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Figurative Language in the Iliad EpithetsMatch the character with his/her epithet.

Some of the characters will be used more than one epithet. Hector Apollo Agamemnon Cryseis Athena Hera Achilles Zeus 1. Distant deadly Archer 2. White-armed 3. Grey-eyed 4. Blazing-eyed (girl with the blazing eyes) 5. Swift Runner (Matchless Runner, Headstrong Runner, Great Godlike Runner) 6. Breaker of Horses 7. Lord of Men (Lord of the Far-Flung Kingdoms) 8. Atreus Son 9. God of the Silver Bow 10. The Girl with the Sparkling Eyes 11. Helmed in Bronze 12. Lord of the Lightening Figurative LanguageMatch the underlined portion of the quotation with the correct literary device below. Then, explain the figurative language (whats compared to what, whats personified, whats symbolized, etc.). Metaphor Onomatopoeia Personification Simile Epic Simile Irony

1. The old man was terrified. He obeyed the order, turning, trailing away in silence down the shore where
the battle lines of breakers crash and drag (327). **There are two devices represented here.

2. So home we sail . . . if we can escape our deathif war and plague are joining forces now to crush the
Argives (328).

3. He broke off and anguish gripped Achilles (333). 4. Lash him with threats of the price that he will face (333). 5. King who devours his people! Worthless husks the men you rule (334). 6. No, he waited Achilles, coming on, gigantic in power. As a snake in the hills, guarding his hole, awaits a man
bloated with poison, deadly hatred seething inside him, glances flushing fire as he coils round his lair (345).

7. And Achilles went for him, fast, sure of his speed as the wild mountain hawk, the quickest thing on wings,
launching smoothly, swooping down on a cringing dove and the dove flits out form under, the hawk screaming over the quarry, plunging over and over, his fury driving him down to beak and tear his killso Achilles flew at him (346).

8. They raced for the life of Hector . . . like powerful stallions sweeping round the post for trophies, galloping
full stretch with some fine prize at stake (347).

9. And swift Achilles kept on coursing Hector, nonstop as a hound in the mountains starts a fawn from his
lair, hunting him down the gorges, down the narrow glens and the fawn goes to ground, hiding deep in brush but the hound comes racing fast, nosing him out until he lands his kill (348).

10. You unforgivable, you . . . dont talk to me of pacts. There are no binding oaths between men and lions

wolves and lambs can enjoy no meeting of the mindsthey are all bent on hating each other to the death (350).

11. He drew the whetted sword that hung at his side . . . he swooped like a soaring eagle launching down from
the dark clouds to earth to snatch some helpless lamb or trembling hare (351).

12. Bright as that star amid the stars in the night sky, star of the evening, brightest star that rides the
heavens, so fire flared from the sharp point of the spear Achilles brandished high in his right hand (351).

13. And she called her well-kempt women through the house to set a large three-legged cauldron over the fire
so Hector could have his steaming hot bath when he came home from battle (356).

14. That man without a shred of decency in his heart . . . his temper can never bend and changelike some lion
going his own barbaric way, giving in to his power, his brute force and wild pride, as down he swoops on the flocks of men to seize his savage feast (360). ALSO, what literary device is Homer using when he says flocks of men?

15. So the immortals spun our lives that we, we wretched men live on to bear such torments (363). 16. [O]nly a single son he fathered, doomed at birth, cut off in the spring of life (364). 17. But I have you with me now . . . fresh as the morning dew you lie in the royal halls like one whom Apollo,
lord of the silver bow, has approached and shot to death with gentle shafts (368).

18. At last, when the young Dawn with her rose-red fingers shone once more, the people massed around
illustrious Hectors pyre (370).

Iliad Mini-Test Review


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Why does the plague occur in Book 1? Who is responsible? What does this show about Greek culture? Why does Agamemnon claim Briseis as his prize? What major theme is signified by the opening lines of Book 1? Why does Achilles have a problem with Agamemnons authority? How would you describe the behavior of Agamemnon and Achilles in Book 1? How is Achilles portrayed at the end of Book 1? What is so important to the Greek soldiers in Book 1? In Book 6 Hector interacts with whom? What do they talk about? What contrasting elements of Hectors character are revealed in Book 6? Describe Hectors state of mind at the end of Book 6. What conflict in Hector is alluded to in Book 6? This might be something that all soldiers face. What themes are important in Book 6? What imagery is used to describe Hector and Achilles in Book 22? Why does Hector decide to stand against Achilles? What does Hector ask of Achilles in Book 22? Which god or goddess is largely responsible for Hectors fate in Book 22? What motivates Achilles to defile (ruin or destroy) Hectors body in Book 22? What is a central idea or theme that Hector can not seem to escape in Book 22? Why does Achilles initially decide to keep Hectors body in Book 24? Why does Zeus decide Achilles should give up the body in Book 24? What does Priam do to stir Achilles emotions in Book 24? What is a central issue or theme involving both men in Book 24? When do the gods intervene in Books 22 and 24?

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10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23.