Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

Ritu (Indian season)

Ritu (Indian season)

1

For other uses see Ritu (disambiguation).

Ritu (Sanskrit: ऋतुः) means "season" in the Hindu calendar, and there are six ritus (also transliterated rutu) or Indian seasons. The word is derived from the Vedic Sanskrit word Rtu, a fixed or appointed time, especially the proper time for sacrifice (yajna) or ritual in Vedic Religion; this in turn comes from the word Rta (ऋत), as used in Vedic Sanskrit literally means the "order or course of things".

Seasonal table

The following table gives an overview about the partition of the year in the traditional Indian calendar. ( Duration of seasons is different in south India where monsoon start early in June)

No.

Ritu

Characteristics

Seasonal festivals

 

1

~

March 20

Temperature around 20-30 degrees; marriage season

वसन्तः

to May 20

2

~

May 20 to July 20

Very hot, up to 40 degrees temperature (But now it is going up to 45-50 degrees in some part); farmers gear up for rice planting;

ग्रीष्मः

3

July 20 to September

~

Very hot, very humid and heavy monsoon rains,

वर्षाः

 

20

4

Ashwin and

~

September

Mild temperatures;

शरत्

20 to

November

 

20

 

5

~

November

Very pleasant temperatures (20-25 degrees); farmers reap the rice;

हेमन्त

(Agrahayana)

20 to January

and Pausha

 

20

 

6

Magh and

 

Quite cold, but very pleasant during occasional sunshine; temperatures may go below 10 degrees.This season is typical to tropical and subtropical regions, because trees actually shed their leaves in this season in tropical areas. This is in contrast to temperate areas where fall starts as early as September.

 

शिशिर

~ January 20 to March 20

The seasons are described in literature such as the Sanskrit poem Ṛtusaṃhāra.

Ritu (Indian season)

2

Further reading

• Feller, Danielle. The Seasons in Mahākāvya Literature, Eastern Book Linkers, Delhi, 1995, ISBN 68186339248

• Raghavan, V. Ṛtu in Sanskrit literature, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Kendriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha, Delhi, 1972

• Renou, Louis. Sanskrit et culture, Payot, 1950

• Selby, Martha Ann (translator). The Circle of Six Seasons, Penguin, New Delhi, 2003, ISBN 0-14-100772-9

External links

• Hindu Calendar showing Ritu [1]

References

Article Sources and Contributors

3

Article Sources and Contributors

Ritu (Indian season) Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=523041128 Contributors: Adamstraw99, AgarwalSumeet, Altjoyce, Anir1uph, Bagworm, Bharat Sawant, Breno, Crystallina, Ekabhishek, EoGuy, Flyhighplato, Ghrishi, Ilritu, Jimmy Pitt, Joe Kress, JustAGal, Kjramesh, Mkweise, Naveen Sankar, Neo-Jay, Nn123645, Pallaviram, QuartierLatin1968, Ritu sharm25, Sasi.d.11, Saturn star, Some jerk on the Internet, Stjerneskud, TTCat, Tarquin, TenPoundHammer, That Guy, From That Show!, Tillwe, Titodutta, VasuVR, Xact, YVSREDDY, Yannieyip, 57 anonymous edits

License

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

//creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/