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Supply, Installation, Testing and Commissioning of Tower ATS Automation System

Graphic Tool Interface User Manual (GTI-UM)


Edition:2 Revision: 0

1 November2010
Document Number: 0029200000000MA06
Prepared for:

AIRPORTS AUTHORITY OF INDIA (AAI) Airports Authority of India, Rajiv Gandhi Bhawan, Safdarjung Airport, New Delhi - 110

Prepared by:

Indra Sistemas, S.A.


Ctra. de Loeches, 9 28850 Torrejn de Ardoz Madrid, Spain
Indra Proprietary Information This document contains proprietary data pertaining to items, or components, or processes or other matter developed or acquired at the private expense of the Indra Sistemas, S.A. and/or any other titular holder and is restricted to use only by Indra or the Customer under the terms of this Proposal. Neither said document nor said data shall be furnished or disclosed to or copied or used by other persons outside the conditions of this Proposal as applicable without the express written approval of Indra Sistemas and/or any other titular holder.

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PAGE EDITION AND REVISION RECORD

This document contains the following pages in the indicated editions and revisions PAGE All All All EDITION Draft 01 02 REVISION 0 0 0 PAGE EDITION REVISION PAGE EDITION REVISION

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REGISTER OF CHANGES TO THE DOCUMENT

EDITION Draft 01 02

REVISION 0 00 00

DATE 2010-04-15 2010-08-15 2010-11-01

AFFECTED PAGES All All All Draft Edition First Edition Second Edition

REASON FOR CHANGE

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Table of Contents
1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 1-1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2 3 Scope ............................................................................................................................. 1-1 General System Description ........................................................................................... 1-1 Manual Structure ............................................................................................................ 1-2 Notation Used in This Manual......................................................................................... 1-3 Selecting Menus, Icons and Field Text Entering ............................................................. 1-3 Rules to Enter and Delete Data ............................................................................. 1-4

1.5.1

Reference Documents .......................................................................................................... 2-1 Functional and Operational Description ................................................................................. 3-1 3.1 Icon [EDIT] Edit Versions ............................................................................................... 3-2 Colours Assignment [COLOUR PALETTES] ......................................................... 3-3 3.1.1

3.1.2 Graphic Objects Assignment [GRAPHIC OBJECTS] ............................................. 3-5 3.1.2.1 Icon [ROUTES] Route Colour Adaptation Window ......................................... 3-6 3.1.2.2 Icon [RBLS] RBL Colour Adaptation Window ................................................. 3-7 3.1.2.3 Icon [DATABLOCKS] Tracks Label Configuration Window ............................. 3-8 3.1.2.3.1 [FORMAT] Icon........................................................................................ 3-8 3.1.2.3.2 [COLOURS] Icon ................................................................................... 3-15 3.1.2.4 Icon [TABULARS] Tabulars Configuration Window ...................................... 3-18 3.1.2.4.1 [FORMAT] Icon...................................................................................... 3-18 3.1.2.4.2 [COLOURS] Icon ................................................................................... 3-23 3.1.2.5 Icon [RADARS] Radar Colours Configuration Window ................................. 3-23 3.1.3 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 A.1 A.2 Icon [GENERAL RESOURCES] .......................................................................... 3-26 Icon [INSTALL] Configuration Installation ..................................................................... 3-27 Icon [COPY] Version Copy ........................................................................................... 3-30 Icon [DELETE] Version Deletion ................................................................................... 3-31 Icon [CLOSE] ............................................................................................................... 3-31 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................. A-1 Glossary of Terms .......................................................................................................... A-7

Appendix A - Abbreviations and Glossary of Terms ..................................................................... A-1

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List of Figures
Figure 3-1: Figure 3-2: Figure 3-1: Figure 3-2: Figure 3-3: Figure 3-4: Figure 3-5: Figure 3-6: Figure 3-3: Figure 3-4: Figure 3-5: Figure 3-6: Figure 3-7: Figure 3-8: Figure 3-9: Figure 3-10: Figure 3-11: Figure 3-12: Figure 3-13: Figure 3-14: Figure 3-15: Figure 3-16: Figure 3-17: Figure 3-18: Figure 3-19: Figure 3-20: Figure 3-21: Figure 3-22: Figure 3-23: Figure 3-24: Figure 3-25: Figure 3-26: Figure 3-27: Figure 3-28: Tool Main Screen .................................................................................................. 3-1 Configuration Selection Menu ............................................................................... 3-1 Version Edition Window ........................................................................................ 3-2 Colour Palette Edition Window .............................................................................. 3-3 Palette Window 1 .................................................................................................. 3-3 Palette Window 2 .................................................................................................. 3-4 Colours Palette Window ........................................................................................ 3-5 Graphic Objects Configuration Window ................................................................. 3-6 Route Colour Adaptation Window.......................................................................... 3-6 FP Route Colour Modification ................................................................................ 3-7 RBL Colours Adaptation Window .......................................................................... 3-7 RBL Alarm Colour Modification ............................................................................. 3-8 Tracks Label Configuration Window ...................................................................... 3-8 Track Label Selection Window .............................................................................. 3-9 Tracks Data Block Configuration Window............................................................ 3-10 Data Block Fields Menu ...................................................................................... 3-13 Label Data Block Example .................................................................................. 3-14 Correlated Track ................................................................................................. 3-14 Correlated Track with Alarm ................................................................................ 3-14 Primary Track ...................................................................................................... 3-15 Secondary Track ................................................................................................. 3-15 Synthetic Track ................................................................................................... 3-15 Primary and Secondary Combined Track ............................................................ 3-15 Colours Selection Window................................................................................... 3-16 Tabulars Configuration Window........................................................................... 3-18 Tabulars Lines Format Menu............................................................................... 3-19 List Format Adaptation Window ........................................................................... 3-20 Tabular Line Fields Example ............................................................................... 3-21 HOLD Tabular ..................................................................................................... 3-22 COAST Tabular................................................................................................... 3-22 CONFLICT Tabular ............................................................................................. 3-22 Sector List Tabular .............................................................................................. 3-22 Sector Inbound List Tabular ................................................................................ 3-22 Tabulars Colours Window ................................................................................... 3-23
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Figure 3-29: Figure 3-30: Figure 3-31: Figure 3-32: Figure 3-33: Figure 3-34: Figure 3-35: Figure 3-36: Figure 3-37: Figure 3-38:

Radar Colours Configuration Window.................................................................. 3-24 Radar Colours Example ...................................................................................... 3-25 SDD Window ....................................................................................................... 3-25 General Resources Window ................................................................................ 3-26 Configuration Installation Window ....................................................................... 3-27 Installation Confirmation Window ........................................................................ 3-27 Specific Installation Window ................................................................................ 3-28 Specific Installation Confirmation Window ........................................................... 3-29 Version Selection Confirmation Window .............................................................. 3-30 Version Deletion Confirmation Window ............................................................... 3-31

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List of Tables
Table 3-1: Table 3-2: Table 3-3: Table 3-4: Table 3-7: Table 3-8: Table 3-9: Table 3-10: Table 3-11: Table 3-12: Table 3-13: Table 3-14: Table 3-15: Table 3-16: Table 3-17: Table 3-18: Main Screen. Command Area ............................................................................... 3-1 Version Edition Window. Items .............................................................................. 3-2 Track Label Selection Window. Items .................................................................... 3-9 Tracks Data Block Configuration Window. Items ................................................. 3-10 Tracks Data Block Configuration Window. Actions .............................................. 3-13 Tracks Data Block Configuration Window. Commands ........................................ 3-13 Data Block Fields Menu. Symbols ....................................................................... 3-14 Colours Selection Window. Tracks Type ............................................................. 3-17 Colours Selection Window. Tracks Alert .............................................................. 3-17 Colours Selection Window. Others ...................................................................... 3-18 List Format Adaptation Window. Elements .......................................................... 3-20 Tracks Data Block Configuration Window. Actions .............................................. 3-21 Tracks Data Block Configuration Window. Commands........................................ 3-21 Tabulars Colours Window. Elements ................................................................... 3-23 General Resources Window. Elements ............................................................... 3-26 Specific Installation Window. Elements ............................................................... 3-28

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1 Introduction
1.1 Scope

The scope of this manual is the operational description of the graphic tool designed in order to configure SDD colours, label tracks and tabulars, so they can be customized.

1.2

General System Description

The AIRCON 2100 System is based on a standard product developed by Indra. At the same time, the operational system is supplemented with an autonomous simulator and being addressed to controllers for training purposes to allow analysis of new operational procedures. AIRCON 2100 represents the last product generation and its architecture is based on the experience gained in the development of open systems for the displaying and processing of radar data and flight plans, found on numerous systems installed in Spain (SACTA System), Canada, Germany, Norway, Holland and India. One of the main characteristics of the system is its availability, due to the employment of redundant elements on a distributed scenario, and to the use of tested and highly reliable commercial equipment. The software architecture of the system is determined by its modularity and distribution and has been organized using distributed discrete processes for the different subsystems. At the same time, the system makes use of communication by messages, both for intercommunications between tasks and for its synchronicity. In order to assure a maximum level of maintenance, communications and application tasks have been isolated. The software running in the system has been tested and proved extensively in different emplacements and during longs periods and, therefore, Indra can guarantee that no additional developments of any kind are required for its correct and stable operation. The Operating System used is RED HAT ENTERPRISE LINUX 5. Following figure shows a full-featured architecture for the AIRCON 2100 System: AIRCON 2100 includes all the necessary functionality required in a modern ATC system. Its main elements are following described: The integration of all its subsystems is performed via:

Local Area Network (LAN). A redundant five (5) category with a 1-Gigabyte bandwidth capacity LAN is used and, therefore, future updates of the system can be easily implemented making use of standard communication protocols. Main components:

Flight Data Processing (FDP). It is based on INTEL redundant computers. It manages the flight plans generated within the System or coming from external sources, including the Repetitive Flight Plans (RPLs). It confirms all flight data inputs, calculates the flights progression and keeps all controllers inform by means of screen displays and flight plan strips printing. The System is designed in redundant configuration, having an FDP as operative and another one as reserve, with the possibility to switch them. Surveillance Data Processor (SDP). It is based on INTEL redundant computers. It receives and processes data (primary, secondary and meteorological) coming from the radar sites. Next, it performs the merge all the received information to create a coherent airspace picture for controllers (SDD) presentation. It also performs

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surveillance tasks (STCA, MTCD) between aircraft and integrates the radar information and the flight plan information in order to get a precise tracking. The System is duplicated (operative/reserve) being possible to switch them.

Radar Communications Processor (RDCU). It centralizes the System radar communications to interpret and convert the received radar formats to join them. The System is composed of two RDCU units working parallel. It is possible to carry out the received radar data reproduction during an established period. Situation Data Display (SDD). It is based on powerful workstations that receive data processed by both the SDP and the FDP. Later on, it manages all these information for a coherent displaying at the controllers screens (SDD). At the same time, it displays additional relevant information such as geographic maps, meteorological data, etc. Flight Data Display (FDD). It displays information concerning flight plans not supplying data display of data on air situation. It allows controllers to perform adjustments on flight plans and other significant data.

Controlling positions:

Control and Monitoring Display (CMD). It performs a continuous real time supervision of the System. It also allows monitoring and System elements status change, sectorization modification, management of certain configurable parameters, etc. Auxiliary equipment:

Common Timing Facility (CTF). It receives the GPS time, which is spread to all the subsystem (via LAN) and all clocks (via Terminals) with NTP protocol. Data Recording Facilities (DRF). It performs the continuous recording of tracks, flight plans data and controller actions to allow a later reproduction and analysis.

Data Base Management (DBM). It provides the necessary facilities the creation and modification of the adaptation databases to supply the system with the precise knowledge of its geographical environment to achieve the required efficiency. From this database, all necessary data to define the control centre characteristics are defined (fixpoints, aerodromes, airways, sectorization, adjacent control centres, QNH zones, etc.) Simulator environment:

Simulator (SIM). It provides to the controllers an operational replica of the real scenario for training purposes. It is a multiple exercise simulator system and allows the use of several exercises, simultaneously and independently. It allows the analysis of new operational procedures as well as the management and maintenance of the full set of sessions and exercises recorded in the Simulation Library. It also allows the creation of new exercises, the selection of training scenarios and provides a complete set of interactive capacities in order to guarantee full control and management. Instructor Pilot Position (PILOT SM). It allows the training scenarios selection, session control and control of aircraft simulated interactively in such a way that from this position the communication answer to the control positions is generated. Exercise Manager (ATG/EPP). From this unit simulation, exercises are managed.


1.3

Manual Structure

This manual provides precise information concerning all menus and windows belonging to the GTI Tool.

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Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3

Introduction Reference Documents Functional and Operational Description

It provides an overview of the overall system.

It presents an explanation of each GTI software element, including all the descriptions for a complete starting contact.. It also describes all the actions performed by means of the GTI windows. Appendix A Abbreviations and Glossary of Terms It presents the glossary of terms used in the manual as well as the abbreviation dictionary.

1.4
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Notation Used in This Manual


Select X means pointing the cursor on the position denoted by X and then, pressing the LB of the mouse. Press X means the same as Select X. Colour assignment is described using capital letters. Sometimes a command, window, etc. must be used respecting some specific rules. For these cases, all commands or windows are described with the list of applicable rules. Icons and switches are listed in brackets; menu options are listed in parenthesis and fields are listed between quotation marks. To come back to a previous menu, press the <ESC> key or the CB mouse. When the graphical object menu is displayed again, there are two possibilities: Save the performed modifications in the current configuration by clicking on the [SAVE] icon. These changes can be stored in a new configuration so the current one will be saved without modifications. Click on the [CLOSE] icon to come back to the main menu. If there are modifications not saved, the application will ask the user to confirm they are saved (those modifications not saved will be lost).

1.5

Selecting Menus, Icons and Field Text Entering

Available windows, commands, and options are accessed through menus, menus options, icons and switches. The mouse is the main device for controller inputs although, in specific cases, the controller may use the keyboard for that end. Pop-up menus: They allow a fast and user-friendly operation to modify selected data. This window is displayed by clicking once on the corresponding field or icon. The window keeps its display after mouse button release and marking the option and clicking with the mouse perform selection. Click on the title with the mouse CB in order to close the pop-up windows (without changes). These windows may include following items:

Title, with the type of field to be modified (CFL, upper altitude level filter, etc.) An available options list for the field. This list may include a horizontal or vertical slide to allow selection of those options not in view. Initially, the window display is focused

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on the current value or the first one. To select a new value, click on it with the mouse LB and at the same time, the pop-up window is closed.

An edition field where it is possible to input valid values even thought the value is not included in the list. Before the edition, the cursor must be focused on the corresponding field. Click on the <Enter> key to validate the input data and to close the pop-up window.

Icons: Elements, which allow a fast access of certain functions by clicking the corresponding symbol. Usually, when an icon is clicked on, a window is displayed. Keyboard: a set of functions can be activated directly by means of the keyboard. These keys (or combination of keys) have an associated function as shown in following table:

1.5.1 Rules to Enter and Delete Data


Windows contain fields where data can be input, (sometimes it is even compulsory). The following rules for entering data apply to all windows within this position. 1. Input can only be made into a window if the focus is on that window (screen cursor is inside the window area). 2. The field displaying the blinking input cursor is ready to accept inputs. Fields that are shaded in dark GREY do not accept data. 3. When an icon that opens a window is selected, both window and input cursors are automatically positioned inside the first editable field of the window. 4. After entering data in one field, pressing <Tab> on the keyboard, moves the cursor to the next field. Alternatively, use the input cursor. 5. Pressing <Shift><Tab> on the keyboard moves the input marker backward to the previous field. 6. Data input in a pop-up window can be cancelled by clicking with the CB on the menu. 7. To enter data, double click to select the whole field and then type the new characters.

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2 Reference Documents
The next table shows all main references from standards, rules and procedures for Air Traffic Management referred in this document. REFERENCE
Ref. [1]

TITTLE AND CODE


Air Traffic Management - Procedures for Air Navigation Services (Doc. 4444) Originating Region SSR Code Assignment Method (ORCAM) Improvement Study

ORIGIN
ICAO

DATE
14th Edition 01/ 11/ 2001

Ref. [2]

EUROCONTROL

1.0 30/09/2004

Ref. [2]

EUR REGIONAL AIR NAVIGATION PLAN Supplement to EUR ANP FASID

ICAO

CAL Ed 2 May 2006

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3 Functional and Operational Description


This chapter explains necessary information for new users of the GTI (Graphic Tool Interface). It describes every available window with a description of its formats, allocation, icons and menus.

Figure 3-1: The screen is divided in two main areas: Selection Area

Tool Main Screen

Firstly, it is required to select a configuration among the available ones, which is displayed by clicking in the VERSION field (light BLUE). When clicking, a pop-up menu is displayed for selecting the version. Configurations are numbered by three decimal digits, starting in 000.

Figure 3-2: Command Area Table 3-1:


Icon
EDIT INSTALL COPY DELETE

Configuration Selection Menu

It is situated at the bottom of the window, sorted in a line and displays the following icons: Main Screen. Command Area
Description
Allows the Edition of one of the available configurations, previously selected. Allows the Installation of a new configuration in a position and in all system. The configuration to be installed must be previously selected. Allows the creation of a new configuration, based in a previously selected one. Allows the Deletion of a previously selected configuration.

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Icon
CLOSE

Description
Allows closing GTI application, back to UNIX system.

3.1

Icon [EDIT] Edit Versions

By clicking on the [EDIT] icon of the Main Screen, the current selected configuration can be modified by means of the Version Edition Window, which is displayed.

Figure 3-1: Table 3-2:


Element
EDITED VERSION

Version Edition Window

The Version Edition Window includes the following items: Version Edition Window. Items
Description
View the selected configuration on which the user is going to work. Text field to allow entering a new brief description for each configuration. In a System with different stored configurations, this field is used to differentiate them.

Type
Information

DESCRIPTION

Field

COLOUR PALETTES GRAPHIC OBJECTS GENERAL RESOURCES SAVE

Icon Icon Icon Icon

Allow accessing the Colours Edition Menu to adapt the colours for the configurable resources. Allow accessing to the adaptation menus of System graphical elements (runways, routes, tabulars, RBLs and radar). System general resources. Store the performed changes until that moment. It is very important to save changes through this menu before closing the tool to make them effective. Close the tool. If there are changes, it confirms to save them before leaving the application. If they are not saved, they are lost.

CLOSE

Icon

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3.1.1 Colours Assignment [COLOUR PALETTES]


Colours can be selected from the Colour Palette Edition Window when clicking with the LB on the [COLOUR PALETTES] icon of the Version Edition Window.

Figure 3-2:

Colour Palette Edition Window

This window has two options, both palettes to configurate colours of different items, as it is displayed, a palette will configurate colours for routes, RBLs, radars, datablocks and lists, and the other one is used to configurate colours for local maps. When clicking on one of these option, the respective Tracks Palette Window is displayed.

Figure 3-3:

Palette Window 1

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Figure 3-4: 1. Colour Ranges Creation

Palette Window 2

The colour ranges of the resources can be created by combining three basic colours: RED, GREEN and BLUE. Up to 32 different colours can be stored. When clicking on any of the colour squares (right side of the window) it is selected and it is displayed at the top left of the window (big square). The selected colour can be modified. o o The action is performed by means of the vertical scroll bars situated at the bottom left of the window. When the scroll bar is moved upwards, the selected colour number increases and when moved downwards, the selected colour number decreases. At the same time, the colour of the square situated over the scroll bars modifies its colour and gets the tonalities achieved by the scroll bar movement (up/down).

To save the new colour, click on the [SAVE] icon. The previous colour can be recovered by clicking on the [CANCEL] icon. [NO BLINK] Icon

When clicking on this icon, a menu is displayed with the options [NO BLINK] and [BLINK], which correspond to the blinking lack in the colour or blinking display, respectively. [CPX/ CLX] Icon When clicking on this icon, a menu is displayed with the options CPX or CLX, being X a sequential number, which corresponds to each palette square. Colours can be defined and saved as palette predefined colours.

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3.1.2 Graphic Objects Assignment [GRAPHIC OBJECTS]


Colours can be selected from the Colour Palette Edition Window when clicking with the LB on the [GRAPHIC OBJECTS] icon of the Version Edition Window. With the Graphic Objects Menu it is possible to configure the tracks colours and the tabulars appearance. Each colour menu includes a small rectangle with the current selected colour for the specific element containing two letters and one number to indicate the colours range to which it belongs: C: for the tracks colours range The number enclosing the two letters has that colour in the colours range.

Figure 3-5:

Colours Palette Window

The colours are distributed into several menus as ROUTES, RBL, and TABULARS

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Figure 3-6:

Graphic Objects Configuration Window

3.1.2.1 Icon [ROUTES] Route Colour Adaptation Window


This window is accessed by clicking with LB in the [ROUTES] icon of the Graphic Objects Configuration Window. This window is used to modify the Flight Plan route colour.

Figure 3-3: This window has two fields:

Route Colour Adaptation Window

Route: It represents the current route colour. Route For Graphical Modification: It represents the route colour when being modified. Route in VFS: Colour to display the FP route selected by using the VFS Window to indicate where to click on the route fix point. FP Conflict: Colour to display a route section when MTCD conflict.
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FP Conflict Info: Colour to display the graphical information of a MTCD conflict. Military route: Colour to display for military routes.

Clicking with the LB on the colouring CXX field, the Colour Palette Window is displayed. To select the colour, click with the LB on the colour within Colour Palette. To exit without saving these modifications, click with the LB on the [Cancel] icon. To exit from this window and save changes, click with the LB on the [Save] icon.

Figure 3-4:

FP Route Colour Modification

3.1.2.2 Icon [RBLS] RBL Colour Adaptation Window


This window is accessed by clicking with LB in the [RBLS] icon of the Graphic Objects Configuration Window. There are two available configurations for RBLs:

RBL: It represents the colour for azimuth-distance lines. RBL Alarm: It represents the colour for azimuth-distance lines in emergency state.

Figure 3-5:

RBL Colours Adaptation Window

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Clicking with the LB in the CXX field, the Colour Palette Window is displayed. To select the colour for this field, click with the LB in the corresponding one within this palette. To exit without saving these modifications, click with the LB on the [Cancel] icon. To exit from this menu and to save the changes, click with the LB on the [Save] icon. RBL

RBL Alarm

Figure 3-6:

RBL Alarm Colour Modification

3.1.2.3 Icon [DATABLOCKS] Tracks Label Configuration Window


This window is accessed by clicking with LB in the [DATABLOCKS] icon of the Graphic Objects Configuration Window.

Figure 3-7:

Tracks Label Configuration Window

This window has two main icons, which are following described.

3.1.2.3.1 [FORMAT] Icon


When clicking on this icon within the Tracks Label Configuration Window, the following window is displayed:

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Figure 3-8:

Track Label Selection Window

There are four available data blocks that can be configured clicking on the corresponding [DATABLOCK] icon. The data blocks are: Table 3-3:
Element
Primary Track Secondary Plot Non Correlated Track Correlated Track Data related with primary tracks Data related with secondary tracks Data related with non correlated tracks Data related with correlated tracks

Track Label Selection Window. Items


Description

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Figure 3-9:

Tracks Data Block Configuration Window

The operative begins selecting a field (defined by Line number and Field number), modify its values, afterwards select an action (Modify, Insert or Delete) and finally select a command. This new window includes following items: Table 3-4:
Field
Line Pointed by Association Vector Lines Number Fields Number in a Line Lines number Number of fields per line

Tracks Data Block Configuration Window. Items


Description
Leader line (that links the symbol track and the label track)

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Field
Line Number Field Number Field Name Separation Characters Number Field Characters Number Presence Kind

Description
Number of the line that includes the field that is being configured. Position of the field in the label previous line, which contents the field that is being configured. Menu to select the field to be included in the track position, which is being configured, by means of a line and the field number. Separation between adjacent fields. Blanks to be added at the field left side. Number of characters that the field is going to occupy in the label. The associated field will be marked when the cursor passes over the label data block.

Table 3-5:
Field
-----SSR IRC SPEED ROC AFL FP CFL CNX ADS CNX CPDLC FLAT MODE SECTOR AIRCRAFT TYPE ADS EVENT ADS ROUTE ICOAST EMPTY FIELD LAST DEST CALLSIGN FREE TEXT ASSIGN HEADING ASSIGN SPEED FP DESTINATION FP RFL TACTICAL RFL FP WAKE TURB XFL AC ADDRESS CAP MACH CAP AIR SPEED CAP HEADING

Datablock Format Adaptation Window. Available fields


Description
Non defined SSR Code Indicator Range Climbing Toggle vertical/ horizontal speed Actual Flight Level Flight plan current flight level ADS connection field CPDLC connection field Route adherence symbol (#, ?) Current sector Aircraft type Indicator for received ADS event Predicted route received in ADS report Special mark for inclusion in coast list Empty field Last overflown point in FIR (depending on roles, it can also contains SID, STAR or destination aerodrome). Callsign Free text Assign heading Assign speed Destination Flight plan requested flight level Tactical requested flight level Flight plan Wake turbulence Exit flight level Aircraft Address (Mode S) Mach (Mode S) Indicated air speed (Mode S) Magnetic heading (Mode S)

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CAP VRATE CAP ALTITUDE CAP TRACK ANG RATE CAP ROLL ANGLE CAP GROUND SPEED CAP TRUE TRACK ANG CAP TRUE AIR SPEED CAP BAROM ALT RATE FP DIRECTION FP FT INSERT ASG RC MODE S IND FP SQ STS ATYPE TURB/ SSR SID/ STAR POINT FREQUENCY HANDOVER STATUS ROM RAM AS UHF 833 RVSM STS ALARM MSAW APW MTCD EMS CLAM COORDINATION MARK SPEED MARK EAT HOLD

Inertial vertical velocity (Mode S) Selected altitude (Mode S) Track angle rate (Mode S) Roll angle (Mode S) Ground speed (Mode S) True track angle (Mode S) True air speed (Mode S) Barometric vertical velocity (Mode S) Flight plan direction mark Special symbol (T) to indicate free text field is not empty Assigned Rate of climbing Mode S symbol Sequence number Status Aircraft type + Wake turbulence / SSR code Assigned point for SID/ STAR Frequency Handover status Request of Frequency/ Route Adherence Monitoring/ Ambiguous SSR Code alarm UHF/ 833 alarm RVSM alarm STS alarm MSAW, APW, MTCD alarm General emergencies (hijack, emergency, radio communication failure)/ Cleared Level Adherence Monitoring alarm Coordination mark Speed mark Time to perform hold action

Command MODIFY INSERT

Table 6: Datablock Format Adaptation Window. Command Area Description Save the performed changes in the current field. Insert a field (if free space is available in the datablock) in the position pointed by Line number and Field number, and moves the fields at its right one position to the right. Delete the field in the position pointed by Line number and Field number, and moves the fields at its right one position to the left. Save all the changes performed in this window. NOTE: It is required to SAVE before exiting the window or changes performed will not apply.

DELETE SAVE

CANCEL

Exits the window without saving changes.

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Table 3-7:
Field
Modify Field Insert Field Delete Field

Tracks Data Block Configuration Window. Actions


Description
Modify the current values in the field defined by Line number and Field number fields, with the entered ones. Insert the current values in the field defined by Line number and Field number fields, only if the field was empty. Delete the values entered into the field defined by Line number and Field number fields.

Table 3-8:
Icon
Save Cancel

Tracks Data Block Configuration Window. Commands


Description
Save all performed changes. Exit from the window.

Figure 3-10:

Data Block Fields Menu

Previous figure includes an example of the fields displayed when clicking the [FIELD NAME] icon.

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Table 3-9:
Symbol
* -----NO FIELD

Data Block Fields Menu. Symbols


Description

Field that is currently being used in the selected data block.

NOTE: The difference between EMPTY FIELD and NO FIELD is that the first one can occupy space in the label but the second one always has 0 characters length.

Besides the previous window, an Auxiliary Window is displayed with the current fields configuration of each data block, in text mode. In a third window, an example of the current label configuration is displayed in graphical mode.

Figure 3-11:

Label Data Block Example

Following figures show the data block same examples with the different fields and colours configuration:

Figure 3-12:

Correlated Track

Figure 3-13:

Correlated Track with Alarm

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Figure 3-14:

Primary Track

Figure 3-15:

Secondary Track

Figure 3-16:

Synthetic Track

Figure 3-17:

Primary and Secondary Combined Track

3.1.2.3.2 [COLOURS] Icon


When clicking on this icon within the Tracks Label Configuration Window, the following window is displayed:

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Figure 3-18: Configurable colours from this window are:

Colours Selection Window

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Track types: Table 3-10:


Field

Colours Selection Window. Tracks Type


Description

Own Track Not Own Track Military Visual Synth Military Instrum Synth Civilian Visual Synth Civilian Intrum Synth Military Visual Military Instrum Civilian Visual Civilian Instrum Advanced

Own track colour selection Not own track colour selection Military visual synthetic track colour selection Military instrumental synthetic track colour selection Civilian visual synthetic track colour selection Civilian instrumental synthetic track colour selection Military visual track colour selection Military instrumental track colour selection Civilian visual track colour selection Civilian instrumental track colour selection Tracks not owned that will become owned in a few seconds colour selection.

Track Alarms Table 3-11:


Field

Colours Selection Window. Tracks Alert


Description

Alert SPI PM MS AW OO WI FP PR VI PO Alert 8.33 Alert Heading Transference Out Transference In Double SSR IRC RAM COORD TFL RVSM

Generic colour for alerts. Colour of a track during 29 seconds when the aircraft sends messages to point its localization. Colour for tracks in MSAW prediction. Colour for a track when an aircraft is in MSAW alert. Colour of ALARMS and EXTRA ALARMS fields for an Area Warning alarm. Colour of ALARMS and EXTRA ALARMS fields for an alarm prediction of restricted area intrusion. It also configures CIN and FOM alert colour. Colour of ALARMS and EXTRA ALARMS fields for Warning Intrusion alarm. Colour of ALARMS and EXTRA ALARMS fields for an MTCD conflict. Colour of ALARMS and EXTRA ALARMS fields for a STCA conflict prediction. Colour of ALARMS and EXTRA ALARMS fields for STCA conflict violation. Colour of ALARMS and EXTRA ALARMS fields for a Position Report (PO) alarm. Colour of CFL field for an 8.33 non-equipped aircraft. Colour of ASSIGN HEADING field when a turn is performed greater than the maximum defined in adaptation (about 20 degrees). Track Callsign/SSR and Sector field colour of an owned track when there is a hand-over request from other sector. Track Callsign/SSR and Sector field colour of a non-owned track when there is a hand-over to other sector. Colour for double Callsign/SSR assignment. Select the colour of the arrow displayed on the track indicating if the aircraft is climbing or descending the altitude. Colour for Route Adherence Monitoring alarm. Colour of the TFL label in the field when internal coordination is performed. If an airplane flies to a level that requires RVSM, and is not equipped with RVSM, an alert is displayed with the colour configured in this resource. The alert is displayed

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Field
on the symbol and plots of the track.

Description

Other Table 3-12:


Field

Colours Selection Window. Others


Description

ADF Location Symbol

Not available Colour of the localization symbol, which is displayed when searching in the map by latitude-longitude (SDD Searching Window).

When clicking with the LB on the CPXX field, the Colours Palette Window is displayed. The colour is selected for that field by clicking with the LB on the desired colour of the palette. To exit without saving these modifications, click with the LB on the [Cancel] icon. To exit from this menu and to save the changes, click with the LB on the [Save] icon.

3.1.2.4 Icon [TABULARS] Tabulars Configuration Window


This window is accessed by clicking with LB in the [TABULARS] icon of the Graphic Objects Configuration Window. Similar to the tracks windows (previously described), it can modified tabulars format and colours.

Figure 3-19:

Tabulars Configuration Window

It presents two icons accessible through the LB: [FORMAT] y [COLOURS]

3.1.2.4.1 [FORMAT] Icon


With the [FORMAT] icon, the user can access to the different tabular types available for the SDD.

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Figure 3-20:

Tabulars Lines Format Menu

With this menu, the user can decide the fields configuration for each tabular. Once the corresponding tabular has been selected, the Tabular Line Format Adaptation Window is displayed.

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Figure 3-21:

List Format Adaptation Window

The operative begins selecting a field (defined by Line number and Field number), modify its values, afterwards select an action (Modify, Insert or Delete) and finally select a command. Table 3-13:
Field
List Mnemonic Sorting Field Number Field Number Field Name Field Separation Characters Number Field Characters Number Field Presence Kind Field of Short Format Field Mnemonic Define tabular title Number of the field that will sort the list by default Number of the field in the tabular Field that identifies the Field Number Separation characters between fields Size of the fields in characters The associated field will be marked when the cursor passes over the label data block. The associated field will be in the short format of the list Fields name

List Format Adaptation Window. Elements


Description

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Table 3-14:
Field
Modify Field Insert Field Delete Field

Tracks Data Block Configuration Window. Actions


Description
Modify the current values in the field defined by Line number and Field number fields, with the entered ones. Insert the current values in the field defined by Line number and Field number fields, only if the field was empty. Delete the values entered into the field defined by Line number and Field number fields.

Table 3-15:
Icon
Save Cancel

Tracks Data Block Configuration Window. Commands


Description
Save all performed changes. Exit from the window.

Besides the previous window, an Auxiliary Window is displayed with the current configuration of the selected tabular fields.

Figure 3-22:

Tabular Line Fields Example

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Following figures are examples of the different SDD tabulars.

Figure 3-23:

HOLD Tabular

Figure 3-24:

COAST Tabular

Figure 3-25:

CONFLICT Tabular

Figure 3-26:

Sector List Tabular

Figure 3-27:

Sector Inbound List Tabular

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3.1.2.4.2 [COLOURS] Icon


The user can access the Tabulars Colours Window where colours of each option in the tabulars are displayed. By clicking on the colour square, the Colour Palette Window is displayed to select a new colour for that option.

Figure 3-28: Table 3-16:


Field
BG Westbound BG Eastbound Generic Coord timeout

Tabulars Colours Window

Tabulars Colours Window. Elements


Description
Background colour for flights with west direction. Background colour for flights with east direction. Background colour for rows in entry and exit coordination tabulars. If there is a unique tabular: the highlighted field is the XCOORD sectors tabular. If there are several tabulars: Colour to highlight the COM field of the exit coordination tabular when, after a while, there is no reception of the acceptance in coordination by message (LTO, OTO), that is, there is no LAM message reception.

Selected

Colour to highlight the tabulars when a track label is selected or is clicked with the RB on a field of the additional column to the left within the tabulars.

After colours configuration, it is necessary to save, clicking on the [SAVE] icon for saving the current configuration, or exit without saving, by clicking on the [CANCEL] icon.

3.1.2.5 Icon [RADARS] Radar Colours Configuration Window


This window is accessed by clicking on the [RADARS] icon situated in the Graphic Objects Configuration Window. There are 32 available colours for user selection.

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Figure 3-29:

Radar Colours Configuration Window

By clicking on the CPXX field, the Colours Palette Window is displayed. The colour is selected for that field by clicking with the LB on the corresponding colour of the Colours Palette. The selected colour is displayed in an auxiliary window where radar display is simulated.

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To exit without saving these modifications, click with the LB on the [Cancel] icon. To exit from this menu and to save the changes, click with the LB on the [Save] icon. First and second radar colour is used in following figures:

Figure 3-30:

Radar Colours Example

Figure 3-31:

SDD Window

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3.1.3 Icon [GENERAL RESOURCES]

Figure 3-32: Table 3-17:


Field
ADS/CPDLC VOICE SYNCHRONIZATION YES/NO N/A / SDDX

General Resources Window

General system options to adapt this menu are: General Resources Window. Elements
Description
Not available

Available options

TAPE NATIVES GB (DRF)

Numerical value

Synchronization and reproduction capacity of conversations between the controller and the pilot. Only one SDD per stream can include this capacity. The SDD with this capacity is selected by a pull-down menu. If this capacity does not exist in the stream, it is N/A configured (Not Available). Native capacity of tapes used by the DDRs (Tape Units) of the DRFs to record and playback in the SDDs. This capacity relates to the real data that can be stored without compressing as the capacity included in the tape label is for compressed data. The native capacity of the tape is configured to the half-capacity included in the tape label.
The speed vector displays on the SDDs by means of a vector associated to the track, the future position of a track if keeping that direction, heading and speed. This resource shows the maximum time of the speed vector to be displayed. The time to be displayed is configured in the SDD. It is possible to select 30'', 1', 2' and go on, minute-by-minute up to the maximum one configured in the GTI. General colour of the main SDD screen. Colour for under control sectors. Colour for non under control sectors.

MAXIMUM SIZE OF VELOCITY VECTOR

Numerical (3-15)

value

SIT ASSIGNED SECTOR NOT ASSIGNED SECTOR

CGXX CGXX CGXX

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3.2

Icon [INSTALL] Configuration Installation

When the new configuration is saved, the user can choose between its installation in the whole system or just in a specific position by clicking on the [INSTALL] icon from the Main Screen.

Figure 3-33:

Configuration Installation Window

The INSTALL VERSION NUMBER XXX field shows the versions name to be installed and two icons:

[IN ALL SYSTEM]: By clicking on it, the Installation Confirmation Window is displayed.

Figure 3-34:

Installation Confirmation Window

By clicking on the [NO] icon, a menu is displayed included the [YES] and [NO] icons. Selecting the first one, the action is confirmed and selecting the second one, the action is cancelled and it comes back to previous window.

[IN AN SPECIFIC POSITION]: The Specific Installation Window is displayed. The user can select, by clicking with the LB in the corresponding field, the position to install the selected configuration.

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Figure 3-35: Table 3-18:


Field
Installation Menu Install Version Number XXX Positions Title

Specific Installation Window

Specific Installation Window. Elements


Description
Version to install (informative field) Position to install the selected configuration

The unit type of the machine is indicated in the positions. The unit types can be:

UCSXX: Sector Control Unit TOWERX: Tower. DRF: Data Recording Facility

After position selection, the Specific Installation Confirmation Window is displayed.

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Figure 3-36:

Specific Installation Confirmation Window

By clicking on the [NO] icon, a menu is displayed included the [YES] and [NO] icons. Selecting the first one, the action is confirmed and selecting the second one, the action is cancelled and it comes back to previous window.

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3.3

Icon [COPY] Version Copy

By clicking on the [COPY] icon of the Main Screen, the current selected configuration can be copied to create a new one by means of the Version Selection Confirmation Window.

Figure 3-37:

Version Selection Confirmation Window

As shown in previous figure, a confirmation message is displayed including the version number to be copied. By clicking on the [NO] icon, a menu is displayed included the [YES] and [NO] icons. Selecting the first one, the action is confirmed and selecting the second one, the action is cancelled and it comes back to previous window. After creation, the System returns to the Version Edition Window, to save changes before exiting for saving the new version.

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3.4

Icon [DELETE] Version Deletion

By clicking on the [DELETE] icon of the Main Screen, the current selected configuration can be deleted from the System by means of the Version Deletion Confirmation Window.

Figure 3-38:

Version Deletion Confirmation Window

As shown in previous figure, a confirmation message is displayed including the version number to be copied. By clicking on the [NO] icon, a menu is displayed included the [YES] and [NO] icons. Selecting the first one, the action is confirmed and selecting the second one, the action is cancelled and it comes back to previous window.

3.5

Icon [CLOSE]

By clicking on the [CLOSE] icon, the GTI tool is closed.

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Appendix A - Abbreviations and Glossary of Terms A.1


A AAI ABI A/C ACC ACID ACK ACP ACT A/D ADA ADEP ADES ADEXP ADF ADS AFIL AFTN A/G AIC AIDC AIP AIRMET AIS ALT AMC ANS APP APW ARR ARTAS ASTERIX ATA ATC ATCAS ATCC ATD ATFM FDD Message Queue Advanced Boundary Information Message (OLDI) Aircraft Area/Airspace Control Centre Aircraft Identification Acknowledge(ment) Accept message (OLDI) Activation Message (OLDI) Analog-To-Digital Programming language Aerodrome of Departure Aerodrome of Destination ATS Data Exchange Protocol Automatic Dependent Finder Automatic Dependent Surveillance Aircraft Filed Flight Plan Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunications Network Air/Ground, Air-To-Ground Aeronautical Information Circular Air Traffic Services Interfacility Data Communications Aeronautical Information Publication Airman Meteorological Information Aeronautical Information Service Altitude/Alternate Airspace Management Cell Air Navigation Services Approach Centre Area Proximity Warning Arrival Message ATM Surveillance Tracker and Server All Purpose Structured Eurocontrol Radar Information Exchange Actual Time of Arrival Air Traffic Control Air Traffic Control Automation System Air Traffic Control Centre Actual Time of Departure Air Traffic Flow Management

Abbreviations
Definition

Abbreviation

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Abbreviation
ATIS ATM ATS AUP AUX B BYP C CA CAA CAD CB CBA CBT CCR CD CDR CFL CFMU CHG CIN CLAM CMD CNL CNS COP COTS CPDLC CPL CSCI CSSR CTF CTOT CWP D DBM DCT DEP DEP DEST DL DLA Data Base Management Direct Route Qualifier Departure Message Departure Aerodrome Destination Aerodrome Data Link/Downlink Delay Conflict Alert (see STCA) Civil Aviation Administration/Authority Computer-Aided Design Mouse Central Button Cross-Border Areas Computer-Based Training Communications Compressor Radar Compact Disk Conditional Routes Cleared Flight Level Central Flow Management Unit Change Message See NIC Cleared Level Adherence Monitoring Alert Control and Monitoring Display Cancellation Message Communications, Navigation and Surveillance Coordination Point Commercial Off-The-Shelf Controller and Pilot Data Link Communication Current Flight Plan Computer Software Configuration Item SSR Code Common Timing Facility Calculated Take-off Time Control Working Position By-Pass Mode of Operation Airport Traffic Information System Air Traffic Management Air Traffic Services Airspace Usage Plan Auxiliary

Definition

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Abbreviation
DLS DRF E EET ENSI ENSO EOBD EOBT EST ETA ETD ETO F FANS FBS FCON FDA FDD FDP FDPS FIFO FIR FIX FL FMU FP FPL FUA G GAT GByte GHz GPS GRIB GUI H HCI HDLC HFS HMI HOLD HWCI Human-Computer Interface High-Level Data Link Communication Horizontal Future Situation Human-Machine Interface Hold(Ing) Hardware Configuration Item General Air Traffic Gigabyte Gigahertz Global Positioning System Wind Meteorological Message Graphical User Interface Future Air Navigation Systems Fallback System Fixed Configuration Flight Data Assistant Flight Data Display Flight Data Processing Flight Data Processing System First In, First Out Flight Information Region Fix Point Flight Level Flow Management Unit Flight Plan Flight Plan Flexible Use of Airspace Estimated Elapsed Time Expected Sorted Number Input Expected Sorted Number Output Estimated Off-Block Date Estimated Off-Block Time Estimate Estimated Time of Arrival Estimated Time of Departure Estimated Time Over a Fix Data link Service Data Recording Facility

Definition

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Abbreviation
Hz I ICAO IEEE IFPS IFR ILS INB INF INT ISO K Kb Kbits Kbps KBps KCAS Kgls KHz KIAS Km KPS Kt KW L LAM LAN LAT LB LCD LMG LONG M M Mb Mbar MET METEO METAR MHz MM MON Match/Meter Millibars Milibar Meteorological Information Meteorological Meteorological Aviation Routine Weather Report Megahertz Millimetres Monoradar Mode of Operation Logical Acknowledgement Message Local Area Network Latitude Mouse Left Button Liquid Crystal Display Local Maps Generation Longitude Kilobytes Kilobits Kilobits per second Kilobytes per second Knots Calibrated Airspeed Kinematics GPS Landing System Kilohertz Knots Indicated Airspeed Kilometre KB per second Knots (NM/ hour) Kilowatts International Civil Aviation Organization Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Integrated Initial Flight Plan Processing System Instrument Flight Rules Instrumental Landing System Inbound Information Message Integrated Mode of Operation International Standards Organization Hertz

Definition

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Abbreviation
ms MSAW MSB MSL MTCD N NAV NE NIC NM NOTAM O OAT OLDI ORCAM P PAC PCA PLT POS PSR PSR T PTS Q Q QFE QNH R RAD RAM RAW RB RBL RCA RDCU RDP RDPS RETD RFL RIE INTEL RMCDE Radar Route Adherence Monitoring Restricted Area Warning Mouse Right Button Range Bearing Line Reduced Coordination Airspace Radar Data Communication Processor Radar Data Processing Radar Data Processing System Revised Estimated Time of Departure Requested Flight Level Route Insertion Error Reduced Instruction Set FDD Messages Queue Pre-activation Message Prior Coordination Airspace Pilot Position Report Primary Surveillance Radar Primary Surveillance Radar Track Panoramic Tower Simulator Operational Air Traffic On-Line Data Interchange Originating Region Code Assignment Method Navigation Navigation Equipment Navigation Integrity Control Nautical Miles Notice To Airmen millisecond Minimum Safe Altitude Warning Most Significant Bit Minimum Sea Level Medium-Term Conflict Detection

Definition

Atmospheric pressure at aerodrome elevation or at runway threshold Altimeter sub-scale sitting to obtain elevation when on the ground

Radar Message Conversion and Distribution Equipment

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Abbreviation
ROC ROD RPL RVSM RWY S SAM SAR SBY SDD SDP SFPL SID SIGMET SIM SMC SPECI SPI SQL SSR SSS STAR STCA ST-RAW T TACT TAF TAIS TAS TCP TCP/IP TMA TFL TL TOC TOD TRA TSA TSP TWR U UAC Upper Airspace Control Centre Tactical System Terminal Area Forecast (ICAO) Total Aircraft Information System True Airspeed Transmission Control Protocol TCP/Internet Protocol Terminal Manoeuvring Area Transfer Fly Level Transition Level Top of Climb Top of Descent Temporary Reserved Area Temporary Segregated Area Technical Supervisor Tower or Tower Control Slot Allocation Message (CFMU Message) Search and Rescue Standby Situation Data Display Surveillance Data Processing System Flight Plan Standard Instrument Departure Significant Meteorological Information Simulator System System Monitoring Computer Special Forecast Special Position Identification Structured Query Language Secondary Surveillance Radar Software System Specification Standard Instrument Arrival Route Short-Term Conflict Alert Short-Term Restricted Area Warning Rate of Climb Rate of Decent Repetitive Flight Plan Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum Runway

Definition

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Abbreviation
UTC UUP V VFS VFR VSP W WAN Wi-Fi WWW X X.25 Standard Protocol In Telecommunications Wide Area Network Wireless Fidelity World Wide Web Vertical Future Situation Visual Flight Rules Variable System Parameter Universal Time Coordinated Updated Airspace Usage Plan

Definition

A.2

Glossary of Terms

Actual Time of Departure (ATD) An aircraft, which is just taking off, has performed a tacking manoeuvre (some seconds after the wheels lose contact with the runway) at the time. Actual Time of Arrival (ATA) An aircraft, which is landing, reduces speed to TAXI phase speed at the time. Adaptation Set of system-specific data adapted by and used by a system. Adaptation Data Values entered into the System to control processes such as definition of Flight Plan insertion into a List, activation/inhibition of certain alerts, etc. Adjust Correction Correction (azimuth and range) applied to all plots received from the radar when the System detects an adjustment error. The adjustment error is calculated by subtracting the range and azimuth of the fixed transponder (received from the radar) from the nominal values, which are within the adaptation data for the fixed transponder. ADS Contract Agreement between the ADS ground-user and the ADS air-user, that is, the latter one will provide reports to the former one under the conditions specified in the contract. Aerodrome Defined area (including any buildings, installations, and equipment) intended to be used either wholly or in part for arrival, departure and surface movement of aircraft and operational vehicles. Aircraft An either craft flies in the air fixed or rotary wing. Airway It is a corridor for air traffic that is equipped with radio navigational aids, which is used by the aircraft to maintain its position within the corridor. An airway is defined by a series of fixpoints.

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Aircraft Identification (ACID or Callsign) A group of alphanumeric characters used to identify an aircraft in air-to-ground communications. Airspace It is a volume, above the earth surface, to a specified altitude. It can be designated to be under the control of an air traffic controller. Altitude Vertical distance of a level, a point, or an object considered as a point, measured from mean sea level. Altitude Filter Operational display filter that suppresses the display of tracks whose corresponding altitude is not within the filter limits. Tracks assumed by the display are not subject to filtering. Bypass Mode SDD mode of operation indicating that the radar data processing feeding the display of the SDD is mono-radar tracking running in SDD processor. The information coming from SDP central server (if it is running) is not taken into account by the SDD. Collimation Error It is composed of a range error and an azimuth error. The collimation error is calculated when the primary plot reinforces a secondary plot by calculating the primary plot differences in range and azimuth from the secondary plot. Conflict Predicted converging of aircraft in space and time, which constitutes a violation of a given set of minimum separations. Conflict Alert Predictive function, which involves the monitoring of all aircraft-pairs, equipped with Mode C transponders. Conflict Alert warns the controller of potential collisions due to airspace violations. Controlled Airspace Airspace of defined dimensions, which supplies air traffic control service for flights controlled by a controller. Controller Person authorized to provide air traffic control service. Coordination Process Procedure to reach an agreement on clearances, control transference, advice or information to be communicated to aircraft by means of information interchange between air traffic services dependencies or between controller working positions within those dependencies. Controller Pilot Data Link Communication (CPDLC) A means of communication between controller and pilot, using data link for ATC communications. Correlation Assignment process (manually or automatically) of radar track and a flight plan based on predefined criteria. Cruising Level A level maintained during a significant portion of a flight.
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DOCUMENT N: 0029200000000MA06

Edition:2 Revision:0 Date: 1 November2010

CTOT Departure estimated time of a FP controlled by CFMU. Current Flight Plan (CPL) Flight plan, including changes, if any, brought about by subsequent clearances. Fixpoint Reference point specified either by geographic coordinates (latitude, longitude), a name, or as a distance and bearing from a navigational aid. Flight Data Data related to real or foreseen movements of an aircraft, usually displayed in abbreviated or in code form. Flight Information A service provided for giving advice and information useful for the safe and efficient conduct of flights. Flight Level A surface of constant atmospheric pressure that is related to a specific pressure datum, 1013.2 hectopascals (hPa), and is separated from other such surfaces by specific pressure intervals. Flight Plan Defined information that, with respect to a projected flight or part of an aircraft flight is subjected to the ATC facilities. Flight Plan Route Planned or actual specified path of an aircraft using some or all of the following items: departure aerodrome, SID, Fixes, Airways, Holding Pattern, STAR, and/or destination aerodrome. FP Strip It is a device including information on a flight progress and status. These are displayed on the specific working positions to communicate the flight information to the controller in charge. FUA With the FUA (Flexible Use of Airspace Concept) application, the airspace is not divided into civil and military but it is considered as a unique continuous and assigned airspace taking into account the user requirements. The FUA Concept allows the maximum-shared use of the airspace by improving the civil/military coordination. The FUA Concept application guarantees that any airspace segregation is temporal and based on a real use during a specific period. Hand-Over Procedure Process to transfer flights between controllers. Heading Direction to which the aircraft longitudinal axis is pointed, usually expressed in degrees from North (true, magnetic, compass or grid). The grid north is an imaginary direction parallel to the Greenwich meridian measured in the true North sense. Height Vertical distance of a level, a point or an object considered as a point, measured from a specified datum (ground).

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DOCUMENT N: 0029200000000MA06

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Leader Line It joins the data label to its corresponding track. Level A generic term relating to the vertical position of an aircraft in flight, which indistinctly means, height, altitude, or flight level. Lost FP A track (aircraft) is lost when a radar return has not been received for a particular target. When this happens, the target tracker projects a target position based on the targets previous positions and generates a new track position update for the display. A lost track is dropped from both the display and the target trackers database if its lost time exceeds a Variable System Parameter limit. Medium Term Conflict Detection (MTCD) Predictive function, which involves the monitoring of the trajectory of all the System flight plans under control of the ATC centre. The MTCD function alerts the controller on the potential violation of separation criteria (longitudinal, lateral and vertical). Minimum Safe Altitude Warning (MSAW) It is a predictive function, which involves the monitoring of all aircrafts reporting valid altitude data messages. MSAW warns the controller of potential collisions with ground-based objects. Mode 3/A See SSR Code. Mode C Setting on the aircraft transponder equipment that sends pulses situating the aircraft pressure altitude. Mono-radar Track Information set, evolving in time, related to an aircraft, based upon radar information received from a unique radar site and used by the computer for tracking purposes. Multi-radar Track Information set, evolving in time, related to an aircraft and obtained from the synthesis of all monoradar tracks that represent the above referenced aircraft. Play Back (Reproduction) This process recovers and presents:


Plot

Information previously recorded Data, which have been displayed to the Positions Controllers (SDD) Configuration, which have been displayed to Positions Controllers (SDD).

Set of information, with relation to an aircraft, received from the radar set. Pop-up Menu Menu displayed upon clicking once on a selectable option, usually a track field. The menus position on the display depends on the location of the selectable option. Menu display is kept after button release and selection is performed pointing and clicking (usually LB).

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DOCUMENT N: 0029200000000MA06

Edition:2 Revision:0 Date: 1 November2010

Primary Surveillance Radar (PSR) Radar sensor used to determine the position of an aircraft. Process Program segment that is usually dedicated to a functionally cohesive activity, recognized and scheduled for execution. Pull-down Menu Menu displayed upon clicking once on an icon. The menus position is fixed. Menu display is kept after button release and selection is performed pointing and clicking (usually LB). Quick-look Function to display manually a track label for information purposes. Radar A device which, by measuring the time interval between transmission and reception of radio pulses and correlating the angular orientation of the radiated antenna beam or beams in azimuth and/or elevation, provides information on range, azimuth, and/or elevation of objects in the path of the transmitted pulses. Recording System common information and local information (each SDD) methodically gathered in a specific period. Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM) Within the airspace it represents a change of significant meaning to the operational environment of involved sectors and centres. STCA RVSM and MTCA RVSM are STCA and MTCA with calculus taking into account the RVSM in sectors where RVSM applies. Restricted Area Defined airspace volume, where the flights are restricted under certain conditions, or where, dangerous activities for flights are performed. Runway A defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the aircraft landing and take-off. Secondary Surveillance Radar (SSR) Radar sensor used to interrogate aircraft transponder equipment to receive SSR Codes, barometric pressure information, and/or the SPI. The Mode 3/A SSR Codes are used to identify individual flights in ATS. When the SSR detects a flight, its SSR Code is used to correlate the flight with the corresponding Flight Plan. SSR Codes assignment and management is a fundamental part of the civil ATS systems. As SSR Codes are based on 4 octal-digits, there are only 4096 available codes to use around the world. Sector Designated control area subdivision, which belongs to a controller or to a small group of controllers. The entire sector must belong to one controller jurisdiction at a time. In addition, sectors composing a controller jurisdiction must be adjacent. Sectorization It is an action to alter the current existing configuration when changing the allocation of some or all sectors with respect to the working positions.

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DOCUMENT N: 0029200000000MA06

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Short Term Conflict Alert (STCA) It is a predictive function, which involves the monitoring of all aircraft pairs, which are equipped with Mode C transponders. Conflict Alert warns the controller of potential collisions due to airspace violations. Situation Data Display (SDD) The computer display where Air Traffic Controllers view targets (aircraft) and radar returns. Special Position Identification (SPI) Feature of aircraft transponder equipment that, when it is enabled, causes the aircrafts corresponding Present Position Symbol (PPS) to change to the Special Purpose Indicator on the SDD. This PPS is used to differentiate the aircrafts PPS from others that may be in the same immediate area. SSR Code Four-octal digit code sent from aircraft transponder to identify uniquely the aircraft. Standard Instrument Departure (SID) It is a special route overflown by an aircraft during its take-off (using the <Take Off> command). A SID connects an airway to an airport and it is defined by a series of fixpoints/level pairs that begin at or near the departure runway and end at or near the airway. Synthetic Track Type of track generated by the System upon controllers request. A special track symbol distinguishes these tracks from the real ones. Terminal It is the computer and application software. Terminals are grouped together in various combinations to form a working position. Test Plot It is radar information that responds to a fixed transponder. Track It is the projection on the earth surface of the aircraft route. The route direction at any point is expressed in degrees (magnetic North). Track Label Collection of tabular data displayed on one to four lines. The data label is linked to its corresponding track by a leader line. Track Symbol It is a visual representation of a type of track. Traffic Flow Set of reports, which are provided by the System under operators request. These reports support the user for decision-making on air traffic flow smoothing within either a determined airspace, or flight plan route or departure/origin aerodrome, in order to make the best use of the airspace. Transit Flights passing through the working area (FIR). Transition Level Altitude at which, or below, the vertical position of an aircraft is controlled by altitudes reference.
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DOCUMENT N: 0029200000000MA06

Edition:2 Revision:0 Date: 1 November2010

Transponder L-band radar receiver/transmitter carried aboard certain aircraft. It transmits a beacon code and Mode C altitude (if so equipped), in response to an interrogation from Secondary Surveillance Radar. The data provided by a transponder can be in any of the following forms: Mode 3/A, Mode 2, or Mode C. Variable System Parameter (VSP) It is a system parameter, which can be modified on line. Working Position Terminals group specially built which are included in a single cabinet structure. Workstation It is the computer and application software. Workstations are grouped together in various combinations to form a working position.

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DOCUMENT N: 0029200000000MA06

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