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2/18/2013

Who are our customers? Minnesotans in 2013

State Government Finance and Veterans Affairs Committee


Susan Brower, MN State Demographer February 2013

2012 Population: 5,379,139 54% of Minnesotans live in the 7-county Twin Cities metro

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Population growth in the Twin Cities exurban areas Population loss in Western and Southern areas of the state

+ Minnesota tends to hold on to its people


Foreign-born 7%

U.S.-born (excluding MN) 24%

5,379,139 residents
MN-born 69%

2/18/2013

50 years of growing diversity in our region, state, nation


Percent Of Color, 1960-2010
50% 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 1960 U.S. MN Twin Cities 36% 24% 17%

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

Source: mncompass.org

Nearly 1 in 5 Minnesotans today is a person of color


Am. Indian Two or 1% Asian more 4% 2% Hispanic 5% Black 5% White 83%

923,000 people of color in 2011

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+ Minnesota today is shaped by its immigration history


140,000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2011
Germany Norway Sweden Mexico Somalia India Hmong (multiple countries)

Source: Tabulated by the Minnesota State Demographic Center from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series

+ Our foreign-born population is becoming increasingly diverse


100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Oceania North America Africa Latin America Asia Europe

Source: Tabulated by the Minnesota State Demographic Center from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series

2/18/2013

+ Minnesotans by age and race, 2010


85+ 80-84 75-79 70-74 65-69 60-64 55-59 50-54 45-49 40-44 35-39 30-34 25-29 20-24 15-19 10-14 5-9 0-4

100,000

200,000

300,000 Of Color

400,000

White (non-Hispanic)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Decennial Census

+ Number of older adults will increase substantially over the next 20 years
Change in older adults, age 65+ (Thousands)
335
285

85

55

71

67

91 47

97 66 56

1950s

60s

70s

80s

90s

00s

10s

20s

30s

40s

2050s

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau and Minnesota State Demographic Center

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+ A high proportion of Minnesotans work, but the share has declined since 2000
100% 80%

Proportion (age 16-64) working 1990-2011


MN, 74.6% U.S., 65.9%

60%
40% 20% 0%

Source: Compiled by MNCompass from U.S. Census Bureau data

+ Minnesotans more likely to work full-time and part-time, compared with the nation overall
Usual number of hours worked
MN 35 hours + 15-34 hours 1-14 hours Did not work 4.9% 3.6% 17.0% 26.0% 17.8% 14.4% U.S. 60.2% 56.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau , 2011 American Community Survey

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

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+ 2011: 8% of employed Minnesotans held multiple jobs

Minnesota families are changing


2,096,477 Households In 2011
Alone 29% Married-couple families Female-headed family households 199,749 1,066,483

Living alone
Unmarried couples

599,592
140,464

Non-family 6%

Family 65% Households with children under age 18 Households with adults over age 60 658,294 679,259

Source: U.S. Census Bureau , 2011 American Community Survey

2/18/2013

Profile of Minnesota Children


LIVING ARRANGEMENTS 70% of children live with their married parents 16% live in single-mother households (no partner present)
31%

of babies born in Minnesota in 2011 were born to unmarried mothers

FAMILY INCOME varies greatly depending on parents marital status.

Median ranges from $90,300 for married-couple families to $25,686 among single-mother families

15%

of children live in poverty

Source: U.S. Census Bureau , 2011 American Community Survey

Of the 33,503 state workers in 2012


59% are employed in the Twin Cities metro region 41% are employed in Greater MN Ramsey Co. has the highest concentration of state workers: 14,626

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State workforce will transform over next decade


Average retirement age: 61

72 68 64 60 56 52 48 44 40 36 32 28 24 20 16 0 200 400 600

The average 61 year-old state worker has 19 years of service with the state

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

Proportion of state workers in late career


Selected Executive Agencies
55+ Administration Dept Mn Management & Budget 16% 17% 20% 13% 11% 11% 9% 14% 22% 30% 60+ 21% 37% 36% 42% 39%

Enterprise Technology Office Attorney General

Veterans Affairs Dept


Military Affairs Dept Revenue Dept State Auditor All

28%
27% 26%

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+ State government is less diverse than the working-age population


Twin Cities
Am. Indian 1% 1% 5% 2% 6% 4% 8% 5% 78% 82% 2% 7% Am. Indian

Statewide
1% 1% 4% 2% 4% 1% 5% 3% 84% 86% 2% 6%

Asian
Latino

Asian
Latino

Black
White Unknown/Other

Black
White

Unknown/Other

Looking ahead
In the coming years

Population will continue to be concentrated in the metro areas. Exurban growth may continue to be slow.

Minnesotans will become more diverse, especially those of working age. Families will continue to change too.
A large share of Minnesota residents will moving into retirement ages. State government workers will experience large turnovers due to retirements. Workers will continue to reflect the larger demographic shifts in the state.

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