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CASE STUDY
CASE STUDY
CASE STUDY
CASE STUDY

Latest Case History

Latest Case History

PD Test Results

PD T est Results

Partial Discharge, Loose Parts, Arcing

Partial Discharge , Loose Parts , Arcing
Exact Spot Found

Exact Spot Found

Exact Spot Found
Exact Spot Found
Exact Spot Found

Case Study 2 DC transformer # 31@ China

Case Study 2 DC transformer # 31 @ China
Case Study 2 DC transformer # 31 @ China

The mechanical (loose part) signal cannot always make a uniformed signal and does not produce a current. Thus the signal detected from #32 transformer is caused by a loose part that generates arcing (PD)

produce a current. Thus the signal detected from #32 transformer is caused by a loose part
produce a current. Thus the signal detected from #32 transformer is caused by a loose part

Loose part on lead connection

Loose p art on lead connection

Case Study 3 138KV, 100MVA Substation @ Texas, US

Case Stud y 3 138KV, 100MVA Substation @ Texas, US
Case Stud y 3 138KV, 100MVA Substation @ Texas, US

This is actual field data from the PD-TP500A. The top screen is Acoustic activity from sensor 2 (Red trace) This shows graphically a real PD repeating pattern. The bottom screen (green trace) is the electrical discharge to ground. This is captured via the High Frequency Current Transducer

t r i ca l di sc h arge t o groun d . Thi s
t r i ca l di sc h arge t o groun d . Thi s

138 KV BUSHING ON PHASE B (PRIMARY) TERMINAL LEAD WAS DEFECTED.

138 KV BUSHING ON PHASE B (PRIMARY) TERMINAL LEAD WAS DEFECTED.
138 KV BUSHING ON PHASE B (PRIMARY) TERMINAL LEAD WAS DEFECTED.
138 KV BUSHING ON PHASE B (PRIMARY) TERMINAL LEAD WAS DEFECTED.

138 KV TERMINAL LEAD WAS DEFECTED.

138 KV TERMINAL LEAD WAS DEFECTED.
138 KV TERMINAL LEAD WAS DEFECTED.
138 KV TERMINAL LEAD WAS DEFECTED.

Case Study 4 500KV, 1500MVA Substation @ Idaho, US

Case Stud y 4 500KV, 1500MVA Substation @ Idaho, US

Transformer; This data collected in June 4, 2007 from the transformer shows a very serious condition coming from outside of transformer, which has a lot of decrease in the resistance (defective of insulator is high).

from outside of transformer, which has a lot of decrease in the resistance ( defective of
from outside of transformer, which has a lot of decrease in the resistance ( defective of

PD transmits through the air and power line to all grounds of substation equipments.

PD transmits through the air and power line to all grounds of substation equip ments.
PD transmits through the air and power line to all grounds of substation equip ments.

Actual location of PD source

Actual location of PD source
Actual location of PD source

Actual location of PD source

Actual location of PD source

Case Study 5 66 KV transformer # 2@ India

NDPL in the India, transformer #1 exploded (15 days till testing Tr#2)

Case Stud y 5 66 KV transformer # 2@ India NDPL in the India, transformer #1
Case Stud y 5 66 KV transformer # 2@ India NDPL in the India, transformer #1
Case Stud y 5 66 KV transformer # 2@ India NDPL in the India, transformer #1

66 KV transformer # 1@ India

66 KV transformer # 1@ India
66 KV transformer # 1@ India

Transformer; As PD increases, the resistance decreases (defective of insulator is high). Should prepare for the maintenance.

; As PD increases, the resistance decreases (defective of insulator is high ). Should prepare for
; As PD increases, the resistance decreases (defective of insulator is high ). Should prepare for

PowerPD was Locate Partial Discharge point using their “PD-TP500A” test device.

The location of PD was found within 30 minutes! The Middle of B phase, side # 3(High Voltage side)

device. The location of PD was found within 30 minutes! Th e Middl e o f
device. The location of PD was found within 30 minutes! Th e Middl e o f

Case Study 6

Rotating machine (condensing), US

Case Study 6 Rotating machine (condensing) , US

The data was collected three months before the condensing rotating machine failed

The data was collected three months before the condensing rotating machine failed

Fault 1 (on “Back end”)

Fault 1 (on “Back end”)

Fault 2 (on “back end”)

Fault 2 (on “back end”)

Fault 3 (on “front end”)

Fault 3 (on “front end”)
Fault 3 (on “front end”)
45 MVA Generator in Thailand
45 MVA Generator in Thailand
45 MVA Generator in Thailand
45 MVA Generator in Thailand

45 MVA Generator

in Thailand
in Thailand
45 MVA Generator in Thailand
45 MVA Generator in Thailand
45 MVA Generator in Thailand
45 MVA Generator in Thailand

Internal Inspection Findings

Internal Inspection Findings
??? MVA Generator in Thailand
??? MVA Generator in Thailand
??? MVA Generator in Thailand
??? MVA Generator in Thailand
??? MVA Generator in Thailand
??? MVA Generator
in Thailand
??? MVA Generator in Thailand
??? MVA Generator in Thailand
??? MVA Generator in Thailand
??? MVA Generator in Thailand
15 MVA Generator in Thailand
15 MVA Generator in Thailand
15 MVA Generator in Thailand
15 MVA Generator in Thailand
45 MVA Generator in Thailand

45 MVA Generator

in Thailand
in Thailand
126.6 MVA Generator in Thailand
126.6 MVA Generator in Thailand
126.6 MVA Generator in
Thailand
126.6 MVA Generator in Thailand
148 MW Generator in US
148 MW Generator in US
148 MW Generator in
US
148 MW Generator in US

Case Study 7 PD source from inside of insulation

Case Study 7 PD source from inside of insulation
Case Study 7 PD source from inside of insulation

Internal Inspection Findings

Internal Inspection Findings
Internal Inspection Findings
Internal Inspection Findings

Case Study 8 Signal (PD and 6 pulse) was collected from HFCT installed on the tank ground of Transformer. This signal(PD and 6 pulse) transmitted from the generator side.

HFCT installed on the tank ground of Transformer. This si g nal(PD and 6 pulse) transmitted
HFCT installed on the tank ground of Transformer. This si g nal(PD and 6 pulse) transmitted

6 pulse coming from Generator side

6 pulse coming from Generator side
6 pulse coming from Generator side

Inspection Findings

Inspection Findings
Inspection Findings
Inspection Findings

Case Study 9

Warning level of PD was collected from HFCT installed on the tank ground of Transformer. This PD transmitted from the generator and shot down the generator for maintenance

on the tank ground of Transformer. This PD transmitted from the generator and shot down the
on the tank ground of Transformer. This PD transmitted from the generator and shot down the

PD burst collected from HFCT

PD burst collected from HFCT

Inspection Findings

Inspection Findings Af ter serv i ce
Inspection Findings Af ter serv i ce

After service

Inspection Findings Af ter serv i ce
Inspection Findings Af ter serv i ce

Case Study 10 230 KV 300 MVA @ Thailand

Case Study 10 230 KV 300 MVA @ Thailan d
Case Study 10 230 KV 300 MVA @ Thailan d

PD burst collected from sensor3(yellow)

PD burst collected from sensor3(yellow)
PD burst collected from sensor3(yellow)

Internal Inspection Finding

Internal Inspection Finding
Internal Inspection Finding

Case Study 11 500 KV 500MVA @ Philippines

Case Study 11 500 KV 500MVA @ Philippines
Case Study 11 500 KV 500MVA @ Philippines

PD collected from AE and HFCT

PD collected from AE and HFCT

Internal Inspection Finding:

Burnt cable from 500kv winding to K_pic2.3

Internal Inspection Finding : B urnt ca bl e f rom 500k v winding to K
Internal Inspection Finding : B urnt ca bl e f rom 500k v winding to K

Case Study 12

Transformer Test Results:

• TTR Test OK

Doble Test OK

• Doble SFR Test inconclusive

• ABB DFR Test:

– Indicates a problem between H&X Winding - Tertiary

• Final DGA Test –

Acetylene

Methane

Ethane

Ethylene

Hydrogen

3 ppm 1259 ppm 163 ppm 7 ppm 27123 ppm

• ABB Internal Inspection – B phase core shifted due to through faults/winding telescoping

Transformer test with TP500A @ US

Transformer test with TP500A @ US
Transformer test with TP500A @ US

Internal Inspection Findings

Internal Inspection Findings Evidence of h ea ti ng a b ove BØ C ore C
Internal Inspection Findings Evidence of h ea ti ng a b ove BØ C ore C

Evidence of heating above BØ Core Cooling Ducts

Internal Inspection Findings

Internal Inspection Findings Shifted Core over BØ: Shifted approx ¾” vertically & ½” Horizontally
Internal Inspection Findings Shifted Core over BØ: Shifted approx ¾” vertically & ½” Horizontally

Shifted Core over BØ:

Shifted approx ¾” vertically & ½” Horizontally

Case Study 13 PD source between winding (Data collected with TP500A)

Case Study 13 PD source between winding (Data collected with TP500A)
Case Study 13 PD source between winding (Data collected with TP500A)

Internal Inspection Findings

Internal Inspection Findings
Internal Inspection Findings

Case Study 14

Transformer Test Results:

• Final DGA Test

Methane

Ethane

Ethylene

Hydrogen

532 ppm 363 ppm 13 ppm 1,140 ppm (From last year 08 Hydrogen was at 964)

PD source from inside of insulation (Data collected with TP500A)

PD source from inside of insulation (Data collected with TP500A)
PD source from inside of insulation (Data collected with TP500A)

Internal Inspection Findings

Internal Inspection Findings
Internal Inspection Findings

Case Study 15 220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS_P8

Case Study 15 220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS _ P8 Data from

Data from UHF1

Case Study 15 220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS _ P8 Data from

Data from UHF2

Case Study 15 220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS _ P8 Data from

Data from HFCT

Case Study 15 220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS _ P8 Data from
Case Study 15 220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS _ P8 Data from
Case Study 15 220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS _ P8 Data from
Case Study 15 220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS _ P8 Data from

Case Study 16 220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS_P8

16 220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS _ P8 Data from UHF 1

Data from UHF 1

220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS _ P8 Data from UHF 1 Data
220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS _ P8 Data from UHF 1 Data
Data from UHF 4 Data from UHF 2 Data from UHF 3
Data from UHF 4
Data from UHF 2
Data from UHF 3
220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS _ P8 Data from UHF 1 Data
220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS _ P8 Data from UHF 1 Data
220 KV GIS Test Results: Data collected with iGMS _ P8 Data from UHF 1 Data