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Chapter 5: Pumps

Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers, 5th Edition


by Stephen Hall

This Excel workbook includes Visual Basic for Application function subroutines.
Macros must be enabled for them to work.

Problem Statement:
Create a System Curve and Pump Curves at 3600 rpm

Inputs
Pumped liquid
Temperature

US Units
Water
86.0 F

Head pressure
Discharge pressure
Liquid height above datum
Pump suction height above datum
Pump discharge height above datum
Flow rate
Suction pipe inside diameter
Equivalent length of suction pipe
Discharge pipe inside diameter
Equivalent length of discharge pipe
Roughness

0.0
0.0
12.0
1.5
23.0
180,000.0
4.0
27.0
3.0
150.0
0.00015

psig
psig
ft
ft
lb/h
in
ft
in
ft
ft

Output
Suction Pipe - Line 215
Reynolds Number
Friction Factor
Pressure Drop due to friction

349,636
0.0178
0.79 psi

Discharge Pipe - Line 216


Reynolds Number
Friction Factor
Pressure Drop due to friction

469,211
0.0184
19.79 psi

Vapor Pressure
Viscosity
Density
NPSH available
Head pressure
Fluid pressure
Friction loss
Vapor pressure reduction

Total Dynamic Head


Suction Pressure
Head pressure
Fluid pressure
Friction loss
Net Suction Pressure

0.62 psia
0.81 cP
62.56 lb/ft3

33.9 ft fluid
10.5
(1.8)
(1.4)
41.1 ft fluid

33.9
10.5
(1.8)
42.5

ft fluid
ft fluid
ft fluid
ft fluid

Primary Input
Variable

Discharge
Head pressure
Fluid pressure
Friction loss
Net Discharge Pressure

33.9
21.5
45.6
101.0

Differential Pressure (TDH)

58.42 ft fluid

ft fluid
ft fluid
ft fluid
ft fluid

To construct a system curve, calculate the TDH at a number of flow rates then plot on a Scatter Chart
This can be done by replicating the column of inputs and calculations in Column D (or Column G) several times, ea
Or, a simple macro can perform the task, shown below

Flow Rate
kg/h
5,000
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
100,000
110,000
120,000
130,000
140,000
150,000

TDH
m fluid

System Curve
60

50

TDH, m fluid

40

30

20

3
3
4
5
7
9
12
15
18
22
26
31
36
42
48
55

Flow Rate
lb/h
25,000
50,000
75,100
100,200
125,200
150,300
175,400
180,500
200,500
220,500
240,500
260,500
280,500
300,500
320,500
340,500

20

10

20,000

40,000

60,000

80,000
Flow Rate, kg/h

100,000

120,000

140,000

SI Units
Water
30.0 C
4.0
(0.5)
7.0
80,800.0
100.0
8.5
75.0
45.0
0.0000457

kPa - gauge
kPa - gauge
m
m
m
kg/h
mm
m
mm
m
m

353,818
0.0179
6.25 kPa

471,758
0.0185
144.09 kPa
4.26 kPa
0.81 mPa-s
992.61 kg/m3

10.4
4.5
(0.6)
(0.4)
13.8

m fluid
m fluid
m fluid
m fluid
m fluid

10.4 m fluid
4.5 m fluid
(0.6) m fluid
14.3

10.4
7.5
14.8
32.7

m fluid
m fluid
m fluid
m fluid

0.283951

18.45 m fluid

n a Scatter Chart
or Column G) several times, each with a different flow rate.

TDH
TDH
Flow Rate
ft fluid
reduced Leq
gpm
12
12
50
15
14
100
20
18
150
26
23
200
34
30
250
44
38
300
56
47
350
58
49
360
69
58
400
81
67
439
94
77
479
108
89
519
123
101
559
140
114
599
157
128
639
176
143
679

Goulds Pumps Model 3196, Size 3x4-7, 3560 rpm


Impeller
5
5.5
6
gpm
TDH
50
107
130
151
100
105
127
149
150
103
124
147
200
100
120.5
144
250
96
116
141
300
89
110
136
350
81
104
127
400
71
95
118
442
60
86
109
475
76
100
512
89
550

System Curve
180

TDH, ft fluid

120

60

60

0
160,000

100

200

300

400

500

Flow Rate, gpm

System and Pump Curves


ANSI Size 3x4-7 at 3560 rpm
180
6.5 in
6 in
5.5 in
120
5 in

TDH, ft fluid

140,000

Control Valve
Pressure Drop

60

Equiv Length reduced 20%

0
0

100

200

300

400

Flow Rate, gpm

500

6.5
171
170
169
167
164
159
152
143
132
123
112
100

Efficiency
62%
gpm
TDH

Operating Point
67%
gpm

70%
TDH

gpm

TDH

gpm
360

270
260
275
300
345
400
450
500

200
170
125
100
78
76
80
88

323
313
345
375
412
450
500
550

200
162
115
101
100
105
118
132

365
360
358
385
400
425
475
530

190
180
160
138
133
130
135
154

System and Pump Curves


ANSI Size 3x4-7 at 3560 rpm
180
62%

120

TDH, ft fluid

3x4-7, 3560 rpm

60

67%

60

0
600

700

800

100

200

300
Flow Rate, gpm

System and Pump Curves


ANSI Size 3x4-7 at 3560 rpm
180
62%

6.5 in

67%

6 in
5.5 in
120
TDH, ft fluid

5 in
Min. Flow

9.5 ft
10 ft
11 ft

60
Equiv Length reduced 20%

500

600

700

0
0

100

200

300
Flow Rate, gpm

Operating Point
TDH
80

stem and Pump Curves

NSI Size 3x4-7 at 3560 rpm

67% 70%

5.375" impeller
5
5.5
6
6.5
gpm
TDH
Power
0
123.9
8.6 107.2147 129.7298 154.3892 181.1929
115.9
120.4
10.5 104.186 126.0651 150.0279 176.0744
231.9
112.6
12.1 97.43645 117.8981 140.3085 164.6676
347.8
98.3
13.3 85.0622 102.9253 122.4896 143.7551
360
96.3
13.5 83.33153 100.8312 119.9974 140.8303
463.8
72
14.3 62.30395 75.38778 89.71769 105.2937

400

500

600

700

800

Flow Rate, gpm

stem and Pump Curves

NSI Size 3x4-7 at 3560 rpm

67%

70%

25 hp
11 ft

20 hp

12 ft

15 hp

14 ft
Equiv Length reduced 20%

300

400

Flow Rate, gpm

500

600

700

Sensitivity
All at Flow Rate = 180000 lb/h
Case
Base
Remove piping contingency
Reduce tank level to 0
Tank level 0 with contingency

TDH
Note
58.1
48.5 Suction length = 19 ft; discharge length = 120 ft
54.5
64.1

(0.17)
(0.06)
0.10

Minimum Flow
gpm

Horsepower
15 hp
gpm
TDH

TDH
87
113

105
176

170
250
300
350
400
450
500
550

20 hp
gpm
172
140
125
111
98
87
76
67

25 hp
gpm

TDH
270
350
450
570

184
157
121
77

TDH
400
450
500
600

176
158
137
100

NPSH required
9.5 ft
gpm
TDH
170
200
250
270

10 ft
gpm
102
125
163
182

11 ft
gpm

TDH
250
300
350

94
135
195

12 ft
gpm

TDH
330
360
400
438

84
103
142
188

14 ft
gpm

TDH
380
415
440
460
476
490

79
100
120
140
160
180

430
470
510
540
575

TDH
64
80
104
128
180

Problem Statement:
Create a System Curve and Pump Curves at 1800 rpm

Inputs
Pumped liquid
Temperature

US Units
Water
86.0 F

Head pressure
Discharge pressure
Liquid height above datum
Pump suction height above datum
Pump discharge height above datum
Flow rate
Suction pipe inside diameter
Equivalent length of suction pipe
Discharge pipe inside diameter
Equivalent length of discharge pipe
Roughness

0.0
0.0
12.0
1.5
23.0
180,000.0
4.0
27.0
3.0
150.0
0.00015

psig
psig
ft
ft
lb/h
in
ft
in
ft
ft

Output
Suction Pipe - Line 215
Reynolds Number
Friction Factor
Pressure Drop due to friction

349,636
0.0178
0.79 psi

Discharge Pipe - Line 216


Reynolds Number
Friction Factor
Pressure Drop due to friction

469,211
0.0184
19.79 psi

Vapor Pressure
Viscosity
Density
NPSH available
Head pressure
Fluid pressure
Friction loss
Vapor pressure reduction

Total Dynamic Head


Suction Pressure
Head pressure
Fluid pressure
Friction loss
Net Suction Pressure

0.62 psia
0.81 cP
62.56 lb/ft3

33.9 ft fluid
10.5
(1.8)
(1.4)
41.1 ft fluid

33.9
10.5
(1.8)
42.5

ft fluid
ft fluid
ft fluid
ft fluid

Primary Input
Variable

Discharge
Head pressure
Fluid pressure
Friction loss
Net Discharge Pressure

33.9
21.5
45.6
101.0

Differential Pressure (TDH)

58.42 ft fluid

ft fluid
ft fluid
ft fluid
ft fluid

To construct a system curve, calculate the TDH at a number of flow rates then plot on a Scatter Chart
This can be done by replicating the column of inputs and calculations in Column D (or Column G) several times, ea
Or, a simple macro can perform the task, shown below

Flow Rate
kg/h
5,000
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
100,000
110,000
120,000
130,000
140,000
150,000

TDH
m fluid

System Curve
60

50

TDH, m fluid

40

30

20

3
3
4
5
7
9
12
15
18
22
26
31
36
42
48
55

Flow Rate
lb/h
25,000
50,000
75,100
100,200
125,200
150,300
175,400
180,500
200,500
220,500
240,500
260,500
280,500
300,500
320,500
340,500

20

10

20,000

40,000

60,000

80,000

100,000

120,000

140,000

Flow Rate, kg/h

Speed Control

n
q 1
n2

d1

d2

P1 n1

P2 n2

d1

d2

For the selected impeller size, 8.6 inch, construct curves at different speeds
Speed, rpm
1770
1500
gpm
TDH
gpm
TDH
25
83
21
59
50
82
42
59

1250
gpm
18
35

81
79
75
71
64
61
57
53
48
41

292
279
236
197
158
118

74
65
47
32
21
12

85
127
169
212
254
275
297
318
339
360

58
57
54
51
46
44
41
38
34
29

71
106
141
177
212
230
247
265
282
300

ANSI Size 3x4


120

100
1770 rpm
80
TDH, ft fluid

Best Efficiency Point

100
150
200
250
300
325
350
375
400
425

1500 rpm

60

1250 rpm
40
1000 rpm
20

750 rpm

0
0

50

100

SI Units
Water
30.0 C
4.0
(0.5)
7.0
80,800.0
100.0
8.5
75.0
45.0
0.0000457

kPa - gauge
kPa - gauge
m
m
m
kg/h
mm
m
mm
m
m

353,818
0.0179
6.25 kPa

471,758
0.0185
144.09 kPa
4.26 kPa
0.81 mPa-s
992.61 kg/m3

10.4
4.5
(0.6)
(0.4)
13.8

m fluid
m fluid
m fluid
m fluid
m fluid

10.4 m fluid
4.5 m fluid
(0.6) m fluid
14.3

10.4
7.5
14.8
32.7

m fluid
m fluid
m fluid
m fluid

0.283951

18.45 m fluid

n a Scatter Chart
or Column G) several times, each with a different flow rate.

TDH
TDH
Flow Rate
ft fluid
reduced Leq
gpm
12
12
50
15
14
100
20
18
150
26
23
200
34
30
250
44
38
300
56
47
350
58
49
360
69
58
400
81
67
439
94
77
479
108
89
519
123
101
559
140
114
599
157
128
639
176
143
679

Goulds Pumps Model 3196, Size 3x4-10 at 1770 rpm


Impeller
6
7
8
gpm
TDH
25
37
51.5
70.5
50
36
51
70
100
34
49.6
69
150
30.5
46.5
66
200
26
43
63
250
20
38
58
300
12.5
30
51.5
325
26
48
350
44
375
400
425
450

System Curve
120

100

TDH, ft fluid

80

60

40

40

20

0
160,000

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

Flow Rate, gpm

System and Pump Curves


ANSI Size 3x4-10 at 1770 rpm
120
10 in
9.7 in

100

9 in
80
TDH, ft fluid

140,000

8 in

Control Valve
Pressure Drop

60
7 in
40

6 in

Equiv Length reduced 20%

20

0
0

100

200

300
Flow Rate, gpm

TDH
41
41

1000
gpm
14
28

TDH
26
26

750
gpm
11
21

TDH
15
15

41
39
38
35
32
30
28
26
24
20

56
85
113
141
169
184
198
212
226
240

26
25
24
23
20
19
18
17
15
13

42
64
85
106
127
138
148
159
169
180

15
14
14
13
12
11
10
9
9
7

System and Pump Curves


ANSI Size 3x4-8.6 inch impeller at Indicated Pump Speeds

BEP
System

150

200

250
Flow Rate, gpm

300

350

400

450

500

3x4-10 at 1770 rpm


9.7

91 106.1875
90.5
105.75
89.6 104.725
87.7 102.2625
83.5 98.9375
79
94
72.5 87.8125
69.5 84.8125
65.5
81
62 77.1875
58
73.25
68

10
115.3
114.9
113.8
111
108.2
103
97
94
90.3
86.3
82.4
78.5
74.4

Efficiency
70%
gpm
TDH

274
275
280
285
295
303
310
325
330
360

68%
gpm

110
100
96
94
90
89
89
90.3
90.6
98

65%
TDH

239
238
240
241
250
260
270
279
300
325
350
375
400

gpm
110
100
90
80
68
60
57
56
59.5
65
73
80.5
89

TDH
215
210
208
205
203
202
218
237
262
300
325
375
500

115
100
90
80
70
63
50
44
42
43
45.5
54
75

0.625

System and Pump Curves


ANSI Size 3x4-10 at 1770 rpm
120

100

80

TDH, ft fluid

60

40

40

20

0
350

400

450

500

50

100

150

200
Flow Rate, gpm

System and Pump Curves


ANSI Size 3x4-10 at 1770 rpm
2 ft

3 ft

120
10 in

60%

65%

9.7 in
100
9 in

TDH, ft fluid

80
8 in
60
7 in
40

6 in

Equiv Length reduced 20%

Min.

20
55%
Equiv Length reduced 20%

0
400

500

100

200
Flow Rate, gpm

Operating Point
60%
gpm

55%
TDH

185
181
175
168
163
160
166
175
192
212
275
360

gpm

TDH

116
105
93
80
70
63
50
37
28
26
29
38

gpm

TDH
360

230
275
300
325
340

17.5
21.5
24
26.5
29

stem and Pump Curves

NSI Size 3x4-10 at 1770 rpm

70%
68%

65%

60%

80

5.375" impeller
gpm
TDH
0
123.9
115.9
120.4
231.9
112.6
347.8
98.3
360
96.3
463.8
72

60%
55%

250

300

350

400

450

500

Flow Rate, gpm

stem and Pump Curves

NSI Size 3x4-10 at 1770 rpm


3 ft

4 ft

5 ft

65% 68%

6 ft

7 ft

70%
68%

65%
10 hp
7.5 hp
5 hp
3 hp

55%

300
Flow Rate, gpm

400

500

5.5

6.5

107.2147107
104.1860465
97.43645214
85.06219578
83.33153056
62.30394808

129.7298
126.0651
117.8981
102.9253
100.8312
75.38778

154.3892
150.0279
140.3085
122.4896
119.9974
89.71769

181.1929
176.0744
164.6676
143.7551
140.8303
105.2937

Power
8.6
10.5
12.1
13.3
13.5
14.3

Sensitivity
All at Flow Rate = 180000 lb/h
Case
TDH
Base
58.1
Remove piping contingency
48.5
Reduce tank level54.5
to 0
Tank level 0 with 64.1
contingency

Minimum Flow

w Rate = 180000 lb/h


Note
Suction length = 19 ft; discharge length = 120 ft

gpm
(0.17)
(0.06)
0.10

Horsepower
3 hp
gpm

TDH
27
50

30
115

87
150
200
250
300
330

Horsepower
5 hp
gpm

TDH
58
46
37.5
28.5
20.5
15

7.5 hp
gpm

TDH
85
175
225
275
325
370

87
70
59.5
48
36
25

10 hp
gpm

TDH
87
175
250
300
350
400

115
99.5
83
69
54.5
38.5

NPSH required
2 ft
gpm
TDH

TDH
260
325
375
438

107
85
70.5
55

141
143
146
147
130
95

130
110
80
65
50
30

3 ft
gpm

4 ft
gpm

TDH
237
230
224
223
220
185

125
100
80
60
46
25

5 ft
gpm

TDH
290
284
281
279
250
212

121
100
80
54
38
22

6 ft
gpm

TDH
337
330
328
324
300
229

120
100
80
60
43
20

7 ft
gpm

TDH
376
375
350
300
250

110
85
52
33
20

425
420
390
375
325
255

TDH
100
80
60
50
34.5
18

Problem Statement:
Size the control valve and create valve curves

Valve Coefficient
Fluid density
Flow Rate
gpm
360
360
250

62.56 lb/ft3
Pressure Drop
Coefficient
ft fluid
psi
Cv
20
8.69
122.29
30
13.03
99.85
60
26.07
49.03

Check for Cavitation


Vapor pressure
Critical pressure

Flow Rate
gpm
360
360
250
250

Net Suction
Pressure
ft fluid
36.6
36.6
37.5
37.5

-14.08 psig
218.3 atm

3209.01 psia

Pump
TDH
Upstream Pressure
ft fluid
ft fluid
psi
83
119.6
51.96
83
63.8
27.73
96
133.5
58.00
96
93.8
40.77

Downstream Cavitation
Pressure
Index
psi
38.93
5.07
19.04
4.81
31.93
2.77
14.70
2.10

Application and Valve Curves


Installation Curve
Flow Rate Pump TDH
gpm
ft fluid
0
107
50
106
100
105
150
102
200
99
250
94
300
88
360
80

System
ft fluid
12
15
20
26
34
44
56
58

Valve Pressure Drop


ft fluid
psi
90.75
39.43
85.05
36.95
76.16
33.09
64.70
28.11
49.85
21.66
32.02
13.91
21.63
9.40

Coefficient
Full Open
Cv
Coefficient
117.60
7.97
117.60
16.47
117.60
26.11
117.60
37.77
117.60
53.79
117.60
80.54
117.60
117.60
117.60

Linear Globe Valve, Cv = 148


Flow Rate Pump TDH
System
gpm
ft fluid
ft fluid
0
107
12
50
106
15
100
105
20

Valve Pressure Drop


ft fluid
psi
0.00
90.75
39.43
85.05
36.95

Coefficient
Full Open
Cv
Coefficient
148.00
7.97
148.00
16.47
148.00

150
200
250
300
360

102
99
94
88
80

26
34
44
56
58

76.16
64.70
49.85
32.02
21.63

33.09
28.11
21.66
13.91
9.40

Equal Percentage Globe Valve, Cv = 136


Flow Rate Pump TDH
System Valve Pressure Drop
gpm
ft fluid
ft fluid
ft fluid
psi
0
107
12
0.00
50
106
15
90.75
39.43
100
105
20
85.05
36.95
150
102
26
76.16
33.09
200
99
34
64.70
28.11
250
94
44
49.85
21.66
300
88
56
32.02
13.91
360
80
58
21.63
9.40

26.11
37.77
53.79
80.54
117.60

148.00
148.00
148.00
148.00
148.00

Flow Ratio
50
Coefficient
Full Open
Cv
Coefficient
136.00
7.97
136.00
16.47
136.00
26.11
136.00
37.77
136.00
53.79
136.00
80.54
136.00
117.60
136.00

A Further reading includes the ISA recommended practice ISA-RP75.32.01 and Instrument Engineers Handbook, 4th ed. Cha
Emerson method
Engineeri
ng
Toolbox
Max
Cavitation
Pressure
Notes
Number
Ff
FL
Drop
assuming 30 ft fluid pressure drop
0.25
through valve 0.956108
with valve located at pipe end 0.32
with valve located at pump discharge
0.45
with valve located at pipe end 0.65

0.82 34.53902
18.2493
38.59949
27.01292

flashing if
over 1

Ratio of
Coefficients
0.00
0.07
0.14
0.22
0.32
0.46
0.68
1.00

360

300
Linear Valve

Flow Rate, gpm

Valve Lift
%
0.00
0.05
0.11

Installation and Valve Curves

240
Installation Curve
180
Equal Percentage Valve
120

120
0.18
0.26
0.36
0.54
0.79

60

0
0.00
Valve Lift
%
0.27
0.46
0.58
0.67
0.76
0.87
0.96

0.10

0.20

0.30

0.40

0.50
% Lift

0.60

0.70

ngineers Handbook, 4th ed. Chapter 6.15.

Equal Percentage Valve

0.70

0.80

0.90

1.00

Problem Statement:
Calculate the hydraulic and shaft (brake) power of a pump
Inputs

SI Units
Inlet temperature
Inlet pressure
Vapor pressure
heat capacity
density
Flow rate
Head

82.0
27.6
52.2
4.199
970.0
0.0050
20.0

C
kPa-g
kPa
kJ/kgC
kg/m3
m3/s
m H2O

US Units
180.0
4.0
7.6
1.0
60.6
79.3
65.6

F
psig
psia
Btu/lbF
lb/ft3
gpm
ft H2O

Pump parameters
Mfg/Model
Size
Impeller
NPSHr
Efficiency

1.5 m
28%

Goulds 3175
3x6-14
257-95
5.0 ft
28%

Output
Hyraulic power

Shaft power

0.952 kw

1.274 hp

3.40 kw

4.55 hp

Crane 2009
Example 7-34
60.0 F

62.4 lb/ft3
700.0 gpm
428.0 ft

obtained from the pump manufacturer


70.70%

75.613 hydraulic hp

106.95 bhp

hydraulic hp

(Crane answer is 107 bhp)

Problem Statement:
Calculate the temperature rise through a centrifugal pump
Inputs
Inlet temperature
Inlet pressure
Vapor pressure
heat capacity
density
Flow rate
Head

SI Units
82.0
27.6
52.2
4.199
970.0
0.0050
20.0

C
kPa-g
kPa
kJ/kgC
kg/m3
m3/s
m H2O

US Units
180.0
4.0
7.6
1.0
60.6
79.3
65.6

F
psig
psia
Btu/lbF
lb/ft3
gpm
ft H2O

Pump parameters
Mfg/Model
Size
Impeller
NPSHr
Efficiency
Shaft power

1.5 m
28%
0.1 kw

Goulds 3175
3x6-14
257-95
5.0 ft
28%
0.15 hp

Output
Temperature rise

0.004 C

0.006994 F

obtained from the pump manufacturer

Problem Statement:
Calculate the NPSH available with suction lift

Inputs
Pumped liquid
Temperature

SI
Water
30.0 C

Head pressure

Liquid height above datum


Pump suction height above datum

m
3.6 m

Flow rate
Suction pipe inside diameter
Equivalent length of suction pipe
Roughness

Property Correlations

80,800.0
100.0
8.0
0.0000457

US
Water
86

kPa - gauge

12.0

kg/h
mm
m
m

193,200.0
4.0
26.0
0.00015

for all correlations, t = deg C


Vapor Pressure: log(mm Hg) = A - B / (t+C)

A
n-Butane
Propane
Water

6.81
6.94
8.01

B
935.86
861.46
1,701.79

C
238.73
254.46
231.47

Viscosity: ln(cP) = A + B / (C+t)

A
(12.95)
30.62
(3.63)

Output
Reynolds Number
Friction Factor
Pressure Drop due to friction
Vapor Pressure
Viscosity
Density
NPSH available
Head pressure
Fluid pressure
Friction loss
Vapor pressure reduction

353,818
0.0179
5.88 kPa
4.26 kPa
0.81 mPa-s
992.61 kg/m3

10.4
(3.6)
(0.6)
(0.4)
5.8

m fluid
m fluid
m fluid
m fluid
m fluid

375,275
0.0177
0.87
0.62
0.81
62.56

33.8
(12.0)
(2.0)
(1.4)
18.4

3.6 m (12 ft)

F
psig
ft
ft

depth

lb/h
in
ft
ft

Viscosity: ln(cP) = A + B / (C+t)

B
13,089.6
102,599.9
544.02

psi
psia
cP
lb/ft3

ft fluid

ft fluid

C
1,152.98
(3,138.68)
129.06

Atmosphere
101 kPa
(14.7 psia)

Friction Loss
0.6 m H2O
(2 ft H2O)

Water, 30 C

Density: kg/m3 = m t + b

m
b
(1.14)
600.14
(1.40)
527.11
(0.46) 1,006.35

Density: lb/ft3 = m t + b

m
(0.07)
(0.08)
(0.06)

b
37.07
32.37
64.24

Crane 2009
Example 7-34
Water
60 F
5.0 psig
10.0
35.0
400.0
203,312

ft
ft
gal/m
lb/h

0.26 psia
0.10 cP
63.37 lb/ft3

44.8 ft fluid
(25.0)
(6.0) ft fluid (given)
(0.6)
13.2 ft fluid
(Crane answer is 13.9 ft)

Problem Statement:
Calculate the NPSH available with pressurized tank

Inputs
Pumped liquid
Temperature
Head pressure

SI
n-Butane
38.0 C
258.0 kPa - gauge

Liquid height above datum


Pump suction height above datum
Flow rate
Suction pipe inside diameter
Equivalent length of suction pipe
Roughness

Property Correlations

US
n-Butane
100.4
37.4

3.4 m
1.0 m
8,700.0
49.3
15.0
0.0000457

10.0
2.0

kg/h
mm
m
m

19,140.0
1.9
50.0
0.00015

for all correlations, t = deg C


Vapor Pressure: log(mm Hg) = A - B / (t+C)

A
n-Butane
Propane
Water

6.81
6.94
8.01

B
935.86
861.46
1,701.79

C
238.73
254.46
231.47

Viscosity: ln(cP) = A + B / (C+t)

A
(12.95)
30.62
(3.63)

Output
Reynolds Number
Friction Factor
Pressure Drop due to friction
Vapor Pressure
Viscosity
Density
NPSH available
Head pressure
Fluid pressure
Friction loss
Vapor pressure reduction

443,228
0.0201
8.85 kPa
356.45 kPa
0.14 mPa-s
556.84 kg/m3

65.8
2.4
(1.6)
(65.3)
1.3

m fluid
m fluid
m fluid
m fluid
m fluid

442,315
0.0201
1.31
51.70
0.14
34.38

218.2
8.0
(5.5)
(216.5)
4.2

258 kPag
(37.4 psig)
n-Butane
38C (100F)

2.4 m (8 ft)

F
psig
ft
ft
lb/h
in
ft
ft

Friction Loss
0.9 m H2O
(3 ft H2O)

Viscosity: ln(cP) = A + B / (C+t)

B
13,089.6
102,599.9
544.02

C
1,152.98
(3,138.68)
129.06

psi
psia
cP
lb/ft3

ft fluid

ft fluid

218.20

Density: kg/m3 = m t + b

m
b
(1.14)
600.14
(1.40)
527.11
(0.46) 1,006.35

Density: lb/ft3 = m t + b

m
(0.07)
(0.08)
(0.06)

b
37.07
32.37
64.24

Problem Statement:
Calculate water hammer pressure for fast closing valve

Inputs
Fluid
Flow Rate
Pipe ID

SI
water
80,800 kg/h
75 mm

US
180,000
3

Properties
Density
Bulk Modulus
Conversion, gc

1,000 kg/m3
2.15E+09 Pa
1.00 m/s2

62.4
3.12E+05
32.17

Output
convert bulk modulus units
Acoustic Velocity
Fluid Velocity

Pressure Spike

1,466 m/s

44,928,000
4,813

5.08 m/s

16.32

7,449 m fluid

2,442
1,057

Time
Length
Pressure Spike

Data

0.1
15
152.22

Source: CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 50th Edition, 1969


Liquid
Temp, C m2/dyne x 10^11
Acetic Acid
20
9.08
Acetone
20
12.75
Aniline
20
4.53
Benzene
20
9.37
Benzene, chloro
20
7.45
n-Butyl alcohol
0
8.1
Carbon disulfide
20
9.26
Carbon tetrachloride
20
10.34
Chloroform
20
9.94
Cyclohexane
25
11.1
Dodecane
60
11.3
Ethyl alcohol
20
11.19
Ethyl bromide
20
12.94
Ethylene chloride
20
8.03
Ethyl ether
20
18.65
Glycol
25
3.72

Pa

lb/in2
1.10
0.78
2.21
1.07
1.34
1.23
1.08
0.97
1.01
0.90
0.88
0.89
0.77
1.25
0.54
2.69

1.60
1.13
3.21
1.55
1.94
1.78
1.57
1.41
1.46
1.31
1.28
1.29
1.12
1.81
0.78
3.90

n-Heptane
1-Heptanol
n-Hexane
1-Hexanol
Mercury
Methyl alcohol
Methylene bromide
Methyl iodide
n-Octane
1-Octanol
n-Pentadecane
Phenol
n-Propyl alcohol
Toluene
Water
m-Xylene

25
0
25
0
20
20
16.9
16.9
25
0
60
60
0
20
20
20

14.24
7.05
16.05
7.47
0.4
12.11
6.47
9.71
11.98
6.82
10.2
6.05
8.43
8.96
4.58
8.46

0.70
1.42
0.62
1.34
25.00
0.83
1.55
1.03
0.83
1.47
0.98
1.65
1.19
1.12
2.18
1.18

1.02
2.06
0.90
1.94
36.26
1.20
2.25
1.49
1.20
2.13
1.42
2.39
1.73
1.62
3.16
1.71

lb/h
in

lb/ft3
lb/in2
ft/s2

lb/ft2
ft/s
ft/s

ft fluid
psi
s
ft

CENTRIFUGAL PUMP
CLIENT
REV PREPARED BY
0
1
2

DATE

APPROVAL

W.O.
UNIT

AREA

EQUIP. NO
P-201
REQUISITION NO.

PAGE

PROCURED BY

INSTALLED BY

SPECIFICATION NO.

Reactor Transfer Pump


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52

Fluid Service
Number Required
Pump Type
Location

Mother Liquor
one
ANSI AA Back Pullout
Indoor

Fluid Pumped
Normal Flow Rate
Design Flow Rate
Pumping Temperature
Vapor Pressure @ P.T.
Viscosity @ P.T.
Specific Gravity @ P.T.

gpm
gpm
deg F
psia
cP
water=1

Terminal Pressure
Static Head
Equipment Loss (see sketch)
Line Loss (per 100 equiv ft)
Equiv. Line Length
Safety Factor in Line Loss (%)
Total friction Loss
Control Valve
Net Suction Pressure
NPSH available
Total Discharge Pressure
Differential Pressure (TDH)
Design Flow Rate

ft / psi
ft / psi
psia
ft / psia
psia
ft / psi
gpm

Type
mfg std
9.7" diameter
less sleeve
Single Mechanical
fabricated

Pump Head
Impeller
Shaft
Seal
Baseplate
Connections

psia
ft / psi
ft / psi
ft / psi
ft

General
Pump Manufacturer
Model Number
Size

TBD
TBD
3x4-10

Process Data
Water
360.0 Corrosive or Non-Corrosive
360.0 Corrosive Compounds
86.0 Solids
0.6
0.8 Hazards
1.0
Pumping Conditions
Suction
14.7
10.5
4.6
6.8
2.9
27
0%
1.8
0.8
18.5
41.3
17.8

non-corrosive
n/a
none

Discharge
14.7
21.5
9.3
30.5
13.2
150
0%
45.8
19.9
20.0
8.7

52.6
79.0
360.0

34.1

Mechanical Data
Material
316SS
316SS
316SS
carbon vs ceramic
304SS

Suction
Discharge

Area Classification
Power
Horsepower

1-1/2" ANSI RF Case Drn. plug


1" ANSI RF
Electrical Data
Class
1
Group
D
Division
Volts
460 Phases
3
Cycles
Calculated
7.16 BHP
10.53 Nominal
Efficiency 68%

Sketch

2
60
15.0

Notes
Motor must be non-overloading at runout
Fabricated baseplate sized to catch drips from pump, seal, or other components
Provide 1-inch lip around baseplate so drips are contained
Provide 3/4" hose bibb at low point of baseplate containment, with cap

Enclosure TEFC
Frame
254T
RPM
1770

CONTROL VALVES

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

BODY
ACTUATOR
POSIT.
TRAN
DUCR

DATE

APPROVAL

EQUIP. NO

PAGE

W.O.

REQUISITION NO.

SPECIFICATION NO.
17500
INSTALLED BY

UNIT

Tag No.
Service
Line No./Vessel No.
Line Size/Sched
Type of Body
Body Size
Port Size
Guiding
No.of Ports
End Conn. & Rating
Body Material
Packing Material
Lubricator Isolat Valve
Bonnet Type
Trim Form
Trim Mat'l Seat/Plug
Shaft Mat'l
Required Seat Tightnss
Max Allow Sound Level
Model No. & Size
Type of Actuator
Close at
Open at
Flow Action to
Fail Position
Handwheel & Location
Mfr & Model No.
Filt Reg Gages Bypass
Input Signal
Output Signal
Air Supply Pressure
Make & Model No.
Input Signal
Output Signal

AREA

PROCURED BY

FCV-216
water
216
3 inch, Sched 40
Globe
3 in
3 in
Cage
2
ANSI 150# flange
Cast Iron

Linear

Air to close / spring


open
open

95 psig

control at 360 gpm at no greater than 85% open

OPTS
SERVICE

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34

GENRL

REV PREPARED BY
0
1
2

CLIENT

FLOW UNITS
Fluid
Quant Max
Cv
Quant Oper
Cv
Valve Cv
Valve Fl
Norm In Press
P
Max Inlet Pressure
Max Shutoff
P
Temp Max
Operating
Oper S.G.
Mol. Wt.
Oper Visc.
% Flash
% Superheat % Solids
Vap Press.
Crit. Press
Predicted Sound dBA
Manufacturer
Model No.

gpm
water

psia
psia

psia

360
120
250
48
> 141
58
26
> 60 psia
62
40
120 F
86 F
1.00
18
0.81 cP
0
0
0
0.62
3210