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C O N D IT IO N A L S E N T E N C E S T Y P E 1 if + present simple, will/can/may + bare infinitive e.g. If I dye my hair black nobody will recognise me anymore. I , . .

, . . Well play football if the weather is fine. C O N D IT IO N A L S E N T E N C E S T Y P E 2 if + past simple, would/could/might + bare infinitive e.g. If I dyed my hair black nobody would recognise me anymore. II , . ( ), , . II . e.g. If we had a car, we would drive to Paris. (But we don't have a car. Here, we refer to the present.) If someone tried to kidnap me, I would inform the police. (But I don't expect that anyone will try to kidnap me. Here, we refer to the future.) If I were you, I would call the doctor immediately.(Here, we are giving advice.) Note: We can use were instead of was in all persons. C O N D IT IO N A L S E N T E N C E S T Y P E 3 if + past perfect, would/could/might + have + past participle (perfect conditional) e.g. If I had dyed my hair black, nobody would have recognised me. III , . , ( ), , .. . III - , : e.g. If I had known that you were coming, I would have met you at the station. (But I didn't know that you were coming, so I didn't meet you at the station). : e.g. If we had woken up earlier, we wouldn't have missed the plane. If you had followed my directions, you would have found the house. W IS H E S ( ) Wish + subject + past simple: , . e.g. I wish I knew his phone number. (I'm sorry I don't know his phone number.) , . I wish I lived near the seaside. (I'm sorry I don't live near the seaside.) , . I wish I were a millionaire. (But I am not.)- , . Note: were was . - Wish + subject + past perfect: , . e.g. I wish I had called him sooner. (I'm sorry I didn't call him soon). , .

I wish I hadn't behaved so rudely. (I'm sorry I behaved so rudely.)- , . Note: If only , . e.g. If only I knew his phone number! If only I had called him sooner.

. 21-11, 22-11, : Conditionals : Destinations. Gender Question in Management. Task 1. . . : 14 - But for the traffic jam we would have been here earlier E , / 1. If you eat more than you need, A) she wouldn't sing in the bath 2. If the dog keeps barking, B) what would you do? 3. If I were you, C) he would never get this job. 4. If he had driven carefully, D) the extra calories turn into fat. 5. If you are not doing anything later, E) we will go to the theatre. 6. Had the ice not melted F) he might have avoided that accident. 7. Henry spoke to his dog as if G) the neighbours will complain. 8. I wish H) we would have been here earlier 9. If it were not for your uncle, I) why don't you buy a computer? 10. If I have time, J) it could understand him. 11. If I met a fairy one day, K) I wouldn't buy these jeans. 12. If I had known you were coming, L) we could go skating 13. If you were in my shoes, M) come and see us. 14. But for the traffic jam N) I would make a wish. 15. If you have enough money, O) I could have met you at the station. Task 2. . 1. If you (to see) this film, we would have discussed it later. 2. If she (to have) a problem, help her. 3. If we travelled by car, we (to save) a lot of money. 4. If he not (to give) her flowers once a week shell be offended. 5. If they blame him, it (to serve) him right. 6. When the children (to come) home for Christmas, the parents will be happy. 7. When the summer season comes, there (to be) a lot of tourists here. 8. If I were you, I (call) the police. 9. You would feel better, after you (to take) the tablet. 10. We (to buy) their car if Father got his salary. 11. If they had carried out the doctors recommendations, they (recover) soon. 12. I (to wake) you up as soon as I get up. 13. Theyll make an announcement about the plane as soon as it (to land). 14. If Tom (to fix) the engine we could have continued our journey. 15. As soon as he (to write) to me I (to let) you know. 16. We (to lie) in the sun and (to swim) in the warm sea unless the weather changes for the worse. 17. She wont marry him unless he (to give up) his bad habits. 18. You not (to lose) weight if you didnt stop eating much in the evening.

19. We (to have) better time if we had had more money. 20. I (to keep) you here, until you (to tell) the truth. Task 3. till, until, if, unless, while, before, after: 1. We shall be at the theatre. Shell look after our children. 2. The shoemaker will repair your shoes. You will wait. 3. The baby wont stop crying. Ill feed him. 4. They will go for a walk with us. Ill be through with my work. 5. I shall stay in his room. I shall look through all the letters. 6. Well understand it. Youll explain it. 7. We shall wait. She will come. 8. They wont cross the road. The green light is on. 9. They will be in Moscow. They will stay at our place. 10. Ill show you my article. Ill publish it. 11. He will let us know. He will leave on Monday. 12. They will give us their new address. They will move into a new flat. 13. Ill keep your notes. You will need them. 14. She will ring him up. She will forget. 15. We wont be able to go. We shall book the seats in advance. 16. Well never know English well. We shall work hard. 17. He wont take his examination. Hell write a test. 18. She can borrow some books from the library. She will return the old ones. 19. My mother will stay at my sisters house. She will get better. 20. He wont leave. Hell receive a positive answer.

Task 4. :

Text 1 Pattaya
Pattaya lies 150 km to the south-east of Bangkok and stretches for some 15 km along the Eastern Sea-board. Thailand's largest resort divides the coast into traditional fishing villages, new industrial centres, the towns of Chonburi and Sriracha, and the port an d naval base of Satthip. Pattaya beach is a sandy bay with a view of coral islands on the horizon. The region is full of agricultural products including sugar cane, rubber, and fruit trees. In the 1960s Pattaya was just a little fishing village, until a few Bangkok residents began to spend their weekends here and made a local tourist industry. The only hotel of any size was the Nipa Lodge: other accommodations tended towards holiday bungalows and beach huts. The Vietnam War saw the start of Pattaya's international reputation because the resort was used as an official leisure centre. The U-Tapao Airport built for American use at the time, and shops, services, bars and hotel accommodations were improved. Pattaya is now a city in its own right and with its own administration. The government development program for the Eastern Sea-board has transformed the region. Five international schools, four hospitals were built in the area. Pattaya affords a great variety of accommodations to suit every pocket. Facilities vary from luxury hotels with private beaches to bayside hotels and bungalows, economy class hotels and guest houses.

As a beach resort with city status, Pattaya has something for everyone - for children, for the sports enthusiasts and for those who are simply looking for warm sunshine. There is just about everything you can think of for leisure. Pattaya is one of the oldest diving centres in this part of Asia. It has a year-round diving season for enjoying a great variety of marine life and coral. Visitors can windsurf, water ski, sea walk, and swim, sunbathe, sail, or go on trips to coral islands. They can rent water scooters to explore the coast. Visitors can hire also bicycles from beach-side vendors. If you prefer to drive a car, Pattaya has a lot of car rental companies. Avis is based at the

Dusit Resort, in North Pattaya. Budget Car and Truck Rental, and VIA Rent-a-car are two other main names. In addition to international standards of service, these companies will also offer visitors tour ideas, maps and other things. Tennis enthusiasts can enjoy themselves at the courts of many hotels. After-dark options include open-air bars, night clubs, cabaret shows and discos. The night life centre is South Pattaya. Notes: to stretch bay sugar cane rubber hut to explore vendor option
1) 2) 3) 4)

a) : Where is Pattaya situated? What parts is the coast divided into? Who were the first tourists? Where did they stay?

Why did Pattaya start to get international reputation during the Vietnam War? 5) What accommodation do the resort afford?
6) What are the popular water and sport activities?

Task 5.

1 - 6 . . 1 - , 0 - .
1 2 3 4 5 6

Buckingham Palace has always been the official London residence of the British King or Queen. Queen Victoria was the first British monarch to live there Queen Elizabeth II and her husband live in the state rooms in the palace. Elizabeth II has been queen for more than fifty years. Kings and queens once lived in the Palace of Westminster . If you stand outside the Palace of Westminster and look up you can see Big Ben.

No visit to London is complete without a trip to Buckingham Palace, the official London residence of the British monarch (currently Queen Elizabeth II). Buckingham Palace was built for the Duke of Buckingham in 1703 and, as such, was known simply as

Buckingham House. The first resident was King George III, who bought it in 1762, but it was not until 1837, when Victoria became queen, that it became the official royal palace of the British monarch. Approximately 450 people work at Buckingham Palace, and each year more than 50.000 people enjoy some form of entertainment there - the Queen often holds garden parties and receptions for invited guests. In the 1990s, the palace became even more open, with members of the public being allowed to go on a tour of the 'state rooms'. These are the official reception rooms in the palace, rather than the rooms that the Queen and her husband live in. In June 2003 , a concert of classical music and a pop concert were held in the grounds of Buckingham Palace. This was to celebrate Elizabeth's 50th anniversary as queen. No king or queen has lived in the Palace of Westminster, which is on the north bank of the River Thames in London, since the 1500s. Today, the Palace of Westminster is better known by its other name: the Houses of Parliament. Although the oldest part of the palace in existence today is over 9 00 years old, most of the building is less than two hundred years old. In 1834, the palace was almost completely destroyed by fire and had to be rebuilt. Parts of the building were also damaged by bombs during the Second World War. At one end of the palace is a famous tourist attraction: a tower, often mistakenly referred to as 'Big Ben'. In fact, its actual name is the Clock Tower, or St. Stephen's Tower, and Big Ben is the large bell hidden inside which rings every hour on the hour.

Task 6. . Who Makes a Better Manager? This topic isnt new, however. Michael Fitzgerald, writing for Smart Planet sister site BNET, covered it last year with his article Women make better managers than men. In the article, he notes complementary skills for male managers. Fitzgerald though says that BUSINESS WOMEN DIFFER FROM BUSINESS MEN IN STYLE, NOT SKILL/ For business women, this is a good time to be in the management ranks! Men and women managers today tend to describe their management skills and styles in terms that fit both their corporate culture (the bosss style) and prevailing management jargon found in the latest business books. Todays jargon happens to be associated with consultative styles and high levels of interpersonal skills and is one reason these skills and styles are showing up in more and more successful companies. John Naisbitt, who co-authored Reinventing the Corporation, believes that innovations such as flex-time, day-care and elder-care programs, parental leave and similar new policies are driving a humanization (not feminization) of the workplace because most new jobs being created today are being filled by women. When both men and women are surveyed today, the successful managerial stereotype remains masculine self-confident, dominating, competitive, decisive, aggressive and independent. What surprises me is that no business men or business women identify the successful manager as using traditionally feminine traits and styles consultative, conciliatory, partnership-oriented and collaborative - even though everyone agrees these are positive styles. Business women use positions of authority to create a supportive, nurturing environment. Men use positions of authority to create a hierarchal environment in which they issue orders and expect obedience. If you should ever doubt your skills in relation to those of your male counterparts . . . remember the immortal words of Faith Whittlesay, twice U.S. Ambassador to Switzerland, Ginger Rogers did everything Fred Astaire did! And she did it backwards in high heels. Northwestern professor Alice Eagley, who specializes in the subject of gender differences, writes that there are a number of differences in the leadership styles of business men and business women.

Mens styles are characterized as being task-oriented, autocratic, command-and-control, punishment-oriented. Womens styles are characterized as being team players, democratic, transformational, reward-oriented Ms. Eagley has found that prejudice toward female leadership styles restricts business womens access to top leadership positions.

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