.500

4.750

0.00 E+00

7.750

289 Kg

2,836

0.300

8.51 E+02

3.300

2 Front Poly Pts(Arm) 576 Kg

1,648

-3.000

4.95 E+03

0.000

2 Rear Poly Pts(Arm)

0 Kg

1,648

6.000

9.89 E+03

9.000

Front arm Con Blocks2000 Kg

19,624

-2.850

-5.59 E+04

0.150

Rear concrete Block 6480 Kg

63,582

6.850

4.36 E+05

9.850

Extra Mid Concrete U6480 Kg

63,582

0.000

0.00 E+00

3.000

Base Struc Wt

29,878

1.700

5.08 E+04

4.700

5.500

0.00 E+00

8.500

197,835

2.293

4.54 E+05

Shelter

0 Kg

Tower Frame

Wt of Accessories
Resultant Wt
Total Tr Moment

3045 Kg
0 Kg
20403 Kg
"="

Centre of
Gravity

6.86 E+05 J

Y
b

YPlatfor

Y CG

Stability Circle
a

X Platform

X
LF

Fig 14.3. Polygon point Arrangement

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 545 )

15 . Length Parameters of Extention Points( STABILITY CALCULATION )

Radious of Stability Circle (R)


L Cr
Critical Leaverage Length

3.47 m

4.21 m

(Minimum Perpendicular Distance From Tower cen

Calculations are followed

Note:

As discusssed earlier the required R has to be satisfied in and Direction as the Wind Flow and its Direction can't be predic

Practically the structure rotates about two arms, In this section Critical Direction is considered for failiure analysis.

Safty Leverage Parameters

of the critical points of the Safty Polygon

Length (L)

Angle

Front Extension

6.00

120 Deg

Rear Extention

0.00

0 Deg

SEMI TRAILER
Length Platform // to center line Y Platform
Width 90o to center line X Platform

6.500

Pivot Point Y Distance Front Ext Y F Pivot

0.030

Pivot Point Y Distance Rear Ext Y R Pivot


q Guy

6.470

Stable

1.150

120 Deg

Note: The Polygon created by poligon points


should Be greater than 3m x 3m in size to

X Platform

have the best stablity and minimum

deflection of platform structure.


Provided above condition is

YPivot
d+q Guy

YTower

satisfied the platform structure

qo

can be adjested upto extent

LF

allowed by the design.

LVG

Fig 14.4. Arm and Guy wire orientation Case

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

enough 1

( 546 )

Please refer calculation Relevent to case

Case 1 _ Stability Circle is within Polygon Rear Points


Case 2 _ Stability Circle is Beyond Polygon Rear Points
Case 3 _ Stability Circle is within Both Rear and Front Polygon points

Desiding on Number of Arms and Guy Wire Orientation


Platform length
R
Y CG
Pl Frm Length - Y CG

=
=
=
=

6.50 m
3.47 m
2.29 m
4.21 m

Rare leverage, Prefered Direction( if Required )


Rear ExtensionNot needed
Front Extension
Foward

Ref Fig 14.3 to see directions

Desiding on front arm sufficiency ( Only for Case 2 )


Derivation of front Point Inclination Angle

X
Y Pivot
Y Tower

=
=
=
=
=

g Considering the pivot


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

1.15 m
0.03 m
0.50 m
( X2 + (Y Pivot - Y Tower)2 ) 1/2
1.24 m
( tan -1 {X / (Y Pivot - Y Tower)}
67.8 Deg

112.2 Deg

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 547 )

Rear LL 2

q Guy - g

s enough

By appling Sin formulae


LF
=
Sin ( q Guy- g )
Sin d

7.8 Deg

6.000

k
Sin d

0.03

0.135

1.242

44.378
d

180 - q Guy

1.6 Deg

180 - a + d

LVG

k
a

d + q Guy

CW from reference X axis


=
L VG

LF
d

q Guyo

YTower

121.6 Deg

g - q Guy

k Cos ( q Guy - g) + LF Cos d

Distance to front Exream Point from tower center

Fig 14.5. Arm and Guy wire


orientation Case 2

7.23 m

Checking for front point extention Sufficiency Along Y Axis front side
LF
=
6.00 m

120.0 Deg

3.47 m

LF cos a

-3.00 m

LF Sin a

5.20 m

Y FLL

=
=

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Y F Pivot + LF Cos a
-2.97 m

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 548 )

X FLL

X Platform + LF Sin a

=
Abs( Y F LL)

>

2.97 m

>

6.35 m
Abs(R - Y CG)
1.17 m

Front Arm Sufficient


Backwards

LRb
R h

k
q
m

X Platform

s
f

d
d

90-d

m
l

YCG

YF Pivot

Side Ways

YR Pivot

LF
Stability Circle
Fig 14.6.Optimisation Analysis Case 1

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 549 )

YMa
fd

k
p
f

X Platform

R
mm

b
q Guyo

YCG

YTWR
q

LF

Stability Circle

180-m

Fig 14.6.Optimisation Analysis Case 3 to eliminate One Arm


Checking for elimination of Xtra rear Poligon point (Only for Case 1 & 3)
X Platform
=
1.15 m
R
Y Platform
Y Tower
Y CG
( q Guy )

=
=

=
=
=
=
=

3.47 m
6.50 m
0.50 m
2.29 m
120.0 Deg

( X Platform2 + (Y Platform - Y CG)2 ) 1/2


4.36 m
(Tan -1 { X Platform / ( Y Platform - Y CG )}
15.3 Deg

( Cos -1 { R / k}
37.4 Deg

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 550 )

90-s-f

37.3 Deg

=
=

180-q+d
22.7 Deg
X platform + {(Y Platform x Tan d - (Y TWR x Tan d}

=
=

5.73 m

By appling Sin formulae


q

Sin ( 180-m )

Sin ( 90-d )

l
0.80

11.82 m

L VG

=
Y FLL

=
X FLL

11.82 m
Y Twr + LGV Cos q Guyo
-5.41 m
LGV Sin q Guyo
10.24 m

X Ref
Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 551 )

X Ref

Backwards

YMa
b

LR

k
q s

X Platform
m

R h
d
d

90-d

R
m
Side Ways

l
YC

YR Pivot

YF Pivot
LF

Stability Circle

Fig 14.6.Optimisation Analysis Case 2

Derivation of Arm length and Angle of Front arm relevent to case 3


LF
(X FLL - X Platform )2 + ( Y FLL - Y F Pivot)
=
=
Tan a

10.59 m
(X FLL - X Platform )
( Y FLL - Y F Pivot)

g Considering the pivot

-59.1 Deg

120.9 Deg

Checking for Most Critical side of failure

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 552 )

Here in this case the designer himself tried maximum to minmise the length of guide arms by
identifiing the optimal angles for Guide arm orientation. Also he have suceeded in doing so.
Shortest Distances

rall Tilted Height / (m)

Two Rear platform pts

Cross Particle

Rear Side

4.21 m

Two Rear Poly 4.21


Points
m

4.21 m

Slanted to or // to Center Line

6.35 m

Tower Side Two Front Poly 5.29


Points
m

5.29 m

Two Front platform pts

L Cr
Critical Leaverage Length

4.21 m

2.29 m

i.e Minimum

16 . Safety factor Calculation ( Only placed on ground, not fixed to Ground )

Righting Moment

S.F.

Resultant Wt x L Cr

8.3 E+05 J

8.3 E+05 J
6.9 E+05 J

1.21

Safe

Calculation to find Safty factor After Fixing the System to Ground

In case of taking moment about two Extream points all Bolting material canbe assumed
Total Turing Moment

6.86 E+05

Weight Turing Moment

8.32 E+05

Needed X tra Turning moment=

-1.47 E+05

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 553 )

Distance between concurrent bolting points


=

6.500

Fixed Arm Length =

4.60

Note: Always in the criticle case at least two arms will give the Righting moment.
Force Exerted
=

-3.2 E+04 N

Min Requirement
Bolts Should Withstand =

Dia of Tor Bar =

-3.25 Ton (Number of Bolts and size can be desided on t


0.000m

Shear Capacity of Tor Bar =

500 kN/mm2

0 kN

No of bolts =

16

Ability to create resisting moment =

0.00E+00

Total Turing Moment

6.86E+05

Total resisting Moment

8.32E+05

SF

1.21

Safe

Note: Provided anchoring is done Using the appropriate chemical and to


the right standered, The tower will not fail by Tor bar Failiure.

Anchorage depth

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

0.000 m

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 554 )

Area

Concrete Grade

0.000 m2
25 N/mm2

250,000 N/m2

Allowable Per Torr Bar

0.00 N

Force Per Bolt

-1,993.61 N

Anchroing Safty factor

12566.371
314159.27

0.00 Unstable

TT

10 . GUY WIRE

Calculation for Buckling & Deflection with the presence of guy wire
Note: Trailer type tower is taken as example

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 555 )

T
Fig 10.1 Guy wire Orientation

Fig 10.2. Plan view of Guy wire Orientation

When the angle is 30 degrees since Cos(30) is equal to 0.5 the above shown system reduces to the following s
T1

b1

TTot
T2

b2

b3

T3

Fig 10.4 Side view of Guy Wire arrangement


Thus the side view can be analyzed as follows

Even if any case is to be having n number of Guy wires, the case will be considered to have one guy wire per G

Finally the modification will be restored or corrected by dividing the forces among Guy wires depending on inclin
angles.

Calculation for buckling failure

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 556 )

Tensile
Force

TTot
WF

b
Topposite = 0

Wind Force

CF1
Compression
Force

R=0
R = Wt

Fig 10.5 Side view of the Reduced section

Height at which the cable is fixed

39.10 m

Y distance of Tower

0.500 m

X length of Platform(Width)

1.150 m

L(Landing Leg)

6.00 m

120 Deg

L Sin a

5.20

L Cos a

-3.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 557 )

Y F Pivot

0.030 m

Ref 14.Stability Calculation


Distance at which the Guy wire is fixed on the Arm

Tan b

Tan b

7.23 m
Cable Fixing Height / Fixed Distance on Arm
0.185
Tan -1 ( 0.185)

=
=

By resolving horizontal forces on tower


Total Turning Moment
T Tot

10.5 Deg

TTot x Sin b

Total Turning Moment by Guys


Heignt x Sin b

237,455 J
7.11

T Tot

Downwards compression force

=
=

33,406 N

TTot x Sin b + Head Load


33,529 N

Considering the whole tower

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 558 )

210 GPa

3.142

1.20E-04

Le Factor

0.70

Le

L x Le Factor

28 m

P cr

(1020 Carbon Steel)

m4

p2 x E x I

Le2

Compression force
S.F

3.17 E+05

33,529 N

9.46

> AISI standard Safety factor 0.85 for a guyed mast

Table 10.1. Buckling Failure Analysis for each section


Section

Le Factor

Le

I /(m4)

P Cr

Subjected load

Top Most

0.70

6.51

1.741 E-05 8.52E+05

18,068 N

2nd Frm Top

0.70

5.95

3.444 E-05 2.02E+06

30,306 N

3rd Frm Top

0.70

5.95

1.073 E-04 6.29E+06

42,547 N

4th Frm Top

0.70

5.95

1.703 E-04 9.97E+06

44,552 N

5th Frm Top

0.70

5.95

2.468 E-04 1.45E+07

13,028 N

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 559 )

Table 10.2. Buckling Failure Analysis for bottom most sub section of each section
Section

Le Factor

Le

I /(m4)

P Cr

0.300

0.70

0.21

4.398 E-08 2.07E+06

19,242 N

0.300

0.70

0.21

4.398 E-08 2.07E+06

31,482 N

0.300

0.70

0.21

1.633 E-07 7.68E+06

44,552 N

0.300

0.70

0.21

1.633 E-07 7.68E+06

46,558 N

0.300

0.70

0.21

1.633 E-07 7.68E+06

15,034 N

0.000

0.00

0.000 E+00 0.00E+00

0N

0.000

0.00

0.000 E+00 0.00E+00

0N

Subjected load

Thus Buckling doesn't Occur with present conditions

L-a

L
L+e

d H

LW

Fig 10.6 Guy wire and Tower orientation after Deflection

Analysis For Guy wire behavior Under Loads

45.00

Case 1 : Not tensioned


Tightening tension

5N

Unit length Weight

5N

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

40.00

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 560 )

Length of the cable

40.65 m

Cable Weigth

203.24 N

Max Downward Deflection

6.532

35.00

m
30.00

Table 10.4. Guy Cable Behavior under tension and self weight
Seg

X(L )

y, (H)

0.00

0.00

0.18

Y Sag

Y red

Grp

20.000

0.000

0.000

1.00

20.637

0.637

0.363

0.36

2.00

21.241

1.241

0.759

0.54

3.00

21.813

1.813

1.187

0.72

4.00

22.351

2.351

1.649

0.90

5.00

22.858

2.858

2.142

1.08

6.00

23.331

3.331

2.669

1.27

7.00

23.772

3.772

3.228

1.45

8.00

24.180

4.180

3.820

1.63

9.00

24.556

4.556

4.444

10

1.81

10.00

24.899

4.899

5.101

11

1.99

11.00

25.209

5.209

5.791

12

2.17

12.00

25.486

5.486

6.514

13

2.35

13.00

25.731

5.731

7.269

14

2.53

14.00

25.944

5.944

8.056

15

2.71

15.00

26.123

6.123

8.877

16

2.89

16.00

26.270

6.270

9.730

17

3.07

17.00

26.385

6.385

10.615

18

3.25

18.00

26.466

6.466

11.534

19

3.43

19.00

26.515

6.515

12.485

20

3.61

20.00

26.532

6.532

13.468

21

3.80

21.00

26.515

6.515

14.485

22

3.98

22.00

26.466

6.466

15.534

23

4.16

23.00

26.385

6.385

16.615

24

4.34

24.00

26.270

6.270

17.730

25

4.52

25.00

26.123

6.123

18.877

25.00

20.00

15.00

10.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

5.00

0.00
0.00

1.00

2.00

3.00

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 561 )

26

4.70

26.00

25.944

5.944

20.056

27

4.88

27.00

25.731

5.731

21.269

28

5.06

28.00

25.486

5.486

22.514

29

5.24

29.00

25.209

5.209

23.791

30

5.42

30.00

24.899

4.899

25.101

31

5.60

31.00

24.556

4.556

26.444

32

5.78

32.00

24.180

4.180

27.820

33

5.96

33.00

23.772

3.772

29.228

34

6.14

34.00

23.331

3.331

30.669

35

6.33

35.00

22.858

2.858

32.142

36

6.51

36.00

22.351

2.351

33.649

37

6.69

37.00

21.813

1.813

35.187

38

6.87

38.00

21.241

1.241

36.759

39

7.05

39.00

20.637

0.637

38.363

40

7.23

40.00

20.000

0.000

40.000

Case 2 : Mannually tensioned


Tightening tension
Unit length Weight

1000 N

5N

Length of the cable

40.65 m

Cable Weigth

203.24 N

Max Downward Deflection

0.033

Table 10.5. Guy Cable Behavior under tension and self weight
X(L )

y, (H)

0.00

0.00

0.18

Y red

Grp

20.000

0.000

0.000

1.00

20.003

0.003

0.997

0.36

2.00

20.006

0.006

1.994

0.54

3.00

20.009

0.009

2.991

0.72

4.00

20.012

0.012

3.988

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Y Sag

Design By : Aravinda Perera

45.00

40.00

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 562 )

0.90

5.00

20.014

0.014

4.986

1.08

6.00

20.017

0.017

5.983

1.27

7.00

20.019

0.019

6.981

1.45

8.00

20.021

0.021

7.979

1.63

9.00

20.023

0.023

8.977

10

1.81

10.00

20.024

0.024

9.976

11

1.99

11.00

20.026

0.026

10.974

12

2.17

12.00

20.027

0.027

11.973

13

2.35

13.00

20.029

0.029

12.971

14

2.53

14.00

20.030

0.030

13.970

15

2.71

15.00

20.031

0.031

14.969

16

2.89

16.00

20.031

0.031

15.969

35.00

30.00

25.00

20.00

17

3.07

17.00

20.032

0.032

16.968

18

3.25

18.00

20.032

0.032

17.968

19

3.43

19.00

20.033

0.033

18.967

20

3.61

20.00

20.033

0.033

19.967

21

3.80

21.00

20.033

0.033

20.967

22

3.98

22.00

20.032

0.032

21.968

23

4.16

23.00

20.032

0.032

22.968

24

4.34

24.00

20.031

0.031

23.969

25

4.52

25.00

20.031

0.031

24.969

26

4.70

26.00

20.030

0.030

25.970

27

4.88

27.00

20.029

0.029

26.971

28

5.06

28.00

20.027

0.027

27.973

29

5.24

29.00

20.026

0.026

28.974

30

5.42

30.00

20.024

0.024

29.976

31

5.60

31.00

20.023

0.023

30.977

32

5.78

32.00

20.021

0.021

31.979

33

5.96

33.00

20.019

0.019

32.981

34

6.14

34.00

20.017

0.017

33.983

35

6.33

35.00

20.014

0.014

34.986

36

6.51

36.00

20.012

0.012

35.988

37

6.69

37.00

20.009

0.009

36.991

15.00

10.00

5.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

0.00
0.00

1.00

2.00

3.00

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 563 )

38

6.87

38.00

20.006

0.006

37.994

39

7.05

39.00

20.003

0.003

38.997

40

7.23

40.00

20.000

0.000

40.000

Case 3 : When Applied Initial tension


Tightening tension

6180.3 N

Unit length Weight

5N

Length of the cable

40.65 m

Cable Weigth

203.24 N

Max Downward Deflection

0.005

Table 10.6. Guy Cable Behavior under tension and self weight
X(L )

y, (H)

0.00

0.00

0.18

Y Sag

Y red

Grp

20.000

0.000

0.000

1.00

20.001

0.001

0.999

0.36

2.00

20.001

0.001

1.999

0.54

3.00

20.001

0.001

2.999

0.72

4.00

20.002

0.002

3.998

0.90

5.00

20.002

0.002

4.998

1.08

6.00

20.003

0.003

5.997

1.27

7.00

20.003

0.003

6.997

1.45

8.00

20.003

0.003

7.997

1.63

9.00

20.004

0.004

8.996

10

1.81

10.00

20.004

0.004

9.996

11

1.99

11.00

20.004

0.004

10.996

12

2.17

12.00

20.004

0.004

11.996

13

2.35

13.00

20.005

0.005

12.995

14

2.53

14.00

20.005

0.005

13.995

15

2.71

15.00

20.005

0.005

14.995

16

2.89

16.00

20.005

0.005

15.995

17

3.07

17.00

20.005

0.005

16.995

18

3.25

18.00

20.005

0.005

17.995

45.00

40.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 564 )

19

3.43

19.00

20.005

0.005

18.995

20

3.61

20.00

20.005

0.005

19.995

21

3.80

21.00

20.005

0.005

20.995

22

3.98

22.00

20.005

0.005

21.995

23

4.16

23.00

20.005

0.005

22.995

24

4.34

24.00

20.005

0.005

23.995

25

4.52

25.00

20.005

0.005

24.995

26

4.70

26.00

20.005

0.005

25.995

27

4.88

27.00

20.005

0.005

26.995

28

5.06

28.00

20.004

0.004

27.996

29

5.24

29.00

20.004

0.004

28.996

30

5.42

30.00

20.004

0.004

29.996

31

5.60

31.00

20.004

0.004

30.996

32

5.78

32.00

20.003

0.003

31.997

33

5.96

33.00

20.003

0.003

32.997

34

6.14

34.00

20.003

0.003

33.997

35

6.33

35.00

20.002

0.002

34.998

36

6.51

36.00

20.002

0.002

35.998

37

6.69

37.00

20.001

0.001

36.999

38

6.87

38.00

20.001

0.001

37.999

39

7.05

39.00

20.001

0.001

38.999

40

7.23

40.00

20.000

0.000

40.000

35.00

30.00

25.00

20.00

15.00

10.00

5.00

0.00
0.00

1.00

2.00

3.00

Turn Buckle Strenth


Force allowed by the Guy Wire
D Shackle

41202 KN

10 mm

Twice Safer than The Cable for Tensile

Turn Buckle strength(Considering the Tread Shear)


Diameter

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

16 mm

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Safer than The Cable for Tensile

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 565 )

Pitch

2 mm

Tread Height

0.8 mm

Tread Length per nut

16

Number of Nuts

No of Treads

16

1,608.50 mm2

Shear Area
Shear Stress

Allowed Force

262.5 N/mm 2
AF Antenna Wind Force

422,230 N

Safe

43.04 Ton

Calculation to find the tension required By Guy

Tensile
Force

TTot
WF Wind Force Twr

CF1
Compression
Force
Topposite

RM Self Righting Moment

TInit

R=0

Fig 10.5 Side view of the Reduced section


B

10.5 Deg

39.10 m

Total Tension to be Taken by Cables

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 566 )

Total Righting Moment

T Tot

2.37E+05 J

Righting Moment
H x Sin b

33,406N

Calculation for Deflection and Guy wire strength


H

37.70 m

Lw

Guy Wire Diameter

0.008 m

7.23Cable
m
Fixing Height / Fixed Distance on Arm

Allowable load

4.20
41202

(H +

Lw2)1/2

38.39 m

d restored with Guy

0.14 Deg

90 + d

90.14 Deg

Cos (90+ d)

-0.002

(L + e)2

=
=

Lw2 + H2 - 2 x Lw x H Cos (90+ d)


1,474.86

(L + e)

38.40

(e)

0.017

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 567 )

90 - d

89.86 Deg

Cos (90 - d)

0.002

(L - a)2

=
=

Lw2 + H2 - 2 x Lw x H Cos (90+ d)


1,472.23

(L - a)

38.37

(a)

0.017

TTot x Cos b

8,459 N
E

210 GPa

5.03E-05

F x L

Strain of the wire (e)

m2

A x E
e

L+e

0.03079 m
L +

F x L

38.418 m

A x E
=
Cos (90+ d)

Lw2 + H2 - (L + e)2
2 x Lw x H
-2.36
545.03

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 568 )

Cos (90+ d)

90 + d

d restored with Guy

-0.004
Cos -1 ( -0.004)

90.2 Deg

0.25 Deg

Deflection Analysis Done


=

0.14 Deg

Ultimate Deflection Will be

0.14 Deg

Guy Wire Should be Given an initial tension of

6,180N

Calculation to find the tension in each Guy wire using the Simplified model.
Distance at which the Guy wire is fixed on the Arm
Table 10.2. Guy wire Data
Guy Wire form TopH i (Fixed H) Initial Length

7.23 m (From Tower Center)

bi

Factor

37.70 m

38.39 m

10.9 Deg

0.0171 m

0.2575

29.80 m

30.66 m

13.6 Deg

0.0169 m

0.2548

22.70 m

23.82 m

17.7 Deg

0.0166 m

0.2498

15.60 m

17.19 m

24.9 Deg

0.0158 m

0.2379

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.0 Deg

0.0000 m

0.0000

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.0 Deg

0.0000 m

0.0000

0.00 m

0.00 m

0.0 Deg

0.0000 m

0.0000

0.0664 m
Calculation for Top most Guy wire
1
Failure force for Guy =
Max Strain allowed(e) =

8,603 N

T1

b1

TTot

F x L
A x E
2

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 569 )

2
e

0.031 m

T2

b2

b3

Failure force for Guy =

41202 N

Max Strain allowed(e) =

T3
4

F x L
A x E

Fig 10.7 Side view of Guy Wire


e

0.150 m

Max allowed Tightening of Turn Buckle


=

0.119 m

119 mm

Table 10.3. Turn Buckle safety for Guy Wire form Top(Not applied for self standing)
H i (Fixed H) Initial Tension
Turns Initial Max e Allowed
Max Tightening
Max No of Turns
1

37.00 m

6,180.30 N

5.62

0.150 m

0.133m

33.22

29.80 m

6,180.30 N

4.49

0.120 m

0.103m

25.72

22.70 m

6,180.30 N

3.49

0.093 m

0.076m

19.12

15.60 m

6,180.30 N

2.52

0.067 m

0.051m

12.84

0.00 m

0.00 N

0.00

0.000 m

0.000m

0.00

0.00 m

0.00 N

0.00

0.000 m

0.000m

0.00

0.00 m

0.00 N

0.00

0.000 m

0.000m

0.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 570 )

11 . Twisting Failure

Consideration of a Slanted Member Givng the Righting moment to resist twist


Turning Moment if the total Area is at the X tream Fibre
Y Xtream

R Dish

Y extream
Dish Radius

0.50

1.38

Distance to Center of Wind Force


=

1.88

1,889.37

7.291 m2

Wind Force

13,774.67

Turning Moment

25,923.60

Pressure
Area

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Pa

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 571 )

Note: Segments of 3 m Heights is checked to have a righting moment greater than this value

L Guy Br
5o

Li

ao

Fig .Incident of Tower section being Rotated

L Ex
L sh

180-5
2

87.5

Note: The Twisting Member Can be assumed to be fixed from Both ends if Cross Guys are present at the top.
Trial and error MannerTwist angle at the center of Total tower which satisfies the required safty factor
=

4.90 Degrees

If the Top most section of the tower is applied cross guys then the twist at the center will be Half of the
twist angle at the center.

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 572 )

t2

2x (L Sh)2 x (1- Cos (g))

14660.215

121.07938

Triangle Height =
L Sh =

1,074 mm

t sh

Li

709 mm
37000 mm

180 - a

=
L Ex 2

92.5
Li2

1.369E+09

L Ex

37005.479

Extension

5.48 mm

No of Cables At this Height =

12

Total Extension
=

t2

2xtxLi

65.75 mm

Cable Axial Force required per cable to extend

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 573 )

209.80 Gpa
5.03E-05 m2
0.0054791 m
Li - Initial Tightening

37.000 m

AEe
L I - Initieal Ex
1561.85 N

Righting Turning Moment per cable =

1106.97

Number of Cables =

All cables at the same height =

6641.83 J

Gap Between two concecutive stiffner weld points


Li

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

0.200

Distance Between two wave peaks

0.400

Height of Twr

40

No of segments for analysis

100

Total Rotation allowed

9.8

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 574 )

Allowed Per Segment

0.098

a/Deg

89.951

b/Deg

90.049

Considering The Pipes Being tensioned


Tri Height X sec Area

t/(m)

L Ex

Peak Gap

Top Most

0.143

0.000412 0.000245

0.200

0.20000057

2nd Frm Top

0.211

0.000412 0.000361

0.200

0.20000094

3rd Frm Top

0.286

0.000690 0.000489

0.400

0.40000072

4th Frm Top

0.369

0.000690 0.000631

0.400

0.40000104

5th Frm Top

0.451

0.000690 0.000771

0.400

0.40000140

0.000

0.000000 0.000000

0.000

0.000000 0.000000

e/(m)

Axial Force Righting Moment


No of SegmentsTotal R Mom/(J)

Top Most

0.00000057

246

35

47

1640

2nd Frm Top

0.00000094

408

86

43

3656

3rd Frm Top

0.00000072

260

74

21

1578

4th Frm Top

0.00000104

375

139

21

2944

5th Frm Top

0.00000140

508

229

21

4866

0.00000000

0.00000000

0
14683

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 575 )

L Pipe Cen

0.05o

L com Stif
t

Li
q

L i/ 2

L ten Stif

Pipe Distance

q
q

Li2

L Ex 2

2 x L Ex x L i

L Ten Sitff 2

BS shafting

(L i/2) 2 +

Pipe Distance 2 - 2xPipe Disx(L i/2) 2

209.8 Gpa

Considering The Stiffner Being tensioned(Only one Side of Prism Considered)


Tensioned Stiffner

q/(m)

Pipe Dis Eff LeverageStiff X sec

Initial

1 Top Most

0.070

0.251

0.072

0.0001131

0.2698080

2 2nd Frm Top

0.103

0.369

0.105

0.0001131

0.3823721

3 3rd Frm Top

0.070

0.500

0.143

0.0002011

0.5389253

4 4th Frm Top

0.090

0.646

0.185

0.0002011

0.6758561

5 5th Frm Top

0.110

0.789

0.225

0.0002011

0.8139539

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.0000000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.0000000

e/(m)

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Axial Force Righting Moment


No of SegmentsTotal R Mom/(J)

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 576 )

Top Most

0.00011375

10003.16

716.39

47

33312.10

2nd Frm Top

0.00017409

10802.79

1139.42

43

48425.20

3rd Frm Top

0.00022711

17776.17

2542.35

21

54024.91

4th Frm Top

0.00030137

18809.84

3470.44

21

73746.75

5th Frm Top

0.00037377

19370.30

4367.75

21

92814.70

0.00000000

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00000000

0.00

0.00

0.00
302,323.65

Total Of Righting Moments For 3m Lengths


Per 0.4 Segment

Max Turning Moment Allowed for 3m Section


=

25,923.60 J

Number of segments for 3 m Distance


=

3/0.4

7.5
For 3m Seg

Te'n R Mom/(J)Com/Pipe R Mom/(J)


Te'n R Mom/(J)Com/Pipe R Mom/(J)
Guy Wire

Top Most

2149.17

2184.43

16118.76

16383.22 3320.9148

2nd Frm Top

3418.25

3504.27

25636.87

26282.00

3rd Frm Top

7627.05

7701.31

57202.85

57759.81

4th Frm Top

10411.31

10549.84

78084.79

79123.77

5th Frm Top

13103.25

13332.22

98274.39

99991.67

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Total R Mom/(J)

SF

Top Most

35822.89

1.38

2nd Frm Top

51918.87

2.00

3rd Frm Top

114962.66

4.43

4th Frm Top

157208.56

7.06

5th Frm Top

198266.06

8.65

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 577 )

Sections requireing Cyrups indicated as per the color code

SF

Stiff Presence
ColorCode

Top Most

1.38

2nd Frm Top

2.00

3rd Frm Top

4.43

4th Frm Top

7.06

5th Frm Top

8.65

11 . Yielding Failure

Yielding Failure in Compression


According AISI standard 1.95 additional safety factor is given to check Yield failure
Considering Bottom most section (5th From Top)

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 578 )

Subjected load

44,552 N

AISI Load

86,877 N

Area

3 x Pipe Cress section area

=
s

m2

1.24E-03

PxA

70.21

sy

310 MPa

<

sy

MPa

Therefore yielding does not occur with current parameters


Table 11.1. Yielding Failure in Compression Analysis
Section

AISI Load Yield/(MPa)

Status

SF

Top Most

35,233 N

28.48

Safe

10.89

2nd Frm Top

59,097 N

47.76

Safe

6.49

3rd Frm Top

82,966 N

67.05

Safe

4.62

4th Frm Top

86,877 N

70.21

Safe

4.42

5th Frm Top

25,405 N

20.53

Safe

15.10

Table 9.10. Bending Moment Failure Analysis without Guy Wire


Bending Moment/(J)
Section

Guy

Wind Force Inclination

Total

BM Allowed

Top Most

0.00E+00

4.36E+04

4.52E+03

4.81E+04

3.39E+04

2nd Frm Top

0.00E+00

7.69E+04

4.02E+03

8.09E+04

4.57E+04

3rd Frm Top

0.00E+00

1.28E+05

3.55E+03

1.32E+05

1.05E+05

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 579 )

4th Frm Top

0.00E+00

1.81E+05

2.58E+03

1.84E+05

1.30E+05

5th Frm Top

0.00E+00

2.38E+05

1.12E+03

2.39E+05

1.54E+05

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

6.68E+05

1.58E+04

Bending Moment/(J)
Section

Wind Force

BM Allowed Inclination M Left for W H


F Above

Wind Force

Top Most

2.00E+04

4.52E+03

1.54E+04

5.35

2,886.32

2nd Frm Top

2.69E+04

4.02E+03

2.29E+04

8.90

2,569.99

3rd Frm Top

6.19E+04

3.55E+03

5.84E+04

12.45

4,689.07

4th Frm Top

7.63E+04

2.58E+03

7.37E+04

16.00

4,607.66

5th Frm Top

9.06E+04

1.12E+03

8.95E+04

19.55

4,576.40

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00

0.00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00E+00

0.00

0.00

2.76E+05
Section

1.58E+04

2.60E+05

Area Abv Pressure Allowed


Velocity

FailureSpeeds

Top Most

4.31 m2

670 Pa

33.41 ms-1

95 Kmph

2nd Frm Top

4.99 m2

515 Pa

29.31 ms-1

84 Kmph

3rd Frm Top

5.94 m2

790 Pa

36.28 ms-1 108 Kmph

4th Frm Top

6.89 m2

669 Pa

33.38 ms-1

99 Kmph

5th Frm Top

7.84 m2

584 Pa

31.19 ms-1

95 Kmph

0.00 m2

0 Pa

0.00 ms-1

0 Kmph

0.00 m2

0 Pa

0.00 ms-1

0 Kmph

Note: Irection can be allowed if and only if wind speed is less than
83.56
(Irection Means when no Guy wires)
Critical case of tower under going maximum downward
Calculation for Strength of Lifting Cable

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 580 )

Note : Critical case of tower being lift under 160 KMPH wind velocity while the guy wires fixed
Load on Lifting cables
=

Load on one cable

Compression force - weight of bottom section

31,485 N

15,742.5 N

1.6 Ton

Maximum allowed load per cable


=

4 Ton

Thus The system is stable for most Critical Case


Calculation for Strength of tower lock
Load on Tower Lock

31,485

3 Ton

`
Diameter of the shaft

Shear Area

0.00113

m2

Shear Area For Both

0.00227

m2

F/A

Stress Developed

38 mm

0.038 m

1.4

E+07 N/m2

Bending Stress ( s )

270 N/mm2

Shear Strength

2.70 E+08 (N/mm2)

SF

19.45

10.3 Bending failure of Guide Arms

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 581 )

1. Plates

Top/Bottom Thickness- 5mm High tensile(Equivalent to 8.5mm MS


Side Plate Thickness- 10mm

Thickness Height
Thickness Width

Material Mild Steel


Tensile Stress

523 N/mm2

Yield Strength

335 N/mm2

Reaction Force

9.892

Bending Stress

3 E+08 Pa

270 N/mm2

Steel Density

E+04 N

7,900.00 Kg/m3

Sh stress for M/S

4 E+08 Pa

370 N/mm2

Allowed S Force

8.347
BM

E+05 N

Ixs
y

Note: High tensile steel is used in order to reduce the weight of the arm and maximize the bending Str

w it prevents bending

Also Minimum cross section area is considered for critical

Table 10. 7 Bending failure of Guide Arms Input Data


Arm Length x from end
X sec Area

0.00 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

0.30 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

0.60 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

0.90 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

1.20 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

1.50 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

1.80 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

2.10 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 582 )

2.40 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

2.70 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

10

3.00 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

11

3.30 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

12

3.60 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

13

3.90 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

14

4.20 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

15

4.50 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

16

4.80 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

17

5.10 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

18

5.40 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

19

5.70 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

20

6.00 m

0.00226

0.100

0.088

0.100

0.088

Note: A Doublers plate and the pivot bush is playing the role in Increasing the cross section area of the arm nea
M of Inertia Cross area

Projected Area

SHS Slant

100x100x3

1.83 E-06

0.00116

0.001200

SHS for Stiff

100x100x3

1.83 E-06

0.00052

0.000516

Projected Area

Area/ Cos (Angle)

Table 10. 8 Inertia of Guide Arm with extra Box Stiffener


Arm Length x from end
Inertia Sys Inertia Arm Inertia Top Box
Fixed HeightInertia Extra Stiff
0

0.00 m

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

2.08 E-05

3.34 E-06

1.20 E-05

Design By : Aravinda Perera

0.200

5.48 E-06

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 583 )

0.30 m

3.90 E-05

3.34 E-06

2.11 E-05

0.265

1.46 E-05

0.60 m

6.47 E-05

3.34 E-06

3.27 E-05

0.330

2.87 E-05

0.90 m

3.35 E-05

3.34 E-06

1.20 E-05

0.395

1.81 E-05

1.20 m

3.90 E-05

3.34 E-06

2.11 E-05

0.460

1.46 E-05

1.50 m

1.12 E-04

3.34 E-06

8.27 E-05

0.525

2.58 E-05

1.80 m

1.67 E-04

3.34 E-06

1.04 E-04

0.590

5.95 E-05

2.10 m

1.48 E-04

3.34 E-06

1.29 E-04

0.655

1.58 E-05

2.40 m

1.63 E-04

3.34 E-06

1.55 E-04

0.720

4.57 E-06

2.70 m

2.16 E-04

3.34 E-06

1.85 E-04

0.785

2.79 E-05

10

3.00 m

3.18 E-04

3.34 E-06

2.17 E-04

0.850

9.78 E-05

11

3.30 m

2.82 E-04

3.34 E-06

2.51 E-04

0.915

2.79 E-05

12

3.60 m

2.96 E-04

3.34 E-06

2.88 E-04

0.980

4.57 E-06

13

3.90 m

3.75 E-04

3.34 E-06

3.28 E-04

1.045

4.43 E-05

14

4.20 m

5.36 E-04

3.34 E-06

3.70 E-04

1.110

1.63 E-04

15

4.50 m

4.22 E-04

3.34 E-06

4.14 E-04

1.175

4.57 E-06

16

4.80 m

4.69 E-04

3.34 E-06

4.61 E-04

1.240

4.57 E-06

17

5.10 m

5.19 E-04

3.34 E-06

5.11 E-04

1.305

4.57 E-06

18

5.40 m

5.71 E-04

3.34 E-06

5.63 E-04

1.370

4.57 E-06

19

5.70 m

6.26 E-04

3.34 E-06

6.18 E-04

1.435

4.57 E-06

20

6.00 m

6.83 E-04

3.34 E-06

6.75 E-04

1.500

4.57 E-06

Angle between Two box bars

0.25
14.0 Deg

Table 10.8 .Bending failure of Guide Arms Data comparison


Length x from end Wt/ (Kg)
0

0.00

5.35

0.30

5.35

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

S Force

Mx

BM Allowed Bending

0.00 E+00
9.9

E+04 2.97 E+04 4.21 E+05

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Safe

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 584 )

0.60

5.35

9.9

E+04 5.94 E+04 6.98 E+05

Safe

0.90

5.35

9.9

E+04 8.90 E+04 3.61 E+05

Safe

1.20

5.35

9.9

E+04 1.19 E+05 4.21 E+05

Safe

1.50

5.35

9.9

E+04 1.48 E+05 1.21 E+06

Safe

1.80

5.35

9.9

E+04 1.78 E+05 1.81 E+06

Safe

2.10

5.35

9.9

E+04 2.08 E+05 1.60 E+06

Safe

2.40

5.35

9.9

E+04 2.38 E+05 1.76 E+06

Safe

2.70

5.35

9.9

E+04 2.67 E+05 2.33 E+06

Safe

10

3.00

5.35

9.9

E+04 2.97 E+05 3.43 E+06

Safe

11

3.30

5.35

9.9

E+04 3.27 E+05 3.05 E+06

Safe

12

3.60

5.35

9.9

E+04 3.56 E+05 3.20 E+06

Safe

13

3.90

5.35

9.9

E+04 3.86 E+05 4.05 E+06

Safe

14

4.20

5.35

9.9

E+04 4.16 E+05 5.79 E+06

Safe

15

4.50

5.35

9.9

E+04 4.46 E+05 4.56 E+06

Safe

16

4.80

5.35

9.9

E+04 4.75 E+05 5.07 E+06

Safe

17

5.10

5.35

9.9

E+04 5.05 E+05 5.60 E+06

Safe

18

5.40

5.35

9.9

E+04 5.35 E+05 6.17 E+06

Safe

19

5.70

5.35

9.9

E+04 5.65 E+05 6.76 E+06

Safe

20

6.00

5.35

9.9

E+04 5.94 E+05 7.37 E+06

Safe

106.93
max Shearing

Safe

Arm Pivot Point failures(Strenth of pivoting Point is Neglected, Arm will turn about Upper
pivoting Point)
No of Pivot Plates

Thickness

0.020 m

Weld Contact Lenth

0.100 m

Area

0.004 m2

Distance Between Pivot Pts

1.5 m

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 585 )

Forces On Cantelevered Arm


Weight
Arm Wt

Force

Tr M

576 Kg

-5652

3.250

-18368 J

3240 Kg

-31791

6.500

-206641 J

Guy Top

8449

7.100

59987 J

Guy Mid

8272

7.000

57906 J

Guy Bottom

7952

6.900

54869 J

Concrete

Arm Compression

-12769

Force At Pivot

-52247 J

34832

This can easily be Overcome by even only one of 8.8 Bolts


Stress developed

8707903.2 N/m2

8.71 N/mm2

Allowed Tensile Stress =

348.00 N/mm2

S.F

39.96

According to the Study The most Critical case is near the pivot center
To increase the bending strength of the arm stiffeners are introduced
at certain points of the arm.

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 586 )

The Doublers plate and the pivot bush is playing the role in Increasing
the cross section area of the arm near the pivot.
Thus the Guide arm is Safe all critical cases considered.

13 . Calculation to find the bearing capacity depending on the soil condition

As mentioned earlier in case of system falling about two arms The total weight can
be considered to act on Just Two Arms
Desiding On concrete Blocks at x tream Points
Total Weight of System-Two Blocks

13923 Kg

Weight on One Arm

14 Ton

14 Ton

LandingLegsCapacity

7.0 Ton

40 Ton

Therefore the landing legs does not fail due to load

Area of the shoe/Concrete Block

Stress On Shoe

1.50 m

2.25 m2

Force

1.50 m

Area
=

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

30,351 Pa

Design By : Aravinda Perera

0.030 MPa N/m2

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 587 )

30.35 KN/m2

Allowed By site Soil

40 N/m2

SF

1.32

Desiding On Concrete Block Under the Twr


Load

11,923 N

12 Ton

LandingLegsCapacity

6.0 Ton

40 Ton

Therefore the landing legs does not fail due to load

Area of the shoe/Concrete Block

Stress On Shoe

1.50 m

2.25 m2

Force

1.50 m

Area
=

=
Allowed By site Soil

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

25,991 Pa

0.026 MPa N/m2

25.99 KN/m2
40 N/m2

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 588 )

SF

1.54

Therefore the landing legs does not fail due to load

Area of the shoe

Stress On Shoe

0.60 m

0.36 m2

Force

0.60 m

Area
=

19,337 Pa

0.019 MPa

Obviously the stress value Occurred at the shoe much lesser than Yield Stress if steel (355Mpa)

Therefore the shoe of landing legs does not fail due to load

17 . Calculation for Dimensions of the Occupied Projected Land Area

Length extended from front Bolster

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

1.50 m

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 589 )

Max Length // to Center Line

Max(Y R LL , Y Platform ) +Max(Front Side ,Y F LL )


4.21 m

=
Width 90o to Center Line

=
=

#REF!

#REF!

2 x (Width Side ways)


12.69 m

18 . Finalized Parameter Values relevant to tower Models and Relevant Cases

Front Extention Pivot / (m)

#REF!

Rear Extension Pivot / (m)

0.000

Front Extention / (m)

6.00 m

Rear Extension / (m)

0.00 m

Front Extension Angle / (Deg)

120 Deg

Rear Extension Angle / (Deg)

0 Deg

Rented area length/(m)

Rented area width/(m)

12.69 m

Max Inclination/(Degrees)

0.00 Deg

#REF!

19 . CONCLUSION

1 ) According to the design calculation carried out throughout the study, It has been proven
beyond doubt that the system isstable under the Strength limit status velocity or Survival
Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 590 )

Wind Velocity.

2 ) Therefore it is certain that the system is Stable for the Serviceability limit or Operational Wind
Velocity. (AISI Standard)

3 ) During the Calculation tower has been tested for Bending, Tensile, Shear , Buckling and
Yielding failure, and proven safe.

4 ) All failure tests are satisfied the AISI safety factor Requirements Under
TIA - 222 -G Standards

5 ) The design of the Tower Supporting Frame and the locking system
confirm the rigidity of the tower relative to base frame.

6 ) Provided that the velocity is lower than the survival velocity the system
is stable regardless of the direction of wind flow.

7 ) The ground utilization has been optimized by the design.

20 . REFERENCES

AISI/EIA/TIA-222-G Standard

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 591 )

I TRAILER

2009 Edition

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 592 )

..

with Height..

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 593 )

..

a Derived from Table 03..

Gravity centers..

..
Composite sections..

ns..

ojected Area..

sis..

..

..

..

..

alysis
the wind flow side

..

..

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 594 )

..

..

..

..

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 595 )

to AISI EIA/TIA 222 G

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 596 )

ed to adopt the formal

ion taken will be

e reviewing the reader

pecimen calculation

n done to prevent the


weight of antennae

ad Load details

d, Primered and

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 597 )

as the major fact

characteristics

r at a given time

ocated a 0.85

st likely to turn

er of the wind force.

ticle perpendicular

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 598 )

Extreme Point

Also ice loading

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 599 )

Area
4.86 m2
0.68 m2
1.36 m2

0.02 m2
0.03 m2
0.08 m2
7.02 m2

0.00 m2
0.09 m2

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 600 )

0.09 m2
0.15 m2
0.01 m2
0.01 m2
0.18 m2

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 601 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 602 )

ng formulae and factors.

ival wind velocity.

ucture size Factor

K3 (Topography)

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 603 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 604 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 605 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 606 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 607 )

L Pipe
2.40 m
9.30 m
8.50 m
8.50 m
8.50 m
8.50 m
0.00 m
0.00 m

Rad of Gyration

0.000614

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 608 )

0.000107
0.000107
0.000237
0.000237
0.000237
0.000000
0.000000

R = Wt

um just before falling

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 609 )

Cen Gr Abv Section

37.90 mm
33.75 mm
30.20 mm
26.65 mm
23.10 mm
19.55 mm
0.00 mm
0.00 mm

n Stiffeners

5.5
7
7
7
7
0
0

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 610 )

al axis is found

I Composite

Wt x X
3953.55
3062.06
3771.79
2320.31
868.84
0.00
0.00
13976.55

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 611 )

Tr Mom Sec Bot/(Nm)

8.26 E+03
4.36 E+04
7.69 E+04
1.28 E+05
1.81 E+05
2.38 E+05
0.00 E+00
0.00 E+00

BM Total
1.27 E+04
-1.20 E+05
-5.38 E+04
-6.24 E+04

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 612 )

-6.11 E+03
3.14 E+04
0.00 E+00
0.00 E+00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 613 )

Pipe Distance 2

L ten Stiff 2

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 614 )

L Comp Stiff

rpedicular Distance

Total R Mom/(J)

68,692
40,541
46,310
30,340
29,729
0
0
215,612

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 615 )

Total R Mom/(J)

86,086
74,767
115,537
97,469
116,229
0
0
490,088

orientation of tower when irected

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 616 )

on of Arm or leverage beam.

Tot Weight

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 617 )

6480Kg
6480Kg
6480Kg
19440Kg

entions therefore

whole system is

about two ground

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 618 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 619 )

6.9 E+05 J

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 620 )

52629
0
9358
0
14836
2944
626280
190745
140424
0
1.04 E+06

Stability Circle

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 621 )

Perpendicular Distance From Tower center)

ons are followed

ind Flow and its Direction can't be predicted.

considered for failiure analysis.

a
b

YPivot
d+q Guyo

LF
d

wire orientation Case 1

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 622 )

4.3 to see directions

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 623 )

44.38

LF
d

q Guyo
LVG

YPivot
q Guyo

. Arm and Guy wire


orientation Case 2

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 624 )

R Pivot

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 625 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 626 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 627 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 628 )

h of guide arms by

eeded in doing so.

Bolting material canbe assumed to be at the center

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 629 )

of Bolts and size can be desided on this)

chemical and to

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 630 )

120
T120oo

120o

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 631 )

120o

of Guy wire Orientation

own system reduces to the following system

onsidered to have one guy wire per Guy arm

among Guy wires depending on inclination

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 632 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 633 )

Ref 14.Stability Calculation

xing Height / Fixed Distance on Arm

ning Moment by Guys

3.4 Ton

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 634 )

y factor 0.85 for a guyed mast

S.F
47.14
66.54
147.73
223.83
1109.20

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 635 )

n of each section
S.F
107.44
65.67
172.31
164.89
510.64
0.00
0.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 636 )

3.00

4.00

5.00

6.00

7.00

8.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 637 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 638 )

4.00

5.00

6.00

7.00

8.00

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 639 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 640 )

4.00

5.00

6.00

7.00

8.00

afer than The Cable for Tensile

an The Cable for Tensile

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 641 )

opposite =

TInit

R = Wt

the Reduced section


A

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 642 )

ed Distance on Arm

Ton
N

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 643 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 644 )

(From Tower Center)


Tension Ti
8,603 N
8,512 N
8,345 N
7,946 N
0N
0N
0N
33,406 N

Tot

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 645 )

Side view of Guy Wire

d for self standing)


Max No of Turns

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 646 )

R Dish

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 647 )

ment greater than this value

oss Guys are present at the top.

he required safty factor

center will be Half of the

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 648 )

Cos (b)

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 649 )

m
m

Deg

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 650 )

Deg
Deg
Deg

Total R Mom/(J)

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 651 )

/2

t2

x Cos (q + 90)

Exp Len
0.2699217
0.3825462
0.5391525
0.6761575
0.8143277
0.0000000
0.0000000

Total R Mom/(J)

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 652 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 653 )

check Yield failure

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 654 )

Safety Factor

0.71
0.56
0.80

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 655 )

0.71
0.64
0.00
0.00

Wind Force

Kmph

ing maximum downward

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 656 )

velocity while the guy wires fixed

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 657 )

t
0.006
0.006

he arm and maximize the bending Strength, case.

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 658 )

the cross section area of the arm near the pivot.


Projected Area

Fixed Height RHS

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 659 )

0.330
0.165
0.000
0.295
0.590
0.295
0.000
0.425
0.850
0.425
0.000
0.555
1.110

SF
14.20

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 660 )

11.77
4.06
3.55
8.14
10.14
7.68
7.43
8.73
11.56
9.33
8.97
10.49
13.93
10.23
10.66
11.09
11.53
11.96
12.41

m will turn about Upper

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 661 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 662 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 663 )

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 664 )

an Yield Stress if steel (355Mpa)

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 665 )

+Max(Front Side ,Y F LL )

dy, It has been proven

atus velocity or Survival


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

( 666 )

lity limit or Operational Wind

e, Shear , Buckling and

Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Design By : Aravinda Perera

Approved By:Mr.K.V.G.G.Jayantha

RISA
Basic wind Speed
Structure Class
Exposure Category
Topographic Category
Crest Height
Deflections calculated using a wind speed of
Tower sections

Bolts
Pressure calculated
Guy Design SF
Stress Ratio for twr Design
Local bending stresses due to climbing loads,
feedline supports
appurtenance mounts

Std

MS Tower

177
II
C
1
0
97
Welded
ER-70S-6 electrodes
Flanged
Galvanised
ASTM A123 and ASTM A153
A325 Galvanised TIA/EIA-222
at Each Section
1
1
Not considered
Not considered
Not considered

Rank
TANTRI

nd ASTM A153

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Brand
Vodafone
AT&T
Verizon
Orange
China Mobile
Telecom Italia
T-Mobile
Movistar
NTT DoCoMo
BT
Sprint
Telefonica
Alcatel-Lucent
America Movil
Telstra
O2
China Unicom
Qwest
SoftBank
KDDI
Telenor
Swisscom
MTS
CNC
Airtel

Parent Company
Vodafone Group
AT&T
Verizon Comm
France Telecom
China Mobile
Telecom Italia
Deutsche Telekom
Telefonica
NTTC
BT Group
Sprint Nextel Corp.
Telefonica
Alcatel-Lucent
America Movil
Telstra Corp.
Telefonica
China Unicom
Qwest Comm Intl
Softbank Corp.
KDDI Corp.
Telenor
Swisscom
Mobil TeleSystems
China Netcom Group
Bharti Airtel Ltd

Brand Value ($bn)


26.59
24.6
24.38
18.35
13.87
9.43
8.96
7.95
7.54
7.29
7.07
6.33
5.16
5.08
4.64
4.62
3.45
3.06
3.02
3.01
2.97
2.96
2.79
2.55
2.48

Y platform

6.50

Table 14.2. Tower Frame Details


Unit Wt/(Kg)Country Number
50mm Shaft
15.40
1.10 m
1
2" Box Bar 4.25
2.69 m
4
3" Box Bar 6.60
2.30 m
1
3" Box Bar 6.60
2.52 m
2
3" Box Bar 6.60
0.64 m
2
3" Box Bar 6.60
2.25 m
2
3" Box Bar 6.60
3.02 m
2
4" Box bar 8.96
2.87 m
2
8mm Thk Plate
62.64 0.0041 m2
16
10mm Thk 75.16
Plate 0.0375 m2
4
12mm Thk100.22
Plate 0.0126 m2
12
12mm Thk100.22
Plate 0.0060 m2
4
12mm Thk100.22
Plate 0.0023 m2
8
20mm Thk162.85
Plate 0.0110 m2
2
Other Loads
Total
Roof top
Table 14.4. Base Frame Details
Type
Size
Unit Wt
Main
UB
#REF!
51.0 Kg/m
Cross
UB
#REF!
51.0 Kg/m
Side
UB
#REF!
51.0 Kg/m
Other Weights

Tot Weight
16.94 Kg
45.73 Kg
15.18 Kg
33.29 Kg
8.45 Kg
29.70 Kg
39.86 Kg
51.34 Kg
4.13 Kg
11.27 Kg
15.15 Kg
2.39 Kg
1.80 Kg
3.58 Kg
10.00 Kg

Country
6.00 m
6.00 m
0.90 m

Tot Weight
18.63 Kg
492.05 Kg
34.91 Kg
167.92 Kg
10.81 Kg
133.65 Kg
240.78 Kg
294.18 Kg
0.27 Kg
1.69 Kg
2.29 Kg
0.06 Kg
0.03 Kg
0.08 Kg
10.00 Kg

Number
2
2
2

Tot Weight
612.00 Kg
612.00 Kg
91.80 Kg
40.00 Kg
1355.80 Kg

Table 14.6. Structure Load Details


0.000
#REF!
Base Frame
0 Kg
Axels
#REF!
Generator
#REF!
Other
#REF!
Tot Weight
#REF!

288.83 Kg
289 Kg
Semitrailer
Table 14.4. Base Frame Details
Type
Size
Unit Wt
Main
UB
200x150 51.0 Kg/m
Cross
UB
200x150 51.0 Kg/m
Side
UB
200x151 51.0 Kg/m
Other Weights
Twer SupSteel
StrucPlates
Other Accsesories

Country
6.00 m
6.00 m
0.90 m

Number Tot Weight


2
612 Kg
2
612 Kg
2
92 Kg
800 Kg
700 Kg
2816 Kg

Deflection Update

remove shelteer
wind cal
Box bar details
Wind speed matrix (topography factor)

Dear Aravinda,

Rented area y platform len?

Please check the meeting minutes as at 2

in puts / out puts (Solid Works)


Weight details common

Tensional members to be added for a

Page reorganise

Aravinda (Tantri) to come up with des

index?

Mr. Jayantha requested calculations f

eleminate frame wt

Design calculation for guy connection

guy wire load percentage

Support reactions to be submitted.

Buckling slenderness ratio

Generic design for bases to be done

Buckling load factor 1224 line

Please submit your reports by 27th of Apri

raida

Thank you.
Note:

Strenth of the Guy wire doesn't act initially


Check for Failiure occurencce deflection

BR+
Amila

Go to 1371 line for guy wire case


Initial tension OK

heck the meeting minutes as at 22nd of April.

sional members to be added for all the sections (Now it is applied for only 3 sections).

inda (Tantri) to come up with design calculations to verify the torsion capacities prior/after new additions.

Jayantha requested calculations for six scenarios as follows: 6m2 at top, 6m2 at the middle of each section (5 sections).

gn calculation for guy connections should be provided for approval (fixing mechanism).

port reactions to be submitted.

eric design for bases to be done based on the soil bearing capacity of 40 kN/m2.

ubmit your reports by 27th of April as per the agreed target.

OK

practically check

OK

each section (5 sections).


practically check

OK

Annex 2

For roof top Application, checking for bending failure and deflection of Base frame I Beam due to loads.

Wind Force Truning Moment


Gap between beams

685712.716 J

Force on beam for the criticle case

Total Load
Load on One Beam

0.82 m

=
=
=

836235.02 N
85225.75 Kg
85.23 Ton

85.226 Ton

42.613 Ton

Number of points the beam is Suppoted from bottom


Load on Beam

42.6 Ton

Gravitational Acc

9.812 m/s2

Analysis for Bending failure


Section Moduli
Steel Density

310 N/mm2

3 E+08 Pa

7,900.00 Kg/m3

Considering the critical situation arisen while lifting from lifting hooks
2.600 m

Length L

tf
tw

Thickness
t
0.0120
0.0060

2t
0.0240
W

Unit length Weight


Beam weight

51.0 Kg/m
132.6 Kg

tw
tf

Fig 3.2.6 I beam Cross section

R1

R1

Fig 3.2.7 Free body Diagram I Beam

Shearing stress
X sec Area
Allowed Max S Force

UDL of Beam
Total weight

300 N/mm2
0.0047 m3
1.397 E+06 N

On one Beam =
No of Segments =
Linear weight Intensity
Per Segment =

R2

214 Kg
107 Kg
40
2.68 Kgs/m

Table 3.2.4.2 Beam Property input table


X from end Seg Wt/ (Kg) XsecArea
0
0.00 m
51.00
0.00466
1
0.07 m
51.00
0.00466
2
0.13 m
51.00
0.00466
3
0.20 m
51.00
0.00466
4
0.26 m
51.00
0.00466
5
0.33 m
51.00
0.00466
6
0.39 m
51.00
0.00466
7
0.46 m
51.00
0.00466
8
0.52 m
51.00
0.00466
9
0.59 m
51.00
0.00466
10
0.65 m
51.00
0.00466
11
0.72 m
51.00
0.00466
12
0.78 m
51.00
0.00466
13
0.85 m
51.00
0.00466
14
0.91 m
51.00
0.00466
15
0.98 m
51.00
0.00466
16
1.04 m
51.00
0.00466
17
1.11 m
51.00
0.00466
18
1.17 m
1807.00
0.00466
19
1.24 m
1807.00
0.00466
20
1.30 m
1807.00
0.00466
21
1.37 m
1807.00
0.00466
22
1.43 m
1807.00
0.00466
23
1.50 m
1807.00
0.00466
24
1.56 m
1807.00
0.00466
25
1.63 m
51.00
0.00466
26
1.69 m
51.00
0.00466
27
1.76 m
51.00
0.00466
28
1.82 m
51.00
0.00466
29
1.89 m
51.00
0.00466

W
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200

0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150

Moment of Inertia of the beam Section


Ad2
MI Web
MI Fla
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05
2.73 E-06
2.16 E-08 1.59 E-05

30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

1.95 m
2.02 m
2.08 m
2.15 m
2.21 m
2.28 m
2.34 m
2.41 m
2.47 m
2.54 m
2.60 m

51.00
51.00
51.00
51.00
51.00
51.00
51.00
51.00
51.00
51.00
51.00
14332.00

0.00466
0.00466
0.00466
0.00466
0.00466
0.00466
0.00466
0.00466
0.00466
0.00466
0.00466

0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200
0.200

Max

0.200

Table 3.2.4.3 Bending moment at diastance x


x
Mx
BM Allowed
S Factor
0.00 m
0
0.00 m
-4,586
107,194
23.37
0.07 m
-9,139
107,194
11.73
0.13 m
-13,657
107,194
7.85
0.20 m
-18,140
107,194
5.91
0.26 m
-22,590
107,194
4.75
0.33 m
-27,005
107,194
3.97
0.39 m
-31,386
107,194
3.42
0.46 m
-35,733
107,194
3.00
0.52 m
-40,045
107,194
2.68
0.59 m
-44,324
107,194
2.42
0.65 m
-48,568
107,194
2.21
0.72 m
-52,778
107,194
2.03
0.78 m
-56,954
107,194
1.88
0.85 m
-61,095
107,194
1.75
0.91 m
-65,202
107,194
1.64
0.98 m
-69,275
107,194
1.55
1.04 m
-73,314
107,194
1.46
1.11 m
-77,319
107,194
1.39
1.17 m
-80,169
107,194
1.34
1.24 m
-81,866
107,194
1.31
1.30 m
-82,409
107,194
1.30
1.37 m
-81,798
107,194
1.31
1.43 m
-80,032
107,194
1.34
1.50 m
-77,113
107,194
1.39
1.56 m
-73,040
107,194
1.47
1.63 m
-68,933
107,194
1.56
1.69 m
-64,792
107,194
1.65
1.76 m
-60,616
107,194
1.77
1.82 m
-56,406
107,194
1.90
1.89 m
-52,162
107,194
2.06
1.95 m
-47,883
107,194
2.24
2.02 m
-43,571
107,194
2.46
2.08 m
-39,224
107,194
2.73

0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150
0.150

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

2.73
2.73
2.73
2.73
2.73
2.73
2.73
2.73
2.73
2.73
2.73

E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06
E-06

2.16
2.16
2.16
2.16
2.16
2.16
2.16
2.16
2.16
2.16
2.16

E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08
E-08

1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59

E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05

2.15 m
2.21 m
2.28 m
2.34 m
2.41 m
2.47 m
2.54 m
2.60 m

-34,843
-30,428
-25,978
-21,495
-16,977
-12,424
-7,838
0

107,194
107,194
107,194
107,194
107,194
107,194
107,194
107,194

3.08
3.52
4.13
4.99
6.31
8.63
100000.00

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

Mx
0
-20000

Mx

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

25

27

-40000
-60000
-80000
-100000

Fig 3.2.9 Bending moment diagram


Table 3.2.4.4 Shear Force at diastance x
x
SF
SF Allowed
S Factor
0.00 m
-70,560 1,396,800
10000.00
0.07 m
-70,033 1,396,800
19.94
0.13 m
-69,507 1,396,800
20.10
0.20 m
-68,980 1,396,800
20.25
0.26 m
-68,454 1,396,800
20.40
0.33 m
-67,927 1,396,800
20.56
0.39 m
-67,401 1,396,800
20.72
0.46 m
-66,874 1,396,800
20.89
0.52 m
-66,348 1,396,800
21.05
0.59 m
-65,821 1,396,800
21.22
0.65 m
-65,295 1,396,800
21.39
0.72 m
-64,768 1,396,800
21.57
0.78 m
-64,241 1,396,800
21.74
0.85 m
-63,715 1,396,800
21.92
0.91 m
-63,188 1,396,800
22.11
0.98 m
-62,662 1,396,800
22.29
1.04 m
-62,135 1,396,800
22.48
1.11 m
-61,609 1,396,800
22.67
1.17 m
-43,856 1,396,800
31.85
1.24 m
-26,103 1,396,800
53.51
1.30 m
-8,350 1,396,800
10000.00
1.37 m
9,403 1,396,800
148.55
1.43 m
27,156 1,396,800
51.44
1.50 m
44,909 1,396,800
31.10
1.56 m
62,662 1,396,800
22.29
1.63 m
63,188 1,396,800
22.11
1.69 m
63,715 1,396,800
21.92
1.76 m
64,241 1,396,800
21.74
1.82 m
64,768 1,396,800
21.57
1.89 m
65,295 1,396,800
21.39

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

29

31

33

35

37

39

41

1.95 m
2.02 m
2.08 m
2.15 m
2.21 m
2.28 m
2.34 m
2.41 m
2.47 m
2.54 m
2.60 m

65,821
66,348
66,874
67,401
67,927
68,454
68,980
69,507
70,033
70,560
0

1,396,800
1,396,800
1,396,800
1,396,800
1,396,800
1,396,800
1,396,800
1,396,800
1,396,800
1,396,800
1,396,800

21.22
21.05
20.89
20.72
20.56
20.40
20.25
20.10
19.94
19.80
10000.00

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
SF

80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
0
-20,000
-40,000
-60,000
-80,000

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

Fig 3.2.10 Shear Force diagram


Table 3.2.4.5. Deflection at diastance x
x Deflection(mm)Allowed Def
0.20 m
0.00
5.20
0.26 m
0.00
5.20
0.33 m
-0.01
5.20
0.39 m
-0.01
5.20
0.46 m
-0.01
5.20
0.52 m
-0.01
5.20
0.59 m
-0.02
5.20
0.65 m
-0.02
5.20
0.72 m
-0.02
5.20
0.78 m
-0.02
5.20
0.85 m
-0.03
5.20
0.91 m
-0.03
5.20
0.98 m
-0.03
5.20
1.04 m
-0.03
5.20
1.11 m
-0.04
5.20
1.17 m
-0.04
5.20
1.24 m
-0.04
5.20
1.30 m
-0.04
5.20
1.37 m
-0.05
5.20
1.43 m
-0.05
5.20
1.50 m
-0.05
5.20
1.56 m
-0.05
5.20
1.63 m
-0.05
5.20
1.69 m
-0.05
5.20
1.76 m
-0.05
5.20

S Factor
10000.00
1859.32
932.27
623.66
469.44
376.94
315.29
271.27
238.26
212.60
192.07
175.28
161.30
149.47
139.34
130.56
122.88
116.11
110.50
106.55
10000.00
103.65
104.43
106.74
110.79

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

25

27

29

31

33

35

37

39

1.82 m
1.89 m
1.95 m
2.02 m
2.08 m
2.15 m
2.21 m
2.28 m
2.34 m
2.41 m
2.47 m
2.54 m
2.60 m
0.00 m
0.00 m
0.00 m

-0.04
-0.04
-0.04
-0.04
-0.03
-0.03
-0.03
-0.03
-0.02
-0.02
-0.02
-0.02
-0.01
-0.01
-0.01
0.00

5.20
5.20
5.20
5.20
5.20
5.20
5.20
5.20
5.20
5.20
5.20
5.20
5.20
5.20
5.20
5.20

116.55
123.49
131.39
140.44
150.92
163.21
177.79
195.39
217.05
244.35
279.81
327.75
396.15
501.63
685.55
10000.00

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

V/EI / (mm)
0.000 mm
-0.020 mm
-0.040 mm
-0.060 mm

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

Fig 3.2.11 Deflection diagram

25

27

29

31

33

35

37

39

41

e to loads.

ection
I Comp/m4
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05
3.46 E-05

3.46
3.46
3.46
3.46
3.46
3.46
3.46
3.46
3.46
3.46
3.46

E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05
E-05

Mx

Speciman Calculation for the TOP Most section

Analysis for bending of Cantilevered Beam.


Head Load

3,351.94 N
RB=

341.69 Kg

210 Gpa

L Extended

1.00 m

1.80 E-05

Max Bending Moment Allowed

3.39 E+04

Head Load

Wt tb

Fig 9.3. State of tower under equilibrium just before Tilting

Fig 9.3. State of tower under equilibrium just before Tilting

Differential Equations
EI V(x) 4

EI V(x) 3

+ c1

EI V(x) 2

c1.x

+ c2

EI V(x) 1

+ c1.x2
2

+c2.x

+c3

EI V(x)

+ c1.x3
6

+c2.x2
2

+c3.x

+c4

Boundry Conditions

Sh Force V(0) 3

RA

V(L) 3

=
=

RB
341.69 Kg

V(0) 2

V(L) 2

Tangent V(0) 1

V(L) 1

infinite

V(L)

dB

C4

C3

BM

Deflection V(0)

From eq'n 5
V(0)

From eq'n 4
V(0) 1

From eq'n 3
V(L) 2

EI V(L) 2

c1.L

- c1.L

RB

c2

0
+c2

Form Equation 2
V(L) 3

EI V(L) 3

341.69 Kg

3,351.94 N

+ c1

2.10E+11 Pa (N/m2)

Neutral Axis

Moment of Inertia of the Flange

For two flanges


Moment of Inertia of web and Plates

For three webs


Total Moment of inertia of Lifting I beam

(75 x 53 )/12 + (75 x 5) x 72.5

1971875

3943750

5 x 1403 / 12

1143333.333

3430000

4
7373750 mm

4
7.37375E-06 m

c1
From 7

=
c2

c2

3,351.94
- c1.L

-3351.937296

Sh Force

EI V(x) 3

+ c1

BM

EI V(x) 2

3,351.94 .x

-3,351.94

Tangent

EI V(x) 1

+ c1.x2
2

+c2.x

EI V(x)

1,676 .x3

-3,351.94 .x2

Deflection

3,351.94

+c3

Table 1 Deflection Parameter Table

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

X from end Deflection mm SF / N


0.00 m
0.00
3,352
0.03 m
0.00
3,352
0.05 m
0.00
3,352
0.08 m
0.00
3,352
0.10 m
-0.01
3,352
0.13 m
-0.01
3,352
0.15 m
-0.02
3,352
0.18 m
-0.02
3,352
0.20 m
-0.03
3,352
0.23 m
-0.04
3,352
0.25 m
-0.05
3,352
0.28 m
-0.06
3,352
0.30 m
-0.07
3,352
0.33 m
-0.08
3,352
0.35 m
-0.09
3,352
0.38 m
-0.10
3,352
0.40 m
-0.11
3,352
0.43 m
-0.13
3,352
0.45 m
-0.14
3,352
0.48 m
-0.15
3,352
0.50 m
-0.17
3,352
0.53 m
-0.18
3,352

BM
3,352
3,268
3,184
3,101
3,017
2,933
2,849
2,765
2,682
2,598
2,514
2,430
2,346
2,263
2,179
2,095
2,011
1,927
1,844
1,760
1,676
1,592

10.13
10.39
10.66
10.95
11.25
11.57
11.91
12.27
12.66
13.07
13.50
13.97
14.47
15.00
15.58
16.20
16.88
17.61
18.41
19.29
20.25
21.32

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

0.55 m
0.58 m
0.60 m
0.63 m
0.65 m
0.68 m
0.70 m
0.73 m
0.75 m
0.78 m
0.80 m
0.83 m
0.85 m
0.88 m
0.90 m
0.93 m
0.95 m
0.98 m
1.00 m

-0.19
-0.21
-0.22
-0.24
-0.25
-0.27
-0.28
-0.30
-0.31
-0.33
-0.34
-0.35
-0.37
-0.38
-0.39
-0.41
-0.42
-0.43
-0.44

3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352
3,352

22.50
23.83
25.32
27.00
28.93
31.16
33.75
36.82
40.50
45.00
50.63
57.86
67.51
81.01
101.26
135.01
202.52
405.04
10,000.00

1,508
1,425
1,341
1,257
1,173
1,089
1,006
922
838
754
670
587
503
419
335
251
168
84
0

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

Deflection /(mm)
0.00
-0.10

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

25

-0.20
-0.30
-0.40
-0.50

Fig 3.2.3 Deflection Diagram

Bending Moment Diagram


4,000
3,500
3,000
2,500

27

29

31

33

35

37

39

41

3,000
2,500
2,000
1,500
1,000
500
0
1

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

25

27

29

31

33

35

37

39

41

Fig 3.2.4 Bending moment Diagram

Shear Force Diagram /( N )


4,000
3,500
3,000
2,500
2,000
1,500
1,000
500
0
1

11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41

Fig 3.2.5 Shear Force Diagram

Max
Min

0.00
-0.44

Amax

0.443 mm

2.00

5
6
7
8

5.09E-06
5.98E-06
6.84E-06
7.66E-06

Neutral Axis
tw

tw

tf

F1
H1

F2

F3

F4

F5

F6

F7

F8

F9

F10

F11

H2

H3
H4

H5

H6
H7

H8
H9

H10

H11
H12
H13

H14
H15
H16
H17

V1
S1

V2

V3

V4

V5

V6

V7

V8

V9

V10

V11

S2

S3
S4

S5

S6
S7

S8
S9
S10

1
1

S11
S12
S13

S14
S15
S16
S17

F12

F13

F14

F15

F16

F17

V16

V17

V12

V13

V14

V15

Speciman Calculation for the TOP Most section

Analysis for bending of Cantilevered Beam.


Head Load

6,668.23 N
RB=

679.74 Kg

210 Gpa

L Extended

1.00 m

1.80 E-05

Max Bending Moment Allowed

3.39 E+04

Head Load

Wt tb

Fig 9.3. State of tower under equilibrium just before Tilting

Fig 9.3. State of tower under equilibrium just before Tilting

Differential Equations
EI V(x) 4

EI V(x) 3

+ c1

EI V(x) 2

c1.x

+ c2

EI V(x) 1

+ c1.x2
2

+c2.x

+c3

EI V(x)

+ c1.x3
6

+c2.x2
2

+c3.x

+c4

Boundry Conditions

Sh Force V(0) 3

RA

V(L) 3

=
=

RB
679.74 Kg

V(0) 2

V(L) 2

Tangent V(0) 1

V(L) 1

infinite

V(L)

dB

C4

C3

BM

Deflection V(0)

From eq'n 5
V(0)

From eq'n 4
V(0) 1

From eq'n 3
V(L) 2

EI V(L) 2

c1.L

- c1.L

RB

c2

0
+c2

Form Equation 2
V(L) 3

EI V(L) 3

679.74 Kg

6,668.23 N

+ c1

2.10E+11 Pa (N/m2)

Neutral Axis

Moment of Inertia of the Flange

For two flanges


Moment of Inertia of web and Plates

For three webs


Total Moment of inertia of Lifting I beam

(75 x 53 )/12 + (75 x 5) x 72.5

1971875

3943750

5 x 1403 / 12

1143333.333

3430000

4
7373750 mm

4
7.37375E-06 m

c1
From 7

=
c2

c2

6,668.23
- c1.L

-6668.233235

Sh Force

EI V(x) 3

+ c1

BM

EI V(x) 2

6,668.23 .x

-6,668.23

Tangent

EI V(x) 1

+ c1.x2
2

+c2.x

EI V(x)

3,334 .x3

-6,668.23 .x2

Deflection

6,668.23

+c3

Table 1 Deflection Parameter Table

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

X from end Deflection mm SF / N


0.00 m
0.00
6,668
0.03 m
0.00
6,668
0.05 m
0.00
6,668
0.08 m
-0.01
6,668
0.10 m
-0.02
6,668
0.13 m
-0.03
6,668
0.15 m
-0.04
6,668
0.18 m
-0.05
6,668
0.20 m
-0.06
6,668
0.23 m
-0.08
6,668
0.25 m
-0.10
6,668
0.28 m
-0.12
6,668
0.30 m
-0.13
6,668
0.33 m
-0.16
6,668
0.35 m
-0.18
6,668
0.38 m
-0.20
6,668
0.40 m
-0.23
6,668
0.43 m
-0.25
6,668
0.45 m
-0.28
6,668
0.48 m
-0.30
6,668
0.50 m
-0.33
6,668
0.53 m
-0.36
6,668

BM
6,668
6,502
6,335
6,168
6,001
5,835
5,668
5,501
5,335
5,168
5,001
4,834
4,668
4,501
4,334
4,168
4,001
3,834
3,668
3,501
3,334
3,167

5.09
5.22
5.36
5.50
5.66
5.82
5.99
6.17
6.36
6.57
6.79
7.02
7.27
7.54
7.83
8.14
8.48
8.85
9.25
9.70
10.18
10.72

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

0.55 m
0.58 m
0.60 m
0.63 m
0.65 m
0.68 m
0.70 m
0.73 m
0.75 m
0.78 m
0.80 m
0.83 m
0.85 m
0.88 m
0.90 m
0.93 m
0.95 m
0.98 m
1.00 m

-0.39
-0.42
-0.44
-0.47
-0.50
-0.53
-0.56
-0.59
-0.62
-0.65
-0.68
-0.71
-0.73
-0.76
-0.79
-0.81
-0.84
-0.86
-0.88

6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668
6,668

11.31
11.98
12.73
13.57
14.54
15.66
16.97
18.51
20.36
22.62
25.45
29.09
33.93
40.72
50.90
67.87
101.80
203.60
10,000.00

3,001
2,834
2,667
2,501
2,334
2,167
2,000
1,834
1,667
1,500
1,334
1,167
1,000
834
667
500
333
167
0

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

Deflection /(mm)
0.00
-0.20

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

25

-0.40
-0.60
-0.80
-1.00

Fig 3.2.3 Deflection Diagram

Bending Moment Diagram


8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000

27

29

31

33

35

37

39

41

6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
1

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

25

27

29

31

33

35

37

39

41

Fig 3.2.4 Bending moment Diagram

Shear Force Diagram /( N )


8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
1

11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41

Fig 3.2.5 Shear Force Diagram

Max
Min

0.00
-0.88

Amax

0.882 mm

2.00

5
6
7
8

5.09E-06
5.98E-06
6.84E-06
7.66E-06

Neutral Axis
tw

tw

tf

Antena Frame
Top Most
2nd Frm Top
3rd Frm Top
4th Frm Top
5th Frm Top

D Out/(m)
0.0750
0.0334
0.0334
0.0483
0.0483
0.0483

Thickness

Area

0.00508
0.00455
0.00455
0.00508
0.00508
0.00508

0.00112
0.00041
0.00041
0.00069
0.00069
0.00069

Circumfrence Weld thickness


0.23
0.10
0.10
0.14
0.14
0.14

0.006
0.010
0.010
0.010
0.010
0.010

Factor for Porocity

0.8

Throat Thickness Throat Area


0.004242641
0.007071068
0.007071068
0.007071068
0.007071068
0.007071068

0.000772635
0.000553139
0.000553139
0.000813225
0.000813225
0.000813225

SF No Gassete
Xtra Area Needed
Xtra W Len Web Plate Thk Nos
0.692404
1.341304
1.341304
1.178997
1.178997
1.178997

0.00034
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000

0.05721
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000

0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012

4
16
16
16
16
16

Len of Tri
0.0023
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Tri Angle
9
3
3
3
3
3

Triangles
9mm x 9 mm
3mm x 3 mm
3mm x 3 mm
3mm x 3 mm
3mm x 3 mm
3mm x 3 mm

A. 1 . Bending Strength Calculation for section number


i
A. 1 . 1,

1
=

Calculation for weight of tower Section


Relevent data taken from Table 03
Pipe Size (Di out)

#REF!

Unit weight( w pipe)

#REF!

Length of Pipe( L pipe)

#REF!

Number of Pipes (n pipes)

#REF!

Weight of Pipes (W pipes)

=
=

w pipe L pipe n pipes


#REF!

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Relevent data taken from Table 05


Stiffner Size (D stiff)

Unit weight( w stiff)

Length of Stiffners( L stiff)

6.00 m

Number of Stiffners (n stiff)

5.5

Weight of Stiffners (W stiff)

Total Weight of Section

(WtTr 1 )

0.012 m
0.89 Kg/m

w stiff L stiff n stiffs

29.304 Kg

W pipes + W stiff
#REF!

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

A. 1 . 2,

Strength of sections under bending moment, wind force and Self weight with a q degree Inclination

A. 1 . 2.1,

Tower under the influence of wind thrust

A. 1 . 2.1.1, Calculation for Wind Pressure ( Ref Table 02 )


Wind velocity ( V )

Wind Pressure ( P )

=
=

56.12 ms-1

0.6 x V
1.889

E+03 Pa

Projected Area of the Tower Section


i) Pipes

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

A pipe

Di out L pipe n pipes

#REF!

ii) Siffners
A stiff

Force Coefficient for Circular sections

A tot

D stiff L stiff n stiff

0.396 m2

0.5

(A pipe + A stiff) x Force Co Eff

Efeective area for section

(AISI Standered)

#REF!

1
A eff

Sum

A tot i

i=1

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

4.309 m2

A. 1 . 2.1.2, Calculation for Wind Force


Wind Force

F wind

=
=

P A eff 1
8.142

E+03 N

A. 1 . 2.1.3, Calculation for Bending moment due to wind thrust


Overlap of tower Sections (OLap)
Cen GR of Section (H 1 )

=
=

1.4 m
1
Sum

L pipe i - ( ( n-1) x OLap )

i=1

H1

34.65 m

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Bending moment (BM wind 1 )

A. 1 . 2.2,

F wind i H i

8.142

2.821

E+03 x 34.65

E+05 N

Bending of tower due to q degree Inclination


o

A. 1 . 2.2.1, Calculation for Maximum Premisible Bending moment of a member


Here worst case of 5 degree is considered
q
=
5.0 Degrees
Height to Center Gravity of Section (H gr 1 )

33.05 m

Offset Due to Inclination( X offset 1 )

H gr i Sin q

2.88 m

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

1
Wt above section

Wt Abv

=
BM incli

Total bending Moment

BM Tot

Head Load +

Sum WtTr i
i=1

799.362 Kg

Wt Abv i g X offset i

2.259

BM wind i + BM incli i

3.047

E+04 J

E+05 J

A. 1 . 2.2.2, Calculation for Moment of Inertia of the composite section


R

#REF!

#REF!

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

p(R4 - r4)
4

4.398

E-08 m4

Parelell axis theorem may be usd to find moment of inertia of the composite section about neutral axis
Sec height

#REF!

h1

2xh
3

h1

#REF!

h2

h
3

h2

#REF!

+R

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

=
a

comp

p(R2 - r2)

p((0.024)2 - (0.019)2)

#REF!

( I + a x h12) + (2 x ( I + a x h22))
4

3.572

E-05 m4

A. 1 . 2.2.3, Calculation for Maximum Premisible Bending moment of a member

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Moment of Inertia

I Comp

s
Distance to extream Fibre

BM Allowable

=
=

1.741

E-05 N (ref Table 07)

310 N/mm2

3 E+08 Pa

0.1432 m

s I Comp i
yi

A. 1 . 3,

3.769

E+04 J

BM Allowable i
BM Tot i

3.769

Calculation for the Safty factor of Tower section


S.F

E+04 J

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

3.047
=

E+05 J
0.12
Safe

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

sagging ok
Low bed
Cow two arms
grdu goose neck

Semi Trailer

Tower center position

0.3942
Height
Proj guy

FALSE

Tower Data
0
Parameter

GRDU

RDV

SMI TR TOW TR GRDU

RDV

SMI TR TOW TR GRDU

RDV

SMI TR TOW TR GRDU

RDV

SMI TR

6.00
2.30
Front Arm Pivot / (m)
0.03
Rear Arm Pivot / (m)
5.97
Guy angle with Y axis q / (Deg)
120
Projected Guy Wire Length / (m)
5.03
Front Arm / (m)
4.00
Front arm Angle / (Deg)
127
Rear Arm / (m)
2.48
Rear arm Angle / (Deg)
57
Rented area length (Y Axis)/(m)
8.92
Rented area width (X Axis)/(m)
8.71
Max Inclination/(Degrees)
1.5
Total System Weight / (Kg)
12582
Head Load / (Kg)
300
Cabin / (Kg)
3000
Tower weight / (Kg)
974
Concrete Weight / (Kg)
5060
Truck Weight / (Kg)
0
Skeltal Weight / (Kg)
0
Axels Weight / (Kg)
0
Generator Weight/ (Kg)
0
Wt of Accessories / (Kg)
400
Operational wind vel/(Kmph)
160
AISI Survival wind vel /(Kmph)
120
Tilted Height from Deck Level/ (m) 3.60
Chassie Length / (m)
Chassie Width / (m)

6.00
6.50
2.30
2.30
0.03
0.03
5.97
6.47
120
120
5.96
5.94
4.93
4.09
126
78
0.00
0.00
0
0
7.02
6.57
10.32 10.29
1.5
1.1
15874 14001
300
300
3000 3000
974
974
0
0
7,000
0
0
3,500
0
1,400
500
0
1,200
500
160
160
120
120
3.65
3.60

6.50
2.30
0.03
6.47
120
6.53
5.50
125
4.97
48
11.64
11.32
0.9
8998
300
3000
974
0
0
950
700
0
1,350
160
120
3.60

6.00
6.00
6.70
2.30
2.30
2.30
0.03
0.03
0.03
5.98
5.98
6.68
120
120
120
4.52
4.69
4.80
3.50
3.67
3.26
128
127
67
2.03
0.00
0.00
60
0
0
8.33
6.86
6.52
7.83
8.13
8.32
0.8
0.8
0.8
12317 15627 13734
300
300
300
3000 3000 3000
751
751
751
5060
0
0
0
7,000
0
0
0
3,000
0
0
1,400
0
500
500
0
1,200
500
160
160
160
120
120
120
3.60
3.65
3.60

6.50
2.30
0.03
6.48
120
5.53
4.50
126
4.50
50
10.71
9.58
0.6
8710
300
3000
751
0
0
1,000
700
0
500
160
120
3.60

6.00
6.00
6.70
2.30
2.30
2.30
0.03
0.03
0.03
5.98
5.98
6.68
120
120
120
4.02
3.96
4.31
3.00
2.95
3.46
129
129
48
1.76
0.00
0.00
64
0
0
7.85
6.84
6.48
6.96
6.86
7.47
1.0
1.0
1.1
12079 15402 13530
300
300
300
3000 3000 3000
547
547
547
5060
0
0
0
7,000
0
0
0
3,000
0
0
1,400
0
500
500
400
1,200
500
160
160
160
120
120
120
3.60
3.65
3.60

6.00
2.30
0.03
5.98
120
5.03
4.00
127
4.08
50
10.17
8.71
0.6
8465
300
3000
547
0
0
1,000
700
0
500
160
120
3.60

6.00
6.00
6.70
2.30
2.30
2.30
0.03
0.03
0.03
5.98
5.98
6.68
120
120
120
4.02
3.42
3.89
3.00
2.42
2.60
129
131
59
1.39
0.00
0.00
64
0
0
7.67
6.83
6.44
6.96
5.93
6.74
0.4
0.4
0.3
11859 15200 13326
300
300
300
3000 3000 3000
343
343
343
5060
0
0
0
7,000
0
0
0
3,000
0
0
1,400
0
500
500
400
1,200
500
160
160
160
120
120
120
3.60
3.65
3.60

Guyed
Non guyed
sand
no sand
fixed to ground
free to fall with sand

Backwards

YPlatform

Cabin Side

LR

X Platform
Side Ways

Tower side

YR Pivot

YCG

YF Pivot
LF
Foward

Fig 14.3. Guide arm Arrangement

TOW TR

6.00
2.30
0.03
5.98
120
5.03
4.00
127
3.56
48
9.95
8.71
0.3
8238
300
3000
343
0
0
1,000
700
0
500
160
120
3.60

SEMI TRAILER

Twr Catogory
Height Catogory

5
4

Type Mis match

40 m

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
12.69 m
0.0 Degrees
20402.506 Kg
680 Kg
#REF!
852.768 Kg
#REF!

Do not Stand Underneath while tower irection is in progress

TABLE OF CONTENTS
0 . Notations and Symbols..
0
0
1 . ABSTRACT..

0
0

2 . INTRODUCTION..0
0
3 . ANTENNAE DETAILS..
0

Calculation for antennae supporting frame Area


0

4 . DESIGN CONCEPT RELATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL LOADS


0
0
5 . STRUCTURE CLASSIFICATION..
0
0
6 . Tower Specifications..
0
0
7 . Material Used for Tower Section..
0
0
8 . Wind Loads Analysis

0
0

9 . Bending Strength Calculation

(729)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Table 9.1. Wind Velocity Variation with Height


0
Table 9.2. Tower Vertical Pipe Data..
0

Table 9.3. Tower Vertical Pipe Data Derived from Table 03


0

Table 9.4. Section Wind force and Gravity centers


0
Table 9.5. Data of Stiffeners..
0

Table 9.6. Moment of inertia of the Composite sections


0
Table 9.7. Weight of Tower Sections..
0

Table9.8. Wind Force Effect on Projected Area


0

Table 9.9. Bending Moment Failure Analysis


0
10 . Calculation for Buckling & Deflection

Calculation for buckling failure..


0
Table 10.1. Buckling Failure Analysis..
0
Table 10.2. Buckling for bottom most sub section

Calculation for Lifting Cable strength..


0
Calculation for Deflection & Guy wire strenth..
0
Table 10.2. Guy wire Data.

Analysis For Guy wire behavior Under Loads

10.8 Bending failure of Guide Arms

11 . Yielding Failure

Yielding Failure in Compression.

(730)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Table 11.1. Yielding Failure in Compression Analysis


Yielding Failure in Tention

0
0

Table 11.2. Tower Tensile failure of the pipe on the wind flow side

0
0

12 . Failure from the pivot..


0
Table 12.1. Analysis for Failure from the pivot

13 . Failure of Landing Leg Sand Shoe..


0
0
14 . STABILITY CALCULATION..
0
Table 14.1. Cabin Details

Table 14.2. Tower Frame Details

Table 14.3. Guide Arms

Table 14.4. Base Frame Details

Table 14.5. Concrete Block Details

Table 14.6. Load Details

Table 14.7. Turning Moment Due to Wind Force & Inclination

Table 14.8. Locating the center of Gravity

15 . Length Parameters of Guide Arms..


0
16 . Safety factor Calculation..
0
17 . Calculation for Dimensions of the Rectangular Land Area..
0

(731)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

18 . Finalized Parameter Values relevent to tower Models and Relevent Cases

19 . CONCLUSIONS.. 0
20 . REFERENCES.. 0
ANNEX: BENDING CALCULATION (EACH TOWER SECTION)

A1

Top Most Section

A2

2nd Section From Top

#REF!

A3

3rd Section From Top

#REF!

A4

4th Section From Top

#REF!

A5

5th Section From Top

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

(732)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(733)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(734)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(735)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(736)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(737)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(738)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(739)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(740)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(741)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(742)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(743)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(744)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(745)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(746)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(747)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(748)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(749)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(750)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(751)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(752)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(753)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(754)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(755)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(756)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(757)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(758)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(759)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(760)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(761)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(762)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(763)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(764)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(765)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(766)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(767)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(768)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(769)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(770)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(771)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(772)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(773)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(774)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(775)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(776)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(777)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(778)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(779)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(780)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(781)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(782)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(783)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(784)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(785)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(786)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(787)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(788)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(789)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(790)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(791)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(792)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(793)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(794)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

TABLE OF CONTENTS
0 . Notations and Symbols..
#REF!
1 . ABSTRACT..

#REF!

2 . INTRODUCTION..#REF!
3 . ANTENNAE DETAILS..
0

Calculation for antennae supporting frame Area


0

4 . DESIGN CONCEPT RELATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL LOADS


#REF!
5 . STRUCTURE CLASSIFICATION..
#REF!
6 . Tower Specifications..
#REF!
7 . Material Used for Tower Section..
#REF!
8 . Wind Loads Analysis

#REF!

9 . Bending Strength Calculation

#REF!

(795)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Table 9.1. Wind Velocity Variation with Height


#REF!
Table 9.2. Tower Vertical Pipe Data..
#REF!

Table 9.3. Tower Vertical Pipe Data Derived from Table 03


#REF!

Table 9.4. Section Wind force and Gravity centers


#REF!
Table 9.5. Data of Stiffeners..
#REF!

Table 9.6. Moment of inertia of the Composite sections


#REF!
Table 9.7. Weight of Tower Sections..
#REF!

Table9.8. Wind Force Effect on Projected Area


#REF!

Table 9.9. Bending Moment Failure Analysis


#REF!
10 . Calculation for Buckling & Deflection

#NAME?

Calculation for buckling failure..


#REF!
Table 10.1. Buckling Failure Analysis..
#REF!
Table 10.2. Buckling for bottom most sub section

#REF!

Calculation for Lifting Cable strength..


#REF!
Calculation for Deflection & Guy wire strenth..
#REF!
Table 10.2. Guy wire Data.

#REF!

Analysis For Guy wire behavior Under Loads

#REF!

10.8 Bending failure of Guide Arms

11 . Yielding Failure

Yielding Failure in Compression.

(796)

#REF!

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Table 11.1. Yielding Failure in Compression Analysis


Yielding Failure in Tention

#REF!
#REF!

Table 11.2. Tower Tensile failure of the pipe on the wind flow side

0
0

12 . Failure from the pivot..


0
Table 12.1. Analysis for Failure from the pivot

13 . Failure of Landing Leg Sand Shoe..


0
0
14 . STABILITY CALCULATION..
0
Table 14.1. Cabin Details

Table 14.2. Tower Frame Details

#REF!

Table 14.3. Guide Arms

#REF!

Table 14.4. Base Frame Details

#REF!

Table 14.5. Concrete Block Details

#REF!

Table 14.6. Load Details

Table 14.7. Turning Moment Due to Wind Force & Inclination

#REF!

Table 14.8. Locating the center of Gravity

#REF!

15 . Length Parameters of Guide Arms..


0
16 . Safety factor Calculation..
0
17 . Calculation for Dimensions of the Rectangular Land Area..
0

(797)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

18 . Finalized Parameter Values relevent to tower Models and Relevent Cases

19 . CONCLUSIONS.. 0
20 . REFERENCES.. 0
ANNEX: BENDING CALCULATION (EACH TOWER SECTION)

A1

Top Most Section

A2

2nd Section From Top

A3

3rd Section From Top

A4

4th Section From Top

A5

5th Section From Top

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
#REF!
0
0
0

(798)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
#REF!
0
0
0

(799)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

(800)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(801)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(802)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(803)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(804)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(805)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(806)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(807)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(808)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(809)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(810)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(811)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(812)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(813)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(814)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(815)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(816)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(817)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(818)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(819)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(820)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(821)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(822)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(823)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(824)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(825)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(826)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(827)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(828)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(829)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(830)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(831)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(832)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(833)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(834)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(835)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(836)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(837)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(838)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(839)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(840)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(841)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(842)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(843)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(844)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(845)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(846)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(847)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(848)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(849)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(850)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(851)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(852)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(853)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(854)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(855)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(856)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(857)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(858)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(859)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

(860)

Design By : Aravinda Perera


Checked By: Athula Haputantri

Default #REF!
1.15

Twr Catogory

Height Catogory

0.5 #REF!

1
4

120
#REF! #REF! #REF!

L Rare@TWR

Alpha@TWR

L Front@TWR

Guy Angle@TWR

Guy Wire Len@TWR

Y twr@TWR

X Plat@TWR

Y Plat@TWR

Ymax@TWR

HTwr@TWR

TwrMod@TWR

#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!


6.5
4
5

R@TWR

Y CG@TWR

Y Piv Rear@TWR

Y Piv Front@TWR

Beta@TWR

Ymax Len@TWR

#REF!

Parameters of Tower Models

year 2008 feb

Guide Arm Weight Parameters

Number of Sections
Head Load / (Kg)
Cabin / (Ton)
Truck Load / (Ton)
Base Frame / (Ton)
Tr With Axles / (Ton)
Concrete / (Ton)
Accsesories / (Ton)
Tower weight/ (Kg)
Front Arm Length L / (m)
Angle with Fornt Bolster a / (Deg)
Rare Arm Length / (m)
Angle with Rare Bolster / (Deg)
Chassie Length / (m)
Chassie Width / (m)
Overall Height / (m)
Operational wind vel/(Kmph)
AISI Survival wind vel//(Kmph)

40m
Gr
5
300
3

Rd
5
300
3
8

ST T TR
5
5
300 300
3
3

30m
Gr
4
300
3

Rd
4
300
3
8

ST T TR
4
4
300 300
3
3

22m
Gr
3
300
3

Rd
3
300
3
8

ST T TR
3
3
300 300
3
3

15m
Gr
2
300
3

Rd
2
300
3
8

ST T TR
2
2
300 300
3
3

974
3.00
30
3.00
30
6.0
2.3

974
5.40
20
7.0
2.3

1
974
3.70
30
2.00
30
6.9
2.3

974
6.60
40
6.60
40
6.0
2.3

751
1.70
15
1.70
15
6.0
2.3

751
2.60
20
7.0
2.3

1
751
2.90
20
6.9
2.3

751
4.30
30
4.30
30
6.0
2.3

547
0.75
0
0.75
0
6.0
2.3

547
1.00
20
7.0
2.3

1
547
1.10
0
6.9
2.3

547
2.60
20
2.60
20
6.0
2.3

343
6.0
2.3

343
7.0
2.3

1
343
6.9
2.3

343
1.30
0
1.30
0
6.0
2.3

160
120

160
120

160
120

160
120

160
120

160
120

160
120

160
120

160
120

160
120

160
120

160
120

160
120

160
120

160
120

160
120

Guy Len

L Front@Sketch1

alpha@Sketch1

Y Piv Front@Sketch1

Y CG@Sketch1

Y Plat@Sketch1

Guy Angle@Sketch1

Beta@Sketch1

X Plat@Sketch1

L rare@Sketch1

Y Twr@Sketch1

Y R Piv@Sketch1

R@Sketch1