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0 QUESTION BANK Sub Code/Name: Engineering Materials & Metallurgy Year/Sem: II / III UNIT-V NON-METALLIC MATERIALS PART A (2 Marks)

1. What are polymers? Polymers are many units joined together by a chemical reaction. 2. List out four attractive characteristics of polymers. Low density, good corrosion resistance, low coeficient of friction and good mouldablity are some of the four attractive characterstics of polymer. 3. What is polymerization? Polymerisation is defined as the process of growing large molecules from small ones. 4. Differentiate addition and condensation polymerization. Addition polymerization is a kinetic chain reaction whereas condensation polymerization is inter-molecular reaction. Addition polymerization is completed in seconds whereas condensation polymerization needs hours and even days to complete. 5. Why are additives added to polymers? Additives are most often added to polymers to improve tensile and compressive strengths, abrasion resistance, toughness, dimensional and thermal stability and other properties. 6. Distinguish between thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics. Thermoplastics can be resoftened and remoulded by application of heat and pressure.thermosetting plastics cannot be remoulded. 7. Name four ethenic polymers (polymers that have the basic monomers structure of ethylene). Linear polymers, branched polymers, cross-linked polymers, network polymers are some of the homopolymers.

8. Draw the molecular structure of polyethylene and poly propylene.

9 ..Draw the molecular structure of phenol formaldehyde polymer (PF) and urea formaldehyde polymer (UF).

10. Give to example of particulate reinforced metal matrix composites and ceramic matrix composites. 1. Sintered aluminium powder 2. cerment 11. What is the importance of alumina and silicon nitride? Alumina ceramics are used for any type of load-bearing aplication. They are used for rocket nozzles, pump impelers, pump liners, check valves, nozzles subjected to erosion and for support members in electric devices. Silicon nitrides are widely used as cutting tool materias. 12. What are the characteristics of engineering ceramics? Ceramics are in organic, non metallic materials that are heat treated to have abrasive resistance, heat resistance compressive strength, oxidation and reduction resistance. 13. List the properties and application of PVC. They are polyvinyl chloride, they ahve good flame, electrical, chemical, oil, abrasion and weather resistance. They are used as valves, fitting, floor tiles, wire insulations, toys, phonograph records, vinyl automobile roofs, etc. 14. What are bakelites? and state their application. It is a thermosetting phenol formaldehyde resin, formed from an elimination reaction of phenol with formaldehyde, usually with a wood flour filler. Bakelite was particularly suitable for the emerging electrical and automobile industries because of its extraordinarily high resistance - not only to electricity, but to heat and chemical action.

15 Name any four engineering ceramics. Glasses, clay products, refractory, abrasives are engineering ceramics. 16. What are composites? The term composite can be defined as a material composed of two or more different materials, with the properties of the resultant material being superior to the properties of the individual materials that make up the composite. 17. How are composites materials classified? Composites are classified as particle-reinforced, fiber-reinforced and structural composites. 18. List the application of composite materials. Composites are used in aircrafts, missilies, space hardwares, automobiles electrical, electronics and marine application.