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9 KaKHX'h OHBillTeKCaX'h naa KOT.leTaX'h HIlRTO HS'h uact He IIMt 'h
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B'b rOJony He npnXOABJIO nOJIIOOOlIbITCTBOBUTb, JI,'lJticTBIITeJlbHO.ll R
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M:!\!Ul'1l; 0 HIIX'b ynouunaerca B'L nca.UJUX'L 73 II B'L Esaur ai u II -
eBBOCTFl cr ausaeuu 61iI.HII BIlt ropona, na BlJ 0111 'L
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TaKoii y enpeem, a xJI1>6a He HII spomsa, 'lTOObI
He aaoopars HoqbIO rO.lOAb SaHBIIJI'b CBOIl npaaa, Ho qTO
OhIJlO ,n;tJlaTI,? He me II npOCIITb y HDXb
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qeJIOB'kK'b, KpllKHyJla MaTb, eCTI, eMy sero OOHTbCH: n03,n;HO seue-
POM'b MlIMO cauarora, 01I'b YCJlhIrna.ll'b YMepmaro otmaBrnaro 331
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npasacan.ca K'b mliBbIllb, a TBMo OOJIte IIplI'lUHRTb 1IM.'b 3JIO' eCJI
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apacea UJ(\n.1I1I npnmnaars R'h apaam, 3TIIX'h p113'L peneihrarcs, 'lTo61I OB'h
Ii Ti>lI.'h BaIIO:MImaJl'h 0 sanoB'.k,lJ;1lX'h.
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TO ,lJ,yma BeJIIIKarO yqHTeJIJI II npnpoaa MOlIceJI npe,lJ,1> ROIIlJlIHOIO
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aaxa caoero: aTO CQIITaeTCH He nplIJIlIqHbIM'b II
no TaJIMYJJ;Y.
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roca toaomecraa? Ha cpeaorsa KaraJIbHOfi sasau, BtpHte, aa
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TI oaJIMUIJ;Be ), - Bt,lJ;h C'b aroro npenenn H OYAY yme rrpnllJIT'h
OJIO II. paUJIbCKBX'b MymeII, HeooxOAUMhIX'b AJIH OOII(eCTBeuuar o
Hi -B'b qHCJIO roro MIIHHMaJIbBarO qIl CJl a AeCJITD, 6 9'h
e MIlO HMO 11 couepmeuie caaof CJlYiKObl it). Ta&'b JI OLl 1
.
xpaHllJlIIII('h )
...." . JI neB 3MOlKHf:Jl\I'b conepurari. 60l'OC.lYlKeul , U' II
0, no KpaHHen Mt pt, ,n;eCRTn MOJIJIIII,HXC,H. Ec.1H He zocreers .
e coaepuraerca.
) "T!flHJIHH'D" 3HaQlIT'D no.nrraa, OT'b C.lOBa "T!Prr. e . I
"""","... ur ame I'D (Mare. 23, 5).
v,
norpetiacni e xpanUAUIIJ,'L (TcI>II.-IIIH"L) II ana eaie
Xpaun JI OIQa, aaase Boro IOJIiH, 06H3aH1> B03 aran, H C a

H9paHJlbTHHlIH'b, rmifi 13 JItT'b, COrJIaCHO npeJJ;II auo a
u art 6ydemo me6tb 9TO (Tm.!IllH'b) 3Ha 0 11> aa py t ",nn,,,,a
H naMHTHlHWM'b raaaaan TBOHMll , Aa6bI 331\.0H1> I'ocno e h
6bIJI'b B'b yCTaX'b TBOIIX'b; H60 PYI\.OIO KptmwlO BbI Be 1> Te6H I'ocno
( Bon ) 1I3'b Eraura, HCrrOJIHHIt me yCTaB'b ceil (Mcx.13 r .9 cr.), Bt,
Tq>HJllIH'b BJOmeUbI II APyriH 3aIIlICKlI C'b CJOnaMII II1ICaHi H: rna
1l3palIJlb rOCIIOAb Bon, aanrs, rOCIIO)l;b e)l;lIH'b eors, IiI .!I106B I'ocuo
Bora BCtM'b Cep)l;n;eM'b TBOHM'b 1I nceto rsoeto (BTOp03aK. 6, .
Bt, CIlJlY aroro B'b eBpeficKOM'b 60rocJymeuilI IUItlOT'b necsaa saaaoe
aaaseaie XpaUIIJlIIQa. RamJJ,blfi espea, 6y OU1I ae TO bRO )1;0 a, HO
n B'b Aoport, B'b BaroHt, KOf)l;a uacTyIIaeT'b y TpeHBea 0 H B ,
uenpeasnao HaAtTh Tq>II.!IIIU'b) - XpaUIIJIllIQa, OH1> ",""'v,
CBHTO lICIlOJHHeT'b: He AyMaH 0 TOM'b, lITO MOmeT'b IIO)l;Bepruy b
"
oCyJK)I;eUIIO aaoro xpacnanaaa; OH'D auaers OAuO, qTO TBOpnT'b oero-
yrO)l;uoe )l;tJIO-IlCIIOJIHHeT'b 3aKOH'b JKeUIQnUbI n MaJIbqmt
CTOHT'b But aroro npanara, - IIOTOMy, KaK'b nuraranrs paBBHHbI,
IIX'b II BaJKHLIH AtJIa He lIMt1OT'b aaaaaoro aaaseaia B'b osars
Boalaxi.. Ho pa3yM'lHo BSPOCJI@X'b, -06HsaHbI -
BaTh lIX'h. Tq>II.JIIIH'b ) -9TO ABa HIII,lIqKa (6aTbUI'b) 1I3'b qepHoJi
soaa, BHYTPII KOTOpLIX'b XpaHllTCH, TaR'b uasaeaeaaa,
m pamaru (napmaot.) - nerupe He60.JIbmie KycKa nepraaeara C'b
eJlOBaf\IH 3aKOHa: fO.JIOBHOe, naasraaeuoe ( rne,u'b-poun, , e
pYlIHoe- me.JI'b-HA'b :'. Ha ro,uOBUOM'b llIQHKt (xpaHn,unnrl 306 (-
aeaa 6yKBa 'lit ) , asrpaaarontan HMH Bora (IllaAaIt) . I'caosaoe pa-
HB.JlUm e HMteT'b BHYTPII uersrpe neperoponaa n B'b 1) 0'1'
eHln: B,uOateU'b KyCOK'b neprauenra C'b CJIOBaMR CT. 13 - 21 IT
KH. { OHCM , ra . it-it. Tt me caaua CJI OBa, TOJIhKO sanacaua
,
.)
.
o II'
P 8UUOMb Buill ua er
, &OTOpOe enpea aato ua p .
nra eJIbUO aanepnaaaion, Bo yc
BTa. OOBHBaIOT'b 1JX'b BOJIOCaMH B30 XBOCTa KOpOBhI II _
- pasyMteTcH crr p Te:JlbUO BhIMhIThIMll , san b , a n
OpHJlB, BKJl3,lJ;hIBaIOT1> B'L paUlIJIBIQa. To H apyroe pan ame
1p iB:H3bIBaeTCH qepUhIMH peaemsaun US'b KomIl qnCThI X'b JKOBOTH 0 ,
QJflHO-:&'b rOJIOBt, H J1oy, ,lJ;pyroe-Ha rOJIyIO JItByIO pyKy. Pe ems
rOJIOBHarO XpaUIIJIBIQa BoKpyn rOJIOBhI, saBHShIBaIOTCH aa
SaTbIJI&t ocooeHHhU 'b YSJlOM'b II O,lJ;IIH'h pexeurom, cnycsaeroa an e
He rrOllCHlIIJ;bI. Xpaaaaame ua p K
HaJj;taaeTCJI npeiK,lJ;e rOJIOBHOrO II H'BCKOJIbKO Hmlte ruesa: pe: eas
00 asaerca OKQJlO pyKII ceas paso, K'h sacrn II otixo HTo
6KOJlO qeTbIpeX'b OrIlIcaHHbIH Ta])1 t :
,lJ;OM'b ua TaKyIO CTeIIeHb BamHocTII, qTO II CaMo Bon, csopse
BHeMl1IeT'b MOJIHTBaM'h C'b XpaHIlJIIlIQaMII II aa yuorperiaeaie nxt, ua-
iYAeJl ,lJ;OJIrOJI'BTHeIO musuiIO. PaBBIIH'b CnMOH'b oeu'b asnnrs
e'b yB'BpeHHOCTbIO rOBOpI1T'b: KTO emeAHeBHO yIIoTpeOJIJIeTo, B'b orr -
pe,lJ;'RJleuuoe BpeMJI, TOT'b B'b HarpaAY aa 9TO ,lJ;OJI ro an-
ReT'b ". 3HaH nee 9TO, MomHO aootipaaan, C'b KaI\IHIl> uerepnsnieat,
2RJJ.3JI'b H ,lJ;HJI, Kor,lJ;a ua ceon BOSJI02RIITb ( TlIHIJIIIH'b).
3Ha.Jl'b 9TO, soaenno, II oretrs, IIOqeMY aanaaroapeueunn IIoSaOOTIIJI ClI
IIpiooptCTb ,lJ;JIH MeUH OT'b yqeuaro c cOlPpa ) ( .lIlITorpa<I>a) npespaouo
U3IIBCaUHbIJI XpaHIIJIIIma. Ilpaaeoa IlX'b ,n;oMofi, OH'b IIOKaSCl JI'b MH'I>,
:UTeJIbHO y.nomIIB'b BX'b B'b mersonyro CyMOqKy II, nOAaB<lH, CKaS3JI'b:
OOT'b BtlIHaH TBOH CBHTbIHH, nycn, CBJImeHHbIH caoaa BJIOmeHllbIH
pTn TlPllJIIIH'b)-KOPOOOqKII, H3'lepTHTCH B'b TaRn
':b lIDBTp KaHyH'b rnoero AUJI, TO COBtTyIO 'reot rrOCTIITbCJI . H
BOCIIOs!I:I.3f)BaJI&JI ero COB'BTOM'b 11 AO 3BtsAbI nanero He pan, Bn
pors. 'b eaMLlfi AeHb BOSJIOiKeHiH ua MelIH CBlIThIHH, orem, cAtJIaJI
8$ at&OTOpme BOllpOChI, IIMtlOm;ie omomeaie It'b xpaunaamaxt ,
B : AJI 'Ie 0 IIlImeTCH ua rOJIOBHOM'b ooroMoJIiu 0 rKBa 1U, H
eaa mmaqaeT1>?
TU$"FlfJl ( OHa 03HaQaeT'b lIIaAatl." UMH Bora, KOTOpW
It MUJIOCTB81> ) .
0fdH1l lOB. A nero TIPn IIIHo K!T(
*) Espeu BtpRT'h, 'ITO CIUH'h u oarers OTMO.1l lITb rphxu poanrerc II UOTOll xa
If3'h HllX'h ocotieaao jKeJI aeT'h IIMtn ChIHa n, xoraa POAIITCR MUJ'b'1Jj 'h, rOllOP.I:f'J:''It ;
Bory, uaaram RaAhI rna" -MO.1l 11TBe lI HlIKa. Il A'lll1c'rBIITe.'lbllO, T t.K
eTCR cosepmarr, rpOMOrJIaCHO B'b cnaaror-f :MO.'llI TBy o6'b ' 00 11 U .
,u:.1Ul TO 0, OTBtT !I'b .H, tITO m, ro Bt H XO HTCH
1
11
B aers BCt III tI.lIeHaMiI n Aaen nee y ca Y P3 HiH.
- 11 9TO BtpHO; sHaD, yrmTeJUI Hamil rOBOpJlTb: -ro OB
a B3'b cepma IlCXOlJ,1ITO Bct no blIll euia
n 3JIblJI). orem., nOXBa.1JIIB'1 MeH1I aa OTBtTbI, Be t 'b T
B'b cnaarory, tIT06bl He nponYCTIITb uasaaa fi oroc ymeHiH. an., T
Cappt,BHIIMaTe.lIhHO caymaaa HaCTaBaenie orna, Hno 0-
HIIJW1I eit, OHa OOHHJIa MeHH II, KptUKO norrsroaam. , csasaaa: (0-
poroa CblH'b Moii, MOJJII Cb sa MeHH, MO.1JlI TBa TBOH cerOABH ocotieauo
saaua npeJJ;'1 rOcnOJJ;OM'b! 0YAh TbI uammrs saasnnen - .10 IITBeR-
HIIKOM'b "). Orem, ornpanarca co MHOIO nopausme B'h caaaror T,
lJTOOI:d OO'bHCHIITb II yaasan, MHt, KaK'b BOSJIaraTh xpaaaianta.
IIpeJK)J;e scero, rOBOpIIJI'b OH'b, HYjf\HO npIIB1I3aTh pysuoe (60rOMOJIie)
(rq>IIJIIIH'b meJI-HJJ;'b), lJTO SAtCh naxaasaaa oyKBa rasoro
pOJJ;a, lITO eCJIII OAtTb cnepsa rOJIOBHOe xpannanme, TO ua ro OBt
nOJIYlJIIJIOCb OliI BMH (tI0PT'b. IIpanaanaan, me ooroMo,lIiH) Hyamo
ua roaoe 'l'tJIO peaemsosrs, nAepHyTbIM'b n'b II 00BepTbIBaT1
BM'b ceM1 pam, sospyn, pyKII B'b SHaK'b )J; Hefi He)J;tJI II II npo-
1I3HOCBT1 CJIOBa: aJJ;BeKIUI'b 6e aAOHafi 9,10fi 9xeM1J), T. e.
npacoaeaynareca, npaasnareca Ii'b Bory BameMy II npos.
me peaemsa )J;OJImHO oOBepTbIBaTb cpe)J;Hi fi narem, a npOHS-
HOCBTh CTIIX'b: (oopyqy TJI ceot BO Btl\'b II TH
ce6t B'b npaB)J;t B CYAt). IIPII aTOM'}, HeOOXO)J;IIMO crporo Ha6mo)J;aTh,
lJl'OObl JIIITepa oorOMO.lIiJI npOTIIB'b cepma, tI'fOObI aa-
nOMBHaTb 0 Bort II xpauan, nun Ero D'b 1I0C.lIt 9TOr{}
lJ,JJIIHHarO HaCTaBJJeHiH, JI C'b OJIarOroBtHieM'b B03JlOmn,'l'b aa ceIDH
XpaHIIJIBIQa. Boael KaRyIO pa)J;OCTb IIcnbIThIB?JIa M01l, 1\0rAa
SI nOtIyncTBOBaJI'b na rOJIOBt aopoua ObI:JI a B03-
aoaeua ua MeHH! Coapenenuun tIeJIOntR'b rroma.nyfi n )TJbIOHeTCJI ua
5)TO opanaeaie; lIO cwtJIO UOBTOpHIO, B1, Ty nopy STa, nonU)J;HMoMy,
OCT311 neun, AtilcTBllTeJIhHO )J;JIJI MeHH saaaaaos IiOpOHOIO,
h MHt, 'lTO AYX'b cauaro 3aKOHa nounnaers ua MHt, 6JI aroJJ; ap
.
op
JI
[lQAHHMaeTCH acrpaza, KOTopaH CBOFL II
blMlt KOJIOHBaMH nOJu(epmHBaeT'b oOnna OB HHO
3p;aHia. CJJymllTb MtCTOM'b JIH qT Hi
BHyTpeHHiH BMAb CMHarOrH.
lJOCTOllHOfi CTOPOHbI cauarora nOCTaBJleHo KIIBOT1>-
pa-- CBl1TKOB'b, KOTOpbJX'b 6bIBaeTo no HrJ>CKO.1JbKY
VI.
Canarora H3 enp. H3hIK't 03HaQaeT'h ,,6eT'L-r a RHe Ce T'h"-
Co60p'L.
MbI Sait1'BTllJIII sume, tITO cauarora J espeem, eme
Ib ApeBHUXIb npeueut., Do npeuena Iacyca Xpncra, xpaxa
saro, ObIJIO BeSA'B He Ma.lIO CIIHarOr'b; OHII CJIyffiIIJIH He
tlIBRO Mo.nIITB'b, HO OblJIII II COOPHbIM'b nyHKToMo , AJIH 00-
l, BonpOCOB'b II JJ;.lJH nyO.nIIqHbIXo llTeHi fi . Co
HieM1> BpeMeHII B'b CIIHarOr'B craao YlJII.mme JJ;JIH
it II BSpOC.nbIXo, BC.ntJJ;CTBie nero oua Ilo.nytIJiJ.na aaasaai e: ( oeTo
pann msoaa. Coapeaeaaaa Clmarora-- qeTIJlpey r OJIbHbI OROP-
,oKpymeHHblit jl.llIIHHblMII II YSKliMlI tIy.JIaHaMlI n
mOpblX'b nOM1nIJ,aroTcH eapeacsia BO BpeMJI come-
Baro ooroc.nymeHiH. Ta.nMYA'b asruan, enpeacnaxt. meamllHo
nsaaro Mipa, saBtTbl n OOPJIJJ;bl JJ;JIH HlIX'b II01JTII He OOHsa-
a no npnMtpy Ta.llMyJJ;a II AOM'b MO.nlITBbl (caaarora) rasae
J] II ') II OtAHblH enpefiKII JJ;0.nmHbI IIo.nYtIaTb CBOro JJ;YXOBHyro
tHOro caaarora.
O! DB no B npaB a b
rn TpeOJJe i nrs, Cn 0 oeea
II 1> ObI yate ua npaa osepmeuuaro ,
0 M1> M'BCT'B II mAa.n1> OTRp JTiH 60 0-
. He sa leAJIHJIO Hall aTb B OObIlJHO 1> HOBO-
D&OM1> Tlm'B, KaK1> OHO conepnraeroa CRaze HOiKe, a reueps
tDMb llUTaTeJIH C'b ouuaroron.
upop OB'b. Up 'h II OTO. 1> H'
Y HD nOJJ,RJlT CH H COb 'b C
o oparo UO CIiHarort pa3JJ, eTCH C OBO n noes....
BOB t aMBOHa, anp 0 , CTODT'b ( a 10 'b ) ua on
aaropt IIJJn q( eTHoe nuo, aacrynaiomee ero tCTO c
lmD,mae'll'L ioaeuie. Eme npasne HeJJ,a eno OT1> 0
ua COCTOJlIn;e 1'1 H3n serupeyroJIhHarO no aasp Taro
JUD;DKa, HanOJIHeHHaro neCKOM'b, spacyerca 00 bmofi ce BtTBeHHhl'
nO,l(CBtqmm'b U3'b me.JITOll rtI'J:>JJ,u , soropua, BMtCT1> C'b no lip .ro-
06pa3HblMU JIIOCTpaMU, onymenuuun ua muypaxt, II3'b CBo,u;a, OCT-
BJIHeT'b rJIaBHOe yKpameHie xpaaa. Bonpyn, CTtH'h cnaarorn HMtIOTCH
CIwMefiKII, neperopoaeauna na MtcTa *) II uaaue Ha.lIofiqURII . Topa
(CBIITOK'h) yKpamaeTCH auorra: cepe6pHHOIO ROpOHOIO Cn KO.!I OI\O hqn-
ceperipaauaa na KOTOpbIX'h MOJRHO upcseon,
IIMeHa IlX'h noaepreoaareaea II npou. KHBOT'h, OOJIhmOll aa, orr II
serpaaa ohIBaIOT'h HHorJJ,a yKpameHhI ,u;epeBHHHhI III pt3HhBIII quuy-
paua, npmem, JIeB'h, aeonapr, OJIeHb II opers HBJIHIOTCH C BO aua,
rOBOpHIIJ,HMU, qTO K'b UCrrOJIHeHiIO npasaaaaif lerona &aiK,u; hI fi JJ,o meal>
noaaaran.ca co CMtJIOCTbIO aeonapaa, Co JIer ROCThIO opra II npos.
()Tt HbI cnaarora Tome IIHorJJ,a m,erOJIHIOT1> C'fPHIlHH espea
'itMOyqKII, soropue rrpeJJ,CTaBJIHIOT'b: Aapaaaa, ro
B'b JKepTBy, CaMCOHa, paaaapatomaro JIbBa, JIeBiaeaHa B'b
BUJJ.rB IQYKII, JI emaIQefi OOJIbmUM'h KOJIhD;OM'b, .u:epma XBOCT'h B'h 3)'-
oax'h; IIocpeJJ.IIHrB aroro soasna OOblKHOBeHHO 11300pameH'h Iepycannrs
uocrpoeuuua IIpHMO aa MOpt. BCTprBqaeTCH aaorra ua CTrBHax'!,
map'h- raoap'h) (oereMOT'b) II J],Iutifi Il$TyX'b II npon.
CHHarOral1bHafi yraaps.
CBsnneHHrhiimie upenaersr cauarora KpOMrB ropa ( CBflTRa 3aKOH
OCTOHm.aro 1I3'L llHTOKHmltiJI, 1, Xoaenrs Irll OT
HTb KUIIf'b H3'h Berxaro 3aBrBTu), a nMeUHO: Ilnc b t
,
*) M t CTU B'L cnaaror-s upiotipfrrato CJl sa neasru ua B erna, T
lie exoxamee, Mt cTa (c'h AaJIH lIl, U) UU BOCTO'lBO CTOp OH'.h Illl HJl
1li101I"" (!b BOCTOKU npnnr <lTBiJI M ec ei n II n OTOU Y B'J) r .1311 ' IW .t:!:!'I .lWIM\flU
nopamaiorcs J1I1IJ,OllI'L In . BOCl'OKy . Il pRO M'b T ' u
JJ!eJIIf.I1'PI UAyT'b B'J) II oass Y II Bar ru.
uno 0
,
PDlfD.
11
) P 91> H It q"}j I pi , ai
113 np pOItOB'b (1); 3- ce- ill b 9 io
) . 9T01''b pom, COCTO 1''h 0 'h OOb] BOBeBBa
B Bil, aa KOTOpOM'h B03Ct aers BD;O ep aniee aa 0 .u&H.L4
BO BpeMJI cosepmeuia sa 'b H 0 nponec a OIOlYl&33
C.nU rasoaca cosepmaerca B'h C aaro ; a s , na- - 6 b ,
COCTOJI IIl,ifi 83'b serupext, npocrsm, oapameunu 'h KO hen 0 -
C1'BHLI, nors KOTOpbl l'b COBepmaeTCH 6palJHh]I:i 06p.lI D. BOTh r as-
ana seprer BH'BmHJIfO II HHy TpeHHHf o B8JU1 CHH3ror .
Teneps csaaem. 0 cauaroralIbHOM'b oorOCil enia.
VII.
Borocayaeuie eapeess COCTOlIT'h llS'h nCa.JlMOB'h n MOJIlTB'b, co-
crasaeansm, paBBIIBaMn no paspymeaia xpasa, ROfJI,a npeRpaTHJIOCh
aepraonpaaomeaie B Be aeprseaanna, 3 BBt Iepyca a a II
xpaaa aspaano, no aasoay MOllceH, nocnpentaaocs npaaoonn, MepTB ,
1I09TOMY aatioraanae paanaan, KaK'b IlIhI cemact, csasaau, COCT3Bn II
pasaasuua MOonlITBLI, saMtBHIOIIl,iH mepTBLI, ROTOpLIH II HUShIBaIOTCH
-aropacs -(aeprscupauomenia] "]. MoonJIIIl,ifi CJI BSp anonhT.lIHIlB'b IIS-
,lIBBaeT'!> )l,ymy CBOIO npe)l,'b Boroat, nocsmuaa T3K'b: 9sery Me-
KofiMaB'h mers S9BOXOM'b - r)l,t 9TO CBJIIIl,eBHOe AltCTO - XpaM'h II
mepTBeHHBK'h, ua KOTOpOM'h CBJIIIl,eBHllKB nama npaaocnsa aeprna
n soaaaaara KpOBb na aaraps )l,onH yMuonocTBBJIeHiH Bor a?
HLlBt nasero sroro HtT'b y nacs: CBJITblHJI Barna COJRJReHU, a epr-
BeHHIIK'h paspymem, n Bee OLlBmee B'h xpaMt nonpaao nparaua,
Ilposarasi, ) , npe)l,BapJIIOT'h 60roconymeHie
cr osaaa: t JI;a acomaaarca If BOSBeJllIllUTCH Bon, atnBIilit npucsn-
CYIIl,HLlit, npa 9TOM'b np01l3HOCHT'h CBMBOJl'h BtPIJ BtpyIO, lITO
Eor'h OJI,HH'b, n B'BT'h )l,pyroro nO}J,06Haro EMy ""), OH'h BenOCTBiRII, 'b
*) YTpeHHJlR: MOJIIlTBa eapeess ]J.OJI JRHa 6UTr. 'lIITaeM3l na romam n nenp e 'tnll
sa ]J.peBneeBpeHCIWM'b Jl3:Ll Itt , 'IaR'I'i HaH'L am Jl IJ, Ill) ,ll,CTOJlm.i T 'h
n OR MO.lIllTB'1 B3paUJIR sa He60, Be 3Il3R }JBOro 1\ nllW, polid: e p """,.....
"lII!J,.'I.iIl HO T8KOBblR B03BOC b It'}) Bory.
"") 0 e.n.P1n CTB'!J Bora paBBElDIJ ,Oco6enno II'
Enpeitenoe 6orocAJ m. eBie.
He Ma.lIO pa3cyJE,n.aroT'b, R Bct npaxoaar-s R'b TOlUY, 'ITO e,n.IIHcTBO Bora, cymecrsa
6e3upe,n.t JlbHar O, He llMteT'b pasaaro Ce6'J; e,n.UHCTBa. Os 3TUM'b, KOOe'l HO, C -
,.lacUTC.H II xpacriaaua-s, XOTR B'.!>pyeT'b, qTO Bors e,n.IIB'b ITO cymecray, u o rpo rq....,. .....
1> znnaxn, IJOJlOOHO TOMy KaK'b y eapeess 1I3Bt.CTHlI: nme1l1'L- nM.H" (Bors-Or II;
11 . Left xfm a "-npucyTcTBie B01Kie (ciaaie craasr II oripasr, nnocr acn E ro Ra,,'l'> ro -
n. Il aaers ( E Bp . 1, 3) II nPyax'b-raItO.llam"I>" - ,lI,YX'b CB. ItOTOPlillt T
0P0It9.X'},. Erne B'b J1pyrOM'b Mt.CTt CJl OBa Moncen: nC.TIJII1'IJ, I pa.... ..-
e,n.lfB'L ecrs" (BTOP03ltK. 6, 4)-o6'b1T ' BHIOT 'Ii II J I U.......Il.Ul '!kI".,
0 II;n , E JTOr en y-OLIH'f, Boati , I r OBa- )I, . 'b sarsr
OMAIDrr. I OBnI,. }1(Ji13I1II HIlP Il'L.
so R B Cnoe 0 2) ORo e T ecess
JI oaaaaia Mipa. IthpylO, qTO e OB
BspaUJlbcKoMy Qpe30 BeJlHKarO npoposa oacen Btp a
ro. 5) BtpyIO, q 0 B03AaCTo &. 0 Y 110 t
npaBeAHO&y 110 OJIarOM'b 1I0cTynKaMn ero, a HeqeCUIBo no r
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", I <&>' "1 II npecrors fl;aBH)J;oB'b ueMeJJ;JIeHHO BOSCTaHonli
01 OCJIO em, TLI , Boae, 3IIZlJ;IITeJIb Iepyearana. B03-
OT aCJIh )J;aBH)J;a pa6a TBQerO II 6JIar OlJ;aTbIO Tnoe
r, BOO eme)J;HeBHO HaJJ.'heMeH na no I IQb O
T .Bor-t., sespacraemta POf1> onacenia ept, rp. )

*) 110 yqeHilo 'l'aJIMY,lI.a, C1> npnnrecraiem, Mecci a JlBJITCJl CIUhUU,


1> ne-n3B'hcTBocTIl 10 KOJrBU'h II BpaUJIhCRIIX1>, JltHIBYIUIlX'I) I1& B 6 AT n
M'h u 6YAyT1> cpaaarsca oome C1> 113paIlJICM'h co B 'Il Mll JI
an UX'h: espeu nponAyT'h no 6yMailtnoMy M Ty U Bp rr
D meA au o My II norouyr-s.
Bom B3paUJIeB'L, 0 BpaTB IIJIa ieaa it
eoeCB H nooaorpa sa aacs, CJrhJIaBlIIB CJ{ II P rani
Hiell'L Mez).(y Hap01J,aMH, I\OTOpbIe CQUTaIOT1J HaC'L 3 'b
pBBe.n;eHHhlX'b na 3(tKJIaHie, yoieHie, aorpenaeaie, nopa eai
acmeaie. Ho npn 9TOM'L MbI He aaObIJIH I1MeHIl TBoero-o, He aao
B TbI HaC'L! Crpaas H3paBJIH, (nlecciH) eoxpaun OCTa OK'L 3p ,
.).(aObI He norUO'b aapaars , aoropua rOBOpUT'b : ( YC.lIbImb aspa h
(CH.n;ep'b 101 CTp.).
iYJJ;eu, HaCTpOBB'b ceria TaKHMB bICJIH II OTHO _
'!I'eJlbHO HBJIeHiH nlecciu, B KaK'L ObI C03HaBaH Ero 'h co-
aepmars cnaceaie iy.n;eeB'L OT'b BCtX'L aaporon, C1> KOTOpbI II OB
enpea) nOBe).(yT'b BoilHy sa csoe OCBOOOm,l.(eHie *), TopzeCTBeHHO npo-
BBHOCUT'L C.JIOBa, yrroTpeO.JIeHHbIH .n;peBHIlM1> napaar e 'b npa rrO,l.(HH i
omera aaanra. BOCltpeCHH, I'ocnoaa! .n;a paCTOQaTCH spara TBO
II ](a otmaT'b BCt HeHUBH](Hm;ie TeOH) . 3aT1nl'b iY,l.(e.a rrpo,l.(O amen
npOll3HOCHTh YTtmHTe.lIhHbIJI .n;.JJH Hero C.lIOBa: ( Hoo 1'09 0 -
II rrpH.n;eT'b B'b CiOH'b Crr3CIlTeJIb nann, II OTBpaTHT'b aesecrie CIJ-
1I0B'b Iaaosa H csaaers: (BOT'b BaM'b 3aBtTo Moil ; on B'b
aacs mIOmy ) (CII.n;ep'b 108 CTp.).

BbI 9TH CaMlI no ceot xopoma II secsua noynare DB :


ORt H '1 B'b ceot J(yX'L HCTIIHHblfi, npopouecsia, n B'1 osoe spe .JI
rrpllHOCIIJlH nJlOJ(bI. J];peBHie, IICTHHHbIe II3paIIJlhTHHe, MOJlHCb T 'It
Tocno,IJ;y 0 HIICIIOCJlaHilI IIM'I> Dlecciu, OblJIH YCJIblmaHbI. CaMH eB ell
rOBOpJlT'I>, qTO MOJIHTBbI 9TU 5b1JIH COCTaBJIeHbI ES,/(POIO B'I> BaBB OH-
KOMy IIJI1my II upeaaaaaasaeaa 6bIJIII )J;JIJI MOJIJlIqIIXCJI C1>
'YMIIJIOCTUBllTh Bora, II uecosunnao , qTO ,n;peBHie espen, HaXOJIJICb B
mlIt Hy, l\fOJlllJIlICh TaK'b I'ocnoay CBOeM'I> Ha6aBJIeHilI. Bon BH .I'L
1lX'h MOJIIITB't,- O.iRII,IJ;aeMbltt MecciJl JIBllJlCR' B'L onpe){tJIeHHOe npo-
IlOKaMR BpeMH ()I;aHillJI'h 9, 24, Arre.fi 2, 2 CTp.). Onacaress, 5y,n; VlUJ
aa 3eM.Jl'B, rOBOpIIJI'h iy,IJ;eHM1>, QTO OH1> ecrs TOT1>, ROToparo JBeJla
BB]I.'BTh IIX1> ABpaaM1> II AP. CBHTble MratlI, 1:1 eHHO e i .
11 OH'h A0s.aaaJI1> 9TO CBOI:IM'h YQeHIIKaM1>, QYAeca a, s peo RbI 'l>
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p
1;
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f ; B TBSBLIe aapan hTJI He
DOa6 OTBepr JlB XpHCTa-CnaCD'Ie JI, eJK
IrllDil 0 sepraa cTpOBTeJl B, CAt a OJ! r aBO r (
7, 22, 23).
BOT'}) reneps, cnycra 1890 tTh no orsepaeai I
]I ra, i YAeB npocarf Bora 0 BBCnOCJl aHi u HM'h eccia. Oaoeape-
naa- JIB T31iaJI Mo.nHTBa B COhl 'IOqHa JIB OHa? Tt 1> 00 iie, sro
iYAeu ZRYT'h rasoro soropua OhI YCTPOBJI'h HM'h napcrso
aa 3eM.n'l> B nOKOpUJI'h 6Ll BM'h BctX'h HapOAOB'h, 1> Ohl HX
TJqUIiIM'h MHCOM'h . mapranopa> (ohma), n acy mar oca 0'I'h BtE.a)J;
BSp,aOJlJI, HaKOpMO.ll'h 6Ll JlyqmeIO PLlOOIO e aeaiaqiano 'h II aanoa b-
OM lU'h XOpOmBM'h BDHOM'h, no yBt peHi IO paBBBHOB'h,
aspaaaa B'h 9AeMCKDX'h norperiaxt, By, He rrYCTaJI JIll iesra
IpIWTiaBBB'h sesoasno )J;O.JImeHb CI\a3aTb II3paD.JI IO, saromea T
OT'h Xp'BCTa T81\81'h o.nar'h: e ne BtC'Ie, uro npOCIITe >. rOBOpH TaE.1>,
MLl BOBce Be AyMaeM'h orspaman, cepma II3paIIJIJI OT'b MO.nIITBLl E.'1>
Me OiB; OBB BSb1B8IOT'h It'b HeMy TOJIbKO, ItaK1> 1130aBIlTe.nIO
B CnaCBTeJIO Alm'h qe.noltllecKBX'b, II rOCIIOj(h cnaoers ynoBaID-
IIBJ. sa Hero. TaK'b Ob1JIO co MHOIO rptmHhIM'b, Kor)J;a naCThIpll
epKBH 6TRpliI.nII Mut XpBC'IOBhI IICTIIHhI, II H yBt poBa.llb Iacyca
X , RaR1J rQcno)J;a. Eo )J;OBOJIbHO 06'h 9TOM'b. llpo)J;o.nmIIM'b aero-
qeuuJIO ptq}) (} 0 TOM'b, tITO IIpOl1CXO)J;DT'b rroc.nt
B meJDoM.8BI'IhIX1> MO.nBTB'b: H8P0}J,'b BeJIerJIaCHO npoD3HOCIIT'h ana-
e OJIell6 > sa roem (JISb11JH11KOB'b). Ba qTO-mer-A sa TO, sro
B SUaIDT'b acraanaro Bora II He coO.nIO,u;aIOT'h CB. SaItOH'h (Topa).
IDeMoi! Besexpofi >-Aa Bsr.naJVITCSI II IIC1Je3HYT'b IIMeHa IIX'h,
.nIOIOT'b. 9TltM'h II SaK8H1JIIB3eTCJI oorocJlymeHi e 11 pae-
1l! 3M'h; me OJI 8r01JeCTl1BLle- xaCII)J;Ll OCTalOTCJI
I AHB qDTClIO'I'b ncaaraps, a )J;pyrie- llh t muai oT'h- -BTo-
..", .h.
IA'b) H a1JDTaBmBCL B}J, OBOJI b II n 01JYBCTBOBaBb norpeo-
BTL JI K'h OOJIte SaatBTOQHOMY, llJUI
. TaKoMy eBpeIO, KOTOPOMY c.nt,u;yeT'L ncnpaBHTb
:aM L Q'L yconmDX'h pOAHLlX'h, IIpOC.H yrocrar : HO
oaaaaecs B'L cnuarorf raaoro <1' p B
C'L n03ApaB.neHieMb, no c.n q IO B03 Oilt j III
H a If n03J(paBOJID H MeHH. OTeQOl 0 H ,
TB nOCJIaJIb CJIymnTeJI JI cauarora sa BO Oq 0
HDKaMII (9TO CQIITaeTCH JIyqmeIO 3aKycKoIO y espeeas}, a oozse
OqeTHhlXb uplIr.1IaCHJIb aa J(OMb, qTOObl OTnpa3)1.HOBaTh 0 csa
,l(-eHb. CaMb paBBIIHb noaaaoaaa's Kb HaMb 1I npoaauecs ptqh C -
,lJ;YIOIQarO cO)J;epzaHiJI: (JIIOOe3HOe qa)J;o! TJiI ceroma C)l.t a CH 0 -
- (MymeMb), crars na caameaaua nYTh, II )l.Il me II He cnoru-
KaftCJI! BHait, qTO, no yqeHiIO uannm, paBBII HOBb , y Kam)I,arO neao-
BtKa ecrs )J;Ba nYTH: }.J,ep9Xb-TOBb )-nyTh )J;oophln, Kb
JlazeHcTBy II ()J;ep9Xb-pa) - rlIOeJIhHbIR nyr s , Bb nponacn,
rieaaa. CJlt)J;yit me no TOMy nyTII, KO'l'Opblii Be)J;eT'h B'h JKD3Hh Btq-
lIYIO; MOJlIO I'oouoaa, )J;a noaoaers OH'b Teot B'b 9TOM'b. Iloc 1;.
paBBDHa csasars MHt 3a)J;ymeBHoe CJlOBO II orem., a rasae II 3Ha-
KOMble, HO BCt 9TIl ptqll He OJiIJlH CTOJlh O.narOTBopHhI )J;.1JH en
KaK'b ptqh npas. npOH3HeCeHHaJl B'b 9TOT'b- jKe )J;eBb. -
KaK'b TyT'b OqYTIUCJI? nO)I,yMaeT'b Y)J;IIBJleHHhlfi nar a
reas. IIoBH)I,IIMOMy npOCTO, HO eCJlII B)J;yMaTbCJI B'b conurie, nponc-
meamee OT'b rrJlo)J;oTBOpHOii ero ptqlI, TO rrpo)J,eM'b K'b 3a1iJl IOqeHi IO,
qTO Bon, uocaan, ero K'b HaM'b; Bt)J;b II JI ChIH'b ABpaaMOB'b, lI MB'!>
Ha)J;JlemaJlO cnaCTIICH, 0 qeM'h JI ocofienuo MOJlIIJlCJI B'b )J;JH
MeHJI )I,eHh B03J10meHiJI He JllIillHIIM'b MemAY
npOqBM'b, paacaaaan. 00'0 9TOM'b; MOmeT'b OhITb, 9TOT'b npocroa paa-
CKaSb nOCJIymllTb Bb HaslIJ(aHie BSpalI"JIH.
KorJ(a BCt 3HaKOMhIe paaomracs, Kb HaMb somers CBHweBBOKb.
HaAo saMtTIlTb, qTO Bb )1.0Mb aanrs saXamHBaJIII naua KceBJ(SJiI
npas. BCt OHIl JlIOOlIJlII oectJ(OBaTb Co 0 Btpt,
. CJIymaJIb II JI BXb ptqlI, II ocooeuao JIroOlIJib CJIymaTh J(OOPhlH CJlOBa
;y;ceRaro OHII Obun MHt no J(ymt, nOTOMr, QTO OH'b
np00'Jl3BJIHJI'h npaornom, HamIIX'1: Anpaaaa, Ilcaasa II Iasoaa, rOBO-
B.Il!li 0 npopoas MOlIcet, npeB03HOCH ero qYJ(eca. TaKb OhIJI
r enep yCrBBmHCh sa CTOJIb, OHb, 06paTJICb, KO Milt CKa3a.Jf
BYJIhcllb (D:MH Moe), CHJ(b, noronopaus, JI OXOTHO ctJI C PJIJl:IW
co MaTh nOJ(aJIa rpa<pIIHqUK'h BumHeBI\lI , KOTOp
ORa MaCTeplln;a Ohua npnrOTOB.JIHTh II yroman, KOHeq
AapOMo, II rrpOCH.JIa n03J(paBHTb MeHJl CO B
J(BeMo B03.1JOmeBiH 6 q

T'L t'ipuTo60poJ(lJu. XOTR aro np03BJIme OTHOCUTCII 1\'1> n


SJUftl0n p JUl, HO eapeu He OT.1lPlQaJl ocooenao p cesare B m ! -
l ! l ~ l i l i B a : T'L u ero H11 Hell'L "r ax'Lu.

- (A KaK'b ate CB. upopoaa B03Btm;aJllI 0 MeccilI? rast, aanp. ,


D'b KHOraX'h (BTOpOS. 18, 18) QOTaeM'b 60z
C'P-B@BHOe IIsptqeHie It'b IlpopOKy lUolIcero: (a 60S06utJty 'U
fJ[J.UI,M'O) Ilpopona USlJ cpeou 6pam'be6lJ uXo, 'JUl'Ko meo. l'
16 OICy cxoea Mou 60 ycma E80, u OUo 6yoemo 806OPU1't?/b .6
.fI n06eJl/JO Eltty; a mo ne 6yoemo c.ltyueam'b CA060 0,
Jil IIpopoQeCTBO 9TO C6LIJIOCb, B03 B
BaM naBHO cero Boaecrneauaro Ilpopoaa Iaoyoa pnCT3
OTD.hI BaWB OT,BeprJlD, II sa 9TO Born B3bICKIIBaeTo C'L MC '
2 aaers 11 BMeouo aa OTBepmeuie Iacyoa XpO:CTa '
- c: Hsrt, utT'h! ue sa Xpacra naaaaaaeen, na 'h
roB rpsxa: BbI qTO TyT'b, naae JJ:Q6pOJJ: elO, ue OB n
etl BaM'h Bt IHITb, qTO npnra JIb. H
npOpO'leCTBa 0 MecciH.
B y, 'b R'b ,lJ; 6 OM rOCTIO, OR'b
B"blmeJl'lr e Co rrsuie 0: c 3 0
P Aero, B9JlYMaJlH OBOpHTb OJIO,lJ;O\IY qe OBt T iH B m ,
e ,lJ;OJIZHO BaM'b 9HaTL ).
c q 0 me rasoe CKaa3JI'b H, naae IO,lJ;Ka ( IH orna), He 0 -
ee? - liTO IlecciH npamers? HO passf 9TO He ,lJ; OOPaJI BtCTh
IISpalIJIH?
- ,II;a, BtCTb 9Ta osens xopomaa HO OmI100QHaH; 0, e n 0
MecciJl aanrs npamers, MM Tor)J;a He HaXO)J;IIJII:I Ch OM 3,lJ;1Wb B1> no-
omeaia, a mBJIII ObI B1> IepycaJIHM't, KaK'b BeJIhMOiKlI, Ran. 'b &H83h8 ) .
- 4: He BtpHte .JIll ObI,,1I0 ObI csaaars: eCJIII ObI OTD; hI Bam H
'f
B6
11r JIIi Xpacra II COXpaHlIJIH Ohl 3aKOH'b IerOBbJ, TO OHII He
6bI lIsrHaHLl lI3b Iepycaaaua, II RbI He OhIJIII ObI 3)J;'tCh; reneps e
BY aameasr OTeQeCTBa, CBHToro rpa)J;a II xpaaa II 3HaQUTn , QTO Boor
sroro JlllmlIJI'b naes Bon, sa orsepaeale Iaoyoa XplJCTa, ROTOpbI
npamers cnacra BSpalIJIH, HO 1I3palIJIb Ero orseprs, sa 9TO 1I BaC'])
Bon OTBepr'b .
- (0, HtT'h, HtT'bt Mymiax'h nann, eme He npame.n., 0
upamecrnla Ero HIIKTO He aoaers 3HaTh; 9TO CRphITO Jlame n on
aBreJIOB'b .
f aremsa, npBXOJl,lIJI'B, 06'b 9TOM1> CBBJI,tTeJIbCTB
MJl 'L jme a rops Hat, HO,

pb!Re, OBB C'& C OCTllO bIBaIO a


0; XpIICTa. TaR'b, aanp nerplapxs Ia OB'b npop 1J -
3\I'L LIT. 49, 10), wmo 'He onm emCJf c e po
1/961, noxa 'He npudemo IIpu.HupumeA1J > (Illa om Ila b, e
COLlJlOCb' C'b npamecrsieas Meccill He era 0 apaa H B
spa, HII KH.HSJI. Ilpcposs Arreii upercsaa 'b, qTO oa a ae hI na
MecciJl npaaen, BO 2-fi xpasrs: u npiudemo ocesaes u ... 6cn
HapodaMu, eoeopums Ieeoea, u UanOA'H/1O dOJeo cea (xPc. Mo) c a-
6010, U CAa6a CUO xpaMa oydemo oO.JtbUf,e npe:JICUIlZO (Ar refi 2, .
Tome canoe rOBOpOT'b npopos's Baxapia 0 HBJIeHill ecci a: Oe Iln;
T60U eplldemo '/(0 meotb npa6ede1lo-CnacumeAb (Baxapia 9, 9).
y npoposa MaJIaxill CKasaHO: Boms H nOZUA1O 6tbCnl1lU'/UJ
Moezo, "tm06u OUo yp06UIlJlo npedo 1Jl oluto nymb;
mom"taco npuiJemo. 60 xpaJto C60U Pocnoin, Eomopazo 6U uuieme,
u A1lZeAo saenma, omopaeo 6U ocoeme 3,1). Bee 9TO
13K"! B anoroe APyroe, B'I> TOqHOCTII IICnOJIBUJIOCh B'b JIlln;t Iacyca
XpUCTa, II BaM'b, K8K'b qTUTeJIHM'b sasoaa II
OL1Tb 9TO 1I3BtCTBO s ,
- qlIT8J1lI Mlil 9TlI npOpOqeCTBa, HO Blil SBaeTe, oaTIOIIIKa, qTO
nsptqeHiH npOpOKOB'b BeOO'1HCBHMbI )J;JIH aact.; B'b noarsepaneaie
MaIlX'b C.nOB'I> nplIBeAY BaM'b npOpOqeCTBO )J;aBiIIJIa, TaM'b qllTaeM'b:
aneuamaemcn 6Uarb1l/te u npopo'JCo ()J;aBiIlJI. 9, 24).
- )J;a, ecrs rasoe npOpOqeCTBO, BO C.!IOBa: 4: u aane'ltamaerncllt
'dtt/Ilze u npopo'JCO) He TO 3BaqaT'b, qTO CJIOBa npoposoas neoo'b-
iBMLT, a TO, qTO C'h npamecrniein, Meccill KOHqllTCH see, - He
OOJIbme y aspaaaa BII npOpOROB'b, HII BII)J;tHifi, BS'b KOTOpblX'b
1>L[ Obl.nO Y3HaTh 0 XpUCTt Meccill II 0 TOM'b, qTO cosepmnrs
:Mipt, UOO nee, qTO Ha)J;JIemaJIO XpllCTy cosepmars, !tOHqU-
DO npamecreieas: ynpa3)J;BUJICH BeTxifi 3aBtT1>, paspy -
a.nIlMCRiii XpaM'h II eBpenCKifi Bap0)J;1> paacsam., K8K'b II
aaian, (9, 24-29). He Blil JIB cana, IIaHe IO)J; Ka,
a r BOpIlJIB, lJ.TO MecciH npBxo)J;n.n1> yme B'b Mip'b, BO-
TO, I UpBIIOMIUO reneps, Oat, Be O.n8rOBOJIn.n'b CIIaCT
-
4
BepHyJICJI uaaa,l.{'L H C&a3aJI Eo y:
.
onacema, asao erne norn rs,
xu :apaWJIH,
e lte,l.{OCTOBB'b
IIC p BUTCH.
- By, BII,l.{I1rnb JIIOOe3BbIit IO,l.{Ra, II n o y lIeai lO aBB ao
O,l.{BT'b, lITO nIecciJl rrpnxo.n;UJI'h, HO TO, lITO Om, Bepay CI llo.')Qll
Be 6o.llte, KaK'b 6acaH TaJIMy.n;a; B'b .n;t t, a 'b Bor
3HaTb, .n;OCTOIlH'b JIB aspaass CIIaceHiH, llJIB HtT'b? BtpIDO aa '1
BCtM'b CBJIIIJ;eBHbIM'!>, qTO OZH)J;aeMbIit BaMB MecciJl .n;aBHO npame 'b
BMeHHO B'b TO BpeMH, Kor.n;a Ha.n;.lIeZaJIO EMY, IIO upopnxec By
PBATII; npameas 11 CIIaC'b llCTllHHbIX'b B3paIIJIbTHH'b - yBtpoBaB-
B'b Hero.
- HtT'b HtT'h! - BOCKJIllKHy.ll'b B3BOJIHOBaHHbIM'b ro OCO b
MY 9TOMy He BtpIIM'h.
CBHIIJ;eHHIIK'!>, B3)J;OXHyB'b, BCTaJI'b C'L osoero MtcTa II CKa3a '1:
c< axt, RaK1> MHt JKa.llb sacs; Bt)J;b BbI IIOTOMKn BeJlIKHX'b
BtPhl: Aspaaaa, IIcaaKa 11 Iaaoaa, &OTOpbIM'b )J;aHbI 05tTOB3Hi
miH, -nOC.JIaTb aa aeMJIIO Cnacareaa Mipa; nanrs napnn. 1I30paH'b
BOrOM'b ,l.{JIJI cero CBHIIJ;eHHarO aaasra,
- - BOCKJIIIKHY.JI'b OOpa,l.{OBaHHhlfi - TO-To -ae, 6a-
'TIOIDRa , BOT'b Mhl saaiel
- H3'b namero nJIeMeHII, - npO,l.{OJDKaJI'b CBmI(eHHllR'b, - PO){D CJI
Cnacaren, xipa II enact, Mip'b, ssr ae .maJIKie OCTaJIllCb B'1 neBtpi u
.3aoJly .m,l.{eai u, II acuursmaere Kapy Boano, KaRo He nOmaJItTb sacs?
Orem, He B03pamaJI'b OOJIte, OH'b BU)J;llMO, 6bI.JJ'1 npas-
j\lIBOIO ptlIbIO CBHm,eHHllKa, HO MHt CJIOBa npOIIoBt,ll;HII&a saaaaact,
'OJl ar OB'tCTi eM'b.
RorJJ;a oreirs ycnosoaroa II CBHm,eHHllK'1 y,lI;aJIIIJI CH, TO H osaaan,
My: c: rara, ,lI;ep'b raaaxa npenears seps ryTo >, T. e.
seas xopomo TO.JIKOBaJI1> > TaK'1 B BClI.lIecny.1J'L pysa II
B030. JI: coli', Beit, Beft! (yBbI), qTO TbI, ChIHo oa, FOBOpUill .
BD,lI;HO, xro CJIOBa rasaxa 1I0KoJIe6a.lllI rsoe oepme-, Tap
BCHqeCKII yBtpSTh MeHH, qTO MecciH eme He lIPUilleJI'L
.
JKOBaHl e CBHm,eUHlIKOM'h npoposecrm, om1I6oQHO; npom rena
ce C.lIbImaHHOe OTo CBSIm,eHHHKa.
- Ilooraparoos, 6aTIOmKa, IICnO.llHDTb me.llaHi e TB
LUI CJlOBa CBHm,eHHllKa Be sroraa 6bITb Be 6 T
B
VIII.
P aBBDRbI (pe66e).
iPaBBII H'J>, 3Ba1JUTo BbIcmi ii y1JHTeJlh, TOJlKOBaTeJlh 3aKOHa n aspo-
y'leHWI espeem H r Jl aBHbI ii Hall a.RhBIIK1> CJ:IHarOfH. Bsaaie paBBUBa
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utr'b OBHmeHHHKOB'b.

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B03BblCDTh rOJlOC'b npOTHB'b MeUJI, nare H BtPbJ, sa
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n OOll. 1l0CJIt aroro nnymeaia pasnarrs CTaJI'b
nes3aK6HiJl lI3paHJIhTHH'b, B'b TOM'b, qTO OHII yno-
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c06eHHO Ryphe3HO OhIJIO CMOTptTh ua OHB. Han ceri a BbI-
T3K1 RaRn no CJIY1JaIO npaamasa nosaro aapsaau
own xaoro Kyp1> H ryeeit, II nplIIDJIOCh nee BLIRIIAhIBaTh, IIJl II ae

p0,llaTb xpacnaaaa's aa HlIlJTOmHYIO IIJIaTy j a CaMHM'b B'b npa3AHII K'b


(i)JlOAaTh. Oeoneano ropenaaa O)J;Ha espezaa, nerepfiyproxaa TOp
!BRa, npisxaamaa B'b HOBrOpOIJ;'h If aaKyIIIIBmaH He MaJIO ryceit,
JJ;'IDlCh nx'b C'b oapblmOM'b, HO, yBbJ, y*aCHoe CJIOB
pyrnmm ea HaAemAIJ. Ho He B'b 3TOM'b )J;tJIO, a B'b CllJl
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B OIiIBaJIO; Ht'I'b HIIRaKofi H3JJ:OOHOCTH OIiIBaTb Bo aKaJJ:eMiu, HIl
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lITOOLt HaCJltJl.OBaTb aro anaaie, 1I npocrouy enpeio CJl;tJl3TbCJI
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l'Vl1AnBUr.
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H'BKOTOphle espea, aeraa JIyqme yBII,n:'BTb ero, BJI'B3aJIII aa spum
II TaM'b HaCJlam,n:aJlIICh naaasa, A qTO upoacxora 0
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n;aM'h; OB'h pas,n:pOOHJI'h XJI'BO'l> ua KyCOqKH II 6poca.JI'b IlX'h B'I> x a-
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9TII KyCoqKII.
llToobI COCTaBllTh ceot Ha)J,JIemam;ee noaarie 0
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OBn lIl\1teT'h jJ;JIH espeear, ocofieuuym rrpII'l'HraTeJIbHYIO CIIJIy, 3a1\.1110-
qalOmYIOCH E'h ceMeilcTBt 1I3pO.lIbRII, II3'b IIJIeMeHIl soroparo, n
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nocsran, XOTh pas'h B'b mlI3HH 03HaQeHHarO n;a,l(IHi. a n o,u:apuTb z.."'...
qtM'h MOmeT'b; caMhlI1 cKapeAllhlI1 enpea nauero He JRa
pauomeuia e
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pasrensr BeJIHKOJl'lHIHbI In Typen;Rll III ROBp 11 II T.K3 iI III-
BhIMH aaaaascaaa. Bt, KOHn;B 00 suroro napsa naxo BTCH pe-
. pacso ycrpoeunan opanaepea. 9TH HaooptTeHiH ca ott rouseauoa
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noxoaee na BOJlmeOHbIH SaMOK'b. A BJla,ll;BTe.1Jb 8TRX'b 6oraTCTB'b, B'b
pyRaX'b noroparo oocpesoroueao CTOJIbKO COKpOBHm;'b II O,ll; HO ane-
sp1mie aoroparo COCTaBJlHeT'b ,l.(JlH cyeBBpHhIX'L enpeem, Be.JI s oe csa-
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OJIIln;eTBOpeHHoe TynoyMie Petiexo lI3pOJlhKO. (ram, Ha3bIBaeTCH arcrt
QeJIoB1Hi'b, coaepmeauaa lI,l.(iOT'b). Ilors ero Ct,n;bIMII He
*KIlBeT'L pa3YM1>, Bn rpy,n;I1 ero HtT'b HlI&aROrO qyBcTBa,
XO,n;IIT'b OH'b He aaase KaK1> onapaacr, ua npOBO.IJ;HIIKa He H3'b CJIa-
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IS1> HeCBHSHhIX'b SByliOBn, rrOHHTHbIX1> O,n;HOMy ero ceMeficTBr n ce-
sperapn. Ror,n;a OH'L noaasnaaerca ua yJl RIJ;t , -qTO OOhIRHOBeHHO
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apuma, qTOOhI TOJIhKO B3rJlHHYTh ua osoero Il,n;OJIa. YPe6exa
B pOJIhKa ecrs aeua, ,n;OqeplI II CblHOBhH. J);OqeplI ero BhIXO,n;HT'b sa -
Jato nOqTII ,n;tThMII. H31> ero 3HTheBo, soropue BhIOU-
aIDTCH 06hIKHOBeHHO Mem,n;y caMbIMlI ooraTbIMH JIIO,n;hMH, BMtHHeTCH
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mea y. Eate,n;HeBHbIe Ka<pTaHhI ero cblHoBeit II 3HTheB1> mbIOTCH B31>
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Hi 'b nOJIhaYIOrcH n;a,lJ,IIKII . JI,a ' enpea, ooofieuuo xacaaa , rOTOBbl
oorOTBopHTh.
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o bKO B'b epBbltt II ue nOBllM3IO, llOqeMY H J/,OJIiReH'b BtpoBaTb B'1
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H 91'0 6yKBa? Xopout o, a
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p 30pOCaHH1IX'b B'b paaauxt, ueonpe eaauxa OT a 'b.
n rrbITaJICH coeAHHHTb nero 9Ty . ccy B'b mecn, sacrea; uo 0
BCKOpt yMep'b, 11 uasaroe n '1 At 0 OCTaB eHO aa 0 roe ape H.
BHa teHilThl ii II yqeHbIR AKHoa, OTOp ro espea Ha3bIBaIOT'h B'Io-
psnrs C'b 60 JIbIIIII '1 Ycepnie '1 rrpo 0 b nasar it
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He npespamaaacs, a nocreueuao COB1I AaJI aCl> ace rrpe II
nOCTaHOBJIeHiii, IIOBeJI1miii 11 sanpemenif AO Ton nopu sor pas-
BIIH'b IerYAa I'asonann., npoasaaaaf CBJITbUI'b (npasny 1> no
aaeaaro B'b HOBOM'b BaBtTt I'aaaalaaa) coopa b see aTO up B
B'b C1ICTeMY 1I 1I3AaJI'b Bb CBtT'b llOAp B33BaHi eM'b ama: e
BTOpoii BaKOH'b (IYAa mlIJI'b OKOJIO 200 f . no P. xp.). mnaa aa-
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TQfAa ua ncncpseaacat, nepeasmaanom, C'b rpeuecsmrs, aar
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rasie BeJIHKie yqUTeJIIl IlBpaIIJIj{: r lfJI.neJIb, AI\n6a II IYAa Hap mars
cym;ecTBeHHbIii 3aKOH'b, 0j{3bIBaBmifi c06.nIOAaTb npeaaai e II He up -
,l(aBaTb onoe llUCbMeHHOCTlI? Bt, onpasaauie aroro, paBBHHbI rOBOpRT'b

* ) AKII 6a 6I:J.il'h y 6I1T'h B'D TelllBIIIl,'B sa npIIBJITie yuacria B'D soscranin iy eea
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naraa '1, KOTOPLll\l'b 6WI'b noasepmyr -s crapem. AKu6a BIIlI,HO ero lIlY1fle TB'O:
y.u;Il.BJIJI 'D 1I1YQIlHlJI eU CBoeIO TBep)l.OIO B'BPOIO II .ll1060BilO li'L Bory. All Hi
JI.O.llIO aoroparo nranaaa rpycrnaa ,J;OJI1Kll OCT1 cORpaTIlT1 1KIl3Hb AI:m6a, B3r.
aa Hero, MOJIJlm,arOCJI II C.JIaBHmaro Bora, CKa3a.LI'I,: "Thl , Alm6a. MJ:I iron IIfllWl lL;.n
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aJI'b A Kn6a, MIl'1> BIiUJa.ll'b na .u: O.llIO npeKpaCDlJft 1Kpe6iit JI.OKa ar 8" ..r ...
ReMIift craxs: 6 I'ocnoaa Bora rnoero BC'h I'D cep ue ,BCP. 1n
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EO I lIOMIiIIDJIeBi n MOt ae JJ.OCTaBU.rro TOJI1ItO JlO , 3aTI> 0
y CBOlO jKE3Hh; 11 paJI, ylOcL, QTO Ull.C'fU.I 0 saxon n
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Bora. yCTpeMIIB'L raasa na YpUM'h II T YMInl'b II .lI:aBaJI'L OTBtT'h, KOTOpLl ,
QD(nJ3B,OCBJI'L no BJiIillUeMY B.lI:OXUOBeuiIO ( CM. ucrop. MIITp. lJ>1l -
Y'lIIre.JI.OO aKOUOB'L MOIlCeeBLIX'L.
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Sc IIOTpeOHOCTB eroro, B'tqaO 3 'bmIIo
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o m II 1l0BblX'b npemacaain. Ho Tyn BCTptlJ OCb aarp aeaie,
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'''''''''T y ,n;apCTBeHHoit UHoaeMHofi BJIaCTn KameTCH y ,n;06HbI M'1 II ecoo6-
a3HIiIM'b OOHapo,n;OBaHie aosaro sasoua, TO ona rs aers aTO B'1 CII Y
csoero anroparera, Ho B'b OblTY espeess, B'b OCO-
oeHHOCTII IIOOJIt nepsaro aarsaaia, }J,tJIa OOCTOHJIll aaaue. K'1 lJRC Y
rrpe).(MeTOB'1, oeaBoaBpaTHO IIorIIOmHX'b BMtCT'B C'1 IIepBbIM1> xpaso 'b
npuoa).(JIeZaJIlf YpUM'b II TYMIOI1> l> it ) KaKb JI
OHapo,n;OBaHiH aonaro sasona, TaK'b II ,n;JIH OTMtHbI craparo, rpetio-
BaUIaCIt nucnraa caasnia, lJtM'b O,n;HO TOJIbKO OOJIbillllHCTBO aaKOHO-
,n;aTeJIImarO coopaaia. HOBLIM aasom, IIpHMO lUll IIocpe,n;CTBeHHO l{OJI-
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II TopOit OH'b yMcTBeHHO cospsm, C'b cauaro rsopenia, a l{OKaaaTb
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1I HtltOTOpOe CXO,lJ;CTBO C'b TtMH, soropsre IIpHHHTbI ObIJIII
B'b pUMCKHX'b maoaars, KaK'b-TO: aaKJIIOlJeHiH, aaaaoria n,n;efi II II
pe,n;MeTOB'1, BLlBO,lJ;bl U31J aersaro ua Tpy,n;Hoe, OT'b otimaro K'b lJaCT-
HOMy II HaOOOpOT'b lIT. ,n;.
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1J eB'1, OLl.IIO eme xaoro TaKUX1J ,n;peBHHX'b l{.IIH KOTOpbIX'b
B ItHO Obl.IIO HaitTIIJ TOlJKY OIIOpbl; aTBM'b B 3aHJIJIIICb BblcmiH mKOJIbI;
1> neYToMIIMOIO ,lJ;tJITeJIbHOCTbIO pa3BBBaJIlI 3aKoHbI, ,n;JIH KOTO-
X'L llfrJlettcKiit CTIIX1J COCTaB.nJIJI'b BCXO,lJ;HyIO TO'llty. BCH era l{tH-
'E8.lII1HDeT pa3BlITiH 3altOHOB'b Hax0,lJ;u.nacb B'b pyKaX'b KHHiltHBKOB'b **),
TopbIe, FOBOpH c.nOBaMU a os ar o aansra, (CH,n;HT'b aa
Jt noir Eata T .I
). 3a TilTh na,l(o, qTO yCTHaJl 1\.0 UII T Y sec q '-nn,
e a IIMteT'I> TpB naasaaie saaaaro H3b HRI'b 000 BtK,...
OCOOOMy KJIaccy yqeHhII'b.
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GTBeHHO Ha3hIBaJilICh a soropue . II II B'b rrepio 'I>
BpeMeHII OT'h n3'h BaBIIJIOHCKaro n 'Ima ));0 rpeso-c p' _
CKHI'h npeCJIt));OBaHiii (220 JI. ));0 P. X.), COCTOJl.!Ia npeane soero
Do TOM'h, qTOOhI CJIt));IITh sa coxpaaeuieai, TeKCTa CB. Ilacaaia B'h
WOM'h BII));t, B'h KaKOM'h OH'h COXpaHllJICJI nOC.lI'B CTO.JIhKlIX'h aeosacria.
Hll cocaaraaa He TOJIhKO qllCJIO 3aKOHOB'b, HO )); ame qHC 0 CJIOBb,
OyKB'h H 3HaKOB'h CB. Ilacaaia, 11 TaKIIM'b otipaaom., OHO ObI 0 oxpa-
HJIeMO HMB OT'h rrO));)J;'BJIhHhIX'h BCTaBOK'h 11 nsspameaia.
HlI, KpOM:t roro, JJ;OJImHhI OhIJIll TOJIKOBaTh aaKOHbI rro COOTB'BT -
CTBeHHhIM'h HM1> KOTOPbIX1> OHII ObIJIn 06eperaTe.!IJIMlI . Ha
HllX1> aeaaaa OOHaaHHOCTh HapO));'b, upeuoatnuaars B'b
cauaroraxs II nponoamaaars B1> mKOJIaX1>. OHlI, KpOM'B roro, y orpa-
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OOHapO));OBaJIll HOBhIH rrOCTaHOBJIeHiJl, KOTOpbIJI CqnTaJIII He06xo));lIMllIMH
JJ;JIJI JIyqmaro oxpaneaia CTaphIX1> 3aKOHOB1>. BCH ));'BHTeJIhHOCTh aTBX1>
MY.iRe1t (( MymeIi oOJIhmoii caaarota -], napaaaerca n a nx'b ));eBHat:
By .n;hTe OCTOpOZHhI B'h CBOIIX1> cy));eOHbIX1> nparoaopaxs, npar or o-
BJiHIiTe aaoro yqeHflKOB1> II orpam)J;aIiTe 3aKOHbI .
IIOCJI'B KHIIlKHIIKOB1> (<< ) CJI'B));yIOTn 4: yqHTeJIH l> aaa
peneraropa (rauamrs), aaaanaesue rasae - (MaCTepa
CTpOIlTeJIlh, npIIOJIH311TeJIhHO OT1> 220 r. ));0 P. X.- 220 f. rro P. X.
h aToMy nepio.n;y OTHOCllTCJI noot));OHOCHaH .n; tHTeJIhHOCTh MaKKa-
seeas, pOm));eCTBO Iacyca Xpacra, paapymeHie xpaua THTOM'b, B03-
aaie Bap1>-RoxaObI npa A));piaHt, BTOpnqHOe 11 oKOHqaTeJIhHOe pas-
1lItmie Iepyoaaaaa II ooaepmeuuoe narnaaie uapoaa. Bt, 9TOTn
p 11; speaeaa uars Ilaaeeranoa fOCIIO.n;cTBOBaJIll O.n;HlI aa .n;pyrIIMH:
IrepCY, fa THHe, clIpiiiU;bI II plIMJIJlHe. OJ.(HaKO , HlIqTO aa J.(OJIro He
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e II Bt Phl aepaarsosoa, 001lCb, lI T06Id aaKOHn He noxsepr
enin, 00 JIB HymHhIM1> HBll Tb ero CBtTY; aTO B
it Iy.n;:a r aoaanrs. OH1>, KRIt1> MId name csasa 11,
eer aoaasnna .n;o Hero npe.n;aBi1l 9 'b

3 H
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Fe I ) rrpHITeQaTll BaIOTCH ITO 60KaM'b, B'b BRAt rrpmI'tqaHifi
J1' !'JI. B'I>-1I,BU: IepYC3JIlIlIICKiiI (l\hHIIlIa) II ( ?1I 0..ll-
,O,$ii).. 0 aJI YJI:a pa3HH'I'CR C060IO BrT> wnIWTOpIJ. "'b TOJ: KOB B111 .
OJIte H3B'1lcTeu'b II no.rube, KRK'b coopanie 1103 lit 111 ,
Ta.IfMYlI.a Qpe3'L .J.Ba CTOJI'BTiJlj snpo-r M1> , I p c
1_ IiIilS 'WUJUma I'O BRIJMaRill , Kaft'}, 60 ' e no IJ . B o603p1i:Bia
BOBb. Yqeuie aTO co,a;epJltHTh B'b eot 12
PLlX'.b K 0 t OTelI CKllX'b npe,a;auiii, upeacras eRO BO
.
aKOBlI sanp. npaBIIJJa 0 uanaoaur a CBllT OB'b 3 !tOH
oro ldX'b OOpHAaX'b canaroru; 0 cnocotiaxt, nreaia a II oauia p 3-
q J 1> TeKCTOB'h; 0 norpetieatn II OOpH,lI;aX'b npa HeM'b; 0 nose eui
'(i) e SI rpaypa, 0 OpalIHO}I'h COI03t H oeotieauo I\t 0 I apia; OOb
\!rn.iIU.l6CTBeHHblX'b OOH3aHHOCTHX'b npn pa3JIllqHblX'b OOCTOHTe bCTBa '1:
3 i; h me rpaxrars 0 ereneuars poaorsa, 0
qeCTHOCTII, 0 6JIarOnpUCToiiHOCTH a xopomaxt, upaaaxn; JIaHnI oco-
rrpe,a;nlIC3HiH ,u;JIJI yqeHarO KaR'b BeCTH ce6JI Jlyqme, H C,lJ; t aasr
ijplIoaBJIeniH 0 Mllpt 11 JIIOOB1I. Bcs 9TH H auorin ,u;pyriJI ,a;OIIOJlHeHi JI
n JJb3JIOTCH JIIOOOBiIO enpescsaro Hapo,a;a aapanus C'b KHIIra.\HI CB.
11 ,a;a.me OOJIte. PaBBllHbI yBtpHIOT'b, lITO II Ta.Dly,a;'b ,u;aHb
BorOAI'h ua CIIHat, sepeat, Br. KHBrt IlsBtcTHaro MafiMoHIIAa
rOBopIITCH, qTO BCHKOMy IlSpallJIbTJIHlIHY Heooxo,u;I1MO SHaTb 1 qTO 3a-
nOBt,a;lI, ,a;aHHhUI MonceIO BOrOM'b, conpOBom,a;aJIlICh II nCTOJIJWBaHiJI ra,
noo I'ocnon, rroBt,a;aon'b He TOJIbKO TeKCT'h, HO 11 ero 1I3'hJlCHeHie.
OIJJIO TaK'h. B03BpamaJICH B'b CBOIO naaarsy, TO
rrepBIJtI acrpsraamlaca qeJIOBtK'b Oblon'b Aapoat ; II l\Ioll cefi nposn-
:r.aJI'b eMY TeKCT'h, a IIOTOM'h c,a;tJIa.,1J'b nCTOJIKOBaHie
1
IWR'b OblJI O
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nepesaao. KorAa AapOH'b ctJI'b ua npasym CTOpOHy BOillJIII
Eaeaaaps II Ileaaapt, ChIHOBhH ero, KOTOP@J\!'b rasa e no-
BTOPlIJI'b TO, qTO rOBOpHJI'b AapoHy. CtJIII 11 aTH: OAHHn no .1ltByro
CTOpOHy MOMceH, a ,a;pyrofi no npanyio->Aapoua, H BOmJI lI ceMb,a;e-
WlT'b CTapttImllH'b nSpanJIbCKllX'b, KOTOP@M'b nepezan, TO .me,
@ AapoHy II CbIHOBhHM'b ero. Bees uaxonerrs Hapo,a;'b Bxo,u;aon'h, JRe-
aa O,fiptCTII rOCIlOJI,3, II rasae OhIJI'b BayqeH'b II nOBTO-
.()) b aTO ,a;o TtX'b nops, noaa He yc.1JbJmaJIII BCt ,u;o eaaaaro.
OHcen y,u;aonllJICH, Aapons nOBTOpIIJI'b OCTUBillllMCH, qTO OH'b
serape paaa, a no y,a;cueHin AapOB3, Eaeaaapt II Uea-
nOB'FOpll.ll 1I II Bapo,a;y TO, lITO CMIll casnnaaa
3 asme TO me cauoe c,a;tJlaJIH cr aptiiillIIHbl ; Ioccia H
[JOB 0 B Illl CROll 10 nacon'l>AHIlKartrb, a uepeas uaxs
",,,,,,,, ,,, ... , e 'lIp pasasor., ,a;o BpeMeHll. pansaaa IYAnI r..
,."".t.mB II yKpameHiJI csoero BtKU, KO pu
nacars B'b KllDrB. Bcs P< BB II

*) l\fuJJ:pam'L COCTaBUeT'L npeauvmectsenuo aereazapayio -racrs ra.rxyxa JJ


araerca rlM'L, qTO TOJI KOBao i e ero na CB. Il ncanie rrpomranyrn $aHTaaieIO, II
II MeqTaTe.JII.OOCTi EO, qTO ocorieuao npaanrca eapemrs. ll l> f rY:{-
eors eme II Ka66aJIa, - 9 0 TaMHoe yqeHie, OTK.pOBeHHoe CBLIUI e. lIo 6t -
eeas , Ka66aJIa aar e.JIOM'L Paaier eur, eme An:
a 1IY
, 1I0TOll'f, 3H
P BBliay AK 16y, It 'H"El OHoMy Bt.-120 r . 11(' P. X. l\Ir.r HlJ1Ke . 11 0;I;p 6 1;

9TO; n II y,l(HBItTe hHO, qTO, IIpHIIHChl B Tu..u. w
'8 j(elJie, eBpeU BM'InOT'h It'h ca ott ltHUr1> OCOOeHHO B
Hie. CymecTByen ,l(ame BtpoB3Hie, qTO b Eo roo
'h B 3aHBMaeTCJI lIMb fiamAhlfi AeHh. ITo CBIIABTe bCTB Tor
TaJIMYAa, I'ocnon., aaIIpaBJUIJI BhHJrnBMII MipOBhI n t a H, e e-
HIlLlA 12-TII sacosoa TpYA'b CBOft paonpenf Hen rasa 'h otipa-
.30 '1: uepsue TpII saca yrroTpeO.llJleT'h aa paaaumaeai e II o6cym e-
IIi 6YAym
HX'h
BBKOBLlX'h 3aKOHOB'h, nropue rpa saca OOAY hIBaen
K3K'b CYABTb Mip'b; TpeTbII - yrroTpeOJIJleT'h na paaaum eni e, KaK'b
.
yJ(OBJleTBopnTb BCBM'b HYZAaM'h snpa; B1> neraeprue uascaem, ar-
pa'eT'b C'b .JIeBiaeaHOM'h, a BelJepOM'h uaraert TaJIMYA1>
TpyJ(HO rrpeJ(CTaBIlTb nOCJIB aroro, KaK1> me OM eapea or'b He
Tb rrpUJIemHbIM'b B'h IIaylJeHin TaJIMyna, IwrJ(a n CaM'b Bors saaa-
MaeTCJI IIM'h. JRIlBO pacyerca MH't o.n;Ha ceMeitHaH sapr aaa. RaK1>
Tenepb rrOMHIO II3'b Moero Jl'tTCTBa: KorJ(a cooepyTcH BCt BlIt cr !> ,
UOOeHHO3nMOIO; He 33Me.n;JIllTl> yca)(IlTb naor, sa CTO.1l> n,
eRpblB1> CBOIO rpoaamym KBRry-TaJIMy.n;o MIIJJ;pama, *) csaaers:
OCJlymaiiTe, J(tTn, CJIOBa uamaxs BeJInKRXo yqnTeJIeii -paBBlIHOBl
11 BaqHeT'h lJllTaTh Co TaKlIMo mapOMo, lJTO BCt aacaymanrca ero.
II o-lJlITaB1> cnpOCIIT'h: Hy, KaK1> 9TO BaM1> HpaBIITCH, JIIOOe3HbIH
AtTn? - ryT'b )-OqeBb xopomo, 3aKplIlJlIM'h Mbl B1> OJlHBo
rO.lOC1>.-c: Ilonpaaaare me MH't, nomaJIyitcTa, Kor.n;a oy):(eTe OOJIbillIlMII;
nOYlJaitTecb B'h TaJIMy):(t II OJIaro BaM'h oy):(eT'h. ) Ibn raaae cneaa:
OldBaJIO, cnams HOqblO, a orem, yme sa KHHrolO TaJIMYJJ;a: ero rOJIOC1>,
paCTBOpJleMbIii auoraa TaK1> II OTJJ;aeTCJI B1> ymaxr, BC&O-
'IUmb, yMoembCJI, rro):(otiJJ;emb Ito HellY II cnpooams. 0 lJeM1> TbI,
.Jl! 6e:mliIir tara, TaK'h coepymaemsca II - Ax'b, )J;IITJI Moe,
UaM1l .lin He maaars? Mbl aamaracs oreuectaeaaaro rpar a Iepyoa-
.IIIMa, AaHHaro BOrOM1> OTn;aM1> HamlIM1> B1> HacJI't):(ie; a spara aamu-
ron OTHHJIIl Y uacs STOTl> CBJlTBiimiii ropors, II npa
77
o epym JIaeM1>, lepymaaaem.' f,lJ,t npeanaa C aa
oIlHtIie?! IIplI 9TIIX'h CJIOBaX'h y,lJ,apHT'h ceOJI B'h rpy ,lJ,b H 0
sa Koury. 3aMtlJaJ{ lJaCTO HOlJbIO orna sa O,lJ, HOIO II TOIO e
:DrUID, JI CnpOCBJI'h ero pass: a qTO me, rara, TbI MHt HBKorJr
e Aamb nosarars 9Ty BamHyIO KHlIry? >- Bmann. , )J,lITJI oe, 9Ty
.
,&RBry lIJIII, IIHalJe csaaars, 9'1'y sacrs HOlJHOrO CJI YiKeHlJI , aaauaae-
aaro (TbIKBH'h XU;OC'h, npHHJITO saran, OOJIte nOmlIJI bBnI espea HL
OHO, KOHeqHO, 11 ,lJ,tTJIM'h necsaa noyqlITeJIbHO uarars 9TO; nO,lJ,OOHoe
peJIHrioSHO-HpaBCTBeHHoe nreuie nplIOJIlImaeT'h aacs K'h Bory YCBOSIJI
ooot )J,OOPbIJI npaBIIJIa, II3JIOmeOHbIJI S,lJ,tCb II B'h ,lJ,pyrnx'h CBHrq. KHII-
rax'h HamlIX'b: KaK'b nanp., B'b KHlIrt BeJIIIKarO 3aKOH0JI:aTeJlJI lUOlIceSI,
apa )I,aBIIJI:a, Co.nOMOHa, caaa ClIpaXOBa II ,lJ,p. , MOl MOjKeM'b
OOJIte mllsHb, II CJI:t.JIaTbCJI IICTIIHHblMII D3palIJIb-
THoaMII, - ll cnoBt JI: HllKaMII Ieronsr. A Oe3'b eroro, Oe3'h peaaria B
HpaBc,TBeHBLlX'h npaBIIJI'h qeJIOBtK'h He MOmeT'b OblTb He TOJIbKO qTII-
TeJIeM'b Bora, 00 II qeCTHOlM'b rpaaaauanmrs; TaKoii lJeJIOBtK'b no-
,lJ,OOeH'b mIIBoTHoMY. Kam,lJ,oe CJIOBO OTIJ;a OT3OlBaJIOCb B'b JI:ymt Moe'
II He MOrJIO He OTpaSllTbCJI ua Mot II He nOOYJI:IITb npJIJIemHO 1131-
q3Tb TaJIMYJI:'b. Bess npeyaeaasenia rOBopIO, YlIlIJICJI JI TaK'b ycepmo
.
II TaK'b OTJIlIqaJICJI B'b SHaHIlI TaJIMY,lJ,a, lITO YJI:lIBJIJIJI'h He TOJIbKO
roaapamea no yqeHiIO, lIO II caaoro yqlITeJIJI, KOTOpLlii , meJIaJI OT-
JIIIqHTh MeOJI OT'b BCtX'h JI:pyrllX'b, npeJI:CTaBlIJI'b a a uepers
cTaptiimlIHaMlI caaarora II saCTaBIIJI'h npononsnasan, MYJI:PbIii rpaa-
ran, Ta,nMy,lf,a: SI 1IIITaJI'h ero CO BCtMlI KOMMeHTapiJIMII 1I TaK'b YJI:aqHO,
'ITO OT'b BCtX'b nOJIyqllJI'b IJOXBaJIy II OOlJIb nOqTeHb BbICOKlIMb 3Ba-
-xaxaaa>- MY,lJ,pen;a. Rb lIeMy? 3 alItM'b 9TO? RaKofi noctime
n K'b B1. TaJIMYJI:t ? ObI MomHO ronopars n o 9TOMy nOB0JI:Y,
o He B'h 9TOMb MOJI aasasa, CKamy KpaTKo- eCTh II Bb TaJIMYJI:t
.
CTOpOHOl: Bb HeM1> MHoro nOYlJIITeJIhBbIX'h npas ars, KOTOpOlJI
'P'h aa KamJI:ar O espeacsaro ionomy. KTO He HaOJIIOJI: aJI1> B'b
'P tOOTH B'b COOJIIO)J,eHiH caoea BtpbI 11 sasoua? RTO He aa-
qTD espea, He nOMOJIHBmnCh, HB sa lITO He noscri., He
IIV OWl' CBOBX'b npaS)J,HBKOBb II nOCTOB'b? B's )J,oMamnefi at 3H
OT il C 'peSBbIM'h nOBe)J,eHieM'h,
.... IIi b (j'b ceaseio 11 3aOOTJIHBbBI'b oruomeui 'h
o eo auo CBOll 'h )J,tTefi. Bt, npa3,lJ,HUKb q OR'h
aa m.aHCTBO 6esA llPOQTIl'I"'L
noaa rOB'b lUll liTO-HMO Ab 3'1 ra a e
BJtHJlIOT'b ce6t B'b 00R3aHHOCTb uposecn, B'b C ' 0
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I 'TanIYAa: MbI pasyMteM'b HpaBCTBeHHblR npana a npesa b


BHHOB'b-yllllTeJIefi nmoa: rna aa B I'n e R . Ho ec b, asv-
M :eTCR, aeocnopauo, B'b TOM'b .iKe ra M At B oconeuuo Bb Xl>
CTBX'b, ROTOPblH COCTaBJIeHbI nOSAHrBe, BO spe H rOHeHiH na enpeess,
-eCTb spaaae He6JIarOBBAHblJl, IIO.1JO.iKBBmiH, ltb coma 1miIO, He S-
rJIaAHMYIO neuars n ua nee enpeacrno. )I;eBBsb 9TOfl naorn ra yJI,a-
.1JIOOOBb It'b HSpallJIIO II HeHaBIICTh Rb ero sparasrs... Ho OOb 9TO b-
OCJIt. )I;aJIeKO He 6eaynpellHo npeACTaBJIHeTCH II sacn,
Ta.lIMYAa, TaKb onasars, eapettcr na, Bb RO-
OPOil uncro oanamoaapceauasm. cyeBrBpiit
XIII.
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A6o,m, a 3 .II. 3).
y qeHie T3AIUY;J;3 0 Bor-n If Ero aaHHTiHX'L.
IIsBtcTHO, nro ApeBHie acranuue H3paII.lJbTHHe IIMrBJIH rasoe
bICORoe IIOHHTie 0 Bort, 'ITO He psmaaaos npOH3HOCIITb Ero IIMeHll ,
a BMtCTO Iercsa (lUll, KaKb rOBOpHT'b enpea 9fire ) IIPOII3HOCll JIB:
AAOBafi, 9JIoiinnn, IIlaAafi).
Ilosmsnmte iYAen, Bn ClIJIy ylleHiH paBBIlHOBb, CTaJIII naane
CMOTprBTh ua CBHToe IBfH Boaie, anaae CTaJIII pa3cymAaTb II 0 At -
axt, Boaiaxt, IIpaBAa, lIMH Bora- lerona p;o p;HeCh mm rasae
He I1j}01l3HOCIITCH, a 3a1fI'BHHeTCH BJilme03HaQeBHblMJ1 IBleHaMII, lIO
ascya\JI,eHiH TaJIMyJl,a 0 Bort n 0 Jl,tJIaXb Ero CJIIUIIROMb CB06oP;Hbl ,
y 60.nte nenparasuu. TaKb, HaIIp. Ta.nMyJl,'b yBtpHeT'b, nro
o eoapymaerca, IIJIalleT'b 0 TOM'b, uro nomepn. B03JII06JIeHHblX'b
q Jl,1I @)BQUX'b 6tP;CTBiHM'b, p;orrYCTlIB'b paspyman, CBHm. xpam,
ilt. tI;aJIte CJItp;YIOT'b 0pIIrIlHaJIbHblH pascy.iKJI,eHiH TaJIMYAa
TeMbH00TB Ieroau. Bon, He npespamaers II reneps At JIa Caoero
If8, OJRllBJIHH IIOCTOHHHO Mip11 II IIOMbIIIIJUIR 0 JIIOOlIMOM'b CO-
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II
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He HMteTo xyp;a rOJIOBy npeKJIOHnTh. He oy p; e 0 nepe aBaTb
tX'L TeOJIl)rllqeCKnXo crpaanocrea, aasin HaIDJlH ceot npuon. B'1
03SptHiJlx'L TaJIMyp;a na Boaecrso, H OCTaHOBHMCH CTO b ate KpaT&O
na ylJeBilI 0 cornopeaia Mipa.
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XIV.

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ylJeBie, MomHO BCTptTIITh II TpaKTaT'L, OTSbIBaIOm,inCH JlYXOM'1 rpe-
lJecKoii <l'IIJIocopilI, MO.iRH 0 BIIJ.\,hTh B'b TaJIMyp;t II paSHbIH aapsneaia,
p, OJIelJeHBbIH B'b aJIJIerOpHlJeCKiJl CRaSaHiJl II OaCHU. BOJIte BOCTOp-
meHHbIe II MeqTaTeJIhHbIe paBBIIHLI XOTtJIU B'1 onoJIill He
npOCTbIJi C.1I0Ba, a COKpOBeHHbIH, MYJlPbIH U HaIDJIII OHbIJI, Kal\'b MbI
ceiiqac'b CKaSaJIU, B'b rpesecsoa <}>IIJIoco<}>iu. 1I BOT'L 9TlI TO
-
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uipa KaK'b ObI -Bepemars-bapa 9JloiirnM'L >- Born C03-
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naro xipa: BOAa, orons II BtTep'b; Bop;a cosrara TbMY, orcas C03-
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npOH.30mJlII: nepBOHaqaJI bHIJtt U.JJ'b -sel\IHott maps 1I c crpaaa nena >
- He6ecHbItt CBOJ{'b C'b ero cBtTDJIaMD.
B'b casar o rsopeaia TaJIMYA'b BnOJIHt npnaaaere
eereneaaoe paasarie KOCMoca >. ECTeCTBeBHO ObIJI O Mipy r OBopUTb
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, C03JI.aTbCH Be BApy r'b, Be B'b mecrt, ABeA, a B'b secsna npo 0 -
J) oe BpeMH, T&K'b IWK'b ABO: Boala He T3KOBIJ, sa n
e ie; CBHlI\eHBO Ilacauie rOBOpUT'b HaM'b, lITO 0 H'b us
o AIDB. H JKH3HlI E B ERn'b.
1)1 paltHlIeTeJr TLICSlqU tn H illBX'h,
J{ MaTb, qTO MOp'b uanrs 06paaOB CJI '1 reseuie HDVIl.UAJ;I,a"
CRqeJI'tTiD.
rOBOpHTb, qTO Bon C03AaBa 'h lip a i a
pymaJI'b HX'b sa nOK3 OU'b, uaKOUeD,O, C03 a 1> n -
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qTO: To)!!, ItTO CTOJh qTO CJIOBOM'b e,lJ;IlHbl 1'1 Mon Bee
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HymHo 6blJIO rasae npRJIaatHBaTbCJI R paacaarpasars, KaKOa HS1>
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OH'b BIIOJlHt saaers, qTO xopomo II qTO otT'b. )l;ame ns'b rnopeait
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B'b O)l;RB'b past, n oes'b BCJIKarO nSMtHeBiJI: 4: no CJIOBy rOcnOAOIO,
CKasaHO B'b KHlut MofiMO,lJ;blC'b, aetieca, 0YJJ;yqH csepnyru KJIyOKOM'b,
pasBepHyJIBCh HaJJ;'b BCeJIeHHOIO, TtM'b jEe CJI OBOM'b rOcnOJJ;HIlM'b yT-
sepraaacs B SeMJIJI H coaaaao nee, qTO sa Hei). (CM. KHBra MaA-
MO,n;blC'b, meCT1I)J,HeBHIUt'b).
A BOT'b eme opBrBHaJIhHOe pascyiK,n;eHi e TaJlMYJJ;a 0 TOM'b, qTO
npa coraopeala Mipa. Bi, KHHrt HJIKyT'b llIHMOHII B'b
TpaKTaT'I> 0 coaaania xipa nOBtcTByeTcJI ram: 4: II nplImJIII Ii'b Eorr
3JI<paBHTa, 11 KmK,n;aJl BS'b HBX'b upocara, qTOOLI IIocpeJJ;CTBOM'b
ea Bon coaran. Mip'b ). It'b aToMy Orion, paoli npacoaosymaers,
qTO Bon paaroaapasan, roraa C'b oyKBaMB, opa.lI'b na pyKB 60JIhmOe
B MaJIOe MeM'br JlI060BaJICJI BMB, JIOObISa.JI'b HX'b, a ont 06t npespacao
n tJIH npers BOrOM'b ) . BOT'b neasnocrs! caaaeri. xpacriaamrs.
BBBH'b CBMeOH'b CbIH'b Ilannaa, KaK'b 6bl JKeJlaJI nepem ro.... ..
fiy MYJlpOCTiIO, aaraerca eonpocoxt.: orsero JlyHa aeasme
HaOHcaBO: C03)J;3 Bon, JJ.Ba CB1>TIIJI3 BeUI ia JI
: C tTWIO 60JIbme f n CBtTIIJO ueasme (Bar. , 1
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VG.&lJQ,Q
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J(Ba napa OLITb nOJ('b OJ(BOIO ROpOHOIO II BMt CTt roCIIO C BO-
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b' cnOAB Mlpa, TaK'b saito SI IICTBHy B npaBAY rosopa a Tefit ,
ftr/ U I sa 'lTO MHt YMeUbmaTbCJI? CTynan, csaaan, BOrD, 0 Beb
ae B HOqb! JIyHa CnpQ;CIIJIa: qTO me 9TO aa nosecn., qTO aa AO-
<tKylO nOJIb3Y aasaeauaa cBtqRa npBHOCBTD B'b no.
A Bb?-OTOBAII! nplIOaBIIJI'b Bon., Hapom, BapaUJIbc:&ifi no rsoe y
reseano 0Ytlen csaran, CBOB AHB II rOAbJ. Ho JIyHa noapaa a,
81['(1) BOO espeam, AOJIJltHO OYAeT'b csaran, co aesnoe
TOJlHie a paBUOAeHGTBie uenpeasnao no reseauo KaRl> aa-
nacaao, qTO II SBtS,lI;bI Oy,ll;yT'b AJIJI oaaaseaia spesem, ABefi
II rOAOB'b (BLIT. 1, 14). Bon, upacoaosynars: cTynafi ! U npauesnana
(npuMtuuTeJIbHO it'D Teot) OYAyT'1 CqUTaTb cena MaJILIMB: Iasoss
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JiTtrnllTb II ycnoKoIITb Bon, OOpaTIIJICH K'b anrerass, If ro-
OpUT'b: coaepmare YMIIJlOCTIlBIITeJIbHOe 000 MHt npaaomeaie, qTO
H YM3JIIIJI'b .J1jBry).
RaKoBo .lImeMy,ll;pCTBOBaHie TaJMy,ll;a! ..
Teneps ItOCBeMCJI YijeHiJl paBBBHOB'b OO'b aareaaxs.
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Ilepnue coraopeaa, no yqeHilO TaJMyJl,a, BO 2-fi tleBb, a 3JIbIe cos-
Bb cyMepKu 5-ro AHH. ).I;oopbJe aurera 0YJl,YTb oymecrsoaars
tqHO, II TOJIbKO HtKoTOpLIe H3b HUX'b npeaparars csoe cymeoraoaauie.
CnO,ll;b Bon, eme U reneps TBOpRT'b HOBble MHOrOqnCJIeHHbJe COHMbI
f1eJl ().B'h, aoropne aocnsaasm, BO CJIaBY Bora XBaJIeoHyIO ntcHb.
pasuae qHHbI aHreJIOB'b: xepyBIIMOM'b naauaaeroa aHreJI'D BOIIBbI;
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3 BBOTHbldl II craxia: JIyHa, 3Bt3)J;bl rasae IlMtIOT'h CBOUX'b
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oopLle aa eau, no yqeHiIO MaitMoHBAa, - 9TO )J;ymu aeoecasm. TtJI'b.
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CTO.llbKO II 113'h BO));Ll; BHyTpeHHHH IIIo .u; y ma COTBopeHa H31> ar pi
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CTaBJIJIIOT1> JIIO)J;JIMo CHLl, )J;pyrie ate CII)J;JIT1> aa )J;Ht MOpJI II yH xro-
.4KRJlR ObI necs Mipo, eCJIII ObI oTTy ,lJ,a ObI.lI R OCBOOO4t.u;eHhl ; HHhIe
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JliaBOJIFiI npeOb1BaIOT'h OKOJIO paBBIIHOB1> ( rp. Bepaxs f 6, 1), soropae
CBJIOIO IIXo cosepmaam, BeJIIIKiJI )J;tJIai TaK1> paBBIIHo E iaaaps
nycThIH IIOJIJI Bo HanO.IIHeHHblH' .u;LlHJIAHI. ITo CBH.IrBTeJIh-
CTBy TaJIMy));a, CaM'b narpiapxr, ABpaaMo OIiIJIo 81> caomeaia Co
,l{yxaMII. Ha met y ce6SI OH'h HOClIJI'b K3MeHh, KOTO-
PhlMo ycntmHo JItqlIJI'b OOJlhHblX'b. TaKIIMo JKe BJIa));t.IJH
II HtKoTophle paBBHHbI, OTo npIIKOCHOBeHiJI Ko BOCKpema-
JIBCh II xepraue.
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e peest, DO 8 MeatAl xpacriaaaaa. Yseale 3'1'0 npe,ll,CTaBJIHeTCH sa-
'h-TO TaHBCTBeHHblM'b H: HeBOJIhHO nuausaerr, ua 06'bHCHeHi e.

'I'paa, Ba6a 144, 2.


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y OTD,a: rJl,t me mepTBa? - ABpaaM'b OTBtTlIJI'b: -Bon, yBIIJJ;OT'h
mepTBy) ,-(KaK'b BeJIIfKa OLIJIa Btpa y orna BOC-
saanaers MH)lpam'b: BtJl,h OB'h anan., QTO B03.llroO.JIeHHblfi CMB'b ero
HCaaK'b npeJJ;Ba3HaQaJICH B'h mepTBY, a rOBOplIT'b: c Bors y mfOTpII T'b
eot aeprsy. qTOOLI nOHHTh 9'0 HeOOXOJJ;lIMO nposecn, TO Mt CTOB'b
fiR6UIio, r}J;t roaoparca 0 POKOBOM'h tIact npUrOTOBJIeBiH 01D,a
ffi aeprsoupanomeauo ChIHa-HcaaIm: II m.JIII otia BMtCTt (ELIT.
6, ) oretrs II ChIH'h II .n;.JIH OJJ;DBaKoBofi D,t.JIlI : nepBMit, tI'fOOhI sa-
JIaTb, a sropoa, tITOObl OhITh 3aK.JIaHBhIM'b; TYT'b olJ.m Biipa uu-
CT meA BeBflHBOCTD 1I nspa IIcnLIT3BBtiimeii psmauocr n:
pann, yBtpHeT'h, qTO KorJJ;a ABpaal\l'b OCTaBII.JI'b OTPOKOB'b y
phi II B03JIOmlIJI'h nposa aa mesa Ilcaasa, a CaM'h B3HJI'b orcas
HOat'b, TO' Yme HCaaK'b tITO OH'h JJ;OJlmeH'h 6Ii1Tb
, nOToMy T Ii BOCK.JIBD,aJI'b JJ;Bam)J,hl : oruel BOT'b orcas If
!B fAt me arne 'b.! Basoe ymacHoe no.lIomeHi e rOBOPIIT'h !lB -
61J 0 0 My tIeBiH C'b MlIHyTOtl yen BB( OTen;
E P
T 'b Y ep Tb BMtCTt C'b hIDO 'b ue a 0 'L
BCt aiepTBOIIpBUOmeuiJl B'h 0 UO "b
y ooooesuo CT3UOIJDJIOCb THailiO, KorA C3a lJ, TOJI
aaasa, nOBTOpUJI'b BOIIpOC'b: orern, MOti ! r t e arnein, H
. ? TT
':lTO Morn CKaaUTb paCTepaaUUhlfi AymolO orem, aa II
00Mit 06M3UYTb cuaa, KOTOpblfi qpe3'b as cao b 0 BV"""
Jlzeuo Be.!lIIqafimero JRepTBOIO JI. JI Bora, OhlJO 0 oe3-
aa:cy,lJ;uo H He Bo npaBeJI.UllKa, a csasan, Chl BY, qTO OU
AeTo 9TOIO JRepTBOIO, Ka3aJIOCb TJIJRKllM'h, QTo6@ npe1&JI.eBpeMeBRo
MYQnTb ero; a BOT'b ABpaaM'b JI.aeT'b caMblfi npaBJI.nBbIR or snrs:
LIH'b AWit! Bor-s ycMOTpnT'b Ce6t aruna (lerona ape) AJIJI BCee01&-
eaia: BO:3JIOatRM'b aa Hero Bee yncauaie, OU'b cnacert, nacs. Tam,
csaaaas ABpaaM'1 norouy, sro OH'b BtpnJI'b 06trn;aHiro Boauo, sro
OT'1 IIcaaKa P;OJIatHO npoaaoara MHOrOqllCJIeHlIOe IIOTOMCTBO, TO KaKb
ate Bon p;orrYC'l'il'f'b aapnsan, Hcaasa, BtAb TOfAa He MOffieT'b 6blTh
UCrrOJIHeHO Ero Ilocaf 9THX'b CJIOB'b, Anpaasn;
.
npacrmaen, K'h P;1>JIY- K'h aaaraano HcaaKa, HO npeA'b 9TllM'1 aep-
atllT'b TpOraTeJIbHylO ptqb: CblH'1 MOti Bos.Hro6.neHUblfi! TbI aaaems,
XaK'1 JI ceprenno JII06JJIO TeOH II BOSJIroOll.n'1 eme C'b AtTcTBa, BtAf>.
TLI Y MeHH nsmpomeaaua y Bora; OH'b p;apOBa.n'b MHt Te6JI IIOCJIt
1I0rHX'1 ootToBaHiii; H@H'I> Bory yrO)J,HO, qTOObl JI BOSBpaTII.JI'1 TeO&
EMf BY)J,b Be.nlJKo)J,ymeH'b, CbIH'b MOlt, II cO)J,tJIafiCH mepTBOIO AJlJI
Bora. BtP;b Korp;a-HnoY)J,h HymHo yMHpaTb: OT'b THmeJIofi 60JItSH
Bill OT'1 ,l.{pyrllX'1 HeC'laCTHbIX'1 npauatrs, TaK'b He JIll yMe..
er p;.nJl I'ocnoaa, Bori, SOBeT'1 reoa, 3HaQllT'1 TbI yro)J,eH'1 EMf) '
K'h, BbIc.nymaB'h HasH)J,aTeJIbHOe CJlOBO orua, CKaSaJI'b: (JIIOOeS-
I pOAlJTeJIb Mon! H BO BCeM'b rOTOB'h rrOBllHOBaTbCH Te61>, eCJI
T.LI II O)J,llH'1 noaeaars, qTOObI JI npaneceas 6bIJI'1 H'h mepTBy
, TO H II roraa He npOTIIBIIJlCH OM, a TtMb oo.nte reneps,
01"1 sroro aeaaers, - COTBopn me csopse yrO)J,Hoe EMy) .
H6aa&'b npocan, orna CBHsaTh er o Kptrrqe, QT06bl om,
a hey conpOTHBJIeHiH: Bt }J, b H MOJIOJl,'b II CHJIeH'b) ,
M,ory HeBOJlbHO OTTOJIKHy Tb TBOIO Ii

Ry 6LIllO roraa OROJIO 30 ,D:T'L. He B 'I> QllSIt-


rrOJIaraIDT'I>, 'ITO IICaaK'D, I'IJllI n a e B
arecTBeHHliIll IIcaaR'D - I'ocnoas In y 1>
m''' I'llJ''ll'W a r XII Mi a.
e
B
n
T
o
H
nOillllBTJ> omie DOBe rnUle ) . ap 'b
JED II) er 03r m.epTBeOOlIK'b e saue
b er , no asre sr, BH)lfJB'b oaaaauaaro ca ,Bll P -
sa H, no otpeoiro xo at i:tcTBoBaTb a 0 0
'l) Bormrs, II BOHJI'b l\fOJIITBt anre OB'b, II epa a
&ate MOJlHTB't I'IcaaKa, MO. asnrarooa ua aepraeau t.
BOT'h AureJl1> rpOM&O B3blBaeTD &1> Aspaa 'b
611: ABpaaMe! Aapaaae' ae pyKH TBoen na OTPO&
e J{$JIafi OHM']) OMQerO (BhIT. 22 CT. 11 , 12). 1 caumam,
a on aOreJIbCKiii rOJIOCn, Aapaaat. Bn KycTapolIKt osaa
I f nero OH1> C'b 6.J1arOroBtuieM'b npauecs ero
181> mepTBY BMtCTO csma Ilcaaaa (CM. TOJIKOB. aa nJITOKUlIjK.
cssa uparaaaasno Ds06pamaeT']) Mun;parnb mIIsob BeJIIKarO npoposa
MUlIceJI.
o M 0 U c e 't.
XIX.
BCJI atD3Hb npoposa MouceR, rOBOpHT'b Mll,lJ;paIII'b, npenCIIOJIHeHa
6ldJIa qynecaMIL CB. onoJIiJI nepeaaeri, aam, KaRo qyp;ecHo r OC-
Q,!(b enact, l\IonceJI OT1> cauaro pom,lJ;eHiJI. MSBtCTHO, lITO epapaOH'h,
06JICb pa3MHOmeHiJI eapeem B'b ErIIIITt, BeJI'BJI"b YOlIBaTb BC'BX1>
MymecKaro 1I0JIa; aToA yqaCTn , ,lJ;OJImeHb ObUb ObI 1I0P;-
If rHyTbCJI H HO TyT'h-TO a npOJIBJIJIeTCJI lIY,lJ;eCHaJI caaa
ia; lPapaOH1> He TO.llbKO He aeaauaaro, -He YOlIBaeTb
smaro H3b eBpeiicKnX'b - ROTOphIfi O,lJ;RH'h, no
'b CTOHJI'h BCtX1> H3panJIbCKIIXb, HO eme
Bo:en:nTblBae'l'1> ero, KaR1> pO,lJ;HOe Bb He
b 9/rD.?l 3aTtM1> MII,lJ;pam'b co CBottcTBeHHblM1> yB,lIeQeHi eM1>
iPBl 4il" n 0 B.ctX1> COBepmOHHLIX1> B1> ErnuTt,
!tTl & AO Y CJJORy ero HaBH3bIBaeTb CORpOBeHHbl fi miMe 1>'
H -II II Up'll, MOBa K'b <papaoay: Born eBpefic&i
It lit. qTOOIiI TFJ OTIIYCTII b HapOJl,1> Ero 0 0-
o eaie- n . 1 'OJ)' <I> paOH'll ( TO
o
V.I.';.apam'D yBtpneT'D, qTO 6y.u.
TO
y lflapaoBU 6JJJa anura, B'D KOTOD"OII
:u,zqecKie 60r KpOMt espeilcaaro, nOTOMy 08'D r a
C' aro B r .
OTBtTO 0 : (H He aaaio enpeacsaro Bora ") , c - T He
eapeacsaro Bora, csasa 0 oacea BOTh CeRqaCo '3Ha nn.
Caaaast, ram. , MooceA BeJltJlo AapoHy 6POCll Th CBO ea '1 0-
eeeas), TOTo nCnOJIHllJI'h uonemnie , II 0, qyn01 aea 0 oopar Bb

8MIH H CTaJI'h TaKOMo yataCHhUlo, qTO noapa 0 BCtXo 3 i Bo


C,lJ;tJlaHHhIX'h BOJIXBaMII.
MU,lJ;paw'h O'h TaKOM'h ,lJ;y xt uepeaacrs H 0 npyrHxo q eca 'b"
HO MbI csaraem, llSJIIImHOM'h nepe,lJ; aBaTh 050 ncesrs, a OCTaOOB b
BllHMaHie sa TOM'h, gTO npe)J,cTaBJIHeTCH 50 te 3aMt qaTe bHhI o-Ha
aaauia MU,lJ;pama 0 gY,lJ;ecHOM'h nepexons B3paU.JIbTHHo gpeWb llep -
Hoe Mope. Kam,lJ;hlR HSPUBJIbTJlOUH'h ,lJ;OJImeH'h 3HaTb, qTO I'ocno b
ooaepmars BeJIIIKiH gYAeca uamasn. y 'Iep uaro MOpH: 00
IIpOWJIU no BOll,aM'b ero, KaK'b no cymt. H qTO sa tqaTe bHO, upo-
,lJ;OJImaeT'b MUApaW'b, 9TO TO, gTO IISpaUJIb BO osho BBAt JI'b, KTO no-
60pHeT'b sa Hero, onacaeri, OT'b rHaBmIlXCH sa HUMB B'b noromo
eranram.; BBAtJI'b Bora BO 06pas'B MJlaAarO BODHa (MecciIO), B-
AtJI'b II paAOCTHO BOCKJIDKHYJI'b: - ae 9JlO aeansiob - ( CeE: MoD Born
B npOCJIaBJIIO Ero, porn aoero B npesoaaecy Ero, CJIaBHO 60
npOCJlaBIICJI. Ror,lJ;a IISpalIJlbTRHe noonseaaa 9TY XBaJIeoHyIO nscas,
TO aareaa, COgyBCTByJl BX'b paAOCTlI , HaqaJIII Obl JlO, no yBtpeHiro
MlfApama, Tome ntTb, HO I'oonou, OCTaHOBlJJI'b . axt , rosopa: BbI
S3QtM'b uoere?' COSAUHie uoratiaers, a BbI BS,lJ;YMaJIll ntTh;-
nYCTb uoert aapaaas II npOCJIaBJIJleT'b IIMH Moe sa csoe cnaceuie .-
II nOIOT'b, B CJIaBRT'b cuuu HSpaIlJIJI n no Hbmt rOCIIO,lJ; a emeAHeBH
sa caoe QYAeCHoe Ds6aBJIeHie.
a OIIDCaHieM'b aroro QYAeCHaro cooaria MII,lJ;pam'b Be,lJ;eT'b ptqb
AvyrHX'b qYAeCax'b HO MbI OCTaHOBIIM'b BHIIMaHie ua rJI aB-
II - ua CHHaiicKOM'b 3aKOHOAaTeJIhCTBll .
xx.
CUH8UCRoe
OaMylO ossmeaayn B'b 000 ill COCTaB Hen H
eem, caasaaie 0 CIluaficKOM'b 3aKOUO)];aTellhcTB't. Cotiurie 3TO, 0-
epmasmeeca sa H'tCKOJIhKO ThICJIqe.lltTifi , a lten Ii no HIllU'!> BOft ,
23AymeBHhIfi aurepecs )J;JlJI aaaaaro IIspaIl.lhTJIUIIU3 . 0 C ua COl,
3aKOHO)];aTe,lJhCTBt roaopars C'b ocorieuasnn, aocxauteuieas orem
' ChI Uy , MaTh )];oqepn, crapeirs ioaonra, CJIOBOM1>, 1l31> YT'b B1> YCTa
nepexonrn. 9Ta aasan OCTopiJI, nSBtcTUaJI no)];'b II feUeM'b 3TaU1>
Topa a, KOUeqUO, IIepeAaeTCJI 3TO C'b paSJIIIqUhUm
MBApama. Oaaaaosoe 3aKOUOAaTeJIbCTBO lIM'BeT'b )];JIH espeem. TO
B3atHOe suaseuie, qTO OUO, no yB'BpeuilO paBBIIUOB'b, napaaaers
{)COOeHUoe oJlarOBOJIeHie Boaie &'1 IISpa1lJIlO, paJJ:1I sac.JI y X'b 1IX'b npa-
ABpaaMa, IfcaaKa II Iasoaa. Ierona OOpyqIIJI'b HSpallJIJI K'b
-Ge04t CBOOM'b saKOUOM'b, rOBOplIT'b MIIApam'b, KaK'b meUlIX'b 06py
saerca cs UeB'BCTOIO); rOBOpJI TaR'b, paBBlIUhI IIO)];KP'BIIJIJIIOT1> C.'IIOBa
Ilacanieaa: Oopyqnx'b TJI B1> nCTIIU'B, OOpyqII B1> TH B1>
paB)];t, OOpYQIlX'b TJI B'b BtK'b K'b Ceot.
11 BOT'b C'b KaKOIO TopmeCTBeUHOCTbIO COBepmllJICH 3TOT'b CBH-
COI03'1, oparepcreyeri, MlIIJ;pam'b. ( B'b 3-ii IIO nco
'10)];t ChIHOB'b BSpaIlJIeBhIX'b B31> SCMJlll eraneroson, IIpnmJI II OTn;bI
aama B'b IIYCThIUIO CouafiCKYIO 0 paCnOJIOiKIIJIBCh CTUUOM'b y Canas
(lIcx. 19, 1). BSOme.JI'b K'b Bory, UO )];JIJI nero? )I;.UH roro,
TOOhl BblC.JIymaTb P'Bqb Ierosa OOn BM'BIOIIJ;eM'b coaepmarsca saRO-
QJ(aTeJIbCTB'f). BOTb IIOJl,.JIUUUhIH C.JIOBa Ieronu, aapeseaaua lUoII ceIO:
(CKamlI Jl,OMY Iaaoareny a BOSBtCTll ChIHaM'b aapaaaensnn., BbI BII-
,J1,tJIII, qTO .a CJI,tJIaJIb C'b eranraaaaa, II KaK'b H UOCHJIb BaC'b 1\3&'b
hI aa OpJIRUhIX'b &PhlJIbJIX'b II npaaecs BaC'b 1\'1 Ceot, T. e. CIOj{a
'1 CRU1JO, qTOOhI OCBHTllTh aact, MORM'b SlKOUOM'b' cor.aacuhI in
,
BhI ero npauars? ECJIII COr.iJ.aCUhI, TO oyJI,eTe Hap0Jl,OMb
II uapOn;OM'b CBJIThIMb :.. l1apaIIJIh ua aTO rrpej{JIOmeHle
auoavmuo OTB'llTH.'1b: (BCe, QTO oaaaers Bort., COTBopllJl'b II no-
ymaeMb (Hex. 19, 8). Ho Bon, 3H8JI'b, qTO If-
O!D aapynnm, Ero ca . 3aKOH'h; OH1, He pHSr 1>
OBHAAcKOE JbCTBO.
-
a K 111>, a CIlPOClIJib npeaae, saKyIO rapaaruo OR"L ,lI.aeTb T
ai&on 91'OTb 6y,ll.eT1> CBHTO HMb COXpaHJleM1J. EBpeH B H
npaOl'I\a ABpaa&fa. eHo OHb corptmnJIb', CKaaaJl1J fOCUOAb. cOB
yK8aaJIlI aa lIcaaKa, Iasoaa, canoro nIollceJl; n OHn Bct corptmll H).
TOf,ll.a espea BOCltJllIKHYJIll: nycrs iKe ,lI.tTH uainn oY,lI. T'b sa
aaci, nopyaoio! II I'ocnnn, csaears aa 9TO, &a&b cKaaaHO: aa
.lIeDel''!> rpY,ll.HbTX'L MJIa,ll.eHI\eBb OCHOBaJI1> GHn Caoe.
flo H3'bHBJIeHilI HapaJIJIeM1> aeaaala npaaan, aa&OH1> B CBHTO
C 6JIIO,lI.aTb ero, TbTCHqa aHre.JIOBb, no yBtpeHiIO.MlI,lI.pama, 06CTyUlI H
ere n TopmeCTBeHHO ooupouoaaara K1> ClIHaIO; ropa CHHaficl\aJI aa-
II uarayJIaCb HaAb rJIaBaMlI enpeem., 9TO ,lI.JIH sero?)J;JIH
[loro rosopars Pe6e qTO eCJIlI 6bl aapaaasraas B3J(yMa
Y&J10HHTbCH OTb npUHHTiH sasoaa, TO OHa pyuraaacs 6bI ua HlIXb
a saaaaara 6bI (CM. rpaarars Illafiaet, CTp. 8); HO aapaaas He OT-
crynaaca OTb ,lI.aHHaro CJIOBa- DpHHHTb CB. 3aKOHb. TOf.u;a MOllcen
aasepran, eapemrs nOpH,lI.OKb onameaia II nOBe.JItJIb 61>lTb rOTOBbIMII
.
Rb npaaaruo 3aKOHa: KpyroMb ropsr OHb npoaers qepTy, sa KOTO-
pylO aaDpeTIIJIb nepeoryuars, rrO,ll.b orpaxoas CMepTII: (BCJlKb, npa-
KOCHhlBhlitCH K1> rops, CMepTiIO yMpeTb) (Ilcx. 19, 12). HaROHeI\b,
aapa rpersaro ,lI.HH JIBDJIaCh aa ropaaonrs. YTpOMb, rouopart, TaJIMy,ll.b,
',lI. eRh OblJIb caMbIii HCHbIii, BAPyr'L 06JIaKO nOKphlJIO CTaHb napaaas-
cKift n casnnam QbI.JIb Tpy6Hblii 3ByKb II MO.lIHiJl. l\IoBceit CTaJI'b
nO,ll.HIIMaThcH na netio, napors, o.JIaroroBtiiHo D311paH aa aro, CJIt-
,lI.OBa.JIn sa RIIMb aaopom., noaa OH'D CRpbl.JICJI B'b 06JIaKt. RaRaJl
,lI.BBH3H, DomeCTBeHHaJI sapraua lIao6pam3JIaCb npe,ll.'D spuTeJIHMHI
JIB qe.JIOBtK'h sorra Hn6YJJ;b, rOBOpnT'D l\1lIJ.{pam'b, Bll,/(tTb no-
AOOHoe 8a aeM.JIt?
llo BOCXOXtJJ;eHiu MOlIceH aa 8e60, I'ocnos, KaK'b yBtpHeT'b MHJl-
m BCTaJI'D co Csoero c: KlIceKOBOJ(1) ) (rrpeCTo.Ha) H nomeat, Bb
yC'I10Mlh OOJlaKt Itb HapOJJ;Y 1I3paOJIbCKOM}T, Qr06hI B03BtCTHTb eMf
CJIOBeca 3aIIOB1;JJ;o. Bees CouaH K33aJICH B1> orut HTyT'
o pa3JJ:a.JruCL CJIOBa IeroBhI: c Bmmatt, IISpaHJIb, fJIaC
ea IDUHFO, a fOC!OOJJ:b BQr1> TBOit, (HSBJIeKmifi Te6H Ha1> ...
eranercsaro], He IIOKJIaHHitcH 60raM1> QymJJ:hlMb, II Uf)
h sanoBt JJ:eit). rOCIIOJJ:b rrepeCTaJI'b ronopars, H Be a...-_A
y3tl1COM1>, 6TOHJI1> B1> OT,1J;a.JleHiH, II CKaSaJl1> M ce .
H
a II oaTO
n OTbIO ) .
aKl> 0
h)
BaJJ

XXI.
o CMepTH
Csaaaaie 0 caepra BeJIIIKarO Ilpoposa MOBceH TaK'b xapasrepa-
mqB0'l- OaCHOCJIOBBO aaoopaaeao MD).(pamOM'b, qTO, QUTaH oaoe,
Hxo).(umh K'b S3KJIIOqeoiIO, qTO pasaaun OT'b HSOhITKa qyBCTB'b He
31l ltaR'b JIyqme ee onacan.. Tast, pa66u Taaxaaa Bn csoeu
BOp iill ).(OXO).(IIT'b ).(0 roro, qTO aaotipaaaert, MOBCeJI Be06hIKoOBeH'
'h J!10B'lJKOM'b, a aareaosn u qeJIOBtKOM'b: ( HBmOJlJl ero qaOTb
o BIr'b H1>, 6hIJIa qeJIOBtqeCK3H, a BepXOJIJI -aBreJlhCKaJI l) Mo).(parn'b
Pa.60H npaaaaen, Ii0BceJI qeJIOBtKOM'b, HO TaKDM'b, saaoro Be-
a b rips: U OU.ltO 60 uepausn , rOBOpUT'b OB'b, CJlOBaMB eB.
B ma so IlpopOU(t , uas Mouceu >(BTop03aK. 34, 10).
l'If.a1i,iOM BO ia paBBll BOB'I> ua MOllCeH, eCTeCTB8BHO 6bI 11>
B Y apsaaa wpamtaMlf 8UreJlOM11 80 n 0'('1
b re ,no n n ( 0 11 ) 0
Ci1 LI 11> Be uepe b Qrrh Ero C iIhHnl 'b
; D 011 eft YClIOltOB 'L napo,l('b; B ca 0 CT "b oan.
"'B. OJl,H KO, 03 311J1n, sast, yB'hpJleTb H pann Ohl
meIfli C.JIOBO I'L lerona qTO ).(3 eKO OTe oua 1> 0
B I(l) Bo)Itiero OLlJl'L npUBJIeqeR'L Ito CB. rops,
Maoro Tyn OaCHOCJlOBHarO, HO ecrs B 1I0yqUTe saoe. H TaM e
paospaeaers xaeroe, B'L ).(t.lI'f; BtPbI BO Iaoyoa X pHCTa, &a1\1
fi't'FOBaJU aro Mecciro, rass aanpnasps, uapoaa K'1 IoncelO:
8 '()pu U Co au, a ne 9.;eOZUMo, 'IlaMo 'Me y.ltepemtJ
at JfOryT'L IIMtTh CMblCJI'L, KaK'L He npootipasosare hBbI B? Ha-
IU!1ATt nyz).(aeTCJI B'L xo).(aTa'l> oes'L Hero OH'L Momen IIor n oay Tb,
Mooeeit soro upooripasoaars, KaK'b He XpUCTa Mecciro? OB'b O).( ll B'b.
n 'B w6pas'b qeJIOBtK3, MOr'b CBOIIM'b Boaecreeaasnrs CJl OBOM1
THbIM'L crpaaaaieat, ClIaCTU pOtJ,'b lJe.nOBtqeCfiiiL It'b HeMy , co-
mm;i'e CBOIO ).(yXOBOyIO xpaoriaae, MoryT'b C'b Bt pOIO
e'iR).(UIO csaaan; c ronopa TbI, Iacyce Moil, C'b HeOeCHIJ '1
(I HaC'L, QTo6LI OaM'L Be yMepeTh BO rpsxax.
GEIt.
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l
6.m r OQeCTII BLl X1> B03BP -
eJI na He60- K'L Bory (4 D,ap. 11 II E KJ1. 3, 21, 12, 7). Oxnaao, ecrs .r Tit.
COBpeMeHHLl X'L paBBIIHOB'L aa aarpo6 l1yIO 11W3HlJ: " MIJCTO ){JlH co OIllBl
e mBX'L COCTOIlT'L Jl3'L 2-x'L 06.11aCTeti : o.ma COCTUB.'1HeT'b pa , Ap
.enaa, l!.IIrI K3iIt'l) aapaaarorca coapeMe!I HUe speu II r
Bet Tpym,06Iif, nnaxe rHt31J,R rieunsr.
o AIIIEI. 0 m, :.K'Ram.r DP ED'! .
flJ 01> TOrO, qTO nepe ers P nn, T H
t \ Cb 3BtCTHbI 'h) r OBOpH OBo,
8Th, to aare 'b C epTII ( axs-ra OB ct.), He C p b 0
C'h aeoa II npeaorars npent, OHCee 0
,
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y, Ka&n 6epeTn y BCtx'b JIlDAefi, HO meCTOKO om 6 0 ce
Bar RHy n ua aareaa cueprn Ta&'h rp03HO, uro OHn r OTOBn 0 D
lICqe3HYTb n He .u:ep3aJIn SaII&HyTbCH 0 iIII CB()er O rrpnoblTi H_ no a
a. n Ioncea He CnpOClIJIn ero: ( TbI , JI. X'b 1 HB c
1\0 MHt? AHreJI'b cuepra r oaoeom, oTBtrlIJb: ( B3H h
)l;ymy TBOIO.
- TbI He aoasuems Aymn rtlOefi, rpOSHO CKa3a 'b lUolIcen Ta&1>
aK'b He llMtemb ua TO n03BO.JIeHiH EOiKiH ).
JI,iaBO.lI'b cran, 6bI.JI0 ronopnn., (qTO BCt Ar mIl qe.l OB'l>qecIi. i H 11
X)THUMaIO y YMllpaIOID;uxo, II TBOIO JJ;ymy B3HTh ) .
- IIpoqh! Kplumy.lI'b HeqeCTlIBbIfi 3JIofi JI.YXo; TbI,
BtpHO, He anaems, qTO CKa3aHO Bo CBRID;eHHOM'b Ilncaai n 06'b 1I3-
6paHHD,KUX'b BomilIX'b; c: .lIoti yMbIC'b -He yMpy, HO 0YAY .tRUTh H
B03B'BmaTh HMH fOCIIOAHe, a a eme He ycrr'BJI'b B03,1J;()Th XBa.ny EOr)
( T. e. vnpuroronarsoa, KaK'b AOJIjDHO, K'b cneprn). n TaR1> cryna
'IIPOqh! Ilpons oororrpoTlIBHblfi! )
MO.lIqa, IICqe3'b.
Tona Ayma CBRToro nlOlIceH qyJJ;ecHo aarosopara: a qTO ec II
Jloit AYX'b nO.lIyqlIJI'b OT'b Bora IIOBe.lI'BHie paSJIyqlITb MeHH C'b T060IO
13'BjI,b TorAa raoe oorrporanreaie MOmeT'b ocsopnan, BeJIIIqie Ierosu,
a 1I03TOMY ym'b He JIyqme JIll MH'B pa3JIYQO:TbCH Co TBoeIO qIlCTOlO
nJlOTbIO). Tam, csasara JJ;yma, ronopars l\IB.u:pamb, qTO ea,
aK'b uetia, XOTtJIOCb csopse sepuyrsoa sa He60-
OTI\YjI,a npanua, II oTKYAa BCt Aymu HBJIHIOTCH aa *). -
018 eli IIOHSIJI'b CMbIC.lI'b aapaaeala Aymn 1I Clta3aJI'b efi: (0, .u:yma
MOSI , qTO csymaenn, MeHH, ymeJIn TbI He anaeun-, qTO Bon He
CraBUT'b Te6SI n He OTAaCT'b B'b pyKII AiaBOJIa? H BtpyIO qTO
11
o
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AM OTnOCllTCll : - 1. r 0 boom
I n C p Jil CTy .
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H't: He OC aBDIDb mil 130
"). H HCIIOB$jJ,3IO H TO, q 0 a 1J Eo B03
M HH II BBe}J;ero B'b 068Te b CBJITbIX'b ua He60 ,
B. Ilacauia: fI. Om6tjJ8u J1LH/i b 6pama 'JlIJ6ec'H un 6 a 0
fI/UXO U 60CXO(l.ll10 Te6/t (Ilcar, 117). A ssoi; rJyxo opazlJ N02
A'100eU, Ky}J;a lIOCeJIH'I'b Te6H?- -Bo ajJ,'b .. )J; m: 0 cea coo-
OBJIaCb, yBtpHeT'b MH}J;pamb TaHXIIHII (CM. ero TO K. aa ITJITO BII -
aie), HtCKOJIbKO aaane pa3cymjJ,aeT'b 0 KOnqUHt MORcen fillIP IDb
Pa66H II c06CTBeHHO norcuy, qTO om, He Bll j.J;IlT'b B'b 10 cet roro
'ITO yCMaTpHBaeT'b MH}J;pam'b TaHXIIHlf, IIMeHHO: IIO.1JyanreJIa II lIO
'1eJIOB$Ka, a cnaraers ero BeJIHRIIM'b IIOAOOHhI
aareay. lITO OHb rOBOpHT'b, He osasars, a reneps nepe-
}J;a}J;RM'b BbICKa3aHHYIO MbICJIb MHj.J;pameM'b TalIXIIHa, OTHOClITelIhB
'llOYD, qTO MOlIcefi 6bU'b 3BreJIO-qeJloBtKb. R3BtcTHO BCt rs napa-
IMbTJIHaM'b, ronopars ODb, QTO OTb OTpaiR3.lCJI CBtT'b He-
oecHhIft n Bb TaKofi crenena, qTO na Hero HeB03MOiRHO ObIJO cxo-

tTb; 9TO 6bIJIO no HCTIIHH$ cymecrno He aesnoe, a He6eCHOe" ero


MhI T3K'b II BeJInqaeM'b: II TaXTeH1> ' - Bblcmifi (He6eCHbJfj)
H H1I3miii 3eMHhIM1> OBo 6bUb, l\ orj.J; a jKHIT'b
cpe}J;1l .JIIO}J;efi: TyT1> OH1> t.JIb, IIlIJI1>, IIO,lI06HO BC$Mb .1JIOj.J;HM1>. H o
BOT'b MOReefi BOCXO}J;lITb na He60 n TaMb yme ue tCT1> II He nsers,
mODeT'b KaK'b BCt anreau, II, Kor.n;a OH'b TO OT1> Hero
CiH.JIO ae6eCHhIM'L CBtTOMb T3Kb, qTO aa Hero, KaKb?tIM cetmact,
saaara, aeB03MomHO 6bT.JIO CMOTptTb. rrpIIXO,lJ,lJ.JI OCb npaspu-
BaTb caoe nOl\pbIB3J1UM'b, soropoe CmHIaJI'b TO.JIbKO TOf }J; a,
oraa BXOJ(lIJI'b Bo CKHHiIO; MomHO' JIB lIOCJIt aroro, a3K.lJIOqaeT'b
'b TaBXIIHB, csaran, 06bIKHOBeHHbHI'b 'b?
0, tT'b! OH'b lIO BCTHEnt 6bI.!J'b HeoeCHblfi qeJIOBtK'b T O.1JK.
'PAf' ama aa llHTOK.). HuoA xpacriaunm, CKameT'b: KaK'h .me y aror
n aare IOlIceH 6bT.1JU IIJIOTCKirr J(tTII? >
- Oneut, lIpOCTO, orasuaers MBJ{pamb: (MoIJcefi JJ.0 BOr OHBJJeRi Jl
mmt necropaenoa 6bJJI'L qeJOB'I;K'b B BeJI'b ce.fefiHr ro . H' h,
- )

rie, no 81'0 Y H B t 'b tT . HO


Ihaa." ana CJI eMf B OCBHTB.II1> ero CII 010 auometo,
t> RTCJI APyrBM'b see II OTCKoe B'b He 1>
:p ers, H Moncefi ,1:\tJIaeTCJI, TOqHO, 6e3II OTHbI 1>
oIf CBJlTOMY li'b qeMy meHa? Bt,1:\b OHa 0 en h
e 0 neJllutOMY lI. tJIY, ,1:\JIJI soroparo OH'b IIOCBHTH 1> oe6H- h
Iel'oBt II IISpaIIJlIO. 3TOT'b HOB@H oopas'b jltlI3HH (anre bCKi) 0 ce
npOHJlJI'b, no yBtpeHiIO M0lI.pama aa 80 r0lI.Y cBoei} ;.Kll3BB (c .
TOlJlK. I'aaxana Ilarosaaaie) "),
Teneps nepelJ,alI.OM'h csaaaaie MIIlI.pama Pao6n 0 3BaMeBaTe h-
I;ILTI1> coo@TiJIx'h, npOIICXOlJ,IIBmOX'h B'h nocanmin MIIHYT@ ROBqOBliI
MuDCen
RorlI.a aa Heot ClJ,tJIaJIOCh IISBtCTBhIM'h, qTO MOllcefi lI.0JjfieB'b
jMepeTh, (CaM'h Bors, no yBtpeHiro MIIApama, 001>HBllJl'h 0 CeM'b Bn
npacyrcmia BCtX'h aHreJIOB'h), TO 3Joii lI.YX1> saosaaars OT1> pa-
lI.0CTH. ApXaBreJI'h llIuxaIIJI'h, saMtTIIB'h 91'0 C3TaBIIHClwe 3.I10palJ,CTBO,
oneas oneqaJIlIJICJI II otipatarca K'h 3JIOMy lI.yxy C'h TaKOIO p'l;qblO:
lJ,iaBOJI'h, qTO TLI paAyemhcH necsacrno npaaeaaaaa, Hey.meJIII TLI
){yMaemb, qTO Teot YlI.aCTCH BSHTh lI.ymy MOllceJI? > )l;iaBOJI1> MOJI-
qaJI'h II TOJIbKO SOpKO CJItlI.lIJI'h sa lIMtIOIQlIMCH conepmarsca COObl-
I:eM'h, a OHO He 3aMelI..II0JIO ccaepman.ca: Bors upesze ncero ofipa-
If Sl &1> ApXaBreJIy lllHxalIJIy: BlI. H B npaaeca lJ,ymy pa6a Moero
lin esr,.-MBXalI.JI1> CKaSaJI1>: He Mory, l'oonora, aroro ClJ,tJlaTb,
K K'aK'b a OL1.JI1> yqllTeJIeM'b ero, a OH'b yqeHIIKOM'b MODM'b; KaR'b
o opazsenia MOllceH CD aianoaon-s.
XXII.
'* EC.HI npunars BO BBIIMaHie 9TO TaJIMYJIll CCKOe cKaaanie, TOII B'b HelU'b M01RR
up eoripa aosaaje BOEeCTBeHHaro III yea .. pn
t CTB ITfUBO o(iRTaJIO lBa eCTeCTBa Bo.meCKoe n lJeJlOB'htI e KO. ..n
lIS T'I> BOEeCTBeBBOCTb Iacyca XpHCTa, naB1I3aR'b .MoHceIO a
R lJe.lOB'lrlJeCxoe. M OHce nprr Bcelt CBSTOCTI'I, see-rae 6
n ocs me 11 opop 'JeCTBy 6J.1'L aar JI M'b lUlt
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IIOBTOpHIO Teot, rHtBHo B03pa311JI1> MOllcefi, qTO He )laM1>
Te6t AymH Moeit).
- Orrero? BtAh Bct AymlI qeJIOBtqeCKie IIpeAaUbI Boros's Mat?
llOqeMy TbI 0AlIH1> npOTIIBllmbCH?
- (H, KaK'b Te6t He oe3h13BtCTHO, 1I0qTeH'b. BOrOM1> OOJIhme
BCtX'b II aaro Teot osaaars, XOTH He meJIaJI1> ObI aroro ,
qTO H JIyqme BCtX'h ChIHOB'h HapaHJIeBbIX'b).
- IIoqeMY , ?
- <Bo-nepnsrrs, nOToMy qTO numeat, H3'b yTpOObI MaTepII , n
aMt Jl'h y*e na ce6t 3aBtT'h 06ptaaHiH; BO-BTOphIX'h, IIOTOMy qTO
JJ meCTBOBaJI'h no He6y, KaK'h IIO aeM.IIt; COPOK'h .n;Hefi He yuoTpeo-
..lIHJI'h H'lIKaKoit CJIt.n;bI MOll naneprauu ua He6t; JI B3HJI1>
sa D'h GBHTOit lIa'h cpe.n;bI OfHH II UJIa'lleHII. Pa:lBt TbI He auaems,
"ITO Bort, HBII.1JD MHt, IIO meJIaHilO MoeMy, BeJI UqeCTBeHuoe rrpncy T-
sie Csoe II MoryIqeCTBO BO BpeMH nepexona npeat, q ep}lHoe rope?
--
11M JIll HCTOqU.lIa H3b KaMHH BOAY? CTynatl , r OBOpIO Teat
'It .n;ynm cBoefi ) ! A ur eJI1> CM HcnyraHHbI lt , YIlle"1 To
ODiC it, He .n;OBOJIbCTBYlH0b T'Ii,M'h, J\orHaJl1> er a, -
CU.lIbHO, qTO Bbl lI.ll Y f Jla3'L. BOT OT-
$H!J'HR eBO ro? T r 1)
'b FaBpiluy II caasars: e Up; TbI aa mmo 0 ce
_ c BJIaJ(bIKa uccaeauoa-, c aaaJfb r Bp"H 1>, c He or aroro
tA'a'Fh; npomy lIa6aBIITb 9T1> T oro rp AHaro n ocsaaa ne-
rsa -; npa 9TOM'b Apxunren, lIa06paau 1>- Be BltiJl sac yr OB M.
TorAa ym'b Bon, 06paTII.1JCH It'b 3JIOMy AYXY: TbI , c r aua,
sa AYiliOIO )l;iaBOJI'b TOJIhKO aroro H atAaJI'h; OH1> C1> 6h1-
CTpOTOIO MOJIHilI c.lleTt.II'h C'h aetia H, npe,l{CTaB'L npeA'h ORceH, Bh1-
HyJl'h CBOft Meq'h, II XOTtJI'b HaHeCTlI CMepTeJIhHhlfi YAap'b eMY 100-
ceft B'h 9TO BpeMH Ha06pamaJI'h IIMH lerona ( IIIeM'h-ra -
.pOPLlIII'h) n JIlIqO ero B'b 9TH MIIRYTbI 6bIJIO BeJIIIqeCTBeHHO H 03a-
peao TaKIIM'h qy.n;HbIM'h CBtTOM'h, qTO aJIoit .n;YX'h ymacHy JICH He
.n;epaa.ll'b HCIIOJIHIITh cnoe aaoaoe aeaanie, OR'h .n;OJIro OCTUBa CH He-
nO,l{BnmHbIM'h, IIOKa CaM'h Dlonceit He CIIPOCllJI'h ero: c aaqt M1> TbI
OIIHTh KO MHt HBllJICH? '
- c H nOCJIaH'b OT'h Bora, p06KO CKa3aJI'b AiaBoJI'h, B3HTh Aymy
TBOIO .
.
B r p 'Ie oBt'le K ro aa ero eaie
*) K K'L MBoro 3TO rOBopl1'I'L BaM'L 0 JI Pyroll CJIaBBOll no6t.n:J;, oaepzsaaa
. BO OM'L, II 0 paapymeain ero reunaro napCTBa- ana, TOJILIW ne l\{o e:tW!1!o
mi eM'L, KaX'L npnAyMaJI'L Ta.lIMY.n.'L, a lil CYCOM'L XpnCTOM'L. OIl'L CBO Jl
I!lTI ' Jl not'H'.n.HJI'I> .n.iaBOJia II paspymar s ero reunoe napCTBO.
1Q0.a&R. 34) 1 .
P
T n ph opy,mie ,l(iaBOJIa yme naAJIOMJIeHO, II ca 'h OHo nOTepJI '1
BlOW CBJIy ). ,II;iaBOJI'b, oopaaaeuuuf Hnoo1;mAeHHblii on ee
,l(cTa 'h npe,l('b EOrOM'b n paacsasars 0 Bee1'1 npOBCXO annie 'b.
fO'r.,u;a yme CaM'b Bort, no yBtpeBiIO MHJ(pama, B033Ba 'h Eo'h Ce6t
,l(ymy MOllceJI CJIt,l(yIOIQIUIlI CJIOBaMll: (Bblfi,l(n, A0lJ.h OH, B3'h T1> a
M'OI ea; H rrpOC.lIaBJIIO TeOJI ua Heot >. Ha 9TO ,l(yma caaaa a Bory:
MoJIO TeoJI, BCe,l(epmDTeJIb, OCTaBb AleHJI B'b TtJIt oncea, eTO
amars JItT'b npetiuna B'b aent., D HDlltM'b He OCKOpOJI eHa II He
csnepaeaa. Tor,lJ,a I'ocncns nropaaao B033BaJI'b ee It'b Cent: ( Bhlij,lJ,H,
MOJI, np1l6JID3HJICH 60 qac'b TBOit (KoHllI1Ha.- rOCnOJI, II, CKa-
saaa ,lJ,yma, nycn, JI 6ylJ,y 1I0lJ,06HO KOTopaH ,lJ,eHh
aeraers no BCtM'b nersrpesrs crpanasrs canra H aa HOqh B03Bpa-
B'b csoe rHt3lJ,0 . Bort, B'b rperia pass B033BaJI'b Aymy
MonceJI, ycaJlnTh ee 6JIn3'b Csoero npeCTOJIa BMtCTt C'b au-
reJIaMII II apXaHfeJIaMII; HO KaK'b OHa He nepecraaara yMOJIHTh Ero
06'b ee B'b TO I'ocnon, rpOMOrJIaCHO Boa-
aBaJI'b caaoro MOlIceii, Monceiil pao'b ]}iIon nocJIymBIiliil
IICnOJIHII meJIaBie Moe - BOa,lJ,3fi lJ,OJIf'b IIpnpo)J,t, n60 K3.mlJ,IiIfi ueao-
Biut'b ,lJ,OJImeH1> yMepeTh. 1I0KOPlIJICJI BOJIt Eomiefi. TorlJ,a
Bon, BeJIt.ll'b aareaaas ClJ,t.lIaTh aoae J(JIJI MonceH II
B3KpLITh OBoe qncTtiimnM'b 1I0KpLIBaJOM'b. KorlJ,a see OIiIJIO nCIIOJIHeHO,
I'ocnosr, nOBeJIt.n'b apxanreay I'aspiaay CTaTh 110 npanyio pyKY
a Mnxan.ny no .ntByro, aaTtM'b 06paTlIJICH K'I> 1I csaaan.:
.naf'h TyT'b BtPBIilfi pa6'b ]}iIoii; .nef'b.-Iloaoaa pyKll aa
rpYAh, a3Kpoii raaaa >, MOllcefi II 9TO acnoanars. TorAa Bors
MonceH II 9TllM1> BIiIBYJI'b Y aero J(ymy. B'b
BpeMH neoo npcrpeasao j aeM.JIJI aaCTOB3.JIa
j
CaM'b Bon npocre-
a Hcaaaars: Be BOCTa BO nspaara upoposa OOAOOBO MOlIcero "') .
TpBMaTb )l.ReA espea OnJl3KIIB3JIII cueprs MOECeJI, E HEKTO lI3'h HEX'b
-
n -

......,.,. 0II rr H npO, e


WU1m'Ur ro JJ.O De 1>. He nOTO 0 opsre
fil iYilen roronu 01>1 IiI OpH S r q. H
6 lItHBbIM'b ua uerio . TaR Hl p
. 1> H <D anitt. Bon 'ITO 'I T 'b OTHOC r e
ro HCTOpiH. Ilposonaaa {OHCM (1) tOT r t OU1> '0 a ) ,
FO
B0l'HT1>
cTaptDillHHbI: E eaaaps Inc ' C1> H B H1>. OHb
,..
C BOBHJICH ua rapt ABapa 11>, MeiKj.J;Y Tt 1> , or a a oe 0 B -
Ma.n'll Eaeaaapa n Iacyca, n eme C1> IIIIMI1 pasronapaaa 1>, saeaauv
comermaat, OOJIaKOM1> COKpbIT'b 6bIJI1> nIoHcefi 0'f1> IU 1> apsaia:
B KHlIraX1>, IIp0j.J;OJImaeT'b <DJIanin, nanacaao 'ITO 0-
001 yMep'b n31> onacenia, qT06bI espea He CTaJIn 60rOTBopHTb ero.
4-JI CTp. 200).
Doc.lI'B arorc ncasoraunania, KOTOpbIM'h OKaHQIIBalOTCJI BCt cyme-
CTBeHBId.e TpaKTaTbI Ta.lIMYJJ;a, K'h pemrin
V BBHaM1> C.lI'BJJ;OBaJIO ObI npesparars JJ;a.lIbHtttmiH aaHHTi H, HO oun
H II eKpaII\aJIJI, a nporoaaaaa paaaanars aaKOHbI MonceH, nupati o-
BaH paaaasuua AOrrOJIHllTeJIbBbIH npanara ua nOJIb3Y npeycnnnnia
n O.lIar'b aspaaaa. IIpllneJJ;eM'b 9TIl npasara, npeanaauaneu-
ItLUI B'b PYKOBOJJ;CTBO espemn., IWTOPbUlll OHIl a PYKOBOJJ; CTBYIOTCJI .
11
XXIII.
anpemaerca eapeio norpaaan, aKIIMaM'L ) (IIJJ;OJIOnOKJIOHHIIKaM'h)
10 Db llaarOBOp'B, II Bb OJ.J;emAt, Il nOOOII\e no nCeM'L, noo uauucaao:
ne xoow no ua ue pa6UJl/llcH' U(3 mOJtl/IW 03 oiJe9ICd1'b
{ItO da()JC(3 U 60 aafJR3btOa'H/l'U o6yfJU, nanp., eCJIU OOLIQc It y
8BpeeU1> ynoTpeOJIHTh 3aBH3Kll KpaCHIlIH, espea JJ;OJlmeH'b ynorpef JITI>
!pElhUl II HaOOOpOTb. ECJlO BOJJ;Oillh, \ITO OUIl (He eapea) OJrtTbI
meJIKOBhUI 11 M'b Tome nomeJIaemh O)J,tThCH Bb 1'( 0 JI
, QTO 9TO r, Ynacn, a sa n; paOJlJI), n50 II
fJI. omonJu1/Jo e O? 0 .
3aKOHM TaJll\IYaa, onpeau.rmouria ornomenia
eupeem, K'b xpucTianUlU'L.
a r eps-Ill em, - P -1>; T. . P
neai r. 3 CT. ?).
P . 1)qaHie. Or t HIO sact. on H po OB1> ,
n B'h TO spe I:I, sor a Bet He espen 0 0 OH
fr b me, XOTH HBH CH ua eBtTb YiKe B1> 3- 1> eTO t i
t : 8T'b O,lJ,HaIW pas OqiH lem y IIAO OnOE.iIOHHli III II P crian .
EBpeD., HhIHt eiK,lJ,Y XplICTiuHU 0 , sa 1> 3Bt THO b
oquocTiro HCnOJIHHIOT'h Bet TUJMrAIIqec&i H upasa a, &b Bb paa-
en ps, RymaHbt II T. n. II He OTJIHqaroT'h xpa riam, on 0 0-
K.JIOHHlHWB'h. CBOIlI'h *e espea OTJIIIqaIOT'h OTb xp CTi( Hb Tt "1
me CJIOBOM'h: (OT)I,'BJIIO aact. Kor)l,a ptqb II)I,eT"1 00"1 espef II xp -
criaaaas, TO neperi nOCJIt
AHHM"1
npiiOaBJIHIOT'b: eras 'b ) , T. e.
.
paaauua.
BOJlhmIIHCTBO coapeaeuuo-yueuuxt, espeem, CTapaeTCH 001JJI H TI>,
-qTO CJlOBa: (I al\lnl'h) naa \l: aBoii)J,ec'b-9.1JhI.iIbDI'h 03HaqaIOTh 0 0
.
npeanaxt, II)I,OJIOnOKJIOHHIUWB'b, a He xpncnam., Ii aa e B1>
1I0B'BfimIIX'h IIs)I,alIiHX'h eBpeficKIIX'h KHlH'b B'b TtX'h .JtcTaX'b, r t
BCTp1>QaIOTCH 9TH CJIon3., CJrB.lIaHbI orcnopsn, QTO OHII OTHOCHT .lI K'1
npemHll){'b naponnn., HO IIS'h uaae nann $a&TOB'1
IiI YBII)I,HM'b COBeprneHHO rrpOTIIBHoe, II BIIOJIH'B QTO T(
Ml )1,1>, IIO)l,b aKIIM'h II.'III ( aBofi.u.ec'b-9JIbIJIIiIM'b 11 , T.
tI)I,0JIOIIOKJIOHHIlKII pasyMteT1> xpaoriam..
ITo HameMy MH'BHiIO S)I,tCb-TO II JIeiRHT1> sopeas, npenarcrnyic-
Il\ifi HpaBCTBeHHoMy paSBIITiIO enpeest.. 'B CJI t .u. CTBi e caoero uessse-
TBa, OTHOCIlTeJIbHO SHUHin xpIICTiaHCTBa, nCJIt.u.CTBie paanaro po.u.
a
II CTpOrIlX'h npanan., BHymaeMIiIX1> TaJIM)T)J.OM'h) espea
tIIlW )l,epmaTCH sa crapoe, mlIBYTb OTlI:BJlhHOIO miiSHiIO, He CMt-
:13aIOTCH C'b eaponencaaaa I\IIBII.1I1l30BaHRIiIMII II TtM'b ca-
I 1) BXb HpaBbl CTaJIII BIiIpaiKeHieMb ySKaro, Bpam,lJ,eOHarO BceMy
He eBpeueKoMy uauiaraaaa.
Bo eapeio IBrhTb .u.eHeiKHIiIH .u.tJIa. Co (aBofi.u.ec/h-
:hi LI 'h sa TpR P;HH p;o RX'h npaamana. 3).(tcb B0311llKaeT'b sort DC
me IIPIUIHTO B'b aame npeun mltTb p;eHemUhIJI t a
) Bo UXb npaa).(HIIKR? IIoJIoatRMb, qTO OOJlbmBH T
Bo YCTaUOBJIeBO Bn lJeeTh CBJlThTX'h BJIIl CB T
II a3JJ;BBItB, HO aa BCH&ofi ue).(1ut ecn. at
*) C.lIOBO nHouIJ;pn" OT'I> czoaa nBanIJ;Op'I>" 3Ha'lIlT'I> coraopeansrtl , OT'I> C.iIOBa llie
opofi" 3HaQllT'L MeCT!>, OTOMIII,eHHLIll. CnaCHTeJIR aamero lncyca Xpncra (no espefl-
n nloHwia aaomiaxs'', IlJIIi n:i\' lomiax'll 6eH'I> lOClIIP'L"), Ta.nMY,ll,IICTlI 1lI1KOf;J.a He
3:L1.B&JOT'I> ][0 llMeHH, a TOJIDKO nHouupn" nJIn "Ollcoit-01Jm'I>", T. e. II3BtC'l'HlI ll xe-
.!GBitlt'I>, a BaH60JIte scero ynoTpe6JIReTC1:I" CJlOBO n Ty.lllilll", T. . nossmaaauf
TI:p ;lI.lI, ' 'Fo n lIMR Bora eapeu Tome Be BLIrOBapIlBaro'I'L TaK'];, KaK'I> OBO numerca
BaUJ) A1J.oilooit, OElI np01I3BOCllT'I> 8JIoilruM'll, leroaa-c-Ajtollmeus,
**) 8TO npasaao OTBOCliTCR TOJJ!>KO It'I> 6eSlIpOIJ,eHTBoMy 3allMY, Cn npoueur ous
me MO:i&1l 0. XOTR B'I> nOJlJIlIHBHK'l; Be CKa3aBO: nXpnC'l'iaBIllly" a TOJI!>KO ABoH)J.eCl>-
],I L1I1'I>, BO npe)J.lI)J.ym,iil Jl,a.ll'l> nasn, nOB1:ITL, TITO 310 Bce' paBBO.
U) IIacxa no-espellcan "lleucax'I>". Ho eCJIlI espell rOBOpIITo 0 xpacriaaeso
:0 B tC'fO Il elicaxs r OBOpfiT'I> C'I> npeaphaiem, "Kel1caX'I>tl, a mrscro "re-
X'b" (PO.m)l.CTBO) rOBOpIIT'I> " H LIT.n'I>" . STOT'!> naparpadrs TOiRe ,aOKaaIJBa ,
IJIIM'.,lJ('L 1'1 3LfBaeT'I> xpncriaa'D IJJI,OJIOnOK.llOBBUKalllH, II or ou Y'ITO Jl3LI 'j UliKU
DOC pe eusa, BIf POiR,lleCTB Ilacxn. Hanoaens B'L ra .
C'b-81L1 LIMo", a B'I> KOMeBllapi , no 31'OMy me npe 1I
*), T. e. Ia e Xp a, us, n
lID patia I1mM e.:IJI, ecr s eaao npa H8&'b 'b 0 op OT-
nc:nll' M aumeoanaseuuoe npaaa 0. Ho, BtpO HO, rosopa TO e
}lDBBH'b, tITO paapsmeao D tTb At O'b a D 'b nonpe 3T
'ClBDJIY AJIJI D36tataHiJI roueaia co CTOPOHbI IU'b > [Ilepeaoat, 3'b
10 renrapia Pamn na TaJJMYA'b A 6oJl,e- 3apa, B if ABODJI,e- 3 pe . rp. 2).
3 HaD, rOBOpnT1> Ta.!IMYA'b 'enpero, qTO asie ObI HIl 6hI ua-
POAbI, D sasie ObI BII ObIJIII IU'b oopnADI peaarioaaue, BCt OB
caBoDAeC'b-3JIblJIblM'b, T. e. Bn BIb npasm
aanpemeao IIMtTb C'b HUMII AeHemHbIJI AtJIa, a C t Ayen OTHOCllTh
It'b HUM'b BO BCtX'b CJIyqaHX'b, yltaSaHH@Xn Bn npaBHrrt , KaKn 01'-
HOCDTCJI K'b IIAOJIOnOEJIOHHBRaMn n ltn nepnony ARlO BCtXb npas -
HOltOB'b (IIaCXII XPUCTOBOfi) HyXpOMn.
Become aanpemeuo BMtTh KaKiH OM HB ObI.JIO Co Tt M1>,
KTO BtpOT'b B'b ]l.eHh BOCKpeCHbIii (T. e. eC.JIB npU3]1.HyeTn BOCKpe-
cease). Boospecease me AOJImHO CqnTaTbCH aapanas Cn npasmn-
OOMH HAOJIOnOK.JIOHHBKOBn (ROMeHTapiA PaMOaM'b na Ta.JIMYJI.'b ABOflJI.e-
OT]l.t.JI'b i-A CTp. 96).
Eapeto aanpemeao )J;aBaTb BsuAMbI AeHbfB xpacriaanay B'b ero
**). RpaTKoe psmeaie B'b aoaeurapia ToAc4>ec'b Ta.lJMy)l. a
BoAAe- aype CTp. 77 rosoparoa, qTO numenpaserenaoe npanaao OT-
C'.;' ....OCDTCH TO.JIbKO Kn oe3npOn;eHTHoMY 3aAMY, Cb nponenrom, me
Th HyXpBMy )J;eHhrH ]l.ame ooA Keiicax'b- BoAHbIT.JI'b , T. e. ua
om)J;eCTBO II sa llacxy ***).
,

e 9TOT'b jf\e so feFTapifi lITO 3a npon


a h xpHCTiatUIHy JJ;eHhfH, KOfJJ;a rate HeB03MOJ 8 0 orsaa
B UOTOAfY, lITO HblHtmHie HYXPIBfbI Mfl ' 0 BtpyIOTh csoe
ORB aapasaf Co sapaaaaan, B1> 9T(\M1> OTBomeHi H, npa ep
TO.JIbKO OObIlIaeB'b CBOIIX1> npejxom., ( CBHlII,eHHIlKOBo ate OT
QUTaH llX'b peBHHTe.JIJIMII B1>PbI XPIICTOBOfi ).
Bonpocs: (HaCKO.JILI\O c.ij1>JJ;yeT'b eapeio OqnCTIITh Jl,OpOfy HYXPII ?
OTB1>T'b: 4; sa CTO.JIbIW, ua CIW.nhIW orem, nann, Iasom, (II3pa b
eQIICTHJI'1 JJ;opory rptrnHoMy oraTy csoeay HeaBy, noo Han caao:
4; IIoKa He IIpHJI,y K'b rOCIIOJJ;IIHj MoeMy B'b Cenpt . (Bur. r JI . 33,
cr. 14), a IIOC.nt cero uanacaao: A Iasom, OTKOtIeBa.rr'b Bn CYIi OT'b
(TaM'b JKe CT. 17).
3anpeIlJ,3eTCH JJ;t.rraTL nOJJ;apKH ne3HaKOMblM'b AKlnl'b , HOO ua-
IIHcaHO: JIoii cofixynaM'b (Bropoaasonie ra, 7, CT . 3), T. e. He
osaaems IIM'b MB.10CTH.
KOMeHTapifi Toficq,ec'b na Ta.nMYJJ;'L ABofiJJ;e-3ype, CTp. 20, JJ;t.rraeTb
B3'b C.JIOB'b 4; JIoii eofixyn3Mn) C.ntIlYIOIIJ,iii BbIBOJJ;'b: CJIOBO (\ cofixyHaMn
ronopnrs om, lfMteT'b CXOJJ;CTBO co C.rrOBOM'b XHbJe T. e. npncra-
HIIIIJ,e, oCtJJ;.nOCTb, B c.ntllyeT'b snran., roaopari, panumrs: JOB
CBTBH'1 .rryBM'1 XBHB oeRepKB), T. e. He llaBaii llM'1 (lIJJ;o.rronOK.IJOH-
nasam.) upacraaama na 3eM.rrt.
( EC.JI B HVXplI, HMtH JJ;tJIa C'b enpeem, B'b CYJJ;t (xpncriaacsosn.)
nparaamaers IlPyroro enpea OblTb CBBJJ;tTe.JIeM'1, TO noc.ntJJ;niii
aers COr.JIaGlITJ>cH, B'b TaKOM'b TOJIbRO c.nyqat, eCJIII noaa-
-aaHieM'b He nOBpeJJ;BT'b enpea. )l;a.nte, no yqeHiIO Ta.nMYJJ;a 4; nero-
B$ OM'b ne np1l3HaeTCH HBKTO JJ;pyroii, RpOMt iYJJ;eH; BOO OJJ;RB
IIp 30m.nn OT'b nepnaro lJe.nOBtl\a, a Bct nponi e napo JJ;bI- O'l''b ae-
lf1l1BarO p,yx.a, II JJ;o.rrmHbl coricrneuno Ha3b1BaTbCH CKOT3MB > (HJI-
1l Pe!6eRlI OTJI.. 10). OJl;HII enpen npoHcxoJJ;HT'b OT'b AJJ;aMa ,
H, AEpaaMa II a BCt nponie napona, B B'b oconea-
BO(YflI xlUIcTiaHe, OT'b Baana, MeaBa H Incyca XpBCT3 > (H lty'r
a ann, A M'b ., CM. TaM'b me) . ORB eJJ; llHlilii H3P0Jl,'b npiaraua E
U90 0 CBOllM'b Hap0,l(OM1> 111 nOCTaBH' JI'b er
n IIp:oqU ( XYJl HH'b 91, 2, IJepaXOT'b 71 .
nop a miD EntneT'b OJl,HHM'b rra.JIbn;eM'b sea
OB'b I LTX'L xpacriam) II ChlHOBl>
X OJI bCOH1>, -3TOTL 3H&TOlt1> espe cso IT P ,
_ &M' & aezepexnao fBUeT1i T Kin (HI uia.
to 3HbIO csoen: B& -Bp( r uapor a
&I ro OOCTOeHHble npar ) ( 11 4 ) . a
i KO BCt b upo-nn 'b H po H H 30IIl
H oTBtqaeT'b T )l I JJ:'b, npa pmHBaH b 0 uoro H3b
t> auaro CoJlOBa (CUHa (0 Han).
BOCKpeCH 'f'b n HaCJItAyIOTo 0 a eHCTBo BSH
BttfDOfi (Ilepem-onacn 78 CTp.); nct nposie napo hI OCTaH TCH aa
ntKII B'b rpooax'b nJIIl Bo aJI.Y ; Ayma HXo uecnocofiaa nccapecn Th
n60 CRasaHO: B03BpaTHTcH Bo aJI.'b HeqeCTIIBbIe BCt uapoau, 3a6bI -
aarornie Bora) (Ilc, 9, 18): a KTO saobIBarom;ie B ora?-Bct C:Kr-
THMhI), oTBtqaeT'b Ta.JDIYJI.0
i
T. e. He iYAelI ( CaHreAP H1> 105, 1).
(TOJIbRO iYJI.en 1l.I'BIOTb AYIIlY, nposie aapoau He HMtIOTb ea,
eprs oopaIqaeT'b IIXo Bo HIIqTOmeCTBO, IIOTOMy qTO CO C'&OTCIWro
lf3BbIO Bee OKaHqIlBaeTCH) (PtmIIch-XOXMO rox. 1, CTp. 123) .
(3anoB1;Ab 0 .nIOOBII K'b OJIlImHIIMb ofiaaareasua TO.nhKO Bo OT-
II IDeuiu espeess, II Bn ofipameula Cb enpeaaa, HO He OTHOCIITCH I\n
HAI'b JI.PyrHxo BtpolIcrroBt,lJ;auifi. Boonme, TOJIbKO espea OOHsaubI
lJDmJJ;3Tb mlI3Hb ITO SaITOBtAHM1> BomilIMb, II BCt BXb HyJK,lJ;bI
UbI ObITb YAOB.neTBopHeMbI .JIJO,lJ;bl\HI APyrIlxb BtpOIlCIIoBt AaHi fi ) .
nllIIII9.nh CTp. 18, 22).
nume, xro COBpeMeHHhIe enpelioaie yqeHbIe CII.1UITCJI
BTb xpacriam., OYATO nee, nro cootimaeroa B'h nenar n 0 He
IIAHbIX'h IIocTyIIKaX'h espeem, PYCCKIHHI ITIICaTe.n.HMII n )(ame
eHbIMII eBpeHMII, .nomHO; Oy,lJ;TO nacarera 9TII, KaK'h HeSHaIW-
TaollMYAOMb, He B1> ClUlaX'h UORHTh scero, sro rOBopnTCH
TO.nhKO no OIIIIIOK'B nupaaenin 0 JlShIqHIIKaXb ( r OHXb) OT-
:R1> xpacrianam., nanpacno .nIIIIIh soopyaan IIOCJI'BAHII X'b
mlpeeBb "). c: Haao BIIo.nHn suars, rOBOpJITb OHU, xro BbI-
ott, a paBRO (aKyMb), YIIOTpeO.lIHeMhIJI Bb Ta.lIMYAt ,
. aqamT'b xpacriarrs, 0 KOTOpbIX'b paBBIIHbI II 1I0BJlTiH He
eTb H3hlqBIIKa, KJIaBHIOm;arOCH lIjJ;O.lIaMb,
BI'b TO.lbKO espea, B'b ClIJIY cnoero sasoaa, npeaa-
ia bate, KaK'b JIIOAeii, qTym;IIXo e}( LI HarO Bora II rrpo-
roo,HT'b, KaK'b CBOIlX'h opaTbeBo . B r}(TO 6bJ?!
.
o 0 H rOBOpO qTO I . IIJ,
.
re OT nqaen P Ifl HHH .H3 su
C upeapsuie Il> KaRl> fil> TO ,TURl> b P r OJ
1:1(1)'1 Eapo, OOnR ann npasa 0 T JJ. , QTO 0 H h3 BaTbGa
semuo , nOTepaHHoIO HAO onos OHHIHi.O b roaop rt: <. npaa o!W'Pft
Hyamo npaasuars H ItO uapona b, He oopaIIJ,; su
JH OHll Ht TD, tITO aT
BO lie opan,a nspaa bCI\OM uapor . P BB H
)l;aBllAb RIIMxn n Bexaa, OObllCllJIH CJI OBa npoposa cai n ,1
t JIAym,ie ,MHCO CBIIHoe u npouie Mep30cTII-norooB rs , - r oBOpa b
'qTO 9TH JlIOAn CYTb Tt, soropae MamyTb n su a II B,'];O h II -
nepen, (T. e. KpeCTJITCH). KorAa enpett , oconeaac HaT 0 , a )
npOXOAfIT'h MHMO xpIICTiaBCIWfi TO csuraen, n;O.HO 0 npo
HOCIITb JlY: - Illanem, r emasneno Be> B e ae H
KlI xepesn, ry, T. e. Aa OYAeT'1 noupaao, t TO ie
noo OBO He xacro, II npn BTOM'b HeptA&O rrJI101OTb . H ca b rpsnr-
HbIfi, 0YAYlIn MaJlblIl1KOM'b, lIIITaJl'b ee - STY MO.!I IlTBY , OB tIH
QCTOpOaiHO, KorAa He OhlJIO OJlI13'b MeHH 4: roa-, OOHCb, lI TOOhl OBb
He IIOpBa.lI'b MHt AJIIIHHble MOll (nefiCbI ). EC.lIII .me cnpocar s esp
.
()TKpOBeHHO, rrolIeMY eMf TaK'b HeHaBlICTHa XPIlCTlaHC&aH u epa Bb
TO OHb oaaaert: rroToMY lITO TaMb COBepmaeTCH aBO-
aeaopa -CJlymaT'h OOraM'b lIym)J,bHI'h 11 lITO B'b uaxo DT
(SJlIIJIbIMb -IIAOJlhl, pa3YMtH IIO)J,'h HIIM'h CB. IIKOHbI. H caMHI
xpacriam, ClIIITaIOTb He IIH axe, Ka&b IIAOJIOIIOK.!IOHHII&aMIl. Bt, aTOM'})
1t{.omeTb YOtAIITbCH KajRAhlfi, Kor)J,a espea ro
BOpHT'b MemJJ;Y C06010 0 xpaoriauaxt.; ym'b yuoTpeoH
JIOBO ( r oft ) -H3hllIHlHt'b.
Ror)J;a. H rOBOpIO OOb 9TIIX'b nemaxt, TO lIyBcTByeTcH He xepo
M oro KaK'b OYATO Ohl B03CTaeT'b COHMb 1I3paUJlb It}
iii JlU'leHleM'b sa lItM'b )J,e ru, 0YAyqll CbIHOMb napaa, H, p S
aasaenn, fOHMb TaKiH sema; BtAb OHB uacs sa STO He no B' H
Ho 9]0 Ob] eme He 6tAa, qTO HeBtpyIOm;ie iy)J;ea B03Hero
rna CJIOBa, a itAa B'b TOM'h, qTO II xpncTiaHBH'b,
b-oPAIIHapHbIA npoq.eccop'b pa3JIlIqHbIX'b H3nIKOB
- H TOTn, KaKb BBAHO, HeroAyeT'b na TO qTO
U P HJIJI II Cb OOJhmil 1'1 nCKY TBO b
J

Bpel II n ll CJI 0
I i II 'I..
:IteR ero cym,ecTw,Ywr
a T oiL TB J.l 'N " _ .1.1
e Ylle 11>,
..."'v Y iii 311 TORY cspesc oil sr, P nae
i cf>aKTbI 0 HeBaBIICTll iy.neeB'b '0 xpHM'iaHa 'b. BOTh T T1>-1
YMOJIlIaTh: acraua II npassa n06 at aers ua 'b 3 OBO-
1. 06'b 9TOM'b. lIT06bl He pacnpo rpaaars 11 H He sono 1IH Th B
i POM1> r . XBOJIbCOHa *), ROCHeMCH ann. o].\HoD 0 11TBb espeem,
TOpyIO OHII emeAHeBHO np01I3HOCHT'b. i Ha B3.0'1, r OBOpHT1> 0 H-
1I3palIJIh, JIemllT1> 06H3aHHOCTb XBaJIHTb 3,[J; aTe
ll
H ipa
Hasan.anxa BCtX'b, npOCJlaBJIHTb Ero aa TO, lITO 000 C03 a 'b aact,
He TUKIUflI, liaK'b IIAOJIOnOE.HOHHIIKll, Be ynoAOOIIJI'b aact, BCt 'b na-
pOp;aM'L) (upa 9TOM}, n.HIOIOTn, rosopn: I( ny, MaX'b- meMoiI sesnxpof -
].\3 IISrJIaAHTCJJ HMeHa HX'b). IIOC.Ht aroro, Kali'b BtpnTh -
sa iy).(eHcTB3, lITO COBpeMeBBhIe espea CBoiI Bar 11 'D
ua XpIICTi3B'b. )l;ame B'b TO canoe BpeMH, aorna H nncaat, BTy CTaTbIO,
MDt nplIIDJIOCb y6tAIITbCH, lJTO B3rJIJIA'b enpeem, aa xpncriam,
TO!'L ae, Ebl.H'b y MeBJI eBpeiicKiii iouoma, coctA'!> Mon -
..m JlepmaJI'b uepers cotiom eBpeilcKiii: MOJIIITBeBHlIK'b II CIIpOCII.1I'b ero:
saers .1III OB'b MO.HIITBY AJIeHy II MOmeT'b JIll ee uposecr s?
- Eme 6hl He 3HaTh?-OTBtTIIJI'b OH'b, -Bt).(b !riM ee nar ae I'D
meABeBHO yTpOM'b II aenepoas, II rrpOlJIITaJIb MOJIllTBy. - KOf.u,a ae
men, ).(0 eJIOB'b KeXOJI'b raMOHhlM'b', 11 CnpOCIIJI'b ero: lITO Ba,1.0
AtJI aTh?
- Ilaesan, II CKa3aTb: IIy, M3X},-IDeMoil seaexpoa , - OTBt TUJI'b
, -Aa nClIe3HYT'b, IICTpe6JlTCJI IIMeHa IIX'b.
- A lIblI IIMeHa?
-- Bctx'b 4: rOeB'b ) - HUPOAOB'b, soropae He enpea; BtAb Mhl TOJIbKO
H:H auaesn, eaanaro Bora, II sacs OJlHllX'b sa 9TO Bon, B03JlI061IJI 'b.
ootX'b me APyrI1X1> Hap0J],OB'b, KaK'b KJlaHJIIOIIJ,lIXCH lIAOJI aM'b, OH'b
HaB n09TOMY n MM AOJImHhl nx'b npesapars, IIpOKJIIIHaTb II
BcnOM9HaJI 0 aaxs. 9mmOA'b lIacTHhlii, no noacaeai e qnCTO
eBpeitClwe n B'b Ayxt TaJIMy)J;a, rast, BaM'b OTBtTIIT'b n BCREifi
pyrol eBpel .
. cauaa mllSHh eapeeas, Bet llXD nocrynsa, no OTHO-
nuo Kn He eapeasn., EaK1> HeJIb3a .R!qme CBll,l\tTeJI hCTBYIOT'b Sc
OIHi ll X1> .cJJiBTa 1l n nee 9TO Qua b uorouy , qTO Til I 1
BeJI-

'b '1 raat.: Te6t upaaeauo T i e e


EQBe-Ka ro, A03Bo.lIHeTCH 06 IaHhIBaTh BCtX'b, po .11,
aHO: c: C'b HeBHHHhIM'b 0YAh HeHIIHeH'b, C'b uesecr B , T. e. 4.,.-
IiIKa ra, OYAb HeqeCTIIB'b). IYAero iJ,03BO.JI HeTCH npHCBO Th
.
tyIO sems, nOTepHHHyIO He ly).(eeM'b II nonasmyio B'b pyK ne B
a TaKoByIO Aa He atAeT'b on Bora OMH OBaHiJl,
roaopart pasnam, Pallia: OH'b Tt 1'1 cOAt rusaers Jl3bIQBRKa. co -qa -
HHKOM'b npeaaymeorm, aasoua, KOTOpblfi AaH'b 1'1 i ea '1
Ca. TaJIMYA'b IYJJ;en roaers npacaoars ceot see, qTO
npIIHaJJ;.1JejJUlT'b xpacriaaaay, 1I00 CKa3aHO: (II He OOH HmB 0.........
HHfO n He OT'bIlMemII (.lIeB. 19, 13) 1 a fon - HHOBtpHbIii He e h
-6J111mHifi, norosy TO, rOBOpHT'b n MOiKHO TaK1> C'b Hil 'h
socrynars (TaJlMyJJ;'b BOBe-Men;lH).
Ilocaf rasoro yqeHiH TPYJJ;HO xpacri aaaay OiKHJJ; aTb OT'b enpee 'b
sero HIIOYAb JJ;ooparo!..
TmKRiH npeaauia OCTaBllJI'b Ta.uMy)J;'h eBpeficTBy II THiKKH 1> ae
6peMeHeM'b .rremIlT'b OH'b II ua caMIllo enpenxs.
IIepefi)J;el\l'b reneps It'b JJ;pyroMy OOJIte npeJ(MeTy
lto iYJJ;eficKllM'b npa3JJ;HlIKaM'b.
OTA'tJXm TPE n.
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eHm.UH e BOpaJl'B QUTaTl> :1TOll MOJlllTBhI; ec.1UI H'BT'L c in
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010 TopmeCTBeHHOCTblO noro ro6 Db
]I, ro npOJJ;OJDKaeTCH cyoooTHifi eTO 'b. no oItOuqaHi nep
fi ['Befi rpanean, (rrx'b ObIBaeT'b rp : t-a B'b Iret'l JYL
B'b cy660Ty II 3-H E'b aeueps C 060Thl, po eae ill
eKo.nhKO MO.nIITB'b, OTXOJJ;HT'b, ua IIOKOit Ho Btq
aia OCTaB.lIHIOT'b ropsrs aa BClO HOqh; n ate rrp r a ID
.
cnam raCIITh IIX'b.
xxv,
cy660THiu (matiacr.).
.. B non, $ IIOllltllI,IIItII 3aCTaB.JIJUIl eapeeas JJ;.llJ1 IIOT'BXH II'BT:L uaednrcs . Ha){'!>
It LIB 1> qIIHOBDllK'L II3'L eapeeas, qTO eMy npamrocr, ot T!> 31'Y nt cH>
fOGYJtape'.M. 1> IIMuepaTopOM'L HIIIW.JIaelll'L Ilaaaoau-resrs. ,lJ,'B.JI O 61J.11O TaX'L: B'I>
. )0, II 1l1H1()LI.l1'b B'L q nCJl'l, JJ;pyrllX'h esp e CltllX'L p eKp yT'1 B'h i B'L. 0
anreM'L npati srriu, npnKa3U.JI 'L npezcr aaurr, HUC'L K'L C 'b 11, II
yqDLfMII, CKU3a.l1'L: c.IJ.'irrI cno re <PH! no-
.n JID CBOf JrI06UMLl JIIaetj> C'h '[0 ElO a 'f . :O r
aJI'l>: MOJlOJJ;[(LI! n cKy'la Te, I 1J B P q,
BHTOA JJ;eHh cy660THiti ecrs BeJUIKOe auaaeaie OT'b B ora ) , ro-
B ,aT'h paBBIIHhI, B'h rraMHTb roro, qTO B'h reneaie 6-TII JJ; Hefi Eon
He60 11 3eM.n1O 11 nee 3tlIBym;ee, a B'h JJ;eHb 7-it onona 'b.
II! rroM, KTO C06JlIOJJ;aeT'b cy660Ty H qTeT'b ee, KaRo CJI tJJ;y eT'b,
TOTo IICno.nHHeT'h, KaK'b OhI, BCt 3arroBtJJ;1I Bosin II TaKoMy B03JJ;aeTCJI
saoroe B'h 6YJJ;ym;eti m1l3HII (CM. r .n. 72).
B'b CR.ny aroro KamJJ;bIii enpea CQ1lTaeT'b CBHm;eHHbIM'h JJ; o.nr OM'h
cy660Ty-rrpOBeCTII 91'OT'b JJ;eHb KaKo MomHO JJ;ocTofi Ht e.
YTpOM'b B'b cy660Ty espea nepasnn, )J;tJIOM'h cnnmart B'b CIIHa-
f, uaspaamaos )J;.nllHHhIM'h raaacoa's, QIlTaIOT'h OT));tJl'b IIHTo
Ia 1lJIlI IIca.nMbI));O 35-ro, noaa He HaQHeTCJI 06m;eCTBeHHoe
e "'eHie.
60roc.nymeHie B'h ey660Ty pa3));t.nJIeTcjJ a a JJ;Bt

*) Il epsaa aaia (qTeuie MO~ICen ) npIlHU,lJ,JIe.1KIlT'D JIO sasouy Ror RU 1 nOTOl


poaa, nropaa JIeBmTy, OCTaJIbHlIH II;'I. YT'L B'D y,lJ,ilu napony. 0611'1 nft'T
CT OBJIeu1o:3 .npOIO.
ce OKU ie Morrcea pa31,t.llenO Yeapeeas n 54 II Ull.L.~1J
CTrlJ:I.KO e OUU IUl'B T'L 11 rolTap'L.
p i'f, c Oill}lDj) '1'. 6. rp B
:l) lIUTaeTCJI me oAHe-a epe -, T. e. 1
) - aso osie. 0 HTBbI 3TH 3aH T bHbI a 0 II
I' lJeCTHBoMy, TaK1J If II3TpioTHtIeCKO y conepaauuo: B'b H
mUTCH CIIJIbHbll rOJIOC'b xoaamaroca iYAeJi 1, ecci 0 1\.0 -
1, cosepmeaia HM'b cnaceaia BapalIJIJI. ITo OKOHQaHiH rna p 0
1-1 qaCTII. onmee MOJIeHie ObIBaeTb na npe In npepuaae o. Br,
,
B O'T'b rrpoMemyTOK'b COBepmaeTCH 06pH}J,'b aau e, COCT OH~ i .fi 3'b
1JTeHiH llJITOKBHmiH II IIpOpOIWB'b. 11reuie aTO XOTJI Obl Bae'Io B'h
APyrie ,l(HH: no 1I0Be}J,t.J1bBIIKaM'b, nernepra t'b, B'h HOBO y aie B1>
}lieHh 1I0CTa, DO B'b }J,HB cyo60THie OBO COBepmaeTCH C'b ocobenumo
TopmeCTBeHHOCTilO " II npa 60JIhmeM'b oreseain uaposa, TaKBM'b 00-
paSOM'b: 1I0qeTHOe . J 1 I I ~ O , BbIHyB'b H3'b KIIBOTa TOpy (CBIITO&o) , nepe-
}J,aeT'b ee sanropy, KOTOpnIit, rrpl:IHHB'b Co OJiaroroB'lmie 'b, rrpOHSHO-
CIIT'b noporem.sym MO.J1HTBY II cosepmaert Top.meCTBeHHbIR BXOJJ:'b sa
aCTpa}J,y (IIo;:t;06ie saeeapu), rrpRlJeM'b HapO;:t;'b oKpy*aeT'b ero II npa-
K.J1a;:t;bIBaeTCH K'b CBIITKY II 3aTtM'b y;:t;a.lIHIOTCH, OCTalOTCJI TOJIhKO
HaqaJIbBIIK'bCIIHarOrn ra6aii, II ;:t;pyrie noneruue napamsraae,
OT.rrIIQaIOmieCH Ha60mHOCTilO II snaulem, Ta.J1My;:t;a. Iloaeamn, ropy
na CTO.J1'b apXIWIIBarOr'b, OKll;:t;bIBUeT'b rJIUSaMII nee cotipaaie MOJUI-
~ I I X C J I : soro ObI y;:t;OCTOlfTb QTeHieM'h TOPbI *) 3aKOHa l\IoIICell. Ilpeane
ncero nasaaaerca PQ}J,'h ropra; KaHTOp'h OO'hllB.rrHeT'h: ({ KTO XOlJeT1i
KYIIIITb npano nepsmn, lJllTaTb ropy? Pasyusercs, enpea, na rrepe-
pbIB'b }J,pyr'b nepers JJ:pyrOM1> cntmaT'h }J,aTh B03MOjRHO 60.J1hmyro
CyMMy ;:t;eHer'b, II TaKIlM'h 06pa30M'b ycrpaanaerca HtlJTO B'b pO;:t;t
a Y K ~ i o B a , (;:t;eHbrn ynoTpeO.J1JIIOTCH na Hy.m}J,bI canarora). )l;aBmifi
OOJlbmyIO CyMMy llMteT'h npano BbIBYTb C B J I ~ e H H b I H KHllrII 1I3'b KOB- .
era AapOHOBa. 3aTtM'h y*e IIpncTyn3IOT'b K'b c a M O ~ I Y sreauo. qlI-
TaIOT'b HS'b saaoaa napacxy, 1I.J111 oT}J,t.lIenie U) , pa3)J,t.nIIB'b ee HU
eMb sacrea, K'h qTeHiIO ' KOllX'b rrplIrJJamaeTCH CTO.nhKO me J l n ~ ' b .
Eo 1;e rrOlJeTBhIX'b, KaK'b H3IIp. saran.naaa II YlJeHUrO Ta.J1M}?,lrOC'fa
B 11. 'tPJlT'b, '{TO yWH B'b nea nOKOH- cy66o'r y iII at om. s :
yqe IJl, neaern B'b npo-ne .IJ:HIJ, nOlJeMY 11 OCTaB1T H ITO B .II
e e Cy660TC 'b H TtM'b 06 e 'HiT, TJl. a; 11 ,
epm'lJx'J) r tmBH 011-11
IIp at, sarf 'h
Bo r a I TAt, lI.an aa 0 0 e bI B
:LJMn nee t,nHHMIl. ITo oa eaie 9TH 'b pa H
nr H OT1> CTbI,na . BbIB IOT-o TO i e C q , qT HO a
6J1 UOP.HLt:OqH I f'b qeJOB'I>KoMb D YBll C OH T np H 0,
H II pa3pa3IlTCH- npOCTO IIOLt:HB re m 1>
B@ ycaumauie: pa3B'B H xyme KOlwrO-HIIO ,nb q HHKe 11- He
K1> qTeHiIO D30 aasona rrpucoe,nHBJUOT'b eme sreui
npopouecaia. nIOJIJITCH sa rooynapa IIJIH IIpaBHTe beTBO TOR CTp RbI,
B'b KOTOpoA OHn aUfByT'b; TaR'b 3anoBt,lJ;aJI'b Bors, sepeas rrpo 0
Iepesno (29,7). sa napa IIMteT'b neciora naauoe anaseui
y eapeess, nOToMy qTO napt, ClJHTaeTCH 1I30paHRHKO 'b Bo i '1> ,
BB'BpeHa cy,lJ;b6a acero napoaa: cepme napeso, BD p U;'B
Bomieth rOBOpIIT'b C'b y6'Bm,lJ;eHieM'b 1I3paIIJIbTHHUH'b. Ilpa TaKOM'b B03-
spsnia ua rocy.n;apll He Y,lJ;HBIITeJIbHO, qTO caaarora Top*eCTBeHHO
oraamaerca B'b MlmYTbI MOJIHTB'b aa napa CJItJJ:yIDJI(B. H C OBa
(raSOH rem, remio JIaMJIOXOl\l'b!}) -TOT'b (Ierosa), ETO naer t, cnaceai e
H CHJIOID Eorcparo YTBep*,lJ;aeTClI I),TO CIIaC'b napa
)l;aBHn;a OT'b MelIa, TOT'b JJ;a 6JIarOCJIOBIITb, COXpaHl:ITo II B03BeJll-
'JUT'b napa uamero (npOII3S0CIIT'b Hl\IH); ,lJ;a 6JIaroc.JIOBHTb II npe-
B03HOCIIT'b cyrrpyry ero (Hl\uI),,lJ;a rOCIIO,lJ;b, 11 B03BeJIH-
qUT'b Hac.lI'B}lHHKa ero, cyrrpyry ero n BCtX'b qa,lJ;'b IUo, n;a onacert
II ooxpamrrs OTo BCHKaro 3JIa. MO.JJIIM'b TeoH, rOCIJO,lJ;H, COTBopn MII-
.IJOCTb Co napem, uanmai, a nosopa IIO,lJ;b nora ero nparom, l )l;a
6y.n;eT'b l\IlIJIOCTb Ha,lJ;'b (CM. Cll,lJ;ep. 13.2). Ha-
MOJIJlTCH aa yMepmHX'b 6paTifi CBOllX'b. <1'160, rOBOpHT'b OHH,
eCJIH ,lJ;eHb IIOKOH eon, OOpa3'b IIOKOH oYJJ:YJI(aro, TO n09TOMY cnpa-
Be]l;JIlIBOCTb Tpe6yeTo, qTOObI II yMepmlIX'b BCIIOMHsaTb 00'b yuosoeai n
}l X'b *). ITo osonnaaia oorocJIymeHiH B03BpaJI(aIDTCH ,lJ;OMofi n BeCeJIO
Impy roT'b aa BTOPbIM'b CYOOOTHIlMb OO'B,lJ;OM'b. 3aM'BTllM'b, qTO espen
Bn maoaun, 'Bn;HTn uaor o. ObI 9TO OO'hHCHHTb IIpOCTO T1u'b,
lJ 0 HarOJIO,lJ;uroTCH ae aa U;1>JlYIO Hy 11 IIO'B,lJ;HT'b Bb maoanrs
B e, HO eBPeH TaJI 'YAHCTbI H Ty T'b yXHTpHIOTCH BBeCTn
.
JII(i)T'b, Ht 0 uosaar J qT
no 1I ron o,()a OQH 10 m , oropa H 0
Hq3HiJI 66oTId. fha Ayma, COCTOR 10 He.........
-6 31> BCJmarO 3-aHJlTiJl, 3aTIAaen OTI,ll; HarO espea no 0
ero aIlUenIT1>.-lloc.rrTI ootAa CQUTaIOT1> AO ro 1> 0 -
,.....lir'.mn., &aI\'h Obi )J;JIH roro, IITOObI HCIIOJJHllTh BIIO Ht aa&OH1>:
eli .n;a 6y.n;OTO OT,ll;oxuyBmII sana falOTCR nreuie 1> CB.
aaia; BTO rrpe,/(IIBChIBalOTo 11Mb paBBIIUbI , II enpea CBRTO coo 10
To. 3aMTITIIMo, lITO Bb JJ;eHh manama IIOIiOII TCH Bee; Aa.ffie t -
H ropo,ll;a aanasuaro spas, Bb KOTOPbIXb mnB T'b espen, no-
r ymeHbl, KaKb ObI, Bb COH'1; rast, qTO eCJUI-ObI y Cb
zIf3ue1O ]I OOblqaJIl\lII eapeem. nplIIIIJIOCh ObI BntxaTh B1> mariarm, BD
<Hwfi HUOy,ll;h roposom; TO, OH'1 YJJ;UBIIJICH ObI TaI\Ofi CrrHqI\.t .iKH-
Te.llen -TOqHO BCt aauepan; sa He YBII,ll;liTe HlI oJJ;HoIl
..naBI\II BCt sanepru H MOJKHO Cb yBtpeHHocTbIO CKa3aTb, 'ITO sa
{)o.ijbmie ,ll;eUbfn He HaiiJJ;eTe qTO KynnTb Bb IIIaOaIIIb. )l;aiKe sopea-
HMe iKHTeJIII-XpnCTaiHe, eC.DII He ycrrtIOT'1 Bb nHTHIHJ;Y 3anaCTIICh
HeOOXO,ll;IIM01O npoaaeieio, ,ll;OJIiKHlJI rO.llO,ll;aTb. TO.lIhKO noc.IIt oot,ll; a-
1Jaca B'b serape, ropers npaauuaen, OiKlIBJIeHHbIfi BII ,ll;1>: ua r
JlB.1IHIOTCH 4>paHTbI II 4>paHTHxn B'1 HapH)J;HbIX'b KOCTIOMUX'L. Ocoteaac
<OTJI lIqaIOTCH OHII HarrHJIUBaIOT'b na ceOJI Bee qTO eon,
OpOIIIKH, OpaCJIeTbl, TaK'b lITO BosOYiK,ll; aIOT'1 aeaa-
BlICTb B'1 HtliOTOpbIX'1 npOCTO.IIIO)J;lIll aX'b - noropue He
3HaIOT'b, qTO espea He C'1tCT'b JIaKOMblii KYCOK1>; He BhTIIbeT1> .lllIIIIHeii
IHOMKII BO,ll;KII, JIllIIIb- ObI UMtTb BTn qTOObI HapH)J;nTbCH B'1
aoam1>, B1> neon, aroro CBHII\. ,ll;HJI. Bnpouem., reneps TOJIbKO CTaJIll
1> uapasarsca espea, a Bb npeanie roau , Kali'h IIOMHnTCH, He
flJ! J)KO ua POJJ;IIHt MOen, B1> MtcTeqKt Hesapanu, HO n B'h OO.llh-
X'h ropoJJ;aX1>: BepJJ;nqeB'B, ,u; yont n BnJIbHt,
6 JIhIDeIO sacruo upcauaaen, xuoro espeem. apaoroaparom.,
..1101]Jl lJIB HapRAo Bb Cy060Ty ObI.II'h: XaJIaTb, II BTO OlJUO no
Xll MHt Hi IO raase nplI.IIlI qHO, KaKb n..1JJI enponeacsaro
n , ana II nUJIeBlJIR nepnarna
. ry JlBmnCL B1l cauar or y aenepuef C.II rmot, qIITaIOT
'- '"'8 0 03BpaTJlCh AOMOii, COBepmaIOTb 3-10 CYOOOTHIOIO rp n
OO( )Ta em He OnQII.1aCb II easa 3Bt:-lAhl
aona II,l{ Tn B1> caaarorr, r BT KJT'b 113-
paaaae rBMHbI B1> qeCTb OTXO C 660ThI . . HTOpb
PT1> CTaKaH1> C1> BIIHOM1> D. Op06K c1> npauu opeasasa, 0 -
nepsoe 11 HIOXaeT1> BTopLIe B nepeaaeri, 1'1 npac -
OTB) soropue ]J.tJaIOT'1 TO- a;e ca oe. raa CTaRaH'1 n op -
OO'lKa OOODAYTb BCtXb HaXOADBrnRXCJI B'1 cauaror , Tor a Hall uae CH
nsaie XOpOM'L 127 nCaJIMa; nOCJIt aroro paCXOAJlTCJI liO a '1 ,)
rAt KamAbID raasa ceueacraa oJIarOC.lIOB.ilJIeTD CBO Ib JJ;1HeH D. no-
BTOpJIeT'1 co BIIHa H IWpOOO1JKofi IIpHHbl Xb KO-
peusem, HIOXaJI BX'b CaM'1 a ,lI;aBaJI uioxan, ,lI;OMammHI'1. Ilpa 9TO 'h
lIBTaeTCJI MOJD.TBa B'b 1JeCTb CBtTllJIhHllKa: BJarOCJIOBeH'1 ecn Toe-
noaa, corsopaamlf CBtTIIJIbHllK'b orHeHHbID. Hioxaase sopeasem,
espea OO'bJICHJIIOT'b rasasn, otipaaom., 1JTO ,1J.yrna qe.!lOB'BKa yspamaeroa
,lI;06PhIMIl n ,lI;OOpbnm ,1J.tJIaMII, KOTOpbIH ,lI;OJIiKHhI OJaro -
yxaTb, KaK'b upaaue aopeasa, IIO,1J.p06HOCTh C'b sopenssaa upecas-
AyeT'b TaKIlM'b OOpaaOM'b IIHTepeC'h apaacraeauo-nezarornuecnit . llo-
TOM'b 1JIlTaIOT'b MOJIIlTBY aa OT,lI;'BJIellie npa3,1J.HIlIW Cy060TbI OT'1 oy,ll;-
HllqUMX'b ,lI;HeiL 3a 9TIlM'b nsert BilBO CaM'b II ,lI;aeT'b npOqIIM'b'l HO
TOJIbIW MymqIlHaM'b, a He rr03,l1;paB.lJHJI APSTb
APyra, meJIaIOT'1 He o.narOnOJIYlIHofi aosa, a OJIarono.1Y1JHOfi
Teneps n03HaKOMIBI'b 1JIlTaTeJIJI C'b rOJJ;OBhIMb rrpa3J1,HIlKOM'h--
uaesmo; aTO oy,ll;eT'b secsua He aanruee anan, He TOJIhIW TtM'b, 1\0-
rspue HIlKOfJl,a Be 1IlITaJII:I I:I He BI:IJI,aJII:I KaK'b npaSJI,HYIO'I'b cospenea-
IhIe espea naoxy, HO I:I 'ItM'b, soropue ml:IByT'L Bb CMe.iKHOCTIl C'b
speaaa, OhIBaIO'I'h YHllXb II BI:IJJ;JIT'b nee, HO, MomHO caaaars TUK.iI\e')
o 3HaIOT1> c-y aroro npaamasa. HeB't.iKeCTBO B'BKO'IOpbl Xb,
ecotieaao npOCTOJIIOAIlBOB'h Bb 9TOMb oruomeaia TaK'b seanso, lITO
opOmJl,aeT1> paaaanaue TOJIKI:I 0 eBpeficKofi nacxs, B'b PO,ll;t TtXb,
OYATO enpea B'h seuept, nacxa -ynoTpeO.nmOTb, npn llCnOJIBeBiII oOp.a-
Jl, OB'b, xpacriancsyto KPOBh, npassmanaa ee B1> II Oy,ll;TO oean
&POBI:I lIMb HeB03MomHO npaSJl,HoBaTh nacxy. I'osopamie rast , BtpHO
*) H1>KoTOpLTe TI S'l, eap eeas , aa60:1KBLH" nOIO'I'li !JOJIH'fBLT B'li npOAO.,11l\enie n o ru,
H seuno nSb cocrpaaaam K'b yMepmml'h, lJ'f06LI OEl-T, Ira ' 'I. MOll'BO. n03 re BOSBpa-
'S.!!HC'I> Bb aA'li Il60 Bl> DIl'lBlf Y BeQep OM'1 BOSrJamaeTCH no a)J.t QT06u Be p -
el{ UBLTe BLTXOJI.H.lIlf aa m,i DOIrOFr Cy660ThI' a B'li FJ IfL n n -
'a.maeTCJI CHOB , QTo6lil OH 8Me,lll.'ll BHO, no MO.IITB'1, onar s II -
XXVI.
II a c x a (neiioax-i.).
.
3a ro p pH 1 -...H I ..
n:OBilTeJlhHO, OUR npaa HOBaTh ee oeb p
II) QTO, soofime, norpeo euie KpOHR U 5 H
a espea 1'1 aa&OHO In 0 cea. H' , a 1>
91'OfO .llIO003HaTe hHOMy xpaoriauaay He npouecn, 0 npaa.....
Hi eBpeJIMH naCXH.

Ilacxa ooaepmaeroa uuusmunnn eapeann,


)J,peIlHIIM'b, 14-ro Ilacaaa (uapra) IIX'b csnoaeuito. IIacxa y HUXn
caMbID ApeBHifi II BeJIIIKifi upa3)J,HIIK'h Ii c.nyllinT'b nocnoxaaaaieat,
qy n36aBJIeHiH II3palIJIH H3'b Eranra, ua qTO YKa3bIBaen II
. .
eaaoe aasnaaie npaamasa necars - nepexosaeme, T. e., qTO B1>
HOqh Ha6ieHiH nepaennem, erlIueTCKIIX'b aarers Bomifi npOX01J;IU1>
MIIMO )J,OMOB'b eBpeficKllX'b.
COBpeMeHHbIe espea, meJIaH C'b nacrynaeaiem, npaanmsa ce6t
uaIIOMHRTh, qTO npema HX'b no BblXO)J,t H3'h Enrnra nesm B'h rry-
CTbIHt onpscaosa, )J,tJIaIOT'b To-me canoe, HO, eCJlII MomHO TaI\'h BbI
pa311ThCJI, B'1 KOJIOpHTt, xapasrepaayiomem, IIX'b
peJIllrio3HbID crpoa, Tam, uanpaasp's , HMtH B'b BIt)J,Y noseasuie
MonceH: 4: onpfcuoan HAlITe ceas AUefi), HbIHtmHie espen He TO.lhI\()
B03AepmllBaIOTCH OT'1 scero ssaoaaro, HO 60JITCH B'1 IIacxy II npa-
RocaYThCJl K'1 ceMy, yrroTpeOJIHIOT'b HCKJIIOqllTeJIhHO upscaoe, II npe-
) - onpt cHoKIL H BO.iKe! C'1 KaKllM'b crapa-
nieM'1, C'1 KaKOIO Sa60TJIHBOCThIO r6TOBHT'b oua ara onpscucsa, Erne
3aAOJI f O AO npaSAHIIKa npio6ptTaIOT'1 ona JIyqmyIO nmeuuny, MeJIIOn
ee B'b oco6ott OT'1 noero KBaCHafO, caMyro
It! o6eperaIOT'h OT'h BCHKOti B.IIa.iKHOCTIl. 3a HtCKOJlhKO AHefi AO
npa JJ, BnKa npncTynaIOT'h fi'h neneaito (onpsouosom.). nparo-
R HIOT'h ee MymqllHhl , no TOft npUqUII'.B -; K3&
TO espea, qTO II B'h Ernrrrf .papaOH'h 3aCTaBJIH.1J'h I y ' q a
b meHCKiH OOHsaHBOCTll, a Iy .os i n . np
sapareasuu 'h 'h X.1JOnOTU '1, O)l;BHa aBO n

a
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:WT'b 1I3'b ,l(OMa B'b KJIa,lI.OBblJI ncasaro copra aepna, yli.y II naae
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H83HaIOII\i e TeOH, [J ua mIte IBleHII Teoero He npaanam: ,
iii II CTpeOn HXb ( uc. 78, 6 H IIoJ,alJ. lep.3, 66). Bt, I1pa:3JJ:HllQ-
HOMo CBOeM'b naCXaJIbHOM'b r llMH'll , lIO OOPHAY C'b 00-
aJIOM'b B'h pyK'B, enpea npOIl3HOCll T'h npOlJlll\t'b: )I;a oyjJ,e 'h
pajJ,OBaThCH coopyateHiIO rsoero rpaaa II tCTb TaMn H3'b JRep
RiA II nacxt, KpOBb, OT'b KOTOpblX'b lJ,U nonaners II'

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naCXH CJIyqIJ racs r asaa AIJKOBllHKa: qTO Bo
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TO nreaeanroa; Bct aaupsrara BHlDfaaie H B 11;
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.cTy ro npo,u:tJIllIBaroT'b Cb enpeaun. RHOfi illyTHHK1>-KpeCTbHH Ho; . H
DX'b OOblqaii, qTO llM'b neorixomuo !nltTo ceria Bb rrpa H "b
npoposa II yBtpeHHbIfi, qTO CB. Itrri H He nonp;el'b B1> AO b a,
ORb, aeraa rro,u:TpYHllTo HaA'b eapeesrs, BrOHHen e y B I CTO na -
faro npoposa, - I\03JI a. ;I;OJIro MDI roraa cream "b
-6bI OCTOJIOeHeBmie rrOrJIHAhIBaJIII ua 1\03JIa, He IIOUII as, nr bl T
.6oua sa IICTopiH? R TOJJbIW roraa OquyJIllCh l\aKb KOSe.JIb H q' "b
Jat'b illnOI\O pasryJIlIBaTb IIO n see eprt Tb 0 cro a:
BC'B rro,u:HHJIII fBaJIT'b 1I ,u:aBuli mar s ero BOHb; a 03eJO
,u:tJIaJI'b caoe - otraJI'b il nparari. no rOpHlIIJ;t. BbIlUJIa Tal\UJI cnena,
tITO MbI He MOrJIll YAepmaTbCJI OT'1 cMtxa. TO.1JbKO 0Alla1> orem He
pa3BJIeKaJICH nil qtM'b, ORo ObIJI'b ncerrsao norpyatern, MbIC ito - BXO-
n;OMo npoposa, eMY II AtJIa He OhI.1IO AO K03.1a, OHb TpOBHO upo-
n;OJImaJI'b ntTb filMH'b B'b neors CBJITOrO a YCII OKOBJCJI JIilillb rorra.
.KOfAa nponnn, BDIIIIe03HaqeIIHYro MOJIllTBY ille<Jl ofi x n ra)fOCXO) u
-BbIIIIIJI'b OOl\aJI'b C'b BilHOM'b, npnroroareauuf JJ;JIJI Ibia.
Bt, BTOtt II H'BKOTOpbIX'b APyrII X1> MO.lJUTB'b
MblX'b npn CTOJI'B, rrpoIl3HOCIITCH, KaKD <IHIHaJI'b scero, c t m e
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II
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XXVII.
lIHTII,J,eCHTHHIJ,a (IDU.}'3Cn).
ropaecreeauaa y espeem, Ilpa3AHIlKo ecrs - nHTBAeCHT-
RtJ;a HJIll npa3)J,HllKo nOToMy lITO co AHH llaCXII apesuie
iYJJ.en no aaRoHy AOJIjRHbl 6hIJIII ouarars ceMb (.[eB. 23),
OT.of)blH B'1 C.JIOaHOCTll COCTaBJIHIOTb 49 AHell, a AeHb 50 it 6bIJlo
Jl,HeMo npa3JJ.HIIQHblMo. Y HbIH'BmHIIX'b eBpeeBb npaaa-
reTCH raaae IIO IICTeQeHil:l ceaa HeA'BJIb OTb nacxn, Bb 50-11
lib, Bo IIaMHl'b cauaacsaro saKOHOAaTeJIbCTBa, TOJIhKO Cb T'BMb
lIieMo: ApeBHie espea Bo 9TOTo Ilpa3AHUK'b npIlHOCIlJIlI nuoro-
uaa iKepTBbl Bory H Bb TOMo QUC.1I'B ABa IIIIIeHll nuue KH' JIbI
t npemacaanue saaonosn., KaKb HalIaTOK'1 maTBbI, a nuu
R aroro He AtJIalOTo
1
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1<!J7;l'l1l!l1
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paao XOAHri B'b canarory; noio'n, rHMHhl II nca Mbl; npOH3-
'h aaoro MOJlHTB'b, TOpateCTBeHHO BbIHIBfaIOT'b 1I3b xpaua rna
KUllTH sasona; IIHTb qe.1IOB'll&'h QI1TaroTb HtC&O b&O OTpWBKOBb
1\'1 9TOMY IIpa3AHllRY ITo coaepmeaia bI O DTBb, B03-
Bo JJ.Ol\lb II Co seoeaiem, 061>]:(alO1'o. Benepom, onar s
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ocusmaoceuo, nOToMy Q'l'O HymHo eme 3aHJl'l'hCH upnroroa eaiesn,
o ymllHY. YmllHb conepuraron, Co T1BlIl iKe 06pHjla)1I1, &aRb npo-
me)J,mifi aesept.,
BTOpOB AeHh, IWKo II nepnua, upaanuyercn Cb BeJIllKOIO nsnn-
.accrho. CJI'BAJrrom;ie serape )J,HH npOXO)J,lITb Cb MeHhmefi ropa e-
.cTBeHHocTblO.
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J(BOBaHie 3aK.UOqaeTCH B1> 10 ell'! :b Bor TO'
OBUJI'b BM1> XpaM1> iepycaaa rc i, B"b 06 H axt, 'b
aro oaceto 3aKOHa OHB YCTH aIOT B'b arort, TpaBO n
aarorn, yspamaiors CBOB fa oepes ( ) p03 r
rann, no rrOTOJ& npornraaaiors HHTH aaasmaaaio H H '1
seaeaue .nBCTHKH, 1I3'b KOTOpbIX'b BbIBOf);JIT'b paSHhI8 p r BeB3e
no H30aM'b CTaBJIT'b 6epe3KH B1> na nTb TOrO., nro Bt or a E o
SIBlI.nCH ABpaaMy rro,lJ;'b Ca Ii enpe no CTaB IIp
-- ( R.nXllCn Illaaact - ,lJ;O.JmtBhI . Ha5.nro,lJ;aTb B1> 9TOTh npa3 H 'h
OcooeHHy ro Tt.necHyro qllCTOTY, KaK'b 9TO ObI.nO 3arrOB:B,lJ;aHO ApeB II
D3palI.nIO no c.JIyqaro npanaria IIM'b aasona, noqe}IY sees espeac i '
JIIO,lJ;'b, II xaCII,lJ;bI oc05eHHO, C1> uaorynaeniecrs npasauana B na AP
roft ,lJ;eHh yTpOM'b XO,lJ;JIT'b B'b KyrraJIhHIO, qT05hI CrrOJIHa coo lOCI
SaKOH'b. Besepoat, II C'b YTpa OHn ccriapaicr ca na MOJIliTEy. B1> nep-
ByIO HOqh rrJlTll,lJ;eCJITHBIJ;hI OO.lIte HaoomHbl8 H31> espeem, He CUHT1> :
,
MOJUI TCJI II qnTaIOT'b ucarraps; ecrs Mem,lJ; Y HIlMlI npename, qTO Bb
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o.narOlleCTllBble. II HymHo Ha5JIIO,lJ;aTh, KaK'b Ha50jf\Hble espe
raasa aa Heoo B'b 9TY HOllb, ynonaa, uro aBOCh crrOJJ;ooHTCH OH
yBll}J,tTb, KaK'b OHO OTBep3aeTCH. IIOMHHTCJI, sroII B'b uamem, M1>cTellR'l>,
f}J,t cym,eCTBOBaJIa uarpiapxarsuaa UpOCTOTa, JI B1> qIlCJIt MHOfnX'b-
,lJ;pyrUX'b Ma.nhllIlKOB'b npacrpaasaacn ua HOllh ua YJI IlIJ;t II ace CTa - 10
parca lie cnan, pa,lJ;H yrroMnuyTofi n;t.nll. To II ,lJ;t.no 6blBaJIO OKJl II -
l\aeM1> ,l(pyr'b ,lJ;pyra, aa CqeT'b caoparo anaseaia uetiecuaro.-
mere, SeCT'b BlI ,lJ;ep'b rHMeJIh mnaaraar's? BII,lJ; Hm b, KaK'b He60
aasanaen, yme Mt HJlTbCn Ii fOTOBO pa3BepHyTbCJI ! - Ie ), T. e. ,l(a,
Bl1m!, nO]J,TBepm}J,aJI'b TOT'b, Ha9J1IIKTpll SoBaHHbl ii paBBIl HCKll)In yse-
HtHMI1, 9X'b seii Boii Jlb ) -BIlJKy onem, x opomO, - OTlIeT.1JIIBO BmKy,
OX'b pe60il HbI me.noilJlOM'L >-OTen;'b He6eCHhIfi ! B3hIBaJl'b B'b Tt MII-
HyThI H, CMOTpH ua He60 C'b 6.nar or ontHi eM'b: Ral\'b ace 9TO XOpOIll O
crpoars I'ocnors AJIH HaC'b-I1SpallJIbTJIHo, Ii KaK'b npiHTUO Ell t T
eoo OTBepSCTbIM'b- XOTH B'b Cym,HOCTH unuero ocotieuaaro He n -
1>. Ho TO npama, qYBCTnonaJlOCb TOrD.a xopomo.
n ,l(06HhlMll 80 ropaenuuaa peJlllri03HbIMl'I Mhl lit 1'1 II H rp -
, A'BTII, f yT'b me II sacunasn. 11 EiRe! ChO !)fi. 0 paa Kil-
1'1 y H 0 ) 0
11 ){eOBa 0 H It IJI 6 for B HbI q B B
pa3CJta3LI It"b rrp33AH na r eMIH I\bI.
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eT'b: KTO B'b HOqb nHTDAeCHTHHI\bl He CIlBT'b IlpOBO B'b
yXOBHLlX'b SaHJlTiHX'b, TOTO ceot iaoro Aooparo nparoroa To
)(yIIIlf ). 3aKOH'b ra MyJJ;HqeCKifi B fBHHeT'b B'b OOHsaHHOCTb espea b
nparaaman, ua npaSAHH&'b nJITHAeCHTHHI\LI OtAHhIXb CBO Xb cobpa-
TOD1> II nx'b KaK'b MOiKHO .1JYlIme, lITO aTO r a '1
npiJJTHO Bory, KaK'b npiaraa EMy Obl.lIa Ht KOr)l, a aeprsa nama.
oorocJIymeHie llJITII)I,eCJI'fHIIJJ;bI COCTOIlTO fl3'1 0 HTB'll
nscaensaia II nreala nJIToKHlImiH MonceH, ncero, lITO OTHOCIITCH K'b
npa3)1,HIIKY; llIlTaIOT'b II ra.pTopbl Il3'b npoposom. , r t ynosaaaerca
00'1 aTOM'b npa3)1,Hlmt II KHlUY Pyq.b, TaK'b KaK'1 lICTOpiH C'b P-$bIO
CJIYlIlIJIaCb BO BpeMH aarser. E'b qTeHiHM'b espea npHCOejUiHHIOlD
CJItJJ;YIOII.\iii OOPH)I,o: OepeTCJI cocy)l,'b C'b llIICTOfi Bo,u;ofi II eBlITIJ.
B3HB'b nOJIOTeHu;e, nO)l,XO)l,JlT'b BMtCTt CO cnameuansaan Oe3'L OOYB
K'L KOBllery AapoHa, r)l,t II OMblBaIOT'b IIM'b pyKll , nocan sern CBH-
npIIOJIHmaIOTCJI K'b HInl1KY AapoHa: r )l,t HaXO)l,HTCJI
HLlH KHlIrII, nO)l,HIIMaIOT'b saepxs pyKII II BantBaIOT'b )l,peBHee rpne-
sparaoe oJlarOCJIOBeHie HapO)l,y, anasymeecn B'b KHIIr B qnC.!Ib; uapo 1>
caynraen, 9TO uuaie II llyBcTByeTn cetia Bo ocoti eaaom, naorpoeain.
MOMeHTn AtiIcTBIITeJlbHO naaem: )l,ame iKeHm;IIHbI, KOTOpbIH TYTn He
MorYTn npacyrcrnoaars, II Tt CTapaIOTCH BCJIqeCKII XOTh H3n )l,a,;ul
coaepnan, 9TO oomeCTBeBBoe cJIymeHie, ua soropoe no I1X'b MB'I>Hiro,
II aareau B30paTh He MoryTn. Ilocrs roro BCt MOJlJIII.\iecJI npocaa-
BJUIlOT'b Bora sa ocotienuoe IIX'b II30panie B'b eAIIII cTBeHHbI1f sapors:
(Tbl, rOCnOAH, IISOpaJI'b nacs OT'b BCtX'b JISblKOB'b 0
nac'b nase BCtXo; He saOblBaiI JRe aacs II HblHt, KaK'b n npeaae,
B03BpaTII aaci, CKopte Bo Iepycaaaas II COOJlar OBOJIII B03CTaHOBBTh
JJ;?M'b CBRTDJIlIII.\a Tsoero, MOJIlIM'b TeOH, npanraa naM'b csopne Mec-
eno, )l,aBHO omlIAaeMaro!) 1I1ITaIOTC.iI B APyriH MOJlDTBM, lLltromi
omeaie fi 'b Meccill. me He npOXO)(IlT'b IIOllTD H B
ymeHiH, B'b KOTOpOM'b ObI enpen Be npocara Bora 0
JlJlBBO DMII OmO)(aeMaro: O)(Ha tbIC.Ih 0 E 0 SI Ii
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o 11'03BO HeTCH rOTOBIITb symaa 6; DO TO Bb 0 B b t ,
I II oanaseuuua npaamaat, nplIXOAHTCH B1-. 6 HHlJU ea , Bll
roBoTy me dlJIaTb aTO nocnpeuiaeros. IT m rn Bh
STGT'b npasmnm, 60JIbmelO sacruo 0 OlJuylO. IIp a ie 00 UReTh
s y no,n;pOOUOCTb raas: B'b 50-Ii neub, sor a ce" u lJ
3aKOU'b aa rops Oaaancaoa, ropa, sam, H3B'BCTHO, OTpHO b OT
rJIaCOB'b II MOJIuifi; ee OOJIeraJIH TorAa 00 asa, 0 am, 0_pJI -
EaK'b aaaaeaia npaoyrorsia Boaia na rops (llox. 19, 1 - 1 ), a
ace npoorpaacrno ORO.1I0 ropa II TO MtOTO; f At Ob '1 era b esp -
OblJIO HeOOblKHOBeHHbUI'b CBtTO '1, aecpasae HO
'CBJIbHte COJIHelJHaro. I'aat, BOT'b, lJTOO'b YAepmaTb Bb na UIT
IHtmHifi OOJIIIK'b C06bJTiH, paBBIIUbI II yCTauoB JI n Bb )J;eHb TII-
tCTb MOJIOlJUyIO, lJTOObl OtJUI3HOlO 0 ORa XOTn
HtCKOJJbKO 0003HalJIITb II HanOMHIITb 0 TOM'b ne06blKHOBeHHO1'1 CBt-
Tt, KaKOA Bll,n;'BJID: IIX'b upeaan npa nOJIylJeHill sanoaa ua ro 1) CIl-
;aiiCKOii.
llOCJIt oot,n;a espea nporyJIllBaIOTCH II nocsntasm, APyn APrr a
.llymaIOT'b nOY'lHTeJIhHblH ptlJll CBOIIX'b paaesasusaam, At--
HMo 0 BOCXOm,lJ;eHill MOllceH ua ropy CllHait, 0 ero oect,lJ,t C'b B
OM'b II 0 IJoJIylJeHiu AByX'b cKpumaJIeA, aa KOIIX'h Obl.llII uanaca bI
J);ecHTb 3anoBtAeit. JI:epmaT'b ceria enpea B'b BTOTh npa3](HIIR'L 10-
eHHO UpUJIUlJHO. CnpaBeAJIUBOCTh TpeoyeT'b, BrrpOlJeM'b, cKasaTb, lJTO
II BO BCt npaamaau OHII BeAyT'b ceria CRpmlHO H XOTH BblIIII BaIOT'b
OAKU, no nceraa yMtpenHO, He CMOTpH ua TO, lJTO Ram,n;oe eapen-
esoe AIITH, ema asmremree ns'b neaeaom., HalJHHaeT'b yme 3uaRO
UTbCSI C'b BUHHblMH HanUTKaMII. Bt, npa3)1.HUlJHOe BpeMH 6e3'b BOA&1l
spea He CSl AYT'b sa CTOJI'L, a B'b II nO)l.aBHO, TaR'b
aK'b UO aaaony B'L BTOT1> AeHb HymHo pa,n;OBaTIlCJI H BeCeJIIlThCJJ,
lIbIOT'b II BeCeJIO 1I0AIltBaIOT'h, HOO CKaaaHO: -noare rOCIJOAr C'b
eceaiem,. ITo II bIOT'b, OIJJITb-TaKll, oseat, yMtpeHHO n RaR1> ObI nIl
eCeJIIIJIUCb II Ull rYJIJIJIII , a uesepuea cJIymobl He uporyamo'n. .
Ilocrs BnJIOTb AO CeHTJIOpJI, mlf3Hb eapeem. llAeT'b
'b-TO BHJIO. J];a He nOAyMaeT'b lJBTaTeJIb, lJTO BTO orATO OM 110
JItTHJIrO BpeM.eUB, B1> soropoe II BesAt , ocoti enao Bo TOP -
Mipt )I.'BJIa 1t 'rb nsoxo. H'BT1>, TYTo COBctM'L APY aa np
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a D K ,B P
sa 0 ra YJJ.'b}l e y 1> TO P H
9ToT'1 CJI y qatt OLIBaeT'b 9-ro uo JI. lITO e TO B
pacriaaatrs? osep alO1"'1 II JITb paaope i a xpa a Iep
.IBM a 0 - ( TuuuUe06o) . Bo 9TOT'1 espe IIOCTHTCH AO B
OJlRTCR H nea'1 OOYBl! B'b xpa t, lIRTalOT'b Cb phI;J,aHi
EBHry (IJ.lIaq'b Iepeuia . OHn npeaaiorca B'1 rumetieoat, T 0
rosaaim, lITO j.(ame CHIIMaIOT'b 3aBtcy C OBO 'b aTO
eas npescraannort, BnO.llH'B ,ll;HeM'1 csopea a nella 3a tqaTe bBO,
lITO ].I,tTII eapeem., KOTOpbI M'b nOllTII Be 1I3BtCTBbI mllTenCKiH 0-
;BO.llbCTBi H, B'b ].I,eHb runrerieom. , He CMOTpH aa TO , tITO OH'1 nper-
aaanaueas ,II;.lJH nOCTa II csronania, npe,n; aIOTC.II aatiaaa 1> II nrpa D
.
lITO, nOBTOpJIIO, COCTaB.lIJIeT'b acsnoaeme B'b nx'b H3HH TaE.1> - OHR
oCTpt .llJIIOT'b 113'1 .lIyKOB1> II pymeit, pa3y Mt eTcH COOCTBeHHaro lm,lt ia
II .lI Umb noxoxu sa pymbH. Bnpoxeut. , 9TO ,n;tJa1OT'b CbIHbI napaa .II
He paaa npocroa nOTtxII, a lIT06bl JlYllme HanOMHIITb ce6t IICTopa-
qecRyIO cy.).(b6y IepycaJlHMa,-ero paapymeaie II YHll1JTOaieHie xpaaa,
H:mtcTHO, qTO BO BpeMH oca,n;bI Iepycaaaaa aapaarsrnne Apa.!IIICb Cn
aenpiareaes; rr09TOMY II rerrepr, HymHo, no y6tmAeBiIO espeem,
6llTb BpaI10B'b, a aa HeuMtHieM'b HX'b, MomHO II npouean, ceria
,npaTbcH- E j.(epyTCH. YcTpOHBaIOT'b j.(Ba CTaHa-1I3palJ.TlbCRifi II Be-
rrpiHTeJlbCRifI-1I BCTynaIOT'b B'b 60it: npemj.(e AepyTcH C'b
a nOT(}M'b, lwr]J,a paS'bJIpJITCH, pByT'b aso-ucen APyr'b ,l{pyry
nenou, Ho OCTaBnnI 'b B'b CTOpOH'B j.(t Teii.
Bt, TO BpeMH, Kor)J,a OHII arpaiors, pomreaa nx'b HeyTtnIHo
nJIaqyT'h 0 paapymenin IepYC8J1IIMa. IIoBCIOj.(Y MomHO BII,II;1>Tb enpeem,
R1> ]J,eHb TIiJ me6eOB'b TaKIIMII nell8JIbHbIMlI, R8R'b ObI Y'l'paTIIBmUMff
see, UJIlI liaR'b ObI .1JIO,II;eti TOJl bKO qTO IIJI'ImeBHbIX'b. H ObIJI'b RpanBe
y ].I,UB.lI eH'b, YBll].l,tB'b Hej.(aBHO MHomeCTBO HOBrOpOACKlIX'b enpeest.,
me,l{IDll X'b cs rrOHIlKHYTbIMII rOJlOBaMII ua KJlaA6nm;e, llT06bI T 1> II
OrUJI8X'b y Mepml1X'b pbI].I,aTb.
lIo uoanpameala IlX'b C'b H sameat, Bn as
""V;li!'JlOMy espero; TaM'b sauna ptqb 0 l1X'b HaCTOHIne.{'b
!'b ero aansasaaasnn., H crrpOCIIJI'b: TO Te 1)
caam, J(H I npaamu B B r
pall M'b cr UII B npo-
MA> 'L r.1I.. cr. 13.
I 0 UJH
HOBhIH rOll'L (Poursvramaao).
XXVIII.
__ aaot, OerOI{HH c TbIme6 OWL 3 1> ORo, B
aaaa 0 p( spyrneain xpasa, C opon 1'1>.
_ MOiltHO 6bI reneps II He ToO p IIIaThOH 061> 9T 0, Bt h
xpa 0 lepyoa.lIDMOKifi, no I{peBHOOTII oBoeD, II 6e31> roro oro e
P3SPYIIIIIThOH.
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canarora He maAJIT'b.
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3 BIIKH TBOU 6pam,y B'L UJIa 'h" (
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C,jIOB'b 46 near ra, soropun TyT'1> naraerca 7 paas: c Bet, Ha-
mJl,bI BtlCIIJIeIqIITe nocnoare Bory raaco I'D pa,lI,OCTlI upos.
ILIii rrpa3Jl,HIIK'b HJl,eT'b TaKIIM'1> oOpa30M'b, lJTO Jl,aeTh nee y s o 0-
HT'b rpenoanua. IIepBIiIM'b ,lI,tJIOM'b BCt Oe3'h 1I3'bHTiH cotiapaiorca
15 caaarory ua MOJIliTBY, lJT06bI BblMOJIBTb ceot y Bora ClJaCT H-
bID ro,lI,'1>, HO 9TO TOJIbKO OJl,Ha rrOJIOBIIHa npasmaaa. Bon B'1> 9TOT'b
}J;eHb Tpe6yeT'b OT'b lJeJIOBtKa OTlJeTa BO BCeM'1>, lJTO OR'b C tJIa 'h
B1J acreamlf roJl,'b, II, B3BtmnBaH Jl,tHHiH 1I3paHJISI,
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eps 9TII HaKa3aHiH MoryT'b OblTb rrpnMtHeHIiI K1J HBM'b. ROHelJHO,
e CpH)),y COBepmaeTCH era ueoecaaa pacnpasa, TaK'b KaK'h B'1> )J;eHh
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BpeeB1J , KaK1J rrOJl,rOTOBIITeJIbHbIii AeHb, KaK'b )J;eHb cy)),a. Becsua
pUr BHaJIbHO onaousaen, TaJIMy,lI,1J nponecct aroro uerieonaro
b HOBbJii rOA'b. Bt, pa3CKa3bJBaeTCH 06'1 9TOM'b CJItJl,YIO-
ee: (B'b TO BpeMH, KaK'b B'b I epycaJIHMt cyIqeCTBoBa.n'b BeJIlIKifl
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MOHHO AeHb coaepman, rrpa3)J;HHK'b uonaro rOJl,a. Bors raaae c06npaJI'b
OBtT'b aHreJIOB1> II rOBOpIIJI1>: nJl,IITe H cnpOCIITe, oupersaeno JIll
a 3eMJIt HaqaJIO nonaro rOAa?) AHfeJIbI, Y3HaB1> 0 rrOCTaHOBJIeHirr
..... piona, OTB'tlJaJIlI Bory, lJTO B'b rasoa-ro JJ;eHb Ha3HalJeHO 6IiITh
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npaneausm, n rpersa Cpe,7(HIIXb, T. e. ,I(JJI TtXn spaa bTHH ,
Y KOll X'b JJ: OOpbI Jl ,lrtJIa paBHJI IOTCH 3.rrbJ 1'1. IiI BOTb 'lTO'bl He Oll -
TUTJ)CH R'b KHHrt nenecransm., HymHo YCllJIeHHO .f0 nThCR Bb aen
uosaro rosa. Ram,ll;hJfi nCIJOBt,ll;hIBaeTCJI B'h rptxax'h npeAb uanaao b
BellepHel c.rrymObl. HCIIOBtJJ;h COCTOTIT'h TI S'h 22 C.1JOBb II IIPOB3HOCIITC
KaIOIqlIMHCH B'b r am: omaauol.v. 60rall,H01 T. e. corps-
IDHJI'b H, rOCIIO,7(n! araJI'b, 06nmaJI'b, 06MaHhIBaJI'h, y6IIBaJI'h n npon. ;
npn Ka.7R,ll;OM'b CJIOBt YAapReT'b ceria IIpaBoIO pyKOIO Bb
rpYAh. Ilocrs roro KaUTOp'b ornprraaeri, 6orOC.!I ymeHi e; 60roc y;neHi e
conepmaercn ,ll;oJIro, ,ll;0 IJOJIyHOllH H C'b pasmpaiomua's ,ll;ymy BOII-
JIeM'b. npHBOAllM'b H3'h MO.1JI1TBeHHllKa CnAep'b II KH. lUaX3ep'b HtI\O-
TOPhTH II3'b MO.llIITB'b: rOCIIOJJ;lI Boae nanrs, BOCKJI IIn;aeT'b
enpea, Boae IIcaaRoB'b, Iasoarest.l Bon, BblCIIIiii
crpamnua, Bon, 'f BOPJl iJ BeJIiJI MlIJIOCTlI n COXpUHJIHfi 3aBtTb OT-
namaxs JJ;O BtKa. rOCIIO)I.H! KTO nOAOOeH'b Te6t B'b Mipt II B
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a pasno II K'b TtM'b, KOTOpbl X'h lIMtemh noospecart. r
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conepmar scn HhlHt. tI;a IIOKJIOHJITCJI Teot BCt ynosatontle
na Tsoe MIIJIOCepAie, JJ;a orsepayrcn Hblut YCTa HamII K'h npocaa-
BJleHiIO lI MeHlI 'l' noero II B03fJI arOJlIOT'h xBa.1JY Te6t II IIoMa3aHHIIK!
I'soe ry npaBeJJ; HoMy HameMy Boae nspalI.neB'b! Tbl 1l0MHIImh Bee
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PaBO yTpml'b, OOJIeKillIlC1 caepxt, OOhIKHOReIiHofi Rl> "t
JI hIH JIbBHHbIH pyoamKll, Y HllXl> KIITe.lb, II,]; '10 espen
B'b canarory IIJlII IIIKOJI1I; rrpOII 3HOCHT'b ro ocosn,
MOJlJilTBhI, HaKJIOHHCb B'b 3HaK'b TOfO, qTO oua IDl'BIOT'b Ob1T1 C All IiI
II 1I03TOMY, KaK'b 011 llB.lJJIIOTCH rrpe,ll'b npecr oaoa t, Cy bII;
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qTO IIX'b, uaxoaacs B'1 ootToBaHHofi 3eMJIt, MHorOIipaTHO rpy-
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K'L Bory, qTOObl KaK1> MomHO OOJlt e OKJIeBeTaTb Iiam)J;aro espeu B1>
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KaK'b ObI AiaBO.n'b He YKa3a.n1> n a uaxt. focnoAY, eapen ero II cnyTbI-
ai 'I1>, orayman lJaCTbIMlI 3ByKaMlI TpyO'IJ, HapOlJHO ,llaiRe sa Ht CKOJI bK()
JIB JI,Q uonaro rona, lJTOObI oOMaBy Th B'b pascnerax's, KOrJI,a np -
x JJ,HTCJI HaCTOHm.ifi JI,eHb enpeacs ar o uonaro rona. KaKo KO -
1> Tpy6RTb, BCt oTBtqaIOT'b r pOMKllM'1 roaocosn.: OJlCljl\eHlIII 1(1 i ,
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8, 16). 3aM'l>THM'b, lJTO espen 0 Tpy6JIeHiH B'1 por p
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XXIX.
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OBOpIITCH CJI'f>Ayro.II\ee: B'b JJ.ecHTblit p;eHb 7-ro
, CMHpHJiTe p;ymII aama II HIIKaKoro p;tJIa He .llt.1Ja T
BpeMH cyII\eCTBOBaHiH xpasa I epyca.nn Wit ro

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ora II np.
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ct OT'b MaJIa AO BeJIIIKa BP;yT'b na ptKy, tIT06bI TaM'b cu CT
rptxll CBOll B'b BOP;y, KaK'b llIImeTCH: Toil 06paTllT'b a norpys
HerrpaB}.I,bJ nama, II nsepaers B'b rJIy61lHbI nopcabr BCt rpsxa Ham
7, 19). Beseposn, CHOBa c0611pa1OTcH B'b CIIHarofY; npoaaa -
CHT'b OObIKHoBeHHbIH MOJIllTBbI; npa3p;HllIi.'b CTaKaHO 'b
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aaro rona. Ilasouem., meJIaH p;pyr'b p;pyry 6JIarOIIOJIytIHarO HOBOJIt Ti H,
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Tiro 1I3'b }l;oporlIx'b pbio'b, yrroTpeOJIHIOT'b erne <PPYKTbI, HO.nOIi.II, rpynm
T. rr., OOMaItUBaH IIX'b Bo MeA'b, II rrpIIOaBJIHIOT'b: }I;a upmers Ii.1>
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, TO re6re 'h ;I.OJliKeU'L 6uTb II HaKU3UH'L.
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B B oaaro, pa)l;OCTHaro }.\yIoBHaro ropaecrna. ie 'b- .
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seoaa CTapaIOTCjJ SarJIa,u;R'rh rpsxa osoa. npn ynorpe-
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HaTaJIKlfBaeMCjJ ua He,u;oyMrHie, Ka&IUIb OOpa30M'L MomHO npIlHOCIITb
.mepTBbI, He lIMrJI xpana. EBpefi npaauaers BOnpOC1>, HO OOXO,lJ; IITb
canoe aarpyjueuie, npIIHOCH, BMrCTO npeanaxs xpanoasm, aeprm.,
mepTBM apyroro po,u;a, YCTaHOBJIeHHbIJI MY}l;pbIMII paBBIlHaMIl, cne-
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Tyxa, aenpeasnuo ot.lIaro, a "). mepTBbI
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Cb APynnm lIJleHaMll cem.a neprart er o HaAb rO.1JOBOIO,
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CUAep'b). IIOCJIt roro KajItAbIfi YlIaCTIHIK'b TpniR}.\l>l YAapHeTl> oaers:
..iH r O EI f Ue
n,r tnn If IT (l BU
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JU> H'1;xOr.ll.a cnaeapious npecrynanaaus; reneps B'I> C03HaHin csoetl BllHOBHOCTU
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aa usryxn, 1\aK'1 )l;t.:Ia lIll aTO B'1 peBHOCT npa CO-
nepmeuin mepTBonpnHomeHifi. Ilpn I\PIIKt a UeCqaCTBhIX'1
nrnm., roaopnrt pUBBIIB'b, fiumAhIfi 113'1 iYAeeB'b AO .iKeB'b hI C eHUO
C03BaBaTb, qTO aa rpsxn cson OU'b 6hI noaaeprnyr soa
BCt M'b MyqeBiml'b, KOTOpbl JI nepeBOCJIT'b ntTyX'b II Kypll:n;a, eOCTa-
samemie nCKynuTeJIbBylO jKepTBy II fBtB'b I'ocno ens,
Sa TJI jRKie r aon rps xa, TO me canoe pansuat,
B'b yCTaBt d tJJI XIIC'b eM'b Kynyp'b>, -3a TBOII
nperpstneaia uoa ers 6hITb yJKe onpersaeua Te6t, II3paIIJb, oaua
B3'b orpamauxs cueprea: 6hITb nCTpe6JI eHHhIM'b MeQOM'b, n06nThIM'b
KaMBRMll , ll,JIll 33AymeHHhIM'b 3JIbll\I'b QeJIOBtlWM'b (CKIIJIe, cpeqre, spers,
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AaIOT'b 9Tll aeprna (aanypact.]? nee aa Te6H rptIDHhIfi Qe.IlOBtl\'b;
yMtfi me 9TO, no KpafiHeii Mtpt, :n;t HllTb! )}
Besepoat B'b JJ.eHb osameaia, 06JIeKIDnCb B'b JIyqmiJr O):t;ejR)J;hI ;
cseprs KOTOphIX'b JI bHHHhIJI py6amKII, POA'b
easana, B'b SHaK'b roro, QTO 6YATO ceiiQac'b rOTOBbI HU cyjI,'1,
OTnpaB.IlJIIOTCJI espea B'b canarory II HecyT'b 60JIbIDylO BOCKOBylD
CBtqy, - J(ap'b B'b CBOeM'b ocorieaaun, TaK'b KaK'b B'b 06hIKHO-
neaaoe npeua mryT'b IIpH 60rOCJIyjReHin CaJIbHblJI cBtqn. Bon}J,H B'b
(j}lHarory nponSHOCHT'b APyr'b CJIOBa nOTOM'b sa-
3tJJ.L1D enpea uaxaers mHI,'b JIn:n;OM'b n uaraeri, BhIIDeynOMJI-
ByTylO YAapHH ceria MHorOKpaTHO B'b rpy}J,b, a APyrofi eapen,
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Q OS JI;HHKl> IJJlaTllTb acnpaa T 10 aoe
n CJI J{pyr-b IMeTh1O , pan r pt x OB'h 'b. -
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Il'QeT'b J{OJIfO 3BaMeBaTeJlbHhlfi KO.1Jb HIIJlpe - pors paaptrn re bHO
MOJIItTBbI, KOTOpy1O MomBO Ha3BaTb aKTOMb ncesapomaro orpeseaia
OTb OOtTOBb, IJpHCHrb, a 3aK.1HIHaaiii . BOTb ell Hall 0:
-Bo BC'I>Xb ootTaxb, aanpemeai HXb, soropae YbI Jl 11
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OJI3aJIIICb coxpaann, co AHH onnmemn npomeamaro AO HaCTO.lIm;arO
bI RaeMCH: nee 9TO Aa oYAeT'b rmerno, II SrJIamAeHO II YHllqTOjKeHO .
IIoJlooHaro pora nsuie npoAOJImaeTCH AO r JlyooRoii HOqII; H'I>RoTopble
eapen 1JIITU1OT'b Bb 9TO BpeMH BCIO ncarraps ; nusre IIpOBOJ(HTb BCIO
BOllI> Bb caaarors: MOJIHTCH B1> reneaie ncero npa3!{HIIRa II
B01JbIO II IIpIITOM'b, CTOH, Oe31> oarnMaIWB'b, B'b 0AHIlX1> qYJIIi.ax'b, ua
OAHOM'b M'I>CT'I> n TaK'b B1> rrpOAOJImeHie l(tJI blX'b 27 lIaCOB1>. Bt
AeHb eme J{O pascasra cobapamrcn B'b cnuarory; necs
aeas MOJIHTCH; conepmasm. BeJIIIKOe ropaeorso Ha,lI;'b KHIIrolO 3aIWHa;
1JaCTO nonepraioroa na 3eMJIIO C1> 3aKphITbDI'b YAapJIH ceria
B1> rpYAb, C'b IIJIa1JeM1> 0 CBOIIX'b rpsxaxt. Ilocas MOJIIITB'b COBep
masm, ocooeHHblii OOPHA'b soraua-CBHID;eHHHKII II JIeBIlThI. Ilepsue
B03JIOmnB'b na rOJiOBY TaJIeC'b - mepcraayro no
met eIIaH1JY II saspum, em rOJIOBY, oJIarOCJIOBJI HlOT1> napnrt, KaK1>
aanonsnauo Bb KH. TIIICJIb 6, 24- 26. Ilpn oJI arOCJIOBeHi II IIpOCTIl-
patort, K1> HapoAY PYKH, KOTOpblfi B1> CBOlO Oqepe,lI;b TaKiRB aaspu -
naers raasa, CTOJIbKO me no IIO)];pamaHilO KoraHy , ClWJIbRO n3'b 1JyB-
oJIarOroBtHiH, 1J'l'OObI He BII)];'I>'l'b PYKb soraua, TaKb KaK'b B1>
npO,lJ;oJImeHie OJIarOCJIOBeHiH, IIO BtpoBaHilO espeen's, na HeMb nona-
aaen, CBHTOit 1l0CJIt roro noraasr nOIOTb IItCHb, KOTOpylO
a enpecr auao rrOBTOpHIOT'h, no Kpaitaefi Mtpt, paSb )];O ceua; IIplI
am,lI;OM'b rmuropeaia OOJIte II OOJIte B03BbImalOT'b r OJI OCb . HaKOHeI('b,
nOIlOJIY,lI;HII lIUTalOTb nesepuia MOJIHTBhI, rrpO)];OJORaH IIX1> J{O sa 0-
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1> BbIXOJ( OMb H31> COHaror II TPYOHTb rpoxno H npOTHatHO
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xxx.
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TB.&pll (ceHTHopH) Cb ocotieaaoio ropaeorneuaoorim. B'b nepinrs cy -
ROBania xpaua, BCt enpea, He crapse 40 JItT'b n He MOJIOme
l' , 0 JI:taHbI 6bIJIH IIplIXO)J:llTb B'b Iepycannn, aa 9TOT'b rrpa3,1J;HIIK'b.
S .en J CTpaHBaJIH HS'b seaeasm, BtTBeit Kym;1I - nasarsa B'b naaan,
t aare CTpaHCTBOBaHiH 113paUJIJI B'b rrycTbIH'B, IT B'b Hll Xb
paJ],ocTHo BeCL OCMlIAHeBHbIIt rrpa3AHllK'b. Bt, Kamj{bI '
eft , no CJIOB3 10 YlIeHaro panuaaa I pOMt HO-
"'''''4'b eprm., B03JIlIBUJIlI aa arraps BO)J:y, cMtmaHH
6RhIM"h 3ByKOM'b B'b 3 aK'b P3JJ; OCTII nuoc H e B
u 0 'b 10 UTBaX'b, r eneps 0 b nsorn 0 B
uomeT JI: Bon, B'b BOC &H neai I r OC[l O b BO
ITcaJI. 46: 6); II BO BTOpWX'b B'b BRa 0 paao T rr -
LI T. e. lITO reneps COBCtM'b yate rro5t)J:H 1I C TaHy , OH'b H
o TCJI OOBlIHHTb IIXb rrepe)J:'b EOrOl'b. 0 9 0 rrpHcoe -
B e CH eme rperse cootipaaenie: B'b 9TOI'b AeHb Arm epm X"h
OLlBalO1''b CBOOO)J:HbI OTo rrepeceJeHifi m. It a ( espea BtPHTo Bo
uepecereuie )J:ymo B'b pa3HbUI Tt.na); 11 , J],t aeICJI 9TO B1>
naanrs roOI1JeH, KOTOpbIfi Bo )J:peBHOCTll HalIIIHa.T[CH B'b 9TY II eHH()
rropy. OKOHqllB'b C.lIymoy 1I Bblfi)J:lI 1130 cnaarora HOlIbIO, espe
lIMtIOT'b OObI&HOBeHie TYTo me, B03.lIt canarora OCBHIIJ,aTh
.lIyay, qTOObI Co O,lJ;HOIt CTOpOHbI reneps me uasars AOOPbIJI )l,taa, a
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e.nOBaMB: Tnopem, ,u;a aanamers B aanesarasen, TeOH Kb
6 arOrrOJIylIHoMy ro));y). Y.mIlHo npoxonar, ua 9TOT'b pas's, C'b oco-
6eHHbIMb OatBBJIeHieMb.
b.....n"'p'L B ntJIII BeJIIi oe a Ii yin Hapo b
e npa3,lJ,HHK'b. HbIHtmHie enpea XOTH mepTBbI H
rt1.i.ia'lttIi T , HO npa3JJ;HIlK'b CTPOllTb H3b )J;OCO
LIma, nOKpIilBaIOT'b BX'b )J;peBeCHbIMH BtTBJI HI, a HHOf
. B'b cpeJl.D:ny CTaBIlTCH Me6eJIb, CTtHbI IIOKpbIBaIOTb KOBpa H,
pOBJIIO K'b IIOTOJIKy npaefnnaaaarn. aa II .
CMh )J;Heii npa3,lJ,HllKa OHII npOBO,lJ,HT'b Bn Kym;aX'b, Be
KaKylO IIOrO,lJ,Y. YTpOM'b 1I nenepom, XO,lJ,HTb B'b canarory,
HOCJlT'b MHOJIWCTBO MOJIHTB'b H qHTaIOT'b 3aKOB'b MOilceH. ITp
JymeHin coaepmaerca oco6Ii1fi 06pH)l;'b BaA'b naJIbMOIO, II ,lJ,t-
CH 9TO TaKUM'b 06pa30M'b: B3HB'b B'b npasyro pysy
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8ylO-O,lJ,HO, Taltb uaasmaeaoe, paacsoe H6.JIOKO [acepem.] , CIIJIbHO
OTpHCaeT'b nyKoMb, TO IIOAHlIMaa ero naepxn, TO onyosan BHlI3'b,
rasae nOBO,1J,IIT'h lIM'b II ua BCt CTOPOHbI, KaRb CKa3aHO 0
Bl> IICaJMt: 4: TOf,1J,a B03paAYlOTca sea npena J);y6paBHaH. )I;BIImeHi e
9TO assoxnaaapyerca IICa.JIMaMH: OT'b I l l-ro J);O i1S-ro. IIOTOM'b
BblHIUIaIOT'b H3'b aiora )J;Bt auara 3aROHa J);JIH IIpOqTeHiJI M'l>CT'h,
K'b npa3J);HBKY; 0AHY HB'b HHX'b KJla,lJ,YT'b ua aHaJIoii II
QAHTl> BOKpyrb eJI ceas paat, C'b IIyKOM'b, KOTOpbIfi IIOTOM'b RJIU-
"b B'b KiOT'b BMtCTt C'b aaarmo, llOMo.nIIBmHCb, IIOCbIJIaIOT'b CTO-
nma CIIBarOfH C'b naJIbMOIO H pafiCKHM'b JI6JIOKOM'b Bb AOMa, QTo6hI
eau II AtTlI TaKme nOMOJIHJIHCb Ha)J;b 9TOM CBJITbIHeit Bees BTOT'L
HAl> npaasam, uanouauars, qTO )l,peBBie iy)l,elI, HaxojJ;JlCb Bo
{fnBaHHOil BeM.nt, CTpOBJIll H3l> naJIbMl>. Ha O).(BBo enpef
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oil CBHTbIHeii, II CJIY*BTeJIb canarora cnsanrn, B'b ,l),O a,
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.1JOHCKifi TaJHfY)J:o, rrOJIyqIIJIo aaxam II iHOT"b npaSJJ;HIIKb. Bt, 'qpe -
.,l(eHiH ero paBBIIHEiI PYKOBOJJ;CTBOBaJIllCb 1> MtCTO 1>
Ilacauia: ,ll;a He OTCTYUllT1> xunra sasona cero OT1> yCT"b TBOIlX"b:
ill ,n;a noyuaeuraca B'b Hen AeHb II (HamIH1>, 1, ). Earen
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BAeT'b ptqb, OKOHqIITh ero rOJJ;OBoe nreale. ITpa3)J;HIIR'b arors noarouy
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.nIITB'b, BEiIHlUIaIOT'b H31> BCt CBllTKIl 3aROHa, H3'b IWIl X'b
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CIIT1> ero OKOJJO aMBOHa, a napom c.ntJJ;yeT'b sa HHM'b C'b nponaan
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alOTCH B'b canarory, qTOOhI no nponreala H'I>KOTOphIX'b MO.lIlTB'b
cuoaa BhIHYTb H30 xpauaaama BCt CBIlTKH 3aKORa, KOTOpEiIe 06ao-
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6emBIXaC'b ropa , T. e. MbI paJJ;yeMCJI paaocri BeJIilO 0
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sremn 3aKOHa, pacnpeJJ;tJIHIOT'b JJ;OJIjKHO 'I' ll:
S. 6 - apxncIIHarora, aauropa n )J:pyrux'b 9TH )J:o iKII O Til
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IJ,lJ;a If }1TOCTBBmllCb, fiaK1> rOBOpUTCJI , 0-3 a, CT OR
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maIJ:It, HalIaJIII npocars ero TaRn HaCTOfilJIIBO, lITO OH'1 He pt-
CH, orsasars BM'b B'b H BOTh OHo ony-
aeT'b 3aHaB'BCKy OKHa, lITOOIJ He BII}J;'BJlII IIHOB'Bpn;bl ero npoAt-
J[ It'1, MrHOBeHHO copaCblBaeT'b C'b ceOH }J;o noaca pyoamRy , BCRaIm-
aaers na CTOJIIIK'b, nOCTaBJIeHHblil B'b yrJly, crnriaers nor ,
paoupocrapaer-s pyKII II, HaKJJOHIIB'b rOJlOBY na OOK1>; BIJn YlIlIBaen
aasa 11 CTOllT'b }J;oJIro II RaR'b ObI npnrBOmAeHHIJfi ItO
KpeCTY. 3aBJI,lJ;'BB'b TaKylO KapTlIHy BC'B 11 ocotieauo uaaua ameaara,
nO}J;HJIJIlI CM'BX'b. ITpaB}J;a, B'b 9TO .me BpeMH B'BKOTOpIJe IaJlhlIIIKIl
6MOTp'BJIII ua JIsOOpameHHaro crpaaarsna C'b ymaCOM1> n THmKO
B9AblXaJIII. THmeJIO OhlJlO 9TO II MH'B. H npnmeas }J;oMoii
II paSCKa3aJI'b OTn;y 0 BHA'BHHOM'b, OB'b KpOTKO S3M'BTlIJI'b: nanpacao
XOAumh CMOTp'BTb na (HapemKe:fiT1> >- rJIynocTh upasmomaranmaxca,
JI noaeaaat, ySHaTh 0'I'b orna nOOJllIme, lITOOIJ nee 9TO OSHalIaJlO,
:1'. e. soro II300pamaJI'b BeCeJIblIaK'b xacII}J;'b paCIIH'l1iIM'b , lITO sa
9TO JIlIlIHOCTh? Orem., XOTH HeUXOTHO, HO nepesart,
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uMeBoBaBillificJI KOTOpblfi OIJ.n'b BeJIIIKifi y qnTeJlh
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oro TO pacnararo, 3aKJI lOlJUJI'b or errs, n npe)l,CTaBJIHJI 'b CerOAHJI
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ero 0 HBJIeHiu qTOObl sa TaBHTb ceps e HO no b
PIICTt; II rOCIIOJJ.b, ae aa BCt 1'1 H II H H H 1> 0 b
smo H MH'B. H CaM'b He nOH fa 1> roro, a b q HO S B 1>
uaceuie Moe I'oouoas. C1'B1O csaaan; 'ITO lIC Co pa TOC1>, 1\1>
ObI na BCTp'Bqy mers MHt, II }J,HBHlIJI Be HKiH sema Tq cs B1>
Ty nopy co MHOIO... Ho ptqb 001> BTOM1> BbIXOAIIT'b e sa npe
npe}J,JIo.meHHblX'b MHOIO osepsoas ").
Hasoaem., SaKJIIOqaIOT'b Kpyrb rO}J,OBbIX1> npaaaan OBo npaa H 1{ -
BbIM'b AHeM'll <llypbUI'1 ) (OH1> OblBae 'b 13-ro apra), IIpIIq H3
lOTaBOBJIeHiH ero CJI'B}J,y1OIIJ;aH: espea H'BKor}J,a B1> BTOT1> }J, eHb Obl II"
.o6peQeRbI ua caepn, nepCH}J,CKIIM'b napesrs no aarosopy napemopna
AMaRa, no qy}J,HbUI'1 OOpaSOM'b OblJIH cuacenu; nOTO y yCTaHOBJIeHO
paSJJ;HOBaTh 03HaqeHHblR AeHb. Ooripaamacs B'1 onaarory qIITaIOT'1
HlIry <9cqmpb II KaK'b TO.lIbKO YCTaBIIJ;IIK'b np01I3HeCeT'b IIMJI AMaHa,
aCTO scrpsnammeeca B'b 9TOR IICTOpilI, caymarern oTBtqaIOTb , <}J, a
BCTpeOIITCJI IIMH ero, IIMH HeqeCTHBbIX'b }J,a IICqe3HeTb >. ,II;'BTII e
Bet pa30M1> BaqlIBamT'b CO seem CHJI010 OIITb IW.lIOTymKaMII IIO
'CTYJlbHM'b II CK3MbJIM'b, APyrie cTyQaT'1 BoraMII no IIOJIy H.lIH
nOII3J10, lITOObl Or.JIymlITh 3J10AtH AMaHa. Hsacropae oOJlte pesao-
crane BbIp'BSaIOT'b na qeM'1 BIIOY}J,h HMJI AMaBa H ROJIOTHT'b }J,O TtX'1
ops, noaa He YHIIQTOmaT'1 npe}J,MeT'b aa KOTOpOM'b 1I300pameB'b ObIJI'b
AMaB'b. IIaMJITo3.lIooie enpeess It'1 AMaHy TaR'1 aeaaso, 'ITO OHn
apaIOTCH BbIpaSHTb OBoe :II KO BceMy ero ceMeitcTBy: Ki:lK'1 TO.JIbIW
)tOqUTClJIOT'b }J,O roro MtcTa, r}J,'B yIIoMHBaeTCJI 0 10 CbIBaX1> AMaHa
o yCTaBIIJ;UK'b orapaerca npoasnecrs I1X'1 TaK'b OtfJIO sro II l1.YX1>
e uepeDO}J,HT'b, HanOMI1BaJI BTlIM1>, 'ITO }J,'BTI1 HeQeCTI1Baro AMaHa
LIJlI1 B 'h UCTpeOJIeHbI 8'1 O)J;BO MfBOBeBie.
II 'B T'b OOLIKBOBeBie, )J;JlJI BOCIIOMHHaHiJI KaSBn AMaHa, nHoopa-
fl 9TO C-OObITie B'b BbIOUpaIOT'b aaaoro HUOYJJ. b np B -
o espen, a B'b B'hKOTOpLIX'b saXOJIYC'l'bJIX'b naanaarorn 6 H a
e
3

DTRIOT'b 9TH OOPJI hI AO roro ueotixo bl tI


aMaH MOJIIlTBa He roa ers B 'bTb TO ca u, e e
OnpOBOJRJJ;aTbCH IlSBtCTHbI a OOpHJ( COBpe
eaBn ecrs rasia BtpoBaBiH II OaCBOC OBHblJI ( aaaia tITO,
lU3.Bn OT'b HDX'b tITO-BIlOYJJ;b, uan YBMJJ;H a o' -HHO b OOPH 0,
.
pasy orraaaems, tITO 9TO njJoJJ;'b paanaucs: ro lIpOli3BeJJ; eHl H,
8siaTCK3rO npOBCXOm,n;eBiH; TaK'b uanp., espen, OHCb ]I, paoro r
1\.31\.'1 II BCt BOCTOqHbIe BapO]I,bI, BOCHT'b TaJIIC IaHbI, rrocpe CTBO 1>
KOTOpbIX'b cnacamroa OT'b BCtX'b SOJI'b II nanacrea co CTOpOBbI 3 oro
]I,yxa, soropue BM'BCTt C1I TtM'b CJIymaT'b Il M'b II R'b aooraaeui
BCtXn OJIar'b. OBn TaKJRe BtpHT'b, qTO CTBX'b TeKCTa RaRofi-Hn6YAb
GB. KHJ:IrlI MOmeT'b nanyrars 3J10rO ]I,yxa raat, sro OB'b, YBIIAH ero,
MlIfOM'b IIClIe3HeTn. lIHTaTeJIb uaaspuo nOMHIIT'b CKa3aBHOe Bb
naqaJIt, KaKyIO BeJIIlKyro CIIJIY IlMtroT'b upocrsre JIOcKyTlm 6y Mafil C'b
Ba,n;nlICbIO IIMen'b npaorneas, rrpnJItnJIeHHbIJI K'b aauanscn ponns un-
- OnB orpaman )J;JIJI SJOrO )J;yxa TaK'b, lITO ous, Kall.'b YBIIlI,IlT'b
IIXn, TOTqaC'b acsesaers. RTO ObI He CK3S3JI'1, lITO 3TO B3P;Op'b. - -
cyeBtpie? 3 enpea 3TOM! II MHOrllM'1 )J;pyrIIM'1 no,a;06HbJ 1'1 aeasnc-
6TJIM'b BtpHT'b II lIyTb JIll He B03BO)l;HT'1 IIX'1 B'b )J;orMaT'b, T3K'1 can,
nanp., BII aa lITO ae BbI6pOC,HT'b 06CTpflmeBHbIe BOJIOCbI llJIII norm,
nOToMy lITO OOHTCH 6bITb OKOJI)J;OBaBBbI MII, a uenpeasauo comrYT'b
BX'b II TOf)J;a qyBCTByIOT'b ceria cnoKofi HbIMII *). llOKODBlIKy RJIa)J; y T'h
B'b pyKlI naJIOTJKH )J;JUI TOfO, lITOObI OB'b aors aa HlIX'b onepen. ca,
KOfn;a pa36y)J;lIT'b ero raacs Tpy6Hblii, BO BpeMH npamecreia Meccin,
& BCt nOKofiHlIKlI Bblfi)J;yT'b 1I!1'b MOfIIJI'1 SeMJIn neupinreasoaof II
ID aJJ.YT'b 06ptTaTb BOBble B'1 SeMJIt o6tToBaBHofi, r)J;t npe)J;cTaHyT'b
fiiPe)J,'b Cy)l;OM'b Boaiaat, A BOT'b ern,e H APYforo po)J;a BtpoBuHi e.
KorJJ;a aacrynart, MecciaBClti.a npeaeaa (9TO oY)J;eT'b, no ytIeHi ro eB-
peeB'll, npa KOBn;t cyIl.(eCTBOBaHiH Mipa), espea YAllBHT'b sees CBtT'1:
ORU co BCtMIl uapojaaa Y O)J;Boro M'bcTa, r)J;t p; OJImHbI
6 yT'b npoliTB nepest, OOJIbillOfi iReJl'B3BbIfi MOCT'b: nofi Ay T'b
B,. -lIBoBtpn;bI II IlpOBaJlHTCH, aaTtM'1 noitAeT'1 HapoAb EOjItiii,-
OOTBOjI,'b espetl Be CtIUTUe'f'u Hy;KB1Ul 'L Inl'BTb, a BMt C'fO Hero II 10
...." r .., AeiliBoe CpeJl:CTBO: OB'b OT0Jl:BII raer-s CTOJ'L C'L ,l't ' . t. _
111ITb KB1H'L MOll ea, pacnpunaar-r, raaay 0 coraopcnin nip I ' 1-
!IIDOTO B'I> cep 1l.1 Dy II 110 yrJlUM'L 11 . .n:h aB'L TO, OBT. T er II 0
q H HByT'li, llaBOJHITe Bll,1I.'ilTb, aa pnao C, 6
,JI. JI , a B'b rna ill'b nOKOIITCJI, no TOMy Ty)l, n H UVWtioUl:,b.
XXXII.
Ii p a K 'I. .
CynpymecTBo y espeem, nOQIITaJIOCb nceraa OOHaaH-
BOCTiIO, paBHO KaKo II oesopaQie npII3HaKOM'b aeyBaiKeaiH pemria.
qacTo C'1 caMIiIXo paHHIIX'1 JI'l>Tb OTo;bI yate oopYQaIOTb CBOnX1> )];t-
'Pelt, nopon nx'b POJIb aawhHHIDTb nocpemasa, npa QeMo Bo TOM1>
II 11> )];pyroMb CJIyqat Mym'b n.JIaTIIT'b cBoefi HeB'BCTt 1I3-
E'fHylO CyMMy )];eHer'b Bb PO)];'!> c: KOJIbIMa ). Beaopaqie He cy m;e-
mBOBaJlO II ,lI;oceJI'!> He CYJD;eCTByeT'1 yeapeens; y )];aJlHTbCH OT'1 fipaaa,
nO' HX'b y6tiK)];eHiIo, Tome canoe, qTO YKJIOHHTbCH OTb aaanra Ieroau,
opblli CaMb yqpe)];IIJI'b 6paK'b, lITOObI P0)];1> qeJloBtqeCKifi YIHO-
CH, no CJlOBY Ilacania: pacrnreoa 11 lHomIITeCH B HanOJlHIITe
s , no npemacauito aerxaro saasra My mQIl HbI B'b O-Tb T
RbI 6@Tb jKeSal'bI 1I IIMeHHO-Ha oJJ;Hofi : MHor omeHCTBO He 6hT
o
rOeB'I> 0: p
n H 00 0 lor HCTpe6 Th, TOnp e
.Ii UCPBbTMD BI>J TyIIHT'L B'b 60tt rOR, - OB
til opymie, B 1> 3am;IITRThCH, IIO cnf a
BI.dOTynJlT1> qa)];a B3paHJlH a 6e31> BCHKaro op ia, - 0 B
Ieroau, B CEOpO onepaart. n06t)];y Ha)];1> spara . H 0
UTI>, qTO 9TB B3paIIJIbTHHe 0 y)];yTb He OObum OBeHHbI e espea,
lltlft.lJi osaaars, saxopcnie, KOTOpIiIX'1 n CBtT'1 ua 0 aaaers: OB no
tpeuiIO eapeeat., apaonenssie n MaJIOpOC.!IbIe *) qYTb na'b no 'b
et III Bll)];RbI, -, BOT'b 9TH-TO eBpefiqlHUI II BC'l> b
OJJ1M'b sa TO, nro OHIl MX'1 opaTbeBb-sA'l>illHHX'1 eapeeas.
:MHoro TaKIIX'1 pascaaauaarors espea O,ll;IlH'1 ,lI;p ro ,
BtPH CBHTO B'1 HIIX'1, HO MbI CqHTaeM'1 lIaJllIillHIBlb pacnpocrpa-
HHTbCH 00'1 9TOM'1; ropasao, KaiKeTCH, aarepecase OY,lI;eT'1 pascsa-
aan, 00'1 o6plloaxo. HaQHY Co OpaKa .
o SaKOHOM'b IOHceJI, ca II e HB )
ySl B1) 9TOM'b caoa 'b y T a 'b Btp , e 03BO B-
i> no otCKO b&O paas meHHTbCH. Ta 'b aaup. pasa Ho rep OB
II mil B'b XI M'b Bt&t, nperasa 'b me HorOiKeHCTBO upo II i ,
10TH B'b CMbIC.nt npo: JITie 9TO oe AOCT a 0 csoe
II.\iDtllH TaM'b, rp;t He ObIJIO aanpemeuia co CTOpOBbI npan re LCTBa
21teHIITbCH aa HtCKOJIbKIIX'b aeaaxs, Matt OOHAo, ylJeHtnmi pasa 00
IIIro BtKa, rasae ynpeI\aJIo eapeest, aa IHOrOateOCTBO H rosopn 0,
lJTO 9TO 3HalJUT'b 3aOHMaTbCJI YAOBJIeTBOpeHieMo CKOTCKHXo CTpaCTeD.
Ho AtJIO, KOHelJHO, He Bo 9THXo lJaCTHOCTHX'b, n Aaate ae Bo npnu-
BamOOCTH opaKa, a Bo Toil YTlIJIII3ani II , KaKaH H3'b Hero
Cp;.'I>.JJa03 COBpeMeOObIMlI enpeaaa. Bt, nOCJItAHee sonpoos
opaKt aepaapuaao CBH3a.JJCH p;.lUI enpeeus Co lJaCTHbIMo sonpocoat.
060 oTIIpaB.JJeHilI BOlIHCKOit nOBlIOOOCTlI. CTpaOHI>Ulo MOateTD npea-
CTaBJIHTI>CH 9TO coseraale rpaaaancsaro 9JIeMeOTa Co ,l(t .rI OMo )J. -
XOBObIM'b II saaaanoe lIXo casmeaie, 00 aa A'illIt BbIXOjJ:IITo rast..
1I3JIlImHe nplIOaBJIHTI>, tITO 3aKOHM TyT1> He npa a
p;tJIO 9TO tIlICTO sararsaoe-. H3BtCTHO, tITO Bo npeamee spena
eapeess OT)I;aBa.rr1I B'b aoeaayro c.rrymoy Ma.rro.rrtTHmIlI, - rast , no
Kpaloeit Mtpt, }J,'H.rra.rrOCI> Bo Moe Bpe}fH,.-lI espen nasaan y CKOpHTh
CBOlI 6paKlI IIO BoymeoiHMo aarara, KOTOpbIfi na 9TOTo CqeTo paa-
cym]l;a.rro rast: <l: BMtCTO roro, tIT06bI a epr so-
BaTI> OOJIl>mlIMII naeaaua ceueacrna, JIyqme OTp;aBaTI> Ma.rreHI>KIIXo II
lIMlI 3aMtOJITl> B3POCJIbIXo). 6.mrop;tTeJIII II neuaasunna
aapoJ(a, Kara.rrbHIIKII 9TlI CTapaJIHCb J:l Bo APyrowb c.rryqat
eBReHMo; OOII meHaTbIX'b- OqepeJJ;H.blX'b enpeem.,
IlX'b KaKIIMo-OJ:lOYJ(h ClIpOTOIO, XOTH ObI TO 6.blJIO Op;uHOKii.i, 11 see 9TO,
1'J H.eqOO, ]J,tJI3JIOCh He 1I3'b lJe.rrOBtKOJIIOOiH, a pam M3JJ; bI. EoraTblfi
y3HaB'b, tITO ero ceMelcTBO Haxop;UTCH oa peKPYTCKofi oqe-
peAII, ensmars Ko ltaraJlbIJJ;IIKY; TOT'b cOBtTyeTo CbIoa-p;BtoajJ:n;aTIl '
JItTHHro nocsopse meOIITh., yBtpHH, tITO 9TIIM'b YjJ:aCTCH
3 aBUTb ero OTo COJIjJ:aTlJUObI J:l .. II30aBJIHeTo.!.-KOHelJHO, He
aKo Kypbe300 YCTpaUB3JIlICb 9TH 6paItll! Orem, meOIIx a JJ,tJIaen
ruK Hie He oeBtcTt, a en OTU;Y -II3BtCT09MY enpeto, 0 KOTO-
'.b Ollll auaer s , lJTO y Hero ecrs nOAxojJ:HID;an JJ,tBOlJKa If np
ChIH3 ea PYKII. 3apYlJIIBmnCb coraaciews, ofhHBJlH To no

*) OJlHTBennOe oozasenie :JKenaTLiX'b espeem, ()ILl BlIIIIe yxa B


,B'.L IWTOpOe 06.m'IaIOT'b IIX'b II npn uepecezeuiu 11."1. ua T T'b B"

, OH"1J te .lit H" ....
osep Ab Toil , 'ITO OHa. .... g,lllQ
o n pOCB ra llLUI At II, yBH tnmnCb, paacsaau
r y B3aftMHYIO HOBOCTb H qTO CKOpO a ten Ohl Th H b n."nv
el(e cBaAboa. .1KeHIIX1> , no COBt Ty orna, ueps KO II C eTCJi b
tcrroIO B1> o01>scHeaie: XaaKe! TbI CKOpO oynemh a R1>-B ' 1> -
MoeIO ateHoIO, II CTOJIb ate Hep'B,lJ;&O noaysaers on C OR eBRO
peUJIIIKy: rei! nH'b )J; ep'b ap)1; 'b napxs - II ;IH upom, II
mnBldit B'b O)1;HaKO, nOtI; OOHLlH He ,lJ,aqrr npencras mo
Tri>JlLKO IICKJlIOqeHie, n B'b OOJlhmUHcTB1> c.lJyqaeBn HeB'BCTa OOnHB HeTD
coraacie 6b1Th meHOIO n U3'bJICHHeTCJI qUCTO no ,lJ;'BTCEII: (0 e 1>
mOTb, rOBOpBT'b, xopomo, KaK'b mBByT1> Moil raraaa- n ( a a a -
orem, II MaTh, a aenaxs aa nO,lJ,OOHLlR npnnfm, oTB1>qaero: (9X1>
BeJI'b )1;llp'b rllOeH'b ryTTe MaTyHbIC'b) , --H Teot x opomi e no-
,lJ,apKIl.- (An, ryT'b, aeeps ryT'b! ) --xopomo, onens xopomo, OTB:Bqaen
)1;1>BOqKa-HeB'BCTa, B-tI;'BJIO CJIamIlBaeTCH.
He UpaB,IJ,a JIll, oneas OpnrlIHaJIhHIiI nO,lJ,OOHIiIJI OOnHcHeHi H, a II
MoryT1> JIn B'b )1;1>JI1> )1;1>T1I paacya aan.
anase? llpn)1;yT'b JIII lIM'b aa y M'b )1;pyriJI OO'bHCHeHiJI, R'b pO)1;t T1>Xn,
KaKiH ,lJ;1>JIaIOT'b B3pOCJIb1e B'b CJIyqa'B nperaoaema? Ho eOOH ObI
3a,lJ;YMaJI'b COCBaTaHHIdn: ChIH'b uoapaaars qTO OH'b He coraaceas
meHBTbCH na TaKon-TO, TO orem, rp03HO CKameT'b csoe C.lIOBO: ( rna! -
MOJIqaTh, 9TO ,lJ;'BJIO He rnoe, a p0,lJ;nTeJIbCKOe; He OCTaBaTbCJI ate TeO'B
XOJIOCTJIKOM'b- C'b rposon aapoaaaro aapesaaia n BOffi i efi
B He JIyqme jKe nonacrs nors Kpaclly ro mauay , n rrJJ;TH ITO 'b
4: TpaX'b-TapapaX'b ) - 6apa6aHHhIfi 60A. CblH'b ym'b rorna s a Bee CO-
f.JIaCBTCH n ,lJ;'BJIO noittI;eT1> KaK'b no MaCJI y . OOhI qHhIIt THU'b OpaKOB'b
TaKoii: npeaae scero COBepmaeTCH ( THOHM'b ) --py KooII Ti e, TO me, qTO
y xpacriam, oopyqeHie. )I;'BJIaeTCJI 9TO OObI KHOBeHHO neueposn, nep-
naro JJ;HH crouopa; npa STOM'b ObIOT'b ropmaa, uparosapanaa: 1\aK'b
STOMy ropmKy He ObITb CHOBa B'b T3K'b n Upe,lJ;CTOHII(eMy
6paKy He paspyman.ca . .iReHll X'b ntJIaeT'b HeBt cTt noaapom. II OTo
HM B'b CBOIO oqepenh rrO.JIyqaeT'b uoaapons TaJIeC1> II KIITeJI b "). 3'1-
"'<:""".' rJ;Mo IInmy T'b OpaqHblii KOHTpaKT'b.- KCrrOaT'b , - KOTOpblti co
H
n
m

Ill '
no err, 6a;I; ux H'L
,
craparomil CJl B'D [J InpoBIl30B. !lIlLI, '
wco oe H q aie, Bl> ocorienno TB 311 q Hie ua B'D T P I
P B r axs. Bi, ROllTP T uosaau
o ers B1> npa auoe II COb 0 ell opo
oVIJilAIAa, nOC.iI'B aee ncersa OO,HlJaT bHO Oe31> eroro B boa H
rOBapHB IOTCH T &ate, ro CKO b'O ape ea 0 e '1
o plKaTb aa t6ax'b qery-ro 'b II II aa qTO-hI AaTb
MOJIO)l;blM'b spe IH, q 0 Hi: 3bIBaeTCH onep TbM . Bet 9TH oni a
sanHcbIBaIOTCJI B'b KOHTp3KTl>. KOl'Jl,a see me nopsmeao IlO:J;Il -
cauo, TO rrpIICTYIlaIOT'b K'b opaKY. COBepmaeTCH OpaK'b 00 sme
lJ3CTiIO B'b maoann, nenepoat., qTOObI IlOTOllCTBOOTh opaKa
01JJJO CqacT.lIllBte. lUbI OTMtTIIlI'b o.n;uy OTJIIIqIlTeJIbHYIO s epr y , c.rr -
manu
IO
nepssnrs CIIrH3JIOM'b espencsof cBaAb6bI , qTO TO Il OXO ee
aa OR.m&'b oosepmamniaca B'b xpllCTiaHcKoit n;epKBII, HO aaoro CBoIi-
ersa. Bo npeaa qTeHiJI Cy600THJIrO OT)l;tJIa IIHTOKHIIiRiH, ateHIlX'b
y)l;OCTOlIBaeTCH, nOCJIt p0)l;CTBeHHlIKOB'b II APY3efi noc.JIt)(Hefi no qIIC.lY
B M'tCTy, HO BamHofi no aaaseauo aaia (nosecru) , IIOA'b aaaaaai esrs
Ma/'pTHp'b, II npn npoaosraameaia eMY: l\IHOraH JItTa , KaHTOp'b B'b
ecrs ero oraamaert cnnarory aansnaun. TyT'b co BctX'b CTOpOH'b
eaaarcra, a B'b cconeaaocra Ha'b OKOH'b aeaoaaro OT)l;tJI eHi H, CbIII-
.JIeTCH aa aeanxa 6JIarOCJIOBeHHlIfi rpa)('b OptXOB'b, MIIB)(aJIeil II IIPOq.
Ilepem Tim'b KaK'b HATIl K'b B'lmD;Y, y6IIpaIOT'b HeBtcTy,
no BOJIOCKaM'b paCIUeTaIOT'b eit ROCY, qTO COBepmaeTCH C'b IlJIaqeM'b.
B'h 9TO BpeMH meHIIX'b no,n;xo,n;HT'b Rn aanaasaaaof HeBtcTt II no-
spaaaers eft rOJIOBy II JIIIn;O meJIKOBbIM'b IlJIaTKOM'b, B'b SHaK'b roro,
qTO OTHlIHt BOJIH ea ,n;OJI3.Ha 6bITh nomanena BOAt Myma; 9TO me
JIymIIT'b H snpaaealem, CKpOMHOCTII, KOTOpylO )l;OJImHa yCBOIITh
ce6t meHa. CaMbIit 06pJI,n;'h Iipaaa IlpOHCXO,n;IIT'b osem, npOCTO-
II BUB CIIHarOr.lL OObIKuOBeHHO me meHIIX'b II HeB1lCTCl
plQ3Hb COilpOBOEJJ;aIOTCH MY3bIKOlO R'b cnaarorj. HeBtcTt COIl YT-
rrOJJ;pyrlI, a meHIlxa npOBOmaIOT'b rrepe,n;'b a enn-
o RetyTl> COCYJJ;'b Co Ha,n;'b KaHTOp'b qHTaeT'b
U\IlClolr O oneaie BO npex n BtHqaHia. HOBOOpaqHbIe nO)l;Bo,n;HTCJI no 'b
) -0' n:axIIH'b' B'b 9TO H,l'b He rr03BOJIHeTCH HD roso-
R Blil' JIH"y'Tb JJ; py r 'b ua JJ;pyra. PaBBHH'b BbIHOCHT'b CBHII(.
BO H cpern y.'IIIIl,IJ: Ba,rr:BTh .n.1lBymrr.t sors 0 If II csop II 0
y;J. FI 'Iecrda TeKCT'b, II eC.1lII OBa Be ycrrteT'b e6 0 II J) h 0 6 _
o Y T YiI. 6 bI Th meBOlO. R Oll 'In I TO lie h ae
BC Y B '1 B'b op
06 aHieM'b Bhlme03HaqeHHhltt <l KC 0 T'b :l . osep........
...anree: <Tl orO-TO 'I CJIa n: rO)J; a B'b ropo t C '1 V.'.L
T.RBW Anpaa '1, CMBo PyBBR ra, II II O)J,TBep)J, 0 UBCh eaao
M BlapiaM'b, )J,Oq-epu Iasona: <)J,a oy)J,eTo OHa C npy r oto 0
oiTClU.l11<"IHy Eomiro, KaK'b nOBe.rBJI'1 OH'1 aa 1'1 Qpe30 oacea. H 0
C.lI mUTb ett II 3aOOTHTbCH 0 Hett BO BCro mU3Hb CBOIO, )J,OCTaB an,
el n: nurse, KaRl> TO yCTaHOBHJIII namn npemn . Ilpa 9TO 0
IIOMHHaeTCH II 0 npHj{aHOM'1, saanymeu ca B'b KOHTpaKTt II II tlO-
noorynan, B'b COOCTBeHHOCTb aenscra, B'b uarpa y aa aE.&y-
. . .
!8THOe IICIIOJlHeHle oraparo 3aKOHa II n OBHHOBeHle yqeHlro paBRHHOB'b.
Ha rrpaKTHRt BCt yCJIOniH aourpaara CJI ymaT'b r.rlaBHIinll> oopaaom
@oe3l1eQeairo aeau na cJIyqafi pasnera, ROTOpliIR MOiReT"b ,u;aTb efi
Mym'1. IIoCJJt lITeHiH KOHTpaKTa, paBBHH'b OepeT'b y aeanxa ROJIbD;O -
OObIKHoBeHHo 30JIOTOe-II cnpamasaers: CTOIIT'b JIll 9TO 1l.0JIbD;0 XOTb
O,u;HY .n;eHemKy? Ecra Olil B'1 OTBtT'1 1I0JIyllIIJIOCb , sro RO.lIbD;O H -
nero He CTOIIT"b, TOf/I;a OpaK'1 ClIHTaJICH Olil He.n; t fi cTBlITeJIbHliIM'b " } ,
IlOJIyllIIB'b OTB'BT'1, lITO KOJIbD;O 4: CTOET'1., paBBIIH'b .n;aeT'b ero me -
HUXy, IWTOpliIit Ha.n;'BBaeT'b ero HeB'BCT'B n a YKa3aTeJIbHbIfi naaem,
npaBofi pYRn, ronopa: rapefi aTb MeKy.n;emeTb JIn oeTa5aT"b 3Y se -
BelIcpyn,JIb -- 9TIIMb KOJIbD;OM'b H npiotipsra TeOH B'b
zeHy ce5t, BO IlCTIIHY TbY Ma'B, ..RaK'b lIoBeJI1>H0
3aKOHOMb 1I3paIIJIIO '> . IIp01I3HeCilln CiII CJI OBa, paBBIIH'b rro-
JJ;aeT"b 6JIarOCJIOBeHHylO lIarny C1> BRHOjl"b II Mo.IIO)J,bI e 110 uexuor y
nbIOT'b. TYT"b pasaaerca obmee 1I0iKeJ1aHie, noaapanrenie Ma30JITOBb
Rpa _aTOM'b meaIIX'b )J,OJDKeHl> pa3.n;aBIITb nororo rro.n;JIOiKeHHbIfi CTa-
Kall'b, QrOObI n Bb 9ry 'fopiKeCTBeHHYIO MII Hy Ty He 3aObITb 0 rra-
JOOai a Iepycaanaa. Henoopeactaeano sa 9TflMb, .iKeHl1Xl> IIJIlI aeascta
H c'iyrraIDT'b )J,pyr"b )J,pyry u a KOHQlllt"b u or n; II KTO rrepBblfi 1I3b Hl1X'b
ycrrt eTo HacTynllTh, TOT'b, no MH'ImilO, 1I oy.n;eTb BJIa.n;tTh
BCt Mb )J,OMOM'b, T. e. B03bMeTb eepxs 1I 3aCTaBIl Tb )J,pyryEO IIO.IIO-
By IIOBIIHOBaTbCH ce51> II crymarsca . Eo MHOrlIX'1 ropoaa '1 no
nsaaia oopH)J,a, IIOCbIrraEOTb HOBOOpaqHbIXb n meaauem H.
P a 3 B 0 11 1i.
xxxni
B na 1> 3000 iJI, npa aoe ani ue - pB
180 1>T8Cb. HOBOOpa1JHble oOHsaBbl Tb IIHp1>,
raruxr, npoao maeTCH 7 AHe". Ha AP roB eas sa h
mBUhI oCB'I>AmUJlIOTCH, 01Ma H BeBtcT3 1IeCTH01O ]ltB m
,
eCJIII IIpn3HaKII He YJJ;oBJIeTBOpSIOT'b llXo, TO ueBnCTa OTChl aeTCH 1>
p Jl:IITeJIJlM1> II OCTaBJIHeT1> B'b no h3y meHHxa see caoe IlPH HO .
OCHOBaHie JJ;JIJI pasaosa eapen HaXOJJ;JIT'b B'b CaMOll'b sasoas Moncea
[Broposas. 24-1), HO paBBIIHbI JJ;OIlOJIHUJIII 9TOTo SaKOH'b m orn III
.
)(pyruMu 1I0CTaHOBJIeUlJIMII, ltOTOPbIJI pacnaaaerca no TaltlLll1> rpyn-
nalM'I>: a) eCJIU AtBymKa osaaerca, ltalt'b yme csasaao, He lIecTHoIO;
6) eC.JI1I BJl:0Ba Jl:0 osoero BTOpl1lIHarO aaMymecTBa sera cetia JlYpHO
II 9TO ORameTCJI 1I0CJIt BCTyUJIeHiJI eJI B'b cyllpymecTBo; B) eC.lI1I HY2RHO
IQBTOpJITb e11 OJl:HO II TO me JJ;Ba IIJIII rpa paaa; r) eCJIII YjlieHbI naxaers
JUpHO IISO pra; JJ;) eCJIII He llepmlITCJI eapeacsaro aasoaa n He IIC-
k\".IJ'R'JIHJIeT'b 1I0CTaHOBJIeHifi paBBIIHOB'b; e) eCJIII pasrosapasaen, Co lIY-
3lIMH MymbJIMII, IIJIII C'b XOJIOCTblMH MymlIl1HaMJI Oe9'b BtJJ;OMa csoero
ma; m) eCJIII He npeJl:YllpeJl:lI.JIa Jl:0 CBaJJ;bObl, lITO HOCIIT'b na Py&t
HTaHeJIb. Ba ltamJJ;hIii l1S'b 9TFIX'I> IIPOCTYIIltOBo My.1K'b lIMteTo
aBO JJ;aTb meHt paanors, ROTOPbIii llFImeTCJI no-maaeaosa n - He
KaK'b B'b CTpOlIeK'b. Conepaauie ero
. .
lIlJC.JIa II r0Jl:a OTo COTBopeHlH snpa, no aameuy CllHCJIe-
B'I> ropOJl:'B N,H, ABpaaM'b, - PYBUMa, upasaato CBOOOJlUOIO
H G OTo ceoa CiIO ObIBillYIO meuy MOIO, OTIIYCKUIO sa eJI
)l;1'1PD e ncseseuie, a He 110 JIUllHbIM'b CBOFIM1> KanpUSaM1>, llJIII AYPHOMy
oeMy ooxoml(eHiIO, - 0YAYllFI BbIHym]leH1> ]ltiicTBFITeJIbHOIO ueoriso-
HO iro II apaaaero HymJlOIO OCTaRU'l'b II npasnan, CB060JlHOIO oblBmy ro
Dro, Cn KOTOpOIO H AO ClU1> nops ObIJI'b coemnem., a nMeHH
. OIO, AOllepbIO IUKoBa, II C1> cero naca oua BOJJbHn
ltlAa XOlleT1>, OblTb rrplIHHTofi It'L lWMy Oq To
. JI me, Obl Bmitt ea My1It1>, ue Mory e Bo T n
B Tb OT'b ro AHJI H.B . 'b aoaeaia
OaBOJIJI T JI Teot OblTh npBHJITOIO BCJI '1 0 OC hI 'b
JIB OhlBmeM'b yme paat, z eHaThl 'b. Bo CBB J>T hC
,lI;aeTCJI Teot cie paanomoe IIIlCh 10, IIO npasa 'b, HH I b 3pauGDJ
OrOM'b lIpea'b lUOIIceJl. .
Ilacsuo 9TO BpYlIaeTCJI ymc 1'1 npa rpext, CBn 'Ine JI b, Up
qeM'b ,lI;JIJI coaepmeuia asra BbIonpaIOTcH M'BCTa n ce enia, e anna
npa ,lI;ByX'b ptKaX'b. MHOr,lJ;a )(OKyMeHT'b 9TOTO OTJlaeTClI paasa-
HOM'b-C'b H'l>KOTOpbIMII pa.BBII H'b KII,lJ;aen paaaoraoe IInCh 0
oraepraesof meHt, a ra n on ran, ero Ha)J,1> ro OBoB i ec
JKe He IIOHMaeT'b, TO nepeaouia rrOBTopHeTCH pass. STOTb
OOPH,lJ;1> 11 )(pyrie eMY nO,lJ;OoHlde, BtpOHTHO; nplI,lJ;y ana C1> n;t hID
YBHlITO.mIITb paseoasr 11a'b-aa rrpHlIHH1> He BamHhIX1>, ROr,lJ;a nanp. ,
nOBO,lJ;OM'h &1> HeMy CTaBHTCH TOJIhKO Oea,lJ; t THoCTb cynpyrom, II BII-
sero OOJIbme.
BIdBaJlH CJlYlIaIf, lITO paBBHHId npIUIlIpHJlIl cynpyrom II OT 0-
. nara IIX'h OT1> passoaa, Ror.n;a npanaaa K'h OIJJla II BaJK-
nse oea.n;tTHoCTH. )J;a H caMH enpea He B,lwyr1> ptmaIOTCH aa pas-
BO,lJ;'h. Bo-nepasm, i OHH 3HaIOT1>, lITO na paaBe,lJ; eHHIiIX1> BCt KaK1>-TO
CMOTpHT'h e'h upeapauiem., a BO- BTOPhIX1>, n cauaa .moaHh espeess
croaaracs TaK'h, uro yCTpaHHIOTCH HCTIIHHIJH npmaasr K'b paasory.
Me.m)(y HlIMH JlIOOOBHb!H ceMenHbIH IIBTplUIl , KOTOpIJMIl Hept)(RO OT-
JlHlIaIOTCH 11 aaamue nama rocnora, COCTaBJlHIOT'b pt)(ROCTh. Espe
He nOfi,lJ;eT1> IICKaTb Y,lJ;OBOJlhCTBin BHt OH'h He CTaHeT1> aa-
rJIH,lJ;bIBaThCH ua xoponrem.ayio lIY.myIO meHy , a TtM1> OOJIt e OOJlTaTh
II Kpy.mIITbCH C'h HeIO, a aaTtM1> YBJleqhCH eIO r aat. , uro CBOH aen
yat'h IJOKa.me'fCH yc'raptBmeIO H KaKII l\f'h-TO opeMeHeM'b i OT'b KOTOpO'
II XOTtJIOCb ObI IIaOaBIIThCH XOTH ObI nOCpe)( CTBOM1> paasoza. EBp
ClIIITaIOT'h yBJIelIeHie tIymoIO meHmnHOIO RaRIIM'h-TO J(iaBOJIbCK
HaBOat)(eHieM1>, IIMtH B1> BlIAY paaJIlIQHbIH npesocrepea eula paBBHH B ;
rast, nanp., pa66a JiI3MallJI'b BJIlIma rOBOpII T'b: He C t rers .
KaTbCJI aemnanon, HymHo nOMHIlTh, qTO BMtCT'B C'b H
BllJICH na CBtT'b caraua- U). Y enpeem., IIOBTOpJlIO, P
*) B'b uo.rrsepaoreaie cero .J:OBo)/,a pa66a Il3l\IaII1I'b npnn , lIT inee J yJij)-
M.;I,Da,Bie Ea66allIiI: .ByKBa C, KOTOpOIO na
1lTIHae1'CJI
COO' n Be p q o
m, Ilucanin ,II,O pascxaaa 0 coraopeairr umnnn, I L 0 nocas no
oa;\;J"1 B'b 6u611iu".
.
,
o iI'PI 'll zoM'All H U
sr, OJ IQiJl IIOBOJJ;OM'b 'b P 130, r 0
aao.
BG soe ape H AOtlIrOJl'liTHHro oero ope bIB ala ;
llIb&O CJI yqaH paSBOJJ;a. 11 HaAO ObI. 0 B tTb no 0 eaie
01t.aCTHbl X'b paSBe,/(eHHhIXn: KaiK,/(bItl BCTptT smit CJ! Cn H B
OJWBOIO, ,/(aBaH 9TIUI'b nOHHTb, qTO uocryuosr. Xn He OpOIIIn.
PasBe,/(mieCH cy npy r lI MoryTn CHOBa BCTynHTh Bn OpaE.n, CIlO-
HRB'b npe,/(BaplITeJIbHO BCt CKaSaHHbI H yCJlOBiH. HCK IOqeHie npeaera-
BJIJ!IOT'b TOJIbKO JIeBlITbI, soropue He MoryTn soryuan. Bn C np e-
CTBO HlI C'b CBOeIO paSBe,/(eHHOIO, HlI Cn qyawIO-meHOIO.
06PR,lJ. 'b (paayrle cancra),
Bro CaMbIii ,l(peBHiii eBpeficKiii OOPJ!,l('b, npnunamia nOTOM'b q.Op
saaona. ITo BeTxoMy saBtTy xoaocroa OpaT'b, B'b CJIyqat CMepT
APY sro aeaararo opaTa, OOHSaH'b ObIJI'b meHlITbCH na meHt nee t,JJ;-
BJFrO; B'b cJlyqat me He aeaaaia )J;OJlmeH'h ObIJI'b ,u;aTb efi (XJIIIIJ;e,
ROTOphIM'b JIlImaJlCJI H npasa aa HaCJlt ,u;CTBO tipara, CaMbIfi
COCTOIIT'b B'b XOJl OCTOn OpaT'b nonoaaaro
Hiit,l(rImaeT'b ucofiaro poaa caners H npnnasuaaers ero C'b
cOOeHHhIM'b YSJlOM'b. HeB'BCTKa OOJlSaHa AByMH narsuaaa paeaasars
J seJI'b Bn npaoyrcraia CBII,u;tTe.rrefi H paBBHHa-B'b illKOtlIt II CHHTh
anors. Tor,u;a TOJlbItO OHa IIMteT'b rrpaso BbI,/(TII sa Mym'b sa soro
eaaert., COBpeMeHHbIe enpea, nplIBbIKHYBn HamlIBaTbCJI paSHbIMR
e,/(CTBaMII, CTa.rr1I H HSn 9TOrO 05pH]( a II SBJleKaTh non.sy. ECtJII!
BtcTa OOraTa H MO.rrO,u; a, II XOqeT'b BTOpnqHO BbI](TII saMymn., a
6paTn He xosers aa HeD meHIIThCH., TO OH'b sanpanmaaers
_ """.
iE 11M oo.rrhmyIO II ra OOhIKHOBeHHO BbI,/(aeTn ee, qTOObI
IJOJryqIITh II saTt Mn yme oesnpenHTCTBeHHO no
n Iy BbIOOPY BbIIt,l(TB saMym'b.
XXXIV.
n
*) B'L clIHarory yMepmaro He BIIOCRT'L II n,tJIoBaniR npn npomanin H
He npIIRacaIOTCH R'L IIOROllHII &Y, 3TO CQIITaeTCR ,1I:tJIOM'L He 'mCT ,- 1
rnri enaaecaaxs n,t.JIeft, a B'L BII.rr.y OTBpumeniR K'L CMepTII. P, BBIIH
-" eT'L npasa, .rr. ame npncyr craoaar r, B'I> .rr. OM' l>, r.rr.t JrelltIIT'J, no I ' .
P om.rr. eCTBOM'L XPII CTOBlIM'I> OTHOCIIJIlI CI, R'b npaxy CROll ' '1 TIll
H ne : 0 CBOnX'L .rr.OMaX'h IT ropo11. onn i) 60TU II b ( HLlll I
son: 'L PO.rr.llIJX'I>. IIo TOM B'b nfiCTOllllle
e
pc 111 P ' 1
II 0 r p e 6 e H e.
Ilorpetieuie y espeem, ranz e He otixo HTCH Oe3'D 06pH OB'D. E B
it nasnaaers qyBcTBoBaTh npuoJIumeHie cxepr ali.'D IIOC aID
tJ;ByMH I1JIII rpena MymqIl HaMII, soropue 0 ffiHbI C1> 3 eRHO
HIHioOBOIO CB'BqeIO CTOHTh y IIOCTeJIll n 10 ThCH.
IIcnycTIIT1> IIOCJI'BtJ;Hifi B3tJ;OX1>, TOTqaC'D e rna
utqII, CHIIMaIOT'h ero C'h nOCTeJIII, K.lIatJ;yT'h ua no ly ua co 0
Q.iRlIraIOT1> JIal\wy 4: nemaaa. B'1 r OJI OBaX1> B'BmaIOT'D nnoroe II
JIOTeHn;e II CTaBHT'b RYBplIIH'b C'b BOtJ;OIO, qTOObI MaJ aX'h raMOBOC'D) -
aarers CMepUI, l\wr'b BhIl\lhlTb II unrepers CBOn. Ieq'D, KOTOpbI 'D
Be3aMtTHo tJ;JIH 06hIRHOBeHHaro B30pa, npecsm, ffill3Hb IIOKOfiHIl a.
TaR'b RaR'b enpea He BnOJIH'B yBtpeHhI , nOHpaBIITCH II ( Ma ax
raaoneoy- npnrOTOBJIeHHaH BOAa II He OOMOeT'D Jill OH1> CBon
B'b APyrOM'b cocy)J,t, TO nOCJI'B BhIJillBaIOT'b OObIRHOBeHHO II scm BO ,
BaXOtJ;Hm;YIOCH B'b tJ;0 M'B.
Ilosonuana OCTaBJIHIOT'b JlemaTb na COJIOMt TpII saca: IIO
xero OOMhIBaIOT'b ero TeIIJlOIO BOAOIO, 3aKYTbIBaIOT'b B'b caaaat 110-
apanaiors aanrieio auase raaacom, C'b TpeMJI pacaaun, K.JIatJ;YTb
B'b caMhIA npocroa rpOO'b 1I3'b qeThIpeX'h AOCOK'b II OTHOCHT'b aa E. 3A-
OIIm;e, nposaram, nepers BhIXO)(OM'b l\1O.IIIITBY ") . BIIepe)(II IIOrpeOaJIh-
Boil nponeccia lItJ;eT'b CJIY*l1TeJIh oauarom C'b KPY* KOIO II rpOMK
(IITI;JJ;OKO ranars MIHIOBeC'b! -MIIJlOCThlHH cnacaers Aymy
aMepTn; II KmRJJ;hIii He TOJIbltO yqaCTByrorr:t;i fi B'b nponeccia, HO
11 BCTptqHhIii opOCaeT'b B'h KPY*&Y 1l0CnJIbHYro JIeIlT!. p;eHbrII II)(yn
B'b UO'JIh3Y uorperian.naro orimecraa.
P BBB:X'b eapeess, rOBOpIIT'1 IIYTemeCTBenliIlIt'1 llO CB. 3eM.lI'n O. IIpOT. E OB, sunn-
'1 coxpaHIIBmlIl\lC1l B'1 TUKOM'1 BIIAt, KllK'1 6YATO 6LI onn TO.'IoI\O s ueps ycrpoeas.
&a&'b O'Pb roponoas, It'b KOTOpLIM'b oaf npuuaaaeaam, OCTaIOTCJl e sa s
passasaur, ( "CTpllHIIIIK'b" 1890 r . AnrycT'b, CTp. 52 ).
pesai e spen nOCTOHUHO o6pam,llBmie nammnie na sarporitraft nip's, xur H
, Tor
!lU.C)t{'Q up OTOBUTb .lI.JU{ ce611 rpo6uIIuy na c.lIyqall CMCpTll; TO BII no II 1. ,
:r:O"il BLI IOCUql 'b, sranpocmrs y 1l1l :JaT Tt .'I O lucyc BO, no in
1.'P
1
D'O B RHOM'b rpo6t . -r
-.no1"J) I l!HO'l"J> n OBHTb, lITO "C.1l0BtK'b. .atliRR B'b Mipt . R I)":} BJ!, . .
. m , r
if I B n II TO bKO rorna KORq ('JI U OIl
U' 0 In . no 0 B B
n lJUTaIOTO B T
UlJ ' nnraro Jr. E'b 9TO ape JI
sr M H HaORBaIOT'b eIO tm lJ 'h',
It'b B'b ro OB'll noaonaasa, 3aKphIBaIOT'b e as sepen ,
11M CO AHJI CBaAbObI *) II nocuuasm., e e Tb B H-
1\010 se JIelO: aHaaHCKaJI SeMJIJr ocooeaao cna HT bH epr-
B B'b pyKH lIOKOfiHHl\c K aAYTb ua OlJKll H &OTOpblH ORb
ron, cnepen.ca, &OrAa npanen. l\lecciJI Ta&b &aK'b BCt epmi
lIO yotm)J.eHiIO eapeess, oCHoBaHHoMy ua Ta.llMYA'B, -BCTaa Tb II 'b
MOrH.ll'b H nofi)J.yT'h IICKaTb cent HOBbIXb B'b ae t ootToBaBao .
ECTb sspouanie, tITO nOI\OfiHII&ll llS'b CBOIIX'b ora b npauo sa rt
'b IhwJeCTIIHY noraeaaaua xO)J.aMll.
ITOC.llt roro lJ.lleHbI norpeOa.llbHOrr nponeccin npII&O alJlIBaIOTb
KpblmKy n BCt KII)J.alOT'b no rpn JIOnaTbI sea II.
3 pbIB'h MOrII,lIy, rOBOpJIT'b: 3)J.tCb Ma.llbIfi n oO..'I bmofi n patrs,
cBooomAeHHblfi OT'b caoero roonomna. qlITalOT'b npn IIqBbI e T XII
3'b ( KOreJI eTa) ; IIOTOM'h CTBXII 0 CMepTII II nocspecenin MepTBbIX'b.
ITo oaonuaaia oOpJI)J.a yotralOT'b OT'b MOrIlJlbI, lJTOObI yCT IIIITb csoe
M'BCTO aHreJIy C'h paCKa.rreHHbIMII KOTOpbIfi TyT'b e nasa-
naert JlOnpamUBaTb YMepmaro 0 ero aa 3eMJIt mII3HII.
3aTtM'b npnCYTCTBYlOmie CTaHOBHTCJI B'b ABa pJIAa, e;fiAY &0
ropsnra rrpOXOAJIT'b AtTII YMepmaro n IIOJIyqaIOT'b yTtmeHie. IIOCJIt
roro BCt IIAYT'h 1\'1 npeAABepiIO xpana II, YMbIB'b npernapnre bHO
1p ItII, qlITalOT'h sa xa.llAenCKOM'b Jl3bIK'l> MOJIIITBy.
ITo aoaapameaia AOMon, OJI1I3Kie pOAcTBeaHII&lI CaAJITCH na no.rs,
BA1mie na rrOJIy C'b paSYTbIMH rrpoaoaaaeroa ceMb )J;Hefi.
*) 'I'aaoll C-'Iyqau 6IiIJI'J, HtCROJIliKO JItT1> TOMy Ha3a,lI,1> y HaC'D B'b HOBropO.J.t.
O,lI,I1H'D eBpeu-pt3aK'D, soroparo MLI SHaJIll , KaK'D pesaocraaro TaAMy,lI,UCTa, II KOTO-
para caMII espen I10.iKeJIaJIII I1l1'fm. y ceria pt3aKOM1>, RaR'b ,lI,OCTotlHaro uspan 1>TJ:lHll ,
o B,lI,pyr'D I10,lI,HJlJIII aa Hero .iKeCTOKOe roaeaie I13'D sa r or o, qTO OH'b, J:IK061.I,
3KOHy TaJIMy,lI,a CTaJI'D p1; 3aTb .iKIIBOTBLIX'D, ,lI,ajKe 3anpeTIIJIII ynorpeo ars RCO.
aKO.lIOToe. He BLI,lI,epjKaJI'D HeCqaCTHIiIll nmeXOT'L" -pt3aK'D II B'L omas 3 OIlO
as sapsaarca. Eapen He IIpOCTIIllIl yMepmeMy ero rptx'b, T. e. ca 0 6i
IX : OHII He TonKO OTKa3a,[I1Cb XOpOHII Tb ero na KJIa,lI, 6IIII(t, B 1;
IMIr':MHaMII, HO upucy.n;UJIU 3ap IiITL er o B'L ,lI,aJIII OT'D \I B B
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H IIp. , II Tb H T &a B'h po
ill apoe BRO. 9TO Eb pm-TO
b?! a, ornsuaers ra IT '1: na 0
BbI mi pan T. e. q BCTBeHHbIll
T H'b raas 9 eHb 9 beHb II09TO
KO : Bb IIepBO '1 C yqat qeJIOBtKb
DO BTOpO 1>- ,u;yXOBHO.
Rorl(a JI OIHICbIBam BCt 9TH H ronopio qTO Bb H Xb n o-
m OJI iYAeficJ\ H a\HSHb, TO anaro, Bb KaKO 60 bill Ofi CTerreHII
o IIO&asaTbCJI 0 HOCTOpOHHff 0. Heyate II e, cnpo Tb lUITaTe h
H 6bI 0 nauero B1> oesrs npom 01[0, RPOllt 0 Hon aTofi pe ri os-
HOCTR? BtAb IIO)J;OOHaJI atlISHb YJIie C.!IHillKOMb 0 HOOTOpOHHH. Ilpasz .
Ho lITO ate ocotieaaaro K'h Hefi MOlRHO A06aBHTh s or II BCR-
oaa TeK a 1I0qTll rasae, KaKo Y BCHKaro APrroro oaxapa >-eBp -
aro ioaomn, KOTOpbIfi ausero 60.!Ibille He SHa T'h n SHaTb He m-
lIeT'b TM YAa? )l;..1JH Ta.lIMYAHcTa BCJIKOe JIillTefi s oe S HHTi
MHTaeTCJI YHHsllTeJIbHbIM'h. TaKofi. qeJIOBtR'h BcerAa Ramen: anr ett-
CKi TPYA'h-,n;'BJIO He Moe, a At.TIO rauopua -rpy6aro ne, oBtKa
neBtatAhI Ta.JIMYAa; rpy6bIfi lIe.IIOBtRo A.rrH roro II C03AaH1>, a H
9,u; ept, MeHTIIIo ) -AeJIIIKaTHOe cymecrsn II npeaaaeuavem, a
BIiICmIlX'h n;tJwfi- AJIJI nsyqeHiH 6e3ARbI npeuynpocru. JIB HeT H H -
00 bHIiI BOUpOC'h: lIt I'b ae lRIIBYTo AP rie espea, Bt J> He B t e
OR as qaIOT'b roasso TU.IIMYA'h II Hymuo me q 1'1 HH6 b a\ rs?
b rar IYIIJICTOBb, soe- KaKiH At UIIIl\EI. 1\( 1l\ H He H "1.
XXXVI.
Enpeiicaie reme-i-rre (TOprOB H
01> 1> HSB1'JOTflO, lITO espea nCK.lIIOQUTe.JIbHO aaaa aIOTCH 0
013 eIO II Oo.lIbilleIO lIaOTiIO MeJIOQHOIO, II TOJIbRO He lIn B1> ra 'k
saaa aIOTCH BCHRaro po)J;a MaOTepCTBOMb (9THX1> rp ' JEeHHROB1> esp
npea pasm.}; seMJIe)J;tJIieM'h 3Re, saMtTIIM1> Mn IOXO o 11>,-H K .
o H )J;peBHie lISpanJIbTHHe ObIJIn nCKJIIOlIUTeJIbHO se JIe)J.'B ,
&<lIt'> neperaeri IOClHp1> <DJIaBifi, ycepjuo oripariorasa n CBOll no H
speaeaaae espen CMOTpHT'b aa 9TO saaarie C1> I\pafiHefi opesr -
OCTiIO. CKO.JIbRO pyccKoe npaBHTeJIhCTBO Hll CTapa.rrOCb C)J;t.rraTb eB-
OOB'b )J;aBaH IIM1> Kb 9TOMy") BCt cnOCOObI , a lITO
1> arnro BbIillJIO? ltlSBtCTHO, tITO B1> Boan nOlIUBillifi HMIIepaTOp'b
HUKo.. laii Ilaaaoaars npnuaaars BceBOSMomHbIH M1'JPbI &1> ROJIOH -
ania espeem, II nplyseauo nX1> K1> SeMJIe,n;tJIbtIeCKoMy Tpy)J;y: OH1>
1> ,n;aBa.
1I'b
paSHbIH .rrbroTbI, KaKl> nanp., OCBoooiK)J;eHie OT'b pespyr-
ofi nOBlIHHOCTII H )J;p., para roro TOJIbKO, qTOObl oropnars IIX'b OT1>
II MeJIKO-TOprarneCTBa, npacnoootinrs &'1 Tpy,n;y OOJIte
Bet 9TII M'BporrpiJlTiH He nplIBeJIII HlI K1> KaKoMy
pea II T'B He naoria ceaeaorna, ROTOpbIH, coO.lJa3HllBmHCb
KO.1I0HIICTaM'b JIbrOTaMII") IIOrrbITaJIIICb npiypovan,
e6H 1\'1> ae UeArflJIhqeeKOMY TPYAY, errYCTH He MHoro speaena, BHOBb
'B HCb Bl> roporax Ii ceraxt B"b KaqeCTBB ropramea, q,aI\TO-
II T. n.; 3eMJIH me, ;J;aHHaH IIM'b l]:JIH 06pa60TKlI, OCTal acs B
8IIHOM'b COCTOHHin. KaKiH me npauansr TOMy? IIpnqIIHIiJ 9TO
C'U''''''' b B'b ca oD jR1I3HH eBpefiClwro HapOAa-B'h ro
op q esc 'h. Ko If He 1I3BteTHO: qTO B'b 601 oe B v um
a3
eHb
eH
ros:
nor (

B 3J\,1> mara H upec a? Hx'b 0JlOHaKOBO npeaapa b a b


mi TaK'b 11 HH3mifi C oli otimecr sa: nepBblfi aerepns '1 espeem,
B '1 $aHaTBSM'b, reBt piJI a aa OT BlJHTe xapasrepi, 00-
pasa EIlSRB; a BTOpOtl- ns'b aa peraria; no B'b ocotieunocr acca
I oaBDJJ,t.!Ia enpeem, aa oraepaenie a pacnarie Xpacta. r t 0
spea He nOCe.llII.lIIICb, OHn He ror II paaonartman. ua 0 roe npe-
6blBauie: OUII SHaJlII, lJTO CerOAHJI OHn 3)l,tCb, a aasrpa HX'b 0 Tn
asrnars, KaK'b II npesne llSrOHJIJIII. IIplI TaKOM'b oopast am3un,
LICJlDMO JIll 6wo espemrs 3aHJITbCJI 3eMJIe)l,tJlieM'b n npos-
uyro nOCTOJIHuyro oCtAJlOCTb, 3RaJI , lJTO B'b O)J.nR'b npespacaua ens
BX1> MoryT'b KaR'b 1I3rOHJIJlII npem)J.e. BOT'b nOlJeMY espea
.rylJmBM'L aamrn 3aHJITbCH roproaaeio, paacsarsmaa, qTOB'b Cr qat
BSrHaniJI, oan 3aoepyT'b CBOll )J,eBbrn II yfi)J,yT'b KYAa raasa rJUI ars,
Bee 9TO ram; csaaers lJJITaTeJIb, HO BtAb cs TtX'b nops, KaK'h
raaaa espeem, npomao yme naoro npeseaa; no reneps Bee
BBJIOCb K'b .lIYlJmeMY; espeem, He rOHJlT'b, H OUII Moryn IIOlJTH Be3,!J.t
ZBTb 11 3aBlIMaTbCH lJtM'b IIM'b yrO)J.HO, IIpaBAa, HO npaarnsa BTOpaJI
QTypa: espeass TPYABO ym'b pa3eTaTbCJI C'b TtMll 3aHJITiJIMn n
KOTOPbIMII 3aHBMaJlJICb HX'b II )J,t)J,bI. He MaJIO
TBJIeK'b espeem, OT'b 3eMJIe)l,tJIiJI JI TaJIMYA'b: OH'b IISOOpam3J1'b IBI'h
3eMHyro mBSHb KaKBM'b' TO yB'llpHJI, qTO enpen He
AJUI roro lJTO BX'b POJIb ropaaao nume: OHn aaanaseua
BOrOM'b ObITb 11 yqUTeJIHMII APyrIIX'b naponon, KOTO-
,ble B'b scaaarpaaaeaie sa 9TO BeJIIUiOe )l,tJIO AOJDKHhl )J,JIJI aapa-
IIJIbTJIB'b, KaK'b qaA'b Boaiaxt, patiorars. 9TO ylJeHie BOmJIO B'b IIJIOTh
B KpOBb espea. Baarosapn TaKoMy BbIeOKOMY MH1miro 0 eeot, cTaHyTD
.III enpea YHlImaTbc!I AO roro, lJTOObI C)l,tJIaTbCJI
o H'Bnt It'b T01llY me aareacaaa npaKTIIKa yotAIIJIa espeeas, lJTO
ca aa HIllJT03tBaH )J.eHemBaH cyMMa, XllTPhlM1J 00pa30M'b ynoTpeo-
eHHaJI HU cneayJIJIn,iOHHoe ToprameCTBO, npIlHOCJIT'b ropasao oo.lIbme
no b3hl, q'BMo nanoe Ohl TO HII OhlJIO aanarie, YCll)J; lJ n-
B ro H npOJJ;OJI.31l TeJI bHarO TpY)J,a. BOT'b nOlJeMY onll
bIDeIO uacmo TOprOBJIero.
Ilpa Bb100pt 3aHaTi fi, espea CTapalOTCJI 1I 30paTb raxoe, KOTOpoe
B me TpeOOBa 0 TpYJJ;a II )J.aB3JIO OM 60 sme
. Ilpe nOqUT To ropronan., TaRo BaSLl ae Ll f H 11,
'b 11
TOB opu ':h ae
. ronapo 1'1 ra aurepeauu '1: 0 esaa
II. Toproa JI ara lBlten B T upe e Th spes, II
ropOJ(HaJI a I\a&'h pas's &'h DIJ, J(e I!I aruaro enpea,
M'h M.oJIhlM'h TOB3pOM'h MOmeT'h XOAHTh no 0 a 'b 0 aro
BQ'IJ, suaa, lITO OHB He nOCE.ynHTCR sail ar Th mnee sa B
aTH MomHO noronopnn, 060 nee 1> C1> rocuo H 3HaTb
D'h lITO Hy,amo, aaCJIymHTh nX1> pacno oaeaie sacr na lIe TBO
rL c.!Iyqat neserom. npiarao aTO saaarie nOTO 0
e HymHo IIJlaTI1Tb aa npaso TOprOBJIll. Espea ClIHTa10Tb 3 nm '1
YA'llJIJlTb H3'b cnoero aapatiorsa B1> no b3y p CC1\O 1\a3RbI.
B'b OOJIbIDOM'b XO)!;y Y eapeess TOprOBJIJI craps 'h II arse '1'
9TIJM'b aaHIlM310TCJI )!;ame aeamnau II )!; OBO.lhHO OBI\O: ORt C1>Y tro
yrosopan, noaynarera-xpacrianaaa T3&'b, lITO OH1> BO ero HeBO e
RynnT'b npe)!;JIaraeMhlfi rosaps . CJIOBOM'b, raHt(eJb HBX']) B'1
OOJIhmOM'b XOAY. CKamy1.''b: BtAb A.!JH repros n H ffiHhl easrn a
oTRy)!;a nx'b opaTb? EBpe10 He uuoro HymHo eners J(JH Ball bHO
TOprOBJIn: )!;afiTe eMY UHTb pyoJIefi , II OR'b aaBeJ(eT'b aa HllX'h ran-
JJ;eJIh ) - TOpr OBJI1O , HaKynIIT'b: BOC&y, 3BtPIIHhIX'b maypom., TaoaR
B T. II. (paayM'lleTcH nee B'b MaJIOM'b E. OJJlllIeCTBt ) II rorsact, "e
nepenpoaaort APyroMy oOJlte COCT01Te.ll bHoMY espem II, &OHelIHO, C1>
oaphlmeM'b, a OIJCTpOe cooopameui e espea RO BCRROfi ToproBofi orre-
pania II yMtuie 1I3'h ncero 1I3BJIeKaTb nOJIb3Y, a r.1JaBHOe ctieperars
Kam)!;ylO HamlITYIO IwnrBfiRy, ,u,aen eMY B03MomHocTh pacmapars
TOprOBJIIO. Espea KaK'b Oy,ll,TO pomJ.J; eBbI J.J;JIH repros..'Ill; po OTe II
npiYlIa1OT'b )!;tTefi C'h paHHIIX'h JIrBT'b E.'b srouy.
E'b BII)!;aX'h oOJIhmefi HarJIH,lI,HOCTll , pa3cR3my K3R'b HtRor a TOP-
rOBaJI'b JI npasna , He no caoeay me.llaaiIO. p;tao B'h .qe 'b.
Itor]l,a H JIBmlIJICH MaTepII , meHIlJICH na TaRon eHpefi1\t, so-
ropaa He OlIeHh-TO saOOTII JIaCh, qTOObl H CIIJrt.U'b sa 0 HlBl'1 T -
o '1, a aeaar a, 'lTOObI H saHHJICH lItM'b BnO)T blIp I'll '1.-
Bon BaC1> seraepo rosopaaa OHa; II Bbl Bet XOTllTe tCTb, a
sa 1> He BCt Bbl 6e3AtJIbHIIqaeTe II 0 00 HH
a OHa H'1 MOIO CTOpOHy, nOApasp.JtBUH, a '0
IOOh t 'L aa TaJIMYAO 1>. HaAotJIO . Ht C ill b
scmo, P 31> He reprrs 1> 11 : A E3 n 1'0 e-
-
IIp -
8 "Pli''P1il<"L
JI nero He na q
op B OTBtT e
e raoero ra 1 )I; BO bBO0 B sa sa b. ( TO fi -
T &b aa rena no t . '1'BOB 1>, lJ 0 JI ptill CR B3 Tb 3
n 0, 0 qe '1 II 00'bJI II 1> all X. q a npam Bll B -
uwii aooropn, n T T'b a\e OOCTaB a n Hb r opros
o aaa rpom., KaRb Ha1J.aTb aTO )1,1> o.
- 3Han, JI IOOe3HLl fi ByJI bq,b, -3aroBopn ITa ou ar n b TOHO b
"lTO 01J.eHb npocraa BeII1-b, BTO He TO, nro ra y b. Top-
rOBaTL MOiReT1> Kam)1,Llfi: y <roem. - - xpacriam, uOAemeB e
It npo,/(anati IIM'b ate nOTOM'b nojopoae,- BOT'b Teot a OaphIIIIl>.
p06yfi XOTb past.. RCTaTII-saBTpa y uacs oa3apHLIfi ens: H
Teot ,/(Ba SJIOTa, a TbI KYUlI na nnxt., nro nonanerca- TOhlW
emesre.
- liTO .iRe BMeHHO
By, BOTb nasyrm XOTb nyparear.naro TaoaKy, BOCKy, rpr mb, -
B ere aroro aaseayn, cerO,/(IIH, II saarpa MomHO oy,/(eTo :nYUIITb
110.
3auO-C)J;tJlaHO. ,n;aJIa !lIHt ,n;Ba SJIOTa II OTnycTII a.
a KO CMOTplI ae, ByJIhqrh, HanyTcTBOBaJI a OHa, ropr; flM, a
e, xaii rosapi, rOR, KaKo OhI OHb HlI Ka3aJI CR Teot xopcmax:
Batt - Kpll1J.n, sro OH1> IIJIOXOti; CMOTpnmh- rOll, Co n
11'1> Teot 1J.emeBJIe, a TbI Co 6aphImeM'h 0Y1J.
eIIIb!)
lb BTott MIIJIOit H OTnpaBlIJI CR ua oasap'b II IWK'b
flaTRBy:n: CH aa KpeCTbJIHIIHa, cs JIIICTOBbIM'h TaoaROMb, KOTOpbI fi
YBH3aHb y Hero Bb IIa1J.Rll. MymlIlJeK'b OLIJI'b naBeCeJIt. B3fMI-
Ta6aKb II BCIIOMHIIBb CJIOBa Ma1J.IIXII 1J.TO rosaps HYjf\ HO
,
csaaaat.: ( q>1I, KaRoii y TeOR lIepubIti, xy,/(ofi TaOaR'b!)
eo1>., mH)J; OKb, KaKor o Ha)J; O?
hIaro, QTOObI aacrst ObJ.1lII spacuue, -OTBtTIIJlb R.
X omifi Taomt'b HymHo naarnrt, oOJJbmie )J;eHbrII, a AlO
xy - CKa3a.ll'b KpeCTbRHIlH1>.
c&"a"v ' X IlIb sa CBH3KY?-B'b CBR3KTI OhI.qO JI( q 'b

-"'J.lBO n JI, a pas 0


nOToprOBaTbCJI.
A Be b3J1- iii sa 3JIOT1> yCTymlTb? C aa '1 JI up
RamY-llbJ, KpIumy.lJb XOXO 1>. "".......,&.1,
-- Bepa, ropronerrs, 3JI OTb , 00 sme He CTO Th.
IIo)l;ome.II'1 K'1 roproany II l(pyrofi enpea, aaanmia opomo eSJI
KaR'1 BO)l;OTCH Mem)l;y espea HI , CTa b no oran, at npioop en,
)l;emeB.IIe TOBap'1 0'1''1 ( r OIL).
CK<O.IIbKO TbI eMY )l;aernb sa 9Ty nasocn.? cnpoca b OHb eHH.
- 3.IIOT'1, OTB'BTII.II'b H.
- Tam, uuoro y.iR'1 uaraaan., r .IIyneHbRifi ? a TbI eme II. pam-
yaIIK'b He xouems opaTb? RTO *'1 Te61> 60JIbme )l;aCT1>?-II II lOHy b.
XOXOJI'b CIIOKOiiHO OTB'BqaJlb caoe -HbI! Eapea uasan, ero ep-
ran, II ypesouaaan, no cnoeuy II, ROHeqHO, nOKo.rreoa.rrb specrss-
BHHa Bb ?tIOIO nO.lIbay II aaT'BM'1 yrneJIb. Tor)l;a cran, II H mrB te,
n KpeCTbHHIIH'b HaqaJI'b C)l;aBaTbCH.
- IIpII6aBb CKOJIbRO HII61T)l;b, iRll)l;OK'b, np0II.OJI maJIb croBop'HI BbIll
MymnqeK'1. H lITO-TO npaeanan., II OHb OT)l;aJI'h.
llpi06p'BB'h rouapi, 11 0Y)l;yqll He B'b CIIJIaXb )l;OHeCTb ero )l;OMofi,
JI npooars apecn.aaaaa MHt, 06tlI(aH sa Tpy)l;bI yrocrar t,
ero BO)l;KOiL RpeCTbHHlIH'1 COrJIaCII.lICH. Ror)l;a OR'1 npnaecs TOBap'1
Bb )l;0M'b, MalIlIxa nOXBaJIIIJIa MOIO nOKyIIKy II uamaa, qTO H )l;eilleBO
KyIIIIJI'h. - -Baaann., KaKofi xopomifi remeon, - )l;tJIbn;e nOCJaJI'1
Teo'll Bort, csaaara OHa CaMO)l;OBOJIbHO; BnpHO Tlil Cer O)l;HH nOMO-
JlCH xopomo, Bon, BB)l;b MIIJIOCTIIBb K'1 RaM'1. On's Bee HaMb
.n;aeT'1 ) .
II CPHAY .iKe aaT'BM'b npo)l;oJImaJIa:
- 'I'eneps BoabMII pasoopmpyf CBofi TaOaK'b : KOTopaH nausa 1I0-
CJIlIIDKOM'b OOJIbillOIO, y6aBb OT'b Hefi II c)l;'BJIafi Ha'b )l;ByX1>
, JJ;a npoJJ; aBafi noropoae: nansa CTOIITo rponrs, a npOCII OT'h
lUI r OH )l; Ba, OB'b )l;aCT'b; a aaynpmrarcs, aa IIOJlTOpa )TCTy IIII II
ems Co oapbImOM1> XOpOIDII Mo .
H JJ.Pa-rofi: 6a3apHbIfi )l;eHb MaQIIXa OUHTb asmposomaa MeHJI H
jI II aa 9TOT'b paso c)l;tJIaJlo BbIrO)l;Hblfi remetPT'b: YII
--flBRB BOCK'L, KOTOpLIfi OKa3aJlCH Tctlt'b 0POIIIlJ rn,
rrepe nara ero )l;JUI ce6H.- - Bo K'b T T P
,
..
H
II UHLID T06010 Y JwpBn rOJ! sa ao '1>,
o '1 roaem, B'1 napt, Eory. Ta 1> sa 'b y 11 C1>
pom -ramOBO>- HOBbIfi ro)/,'1, TO fbI B3'b Hero C t B q ,
JI. npaaecem. DX'L B'1 cauarory. n na 1> oy en 1000. Eo
UpiJlTHO, - a Teot-To- xasaa pa OCTb, qTO 1131> r noero BOCK CBtq
6YJI.yT1> ropsrs .
06parqnK'b 9TOT'b, MBt KameTCH, jl,OBO lIbBO y6t RTe bBO rOBOp Th
o espeaoaon TOprOBJIt. ROBeqBO, ObIBalon H Be TaKi R t am II , a
aaoro no same. B03bMeM'b, uanp., BBBOTOprOB.olIo. Eo y
Ben3BtcTHO, qTO ToprOB,aJI BIIHOM'b B'b 3arrajl,HOM'b Kpat ten a-
ca10rqiii xapasrept.? )I;ocTaTOqHO csasan., qTO r a l 'b aa Ram 0 'b
mary BCTp1>qaIOTCH KOpqMbI H illBHKII; Mbl He rOBOpIIM'1 npo
ropojl,a H M1>cTeqKH, r,ll1> nnreansm, aaseneaif aua MaCCbI - HO
. .
He MaJIO BIb II Bb oeaemaxt, H3'b KOTOpbIX'b TOJIblW He unona,
pa3B1> caaua He3HaQDTeJJhHLlH, He I1MtIOTb CBOnX'b narenauxt. aa-
Bejl,eHiiL Bo Bceit llOjl,OJIhCIWit ryoepHiII, nanpasrspt., HMt eTCJI OIW
5,000 nOTeIfHbIX'1 aaseaeaia pa3HblX1J uaaaeaoaanin, paosauyn-
mUlCH rycrmo CtTbIO no ncef momasa 9TOfi ryoepHin . BCH ara
TOprOBJJH BHHOM1l HaX0Jl:nTCH IICKJIIOQIITeJIhHO B'1 pynaxt, enpeest. , II
MOZHO CKa3aTh llOJJOa\DTeJJhHO, qTO H1>T'b HII omoro x pucri aaaaa ,
KOTOpbIfi ObI ToprOBaJJ'1 BHHOM'1, aa IlCKJIIOqeHieM'b roponom, r A'B.
IpUCTiaHe COAep.iKaT'1 TpaKTBpbI B'b CaMOM'b OrpaHIltIeHHOM'1 qnCJI t ,
HO OTHIOJl:h He nHTeiiHbIJI 3aBeAeHiJI. TaRIlM'b 06paaOM'h TOprOBJIeID
BOHOM'1 B'1 OJl:HOtt IIOlJ,OJIbCIWit ry6epHiIl 3aHlIMaeTCH Jl:0 5,000 eB-
peeas, sorepsre oOJJaJl:aIOT'b lIIDHKal\U:I H KOpqMaMII. 3awI>TIlM'1, qTO
KOpqMa He TOJIhKO CJIymBT'b MtCTOM'b Jl:JIJI TOprOBJIIl BBHOM'b, HO OHa
me II JIaBKa, npDtIeM'1 coaepaaren, KOpQMhI SIBJIJIeTCH 11 csymna-
BOMb, OXOTHO npioripnran y KpeCThHH'b, no HIIQTOmHbIM'1
npoAYKTbl 111'1 TpYJl:a; TOT'1 me enpea eors BMtCT1> Cb T1>1\I'b II ua-
JleHhKiA Ce.JIhCKiit 6aHltop'1, ccymaIOrnjfi IipeCTbHH'1 Jl:eHbraMH sa or-
OMHbIe nponenru; ra ae KOptIMa C.JIymIlT'b II M1>CTOM'h nOCTOJIlI Bbl X'b
0o.PHIIJ,'1 specrsaas, OIOTHO pa3cymAaIOIIJ,BX'1 3AtCh, aa PIOMIiOIO Blum,
ltut.ii . BblX'b oomecrseuusm. jl,t JI ax'b. CJJOBOM1>, KOpQl\W JIBJIJIeTCJI
1) CeJIbCKotl mII3HIl II 3aBHMaeTb B'b lIett JI. aJI eKO II no
0; TaKHM'b a e aTolt aUI311II cape -IWpq
JlUqHOCTb xopomo D3B'kCTH, 0 B r JIf e
KOHTpa6aHAa..
BCtM'b 113BtcTHa llJIaMeHHaJI crpacn, eapeess roproaan, KOHTpa-
6aHAHhIMH TOBapaMII. jl;JIJI oe30naCHaro me nposoaa a 33IQIIThI I1X'b
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"__'''FrY apeem., CMt IO J1, YMaTb, lITO 1\31\1> TO.UbKO 3Cl JI t qaT H p' HII
-
12
rp
r
o b g TO
.. 0, 6pariJl, sa Bam 0
TO, qTO TBOp R 0 AHe b.
:80 oop WI> atHSHII ptSKO or
Z BHTe, KClE:L ZHn Tn BCt
.
JI namero CYIIl,eCTBOBUHIH na 11> H ein, x tOll, T
0, qTOObI 3BtCTHUJI sacrs espeem., no OOHO BCJIRO r o
Hit1/J0IJ.Y IIqHO H HenOCpe,l(CTBeHHO nOCBHTH a ceria x tooname B
un.<l,meTe, qTO BbI He npIIrOTOBJleHbI K1> 9TOllY. Ilpania, HO CTOU'lvt:
o bKO ycep,l(HO B3HTbCR sa ,l(t.1JO, n HbI C,l(t aerecs ae eJ\t bn;
aHlUIaIOTCH JRe namn opaTbR -Kapam-IbI (eapea orneprarornie yqeHie
a lIMYJ\a) seM.leJ\tJIieM1> II He ponmYTo na CBOro atlISHb II aa p c-
E.HX'b, II pyoosie yBamaroT'b nxt, sa qeCTHblfi Tpy,l('b.
He II ,l(pyrIIX1> SaHJITifi: ram., BbI II f'Bere HV l
'Eo rOBH,l(IlHt, Pblot II npOqIIX1> *IISHeHHhlX'b npos E.TaXo, n09TO
3BtcTHaH xacn, lI31> BaC1> OOHsaHa SamBIaTbCJI, KaE.o II Bet pyrie
Hap0,l(bI CE.OTOBO,l(CTBOM1> PbIOOJIOBCTBOM1> II BC'BMII nposnsa npo bI -
H ym,l(aeTeCb rasae B1> mIIJIIIIIJ;aX'b II n.rraTbt na paaaf CO
E 'J>MH, n09TOMY ,l(OJ.iRHbI .lJIIqHO 1I HenocpeJ\CTBeHHO, no np lItp
,l(pyrnxo, npIIHIIMaTb yqacTie Bo orponreasusm, pUOOTaX1> II p-
fHln orpacaaxt. npaKTIIqeCKOfi )J.'BJITeJIbHOCTII, TOJIbKO He B'b I\aqeCTB'B
o IaH,l(0POB1>. C.JlOBOM'b, BbI ,l(OJI.iRHbI ,l('BJiaTh nee TO, qro 1>.la10T1>
E t )J.pyrie. He J\'BJIanTe ceria llC.KJIIOQeHieM1> IIS'b oOIIJ;efi HapoJ\Hoit
aCCbI II He lITO BbI TaKiR H'BmHbIJI CYIIJ;eCTBa, IJ,.rrH .l\OTO-
bIXn THme.JlI>Ifi q,FI3UQeCKifi TPYA1> He BOSMOmeH'b, qTO Balfb-,l(e O,l(HOH
mOR rO.JlOBOn MomHO npOIwpMIITbCH. TaK'b BbI rpasryere: -anaeme
om, - enpeacsaa rOJIOBa MOmeT'b see ClJ,t.rraTb oes1> BCHl\ofi JIOMKH
&1> n HOrn; TaK1> II anaere: BtlJ,b BbI BOlJ,bI )l;JIH ceOH He npnne-
e Jl.POBo He uapyoure; ace 9TO, no y B 'b
HHO i aoaapsauo, YHII311Te.lIhHO, He npa HqHO H
hTJIH aa, a cA'B.lIafi nasrs see 9TO ron, HU soroparo usr n
c asars, rOTOBM BepXmI'b CtCTb.
HO B Ta&'b BTb II He BOSOYlJ,8Tb 9TII.f1> II Imor. fH p
e rrpOTHB1> ceria HeYIJ,OBo.1JbCTBill? BeAll TaKO p
a hI BhI, 6paTiH, HH nom , ' OTH )hI
n OoIl'1D 6 r T'b IlJIOXO. K aiK Tell , B'b r p: Hi
6e
1\0

D . na, ou no b3 T
rpaam, aaan IO po lIb 11 B "0 C II HSI
U oiKH. lID; HO Bt Ab H r a b He 0 106 if sat ' 'b espe 81> ,
LlillUO, ue)J,aBHO 6w 1l0/(HHTa 6 pn H ro OBUHi H ua esp em. Be
a .hIB en II see BTO, nOBTopHIO, qTO mHSHb espeem., BWp TaH-
aa no RUraJIhHOfi cHcTeM1> 1iI npana aMo Ta ll y (1, rast n 0 ,qr
aerojouaule BCtX'1 II Be3JJ;t. OX1>, BTOTo sar '1, co-
BCtM1> sary6UJI'1 .mlISlib enpeem,l CI\a.iKeM1> KCTaTH, 1\al\'1 He CT( pa-
OCb pYCCI\oe rrpaBIITe.lIhCTBO YHllqTOmlITb sara 'b II ero B acrs H
espeaaa, JJ;ame yHIIqTOmI:J.1IO, HO aara.n, raaao anners
TBOPlIT'1 BO . IIMH TaJIMYJJ;a nee, qTO yrOJJ;HO. 3 UMtTil Th AOCTOBHO
1JTO espeu XOTH II BIIJJ;HT1> HerrpUBJIY IWraJIa II Hept AKo TepUHT1> OT1>
Hero .pa3HbIH HecupaBeJJ;JIUBOCTlI, HO Ha,ll,tHch Bn HafiTII OIl l OT1>
cBoeft peaaria, npans IISpaUJIJI U 1(t b ero
(rast, nanp., CKpOeT'b npeCJItl(yeMaro rrOJIHuJeIO enpea, samanrrs
KOHTpu6aHJJ;HCTa a T. II.), He MoryT'b orpstnan.ca OT'b ero BJaCTII .
II mHByT1> espen 6.lIarOl(apH KaraJIy, KOCHtH Bn HeBtmecTBt . ilIoifi,
HO C'b yBtpeHHOCThIO caaaars noaa 6YJJ;YT'b cymecrnonan, xeaepa->
.
aJIMYJJ;llqeCKIH msoaa H sararsuaa onesa HUJJ;'b enpeasn, lliIISHh eB-
peem. He IlSMtHIITCH K'b KaR'b .iKe 6blTh, csaaers qII TU-
TeJIb? OqeBIIJJ;HO, QTO He06xoAIIMa pe.p0pMa, no OTHomeHiIO y JI y qrne-
HiH 6bITa enpeem., 1I npeane ncero OHa JJ;OJImHa nasarsca co illRO.JI W.
Illaoaa uepnsnn, JJ;tJIOM'b JJ;OJImHa BJIiJITh HU enpea 1] KOHeQHO
He xenepi, Bn KOTOpOMb IOHOmU uaysaeroa Cb paHHIIXb .rr tT'h rrpe-
aapars, BpamJJ;OBaTb na XplICTiUHb, a lIHaR lliKOJIa- 06rn;e-PYCCKClH,
B'b KOTOpoiI espea MOfJIH 6bl CJIblIIIaTb pyccnoe CJIOBO II rrpoHIIKuyTbCJI
JI. OM'h pyccaaro napnaa. Bropoe, HIT rro,lf,'b KaRlIM'b BUJJ;OMb He AO.lI-
060c06JIHTb espeem, ua OTjI,t.rrbHbIH 06rn;eCTBa rrO)J,b yrrpaaaeuie
saraaa, &aR'b BTO BO)J,lIJIOCh OT'b II CROHlI II KaK'b, Momuo CRuaUTh
apea 2It ByT'1 II IIO HbIHt, IBltH CBOIlXb cYJJ;efi , paSHWJI 6pUTCTBa
o mare bHbIH C06pUHiH, qTO HeBOJIbHO OTq)TiR)J,aeT'1 II. 'b OTb
P ccxaro; a Heo6xo)J, IIMO CJIIlTb nxt, ct. pyCCKIIM'b llUpO)J,O.I
VT.,......,IQ B aCTblO II xpuoriaucmnn, ynpaB -
-TO enpea IIofi My T'b, qTO nx'1 nr acrr, He xara.n. ( p
- lltnJI B'b Poccin OHn He COCT B.nHIOT'1 Jil II . 1 r " I'
OOblH aRb ObI rocy: (p B

, ,
.
e yen' lil eme BLICKasaTb rrexarnc 310 npemorcaeaie, K '1 0
1'eI).EJ,s.e eft. Oi-Ile p6. 81>.rr.. ue,:>e.:r.aIOT'1, xro nnorie eapen B03BP III.
... .,..,.. ... h -......'h X'h 1'3. 'b aacraeaarors pa60TaTL IIO upa3,J;ElII
e IlCO ( 157 sa 1 2 r.).
.rrOhu ma
T3 OBId: OTpl1Te aa r, 'b na 11 r ;
aanp., rosapt Be oOBtm sa 7'6 He 00 au sa T ; Bbl
ro 91> Byat sr, 0 sre me se OBt a He ep e Co aero,
It'D rOBopHTCH, mKypy; Bt,ll;h BbI anaer e, sas '1 TJI e hI '1 Tp -
o '1 KpeCTbJIBIlB'b nocraers KOIItfiK, Be rpsxt. 06 pars era?
Bid me ,n;yMaeTe aaase H rosopare: ( BillBIOID KontnK , OTBJI
rOR, H opaTY caoeay II JHI orom 10 B"b lep C :\fh
]1. H OtP;BbJX'b H3panJIbTRB'b (B'b sspeacso 'b 0 It teTcR
KpyJKKa, B'b KOTOpyID eBpefi on nOJIyqeHHOfi IIp ObI opocae
rponrs, II, no H3KOIIJIeBiII, OTChIJIaeT'b B'b lepyca I1.I'b B"b IIO 13
CBOHX'b TaRofi llap'b RspaII.JJH ecn, rsea e>- IIplICBoeHi
qyJKoro II Be MOjRe'f'b ObITb npiararnrs Bory. Eme ocr eperaro sacs
UOJlb30B3TbCJI rasze omnOK3MII rOB, R3K'b aanpaaspi., nepe axe
JlBmHRrO npa pascsers, qtM'b ocorieauo espea ,ilIOOnT'b IIOJb30BaTbCH
CqHT3H cie S3KOHB1UI'b ]1.t.JJOM'b (TynC'b rOB nyrnps . Bnaare, D3-
paaasraae, qTO nee TO, qTO He ,!J;OCMoTptao KO-
toparo BLI oOMaBy.JJII, BlIP;HT'b xopomo Bors, BH,!J;lIT'b II B03 3 T1>
B3M'b no ,rr,'BJI3M'b samaar,
)l;ofi,rr,yT'b JIB )1;0 BRX'b 9TB CJIOB3? OTRJIImBeTCH JI ll aa opaTC i
DpB3h1B'b eapeacsaa COB'BCTb?.
,
.

XXXVII.
)X13JX'1 nHT
o 1\ a r a A -J).
Rara;n) -- OTO otimecmo sanpaaarerea enpeacaaro
CTOpOllbI peaaria; nara.n, H ll'b
peem, nrpaert. necsna UmltllylO pOJIL. OU'b aanpanmert BC
U qaCTHMMlI enpeem., pyKoBop;Dn HX'b BO
BCeM'b, nponasaert nee oyutecmo iYAeficTua; TaIt1> qTO Oe3'b sar
II CaMUJI jItlUlHb enpeeut., KaK'b fib! lie JKHaIIL. He 0YAb sarara Tor
D mUlI.OBCTBO lie HM'bJIO ObI Tofi npeaecra, KOTOp
TaIt'b Aopora enpeio II caaa enpea aerso MOrJIU ObI CJIIITLCJI CO BC'BMlI
HapOAUMl1, KOTOpMX'L ona jIlIUYT'b. TIo 9TO ue B'b anrepecax
II llOOTOMy, fibI enpea He rrOCeJlBJIHOb,
OBn CqnTaIOT'b CnJIIqelIlILIM'b P;OJIfOM'b 'fOl'qaC'L yqpeJ(IITb y ce6JI sa-
rari, CO BCtMII ero ul"rpufiyTuMII, ItaIt'L, uanp., 6eT1,-p;IIII'b -enpellcKi
cy}J,'b, PU3HLlH opatcma U '1'. KaIt'L OM ne Ol>IJI1) 3rraQUTCJIeR1l
COOTaB'b saraaa, 011'L 006010 Ir1lJlylO eJ(uuDqy:
O}J,Hu" sa BC/tX'b 11 BO't au omoro- JI03ynr'b aarara, 1I0 cueuhusuo
B'h MeJIOQllOR TOprODJI'h BUlIol\ypeuie B'b OCOOCUHOCTII II no
BJliJlHiu na naamln M'hCTIIIJJI BJIUC'I'l1 npa nCJIIWX1) nOiiMOiKHEJX'b
YQaHX1J. lh) ImraJIbllMltU lwonpaI01'1) (l,allaTUI\(t,
BSyB'Bpa U xamKy; It'1'O 60JI1,e 9Tl1MH It(1tleC1'BM1U, 1181
T'b eme ao MUJlOIO (Impl1ceMcTna, '1'01'1) MOjRe'l''b paacrn-
....u .,..b uouacri, B1) na IWI'(lJ[bIlHKa
uecrs UpeMeHl:IO UPl1I1l1jlClIie, HOI'IlY1'1> cnauy up
'l'L ceon CMHpeUlJhlM'b, 110 past, 01(1) 1I0Jly'Jl'.lolI

'Qae'&, nanp., BhlCO'IA.iamlfi yKa3'b 06]) YHlnTOlltcuilI uaraaa COCT01i.ICll. euie


aate, &i.\R'b ,n;1>,rraercR lleBhIHocRMblM'b, ropau
Otl'i B'BJrBHiJI aaraaa npocrapaerea ,n;o TaKlIXb PU....
.
en ue oaeoosem, uanp, j nparaacars JJ;a.ate aa JJ;oMamHlH nap's, II
oJy1Jaro ceseaaaro npaaauasa, nero nomeJIa.n'b ObI. fiTO C1>
ltara.nOMb a aaaers, KaK'b OlI1> BJaCTHO jrrpaBJlJleT1> eBpeHMH, TO
HeBOJIhUO rrpll3HaeT'h, qTO KaraJ'b eCTh BepXOBHaH BJI aCTb COBpeMeH-
aaro napaaaa II rasoe yqpem,n;eHie
j
sorcpoe ynpasane'n, ,n;tJIaMlI ea-
peem, na a6COJIIOTHo-,n;nKTaTOpCKllX'b npanaxt., He ,n;orr YCKalOII\ee HH-
KaKllX'h orpaaaseuia, HIIKaKrrXb anneaanin Bb CBOII X1> pacnopaae-
HiHX'h OTHOCIITeJlbHO ,n;tJI'1 enpeem, n oxpaua JKlIIIOBCTBa.
Ho KTO 06JJeK'b KaraJI'b TaKOIO HeOrpaHlIlJeHHOIO B.rraCTi lO? )l;a cas
ae, MomHO CKa3aTh j npanaran.orna TtX1> CTpaH1>, r,n;t HaXOA,II.rrCH
pa3c'IuIHHIiIrr aspaars, He llCKJIlOqaJI, KOHelJHO, n pyccsaro, II KaR1>
He CTapaJHICb rrOTOM1> yunlJTOmIITb BJIaCTb saraaa II CKO.l1hKO o<I>llm-
Hll YUlIlJTOiKaJIII *), no KaraJI1> TaK1> rJIy60Ko nycTIIJI'b csoa
KOpHlf, lJTO noupesa BCJIKIIM1> l\ItporrpiJITiJBI1> .iKIIBeT'b ce61> CRpbITUO
no npeaaeay II TBOPIIT1> C1> II3paIIJIeM'b see, lITO eMy yro.n; ao. Muoro
3JIa npIIlJIIHJleT1> saran, H He eapemrs, Bpe.n;IIT1> He MaJIO II HaM'b
PYCCKIIM'h, OJIaro,n;apH ue3uaKOMCTBY C'b HIIM1> If
TOMy, lITO?tlIiI MaxuyJIll pyKofi na ace eapeacrao. Buafi MbI BCt
npo.n;t.nKll saraaa, -J);tJIO KOUelJlIO ObI HSMtHI:IJIOCb. IIpaBJ); a, OJ);HO
BpeMJI, a IIMeHUO B1> 60-X1> roaax, y HaC1> KaK1>-TO spynuo saro-
BOPJ:lJIll B1> JIIITepaTypt iii 0 KaraJI'B. B1> H'BKOTOPIiIX1> ne-
piOA.lIqeCKIIX1> nOJIBIIJIIiICb CTaTblI, pacapaaaamia nepers
nYOJIIIKofi Be.nlllJafimee 3.Jl0, acroaamce H3n cyurecraoaanla saran-
aaro eepeacaaro OeT1>-J);IIHa). CJIymaJI Tor,a;a nee, lITO
rOBOplilJIOCb [II IIIiICaJIOCb 0 eBpeJIX1> II .n;'BJIax'1 aroro ylJpem.n; euiH,
OIiIJIO rro.n;yMaTb, lITO BOTb-TO reneps pyccaoe B03b-
MeTCH sa saran, iii cpaay YHlIlJTOmIIT'b ero! Ho, RaK1> OKa3aJI OCb,
91'0 fhil,rra MIIHyTHaJI scnsnnaa; TO.nKIiI 0 KaraJI'S CIWpO yMOJIKJI II, II
ace 3aOLI,rrOCb, KaK1> 3aObIBaeTCJI y HaC1> auoros .u;pyroe. )I;a 1I nocome
aema, R'L POJ);t sarara, .n;a II ncero espeacaare sonpooa
TP'Y.u;uo y uacs ptmalOTCJI; a n.u; eT1>, pOCTrT'b en -
_ XOlVln er
11 BO
q'fO-TO H8J{OOp08, cosuauan BeCL cr paur a
IIOJ('h sarara, a Bo ro B
IIOMOlJb cBoeMy repro, psmaeron paapamars HeOa3DBm
,Ri ft BOlIPOC1> II psmnert, OU'b er o lIO-CBoeMy-cpa3y H upccro
1) eMy npaxoe syuorao. Psuraers, KOUeqHO
XOpOIIIO, HO II oiKIl AaTb psureai
If'b, oepeTCH CHlI3Y. IIO;J:OOHbBfH BOIlPOvlA.Il
O.tlJKHO ObI ObITb At.l0Mb uareamreunia, JI IO;J;eB llMtIOID;HX'1 OCH"-
.
,T8.lILIIOe 3HaIWMCTBO Co mIl3UbIO eapeest, II RXb RCTopleIO, a r JI aB-
'Hoe Co KarajIOM1>, ero yupaareuiesn, II areat aun. Ho suorie
3HaroT1> ace 9TO? II JIll MbI rasie llCTOqHIlKlI, H3b 1\0TOPhIX'b'
!H)jRHO ObI 110lJepIIHyTb HeOOXOAIUlbI1I CBt.n;tHi1I? tITO llbI pyccsie
meuu aroro, H II03BO.!IIO ce5t pasosaaats
JtTo uasan., IIOAaBtlH OD;HOMy BbICOI\.OlIOCTaBJeHHoMY
csoe COlIIlHeHie, 11 MaTltayJICH na TaI\.Oe aaaeaie. B3HBo Bo pyRII Moe
cosaueaie II saMtTIIB1> aa nepaof me sataasie- -0 TaJJJfYlIt
reaepars BbIpaSIIJIC.a ram: <BbI IIIImeTe 0 TaJMy,llt? 9 TO IIpi HTHO
npOlIeCTb. . a 0 sararf TyT'1 ecn, ? - HIII\.e:tI\.'b HtT'1! - d ltUb! &ClK'1
ate aTO ouymeao? BtAb y nacs, y eapeens, TO n APyroe 1I0JIiKHO
6bITh cBH3aHo; u TaJIMy,lJ,o, II sarars IlMtIOT'1 OJJ;IIHtLKOBOe suaseaie
Bb 4t33HD. espeem II BJIi1Iuie ua nx'b ,lJ,t.rra; a MbI pyccaie, 1\'1 co-
maJItHiIO, oseas MaJIO 00'1 auaem.
I'euepan, cs TaIWMb II npoaaaeoi, CJIOBO
ma.JIb) , 'ITO He ObIJIO B'1 Moefi ItHOrt 0 KUraJIt, lITO MomHO ObIJlO
SaKJIIOqlITh, Kal\'b OYATO, 1I0 ero MHtHiIO, II KaraJo - KaK'b
ObI Jl,Ba poauue opaTa II lIYT!> an He He ;KeJIaH OCTa-
,TbC1I B1> neBtJl,tHiII na csers naraaa, reuepars He
ere JIll MeHH II uepeaan, Bl> R.paT&HXl> caoaaxt.,
9TO sa narars? OT&yJl,a 6epeT1> OHb caoe uanaao ff KaK'b BJli,g'1Y'l'
H3Hh eapeest.? Co CTOpOHbI Momuo ObIJIO IIOJl,YMUTh, lITO nep
TOI1To casn, KaraJIbHH&'b . Ho .n;t.nUTb ObIJIO nenero: TPQVV-
bIJI O 3aHBJI eHO Bb (llOpllt Jl,eJIH&ClTHO-KaTerOpnlJnOa, a B
It OKa3aJIaCb qyTb He nOJlUaJI IJOC1>T" fYYO
npiexayn aroro YBaataeMaro JI IH-\a. Ji lIO

'II:
IO OpaTOpCl'BOBaTb,-1ll TO, nro Qlta3aJl'b
UO He .rrDUlHHM'b B'b OOJIte 1l0.iIHOH $ opM. 'B IlpelIJIO
OJl3rOCKJIOHHIlltl QHTaTe.TJb.
c\f8JI'b nepeT'b cnoe uanaro C'b aecsua ApeBHHX'h BpeMeHo. B
MHflllQaTb BimOB'b conepmaert OB'b CBOH 1l0AUO.BbHhlJI Jl,tJa. t1:l -
lJTO enpen, C'b JIllmeHieM'b csoero oreseorsa, pa3ctRB
nOBCIOllY II HaXOAllJIHCb B'b 3aBOCIDfOCTII on JlPyrHX'b HapOJI,OB'1; H()
T'tM'b He Mente oun Be3)),'!; H;\lt.JIlI CBOnX'b COOCTBeBHIiIX'b npaanre-
.1Iett KOTopIiIe nMII UO caoeny II KaK'1 roro
rperiosaaa pennia espeem, II nnrepecu mll)),OBCTBa. TaK'b, B'1
r.IIaBBIiIfi Ha,l(30p'b sa eBpeJIMII rrpllH3)),.TJemaJI'b npe)),CTaBIITeJI IO, 1\OTO-
plIA HOCn.Il'b UMH pours aOOOT'b l), ara narpiapxt., a na BOCTOK1> -
(RHHaIO rrJItHeoiH. J],OCTOllHCTBO narpiapxa, BO Bee BpeMH ero cyme-
CTBOBaHiH T3M'b, OLl.JJO canoe nosernoe BO aapanrs, IIpn ua-
XO)),HJrCH COBtT'b, lJ.lJeHLl soroparo, no aaKOH3M'b mmepia, naausa-
JlBCb npaaarana IIJIII oruana (KOMMe8TaTopbl Ha3LlBaIOT'b III 'b CT8-
p'hitmHH3MH); nyOJIlIlJHO me 9TH npeJJ;CTaBHTeJll HOCllJIll TOTyJbl,
nOJJ;.oo3romie yqeHLlM'b TOJIbKO MymUM1>: rana, XaXaM'b ( MYApell'b) ,
OOfPep1> (KHumOIfK'b), AMope (TOJIKOBaTeJIb). 9rOT'b COB1>T'b IIJIII ca-
YQaCTBOBaJI1> B1> narpiapmefi BJIaCTil npn paspsureni u BO-
l iPOCOB'h R3C3TeJIbHO peaaria II COBtCTH. IhmepcKie saKOHLl soonpe-
CB'BTCKHM1> cYJJ:aM1> nomeprars nepecnorpy ero psmeuin. BTa
lomaH 3AMHHIlCTP8UiH CllH3rOrH na 3ana)lt IIM'BJIa OOJlbmOe BJI iHBi e
a eapejtcsoe otintecrno. RpOM'B uepxcnnoa BJI3CTII cYI11eCTBOBaJI a II
amaa. KamJJ:oe orimecrno B'b npoammia nOJIylJ3JIO OT'b r JlaBH3r O
rpa, 1\'b KOTOl'OMy OHO npIIHaJJ:JIemaJIO-}l;aiOHa, CYllbIO C'b )lU-
)l;3i08'b CaM'b l(ByX'b aenKeHLlM'b (CTapmIIH'b) n
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0PQ.e ItpOM'B CYAeOHIlIX'b AtJI'b 3aBHMaJIOCb eme CJI t AyIOInIIM'b: OHO
UOAftl"6l)JltJ{3JIO 6paQRblH sannca, pa3BOllHIJJI KHorR, KptnocTII ,
aeaaae 3ltTbl II Bct npllHCl)l.neiRBOCTII , HeOOXO)lIlMblH )lJIH
Op.L1X'b OOPHJJ;OB'b, IWR'b nanp. xaJIecfl'b ( HOm'b llJIJI saptsaHl Jl
p'b (pon, jlJUI TpyO.neHiJI E'b lleHb pOllI'b-ramono) II npoq.
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HenpHKnOHOBeHHblMII. Eapea, nOJIhsyncb OBOIIM'b 'lUO.lleHHhl Ml>
peBtoOM'b, 3JI oy rr oTpeO.UU I1 npa paspsmeaia BOrrpOOOBo 0
ftpH paCKJIa)l,I\'I> nO)l,uTefi, npn orupaareuin noofime rOOYAUpCTBeHHhl XlJ
1I0BllHHOOTefi . COr.JIaOHO uoaoaeahe 0 espeax's 1804 r., ua sara
09JIOmeHbl O.bIJIll, MeiKAY nponmrs, OOJI3aHHOCTH no 3aBt:J,blBaHi ro
BCtMII XOSlIfiOTBeHHbBIH nt.laMII, )l,aHHOfi eBpeaClwfi KaRl>
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anp., no ooopy noaaren U pa:J.1JUQHbIX'b OOll.l,eCTBeHHbIX'b nooopoas
<0'1 OTBtToTBeHHOOTilO aa HeJl,OIIMli.1I n T. JI,. Kara.1Y nOAlJII HeHbl ObI
Jl,tJIi1 no npIlIIIICK'B espea R'b rop0)l,oli.ofi no npOII3BO;J,CTBy
iH'epeIIIlOH II OOOTaBJIeHilO peBllSCRIIX'b ORaSOR'b, no oxpaaeauo
plIHa)l,JIeJRalll,I1X'b espeacsof OOlll,nH'B, soropuan saran. pacnopn-
3RaJIClI no oaoeuy 3UT'BM'b ua saraasr BOS.lOiReHa ObI.1a
00lISaHHOOTh HaOJIlO)I,aTb sa 1I CIIOJIHeHieM'b npaBIITeJIhCTBeHHbIX'b pac -
nopJImeHifi, sa uonpanasurt BSHOCOM'b nO)l,aTefi n COOPOBb H sa TOq-
bIM'b sanoaueuiem espesua ropoacsim, OOlll,eCTBeHHbIX'b nOBUHHOCTen.
BOT'b KpaTKifi lICTOpnqeCltifi OOSOP'b eapeacaaro caaoynpaaaenia.
Hexero a ronopan., qTO TaIWe oaaoynpaareuie espencsnxr, oOll.l, IIHb,
e!h TaKIIMII umposaan upasaaa, He MOrJIII Jl,aTb )l,OOpbIXb n.rrOJl,OBb
AJIH crpaau, KOTopaH, no nx'b pasyM'BHilO, OCHOBaHHoMy sa
Ta.llMy)l,a, He ecn, OTeqeOTBO HSpaIIJIH. B'b peayJlbTaTB Jl,OJlJRHO ObUO
npoasoara SJIO II OHO np01I30mJIO: oOHapymlIJIIICh Yli.pbIBaTe.llbOTBa
espeem, OT1> peKpyTcKofi nOBIIHHOCTH II nOqTH nOBCeM'BOTHOe crpe-
If.1IeHie espeem, Yli.JIOHHTbCH OTb HCIIOJIHeHiH nOOOIIl,e rooy)l, apOTBeH
"hIXb IlOBIIHHOCTefi II )l,pyroe ..
03HUKOMHnmUCb C'b ,lJ.'BHTeJIbHOCTiIo eapeacsoa 8'1
:p'OmJIOM1> , yKameM'b reneps, aasoua lrBJITeJIbHOOTb IIX'b
. eoapeueuuaro saraaa, HaCJl'B)I,OnaBIlIilro Bot KaqeCTBU U npa-
BiMa II )I,'B)I,OB'b.
Ro upemaparen.ao CqIITalO HeOOXO)l,IIMbIM'b caaaun,
081> no nOBOAY npOTeCT081> COBpeMeHHo-oo"pa30BaHHblX1> eBpeeB'b,
mx'O IIO)l,'b 3UllI,HTy naraat., 9TU rr. CIIJIHTCH YB'BpHTb IIocpe
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oaXlJ, YTBepAlilBmOXCH 8 AO HbIH'B BO ace
OCnOJIb3yeMcH jJ,oKyMeuTOM'b, npiooptBIllOM'h yate nO.ilnoe upas
eoorn;ee J1,oBtpie. MbI na cBtn Jl,OKyMeUTD H3b sarass-
HOft snarn ropoaa BII.1JbHbI, KOTOpbID lJy,n; eCHhBi'h OOpaSOM'h nona
B'h Enpin HeCMaHa *), B'h KOTOpOll, oruaso me, OB'h no CHX'b nops
CUpHTaH'h 3a 6apnKa,u;aMll enpeaCKaro
BOTn aTOT}, ,u;oKYMeHTb:
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00 OOJl3all/HOCmflXo PU66U1Ut 'it ( nap UtCOf3l1)
eopooa.
Bo r.llaBt ropoza CTOJI.nH: AOb-OeTb-jJ,llHo-raOBo (paBBIIHb)
Pours-Ben, jJ,HHb (npejJ,ct,u;aTe.JIb cYjJ,a), Bert, AIIHb H3b 12 lJJeHOBb
l:I npe,u;cTaBI1TeJIJI ropora, PaBBlIHb Ha3HalJaJICJI ua 3 r ona no corra-
.oi to otimarc coripaaia. OOH3aHHocTb paBBI1Ha napaaaerca Bb cas-
AYIOrn;UX'b nyusrax.
a) Ha nparaameaie npercraaareren saraaa B'b ooripauie narara
HJIII ofimaro cotipaaia no KaKoMy Obl HlI ObUO paBBIIHb
OOH3aH'b JlBJUITbCJI ueMe,u;JIeUHO, oe3b Ma.1Jtfirnaro oraarar eascr aa.
T'BM'b oOJI'Be paBBIIU'b He HM'BeT'b npaua orsaauaan.ca or b rqacriJI
B'b cYAeoBbIX'b jJ,'BJIax'b. OBo ,u;oJIateu'b HaOJIIO,u;aTb, lJTOObI Bb ropers
He ObIJIO pouora co CTOpOHbl lJaCTHbIXo nporam, narasa II
,jJ, ai OUOB'b (lJJIeHOB'b Bert.-mna]. OHb jJ,OJIiKeH'b, mrBcTt C'b KaraJIOMb,
MjJ,PO OOCYAlITb jJ,tJIO, COrJIaCHO nacanno, a Bb jJ,tJIax'b AeHeiKHblXo
mltcT'B C'b Out, ue ,u;o.nmeu'b oopaman, ansasoro sunaa..
'HiH na npenHTCTBiH, XOTH ObI OHt rroc.ntjJ,oBaJIO co CTOPOHbI 06 -
maro ooopaain, Ho aTO npaao MOjKerb ObITb nperoerameuo eMY
-JIlIIllh B'b TaKOM'b CJIylJa'B, eC.1JII TilKOHOT'h rasrucaa ( rop0jJ,cKofi
yCTaB'b) npaaaaers B03MomHhulo.
0) Bt. jJ,tJIax'b aaraaa, T. e. OTHOCIITeJIbHO KaraJIbUbl X'h c60POBb
oraynoas, paBBIIUo He lUl1>e1''b npana BMtuHIBaTbca. TOJI bI\Onpa
naaia yc.1JOBiH KaKOrO-JIIiOO ornyna panamn, npnCY'fCTBr eTb }(.llJI

6.l'I01reuiH, (IT06bl JI:1).nO psmaaocs no


noanacaaaen, (.a;O&yMeHTb 00'b OT.ilaq'J) Ha.lO
'It Kara..1l0M'h.
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rn qTO Hu6r.a;h, nporanopnsaniee npaaaram, ropoaa, B xo
"lJJWH'b coopaaia uporeoryeru nporam, aroro , TO paBBHHl>
cran, C'b aa O,lJ,HO, YBllqT04ltllTh aTO 11$.10
'1 lITh lUY,lJ,PO.
r) Bt, pa36IIpUTe..lLCTBaX'b ,lJ,eHeambIX'b .a;t.ll'b, uoraeaamari, cyJl.Y
Bert-)l;IlHa, paBBI1Hb He 06n3aHb yqaCTBOBaTh. llaiousr ca
IOTb npaao psmars nO,lJ,06Hbln ,lJ,'BJIa 6e3b paBBIIHa. PaBBHB'b He
lIM'BeTb npasa BM'BmOBaTLCJI II ouponepran, psmeaie naiouom, Ao.tnG
aa iOTy. ECJIII me npn HaqUJIt cy)l;a oma II3b CTOpOB'b
.
noaeraen, yqaCTUI pasnaaa, Bb Ta&OMb CJIyqa$ paasnut., Be MO-
..meTb OT&a3bIBaTLCJI, Aa*e no caMoMy MaJIOB3ifiHmlY ,lJ,tJ}".
A) rOJIOCb panaana npa BCtXb )l;tJIaXb He IIllteT"h nepessca
na,lJ,b HO npa paBHOM'h qIICJIt rOJIOCOBb OHb lIMteT'b npe-
IIMym;ecTBO. )l,JIJI samara saoruaro JIIln;a (upornm, saraaa) AtoKO
psmaerca corJIaCHO npasaaasrs, yeTaHOBJIeBHbUI'b ,lJ,.!IJI ncero spaa.
Ha nparaamenie BaaJIe-TaKOHOTb (COCTaBlITe.!Iefi npaaurs) paBBHHb
npacoemaarsca &'1 HllMb. jTBllqTOmeHie nanoro .!IlI60 rrpa-
saaa COBepmaeTCJI no OO.IILrnHHCTBY rO.iIOCOBb. Pansum, He MOateT'h
MtmaTh yHHqTOmeHilO aasoro JInOO npauaia, ecru anIM'b He Ha-
pymaiorca npaaaaa ncero KpaJI.
1
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TBepm,lJ,eHilO ucnaro npasura MomeTb nperrJITCTBOBaTh paaaaat,
oaouynno C'b ,lJ,ByMJI COCTaBllTeJUIMII npaanrs
e) Psmeaia llJIll 06'bJICHeHin saaoro JIn60 nonpoca pansuai,
e ,lI,tJlaeTb; npn nO,lJ,OOHhlX'h CJIyqaJIXb OHb pyKOBO,lJ,IITCH upasaaa
,
eero spaa. ECJIll me ,lJ,aHHhlR uonpocs He HaXO,lJ,IlTb pa3'bHCHeHUI Bl>
oacaeaiaxr, II npanaaaxt, ucero KpaJI IlJlII ropona, TOr)l;a ,lJ,JIJI psme-
iJI ouaro K'h pasnany rrpIICOe,lJ,llHJIlOTCJI ,lJ,Ba COCTaBllTe.lIn - .npa.nHJlb
.
aa rrpe,lJ.CTaBIlTeJIS! otimaro C06paHiJI, ,lJ.Ba rrpe,lJ,BO,lJ,IlTeJlJI nAB'
easaauue Mem;JS C060IO P0,lJ,CTBOMb.
Panaam, He IIM'BeT'b npasa mI'l>mDoaTLCJI B'b )l; 'tJlO
sammie 1136spaTeJIefi) BO speaa nXb 3H(}'BllUuiJI Db

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'b coopaHi e rOJlOBn, H npe,1( CT3BHTe.n efi Hamer o
,'401& DDlil IDJIa yrrtmHTeJbH3JI Bt CTb, lITO paaaany raOHY, YlI f HO
oera E'b TOpt (3aI\OH'b MOBCeJI) II ooro60H3HH, RP3t:t TOphi
MVIDor,TH, paBBHHy C. pa66MBeHiaMBHa, JIenDU)'
lJlI hl M1> YlJeIHJM'b H80paTh
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n) B'b 3B3Bie xafiopa B03BO)J.IlT'b paBBIIB'b mrtcTt cs M'BCTHbBl b
CT3pmBBOlO sarara n IIpe)J.ct)J.aTeJIeMo Eert-)J.llBa (cooopaaao C'b npa-
BBJlaMH YCTaBOBJIeHHhlMIl ]1JIH KpUH).
Jl:JJI npo II:JBO]1CTBa Bo ananie MopefiHe K'b paasnay
B310TCJI nerupe npe)J.CT3BllTeJIJI ropers n 'It npemoaarean, KOTOpIJe
upOHSBe]l,eBbl Bo asauie uopenue na OCHOBaHiII .iKe npanurs
jCTaUOB.neBHblX'b EpaJI, II, soropue yqII.rrll n OCKIIM'b) (CBO)J.IJ
T3JIMY]l,UQeCEllX'b S3KOHOBn); )J.Ba IIpe)J.C'B)J.aTeJIH BeTn-)J.Rna, a eCJI ll
TaKOBblX'b BtT'b, ro ]1BOe CTapmIIX'b cy)J.efi.
Bct 3TH qJleUlI ]10JIjRHlI cotinparsca BM'BCTt B'b
)J.OMt passnua lUll B'b EUraJIbHOfi 1130t II psmnn, Jr B..1I O no OOJIh-
IDHBCTBy rOJIOCOB'h (CM. EH. sarars H. Bpaqnraua, r. BBJIhHa 1869 r .
llpBMtq. 12).
Jl:a He nOJ1jMaeT'b unrareas, qTO l\uraJI'b TO.lIbl\O Bn Bll.lIbHt
ram, BJIaCTByeTb; B'I>Tn OH'b n B'b Ap. M'I>cTaX'b caaoynpauao pac-
nopaaaerca.
BOTn AOEaSaTeJIbCTBO.
.Ii npa Bhl6opax1> pasumn. He flM'BeT'b upasa r OBopRT
16Y:\b 061> JiIs6I1paTeJUIX1>-- xYJIoe IIJIlI xopomoe.
B) Ilpa coopanill {MenOB'b ucero npan, paBBHB'b He HM'BeT'h npasa
UOllRlIQhlB3Tb K3Koe HHOy)J.b p'Bmeuie 1l.11H )J.OKyMeHT'b up OTEB'b saraaa
q-a,CTllblX'b R.llH MHOfHX'b 6e3'b B'B)J.OMa npeACTaBHTeJI efi oomarc
coopaHiH.
O'lBPlCM .n:OMAmB. n OSDI,. IKlnn n EIlPI!EIl"L.
npoda91C1b p. [)Jlia8Ctpy, c. Iocuqia, Ue2a.ll1O npaoct 'JUt euum:
sue sunuicmupesu,
y JJ8.l1ut16M''b
ropoJ(6. ODOHM'b 3HanieM'b. )l;a6g pacTfnntt",'tI'
pUJ'f), JiIX'b JJ;BepH rrOCTOJIHHO OTti.p.blThl Ii roerenpi
sepnan, MYJJ;POCTh H3l> pop,UInta TOphI; no
BJHH OX'b DO BMH 6oroyrOJJ;Haro )J,tJla, Mhl parymao Bv v " lII
9TII J1IOJJ;II 0'1 HaMH B'1 Mopt; YJJ;'B.lIITTe JleBBTaMb sacrs
TBO MeatJJ;Y 3TO 6blJlO rrOCTaHODJIellO H pnmeno DO
'JIaCHO, 6e31> ncauaro Ro.lIe6alliH n nporaaopasia, a no ceav JI BM-
aHO IIpaBO na IIOOTOJIHllOe j!tOTeJlhCTBO B'b uamext, ropolIt nume-
aaeanuouy paBBIIHy raouy, SHaMeHIIToMy p. CaMyHJlv JieBIiH
pem, OblHOBhJIM'b ero, Ie3eKieJIIO, IYA'l> n HMl> H HiD no-
OMOTBy ua ntK1>.
A BOT1J II J{pyroro poJJ;a ua BJaCTb sara...... .
Cy66oTa, OTJJ;tJl'b (nacers] HaKaByB'B I-ro CHBoBa
560 (1800 r.). llpeJJ;cTaBI1TeJIJIMlI aarara nOCTaHOB.lIeBO: nporan,
npano na BJIaJJ;rJmie uoaacrapem, na IOpbeBcKoii npanaz-
:.neiKam;lIM'b rrpextJJ;e KapMeJllITcKoMy op)J;eHy, a BbIH'B .ppaBl.VICImB-
oCKOMy. I'pauansr ero CJItl(ylOm;iH: C'b o)J;Hofi CTOpOlIbI IOpbeBcRaH
aanaaaa OT'b )J;epeBHHBaro p. MOHCeJI, c. p. MSpalIJIJI,
..JJ;O I'erapcaoa a C'b )J;pyroii-E'b Toft -iKe YJlIIn;t OT'h yrJIa
iRpeBCKar o nepeyJIKa JJ;O )J;OMa Heo6ptsaHHaro (xpaoriauaua) nlaTBta
:xpenOBI1Qa BKJlIOtIHTeJlbBO.
9TO npano aa uumecaaaauusrtt MOHaCTblpb II ua )J;OMa II CTpO"-
ill, rrpilHaJJ;.nemam;ie eMY II aaanouaionnecn na n.nan;y E'h sume-
aaaauuaxt, rpauanaxs, KaK'b saaeunue, n JJ;epeBHIIHbIe
norpeoa II KOMHUTbI ouaro MOHaCTblpH, snsnoumomiecn aa 9TOM'h
B'b Ttx'h ate rpaannaxr; rasae na JJ;OM'b, nucrpceuuu
OM'b nJlan;y xpucrianauom, 3e.H'SII, co BC:BMIt CTp
MB II KOMHaT3MII , npanaaseaamnnu paBIIO Kal\'b H H3 B
BHbIf.t saBOJJ;'b MOHaCThIpH, BaXOJJ;HmiIi oH na ero .iKe orcoor
II CBo6oJJ;Hblfi naarn. , HaKJlIOQaIOIQieoJI Do BI\IIJleCKu,Qu
IIUj,Q.l.b, II aa nouacruponie oropona II (1)KOHO
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Bj,. maneM1i pat10nt npoaaer-r, tlaCTIIIJM'b eBpeJnn l,Xfl3aI:J1" u
Illll .BJIa,n:lnde ne]J,BlI.iKlIlI1IJM'b lIMYlIJ,ecTBO:l1'b ne eap e tl ca nx s 2&IlTeJC
1\",D",)J.aro He espea. HU2I':e nO;lpo6u'Be Clm.lltCl\!'L 0 3Ua'lCIIlIl
o orOpOAOB'h n C'lHIOKOCOB'b,
npano na Bee BWmeUC{IIW.JeHHOe, OT'h uen
BhlCOTbJ He6ec'O, npozaan npe)J,CTaBIlTeJUI KUrUJIa 9J1iasap
C. p. Iocaea, CerUJIID, ero ynoulHOMOlIeHHbl M'b Ii HUCJ1'!>AHHKaMo Bo
BtlIlloe, BJIa)J,'BHie It). CTp8HHO, CRameT'1 xpucri anam,
K8R'1 MOmeT'b saran, npo)J,aTb uoaacnrps, Cb ero yrO)l;iHMH atBlIV?
llToohI IJOHJITb 9TO- HyJKHO HsyqnTb aaran.aoe npaso Xeaesars
Urnyo'b ), HO 9TO rpy )J, II 0 )1;.1111 xpacriaaaaa: no 9TOjIY CKCWKe
XOTH qTO 9TO sa npaao: narars AaeT'1 O)l;HOMy eapeio npas
ua 9.&CIIJIyaTBpoB8Hie xpacriarrs II C1> aror o Bpe11eHH HB
R8KOii )l;pyrQii espea He OCMrJIIITCH npernpnuua an, lITO Jln60, aa-
npIfMtp'b RynJIID, np0)l;amy C'b xpnorlauuuom,
CTBa 6eWb espea saraasuoe npas o Xeaasars
Hmy6b**). no nOHJITiIO saraaa, see lItM'1 BJIa)J,teT'1 xpncriaanrrs,
eon, AOCTOJIBie HSpanJIH II, KOHeqHO, npeare scero COCTaB.lIHeT'1 c06-
CTBeHHOCTb aaraaa: 9TO OCHOBHoe npaaaro 'l'aJIMY)J,a. )l;OBOJlbHO! lITO
MOmeT'b nperam, aroro CIW3aTb samllTHIIR1> aarara? Bt )J.b npaseaeu-
uue AOKYMeHTLl- aaran.nsre aKTbI He COlIUHeHbI a He-
COM1l1mno, qTO nOJlb30BaJICH BlI.JIeHCKifi n )J.p. KUraJIbI, lie Bon.
BtCTb soraa, a 20 JI1rI1> TOMy ueyaera me B1> rasoe
soporsoe npeaa MOI'b 113MtmITbCJI B'flKOBOii KaraJIbHbl it nOplI)J.ORb, a
T'BMb OOJIte BOBce yunqTQjKllTbCH KaraJI1>? 0, 9TO HeMbICJlIIMO! 9TO
MoryT1> TOJIbKO csaaarr, mU)J.OBcTB8, y KOTOPbl Xb CJI OBO
jlaJIeKO OT'O IfCTIfHhI. Espea He H3MtHHT1> RaraJIy, B'1 BTOM'h nact,
He TOJIbKO cBt)J,tniH
rasers, HO CBlI)J,tTe.QbC'l'Ba Mymett )J.OCTOIIHbI X1J rrOJIHUr O
Taat, BhICOlwrrpeOCBJImeHH.bJfi HrIKaHOp1> XepCOH-
mUA, B'b CBOeM'b apXnnUCTJllpCKOMb noyqeHiu, KaCaJICL peanr i oaaoa
. B1l Poccin n
BXb B'b O)l;IIO rOBOpnT'b: 9TO eme nopaan-
MI"te; IDAHO Bo eBpefi cKOM'h Peaaria__ OCHOBa Kpt rr -
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hltO oasnem, MOJIten He B
,ITa CHJIa, Qua CTpeM8TCJI He 6
lTopa6olII-eHiIO uipa. II auaiontie, rrO)J,yMaETe, lITO BD
Tie OHa c]{t.!la.na. ycrr'BXH, onapaacs H
ua paauonpaauocts npers aaltOlIOM'b
oasme l!I 60JIbme, TtcHte II rtcBte onyrusaen,
tpqeB'1; a. CBOIUUI OHa npaBHT'1 Ka&'1 lIamUHOIO. B
RaIi'1 O)J,IIH'1 lJejJOB'BIt'1. lUliI JIHOepU.iIhBO p
nOJleSIIO nan Bpe)J,HO aanperan, 6asaplil no npaa;{HlIltaM'1.
espeacaaa CBJIa rOBOpHT'L CBOllM'1: He CM'BTh! lITIITh
1ITl!lTh SaIWH'1 3a&OH'1 )J,aeT'1 m1I3Hh II eH.rry espeser
H uocsorpare, un O)J,BH'1 espef He BbI'BXaTh B'1
Hasoaaesa B'1 XepCOH'1 urn Q)J,eeey .
a napOXO)J,CTBO MeiI\)J,J 9THMll BeJIIIRIIMH ropona
upenparnaerca, CTpaHHO II 06B)J,HO )J,jJH rpacriancnaro uapo,..
sore BeJIBRarO I\apCTBa, RaK'1 Harne. Ho Ra&OBa lJy2&eponUaH
II &aK'b OHa CM'BJIa II p'BlliIITeJIhBa! STa CIJ"Hl. peaariosur
man HSb peaariosnott opraHIISaI\iII sarara "),
COMB'BBaThCH .!III necas ncero csaaanuaro Bn cymecTBOBnDli
T1)
1>
ano
nIl
HC1-
\e-
'aTb
H'b,
ofi-
tITO
1-
saraaa.
BDph CTp.
mil>. r
Bt Y narara, MomBO csasnrs, oana sanaq
JI,'B.!Iy. )I;.lUI .n;OCTllmeniH sroro, RaraJlb
60TBTCH CII.1l0THTh espeem, Bb TtCHTiIft 3ammyTIiI
y yCMoTp1mno , aaupaaaars RIb CH.!ITiI TO
BV. KaKb Tpe6ylOT'h roro anrepecu mi lO
XXXVIII.
3 a .l a II a Ii a r a .,1 a.
........ -c, -.... ........' ............... .
f O
u-
o
n-
-
lti6.
LI B'b ItH. "KaraJI'b" f. Bpa41llJall t\ no.n.'!> 1
:pI . UUmpaJIOb na TaJIMYA'b, ttar3JI1J CItOBbIUaeT1> eapees
HanpUBJIeHHbIMII IICti.JIIOtIlll'eJIbHO It'b TO... .1 ,
QOOO06.HTb 1I3paU,,nbCKOe n,neMJI OT'b )J;pyrHx'b HapOAOB'b II tITOOhI no,
p,a60TlITb BrUX'b IIOCJIt)J;HllX'b, IIOCTaBIIB'b DI'b B'b )J;eHemHyIO ;)KOHO.
!llltIecKyIO 3aBIlCRMOCTb OT'b eupencxaro IIJIeMeHll. Bcero 3TOrO AOCT..-
.
raers sarars )J;eCIIOTlltIeCIWIO BJIaCTlIO HeYCbIIIHOIO 3aOOTOIO II Upn
.nemaHieM'b: OH'b 30pKO C,nt)J,llT'b sa KaJR)J;bUl'b maroa's *lI3HIl eBpeeBb
Ii sa BCtM'b TtM1>, l1TO )J;tJlaeTCH BHYTPII an eapeacrsa aaa
upIlHBMaeTCH )J;ame IIHOBtPHbIM'b IIO oruomeai n fib
;KR3HII espeem., II rmaren.uo oocym)J;aeT'b Ram)J;blii BOlIpOC'b iRB3Hll
B'b CBOeM'b ynpasrenia C'b q.JIeHaMIl. 3aMtTIIM'b Mem)J;y IIpOtIIl M'b,
l)TO I aarart, llM'BeT'b osoe ynpaareuie, li3BtcTHoe IIO)J;'b lIMeHellb :
xe)J;ep'b- raROrOJI1>)), nucnree cotipauie II 3)J;aHi e )J;.lJI
aToll CTpORTCJI aa BJIlI3'b aroro 3)J;aHi JI
OeT'b-rUKHeCIiT'h - CRHarora R ( oeT'h- )J;RH'b ) - Ta.n I Y
B03Jl'B soroparo rpylIIIIIpyIOTCJI tJ.pyriH saran-
nus. yqpemAeHiJI, B1> pOAt 3J);aHifi opaTCTB'h. B'b COCTaB'b s arar a
BXO)J.HT'b pa3HIiIH opaTcTBa R APyriH aaua, aanmtaiomia J(rXOBHbIJI
,l\0.lI.ilHOCTIl, KaK1>-TO: paBBIIH'b, CYJ);bJI, COq>PbBl'h r JIJIJI,H
ua naran.ayto repparopno II aa seer, ero CRHKJlllT'b, HeBOJIhHO BOC-
KJlllKHemb: BOT'h jRHBofi ,uaMHTHIlK1> J);peBHHro caaezpioua,
llOA'b IlOKpORIlTe,nhCTBOM'b Kara,Jl:bHOfi pecnyoJlHRIl.
JIIIqHbIH paCIIOpHjReHiJI H IlOCTaHOBJleHiH saraaa OOH3aTe.rlbHhl AJl lI
KamJ);aro enpea. ECJIll espea, CJlYjRIlT'b no Bbl00PY IIplI He enpea-
CKOM'b cy,ll;eOHOM'b M'BCTt, TO OH'b OOH3aHl) ptmaTb IIO,ll;CYAHbIH
J);tJla He IIO naymeuho COB'l;CTH BJIlI rocy)J;apCTBeHHbIX'b
lID nnymeuiro aaraaa "). HtT'h TaKHX1> rocy)J;apCTBeHHbIX'b 3aIWHO-
o.llomeHifi, KOTOpbIH CTaJIR 6bI BbIIIIe sarara, II: nMeHHO nOTOM}' ,
"tITO narars )J.titcTByeT'b BO lIMH TaJIMy)J;a, a TOT'b B'b CBOro oqepeAb
nOJJ:AepzHBaeT'b uaaors saraaa. TaK'b TaJIMy)J;'b B'h M1>CTt
QHT'b: naposif -- 3aKOH'b oOHSaTeJJbHbIH )J;,nJI enpea, HO 9TO
nsenie sacaeroa Il CKJIIOqHTeJIhHO .JIHqHblX'b BbIfO)J;'b
eaerca psmeaia cy)J;e6BbIX'b II a)J;MIWI1CTpa'l'IIBHhI Xo opra-
no HHItOIlM'b 06paSOM'b He MomeTo 6bI Tb OOH3aTeJlI)UIJ' I1J
-
B'b Apy:rOM'b MtC
eeiB'b rOOYAapH - 9TO paBBBHbI ) , T. e
.ltyn sceraa pyaa 00'b pyKy C'b Kara.nOM'b H OeT'b-IH80
XOBHblM'b CYAOM'b. TaKIHlI'b 06pa30M'b OKa3bIBaeTCH, QTO
D OeT'b-AIma namHte BCtX'b B.JI aCTeU B'I> rocyaapcra.....
.
uue TaKOIO MOrYIQeCTBeHHOIO BJHtCTlIO II ClU OIO 3aKOaa,-MO..nmJ
OOpaSHTb, - lITO BbI)J;tJIbIBaIOT'b aTB r a..1JMYAHQeCKi e rocy ,1l, ap
BIIHbI n KaraJIbHHKH, qTOObI saCTaBIITb espeens iItBTb
.mHTb rasr, RaR'b roro TpeOYIOT'b Ta.
1
HIY)J;'h, rrOBeulftHi .H caaaror
IIHTepeCbI mIIAOBCTBa. MbI TOJIbKO qTO CRasa.1JIJ, qTO JIIJqHbIJI Pa.OOLU
paaenia saraaa AJIH espeem, ropaszo same RaKll X'b ObI TO H
rOCYAapCTBeHHblX'b y3aKoHenifi H, lITO OH'b AecrrOTnlIeCKII y rrpa
HMO. )I;tiicTBHTeJIbHO, CTOHT'b TOJIbKO Y3HaTb Rara.1JY, qTO TOn
APyroii enpea rrpOBHHIIJICJI B'b qeM'b HHOYAb, nanp., YK.JIOHHJIC.H 0
06IQaro npasara TaJIMYAHqeCROii mHsHH, II OH'b TOTqaC'b Bbl30BPIJI..
.
ero speat. paSCbIJIbHarO B'b csoe ynpanreme, )J;orrpumII BaeT'b H. eOB
naiiJJ;eT'b BHHOBHbIM'b, TO HeMeA.neHHO nparoaapaaaers R'b aasasaanc.
CTerreHII uasaaaala ObIBaIOT'b paaaanau: RbIrOBOp'b, mTpUW'b, ape
II xepeM'b) - KaHOHl1qeCROe OTJIyqeHie. MeHte BIIHOBHhIe OTAtJI bl
B3IOTCH BbIrOBOpOM'b i HO 60JIte BllHOBHhIe aau aeaonpasaa-
miaoa rrocJIt nepnaro saMtqaHiH, TyT'b me rroJJ;BepraIOTCJI apeOTJ
(npa Rara.nbHOM'b npanaeaia HMteTCJI, TaK'b HaSliIBaeMUJI mIa -
nossarsuoe noxsmeaie, KYJJ;a. H caaaiors rrpOBIfHlIBillIIXCJI ). Ha..,
uem., eCJIII BJlHOBHl>Iii He nosoparca B'b reneaie 30-TH ABeD,
aaran., qTOObI rrOOYAIlTb R'b IIOKOpHOCTII, nOABepraeT'b ero r aac
rro.nHOMy OTJIylleHiIO xepesn. . )I;a He IIOAyMaeT'b qIITaTeJIb, qTO
paspajn, BIlHOBHliIX'b nOIIa,u;aIOT'b AtiicTnIITeJIbHO npeorynansa, K
nanp., - BOPbI, r pa6IITeJIII lIT. II. HtT'b, TYT'b APyroro pma n
cryrueaia, npecrymeuia C'b qliCTO TaJIMYJJ; UQeCKOii TOqRH 3.D't
osasarca eBpeii ryJIbTaeM'b, T. e.- Hepu,u;lIBbIM'b fi'b cas ar ors,
xpanars, liaR'b AOJI JKHO CyOOOTl>I, t CT'b r peqmoe MHCO, Ber n
3aKoHy TaJIMYAa, II BOT'b OB'b-rrpecTyrrHHK'h. uonacrs
qnCJIO BIIHOBHbIX'b, eCJIII rr(\SBOJIIlT'b ce6t n'b maoann, lIOKvnu;rr
-e rrOACTpIIqb OOPOAY; sa Bee 9TO KarUJI'b crpamno
palIJIH. BOJIte THmKlIX'b BilHOBHf>lX'b OH'b
raeT'b xepeMy; HO HCDOJlHHeT'b 9TO He c.aM'b v&> ... )

r-
o
P
rn, peas
en
,
,ltOM,ADT
ale 0 'l'Oltl'L M'BCTH
liH11WH.JI'en npaaast, nara.ia
lfaHOBllM'b BHmlaHie ua 9TOf! YjKaCUO
paKTH&yeT'L sara.rt, qTOOLI 3aCTaBHTb eapeeat
B'b ZH)l;OBCTBt.
.
Xepeat, - 9TO caxoe uepxoaaoe naaaaauie II crpamur
enpeess OOJIbme TIOPLMbI. Xepesn. lI aeTCJI B1> CHHarOrJ) BJII B1>
ra,;lLUOM'b )l;OM'll paBBHHOMb B1) npnoyrcraia rpoaaaro sarara [I ee-
peacsaro otimecrna. Ilpoacxona'n, 9TO TaKIBf'b otipaaost.. PaBBII B"b ,
CTaBo nepers COHMOM'b ll3paIIJIH II, nO)l;HHB'b n eqaTHYIO npo-
RJIHTiH, B3hIBaeT'b: lI;tTII lerona' )l;a oy}J; eT'b BaM'b II 3B'BCTHO, qTO
nanrs K aapyman, aaaom, nann, (lIJII ffie
@KJIeBeTaJI1) nacs nepem, roann, qTO osnraerca enie OOJIhrnlIMb rrpe-
IIO 9TOMy MhI, no onpersaeain aamero saraaa 1I0.lffi H@
uaaoaars ua Hero xepem., KOTophIil II uaaaraem, >
]IepTBaH TIIillRHa BO}J;BopHeTcH, rpoaaua sarars, o,llt T@fi Bo 01>-
JIbJie oa,JIaXOHbI (pO,ll'b caaaua), oRpyJKaeTb paBBIIHa, KOTOpbIfi IIO-
rpyaaerc ua MlmyTy B1. HaOOJKHOe paausmraeaie II
(CnJIOIO xipa II onameauaro CJIOBa, BO IIMH Eora, sarara R
sroro caainenaaro SaB'BTa; BO nua 613 saBtToBb EOffiiIIX'b,
meHHliIX'h n'b 9TOM'b saBtTt; xepeut., KOTOpliIM'b III CyCb Haanm
npOK,IIIIBaJI'b ropom Iepnxom.; rrpOK.,JIHTieM'b, ROTOpbI Mo EJIII Cefi scrpn-
. -
TIIJI'b rrpeCJIt,lloBaBrnnX'h ero Ma,JIbqnilleK'b; BC'BMII xepeaaun, npOI\JIH-
TiHMII j SaKJIIIHauiHMII, IIsrHauiHMH II yHH.lJTOJKeHiHMll, ROTOpbIH OhIJIII
'co npeaem, AO uacroamaro l1. HH: BO nua
Bora AliaTpi9JIH, _ .Bora - BO IIMH apxaureaa lUUXaIIJIa
j
ne-
aasaro nasan.ansa, no JIMH aoropun napenem, nue-
ReM'b csoero panna (Bora); BO IHIH CaH,llaJI<!>ona, ROTOpliIfi naerers
BtHKH )l;JIR osoero paBBR, EO IBfH Toro Eora, nMH ROToparo COCTa -
BR.JIOCh 1130 42 6y&Bo; JIMeHeMo
j
KOTOpliIM'b QU'L HBIIJICH nlollcero B'b
KycTapHHKt; DMeHeMo, KOTOpbiMo lUonceIi Mope. IHleHe)l h
Be; TaHHCTBeUHOIO CllJIOIO IIMeHH. Bora, CIIJIOIO OYliB'b, ua-
HbI OLIJIll CKplfjKaJIII 3ilB'BTa; naeaem, Bora II;aXaOTi:1 , Bora
, ua xepyuaaax's; HMeneMb aosecnurr u CBJlTOu u,
na neeecax:s, CIoJJIOIO IBfefI"b DCBX'b ctHre.1OB'b,
y II BCtX'b CBHTbIX'b apxanre.!IOBb. oouTalOIl{DXo Bo
O.i'fi,()\JD
. -
B 'ltl);tHt .nDHaeM'b aaaaare caua
IIOCl'aHOB.JIeuie. ,lJ;a npomar
1m ,lJ;a 6YJJ:eT'b OH'b npOE..1JHT'b OT
Haro HMeHII Bora, xoropoe npouaaeceuo 6hl JI O neOBOCB
E'b CYJl:HblB Jl:eHb. ,lJ;a 6YJJ;el''b ll POKJl HT'b N He6oM'b
6YAeT1> llPOI\.!IITl''b nsrcmen CO.lOIO. Aa 6yJJ, ero npOKJH
Haqa.'1bHIlKOM'L lUUXaIl.'IO)I'L; KOTOphlB napesea
HeMb caoero paana; Borom, A K<1Tpi aJIH, Boresn, Ilaxaora.
Jl:,eTb npOKJIJITb OBb, N, H BC'
'TaTe.1JHMII nefia, II rrpecBHTbBIII H npenncruaa C.lyatUTeoll,u:J1
suuraaro. ECJIIl OH'L, N, P0Jl:IlJICH B'L Hucam, 1 Bb KOTOp
rcencacrnyen, apxauran, Ypi9JIb, TO Jl:a 6YAeTb ORb npos
sroro apxanreaa II BCtXb aHfeJIOBb ero. ECJII ORo N, POlIH
Afiopa, Bl> KOTOpOMb ynpanaaers apxaareas
TO 6YJl:b OHb rrpOKJIJITb OTb aroro apxaureaa II BCtXb aarerost Vl. v.
ECJIIl OHb pO,u;IIJICH Do CIlBOHo, KOTOpbUlo ynpaaaaers ap-
xaareat, ApMi9JIb, TO 6YAb OHo rrpOKJIJITb 9TIIMo apxaaresoat ; E6
ORb, N, P0IJ;IIJICH Bb TaMy30, KOTOPblMb ynpaaaaert, apxas-
re.JI1) IIHHi9Jb, TO IJ;a 6y,u;eTb OH'h rrpOKJIHT'b 9TIlM'b apxaureaoat->
T. Jl:. ({)l;a 6y,u;eT'h OH'h npOKJIHT'b rasae OT'h ceua apX3HreJIOB'b"
ceuuo ,u;HHMH HelJ;tJIIl; OT'h serupext, apxauresum,
qeTblpbMH BpeMeHaMII ro,u;a, OTo BCtX'b uana.n. 3-.-
KOHa, HMeHeMb BtHIJ;a H nenara. BYJl:b OHb, N, npcnaart IIMeHeM
Bora neaaaaro, oan.aaro H orpamnaro. )l;a nocnsnnm, fi'h HeM!'
uecsacrie Boaie. Coa,u;aTe.lIb, acrpeda 11 YHllqTOmb ero. Boae-Coe..
rareas, coapyma ero! Boac-Coararen, rrOKOCII ero. ril 'BBb Bomi
tJ;tl pa3pa31lTCH aars rOJIOBOIO ero II ero. )I;bHBO.nbl
BcrptTHT1) ero. BYAn OH'b npOK.nHTb, r,u;t HblHt 06ptTaeTCH, no scasee
apexa II na nCHKOMb M'BCT'l>. )I;yxo ero Aa YJIeTIlTll se-
nacran caeprr, Jl:a CXBaTllTo ero II ,!I;a He OKOHqllTo (He A01KllB"'...
OHo MtcHIJ; a. JJ:a HaKaiKeTo ero rOCIIOjJ;b qaXOTIWIO
J
ropnusoto
narealesrs, nOMtmaTeJIbCTBOM'b ? MelIOMo, H3BOIO u .meJITyxoIO;
C.Q{)CTBeHHlilM1) Aa nporiserr, OHo r pYAb CBOIO. ,lJ;a onaa
,amHoe or-raaaie 'II nonaJl:eT'b OHo Bb CtTb n OCTaSJrolJlu wlA
BOPOM,o. )l;a 6YJl:eTb OH'b 11 3BepmeUb 031> IJ;apCTBa casra B

3 06.neIIBTOJ! OB'b, N , npoK.JlJITieM'b, RaK'b pH301O, )I.a
nT'b Oll'b (jaM'b ce6JI ua He aacr e}I Y f OCnOJI,h npomem
S1>B1) Bomifi All paaoaserca 1111 nero II BCeJUITCJI Bo BeMo B
. ualIlICaUUblJI Bo aasoas: n cOTpeTCJI IHI JI ero B30 nor-
UpORJUITlJI , ('.
eoecHofi, II OOpeTJeT'b ero Bors ua neesaene BHt BCtxo &OJt H
,napalI JIJI lIO npOKJIJITiHMo COIOSll , HarIllcaHHblM'b Bo sanous. AMnHb)
AMIIHb, AMlIHb. .
aanus, a3-IIIHb), npo1I3HOCHT'b nplIcyTcTBylOII\l e, OJl,J .
meaaeunsre 4laHaTllSMOM'b. .
CbIHbI EomilI! BOCKJIlIn;aeT'b 3aIiJIIlHaTe.1Jb : c npOKJIJITl e na N aa-
JIOmeBO. OTHbIHt OB'b He lIMteT'b aa 3eMJIt HII ]J; ymII, HlI Tt.1Ja. H
lIMylI(eCTBa, HII cylI(eCTBOBaHiJI, BII ]J;py3eR, Bil IlOKpOBIITe.1J efL OHb
IIpOKJlJIT'b. ero, nocamrr, B'b TIOPbMY, OKJIeBeTaTb He TO.!I b-
KO He rptx'b, HO )(ame ooroyrOJ:t;Hoe )(tJIO. Ilposnm, OYAeT'b II TOT'b,
&TO osasers eMy ooorpajaale, KTO aaronopart ct, HIlM'b, KTO J:t; aCTb
eMy KaIJJIIO BOAM).
Hesero II roaopars , tITO noaoaenie nomeprmaroca xepeay caxoe
raasoe: ero BCt qym]J;aIOTCJI, KaK'b nposaaeaaaro. A lITOOIU TaKO
HeCqaCTHIdlI He MOr'b !]J;aJIl1TbCJI B'b RaKoii-HlIOYAb APyrofi ropojn.,
C'b n;tJIblO 1l30trHjTb Hn)('b HIIM'b napa, saran, 00'1-
JlBJIJleT'b 0 HeM'b Be311,t II BCtM'b JKII]J;OBCTBa B
TaKOM'b Ayxt: llPIlBtT'b npeACTaBIlTeJIJIM'b ropona N (tIJIeHaM'b sa-
raaa) MYApen;aM'b iemIIOOTOB'b (nacmax TaJIMYAUtIeCKllX'b YlIeOHblX
3aBe)J,eHifi)! Mbl yBt)J,OM.:1JIeM'b BUC'b, lITO na N HaJIOmeH'h aasa xe-
peM'b; II sact, IJPOCIIM'b C)J,tJIaTb Tome; eme]J;HeBHO OO'bJIBJIRfiTe Ill-
O.JIIIYHO: tITO ua Hero HaJIOmeH'b tITO XJIt6'b ero ecn, XJI:I>o"
He eapea, BIIHO ero BIIHO uecexu ) (Il)l;OJIocJIyJReHiJI), KHllrII ero
BTa,roTCR KHllraMII BOJImeOHIIKOB'b; HIIKTO He )l;OJImeH'b tCTh II J
UUT1 ,C1> HBM'b, HII ccnepmars ooptsaHiJI Ha)l;'b ero CblHOM'b, HII
lIaTb AtTeji ero saKoHy, HII XOpOHIITb yMepmllX'b lIS'b ero ceMetl -
:.1'Ba II T. )1;.
3a.MtTIIM'b, tITO 9TOT'b PO)l;'b xepeaa - OTJIyqeHie ecrs y me spn.. -
11 Mtpa pa&a3UHiJI II nO)l;BepraIOTCJI el1Y, KaK'b CKa3aHO nsnue
aMLle raaaie BIIHOBHIlKII-oTcTynHDKII OT'b iYAefl cTBa, aa
y.n.
a
II nOBeJI t Hi fi naraaa. E CTh y s ar aaa H P; PY
:tD'L II.oPJl\ DT'h Bo pyIWX'b eBpeeB'h; CHJJa
XXXIX.
6 pa T C T B a x D.
o

8TbI Kara.rr a - paaHlJJI op
uH'IdM'b H69HDKOMBTb MeiKlIY npOQHM1> C1>
.
XaK'b oaa COCTaBJIHIOT'h aprepno espeem, B liVID
Bt, Kam)lOaro roport , llilIByT'b espea, cymecTBVIO
BbIH 6paTCTBa- xeapeot. . 9TII opaTCTsa CB
opaTCTBaMJI JlPyrIIX'b aanepin; a oo.lI't e Ii.pYUHbIH
IIM'BIOT'h CBJI3b Co sarpaumuuua enpeft cnuau IJ;D.D
BCtxo eBpeiicKIIXo 6paTCTB'b - oaua II ra me:
lIaxo 1I3palI.IUI IIeIqIICb 0 o.IJarOCOCTOHHin esp
sarara, a TaKllie 0 upeycnsania lITO nMeHHO 9Ta Il1U,b,
6paTCTB'b, yate B3'h cauaro HXo Ha3BaHiJr :
1) cXespe >- 6paTcTBo nreaia
2) Xespe ammaa >- opaTcTBo, naranmee MHillH .
3) Bparorso ,!J;.JJH sreain KHlIr'b serxaro 3aB'BTa C'b Ta.nt y
.
CKIlMIl IWMMeHTapIHMII.
4) Bparcrno moMUpeM'b JIa6ofiKep'b -paHo BCTUroInUX'b
TaIOIqnX'b pasuua MOJIHTBbI.
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o CTOpOllbI nepasm, MOiReT1> rrpOH30fiTH aaamnar
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1
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KOTOpblfi B3HMaeTCJI C'b eapeeas sa ynorpeoaeute aamapaaro
aaca, COOpn aTOTn CaMlnln RaraJIOM'b npeaaaaaanaerca, OYATO ObI ,
B'b IIOJIbSY rOCYAapCTBeHHoii lWSHbI, AJUI IIOIIOJIHeHiH pasasm, HeAO-
BMOKn Cn espeeas Bn A1>iicTBIITeJIbHOCTH me OOJIbmero uacrito noorynaers
R'b KasHy TaJIMYAHqeCItarO uapcraa->Ha pa3HbIH IIOTpeoHOCTII caaaro
espeaorss, B'b aurepecaxs ero uanionan.asm, H
TBBHIilX'b II l-lI\OHOMH1IeCKHX'b If ). qTOObI IIOCTaBllTb aTy uacr -
HOCTh KaR'b KaraJIb rro3a6oTHJICH yCTpOIiTh Db
M1>cTeqK1> II ropoA1> eBpeficKofi oc1>A.JIOCTIi CROToooii HII II cA1>.rraJl 'b
rroCTaHOBJIeHie, qTOObI Raa{J(oe j\IlBOTHOe Do HBX'b aapssaunoe ne -
npeannno OIIJIaQIlBaJIOCh naJIOrOMo; cyMMa aroro naaora aecsaa 3Ha-
lIBTeJIbHa II Raa\Ablii 6'1>AHHRo, co1>AaroII\iii qry HT'b xaoa, Qy BCTByeTn
ero THrOCTb. T1>M'b He MeH1>e caaa enpea OXOTHO MHpllTClI Co aTOIT
.
raroroio, TaKo KaR'b BHAlIT'b B'b KaraJIbHOM'b paonopaaema cnaroe
JJ,1>JIO-orropy peJIHriII. H3JIIIllIHe rrpBOaBJIHTb, nro Bo CJIyqa1> corrpo-
THBJIeHiJl aarars He 3aJ(yMaJIClI ObI yrroTpeoBTb aapy. nl oryT'b B03-
HIIKHYTb ranie BOIIpOCbI: saaoe oraomeuie MIilCJlBMO y CKOTOoofi HII
Ito KOJIeriaJIbHoMy sepxouuoay yQpeatAelliro II aurepeoasrs pernrin,
II TaR'b apsnso yXBaTBJIClI sa aTO A'BJIO xarart? 3aq1>Ml1,
Bo CBOIO onepeas, II pyccsoe rrpaBIIl'eJIbCTBO oepeTn na ceti n nos-
JJ,epatKy KaraJIhHblX'b TaJIMYJ(lIqeCKllXn paonopaaenia? q TOOhI p1>rmlTb
nOJJ,ooHwe nonpocsr , aeotixomao KOCHYThClI TaJI MylUJqeCKar O 3aROHa
o -sameps II Tpe<p'b >. MSB1>CTHO, uro no TaJIMYJ( y espero A03BO-
JleTCH yrroTpeOt1J Jl Th TOJI bKO TO MlI CO , scrnpoe OblJIO aapsaaao moxa-
OM'h- enpeftcKllM'h MlICHllKOM'h II lUll> npasnano r OJ( HbI M1> K1> yno-
roe MJICO
:'1 c nenej[ e > - na
lJl
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n
pyroii espen, no aerso
yIlUf() &'1> Htpt, notJ'b rpeeaaro MJICa, Hap
fJAa, J(tJIO npaaaaaers 060poT'b cepseaaua.c--roraa OU'b
1)1> rptx'b HU scero aspansa, II BOTh, qTOObI OTBJeqh &UP
on soere aapona, sarars upnaaars UymlIhHlb B3RTh no.n, CBO
eBpelcRiJI csoroooauu, qTOOhI CBHThUI ra..Hry. n _
lI80xia npasara 0 sameps B'b TOtIHOCTn BCtMH ObIJH COOJIOAQv.D.
.11 0, KaK'b MI>! csaaaaa, nOCTaBJI eHO qTOObI
upS.)I;aTh CBOIlM'b paCIIOpJImeBiJIM'b OO.llhme Btca II saCTaBIITb sasaaro
.
espea, ,n;ame II aeoaarouareaaaro, B'b TOqlIOCTil DCIIOJHHTb IU'b,
Kar a,,'I'b He TOJI bRO JI llqHO OT'b ceOH sa HIDrb HO
y eTpOIIJI'b TaK'b, qTO pyccaie aasoua II pyccaia B.IIaCTH, volens-nolens
IIpIIXO,n;HT'h It'b HeMy aa Orpanaoe 9TO aa BDlI'b JIBJleHie
OO'bHeHHeTcH TaKII M'b oOpaaOM'b. He jJ,OBtpHJI ceot II CBODll'h JDqBbBfb
epe,n;cTBaM'b B'b )I,'tJIt oxpaneain CTOJIb saauaro, no upanraneosoa
,6TOpOHt , sonpoca II onacaacs, K3E.'b Obl KTO- HDOYAb US'b omrpaeo-
.
aaaasm, aa aapymeaie samepa He CTaJI'b HCRaTb aamnru n npa-
Hoey,n;iJI y M'teTHbl X'b BJIaCTefi II 3aKOHOB'b, xarars nOCTapaJCJI BaHTu
To.qKY conpaaocaoaeaia y CBOIlX'b narepecom. C'b nurepecaaa rocy-
,n;apCTBa II yCTaB'b 0 samepf 1l0jJ,BeJI'b nojJ,'b 9rlljJ,y pyccnnxt, aaso -
HOB'b II oOeaneqIlJI'b ero ClMOIO aTIIX'b 3aKOHOB'b. YCTPOIlTb nOjJ,ooHYIO
Q.IIH,n;apHocTb npejJ,cTaBJIJIJIOCb TtM'b aerue, qTO II aTO HOCIIT'b xa-
,K-Tep'b KOMMepqeCKi fi . Tpe60BaJlOCb TOJI bKO yKaaaTb npUBDTeJbCTBy
TO KOPOOoqHblii c60p'b OT'b samepa MOmeT'b CJIymnTb jJ,onO.IIHnTeJIb-
II OOJIerqIl TeJI bHOIO CTaTbeIO B'b jJ, t Jl t BSblCKaHiJI nOBDHHOCTeii e'b
II OOJIbme uasero. 9 TOT'b 03BOP0T'b co CTOpOHbI
y,n;nqecKoii nOJIIlTIlKlI npi06pt.1I'b jJ,JIJI sanrepa M'tCTO B'b CBOjJ,aX'b
3aKOHOB'b.
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KaK'b sarars 3aCTaBlIJI'b rcaopan. pycCldfi SaI\OH'b 0 TaJIMy-
.eCKOM'b sameps. 4: Il3).(aBHa B'b eBpeficKIIX'b come-
Poccincaoit Ihmepill ocoobl ii jJ,eHemHblii COOp'b, no).('b Ha3B"'-
& KOpOOOqHarO lIJIII KpymeqHarO, npeaaaanasaerca ua
Tpe6HOCTlI espeem., KaKo-TO: na ooaer-renie cpeacrat, K
qHOMy BSHoey nOAaTefi n HcnpaBHoMy OTObI BaHilO llOBHHHOOTeB;
4
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TaM'h me, n. 8.
N'.n.III 'W 6Iil lJ.1I'l'aTeJIb nOliHTepeCOBaJIClI 3IIUTb, UaCKOJIbKO IJo;J.)I,eplli.R: u sautepa
nOJIh3lJ np UBHTeJI bCTBy BlJ or uomentu. ror
6.lil MCKaTb OTBtTU B1> CJI'B)I,YIOm.UX'b l(H$ p aX'b, BIilpama IOIIHIX'L ne-
espeaxs: no BUJIeBCKOfi ry6. rrnCJI IUOCL 298,868 p., a IJ
AOJIrOB'b, na
,R8X'b II upos . ").
cooPY 1l0AJIemaTb: 1) Yoot! CItOTa ua saurept, (C1>
J],oD CKOTIIHbl); 2) psaauie (Cb KamA0it uranu); (j ) npo-
a,za aamepuaro MJICa (ct, KamJJ;aro <I>YlITa); 4) neaa, mrpaqur a
B9LIC.ItalliJl sa HeCOOJIIOJJ;eHie npasan, 110 KOPOOOQHOMYcoopy ) * ..
(IIpn yoot CKOTa n nrmn, ua saureps, lie YIlOTpeOJUl eTCJI JJ;PY-
rftXb K1) TOMy OPYAiil, KPOM'B JJ;aHHLIXb C1> ero KJleA-
MOM'h a C'h YJJ;OcToBtpeHieMb pauaaua, QTO OHn Moryn 01ITb YIlO-
TpeOJISIeMId JJ;JIJI samepa. (TaM'h me, n. 53).
fOPOJJ;CKiJI n SeMCKiJI noaania II OOm;ecTBeHHhlJI HaqaJIbCTBa
,n;OJImHId OKa3ldBaTb 110 BCHKOMy nx'h npaBIIJIbHOll Y
peooBaHiIO sasounoe COl(tItcTBie n BCIlOMOm;ecTBoBaHie Bn rost ,
QTOOLI ROPOOOQHlIe COOpbI IlJIaTHMbl OblJIIl espeaxa oea'h BCHKaro co-
npOTIIBJIeHiJI II YTaItKll (TaMb me, rr. 57).
TaK'b BIdCRaaaJICJI aasom. 1I BOTb nameps llM'BeT'h reneps OOH-
aaTeJIbHYIO CllJIY ,u;JIJI enpea Bn POCciH He TOJIbKO no Ta.lUIY,u;y , HO II
no rOCYJJ;apCTBeHHLIMb aaaoaasrs, a HaOJIIO,u;enieMb aa aKKypaTHIJMb
Il,CIlOJIIJeuieM'h onaro aaHBMaIOTCJI BMtCTt ct. KaraJIOM'h H MtcTHaJl
noaeuia II MtCTHblJl BJIaCTH. I'eneps samept, - 9Ta rJIaBHaH orpaza
Ta.lIMYJJ;HQeCKarO suaaeua - yme He onacaerca HH BHyTpeHHJlrO, HD:
aasunurro spara ""},
Ho B03MOmeH'b nporeen, npOTHB'b Hero Bb cpe,u;t oaaaro enpea-
CTBa? B03MomHO aaaareaie JInqHbIX'b ney,u;OBOJIbCTBifi co CTOpOHbI
'BX'h JInn;b, KOTOpblJl caaII HeCYTb rarora aamepa II me OTb
aero repnars?
0, saran, cyM'BeT'b caepaan, BCHKaro npOl'eCTUHTa II rrpo-
qHTb ero ram., QTO TOTb easa JIH saxouerr, HJJ;TH Bb ,u;pyrofi pa3b
OTltBb sarara 11 ero B3JIIOOJIeHHbIX'b arearom,l BOTb ua <l>aKTb.
'h caMOMb HaCeJIeHHOMb ropo,lJ,'B icro-aanamaro KpaJI, no CJIOBaM'b
-
onpetrhJlJIlOmi
(lInCTOe) , BAPyrn 001>"'''1'11
mwii'i'e) ortr yxii -- Tperb, lITO HX1, 'BCTh H
:'b -!.flOTpeOJl eHiII aanpemeauaro MHca OYAen nOABepPUv.....
(npOK.nJITilO). Ho MeatJlY eBpeHMII IIOUaJlCH OnOHn
lri&'b A.JlTep'b-3aII&a, &OTOpblfi yBII)J.t..Tb B1> 3TOM1> n1>.:11> II
me.1J3BIDII X'b OOJbillOrO pacxoaa ua BOJOBbe MHCO. a
!A,OBaTeJIbHO, OOJIbillOrO ctiopa )J.JIH ceca. OOJIllInTeJIb ptmOJCH ua C.. ..-
fdl B CTpaHHblii nocrynoat.: B3HJI1> jRIIBOrO ntTrxa E.a.:IbKyTCKarO
;u .0TrrpaBII.JI CH C'b HIIM'b aa r panany BO JlbBOBb, K'b TaMomHlBfb
U3MeHBThIM'b Y espeem, YlIeHbIM'b racoav-, cnpocars y
B.IIX'b: aanpemeao JIll 3aKOHOM'b yrroTpeOJIHTb B'b
IItTyXOB'b? CBtTIIJIa enpeaoaoa HayKII OTBtTllJIll n Aaa;e HarrIICaJH,
lITO KaJIbKyTcKie rrtTyxlI HIIKor}:(a He OhIJIII sanpemaesu 3aKOHOM'b
II HtTn rasoro YlJeHarO, KOTOpbI ii OCM'BJIlIJICH ObI aaaoaars IIoJ(06-
Hoe sanpemeaie. B03BpaTHCh }:(oMoii, AJITep'b-3aIIKa XOAIIJI'b ropae-
C'IBeHHO no ropo}:(y, }J;epma unryxa Ha}:('b rcroaoa II KpIIlIa: sameps
KaJlbKyTcKiii ITtTyX'b! Aarep nomers naasme: OHn psmnacn BbI-
1Nl.'\t.; BeCTB aa CBrBmyro BO}J;y B }J;pyr i H 3JIoyrroTpeOJIeHiH COAepiKaTeJIefi
'KOpo6oQHar O ctiopa II BS}J;yMaJI'b }J; OHeCTII 0 HIIX'b PYCCKlnIn BJIaCTHM'b.
,
fio BOTn TyT'1-TO OH'b B uonaaca. KpY*lw-co}:(epmaTeJIII }:(OCTaJIR
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ero B'b TIOPbMY, He CMOTpH aa lITO Y Hero eors }:(OMn, KOTOpbIfi
EO BCHKOM'b CJIylIat CTOllT'b OOJI bme 150 pyoJIefi. (COBpeMeHHbIJI IlS-
M 67-il sa 18 69-ii rOA'b).
Bt, SaKJIIOQeHie, QTOObI YOt}:(IITbCJI HarJI H}:( H0 ? JJ;O KaKofi orenena
yMteT'b, r}:(t HY*HO, oTomAeCTBJIJITb CBOlI COOCTBeHHbIe IIHTe-
iLl C'b npemoaaraesuua aarepecana rocYAapcTB3, npouresn. eme
1:8'1 nyHKT'b B3'b pyCCKIIX'b saKOHOBn, ItOTOpbIfi 1\3-
JbBOMY rrpOII3BOJI j nOJIHbIii npocr ops yqpemJJ;aTh B'b CBOro
saue HaJIOrlI II COOpbI, npa KOTOphIX'b MtcTHaH
:eTCH opYJI,i eM'b sarara. B'b CB. 3aK. T. Y, ycram, 0 nOJJ;aTHX'b
UOS. It'b CT. 281 -tt nyBKT'b 10-II, MbI naraem.:
o.M1 cooPY no,n:JIemaT'b: 1) IISBtCTHblfi nponeurs C'b noxo
aaent, eBpeHM'b JJ;OMOBn, Jl aBOIt'h
BtCTHbIfi : a) C'b rrpo,n:amH BRlI,

XLII.

.araAbHhIll TaA1UY cY.l'b II pacnpana-"EeT'b-,ilIlH'b" .


Bb COCTaB'b KaraJIO-Ta.lIMyJ.lIIqeCKarO uapcrsa BXOAIIT'h 6eT'b-
) - CYAb, KOTOpbIll nOJIh3yeTCJI 60JIhmnM'h nOKpOnllTeJIbCTBOMb
a. RaraJIbHbIfi TaJIMYAUqeCltifi CYA'b cymeorsyers Bb KamAOMb
6Mb II 3aMtHJleTb AJIJI COBpeMeHHbIXb qaA'h aapanaa
BiMi eBpeficKi fi caaerpiom., 9TOT'b CYA'b paacaarpaaaers Bct
elBDee'H'b 1I He CMOTpJl aa TO, QTO ne 06JIeqeH'b HIIKaKOIO rocy-
oM. npHBeCeHHIiIX'I> B'I> Bnr. ropoz, JI.yMy 11 roponcaouy roaoaf sa
eitKOIO Il. BPOHlI:OlO, BlI,llnO, 'ITO sa norpetieuie ea Mpta BSH.IIl C'L nea
yll.larl 03Ba'leBHOll CyJUMIiI, TaK'b II It'L 4!0P1HU1UOMV 3"
)'IIfMa saeceaa eIO, KaK'b lo6pOBO..'lLBOe noateprsoaaaie
I k lmilx'L n:tueit, OHa BI.1n y,lt.:r.eBa 6IiIJIa 'I'tM'I>, 'ITO uorpeearsnoe oomec
SeMJIt ThAO nOKoftuBKa.
;(1), COAep.mlUlhIXb eBpeJUIlI; 6) C'b
olIBGBapeSHhIX'b 3aBOAOBb y qaCTHLIX'b B.na)l;t JlhIJ,eB'b R op.
1J ' 3TOti eTaTht He MaJIO, TaR'b onasars. II OOJHITaqeCKOii CO.1
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,pHrrOMHIITb, qTO npa cnopars II HaJIOraX'h narars 06bI&HOBeHHO
paaepaanaerca KpyroBott nopYKII, QTo6bI BIIA'BTh, qTO nCJIKi fi espea
CTOIIT'h, TaK'h csaaars, nOA'b 06yXOM'h sarara
sarars MOmeT'b ero COBepmeHHO orpatian, noopercraosrs no.1J II n;iH H
06H3ReHHOMY HerAt 6YAeT'b IICKaTb MtcTHaa B.1aC'Ih eMy
Ire nouoaen., nOToMy qTO rpa6em'b nOJIyqllJI'h yate aaaoanuf BIIA'b ").
HymHo an nOCtH'll aroro ecaa 06.lIeqeHHhIfI TaKOIO
CBJIOIO, l\aK'b co CTOpOHbI Ta.1J]IYAa, TaK'h II pycosaro 3aKOHOAaTeJIh-
,CTHa, aarars BJIaCTByeT'b 13'1 CBOeM1> pafiOH'B 6e3pa3A'B.lhHO, naR'b 6bI
RlOfi-H06YAh KHJI3h B'b CBOeM'b BJIaA'BHin II )l'BJIaeTb ace, qTO
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JI II TO, qTO nsrpaaeaie: KaraJI'b ecn, rOCYAapCTBO B1> rocy-
'CTBif COBC'BM'h He nyoraa <ppa3a.
meB'L I'aamnnOT'L. I'aana 26, CT. 1.
r._"", .. vYAliIT'1 espee
WHTeJIbl:lO B Oe3'b
KOf!t CYA'b. He
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mnnOCTh) . E'1 enpeacaom, KaraJbHOM'1 cy At AP)' roB n,eBn3'b, sacro
caonoma:-- <coruyn, B'b Ayry aeuosopuaro-.
sa MbIC.nb eBpefi cKaro cY)J,a, TaKOBO n )J, tJIo. B'1 COCTaBD aror
BXOAllT'b: npeAct AaTeJI h --OOIJKHOBeHHO paBBnH'1 HJ H
SHaTOK'h TaJIMYAa), qJleHbl no BblOOPV B raaau
Banouu, IWTOPbl Mll 9TOT'h cY]I;'b, -
ilIMY)J;l1QeCldii COopmlIt'h Xomem, I'anamnorto . B1>
'BO,-' Rce, lJtM'b CYA'b AOJImeH'b pyltOBO)J;IlThCJI.
Hazo saM'tTIITb, qTO eBpeficKiii CYA1> B03HIIKaen B'b
OOmecTBt He BC.l1tJJ;CTnie npocrof npnXOTB, aaa lIJH
AOBJIeTBOpeHiH nycroro napomaro rmeosaain , a no QIICTOfi aeooxo-
IhltTb CBoii CYA'b eon, nOTpeOBOCTb, B3'b
lJIfCTO AYXOBHOii nOqBbl TaJIMYAliqeClWfO iYAeficTBa II COCTaBJIHeT'b
)J;BH'b 1I3'b r JIaBHbIX'b AorMaTOB'h ero yqeHiH. B'h nO)J;TBepmAeHi e 9TO
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('iyJlia (( OeT'b-AlIna) nporresrs B)(tCb HtCKOJIbRO naparpaooas BS'b
r 'aJUly)J;HlJeCKarO CBO)(a saKOHOB1> Xonreut, I'aunmncrs, l> TpaKTy IO-
mlIX'b DMeHHO 001> 9TOM1> npeAMeTt : .Bnonpemeac [espen}, rOBO-
:lAtCb, CY)J;IITbCH B'b CYAt He eBpeficKOM'b, II B1> He espea-
RIJX'b cy)(eOHbl X'J) yqpeiKAeHiJI x 'b. 9TO sarrpemeHie He repaers caoea
JIbl )J;ame II B'b 'raKIIX'b aonpocaxs, no KO'1'OpbIM'D He eBpeficKie
CXO)J,HLl C'b eBpeiicKIIMII ') n eCJIII ObI Aame oot me-
dlI npe)J;JIOJltIITb cnoe JI.t JIO CYAY He eBpeficKoMy. HapymalOmlfi 9'1'0
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ano, noacmeauo II HaJIOmeHi IO pyfiIl aa sees aaKOH'D MODCM
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ORb He OCBOOOAllT'b CBoero npOTllBHIJKa OT'b He eBpeBCK
H. 9TOMy uaaaaauno nOABepraeTCH n '1'0'1''1, RTO j\epmHT
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a.IllUOT1> raaaa :26.
nmor-s rxana 1 CT. 5.
TGTYOUHK(t, 11 Jl. aiI\e TOT'b, KTO ynoTpeOHJI'b Ohl Be enp
CTb ua enpea &'1 caMoMy eBpeficKoMy CYJl.Y-
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Kpyr'b ubIHtmlIJlrO oeT'b-Jl.UHa ) onpeJl.tJlHeTC
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(Bt, BpeMJI, ronopirn, ROfJl.a espen a\IlBYT'h
lJymnx'b aapoaom, II He mltIOT'b cYJJ;efi, yrueparen-
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no safhlaM'b II JJ;OJIraM'b, no OpaQUbHI'b sanucaat, no uaCJItjJ;cTBeH-
BLIM'b AapcTBeBlIbIM'b aKTaM'b; paeriapaers maJIOObI no uaaeceuuusrs
YObITKaM'b II np. PasOlfpaTeJIbOTBY OeT'b-JJ;lllIa Tome rrOAJIemaT1>:
nospeazeaie, npasanennoe CKOTllHt, YOblTOK'b npnlJllBeHlIblD
qymoIO CKOTnHOIO 3YOOMb ara porosrs: AtJIa 0 BOpOBCTBt n rpaoeiKt ,
npn qeM'b oeT'b' AllH'b naucaanaers 0'1 BOpOB'b II rpaouTe.lJefi
CTOllMOCTb uoxameaasm, lum npeJJ;MeTOB'b (T. e. Oe3'b mTpa<I> a, K1>
KOTOPOMY npecrynaam, AOJImeH'b OLI'fb nparoaoperrs no aasouy Mon-
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HbIX'b KOCBeHHblM'b OOpa30M'b II )J,tJIa 0 JJ;OHOCqllKaX'b ). K'b nocrm-
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cTynHI:IKa (HlIAyfi), noaa OH'h BilOJIHt Be YAOBJIeTBOpnTb
Orpauasenie me npam, HLIHtmBJIfO oeT'h-AlIHa nootime OTBOCIl TCH
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aaauasennue T3JIMYJ.(nCTaMll sa uapymenle llX'b B3bI-
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acrryTcTBy , BMteT'h npaso nparonapanars K'b paSlIblM'b uasaaaninm-,
lJeM'h He rpetiyercn Aame, qTOObl OblJI'b yJIUqeH'b
ECJIU me rrOACYAll Mblfi qeJlOBtR'b CllJIbHblfi ITO CBoeM
OTODhl ,
trrerrs fnM Fl IlI n OT'L, r .n. 2, CT. 1. lopn-)J.clI r.r .
mea" I'aaamUOT'L, fJl. 11, CT. 1-,1.
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ram, KUK'h oxpauenie 6eTo-l(BHa CJI yiItIIT'h B'L TO iKe BpeMJI
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lI.y espeaan pnnraiorcs


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opYAie oeTb' }.I,lIHa H saraaa.
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1
XLIII.

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IIMteTcH y espeem, XOAOBb, lJT06bI 0 na TaKOM'b BamHOM'b rrYHI\Tt
KaKOBa npncnra, 060fiTll xpaorianaaa II napaaaaoaan, 06bltIHOe npano-
cYAie. lJTO B(jtMll IIOA06HbIMlI xo,/(aMll espen npanrn-
KOBa.JlU yme 113,/(aBHa, -llllatIe He3alJ'Im'b 6bIJIO allaMeHllTOMY ytllITemo
1I3pall.I1n-q>nJIOCoWY nfaihlOHll,/(Y npeaocreperars espeem, OTb JIOat-
HOtt npncnra D peKOMeH,/(OBaTb ll X'b K'1 npu
cnrt, raaia crporia MtPbI. EcJIU XOTuTe, rosopart, OH'b, soro uor-
seprnyrr, npacars, TO B03bMUTe TOpy ) - CBepTOK'b II , yKaSaB'b npn-
CHraIOlII;eMY ua npoKJIJlTiH n3JIQjJWlIHbIH Bb 9TOM'b aasoas, npaae -
CUTe HOCll JIKU, na KOTOpbIX'b BbIlIOCHT'b xeprnenoas , aaspoare IIX'1
nOKpOBOM'b, yrroTpe6JIJleMbIMb ,/(JIH nOKpbITiH TpyrroBb; upnueonre
pora, Bo aoropue Tpy6HTb B'h ,/(eHb uonarc rOi(a; npasemre MaJIO-
.JItTHIIXb AtTeii DSb YlJIIJIHIn;a; npHHeCHTe lIai(YTble rrY3bIpII , 6pOCbTe
BX'b npem, II nYCTb t: 6eT'h- AHH'b csaaers npIICJI r aIO-
lD;eMy, lJTO aasrpa ero TOtIlIO TaKme 6pOCHTb, KaK'1 9TH rryssrpu;
II;DHHeCHTe n'tTyxoBb, aaarare (m'tQH, npBHeCIITe II nOCTaBbTe
apacaramrnaro ua wry 3eMJIIO; aaTpy611Te B'1 pora II 06'1HBIITe eMy
'D.IacHo CJI OBaMn: cJIymafi N, eCJIII TbI COTBOpUllib JlOJKHO IIpHcnr y
'0
1
rre6JI nocruruyrt. BCt rrpOKJIJlTiJI, B3JIOmeHHbIJI Bb aaKOH'B . IIpII
9ftMb J\OJImHa 6blTb eMy npOQII TaHa uca 4>opMyJIa xepeaa II , KOfi(a
3aTIlJ1QJlTb Bo pors, Bct nplIcy TcTBy IOID;i e II MaJlblJI AtTn oTBt TJ a-
,1M"J. : t: aMHHb ).
Pa3Y'MteTcn, Bo uacroamee BpeMJI r nsia orporia MtPbl MoryT'1
.
o
H3.mmHlBIll Ii He uceraa y J100HbIMIil, H
e H IIhIut narars, .iRe.JaR p;OBeCTH eapea AO C03HaH
en ero npacnrs H PYKOBOP; CTBYeTCJI B1ntOTODbI
asauuux'i, lUafh fOlHI AOMo qTO H YBHlIHMl> HHiKe. Ho ecrs
If erne cropoua Bb 9TOMb JI:t.il'l>, KaCaIOmaHCH Y.iKe cnemaasao-pyc-
(}1tIJXo JIIOAefi. Tp)TAHO, no paSCqHTbIBaTh. qTOOhI ea-
pett, npIIReAeHHhIfi &'1> npncarf ue B'h cunarors, a B'h cyn
t
xp.. -
criaut., KOTOPhIXb OHb Bo Aymt cnnraers uenuase, Ka&l>
B'b BIJ)(Y Pacnnraro, OOpa3'h Eoroparo Hero HeHaBIICTeH'h, sast.
;'06pa,3'b CIIJIbI, BCHKy IO CBHTbIHIO CqH-
rars 6bI TaKyIO npacary cnmneauoro. CMtIO, HanpOTIIB'h,
9TO enpen, II ocorieaao AJIH <flaHanma; B'h
rrO.lIHbIfi npocropt KpllBIITh AymoIO Bo rrpIlCJUII: TyT'h, eCJIH
XOTIlTe: Aame II He CTO.JIh CTpamHO eme npacarars.
KTO aaaers, MOiKeT'b OLITh, II HtKOTOphIe pannnnu pasAtJHIOT'h
arort. nOqeMY II npeAnOqIITaIOT'b nomeprars enpeem, upa-
cHrt He n'b cauarors, a IIMeHHO na CYflt . Ullaqe, RaRofi nOBOA'b,
Ra&oft peaom, MOiRHO uorsacsars, XOTH OhI narrpIIMtp'b AJUI osec-
csaro pananua, Rorn;a TOT'b OTKa3aJICH nomepran. npncarf enpeest,
B'b canarors? A OH'b rrocTyIIlIJI'b II MeHHO TaKIIM'b BOTb
qTO Mbl rrpOqUTaJIII 00'b 9TOM'b B'b c C.- Ilerepfi ypr. Btll,OMOCTHX'b:
B'b oKpymHOM'b CYAt , B'b ny OJIIIqHOM'b 3aC'BAaHin C'b npa-
CHjI\HbBm aacnaareaaaa, upell,l> npnaeaeniem, R'b npacnrs CBIIAtTe-
.lJefi, yIOmiti B030Yll,II.lI'b BOnpOC'b 00'b eBpeti Clwfi npa-
cars. Ilpacara 1l,0JIiRHa Obua ObI Tb Up0I13BOAII Ma eBpeJIMII B'b ClIHa-
rort, Co acnomealesn, BctX'b Tt X'b $OpM'b, KOTOpbIH
:B'b r.1Cl3aX'b espeem, AtJIaIOT'b ( CBHTOfi) II II CTII HHOit II pII cHr y . Ka-
li,OBO me ObI<I 'IO otiruee YAIIB.JI eHie, KOrll,a paBBII H'b Illeaoaxepi., He
asan HIIKa&OrO OO'bHCHeHiJI OTI\ aSaJI ClI IICrrOJHlITh rpe-
DonaHie cYJJ:a, nonpesn SaRJIIOlJeHi IO npesypopcaoa B.1aCTII II MH1>Hi IO
II OTKasa.lICH rasae YKU3aTh aa aan o, soropce u orao
IIcrrO.'IHIITb npacary , coraacao Cl, AorMaTaMII II oopHAaMII DX'b
a ? (M 296 sa 1870 r.).
IIoc.lJ t ncero csaaauuam aaaa, CTaHOBIITCJI, saaer on, HCHbI M
.. BHHMaHi e 1l,0JIil\BO ObITb oopameuo xpaoriaueaam, CVlIOll'b II
liliatn"'BiR espeem, R'b rrplIcHr t. HymHo past, aa sceraa nopsmen
ltO
7
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BO-
pll

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I
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rroibleT'h
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*) 3aMtQaTeJlI>HO, 4TOeapen npu nponan eceai n I\JIHTBLl He orpaUUQUBaIOTCR T1p IL
cani eM1> B1> CBH)ltTC.JIU mreau Boada, no CQlITalOT1> erne )(O,JIrOll11>, COrJIaCI10 Imra.JI
me1i Bt pHOCTll KJll CThCH II B.JIUCTHlI1II 3ellJ.JIH. TO,lIbKO KOl1etIBO He x p ncr i au-
OltpncTiasCKIIX'T, BJIaCTHX'b OHII ne BLl CORaro MHimiH, II 3fIaIOT1> TO.iI &lW BJa-
... TaK1> Kam,l(Lli1 nplICHraIOlIJ,ift II rOBOpnT1>: ,,It.1l1HYCb IDl e-
I sarara, 6eT1>-)(IIHa II "lIacn" 3eMJII 1I3paIl J bCI:oft , T. e.
l '."pispu,
iR', U60t)XO,IJ.8MfJJI J1.JlJl liaOTOJllI(en UpHCJJ
B'HeMbl oeopeMtHHO. O,IJ.eccItift no sameay ECKpe ll ll "' '' ' '
,JK flr.lfilO, neCMfa OCHonaTe.QbHO Tpe60naJIo, QTo6bl enpen Fi.1> IlPR-
rt. 6LIJIII npanerenu no CllHarort, TaMo II ecrt. uacronmee Mt CTO
JlH npnCHralOII(arO 113pallJIbTJlHIIHa, TeUI1> uce HanOMIlHaeT1J 00l>
ero CBHTblHt. Kor,IJ.a eBpen CTOIITo n'b CIIHarort, cepme ero Bee-
aFi.ll npOHllIweTCH 6.mrorontHiH If r at'b pa3yM1>eTcH 60ol h-
me, QtM1> na CY;J;t. Oco6eHHO :3TO nyatHO CKa3aTh 0 MOMeHT'B, noraa
npe,IJ.o OqaMII ero OTKpoeTCH CBHII(eHHhlfi KioT1)- (opeH'b-aKOll ;J;bl illl>l>
(HII(llKo Aapoaa) i II OH'b ooomaeMylo 4: Topy - 3aKOH1> ilIo-
nC8H. Bo ounarorf .me MomHO C06JIIOCTn H nee OCTaJIbHOe, a Il MeHHO;
eonepman, T1> OOPH;J;bI, aoropue HeOOXO;J;IHlbI JJ;JIH HaCTomn;efi npucarn
B3palIJIbTHHllHa. Haoroamin 06PH,IJ.'b COBepmaeTCH OOpa30M'b:
upnCHraIOII(IlX1> rrplIBO)J)IT'b B1> ClIHarOfY n YCTaHaBJIllBaIOT'h npe,IJ. 'b
OTKpbITbDI'b KiOTOM'b; fO.IIOBY CBOro oua IIOKpbIHaIOT'h MOJIIlTBeHHbUlll
raaacaua > - p1I3aMII II, Ha,IJ.tB'b, TaK'h naaanaeaua, ouepruua py-
.{)axII - ( KDTe.nb ) , KJIa,IJ.yT'b PYKII Ha CBJIII( . KHIU! - Topy 11 ua TO
Mtcro, f,IJ.t fOBOpHTCH: ( He npleara fOCIIO,IJ.a Bora rsoero
ncye ). PaBBIIH'h OO'bHCHlIB'h 3Haneaie npacara II KaKiH THmKiH IIO-
.QJI1>,IJ.C'fBiH OiKll,IJ.aIOT'b ea HapymllTe.neR, naraert, caMYIO tPOpMyJIr
nplICHrII, KOTOpofi AJJ;oHaR (fOCIIO)J;h Bon.),
'TBOpeWb snpa, H npaanaam CBHToe IIMH Tnoe H KJIHHyCb, lITO npn-
-CHraIO 6e:3'1 BCHItofi XIITPOCTII II 3a)J;HllX'h MbICJIeii n llCIIOJIHIO B'b
TOqHOCTll TO
J
qTO rpetiyerca OT'h MeHH II upon. ECJIll H Hapy my
TO rrYCTb oYJJ;Y Ha BtKll npOKJIHT'h, IICTpeOJIeH'h H y Hll -
ornem., noroparo rrornO.nlI CO,IJ.OM'h II I'osoppa, II OCb1-
naH'b BCtMlI rrpOK.UTlHMlI, naIIncaHHblMll B'h ropn, B'BlJHhIii (Bors
He rrpll)l;eT'b 1\0 MHt HllKOr,IJ.a ua uosonu HH B'h KaKOM'b )l;t.nt
T. )1;. *)... .
HyatHo JIB rrpllOaB.JIHTh, qTO B'h 06blqHOM'h IIOPH)J;Kt rpaa aaacsaro
1
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H3RH F.BP EEIl ...
Hara.ar.mae aKTbI .
O"!DlPKII n OIll.AillH. H a
Ivu.\JBa, ltOfA& eapea
OAHflb enpea npHSH
n91J roro, tITO qOTaJIO eMy B1> cy
Morb Db TOJIK'h BaHTh, lITO sa nrry aa
it) , II KaRoM TUKOit CMLl CJI'h InrBlOT'h
11 H uuomro APyroro II3b nuraaaaro. IIoqeMY ObI Halsn B
Mb no HarneMy (uo-eepeacau), BB]J.b 9TO 6bIJIO 6bI upaa
ute, nOHHTH'Be? fi'h 9TOMy MbI npooaBIDlb-lI ropaaao aaxea-
'1 oc06eHHO eCJIII npaunrs Bb pasosert., qTO H caxt, saram,

I(Bepr aJI CBOIIX'b arearoat II Aailte JIIUj,'b, AYXOBHblH


mmUOCTlJ, uanp. npIICHr'B, npemacusaen, naaan, OHylO
lHmarort, a He rA'B-HIIOYAb, a ymb saran, .TIIl He snaen, CBO-
JJ,tJIa?!. .
DIbI rrpeACTaBIIJIII TOJIbKO osepm. eapeacaaro saraaa, BHyT-
peauaro ero ycrpotiorna, A'BHTeJIbHOCTII II oraomeuin. IIpeAMeT'b STOTl>
cam, no ce6t BaCTOJIbKO qTO Morb ObI AaTb uare-
pian, Jl,JlH ImpTI1HLl II OOJIbIllOrO xYAomHII Ka, n HtT'b COMHtBiH, 9TO
cospeaeaem KorAa pyccaoe otimecmo oJIlJme ' Y3HaeT'b ce6H II mnpe
nothleT'b CBOll IIBTepeCbI, caoa AYXOBHblH- HpaBCTBeHHbIH SaAaqH,
Oll..@O.Hblfi XYAomHIIK'b II HBIITCH. Tenepi me, qTo6bI 3aKOHQIITb CBoA
OqepK'b, 06paTIIMCH K'b KaraJIhHoMY nCTOqHllIi Y n cAtJIaeMb
Ht-eKOJIbKO n3B..1JeqeHi fi D3'b KHIIrn ( Kara.1'b), 113J1,aHHOfi uosoaausn,
q.MaHOM'b, lIMeHHO yKameMb ua aKTbI, 3Ha
1Iy.lI(ieCH
B'b 9TOA
") . M3BJIeqeHiH 9TH npeACTaBJIHIOT'b TtM'b OO..1JbmyIO Ba.m
iAlv"b , qTO OOPHCOBbIBaIOTb OTHomeHiH saraaa li'b HarnHM'b oWlfl"'-
bHblMo JI BIJ,aM'h, a cauaa saara COCTaBJIJleTo reueps psuraren.ao
iorpa.paqecKyIO pBJlKOCTh. IIo..1JoiltIl-reJIbHO 83B'BCTIIO, qTO no
ill eJI Bo CBtTb, JlPY3bH iKIlJl,OBCTBU, KUKb TO.nhKO YSH:.l JrR U 'I'l\
omeT'b pacspun, uaoroe prCC&OMy QeJlOB
..". ...'- - - - - -
B'L KH Ifrt. "n.ara,;n" r pacr
'b
II
a
a
\
or>mee 'COqyBcTBie B1> n YOJl HltO, no
BwpBaTh ee 831> PYKo QHT3Te.lel. 4: Bcf aK3eMII.ilJlphI snar
sran>, rOBOpUJIOCb Bo Ty IIOP! Bo 0.-lleTep6yprcKfl X'b B'BllO-
O:CTHX'b, lIMtnrnieCH B1> 3)J;trnHeM'h (O)J;eCCKOM'h) KHnmHOM'b Mara-
3IIBt Bsaare, 3aKynJIeHbI B1> OJJ;lIH'h npeapacaua )J; eHh O]J,HHM'h en
peeas, 3)J;tmBlBI'h 60raQOMo, KOHeQHO, C'h n pes par ar s ori pa-
meaie KHHfH B1> ny6.!UIKt. BaKOHIil aaraaa, 3aKJIIOqaeT1J xoppecnoa-
)J;eHT1>j OhIJIH TaiiHotL KopnopaTIIBHhIfi , IICK.1JIOQUTeJIbHbl ii )];yX'b ea-
peeas CJIlIrnKOM'h IIM1> )];opon, CJIUrnKOM'h lIM'b nuroaem., QT06hI He
OOHTbCH cBtTa H KpIITIIKll (M 296 sa 1870 ro)];'h) . II rast, 06-
paTHMcH K'h yKa3aHHoMy HCTOlJHlHty (aarasrs], Qrr06hI BII)J;'BTh KaKOBLl
Rar3JIbHhIH ctTn OTHOCHTeJIbHO uanrero uipa. BOT1>
lITO B1> aTIU'h aaraxs. JJ,OCJIOBHblH 1I3BJI elJeHi H.
1. 0 aosuarpaajeuia KBapTaJIbHhIX'h naaaapareaen . -- Oy660Ta
OT)J;tJI'h IIHTOKHlDKiH, Hears, 5555 (1794) rO)J;a.
llpe)J;cTanHTeJIHMH saraaa nOCTaBOBJIeHO: BhIJIaTb r pem, nOJIII-
KBapTaJIhHhIM'b HaJJ,3HpaTeJIJIM'h sa nee upomeamee BpeMH
)J;O tI,HH no 8 3JIOThIX'h (1 p. 20 K.). p;eHbrn aTII JJ: 0JImHhI
oaTh HMo BhIjJ;aHhI KOHTpOJIepaMn KaCCbI Kop060lJHarO coopa, xpa-
y noanpeuaaro aroro ctiopa.
2. 0 HaliMt Ha6J1IOJJ,aTeJIH sa eBpeiicKBMH )J;tJIaMII B'h
llOHe)l,t.1JbHlIK'b, OTtI,t.1Ja IIJITOKUHmiH Baiespa, 5555 (1794) r.
IIpeJJ;cTanHTeJUIMH sarara nOCTaHOBJIeHO: nopysan, ropoJJ; cKoMy
IIpeJJ;cTaBllTeJIIO, pao6H IYJJ;t JIeAoy j csma pa661I HKOBa, C'1 HaCTOJI -
maro JJ;HH, B'h reneuie mecru Hel\t.1Jh, OhIBaTb Bo II CJI$-
)tIlTh TaMo aa eBpeiicKllMII JJ;tJIaMll, KaKo KaraJIbHbIMII , T. e. orime-
CTBeHHhlMll , TaK'b II QaCTUbIMlI, C'h T$M'1 JIllmh yCJIoBieM'h, lJTOOhI
33 JI,$JIa Oll'b C3Mo ue IUI$JI'1 npana no-
)(apKOB'b KOMy ObI ro HII ObI.1JO, oe3o npessaparen.uaro coraacia
-napuecs xcaema , T. e. M$CHQUarO rOJlOBbI n omoro lIao )J;pyrux'b
npe1I;CTaBHTe.1Jefi ropona. Ba aTO uasnanaerca eMy ma.JIOBaHbe II3b
l..araJlbHolt KaCChI no nna PYOJl H Bn HeJl,'BJlIO .
3. ((0 uoanpaarenia uasarsorua Cn npa3JJ;HoKoM'L.- BTOPOHK'b,
to I10a 5555 (1794) rora.
p.eJI.CTaBUTe.1JHMII sarara nOCTaHOBJlellO: paspbmars 60ralf y
'l Ran JIHXOBR.1I (npeJl,MtcThH r. l\IIIHCIta) ClI.'t.IIaTb aaesn, ua
ut)Jl'Qtte6BOI (il9D OBlt.,B B
tla.rhOTBY). rasoro
" neaR) ChlRo Ill., H BhlmeyrroMJl HjThIB 60raq'
'L eme nerupe pam
Bit), n B(; "B OBO BMtCTt no Uaqa.lhCTBY
tm:Qaoi
. 4.. c 0 HaqaJIhCTBa C'h rrpaSj(HHKOM'h. -lIeTBepn
nJlTOKHOmiH Baatlpn 5558 (1797)
ropoaa yCTaHOBJI eHo: C'b nosspaareaiest,
J(eHB Baearia Bemsaro, T. e. 1-r o lInCJIa uoaaro 1798 rosa
lIaqaJILHIIK3M'h B'h yCJIyrax'h ItOr OpIlIX'h narars HymAaeTcH,
HeooxoAIIMYIO AJIJI sroro upennera CyMMy, no yCMoTp'lmilO
npeABOAIITeJIeii, KOTopIlIe B03LMyT'h na ceOJI rasoe nopyseaie
C'L BOJIOqeOHOIO KO BC'BM'h HaqaJIhHII KaM'h II qnHOBHllKaM'b >.
5. cO B9UMaHilI AeHer'h ua noazpanaenie uauaascma C1> npaaa-
1B1,KOM'L.- Cy OOOTR 14-ro Teseea, 5562 (1801) r. r. lUUHCK'b.
ITo CJIyqaIO KpafiHeii B'h AJIH nORpIJTiH or-
pacxora na noagpaarenie HalIaJILCTBa C'h npa9ASIIROM'b Poa-
IeTBa, no HameMy OOIilqaIO, qJIeHaMlI s ar an.aar o ynpaB.neuiH 11
ssmoro cotipania nOCTaHOBJIeuo: ynorperiars BceB03MomHhIH cper-
TBa ,1J;JIH B9IIMaHiJI ue,1J;OIIMOK'h no nponenraosy HaJIOry. )l;eHhrll,
K01'OpLTSI OY,1J;yT'h B3Ii1CKaHIiI, OOpaTIITh na BOJIOqeOHIlIfi paCXO,1J;'h Te-
roza,
6. 00'1 1I9AepatKaX'h ,1J;JIJI n09,1J;paBJIeHiJ.r UaqaJI hCTBa.- qeTBepro
mBaTa 5563 (1802) rOAa.
Ilo rrpHqBHt B09HlIKmelt B'h oOJIbmofi CyMMt H3
la, K-II npa HaqaJIbCTBa C'h HOBhlM1>
'fBI'HYTh KaK'h npemoaaraerca, B'h HIilotmHeM'h 80
:1:L1T,h MOmeT'h II OOJILme, KaraJIa II ofimam co-
.
nQCTaHOBJIeHO: BRHMaTh C'h pt 3II IITIIll;'L II T. n.
,1J;eohraM'h, aspaoxozoaaaasurs ua tIIIHOB-
C'h HOBhIM'h rO,1J;OM'h. '-- IJ;tHOOCTh qeTblpeX'h rOJIOB'h caxapa
Aa B'h 82 WyHTa 18 .IIOTOB'h COCTaBJIHIOT'h rpamarr-

'bOfi.RX'b 3.IIOTIdX'h II 18 rpomefi. DIM


il, H&3HaQeOHId8 ooopaHieM'h nOBtpK .
88j{c,TaBlITe.letl sarara no na noaapaarenI

o HHJlte03UaQeHIi06 1JBo.lIO Jil 3)1,CpJKa.If'b HiS'b CBO-


B'b nO.lIbSY saraaa , a 1'Ht'l eIlJIO: p. Mcamty, ChlBY p.
Tn OTa aoceas pyO.: MORceID, OOlHY JIKona. A"Btna .-
I> nyo.; p. IaOll(py, OhlBY HcaaKa. Ceraaro, Tpll AD; aTb pyo. H np.
ro e.ntJ].)reT'b OTO ,n;eB.HHOOTO OARH'b B'b YAOCToBt peBi e sero
:Ill OOOCTBeBHopyqHO nomncaaacs. I\KlHYH'b IISITHHD;bI 5-ro Illsara.
563 (1802) rona, r.
'l . 0 saihft. cAtJIaHBOM'b KaraJIOM'b ua nOKymty noaapsoat, 11.111
Uaq:<l.lIbCTBa, no c.rrytJalO IIaOXlI.- Bocapeceuse nocrsnn
as Ilacxa, 5562 (1801) rona,
(KacaTe.nbno BOJIoqe6HOfi, npel(OTaBlITe.aJIMII saraaa psmeno H
tJlOCTaHOB.lIeHO: qTOObI Bot npeABOAnTeJIII OCYAII.lHl Kara.rry no l O p.
eep. E.am].l.hIii. YII.lIaTa aroro Ao.nra rapaarapyerca BO'BMII AOXO].l.aMH
RaraJIa, n T. A.).
8. 0 noaapanreaiu HaqaJIbOTBa O'b rrpa3JJ;HnKOM'b Ilaoxa.- Boo-
eceuse, 23-ro Hacaua, 5562 (1802) rOAa.
(llpeJJ;oTaBIITe.1UIMII saraaa IIoCTaHOBJIeHO, QT06bI noaspeuaue 1\0-
OOOqHarO ooopa C'b MJlCa OTIIyCTIIJUI 1l3'b Kop060QHofi CY1DI bI 800
nOJlhC&HX"b 3JlOThIX'b (120 cep.) ua II03ApaBJIeHie qHHOBH1:1KOB'b
npa3].l.HIHWM"b)
9. 0 Bbl].l.aqt 100 S.TIOTbIX'b (15 p. cep.) HS'b C)TMMhI l\op060Q
naro cbopa ua pacxoau saraaa.
CerOJl,HH, nal\aHYHt uemepra, 19-ro Hncaaa 5562 (1 802)
rOJJ;a, IIOCTaHOBJIeHO: npasasan, Ilepeny, nonspeanoay 110 qaCTII pt 3II
OTa, BhI].l.aTb HS'b CYMMbI Kop060QHarO coopa 100 3JIOTbIX'b (15 p.
,p.) f];J.H ynJIaThI sa Koelle on caxaps, AaHHhle B'b ncaapost, HaqaJI b-
ffi y nepers Ilaoxotl.
10. (0 TJlmot saraaa C'b xpHCTiaHCKllM'b AyxoBeHCTBOM'b U'b
lioTpaTt. OTAtJI3. IIJITOKHHmi.H XyKaT"b, 555 5 (179 4) r.
IIpeA-cTaBllTe.1IJIMII narara IIOCTaHOBJIeno: H36paTb pa66n ,II;aBII)la
aHa, Daoa 9JIiasapa, Bl) fO.1I0BT, sarnaa,
nopyseno 6AlITeJIbHO CJI t AIITb B'b MarllCTpUT'B sa
anaro BCJItAcTBie npOCbObl xpaorlancsaro J(yXOBCU-
1W\IIUlBiB Cl) narara 1I0 BeKCeJllO, Kl, py&UX
nOMJl HYTblM'b q.neHaM'b rrpe,lJ,OCTaU.lUl eTCJI npano yno-
OOXOAIfMTlUI no aToMy A'BJlY H3Aep
0 TJDKOt eapeacsaxt, MaCTepOBblX1> B1>
OTAtJIa llHTOKHlImiH 5558 (179'{) ro.......
dlpeJJ;Bo.u.IITeJIHMII ropo.u.a lloCTaHOBJIeHO, qTOOM nOBtpeHHhTR 111 ' ''''-
fTaBIITeJIefi aarara BbIJJ;aJI1> 1131> Kara.JI bHOn KaCCbI nensra, ueo
.u.UMbIH aa yCTpoficTBO B1> paTym't 3afi.YCIm II BbInllB&II .u.JH cylle
1I3BtCTHbIM1> Cy.u.
eOB
bUI1> .u.tJIOM1>, KaCaTeJIhHO eBpe..
CKIIX1> peMeCJIeHHIIKOB1>>>.
12. 0 aarpaaaeala ryoepHaTopcKar o cesperapa sa yCjJyry. -
QeTBepr1>, oTJ(tJIa nHToKHlDKiH Hoaxt. , 5558 (1797) rora.
llpej(cTaBIITeJIHMII saraaa nOCTaHOBJIeHO: ynoTpeollTb CTO p.
H31> noaarnoa CYMMbI aa IloKynKy pan ,u;.rrH II3BtCTHOfi a IIHTh-
j(eCHT1> pyo. H3'h aToit me KaCCobI j(aTh cesperapm ryoepHaTopa, sa
oKa3aHHYIO IIM1> yCJIyry ).
IIo3BoJIHeM1> ceot 3j(tCh HeOOJIbmOe orcryureuie. IIpIHIoMIIHaeTcH
HaM'b TaKoit cJIylJait. Kor,u;a MbI lJHTaJIII 9TII aRTbI OJ(HOMy PYCCRO.\fY
.
narpiory, TO OH'b BOCKJHIKHyJI'h: lITO aa Yj(lIBIITeJIbHO -MeJIOqHIJH H
B.IJ3KiH cpeacrna y aroro JIyKaBaro sarara. BeSJJ;t-To HU l\aiRJ(Oll1>-
TO mary y Hero nee nOj(Kyn'h II RpHBOj(y rni e. IiI IIOqellY sarars no
1130paJI'h 9TO BMeHHO opeaomo R'b ncxymeuuo aannm,
6tJJ;HbIX'h lJIIHOBHIIKOB'b? llOTOMy II I130paJI'b, 4TO IIOj(fi.yn'b peKOMeH-
AyeTcH eMy TaJIMYJJ;OM'b, KaK'b canoe JIyqrnee II sspaee cpencrso 1\'0
j(OCTIImeHiIO ll,tJIII. ITo yqeHiIO TaJIMyj(a BCHKHi IIOj(KyII'b II M3J(a Be-
npanemaa, BCHKoe .u.03BOJWeTCH n3pallJlbTHlIaM'I:- B'b OTHO-
meaia xpIICTiaH1>, noo CKasaHO: j(apbI OCJltn.rrHIOT'b ouu BIJJ(JIII(IIX'b).
BaJRuttimHi KOMeHTaTopb Pama rOBOpUT'b: OCHOBIilBnJICb ua 6n6JIefi-
CKOM'b csaaania , espen 06H3aB'b IIepBOHatIaJI bHO j('BtfcTBoBaTb no ,,-
KynOM'b AJIH npersnteuia cnoero npara, a B'b IIpOTIIBUOM'b CJIyqat
JJ;OJIiKeU'b ynoTpe6JUITb BceBOSMOmHbIJI XHTpOCTII, rrOJJ;o6HO IUI\OBY,
KOTOphlfi, K'b onoeuy oruy OTo ,,[IlBaua C'b
Il OIIaCaJICb MrqeHiJI 6paTa Ileana, IIOCJJUJI'h eMf ,n;apIJ, C3WrQfIBmie
61'0 rntB'b ). To me CUMoe JJ;o.TImeH'b ,n;'BJIUTb 11 espe
r,n;a ORb, 2ReJlaeT'h npHBJIeqb Ra CBOro CTOpOUy npara; a sp
iL1'l'1I'O,H CqnTa.lJC.H Bcer,n;a roil (IIO,n;pU3yMtBUJI II xpaorianaua). h<l
raJlY uuase nocTynaTb Cn TaKIIM'b sor
B'b ero yc.lIyr'h? ECTeCTBeUHoe )\tJlO - OCTueTC.H no

a
..
v ...o
peACTBO( O. 6
.... a CEDro npaKTHI\Y Tome &alt'b HeJIb3J1 JIYlJm
'b. asraxn, soroprae MbI npaaoamrs, 3HaQnTCH
t(tJlH, TaIWe nOHRTie: a nRTb,lI,eCRTb pyOJIeit 83'1 aaraasuoa KaCCbI
Tb ceKpeTapro rr6epHaTopa, sa OKa3aIIHYro nM'h yCJlyry -
BblIIHCKY ll3b Ha3BaHHbIX'h aKTOBb.
13. 0 BbIKyrrt Y3HIIKOB'h. --BTOPHBK'b, OTlltJI'b
DHToKHHmiH TepYMa, 5558 (1798) roza.
TaKb KaKb .Q06pOBO.TfbllbIX1> rromepTBoBanifi He,lI,OCTaTOqHO ua IIO-
RpbITie rpOM8){HbIX'h 113){epjlteK1>, HeOOXO,lI,IIMbIX'b ,lI,JH BbIKyna enpen-
Clmx'!> y3HHKOB1J, TO ,lI,.lJJI B3bICKaHiH nOCTOHHBhIX1> nCTOlJHIIKOB1> na
HTOTb npe,lI,MeTl>, no cOB'lHqaHiII uamaxr, ornrruaxt, cTaptfi mIIH'b no-
CTaHOB.lJeHO: 1) B3HMaTb no 18 rpomefi C1> Kam,lI, arO HOBOPO-
.iR,l(eHHaro M.lJa,ll;eHqa My.iRCKOrO noaa, npn oonepmeala oopsaaain II no
CTO.1JbKO .iRe rpomefi C'h Ka.iRJJ;ofi CBa,lI,bOb1. ffiaMOmIIM1> He JJ; OJImHb1
TBepml(aTb CUIICKa rocres, ROTOpbIX'b yCTpOlITeJIb napa uoaaraer-s
nparaacan, K'h ceot, JJ;O naeceaia IIM'h noroaeaaaro ssuoca B'b IIOJIb-
3Y Y3HIfKOBb; 2) ua nIIpaX1> cBaJJ;eoHblX'h II ooptsaTeJIbHblX'b CTa-
BUTL T8pe.JIRY JJ;.nH JJ;OOPOBO.nhHbIX'1 noaeprsonaaia nparaanreaasma
rOCTJIMII; If 3) B1> JJ;eHb RamJJ;uro HOBO.nyHiH XOJJ;IITb IIO }J;OMaM'b cs
KpyatKoro
14. 001> Y3HllKaX'h. - IIOHe)l.tJIbHII R1>, oTJJ;tJIa nnroaaaaia Te-
nane 5558 (1798) rOJJ;a.
llpe)J;BoJJ;nTe.lJHMII ropoaa IIOCTaHOBJIeHO: qrrOObI RaraJIbHb1fi nons-
peHHbIfi BLIJJ;a.n'h n3'h Kara.nbHofi KaCCbI 50 pyo. cepe na BbIKyII'b
BpeiicKIIX1> y:mIlKOB'h, ROTOpbIe HaXO}J;HTCH HhIH'B B'b TH.iItROM'b aaroseaia,
QllTaTeJIh, Oh1Th MOmeT'b, nOIIuTepecyeTcH Y3UaTh )J;JIH naaaxt
WEO Rara.n'h COOHpaeT'b C'h espeem, CTO.nh 3HaQIITe.nbHbIe
BaJOOr.I'! OTBtlJaeM'h: JJ;.nH paanux's TeMULIX'b .nnQHOCTefi - Oe3IIaCIIOpT-
:LlX1> espeem., B'tqHO CTparrcTByroID;lIX'h MareJJ;OB'b :l> - Ta.nMYJJ; lIlJe-
Xn pa3HbIX'1 0p0JJ;Hr'h II
JBHl UX'L HeCqaCTie IIOrraCTh B'b PYRII MrBCTHhIX'b nracren H 6hlT
'OnaHHblMH. Ha nOMOID;b TaKIIM'h-TO Y3HIIKaM'h n Cn'BIIIHT'b MIUO
l).araJI'b, OQII T3JI MI'b HeSl:IHHhlMH ar unaa II . JI,a. no ero
lUfeHHO aranu HeB8HU},le. r am, Kali'b . OHn oomvlJ
II
@
811
lI'Ou]'V'DJJJIlltH. RaK1i .ate H
'b ax')) D Buao
HO. aoraa BMKin raaia onepauin CXOAKJIB. KaraJIY necs
-aeonacrnue nonanaraci., OOWl\UOBeUllO Bo pyKII
,.........1f BJHtCTB, B'b POA'!> ropOJJ;IIHqarO, He ptlllW COCTOHJlH
lttWf'.JBaHbt )r xarara: PlKCl MW.!Ia pyRy),.. IlOCJIt)J,IUUI nonpceaoen,
maJlOBClHIl'!> MOmeT'b nosoaarscn HeBtpoHTHOfi, ocotieauc T'lnfo. RO-
PLIM'b YA3Ba.ilOCb qIlT3Tb CTaTbH eBpefiCl\HX'b uacareaen-c-nporpse-
,TOB"b . ropaso aamamaanmxu II saran, II JKHIIOB-
TBO. n qTO ua jfmJJ;OH'b I\Jlenem;YT1>,
-tITO ua sararr, cs ero nO)J,KynOM'b, BBO)J,HT"b aanpacmay? Ho Bon
onpassa I13"b T'BX'b jKe KaraJbHWX"b URTOB'b.
15. \': 0 aaananeuia CyMMW B1> rO)J,I1qHbIfi nO)J,apol\'b rOpOAHIIqeMy.-
no OTJJ;t.!IY Illeanna, 20 Ilncaaa.
(IIpeJJ;cTaIHITeJlllMil nnraaa psmeao: BbI5paTb 1I3'b cpem ceria
.
peX"b rOJIOB"b II OTnpaBIITb llX'h K'b rop0)J,HlIqeMY )l.JIH CK.1IOHeHUI ero
aa fiylJ,ym;ee Bo nOJIb3r enpeem, j sa tITO II 05tm;aTb IISBtCT-
ID I\OTOPYIO eMY IIO TpeTHM'b rona. CyMMy, so-
0PaJI OfiaJReTCH neo5xOJJ;IIMOfi ua coraanrenie Co HlBI'b, 5pa'fb 1I3b
utecrneanon KUCCbI, IlHb )J,OXOlJ,OB'h KOPOOOqHUrO coopa, C'h pt3II
pynnaro II JleJIKarO CROTa).
l.J: TO rr. ropommie i a pasno H aceccopsr (CTi:1HOBbIe npaorasa
o BpeMll OHO rrOJIb30BU.lIIICb He TO.llLE.O aarasa , HO n on
raxt. tIa)l.b uspaara sa onaaaaayro yCJIyrr,
.K'b JIyqrne: Me.llOqn n uacrsre paSCI\a311I D3'b amaun en
B1>. TaK"L uepeaauam, qTO O)l.IIH'b IIOqTeBHllIfi aceooopr.,
BmiB MBOrie rOJIbI B'b fipat, nO,lIb30BUJWH TaI\lill'b
.
saraan, qTO BO BpeMH ero nponam, no rrpIII\U3UUlIO
Bee 6bIJIO 1\1> ero II oc06eHHO Bn
H'b espef E.OplUmpb, I\OpqMU sornparo CTORJIa HU nyr
npot3aWJb aceccopt.. HYiRHO 6hIJlO C,nyqIITbCJI , q
ieccopt. aauraercn MtcTa II BO BpNfH rrpotSlIH U
BaeTCR y caoero 3HUI\OmUO - K,OPlhwVD
llr.""p'BqaeTh J(opororo rOCTD,
no OOblRHOBenilO Yromars, TO
o
eD
np
oy
lip
EBPlIRB"b.
. npome, naae aceccopt KYJIIa'I'bl;) .aceccop AOBO.leSl>1 a
1'tJ En n B'b BBJlY JHl.CKOBaro npresa He npom,
BThCJI C'h npinreaesrs CBOHM'h ropesrs: c: a 3Haernh, mOlli&a. r.. -
rapOTo OA'h, B'BJ(b JI yate reneps He aceccopt. .- Ka&'h. He
copt,' acapasnaaert enpen, caumams, XanKU, yat'h OHl> He acec-
0Pb: It HeM'h ClBeK'b <fJUH'h TbJIlI'h! ;) - yOBpaD nee UPOqh co CTOJa...
PRJ(OM'h C'h aKTO}I'h, TpaKTyIOrnBM'b 0 nO;lKI ut
ropomnnaro, CTOflT'h H J(pyrie, necsaa npacaopsunso rosopamie 0
IJOJ(l\ynt KaraJIOM1> BCtX'b sore ObI TO HIl nonaro H31> MtCTHhlX'b
naacrea. BbUIHCKY
16. IIocTaHoBJIeHiH no CJIyqaIO (nasntt-ru) peanaia.- Iloaeraas-
HUK'b 24-ro Teaeca, 5562 (1801) rona,
TaK'b 1\31\'h OOrneCTBO Harne nymJ(aeTCJI reneps B1> orpouuof
cymIt J(eHer'h no C.1JyqaIO peaaaia, npOII3BOj.(IDIOfi MtCTHbDI1> ua-
qaJIhCTBOM'h, TO npeacrasareraaa anrara II otimaro cotipania rr o-
CTaHOBJIeHO: 6paTb )l;eHhrn na 1I3AepatKii no Jl,t .1Jy IJ31> rpex-
rpomesoro HaJIOra aa rOBJI)I;IIHy, :U31> ToIl CYMMbl, KOTopaH J(aBHO
yme HaKOIIllJIaCb Y nonspenuaro eroro c60pa. II3'b 9TIlX1> neaen,
)l;OJmHO 6b1Tb B3HTO na IJ3Aepjlmll no cKaSaHHOM)Tnpenaery CTOJI<KO
CKOJIhKO rroHa)l;06IJTCJI IiI T. J(. Bee CKa3aHHoe ptmeno npercranare-
JHMII aarara onmarc e06paHiJI:U 6eT'b- ,lI,IlHa, B'b Kara.1JbHOfi II30t ,
ua OCHOBauin saKOHOB'b II nOCTaHOBJIeHifh.
saran. noorauoaraen, Il ooorieuuo naauue aKTbJ,
TaK'b aasuaaeaue qpe3BbJTIatlHbJe, B'h KOTOpbIX'h o6cYa\JI,aeTo
KaK'b nOJl,KYlHITb 11 sucmaxt, rocyraporaeaauxt, BJIaCTefi.
17. (ITo sonpocy, xacaiomeaycn enpeem, scero KpaJI, 0 co6pa-
aia Q.leHOB'b yt3AOB'h, AJlJI 06cymAeHiJI 0 nponearuoat, c6opt, He-
)l;JIJI yCTpaHeuiJI n'BKOTOpblX'h, npann-
/IlO-bCTBOM'h Mtp'h OTHOCnTeJIbHO eapeem.-.
Oy600Ta, 1-ro uncaa Teseca, 5562 (1802) rO)l;u, neJl,t JI JI no
TAt.ay Bt, qpe3BblqaDnOM'h coopanin, B'h npncyrcrain nper -
.6lIHTeJleft. roposa n ncero saraar.uaro cocrasa, nOCTanOBJI eHo:
ctsie HeOJIuronpiJITHbIX'h BtcTefi B3'h crosanu Ilerepoypra. 0
lITO CYJI;bOU BCtX'h eapeem, nepeaaua llbIllrJ) Do pyRn nnr
IROM) , 1t0TOPbl M1> )l;allU IIOJI UaH BJIaCTb pacnopaaar r. ca eIO no
'J'I 'I'l'I
ro
ailO. MbT npHHyiKJ(eHhT OTDpaBHTbCH B'h Ilerepoy p
O
aaC.lIYjKJIBaIOT1> oc06eHuaro BIiIlM8Uill . Talt
cocnaate pa3CYjRJl.aeT1> 0 ltOllHJcciII 110 enpeficKolllynollpo
neparopf AJeRC8Ulp'h l, II 061> I13IJCKaHiII cpencras AJUI II
OMHCciu.
,
o
T06TAap.s, qTOO'bI 'Y
o He 6LIJlO. A TaKl) KaR'b 9TO
:'b TO C'b otimaro coraaoia psmeuo: yCTaBoB
f1lbJit npoueamuf 060p'b, KOTOPblfi JlOJIateH'b 6blTb B3L1 MGQ.
'hJlYIOIqeM'b 1I0PHJlRt: 1) 0'1 Kara.JIhHblX'b KanBTa.iIOB1> TOB.... -
I ooeSneqeHHblX'b JlOJIrOB'b BOJIKiit JlOJIateH'b BHeOTII 11,,. L) 01,
1_ , 0 '
UiRnMarO IIMYIqeOTBa. 114
0
1
0
; 3) 0'1 rOJlOBOrO JlOxoJla OTh 1I0MOB1>
,Qlto 06H3aHbI BHeCTIl 10/0; 4) MOJIOJlbl H sern,
ua lIjRJlllBeHill CBOllX'h pOJlllTeJefi, -110 co ncero llXo COCTOJI-
:" oYJle KanUTa.JIbI Bo IIX1> coooTBeHHbIX1> pysaxt, HJ1H B1> 060POTt
.py r lIx 1> . Ram,lJ,bltt, ,iltlIByrnitt B1> uamem, ropers , oOH3aHo npa-
Iroro yTBep,lJ,IlTb, lJTO llJIaTem1> nponenrom, 0YJleT1> IIM'b rrpO.H3BO,lJ,HM'b
3BIIJIbHO. ECJIll KTO-JIIIOO COrJIaCllTCH BHeCTII ua aTOT1> npease
nepsonnem, (150 p. c.), TOT1> Bn TaKOM1> cJIylJat oCB060iRJlaeTC

reL npacara lIT. s:,


18. (0 rrpOn;eHTHOM1> coopt, HeOOXO,lJ,IlMOM'b AJIH yorpaaenia Ht-
DTOPblXl> Mtpo, npemoaaraessm, npaaarancrnoas OTHOOIITeJbHO
peem, ncero span "),
Cyo60Ta, no OT,lJ,tJIY Banranrs, 7-ro I'eseoa, 5563 (1 803) r.
araJIbHblM1> nalJaJIbCTBOM1> II lJpe3BbJlIattHbIM1> cotipaniews nOOTaHO-
BJIeHO CJItAyIOIQee: KTO Ko nacTynaromertty BTOpHllKy He yrrJIaTlln
nponearaaro c60pa, 0603HalJeHHarO B1> rrpeAbl,lJ,ym;IIX'b aarnxs, TOT1>
6YAeT'b OrJIameH1> ltaK'b lJeJIOBtlt'b, OTJJ;'BJIIIBmifioH OT'b otimeorsa.
KPOM'B roro, meCTO: noaspeaasnrs, IIOIIMeHOBaHHbIM'b E'b npeanaxt,
asrax, AaeTCH BJIaCTb noaneprars rasoro qeJIOB'BKa pa3HhlM1>
,mTpa<ll aM1> II npecrsnoaan, ero na CTOJIhKO, na CKOJIhRO XBaTIITo
@H.JI'b 1I3palIJIbCKarO napoaa, Psmeuo II IIOCTaHOBJIeHO O'b orimaro
oeaacia: He BXOAlITb Bo CJltJIKy HlI C'b K'BM'b OTHOClITeJIbHO OCBO-
2KJleHiH OT'b B3JIOmeHHOfi npacara. IIplIOJIra, HanpOTDB'b, OCTaeTCH
.3ClTeJIhHOIO AJIH BOtX'L, aa IICKJIrolJeBieM'b TOJIbKO TtX'b JIIIU'b, RO-
10 OTo aroro OCB060,ll,IITo B9BOO1> 50 nepeoauem.. ,II;aJIte q ... -
Bb 3actJlaHiII ornnaro c06paBiH np:ncyTcTBOBaJIIJ lIenyTa
J,(:W1Y scero span .
sa:
01
II
ero
Tpt
noq
coo
rpa
npe
nun
Bet
f O
. .
po
'fa
H0H'& CO0p-n 00 soero A IIJIWl
ITo IlDHKa,301l1
ctiopa OOUapO.llOBaHO BO B
nararaerca TpeXlweBHblli IJOCTb no CJl y qalO aeoaaro-
iHTUbIX'b C.rYXOB'b D3b Ilerepnypra, a aueueo - Bo IIOHe.n.1>,,1bUHKl>-
6-ro, QeTBepn - 1 9 -r o B OfUlTL B1> nOUejrf>JlbHIHi.0-23-ro Teaeca:
OCTbl 9TII lI.OJIJRUfJl 6bITb crporo C06JIIOlIaeMbI BCtMiJ .i&Hre.ll HM8 H
mero ropoaa, II 1IieUmOHaMII, napaaas Co nOCTOll1> ve
apa. Bn 9TII rpn j.(UH nOCTa socnpemaeroa .i&8TeJIRM"b ropoaa CO-
(}BpaTbCH r j.( t-.m 60 ,n:JH MO.JIIITBbI
j
l\allij.(bJB 06H3aH1> JIBIITbCJI uenpe-
M'tUHO B'b 60.lJbmy IO cnaarory j.(JUI otimaro ennaeaia II ycyry6.1eHirr
MOJIHTBn Kn Bory, II HeIJpeM'tUHO npUHeCTII Cn C060IO
n Hero 061JHB.1JeHHarO npouenraaro c6opa. ETO ffie BO )J; HII
nOCTa He yrrJIaTIIT'1 qUCJIHm:arOCH na HeM"b .n; OJI ra no uponenrnosy

.n;o noc.lJtj.(Hefi 1\0rrtfiKII, TOT'1 KpOMt .n;pyr nx'b illrpa$oB'b. 1\0-


TOPbIM'1 nomeprnerca, eme 6y.n;eTl) 06'bHl3.1JeH'b OTJIyqeHHbBIb orb
osoero aapoaa s ,
Bet upanexennue aKTbI y,n:OCTOB'l>pHEOTn HecOaIHtHHOCTb nomyna
espeaan qIIHOBHIIKOB1> B1> npeanee BpeMH. Ho MomHO csaaan. , nro
TaliTIIKa espeem, aaaorra He ll3MtHHJIaCb Bn 9TOMn OTHomeuiu; -
,BTO raaae He IIo.n;JIejJtIIT'b coansnuo. Y eapeem-ornyunmaom. , ra-
wmeHHblXn II IIp. B3HTKB, B'b BIl,n:t jJa.lJOBaHbH qllHOBHII KaMl ) nOCTO-
RHO aanacuaaracs no oTKyrrHbIM"b KHllraM'b rroJJ;'b py6pnrwIO 9K-
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CJIlJ'h pyO., lJTOObl TOJIbKO OblJI'h c's npounun ero COlJ.1J enaMII coraa-
Cello. )l;epmaBllUo AOHeco rOCYAaplO a rrOJl,KptmI Jlo HCTIIHY CHMb
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DO BIilmJIO Jl,pyroe. rOCYJI,apb nepeonaaars 000 BCeM'b CJI y qUBmeMCH
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erporony npornat, espeem, npaaaaanho, npa rrepnom. oofipauin 1\0-
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