Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 26

Project :Zanitty Example

HYDRAULIC CALCULATION
FOR

DOMESTIC WATER BOOSTER


PUMP
( 1 ) WATER DEMAND
( 2 ) TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD

SUPPLIER

LAMAH EST.
P.O. BOX : 4814 RIYADH 11412 KSA
TEL: 4788650 FAX : 4769138

Project :Zanitty Example

HYDRAULIC CALCULATION
FOR

IRRIGATION PUMPS
( TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD )

SUPPLIER

LAMAH EST.
P.O. BOX : 4814 RIYADH 11412 KSA
TEL: 4788650 FAX : 4769138

Project :Zanitty Example

HYDRAULIC CALCULATION
FOR

FIRE PUMPS
( TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD )

SUPPLIER

LAMAH EST.
P.O. BOX : 4814 RIYADH 11412 KSA
TEL: 4788650 FAX : 4769138

Project :Zanitty Example

General data :
Required capacity : 750 GPM
Outlet pressure : 65 PSI (45 m)
Farthest fire hydrants working together : 3
Flow for each fire hydrant : 250 GPM
Static head : 4.5 m

Project :Zanitty Example

Table of total fixtures


Fixture type : PRIVATE
FIXTURES / POINT NO.
Water closet (flush valve)
Water closet (flush tank)
Water Bidet
Hose for W.C
Lavatory (& H.B.)
Janitor Sink
Service sink
Shower
Bath tub
Kitchen sink
Dishwashing machine
Laundry
Ablution (Public)
Urinal (1" flush valve)
Urinal (3/4" flush valve)
Urinal (flush tank)

B1

G.F.

F.F

2nd.F

3rd F

4th F.

5th F

6th F

7th F

8th F

9th F

10th F

11th F

12th F

13th F

Total
fixtures

Project :Zanitty Example

DOMESTIC WATER TRANSFER PUPM DEMAND


TOTAL DOMESTIC WATER DEMAND CALCULATION

Fixtures type :
Weight in Fixture units

FIXTURES

Cold
6
3
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

Water closet (flush valve)


Water closet (flush tank)
Water Bidet
Hose for W.C
Lavatory (& H.B.)
Janitor Sink
Service sink
Shower
Bath tub
Kitchen sink
Dishwashing machine
Laundry
Ablution (Public)
Urinal (1" flush valve)
Urinal (3/4" flush valve)
Urinal (flush tank)

1.5
1
10
5
3

Hot

0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1
1.5
1

Total
6
3
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
1
2
1.5
10
5
3

PRIVATE
Quantity

Total weight in fixture units


Cold

Hot

Total Fixture Units


WATER DEMAND ( GPM )
WATER DEMAND ( m3 / h )

Assuming Peak factor :


Duration :

1.8
60

min

The mean demand


Overhead tank size

gpm
gallon
m3

(mean demand = peak demand / peak factor )


( Overhead tank size = (peak demand - mean demand) x duration }

Transfer pump capacity

gpm
m3/h
l/s

( Transfer pump capacity = mean demand , Assuming one pump


running & one standby)

Total

Project :Zanitty Example


POTABLE WATER PUMPS
Flow rate through the piping system to the farthest point

1.5

Urinal (flush tank)

SUM Total f.u.

Flow rate ( gpm )

Total f.u

T.Fix.

Add

Total f.u

T.Fix.

Add

Total f.u

T.Fix.

Add

Total f.u

T.Fix.

Add

Total f.u

T.Fix.

hot
0.75
0.75
0.75
1.5
1.5
1.5
1

1
1.5

Urinal (3/4" flush valve)

Urinal (1" flush valve)

Ablution (Public)

10

Laundry

0.75

3
0.75
0.75
0.75

Dishwashing machine

10

Kitchen sink

1.5

Bath tub

1.5

Shower

cold
Service sink

0.75

Janitor Sink

1.5

Lavatory (& H.B.)

1.5

Hose for W.C

1.5

Water Bidet

1.5

Water closet (flush tank)

Add

Total

Total f.u

Total

T.Fix.

Total

Add

Total

Total f.u

Total

T.Fix.

Total

Add

Total

Total f.u

Pump to A

Total

T.Fix.

A-B

Total

Add

B-C

Total

Total f.u

C-D

PRIVATE

T.Fix.

D-E

Add

E-F

Total f.u

F-G

T.Fix.

G-H

Add

H-I

Total

I-J

FIXTURES / POINT NO.

Water closet (flush valve)

Fixture type : PRIVATE

Load

DN Nominal diameter

ID Pipe Inner diameter


L Pipe length

no.
DN
mm
m

208to218
76
BS

219to220
102
BS 102
0.04
146 9.2

221to226
127
BS 128 8.2
0.04
210 13

226to228
150
BS 154 2.3
0.04
418 26

229to262
200
BS 203 54
0.04
800 50
4

263to292
200
BS 203 147
0.04
800 50
12

293to306
200
BS 203 54
0.04
800 50
2
4

307to335
200
BS 203 38
0.04
800 50
2
4
4
4

336to346
102
BS 102 1.3
0.04
400 25

20
16
7
9

TOTAL
##
mm GPM l/s

78
3.4
0.04
81

1
Butterfly valve 4"

1
1
1
2

1
1
1
2
1

Static head

total friction loss

total dynamic head

Butterfly valve 10"

2
1

Butterfly valve 6"

Butterfly valve 10"

8
3
1

Butterfly valve 8"

Local factors of fittings

Butterfly valve 5"

1
3

3
1
2

1
1
2

2
2
1
1

2
2
1
1

Butterfly valve 3"


2.0 Felexible Conn. 3"

1.1

2.0 Equal tee

5.1

2.3 Elbow ( 90 deg.) 3"

4.3 Reducing tee

2.0

4.3 Elbow ( 90 deg.) 5"

4.3 Elbow (long 90 deg.) 8"

0.6 Y-Strainer 8"

3.0

4.3 Equal tee

9.3 DRV 8"

6.6 Elbow ( 90 deg.) 8"

3.3 Elbow ( 45 deg.) 8"

4.0

8.2 Reducing tee

8.2 Elbow ( 90 deg.) 10"

0.2 Check Valve

0.3 Y-Strainer 6"

3.3 Felexible Conn. 6"

2.3

5.3 Reducing tee

5.3 Elbow ( 90 deg.) 6"

5.3 Equal tee

8.2 Reducing tee

4.0

8.2 Elbow ( 90 deg.) 10"

3.3 Reducing tee

3.3 Elbow ( 90 deg.) 4"

1.7 Elbow ( 45 deg.) 4"

0.3 Motorized valve 4"

0.7 Y-Strainer 4"

Head loss calculation using


( 1 ) COLBROOK Formula

2.2 Felexible Conn. 4"

1.5

Q Flow rate

K Pipe roughness

no. part of pipe

Project :Zanitty Example

For DOMESTIC WATER BOOSTER

Total local factors

GH Static head

V Mean Velocity

RE Reynolds number

F Liner loss factor

Loss m per 100 m

dh(1) Liner loss

dh(2) Local loss

DH Total loss

Total head (DH+GH) / pipe

Accumulative Pressure

1/1

m/s

1/1

1/1

rs of fittings

11.7

1.0679

83299.2 0.0209 1.56 0.05 0.7

0.73 0.73 0.733

3.3

1.1226

114502 0.0195 1.23 0.01 0.2

0.22 0.22 0.957

14.9

1.0281

131601 0.0188 0.79 0.06 0.8

0.87 0.87 1.825

12.6

1.4138

217724 0.0173 1.14 0.03 1.3

1.31 1.31 3.135

167

1.5572

316115 0.0161 0.98 0.53

21

21.1 21.1 24.28

67.5

1.5572

316115 0.0161 0.98 1.44 8.3

9.79 9.79 34.07

36

1.5572

316115 0.0161 0.98 0.53 4.4

4.97 4.97 39.04

50.2

1.5572

316115 0.0161 0.98 0.38 6.2

6.58 6.58 45.62

11

3.084

314565 0.0175 8.32 0.11 5.3

5.43 5.43 51.05

374

13.945

2126150 0.1584

51.05 m

51.05 m

17

48

51

51.05

DOMESTIC WATER BOOSTER

Project :Zanitty Example

Head Loss Calculations:


The total friction loss Hs Consist of:
Hs

Hs1 + Hs2

Where:

Hs1
Hs2

. (1)
: Friction loss Inside pipes
: Friction loss inside fittings

Linear friction loss equation:


Hs =

J . L ... .... (2)

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) .... (3)
Where:

J
L
l
V
g
D

: linear loss factor


: length Of the pipe (m.)
: friction loss factor (COLBROOK-WHITE formula)
: velocity of water (m/s)
: gravity acceleration (9.81 m/s)
: pipe inside diameter (m.)

COLBROOK WHITE formula:.. ( 4 )

1
sqr(l)

Where:

= - 2 x log [

K
D
RE

k
3.7 x D

2.51
Re x sqr( l )

: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)


: pipe inside diameter (m.)
: REYNOLDS no. is given as follows: (1/1)

RE = V x D / n . ( 5 )
Where:

V = Q/A
Where:

n
V
D

: water viscosity= ( n =
1E-06
: velocity of water (m/s)
: pipe inside diameter (m.)

m2/s)

.... ( 6 )
Q
A

: flow rate (m/s)


: cross section are of the pipe (m)

Data for the First pipe :

76 BS
#N/A mm
#N/A mm

D =
K =

Flow :

0.078 m
0.00004 m

: pipe inside diameter (m.)


: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)

Q = 81.0 GPM = 05.103 l/s = 0.0051


A = p x D2 / 4 =
V = Q/A =
Re = V x D / n =

1
sqr(l)

Pipe type & size


76
Out side diameter (mm)
Wall thickness (mm)

= - 2 log [

m/sec

3.14 x 0.078 / 4 = 0.00478 m

1.068 m/s
1.068 x 0.078 / 0.000001 = 83299.25
0.00004
3.7 x 0.078

2.51
83299.2
x sqr( l )

By solving above equation :


l=

0.02088

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) =

Loss m per 100 m = J x 100 =

0.02088 x 1.0679 x 1.068


2 x 9.81 x 0.078
0.01556 x 100 m = 1.556

Pipe length L = 3.4 m


dh(1) Liner loss = J x L = 0.01556 x 3.4 = 0.053 m

= 0.01556 m/m

m / 100m

Local losses equation is given as follows:


HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . G ) .... (7)


: Gravity acceleration (9.81 m/s)
: Velocity of water (m/s)
: Sum of local loss factors

Where:

G
V
SUM ZE

SUM ZE =

Butterfly valve 4"


Felexible Conn. 4"
Y-Strainer 4"
Motorized valve 4"
Elbow ( 45 deg.) 4"
Elbow ( 90 deg.) 4"
Reducing tee
Elbow ( 90 deg.) 10"
Butterfly valve 10"
Reducing tee
Total local factors

HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . g )

HS(2) = SUM ZE.x V / ( 2 g ) =

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0 x

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

1.47
2.2
0.7
0.3
1.7
3.3
3.3
8.2
4
8.2
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.0679 X 1.0679
2 x 9.81

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.00

= 0.6801 m

DH Total loss = HS1 + HS2 = 0.053 + 0.68 = 0.733 m


Total head (DH+GH) / pipe

= Static head + Friction losses . ( 8 )


= 0.0 + 0.733 = 0.733 m

Data for the Second pipe :

D =
K =
Flow :

102

BS
#N/A mm
#N/A mm

0.102 m
0.00004 m

: pipe inside diameter (m.)


: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)

Q = 145.6 GPM = 09.173 l/s = 0.00917


A = p x D2 / 4 =
V = Q/A =
Re = V x D / n =

1
sqr(l)

Pipe type & size


=f_loss!B11
Out side diameter (mm)
Wall thickness (mm)

= - 2 log [

m/sec

3.14 x 0.102 / 4 = 0.00817 m

1.414 m/s
1.414 x 0.102 / 0.000001 = 217723.96
0.00004
3.7 x 0.102

By solving above equation :


J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) =

Loss m per 100 m = J x 100 =

l=

2.51
217724.0
x sqr( l )

0.01729

0.01729 x 1.4138 x 1.414


2 x 9.81 x 0.102
0.01144 x 100 m = 1.144

Pipe length L = 1.0 m


dh(1) Liner loss = J x L = 0.01228 x 1.0 = 0.012 m

= 0.01144 m/m

m / 100m

Local losses equation is given as follows:


HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . G )

SUM ZE =

Butterfly valve 4"


Felexible Conn. 4"
Y-Strainer 4"
Motorized valve 4"
Elbow ( 45 deg.) 4"
Elbow ( 90 deg.) 4"
Reducing tee
Elbow ( 90 deg.) 10"
Butterfly valve 10"
Reducing tee
Total local factors

HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . g )

HS(2) = SUM ZE.x V / ( 2 g ) =

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

3.3 x

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

1.47
2.2
0.7
0.3
1.7
3.3
3.3
8.2
4
8.2
=

1.4138 X 1.4138
2 x 9.81

DH Total loss = HS1 + HS2 = 0.012 + 0.212 = 0.224 m


Total head (DH+GH) / pipe

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

= Static head + Friction losses


= 0.0 + 1.31 = 1.31 m

0
0
0
0
0
0
3.3
0
0
0
3.30

= 1.2836 m

Data for the Third pipe :

127

D =
K =
Flow :

BS
#N/A mm
#N/A mm

Pipe type & size


Out side diameter (mm)
Wall thickness (mm)

0.128 m
0.00004 m

: pipe inside diameter (m.)


: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)

Q = 210.0 GPM = 13.23 l/s = 0.01323

3.14 x 0.128 / 4 = 0.01287 m

A = p x D2 / 4 =
V = Q/A =
Re = V x D / n =
1
sqr(l)

m/sec

1.028 m/s
1.028 x 0.128 / 3.3 = 131601.24
0.00004
3.7 x 0.128

= - 2 log [

By solving above equation :

l=

2.51
316114.6
x sqr( l )

0.01876

0.01876 x 1.0281 x 1.028


2 x 9.81 x 0.128

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) =
Loss m per 100 m = J x 100 =

0.00789 x 100 m = 0.789

= 0.0 m/m
m / 100m

Pipe length L = 8.2 m


dh(1) Liner loss = J x L = 0.00789 x 8.2 = 0.065 m
Local losses equation is given as follows:
HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . G )

SUM ZE =

Butterfly valve 4"


Felexible Conn. 4"
Y-Strainer 4"
Motorized valve 4"
Elbow ( 45 deg.) 4"
Elbow ( 90 deg.) 4"
Reducing tee
Elbow ( 90 deg.) 10"
Butterfly valve 10"
Reducing tee
0

HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . g )

HS(2) = SUM ZE.x V / ( 2 g ) =

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0 x

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

1.47
2.2
0.7
0.3
1.7
3.3
3.3
8.2
4
8.2
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.0281 X 1.0281
2 x 9.81

= HS1 + HS2 = 0.065 + 0.803 = 0.868 m


= Static head + Friction losses
= 0.0 + 0.868 = 0.868 m

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.00

= 0.0 m

Data for the Fourth pipe :

150

D =
K =

Flow :

BS
#N/A mm
#N/A mm

0.154 m
0.00004 m

: pipe inside diameter (m.)


: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)

Q = 418.0 GPM = 26.334 l/s = 0.02633


A = p x D2 / 4 =
V = Q/A =

1
sqr(l)

Pipe type & size


150
Out side diameter (mm)
Wall thickness (mm)

m/sec

3.14 x 0.154 / 4 = 0.01863 m

1.414 m/s

Re = V x D / n =

1.414 x 0.154 /

= - 2 log [

0.00004
3.7 x 0.154

= 131601.24

2.51
0.0

x sqr( l )

By solving above equation :


l=

0.01729

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) =

Loss m per 100 m = J x 100 =

0.01729 x 1.4138 x 1.414


2 x 9.81 x 0.154
0.01144 x 100 m = 1.144

Pipe length L = 2.3 m


dh(1) Liner loss = J x L = 0.01144 x 2.3 = 0.026 m

= 0.0 m/m

m / 100m

Local losses equation is given as follows:


HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . G ) .... (7)


: Gravity acceleration (9.81 m/s)
: Velocity of water (m/s)
: Sum of local loss factors

Where:

G
V
SUM ZE

SUM ZE =

Butterfly valve 4"


Felexible Conn. 4"
Y-Strainer 4"
Motorized valve 4"
Elbow ( 45 deg.) 4"
Elbow ( 90 deg.) 4"
Reducing tee
Elbow ( 90 deg.) 10"
Butterfly valve 10"
Reducing tee
Total local factors

HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . g )

HS(2) = SUM ZE.x V / ( 2 g ) =

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0 x

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

1.47
2.2
0.7
0.3
1.7
3.3
3.3
8.2
4
8.2
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.4138 X 1.4138
2 x 9.81

= HS1 + HS2 = 0.026 + 1.284 = 1.31 m


= Static head + Friction losses . ( 8 )
= 0.0 + 1.31 = 1.31 m

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.00

= 1.2836 m

Data for the Fifth pipe :

200

D =
K =

Flow :

BS
#N/A mm
#N/A mm

0.203 m
0.00004 m

: pipe inside diameter (m.)


: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)

Q = 800.0 GPM = 50.4 l/s = 0.0504


A = p x D2 / 4 =
V = Q/A =

1
sqr(l)

Pipe type & size


200
Out side diameter (mm)
Wall thickness (mm)

m/sec

3.14 x 0.203 / 4 = 0.03236 m

1.557 m/s

Re = V x D / n =

1.557 x 0.203 /

= - 2 log [

0.00004
3.7 x 0.203

= 316114.65

2.51
316114.6
x sqr( l )

By solving above equation :


l=

0.01613

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) =

Loss m per 100 m = J x 100 =

0.01613 x 1.5572 x 1.557


2 x 9.81 x 0.203
0.00982 x 100 m = 0.982

Pipe length L = 54.3 m


dh(1) Liner loss = J x L = 0.00982 x 54.3 = 0.533 m

= 0.00982 m/m

m / 100m

Local losses equation is given as follows:


HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . G ) .... (7)


: Gravity acceleration (9.81 m/s)
: Velocity of water (m/s)
: Sum of local loss factors

Where:

G
V
SUM ZE

SUM ZE =

Butterfly valve 4"


Felexible Conn. 4"
Y-Strainer 4"
Motorized valve 4"
Elbow ( 45 deg.) 4"
Elbow ( 90 deg.) 4"
Reducing tee
Elbow ( 90 deg.) 10"
Butterfly valve 10"
Reducing tee
Total local factors

HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . g )

HS(2) = SUM ZE.x V / ( 2 g ) =

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0 x

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

1.47
2.2
0.7
0.3
1.7
3.3
3.3
8.2
4
8.2
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.5572 X 1.5572
2 x 9.81

= HS1 + HS2 = 0.533 + 20.616 = 21.149 m


= Static head + Friction losses . ( 8 )
= 0.0 + 21.149 = 21.149 m

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.00

= 20.6155 m

Data for the Sexth pipe :

150

D =
K =

Flow :

BS
#N/A mm
#N/A mm

0.203 m
0.00004 m

: pipe inside diameter (m.)


: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)

Q = 800.0 GPM = 50.4 l/s = 0.0504


A = p x D2 / 4 =
V = Q/A =

1
sqr(l)

Pipe type & size


150
Out side diameter (mm)
Wall thickness (mm)

m/sec

3.14 x 0.203 / 4 = 0.03236 m

1.557 m/s

Re = V x D / n =

1.557 x 0.203 /

= - 2 log [

0.00004
3.7 x 0.203

= 316114.65
+

2.51
0.0

x sqr( l )

By solving above equation :


l=

0.01613

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) =
Loss m per 100 m = J x 100 =

0.01613 x 1.5572 x 1.557


2 x 9.81 x 0.203
0.00982 x 100 m = 0.982

Pipe length L = 147.0 m


dh(1) Liner loss = J x L = 0.00982 x 147.0 = 1.444 m

= 0.0 m/m
m / 100m

Local losses equation is given as follows:


HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . G ) .... (7)

Where:

SUM ZE =

HS2

: Gravity acceleration (9.81 m/s)


: Velocity of water (m/s)
: Sum of local loss factors

G
V
SUM ZE

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

1.47
2.2
0.7
0.3
1.7
3.3
3.3
8.2
4
8.2
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.00

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . g )

HS(2) = SUM ZE.x V / ( 2 g ) =

0 x

1.5572 X 1.5572
2 x 9.81

= HS1 + HS2 = 1.444 + 8.343 = 9.786 m


= Static head + Friction losses . ( 8 )
= 0.0 + 9.786 = 9.786 m

= 8.3426 m

Data for the Seventh pipe :

63

D =
K =

Flow :

BS
#N/A mm
#N/A mm

Pipe type & size


63
Out side diameter (mm)
Wall thickness (mm)

0.203 m
0.00004 m

: pipe inside diameter (m.)


: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)

Q = 800.0 GPM = 50.4 l/s = 0.0504

3.14 x 0.203 / 4 = 0.03236 m

A = p x D2 / 4 =
V = Q/A =

1
sqr(l)

m/sec

1.557 m/s

Re = V x D / n =

1.557 x 0.203 /

= - 2 log [

0.00004
3.7 x 0.203

= 316114.65
2.51

0.0

x sqr( l )

By solving above equation :


0.01613

l=

0.01613 x 1.5572 x 1.557


2 x 9.81 x 0.203

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) =
Loss m per 100 m = J x 100 =

0.00982 x 100 m = 0.982

= 0.0 m/m
m / 100m

Pipe length L = 53.5 m


dh(1) Liner loss = J x L = 0.00982 x 53.5 = 0.525 m
Local losses equation is given as follows:
HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . G ) .... (7)

Where:

SUM ZE =

HS2

: Gravity acceleration (9.81 m/s)


: Velocity of water (m/s)
: Sum of local loss factors

G
V
SUM ZE

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

1.47
2.2
0.7
0.3
1.7
3.3
3.3
8.2
4
8.2
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.00

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . g )

HS(2) = SUM ZE.x V / ( 2 g ) =

0 x

1.5572 X 1.5572
2 x 9.81

= HS1 + HS2 = 0.525 + 4.449 = 4.975 m


= Static head + Friction losses . ( 8 )
= 0.0 + 4.975 = 4.975 m

= 4.4494 m

IRRIGATION PUMPS

RE Reynolds number

F Liner loss factor

Loss m per 100 m

dh(1) Liner loss

dh(2) Local loss

DH Total loss

Total heal (DH+GH) / pipe

Accumulative Pressure

Project :Zanitty Example

V Mean Velocity

COLBROOK Formula

GH Static heal

(1)

Total local factors

Head loss calculation using

1/1

m/s

1/1

1/1

6.8

40

pvc

34

0.01

40

2.52

A-B

40

pvc

34

0.01

30

1.89

B-C

40

pvc

34

0.01

20

1.26

C-D

32

pvc

27.2

0.01

15

0.95

D-E

32

pvc

27.2

0.01

0.32

E-F

20

pvc

17

0.01

2.5

0.16

TOTAL

12

1
3

1.0 discharge outlet

2.77557 94369.519 0.01961 22.6 0.45

2.67

3.12 6.12 6.123

3.6

2.08168 70777.139 0.02057 13.4 0.27

0.8

1.06 1.06 7.185

2.7

1.38779

47184.76 0.02214 6.39 0.13

0.27

0.39 0.39 7.578

1.7

1.62631 44235.712 0.02264 11.2 0.22

0.23

0.45 0.45 8.032

0.5421 14745.237 0.02856 1.57 0.03

13

2.0 Strainer

0.5 reducer

pumps to A

0.9 tee

l/s

0.3 elbow ( 90 leg.)

GPM

0.2 elbow ( 45 leg.)

mm

2.0 check valve

K Pipe roughness

8.0 Globe valve

L Pipe length

mm

0.6 Butterfly valve

ID Pipe Inner diameter

DN

0.2 gate valve

DN Nominal diameter

no.

Q Flow rate

no. part of pipe

Local factors of fittings

2.4
1

1
1

Static head
Outlet pressure
total friction loss
total dynamic head

3.2

0.69389

11796.19 0.03048

3
=
=
=
=

3.00
20.00
5.27
28.27

m
m
m
m

4.4

0.04

0.07 0.07 8.099

0.09

0.08

0.17 0.17 8.266

1.19

4.07

5.27

8.27

IRRIGATION PUMPS
Project :Zanitty Example

Page ( 1 )

Head Loss Calculations:


The total friction loss Hs Consist of:
Hs

Hs1 + Hs2

Where:

Hs1
Hs2

. (1)
: Friction loss Inside pipes
: Friction loss inside fittings

Linear friction loss equation:


Hs =

J . L ... .... (2)

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) .... (3)
Where:

J
L
l
V
g
D

: linear loss factor


: length Of the pipe (m.)
: friction loss factor (COLBROOK-WHITE formula)
: velocity of water (m/s)
: gravity acceleration (9.81 m/s)
: pipe inside diameter (m.)

COLBROOK WHITE formula:.. ( 4 )


1
sqr(l)

= - 2 x log [

Where:

K
D
RE

3.7 x D

2.51
Re x sqr( l )

: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)


: pipe inside diameter (m.)
: REYNOLDS no. is given as follows: (1/1)

RE = V x D / n . ( 5 )
Where:

V = Q/A

n
V
D

: water viscosity= ( n =
1E-06
: velocity of water (m/s)
: pipe inside diameter (m.)

m2/s)

.... ( 6 )

Where:

Q
A

Data for the first pipe :

: flow rate (m/s)


: cross section are of the pipe (m)
40 pvc
40 mm
3 mm

D =
K =

0.034 m
1E-05 m

Pipe type & size


40
Out side diameter (mm)
Wall thickness (mm)
: pipe inside diameter (m.)
: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)

Project :Zanitty Example

Flow :

Page ( 2 )

Q = 40.0 GPM = 02.52 l/s = 0.00252


2
A = px D /4 =

V = Q/A =
Re = V x D / n =
1
sqr(l)

m/sec

3.14 x 0.034 / 4 = 0.00091 m

2.776 m/s
2.776 x 0.034 / 0.000001 = 94369.52
0.00001
3.7 x 0.034

= - 2 log [

2.51
x sqr( l )
94369.5

By solving above equation :


l=

0.01961
0.01961 x 2.7756 x 2.776
2 x 9.81 x 0.034

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) =
Loss m per 100 m = J x 100 =

0.22649 x 100 m = 22.649

= 0.22649 m/m
m / 100m

Pipe length L = 2.0 m


dh(1) Liner loss = J x L = 0.22649 x 2.0 = 0.453 m
Local losses equation is given as follows:
HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . G ) .... (7)


: Gravity acceleration (9.81 m/s)
: Velocity of water (m/s)
: Sum of local loss factors

Where:

G
V
SUM ZE

SUM ZE =

gate valve
Butterfly valve
Globe valve
check valve
elbow ( 45 leg.)
elbow ( 90 leg.)
tee
reducer
Strainer
discharge outlet
Total local factors

HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . g )

HS(2) = SUM ZE.x V / ( 2 g ) =

2
0
0
1
0
2
2
0
1
0

6.8 x

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

0.2
0.6
8
2
0.2
0.3
0.9
0.5
2
1
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.7756 X 2.7756
2 x 9.81

0.4
0
0
2
0
0.6
1.8
0
2
0
6.80

= 2.67 m

DH Total loss = HS1 + HS2 = 0.453 + 2.67 = 3.123 m


Total heal (DH+GH) / pipe

= Static head + Friction losses . ( 8 )


= 3.0 + 3.123 = 6.123 m

Project :Zanitty Example

Page ( 3 )

Data for the second pipe :

40 pvc
40 mm
3 mm

D =
K =
Flow :

Pipe type & size


40
Out side diameter (mm)
Wall thickness (mm)

0.034 m
1E-05 m

: pipe inside diameter (m.)


: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)

Q = 30.0 GPM = 01.89 l/s = 0.00189


2

3.14 x 0.034 / 4 = 0.00091 m

A = px D /4 =
V = Q/A =
Re = V x D / n =
1
sqr(l)

m/sec

2.082 m/s
2.082 x 0.034 / 0.000001 = 70777.14
0.00001
3.7 x 0.034

= - 2 log [

By solving above equation :

l=

2.51
x sqr( l )
70777.1

0.02057

0.02057 x 2.0817 x 2.082


2 x 9.81 x 0.034

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) =
Loss m per 100 m = J x 100 =

0.13359 x 100 m = 13.359

= 0.13359 m/m
m / 100m

Pipe length L = 2.0 m


dh(1) Liner loss = J x L = 0.13359 x 2.0 = 0.267 m
Local losses equation is given as follows:
HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . G )

SUM ZE =

gate valve
Butterfly valve
Globe valve
check valve
elbow ( 45 leg.)
elbow ( 90 leg.)
tee
reducer
Strainer
discharge outlet
Total local factors

HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . g )

HS(2) = SUM ZE.x V / ( 2 g ) =

0
0
0
0
0
6
2
0
0
0

3.6 x

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

0.2
0.6
8
2
0.2
0.3
0.9
0.5
2
1
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.0817 X 2.0817
2 x 9.81

0
0
0
0
0
1.8
1.8
0
0
0
3.60

= 0.7951 m

DH Total loss = HS1 + HS2 = 0.267 + 0.795 = 1.062 m


Total heal (DH+GH) / pipe

= Static head + Friction losses


= 0.0 + 1.062 = 1.062 m

Total Head for pipe 1 & 2 = 6.123 + 1.062 = 7.185 m


Other pipes are calculated same as above, All data and results are arranged in the following table :