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50 000 MW HYDROELECTRIC INITIATIVE

Government of India Ministry of Power Central Electricity Authority 180 MW BAJOLI-HOLI HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT HIMACHAL PRADESH

Preliminary Feasibility Report


(DRAFT COPY) JUNE, 2004
Consultant: Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board

( H.P.Government Undertaking

INDEX
SR.NO. CHAPTER-I CHAPTER-II CHAPTER-III CHAPTER-IV CHAPTER-V CHAPTER-VI CHAPTER-VII CHAPTER-VIII CHAPTER-IX CHAPTER-X CHAPTER-XI CHAPTER-XII CHAPTER-XIII DESCRIPTION SUMMARY BACKGROUND INFORMATION PROJECT AREA TOPOGRAPHIC AND GEO-TECHNICAL ASPECTS HYDROLOGY CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT & PLANNING POWER POTENTIAL STUDIES POWER EVACUATION ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS INFRASTRUCTURE CONSTRUCTION PLANNING & SCHEDULE COST ESTIMATE ECONOMIC EVALUATION PAGE I-1 TO I-8 II-1 TO II-3 III-1 TO III-2 IV-1 TO IV-8 V-1 TO V-38 VI-1 TO VI-10 VII-1 TO VII-28 VIII-1 TO VIII-9 IX-1 TO IX-35 X-1 TO X-6 XI-1 TO XI-6 XII-1 TO XII-36 XIII-1 TO XIII-14

CHAPTERI
SUMMARY
1.0 SUMMARY The Bajoli-Holi Hydro-electric Project has been contemplated as a run of river scheme on river Ravi in Chamba District of H.P. It is an upstream development of Kutehr Hydro-electric Project (260 MW). This project comprises a diversion barrage near village Bajoli, intake structure, one no feeder tunnel, an under ground desilting arrangement to divert 71.74 cumecs of water through a 5 m dia, 14600 m long modified horse shoe shaped head race tunnel, a surge shaft 12m dia. and 96m heigh, a pressure shaft 4 m dia trifurcating near power house to 2.30 m dia each and a underground power house near village Barola on the right bank of river Ravi to accommodate three vertical axis Francis turbines to generate 180 MW (3 x 60 MW) of power.

1.1

GENERAL PROJECT FEATURES LOCATION State District River Diversion barrage Power house site HYDROLOGY Catchment Area at intake site Snow catchment 760 Sq. km. 372 Sq. km. above El. 4000m Himachal Pradesh Chamba Ravi Near village Bajoli Near village Barola

I-2 Mean annual rainfall at Bharmour Design flood DIVERSION STRUCTURE Type Length of Barrage at top Max. height from R.B.L Top El. of Barrage Average River Bed level. FRL MDDL SPILLWAY Design flood Type Nos. of spillways, Crest elevation Size of gated spillway Energy dissipation Down stream bed level INTAKE STRUCTURE Type Crest level No. & size of opening FEEDER TUNNEL No. Size and type 1 6.00m dia, Circular concrete lined Semi circular El. 1990.00 m 8 No., 5.50 mx3.0 m 3050 cumecs Gated spillways with radial gates 6 Nos , El 1987.00 6m x 8m, each. Stilling basin El. 1975m Gated Barrage 100.00 m 33.00 m 2018.00 m 1985.00 m 2015.00 m 1993.00 m 899 mm 3050 cumecs

I-3 Velocity Length Design discharge from intake DESANDING BASIN Type No. of basins Length of each basin Size of basins Minimum particle size to be removed Flushing tunnel, size Flushing tunnel, length HEAD RACE TUNNEL No. Size & Shape Length Design discharge Slope Velocity SURGE SHAFT Type Size Orifice Maximum upsurge level Minimum down surge level Bottom level Open to sky, Restricted orifice type 12.00 m dia cricular 2.15 m dia El. 2043 m El. 1960 m El.1954 m One 5m diameter, modified Horse shoe concrete lined 14600 m 71.74 cumecs 1 in 409 m 3.65m/sec Underground. 2 nos. 380m Width 13.00m, Depth 19.60 m 0.2mm 4.00m, D-Shaped 1000 m 3.17m/sec 300m 89.67 cumecs

I-4 Top level PRESSURE SHAFT Type Size: Main Branches Velocity POWER HOUSE Type Installed capacity No. and capacity of unit Size of machine hall Type of turbine Speed of turbine Gross Head Normal tail water level Net operating head for design discharge Peaking duration TAIL RACE TUNNEL Shape Dia Length SWITCH YARD Type Surface D-Shaped 5.00 450 m m Underground 180 MW 3 Nos. 60 MW 50 m x 17 m x 35 m Francis turbine 500 RPM 308 m 1700 m 278 m 3 hrs . 1 No., 4m dia, 440 m long 3 Nos., 2.30 m dia, 20 m long each 5.74 m/sec. Underground El. 2050 m

I-5 Size TRANSMISSION LINE No. of circuits Length of each Voltage POWER GENERATION Installed capacity Annual energy generation 90% dep. Year 50% mean year 1.2 STUDIES UNDERTAKEN The Layout of the Bajoli-Holi HEP has been finalized keeping in view various studies undertaken by HPSEB from time to time to conceive a most economical and viable scheme on Ravi river. Proposal-I This proposal-I envisages diversion structure near village Bajoli water conductor system comprising 12200 m long HRT on right bank of river Ravi and power house site near Kala nallah with tail race tunnel of 3500 m length and losing the head approximate 20 m therefore resultant losing the capacity of power house. Hence this proposal has been rulled out due to constraints of high inverse gradient of access tunnel to power house and its construction difficulties. 762.98 GWH 861.37 GWH 3x60 MW S/C Line 35 km. 220 KV 170 (L) x 35 m (W)

I-6 Proposal-II Present proposal of Bajoli Holi HEP (180 MW) is based on head available between village Bajoli and Barola. The proposed scheme envisages diversion of in flows of river Ravi near village Bajoli and 14600 m water conductor system proposed at right bank and underground power house near Barola village (opposite of village Holi). This proposal will generate 762.98 Gwh in 90% dependable year. The alternative proposals are shown in Plate 1.1.

I-7 1.3 COST ESTIMATE & FINANCIAL ASPECTS COST ESTIMATE Capital cost of the project (At Price level June. 2004): Civil works Electrical works (P-Production) T-Transmission Total Capital cost of Generation (Including IDC Rs. 68.60Crore) Loan 70% Equity 30% Capital cost at purchase center (Including IDC Rs. 71.70Crore) Loan 70% Equity 30% FINANCIAL ASPECTS Cost of generation per MW of Installed capacity Levelized tariff at PH Bus bars in 90% dep. Year Rs. 3.23Crore Rs. 1.60/Kwh Rs. 481.84Crore Rs. 206.50Crore Rs. 454.45Crore Rs. 194.76Crore Rs. 688.35 Crore Rs. 165.61Crore Rs. 36.03 Crore Rs 616.64 Rs. 649.22 Crore Rs. 415.01 Crore

I-8 Levelized tariff at purchase center in 90% dep. Year Energy available for sale in 90% dep. Year (Auxiliary consumption @ 0 .7% & Transformation losses @ 0.5%). at power house bus bars 753.82 GWH Rs. 1.93/Kwh

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PARA 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 PLATE 1.1

DESCRIPTION SUMMARY GENERAL PROJECT FEATURES STUDIES UNDERTAKEN COST ESTIMATE & FINANCIAL ASPECTS ALTERNATIVE PROPOSAL

PAGE I-1 I-1 TO I-5 I-5 TO I-6 I-7 TO I-8

I - 10
SALIENT FEATURES LOCATION State District River Diversion barrage Power house site HYDROLOGY Catchment Area at intake site Snow catchment Mean annual rainfall at Bharmour Design flood DIVERSION STRUCTURE Type Length of Barrage at top Max. height from R.B.L Top El. of Barrage Average River Bed level. FRL MDDL SPILLWAY Design flood Type Nos. of spillways, Crest elevation Size of gated spillway Energy dissipation Down stream bed level INTAKE STRUCTURE Type Crest level No. & size of opening FEEDER TUNNEL No. Size and type Velocity Length Design discharge from intake DESANDING BASIN Type No. of basins Length of each basin Size of basins Minimum particle size to be removed Flushing tunnel, size Flushing tunnel, length HEAD RACE TUNNEL No. Size & Shape Length Design discharge Slope Velocity SURGE SHAFT Type Size Orifice Maximum upsurge level Minimum down surge level Bottom level Top level PRESSURE SHAFT/PENSTOCK Type Size: Main Branches Velocity POWER HOUSE Type Installed capacity No. and capacity of unit Size of machine hall Type of turbine

Himachal Pradesh Chamba Ravi Bajoli Barola (Opposite village Holi) 760 Sq. km. 372 Sq. km. above El. 4000m 899 mm 3050 cumecs Gated Barrage 100.00 m 33.00 m 2018.00 m 1985.00 m 2015.00 m 1993.00 m 3050 cumecs Gated spillways with radial gates 6 Nos , to 1987.00 6m x 8m, each. Stilling basin El. 1975m Semi circular El. 1990.00 m 8 No., 5.50 mx3.0 m 1 6.00m dia, Circular concrete lined 3.17m/sec 300m 89.67 cumec Underground. 2 nos. 380m Width 13.00m, Depth 19.60 m 0.2mm 4.00m, D-Shaped 1000 m One 5m diameter, modified Horse shoe concrete lined 14600 m 71.74 cumecs 1 in 409 m 3.65m/sec Open to sky Restricted orifice type 12.00 m dia cricular 2.15 m dia El. 2043 m El. 1960 m El.1954 m El. 2050 m Underground/ Surface 1 No., 4m dia, 440 m long 3 Nos., 2.30 m dia, 20 m long each 5.74 m/sec. Underground 180 MW 3 Nos. 60 MW 50 m x 17 m x 35 m Francis turbine

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Speed of turbine Gross Head Normal tail water level Net operating head for design discharge Peaking duration TAIL RACE TUNNEL Shape Dia Length SWITCH YARD Type Size TRANSMISSION LINE No. of circuits Length of each Voltage POWER GENERATION Installed capacity Annual energy generation 90% dep. Year 50% mean year 500 RPM 308 m 1700 m 278 m 3 hrs . D-Shaped 5.00 m 450 m Surface 170 (L) x 35 m (W) S/C Line 35 km. 220 KV 3x60 MW 762.98 GWH 861.37 GWH

CHAPTER II
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
2.0 2.1 BACKGROUND INFORMTION GENERAL INFORMATION Hydel potential of Ravi basin in H.P. has been identified as 2323.02 MW as indicated in Plate-I for this basin. Bhuri Singh (450 Kw), Bharmour (20 Kw), Gharola (50 Kw), Baira Suil HEP (198 MW), Chamera Stage-I (540 MW) & Sal Stage-II ( 2 MW), Chamera Stage-II (300 MW) are under operation at present. The construction works on Hibra (231 MW) renamed as Chamera Stage-III have also been taken up by Govt. of India through NHPC. Construction work of Holi HEP (3 MW) has been got completed by the HPSEB on turn key basis & commissioning of the project is expected shortly. MOUs have been signed with IPP/Central Agency for the projects like SaiKothi, Hibra HEP renamed Chamera HEP Stage-III. Presently, two projects namely Chamba HEP 126 MW and Bajoli Holi HEP (180 MW) are under investigation in Ravi basin. The project like Harsar, Kugti, Bharmour, Budhil, Sal Stage-I, Suil and Kutehr, Bara Bhangahal (170 MW), Chanju Stage-I (25 MW), Chanju Stage-II (17 MW) & Baira Bihali (15 MW) are yet to be taken up for investigation. investigation in Ravi basin. Bajoli Holi HEP (180 MW) is a upstream development of Kutehr HEP on right bank of river Ravi to generate 180 MW of power by constructing a diversion structure near village Bajoli and underground power house near village Barola.. Presently, two projects namely Chamba HEP 126 MW and Bajoli Holi HEP (180 MW) are under

II 2.2 2.2.1 2.2.2 POWER SCENARIOS & EXISTING INSTALLATIONS POWER ABSORPTION IN NORTHERN REGION POWER LOAD DEVELOPMENT

The Northern Region comprises the states of Himachal, Haryana, Punjab, Rajashtan, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Uttranchal and Union territories of Delhi and Chandigarh. The Northern Regional Power Grid comprises the power system controlled by the Electricity Boards of above states/Union territories and Bhakhra Beas Management Board. The Power system in this region is now operating in an inter-connected and co-ordinated manner. Even in co-ordinated operation of existing hydro, nuclear and thermal power stations, including benefits from the ongoing projects and as well from the new schemes cleared by CEA, the Northern region is expected to face severe power deficits in the 10th Five Year Plan. The CEA schemes for preparation of PFR under 50,000 MW Hydroelectric Initiative schemes launched by the Hobble Prime Minister of India are as under:Sr.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Name of scheme Gharopa (114 MW) Gondhala (144 MW) Bardang (114 MW) Chhatru (108 MW) Khoksar (90 MW) Chamba (126 MW) Jangi-Thopan (480 MW) Luhri (465 MW) Tidong-I (90 MW) Tidong-II (90 MW) Yangthang Khab (261 MW) Thopan Powari (402 MW) Bajoli-Holi (180 MW) River/Basin Beas Chenab -do-do-doRavi Satluj -do-do-do-do-doRavi

II 2.3 NECESSITY OF THE PROJECT AND RELATED ASPECTS

From the growth of peak demand and anticipated installed generation capacity on the basis of schemes proposed for benefits under construction/consideration during 10th and early 11th Five Year Plan period, it is observed that power supply position in the Northern region would become all the more acute from the start of 10th Five Year Plan and power region shortages would have to be faced unless additional schemes are taken up immediately and implemented to derive timely benefits. The most important source of power development in the Northern region is its abundant hydro resources located in Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttranchal and Jammu & Kashmir. Priority would have to be given to the development of these untapped resources because of the following distinguishing features of the hydro stations. i) ii) iii) iv) They estimate the most economic source of power development. They provide the cheapest source of peaking capacity. They enable improvement in the utilization of thermal/nuclear power stations in the region. They provide much needed operation & flexibility to the system.

Thus, there is an urgent need of rapid hydro potential exploitation for providing additional generation capacity in the Northern region. Among the various sites, available for hydro development, Bajoli Holi Hydro-electric Project is considered very attractive from point of view of deriving benefits during 11th Five Year Plan. The diversion site is located on Chamba-Holi road and 7 Km from village Naya Gaon. Power house site is to be connected by providing RCC bridge on river Ravi near village Barola. The existing communication facilities will be of considerable utility in cutting down the pre-construction time and costs.

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PARA 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.3 PLATE - 1

DESCRIPTION BACK GROUND INFORMATION GENERAL INFORMATION POWER SCENARIOS & EXISTING INSTALLATIONS POWER ABSORPTION IN NORTH REGION POWER LOAD DEVELOPMENT NECESSITY OF THE PROJECTS AND RELATED ASPECTS MASTER PLAN OF RAVI BASIN

PAGE II-1 II-1 II-2 II-2 II-2 II-3

CHAPTER - III
PROJECT AREA
3.0 3.1 PROJECT AREA DESCRIPTION OF PROJECT INCLUDING RIVER SYSTEM

Himachal Pradesh has the unique distinction of providing water both to the Indus and Ganges basins. The major river systems of the region are Chandra- Bhaga or Chenab the Ravi,the Beas the Satluj and the Yamuna. These perennial rivers are both snowfed and rain fed and are protected by fairly extensive cover of natural vegetation. Bajoli-Holi hydroelectric project is located in Distt. Chamba of Himachal Pradesh and the project involves the construction of diversion barrage at latitude 3216'53 & longitude 7640'45 and power house at latitude 3220'31 & longitude 7632'37. This project has been contemplated as upstream development of Kutehr HEP (260 MW). Max. gross head of 308 m is available for generation of 180 MW power in an underground power house near village Barola. This project comprises a diversion barrage near village Bajoli, intake structure one No. feeder tunnel, an under ground desilting arrangement to divert 71.74 cumecs of water through a 5 m dia, 14600 m long horse shoe head race tunnel, a surge shaft dia 12m and 96m height, a pressure shaft 4 m dia trifurcating near power house to 2.30 m dia each and a underground power house near village Barola on the right bank of river Ravi to accommodate three vertical axis Francis turbines to generate 180 MW (3 x 60 MW) of power. The annual power generation from the project in 90% dependable year and 50% mean year will be 762.98 Gwh and 861.37 Gwh respectively.

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3.2

SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND OTHER ASPECTS The economy of the Himachal Pradesh is predominantly dependent on agricultural and allied sectors. The per capita income of Himachal Pradesh in 2000-01 was Rs. 10,942.00 as compared to Rs. 16487.00 at the national level. The electric power being a vital and essential infrastructure has a significant role to play in economic upliftment of the state. The construction of project will provide employment to the local people. When completed, it will be another step towards realization of the dreams of the state and exploiting its power potential for heralding an era of progress and prosperity for not only of Himachal Pradesh but for the entire northern region.

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PARA 3.0 3.1 3.2

DESCRIPTION PROJECT AREA SYSTEM SOCIO-ECONOMIC & OTHER ASPECTS

PAGE III-1

DESCRIPTION OF PROJECT INCLUDING RIVER III-1 III-2

CHAPTER-IV
TOPOGRAPHIC & GEO-TECHNICAL ASPECTS

4.0

GENERAL The preliminary geotechnical studies of Bajoli Holi HEP have been got carried out from GSI and a detailed appraisal note sent by Sh. S. Chopra, Director, DPR Unit, Geological Survey of India, New Delhi is as under:-

4.1

INTRODUCTION The Central Electricity Authority (CEA), with a view to fill the gap between supply and demand in the field of power have embarked on an exercise to assess the balance hydroelectric potential in the country and rank the schemes thus identified in various parts of the country in different river basins. As a part of this exercise, 162 schemes with probable installed capacity of 50,600 MW and located in various river basins spread over 16 states have to be taken up for preparation of Pre Feasibility Reports (PFRs) in the first phase. The schemes found feasible are proposed to be taken up for further development in X and XI Five Year Plans. The proposed Bajoli Holi Hydroelectric Project is one such scheme identified in Ravi Basin in Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh State. Bajoli Holi Hydroelectric Project is a run of the river scheme that envisages the construction of a 30 m high diversion barrage across the river Ravi, 200 m downstream of its confluence with Channi nallah (32o1653N:76o4045E; 52 D/11), about 14.6 km long water conductor system and an underground power house on the right bank of Ravi, near village Barola (32o2031N:76o3237E; 52 D/11). proposed power house would have installed capacity of 180 MW. The

IV 4.2 REGIONAL GEOLOGY

The area around the proposed projects is located in Lesser Himalaya in Ravi Basin and is characterised by sharp crested ridges and deeply dissected valleys. The main drainage in the area is provided by the river Ravi which originates in Bara Bhangal area. The river initial reaches up to Khada Mukh between Tipri Chamba and Raj Nagar Khas flows along the regional strike of rocks and cuts across the strike between Khada Mukh and Tipri. The influence of lithology and structure is clearly evident an drainage by its semidenritic and rectangular pattern Geologically the region exposes rocks ranging in age from early Proterozoic to Mesozoic. The rocks of the area are extensively covered by slope debris, fluvial terraces and fan the deposits of Quaternary recent origin. The statigraphic succession in the area is given by the officers of GSI and Malviya et al (1991) is given below: Age Triassic Upper Permian Group --Formation Khalel Salooni Lithology Limestone with calcareous shale and ferruginous clay Calcareous sandstone arenaceous shaly limestone, slate. Lower Permian Late Proterozoic -Vaikrita Panjal Traps Katari Gali Green massive amygdaloidal basic lava flows Dark grey slate micaceous sandstone, quartzite, calcareous siltstone limestone Manjir Chamba Dimictite shale slate sandstone, limestone Slate, phyllite, carbonaceous slate subordinate quartzite

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In the area around the proposed projects, the rocks belonging to Varikrita Group are exposed in the valley of Ravi river. The rock belonging to Chamba Formation of Vaikrita Group include an assemblage of slates phyllite, carbonaceous slate and subordinate quartzites. The rocks of Chamba Formation are succeeded by an assemblage comprising pebbly slate/dimictite, phyllite, shale, sandstone and limestone belonging to Manjir Formation. The rocks of Manjir Formation are in turn succeeded by the rocks belonging to Katari Gali Formation which include an interbedded sequence of the slate, quartzite with limestone and magnesite. The bands of limestone, calcareous shale and ferruginous chart belonging to Khalel Formation of Triassic age have been reported to be occurring in east and north of the arc of proposed projects. 4.3 STRUCTURE AND TECTONICS Tectonically, the Chamba area is located in Main Himalayan Tectonic Belt bounded by Indus Suture Zone(ISZ) in north and MBF-I in south (Kumareta 1989). This belt exposes the lithostratigraphic units ranging in age from Proterozoic to Quaternary. The most important tectonic plane in this belt is Main Centre Thrust. However, its position between the rivers Beas and Chenab is not well defined. The other important tectonic feature in this belt is Vaikrita Thrust(VT). In addition to these tectonic planes following the Himalays trend, a number of transverse fault dissect the rocks in the area, the prominent ones being Sundernary Fault, Kishtwar Fault, Ravi Tear and a few other transverse lineaments which have been picked up with the help of satellite imageries. The tectonic zone south of Main Himalayan Belt is the Frontal Fold Belt demarcated by HFB-I in the north and Foot Hill Thrust in south. The structure elements recorded in the area are both primary and secondary. The primary structures include bedding and current bedding. The secondary structures include cleavage and foliation, joints, folds, faults and lineation developed during metamorphic and tectonic phases. The bedding is marked by colour bands and contacts between arenaceous and argillaceous beds. The strike of bedding of the rock formations

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generally various from N200W-S200E to N80O W S80O E with moderate to low dips towards NE or SW. There are two sets of cleavages recorded in the rocks i.e. slaty cleavage fracture cleavage. The trend of these varies between NNE-SSW and WNW ESE. The slaty cleavage showing NW-SW Himalayan trend in the metasedimentary rocks of the area represents axial plane cleavage of folds F1 (Datta & Singh, 1973). In general it is parallel to the bedding of the formations. The pebbles of Manjir Formation are deformed and their shape indicates these have been flattened on cleavage plane. The fracture cleavage is parallel F2 folds that have folded bedding and slaty cleavage. The rocks of the area are jointed and many of the joint sets are common to all the rocks formations. Prominent joint sets trend NW-SE, NE-SW and E-W and have moderate to steep dips in general 4.4 SEISMOTECTONIC AND SEISMICITY From seismotectonic point of view, the area under reference is located on the western fringe of Kangra Seismic Block (Narula,1991) which is bound by Ravi Tear in west and Sundernagar fault in east. The litho tectonic packets of the Himalayan Orogenic Belt are poorly metamorphosed lithol-units of the Tethyan sequence , high and low grade assemblages of the Central crystalline and other crystallines and Lesser Himalayan belt respectively along with granitoids and basic volcanics (Narula et al., 2000). The southern fringe of the Himalayan belt is occupied by cover rocks of the Frontal Belt. Further south, the Quaternary cover is represented by alluvial fill Sargoda Ridge. Within the Himalayan belt, the northernmost conspicuous structural element is the Main Central Thrust (MCT). From Manali towards east throughout the entire Himalaya almost up to the eastern syntaxis this is considered as one of the most important tectonic surfaces. However, NW of Manali, it is not clearly discernible. Further south, within the lesser Himalayan package, the other important tectonic along the foredeep and peri-cratonic fills on attenuated continental crust on northern and southern sides, respectively of Delhi-

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surface is Vaikrita Thrust (VT). This Lesser Himalayan Belt is separated from the Frontal belt by the Main Boundary Thrust (MBT). The southern limit of the Frontal Belt is marked by the Main Frontal Thrust (MFT). Within MBT and MFT, the belt is traversed by several subsidiary thrusts viz Jawalamukhi Thrust and Drang Thrust. Evidences of neotectonic activity have been documented at several places along MBT and in western parts of Jawalamukhi Thrust. The Frontal Belt package is affected by several regional scale folds, of which Mastgarh and Paror anticlines are prominent. In addition to the structural discontinuities sub parallel to Himalayan trend, there are a number of faults lineaments transverse to this fold-thrust belt. The Sundarnagar Fault (also known as Manali Fault) is a dextral transverse structures which extends from Higher Himalayas to Frontal Belt. The Ropar Tear is considered to be continuation of the Sunder Nagar fault. A total of 99 seismic events of magnitude > 4.0 have been recorded in the area. Out of these 20 events have magnitude >5.0 and are mostly confined to depths less than 40Km. Event having magnitude between 4.0 and 5.0 are prevalent in the area. Seismic activity in mainly concentrated along the Himalayan Belt particularly around Chamba. This sector with maximum clustering of seismic events represent part of Kangra Seismic Zone that continues towards N. Out of 20 events of magnitude >5 about 18 events define this zone. In this part of the Himalaya, 4 events having magnitude > 6 have been recorded. Out of these, 3 events lie on MBT, which include the famous Kangra Earthquake of 1905. Six earthquakes in this area have caused considerable damage. The earliest is the Kangra Earthquake of 4th April, 1905 having Ms = 8.0, Chamba Earthquake of 22nd June 1945 also caused considerable damage to the property. Dharamshala Earthquake of 14th June, 1978, Dharamshala of Earthquake 26th April, 1986 and Chamba Earthquake of 24th March 1995 are other major earthquakes that caused considerable damage in the area. Keeping in view the seismotectonic set up and seismic status of the area, it has been kept in Zone-V as per. Map of India

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showing Seismic zones (IS: 1893 (Part-I)-2002). Therefore, it is recommended that suitable seismic coefficient be determined for site and incorporated in the design of appurtenant structure of the projects. 4.5 GEOTECHNICAL APPRAISAL The geological map of the area indicates that almost all the appurtenant structures of the proposed Bajoli Holi Hydroelectric Project are likely to be located on the rocks belonging to Katari Gali Formation which could be good foundation as well as excavation media except for reaches where weathering is deep, carbonaceous slates are en countered and rocks are fractured or sheared. The exploration at the site of Kutehr Project located downstream of this scheme indicates that thick overburden can be expected in the riverbed. Therefore it is suggested that the site for dam and type of structure be selected after assessing the depth of overburden in the river bed and on abutments. The 14.6 km long HRT of the proposed Bajoli Holi Hydroelectric Project is likely to encounter slates, micaceous sandstone, quartzite and limestone belonging to the Katari Gali Formation in the initial reaches and dimictite, shale, sandstone and limestone belonging to Manjir Formation in the final reaches. These rocks are expected to be fair to good tunnelling media in general except in the reaches where slate/phyllite are encountered. The problem may be more acute where these are water charged. Poor rock conditions may also be expected in the reaches where local faults/shears are encountered. It is suggested that adequate rock cover over HRT may be provided, especially in the reaches where it negotiates cross drainages. The perusal of preliminary layout of the scheme indicates that no provision of intermediate construction adit has been kept along this 14.6 km long HRT. It may lead to difficult construction conditions. It is suggested that efforts may be made to provide at least one intermediate construction adit to facilitate construction.

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The powerhouse location exposes dimictite, shale, slate and sandstone belonging to Manjir Formation. It is suggested that the final selection of powerhouse site be made depending on availability of bed rock in the foundation and adequate space to host structure and its appurtenants without disturbing the hill slopes. If such a site is not available on the surface, the structure may be designed as underground one. The area is located in Zone V as per Map of India Showing Seismic Zone [IS 1893(Part I) 2002]. Therefore suitable seismic coefficient be in corporate in design of apppurtenants of the project. This geotechnical appraisal is based on regional geological set up without field visit to the project site. REFERENCES 1. Datta, R.K. and Singh, Surinder (1975). Report on geological mapping in parts of Chamba, District Himachal Pradesh, unpubl, GSI Report, FS 1971-72. 2. Kumar, G., Sinha, Roy, S. and Ray, K.K. (1989). Structure and Tectonics in Himalayan, GSI, spl Publ. 26 pp 85-118 3. Malviya, A.K. Jamwal, J.S. Kachker, A.K. and Pande A.C. (1991) Report on lithostratigraphy, standardisation and regional correlation of the rocks of Tethyan Realm of NW Himalaya, Unpublished GSI compilation for F.S. 1982-83 to 198889. 4. Narula, PL (1991). Seismotectonic Evaluation of NW Himalayan, Unpublished GSI Report. 5. Narula, P.L., Acharayya, S.K. and Banerjee, J. (2000) Seismotectonic Atlas of India and its Environs. Pub. Geol. Surv. Ind..

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PARA 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 PLATE-4.1

DESCRIPTION GENERAL INTRODUCTION REGIONAL GEOLOGY STRUCTURE & TECTONICS SEISMO TECTONICS AND SEISMICITY GEO-TECHNICAL APPPRAISAL REFERENCES GEOLOGICAL MAP OF PROJECT

PAGE IV-1 IV-1 IV-2 TO IV-3 IV-3 TO IV-4 IV-4 TO IV-6 IV-6 TO V-7 IV-7 IV-8

CHAPTER V
HYDROLOGY
5.1 LOCATION The Ravi is a major river of the Indus Basin originating in the Himalayas from the Bara Bangahal branch of the Dhaula-Dhar range. Bara-Bangahal branch comprises of snow covered peaks at heights ranging from 3050 m to 5800 m, above mean sea level. Bajoli-Holi Hydro-electric Project is located on the river Ravi, between the longitudes 764045" to 763237" and latitudes 321653" to 322031" in the Chamba Distt. of Himachal Pradesh. 5.2 5.2.1 TOPOGRAPHY AND CATCHMENT TOPOGRAPHY Lying mostly astride the main Himalayas and touching the Shiwaliks on the southern fringe, the Ravi catchment area is rugged and covered with the spurs of the high ranges. The Dhauladhar range separating the basin of the Beas from that of the Ravi, the Pangi or Pir Panjal range dividing the water shed between the river Ravi and river Chenab and Zaskar range bifurcating the basins of the Chenab and the Indus, are the three well defined snowy ranges, constituting the main topographical features of the area. The Dhauladhar range running in North-West direction, forms the boundary between Mandi and Kullu Districts, at the point where it gives off Bara Bangahal branch to join the mid Himalayas. It makes a sudden bend west-ward and for the first time touches Chamba District, on the

southern border. From this point, it continues for about 50 Kms. forming the boundary between Kangra and the Chamba Districts. The Zaskar range is the direct continuation of the main Himalayan axis. It runs in north west direction, divding Ladakh from Lahaul- Spiti and then touches Chamba District, for a short distance along its northern border, separating Chamba and Lahaul-Spiti from Zaskar. The Pir Panjal range known as the Pangi range within the Chamba District after separating Kullu from Lahaul-Spiti, enters Chamba district on the western border of the Bara Bangahal and traverses the district from SouthEast to North-West for more than 100 kms. On the North-Western border, where the Pangi range leaves the territory, it gives off a branch to the South-West called the Daganidhar which forms the boundary between Chamba and Bhadrawah of Jammu and Kashmir. At its western extremity, this branch is connected by a short ridge, in which the Padri and the Chatardhar passes. Topographically, the Dagnidhar and the Chatardhar are different sections of one continuous offshoot, forming with the Pangi Range, the water shed between the (Chenab). Ravi and the Chander-Bhaga

5.2.2

RIVER RAVI AND ITS TRIBUTARIES It originates from Bara-Bangahal at an elevation of 4229 m above mean sea level, approximately 150 Kms North-East of historical Chamba town. The Ravi flows in steep gradient with series of loops & bends. In between, main tributaries like Kalihan, Budhil, Tundah, Suil & Sewa contribute lot of run-off to the Ravi. Bara-Bangahal comprises of snow covered peaks at heights ranging from 3050 mtrs to 5800 mtrs above mean sea level.

The basin represents some remarkable physical features. The river flows in a North-West direction for most of its course, rises in Baira-Balsio and continues through Traila and Chanota to Ulans, where it is joined by two of its major tributaries in the head reaches Viz. Budhil and Tundah. Beyond this, upto Chhatrari, river flows through a narrow gorge where after it opens out. After passing through Churi, Bagga, Mehla, Chamba and Udaipur, the river approaches Rajnagar, then flows in narrow gorge to Sherpur. The Suil river, the largest tributary, joins the Ravi upstream of Chamera Stage-I Dam. The Sewa river flowing from the north joins the Ravi near Khairi. It then bends to the South-West and striking the terminal spurs of the Dhauladhar range, separates Chamba from Jammu and Kashmir and finally leaves the territory of Himachal Pradesh up stream of Ranjit Sagar Dam (Punjab). Budhil nallah has its origin on the slopes of the mid Himalays near Kugti pass. At Harsar, it receives on its left bank the small stream from sacred lake of Mani-Mahesh, situated beneath the peak called the Mani-Mahesh, Kailash at an elevation of 3952 m. It passes Village Bharmour at 15 Kms downstream and soon afterwards meets the Ravi near Village Kharamukh. Tundah nallah rises at Kalichtop pass, flows through Tundah valley and joins the Ravi near Kharamukh. The right bank tributaries are bigger and have more discharge as campared to the left bank tributaries except Kalihan, which originates in Dhauladhar range on the left bank and contributes a good discharge. Both Budhil & Tundah are about 54 Kms long each . 5.2.3 CATCHMENT The catchment area at Bajoli-Holi diversion site measures 760 Sq.Km. out of which 372 Sq.Km is above 4000 m and is snowfed catchment. The

entire catchment comprises of mountaineous terrain with steep hill slopes and is very thinly populated. The Ravi river after its origin from BaraBangahal branch of Dhaula Dhar range, is mainly formed by the combined waters of the three tributaries namely; Kalihan, Budhil & Tundah in the head reaches. The Catchment areas of these three are: 1. 2. 3. Kalihan Nallah Budhil Nallah Tundah Nallah 158.75 Sq.Km 555 Sq.Km 305 Sq. Km.

The river bed slope is comparatively steeper in its upper reaches. The equivalent slope of the Ravi upto Bajoli-Holi diversion site is 47.01 mtrs/Km. 5.3 5.3.1 METEOROLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS RAINFALL There are, in all, thirteen non recording type rain gauge stations in the catchment area of the river Ravi. The normal annual rainfall & annual rainfall has been recorded in millimeters at all these stations for the period 1960-2000 by the office of Director, Land Records, Revenue Department (HP). 5.3.2 TEMPERATURE There is no temperature record available at the proposed diversion site while some record is available at Bharmour, which is 15 Kms opposite to proposed diversion site.

The relative humidity is generally high in the monsoon season, being over 90%. In the post monsoon and winter seasons, the humidity is less. The summer is generally the driest part of the year. 5.4 HYDROLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS The Catchment area of the Ravi, above the proposed diversion site is 760 Sq. Kms, and is elongated leaf shaped as shown in drawing No. Bajoli Holi-PR-2. In this reach, a good part of the catchment i.e. about 372 Sq.Km lies above the snow line i.e. 4000 m above M.S.L., which receives moderate to heavy snowfall during winter. The discharge of the Ravi and its major snowfed tributaries dwindles down to lowest during winter months, from December to February and starts increasing from February end due to the melting of snow. The bulk contribution is in form of rainfall in the monsoon months. A few discharge measuring stations namely; Bagga, Durgathi, Banthu, Tiyari, Bajoli and Kutehr were set-up by HPSEB and a good data bank is available for these sites. 5.5 5.5.1 HYDROLOGICAL STUDIES DISCHARGE DATA AND WATER AVAILABILITY The Discharge data of river Ravi at diversion site of Kutehr HEP (series already approved by CWC) shown in Table 5.1 has been used to derive the discharge data at diversion site of Bajoli-Holi HEP shown in Table 5.2. The data w.e.f. June 1972 to May 1997 is the derived data whereas it is actually observed data w.e.f. June 1997 to May 2003. Based upon the daily discharge data, overall flow duration curve has been developed (Plate 5.1). From this curve, it is seen that flow corresponding

to 90% and 50% availability works out to 12.50 cumecs and 29.17 cumecs respectively. The design discharge of 71.74 cumecs is available for 25% of the period. Flow duration curve for lean season (Dec. to Feb.) has also been developed (Plate 5.2) and it is seen that flow corresponding to 90% & 50% availability works out to 10.94 cumecs & 12.50 cumecs respectively. 5.5.2 i) METHOD OF DISCHARGE OBSERVATION GENERAL Discharges of the Ravi at Durgathi, Banthu, Tiyari & Kutehr stream gauging sites are measured by surface float method. Surface floats are made up of well seasoned heavier type wood available locally. Heavier floats are generally preferred so that its greater part would be submerged in water thus reducing influence of the wind. Cableways are installed across the river for the purpose of taking observations. Two wire ropes are stretched across the river section, one at the beginning and other at the end of the selected river reach for conducting observations. The distance between two ropes known as float race, is kept as 30 meters at discharge sites. The ropes are marked at 5 m intervals to divide the river cross-section into different segments. The centre line of the segment defines the path or track of the float. A third rope is stretched 10 m upstream of test reach. A person taking measurements rides in a small jhulla beneath the cable and drops floats in different segments 10m upstream of the float race so that floats acquire uniform velocity by the time they reach float race. Three floats are dropped in each segment and mean of the time taken to traverse the float race is recorded. The time of travel of test reach of only those floats which follow their correct track is, recorded.

ii)

CROSS SECTIONAL AREA OF FLOW The cross-sectional area is divided into segments, each of 5 m width. Cross-section is checked before and after monsoon period and after every major flood in the river.

iii)

MEASUREMENT OF VELOCITY Measurement of Velocity =

Float Race Time taken by float to cover the float race distance. Mean velocity is generally determined by taking average of the velocities measured at depths, 0.2 times and 0.8 times the total depth from the surface. Float measurements represent surface velocity, as such, velocities measured by float are multiplied by 0.89 to determine the mean velocity of flow. Mean velocity of flow = 0.89 x Surface velocity. iv) COMPUTATIONS OF DISCHARGE Mean velocities V1,V2,V3in each segment are obtained after multiplying the surface velocities by 0.89. The velocities are multiplied by area of cross-section of the corresponding segment to obtain discharges in each segment. Summation of discharges in each segment gives discharges in the river. Q = A1V1+A2V2+A3V3+. = Q1+Q2+Q3+

5.5.2

CO-RELATION STUDY W.B. Langbeins log deviation method has been used to obtain the coefficient of co-relation between discharges of river Ravi at Kutehr and at Bajoli. The co-relation factors are as follows: Monsoon period (June-Sept.) = Non-monsoon period = 0.8665 1.0093

The computations have been shown in Table 5.3 & 5.4 respectively From the above co-relation factors, it is evident that the discharges of river Ravi at Kutehr & at Bajoli are consistent. The series for Kutehr HEP has already been approved by your good office and the same has been used for this period. 5.6 DESIGN FLOOD Design flood has been computed on the basis of flood estimation report for western Himalaya Zone-7 and accordingly Hydrographs have been prepared. The maximum flow due to rain contribution comes out to be 3029.99 cumecs which has return period of 1 in 50 years. Thus total design flood has been adopted to be 3050 cumecs. The computations have been shown as Annexure-V-1. 5.7 SEDIMENTATION ASPECTS Detailed studies shall be carried out at the DPR stage.

5.8

90% DEPENDABLE YEAR As per the latest guidelines of CEA, the year wise unrestricted energy generation has been computed for the period June-1972 to May,2003. The energy so generated has been arranged in descending order. According to Weibulls relationship p=i/(n+1) where p= percentage exceeding of occurrence, i=event number in descending order and n is the total number of events, 90% dependable year and 50% mean year, have been computed. The computations of power and energy generation have been shown in the Table 7.1.

PARA 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.3.1 5.3.2 5.4 5.5 5.5.1 5.5.2 5.5.3 5.6 5.7 5.8 TABLE-5.1 TABLE-5.2 TABLE-5.3 TABLE-5.4 TABLE-5.5 TABLE-5.6 ANNEXURE-V-1 ANNEXURE-V-2 PLATE-5.1 PLATE-5.2 PLATE-5.3 PLATE-5.4 PLATE 5.5 PLATE 5.6

DESCRIPTION

LOCATION
TOPOGRAPHY AND CATCHMENT METEOROLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS RAINFALL TEMPERATURE HYDROLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS HYDROLOGICAL STUDIES DISCHARGE DATA AND WTER AVAILABILITY METHOD OF DISCHARGE OBSERVATION CO-RELATION STUDIES DESIGN FLOOD SEDIMENTATION ASPECTS 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR TEN DAILY AVERAGE DISCHARGE DATA OF RIVER RAVI AT KUTEHR DIVERSION SITE TEN DAILY AVERAGE DISCHARGE DATA AT BAJOLI HOLI DIVERSION SITE INFLOWS OF RIVER RAVI AT KUTEHR INFLOWS OF RIVER RAVI AT BAJOLI REGRESSION ANALYSIS BETWEEN DISCHARGES OF KUTEHR AND BAJOLI (MONSOON PERIOD ) REGRESSION ANALYSIS BETWEEN DISCHARGES OF KUTEHR AND BAJOLI( NON- MONSOON PERIOD ) DESIGN FLOOD COMPUTATION (UNIT HYDROGRAPH METHOD) COMMENTS OF CWC ON DRAFT PFR AND REPLY THEREOF FLOW DURATION CURVE (OVERALL) FLOW DURATION CURVE (LEAN PERIOD) AREA CAPACITY CURVE SYNTHETIC UNIT HYDROGRAPH DESIGN FLOOD HYDROGRAPH PLAN SHOWING RAIN GAUGE STATIONS, G&D SITES AND SNOW GAUGE STATIONS

PAGE V-1 V-1 TO V-4 V-4 TO V-5 V-4 V-4 TO V-5 V-5 V-5 TO V-8 V-5 TO V-6 V-6 TO V-7 V-8 V-8 V-8 V-9 V-10 TO V-13 V-14 TO V-17 V-18 V-19 V-20 V-21 V-22 TO V-26 V-27 TO V-32 V-33 V-34 V-35 V-36 V-37 V-38

CHAPTER VI
CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT AND PLANNING
6.0 6.1 CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT OF PROJECT COMPONENTS FINALIZATION OF CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT The proposed Civil Engineering Structures have been planned and designed to divert and conduct 71.74 lacs of water, from river Ravi for generating 180MW of power in an underground power house by utilizing a gross head of 308.00 m. The main works of the project comprise a diversion barrage, intake, underground desanding basins for removing all particles down to 0.20mm size, 14600m long head race tunnel, a restricted orifice type surge shaft and an underground power house to accommodate 3 vertical axis, Francis turbines driven generating units each of 60 MW. After diversion, all the civil engineering components have been kept underground keeping in view the topography of the area. A brief geological site specific feasibility note titled Geo-technical appraisal founded on preliminary site inspection about each component is appended as Para 4.5 in chapter-IV titled Geo-technical Aspects. 6.2 6.2.1 6.2.1.1 PRELIMINARY DESIGN FEATURES BARRAGE GENERAL The slope of river at the diversion site u/s of Bajoli village is of the order of 1 in 55. Peak annual flood of river Ravi at diversion site has been adopted as 3050 cumecs for design of spillways/barrage bays. Barrage 100m long including abutments with crest level of barrage bays at El. 1987m & non

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over flow section has been proposed to pass the estimated design flood at FRL El. 2015.00m. The proposed barrage comprises 6 bays of 6.00m each with 3.00m thick piers and is capable of passing the estimated design flood even when one bay is considered inoperative during period of high floods. The max. pond level/ FRL (El. 2015.00m) attained during winter months shall also cater to peaking requirement . During high flood max. water level to be attained has been proposed as 2016.00m. Radial gates in the barrage bays shall be provided from top of crest El. 1987m to the bottom of RCC breast wall El. 1995.00m spanning between the piers. The breast wall is supported on the piers and is provided between El. 1995.00m and El. 2018.00m. 6.2.1.2 RESERVOIR The full reservoir level (FRL) is fixed at El. 2015.00. The minimum draw down level (MDDL) has been fixed at El. 1994.00m. The reservoir so formed has a gross storage capacity of 89.95 ha-m at FRL and 10.00 ha-m at MDDL. Available diurnal storage of 79.9500 ha-m is sufficient for running the power station as a peaking station at full installed capacity for 3.00 hrs. The discharge availability in lean period(Nov. to Feb) in 90% dep. year is 10.94 cumecs. The reservoir spreads over an area of about 7.50 hectares and is about 1.00 km long. 6.2.1.3 BARRAGE BAYS 6 barrage bays 6.00m wide each have been provided to pass the design flood discharge i.e. 3050 cumecs. Total floor of 136m length has been proposed comprising u/s floor, sloping glacis u/s & d/s (4:1) and d/s floor of 50m including end still. A 4 m deep cut off extending up to El. 1981m at u/s side of the floor and 5.00m deep cut off at the end of d/s floor extending up to El. 1970m have been provided to protect the u/s and d/s floor from scour/ piping action. Cement concrete blocks extending 10m each beyond u/s and d/s floors have been provided. Protection to cement concrete blocks have been provided with stone filled wire crates extending

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10m beyond u/s & d/s floors. Consolidation grouting has not been proposed in the river bed, keeping in view the fact that rock is not available upto reasonable depth in the river bed.

6.2.1.4

ENERGY DISSIPATION Dissipation of energy is proposed to be done by providing a horizontal stilling basin depressed below the river bed level (El.1975m) with solid end sill to facilitate formation of hydraulic jump. Layout & details of barrage have been shown in drawing No. Bajoli-Holi-PR-4.

6.2.2

RIVER DIVERSION WORKS The river diversion works have been designed for a discharge of 800 cumecs. The construction of diversion works i.e. half of barrage, intake structure from inlet have been proposed to be taken up by making Ist Stage coffer dam of length 300m allowing flow of water along the left bank of river. After the completion of diversion barrage upto El. 1987m & Power intake upto El. 1990m the Ist stage coffer dam shall be removed and water shall be diverted on right bank of river through barrage constructed, by making 2nd stage coffer dam. Thereafter, the construction of remaining half of the barrage shall be completed. The construction of diversion works has been proposed to be completed within three months period. Construction of coffer dam is proposed to be modified as per site conditions after each monsoon season.. The provision for construction of coffer dam has been made accordingly, adding 50% quantum of work being involved due to repetition of job after each season in the cost estimate of the project. The provision of plain cement concrete of grade M-10 has been made on the top and side slopes of coffer dam to prevent the seepage of water towards working area.

VI 6.2.2.1 INTAKE STRUCTURE

The intake structure comprising single intake with eight no. openings,has been proposed on the right bank of river, to handle a discharge of 89.68 cumecs. A semi circular trash rack structure with reinforced concrete columns has been proposed for intake. Crest elevation of intake is A suitable proposed as 1990m. Stop logs has been proposed for controlling flow through intake bays 8 nos.(5.50mx3m) each during repairs. transition is provided to convert the rectangular opening into a 6.00m dia circular approach tunnel. Approach tunnel is 200m long and shall lead the water into two desanding basins. Details are shown in drawing No. BajoliHoli- -PR-4. 6.2.3 DESANDING ARRANGEMENT An underground desanding arrangement to exclude all silt particles down to 0.20mm has been proposed d/s of barrage axis on the right bank of river Ravi. A lateral rock cover more than 3 time width has been ensured for locating chamber No. 1. Rock cover of the order of twice the width of excavated cavity of the chamber has been ensured in between the two chambers. Stop logs will be provided at the inlet and outlet of all the chambers to facilitate closing of any chamber for maintenance/repairs, while the others will enable continuous operation of the power station. Layout and details of desilting arrangement are given in drawing Banjoli-Holi-PR-5. 6.2.4 6.2.4.1 HEAD RACE TUNNEL GENERAL The head race tunnel 5.00m dia, 14600m modified horse shoe type has been proposed to carry a design discharge of 71.74cumecs from the junction point of feeder tunnels of desilting chamber with HRT to the surge shaft. The tunnel is located along right bank of river Ravi. Layout of the tunnel has been fixed keeping in view the topography of the area and No.

VI -

location of construction adit from Ravi river for completing the tunnel excavation work on schedule. Adequate rock cover has been ensured in entire reach of the tunnel. The invert level of tunnel at RD-0 is at El. 1984.75 m and at outlet end at El. 1949.00m resulting in a slope of 1 in 409. Six adits each 5m D-shaped at inlet, outlet and at intermediate locations have been provided to facilitate construction of HRT from eight faces. The inlet and outlet adits are so provided that they shall separate the construction activity of the head race tunnel from that of desilting chambers and surge shaft. The layout of the tunnel and other details are indicated in Drawing. No. BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-6. 6.2.4.2 CROSS SECTION Based on geological, hydraulic, structural and functional considerations, modified horse shoe shaped cross section, 5.0m dia has been adopted. The tunnel is proposed to be lined with concrete M:20. 6.2.5 6.2.5.1 SURGE SHAFT GENERAL The underground restricted orifice type surge shaft of 12m dia and 96.00m height has been proposed at the outlet end of Head race tunnel at RD 14600. Top level of surge shaft is proposed at El. 2050.00m. One adit 5m D-shaped, at the bottom at El. 1954.00m have been proposed. The bottom adit will also be utilized to facilitate excavation of surge shaft and horizontal portions of pressure shaft. After execution of the project this adit will be plugged near junction of pressure shaft and rest of it will be used as a drainage gallery. General layout and details of surge shaft are shown in drawing No. Bajoli-Holi-PR-7.

VI 6.2.5.2 HYDRAULIC PARAMETERS

Surge shaft area has been worked out by using Thomass criteria for incipient stability with factor of safety as 1.6m conforming to IS:7396 (Part-I) 1979. Maximum upsurge and minimum down surge levels have been computed by computer analysis as per above mentioned IS code. Maximum upsurge level works out to be 2043.00m and minimum down surge level as 1960.00m. For calculating maximum upsurge and minimum down surge levels the friction co-efficient have been taken as 0.012 and 0.015 respectively. 6.2.5.2 CONCRETE LINING It is proposed to provide reinforced concrete lining for surge shaft. Lateral cover around surge shaft at all heights has been kept more than three times the excavated diameter of the surge shaft. It is assumed that upsurge being of very short duration will not cause any saturation in the surrounding rock mass. 6.2.6 6.2.6.1 PRESSURE SHAFT GENERAL A 4.00m dia pressure shaft with centre line at El. 1951.50m will take off from surge shaft for leading the water in to turbines. In the initial 20m horizontal reach, a valve gallery has been proposed to accommodate butterfly valve. The inclined length of main pressure shaft is 440m. Three nos. branch pressure shaft of 2.30m dia 20m each in length, takes off from the main pressure shaft to feed three units in the power house. The entire length of the pressure shaft will be steel lined. The excavation of inclined portion will be carried out from surge shaft bottom adit and from power house cavity. The space between liner and excavated rock will be back filled with M-20 conc. Adequate contact grouting will be done at contact points of concrete with liner and rock. Consolidation grouting has also been

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proposed in the reach, where the pressure shaft will pass through poor rock. Details of pressure shaft are shown in Drawing No. BAJOLI HOLI-PR-7.

6.2.6.2

ECONOMIC DIAMETER Economical dia of the pressure shaft has been worked out by cost optimization studies for various diameters. Accordingly, a diameter of 4.00m has been adopted to carry the design discharge of 71.74cumecs with velocity of flow as 5.74m/sec. The diameters of branches has been kept as 2.30m.

6.2.7 6.2.7.1

POWER HOUSE GENERAL The proposed underground power house is located about 2.0km. d/s of Holi village on right bank of Ravi river. This site has been considered suitable for underground power house. The tail race tunnel from power house will discharge in to river Ravi. The erection bay and transformer hall floor levels, are proposed at El. 1720m. The approach to power house and transformer hall cavern is through 7m D-shaped main excess tunnel. The machine hall and transformer hall are proposed in underground parallel cavities at suitable spacing. The control room is proposed in power house cavity while the SF6 switchgear is proposed in transformer hall cavity. A cable cum ventilation gallery/tunnel is proposed, which will initially be used for carrying out excavation and providing support system in the crown portion of power house and transformers hall cavities. Vertical and lateral cover each of 200m approx. respectively has been provided in machine cavity and transformer hall cavity. The safety of power house complex from flooding, from tail water end during construction stage will be adequately ensured.

VI 6.2.7.2 TYPE

Reconnaissance surveys for location of underground or surface power house are yet to be taken up. Surface power house has been ruled out due to the reason that the entire area remains under snow cover for maximum period in the year. Keeping in view the above fact, an underground power house with underground transformer hall has been proposed on right bank of Ravi river. Also the GIS unnderground 220 KV Switchyard has been proposed keeping in view the terrain and reliability of the system. 6.2.7.3 MACHINE HALL The internal dimensions of power house cavity has been proposed as length 50m, width 17m and height 35m. For support system in crown portion of cavity 6m long mechanically anchored , tensioned and grouted rock bolts 1.50m spacing, staggered has been proposed. 100mm thick shotcreting reinforced with welded mesh has been proposed in crown portion and sides of cavity. The spacing of rock bolts in sides has been kept at 2m c/c staggered. The columns in unit bay and erection bay have been kept 1.60m x 0.80m. For columns a nich in the side measuring 0.80mx0.80m has been proposed which will be supported by grouted anchors 25mm dia at 1m spacing. All rock bolts will be tensioned to 12 tonnes immediately after installation and pull out tests will be carried out on 2% rock bolts. The control bay is proposed on opposite side of erection bay in the end of power house. Cavern for housing control room and various auxiliaries/offices, 5 nos. floor have been proposed at El. 1716m, El. 1720m, El. 1724m, El. 1727.5m and El. 1730.5m respectively. The main inlet valve is proposed to be housed in power house cavity just u/s of turbine. EOT crane of 130/30 tonnes capacity has been proposed in erection bay and unit bay to facilitate erection and repair of heavy equipment including main inlet valves.

VI 6.2.7.4 TRANSFORMER HALL

The size of transformer hall cavity has been proposed as 80m long, 16m wide. The clear spacing between these two cavities has been kept at 30m. In addition to main generator transformers, space for spare transformers and station transformer has also been provided in the cavern. The transformer hall cavern will be connected to erection bay by 5mx7m Dshaped gallery for carriage of transformers at erection stage and for repairs. NG rail track is proposed between transformer hall and erection bay for transportation of transformers. The transformer hall will be connected by 3 nos. bus duct galleries 3m D-shaped. The detail of power house has been shown in Drg. No. BAJOLI-HOLI-PR8&9. 6.2.8 AUXILLIARY SURGE SHAFT AND TAIL RACE TUNNEL The outflow from the end of draft tube will be taken through 3 nos. separate branch tail race tunnels. Vertical lift gates have been proposed in these branch tail race tunnels to prevent entry of silt etc. into draft tube and for facilitating repair in turbines. Downstream of this, all the branch tail race tunnels will be joined to one main tail race tunnel 5m D-shaped, 450 m long.

VI - 10 6.3 PRELIMINARY DRAWINGS

DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-1 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-2 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-3 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-4 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-5 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-6 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-7 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-8 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-9 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-9(A) DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-10 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-11 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-12

LOCATION & VICINITY MAP CATCHMENT AREA PLAN GENERAL LAYOUT PLAN DIVERSION BARRAGE, INTAKE, PLAN & SECTIONS DESANDING BASIN PLAN & SECTIONS HEAD RACE TUNNEL, PLAN & SECTION SURGE SHAFT & PRESSURE SHAFT PLAN & SECTION POWER HOUSE - PLAN POWER HOUSE SECTION POWER HOUSE XSECTION SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM CONSTRUCTION PROGRAMME CONSTRUCTION FACILITIES

VI - 11

VI - 12

PARA 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.2.1 6.2.1.1 6.2.1.2 6.2.1.3 6.2.1.4 6.2.2 6.2.2.1 6.2.3 6.2.4 6.2.4.1 6.2.4.2 6.2.5 6.2.5.1 6.2.5.2 6.2.5.3 6.2.6 6.2.6.1 6.2.6.2 6.2.7 6.2.7.1 6.2.7.2. 6.2.7.3 6.2.7.4

DESCRIPTION CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT OF PROJECT COMPONENTS FINALIZATION OF CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT PRELIMINARY DESIGN FEATURES BARRAGE GENERAL RESERVOIR BARRAGE BAYS ENERGY DISSIPATION RIVER DIVERSION WORKS INTAKE STRUCTURE DESANDING ARRANGEMENT HEAD RACE TUNNEL GENERAL CROSS SECTION SURGE SHAFT GENERAL HYDRAULIC PARAMETERS CONCRETE LINING PRESSURE SHAFT GENERAL ECONOMIC DIAMETER POWER HOUSE GENERAL TYPE MACHINE HALL TRANSFORMER HALL

PAGE VI-1 VI-1 VI-1 VI-1 VI-1 TO VI-2 VI-2 VI-2 TO VI-3 VI-3 VI-3 VI-4 VI-4 VI-4 VI-4 TO VI-5 VI-5 VI-5 VI-5 VI-6 VI- 6 VI-6 VI-6 TO VI-7 VI- 7 VI-7 VI-7 VI- 8 VI-8 VI-9

VI - 13 6.2.8 6.3 AUXILIARY SURGE SHAFT AND TAIL RACE TUNNEL PRELIMINARY DRAWINGS VI-9 VI-10

CHAPTER VI
CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT AND PLANNING
6.0 6.1 CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT OF PROJECT COMPONENTS FINALIZATION OF CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT The proposed Civil Engineering Structures have been planned and designed to divert and conduct 71.74 lacs of water, from river Ravi for generating 180MW of power in an underground power house by utilizing a gross head of 308.00 m. The main works of the project comprise a diversion barrage, intake, underground desanding basins for removing all particles down to 0.20mm size, 14600m long head race tunnel, a restricted orifice type surge shaft and an underground power house to accommodate 3 vertical axis, Francis turbines driven generating units each of 60 MW. After diversion, all the civil engineering components have been kept underground keeping in view the topography of the area. A brief geological site specific feasibility note titled Geo-technical appraisal founded on preliminary site inspection about each component is appended as Para 4.5 in chapter-IV titled Geo-technical Aspects. 6.2 6.2.1 6.2.1.1 PRELIMINARY DESIGN FEATURES BARRAGE GENERAL The slope of river at the diversion site u/s of Bajoli village is of the order of 1 in 55. Peak annual flood of river Ravi at diversion site has been adopted as 3050 cumecs for design of spillways/barrage bays. Barrage 100m long including abutments with crest level of barrage bays at El. 1987m & non

over flow section has been proposed to pass the estimated design flood at FRL El. 2015.00m. The proposed barrage comprises 6 bays of 6.00m each with 3.00m thick piers and is capable of passing the estimated design flood even when one bay is considered inoperative during period of high floods. The max. pond level/ FRL (El. 2015.00m) attained during winter months shall also cater to peaking requirement . During high flood max. water level to be attained has been proposed as 2016.00m. Radial gates in the barrage bays shall be provided from top of crest El. 1987m to the bottom of RCC breast wall El. 1995.00m spanning between the piers. The breast wall is supported on the piers and is provided between El. 1995.00m and El. 2018.00m. 6.2.1.2 RESERVOIR The full reservoir level (FRL) is fixed at El. 2015.00. The minimum draw down level (MDDL) has been fixed at El. 1994.00m. The reservoir so formed has a gross storage capacity of 36.00 ha-m at FRL and 7.60 ha-m at MDDL. Available diurnal storage of 22.72 ha-m ( 85.00-20% reserved for silt deposits) is sufficient for running the power station as a peaking station at full installed capacity for 3.00 hrs. The discharge availability in lean period(Nov. to Feb) in 90% dep. year is 10.94 cumecs. The reservoir spreads over an area of about 12.00 hectares and is about 1.00 km long. 6.2.1.3 BARRAGE BAYS 6 barrage bays 6.00m wide each have been provided to pass the design flood discharge i.e. 3050 cumecs. Total floor of 136m length has been proposed comprising u/s floor, sloping glacis u/s & d/s (4:1) and d/s floor of 50m including end still. A 4 m deep cut off extending up to El. 1981m at u/s side of the floor and 5.00m deep cut off at the end of d/s floor extending up to El. 1970m have been provided to protect the u/s and d/s floor from scour/ piping action. Cement concrete blocks extending 10m each beyond u/s and d/s floors have been provided. Protection to cement

concrete blocks have been provided with stone filled wire crates extending 10m beyond u/s & d/s floors. Consolidation grouting has not been proposed in the river bed, keeping in view the fact that rock is not available upto reasonable depth in the river bed. 6.2.1.4 ENERGY DISSIPATION Dissipation of energy is proposed to be done by providing a horizontal stilling basin depressed below the river bed level (El.1975m) with solid end sill to facilitate formation of hydraulic jump. Layout & details of barrage have been shown in drawing No. Bajoli-Holi-PR-4. 6.2.2 RIVER DIVERSION WORKS The river diversion works have been designed for a discharge of 800 cumecs. The construction of diversion works i.e. half of barrage, intake structure from inlet have been proposed to be taken up by making Ist Stage coffer dam of length 300m allowing flow of water along the left bank of river. After the completion of diversion barrage upto El. 1987m & Power intake upto El. 1990m the Ist stage coffer dam shall be removed and water shall be diverted on right bank of river through barrage constructed, by making 2nd stage coffer dam. Thereafter, the construction of remaining half of the barrage shall be completed. The construction of diversion works has been proposed to be completed within three months period. Construction of coffer dam is proposed to be modified as per site conditions after each monsoon season.. The provision for construction of coffer dam has been made accordingly, adding 50% quantum of work being involved due to repetition of job after each season in the cost estimate of the project. The provision of plain cement concrete of grade M-10 has been made on the top and side slopes of coffer dam to prevent the seepage of water towards working area. 6.2.2.1 INTAKE STRUCTURE

The intake structure comprising single intake with eight no. openings,has been proposed on the right bank of river, to handle a discharge of 89.68 cumecs. A semi circular trash rack structure with reinforced concrete columns has been proposed for intake. Crest elevation of intake is A suitable proposed as 1990m. Stop logs has been proposed for controlling flow through intake bays 8 nos.(5.50mx3m) each during repairs. transition is provided to convert the rectangular opening into a 6.00m dia circular approach tunnel. Approach tunnel is 200m long and shall lead the water into two desanding basins. Details are shown in drawing No. BajoliHoli-PR-4. 6.2.3 DESANDING ARRANGEMENT An underground desanding arrangement to exclude all silt particles down to 0.20mm has been proposed d/s of barrage axis on the right bank of river Ravi. A lateral rock cover more than 3 time width has been ensured for locating chamber No. 1. Rock cover of the order of twice the width of excavated cavity of the chamber has been ensured in between the two chambers. Stop logs will be provided at the inlet and outlet of all the chambers to facilitate closing of any chamber for maintenance/repairs, while the others will enable continuous operation of the power station. Layout and details of desilting arrangement are given in drawing Banjoli-Holi-PR-5. 6.2.4 6.2.4.1 HEAD RACE TUNNEL GENERAL The head race tunnel 5.00m dia, 14600m modified horse shoe type has been proposed to carry a design discharge of 71.74cumecs from the junction point of feeder tunnels of desilting chamber with HRT to the surge shaft. The tunnel is located along right bank of river Ravi. Layout of the tunnel has been fixed keeping in view the topography of the area and No.

location of construction adit from Ravi river for completing the tunnel excavation work on schedule. Adequate rock cover has been ensured in entire reach of the tunnel. The invert level of tunnel at RD-0 is at El. 1984.73 m and at outlet end at El. 1949.00m resulting in a slope of 1 in 409. Six adits each 5m D-shaped at inlet, outlet and at intermediate locations have been provided to facilitate construction of HRT from eight faces. The inlet and outlet adits are so provided that they shall separate the construction activity of the head race tunnel from that of desilting chambers and surge shaft. The layout of the tunnel and other details are indicated in Drawing. No. BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-6. 6.2.4.2 CROSS SECTION Based on geological, hydraulic, structural and functional considerations, modified horse shoe shaped cross section, 5.0m dia has been adopted. The tunnel is proposed to be lined with concrete M:20. 6.2.5 6.2.5.1 SURGE SHAFT GENERAL The underground restricted orifice type surge shaft of 12m dia and 96.00m height has been proposed at the outlet end of Head race tunnel at RD 14600. Top level of surge shaft is proposed at El. 2050.00m. One adit 5m D-shaped, at the bottom at El. 1954.00m have been proposed. The bottom adit will also be utilized to facilitate excavation of surge shaft and horizontal portions of pressure shaft. After execution of the project this adit will be plugged near junction of pressure shaft and rest of it will be used as a drainage gallery. General layout and details of surge shaft are shown in drawing No. Bajoli-Holi-PR-7. 6.2.5.2 HYDRAULIC PARAMETERS

Surge shaft area has been worked out by using Thomass criteria for incipient stability with factor of safety as 1.6m conforming to IS:7396 (Part-I) 1979. Maximum upsurge and minimum down surge levels have been computed by computer analysis as per above mentioned IS code. Maximum upsurge level works out to be 2043.00m and minimum down surge level as 1960.00m. For calculating maximum upsurge and minimum down surge levels the friction co-efficient have been taken as 0.012 and 0.015 respectively. 6.2.5.2 CONCRETE LINING It is proposed to provide reinforced concrete lining for surge shaft. Lateral cover around surge shaft at all heights has been kept more than three times the excavated diameter of the surge shaft. It is assumed that upsurge being of very short duration will not cause any saturation in the surrounding rock mass. 6.2.6 6.2.6.1 PRESSURE SHAFT GENERAL A 4.00m dia pressure shaft with centre line at El. 1951.50m will take off from surge shaft for leading the water in to turbines. In the initial 20m horizontal reach, a valve gallery has been proposed to accommodate butterfly valve.The inclined length of main pressure shaft is 440m. Three nos. branch pressure shaft of 2.30m dia 20m each in length, takes off from the main pressure shaft to feed three units in the power house. The entire length of the pressure shaft will be steel lined. The excavation of inclined portion will be carried out from surge shaft bottom adit and from power house cavity. The space between liner and excavated rock will be back filled with M-20 conc. Adequate contact grouting will be done at contact points of concrete with liner and rock. Consolidation grouting has also been

proposed in the reach, where the pressure shaft will pass through poor rock. Details of pressure shaft are shown in Drawing No. BAJOLI HOLI-PR-7. 6.2.6.2 ECONOMIC DIAMETER Economical dia of the pressure shaft has been worked out by cost optimization studies for various diameters. Accordingly, a diameter of 4.00m has been adopted to carry the design discharge of 71.74cumecs with velocity of flow as 5.74m/sec. The diameters of branches has been kept as 2.30m. 6.2.7 6.2.7.1 POWER HOUSE GENERAL The proposed underground power house is located about 2.0km. d/s of Holi village on right bank of Ravi river. This site has been considered suitable for underground power house. The tail race tunnel from power house will discharge in to river Ravi. The erection bay and transformer hall floor levels, are proposed at El. 1720m. The approach to power house and transformer hall cavern is through 7m D-shaped main excess tunnel. The machine hall and transformer hall are proposed in underground parallel cavities at suitable spacing. The control room is proposed in power house cavity while the SF6 switchgear is proposed in transformer hall cavity. A cable cum ventilation gallery/tunnel is proposed, which will initially be used for carrying out excavation and providing support system in the crown portion of power house and transformers hall cavities. Vertical and lateral cover each of 200m approx. respectively has been provided in machine cavity and transformer hall cavity. The safety of power house complex from flooding, from tail water end during construction stage will be adequately ensured.

6.2.7.2

TYPE

Reconnaissance surveys for location of underground or surface power house are yet to be taken up. Surface power house has been ruled out due to the reason that the entire area remains under snow cover for maximum period in the year. Keeping in view the above fact, an underground power house with underground transformer hall has been proposed on right bank of Ravi river. Also the GIS underground 220 KV Switchyard has been proposed keeping in view the terrain and reliability of the system. 6.2.7.3 MACHINE HALL The internal dimensions of power house cavity has been proposed as length 50m, width 17m and height 35m. For support system in crown portion of cavity 6m long mechanically anchored , tensioned and grouted rock bolts 1.50m spacing, staggered has been proposed. 100mm thick shotcreting reinforced with welded mesh has been proposed in crown portion and sides of cavity. The spacing of rock bolts in sides has been kept at 2m c/c staggered. The columns in unit bay and erection bay have been kept 1.60m x 0.80m. For columns a nich in the side measuring 0.80mx0.80m has been proposed which will be supported by grouted anchors 25mm dia at 1m spacing. All rock bolts will be tensioned to 12 tonnes immediately after installation and pull out tests will be carried out on 2% rock bolts. The control bay is proposed on opposite side of erection bay in the end of power house. Cavern for housing control room and various auxiliaries/offices, 5 nos. floor have been proposed at El. 1716m, El. 1720m, El. 1724m, El. 1727.5m and El. 1730.5m respectively. The main inlet valve is proposed to be housed in power house cavity just u/s of turbine. EOT crane of 130/30 tonnes capacity has been proposed in erection bay and unit bay to facilitate erection and repair of heavy equipment including main inlet valves. 6.2.7.4 TRANSFORMER HALL

The size of transformer hall cavity has been proposed as 80m long, 16m wide. The clear spacing between these two cavities has been kept at 30m. In addition to main generator transformers, space for spare transformers and station transformer has also been provided in the cavern. The transformer hall cavern will be connected to erection bay by 5mx7m Dshaped gallery for carriage of transformers at erection stage and for repairs. NG rail track is proposed between transformer hall and erection bay for transportation of transformers. The transformer hall will be connected by 3 nos. bus duct galleries 3m D-shaped. The detail of power house has been shown in Drg. No. BAJOLI-HOLI-PR8 & 9. 6.2.8 AUXILLIARY SURGE SHAFT AND TAIL RACE TUNNEL The outflow from the end of draft tube will be taken through 3 nos. separate branch tail race tunnels. Vertical lift gates have been proposed in these branch tail race tunnels to prevent entry of silt etc. into draft tube and for facilitating repair in turbines. Downstream of this, all the branch tail race tunnels will be joined to one main tail race tunnel 5m D-shaped, 450 m long.

6.3

PRELIMINARY DRAWINGS

DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-1 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-2 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-3 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-4 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-5 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-6 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-7 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-8 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-9 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-10 DRG. NO.BAJOLI-HOLI-PR-11

LOCATION & VICINITY MAP CATCHMENT AREA PLAN GENERAL LAYOUT PLAN DIVERSION BARRAGE, INTAKE, PLAN & SECTIONS DESANDING BASIN PLAN & SECTIONS HEAD RACE TUNNEL, PLAN & SECTION SURGE SHAFT & PRESSURE SHAFT PLAN & SECTION POWER HOUSE - PLAN POWER HOUSE SECTION SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM CONSTRUCTION PROGRAMME

PARA 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.2.1 6.2.1.1 6.2.1.2 6.2.1.3 6.2.1.4 6.2.2 6.2.2.1 6.2.3 6.2.4 6.2.4.2 6.2.5 6.2.5.1 6.2.5.2 6.2.5.3 6.2.6 6.2.6.1 6.2.6.2 6.2.7 6.2.7.1 6.2.7.2. 6.2.7.3 6.2.7.4 6.2.8 6.3

DESCRIPTION CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT OF PROJECT COMPONENTS FINALIZATION OF CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT PRELIMINARY DESIGN FEATURES BARRAGE GENERAL RESERVOIR BARRAGE BAYS ENERGY DISSIPATION RIVER DIVERSION WORKS INTAKE STRUCTURE DESANDING ARRANGEMENT HEAD RACE TUNNEL CROSS SECTION SURGE SHAFT GENERAL HYDRAULIC PARAMETERS CONCRETE LINING PRESSURE SHAFT GENERAL ECONOMIC DIAMETER POWER HOUSE GENERAL TYPE MACHINE HALL TRANSFORMER HALL AUXILIARY SURGE SHAFT AND TAIL RACE TUNNEL PRELIMINARY DRAWINGS

PAGE VI-1 VI-1 VI-1 VI-1 VI-1 TO VI-2 VI-2 VI-2 TO VI-3 VI-3 VI-3 VI-4 VI-4 VI-4 TO VI-5 VI-5 VI-5 VI-5 VI-6 VI- 6 VI-6 VI-6 TO VI-7 VI- 7 VI-7 VI-7 VI- 8 VI-8 VI-9 VI-9 VI-10

6.4 A. i)

DESIGN COMPUTATIONS Diversion Barrage ( REF. DRG. NO. BAJOLI - HOLI-PR-4) Design Parameters Design flood discharge Average bed level of the river Safe exit gradient of Nallah material (assumed) = = = 3050 cum/sec. 1985m 1 in 4

The water bays of the barrage has been so proposed that design flood discharge i.e. 3050 cum/sec passes through all the bays of barrage. However, stilling basin has been designed corresponding to max. observed discharge in Chenab river i.e. 379.46 cumecs Say 1000 cumecs. Hence design flood discharge for stilling basin ii) Fixation of crest level and water bay Average bed level of river = 1985m = 1000 cumecs

The crest level of barrage bays has been kept 2m higher than the average bed level at El. 1985m . Six No. bays each 5.00m wide with 3m thick pier has been provided. The total water bay of overflow portion works out to be 54.00m[(6x6)+(3.00x6)] . Two meter wide fish ladder Originating from reservoir, left bank at M.D.D.L. El. 1994m joining river bed d/s has been provided. iii) Storage capacity The live storage available in barrage reservoir between M.D.D.L. El. 1994m and F.R.L. El. 2015m is 85 Hect. m. This storage capacity will run the power station at full installed capacity for 3 hrs. a day. CHECKING OF LEVELS AND CALCULATIONS FOR SIZE OF GATES Design discharge for power generation Total discharge i/c flushing discharge @ 20% =71.74/80 Fixing crest level of intake M.D.D.L. F.R.L. = = 71.74 cumecs = 71.74/(1-0.20) = 89.67 cumecs = 1990m = 1994m 2015 m

Providing one no. power intake, having 8 no. bays each of size = 5.50 m(b)x3m(h)

a)

F.R.L. Condition Intake crest behaves as a rectangular large orifice

H1 H2 Discharge Passed Q1 = =

= 25.00m = 21m

2/3xCdxLx 2g (H13/2-H2 3/2 ) 2/3x0.61x442x9.81 (253/2 213/2 ) = 2279 cumecs >89.67 cumecs Hence O.K.

b)

M.D.D.L CONDITION H1 H2 Q = = = 4.00m 0.50m 2/3xCdxLx2g (H13/2-H23/2)

2/3x0.61x44x2x9.81 (43/2-0.503/2) =605.00 cumecs > 89.67 cumecs Hence O.K.

CHECK FOR VELOCITY THROUGH TRASH RACK Aligning trash rack at 75 Design discharge through intake/trash rack = 89.67 cumecs

F.R.L. Condition Length of trash rack = 25/x = Sin75 x Area = = xm = = 25.88m 1139 Sqm. 854 Sqm.

25/Sin75 25.88x44 =

Less 25% area for trash rack bars

1139-1139x0.25=

Considering 50% clogging of trash rack bars Net area available during floods Velocity through trash rack M.D.D.L. condition Length of trash rack = x x = = 4.00/Sin75 4.14 m 4.0/x = Sin75 = = 854/2 = 427 Sqm. 0.21m/sec.

89.67/427 =

Area available

4.14x44

182.2 Sqm.

Less 25% area of rack bars Net area = 182.20-182.20x0.25 =136.65 Sqm. 68.32 Sqm. 1.31m/sec.

Considering 50% area of trash rack bars Net area = 136.65-136.65x0.50 = Velocity through trash rack = 89.67/68.32 =

Hence size of intake provided and levels fixed are O.K. Gated barrage is to be provided Parameters will be as under; R.B.L. Crest level of barrage bays (fixed) M.D.D.L. F.R.L. M.R.L. Top of barrage Height of structure = = = = = = = 1985m 1987m 1994m 2015m 2016m 2018m 3424-3405

=19m

Design flood = 3050 cum/sec. Size of gate = 6mx8m No. of gate = 6 No. Storage available between El. MDDL 1994m and F.R.L. 2015m It is assumed that Live storage= 85.00 Hac. m Less 20% for sedimentation Net = 85-17.00 = 68 hect .m. Time in hr = 68x104/(71.74-12.50)x3600 = For Base Load Station 90% available discharge Design discharge = = 12.50 cumecs 71.74 cumecs 180 MW

3.19 hours

Power = 9.81x71.74x278x0.92/1000 =

Hydraulic design of free flowing/ungated structure Design discharge for power generation = 71.74 cumecs Modified discharge including 20% flushing Discharge in desanding basin = 71.74/(1-0.20)= 89.67 cum If it is the head over intake crest to pass 89.67 cumecs discharge Q = CLH3/2 89.67 = 1.70x44xH3/2 3/2 H = 89.687/1.70x44 H = 1.20m R.B.L. = 1985m Crest level of over flow bay = 1987m Crest level of intake crest = 1990m Head over crest to pass 89.67 cumecs discharge Water level = 1990+1.20 = 1991.20m

1.20m

Hence if ungated barrage is to be provided the level of Ungated crest will have to be kept as 1991.20m Height of structure =1991.20-1985 = 6.20m

Live storage (Between El. 1990& 1991.20m)= = 6.00 hacm.(Assumed) Time in hours = 6.00x104/(71.74-12.50)x3600 = 0.28 hrs.

If height of structure is kept upto El. 1995m Height of structure = 1995-1985 = 10m Live storage (Between El. 1990 & El. 2000) = 30.00hacm.(Assumed) Time in hrs = 30.00x104/(71.74-12.5)x3600 = 1.41 hrs.

Time to filling up of this storage = 8 months. CALCULATIONS FOR SIZE OF GATES IN BARRAGE BAYS As per I.S. recommendations, 10% gates are considered to be inoperative during floods(with min. one gate) R.B.L. = Crest level = M.D.D.L. = F.R.L. = M.R.L. = No. of barrage bays= 1985m 1987m 1994m 2015.00m 2016.00m 6 nos.

Width of each barrage bay =6m Providing radial gate from El. 1987m to El. 1995.00m & breast wall Thereafter upto El. 2018m Size of gate = 6mx8m Discharge through breast wall spillway is estimated by the equation Q = Cb.L.D. [2g(He+Vo2/2g]0.50 Where L D He He = = = = Total width of water bays available 6x6 =36m Height of opening = 8.00m Head from C/L of spillway

=[(1995.00-1987)/2]+[2015-1994] = 4.00+21 =25.00m

Vo

= =

Vel. of approach of flood water 3050/100x 25 = = Vo2/2g 0.68m/sec. = 0.682/2x9.81 = 0.023

Vel. head

For calculating discharge co-efficient Head H = 2015-1987 = 28.00m

Considering that design head may be exceeded by 25% H/Hd = 1.25 H/1.25 = 28/1.25 22.50m 1.244 = 0.811 = 22.40m

Design head Hd = Choosing Hd = H/Hd = 1.4/11.50 = Corresponding value of Cb When all the bays are open Discharge passed =Q Q

= Cb.L.D. [2g(He+Vo2/2g) ] 0.50 = 0.809x36x8.00 [2x9.81(25+0.023) ]0.50

= When one barrage bay is inoperative Q = = =

5169 cumecs

Cb.L.D. [2g(He+Vo2/2g) ] 0.50 0.809x30x8.00 [2x9.81(25+.023) ]0.50 4307 cumecs which is more than 3050 cumecs Hence O. K.

HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF STILLING BASIN Fixation of pre-jump velocity and depth of flow The theoretical velocity at the start of the jump is calculated by the following relation: VT = 2g (H-0.50 Hd) = = = = = = = = Theoretical velocity in m/sec. Difference in u/s reservoir El. and stilling basin invert in meters 2016-1975 = 41m

Where VT H H H g VT VT

Head over crest of barrage bays in meters 2016-1987 = 28m Acceleration due to gravity in m/sec = 9.81 m/sec. 2x9.81 (41-0.50x28.00) 23.02m/sec.

Due to surface friction, the actual velocity is less than VT Considering VA= VT = 23.02m/sec Discharge equation Q = A1xV1 Where 1000 = A1x23.02 A1 = L.D1 45.00xD1 VA=V1 23.02m/sec. Q = Design flood discharge of Stilling basin =1000 cum

1000/23.02 = 43.44 Sqm. = = 43.44 43.44 D1

= 43.44/45.00 =0.965m

= 23.02/9.81x0.965m = 7.48 For Froude no. 7.48>4.50, U.S.B.R. type-III stilling basin is recommended. D2 D2 = = Depth Conjugate to D1 D1/2+2q2/D1g +D12/4 Here q D2 = = Length of basin = 1000/45.00 =22.22 cum/sec

Froude No. (F)

V1/ gd1

-0.965/2+2x22.222/0.965x9.81+0.965^2/4 -0.48+10.08 = 5xD2 = = = 9.60 m 5*9.60 48.40 Say 50m

The floor of the basin is set at such a level at to provide 5% more water depth than Y2 Hence depth of basin Cistern level = 9.60x1.05 = 1985-10 = = 10.08 m 1975 m

Hence provided cistern level = SIZE OF APPROACH TUNNEL

1975m is O.K.

Design discharge Q = 71.74/0.80 = 89.67 cum/sec. No. of main tunnels Discharge through each tunnel Vel. in the tunnel Dia of tunnel After bifurcation Q through each tunnel V Dia of each tunnel After Desilting Total design discharge, Q = 71.74 cum/sec. = = 44.84 3.30 cum/sec. = 4.159 m say 4.25 m = 3.30m/sec = (93.75/3.30)/4/ = 5.88m = 1 no. = 89.67 cum/sec.

44.84x4/3.30x

No. of tunnels

2 nos. = 71.74/2 =35.87 cum/sec

Discharge through each tunnel Dia V = = 4.25m

35.87//4(4.25)

2.52m/sec.

DESIGN OF APPROACH TUNNEL & INTAKE STRUCTURE A. APPROACH TUNNELS ( Ref. Drawing No. Bajoli-Holi-PR-6) Design discharge to be drawn i/c flushing discharge = 89.67 cum/sec. No. of tunnels = 1 nos.

Discharge through each tunnel = 89.67 cum/sec. Provide size of tunnel = Area of each tunnel = 6m, circular concrete lined /4(d) = = = /4(6) = 28.27 Sqm.

Vel. through each tunnel Length of tunnel B. INTAKE STRUCTURE

89.67/28.27 300m

= 3.17 m/sec.

Considering bell mouth intake with bottom flat Width of opening = = 1.42857 D D = Size of conduit i.e. tunnel 1.42857x6.00 = 8.57m

Height of opening h = h1+h2 h1 h1 h2 [(1.21 tan2 +0.0847)1/2+1/2 cos -1.1 tan )]D Where is the angle of inclination with Horizontal = 0 = [(1.21 tan20+0.0847)1/2+(1/2cos 0-1.1 tan0 )] xD = [(0+0.0847)1/2 + ]x6 = (0.291+0.50) 6= 4.75m = [0.791/ +0.077 tan0]xD = (0.791+0) x 6 = 4.75m

h1+h2

=4.75+4.75 =

9.50m

Provide clear opening for intake

8.60x9.50m

The opening is rectangular and depress it to circular from starting of intake face to a distance of 1.1 D = 1.1x6 = 6.60m

Here a b Hence size of bell mouth entrance 8.60m(b)x9.50m(d)

= =

6.60m 3.50m

from 6m circular section

Min. water cushion provided above the opening of intake = 0.3 he = 0.3x9.50 = 2.85m El. at top of intake = 1994-2.85 = 1990.15m C/L of intake = 1990-4.75/2 = 1987.625m C/L of approach tunnel = 1987.625 m =1987.625-6/2 =1984.63m 1984.63m 1984.63m

Hence invert level of approach tunnel at RD 0 And C/L of approach tunnel at inlet Invert level as invert At inlet of desanding basin Invert level Overt level = = = = =

1984.23m 1984.23+4.25m 1988.48m

HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF DESANDING BASIN (Underground ) (Ref. Drawing No. Chhatru-FR-5 sheet 2 of 2) Design criteria Parameters Design discharge for power generation = 71.74 cumecs = All particles down to 0.20mm shall be removed

Design discharge i/c 20% for deflushing in desanding basin=71.74/0.80 = 89.67 cumecs

HYDRAULIC DESIGN Particle size to be removed = 0.020mm and above

Permissible flow through vel. as per camps formula V V Provide v = = = 44d for 1mm>d>0.10mm 440.020 19.50 cm/sec 93.75/0.1950 = 459.90 Sqm. = 19.67 cm/sec

Effective area of flow=

Provide 2 No. chambers in the desanding basin Width of each basin = Total width = 13.00m 13x2 = 26m = = 459.90/2 229.75 Sqm.

Effective area of flow of each chamber

CHECK FOR CROSS SECTIONAL AREA Arch Portion r = (C+4h)/8h C/2/2 = 56.66 = (13+4x3.50)/8x3.50 = 7.78m = = 0.835 113.33

Sin /2= /2 =

6.50/7.78

Length of arch =/180xxr L =/180x113.33x7.78

= A A1 A1

15.38m

Area of Arch Portion = [r.L-C(r-h)] = [(7.78x15.38)-13(7.78-3.50)] = (119.65-55.64) = 32 Sqm. = = Area of rectangular Portion 13x16.10 = A1 + A2 =32+208 = 208 Sqm.

A2

Total area

=240 Sqm.>2229.75 Sqm. Hence O.K.

0.20mx0.20m openings are proposed to be provided at the bottom of each pit 10m c/c to carry the silt to gallery 1.50x1.80m rectangular shaped, from where silted water will be flushed back to Beas river. Settling vel. = 2.35cm/sec corresponding to 0.20mm particle size Vel. correction W1 W1 = = 0.132xv/h 0.00581 W-W1 = 0.02350-0.00581 = 0.017685 hxV/W-W1 = 19.60x0.195/0.017685 = 0.132x0.195/19.50

Corrected settling vel. = Length of desanding basin L =

L = 216.11m Provide L = 380m Hence size of each chamber = 380m(L)x13m(b)x19.60m(h) No. of chambers = 2 nos.

CHECK FOR THE SIZE Settling time t is given by t = h/W-W1 = 19.60/0.017685 = 1108.28 sec.

Water conveyed during this period Qxt = Discharge per chamber x settling time = (93.75/2) x 1108.28 = 51950.80 cum Capacity of one chamber = 241.30x380= 91935 cum>51950.80 cum Hence O.K.

Removal efficiency of particle size of 0.20mm t = = 1-(e) WxL/vxh 1-e 2.35x380/19.50x19.60 = 1-0.0960 = 90.40% Design of transitions Inlet transition length = B-b/2tan 12.5 = 13-4.25/2tan 12.5 = Outlet transition length = 13-4.25/2tan 12.5 = 19.73m Say 20.00m 19.73m Say 20.00m

HEAD RACE TUNNEL(REF. DRAWING NO. CHHATRU-FR-6) Parameters Design discharge = Shape of the tunnel (adopted) = Length of head race tunnel = M.D.D.L. Min. down surge level (as per computer analysis) Co-efficient of friction HYDRAULIC DESIGN Calculation for economic diameter The most economical dia of tunnel would be such as to result in a minimum total value of the sum of the following. a) Recurring annual expenditure According to Manning formulas V = 1/nx R2/3 S1/2 Where V X R = = = Average vel. Rugosity co-efficient = Hydraulic mean radius 0.014 = 0.506287 r = = = 75 cumecs Modified horse shoe shaped 6500m 3413.50m 3396.96m 0.014

D Now V S

Diameter

Slope

= =

1/n R2/3 S1/2= 1/n (D/4)2/3 S1/2 6.40 Vn/D1.33 -(i)

In this equation S gives value of head loss in meter or hydraulic gradient If is the overall efficiency of generation Then Power lost Pe = Where Q = Or V = 9./80xQxSx KW -(ii)

Vx/4 (D) 1.275Q/D -(iii)

From equation (i) & (iii) we got S = 6.40n/D5.33x[1.275Q/D] (iv)

Substituting the value of S in (ii) we get revenue lost per year Pe Pe = = 9.80Q [6.40n/D5.33 (1.275Q/D)]x KW 101.96 Q3/D1.33xnx KW (A)

Revenue lost per year Re = Pex24x365x C0 (B)

From equation A&B Re Re Re C0 Q =


= =

[ 101.96 Q3/D5.33xnx]x24x365xC0 8.95x105 x Q/D5.33xn2xxC0 8.95x105 x Q/D5.33xxn2xC0 Selling rate of power per unit = Rs. 2.50 Overall efficiency = 0.92

= =

= Equivalent discharge =Design discharge x Load factor

= Re Re = =

75x0.50

37.50 cum/sec.

[8.95x105x(37.50)3 x0.92x(0.014)x2.50] /D5.33 2.127x107/D5.33 (Ae) D/16 (Including OB)

Annual expenditure/Cost per year Assuming lining thickness =

Qty. of excavation per meter length = /4 (D+2xD/16) = /4x81/64 D = 0.994 D Rate of Excavation Good rock = 903x0.60 1499x0.20 = = Rs. 541.80 = Rs. 299.80

Moderately jointed rock = Poor rock Total = =

1906x0.20

Rs. 381.20 = Rs. 1222.80

Rs. 541.80+299.80+381.20 =

Rate of over break per cum

2.3x1222.80 = Rs. 815.20/ cum 1222.80+81.52 (10% of Rs.815.20) = Rs. 1304.32

Cost of excavation including over break =

Rate of excavation per cum = Rs. 1304.32 Say Rs. 1305.00 Rate of lining M:20 = Rs. 3177 per cum Qty. of steel for ribs @ 18 kg.per cum = 0.018x56037 = Rs. 1008.66 Say Rs. 1009.00 Total cost of lining = 3177+1009 = Rs. 4186.00 Area of lining Cost of excavation Cost of lining Total cost = = = = (D+D/16)D/16 = = = 0.2086 D 1297.17 D 873.19D 2170.36D

0.994 Dx1305 0.2086Dx4186

1297.17 D+873.19 D=

Total cost including over head charges @ 15% on total cost = 2495.91D Ae = Annual expenditure @ 15.50% of above cost =

= 2495.91Dx0.155 Now T T = Re+Ae

= 386.87 D2

2.13x107/D5.33+386.87D

For mix. value DT/Dd = T = 0 2.13x107/D5.33+386.87 D =2.13x107xD-5.33+386.87D

For min. value DT/Dd = -5.33 D-6.33x2.13x107+2D(386.87) -1.135x108 D-6.33 = -773.74D D 7.33 = 1.135x108/773.74 D = 5.10m = 3.63m/sec. = = 0

146690.10 5.07m Say 5.10m

Hence dia of H.R.T. (fixed) = Vel. in the H.R.T. =

75/20.63

D R r R

= = =

5.10m 5.00/2 = 0.987580 R 2.55m =0.987580x2.55 = 2.52m

= RARIUS OF HYDRAULICALLY EQUIVALENT CIRCLE = 3.253 572 r2 = = 20.63 Sqm. 16.19m

AREA OF SECTION

PERIMETRE OF SECTION = 6.426 334r

HYDRAULIC RADIUS A B

= = = =

0.506 287 r 0.780 776 r 1.561 553 r 31-22-01

= = =

1.27m 1.97m 3.93m

SURGE SHAFT (REF. DRAWING NO. CHHATRU-FR-6) Hydraulic Design Design discharge = 75 cumecs 5.10m, Modified horse shoe shaped = 6500m = 0.012 to 0.016

Size & shape of head race tunnel = Length of head race tunnel

Value of rugosity co-efficient (assumed) Computations As per IS: code 7396 Part-I Thoma area of surge tank is given by the formula Ath L.At/B V12H0 V12/2g

Sectional area of H.R.T. 5.10m modified horse shoe shaped At = 20.63 Sqm 3.63 m/sec.

Vel. in H.R.T. = BV12 =

= Friction losses in the tunnel & other losses 6.4x3.632x0.0142x6500/(5.10)1.33 = 12.30m

For computation of Thoma area using min. value of rugosity co-fficient Head losses with n=0.014, = 12.30m Head losses with n=0.012, = 9.04m Say 9m

Other losses in trash rack approach tunnel & desilting tank = 0.30m

BV12

12.30+0.30

12.60m For n=0.014

And 9.00+0.30=9.30m With n=0.012 Now, Ho Ho = = Net head on turbines

Net head - losses in the system = Losses upto surge shaft + penstock losses

Total losses

Penstock losses, hf = 0.0085x350x4.32/2x9.81x4.80 D= 4.80m = 0.589m Say 0.60m L= 465m Q= 75 cumecs V= 4.32m/sec. F = 0.0085 Total losses = 12.60+0.60 = 13.20m Say 11m with n=.014 And = 9.30+0.60 H0= (3418.50-3247.00)-10 Ath = = = 9.90m Say 10m 161.50m = 55.76m2 with n=0.012

6500x20.63x3.63/161.50x10x2x9.81 = 1.60 55.76x1.60 =

Factor for safety Ath =

Area required

89.22m2

Provide 15m surge shaft Area of surge shaft = /4(15) = 176.71 Sqm.

CALCULATIONS FOR AREA OF ORIFICE Orifice area is so provided as to satisfy Calame and Gaden condition for max. flow as given below 2*/2 + hf hor Z*/2+ hf Here Z* = Vo L/gxAt/As =3.63 6500/9.81*20.63/176.71 = 31.92m

For N =

0.016 = 16.06m

Hf in tunnel system =

31.92/2+16.06/4 hor 31.92/2+3/4x16.06 = = 22.57+4.01 hor 22.57+12.04 26.58 hor 34.61

For n=0.012 Then 31.92/ 2+9.00/4 hor 31.92/2+3/4x9.00 22.57+2.25 hor 22.57+6.75 24.82 hor 29.32 Adopt Head loss across orifice Now hor A0 A0 D D = = = = = Q02/Cd2xA02x2g Q/Cd 2g hor 4.98 Sqm. 4.98x4/ 2.52m = = 2.50m 13.10m As per surge analysis on computer Min. Down surge = 11.90m Max. upsurge level FRL= 3421+14.96 Min. downsurge level MDDL = =3435.96m Say 3436.00m 3413.50-16.86 =3396.64m Say 3396.60m = 75/0.62x19.62x30 = 30m

Provide orifice dia Max. up surge

CALCULATIONS FOR SLOPE OF TUNNEL Invert level of tunnel at RD 0 of tunnel = 3402.50m

C/L of the tunnel at RD 0

= = =

3402.50+5.10/2 3402.50+2.55 3405.05m

C/L of tunnel at outlet = MDDL-Losses in HRT- 1.5x orifices lossesdepth of orifice-radius of HRT = 3413.50-12.30-1.5(30)-2.50-2.55 = 3413.50-12.30-45-2.50-2.55 = 3351.01m Say 3351.00m Difference in levels (RD 0 & RD 6500) Length of tunnel Slope of tunnel Now V1 V2 = = = (3402.50-2.55)-3351 = 54.05m 6500m 6500/54.05 = 1:120.25 Say1:120 = 3.63m/sec.

= =

Q/A

75/20.63 = =

1/4 R 2/3 S

1/0.014x1.27 2/3(1/120) 7.46m/sec.

V2>V1 Hence O.K.

PRESSURE SHAFT (Ref. Drawing No. Gharopa-FR-6.) Parameters Design discharge Design net head Length of penstock = H = 75 cumecs = 160m

350m 94%

Efficiency of turbine =

Rated HP of turbine P =1000x75x160x0.94/75 = 150400 H.P. No. of pressure shaft = 1 No.

Hydraulic Design Economical dia of Pressure shaft a) By DOLONDs FORMULA = = b) D Where H = = 160+20% Water hammer effect 192m D = 0.176 (P/H)0.466 = 4.27m

Diameter

0.176 (150400/160)0.466

As per R.S. Nigams Hand Book [ 1xfxc1xk2xQ3xt/ 1100xK1xH]1/7

c1 = 2444 kg/cm2-Allowable stress insteel (0.2x1347+0.8x2728) f K1 K2 unit = 0.0085 = Friction factor

= 75x0.1250 = 9.37 Rs./kg. = Annual cost of pressure shaft per kg. = 2.00 = Value of KWH at generator terminal in same = Annual duration of operation in hrs. 5.11m

t = 365x24x0.50 D=

= 4380 hrs.

[1x0.02x2444x2.00x(75)3x4380/ 1100x9.37x192]1/7=

Taking average dia of (a) & (b) Average diameter = 4.27+5.11/2 Say Velocity in pressure shaft V = 75/ /4(4.70) 4.32m/sec. = 4.70m 4.69m

= Dia of Branch penstock (3 units) Discharge V = = 75/3

= 25 cumecs

4.32m/sec.

25x4/4.32 x 4/

= Say

2.71m 2.70m

CALCULATIONS FOR GROSS HEAD & NET HEAD F.R.L. in reservoir MD.D.L Normal water level Min. tail water level Normal tail water level Max. tail water level Max. gross head level Min. Gross head level Design gross head Total losses from intake to power house Design Net Head = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 3421.00m 3413.50m 3413.50+7.50x2/3 3413.50+5 = 3418.50m 3239.50m 3240.00m 3247m Normal reservoir level-Min. tail water 3418.50-3239.50 = 179m Max. reservoir level -Max. tail water 3421-3247 = 174m

174+2/3 (179-174) 177.33m 17.33m

180.83-17.33 = 160m

TAIL RACE TUNNEL (Ref. Drawing No. Gharopa-FR-7( Sheet 2 of 3). Data Design discharge Size shape = = 75 cumecs 6m, D-shaped 0.014

Length of tunnel = 1150m Assumed value of Rugosity co-efficient=

Hydraulic design i) Under normal conditions the TRT will behave as a free flow tunnel V = 1/0.014x( 12.60/10.20)2/3 (1/182.50).5 = 6.08m/sec. Discharge passed = 12.60/6.08 = 76.69cum/sec. ii) Under HFL conditions the TRT will behave as a pressurized conduit Gross cross sectional area of tunnel = [(6x3)+(/4x6/2)] = 32.13 Sqm. Velocity in tail race tunnel = = 75/32.13 2.33m/sec.

Fixation of crest level of T.R.T. i) Crest level at outfall will behave as a broad crested weir Now Q = CLH3/2 75 H = = 1.71x6xH3/2 [ 75/1.71x6] 3/2 = 3.76 m 3236.24m

Crest level at outfall =

3240.00-3.76 =

CHAPTER VII
POWER POTENTIAL STUDIES

7.0

GENERAL Bajoli-Holi Hydro-electric Project has been proposed as a run- of- the river development for generation of hydro-power on Ravi river in Himachal Pradesh. As a peaking station to operate in western part of Northern Regional Grid. Installed capacity of the project has been presently kept as 180 MW comprising 3 units of 60 MW each with overall efficiency of generation as 0.92.

7.1

PATTERN OF FLOWS IN 90% DEPENDABLE AND 50% MEAN YEAR

31 years discharge data from June 1972 to May, 2003 in respect of Ravi river at Kutehr Dam site has been used to develop a flow series for BajoliHoli HEP for power generation. Energy generation has been worked out for all the years as appended in Table 7.1. .Pattern of flows in 90% dependable and 50% mean years has been worked out on the basis of energy generation in 31 years by using Welbulls relationship P= n/m+1, where P is percentage exceeding of occurrence, n is the event no. in descending order and m is total no. of events, presented in Table 7.2. Flows in 90% dependable and 50% mean years, so worked out are given in Table 7.3.

7.2 7.2.1

HEAD FOR POWER GENERATION DESIGN HEAD

Gross head for power generation has been worked as 308.00 m between Normal water level at diversion site El. 2008 and minimum tail water level El. 1700. Losses in water conductor system corresponding to design discharge of 71.74 cumecs from diversion site to generating units has been worked out as 30.00 m. Design net head therefore has been taken as 278 m. The calculations are as follows: FRL MDDL Normal water level MDDL + 2/3( (FRL-MDDL) Normal Reservoir level at Diversion Site Min. tail water level Gross Head Losses Net Head = 1700.00 m 308.00 m 30.00 m = = 1994+2/3(2015-1994) = 2008 2008.00 m = = 2015 m 1994 m

= 2008.00 1700.00 = = = Gross Head Losses = 308 30 =

278.00 m

7.3

POWER GENERATION IN A 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR AND 50% MEAN YEAR Power generation studies in a 90% dependable year corresponding to installed capacity varying from 90 MW to 210 MW are given in Table 7.4 The energy generation in 90% dependable year corresponding to the

installed capacity of 180 MW is 762.98 GWH. The energy generation in 90% dependable year corresponding to 95% machine availability works out to be 754.13GWH as shown in Table 7.5.

Power generation studies in a 50% mean year corresponding to installed capacity varying from 90 MW to 210 MW are given in Table 7.6 The energy generation in 50% mean year corresponding to the installed capacity of 180 MW is 861.37 GWH.

7.4

INSTALLED CAPACITY STUDIES Power generation studies for 90% dependable and 50% mean year pattern of flows with installed capacity varying from 90 MW to 210 MW have been done. From the study, the incremental increase v/s installed capacity curve & total energy v/s installed capacity curve have been drawn as shown in Plate 7.1 and Plate 7.2 respectively.

It is seen from the curve that there is uniform decline in incremental increase until we reach at installed capacity of 180 MW. Moreover the overall plant load factor and .% utilization at 180 MW is 0.48 and 99.36% respectively.

The project has also been planned as a peaking station for 3 hrs to meet with the peaking power shortage in the country. Hence keeping in view the overall PLF of 48% and.% age utilization of 99.36% the installed capacity has been fixed to be 180 MW.

PARA 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.2.1 7.3 7.4 TABLE 7.1 TABLE 7.2 TABLE 7.3 TABLE 7.4 TABLE 7.5 TABLE 7.6 PLATE-7.1 PLATE-7.2 TABLE -7.7 TABLE -7.8 ANNEX-7.1

DESCRIPTION GENERAL PATTERN OF FLOWS IN 90% AND 50% YEARS HEAD FOR POWER GENERATION DESIGN HEAD POWER GENERATION IN A 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR AND 50% MEAN YEAR INSTALLED CAPACITY STUDIES UNRESTRICTED ENERGY GENERATION FOR ALL THE YEARS. COMPUTATION FOR DEPENDABLE YEAR ON THE BASIS OF ENERGY. 90% DEPENDABLE AND 50% MEAN YEAR DISCHARGES ENERGY GENERATION IN 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR (1987-88). ENERGY GENERATION IN 90% DEPENDABLE CORRESPONDING TO 95% M/C AVAILABILITY. ENERGY GENERATION IN 50% MEAN YEAR (1977-78). INSTALLED CAPACITY CURVE - 90% YEAR 90% YEAR SUMMARY TABLE SUMMARY TABLE COMMENTS OF CEA ON DRAFT PFR AND REPLIES THEREOF

PAGE VII-1 VII-1 VII-2 VII-2 VII-2 TO VII-3 VII-3 VII-4 TO VII-7 VII-8 VII-9 VII-10 TO VII-13 VII- 14 VII- 15 TO VII-19 VII- 20

TOTAL ENERGY V/S INSTALLED CAPACITY CURVE VII- 21 VII- 22 VII- 23 VII- 24 TO VII-28

REPLIES TO THE COMMENTS RAISED BY THE DIRECTOR (HP&I), NEW DELHI VIDE HIS LETTER NO. 7/9(HPSEB)/HP&I/2004/1315 DATED 19.7.04 IN RESPECT OF BAJOLI-HOLI HEP (180 MW) ARE DETAILED AS BELOW:-

GENERAL

1.

Initial Environmental studies carried out by HPSEB, Conservator Cell, and the studies done by NRSA, Hydrabad, have been collected and incorporated to the PFR.

2.

Financial Parameters have been adopted as per guidelines furnished vide letter No. 7/9/HPI-2003/1118-1123 dated 21.10.2003.

3.

Cost estimate has been prepared as per the guidelines. Tariff calculation by considering IDC & without free power to home state shall be carried out at DPR stage.

4. 5. 6. 7.

Action shall be taken during DPR stage. Approval of Hydrology is under process with CWC. Action shall be taken during DPR stage. Matter shall be taken up by the Chief Engineer (SP), HPSEB, Shimla with SP & PA division of CEA.

8. 9.

Executive Summary as desired shall be sent separately. Report of GSI has been incorporated to the PFR.

POWER POTENTIAL STUDIES

1.

The power potential study has been carried out as per the data available and the installed capacity of 180 MW has been fixed by keeping inview the curve drawn between Installed capacity versis incremental increase in energy. The review of installation in view of peaking operation and higher load factor during lean season shall be carried during detailed study for preparation of DPR.

2.

Detailed study shall be carried out of DPR stage.

3.

Area capacity curve has been incorporated as Plate 5.3 under Chapter No.V Hydrology.

4&5

The summary of studies indicating load factor yearly inflows, annual energy generation & incremental increase in energy shall be presented in tabular form in DPR.

6.

Recommendation for further studies required for preparation of DPR is as under. i) ii) The consistency of the observed data will be got checked at the DPR stage, as the concurrent data of other sites in the basin is being collected. The layout of the project has been finalized on the SOI sheet in the scale of 1:50,000. The detailed surveys on the larger scale will be carried out and any change in gross head/layout will be taken care of.

HIMACHAL PRADESH STATE ELECTRICITY BOARD NO.HPSEB/DP/BAJOLI-HOLI/2004To The Chief Engineer (HP & I), Central Electricity Authority, Room No. 407 (N), Sewa Bhawan, R.K.Puram, New Delhi-66. Sub: Ref: Sir, In continuation to this office letter under reference, enclosed please find herewith PFR of Bajoli Holi HEP (25 copies) for kind reference at your end, please. It is further added that the replies to the comments conveyed by your office in respect of hydrology, power studies and general, have been attended and replies thereof appended in PFR. This is for your kind information. DA: As above (25 Copies) Yours faithfully, Alternate Nodal Officer-Cum Director Planning, Circle No.1, HPSEB, Sundernagar (HP). Copy to above for kind information forwarded to : i) ii) iii) Nodal Officer -Cum Chief Engineer (I&P), HPSEB, Sundernagar Chief Engineer (P&M), HPSEB, Vidyut Bhawan, Shimla-4. Chief Engineer (SP), HPSEB, Vidyut Bhawan, Shimla-4. PFR of BAJOLI-HOLI HEP Submission thereof. This office letter No. HPSEB/DP/BAJOLI-HOLI/04-724-27 dated 30.6.04 Dated____/8/04

Alternate Nodal Officer-Cum Director Planning, Circle No.1, HPSEB, Sundernagar (HP).

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CHAPTER VIII
POWER EVACUATION
8.0 8.1 ELECTRO MECHANICAL WORKS GENERAL Bajoli Holi Hydel Project utilizes the flows of Ravi river and is located in Chamba Distt. of Himachal Pradesh . A net head of 278 Mts. has been utilized to generate 180 MW of power at Barola power house . The salient features of Bajoli Holi HEP are as under:Net Head Installed capacity No. and size of units Type of Power House Cost of Electrical Works:P-production T- Transmission 8.1.2 SCOPE This project report incorporates the detailed abstract of cost under the heading P- production (generating plant Equipment) and T- transmission (Transmission lines for evacuation of power). Detailed analysis in the form of various Annexures have been attached to this report. The cost estimates are based on the rates prevailing during the current year i.e. 2004-2005. Rs. 16560.00 Lacs. Rs. 3602.54 Lacs. 278 Meters 180 MW 3 units of 60 MW each. Underground.

I8.2 POWER HOUSE

The underground power house ( 50 m (L) x 13 m(W) x 35 m(H)) will have 3 generating units of 60 MW each along with all the auxiliary facilities such as cooling water / potable water supply system, fire protection system, compressed air supply , oil system, ventilation and Air conditioning system etc. The control room , LT room, Battery room, air conditioning Plant, Offices, cable spreading area will be accommodated in different floors adjacent to the machine hall and will increase the length of power house cavity by 15 m. The service bay shall be located on the opposite end of the machine hall. Provision for the lubricating oil handling plant, the water treatment and filtration plant and store etc. has also been made. The generator transformers will be located in a separate cavity and will be connected to generating units through 11 kV bus ducts. On a floor just above the transformers , 220 kV GIS equipment shall be accommodated. 8.2.1 8.2.1.1 MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT TURBINES The vertical shaft , Francis turbine of 61.22 MW capacity with a rated synchronous speed of 500 rpm has been found to be suitable in view of the over all economy of the power house. Each turbine shall be provided with suitable oil pressure unit, Electro hydraulic governor and other requisite control equipment. 8.2.1.2 GOVERNOR Since Bajoli Holi power house will be connected with Kutehr pooling point, and shall also be operated as peaking station in tandem with other up stream projects, it is of great importance that the governor accuracy and

I-

sensitivity is of high order so as to ensure that all the regulators behave in the same way for any change in the system load. Thus to avoid mutual hunting and over regulation, it is proposed to provide Electro Hydraulic governor. The governing system for each unit will have an individual oil pressure system consisting of oil to air mixer and an oil tank with two pumps as well as the automatic control equipment. Speed etc. would be indicated both on the governor cubicle and on the unit control board to facilitate supervision of operation of the unit. The controls would include provision for emergency shut down of unit in case of : Loss of Pressure in the oil pressure vessel of Governor oil system. Excessive temperature rise in Bearing. Excessive speed rise of the unit. Electrical faults. 8.2.1.3 MAIN INLET VALVES A main inlet valve of the butterfly type would be provided at each turbine inlet for maintenance of the turbine and for emergency isolation of the turbine in the event of governor failure. Each valve shall be actuated by means of servomotor which shall be fed from an independent oil pressure unit. Each valve unit shall constitute a complete independent unit with its own operating system for opening and closing, which will be connected to the automatic start and stop sequence of the respective turbine unit. 8.2.1.4 COOLING WATER AND FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM A pumping system would be provided to supply adequate quantity of water from the tail race for cooling of the turbine and generator bearings, generator air coolers and selected plant services.

I-

Water for fire protection would be taken from an elevated reservoir providing both reliable operation and ample capacity to fight fire in the power house. A back up water supply to this reservoir would also be provided. 8.2.1.5 POTABLE WATER AND SANITARY DRAINAGE Water from the cooling water system would be used to supply the plants potable and sanitary water needs. The potable water would be filtered and chemically treated as required. Sanitary sewerage would be treated in a septic system before discharge in to tail race of power plant. 8.2.1.6 COMPRESSED AIR SYSTEM A high pressure compressed air plant would be installed to meet the requirements of the governor oil system and the oil pressure system of the spherical valves. A low pressure compressed air plant would also be installed to meet the requirements of the station pneumatic tools and other general purpose in the power house. 8.2.1.7 OIL SYSTEM A portable dehydration unit comprising of oil heaters, Filters, tank etc. would be provided in the power station for the treatment of governor/ Bearings and switch gear oils. 8.2.1.8 VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING Power house would be provided with ventilation system as required for the underground power house work areas and offices. An air conditioning system would be provided to maintain the control room at the selected

I-

design temperature and humidity levels. The temperature and humidity level would be selected to suit the requirements of equipment and staff. 8.2.1.9 POWER HOUSE CRANE In order to expedite the completion of various construction activities of the power house, 1 Nos. electric over head travelling bridge crane with capacity of 130/30 tonnes would be installed in the power house primarily for erection, maintenance and repair of the generating units. The cranes would be equipped with motor control system providing suitable procedure for equipment erection. 8.2.2 8.2.2.1 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT GENERATOR Each generator shall be of vertical shaft, salient pole type, Synchronous generator directly coupled to the hydro turbine and having a rated out put of 66.67 MVA with 0.9 lag power factor. The generator bearing arrangement shall be of conventional type i.e. suspended type. It is proposed to equip the generators with dynamic braking in addition to the friction brakes. The generator shall have class-F insulation in line with modern practice and temperature restricted to class-B insulation. The generator will be air cooled with a closed ventilation system using air water heat exchanger placed around the stator frame. The generators are proposed to be equipped with the following electrical protection equipment High speed differential protection for generator. Generator Over Voltage protection. Back up over current protection. Stator earth fault relay protection. Negative Phase Sequence Current protection. Rotor Field Circuit earth Fault Relay & protection.

ILoss of excitation relay schemes. Generator thermal relay protection. Phase balance relay. 8.2.2.2 EXCITATION SYSTEM

The excitation system of the generator will be of static type and will include static type voltage regulator of latest design, field suppression equipment and the associated accessories. The power for the excitation system will be taken from the generator main bus by means of a dry type or epoxy encased step down transformer. The excitation system will be self contained requiring only an external power source for field flashing at unit starting. The field flashing supply will be taken from the station battery. The excitation system including the voltage regulator will be placed in the cubicles adjacent to the generator pit. 8.2.2.3 GENERATOR SWITCH GEAR AND CONNECTING CABLES Each generator shall be connected to its step up transformer by means of 11 kV bus ducts. Current transformers required for protection, control and metering will be located and form part of the bus ducts assemblies. The generator switch gear will be of the metal enclosed type placed in a separate room close to the generator. It will include the generator phase equipment. The equipment for the generator neutral side will be placed in a cubicle adjacent to the generator pit. 8.2.2.4 GENERATOR TRANSFORMERS 10 Nos. Indoor generator transformers of 25 MVA , 11/ 220/3 kV , single phase , 50 Hz rating will be provided and placed in a separate underground

I-

cavity ( 80 m(L) x 16 m(W) ) on the down stream side of power house cavity. The OFWF type of cooling is proposed for generator transformers.

8.2.2.5

CONTROL AND MONITORING EQUIPMENT The plant will be designed to be operated as an attended type. Unit control will be provided locally while central control will be from various control panels located in the control and relay room of the power house. Control equipment will include metering and control panels, protections auxiliary power system, transformers and 220 kV switch gear. The control equipment will also include the PLC and Telecommunication equipment required for the transmission lines. Provision for connection to the state load dispatch center will also be provided. for supervision and operation of the generator turbine, 11 kV switch gear ,

8.2.2.6

STATION SERVICE/ AUXILIARY SUPPLY The station service supply is proposed to be taken through 33 kV Local Distribution system. In addition, for reliability, 2X250 KVA DG sets shall also be provided for the black start capability. This arrangement will also feed local area , Colony, head works etc. The unit auxiliaries shall be fed through 11/0.415 kV, 500 KVA transformers connected to each generator. The auxiliaries can also be fed from 2 Nos., 33/0.415 kV, 500 KVA station auxiliary transformers, which are connected to 33 kV bus connected to 33 kV local supply.

8.2.2.7

POWER PLANT GROUNDING The power station will be provided with a complete earthing system. All exposed conductive parts and equipment in the powerhouse and switchyard

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will be connected to the grounding system. The grounding system will be designed to minimize the Safe and Touch potential within acceptable limits.

8.2.2.8

LIGHTING The power plant lighting, following normal practice, will comprise of interior and exterior lights as appropriate. While the majority of the illuminaries will be AC powered, emergency lighting will be DC supplied from station battery system. The emergency lighting will be provided only for essential locations e.g. control room, exits etc.

8.2.2.9

SWITCH YARD AND SWITCHING SCHEME The project is proposed to be interfaced with the 220 kV Kutehr HEP. The evacuation arrangement has been made after taking in to consideration the constraints on right of way, reliability and the quantum of power that shall be injected in to 220 kV Kutehar HEP. Schematic diagram showing the interconnection of Bajoli Holi with other identified projects is as per Annex. A. Due to space constraints, 220 kV Gas Insulated Switchgear has been proposed and shall be housed on a floor located just above the transformers in the transformer cavern. Single breaker double bus bar arrangement has been proposed after giving due consideration to its reliability, stability, easy maintenance and accessibility. The GIS switchyard has 3 generator transformer bays, one bus coupler bay and two feeder bays. The connection of the Pot yard with the underground GIS switchyards shall be made via 220 kV, XLPE cables. In addition to this, space for 2 Nos. 220 kV feeder bays shall be kept for up stream projects i.e. Bara Bangal (200 MW).

I8.3 TRANSMISSION OF POWER

Considering the amount of power to be evacuated and the distance involved, it has been proposed to inject the power generated at Bajoli Holi power house in to 220 kV Kutehar HEP. For wheeling of power that shall be accumulated at Kutehar HEP, 220 kV D/C line from Kutehar to Hamirpur 2x0.5 or 4x0.5 conductor depending upon total firmed up capacities of projects up stream of Kutehar HEP(as per decision taken during the 16th standing committee on Transmission System Planning) in Northern Region held in NREB on 24.3.2004) shall be laid. 8.4 ESTABLISHMENT The electrical works of the project are proposed to be completed with in 5 years time. Accordingly, the provision of regular establishment required for to do electrical works in this time frame has been made in the estimate. The design procurement, inspection, erection and commissioning of electrical works of the project shall be done departmentally. The provision of staff has been made as per the CEAs norms intimated from time to time

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PARA 8.0 8.1 8.1.2 8.2 8.2.1 8.2.1.1 8.2.1.2 8.2.1.3 8.2.1.4 8.2.1.5 8.2.1.6 8.2.1.7 8.2.1.8 8.2.1.9 8.2.2 8.2.2.1 8.2.2.2 8.2.2.3 8.2.2.4 8.2.2.5 8.2.2.6 8.2.2.7 8.2.2.8 8.2.2.9 8.3 8.4

DESCRIPTION ELECTRO-MECHANICAL WORKS. GENERAL SCOPE POWER HOUSE. MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT TURBINES GOVERNOR MAIN INLET VALVES COOLING WATER AND FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM. POTABLE WATER AND SANITARY DRAINAGE COMPRESSED AIR SYSTEM OIL SYSTEM VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING POWER HOUSE CRANE ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT GENERATOR EXCITATION SYSTEM GENERATOR SWITCH GEAR AND CONNECTING CABLES. GENERATOR TRANSFORMERS CONTROL AND MONITORING EQUIPMENT STATION SERVICE/AUXILIARY SUPPLY POWER PLANT GROUNDING LIGHTING SWITCH YARD AND SWITCHING SCHEME TRANSMISSION OF POWER ESTABLISHMENT

PAGE VIII-1 VIII-1 VIII-1 VIII-2 VIII-2 VIII-2 VIII-2 TO VIII-3 VIII-3 VIII-3 TO VIII-4 VIII-4 VIII-4 VIII-4 VIII-4 VIII-5 VIII-5 VIII-5 VIII-6 VIII-6 VIII-6 VIII-7 VIII-7 VIII-7 VIII-8 VIII-8 VIII-8 TO VIII-9 VIII-9

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CHAPTER - IX
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS
9.0 DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT The proposed Bajoli Holi HEP is a run of the river scheme on Ravi river to harness the power potential between village Bajoli and Barola. The scheme envisages diversion of 71.74 cumecs discharge of Ravi, near 200 m down stream of the confluence of Channi nallah with river Ravi by constructing a diversion structure (about 30 m high) through an underground desilting structure, a 5 m dia 14.6 km long HRT, surge shaft and a 4 m dia 475 m long pressure shaft to generate 180 MW of power in an underground power house near village Barola by utilising a gross head of about 308 m. The water will be further discharged to Kuther reservoir. 9.1 9.1.1 9.1.1.1 DESCRIPTION OF ENVIRONMENT PHYSICAL RESOURCE HYDROLOGY The area in question is drained mainly by Ravi river. A large number of nallah drain directly in to the Ravi river. In the propose project area, Sarontha Nallah and Sal nallah drains into the Ravi river 9.1.1.2 GEOLOGY Most of the area of the area is as yet geologically unmapped. A great mass of the mountain is formed of ancient rock of silurian age, resting on a central mass of granite or granitoid gneiss. Nearly all the hill ranges of the Himalayas follow a definite pattern of strata. They

IX -

usually lie in the east-west direction with some variations. The strata dip to the north barring some variations due to orogenic movements and local disturbances. This east-west sweep of the ranges has given rise to markedly south and north exposed slopes, and hence to different rock weathering conditions and vegetative cover due to the varying duration of light. All over the tract, schist occurs in different forms such as shales, slates, gneisses, argillaceous clay, etc. The schists provide easily worked building stones, while slates provides excellent roofing material of good quality. Underlying rock of Dhauladhar range are granite and gneiss almost uniform in character throughout. At the lower elevations the rock system, mainly on the northern and eastern slopes, is very unstable, weak and friable nature, readily prone to disintegration. The terrain in such parts is highly susceptible to landslides, land-slips and erosion. The sub-soil is fairly hard, generally argillaceous shale, which is often fissured, and easily subject to disintegration near the surface when exposed. The soil depth is inversely proportional to the slopes. On ridges and spurs, and precipitous and southern aspects, the soil tends to be shallow and dry with numerous out-crops of bare rocks. 9.1.2 9.1.2.1 ECOLOGICAL RESOURCE FORESTS The composition of the forest vegetation and its evolution is influenced by the character of the rocks/soil underlying. The main forests in the area are of Kail and Chilgoza. The density varies from good to sparse and scattered. In some areas which were earlier shown to have Kail forests are now having Chilgoza trees.

IX 9.1.2.2 9.1.2.3 FLORA AND FAUNA FLORA

The main parts are located on the right bank of the river which is almost barren. Very few patches of Kail trees are seen. On higher elevations the vegetation is better. However, the right bank has moderate tree cover of various species. The composition and condition of the crop varies with altitude and aspect. In the lower area Kail and Deodar are found mixed with Oaks whereas further upward Spruce and Fir forests are found as mixed crop or in pure form. Kail is prominent on southern aspects whereas Deodar, Spruce and Fir are mostly confined to the cooler aspects. The right bank in particular has a good stock of medicinal plants on higher altitudes.

IX Scientific name Abies pindrow Acer caesium Aesculus indica Alnus nepalensis Alnus nitida Cedrus deodara Celtis australis Corylus colurna Cupressus torulosa Ficus bengalensis Ficus religiosa Ficus roxburghii Fraxinus excelsior Fraxinus floribunda Grewia vestita Juglans regia Litsaea glutinosa Litsaea umbrosa Machilus odoratissima Morus alba Morus serrata Myrica nagi Olea cuspidata Picea smithiana Pinus gerardiana Pinus roxburghii Pinus wallichiana Populus alba Populus ciliata Punia granatum Common Name Rai Mandar Goon Piak -doDiyar Khirak Thangi Devidiyar Bar Pipal Trambal Sanooh -doDhaman Akhrot Chirindi -do-doKarun -doKaphal Kahu Tosh Neoza Chir, Chil Kail Pahari Pipal Chaloon Daru Mulberry -doWild Olive Spruce Chilgoza Pine Chil Pine Blue Pine Poplar -doWild Pomegranate Walnut Ash -doEnglish Name Silver Fir Mapple Horse Chest Nut Alder -doDeodar Nettle Tree Hazlnut Cyprus

IX Pyrus communis Pyrus malus Quercus dilatata Quercus incana Quercus semicarpifolia Rhododendron arboreum Robinia pseudoacacia Salix alba Salix babilonica Taxus baccata Nakh Seo Moru Ban Kharsu Cheo ---Badha Badha ( Majnu ) Barmi B. SHRUBS Agave americana Ainslea aptera Berberis aristuta Chenopodium album Cotoneaster acuminata Cotoneaster bacillaris Cotoneaster microphylla Cotoneaster vulgaris Daphne cannabina Dendrocalamus strictus Desmodium tiliaefolium Deutzia corymbosa Eurphobia royleana Fragaria vesca Galium asperifolium Galium ptunifolium Girardiana heterophylla Hamiltonia suaveolens Ilex dipyrena Ramban Mukh Nihani Kemal/Kasmal Bathu Rheuns -do-do-doNiggi Bans Pre Batti ---Strawberry -do------Ain Padara Century Plant Airon's Rod ---------------------------Wild Syringe ---strawberry -do------------Pear Apple

Green Oak (Middla Zone) White Oak ( Low Level) Brown Oak (High Level) Red Rhododendron ---Willow -doYew

IX Indigofera gerardiana Indigofera hersuta Indigofera pulchella Juniperus communis Juniperus recurva Lonicera angustifolia Lonicera quinquilocularis Mimosa rubicaulis Oxalis corniculata Parrotia jacquemontiana Plantago lanceolata Plantago tibetica Pletranthus rugosus Potentilla Spp. Primulla Spp. Prinsepia utilis Pteris aquilina Rhamnus purpurea Rhus cotinus Rhus parviflora Rosa macrophylla Rubus biflorus Rubus niveus Sarcococca pruniformis Sarcococca saligna Staphylea emodi Strobilanthus dalhousianus Trifolium repens Viburnum cotinifolium Viburnum foetens Viburnum nervosum Kanderu Kathi ------Bither -doKantias Bakhru ---Malori Killar Isabgol ---Kuthal ------Kangora Lingar Luhish Tung Tungla Karer, Bangulab Akhre Diun -doNagdaun, Chitra ------Talanj -do-doThe Holly ---------Cedar -doHoney Suckle -do------Wych hazel ---------------------------------Raspberry Red ------Snake wood ---Clover white ----------

IX Viburnum stellulatum Woodfordia floribunda Woodfordia fruticosa -doDhawa -do----------

C. CLIMBERS Vitex negundo Hedera helix Smilex parviflora Vitis Latifolia Vitis semocordata Bannah Kural ---Panibel -do---Ivy ---The Virginian Creeper -do-

D. MEDICINAL PLANTS Aconitum heterophyllum Aconitum chesmanthum Arisaema flavum Arisaema helleberifolium Arisaema wallichiana Asparagus racemosus Atropa acuminata Atropa belladona Cinnamomum tamala Digitalis purpurea Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscorea deltoidea Hydrocolyle asiatica Jurinea macrocephala Mentha acquatica Ocimum Spp. Patis Mohri Samp-ki-makki Ki-kukri -do Satawar ---Shafoo Tejpat ---Khildri -doBrahmi-Buti Dhup Pudina ---Medicinal herb -do---Cobra Plant -do------Belladona ------------------Mint ----

IX Onosrna bracteatum Picrohiza kurrooa Podophyllum emodi Rumex nepalensis Salvia glutinosa Saussurea lappa Saxifraga ligulata Taraxacum officinale Thalictrum foliolosum Verbascum thapsus Valeriana wallichii Viola odorata Viola serpens Withania somnifera 9.1.2.4 FAUNA Rarra (Rattanjot) Kaur Ban Kakru Amlora Makhiar Kuth Pathartor Dudhali Machhar Mar Giddar Tamaku Smak, Nihani Banafsha -doAshawgandha ---Medicinal Plant ------Dog Flower ----------------------------

Although the wild Lifes presence on the right bank is very rare, the most common animals and birds found in vicinity are as follows. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. GHORAL (Nemorthaedus Goral) KAKKAR- Muntjac or barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak) KASTURA (Moschus moschiferus) BAGHERA OR LEOPARD (Panthera pardus) KALA BHALU OR HIMALAYAN BLACK BEAR (SELENARCIOS THIBETANUS) LAL BHALU OR HIMALAYAN BROWN BEAR (Ursus arctos) GORTHU OR THE HIMALAYAN PINE MARTIN (Martes flavigula) THE INDIAN PORCUPINE (Hystrix indica) EAN OR FLYING SQUIRREL (Hylopetes) CHUKOR (Alectoris gracca)

IX 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 9.2 9.2.1 RED JUNGLE FOWL (Gallus gallus) KALESHA (Genuocus albicratatus) CHEER PHEASANT (Caterus wallichi) KOKLAS PHEASANT (Varasis macrolopha) BLACK PATRIDGE (Francolinus francolinus) DOVE OR GHUGI (Chalcuphaps indica) GREY QUAIL (Coturnix conurnix)

BASELINE ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE The climate is markedly temperate and varies with the altitude. Since most of the area of the tract lies on higher elevations and northern aspects, so cool weather prevails during most part of the year. Seasons are well marked. The spring season is cool bright and free of haze and mist or dust and snow deposits still persists above 1830 meters. April slowly gives way to the much steadier months of May and June when the sun shines, the light brightest and warmest, with occasional light showers and the weather is tolerably warm. The monsoon generally starts in the first week of July and lasts upto the end of August. There are occasionally very heavy rains, which bring in devastating floods in the streams and nullahs and landslides or land slips (locally called ghaars). September and October is cool bright and free of haze and dust, with occasional light rains. November is cool and dry and by the middle of this month rain, hail, sleet and light snowfall begin to visit the area above 1800 meters. Snowfall is almost a regular feature from December to middle of March. It accumulates as much as 9 meters at 2700 meters elevation and above and does not persist longer below 1800 meters of elevations and southern slopes.

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9.2.1.1 TEMPERATURE, RAINFALL AND SNOWFALL DATA

TEMPERATURE OF BHARMOUR Maximum January February March April May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec RAINFALL Details of average monthly rainfall for meteorological station Holi (Elevation 6000 feet) for the last ten years are given below:17 14 22 24 27 31 28 26 28 23 20 7 Minimum -3 -5 1 1 10 14 15 15 13 9 5 1

Rainfall (in mm) and Snowfall ( in cm ) during the month January ll 45.84 ll 10.55 February ll 68.46 ll 28.36 March Rainf Snowfa all 176.18 ll 6.55 Rainfa Snowfa Rainfa Snowfa

IX - 11 Rainfall (in mm) and Snowfall ( in cm ) during the month of April ll 85.59 ll 0.18 May ll 102.73 ll ---June Rainf Snowfa all 32.73 ll ---Rainfa Snowfa Rainfa Snowfa

Rainfall (in mm) and Snowfall ( in cm ) during the month of July ll 107.60 ll ---August ll 89.91 ll ---September Rainf Snowfa all 67.37 ll ---Rainfa Snowfa Rainfa Snowfa

Rainfall (in mm) and Snowfall ( in cm ) during the month of October ll 24.36 ll ---November ll 22.29 ll 1.27 December Rainf Snowfa all 87.02 ll 13.05 Rainfa Snowfa Rainfa Snowfa

The bulk of the precipitation is received in the form of sleet and snow from the mid of November to middle of March. Rainfall is also good during monsoon from middle of July to end of August. The difference in the distribution of the snowfall is less pronounced. Generally, the inner valleys experience a heavy snow fall , where it stays longer. Droughts occur from April to middle of June and during middle of

IX - 12 September to November. Prolonged severe droughts are common and that have adverse effect on the establishment of regeneration. Air, Water, Soil and Sound data will be collected at the time of doing detailed EIA. Since this is pre feasibility report, this has not been done at this stage. 9.3 9.3.1 ENVIRONMENT IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION IMPACT IDENTIFICATION Environmental impacts both direct and indirect on various

environmental attributes due to Bajoli Holi Hydropower project in the surrounding environment, during construction & operational Phase are discussed. 9.3.2 IMPACT IDENTIFICATION DURING CONSTRUCTION PHASE The impacts due to the construction of Bajoli Holi HEP and power house installation commence from the exploration activities, construction of barrage, tunnels and approach roads, etc., and may continue up to generation of hydel power, with the nature and extent of impacts varying throughout the stage of project development. Activities like site preparation, approach roads, excavation, drilling, blasting, foundations, tunneling, deployment of machinery, erection, transportation, dumping are taken up during construction phase. The likely impacts on the environment due to these activities are listed in the table. Tunneling and foundation works will involve land excavation, filling and concrete works affecting environment by noise and dust pollution.

IX - 13 Deployment of machinery, approach roads construction and erection work will also result in dust, noise pollution and vehicular traffic. Material handling and transportation may significantly increase noise pollution. The Muck produced will be in huge quantity and it will pose an environmental threat unless properly managed. The labour for various activities during the construction phase shall be engaged. Some essential services are also required to be provided. This will have an impact on drinking water supply and sanitary facilities. Economy of the nearby area will be improved due to increased job opportunities with corresponding increase in income. Other associated business activities like transport, hotels, consumer goods etc., will also be benefited. The major environmental parameters likely to be effected during construction phase are muck, noise, dust pollution and sanitation. Water spraying during high dust will minimise the dust level to some extent. A proper temporary housing with water supply and sanitation for workers should be planned. The effect due to construction phase is however, of temporary in nature and has no permanent effect on environment. Construction Phase Clearing and grading Temporary facilities, such as, sheds approach roads, Site work / providing other facilities. sanitary facilities. Earth work comprising of excavation and trenches. Muck, Soil erosion, run off, increase in traffic, Dust emission Foundation work, piling and Muck, Dust, visual and construction of check dams. noise pollution Negligible Muck, Dust emission and change in traffic intensity. Activity Potential Environmental Impact

IX - 14 Construction of permanent structures like roads, colony etc Mechanical erection and utility systems. Excavation Construction of approach roads, tunneling works and construction of under ground Power Station 9.3.3 IMPACT IDENTIFICATION DURING OPERATIONAL PHASE There would be little environmental and ecological changes during the operational phase. The main activities that may cause environmental impact on the surrounding environment during project completion and after during operation are: i. ii. iii. Transportation of excessive solid waste material (muck) Dumping of solid waste material Removal of temporary facilities, cleaning etc. Dumping Transportation Drilling and blasting Dust, noise and visual impact. Muck, Dust, soil erosion, wastewater generation and noise Muck, Dust, noise and health hazards Dust, noise and visual Dust, noise and visual Muck, Dust and noise pollution

During the project completion the likely potential environmental impacts are due to dust and noise.

IX - 15 Operation Phase Release of water Activity Down stream flow variation Potential Environmental Impact Down stream erosion of River bank and bottom Impairment of water quality Accumulation of back water Dumping of solid waste Silting in the area behind barrage Ecological hazard

9.4

PREDICTION OF IMPACTS The impact during the construction of Bajoli Holi HEP on environment (air, water, noise, land etc. are predicted in this section. The construction activity may cause some adverse impacts on the surrounding environment unless proper environmental management plan is adopted.

9.4.1

IMPACT ON AIR ENVIRONMENT. Considerable amount of air pollution will be caused during different stages of construction of tunnels, barrage, roads and other operations such as excavation, drilling, blasting, loading and transportation of material. Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) is the main pollutant during construction. Most of the dust arises from drilling, blasting, excavation, crushing and transportation operations. Large quantities of dust become wind borne and are carried away from overburden dumps. The fugitive dust released during the construction activities may cause immediate effect on the construction workers who are directly exposed to the fugitive dust. Vegetation will also be adversely affected as deposition of dust on the leaves will choke the photosynthesis activity, which, in turn, will have adverse effect on the health of the plants.

IX - 16 However, the dust does not travel to longer distance because the project site is located in between hills and V-shaped valleys. 9.4.2 IMPACT ON NOISE ENVIRONMENT The noise will be generated at the time of construction of barrage, powerhouse, tunnel boring machine operations, pumps, drilling machines, dumpers, etc. Continuous exposure of workers to high level of noise may result in annoyance, fatigue, and may cause temporary shift of threshold limit of hearing and even permanent loss of hearing. During operational phase, noise level will be increased due trouncing machinery and vehicular movement in the area. However, these impacts are only localised. 9.4.3 IMPACT ON WATER ENVIRONMENT. During the construction of barrage, tunnel, and power house surface water (river water) may get polluted due to the generation of large quantities of suspended particulate matter at the time of transportation of muck and waste water (sewage) coming from temporary arrangements like offices, labour camp sheds, etc., 9.4.4 IMPACTS ON FLORA AND FAUNA The various plant and animal species available in the region have already been described. There are no endangered species in the region. There are no Wild Life Sanctuary or National Park in the area. Every Plant species and wild life species whether mammal, bird, reptile, aquatic or amphibian plays an important role in the maintenance of balance of nature and is useful to mankind in many ways. Every individual animal, bird or insect has been endowed with

IX - 17 certain specific protective measures so that it can protect itself and reproduce, thus ensuring the existence of the species. However, the project activities will not have any significant effect on the Forest and Wild Life except for removal of bare minimum number of trees. However, Compensatory afforestation will be done as per the general stipulations given by the Govt of India MoEF at the time of sanction of diversion of Forestland 9.4.5 E. R & R ASPECTS Since the Project is a run-of-the-river type and there is no storage, therefore, there is no submergence. Hence, no dwellings, houses or hamlets will be submerged. resettlement is involved. 9.4.6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN (MITIGATION MEASURES) Environmental Management Plan (EMP) aims at the preservation of ecological system by considering certain mitigating measures at the proposed site. The mitigation measures are used to minimize or prevent adverse impacts on environment due to the proposed development activity . Some of the major criteria governing the environmental measures will be adopted, and the same is described in the following paragraphs. 9.4.6.1 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT The EMP is required to ensure sustainable development in the study area of 10 Km radius of the proposed Bajoli Holi HEP site. Government regulating agencies like Pollution Control Board working So, there is no displacement and

IX - 18 in the region and more importantly the people living in the area need to extend their co-operation and contribution in this direction. It has been evaluated that the study area shall not be affected adversely with the proposed activity and likely to get new economical fillip due to hydel power generation, not only for the study area but also for the region as a whole. The majority of the environmental impact pertains to the construction phase. It is planned to take corrective measures to ensure that these effects are kept to bare minimum. The EMP will therefore, be initiated during planning stage itself. Catchment Area Treatment Plan, which will be prepared at a later stage will form part of the Environmental Management Plan 9.4.7 9.4.7.1 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AT CONSTRUCTION STAGE SITE PREPARATION Dust emission (fugitive) and solid waste will be generated during initial site preparation activity and there will be slight increase in the noise levels around the site. The environmental impacts during the clearing or clearing for site preparation will be temporary, localised and negligible. Water sprays at appropriate location will be provided for dust suppression, hence reducing the impacts. Solid waste will be disposed off along with the muck at the designated sites. 9.4.7.2 9.4.7.2.1 CONSTRUCTION AIR ENVIRONMENT As discussed earlier, construction of Bajoli Holi HEP and powerhouse activities will generate large quantities of dust during drilling, blasting,

IX - 19 loading and transportation operations. The following measures are required be taken to mitigate the fugitive dust from different operations. To avoid the dust generation from the drilling operations, wetdrilling methods will be adopted. Ceasing dust -generating activities during high winds Covering of vehicles carrying solid waste (muck). Watering of haul roads and other roads at regular intervals Plantation near muck disposal places and dumping yards. 9.4.7.2.2 NOISE ENVIRONMENT The major noise-generating sources from the proposed activity are working machinery, blasting and movement of vehicles. The following control measures are to be undertaken to bring down the noise levels. Traffic (vehicular movement) to be managed to produce a smooth flow instead of a noisier stop -and start flow. Ensuring timely preventive maintenance of the equipment involved. Since a well maintained equipment is generally quieter than poorly maintained equipment. Ensuring usage of personal protective devices i.e., earmuffs and earplugs by workers, working in high noise activity centers.

IX - 20 Plantation in the vicinity of the construction area will further reduce the noise levels. 9.4.7.2.3 WATER ENVIRONMENT During construction phase the wastewater (sewage) coming from temporary arrangements like offices, labour camp sheds, canteens etc., and impact due to soil erosion during monsoon period may cause surface water pollution. Some of the control measures adopted for controlling water pollution are as follows: Establishing septic tanks followed by soak pits to treat the domestic waste water generated from the offices, canteens , labour camp sheds. Construction of Check dams /rock fill dams, wherever necessary to reduce siltation and suspended solids. 9.4.8 GREEN BELT DEVELOPMENT (COMPENSATORY AFFORESTATION) Afforestation is proposed to be done in open areas with moderate slope. This has to be supplemented with engineering/vegetative works like gully plugging and check dams etc where ever required. The planting area should be closed to grazing, lopping quarrying etc. For proper protection, it is necessary that the area is fenced and the fence is maintained properly. Plants need to be protected till they attain a height, which is above grazing level.

IX - 21 9.4.8.1 DISPOSAL OF MUCK By constructing the tunnel, underground power house and other items, huge quantity of muck will be generated. It is expected that 30-35 % of this will be used for making aggregates. The rest will require to be disposed off and managed in a planned manner. This is the most important aspect to be dealt with. It is proposed that at different locations dumping sites will be identified at suitable places. Retaining walls will be constructed. After the filling is done, rehabilitation of this site will be done to ensure that neither it flows in to the water stream nor it poses any other environmental threat. Plantation, wherever possible, will also be done on these sites so that these get stabilised over a period of time and do not pose any environmental problem. When detailed EIA/EMP is done detailed design for each and every dumping site will have to be prepared. 9.5 9.5.1 REPORT OF SATELLITE DATA ANALYSIS BY NRSA STUDY BACKGROUND Central Electricity Authority (CEA) under Ministry of Power, Govt. of India has earlier identified 399 potential hydroelectric sites in the country with an installed capacity of 1,07,000 Megawatt (MW). With a view to preparing an action plan to develop this hydroelectric potential and prioritizing the implementation of hydro-electric projects, a Ranking Study was taken up by the CEA in 2001. This Ranking Study identified 162 most potential sites with a total installed capacity of 50,560 MW for development. Preparation of Pre-Feasibility Reports (PFR) of these 162 sites has been initiated by the CEA in 2002 with works entrusted to a number of Consultants, namely, National Hydroelectric Power Corporation

IX - 22 (NHPC), North Eastern Electric Power Corporation (NEEPCO), Water And Power Consultancy Services India Limited (WAPCOS), Satluj Jal Vidut Nigam Limited ( SVJNL) , Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board ( HPSEB), Uttaranchal Jal Vidut Nigam Limited ( UJVNL) and Kerala Power Corporation Limited ( KPCL) with time target of completion of the whole exercise by September 2003. To oversee the progress of the PFRs preparation in time and with full cooperation of the Central Government agencies, a Central Coordination Committee consisting of Central Electricity Authority (CEA), Central Water Commission (CWC), India Meteorological Department (IMD), Ministry of Environment & Forest, Survey of India, Geological Survey of India (GSI) and National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA) was constituted by the CEA with Member (Hydro-power) as its Chairman. The Committee is sitting periodically in presence of the representatives of the Consultants to take stock of the completion of the studies. One of the mandates of PFR preparation is Initial Environmental Study with respect to each of the 162 proposed sites using satellite remote sensing data. As is well known in India and elsewhere in the world, space technology plays a very important role in terrain mapping and scientific assessment of the ground condition at speed, and is ideally suitable for inaccessible mountainous regions where majority of these hydroelectric dam/diversion sites are located. Computer processing of satellite digital data of the dam / diversion sites and their immediate environ provides wealth of information for preparation of the PreFeasibility Reports. The Potential of this technology was amply demonstrated in the preliminary ranking study of the 81 proposed hydro-electric sites in Indus Basin completed by NRSA in October 2001 on behalf of CEA. In view of this, NRSA has been approached by a number of consultants, namely, NHPC and HPSEB to take up Initial Environmental Studies in respect of 37 proposed hydro-power

IX - 23 sites located in the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and Madhya Pradesh using most recent satellite remote sensing data. NRSA in the recent month 9 Jan-May 2004) has completed initial environmental studies with respect to 6 hydro-electric schemes located in Chenab river basin for HPSEB, Sundernagar. Further, HPSEB has requested NRSA for similar studies for additional two sites viz. Chamba and Bajoli holi in Ravi river basin. This Report deals with Bajoli-Holi hydro-power site. 9.5.2 OBJECTIVE Principal objective of the satellite based study is to acquire Indian Remote Sensing satellites (IRS 1C/1D) LISS-III and PAN sensor digital data of the hydro-power sites and to make quick analysis of these data in terms of estimation of the submergence area at proposed Full Reservoir Level (FRL) and mapping of land use - land cover information within and in immediate surrounding of the proposed submergence area as inputs for Initial Environmental Study (IES) of the Pre-Feasibility Report. The specific objectives and scope of the study are: To estimate the area of submergence at proposed FRL of the proposed hydro-power sites

To analyse the satellite data for identifying broad landuse landcover categories like agricultural land, forest land, barren land, scrub land, water bodies, settlements, infrastructural features (roads and bridges) and to estimate the area under each of the

IX - 24 categories within and in immediate surrounding of the proposed submergence area at FRL. 9.5.3 SALIENT FEATURES OF THE BAJOLI-HOLI HYDROPOWER SITE Proposed hydro-power site is located at Bajoli-Holi in Ravi River Basin in Himachal Pradesh falling in Survey of India topo sheets No.52 D/11. The proposed project scheme at Bajoli-Holi envisages construction of a diversion structure on Ravi river, and a power house. The Head-Race Tunnel from the dam to the power house is proposed to be 15 km in length. The river water will be diverted through the Head-Race tunnel to the Power House for hydro-power generation. The geographic location of Dam and Power House for this hydropower site is given here : Dam Latitude : Longitude: 9.5.4 32 16 53 N 76 40 45E Power House 32 20 31 N 76 32 37 E

SATELLITE DATA USED Indian Remote Sensing Satellite, IRS-IC LISS III and PAN sensors data of 27th September 2002 covering the study site were procured from the NRSA Data Centre (NDC) after intensive browsing of the available satellite data for cloud-free and radiometric suitability. IRS1C covers the study site by satellite geo-reference number Path 94 and Row 48. These data are geometrically and radiometrically corrected digital data products which can be used readily in Window based image analysis platform.

IX - 25 9.5.5 BRIEF METHODOLOGY OF SATELLITE DATA ANALYSIS Image processing and analysis was done using ERDAS Imagine image analysis software in Windows platform. Satellite data of IRS 1D LISS III sensor provides 23.5 m spatial resolution and PAN sensor provides 5.8m spatial resolution. The two sensor data were geocoded and digitally merged using IHS transformation technique . Baseline information layers (like rivers/ streams) and infrastructural features (like roads and bridges), settlements / villages were initially interpreted on the digital image scene. cover categories of the study area. Output maps were composed in the image processing system which provide the landuse / landcover information along with other interpreted information such as roads, settlements etc., within the 7 Km radius from the dam site. The location of the diversion structure and power house from the index map provided by land use - land cover map. HPSEB, Sundernagar was superimposed on the satellite data as well as on the Area statistics of different landuselandcover categories were generated within the 7 km radius circle from the diversion point on the river. 9.5.6 OUTPUTS PROVIDED Based on the analysis of satellite data and other available ancillary information, the following outputs were generated: Map 1 (a) Shows IRS 1 C PAN + LISS III merged satellite image of 27th September 2002 on 1:50,000 scale covering 7 km radius from the dam site overlaid with FRL , location of dam site and power house. Subsequently, image classification technique was performed to obtain the land use-land

IX - 26 Map 1(b) Shows satellite derived landuse-landcover map on 1:50,000 scale covering 7 km radius from the dam site overlaid with FRL , location of dam site and power house. Land use /land cover map shows the following categories: Forest (Medium and Low Dense Forest), Agricultural Land, Open Scrub, Barren, Snow, River Course/ Dry River Bed. Map 1(c) Shows the land use- land cover classes and their corresponding area statistics in hectares within the submergence area on 1:25000 scale overlaid with FRL, location of dam site and power house. Map 1 (d) Shows the location of the National parks / Wildlife Sanctuaries vis--vis the location of the dam/ Power House and 7 km radius from the location of diversion structure . Table.1 Land use-land cover Information within the Area under submergence (Ha) Nil 5.09 0.83 2.93 0.21 Nil Nil 2.73 23.13 Nil Nil Nil 11.79 Nil Nil Nil 100.00 % of the total submergence area Nil 43.16 7.04 24.87 1.80 Nil Nil

Submergence Area ( 11.79 ha.) S.No 1 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Land use-land cover Category High Dense Forest Medium Dense Forest Low Dense Forest Open Scrub Barren / Rock Outcrop Agricultural Land Human Settlements River Course including dry river bed Water Bodies Snow Cloud / Shadow Total

IX - 27 Table.2 Landuse-landcover Information within the 7 Km Radius from the Diversion structure at Bajoli Holi S.No 1 2 3 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Landuse-landcover Category Total Area ( ha) High Dense Forest Medium Dense Forest Low Dense Forest Open Scrub Barren Agricultural Area Human Settlements River Course including dry river bed Water Bodies Snow Cloud /Shadow Total area 9.5.7. Nil 383.32 141.77 15394.00 NIl 2.49 0.92 100.00 Nil 5640.78 1812.96 6216.38 948.69 141.45 3.33 105.32 % of the total area Nil 36.65 11.78 40.38 6.16 0.92 0.02 0.68

CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF SATELLITE BASED INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL STUDY Total area under submergence at proposed FRL (2017 m. above MSL) is estimated to be 11.79 ha (Table.1). The small submergence area is a positive sign for the development of the preset hydro-power site. It is observed from Table 1 and Figure 1c that the area under vegetation cover class is estimated to be 5.92 ha. Which constitutes 50% of the total submergence area. Forest vegetation is classified as medium dense forest and low dense forest. Area statistics of the forest density categories are estimated as 5.09 ha and 0.83 ha respectively. There is no high

IX - 28 dense forest class is present in the submergence area and its immediate environs. Hence, the presence of forest vegetation cover , which is only to the extent of 6 ha. will pose least environmental concern in developing the proposed hydro-power site. It is also observed that percent distribution of vegetation cover class under forest category in the immediate surrounding (7 km radius circle) of the proposed hydro-power site (table 2) is same ( approx. 50%) as that of submergence area. Land areas under other land use categories like barren / rockoutcrop and open scrub together is around 3.14 ha., which is 32% of the submergence area. Whereas, it is observed that this category is predominant (approx. 50%) in the immediate environs of the proposed hydro-power site (Table 2). It is found that there is no agricultural land present within the proposed submergence area. This is a welcome positive indicator of insignificant environmental cost, should the proposed hydropower project is developed at this site. There are no surface water bodies other than the river course. It is observed that there are no settlements existing within the submergence area. This is a positive indicator so far as socioeconomic and demographic factor is concerned with respect to the proposed hydro-power development project. It is observed from the Table 2 that snow cover is present to an extent of 383 ha in the 7 km radius circle of the proposed dam with few isolated settlements and few agricultural lands. In the absence of available information from other sources about the existence and spatial extent of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, best efforts were made to collect information from the Internet. The information available in website of United Nations Environment programme World Conservation Monitoring Center

IX - 29 (http://www.unep-wcmc.org), National Informatics Centre, www. wildarunachal.org and www.arunachalbhawan.com regarding Wildlife Arunachal Pradesh State and its National Parks / Sanctuaries, were browsed through. websites, following information is gathered. Great Himalayan National Park with an areal extent of 62,000 ha is the only nearest National park (Fig 1(d)) is located at 83 km away from the dam site in south eastern direction. However, exact boundary / shape of this National Park is not available from these websites. It is unlikely to have any significant impact on Great Himalayan National Park. The Fig. 1d also shows that there are ten sanctuaries located around the proposed dam site within 90 km radius, of which Kugti, manali and Kais are located within 50 km distance from the proposed dam site, whose areal extents are 37,886 ha, 3180 ha, 1419 ha respectively. Though the exact boundaries are not available , since Kugti sanctuary is close to the proposed site (26 km away from the dam site), it may likely to have impact on it. Hence, a detailed impact assessment and habitat analysis may be carried out. However, exact spatial extent (boundaries) of this park may be superimposed for verifying the likely impact. Similarly, Manali sanctuary and kais sanctuary are situated at an aerial distance of 42 and 54 kms from the dam site and their spatial extents are 3180 ha and 1914 ha. which are unlikely to have any impact by the proposed hydro electric scheme.. Since 7 Km radius around the dam site was considered as the area of study, efforts were made to check whether the geo-coordinates of this National Park/ Wildlife Sanctuary is falling within the area

Based on these Internet

IX - 30 of study. The map No. 1(d) explains the location of the sanctuary vis--vis the dam site and the power house. 9.5.8 CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATION 1. Satellite based study has provided insight into the land use-land cover pattern and their spatial extent within the submergence area at FRL (2017m. above MSL) and within the 7 Km radius vicinity of the proposed dam site. Such detail information on a scale of 1:25,000 is not available from any other sources at present. 2. It is observed that, there are no settlements within the submergence area. This is a positive indicator of this hydro-power site. Within the 7 Km radius of the dam site, there are small pockets of human settlement (3.33 ha). However, Socio-economic and demographic data of this and others not identified need to be verified on the ground. 3. There is no agricultural land within submergence area. environmental cost on this score therefore is absolutely nil. 4. The proposed dam site and the power house locale is endowed with good medium dense forest vegetation. However, since the submergence area at FRL is confined within the river gorge, forest vegetation of the spatial extent of 5.92 hectares will be affected due to submergence. This is very insignificant. Species types of these forest vegetation need to be identified from local Forest Department and by field visit to the area. 5. Since the proposed dam is located on the gorge, the submergence area mostly confines to the river course. The river course including The

IX - 31 the dry river bed constitutes 23% of the proposed submergence area (11.79 ha.). 6. Kugti, Manali and Kais sanctuaries are situated at an aerial distance of 26, 42 and 54 kms respectively, away from the proposed dam site, according to the information collected from several websites. The location and wildlife of these sanctuaries will in no way be affected by the hydro-electric project, since the fetch distance of the reservoir submergence is around 0.6 km only. However, since Kugti sanctuary is only 20 km away from the dam site, whose exact spatial distribution need to be ascertained for evaluating the impact by the proposed scheme. 7. Great Himalayan National park, which is located 83 km away from the dam site. Though, the exact boundary / shape of this National Park is not available from these websites, the present hydro electric scheme with less ponding area and small fetch distance, is unlikely to have any significant impact on this National Park directly.

IX - 32

IX - 33 PARA 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT DESCRIPTION OF ENVIRONMENT BASE LINE ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS ENVIRONMENT IMPACT ASSESMENT AND EVALUATION 9.4 9.5 PREDICTION OF IMPACTS REPORT OF SATELLITE DATA ANALYSIS BY NRSA PLATE 9.1 IRS 1C PAN +LISS III MERGED SATELLITE IMAGE OF 27TH SEPT. 2002 PLATE 9.2 LANDUSE- LAND COVER MAP SHOWING THE SURROUNDINGS OF PROPOSED DIVERSION SITE AT BAJOLI-HOLI PLATE 9.3 MAP OF NATIONAL PARKS/ SANCTUARIES AND THE LOCATION OF BAJOLI-HOLI HYDROPOWER SITE AND 7 KM RADIUS CIRCLE FROM DIVERSION SITE PLATE 9.4 SATELITE DERIVED LAND USE LAND COVER MAP OF PROPOSED DIVERSION SITE AND ITS SURROUNDINGS IX-35 IX-34 IX-33 IX-32 IX-15 TO IX-21 IX-21 TO IX-31 PAGE IX-I IX-I TO IX-9 IX-9 TO IX-12 IX-12 TO IX-15

IX - 34

CHAPTER X
INFRASTRUCTURE

10.0

IDENTIFICATION OF THE BROAD INFRASTRUCTURAL REQUIREMENT FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROJECT Bajoli-Holi Hydel Project is situated in Chamba Distt. of Himachal Pradesh. The diversion barrage is about 22 km. from village Holi and 102 Km from Chamba, which is approachable through all weather road up to Naya Gaon by state highway. Power House site is approachable by RCC bridge on river Ravi near village Holi. Adequate provision for residential and non-residential accommodation with necessary amenities has been made for construction and design staff proposed for the project. Workshop, stores, POL pumps, explosive magazine and other infrastructural facilities have also been provided in the estimate. Necessary provision for telecommunication, medical , educational facilities and safety /security measures have also been made in the report. All infrastructure facilities proposed for this project have been shown in Drg. No. Bajoli-Holi-PR-12.

10.1 10.1.1

ROADS GENERAL A total of about 17 km. length of (5/7m. wide) road shall be needed to

connect the existing motorable road with the various project components and job facilities. The widening of existing roads in the total length of 10 kms. has also been proposed.

10.1.2

PROJECT ROADS

Approach road 5/7 m. wide, 17 Km. long will connect different work sites of the project with the existing motorable road. The following roads have been proposed. 1. 2. 3. 4. Proposed road to barrage site, Proposed road to adit of HRT Total Widening of existing motorable road from Holi to Naya Gaon (Bajoli) to diversion site) = Total 5. Provision of R..C.C. bridge on river Ravi near power house site Provision of suspension bridge 10.2 BUILDINGS It is proposed to construct residential and non-residential colonies for this project at village Naya Gaon in private land/Govt. land. The existing HPSEB workshop, offices and other buildings at Holi will also be available for use in this project. 10.2.1 COLONY AT SUNDERNAGAR A permanent residential/non-residential complex for design organization will be constructed at Sundernagar. The same can be used for monitoring/planning liaison purpose after the completion of the project. = = 1 No. 2 No. = 10.00 km. 10.00 km. = = = 3.00 km. 5.00 km 9.00 km 17.00 km. Surge shaft, pressure shaft and power house =

10.2.2

COLONY AT VILLAGE NAYA GAON Residential / non-residential colony for the construction of the project is proposed to be constructed at village Naya Gaon which is about 15 km from Holi and 7.00 km. from diversion barrage. Labour huts , stores and field offices will be constructed near the project components on the small terraces available.

10.2.3

OFFICE COMPLEX FOR OUTLET SIDE WORKS Office complex for the construction of power house complex, penstock, surge shaft and tunnel from outlet end is proposed on the terrace available near village Holi.

10.2.4

SCHOOL & HOSPITAL Adequate provision of buildings for Hospital, school etc. has been made in the project estimate under Sub-Head K-buildings to cater for construction force. First aid posts shall be provided at all project sites.

10.2.5

FIELD HOSTEL & REST HOUSE Field hostel is constructed in the Holi project area near residential colony be upgraded.

10.3

DUMP AREA The muck of open & underground excavation shall be dumped in dump areas identified at each project component site. The dumping station for power house muck may be proposed at 1.0 km upstream from power house. Dump areas chosen are located much above the river/nallah banks and are provided with suitable retaining walls etc. Bull dozers shall be deployed in dump areas for spreading and compaction of dumped material.

10.4

JOB FACILTIES Flat terraces available near the project components wherever possible shall be utilized for job facilities like stacking of construction material, D.G. sets, truck, trailers, cement carriers, road rollers and site office stores etc.

10.5

QUARRY SITES The material in the river bed may be suitable their suitability for manufacturing aggregate. for aggregate. Rock from

different quarries in the vicinity of the project will also be tested, to assess

10.6 10.6.1

TELECOMMUNICATION INTERNAL TELEPHONE SYSTEM It is proposed to have an independent telephone exchange for this project. All important work sites, offices within the project area will be connected by telephones. A 80-lines capacity private automatic exchange (PBX) for the project will be provided .

10.6.2

EXTERNAL TELEPHONE SYSTEM Telecommunication link between project sites and outside places will be provided by existing communication net work of Post & Telegraph Department connected to the nearest P&T exchange at Holi. This system would be operated and maintained by P&T Department on rental basis. Power Line Communication Carrier (PLCC) system is also proposed for the project.

10.7

WIRELESS SYSTEM On the pattern of other ongoing hydel projects in H.P., fixed type VHF Wireless link is proposed to be provided between project sites and design office at Sundernagar, which will be further connected to existing wireless system of HPSEB at Shimla.

10.8

PLANT AREAS Plant area for different sites of work have been provided near respective sites. It is proposed to install a central aggregate crushing, processing and classification plant near quarry site proposed at power house site which will fulfill the requirements of aggregates for diversion barrage, intake works and powerhouse site to cater for the requirements of works of HRT from outlet end, surge shaft, pressure shaft and powerhouse and appurtenant works. An adequate capacity batching and mixing plant will be installed near intake to cater the requirements of concrete for all inlet side works including tunnel lining. Other batching and mixing plants of requisite capacity will be provided near power house site for concreting work in power house complex , pressure shaft, head race tunnel and surge shaft. Central compressor houses will be located near tunnel portal to meet up the requirements of the compressed air.

10.9

FIELD WORKSHOP The HPSEB workshop be proposed at Holi will be utilized for this project on job order basis. More workshops/repair shops are proposed to be established near diversion site & power house site.

10.10

CONSTRUCTION POWER Requirement of construction power will be met from existing transmission net work in the area by suitably augmenting the same to meet requirement of the project at various sites. Necessary provision for providing power lines and distribution system has been made in the project estimate. Adequate provision for stand by diesel generating sets has been made in the project estimate to meet up power requirements in the event of power failures, shutdowns / breakdown.

10.11

SAFETY Safety is an essential job requirement for a highly mechanized work set up. Adequate provision for fire fighting arrangements and security arrangements has been made in the project estimate by way of police post/check-post and check barriers etc. Adequate safety/preventive measures against accidents are proposed to be taken in accordance with the following Indian Standard Codes: IS: IS 4756 3996 For safety in tunneling work. For scaffolds and ladders.

(Part I&II) IS: IS: IS: 3764 4081 4138 For excavation work. For blasting and related drilling operations. For working in compressed air.

PARA 10.0

DESCRIPTION IDENTIFICATION OF THE BROAD INFRASTRUCTURAL REQUIREMENT FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF PROJECT

PAGE X-1

10.1 10.1.1 10.1.2 10.2 10.2.1 10.2.2 10.2.3 10.2.4 10.2.5 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.6.1 10.6.2 10.7 10.8 10.9 10.10 10.11

ROADS GENERAL PROJECT ROADS BUILDINGS COLONY AT SUNDERNAGAR COLONY AT VILLAGE NAYA GAON OFFICE COMPLEX FOR OUTLET SIDE WORKS SCHOOL & HOSPITAL FIELD HOSTEL AND REST HOUSE DUMP AREA JOB FACILITIES QUARRY SITES TELECOMMUNICATION INTERNAL TELEPHONE SYSTEM EXTERNAL TELEPHONE SYSTEM WIRELESS SYSTEM PLANT AREA FIELD WORKSHOP CONSTRUCTION POWER SAFETY

X-1 X-1 X-2 X-2 X-2 X-3 X-3 X-3 X-3 X-3 X-4 X-4 X-4 X-4 X-4 X-5 X-5 X-5 X-6 X-6

CHAPTER XI
CONSTRUCTION PLANNING & SCHEDULE

11.0 11.1 11.1.1 11.1.2

CONSTRUCTION PLANNING & SCHEDULE GENERAL APPROACH FOR CONSTRUCTION PLANNING AND EXECUTION OF PROJECT COMPONENTS CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY & EQUIPMENT PLANNING GENERAL Bajoli-Holi Hydel Project is a 180 MW capacity run of the river scheme in Chamba District of H.P envisages utilization of 71.74 cumecs of design discharge and 308 m of gross head. Diversion barrage has been proposed at about 22 km. u/s of Holi village and the power house at about 1.00 km d/s of Holi village. The project comprises following main civil structures: Diversion Barrage Intake structure Desanding basin Head Race Tunnel Surge Shaft Pressure Shaft Power House Tail race tunnel

11.1.3

COMPLETION TIME AND AVAILABLE WORKING SEASON Construction programme, selection of methodology and equipment have been planned with the aim of commissioning of the project in four and half years. Available working season in a year shall be of 12 months for all works, and eight months for the works in the river bed.

XI 11.1.4 APPROACH ROAD AND THE LOCATION OF THE PROJECT

A total of about 17 Km road (5/7 m wide) shall be needed to connect the existing motorable road with the project components i.e. barrage,HRT, surge shaft area, power house, colony area, dump areas and other facilities. 11.1.5 11.1.5.1 CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL CEMENT ACC cement factory located at Barmana in Distt. Bilaspur (HP), on NH21 and at a distance of 415 Kms from the project site shall be the main source of cement for meeting the entire cement requirement of the project. Bagged cement shall be transported in trucks and stored in project stores at different sites. 11.1.5.2 STEEL SAIL stockyard at Jalandhar, 315 Kms. from main project store, shall be the main source of structural and reinforcement/ tor. steel. Sizeable quantities of reinforcement steel and structural steel shall have to be stocked and replenished regularly. Penstock steel plates if not available indigenously however, may have to be imported to suit the design specifications. 11.1.5.3 AGGREGATE The material in the river bed may be suitable for aggregate, however, the same has to be got tested at detailed investigation stage. Rock from different quarries in the vicinity of the project may also be got identified, to assess their suitability for manufacturing aggregate. Rock extracted from the quarries as well as from tunnel will be crushed and classified to various sizes of aggregate in batching and mixing plant one

XI -

near the intake site and other near power house ( for excavated material from tunnel). 11.1.6 STORES, LUBRICATION & WORK SHOP The Petrol/diesel pumps, explosives magazine, workshops and other

construction facilities shall be provided to facilitate execution of the project. While central stores for storage of cement, T&P articles, steel yard as well as timber yard and main workshop shall be provided . Site stores and field workshops will be established near respective sites. Petrol/diesel pump shall be established near the power house site. 11.1.7 AGGREGATE PROCESSING PLANTS Two aggregate crushing classification and sand manufacturing plants shall be installed near each site of work and 2 nos. batching and mixing plants shall be located near Power house& Diversion site. 11.1.8 PLANT AREAS Plant areas for locating air compressor house, cement, aggregate, T&P, stores and water storage tanks etc., shall be located near each site of work and 2 nos. batching and mixing plants shall be located near Power house & diversion site. 11.1.9 DUMP AREAS The muck of underground excavation shall be dumped in dump areas located within 1 km to 3.0 km from each portal. Dump areas for surface excavation in surge shaft shall be at a maximum distance of 1 km and power house area at a distance of 1.50 km.. Dump areas chosen are located much above the river/nallah banks and are provided with suitable retaining

XI -

walls etc. Bull dozers shall be deployed in dump areas for spreading and compaction of dumped material. 11.1.10 PRE-CONSTRUCTION FACILITIES Pre construction facilities such as land acquisition for labour huts, plant areas, stores, residential and non residential buildings, approach roads, construction of bridges and explosive magazine in the valley shall be made available to facilitate construction of the project. 11.1.11 EQUIPMENT PROVISION Since main works of the project are proposed to be executed on contract basis except the required infrastructural facilities, as such, the necessary provision of machinery like material trucks, trailors, cement carriers, motor grader and road rollers etc. has been made under Q-special-T&P, for carrying out the works of infrastructural facilities. Provisions for personal carriers, ambulance and field workshop equipment have also been made under project estimate. 11.2 CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE

The project has been proposed to be completed in 4 years. Method of execution of various components and selection of equipments have been done with the object of commissioning first hydro unit by the end of 3rd month of the fifth year, the second unit by the end of 5th month of fifth year and the third unit by the end of 6th month of fifth year. 11.2.1 INFRASTRUCTURAL WORKS It is proposed that all infrastructural works on the project comprising roads, buildings, adits, workshops, stores, utility works, surveys, development of

XI -

quarries, leveling of area for installation of equipment and plants, prequalification of tenders, award of contracts, detailed design of components and other preliminary works shall be continued up to 4th year of project execution. 11.2.2 DIVERSION BARRAGE i) ii) iii) Coffer dam:- During 8th month of project construction. Excavation of barrage Const. Ist stage From 9th month to 15th month of project construction. Concreting of barrage Ist stage From 12th month to 15nd month. From 18th month to 22nd month. iv) v) vi) Coffer dam 2nd stage During 18th month. Excavation of barrage 2nd stage From 19th month to 25th month. Concreting of barrage 2nd stage From 24th month to 27th month. From 30th month to 36th month. 11.2.3 INTAKE STRUCTURE & FEEDER TUNNELS Excavation:- From 9th month to 15th month. Concreting:- From 18th month to 27th . 11.2.4 DESILTING TANK Excavation:- From 9th month to 24th month. Concreting:- From 21th month to 33rd month. 11.2.5 MECHANICAL WORKS FOR THE ABOVE FEATURES

XI From 20th to 45th months. 11.2.6 HEAD RACE TUNNEL Excavation:- From 7th month to 36th month. Concreting:- From 21st month to 46th month. Grouting & cleanup :- From 42nd month to 48th month 11.2.7 SURGE SHAFT Excavation from 12th month to 24th month. Concreting:- From 24th month to 35th month. Grouting & Clean up:- From 35th month to 38th month. 11.2.8 PRESSURE SHAFT Excavation:- From 15th month to 27th month. Concreting& liner:- From 27th month to 39th months. 11.2.6 POWER HOUSE Excavation:- From 12th month to 27th month. Concreting:- From 21st month to 42nd months. 11.2.10 TAIL RACE TUNNEL Excavation:- From 19th month to 25th month. ; Concreting:- In 41st month. 11.2.8 INSTALLATION, TESTING AND COMMISSIONING

Installation of hydro units shall be started from the 32nd month. A period of 3 months for testing and commissioning of each unit has been provided with first unit proposed to be commissioned in 51st month and second unit

XI -

in 53rd month of construction and 3rd unit in 54th month thus completing the construction of the project as a whole in 54 month duration.

XI -

PARA 11.0 11.1 11.1.1 11.1.2 11.1.3 11.1.4 11.1.5 11.1.5.1 11.1.5.2 11.1.5.3 11.1.6 11.1.7 11.1.8 11.1.9 11.1.10 11.1.11 11.2 11.2.1 11.2.2 11.2.3 11.2.4 11.2.5 11.2.6 11.2.7 11.2.8 11.2.9 11.2.10 11.2.11

DESCRIPTION CONSTRUCTION PLANNING & SCHEDULE GENERAL APPROACH FOR CONSTRUCTION PLANNING AND EXECUTION OF PROJECT COMPONENTS CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY & EQUIPMENT PLANNING GENERAL COMPLETION TIME AND AVAILABLE WORKING SEASON APPROACH ROAD AND THE LOCATION OF THE PROJECT CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL CEMENT STEEL AGGREGATE STORES, LUBRICATION& WORK SHOP AGGREGATE PROCESSING PLANTS. PLANT AREAS DUMP AREAS PRE-CONSTRUCTION FACILITIES EQUIPMENT PROVISION CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE INFRASTRUCTURAL WORKS DIVERSION BARRAGE INTAKE STRUCTURE AND FEEDER TUNNEL DESILTING TANK MECHANICAL WORKS FOR THE ABOVE FEATURES HEAD RACE TUNNEL SURGE SHAFT PRESSURE SHAFT POWER HOUSE TAIL RACE TUNNEL INSTALLATION TESTING AND COMMISSIONING

PAGE XI-1 XI- 1 XI-1 XI-1 XI-1 XI- 2 XI- 2 XI- 2 XI-2 XI- 2 TO XI-3 XI- 3 XI- 3 XI-3 XI-3 TO XI-4 XI-4 XI- 4 XI- 4 XI-4 TO XI-5 XI-5 XI-5 XI-5 XI-5 XI-6 XI- 6 XI-6 XI-6 XI-6 XI-6

XI -

CHAPTER XII COST ESTIMATE


12.0 12.1 GENERAL BASIS OF ESTIMATE The estimate of Unit-I Civil Works has been prepared to arrive at the capital cost of the Chamba Hydro Electric Project basis of June., 2004 price level. It is presumed that major civil works will be executed on contract basis. The cost estimate does not include following items:Escalation after June, 2004 Interest during construction.

Detailed estimate of cost for Unit-I civil works is based mainly upon various designs/drawings finalized for appurtenant structures and the rates for principal items of works as per guide lines furnished by CEA vide letter dt. 24th Oct. 2003. A provision of 3% has been made for contingencies for C-works under Unit-I works. Guidelines for preparation of project estimate issued by CWC during March, 1997 have been generally followed for formulation of the estimate. 12.2 12.2.1 DESCRIPTION OF ITEMS UNIT-I CIVIL WORKS Under the head, civil works provision as made for various components of the project is detailed here under:

A-Preliminary Under this sub-head, provision of Rs. 958.55 lac has been made for surveys and investigations conducted or to be conducted to arrive at the optimum designs of project components. B- Land This covers the provision for acquisition of land for construction of the project components, colonies, offices and store complexes and compensation for trees and standing crops. Provision for forest trees in the project area has also been included. A provision for Rs. 797.38 lac has been made under this sub-head. J Power Plant civil works This covers the cost of civil engineering structures comprising intake structure, head race tunnel, surge shaft, pressure shaft/ surge shaft, surface power house complex and tail race channel. The total cost works to be Rs. 13365.95 lac. K- Buildings Buildings both residential and non- residential have been grouped

separately under permanent and temporary categories Under the permanent categories, all those buildings have been included which will be subsequently utilized for the operation and maintenance of project. Whereas, under the temporary category, credit to the extent of 15% has been given to the project on account of resale thereof. The cost has been worked out on basis of plinth area rates as notified by HPPWD.. A provision of Rs.1378.14 lac has been made under this sub-head.

X-Environment & Ecology A provision of Rs. 502 lac has been made under this sub-head for maintaining and improving the environmental status of the project area and fir afforestation of affected area. II-Establishment A provision under this head has been made for Rs. 1468.68 lac @ 8% of IWorks. V-Receipts & Recoveries This provision covers estimated recoveries by way of resale or transfer of special T&P and temporary buildings. The amount thus works out to Rs. 293.02 lac only. M-Plantation This covers the cost of plantation and protection of plants to be planted along project roads, colonies and in project area. Accordingly a provision of 25.00 lac has been made under this sub-head. O- Miscellaneous A provision of Rs. 995.70 lac has been made for meeting cost of various items listed therein.

Q-Special T&P As the major civil works have been proposed to be got done on contract basis. Machinery required for departmental activities like infrastructural works, there subsequent repair/ maintenance and supervision works has mainly been included under this sub-head. A provision of Rs. 496.71 lac has been made under this sub-head. R-Communication A provision of Rs. 429.40 lac under this sub-head covers the cost of roads. The road width have been planned to cater to the anticipated traffic including movement of heavy trailors. Cost of roads is based on the rates as notified by State HPPWD . Thus a provision of Rs. 22481.73 Lac. has been made to cover the costs under this unit (civil works) 12.2.2 12.2.2.1 UNIT-III ELECTRICAL WORKS P-PRODUCTION Cost of generating plants and equipments is based on current budgetory prices. Prices of auxiliary equipments and services are based on historical prices. Excise duty has been considered @ 16% of the component. CST, Insurance and transport to site has been taken @ 6% of the cost of respective component. Erection and commissioning charges have also been taken @ 10% as per experience gained on similar installations in the state. A provision of Rs. 14131.38 lacs has been made to cover the costs under this sub-head.

12.2.2.2

T-TRANSMISSION The cost based on detailed analysis on actual requirement under this sub head amounts to Rs. 1178.47 lacs.

12.3

DETAILED ESTIMATE OF COST Detailed estimate of cost as explained in above paras is given in succeeding paras :

PARA 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.2.1 12.2.2 12.2.2.1 12.2.2.2 12.3

DESCRIPTION GENERAL BASIS OF THE ESTIMATE DESCRIPTION OF ITEMS UNIT-I CIVIL WORKS UNIT-III ELECTRICAL WORKS P-PRODUCTION T-TRANSMISSION DETAILED ESTIMATE OF COST

PAGE XII-1 XII-1 XII-1 XII-1 TO XII-4 XII-4 XII-4 XII-5 XII-5 TO XII-36

CHAPTER-XIII
ECONOMIC EVALUATION

13.0

GENERAL Bajoli-Holi Hydro-electric Project has been contemplated as a run of the river development on Ravi river in tribal areas of Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh. This project is estimated to cost Rs. 616.64 Cr. at price level of June, 2004. The cost at power bus bar worksout to Rs. 580.62 Cr. Abstract of cost estimate of Civil works, P-Production and T-Transmission have been given as per Annexure13.1-(a) to13.1-(c). Year wise phasing of expenditure for capital required on this project is given as per Annexure13.2. Interest during construction has been considered as per Annexure13.3. Depreciation on Civil and Electrical works has been worked out as 3.00% as per Annexure-13.4.The levelised tariff of energy generated at power house bus bars has been worked out as Rs. 1.60 per unit during 90% dependable year as per Annexure-13.5. The cost of energy in the Ist year of operation works out to Rs. 2.03 per unit.

13.1

CAPITAL COST OF THE PROJECT Abstract of the capital cost of the project, to the price level of June, 2004 is as under: -

XIII - 2

S.No. Description 1. 2. Unit-I Civil works P-Production (Electrical works) Total Generation Cost 3. Transmission Grand total 13.2 ECONOMIC JUSTIFICATION

Amount (Rs. in lac.) 41501.13 16560.59 58061.72 3602.54 61664.26

Bajoli-Holi HEP has been conceived as an upstream development of Kutehr HEP (260MW) and power therefrom is has been proposed to evacuated through 400 KV D/C line up to PGCIL substations in the Northern grid As laid down in CEA and CERC Guidelines, economic justification of a hydel project is to be done by comparing cost of alternative sources of energy in that region. The levellized tariff of this project in 90% dependable year works out as Rs. 1.60/ unit at power house bus bars as per Annex.13.5.This project will provide power at cheaper rates in comparison to thermal power, rate which , at present is more than Rs.3.75 / unit. Additionally this project will provide pollution free power for years together at much cheaper rates considering the escalation in coal prices for Thermal Power. 13.3 CAPITAL STRUCTURE Capital structure has been assumed as 70% debt from Financial Institutions and 30% equity from Govt.

XIII - 3

13.4

REVENUE ANTICIPATION Power tariff for supply of power at powerhouse bus bars has been assumed as Rs. 2.75 per unit. Revenue has been assessed accordingly for 90% dependable year as Rs. 199.3 Cr.

13.5

REPAYMENT PERIOD Normally, the leading financial institutions in India prescribe a repayment period of 15 years including 3 to 4 years moratorium period. A period of 12 years has therefore been taken into account, as repayment period in fixation of tariff.

. 13.6 COST PER MW The estimated cost of the project at June, 2004 price level is Rs. 616.64 Cr. including transmission and Rs. 580.62 Cr. at power bus bar for an installed capacity of 180 MW. This gives a capital cost of Rs. 3.43 Cr.per MW of installed capacity including cost of transmission and Rs. 3.23 Cr. per MW for generation. At present price level, the cost of medium hydro-electric project at Rs. 6.00 crore per MW is considered to be reasonable. From this criterion, the cost per MW for Bajoli - Holi Hydel Project is reasonable making the project suitable for exploitation. 13.7 INTEREST DURING CONSTRUCTION The detail of expenditure during the construction period and the calculation of interest during construction have been shown in Annexure-13.3. It is seen that IDC @ 10.00 % on loan works out to Rs. 68.60 crores at power house bus bars.

XIII - 4

13.8

ENERGY AVAILABLE FOR SALE As per power studies of the project, the total energy generation in 90% dependable year has been arrived at 724.83 MUs. As per Govt. of India Guide Lines, an auxiliary consumption @ 0.7% and transformation losses @ 0.5% have been considered at power house bus bars .

13.9

RATE OF DEPRECIATION As per the revised guidelines circulated by Govt. of India, Ministry of Power, Vide notification dated 29th March, 1994, the weighted rate of depreciation has been worked out on the basis of straight line formula. The rate of depreciation works Annexure-13.4. out to 3.00% of the project cost as per

13.10

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE CHARGES As per the guide lines of Ministry of Power, Govt. of India, the Operation and Maintenance charges inclusive of insurance have been taken as 1.50 % of the capital cost.

13.11

CALCULATION OF TARIFF Calculation of tariff for primary energy during 35 years of operation for 90% dependable year has been worked out as per GOI notification shown in Annexure-13.5 comprising the following. i) Interest on loan from PFC @ 10.00 % p.a.

XIII - 5

ii)

Interest on working capital @ 9.75 % required for 2 months of average billing for sale of electricity and operation and maintenance expenses for one month.

iii) iv) v)

O&M charges including insurance charges @ 1.5% p.a. Income tax @ 35% and surcharge @ 10% on income tax has been considered. Discounting rate @ 12% for tariff calculation .

At power house bus bar, it will be seen that sale rate of power shall be Rs. 2.03 per unit during Ist year of operation and Rs. 0.97 per unit during 13th year i.e after repayment of loan. The levelised tariff rate works out to Rs. 1.60 per unit at power house bus bars. 13.12 INDIRECT BENEFITS Beside providing pollution free power at a cheaper rate to the Northern Grid; discussed as in preceding paras, this project, located in tribal areas of Chamba district of HP, will help in the overall development of the people of the area.. Employment to skilled/non-skilled labour of the area, industrial and economic development are additional benefits from this project. Keeping these points in view, this project merits consideration for an early implementation. 13.13 MERITS OF THE PROJECT Bajoli - Holi HEP (180 MW) is an up stream development of proposed Kutehr HEP (260 MW). Following are the strengths and weaknesses of the project. i) Project sites are located on the right bank of river Ravi.

XIII - 6

ii) iii) iv)

No major resettlement of people is required for construction of project. Construction material will be locally available. Almost all the major sites of the project viz. intake, inlet portal and adit portals of HRT and power house will be connected with motorable road.

v)

The levellised tariff works out to be Rs. 1.60 per unit at power house bus bar which is on lower side.

13.14

CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE The construction of the project has been proposed to be completed in four and half years period. The construction schedule has been presented in drawing No. Bajoli - Holi-PR-11 .

XIII - 7

XIII - 8

PARA 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7 13.8 13.9 13.10 13.11 13.12 13.13 13.14 ANNEXURE-13.1-(a) TO 13.1(c) ANNEXURE-13.2 ANNEXURE-13.3

DESCRIPTION GENERAL CAPITAL COST OF THE PROJECT ECONOMIC JUSTIFICATION CAPITAL STRUCTURE REVENUE ANTICIPATION REPAYMENT PERIOD COST PER MW INTEREST DURING CONSTRUCTION ENERGY AVAILABLE FOR SALE RATE OF DEPRECIATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE CHARGES CALCULATION OF TARIFF INDIRECT BENEFIT MERITS OF THE PROJECT CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE ABSTRACT OF COST OF CIVIL WORKS, P-PRODUCTION & TTRANSMISSION YEARWISE PHASING OF FUNDS CONSTRUCTION AT POWER HOUSE BUS BARS

PAGE XIII-1 XIII-1 TO XIII-2 XIII-2 XIII-2 XIII-3 XIII-3 XIII-3 XIII-3 XIII-4 XIII-4 XIII-4 XIII-4 TO XIII-5 XIII-5 XIII-5 TO XIII-6 XIII-6 XIII-7 TO XIII-9

XIII-10

CALCULATION OF INTEREST DURING XIII-11

ANNEXURE-13.4 ANNEXURE-13.5

WEIGHTED AVERAGE DEPRECIATION XIII-12 LEVELLISED TARIFF OF ENERGY FOR 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR AT POWER XIII-13 TO XIII14

XIII - 9

HOUSE BUS BARS.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1. INTRODUCTION As a part of an exercise to assess the balance hydro potential of the country Central Electricity Authority (CEA )identified more than 399 Hydro-electric Projects with probable installed capacity of 50,000 MW. After carrying out ranking studies, 162 projects have been identified for preparation of Preliminary Feasibility Reports. Bajoli Holi in Ravi basin has been identified as one of these projects for preparation of PFR by HPSEB so that it could be taken up for further development during the 10th & 11th Plans. Bajoli Holi HEP is

located in Ravi basin between the longitude 7640'45" - 7632'37" and latitude 3216'53" to 3220'31" in the Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh.

Consequently site visits were made to the area by Engineers of HPSEB and Geologists of GSI for identification/selection of suitable site. The diversion site of the project is located near village Bajoli and underground power house site is located near village Borola (Opposite to village Holi) on Chamba-Holi road and all sites of the project will be well connected with roads.

2.

SCOPE OF THE PROJECT The project has been contemplated as an upstream development of Kutehr HEP (260 MW). It envisages the construction of barrage across the river Ravi near village Bajoli, intake structure, two no. feeder tunnels and underground desilting arrangement to divert

71.74 cumecs of water through a 5 m dia modified horse shoe concrete lined tunnel 14600 long, a surge shaft 12 m dia 96 m heigh, a pressure shaft 4 m dia trifurcating near power house to 2.30 m dia each to generate 180 MW power in an underground power house near village Barola. The annual power generation from the project in 90% dependable year will be 762.98 Gwh.

3.

HYDROLOGY River Ravi originates from Bara Banghal in Kangra district as a joint stream formed by the glacier fed Bhadal & Tantgari at an elevation of 4229 m above mean sea level. High peaks of the catchment remain covered with snow for about 9 months in a year. The catchment area of Bajoli Holi diversion site measures 760 Sq.Km. The entire catchment comprises of mountainous terrain with steep hill slopes. Out of total catchment area of 760 Sq.km., about 30% area is under permanent cover of snow. The principal tributaries of the Ravi upto Bajoli Holi diversion site are Tanetar Gol nallah and Sandrali nallah, Dera nallah and Raula ka nallah. The project area receives precipitation due to the South-West Monsoon as well as the

Western disturbances that pass over the NorthWest part of the country during winter. There are thirteen non recording type rain gauge station in the catchment area of the river Ravi. The normal annual rainfall and annual rainfall has been recorded in millimeters at all these stations for the period 1960 to 2000 by the office of Director land records, revenue department (HP). The river run off has been derived from melting of the snow/ice/glacier bound area of the catchment and the other which is directly derived from rainfall. Discharge data is available for hydrological studies at Bagga, Durgathi, Banthu, Tiyari and Kutehr. The design discharge

of 71.74 cumecs has been proposed for carrying out the hydrological and power potential studies. Design flood at diversion site has been computed based on Flood Estimation Report for Western Himalayan Zone-7. Design flood of 3050 cumecs has been worked out.

4.

POWER POTENTIAL STUDIES Bajoli Holi HEP has been contemplated as a peaking station to operate North Regional Grid. Installed capacity of the projet has been presently kept as 180MW comprising 3 units of 60 MW each. The project will generate 762.98 Gwh in 90% dependable year with 48% plant load factor.

5.

POWER EVACUATION ASPECTS The Bajoli Holi HEP is being developed as an up stream development of Kutehr HEP (260 MW). The power from Bajoli Holi HEP (180MW) has to be evacuated through LILO of 400 KV Kutehr (260MW) and Hibra HEP (231MW) transmission line.

6.

ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS Environmental Management Plan (EMP) aims at the preservation of ecological system by considering certain mitigating measures at the proposed site. The EMP is required to ensure sustainable

development in the study area of 10 km. radius of the proposed Bajoli Holi HEP site. Government regulating agencies like H.P. Pollution Control Board working in the region and more

importantly the people living in the area need to extend their cooperation and contribution in this direction.

It has been evaluated that the study area shall not be affected adversely with the proposed activity, but is likely to get new economical fillip due to hydel power generation, not only for the study area but also for the region as whole.

7.

ESTIMATES OF COST The estimates of cost has been prepared on the basis of CEA Guidelines for Rates and Cost of Civil and Electrical works for Preliminary Feasibility Reports of Hydro-electric Projects received during Oct. 2003. 41501 lac Accordingly cost of project works out to be Rs

for civil works, Rs.16561 lac for electrical works and

Rs.3603 lac for transmission works based on June, 2004 price level.

8.

FINANCIAL ASPECTS The financial & economic evaluation has been carried out as per CEA guide lines considering Interest During Construction (IDC) @10% and interest on working capital @ 9.75%. The life of hydroelectric project has been considered as 35 years. The 762.98 GWH energy units are available at power house bus bars in 90%

dependable year and cost per unit at power house bus bars works out to Rs 2.03 per Kwh in first year. The levelised tariff rate of energy works out to be Rs.1.60 per Kwh at power house bus bars.

9.

CONCLUSION The economy of the Himachal Pradesh is predominantly dependent on agricultural and allied sectors. The electric power being a vital and essential infrastructure has a significant role to play in economic upliftment of the state. The construction of project will provide employment to the local people. The project will be completed

within four and half years period. Being an attractive project, it deserves to be taken up for execution on priority.

BAJOLI-HOLI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT (3X60 =180 MW)


HIMACHAL PRADESH 1. INTRODUCTION The Bajoli-Holi Hydroelectric Project located in Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh envisages utilization of the waters of the river Ravi for power generation on a run of river type development, harnessing a head of about 308m. The project with a proposed installation of 180 MW (3x60 MW) would afford net annual energy generation of 762.98 GWh, in a 90 % dependable year. The tariff at present day cost would be Rs 1.60/unit (levellised) at power house bus bars and Rs.1.93/unit (levellised) at purchase center. The project is located between Latitude 32o16' North and 32o20' North, Longitude 76o40' East and 76o32' East. The barrage site is approachable from Pathankot by road being at a distance of 222 kms approx. The nearest rail head is located at Pathankot and nearest airport is located at Jammu. 2. SCOPE OF WORKS The Bajoli-Holi HE project envisages construction of : a 33m high diversion barrage across river Ravi to provide a net live storage of 79.95 hacm. with FRL at 2015.00 m and MDDL at 1993.00m; two numbers desilting chambers of length 380m(L) and size 13m (W)x19.60m(H) to remove silt particles of size 0.20 mm and above; a 14.60 km long and 5.0m dia. modified horse shoe shaped head race tunnel terminating in a surge shaft; a 96m high ,12.0m dia surge shaft; 440m long, 4.0m dia pressure shaft; a surface power house having an installation of 3 Francis driven generating units of 60 MW each operating under a net head of 278 m; and 450m long tail race tunnel to carry the power house releases back to the river Ravi;

The power generated from the project would be evacuated through. 220 KV single circuit line 35 Km long upto Kutehr power house to feed power to the power grid . The Salient features of the project are given at Annex-I and a layout map at Plate-I 3. HYDROLOGY The river Ravi drains a catchment area of about 760 sq.km. at the proposed barrage site. The water availability for the project has been considered on the basis of 10-daily discharge series at Kutehr discharge site for the period 1972 to 1997. The discharge observations recorded on Ravi river at Bajoli just down stream of barrage site since June 1997 to May, 2003 has been used for determining a co-relation by regression analysis between the discharges at Kutehr & Bajoli. The design flood has been assessed as approx. 3050 cumecs. 4. POWER POTENTIAL STUDIES The computed inflow series for 31 years viz 1972-73 to 2002-03 has been considered in the assessment of a power benefits from the project. As per GOI notification for tariff, the year 1987-88 corresponds to 90% dependable year. An installation of 180 MW comprising 3 generating units of 60 MW each has been proposed. The energy availability from the project in a dependable and an average year has been summarized below: Particulars Annual Energy Generation Gross annual Energy Generation (GWh) Annual Load Factor (%) Generation during Lean Flow Season (Nov.-Feb.) Energy Output (GWH) Load Factor (%) 44.64 11 762.98 48 861.37 55 Dep. Yr. Avr. Yr.

The design energy at 95 % machine availability in a 90% dependable year has been worked out at 754.13 GWh. A net live pondage of 79.95 ham. has been provided in the diversion barrage, which would enable the station to operate as peaking station. The

pondage is equivalent to 557.20 MWH which is sufficient to operate the station for 3.65 hours. 5. POWER EVACUATION ASPECTS It has been proposed to inject the power generated at Bajoli-Holi power house into 220 Kv Kutehr HEP. For wheeling of power that shall be accumulated at Kutehr HEP, 220 Kv D/c line from Kutehr to Hamirpur with 2x0.5 or 4x0.5 conductor depending upon total firmed up capacities of projects up stream of Kutehr HEP, shall be laid. 6. ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS The project is located in tribal area of Chamba Distt. The total land requirement for the construction of various components is 117.15 ha.,out of which private land is 25 ha. Based on assessment of environmental impacts, management plans have to be formulated for Catchment Area Treatment , compensatory afforestation and other environmental issues. These issues would be addressed during investigations for preparation of DPR. 7. ESTIMATES OF THE COST The project is estimated to cost Rs. 649.22 crores at power house bus bars and Rs 668.35 crores at purchase center including IDC at June, 2004 price level. The preliminary cost estimate of the project has been prepared as per guidelines of CEA / CWC. The break down of the cost estimates is given below: Civil works Electro Mechanical works Sub total (Generation) Transmission works Total Cost On Generation works Interest During Construction Total : : : : : : : Rs. 415.01 Crores Rs. 165.61 Crores Rs. 580.62 Crores Rs. 36.03 Crores Rs. 616.64 Crores Rs. 68.60 Crores Rs. 649.22 Crores Rs. 71.70 Crores Rs. 688.35 Crores

At purchase center Interest During Construction : Total :

8.

FINANCIAL ASPECTS As indicated above, the Bajoli-Holi HE project with an estimated cost of Rs. 649.22 (including IDC of Rs.68.60 crores) at power house bus bars and cost of Rs. 688.35 crores (including IDC of Rs.71.70 crores ) at purchase center with net energy of 762.98 GWH in a 90% dependable year. The project is proposed to be completed in a period of 4 years. The tariff has been worked out considering a debt-equity ratio of 70:30, 16% return on equity, annual interest rate on loan at 10% and the tariff for first year and levellised tariff have been work out Rs. 2.03 /Kwh & Rs. 1.60/Kwh respectively at power house bus bars and Rs. 2.51 /Kwh & Rs. 1.93/Kwh respectively at purchase center.

9.

CONCLUSIONS Bajoli-Holi HE project involves simple civil works and could be completed in 4 years. The project would afford a design energy of 762.98 Gwh in a 90% dependable year. The cost per MW installed capacity works out Rs. 3.23 crores. The Preliminary Feasibility Report indicates that the scheme merits consideration for taking up for Survey & Investigation and preparation of DPR.

Annexure-1 GENERAL PROJECT FEATURES LOCATION State District River Diversion barrage Power house site HYDROLOGY Catchment Area at intake site Snow catchment Mean annual rainfall at Bharmour Design flood DIVERSION STRUCTURE Type Length of Barrage at top Max. height from R.B.L Top El. of Barrage Average River Bed level. FRL MDDL SPILLWAY Design flood 3050 cumecs Gated Barrage 100.00 m 33.00 m 2018.00 m 1985.00 m 2015.00 m 1993.00 m 760 Sq. km. 372 Sq. km. above El. 4000m 899 mm 3050 cumecs Himachal Pradesh Chamba Ravi Near village Bajoli Near village Barola

Type Nos. of spillways, Crest elevation Size of gated spillway Energy dissipation Down stream bed level INTAKE STRUCTURE Type Crest level No. & size of opening FEEDER TUNNEL No. Size and type Velocity Length Design discharge from intake DESANDING BASIN Type No. of basins Length of each basin Size of basins Minimum particle size to be removed Flushing tunnel, size Flushing tunnel, length

Gated spillways with radial gates 6 Nos , El 1987.00 6m x 8m, each. Stilling basin El. 1975m

Semi circular El. 1990.00 m 8 No., 5.50 mx3.0 m

1 6.00m dia, Circular concrete lined 3.17m/sec 300m 89.67 cumecs

Underground. 2 nos. 380m Width 13.00m, Depth 19.60m 0.2mm 4.00m, D-Shaped 1000 m

HEAD RACE TUNNEL No. Size & Shape Length Design discharge Slope Velocity SURGE SHAFT Type Size Orifice Maximum upsurge level Minimum down surge level Bottom level Top level PRESSURE SHAFT Type Size: Main Branches Velocity POWER HOUSE Type Underground 1 No., 4m dia, 440 m long 3 Nos., 2.30 m dia, 20 m long each 5.74 m/sec. Underground Open to sky, Restricted orifice type 12.00 m dia cricular 2.15 m dia El. 2043 m El. 1960 m El.1954 m El. 2050 m One 5m diameter, modified Horse shoe concrete lined 14600 m 71.74 cumecs 1 in 409 m 3.65m/sec

Installed capacity No. and capacity of unit Size of machine hall Type of turbine Speed of turbine Gross Head Normal tail water level Net operating head for design discharge Peaking duration TAIL RACE TUNNEL Shape Dia Length SWITCH YARD Type Size TRANSMISSION LINE No. of circuits Length of each Voltage POWER GENERATION Installed capacity

180 MW 3 Nos. 60 MW 50 m x 17 m x 35 m Francis turbine 500 RPM 308 m 1700 m 278 m 3 hrs .

D-Shaped 5.00 450 m m

Surface 170 (L) x 35 m (W)

S/C Line 35 km. 220 KV

3x60 MW

Annual energy generation 90% dep. Year 50% mean year 762.98 GWH 861.37 GWH

COST ESTIMATE & FINANCIAL ASPECTS COST ESTIMATE Capital cost of the project (At Price level June. 2004): Civil works Electrical works (P-Production) T-Transmission Total Capital cost of Generation (Including IDC Rs. 68.60Crore) Loan 70% Equity 30% Capital cost at purchase center (Including IDC Rs. 71.70Crore) Loan 70% Equity 30% FINANCIAL ASPECTS Cost of generation per MW of Installed capacity Rs. 3.23Crore Rs. 481.84Crore Rs. 206.50Crore Rs. 454.45Crore Rs. 194.76Crore Rs. 688.35 Crore Rs. 165.61Crore Rs. 36.03 Crore Rs 616.64 Rs. 649.22 Crore Rs. 415.01 Crore

Levelized tariff at PH Bus bars in 90% dep. Year

Rs. 1.60/Kwh

Levelized tariff at purchase center in 90% dep. Year Energy available for sale in 90% dep. Year (Auxiliary consumption @ 0 .7% & Transformation losses @ 0.5%). at power house bus bars

Rs. 1.93/Kwh

753.82GWH