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Health Strategy

Green Development Agenda

Policy Reform Unit

Pakistan

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf

Pakistan - A Gift of Allah • Unique Natural Heritage and assets : – Most

Pakistan - A Gift of Allah

Pakistan - A Gift of Allah • Unique Natural Heritage and assets : – Most inclined
Pakistan - A Gift of Allah • Unique Natural Heritage and assets : – Most inclined

Unique Natural Heritage and assets :

Most inclined countries in the world

Worlds

highest

mountains

&

Largest

plateau

Four full seasons

Extensive river and largest canal system

10 ecological zones

225 Protected Areas (PAs)

14 national parks

99 wildlife sanctuaries / 96 game reserves.

Forests & wetlands Diverse biodiversity

& wildlife

174 species of mammals and 668 species of birds

198 native and introduced freshwater fish species

More than 5500 species of vascular plants

668 species of birds – 198 native and introduced freshwater fish species – More than 5500
Pakistan – Wasted potential ! • Natural resources under stress and environmental inefficiencies not being

Pakistan Wasted potential !

Pakistan – Wasted potential ! • Natural resources under stress and environmental inefficiencies not being plugged
Pakistan – Wasted potential ! • Natural resources under stress and environmental inefficiencies not being plugged

Natural resources under stress and environmental inefficiencies not being

plugged

Water - Scarcity going up :

Storage capacity at 9% while world average is 40%

Water - Delivery efficiency :

35-40% from canal head to root zone

Forests High rate of deforestation

Energy - Thermal generation efficiency low

25-35% while world average is 55%

Energy- Distribution losses high :

23% which is very high

Energy Security - Capacity of strategic energy reserves low :

29 days compared to 60 days (US) and 90 days (EU)

Overall :

inefficient economy but with a high inherent potential for win-win improvements

Development pathway – unsustainable • Environmental costs – show alarming situation: – Environmental

Development pathway unsustainable

Development pathway – unsustainable • Environmental costs – show alarming situation: – Environmental
Development pathway – unsustainable • Environmental costs – show alarming situation: – Environmental

Environmental costs show alarming situation:

Environmental degradation costs 6% of GDP

(Rs 365 billion/annum)

Air pollution (indoor/urban air)

50%

Water pollution (sanitation/hygeine)

30%

Land degradation (reduce agri productivity)

20%

Estimates do not include degradation of coastal/marine environment

Climate Change further exacerbating the situation

Pakistan where we are on climate front?

Pakistan – where we are on climate front ? A very low emitter but one of
Pakistan – where we are on climate front ? A very low emitter but one of

A very low emitter but one of the worst victims of climate

change:

Maple-croft vulnerability index places us in High/Extreme category

German-watch places Pakistan as Most affectedfor 2010 and in

Top 10for 1990-2010

Ran

Country

CRI

Death

Deaths per

Absolute Losses

Losses per unit

HDI

k

Score

Toll

100000

(M $ PPP)

GDP in %

inhabitants

1

Pakistan

3.5

1891

1.1

25316

5.42

145

2

Guatemala

6.33

229

1.59

1969

2.80

131

3

Colombia

8.0

320

0.70

7544

1.73

87

4

Russia

11.0

56165

39.3

5537

0.25

66

5

Honduras

14.67

139

1.73

220

0.65

121

6

Oman

17

24

0.81

1314

1.73

89

7

Poland

17.83

151

0.40

4745

0.66

39

8

Portugal

19.67

47

0.44

1749

0.71

41

9

China

23.50

2889

0.22

33395

0.33

101

10

Tajikistan

24.17

27

0.35

262

1.77

127

China 23.50 2889 0.22 33395 0.33 101 10 Tajikistan 24.17 27 0.35 262 1.77 127
China 23.50 2889 0.22 33395 0.33 101 10 Tajikistan 24.17 27 0.35 262 1.77 127
Basis of Vulnerability ? Glacial Melting Zone …….In a neighborhood of Unavoidable “ vulnerability ”

Basis of Vulnerability ?

Basis of Vulnerability ? Glacial Melting Zone …….In a neighborhood of Unavoidable “ vulnerability ” with
Basis of Vulnerability ? Glacial Melting Zone …….In a neighborhood of Unavoidable “ vulnerability ” with
Glacial Melting Zone
Glacial Melting Zone

…….In a neighborhood of Unavoidable vulnerabilitywith

much and too little both

cause serious consequences

main issue being WATER

too

Natural Disasters • Maximum disasters Table) related. (90% are natural the climate in – The

Natural Disasters

Natural Disasters • Maximum disasters Table) related. (90% are natural the climate in – The damage
Natural Disasters • Maximum disasters Table) related. (90% are natural the climate in – The damage

Maximum

disasters

Table)

related.

(90%

are

natural

the

climate

in

The damage costs of these

natural disasters is going

up with the top three disasters occurring in the past three years

The frequency of these

natural disasters is going

up with 60% occurring in the past 10 years.

 

Disaster

Date

Damage (000 US$)

1

Flood

2010

9500000

2

Earthquake

2005

5200000

3

Storm

2007

1620000

4

Flood

1992

1000000

5

Flood

1973

661500

6

Flood

1976

505000

7

Flood

2007

327118

8

Drought

1999

247000

9

Flood

2001

246000

10

Flood

2008

103000

The price tag ! Method Time period Cost of adaptation per annum Actual (2010) One

The price tag !

The price tag ! Method Time period Cost of adaptation per annum Actual (2010) One year
The price tag ! Method Time period Cost of adaptation per annum Actual (2010) One year

Method

Time period

Cost of adaptation per annum

Actual (2010)

One year

9.7++

(2010)

As a percent of GDP

2010-2050

10.71

Per Capita

2010-2050

7.12

to 14.0

Basis

 

Disaster Modeling (Floods only * 3)

2010-2050

6.09

to 11.3

Adaptation

to

climate change is going to be a

high value figure

in the future (U$ 6-14 bn/yr)

Pakistan – mirroring the wrong global trends…

Pakistan – mirroring the wrong global trends… 10,000 BC = 1 AD 5 million = 150
Pakistan – mirroring the wrong global trends… 10,000 BC = 1 AD 5 million = 150
Pakistan – mirroring the wrong global trends… 10,000 BC = 1 AD 5 million = 150

10,000 BC =

1 AD

5 million

=

150 million

1800

AD

=

1

billion

1950

AD

=

2.5 billion

2000

AD

=

6.1 billion

2011

AD

=

7

billion

2050 AD

=

9

billion

54% growth in population from 1990 to 2008 . Already the 6 th most populous country (WB)

= 9 billion 54% growth in population from 1990 to 2008 … . Already the 6

Pakistan – mirroring the wrong global trends…

Pakistan – mirroring the wrong global trends… • GHG Emissions at 42 GtCO2e/ annum are 5
Pakistan – mirroring the wrong global trends… • GHG Emissions at 42 GtCO2e/ annum are 5
Pakistan – mirroring the wrong global trends… • GHG Emissions at 42 GtCO2e/ annum are 5

GHG

Emissions

at

42

GtCO2e/ annum are 5 times what Earth can absorb (UNEP)

Energy is main culprit

Pakistan s GHG emissions, though still very low, show a rising trend

Poised to go up 15 times in next 40 years based on a coal based growth projection

low, show a rising trend • Poised to go up 15 times in next 40 years

UNEP ETB

Pakistan – mirroring the wrong global trends…

Pakistan – mirroring the wrong global trends… The urbanization challenge : • Pakistan has highest urbanization
Pakistan – mirroring the wrong global trends… The urbanization challenge : • Pakistan has highest urbanization
Pakistan – mirroring the wrong global trends… The urbanization challenge : • Pakistan has highest urbanization

The urbanization challenge :

Pakistan has highest urbanization rate in South Asia (1990-2025) Searching for sustainable cities to absorb influx

has highest urbanization rate in South Asia (1990-2025) • Searching for sustainable cities to absorb influx
Our foot is stuck on the accelerator and we are…………… …
Our foot is stuck on the accelerator and we are…………… …

Our foot is stuck on the accelerator

and we are…………… …

Our foot is stuck on the accelerator and we are…………… …

Global trends demand a re-think Green Economy

Global trends demand a re-think Green Economy • The original growth model being revisited, revised and

The original growth model

being revisited, revised and improved.but

Still searching for a definition ?

revised and improved … .but … Still searching for a definition ? PTI endeavors to lead

PTI endeavors to lead Pakistan in this direction…

Harnessing the Strengths
Harnessing the Strengths
Harnessing the Strengths

Harnessing the Strengths

A shifting global view

A shifting global view The Most Dangerous Nation - 2008 The World ’ s Bravest Nation
A shifting global view The Most Dangerous Nation - 2008 The World ’ s Bravest Nation

The Most Dangerous Nation - 2008

A shifting global view The Most Dangerous Nation - 2008 The World ’ s Bravest Nation

The Worlds Bravest Nation 2010-11

A shifting global view The Most Dangerous Nation - 2008 The World ’ s Bravest Nation

Why?

Why? • Growing recognition of Pakistan as a “ strong and resilient nation ” and a
Why? • Growing recognition of Pakistan as a “ strong and resilient nation ” and a

Growing recognition of Pakistan as a strong and resilient nationand a survival economywhich

in the past decade has absorbed and sustained :

Two mega-floods (2010-11)

Two cyclones in the South

Massive Earthquake

Influx refugees

of

IDP s

and

continuing

stream

of

Afghan

Moreover, a country which has braved the

security spilloverand associated economic drain of the War in Afghanistan.

Shaping a new development governance

Shaping a new “ development governance ” – Partnership between Government-Business-Citizen – Citizen Sector -
Shaping a new “ development governance ” – Partnership between Government-Business-Citizen – Citizen Sector -

Partnership between Government-Business-Citizen

Citizen Sector - Emerging, independent and assertive

Dont wait step in when Government slow or absent

Backed by Indigenous philanthropy one of the main pillars of social support and rising every year

Rs 70 100 billion/year (1998)

Sets the right priorities

pillars of social support and rising every year • Rs 70 – 100 billion/year (1998) –
pillars of social support and rising every year • Rs 70 – 100 billion/year (1998) –
Pakistan country with a BIG heart ! a • Host to the largest number of

Pakistan

country with a BIG heart !

a

Pakistan country with a BIG heart ! a • Host to the largest number of refugees
Pakistan country with a BIG heart ! a • Host to the largest number of refugees

Host to the largest number of refugees in the world (1.7 Million)

the largest number of refugees in the world (1.7 Million) • Sustaining Highest number of refugees

Sustaining Highest number of refugees vis-à-vis its economic capacity

of refugees in the world (1.7 Million) • Sustaining Highest number of refugees vis-à-vis its economic
Pakistan … innovating • On ‘ Innovation Efficiency ’ Pakistan ’ s economy ranks an

Pakistan …

innovating

Pakistan … innovating • On ‘ Innovation Efficiency ’ Pakistan ’ s economy ranks an impressive
Pakistan … innovating • On ‘ Innovation Efficiency ’ Pakistan ’ s economy ranks an impressive
Pakistan … innovating • On ‘ Innovation Efficiency ’ Pakistan ’ s economy ranks an impressive
Pakistan … innovating • On ‘ Innovation Efficiency ’ Pakistan ’ s economy ranks an impressive

On Innovation Efficiency Pakistan s economy ranks an impressive 4th, ahead of all developed and developing countries except China INSEAD Innovation Index 2011

Pakistani businesses and entrepreneurs have shown extreme resilience and ingenuity in a very adverse environment - working with minimum resources to get impressive results.

Depicts Pakistans strong can doattitude in the face of a

wanting enabling environment

Pakistan in Next-11 (Goldman Sachs )…… BUT 5 years back Pakistan termed a country …

Pakistan in Next-11 (Goldman Sachs)…… BUT

Pakistan in Next-11 (Goldman Sachs )…… BUT 5 years back Pakistan termed a country … .
Pakistan in Next-11 (Goldman Sachs )…… BUT 5 years back Pakistan termed a country … .

5 years back

Pakistan termed a country. having a high latent potential of becoming, along with the BRICs, the world largest economies of the 21st century

5 years of misrule and poor governance / eco mismgmt

…… Still not being written off …….Still considered an Economy waiting to happen

/ eco mismgmt …… Still not being written off …….Still considered an Economy “ waiting to
/ eco mismgmt …… Still not being written off …….Still considered an Economy “ waiting to
Tipping Point • Point demanding change … . make sustainable choices . “ Change is

Tipping Point

Tipping Point • Point demanding change … . make sustainable choices . “ Change is inevitable…
Tipping Point • Point demanding change … . make sustainable choices . “ Change is inevitable…
Tipping Point • Point demanding change … . make sustainable choices . “ Change is inevitable…

Point demanding change . make sustainable choices.

Change is inevitable…

Growth

is optional

(John Maxwell)

PTI aims to deliver change and sustainable

growth

Where does PTI stand ? • Pakistan’s only Political Party to : – Include environmental

Where does PTI stand ?

Where does PTI stand ? • Pakistan’s only Political Party to : – Include environmental conservation
Where does PTI stand ? • Pakistan’s only Political Party to : – Include environmental conservation

Pakistan’s only Political Party to :

Include

environmental

conservation

Constitution Objectives:

in

its

party

“To protect the environmental resources and ensure clean air, clean

water and a sustainable growth in Pakistan in the face of emerging

threats such as climate change”

Entrust

environmental

responsibility

within

party

structure

Include

a

focus

on

Environment

in

its

election

manifesto

 

Clearly outline its green development/environmental

policy

What PTI is aiming for ? Lead to an improved quality of life for citizens

What PTI is aiming for ?

What PTI is aiming for ? Lead to an improved quality of life for citizens of
What PTI is aiming for ? Lead to an improved quality of life for citizens of
What PTI is aiming for ? Lead to an improved quality of life for citizens of

Lead to an improved quality of life for citizens of Pakistan.

Shift away from “BAU” growth trajectory - resource inefficient and pollution laden

trajectory - resource inefficient and pollution laden Provide opportunities for poverty eradication, encouraging

Provide

opportunities for

poverty eradication, encouraging innovation and

creation of green

jobs

eradication, encouraging innovation and creation of green jobs Balance the needs of development and nature conservation

Balance the needs of

development and

nature

conservation

eradication, encouraging innovation and creation of green jobs Balance the needs of development and nature conservation

How PTI will make it happen?

How PTI will “ make it happen ” ? Keys to Implementation Create the political “buy
Keys to Implementation Create the political “buy in”: • Political mandate • Public obligation •
Keys to
Implementation
Create the political
“buy in”:
• Political mandate
• Public obligation
• Economic incentive
• Translate for Public
Political ownership
appeal
• Define in economic
terms
• Party Constitution
• Election Manifesto
State the “Obvious”
• Challenges and Solutions
• Action not sloganeering
Contours of the Green Development Agenda
Contours of the Green Development Agenda
Contours of the Green Development Agenda

Contours of the

Green Development Agenda

Policies and Plans – No dearth ! • Recent overarching Framework for Economic Growth (2011)

Policies and Plans No dearth !

Policies and Plans – No dearth ! • Recent overarching Framework for Economic Growth (2011) •
Policies and Plans – No dearth ! • Recent overarching Framework for Economic Growth (2011) •

Recent overarching Framework for Economic Growth

(2011)

Vision 2030

Other relevant :

National Environment Policy

National Sanitation Policy

National Energy Conservation Policy

National Environmental Action Plan

National Health Policy

National Education Policy

National Forestry Policy

National Biodiversity Action Plan

National Action Plan to combat desertification

National Climate Change Policy

National Planning Blueprint

5 year plans

MTDF (Medium Term Dev Framework 2005-10)

ADP (Annual Development Plans)

PRSP (Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper)-2001-3-7

Term Dev Framework 2005-10) • ADP (Annual Development Plans) • PRSP (Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper)-2001-3-7
Solutions – Not “ rocket science ” • Problems are known • Strategies are plenty

Solutions Not rocket science

Solutions – Not “ rocket science ” • Problems are known • Strategies are plenty •
Solutions – Not “ rocket science ” • Problems are known • Strategies are plenty •

Problems are known

Strategies are plenty

Solutions are common sense

• Strategies are plenty • Solutions are common sense BUT Still…. The “ obvious ” still

BUT Still….

The obviousstill needs to be :

Clearly stated

Politically owned Backed by a solution driven approach

Defining “ Green ” ……………. Climate Forestry Change Biodiversity • National Agriculture Parks Energy

Defining Green…………….

Defining “ Green ” ……………. Climate Forestry Change Biodiversity • National Agriculture Parks Energy
Defining “ Green ” ……………. Climate Forestry Change Biodiversity • National Agriculture Parks Energy
Climate Forestry Change Biodiversity • National Agriculture Parks Energy • Transport Waste • Buildings
Climate
Forestry
Change
Biodiversity
• National
Agriculture
Parks
Energy
• Transport
Waste
• Buildings
• Industry
Valuing
Air
Nature
Water
Green
Environmentl
• Wetlands
Development
Awareness &
Governance
Agenda
Valuing Nature to Preserve Nature • Properly Value the “ life support systems ” that

Valuing Nature to Preserve Nature

Valuing Nature to Preserve Nature • Properly Value the “ life support systems ” that nature
Valuing Nature to Preserve Nature • Properly Value the “ life support systems ” that nature

Properly Value the life support systemsthat nature provides (National Ecosystem

Assessment)

Internalize

environmental

decision making

and

costs

integrate

in

all

true

economic

National Eco budgetto be prepared with

national budget to reflect the impacts on

nature Make natural CBA an integral part of EIAs

Water – the primary challenge …… Water Needs are going up 160 3000 2700 140

Water the primary challenge……

Water – the primary challenge …… Water Needs are going up 160 3000 2700 140 2400
Water – the primary challenge …… Water Needs are going up 160 3000 2700 140 2400

Water Needs are going up

160 3000 2700 140 2400 120 2100 100 1800 80 1500 1200 60 900 40
160
3000
2700
140
2400
120
2100
100
1800
80
1500
1200
60
900
40
600
20
300
0
0
1940-41
1950-51
1960-61
1971-72
1980-81
1990-91
2000-01
Percapita Water Availibility
(Cubic Meter)
Years
Population
Water Ava
Population
(Cubic Meter) Years Population Water Ava Population Existing storage capacity going down (18 MAF to 12

Existing storage capacity going down (18 MAF to 12 MAF)

Source: PCRWR, 2001

capacity going down (18 MAF to 12 MAF) Source: PCRWR, 2001 Climate change adding another Uncertain

Climate change adding another

Uncertain dimension - shrinking

glaciers / Freshwater reserves

Yet….we are flushing more water into sea

Annual Fresh Water Flow into Sea Summers Winter 1970-1990 34 MAF/yr 1.86 MAF/yr 1990-2000 47
Annual Fresh Water Flow into Sea
Summers
Winter
1970-1990
34
MAF/yr
1.86
MAF/yr
1990-2000
47
MAF/yr
3.28
MAF/yr
(40% increase)
(76% increase)

Rate of Glacial Receeding in Himalaya

m/year

25 23 20 18 15 10 7.3 5 0 1842- 1935 1935- 1990 1985- 2001
25
23
20
18
15
10
7.3
5
0
1842- 1935
1935- 1990
1985- 2001
meters

Period

Receeding in Himalaya m/year 25 23 20 18 15 10 7.3 5 0 1842- 1935 1935-

Water drinkable, clean and plenty

Water – drinkable, clean and plenty • Value water and treat as a precious resource •
Water – drinkable, clean and plenty • Value water and treat as a precious resource •

Value water and treat as a precious resource

Improve water conservation

Expand canal lining

Rainwater and flood harvesting

Plug water wastage and improve storage capacity

Build new water reservoirs / dams

Flood water management

Clean Drinking water provision :

Water filtration plants at each UC

Clean up the sources

Enforce water pollution standards

CETP facilities at ALL Industrial estates

Install water sewerage and drainage systems in ALL towns

Ensure Minimum Indus discharge to prevent sea water intrusion

Wetlands – Restore and Preserve Where we are ? • Constitute 8.5% of land area

Wetlands Restore and Preserve

Wetlands – Restore and Preserve Where we are ? • Constitute 8.5% of land area •
Wetlands – Restore and Preserve Where we are ? • Constitute 8.5% of land area •

Where we are ?

Constitute 8.5% of land area

Recognized

by

Ramsar

for

sustaining regional ecological

processes biodiversity

global

and

4 regions :

(Northern alpine / Salt Range /

Central Indus and Makran Coastal) 22 different types covering a total of 220 wetlands

Under threat from water pollution and climate change

Rising to the challenge ….

Recognize

as

critically

important

delivering multiple benefits :

ecosystems

Watersheds for reservoirs

Regulation of water quality and quantity

Natural habitat for various birds and fish

and

Storehouses

sustainers

of

biodiversity

Tourism and recreation

Blue Carbon Storage

Biodiversity protection

Expand protection with proper management planning

Air – clean and breathable Where we are ? Rising to the challenge …… •

Air clean and breathable

Air – clean and breathable Where we are ? Rising to the challenge …… • Deteriorating
Air – clean and breathable Where we are ? Rising to the challenge …… • Deteriorating

Where we are ?

Rising to the challenge ……

Deteriorating air quality in all big cities

Air pollution is estimated to be 20 times higher than WHO standards

Indoor

air

pollution

(biomass

fuels) is also a big issue

 

High and rising direct & indirect economic costs

Transport,

industry,

energy

and

deforestation the main sources of

air pollution

 

Choking our population with slow poisoning ?

Clean and affordable fuels CNG /LPG / Cleaner gasoline

Clean-up Transport / Vehicles

Retirement of polluting vehicles

Establish and implement vehicle manufacturing standards

Improve traffic

management/pedestrian/cycle paths

Vehicle check up system for air pollution Yearly certificates

Mass Transit Systems PP Partners

Urban forestry sinks

Air monitoring system in all major cities

Strict enforcement of industrial standards with incentives (SMART)

Energy – Affordable and sustainable Where we are ? Rising to the challenge … •

Energy Affordable and sustainable

Energy – Affordable and sustainable Where we are ? Rising to the challenge … • A
Energy – Affordable and sustainable Where we are ? Rising to the challenge … • A

Where we are ?

Rising to the challenge …

A low GHG emitter but poised

for major growth

15 fold increase expected in next 40 years

Shift to coal powered

electricity generation

(imported + Thar coal)

Huge losses in distribution and transmission

Inefficiencies in industry and

household use

A cleaner growth is possible

Clean Coal power generation the priority (Imported + Indigenous)

Get

best available clean coal process

and

and capitalize on carbon

(transport/handling/usage)

technologies

credits

Carbon Capture and Storage options

Enhance share of RE in national grid mix:

Wind Power in south wind corridor

Solar power -solar thermal / tubewell pumps

Small hydro potential in KPK/NAs

Nuclear and Large Hydro as clean energy

Energy Conservation win-win

Energy labeling , Smart Grids

Energy audits and ESSCOs for buildings

Inefficient Tube well replacement

Solar water geysers program

Consumer awareness building program

Efficiency enhancements of power plant

Buildings – Livable, affordable and green • Shift towards efficient building designs   – Large

Buildings Livable, affordable and green

Buildings – Livable, affordable and green • Shift towards efficient building designs   – Large
Buildings – Livable, affordable and green • Shift towards efficient building designs   – Large

Shift towards efficient building designs

 

Large potential for energy savings

 

Establish and comply with Green building codes

 

ESSCO s

concept

with

carbon

crediting

to

be

employed:

» Energy efficiency construction

» Efficient lighting

» Insulation enhancement

» Solar water heating

» Natural lighting maximizing

Agriculture – Producing more with less • Enhance efficiency of irrigation Water use • Conservation

Agriculture Producing more with less

Agriculture – Producing more with less • Enhance efficiency of irrigation Water use • Conservation /
Agriculture – Producing more with less • Enhance efficiency of irrigation Water use • Conservation /

Enhance efficiency of irrigation Water use

Conservation / Canal lining

Hill torrent irrigation system

Rain water harvesting

Solar powered water pumping

Recycle/reuse agriculture water

Expand Organic farming and reduce intensive pesticide use

IPM, biological pest management

Undertake responsive land use planning

Control urban encroachments

Develop Climate resistant crop varieties

Waste – Manage + profit to “ zero ” waste • Develop integrated waste mgmt

Waste Manage + profit to zerowaste

Waste – Manage + profit to “ zero ” waste • Develop integrated waste mgmt plan
Waste – Manage + profit to “ zero ” waste • Develop integrated waste mgmt plan

Develop integrated waste mgmt plan targeting zero

waste :

Waste collection, handling and disposal including recycling / reuse

Utilization for energy + fertilizers + carbon credits

Localized action facilitative finance

Public private mechanism

Ban on plastic bags

Strict enforcement with alternate reusable or biodegradable bags manufacturing

Shared hospital waste incineration

E-waste regulate for disposal

Forestry – Restore and expand Where we are ? Rising to the challenge…… • Highest

Forestry Restore and expand

Forestry – Restore and expand Where we are ? Rising to the challenge…… • Highest rate
Forestry – Restore and expand Where we are ? Rising to the challenge…… • Highest rate

Where we are ?

Rising to the challenge……

Highest rate of deforestation

(1.8-2%)

Coniferous forest decline (40000 ha/year)

Low area coverage of forests (Less than 5%)

Low survival rates - afforestation

campaigns

Poor valuation of forest eco- services

Precious Mangrove forests under

threat from fuelwood use pressure, although

Largest found in any arid climate

Coastal protectors

Aim to double the country’s

dismal forest cover in 5 years

True Forest valuation to be done

Timber, watersheds, biodiversity, carbon sinks, flood protection

Public-private mechanisms

REDD+ through proper regulations

Community based stewardship

Tackle timber mafias

Promote non-traditional forestry

Urban / Riverine / Catchment / Mangroves / Farm forests

Halt conversion of forest lands

Provide alternate fuels

Biodiversity – Preserving nature’ s gifts • Commit to a comprehensive valuation / inventory of

Biodiversity Preserving nature’s gifts

Biodiversity – Preserving nature’ s gifts • Commit to a comprehensive valuation / inventory of our
Biodiversity – Preserving nature’ s gifts • Commit to a comprehensive valuation / inventory of our

Commit to a comprehensive valuation / inventory of our

treasure of biodiversity (flora/fauna/threatened species with ranking)

Snow Leopard / Markhors / Houbara Bustard / Blind Dolphin / Green Turtles / Tragopan

pheasants

Need to document and preserve our natural heritage for future generations Community engagement/empowerment for management of natural treasures

True custodians and stakeholders

Treat genetic diversity as global assets

National Parks / Green Areas Repositories of biodiversity and living “ lungs ” • Translate

National Parks / Green Areas

National Parks / Green Areas Repositories of biodiversity and living “ lungs ” • Translate from
National Parks / Green Areas Repositories of biodiversity and living “ lungs ” • Translate from

Repositories of biodiversity and living lungs

Translate from paperto efficiently manage

eco parks

Eco tourism promotion

Medicinal plants

Trophy hunting for conservation

Community based management

Public parks for each small town with public- private management

Eco parks or safari parks for entertainment

Public land to be leased

Climate Change – Adapt and mitigate • Transform from “ Most Vulnerable ” to “

Climate Change Adapt and mitigate

Climate Change – Adapt and mitigate • Transform from “ Most Vulnerable ” to “ Most
Climate Change – Adapt and mitigate • Transform from “ Most Vulnerable ” to “ Most

Transform from Most Vulnerableto Most Adaptive

Mainstream climate risks + costs into decision making Vulnerability mapping of country to understand the challenge

Climate proof existing infrastructure

Climate resilient development for the future

Community based adaptation schemes

Climate Fund Development

Leverage funds for adaptation/mitigation

Environmental Awareness • Environmental education to start at primary level • Inform and motivate public

Environmental Awareness

Environmental Awareness • Environmental education to start at primary level • Inform and motivate public :
Environmental Awareness • Environmental education to start at primary level • Inform and motivate public :

Environmental education to start at primary

level

Inform and motivate public :

Green Youthvolunteers program / Clean up

classes

nature

in

school

Responsible

custodians

of

Utilize religious platforms - message of sustainable consumption and conservation

Encourage Media to promote sustainable values

Finally Environmental Governance • Environment to be placed at core of the PTI development agenda

Finally

Environmental

Governance

Finally Environmental Governance • Environment to be placed at core of the PTI development agenda –
Finally Environmental Governance • Environment to be placed at core of the PTI development agenda –

Environment to be placed at core of the PTI development agenda

Strong EIA enforcement / Government to lead

Commit to include environmental rightsas basic human rights under constitution

Green Benchesinstitutionally support with

knowledge based network

Technical cadres to be set up at Ministry level

Selling the PTI “ Green ” Agenda • Shift towards a “ new ” alternate

Selling the PTI GreenAgenda

Selling the PTI “ Green ” Agenda • Shift towards a “ new ” alternate economy
Selling the PTI “ Green ” Agenda • Shift towards a “ new ” alternate economy

Shift towards a newalternate economy built upon parameters defined :

Promise

people

of

clean

air

and

clean

water

to

Deliver greenjobs with benefits to people

all across Pakistan

“ Green jobs ” possibilities ?… huge !

Green jobspossibilities ?…

huge !

“ Green jobs ” possibilities ?… huge !
“ Green jobs ” possibilities ?… huge !
“ Green jobs ” possibilities ?… huge !

Green Jobs …… reality check !

Green Jobs …… reality check ! In UK – a Green Economy of billions a reality
Green Jobs …… reality check ! In UK – a Green Economy of billions a reality

In UK a Green Economy of

billions a reality of

GBP 122

2011-12

(Source Green Economy A success story)

• (Source “ Green Economy – A success story) Almost a million “ Green Jobs ”
• (Source “ Green Economy – A success story) Almost a million “ Green Jobs ”

Almost a million Green Jobshave been created in an, otherwise weak, economy

Almost equal to financial

services More than telecom sector

Green Jobs …… reality check ! In USA… growth of green jobs nearly two and

Green Jobs …… reality check !

Green Jobs …… reality check ! In USA… growth of green jobs nearly two and a
Green Jobs …… reality check ! In USA… growth of green jobs nearly two and a

In USA… growth of green jobs nearly two and a half times faster than overall jobs

(between 1998 and 2007 in USA (PEW Report)

than overall jobs (between 1998 and 2007 in USA (PEW Report) 1. Renewable promotion 2. Energy

1. Renewable promotion

2. Energy efficiency improvements

3. Pollution control and waste

recycle / reuse

4. Organic agriculture, sustainable forestry

5. Environmental education

agriculture, sustainable forestry 5. Environmental education 3.1 million green jobs created in 2010-11 (BLS Survey 2012)

3.1 million green jobs created in 2010-11

(BLS Survey 2012)

Five Million “ Green ” Jobs in 5 years An alternate growth pathway Clean, Sustainable,

Five Million

GreenJobs

in 5 years

An alternate growth pathway
An alternate growth
pathway

Clean,

Sustainable,

Achievable

Financing the transition … • No “ money from the sky ” – Set “

Financing the transition

Financing the transition … • No “ money from the sky ” – Set “ green
Financing the transition … • No “ money from the sky ” – Set “ green

No money from the sky

Set greenpriorities for internal financing after CBA !

Mostly incremental financing

Re-align PSDP financing

Prioritize freed fiscal spacetowards a green focus !

Public-private partnerships

Capitalize on win-wininvestment opportunities

Leverage through a Green Development Fund

Tie up with global funds (GCF, REDD+, Bilateral donors)

Delivering Hope – With Passion and Planning ! Sar-sabz Pakistan

Delivering Hope

With Passion and Planning !

Delivering Hope – With Passion and Planning ! Sar-sabz Pakistan
Delivering Hope – With Passion and Planning ! Sar-sabz Pakistan
Sar-sabz Pakistan
Sar-sabz
Pakistan