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Name:______________________________________________ ALM Introduction Atoms Molecules Water pH Using your lecture notes and text book, define the

following terms and provide an example of each. 1. Atom 2. Molecule 3. Organelle 4. Cell 5. Tissue 6. Organ 7. Organ System 8. Organism 9. Population 10. Community 11. Ecosystem With this information, now describe in your own words the concept of emergent properties.

General Biology Bio 101 Homework Unit 1A

Name: Due Date:

1. What are the three domains by which living things are classified? Provide an example of each. a. b. c. 2. What are the seven properties common to all living things? (Refer to your lecture notes and the textbook Fig. 1.4B) Please summarize each characteristic in your own words. a. b. c. d. e. f. g. 3. Refer to Figure 1.8A in your text. Read the case study of hypothesis-based science. Please describe each of the steps that the scientists applied. a. Observation scientists made: b. Question they posed: c. Hypothesis #1 d. Hypothesis #2 (alternate hypothesis) e. Prediction f. Did the results support or negate their hypothesis? g. What is a control? and what controls did they use in their experiment? h. Why is it important, generally, to conduct repeats of your tests?

4. What is the difference between matter and an element?

5. What is the difference between an atom and a molecule?

6. On the back of this paper, draw the electronic structures of hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon.

7. Which subatomic particle defines an element?

8. What is an isotope and what useful purpose do they serve in medicine and research?

9. What is electronegativity?

10. What is polarity in a molecule? 11. On the back of this paper, draw three water molecules hydrogen bonding to each other. 12. What is the basic difference between polar and non-polar molecules?

13. What is the difference between ionic and covalent bonds? Draw a covalent bond between two oxygen atoms. Draw an ionic bond between Lithium (Li) and Chlorine (Cl) on the back. 14. Does the molecule below possess polar or non-polar covalent bonds??

15. Does the molecule below possess polar or non-polar covalent bonds?

16. What are the four properties of water and the consequences of these properties for life? Property #1

Consequence #1

Property #2

Consequence #2

Property #3

Consequence #3

Property #4

Consequence #4

17. Answer these questions related to pH (acids and bases): a. Beaker A, which contains a solution in which the concentration of hydrogen ions is equal to the concentration of hydroxide ions, is said to be what? b. What is the pH of the liquid in beaker B, which contains 100 times more hydrogen ions in the solution than beaker A?

Questions about Exploring the Human Microbiome 1. What does the term microbiome mean?

2. What evidence is there that the presence or absence of microorganisms on or in the human body is related to human health? Cite an example of a microbe that is beneficial to human health.

3. How is Heliobacter pylori implicated in human health. Would it be beneficial to eradicate H. pylori from the human population?

4. Why are scientists concerned about the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria?

5. There is a quote in the article about the standard of evidence. What does this mean and what was this referring to? What would be your suggestion for improving the standard of evidence.