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CAE PRACT IGE aE Sis" Five tests i 2 | i ee, ee OXFORD AD > s PAPER1 READING (1 HOUR+ 15 MINUTES) PART 1 Answer questions 1-13 by referring to the magazine article about air travel on page 7. Indicate your answers on the separate answer sheet. For questions 1-13, answer by choosing from the sections of the article A-H. Some of the sections may be required more than once. Note: When more than one answer is required, these ma iy be given in any order, Which section refers to passengers who frequently fly on the same airline? lereereer ras Zee ways of avoiding airline rules? Becscess ter variations in the layout of aircraft? checking an airline's legal obligations? Seer promises made by airlines? Geer reetees apres ee bargains for people not travelling alone? Bine relaxing surroundings before a flight? Di viceve travel from the airport after landing? TO eee eec efforts to ensure there is room on planes for certain people? dd irene changing to a better seat? 125! Riera unpleasant conditions during a flight? i opeeevee TEST1 PAPER1 READING TIPS FOR AIR TRAVELLERS A Membership of an airline loyalty club will guarantee you a seat on a flight, even when that flight is fully booked for ‘normal passengers’. Air France, KLM, Scandinavian Air- lines and Singapore Airlines are just four carriers offering this facility to their very best customers. Others, like British Airways, Lufthansa and Swissair, are not quite so bold with their claims but all will move heaven and earth to secure a seat for their club members. B First-class and business-class passengers get the pick of the seating, ‘up front’, away from all the engine noise and vibration. Economy passengers are invariably seated in the noisier back rows of the aircraft, where the air is usually staler. There are exceptions, however, and airline seating plans (displayed in timetables) enable you to choose the best seat. c Travelling with overweight baggage can cost you dearly. On long-haul flights, the airlines give you a free baggage allowance of between 20 and 64 kilos, depending on the class of travel and the route. Every excess kilo is charged at one per cent of the first-class fare. One way round this is to hand over your baggage to an excess-baggage company, which can save you as much as 70 per cent on airline fees. Your luggage will then travel to your destination unac- companied, and you can either collect it from the airport or have it delivered to your destination address. It won't usually arrive the same day, though. D Booking a first-class or business-class ticket usually en- titles you to use the more peaceful airline executive lounge at the airport. Regular passengers with an airline can also use the lounges, even when flying on cut-price economy tickets. E The unthinkable has happened. You have arrived overseas but your luggage has not appeared on the airport baggage carousel. Keep calm. In most cases your bags will turn up, eventually. But, before you leave the airport, contact a member of staff and complete a Baggage Irregularity Report, which ensures that you will receive compensation. However, airlines pay out pitiful compensation, so do read ‘the small print on your ticket, and it's essential to take out adequate insurance beforehand. F Securing an upgrade is easier than ever before. Canadian Airlines will now seat some transatlantic passengers who have paid the economy fare in business class, while business-class passengers bound for New York, Toronto, Delhior Bombay are automatically upgraded to first-class if they have paid the full business-class fare. In addition, large companies are increasingly negotiating an automatic upgrade with airlines. G Several airlines are prepared to chauffeur their first-class and business-class passengers to the airport free of charge. These transfers, usually within a 120-kilometre radius, are offered by numerous airlines, including Air Canada, Canadian Airlines, Emirates, Japan's ANA, North- west, Qantas and Virgin Atlantic. Some carriers will also provide transport on arrival. H Taking a companion along and combining business with pleasure costs less than you might think. Many airlines grant a 50 per cent discount for a partner in business class, while a few — Singapore Airlines and JAL, for example — provide two tickets for the price of one, either for use together or at a later date. European fliers staying over a Saturday qualify for excursion fares, which enable two to travel for less than the price of one business-class ticket. TEST1 PAPER? READING PART 2 Forquestions 14-20, you must choose which of the paragrap! a book. There is one extra paragraph which does not fitin any of the gaps. Indicate your answers on the separate answer sheet. hs A-H on page 9 fit into the gaps in the following extract from Timing a talk When people groan that they have been to a dreadful talk, the most common reason they give for their misery is ‘he wenton andonand on’. A poorly presented subject can be suffered, for the sake of the topic itself, if it keeps to time. Buta talk which is both boring and drones on for endless minutes after the clock shows that the finishing time is passed, is a torture. Even an interesting, well presented talk which goes on for too long is remembered with little pleasure. The timing of a talk is, then, extremely important. LCCC =trw| Why does it matter so much? It is a question which Ihave thought about a great deal. It is quite obvious that speakers don’t think it matters greatly. Itis equally obvious, both from listening to others, and from observing one’s own reactions when trapped in the audience for a talk which goes on far too long, that to the audience timing is vital. The first is the different adrenalin levels in speakers and listeners. Put quite simply, they perceive time differently. The excitement and fear produced by speaking causes adrenalin to flush into the veins in large quantities. The result is that speakers have a stamina, a resistance to tiring, an endurance, which is superhuman. They can go on all day. Speakers, then, are inn abnormal state. They are indifferent to time and ti redness and while they are speaking they feel as if they could go on all day. But the audience isin quite the opposite state. Sitting down and having nothing to do but listen actually reduces adrenalin below its normal level. The second reason is that audience and speaker probably have different emotional concerns about the subject. The speaker has been working on the topic for some time, preparing the talk. It is quite common for the effort of preparing a talk abouta subject to produce @ quite profound interest in the topic. The audience, as usual, feels quite differently. Their interest in the subject of the talk is unlikely to be so great. They may have no more than a polite Interest in it. They may have no interest at allin it and may have come to listen in the hope that the speaker will arouse an interest. The third reason for the different attitudes between speaker and audience is contractual. The timing of your talk is in effect a contract with the audience. You were invited to talk for a specific time and you have agreed to talk for this time. The power of this contract is extraordinary. If you have been invited to give a ten-minute presentation, the audience will become disastrously restless after thirty minutes. They will feel that the talk was disgraceful and that the speaker is guilty of some great social crime. Of these two mistakes there is no doubt that to over-run the agreed time is more disastrous then to under-run it. The explanation seems to be that the audience is quietly looking forward to the end of the talk. If that time comes and passes and the speaker is still industriously talking away, the listeners have lost their security. A It is physically inactive; even the mental activity of talking to others is stopped. The audience, then, is at the other end of the scale from the speaker. This goes along way to explain why they have such different views on the passage of time. On the other hand, if you end early, the audience will feel cheated. What you say may be no different on both occasions, the organization and effectiveness of what you say may not have changed, but that commitment that you made has not been honoured. Why is there this difference? | have evolved three explanations for it which can be briefly summarized. Let me outline them. However, this kind of behaviour occurs because the average person's span of attention is limited. The simple fact is that about five to ten minutes is as long as most people can listen without a short day-dream. After a brief holiday to catch up with all the other thoughts floating round their head, people come back to a talk, TEST PAPER( READING Worst of all, they may be there because they have to be, because they want to be seen there or because someone else (such as a boss) demands they should be. Even if they are keen, they are unlikely to feel as strongly as the speaker. They may enjoy listening for a reasonable length of time, but then will want to do something else, like have a break or simply stretch and relax. They will certainly not have the overbearing enthusiasm speakers often feel. No other aspect of the presentation can do as much damage to the way the audience thinks -of the talk. No other aspect is so easy to control, since it is a simple mechanical matter of looking at a clock face. And no other aspect is so easy to get wrong. Many people seem to have a casual attitude to the timing of a talk and this can be fatal | have seen this new-found concern develop in novice speakers who had difficulty choosing what to talk about for a practice presentation but who suddenly became passionate advocates for what they finally settled on and started button-holing people at coffee breaks and meal times to talk more about it. Speakers become deeply involved in what they are talking about. It is this effect, too, which produces the strange pattern of elation and tiredness when you give a talk. Typically, you feel keyed-up and ready to go before the talk and are totally unaware of growing tiredness during it. The body’s responses are artificially heightened. You draw ona physical overdraft of energy. After the talk, this must be paid back and you suddenly feel worn out. TEST1 PAPER 1 READING PARTS Read the following newspaper article and then answer questions 21-26 on page 11. On your answer sheet indicate the letter A, B, C, or D against the number of each question 21-26. Give only one answer to each question. Art could take pain out of public transport By David Lister Arts Correspondent ‘Travelling on British public transport could become a pleasurable, artistic and educational experience, according to a report. This could be achieved by simple and inexpensive measures such as information sheets on inter-city journeys detailing sights and monuments: language and ‘places to visit’ workshops on ferries; children’s coaches with videos and storytelling on trains; artwork in airport departure lounges: and poems, photographs and paintings on buses and trains and at bus and railway stations. The study of the arts in the transport system is fiercely critical about the lack of public art and notes that mostly itis limited to painting. Naseem Khan and Ken Worpole, the arts policy researchers who wrote the report, conclude that well thought-out and positioned initiatives like Poems on the Underground (posters of poems in tube train carriages} can improve the experience of travel and gain dedicated fans. ~ Generally, though, hours spent on public transport are “spent ina state that can range from boredom to annoyance. Travelling has become a depressing experience, a state in which one thinks of nothing in order to minimise unpleasantness.” But people who travel abroad bring back memories of Stockholm’s metro system, with art in each station reflecting the world above, be it a park ora university, or Melbourne's artist-painted buses, The authors point out that Britain's transport system used to stir the imagination. Sepia photographs of resorts used to decorate old railway carriages, old London Transport posters encouraged travellers to explore their own city and in the Thirties a travel guide was sold on the London-Penzance express, detailing the route and giving historical information. Public art, the report says, too often gives the impression of having been slipped in quietly in the hope that it will have been accepted before it has been noticed. The wall designs which decorate the passageways at Heathrow airport are described as. “dull and unexciting". But praise is given to the sculptures at Brixton railway station. While the report says that there is no substitute for good architecture and design, some of its most interesti recommendations call for more imaginative developments than just concentrating on the visual arts. “The presence of personal stereos and new technology suggest the introduction of fresh developments such as journey tapes containing information on, or music and poetry related to, the sights being passed.” Live performance carries the danger of being a nuisance, but videos on trains travelling to festivals, containing information on shows, with booking lable from train phones, would, says the report, provide a welcome service. “There is scope for a journey to be turned into a positive experience rather than being merely a passive period to be lived through. Journeys are not among the trials of life but among the opportunities.” Es 21 24 26 TEST1 PAPER 1 READING The researchers concluded that. A the public are not interested in art on public transport. B art on public transport should be carefully situated, Cc art on public transport should be very simple. D paintings are not suitable for public transport. What has changed about art on British transport, according to the report? A It has been copied from the art on foreign transport systems. B It no longer inspires people to visit places. c It no longer provides information about places. D It has been put in different places from in the past. According to the researchers, what is wrong with public art at the moment? A Itis in old-fashioned styles. B It irritates the public. ie} It does not stand out enough. D It does not make travellers relaxed. What should be introduced, according to their report? A musicians playing on public transport B material for travellers to listen to c more paintings on public transport D videos in railway stations The researchers approve of the art on public transport in A Stockholm and Brixton, B Melbourne and Heathrow. c Penzance and Brixton. D Stockholm and Heathrow. Which statement best sums up the researchers’ opinions? A On public transport modern art is better than older styles. B Travellers dislike the art they see on British transport. Cc Art on British transport should be made more striking. D There should be lots of paintings on public transport. u TEST1 PAPER 1 READING 12 Answer questions 27-48 by referring to the film reviews on pages 13-14. Indicate your answers on the separate answer sheet. Questions 27-89. According to the reviews, on which day or days can you see a film of which the following statements are true? Choose your answers from the list of days A-G. Some choices may be required more than once. Note: When more than one answer is required, these may be given in any order. There is some excellent acting in it. 2 Taree OB peers A Saturday It moves along rather slowly. Poe caren eee B Sunday It has good pictures of scenery. C Monday The story is difficult to follow, ST er eecee Glens er cena D Tuesday It will keep you in a state of tension. 39 ho cyan rte eA ou eeesn reser E Wednesday Many people dislike it. OS Pesca F Thursday It is a peculiar film. GG) wcrc sce Olincaascensnne G Friday It starts with a lot of action. BE eer eete It features a character who is good-looking and likes to enjoy life. BOM vaesant For questions 40-48, answer by choosing from the list of films A-H. Some choices may be required more than once. Note: When more than one answer is required, these may be given in any order. Which film or films. A HERO AT LARGE are based on true stories? OT crcpmonectelect Mining Ace B AUNTIE MAME features someone who later played C EDUCATING RITA bigger parts? D CROSS CREEK were originally a book or play? AS rveveseents 44... ee AGF eeeesestae E SPECIAL DELIVERY made its leading actress famous? AG ec cs dusts F FALLEN ANGEL is described as a combination of different types of film? G DESIREE involves a character who devises a plan. H PRIZZI'S HONOUR to impress someone? Ag reece TEST1 PAPER es THIS WEEK’S FILMSON 7) ey SATURDAY Henna A young man is all ready for his wedding when a storm sweeps him away to sea and he wakes up in the care of a young girl. He finds that he has no memory of his past life. He falls in love with the girl but a storm on their wedding night brings back his memory and he realises that he must go back home. The film is put together with considerable charm. Auntie Mame Astraight comedy version of the musical but without its vitality. Rosalind Russell recreates her stage role as the ultra-confident, eccentric aunt who adopts a young orphan, Prizzi’s Honour Acomedy based on Richard Condon’s novel, with Jack Nicholson as a murderer up to his neck in danger and romance when he meets the mysterious Kathleen Turner. The stars are on great form, with Nicholson at his best and Turner all ice-cold beauty and intelligence. The very complex tale includes an excessively jealous ex-girlfriend. This was a big hit and it’s a treat — but be warned movie with as many enemies as admirers. SUNDAY Lonely Hearts Alfectionate, odd and funny tale about a 50-year-old man who starts finding out about women after his over- protective mother dies. He decides to splash out on an introduction through a lonely hearts club and meets the delightful but painfully shy Patricia. However, things don’t go as smoothly as he had hoped. Hero at Large Out-of-work actor Steve Nichols earns rent money by making public appearances as cartoon character Captain Avenger. On the way home from an appearance (and still in costume) he finds himself foiling a robbery and becoming a hero for real, making everyone think there really is a Captain Avenger. Future leading man Kevin Bacon has a small role. MONDAY Fallen Angel Dana Andrews drifts into a small Californian town with only a dollar to his name. Instantly he falls for waitress Linda Darnell, but she's only interested in men with money. So he decides that the best way to get some is to marry rich, shy, Alice Faye and then divorce her, But he becomes the prime suspect for murder, A stylish movie with a good plot Desiree Director Henry Koster was more at home with comedy and musicals and it shows in his handling of this historical drama. He's not helped by a rather dull script, which tells of the relationship between an Emperor and the daughter of a silk merchant. Fact is liberally mixed with fiction and it affords Marlon Brando, who adopts an uncomfortable tone of voice, few chances to do much other than to wear a succession of uniforms. I Know Where I'm Going A romantic drama with some originality, as you might expect from the film-making team of Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger. Their script abounds in wit, charm and wonderful characters. Most of these are female, including Wendy Hiller as the heroine who thinks she knows where she’s going when she heads up to Scotland to marry a millionaire. Nicely shot on location in the Scottish islands. 13