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English is necessary!

2011

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1 : Lifestyles. A city mouse or a country mouse? : 1. 2. ( ) : 1. . Good morning, children. How are you? 2. - Is anybody absent? - What date is it today? - What date was yesterday ? - What day is it today? - What day was yesterday ? - What did you do yesterday? 3. Today we are going to talk about different lifestyles. Whats so good in living in a city/ in a country? Match the word combinations with the Russian equivalents.

High quality lifestyle Feel lonely Beautiful landscapes Unemployment Peace and quiet Helpful people

What are advantages of living in a country? What are disadvantages? Match the word combinations with their definitions. Unhealthy lifestyle Heavy traffic Constant noise Pollution Convenient public transport Crowded streets High cost of living No unemployment The factories, cars produce waste harmful to nature Too many people Too many cars The sum of money you pay for accommodation, transport, etc. is really big There are not many people without work To breathe in polluted air, smoke, sleep for few hours You can hear too many sounds of different type all the time Its easy to get to any part of the city by bus/trolley bus/tram or metro Discuss advantages and disadvantages of both.
4.

Would you like to live in the city/country? Work in pairs. You are leaving for the city/village tomorrow. Make a list of things you are going to do. Use the schedule below:

Day Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Village

City

5. Wheres Jane? She ______________________ a shower. (have) My lessons ___________ at 9.00. (start) Tom never ___________ computer games before he ___________ his homework. (play, finish) Nick and Peter _______________ chess at the moment. (play) ____ you ______________ a cow these days? (milk) Yes, I ____. What time _______ your train _________? (leave) 6. , . Study the rating of best places in the world presented in the article The Worlds Best Places to Live 2008 (Business Week, July 12, 2008). Is your rating the same? Where would you like to live? Why? Consultants rated each city on a variety of factors including the level of traffic, air quality, and personal safety. The highest-scoring U.S. city is Honolulu, which came in at No. 28. Still, Mercer says that cities with a high quality of life are not necessarily the most exciting. There are a lot of sleepy towns that got high ratings, said Rebecca Powers, a principal consultant in human capital for the company. But if you were to judge them on something like nightlife, there are some that probably wouldnt have rated as high. No. 1: Zurich, Switzerland

Population: 347,517 Life expectancy: 80.74 years No. 2: Vienna, Austria Population: 1,825,287 Life expectancy: 79.36 years No. 3: Geneva, Switzerland Population: 185,000 Life expectancy: 80.74 years No. 4: Vancouver, Canada Population: 560,000 Life expectancy: 81.16 years No. 5: Auckland, New Zealand Population: 1.18 million Life expectancy: 80.24 years No. 6: Dusseldorf, Germany Population: 581,858 Life expectancy: 79.1 years No. 7: Munich, Germany Population: 1,332,650 Life expectancy: 79.1 years No. 7: Frankfurt, Germany Population: 3,700,000 Life expectancy: 79.1 years

No. 9: Bern, Switzerland Population: 122,178 Life expectancy: 79.36 years No. 10: Sydney, Australia Population: 4,297,100 Life expectancy: 80.73 years 7. -

2 : Different people different hobbies : 1. 2. 3. : 1. . + What is the date? What does the word hobby mean? What does it mean to you? Do you have a hobby? What is it? Use the words below to make up a definition to the word hobby. activity somebody an enjoys which in somebodys time

free doing Hobby is ___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________ ____________. What hobbies can people have? Work in groups and list your ideas. Use the table below. Hobbies for girls

children

boys

women

men

Translate the words below and group them. Intelligent Bright Clever Smart Gifted Talented Brainy Cunning Crafty Optimistic Pessimistic Extrovert Introvert Relaxed Sensible Down-to-earth Sensitive

Sociable Quarrelsome Cruel Easy-going Impolite Ill-mannered Honest Trustworthy Reliable Sincere Envious Ability Attitudes towards life Attitudes towards other people

Describe yourself, your friend, your family, your pet. Complete the sentences and use who + definition. A burglar is someone _____________________________________________________. An atheist is someone _____________________________________________________. An architect is someone ___________________________________________________. A teacher is someone _____________________________________________________. A student is someone _____________________________________________________.

Speak about one of your relatives hobbies. Use the clues below. Id like to tell you about my. hobby. He/she is a If he/she has free time, he/she His/her hobby is He/she often .. He/she has a big collection of.. I think thats all. Any questions?

3 : Appearance : 1. 2. 3. : 1. . + Today we will speak about appearance and character. What characteristics do you know? What parts of body do you remember?
2. Body

3. ACTIVE VOCABULARY Hair can be: curly- ; smooth - ; straight/wavy - \; In colour it can be: red

grey/white golden ash-blond silvery dark/fair \ chestnut e.g. She was a black-haired girl. NB! hair ! Ex: Her hair is so long. ( ) NB! Mind the word order of adjectives: quality size age shape color origin made of type +noun ex: beautiful long wavy brown hair Face can be: 1. round 2. long 3. thin/chubby \ 4. pale 5. pretty/ugly , \ 6. good-humoured 7. expressive 9. pale/florid /

8. with hollow/rosy cheeks / You look at the world around you with eyes which can be: hazel - brown gray\grey blue e.g. The girl was blue-eyed. almond intelligent with long/curving eyelashes / Your lips can be:

full well-cut Your figure and features can be: regular/irregular / plump , slender , well-built skinny General to look like to resemble What does he look like? ? Answer the questions: What do you look like? What is your figure/ eyes/ mouth/ face/hair like?
4.

VOCABULARY EXERCISES Match the words from the right column with the descriptions in the left column. plump, skinny, slender silky, smooth, curly pale, good-humored, long hazel, warm chestnut, silvery, fair face hair colour figure hair eyes

Appearance

Read the following text and use it to describe the appearance of members of your family. My father is tall. He has large hands and his feet are size 45. He has short, dark, curly hair and a small beard. His arms, legs and chest are hairy. He's a cheerful person and when he laughs, you can see even white teeth. He wears spectacles (glasses) and you can't see his eyes, but I know they are steel gray. He's 43. He usually wears jeans and checked shirts or sweaters. But for work he wears a suit and a tie and looks every inch a teacher. My mother is a very different person. She's short and plumpish. She has small hands and feet. She has long, strong, fair hair. She has dimples and rosy cheeks. She has long eyelashes which she darkens with mascara. She likes pink nailvarnish, high-heeled shoes and fashionable clothes. Her favourite colours are red and light blue. Give Russian equivalents to the following. almond hazel eyes turned up nose pointed chin short, dark, curly hair wavy shoulder-length hair good-humored round face darken eyelashes with mascara skinny figure a man with a long moustache charming smile wrinkled face expressive features silvery hair to have a long face

Write a similar story about your relative/friend.

4 : Appearance. Part 2. : 1. , 2.
3. (Present Simple, Present Continuous)

: 1. . + Today we will speak about appearance; you will learn how to describe people. What characteristics do you know? 2. . Put the verb into correct form
1. In the morning my mother (cooks/ is cooking) breakfast for us.

2. I (have/ am having) a car and I usually (drive/ driving) to work. 3. Dick (leaves/ is leaving) home at 7.30 in the morning. He (goes/ is going) to his office by bus. 4. In the evening we (watch/ are watching) TV. 5. Look at Mike. He (does/ is doing) his lessons. 6. The weather is fine. The sun (shines/ is shining) and it (doesnt/ isnt raining). 7. It often (rains/ is raining) in autumn. 8. Kitty (likes/ is liking) ice-cream

9. My friend (lives/ is living) in London. 2. Height () He is tall. He is short. He is normal height.

Build () She is skinny. (negative) She is underweight. (negative) She is thin. (negative) She is slim. (positive) She is slender. (positive) She is fat. (negative) She is overweight. (negative) She is plump. (neutral) She is stocky. (neutral) She is bonny. (positive) Type of complexion ( ) He is asian. He has light-brown skin. She is black. She has dark skin. He is white. He has fair skin. She is white. She has lightly tanned skin. She is white. She has very pale skin. Now remember all the words about how people look like, lets do some descriptions. Describe people Describing people. Update ACTIVE VOCABULARY

split personality to be a man of character to judge by appearance to keep up appearances

What is your attitude towards life? Lets talk about your character. Attitudes towards life:ambitious brave caring cautious , cheerful , down-to-earth , flexible generous sensible sensitive secretive talkative shy , wasteful

5 : Character : 1. , 2.
3. ()

: 1. . + Today we will speak about character; you will learn how to describe people. What characteristics do you remember? 2. Relations with other people: easy-going energetic frank helpful honest sincere sociable trustworthy willing to help , ,

3. Jack is popular with his fellow-students and most of his teachers. He works hard in his classroom, but sometimes he can be noisy. He is not deliberately

disruptive, but he does find it difficult to sit still for long periods. He is full of energy. He is late for his classes more often than most students but he is always willing to help teachers and students. Jack is generally good-tempered, but he has been in two fights since he left school. He is quite happy at school and doesn't seem to have any strong opinions about how things could be changed. He gets on well with his parents although he frequently quarrels with his younger sisters. Len is a very intelligent boy. He is not very good at games, in fact he shows little interest in sport in general. He reads book after book, plays chess well and is very good at Physics. He is a friendly person but perhaps does not make friends as easily as some of the other students. Whatever he gives his mind on, he does with great determination. His parents are very proud of him. He lives in a flat on a housing estate near the University. He is not very talkative, but when he does speak, the other students tend to listen to him. Maggie thinks there are many things wrong with the University. She has ideas about changing the rules; for instance, she rebels against doing homework and believes that being punished by detention is wrong. Some of her teachers think she is a troublemaker. Some of her groupmates think she is loud and bossy; others think she is a very lively person. Maggie's mother is a councilor so she is accustomed to hearing her parents talk about important matters. She is intelligent, full of energy and seems to have opinions about everything. TASKS TO THE TEXT 1. Decide a) who of these students you would like to make friends with b) who might be the best group representative. Give your arguments. What do you like/dislike about these people? 2. Find the English equivalents for the following from the text. . .

. - . . . . . 4. Describe your friends. The others will try to guess who you are describing 5. Put in prepositions if necessary. 1. What kind ____ music do you like to listen __? 2. Do you speak ___any foreign language? 3. We arrived at the station ____ time. 4. They have arranged to go to the theatre ___ 5 p.m. 5. In Oxford I stayed ___ my friends family. 6. It happened ____ April. 7. We are a close family and we get ____ well with each other.

6 : British English and American English : 1. , 2.


3. (Present Perfect)

: 1. . + Are there big differences in the way people speak your language? Are there some words that are only used in certain places? What differences in pronunciation are there? Do you know any words from American English? Can you tell the difference between British and American English? Add some more words that your teacher knows. UK English rucksack queue petrol trousers dustbin shop chemist garden lift cooker cinema underground line gas pants trashcan store drugstore yard (a garden in US English tends to specifically refer to a vegetable garden) elevator stove movie theatre subway USA English backpack

postbox jam crisps chips biscuits sweets holiday autumn Some more differences: Spelling

mailbox jelly chips French fries cookies candy vacation fall

US English uses -or, where UK English uses -our. Color colour Neighbor neighbour US English uses -er, where UK English uses -re. Center centre Theater theatre Grammar American English and British English sometimes use different prepositions. AE: Its twenty of six. Its five after nine. BE: Its twenty to six. Its five past nine. American English doesnt use the Present perfect as much as British English. AE: I think I broke my leg. BE: I think Ive broken my leg. Pronunciation r is often not pronounced in British English. It is always pronounced in American English. AE: car /ka:r/ hard /ha:rd/ BE: car /ka:/ hard /ha:d/ Read what people say about language differences: Well, I dont think British and American English are so different. (UK)

They sound different, but most of the words are the same. There arent any real communication problems. (USA) I was talking on the phone to someone over there and he said he would give me a ring later. I thought, is he mad? A ring? What for? Anyway, he meant he was going to call me later! (USA) The accents different, thats all really. Oh, and some words. (UK) I was in London once and asked somebody where the nearest drugstore was. They didnt know what I was talking about! They say chemist or something. (USA) They say cookies, we say biscuits. They say jelly and we say jam. Its just words like that. (UK) Read the sentences. Where does each person come from Britain or America? Can you tell me where the nearest chemist is? (Britain) Do you have a trashcan here? (United States) Is there a subway near here? (United States) I live in a block of flats. (Britain) Its quarter of three. (United States) Take the lift. Its quicker the walking. (Britain) Decide weather speaking people are British or American? 1. Mother to son in the car: I just went to the shops and bought all this food. Could you open the boot for me, please?(British English) 2. Please line up on the right hand side for movie tickets. (American English; The word movie is also used in Britain now.) 3. Jim: Which way do you want to go to Grandmas? Tracy: Lets just take the highway; its faster. (American English) 4. Anna: Where did you go for your holidays? Susan: We went to Greece. It was fab. (British English) 5. Tom: Id like a large portion of chips with that fish, please. (British English; fish and chips is a typical dish in Britain. What the rest of the world refer to as chips (crisps in the UK) is commonly served in bags.)

6. Clerk in fast - food restaurant: Do you want a bag of chops with that sandwich? (American English) British English vs American English

7 : Traditional English meal : 1. ,

2. 3. (Present Perfect) : 1. . + Whats the date? Have you had breakfast yet? What have you had? What is your favourite food? Is it healthy? 2. . Lets learn and remember some new products. Food, Vegetables, Berries ( )
3.

What do you like to eat? What is healthy food? Name unhealthy food. How often do you eat vegetables/fruits? Can you cook? Do you know any traditional Russian dishes? What are they? 4. British Cuisine Some people criticize English food. They say its unimaginable, boring, tasteless, its chips with everything and totally overcooked vegetables. The basic ingredients, when fresh, are so full of flavour that British havent had to invent sauces to disguise their natural taste. What can compare with fresh pees or new potatoes just boiled and served with butter? Why drown spring lamb in wine or cream and spices, when with just one or two herbs it is absolutely delicious? If you ask foreigners to name some typically English dishes, they will probably say Fish and chips then stop. It is disappointing, but true that, there is no tradition in England of eating in restaurants, because the food doesnt lend itself to such preparations. English cooking is found at home so it is difficult to find a good English restaurant with reasonable prices. In most cities in Britain youll find Indian, Chinese, French and Italian restaurants. In London youll also find Indonesian, Mexican, Greek Cynics will say that this is because English have no cuisine themselves, but this is not quite the true.

English breakfast All people in the world have breakfast, and most people eat and drink the same things for breakfast. They may eat different things for all the other meals in the day, but at breakfast time, most people have the same things to eat and drink Tea or Coffee, Bread and butter, Fruit. Some people eat meat for breakfast. English people usually eat meat at breakfast time, because England is a cold country. It is bad to eat meat for breakfast in hot country. It is bad to eat too much meat; if you eat meat for breakfast, you eat meat three times a day; and that is bad in a hot country. It is also bad to eat meat and drink tea at the same time, for tea makes meat hard so that the stomach cannot deal with it The best breakfast is Tea or Coffee, bread and Butter, fruit. That is the usual breakfast of most people in the world. Tasks to the text: Complete the sentences: If you ask foreigners to name typically English dishes, they will probably say People criticize English food because its English cooking is found at home so it is difficult to Cynics will say that this is because English have no cuisine themselves, but English people usually eat meat at breakfast time, because Find English equivalents for: - ( ) - - - -

- - ,
5. English breakfast, Scotch eggs,

While watching the video you should write all the products, that youll hear, and the process of cooking. Check the results

8 : Famous people. Characteristics. : 1. , 2. ( ), asas 3. :

1. . + What does the word famous mean? Who is a famous person? What job does he/she have? What characteristics should he/she have? 2. Find 12 adjectives: D A T T R A C T I V E I B O A S F E L H A Z F N E H L X A D E G R E A T A R A C M C V Y T G Y E U I N V O V E U U I J L T C T H U G R J N B F L I H E N S F U N N Y D I F G D J H J K O E Q X G U V S M A R T A S D F E L S U C C E S S F U L N H A N D S O M E H J U T

Look at the pictures, describe any persons appearance, try to guess his/her character STING WHITNEY HOUSTON ARSHAVIN

Translate the sentences. Some people say she is one of the most beautiful ladies in the world. . Hes one of Russias most successful athletes. , ! Hes one of Russias most talented

opera singers. 3. Complete the sentences and use a comparative form. This actor is not very tall. I thought he is _____________________. This film isnt very funny. I expected it to be _______________________. I think she is (talented) _____________________________than that actress. It is so noisy here. Lets go somewhere ____________________________. This car is (fast) _______________________ than that car. Compare things/ people using (not) asas. Oksana Fedorova Lexus Jim Kerry Britney Beautiful Expensive Funny Famous Claudia Schiffer Lada Ben stiller Madonna

Complete the sentences and use superlative. This actor is very funny. He is the ____________________ actor in the world. This singer is very successful. She is the ________________________________ in America. Its a very famous film director. He is the ________________________________ film director in Hollywood. She is a very rich woman. She is one of the _____________________ women in the world. 4. Play a game. Think of a famous person. Describe him/ her to the class but dont tell the name. Let everybody guess who it is.

9 : The future of the Earth. What can I do? : 1. , 2. 3. , : 1. . + Is our town clean? Why not? Do we breathe fresh air? Do we drink clean water? Is it noisy living in the city? Is it stressful? Why do your parents want you to spend summer out of the town? What will our planet look like in 10 years time? In 50 years time? 2. , Save the Earth Look at the words and try to explain the meaning of the following: A power station/factory Factory waste

Acid rain Polluted clouds Air, water pollution 3. Translate the phrases into Russian: Cars burn petrol Power stations emit toxic fumes This pollution is gathered in clouds This pollution lands on trees It poisons trees Solar power

3. , Earth song ( )

Tasks to the song : Find Russian equivalents crying Earth What have we done to the world ( ?) children dead from war we've drifted far the bleeding Earth forest trails What is the main sense of the song? Does M.Jackson care about our planet? Everybody thinks he/she cant do anything about the Earth. Is he/she right? What can you do without support? Write 5 actions, Ill give you 3 minutes. Check the results.

Maybe everything is not so bad, lets try to imagine our future life from the positive point of view. 4. WHAT WILL OUR LIFE BE LIKE? Here is what pessimists say Our planet will be invaded by aliens. Those who become their slaves. survive will There will be a nuclear war and our planet will become uninhabitable. Atmospheric pollution will be so awful that people will have to live in underground cities. People will be replaced by robots. There will be more unemployed. Life will be harder. There will be more criminals. Terrorist groups will be more powerful. It will be dangerous to go out. People will be killed by remote control. Our simple pleasures will become a thing of the past. We'll take food in the form of capsules, tablets and pills. Here is what optimists say People will be able to travel in space. They will be able to spend their holidays on other planets. We'll be stronger and healthier. Scientists will invent anti-ageing pills and people will live much longer than now. Air pollution will be stopped. Special underground pipes will carry smoke and fumes from factories to air-cleaning plants. Robots will do all the dangerous and dirty jobs. Our working hours will be shorter and our holidays will be longer. There will be no more wars, no more criminals. The world will become more democratic. Our daily life will become easier. Everything will be automated. We'll shop,

pay our bills and even cook with the help of computers. THE EARTH IS OUR HOME The Earth is our home. What sort of home it is depends on how we treat it, just as the houses we live in depend on how we take care of them. Do you like to fish or swim? Do you like to walk through the woods? Do you like to breathe fresh air? Or to watch birds and hear them sing? If you do, we'll have to treat our Earth home in a different way. Why? Because we are making lakes and rivers too dirty for fish to live in or for people to swim in. And what do you think of the future?

10 : Trip to Great Britain. : 1. , 2. 3. , . 4. Present Perfect : 1. . + Have you ever been abroad? Where would you like to spend your vacations? Where would you live? What 4 countries does Great Britain consist of? What is the climate in this country? Does it have a president? If not, what political system does it have?
2. , .

A trip to London 3. GREAT BRITAIN The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. Their total area is over 244,000 square kilometres.

The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Belfast. Great Britain consists of England, Scotland and Wales and does not include Northern Ireland. But in everyday speech "Great Britain" is used to mean the United Kingdom. The capital of the UK is London. The British Isles are separated from the continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. Shakespeare called Britain a "precious stone set in the silver sea" because of its natural beauty. It has a varied countryside where you can find mountains, plains, valleys and sandy beaches. There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain, but they are not very long. The Severn is the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest and the most important one. The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of Gulf Stream influence the climate of the British Isles. It is mild the whole year round. The UK is one of the world's smaller countries. Its population is over 58 million. About 80% of the population live in cities. The UK is a highly developed industrial country. It is known as one of the world's largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics, textile, aircraft and navigation equipment. One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding. The UK is a constitutional monarchy. In law, the Head of State is the Queen. In practice, the Queen exists, but does not rule. The country is ruled by the elected government with the Prime Minister at the head. Names The United [jirnaitid] Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern ['no:dan] Ireland ['aialand] GREAT BRITAIN the British Isles [ailz] Edinburgh ['edinbara]

Cardiff ['ka:dif] Belfast [,bel'fa:st] the North Sea the English Channel [tjaenl] ( -) the Atlantic Ocean [a,tlaentik 'aujn] the Irish ['aiarij] Sea Shakespeare ['Jeikspia] the Severn ['seven] the Thames [temz] Gulf Stream Vocabulary to be situated ['sitjueitid] to consist [kan'sist] of total area [,tautl 'earia] kilometre ['kila,mi:ta] to include [in'klu:d] to mean [mi:n] (meant) to separate ['separeit] to wash precious ['prejas] varied [vearid] , () plain ['plain] valley ['vaeli] sandy beach ['bi:tj] deep to influence ['influans] climate ['klaimit] mild [maild] , the whole year round

population [popjuleijn] highly developed [divelapt] producer [pra'dju:sa] exporter [ik'spo:ta] machinery [ma'Jhnari] electronics [/elik'traniks] textile ['tekstail] aircraft ['eakraift] navigation [.naevi'geijn] equipment [i'kwipmant] chief [tfl:f] , shipbuilding constitutional monarchy [.konsti'tjujanl 'monaki] in law [b:] the head of state queen [kwi:n] in practice ['praktis] , to rule [ru:l] to elect [ilekt] government ['gwanmant] Prime Minister - at the head parliament ['paMamant] Questions 1. The UK is an island state, isn't it? Where is it situated? 2. What countries is the UK made of? What are their capitals? 3. What channel separates the British Isles from the European continent? 4. Who called Britain a "precious stone set in the silver sea"? 5. The surface of the British Isles varies very much, doesn't it? 6. Are there a lot of long and deep rivers in Great Britain?

7. Why is the climate of the British Isles mild? 8. Is the UK a large country? 9. What's the UK's population? 10. The UK is a highly developed industrial country. What does it produce and export? 11. The UK is a constitutional monarchy. What does it mean?

WHAT DOES THE QUEEN DO? Britain is a constitutional monarchy. This means that the head of state is the Queen. But in reality she has very little power. She has to put her signature on new laws, even if she doesn't like them. Every autumn she opens Parliament, but the speech she makes from the throne, is written by the Prime Minister. " The Queen is a symbol of Britain's long history and tradition and her most important function is ceremonial. She represents Britain when she meets other heads of state. Once a week she has a meeting with the Prime Minister. As head of the Commonwealth, she meets and entertains prime ministers of the member states. Every year she speaks on TV on Christmas day. She opens new hospitals, bridges and museums. After disasters, she sends messages to the families of the victims. 4. Great Britain


1
Match the word combinations with the Russian equivalents. High quality lifestyle Feel lonely Beautiful landscapes Unemployment Peace and quiet Helpful people Match the word combinations with their definitions. Unhealthy lifestyle Heavy traffic Constant noise Pollution Convenient public transport Crowded streets High cost of living No unemployment Day Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday The factories, cars produce waste harmful to nature Too many people Too many cars The sum of money you pay for accommodation, transport, etc. is really big There are not many people without work To breathe in polluted air, smoke, sleep for few hours You can hear too many sounds of different type all the time Its easy to get to any part of the city by bus/trolley bus/tram or metro Village City

Wheres Jane? She ______________________ a shower. (have) My lessons ___________ at 9.00. (start) Tom never ___________ computer games before he ___________ his homework. (play, finish) Nick and Peter _______________ chess at the moment. (play) ____ you ______________ a cow these days? (milk) Yes, I ____. What time _______ your train _________? (leave) Read the text, discuss: Consultants rated each city on a variety of factors including the level of traffic, air quality, and personal safety. The highest-scoring U.S. city is Honolulu, which came in at No. 28. Still, Mercer says that cities with a high quality of life are not necessarily the most exciting. There are a lot of sleepy towns that got high ratings, said Rebecca Powers, a principal consultant in human

capital for the company. But if you were to judge them on something like nightlife, there are some that probably wouldnt have rated as high.

2
activity somebody an enjoys which in somebodys time free doing

Hobby is _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________. Hobbies for girls

children

boys

women

men

Translate the words below and group them. Intelligent Bright Clever Smart Gifted Talented Brainy Cunning Crafty Optimistic Pessimistic Extrovert Introvert Relaxed Sensible Down-to-earth Sensitive Sociable Quarrelsome Cruel Easy-going Impolite Ill-mannered Honest Trustworthy Reliable Sincere Envious Ability Attitudes towards life Attitudes towards other people

Complete the sentences and use who + definition. A burglar is someone _____________________________________________________. An atheist is someone _____________________________________________________. An architect is someone ___________________________________________________. A teacher is someone _____________________________________________________. A student is someone _____________________________________________________.

3 ACTIVE VOCABULARY
Hair can be: curly- ; smooth - ;

straight/wavy - \; In colour it can be: red grey/white golden ash-blond silvery dark/fair \ chestnut e.g. She was a black-haired girl.

NB! hair ! Ex: Her hair is so long. ( ) NB! Mind the word order of adjectives: quality size age shape color origin made of type +noun
ex: beautiful long wavy brown hair Face can be: 1. round 2. long 3. thin/chubby \ 4. pale 5. pretty/ugly , \ 6. good-humoured 7. expressive 8. with hollow/rosy cheeks / 9. pale/florid / You look at the world around you with eyes which can be: hazel - brown gray\grey blue e.g. The girl was blue-eyed. almond intelligent with long/curving eyelashes / Your lips can be: full well-cut Your figure and features can be: regular/irregular / plump , slender , well-built skinny General to look like to resemble What does he look like? ?

Match the words from the right column with the descriptions in the left column. plump, skinny, slender face silky, smooth, curly hair colour pale, good-humored, long figure

hazel, warm chestnut, silvery, fair

hair eyes

Read the following text and use it to describe the appearance of members of your family. My father is tall. He has large hands and his feet are size 45. He has short, dark, curly hair and a small beard. His arms, legs and chest are hairy. He's a cheerful person and when he laughs, you can see even white teeth. He wears spectacles (glasses) and you can't see his eyes, but I know they are steel gray. He's 43. He usually wears jeans and checked shirts or sweaters. But for work he wears a suit and a tie and looks every inch a teacher. My mother is a very different person. She's short and plumpish. She has small hands and feet. She has long, strong, fair hair. She has dimples and rosy cheeks. She has long eyelashes which she darkens with mascara. She likes pink nail-varnish, high-heeled shoes and fashionable clothes. Her favourite colours are red and light blue. Give Russian equivalents to the following. almond hazel eyes turned up nose pointed chin short, dark, curly hair wavy shoulder-length hair good-humored round face darken eyelashes with mascara skinny figure a man with a long moustache charming smile wrinkled face expressive features silvery hair to have a long face

4
Height ()

He is tall. He is very tall.

He is short. He is normal height. He is quite short. He is relatively normal height. Build ()

She is skinny. (negative) She is underweight. (negative) She is thin. (negative) slender. (positive)

She is slim. (positive) She is

She is fat. (negative) She is stocky. (neutral)

She is overweight. (negative) She is bonny. (positive)

She is plump. (neutral)

Type of complexion ( )

He is asian. He has light-brown skin.

She is black. She has dark skin.

He is white. He has fair skin.

She is white. She has lightly tanned skin.

She is white. She has very pale skin.

moustache

beard

chin

forehead

nostrils

Put the verb into correct form 10. In the morning my mother (cooks/ is cooking) breakfast for us. 11. I (have/ am having) a car and I usually (drive/ driving) to work. 12. Dick (leaves/ is leaving) home at 7.30 in the morning. He (goes/ is going) to his office by bus. 13. In the evening we (watch/ are watching) TV. 14. Look at Mike. He (does/ is doing) his lessons. 15. The weather is fine. The sun (shines/ is shining) and it (doesnt/ isnt raining). 16. It often (rains/ is raining) in autumn. 17. Kitty (likes/ is liking) ice-cream 18. My friend (lives/ is living) in London. split personality to be a man of character to judge by appearance to keep up appearances Attitudes towards life: ambitious brave caring cautious , cheerful , down-to-earth , flexible generous sensible sensitive secretive talkative shy , wasteful

Relations with other people: easy-going energetic frank helpful honest sincere sociable trustworthy willing to help Jack is popular with his fellow-students and most of his teachers. He works hard in his classroom, but sometimes he can be noisy. He is not deliberately disruptive, but he does find it difficult to sit still for long periods. He is full of energy. He is late for his classes more often than most students but he is always willing to help teachers and students. Jack is generally good-tempered, but he has been in two fights since he left school. He is quite happy at school and doesn't seem to have any strong opinions about how things could be changed. He gets on well with his parents although he frequently quarrels with his younger sisters. Len is a very intelligent boy. He is not very good at games, in fact he shows little interest in sport in general. He reads book after book, plays chess well and is very good at Physics. He is a friendly person but perhaps does not make friends as easily as some of the other students. Whatever he gives his mind on, he does with great determination. His parents are very proud of him. He lives in a flat on a housing estate near the University. He is not very talkative, but when he does speak, the other students tend to listen to him. Maggie thinks there are many things wrong with the University. She has ideas about changing the rules; for instance, she rebels against doing homework and believes that being punished by detention is wrong. Some of her teachers think she is a troublemaker. Some of her groupmates think she is loud and bossy; others think she is a very lively person. Maggie's mother is a councilor so she is accustomed to hearing her parents talk about important matters. She is intelligent, full of energy and seems to have opinions about everything. TASKS TO THE TEXT 1. Decide a) who of these students you would like to make friends with b) who might be the best group representative. Give your arguments. What do you like/dislike about these people? 2. Find the English equivalents for the following from the text. , ,

. . . - . . . . . Put in prepositions if necessary. 1. What kind ____ music do you like to listen __? 2. Do you speak ___any foreign language? 3. We arrived at the station ____ time. 4. They have arranged to go to the theatre ___ 5 p.m. 5. In Oxford I stayed ___ my friends family. 6. It happened ____ April. 7. We are a close family and we get ____ well with each other.

UK English rucksack queue petrol trousers dustbin shop chemist garden lift cooker cinema underground postbox jam crisps chips biscuits sweets holiday autumn line gas pants trashcan store drugstore backpack

USA English

yard (a garden in US English tends to specifically refer to a vegetable garden) elevator stove movie theatre subway mailbox jelly chips French fries cookies candy vacation fall

Read what people say about language differences: Well, I dont think British and American English are so different. (UK) They sound different, but most of the words are the same. There arent any real communication problems. (USA) I was talking on the phone to someone over there and he said he would give me a ring later. I thought, is he mad? A ring? What for? Anyway, he meant he was going to call me later! (USA) The accents different, thats all really. Oh, and some words. (UK) I was in London once and asked somebody where the nearest drugstore was. They didnt know what I was talking about! They say chemist or something. (USA) They say cookies, we say biscuits. They say jelly and we say jam. Its just words like that. (UK) Read the sentences. Where does each person come from Britain or America? Can you tell me where the nearest chemist is?

Do you have a trashcan here? Is there a subway near here? I live in a block of flats. Its quarter of three. Take the lift. Its quicker the walking. Decide weather speaking people are British or American? 1. Mother to son in the car: I just went to the shops and bought all this food. Could you open the boot for me, please? 2. Please line up on the right hand side for movie tickets. 3. Jim: Which way do you want to go to Grandmas? Tracy: Lets just take the highway; its faster. 4. Anna: Where did you go for your holidays? Susan: We went to Greece. It was fab. 5. Tom: Id like a large portion of chips with that fish, please. 6. Clerk in fast - food restaurant: Do you want a bag of chops with that sandwich?

7
British Cuisine

Some people criticize English food. They say its unimaginable, boring, tasteless, its chips with everything and totally overcooked vegetables. The basic ingredients, when fresh, are so full of flavour that British havent had to invent sauces to disguise their natural taste. What can compare with fresh pees or new potatoes just boiled and served with butter? Why drown spring lamb in wine or cream and spices, when with just one or two herbs it is absolutely delicious? If you ask foreigners to name some typically English dishes, they will probably say Fish and chips then stop. It is disappointing, but true that, there is no tradition in England of eating in restaurants, because the food doesnt lend itself to such preparations. English cooking is found at home so it is difficult to find a good English restaurant with reasonable prices. In most cities in Britain youll find Indian, Chinese, French and Italian restaurants. In London youll also find Indonesian, Mexican, Greek Cynics will say that this is because English have no cuisine themselves, but this is not quite the true. English breakfast All people in the world have breakfast, and most people eat and drink the same things for breakfast. They may eat different things for all the other meals in the day, but at breakfast time, most people have the same things to eat and drink Tea or Coffee, Bread and butter, Fruit. Some people eat meat for breakfast. English people usually eat meat at breakfast time, because England is a cold country. It is bad to eat meat for breakfast in hot country. It is bad to eat too much meat; if you eat meat for breakfast, you eat meat three times a day; and that is bad in a hot country. It is also bad to eat meat and drink tea at the same time, for tea makes meat hard so that the stomach cannot deal with it The best breakfast is Tea or Coffee, bread and Butter, fruit. That is the usual breakfast of most people in the world. Tasks to the text: Complete the sentences: If you ask foreigners to name typically English dishes, they will probably say People criticize English food because its English cooking is found at home so it is difficult to Cynics will say that this is because English have no cuisine themselves, but English people usually eat meat at breakfast time, because Find English equivalents for: - ( ) - - - - - - ,

8 Find 12 adjectives:
D B E A U T I F U L H

A T T R A C T I V E I

O A S F E L H A Z F N

H L X A D E G R E A T

R A C M C V Y T G Y E

I N V O V E U U I J L

C T H U G R J N B F L

H E N S F U N N Y D I

G D J H J K O E Q X G

V S M A R T A S D F E

S U C C E S S F U L N

A N D S O M E H J U T

STING

WHITNEY HOUSTON

ARSHAVIN

Some people say she is one of the most beautiful ladies in the world. . Hes one of Russias most successful athletes. , ! Hes one of Russias most talented opera singers. Complete the sentences and use a comparative form. This actor is not very tall. I thought he is _____________________. This film isnt very funny. I expected it to be _______________________. I think she is (talented) _____________________________than that actress. It is so noisy here. Lets go somewhere ____________________________. This car is (fast) _______________________ than that car. Compare things/ people using (not) asas. Oksana Fedorova Lexus Jim Kerry Beautiful Expensive Funny Claudia Schiffer Lada Ben stiller

Britney

Famous

Madonna

Complete the sentences and use superlative. This actor is very funny. He is the ____________________ actor in the world. This singer is very successful. She is the ________________________________ in America. Its a very famous film director. He is the ________________________________ film director in Hollywood. She is a very rich woman. She is one of the _____________________ women in the world.

9 Look at the words and try to explain the meaning of the following: A power station/factory Factory waste Acid rain (acid - ) Polluted clouds Air, water pollution Translate the phrases into Russian: Cars burn petrol (petrol - ) Power stations emit toxic fumes This pollution is gathered in clouds (gather - ) This pollution lands on trees (land - ) It poisons trees Solar power

Find Russian equivalents (Jacksons Earth song) crying Earth What have we done to the world ( ?) children dead from war we've drifted far the bleeding Earth forest trails

WHAT WILL OUR LIFE BE LIKE?


Here is what pessimists say Our planet will be invaded by aliens. Those who become their slaves. survive will There will be a nuclear war and our planet will become uninhabitable. Atmospheric pollution will be so awful that people will have to live in underground cities. People will be replaced by robots. There will be more unemployed. Life will be harder. There will be more criminals. Terrorist groups will be more powerful. It will be dangerous to go out. People will be killed by remote control. Our simple pleasures will become a thing of the past. We'll take food in the form of capsules, tablets and pills. Here is what optimists say People will be able to travel in space. They will be able to spend their holidays on other planets. We'll be stronger and healthier. Scientists will invent anti-ageing pills and people will live much longer than now. Air pollution will be stopped. Special underground pipes will carry smoke and fumes from factories to air-cleaning plants. Robots will do all the dangerous and dirty jobs. Our working hours will be shorter and our holidays will be longer. There will be no more wars, no more criminals. The world will become more democratic. Our daily life will become easier. Everything will be automated. We'll shop, pay our bills and even cook with the help of computers.

THE EARTH IS OUR HOME The Earth is our home. What sort of home it is depends on how we treat it, just as
the houses we live in depend on how we take care of them. Do you like to fish or swim? Do you like to walk through the woods? Do you like to breathe fresh air? Or to watch birds and hear them sing?

If you do, we'll have to treat our Earth home in a different way. Why? Because we are making lakes and rivers too dirty for fish to live in or for people to swim in.

10 GREAT BRITAIN The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. Their total area is over 244,000 square kilometres. The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Belfast. Great Britain consists of England, Scotland and Wales and does not include Northern Ireland. But in everyday speech "Great Britain" is used to mean the United Kingdom. The capital of the UK is London. The British Isles are separated from the continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. Shakespeare called Britain a "precious stone set in the silver sea" because of its natural beauty. It has a varied countryside where you can find mountains, plains, valleys and sandy beaches. There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain, but they are not very long. The Severn is the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest and the most important one.

The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of Gulf Stream influence the climate of the British Isles. It is mild the whole year round. The UK is one of the world's smaller countries. Its population is over 58 million. About 80% of the population live in cities. The UK is a highly developed industrial country. It is known as one of the world's largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics, textile, aircraft and navigation equipment. One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding. The UK is a constitutional monarchy. In law, the Head of State is the Queen. In practice, the Queen exists, but does not rule. The country is ruled by the elected government with the Prime Minister at the head. Names The United [jirnaitid] Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern ['no:dan] Ireland ['aialand] GREAT BRITAIN the British Isles [ailz] Edinburgh ['edinbara] Cardiff ['ka:dif] Belfast [,bel'fa:st] the North Sea the English Channel [tjaenl] ( -) the Atlantic Ocean [a,tlaentik 'aujn] the Irish ['aiarij] Sea Shakespeare ['Jeikspia] the Severn ['seven] the Thames [temz] Gulf Stream Vocabulary to be situated ['sitjueitid] to consist [kan'sist] of total area [,tautl 'earia] kilometre ['kila,mi:ta] to include [in'klu:d] to mean [mi:n] (meant) to separate ['separeit] to wash precious ['prejas] varied [vearid] , () plain ['plain] valley ['vaeli] sandy beach ['bi:tj] deep to influence ['influans]

climate ['klaimit] mild [maild] , the whole year round population [popjuleijn] highly developed [divelapt] producer [pra'dju:sa] exporter [ik'spo:ta] machinery [ma'Jhnari] electronics [/elik'traniks] textile ['tekstail] aircraft ['eakraift] navigation [.naevi'geijn] equipment [i'kwipmant] chief [tfl:f] , shipbuilding constitutional monarchy [.konsti'tjujanl 'monaki] in law [b:] the head of state queen [kwi:n] in practice ['praktis] , to rule [ru:l] to elect [ilekt] government ['gwanmant] Prime Minister - at the head parliament ['paMamant] Questions 1. The UK is an island state, isn't it? Where is it situated? 2. What countries is the UK made of? What are their capitals? 3. What channel separates the British Isles from the European continent? 4. Who called Britain a "precious stone set in the silver sea"? 5. The surface of the British Isles varies very much, doesn't it? 6. Are there a lot of long and deep rivers in Great Britain? 7. Why is the climate of the British Isles mild? 8. Is the UK a large country? 9. What's the UK's population? 10. The UK is a highly developed industrial country. What does it produce and export? 11. The UK is a constitutional monarchy. What does it mean? WHAT DOES THE QUEEN DO? Britain is a constitutional monarchy. This means that the head of state is the Queen. But in reality she has very little power. She has to put her signature on new laws, even if she doesn't like them. Every autumn she opens Parliament, but the

speech she makes from the throne, is written by the Prime Minister. " The Queen is a symbol of Britain's long history and tradition and her most important function is ceremonial. She represents Britain when she meets other heads of state. Once a week she has a meeting with the Prime Minister. As head of the Commonwealth, she meets and entertains prime ministers of the member states. Every year she speaks on TV on Christmas day. She opens new hospitals, bridges and museums. After disasters, she sends messages to the families of the victims.

. B A big black bug bit a big black bear, made the big black bear bleed blood. B Blake's black bike's back brake bracket block broke. B-TT The batter with the butter is the batter that is better! B-TT Betty Better bought some butter. "But," she said, "this butter's bitter. If I put it in my batter, it will make my batter bitter. But a bit of better butter will make my bitter batter better." So she bought a bit of better butter and made her bitter batter better. Bl-Bee One black beetle bled only black blood, the other black beetle bled blue. Ea Each Easter Eddie eats eighty Easter eggs. F There was a young fisher named Fisher who fished for a fish in a fissure. F The fish with a grin, pulled the fisherman in; now they're fishing the fissure for Fischer. Fl A flea and a fly flew up in a flue. Said the flea, "Let us fly!" Said the fly, "Let us flee!" So they flew through a flaw in the flue. Gr-G

Great gray goats M-N-G Can you imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie? Oi-Oy What noise annoys an oyster most? A noisy noise annoys an oyster most. Ow Clowns grow glowing crowns. Pe-Pi Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. Did Peter Piper pick a peck of pickled peppers? R-Wh Ripe white wheat reapers reap ripe white wheat right. S-Sh The soldier's shoulder surely hurts! S-W-Ch There's a sandwich on the sand which was sent by a sane witch. Sh Shy Shelly says she shall sew sheets. Sh-S-Sl She sees seas slapping shores. Si-Sea Six sick sea-serpents swam the seven seas. Si-Sh The sixth sick sheik's sixth sheep's sick. Si-St Six stick shifts stuck shut. Sl-Sh I slit the sheet, the sheet I slit, and on the slitted sheet I sit. St-Sk-Th A skunk sat on a stump and thunk (thought) the stump stunk, but the stump thunk the skunk stunk. Sw Swan swam over the sea. Swim, swan, swim! Swan swam back again. Well swum, swan! T The two-twenty-two train tore through the tunnel. T-W-Ch If two witches would watch two watches, which witch would watch which watch? Tw Twelve twins twirled twelve twigs. Tw-Th A twister of twists once twisted a twist. and the twist that he twisted was a three twisted twist. now in twisting this twist, if a twist should untwist, would the twist that untwisted untwist the twists. W-Ch-Sh-Ck Which witch wished which wicked wish? W-One One-One was a racehorse; Two-Two was one, too. When One-One won one race, Two-Two won one, too. W-Th Whenever the weather is cold.

Whenever the weather is hot. We'll whether the weather, whatever the weather, whether we like it or not.

. , , , , , , , , , . , . , , , , , , , . - , . , , , , . , , , , , , . , , , , , , , , , . . . , , , , , . , ,

, , . . , , , , . , , . , , , , : , , ? How are you? Are you right?. , , Bye! Bye!. , . . . , . , , , . , , . . - , , , . , , , . , . - , , . , . ! , . : ?, , . , , , . . . . , . - . . , . , 5 6 . . . . 5 +30 . , , - . . , ,

. . , , . , , , , , , , . . . 6 - 7 % . , . 25 , , , , , . . . . - . - . , . , . , , , , . . , . . . , , . 1850 (Much Wenlock), (Shropshire). 1896 , . , -- (Hay-on-Wye), . , , . , , , , , , . , , , (Hereford Cathedral). Mappa Mundi. , , (Lincoln Cathedral), 1280 . 1884 , 1549 . (Windsor castle) - , - . . 1828 .

: 1. . . . .2- ., . .-.:, 2006 2. .. . -, 2008 3. . . . . , 2004 .- 4. Virginia Evans Spotlight 6 2010 . Express-publishing 5. Virginia Evans Spotlight 7 2010 . Express-publishing www.you tube.com 1st September.ru