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Philippine History Origin of the Phils.

Land Bridge Theory Part of a Lost Continent Volcanic Origin Biblical Theory Science Filipino Myth and Folklore Migration Theory

Earliest People


Prof F. Landa Jocano

house batalan Badjaos(sea gypsies)

Mode of Dressing kanggan bahag putong baro of camisa saya, patadyong(V) tapis Ornaments kalumbiga pintados

Social Classes The nobles freemen dependents

Government barangay

burial laraw/larao maglahe morotal Langauges and Dialects Tagalog Iloko Pangasinan Kapangpangan/Kapampangan Sugbuhanon Hiligaynon Samarnon Maguindanao Malayo-Polynesian Literature Oral Traditions Awit salawikain hele bugtong ihim an kumintang Written Lit Hudhud, Alim Biag ni Lam-ang Handiong Bantungan, Indirapatra, Sulayman, Parang Sabil Music and Dances Balitaw and Dandansoy Kumintang(love dance) Mhinhin(Courtship Dance) Kinnotan Asian Cultural Heritage Indian Sri Vidjaya Madjapahit Orang Dampuan B'hattara Indra Battara Indra Agni Surya

Mahabharata Putong sarong Chinese Ma-i Parian(Binondo) Chiensi Bagtai Sangle Inkong hebi A-chi Bi-koe Pin-to Pansit Ampau Arabic Mudum Rajah Baginda Abu Bakar Paramisuli Lantaka Vinta Kuta Luwaran Darangan Dates to Remember Discoveries and Explorations March 16, 1521 March 17, 1521 March 29, 1521 March 31,1521 April 27, 1521 Spanish Period/ Colonial Integration Ruy Lopez de Villalobos

Gen. Miguel Lopez de Villalobos Legazpi, Rajah Sikatuna

La Villa de San Miguel

Martin de Goiti

Distinguished and Ever Loyal City (Manila)


Royal Audencia

Battle of Playa

Feast of La Naval de Manila

British force

May 17, 1764 Dagohoy rebellion

Commercial Revolution

Apolinario dela Cruza

Rise of Nationalism Jose Rizal

Filipino Sergeant Lamadrid

Feb 17, 1872 La Association Hispano Filipino

La Solidaridad

Valentin Ventura

La Liga Filipina

Rizal's exile


Fr. Mariano Gil

Cry of Balintawak

Battle of Pasong Tamo Battle Pinaglabanan Gen Emilio Aguinaldo

Los Trece Martirez de Cavite Rizal's execution

Tejeros Convention

M aragondon Cavite


truce of BnB

American Period American Warshipo Maine

US vs Spain Battle of Manila Bay

Barrio Alapan

Phil independence

Mock Battle of Manila

Military Govt (America)

Treaty of Paris

Period of Suppressed Nationalism ABA

Malolos Republic

Out break of Fil-Am war

Capital of the Malolos Republic

Antonio Luna

Gregorio del Pilar

Gen Frederick Funston

General Antonio Lucban

First Philippine Assembly


Francis Burton Harrison

Underwood-Simons Tariff Law

bicameral legistature

Communist Party of the Philippines

Right of Suffrage

Commonwealth Government

1934 ConCon


Inauguration CG

The Japanese Occupation bombing

Manila Open City


Fall of Bataan

Fall of Gorregidor Island

Inauguration of Japanese-sponsored puppet republic

(post glacial period-250,000 years ago) (Mu or Lemuria)- lost continent of Atlantis

Adam and Eve Evolutionary Theory Malakas and Maganda H. O. Beyer Dawn Man-java man and Peking Man 250k) Pleistocene Period(Ice Age) 250K BC man first appeared in Phils via land bridges Tabon Cave Man first known Filipino Palawan 22,000 BC skull cap of Stone Age Man discovered 1962 by Dr. Robert Fox The Vision of Our Future Must Be Rooted on Our Image of the Past bahay-kubo for washing and bathing in Sulu live in boat houses

collarless shortsleeved jacket a strip of cloth wrapped around the waist men's headgear wide sleeved-jacket(women) women's skirt additional cover, piece of red or white cloth

armlets, gold rings, gold necklaces, bracelets early Filpinos adorned bodies and faces with tattoos

chief, families (GAT or LAKAN) born persons or freed slaves aliping namamahay aliping sagigilid (no right, can be sold)

pre colonial political unit

30 to 100 families monarchy ruled by a chieftain (datu, hari, raja)

mourning for a dead chieftain for a dead man for a dead woman

songs proverbs cradle songs riddles wedding songs war songs myths and epics Ifugao Ilocanos Bicolanos Muslims

Visayans Tagalog Tagalog Ilocanos Ant dance

Indianized Malayo-Buddhist empire Hindu Malayan empire Men of Champa who were vassals of Sri Vidjaya Empire Great Lord Most prominent deity sky god god of fire god of sun

Indian epic head gear Indian Sari

Old Chinese name for Philippines Chinese colony in Manila siyansi bantay sangla ingkong hibi ate biko pinto pansit ampaw

first to introduce Islam in the Malay peninsula one of the rulers of Sumatra who went to Sulu and continued preaching doctrines of Muhammad Muslim missionary who propagated Islamic faith in the Philippines Baginda's daughter cannon warboat fort code of laws epic poetry

Magellan sighted Samar Mag landed in Homonhon, named it Archipelago of St. Lazarus blood compact, Mag an d Rajah Kulambo 1st Christian mass Fr. Pedro de valderrama Limasawa, Southern Leyte Magellan killed, Battle of Mactan

named Samar and Leyte, Filipinas in honor of Prince Philip II of Spain son of King Carlos became King Felipe II Feb 2, 1543 reached Cebu and claimed the island for Spain Feb 13, 1565 Blood compact

March 16, 1565 renamed ciudad del Santissimo Nombre de Jesus in honor of Sto. Nino 1st Spanish settlement in Phils. Jan 1, 1571 Manila was conquered Battle of Bankusay June 3, 1571 by Legazpi 1st GG in the Phils. June 24, 1571 a Chinese pirate, killed Martin de Goiti Nov 30, 1574 Supreme Court (Spanish) provide che ck and balance of power among Spanish govt officials May 16, 1584 Honda, Zambales Defeat of 6 Dutch fleet Spanish navy led by Juan Ronquillo April 13-14, 1617 defeated Dutch Fleet by the Spanish Navy Battle of Manila October 3, 1646 conquered Manila Gen William Draper Admiral Samuel Cornish October 5, 1762 Brit surrendered Phils to SPN after 7 year war longest revolt in Phils lasted 85 years Oc tober 31, 1829 Manila opened for world trade Sep 6, 1864 known as Hermano Pule executed for fighting against the Spanish govt Nov 4, 1841

birth, June 19, 1861

lead a meeting in Cavite took over the arsenal of Fort San Felipe killed Spanish officers January 20, 1872 execution of GOMBURZA founded by Miguel Morayta introduce changes to Phils campaign for Filipino Reps in Spanish Cortes (law-making body of Spain) January 12, 1889 founded by Graciano Lopez Jaena of Iloilo official organ of the Reform Movement Feb 15, 1889 financed the publication of EL Fili Feb 18, 1891 founded by Rizal a civic movement to unite the Filipinos in expressing reforms and freedom against Spain July 3, 1892 Dapitan, Zamboanga del Norte 4 years July 7, 1892 organized by Boni, Arellano, Diwa, Plata and Diwa Azcarraga Street(C.M. Recto) in Tondo July 7, 1892 discovered Katipunan through Teodor Patino August 19, 1896 Phil Revolution August 23, 1896 August 25, 1896 August 30, 1896 led uprising in Kawit, Cavite August 31, 1896 September 12, 1896 Bagumbayan December 30, 1896

tried to resolve conflict between Magdalo and Magdiwang March 22, 1897 execution of Bonifacio brothers May 10, 1897 a revolutionary government estab lished July 7, 1897 signed by Pedro Paterno and Gov Primo de Rivera Dec 15, 1897

in Havana, Cuba blown by Spaniards Feb 15, 1898 April 25, 1898 Commodore George Dewey defeated Spanish Armada led by Patricio Montojo May 1, 1898 first Philippine flag waved by Emilio Aguinaldo May 28, 1898 proclamation by Emilio Aguinaldo Kawit, Cavite June 12, 1898 Spain vs. USA August 13, 1898 established under Gen Wesley Meritt August 14, 1898 signed between Spain and America ending Spanish American War Spain surrendered Phils, Puerto Rico, Guam $20 M December 10, 1898

America's Benevolent Assimilation December 21, 1898 inaguration of first Philippine Republic Emilio Aguinaldo as president January 23, 1899 Sta Mesa, Manila

February 4, 1899 transferred to San Fernando, Pampanga March 31, 1899 was assasinated by Aguinaldo's guards Cabanatuan, Nueva Ecija June 5, 1899 was killed by Americans in Tirad Pass December 2, 1899 captured Aguinaldo in Palanan, Isabela March 23rd, 1901 and his men attacked American garrison in Balangiga, Samar 28th of September, 1901 inaugurated at Manila Grand Opera MLQ majority floor leader SO speaker October 16th 1907 established as the first public university Murray Barlett, 1st pres Ignacio Villamor, 1st Filipino pres June 18th 1908 first American Governor-General October 6th, 1913 signing allowed an open trade between US and Phils October 13th, 1913 House of Sen and House of Cong granted by Jones Law August 29th 1916 (CPP) founded by C risanto Evangelista August 26th 1930 granted by Gov Frank Murphy December 7th 1933 provided by Tydings-Mcduffie Law approved by Franklin D. Roosevelt March 24th 1934 (constitutional Convention)

headed by C.M. Recto March 23rd 1935 created by Benigno Ramos a peasant organization against the commonwealth government May 12th 1935 Manuel L Quezon, Pres Sergio Osmena, VP November 15th 1935

Pearl Harbor and US Naval Station in Asia-Pacific December 8th 1941(Mtime) declared by Gen Douglas McArthur prevent the city from further damage brought by Japanese bombing December 26th 1941 (Hukbong Bayan laban sa Hapon) lead by Luis Taruc March 29th 1942 Maj Gen Edward P. King surrendered the fortress to Japanese forces Jap led captives on a cruel Death March from Bataan to San Fernando, Pampanga April 9th 1942 last fortress of Fil-Am forces led by USAFFE Commander-in-Chief Gen Jonathan Wainwright surrendered to Gen Homma May 6th 1942 Jose P. Laurel, president October 14th 1943