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1

Dr. Choks
zh-+h-V-MG-MG-Mz
Zm-Z--mP-zh-+h-P

Speak Fluent Tibetan


Learn Spoken Tibetan in 20 Days

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

Some Commands Used During the Teaching


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

-VGhzGzh-Gh-hmZ-hz-.
hm-hGmx-mP--P-P
--P-P
-G-P-P
-G--P-P
Em-P-P
Em--P-P
G-h-P-P
i-z-h-q
i-z-h-q

Zm-hP.
>G-hP.
e-hP.
-hP.
X--h-hP.
B-hP.
>G-hP.
h-hP.
P-hP.
kh-hP.
P-hP.
Mz-hP.
I-hP. MG-hP-
I-hP- G-hP-

!
!
!
!
!
Recite!
!
! !
!
!
!
!
!
! !

?
?
?
?
? ()
? ()
?
?
?

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

z-m 1

z=--zh-G

Lesson 1

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
11.
13.
15.
17.
19.
21.
23.
25.
27.
29.
31.

--G z=--zh-G
zh-q-m-q ( )
z=--zh-G z-G
(-)
--G-Eh-P-+-GG-zh-q-m-q +-GG-zh-q-m-q
G-m P-zh-q-m Eh-P-zh-q-m-q
G-m P-P-zh-q-m
G-G
!
2.
sir/madam
m-q-V.
+-P-G

4.

Lm-G.
-V-G6.

+-GG-G.
-m-G.

8.

t-G.
-G.

10. --G.

q-G.

12. -UG-G.

W-G.

14. z--G.

z-G.
16. -m-G
P-hqm-G

z=--zh-G. 18. S-i-zh-G.
Zm-hGP-zh-G. 20. hGP-i-zh-G.
!
22. zG-!
wz-G-WG-GmP-G- 24. P-Zm-W-P. !
X--W-P. ! 26. mP--wz-hP. !
!
28. -wz-hP.
!
x--wz-hP.
!
30. fG-X-V-GmP.
!
zG-hP.
!
32. W-z-hG-q-P. !
G-( )

(, )

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

z-m 2

I am ( ())

P- + / + m
DP- +/ + h
1: P-O--m () . 2: DP-z=--h \ () .
Eh-P-O--m-q
G-m P-O--m
Eh-P-z=--m-q
G-m P-z=--m
Eh-P--m*
P-O--m
Eh-P-O--m-z=--m
P-O--m
Eh-P--;-G--h--h

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

* :

**

3.
5.
7.
9.
11.
13.
15.
17.
19.
21.

PEh-PDPz-yGG--Vhm-WG-qD--zz-

/ ()?

G-G
1.

DP-z=--h-q
G-h DP-z=--h
DP-O--h-q
G--h DP-O---h
DP--h**
DP-z=--h
DP-z=--h-O--h
DP-z=--h
: DP--;-G--h--h-h

2.

4.

6.

8.

10.

12.

14.

16.

18.

20.

22.

PEh-P-GDP-GhG-Lmh-q-m-/-Vmm-GGP-qP-qh--zz-

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

z-m 3

()

P- + + m
DP- + + h
3: P-zh-q-m () .
4: DP-Gm-Gm-h
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Eh-P-zh-q-m-q
G-m P-zh-q-m
Eh-P-mh-q-m-q
G-m P-mh-q-m
Eh-P-zh-h-m
P-zh-q-m
Eh-P-zh-q-m-mh-q-m
P-zh-q-m

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

G-G
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
11.
13.
15.
17.
19.

zh-qGm-GmxG-qVm-qG-qzh-qM-G-qZ-P-qmP-q-

2.

4.

6.

8.

10.

12.

14.

16.

18.

20.

() .

DP-Gm-Gm-h-q
G-h DP-Gm-Gm-h
DP-Lm-DG-h-q
G--h DP-Lm-DG--h
DP-Gm-h-h
DP-Gm-Gm-h
DP-Gm-Gm-h-Lm-DG-h
DP-Gm-Gm-h

mh-qLm-DGB-qVP-VPkG-TG--zM-G-zz-qG-qIP-Gz-q-

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

z-m 4

P- + + m- + m
5: P-zh-m-m .
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Eh-P-zh-m-m-q
G-m P-zh-m-m
Eh-P-Z-P-m-m-q
G-m P-Z-P-m-m
Eh-P-G-m-m
P-zh-m-m
Eh-P-zh-m-m-Z-P-m-m
P-zh-m-m

DP- + + m- + h
Statement 6: DP---m-h
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

G-G
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
11.
13.
15.
17.
19.

G-mIP-EM-M-h;M-mGz-
--Z-P-
hm-P-;P-

2.

4.

6.

8.

10.

12.

14.

16.

18.

20.

() .

DP---m-h-q
G-h DP---m-h
DP-z--m-h-q
G--h DP-z--m--h
DP-G-m-h
DP---m-h
DP---m-h-z--m-h
DP---m-h

P-qIP-Gzzhk-q-TPG-
;---
f-mW--m-

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

zB-P.
1

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

W-G z=--zh-G P-O--m


z=--zh-G O--G P-z=--m Eh-P-G-m-m
P---m-m
Eh-P-z-yG-m-q
G-m P-z-yG-m P-hG-Lm-m

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

Eh-P-G-q-G---G-zh-q-h-q
G P---G-zh-q-h
-m Eh-P-G-q-G--h
P-q-G-hm-W-h
Eh-P-G-q-G-Gm-Gm-h-q
G--h DP-Lm-DG-h
DP--;-G--h--h-h
DP--V-h Eh-P-G-w--G-m-h
P-q-G---m-h --G-;P-q-m-h
- P-t-G-P---m-h

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

W-G-Eh-P-W-z-hG-q-P.
P-P-Eh-P-W-z-hG-q--iG-P.
G- W-G zG-
-m wz-
X--W-P.
G- X--W-P.

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.

------m-q
------m-q
------h-q
------h-q
------h-q
------h-q
------hG-G
------hG-G
------h-q
------h-q
------h-h-q
------h-h-q
------IG-G-h-q
------IG-G-h-q
------verb + P-P
------verb + P-P

Yes, I am/we are (, /)


G-m
No, I am not/we arent (, / ..)
G-m
Yes, he/she/ it is (, //)
G-h
No, he/she/it isn't (, //)
G--h
Yes, I/we have (, / ..)
G-h
No, I/we haven't (, / )
G-h
Yes, there is/are (, () ..)
G-hG
No, there isn't/aren't (, () ..)
G--hG
Yes, I think so (, ..)
G-m-H-h
No, I don't think so (, ..)
G-m-H--h
I think there is/are (, ..)
G-h--h
I think there isn't/aren't (, ..)
G-h---h
Yes, it is alright/okay (, )
G-IG-G-h
No, it isnt alright/okay ( )
G-IG-G--h
, //// + . . .
G- verb + P.
, //// + . . .
G- verb +-P.
Yes (..)
-P.
-P. As you said, yes, that's right ( , ..)
Of course/certainly ()
m-hP-m
I see! (!)
- -
Okay/ Very well (! , )
G-

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

z-m 5

P-P- + + m
P-P-O--m

DP-G-P- + + h
: DP-G-P-z=--h

7:

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

/ .

Eh-P-G-P-O--m-q
G-m P-P-O--m
Eh-P-G-P-z=--m-q
G-m P-P-z=--m
Eh-P-G-P-G--m
P-P-O--m
Eh-P-G-P-O--m-z=--m
P-P-O--m

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

G-G
PEh-PDDPhhP-

m-

PEh-P-GDDP-Ghh-

DP-G-P-z=--h-q
G-h DP-G-P-z=--h
DP-G-P-O--h-q
G--h DP-G-P-O---h
DP-G-P-G--h
DP-G-P-z=--h
DP-G-P-z=--h-O--h
DP-G-P-z=--h

P-Eh-P-D-D-DP-h-h--

P-Eh-P-D-
D-
DP-
h-h--

(.)

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

10

z-m 6

()

h- + + h
9: h--G-h
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

() .

h--G-h-q
G-h h--G-h
h--G-h-q
G--h h--G--h
h-G--h
h--G-h
h--G-h--G-h
h--G-h

h- + + h
10: h-;--h
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

G-G
1.
2.
3.
4.
6.
8.
10.
12.
14.
16.
19.

-G-Gw-Ghz-hzG-hzZm-hz-GUG-h;-qP.
JG-



()

() .

h-;--h-q
G-h h-;--h
h--G-h-q
G--h h--G--h
h-G--h
h-;--h
h-;--h--G-h
h-;--h

--w--

5.

7.

9.

11.

13.

15.

17.

electricity

20.


()
()

G-hz-hzOP-hzoG--G@z-zGmG-qP.
JG->h-


computer

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission
from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.
21.
door
22.
window

K-

K-DP.

11

z-m 7

h- + P- + h
11: h-P-h
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

h- + D- + h
.

h-Eh-P-G-h-q
G-h h-P-h
h-DP-G-h-q
G--h h-DP-G--h
h--h
h-P-h
h-Eh-P-G-h-DP-G-h
h-P-h

12:

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

G-G
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

h-P-h
h-DP-G-h
h-Eh-P-G-h
-G--h
-G-D-h
w-G-P-G-h
h-z=---h

/.
.
() .
() .
.
().

Particle/
After Suffix/

( ) .

h-D-h-q
G-h h-D-h
h--h-q
G--h h---h
h--h
h-D-h
h-D-h--h
h-D-h

h--P--h
h--DP--h
h--Eh-P--h
---h
--D-h
w---h
h--zh-q-h

-O

h-D-h

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Genitive Particles/

GG-P-

h-z-z-m 8

Hm----

-/-/ .


This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

12

h- + P- + h
Statement 13: hz-h-P-h

h- + D- + h
Statement 14: DP-q-h-D-h

( +)

( +)

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

hz-h-Eh-P-G-h-q
G-h hz-h-P-h
hz-h-DP-G-h-q
G--h hz-h-DP-G--h
hz-h--h
hz-h-P-h
hz-h-Eh-P-G-h-DP-G-h
hz-h-P-h

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

G-G
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
11.
13.
15.
17.

q-e-whk-D-q
-Im-DPZ-V-bG-

2.

4.

6.

8.

10.

12.

14.

16.

18.

DP-q-h-D-h-q
G-h DP-q-h-D-h
DP-q-h--h-q
G--h DP-q-h---h
DP-q-h--h
DP-q-h-D-h
DP-q-h-D-h--h
DP-q-h-D-h

q-VDP-qw-qW-h;G-fG-D-q
eh-fPG-fP--Z-F-


.
,

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

13

zB-P.
4

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

Revision/

S-i-zh-G P-P-z=--m
S-i-zh-G P-O--m
O--G Eh-P-P-q-G-m-m
P-zh-m-m Eh-P-P-q-G-m-m
P---m-m
- --G-m-m
m-G-m-m

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

-wz zG-hP.
G- fG-X-V-GmP.
z=--G GG-hP. h--P-mP--q-h
- h--P--Eh-P-G-mP--h-q
G-h h-P-q-G-h h-P---G-h
h--GZ-P--UG-h h-P-W-G-h
- Eh-P-G--UG-Gm-Gm-h-q
G-P. DP-G-P-qh--h
1. GG-hP.
2.

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

h-P--DP-q-h
- DP-q-h-Eh-P--h-q
G-P. h-P--t-G--h
- --h--h
--h-P-W-G--h
-

P--

(.)
all//

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

14

z-m 9


S.No.

Interrogative/
.

Meaning /

G--

What? / ?

G-q- / G-q--

Where? / ?
How could? ?

G---mG--m-mG-GG-hG-i-G-iG-i--m-

Why? /?
What...reason? /

3
4
5

Which? / ?
When? / ?
How? / ?
In which way?
In what way?
?
How much? / How
many? / ?
How old?
/ ?

Example /

Meaning /

Eh-P-G-P-G--h
Eh-P-G-q-I-G-m
DP-G-q-P-fz--h
Eh-P-G---m-P-G-h
Eh-P-P-hG-q-M-m-G--m-m
Eh-P-G-hz-G-G-h
Eh-P-G-h-P-G-m
Eh-P-G-i-->G-G-h
Eh-P-G-i->G-G-h
Eh-P-G-i--m->G-G-h
h-GP-G-h-h
Eh-P--G-h-m
w-G---G-h-hG- / h
Eh-P--m

?
?
()?

?

/ ?

/?

?
?
?

G-h-

Who? /?

--

Whom? / To
whom? /?
Who has?/ ?

Eh-P-G-hz---hG / h

10

Whose? /?

hz-h--h

11

By whom? /?

h---P.

(
)?

12

---h

Howadjective? /
-.?

P-h-h-h

13

m-q
m-q
h-q
-h-q
h-q
h-q
hG-G
-hG-G

()..?

Eh-P-zh-q-m-q
Eh-P-zh-q-m-q
DP-z-yG-h-q
DP-z-yG--h-q
Eh-P--hP-h-q
Eh-P--hP-h-q
DP-mP--hG-G
DP-mP---hG-G

14
15
16
17
18
19
20

?
Is/he/she/ it? /
/ () ?
Isnt he/she/ it?
/ ?
Do you have? /
?
Dont you have? /
?
Is there? / ()
?
Isnt there? / ()
?

? ( )

/ ?
/ ?
?
?
/ ?
/ ? (/
?)

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

15

z-m 10

10

DP- + - + + h-h / hG
Statement 16: DP--GTP-q-h-h

P- + - + + h
Statement 15: P---UG-h
.

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Eh-P---UG-h-q
G-h P---UG-h
Eh-P--T-T-h-q
G-h P--T-T-h
Eh-P--G--h
P---UG-h
Eh-P---UG-h-T-T-h
P---UG-h

/ .

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

G-G
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
11.
13.
15.
17.

19.
21.

DP--GTP-q-h-h-q
G-h-h DP--GTP-q-h-h
DP--GTP--h-h-q
G-h--h DP--GTP--h--h
DP--G--h-h
DP--GTP-q-h-h
DP--GTP-q-h-h-GTP--h-h
DP--GTP-q-h-h

t-tq-G
P-P-DGTm-qT-TGTP-qE-Gz-

2.

4.

( )

6.

( )

8.

10.

12.

14.

16.

18.

IG-qq-G-

20.

22.

---G--mGTm--UGGTP-B-mz--

IG-z--

( )
( )


()

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

16

z-m 11

11

P--

h
17: P----mG-q-h

DP-- + O + + h-h/hG
18: DP--E-mG-q-h-h

+ O + +

/ .

Eh-P----mG-q-h-q
G-h P----mG-q-h
Eh-P----h;-q-h-q
G-h P----h;-q-h
Eh-P----G-i-h
P----mG-q-h

Yes:

Eh-P----mG-q-h-h;-q-h

Or:

P----mG-q-h

Ans:

:
:
:
:
:
:

G-G

Ans:
No:

DP--E-mG-q-h-h-q
G-h-h DP--E-mG-q-h-h
DP--E-h;-q-h-h-q

Ans:

G-h--h DP--E-h;-q-h--h

Key:

DP--G-i-h-h
DP--E-mG-q--h-h
DP--E-mG-q-h-h-h;-q-h-h
DP--E-mG-q-h-h

Ans:

Vocabulary

Noun/
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
11.
13.
15.
17.
19.

E-hze-wh-Geh-fPG-fP-DP-q---

Color/

2.

4.

6.

8.

10.

12.

14.

16.

18.

20.

mG-qh;-qYP-D
-q-mSm-qP-BM-Gh-q-P-

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

17

z-m 12

Lesson 12

I have/ ..

P- + - + O + . + h
19: P--DP-q-Vm-q-h

DP- + - + O + . + h-h / hG
20: DP--DP-q-VP-VP-h-h

() .

:
:
:
:
:
:

Eh-P--DP-q-Vm-q-h-q
G-h P--DP-q-Vm-q-h
Eh-P--DP-q-VP-VP-h-q
G-h P--DP-q-VP-VP-h
Eh-P--DP-q-G-i-h
P--DP-q-Vm-q-h

/ () .

Yes:
Ans:
No:
Ans:
Key:
Ans:

Eh-P--DP-q-Vm-q-h-VP-VP-h Or:

P--DP-q-Vm-q-h

Ans:

DP--DP-q-VP-VP-h-h-q
G-h-h DP--DP-q-VP-VP-h-h
DP--DP-q-Vm-q-h-h-q
G-h--h DP--DP-q-Vm-q-h--h
DP--DP-q-G-i-h-h
DP--DP-q-VP-VP-h-h
DP--DP-q-VP-VP-h-h-Vm-q-h-h
DP--DP-q-VP-VP-h-h

G-G
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
11.
13.
15.
17.
19.

DP-qhze-whCeh-fP-Tz-IG
IG-qIG--

2.

4.

6.

8.

10.

12.

14.

16.

18.

20.

Vm-qVP-VPP-qYh-qP-qG-qm-qP-X-qMG-q+-q-

zB-P. Revision/

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

18

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

hGP-i-zh-G O--G
hGP-i-zh-G z=--G
Eh-P-zh-q-m-q
G-m P-zh-q-m Eh-P-zh-q-m-q
G-m P-zh-q-fG-GTh-m

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

z=--G Eh-P---G-h-q
G-h P---G-G-h
Eh-P---G-h-q-h-q
G-h P---G-h-q-h Sm-q-G-q-G-h
- -G-h-q-h-Eh-P-G-h-q
G--h P-IG-q-h

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

Eh-P--IG-q-h-q
G-h P--IG-q-P-q-h
Eh-P-G-IG-q-P--zh-q-h-q
G--h GTG-hm-W-h
- DP-P-q-G-m-h
DP-m-G-m-h Eh-P--IG-q-h-q
G-h P--hm-W-IG--GTG-h
DP-Eh-P-G-z-IG-h-q
G-h DP-P-z-IG-h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

19

z-m 13

13

P- + O + + G-* +

21: P-W-fP-G-h .
h
:
Eh-P-W-fP-G-h-q
: G-h P-W-fP-G-h
: Eh-P---fP-G-h-q
: G-h P---fP-G-h
: Eh-P-G--fP-G-h
: P-W-fP-G-h
: Eh-P-W-fP-G-h---fP-G-h
: P-W-fP-G-h

DP- + O +. + G-* + hG / h-h**


22: DP-W-fP-G-hG / .
Yes:
DP-W-fP-G-hG-G
Ans: G-hG DP-W-fP-G-hG
No:
DP---fP-G-hG-G
Ans: G--hG DP---fP-G--hG
Key: DP-G--fP-G-hG
Ans: DP-W-fP-G-hG
Or:
DP-W-fP-G-hG---fP-G-hG
Ans: DP-W-fP-G-hG
**

G-G
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7
8.
9.

GhG-GD-G-GP-bGhzhP-zh-G-

*Particle/

Zm-H-*
Hm-H-*
--*
--*
Z--*
>G-G-*
zX--*
J--*
P-G-*
GG-P-

DP-W-fP-G-h-h

() ( )

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

/ . 19.

h-z--

z-m 14

+h-V-G-GD-G-;hPeh-GTm-qHm----

14

zh--*
kh--*
PG-G-*
z--*
h--*
P-G-*
vh--*
e--*
GbP-G-*
-/----/ .

/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/

G- ()
-/ .

( - ):
This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

20

P- + O + + Gm-* + h
23: P-W-fP-Gm-h**
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Eh-P-W-fP-Gm-h-q
G-h P-W-fP-Gm-h
Eh-P---fP-Gm-h-q
G-h P---fP-Gm-h
Eh-P-G--fP-Gm-h
P-W-fP-Gm-h
Eh-P-W-fP-Gm-h---fP-Gm-h

().

DP- + O + + Gm-* + hG / h-h**


Statement 24: DP-W-fP-Gm-hG**

() ().

Yes:
Ans:
No:
Ans:
Key:
Ans:
Or:

DP-W-fP-Gm-hG-G
G-hG DP-W-fP-Gm-hG
DP---fP-Gm-hG-G
G--hG DP---fP-Gm--hG
DP-G--fP-Gm-hG
DP-W-fP-Gm-hG
DP-W-fP-Gm-hG---fP-Gm-hG

Ans: DP-W-fP-Gm-hG
P-W-fP-Gm-h
** : P-W-fP-zm-q-m
** : DP-W-fP-zm-q-h
G-G :
1. GZm-Hm-* / 8. +h-V- zh-m-*
2. hG-GHm-Hm-* / 9. eh-- e-m-* /
3. D-G10. D-G-m-* /
z-m-* /
4. -G-m-* / 11. GTm-q- GbP-Gm-*
5. P-bGZ-m-* / 12. -;- h-m-*
6. hz>G-Gm-* / 13. zh-G- P-Gm-* /
7. hPzX-m-* / 14. hP- vh-m-* /
:

GmG-P-

h-e-z-em-q-G-IG Present Continuous Particles


mHmmGm- ()
h-z-- m---- -/ . -/ .

**

zm-q-

freely used

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

21

z-m 15

15

P- + O + V + G-* + m
25: P-W-zbP-G-m

DP- + O + V + G-* + h
Statement 26: DP-W-zbP-G-h

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

Eh-P-W-zbP-G-m-q
G-m P-W-zbP-G-m
Eh-P---zbP-G-m-q
G-m P---zbP-G-m
Eh-P-G--zbP-G-m
P-W-zbP-G-m
Eh-P-W-zbP-G-m---zbP-G-m
P-W-zbP-G-m

G-G
G- Zm-H-*
hG-G- Hm-H-*
D-G- z--*
-G--*
P-bG- Z--*
hzz>G-G-*
i-zi--*
-J--*
zh-G- P-G-*
hP- zX--*
eh-- ze--*

Yes:
Ans:
No:
Ans:
Key:
Ans:
Or:
Ans:

DP-W-zbP-G-h-q
G-h DP-W-zbP-G-h
DP---zbP-G-h-q
G--h DP---zbP-G--h
DP-G--zbP-G-h
DP-W-zbP-G-h
DP-W-zbP-G-h---zbP-G-h
DP-W-zbP-G-h

: ()
/

12.

13.

14.

15.

/ 16.
/

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

+h-VPG-GD-G-;hPPGTm-qT-G--

zh--*
P-G-*
PG-G-*
z--*
--*
P-G-*
vh--*
P-G-*
GbP-G-*
P-G-*
zkh--*

/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/

/
/

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

22

z-m 16

16

Past Tense

P- + O + + q- + m
DP-G- + O + + P.**
Statement 27: P-W-zbP-q-m* .
Statement 28: DP-G-W-zbP-P.**() .
Eh-P-G-W-zbP-q-m-q
: G-m P-W-zbP-q-m
: Eh-P-G---zbP-q-m-q
: G-zbP-h P---zbP-h
: Eh-P-G-G--zbP-q-m
: P-W-zbP-q-m
: Eh-P-G-W-zbP-q-m--zbP-q-m
: P-W-zbP-q-m
:

P-W-zbP-m
G-G

* :

Yes:
Ans:
No:
Ans:
Key:
Ans:
Or:

Ans:

DP-G-W-zbP-P-P
G-zbP-P. DP-G-W-zbP-P-
DP-G---zbP-P-P
G-zbP--P. DP-G---zbP--P.
DP-G-G--zbP-P.
DP-G-W-zbP-P.
DP-G-W-zbP-P---zbP-P.
DP-G-W-zbP-P.

** :

DP-G-W-zbP-q-h

: ( . . . 3 . (),
, )

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

GhG-GD-G-GP-bGhzi-z-zh-GhP-

Zm-qGm-qz-q-qZ-qz>G-qi-qJ-qP-qzX-q-

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

+h-VPG-GD-G-;hP-GTm-qeh--

zh-qP-zPG-qz-q-qP-qvh-qzkh-qzbP-zze-q

/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/

/

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

23

zB-P. Revision/
10

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

O- P-D-G-z-G-h-q
G-h P-Zm-hGP-D-G-z-G-h
Eh-P-Zm-hGP-D-G-G--z-G-h
Zm-hGP-D-G-G-G-z-G-h
- DP--h
DP-P-hG-G-h

11

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

O- DP-G-G-z-G-h-q
G-h DP-G-G-z-G-h
h-e-DP-G--h-m-hG
h-e-DP--;-h-m-hG P-D-G-z-q-m-q
G-z-h W-zbP-q-m
P-G-G-z-G-m-q
G-P. P-G-G-z-G-m

12

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

z=- P-bG-Z-q-m-q
G-Z-q-m
1. K-.
P-bG-G--Z-q-m
2. GP-V-z-;--hP----Z-q-m
;---G-h-vh-q-m
;---K--zM-vh-q-m
- GP-V-z- ;--h--h-q
G-h h---hG

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

24

z-m 17

P- + - + + m
Statement 29: P---T-m

/
30 .

Eh-P---T-m-q
: G-m P---T-m
: Eh-P--z-zT-m-q
: G-m P--z-zT-m
: Eh-P--G-h-m
: P---T-m
: Eh-P---T-m-z-zT-m
: P---T-m
:

1
6

GTGiG-

0
1
10
100
1,000
10,000
100,000
1,000,000
10,000,000
100,000,000
1,000,000,000

2
7
>h-;GTGzTzMeP.
Fz--zhP-xf-z-

17

DP- + - + + h
Statement 30: DP---T-h / 30 .
Yes:
Ans:
No:
Ans:
Key:
Ans:
Or:
Ans:

DP---T-h-q
G-h DP---T-h
DP--z-zT-h-q
G--h DP--z-zT--h
DP--G-h-h
DP---T-h
DP---T-h-z-zT-h
DP---T-h

G-G
GZ3 Gzhm8 zMh-

4
9

zhG-

5 S.
10 zT-

11-20
11
13

VG-zMVG-ePVG-FVG-z--GTG-z-GTGhP-x-GTGf-z-GTG

15
17
19

zT-GTGzT-GzT-SzT-zhmzT-hG-

zT-GZzT-zzT-iGzT-zMhZ--

12
14
16
18
20

Numerical Particles (21-99)


21
41
61
81

Z---GTGz-zT--GTGiG-T--GTGzMh-T-H-GTG-

-T--GTG51 S-zT-P-GTG71 zhm-T-hm-GTG91 hG-zT-G-GTG31

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

25

z-m 18

18

h-P- + day + h
Statement 31: h-P-G-q-P-h

P-Zm- + day + h
Statement 32: P-Zm-G-tm-q-h

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
11.
13.
15.

Yes: P-Zm-G-tm-q-h-q
h-P-G-q-P-h-q
Ans: G-h P-Zm-G-tm-q-h
G-h h-P-G-q-P-h
No:
h-P-G-w-z-h-q
P-Zm-G-w-z-h-q
G--h h-P-G-w-z--h Ans: G--h P-Zm-G-w-z--h
Key: P-Zm-G-G--h
h-P-G-G--h
Ans: P-Zm-G-tm-q-h
h-P-G-q-P-h
Or:
h-P-G-q-P-h-w-z-h
P-Zm-G-tm-q-h-w-z-h
Ans: P-Zm-G-tm-q-h
h-P-G-q-P-h
G-G
/
:
G
h-/
Nyima ()
G-Z-

m-mP/
Dawa ()
G--zG-mP-
G-G-h- Tuesday/Mars

P-Lhakpa ()
G-G-q- Wednesday/Mercury
GP-P-
Phurbu ()
G-w-z- Thursday/Jupiter

B-+Pasang ()
G-q-P- Friday/Venus
h-Vm-
Penpa ()
G-tm-q- Saturday/Saturn

10. D--/D-P.

h-P.

12. D-Zm
P-Zm14. zhm-yG
GmP-Zm-
16. -z
G-Zm-
Migmar ()

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

26

z-m 19

19

hP-P- + + h
Statement 33: hP-P-hrh-;-h .
:
hP-P-hrh-;-h-q
: G-h hP-P-hrh-;-h
: hP-P-hGm-D-h-q
: G--h hP-P-hGm-D--h
: hP-P-m-h-G--h
: hP-P-hrh-;-h
: hP-P-hrh-;-h-hGm-D-h
: hP-P-hrh-;-h

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

6.
7.

hrh-;--bG-B-G-h
:
hrh-;--bG-B-G-h-q
: G-h hrh-;--bG-B-G-h
: h-D-V-q-zz--h
:
h-D-V-q-zz--h-q
: G-h h-D-V-q-zz--h
: em-;--z-m-H-h
:
em-;--z-m-H-h-q
: G-h em-;--z-m-H-h
: hGm-D-GP-zz--h
:
hGm-D-GP-zz--h-q
:
G-h hGm-D-GP-zz--h
:

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

G-G Vocabulary
m-h-z

hrh-;
h-D
em-;
hGm-DhP-P-P-bGB-z-bG-B-zV-q.
zz-qV-q-zz-q-zm-q-z-m-qGPGP-zz-q-

to ripen fruits

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

27

z-m 20

20

V-h- + + h
G-G
34: V-h-hP-q-h () .
xG-h:
V-h-hP-q-h-q
c/
V-h:
G-h V-h-hP-q-h

+-:
V-h-GZ-q-h-q

+-V:
G--h V-h-GZ-q--h
/
hP-q:
V-h-G-h-h
/
GZ-q:
V-h-hP-q-h
past ()
-m:
V-h-hP-q-h-GZ-q-h
hP-q--m- past one ( )
:
V-h-hP-q-h
hP-q--m-+--zT-S- 13:20

( ) / (.)

V-h-hP-q--m-+--zT-h
: (1:10) V-h-hP-q-hP-+--zT-h
: (1:15) V-h-hP-q--m-+--zT-S-h
:(1:20) V-h-hP-q--m-+--Z--h
: (1:25) V-h-hP-q--m-+--Z---S-h
: (1:30) V-h-hP-q-hP-xh-;-h
: (1:45) V-h-GZ-q-m-q--+--zT-S-hG
:(1:45) V-h-hP-q-hP-+--z-zT--S.h
: (1:50) V-h-GZ-q-m-q--+--zT-hG
: (1:55) V-h-GZ-q-m-q--+--S-hG
: (1:55) V-h-hP-q-hP-+--S-zT-P-S-h

(1:10)

xh-;hP-q-hP-xh-;-

..
m-q-GZ-q-m-q--+--zT-S- 13:40
GZ-q-m-q--+--zT- 13:50

V-h-hP-q-bG-bG
V-h-zT-GZ-bG-bG 12
G-q-V-h-zhm-q
hGP-i-V-h-zhm-q

Zm-hGP-V-h-zT-GZ
m--V-h-zT-GZ

zB-P. Revision/
This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

28

13

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

S-i-zh-G O--G zh-q-m-q


S-i-zh-G P-zh-q-m Eh-P-zh-q-m-q
zh-q-m h-P-G-G--h
h-P-G-G-q-h
- h-P-G-G-q-h-q P-B-+-h
hP-Gm h--P--G-h-h
h--P--Z---S-h
- h--P-z;G-h-hG-G
G-h

14

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

P-G-hG-G--G-h-h
DP--Z--h
h-q DP-h-e-G-q-h-h
DP----h-h
h-P-DP-P-G--h-q
G-P-G--h DP-h-D-P-G-h

15

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

O- h-e-V-h-G-h-h
V-h-zT-GZ-bG-bG-h
- P-Zm-hGP-D-G-G-h--G-h
V-h-hP-q---G-h P-G-h--G-h
P-hP-q-hP-xh-;---G-h
P-D-G-G---G-h
i--i--G-h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

29

z-m 21

21

h- + + h
35: hz-h-h;-q-h .
:
hz-h-h;-q-h-q
:
G-h hz-h-h;-q-h
:
hz-h-h-q-h-q
:
G--h hz-h-h-q--h
: hz-h-m-hG-G--h
:
hz-h-h;-q-h
:
hz-h-h;-q-h-h-q-h
:
hz-h-h;-q-h
O+

P- + O + + h
P-eh-fP--q-h
:
Eh-P-G-eh-fP--q-h-q
:
G-h P-eh-fP--q-h
:
Eh-P-G-eh-fP-mG-q-h-q
:
G--h P-eh-fP-mG-q--h
: Eh-P-G-eh-fP-G-m-hG-G--h
:
P-eh-fP--q-h
:
Eh-P-G-eh-fP--q-h-mG-q-h
:
P-eh-fP--q-h

2.
3.

m-hG-Gm-F-

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

- .

36:

1.

1.

4.

5.

hGD-hG-

12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.

G-G
h;-qh-qSm-qmG-q-qYP-DM-G-P.
P-B-mB-hGF-F-Q-meh-fPz-m;
V-G-fP.
--;x-q--

chupa

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

30

z-m 22

22

I am in/at / ()

P- + - +
h : P--DP--h

DP- + + - + hG*
38: DP--DP--hG

37

() .* ( )

Yes: DP--DP--hG-G
Eh-P--DP--h-q
: G-h P--DP--h
Ans: G-hG DP--DP--hG
: Eh-P-P-DP--h-q
No:
DP-P-DP--hG-G
: G-h P-P-DP--h
Ans: G--hG DP-P-DP---hG
: Eh-P-G-q-h
Key: DP-G-q-hG
: P--DP--h
Ans: DP--DP--hG
: Eh-P--DP--h-P-DP--h
Or:
DP--DP--hG-P-DP--hG
: P--DP--h
Ans: DP--DP--hG
* DP--DP--h-h () ( ).
G-G
:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

-DP-G-DP-kh-DP--DP-F-DP-zh-DP-eP-DP-G-DP-v-DP-Im-DP--

P-DP-12.
m-DP-13.
Vh-DP-14.
Z-DP-15.
hz-DP-16.
z-GZ-DP-17.
z-DP-18.
I-em-DP-19.
G-DP-hq-h-DP-11.

20.

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

31

z-m 23

23

(In Tibetan: Post-position ( )

P- + O + . + h
: P-DP-q-mP--h

39

DP- + O + . + hG / h-h
: DP-DP-q-x--hG

40

() .* ()

Yes: DP-DP-q-x--h-h-q
Eh-P-DP-q-mP--h-q
: G-h P-DP-q-mP--h
Ans.: G-h-h DP-DP-q-x--h-h
: Eh-P-DP-q-x--h-q
No.: DP-DP-q-mP--h-h-q
: G-h P-DP-q-x--h
Ans.: G-h--h DP-DP-q-mP--h--h
: Eh-P-G-q--h
Key: DP-G-q--h-h
: P-DP-q-mP--h
Ans.: DP-DP-q-x--h-h
: Eh-P-DP-q-mP--h-x--h
Or: DP-DP-q-x--h-h-mP--h-h
: P-DP-q-mP--h
Ans.: DP-DP-q-x--h-h
* DP-DP-q-x--h-h () . ( )
G-G
1. mP-
11. z-
2. x-
12. hz-
3. KP-
13. G-
4. eP-
14. Gm-
5. G-
15. Sm-,
6. hm-
16. X-
7. Mz-
17. F-
8. h-
18. -xG--
9. f-
19. w-xG--
10. -
20. x-G-

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

32

z-m 24

24

/
+

K- + x- + hG

41:

m-DP-K-x-hG

K- + zMz- + hG

hP-DP-K-zMz-hG

Yes: hP-DP-K-zMz-hG-G
m-DP-K-x-hG-G
: G-hG m-DP-K-x-hG
Ans: G-hG hP-DP-K-zMz-hG
: m-DP-K-zMz-hG-G
No: hP-DP-K-x-hG-G
: G--hG m-DP-K-zMz--hG
Ans: G--hG hP-DP-K-x--hG
: K-G--x-hG
Key: K-G--zMz-hG
: m-DP-K-x-hG
Ans: hP-DP-K-zMz-hG
: m-DP-K-x-hG-zMz-hG
Or: hP-DP-K-zMz-hG-x-hG
: m-DP-K-x-hG
Ans.: hP-DP-K-zMz-hG
G-G
1. hP-DP
12. Im-DP
2. G-DP
13. Z-DP
3. z-I
14. Zm-dG--DP
4. m-DP
15. VP-DP
5. m-DP16. W-DP
6. GG-G-DP 17. -DP/
7. hz-DP
18. G-P
8. hq-h-DP
19. f-z
9. -DP

20. -DP
10. GP-DP
21. JG-zm-DP/
11. P-DP
22. z-GZ-DP
:

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

33

zB-P.
16

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
17

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

O--G P-G-q-h
P-P-DP--h
P-DP--G--h--h
P-P-DP--hz-Z-G-h
- h-e-V-h-zhm-q-h P-DP-K-x-hG-G
P-DP-P--K-x--hG m-m-GTG-K-x-hG (m-m- m-mP-)
-
1. m-m.
2. m-mz=- Eh-P-G-q-h
,
,

P--KP--h
-KP--G--h--h
-KP--V-V-I-G-h
- G-h-P-G-m
HG-q-P-G-m -;-G--h
-;-G-h zG- P-D-q-GG-G-m
-

18

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

O- P-DP-m-G--Z-q-m
P-DP-m-P-G---G--Qm-q-Z-q-m
P---G--Qm-q-G--Z-q-m
GG-hP. --h-q-h-DP--Z-q-m
hP-Gm --h-q-h-G-q-hG
--h-G-q-hG-G
hP-Gm hq-G-q-hG

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

34

z-m 25

25

I am feeling/ ()

P- + (O +) . + G-* + hG
ffeeling .ffefeefeeling.
Statement 42: P-EG-G-hG

DP- + (O +) . + G-* + hG
Statement 43: DP-EG-G-hG / G-h-h

/ (() ..).

DP-EG-G-hG-G
:
Ans: G-hG DP-EG-G-hG
:
No:
DP--z-G-G-hG-G
:
Ans: G--hG DP--z-G-G--hG
:
Key: DP-G-i--H-hG
:
Ans: DP-EG-G-hG
:
Or:
DP-EG-G-hG--z-G-G-hG
:
Ans: DP-EG-G-hG
* Put genitive particles according to suffixes.
** Eh-P-G--h--hG
G-G
1.
Verb + G-*
/ 8.

-z-G-G2.

9.

EG-G-q-B-G3.

10. Ih-DG-eG-
D-+-H4.
/
11. G-m-G
m-G5.

12. z-
-z-z-H6.

13. Zz-
GZh--G7.
- 14. -q-hG-G
im-H15. fP-Vh-
16.
P--G17. I-P--G , 18. P-P--G
19. P-P--G
20. -P--G
:

Eh-P-EG-G-hG-G
G-hG P-EG-G-hG
Eh-P--z-G-G-hG-G
G--hG P--z-G-G--hG
Eh-P-G-i--H-hG**
P-EG-G-hG
Eh-P-EG-G-hG--z-G-G-hG
P-EG-G-hG

Yes:

Verb () +

, + verb ()

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

35

z-m 26
O + Adj. +

hG / h-h

Statement 44:

26

Gm-G-IP--hG

G-G

:
:
:
:
:1
:
:
:

Gm-G-IP--hG-G
G-hG Gm-G-IP--hG
Gm-G--q-hG-G
G--hG Gm-G--q--hG
Gm-G-G-i-hG
Gm-G-IP--hG
Gm-G-IP--hG--z-hG
Gm-G-IP--hG

G-q+-q--qG-qfG-qh;m-qBh-qHG-qM-q-

kG-TG

m-q
h;--DG-q-
() -q

=z-q- z-q-
, z-q

kG-q
G-- h-q- slow
zk-q

:
:
:
:
:2
:
:
:

zh-+h---q-h-h

HP-q - .
P-S-qzh-+h---q-h-h-q
G-h-h zh-+h---q-h-h GTG-qYh-qzh-+h-DG-q-h-h-q
G-h--h zh-+h-DG-q-h--h Vm-qW-qzh-+h-G-i-h-h
fG-Z-qzh-+h---q-h-h
P-qzh-+h---q-h-h-DG-q-h-h G-qzh-+h---q-h-h
IP-xG-qP-X-q-

Statement 45:

Gm-G--h-h-h / Gm-G--h-hG
zh-+h---h-h-h / zh-+h---h-hG

Zm-qB-x-qP-P-qVP-VP.
z-qfG-P-qfP-fP.
P-q-qhz-q- B-qhG-Z-q-

How hot is the weather?/() ?

How easy is Tibetan?/ . ?

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

36

z-m 27

27

I like/

DP- + O + - + hG-q- + hG*


P- + O + - + hG-q- + h
: P-W--hG-q-h .
: DP-W--hG-q-hG

46

47

Eh-P-W--hG-q-h-q
G-h P-W--hG-q-h
Eh-P----hG-q-h-q
G-h P----hG-q-h
Eh-P-G---hG-q-h
P-W--hG-q-h

Yes:

Eh-P-W--hG-q-h----hG-q-h

Or:

P-W--hG-q-h

Ans:

:
:
:
:
:
:

DP-W--hG-q-hG

Ans:
No:
Ans:
Key:
Ans:

() ( ).

G-G
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21

- + hG-qG-W-W-fP---D-zh-q-mP-V-fG-q-E-O+

, + O

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

() .

DP-W--hG-q-hG-G
G-hG DP-W--hG-q-hG
DP-V--hG-q-hG-G
G--hG DP-V--hG-q--hG
DP-G---hG-q-hG
DP-W--hG-q-hG
DP-W--hG-q-hG-V--hG-q-hG
DP-W--hG-q-hG
DP-W--hG-q-h-h

() ( ).

Vocabulary

OP--bG-zh-W-W-P----q--zh-+h-mP-q----

tsampa

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

37

z-m 28

28

Same/ , ()

GTG-q- + m
P--m-I-GTG-q-m

+ O +
Statement 48:

Statement 49:

Eh-P--m-I-GTG-q-m-q
: G-m P--m-I-GTG-q-m
: Eh-P--z-I-GTG-q-m-q
: G-m P--z-I-GTG-q-m
: Eh-P--G--GTG-q-m
: P--m-I-GTG-q-m
:

Eh-P--m-I-GTG-q-mz-I-GTG-q-m

P--m-I-GTG-q-m

GTG-q- + h
DP--P-q-GTG-q-h

+ O +

.
Yes:
Ans.:
No:
Ans:
Key:
Ans:
Or:
Ans:

DP--P-q-GTG-q-h-q
G-h DP--P-q-GTG-q-h
DP--w--GTG-q-h-q
G--h DP--w--GTG-q--h
DP--G--GTG-q-h
DP--P-q-GTG-q-h
DP--P-q-GTG-q-h-w--GTG-q-h
DP--P-q-GTG-q-h
G-G

P-GZStatement 50: P-GZ-Gm-I-GTG-q-m


Eh-P-GZ .
GTG-q: Eh-P-GZ-Gm-I-GTG-q-m-q
m-I-GTG-q: G-m P-GZ-Gm-I-GTG-q-m
Im-DP-GTG-q: Eh-P-GZ---GTG-q-m-q
P-q-GTG-q: G-m P-GZ---GTG-q-m
w--GTG-q: Eh-P-GZ-G--GTG-q-m
Gm-I-GTG-q: P-GZ-Gm-I-GTG-q-m
--GTG-qz-I-GTG-q: Eh-P-GZ-Gm-I-GTG-q-mZ-DP-GTG-q--GTG-q-m
-DP-GTG-q: P-GZ-Gm-I-GTG-q-m
m-DP-GTG-q-

(, )
(, )
,
,








This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

38

zB-P.
19

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

z=--G h-P-Gm-G-G-q--hG
- hP-Gm
h-P-P-z-I--I-G-m
G---m m-G-hG-G
P-GG-q-zh-q--hG P-EG-G-hG
P-P-Ih-DG-zh-q--hG
P-m-DP--I-G-m P-P-Z-h-I-G-m-q
P. I-G-m

20

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

O- P-zh-W--hG-q-h-q
G-h P-W-P---hG-q-h P-W-G---hG-q-h
P-zh-W--hG-q-h
- DP--h
DP-P-m-I-GTG-q-h DP---m-h
DP-zh-W--hG-q-h-h-q
-G--P.

21

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

DP-zh-+h---h-h-q
G-h-h bG----h-h
DP-zh-+h--hG-q-h-h-q
h-h h-e-zh-+h-P-zm-q-h
hP-Gm zh-+h---q--h-q
zh-+h-h---q-h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

39

z-m 29

29

This is a place to /

h- + O + + - + h
Statement 51: h-D-G---h

h- + O + + - + h
Statement 52: h-hz->G--h

( ).

h-D-G---h-q
G-h h-D-G---h
h-W-fP--h-q
G--h h-W-fP---h
h-G--h--h
h-D-G---h
h-D-G---h-W-fP--h
h-D-G---h

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Yes:
Ans:
No:
Ans:
Key:
Ans:
Or:
Ans:

G-G
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

- place to + verb ( + )

D-G--hG-G-Gm--

-G--
hz-Z-
hz->G-+h-V-i--

--J-zh-G-P--
hP-zX--

eh--e-. +

h-hz->G--h-q
G-h h-hz->G--h
h-eh--e--h-q
G--h h-eh--e---h
h-G--h--h
h-hz->G--h
h-hz->G--h-eh--e--h
h-hz->G--h

12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.

hz-zG-P-D-G-PG---z--;-h--P-hP-vh--kh-D-q-GbP--G-m-G-Zm--

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

40

z-m 30

30

I want to/

P- + O + + hh- + h
Statement 53: P-z-P-h-hh-h

DP- + O + V + hh- + h-h


Statement 54: DP---Z-hh-h-h

() .

Yes: DP---Z-hh-h-h-q
Eh-P-z-P-h-hh-h-q
: G-h P-z-P-h-hh-h
Ans: G-h-h DP---Z-hh-h-h
: Eh-P-h---hh-h-q
No:
DP-DP-q-Z-hh-h-h-q
: G-h P-h---hh-h
Ans: G-h--h DP-DP-q-Z-hh-h--h
: Eh-P-G--h-hh-h
Key: DP-G--Z-hh-h-h
: P-z-P-h-hh-h
Ans: DP---Z-hh-h-h
: Eh-P-z-P-h-hh-hOr:
DP---Z-hh-h-hh---hh-h
DP-q-Z-hh-h-h
: P-z-P-h-hh-h
Ans: DP---Z-hh-h-h
G-G
1. . + hh- want to + verb ( + )
12. --GbP-hh
2. Gm-I-GbP-hh- pilot
13. --z-hh
:

D-G--hh4. z-P-h-hh5. P-bG-Z-hh6. hz->G-hh7. i-z-i-hh8. +h-V-h-hh9. zh-G-P-hh10. hP-zX-hh11. eh--e-hh3.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

D-G-PG-hhG-Zm-hh-;-h-hh-P-hhhP-vh-hhP-hhGTm-q-GbP-hhhG-G-Fh-hhD-G-z-hh-



()

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

41

z-m 31

31

I am the one who / ,

P- + O + + Dm- + m
Statement 55: P---GbP-Dm-m
( , ).

DP- + O +V + Dm- + h
Statement 56: DP-D-G-z-Dm-h
() /, (: ).

Yes: DP-D-G-z-Dm-h-q
Eh-P---GbP-Dm-m-q
: G-m P---GbP-Dm-m
Ans: G-h DP-D-G-z-Dm-h
: Eh-P-Gm-I-GbP-Dm-m-q
No:
DP---z-Dm-h-q
: G-m P-Gm-I-GbP-Dm-m
Ans: G--h DP---z-Dm--h
: Eh-P-G--GbP-Dm-m
Key: DP-G--z-Dm-h
: P---GbP-Dm-m
Ans: DP-D-G-z-Dm-h
: Eh-P---GbP-Dm-mOr:
DP-D-G-z-Dm-hGm-I-GbP-Dm-m
--z-Dm-h
: P---GbP-Dm-m
Ans: DP-D-G-z-Dm-h
G-G Vocabulary
1. . + Dm- One who + verb (, + . )
12. --GbP-Dm ()
2. Gm-I-GbP-Dm-
13. --z-Dm
3. D-G--Dm
14. D-G-PG-Dm
4. -G--Dm
15. G-Zm-Dm
5. P-bG-Z-Dm
16. -;-h-Dm
6. hz->G-Dm
17. -P-Dm
7. i-z-i-Dm
18. hP-vh-Dm
8. +h-V-h-Dm
19. P-Dm
9. zh-G-P-Dm
20. GTm-q-GbP-Dm-
10. hP-zX-Dm
21. hG-G-Fh-Dm-
11. eh--e-Dm
22. D-G-z-Dm
:

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

42

z-m 32

32

I plan to /

P- + O (+ -) + - + h
Statement 57: P-zh--I--h

DP- + O (+ -) + + - + h-h
Statement 58: DP-hq-h-DP--P--h-h

Eh-P-zh--I--h-q
: G-h P-zh--I--h
: Eh-P----I--h-q
: G-h P----I--h
: Eh-P-G-q-I--h
: P-zh--I--h
: Eh-P-zh--I--h---I--h
: P-zh--I--h
:

() .

DP-hq-h-DP--P--h-h-q
Ans: G-h-h DP-hq-h-DP--P--h-h
No:
DP-GG-G-DP--P--h-h-q
Ans: G-h--h DP-GG-G-DP--P--h--h
Key: DP-G-q-P--h-h
Ans: DP-hq-h-DP--P--h-h
Or:
DP-hq-h-DP--P--h-hGG-G-DP--P--h-h
Ans: DP-hq-h-DP--P--h-h
G-G
1. . + + 12. --GbP-
2. Gm-I-GbP-
13. --z-
3. D-G-- ()
14. D-G-PG-
4. z-P-h-
15. G-Zm-
5. P-bG-Z-
16. -;-h-
6. hz->G-
17. -P-
7. i-z-i-
18. hP-vh-
8. +h-V-h-
19.P--
9. zh-G-P-
20. GTm-q-GbP-
10. hP-zX-
21. hG-G-Fh--
11. eh--e-
22. D-G-z- ()
Yes:

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

43

zB-P.
22

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

z=--G S-i-zh-G
S-i-zh-G
P-zh--I-hh-h-q
h-h-h P-Sm--m-zh--I-hh-h
P-zh--HG-q-I--h P-P-Z-h-I-G-m-q
P-G-h-I--h
zhm-yG-GTG-G-X--I--h
- -m-P-z--GbP-G-m

23

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

P-zh--kh--h-q
G-h-h-h P-w-----h-h
P-G-w--G--h-Dm-h
P-q-G---z-Dm-h --G-G-GbP-Dm-h
- P-G-w--zG--G-q-h-h
z-+-mP--h-h
- G-G-

24

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

Eh-P--tm-Vh-h-q
G-h P--GTP-q-GTG-hP-GTP--GTG-h
DP-GZ--;-G--h-Dm-h
GTP-q-Gm-I-GbP-Dm-h GTP--z-yG-h
z-I-I--G-q-h
zh-E-z-I--I-G-h-h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

44

z-m 33

33

DP-- + P- + . . + h
Statement 59: DP--P-V-z-h
, ().

V-zf-z:
G-G- / q:
fP-P- / z:
P-P- / z:
-z:
y-z:
z-q:
B-h-- + S + . . + h-h
+-qStatement 60: P--DP-G-G-h-h
xG-G- / q() , .
Gm-q:
S-zP--DP-G-G-h-h-q
: G-h-h P--DP-G-G-h-h
h-z: P--DP-kG-G-h-h-q
P-P: G-h--h P--DP-kG-G-h--h mG-G-/ z: EhP-GZ--G-G-h-h
: P--DP-G-G-h-h
: P--DP-G-G-h-h-kG-G-h-h
: P--DP-G-G-h-h
:

DP--Eh-P-V-z-h-q
G-h DP--P-V-z-h
DP--Eh-P-VP-z-h-q
G-h DP--P-VP-z-h
Eh-P-GZ--V-z-h
DP--P-V-z-h
DP--Eh-P-V-z-h-VP-z-h
DP--P-V-z-h

G-G

VP-P- / z-

h-z-

kG-G- / q-

P-P- / z-
ZP-P- / z-
IP-P- / z
finer
thicker
~-q
fG-G- / q-

P-- / z-

MG-G- / q-

B-z Lm-q

x-z HG-G-/ q-

Yh-z
h-- / z-
(-)

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

45

z-m 34

34

P- + O + . . . + m
Statement 61: P-z-Lm--m
.

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Eh-P-z-Lm--m-q
G-m P-z-Lm--m
Eh-P-z-VP--m-q
G-m P-z-VP--m
z-Lm---h
P-z-Lm--m
Eh-P-z-Lm--m-VP--m
P-z-Lm--m

DP- + O + . . + h
Statement 62: DP--xG--h
.

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

DP--xG--h-q
G-h DP--xG--h
DP--B--h-q
G--h DP--B---h
-xG---h
DP--xG--h
DP--xG--h-B--h
DP--xG--h

G-fP-P-V-f-M--~-fG-P-MG-xG--S-h-hG--

G-G

kG- P- ZP- VP-h-zk-IP-thickest


y- =z-B-+-B-Gm-x-Yh-
Bh-

finest

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

46

z-m 35

35

I have to/to need to / , (- )..

P- + O + + hG- + h
Statement 63: P-D-G--hG-h

DP- + O + + hG- + h
Statement 64: DP-D-G--hG-h

() .

Eh-P-D-G--hG-h-q
: G-h P-D-G--hG-h
: Eh-P-W-fP-hG-h-q
: G-h P-W-fP-hG-h
: Eh-P-G--h-hG-h
: P-D-G--hG-h
: Eh-P-D-G--hG-h-W-fP-hG-h
: P-D-G--hG-h
:

Yes:
Ans:
No:
Ans:
Key:
Ans:
Or:
Ans:

G-G
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7
8.
9.
10.

hG-G-GbP-hGhP-m-hGD-G-z-hGhP-X-hGeh--e-hGhG-G-Hm-hGz--GbP-hG+h-V-h-hGhz->G-hGO + +

DP-D-G--hG-h-q
G-h DP-D-G--hG-h
DP-W-fP-hG-h-q
G--h DP-W-fP-hG--h
DP-G--h-hG-h
DP-D-G--hG-h
DP-D-G--G-hG-h-W-fP-hG-h
DP-D-G--hG-h

/ +

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

, 20.

K-MG-hGxG--hG-;-h-hGGTm-q-GbP-hGD-q-GbP-hG+h-N-hGP-bG-Z-hGzh-G-P-hGIG-q-fG-hG-

21.

q-JG-MG-hG-

h---hG-


11.

--GbP-hG-

e-mail

22.

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

47

z-m 36

36

I have time to/ ( -.)

P-+ - + O + + P- + h
Statement 65:

P--D-G--P-h
.

DP-+ - + O + + P- + h-h
Statement 66:

DP--hz->G-P-h-h
() .

Yes: DP--hz->G-P-h-h-q
Eh-P--D-G--P-h-q
: G-h P--D-G--P-h
Ans: G-h-h DP--hz->G-P-h-h
: Eh-P--W-fP-P-h-q
No:
DP---G--P-h-h-q
: G-h P--W-fP-P-h
Ans: G-h--h DP---G--P-h--h
: Eh-P--G--h-P-h
Key: DP--G--h-P-h-h
: P--D-G--P-h
Ans: DP--hz->G-P-h-h
: Eh-P--D-G--P-hOr:
DP--hz->G-P-h-hW-fP-P-h
-G--P-h-h
: P--D-G--P-h
Ans: DP--hz->G-P-h-h
G-G
1. + P +
11. K-MG-P
2. -G-GbP-P
12. xG--P
3. hP-m-P
13. -;-h-P
4. D-G-z-P
14. GTm-q-GbP-P
5. hP-X-P
15. h---P
6. eh--e-P
16. --GbP-P e-mail
7
hG-G-Hm-P- 17. P-bG-Z-P-
8. D-q-GbP-P
18. zh-G-P-P
9. +h-V-h-P/ 19. IG-q-fG-P
10. hz->G-P
20. q-JG-MG-P
:

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

48

zB-P.
25

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

z=- P-G-;-F--xm-q-m
-
h-G-hP. P-eh-fP-G-G-GZ-Z-q-m
hP-Gm P--Z-m-q
Eh-P-Vh-h-h VP-P-h-P-GTP-q-Vh-h-m
V-z-h-P-X-z-hG

26

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

O--G P-Zm---I-P-h-q
G-I-P-h P-F--I-hG-h
- P-G-GTP-q-I-P-h-h-q
P--G-G-h P-G-+h-V-i-hP.
- -m-GG-G

27

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

O- Eh-P-G-T-T-V--h-G-q-h-h
DP-hGm-q--h-h
P-Zm-DP-mP--P-P-h-h-q
h--h DP--hGP-P-h--h
- G-Z---P-G-hG-G
G-Z---P-G-hG Eh-P-q-G-V--m-q
G-m P-VP--m
- P-m-Eh-P-q-G-V--h-z-P-
hP-Gm t-i-q-fP-G-hG-G
h-i-h--h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

49

z-m 37

37

MG-: Present Tense ( MG-: )


P- + + MG-G- + h
DP- + + MG-G- + hG
Statement 67: P-K-MG-G-h
Statement 68: DP-K-MG-G-hG
Verbalizer

() .

Yes: DP-K-MG-G-hG-G
Eh-P-K-MG-G-h-q
: G-h P-K-MG-G-h
Ans: G-hG DP-K-MG-G-hG
: Eh-P-K-DP-MG-G-h-q
No:
DP-K-DP-MG-G-hG-G
: G-h P-K-DP-MG-G-h
Ans: G--hG DP-K-DP-MG-G--hG
: Eh-P-G--MG-G-h
Key: DP-G--MG-G-hG
: P-K-MG-G-h
Ans: DP-K-MG-G-hG
: Eh-P-K-MG-G-h-K-DP-MG-G-h
Or:
DP-K-MG-G-hG-K-DP-MG-G-hG
: P-K-MG-G-h
Ans: DP-K-MG-G-hG
zMG MG- zMz- Mz-
:

G-G
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

h;-A+h+-hqDD-VhP-GDzdG-

MG-GMG-GMG-GMG-GMG-GMG-GMG-GMG-GMG-GMG-G-

Vocabulary

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

to inject

19.

20.

K-UGIJMG-hKVP-V-qVGhmf-

MG-GMG-GMG-GMG-GMG-GMG-GMG-GMG-GMG-GMG-G-

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

dG-

50

z-m 38

38

h-: ( )
P- + + h-- + h
DP- + + h-- + hG
Statement 69: P-V-h--h
Statement 70: DP-V-h--hG
Verbalizer

( ).

() .

Yes:
Eh-P-V-h--h-q
: G-h P-V-h--h
Ans:
: Eh-P--;-h--h-q
No:
: G-h P--;-h--h
Ans:
: Eh-P-G--h-G-h
Key:
: P-V-h--h
Ans:
: Eh-P-V-h--h--;-h--h
Or:
: P-V-h--h
Ans:
- h- :

G-G
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

fz-- h--;- h-+h-V- h-Bm-zXh- h-Ez-zOG- h-I-OG- h-Im-zk- h-z;G-k- h-hG-q- h-P-L- h--

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

()

16.

17.

18.

, 19.

20.

DP-V-h--hG-G
G-hG DP-V-h--hG
DP--;-h--hG-G
G--hG DP--;-h---hG
DP-G--h--hG
DP-V-h--hG
DP-V-h--hG--;-h--hG
DP-V-h--hG

Vtz-q-q-GbGzm-z-h-em-FGG-zT-

h-h-h-h-h-h-h-h-h-h--

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

51

z-m 39

39

GbP-: (. .)
P- + + GbP-G- + h
DP- + + GbP-G- + hG
Statement 71: P-D-hq-GbP-G-h
Statement 72: DP-D-hq-GbP-G-hG
Verbalizer

() .

Yes: DP-D-hq-GbP-G-hG-G
Eh-P-D-hq-GbP-G-h-q
: G-h P-D-hq-GbP-G-h
Ans: G-hG DP-D-hq-GbP-G-hG
: Eh-P--G-GbP-G-h-q
No: DP--G-GbP-G-hG-G
: G-h P--G-GbP-G-h
Ans: G--hG DP--G-GbP-G--hG
: Eh-P-G--GbP-G-h
Key: DP-G--GbP-G-hG
: P-D-hq-GbP-G-h
Ans: DP-D-hq-GbP-G-hG
: Eh-P-D-hq-GbP-G-hOr: DP-D-hq-GbP-G-hGG-G-GbP-G-h
-G-GbP-G-hG
: P-D-hq-GbP-G-h
Ans: DP-D-hq-GbP-G-hG
GbP- GbP- zbP- fP- .
.
:

G-G
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7
8.
9.
10.

D-q-G+hz;G-qDD-Gz-V-q-G-

GbP-GGbP-GGbP-GGbP-GGbP-GGbP-GGbP-GGbP-GGbP-GGbP-G-

11.

12.

13.

, 14.

15.

( ) 16.
to treat to lunch...

17.

18.

19.

20.

JP-DJP-zO-mGTm-qfz-hGVm-M-

GbP-GGbP-GGbP-GGbP-GGbP-GGbP-GGbP-GGbP-GGbP-GGbP-G-


(-.)

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

52

z-m 40

40

Too/Excessively /

iG- + hG / O + + iG- + G
Statement 73: D-G-P-iG-hG
O + +

G-G

P-iG- B-iG-
:
D-G-P-iG-hG-G
kG-iG
G-iG: G-hG D-G-P-iG-hG

+-iGm-iG-
: D-G-ZP-iG-hG-G
h;--DG-iG- --iG-
: G--hG D-G-ZP-iG--hG G-iG- ( ) -iG
: D-G-P-ZP-G-i-hG

fG-iG=z-iG-

: D-G-P-iG-hG
h;m-iGz-iG-
kG-iG-
: D-G-P-iG-hG-ZP-iG-hG Bh-iG
Lm-iGGm-iG-
: D-G-P-iG-hG
HG-iG- h-iG-
Statement: VP-P-iG-G
zk-iG-
M-iG (. ) .

S-iGx-iG-
P-iG- ,
:
Yh-iGVP-P-iG-hG-G
VP-iG-
V-iG: G-hG VP-P-iG-G

W-iGz-iG-
: VP-B-iG-hG-G

fG-P-iG-
: G--hG VP-B-iG--hG fG-Z-iG fP-iG
P-iG: VP-P-h-G-i-hG

G-iGP-iG-
: VP-P-iG-G
-iG
IP-iG: VP-P-iG-G-B-iG-G
hG-Z-iG-
P-X-iG:

VP-P-iG-G

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

53

zB-P.
28

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

z=- P-G--h--h
P--;-h--h P-G--h--h
P-z-m-I-OG-h--h
z-m-G--I-OG-h--h
zem-qzh-G-z-m-I-OG-h--h
-iGz-yG---q-h--h-q
T-Pm-h-m

to seek; to rely upon (, )

29

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

z=- Eh-P-G-z-V-q-MG-G-hG m-DP-zem-m-q


G-P. D-J--iG-MG-G-hG
-V-G--z--hG
G-z---hG Dz-GTG-zMz-P.
-

30

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

O--G Eh-P-z--G--GbP-G-h
P-z--G-GbP-G-h P---;-h-q
G-h P-W-P--z-h zbP-G
zbP-G-m P-G-G-q-G--h--hG
D-zh--D-q-GbP-G-hG
W-P-iG-G G-P-iG-hG
W-G-q--hG-q-h-q
W-G-q--q-T-P--hG
- hGP-hG

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

54

z-m 41

Lesson 41

I like to / /

P- + O + + G- + - + hG-q- +
h 74: P-W-fP-G--hG-q-h
Statement

DP- + O + + G- + - + hG-q- + hG
Statement 75:

/ .

Eh-P-W-fP-^--hG-q-h-q
: G-h P-W-fP-^--hG-q-h
: Eh-P-V-fP-^--hG-q-h-q
: G-h P-V-fP-^--hG-q-h
: Eh-P-G--fP-^--hG-q-h
: P-W-fP-G--hG-q-h
: Eh-P-W-fP-^--hG-q-hV-fP-^--hG-q-h
: P-W-fP-G--hG-q-h
:

Yes.:
Ans.:
No.:
Ans.:
Key:
Ans.:
Or:

Ans.:

G-G
^--hG-q- , + . 11.
2. W-fP-^----
12.
3. G-G--^----
13.
4. -G--^----
14.
5. -Z-^---- 15.
6. hz->G-^----
16.
7. i-z-i-^---- 17.
8. eh--e-^----
18.
9. zh-G-P-^----- 19.
10. --Hm-^----
20.
1. .+

DP-W-fP-G--hG-q-hG

DP-W-fP-G--hG-q-hG-G
G-hG DP-W-fP-G--hG-q-hG
DP-V-fP-G--hG-q-hG-G
G--hG DP-V-fP-^--hG-q--hG
DP-G--fP-G--hG-q-hG
DP-W-fP-G--hG-q-hG
DP-W-fP-^--hG-q-hGV-fP-^--hG-q-hG
DP-W-fP-G--hG-q-hG

+h-V-Zm-^-----
m-I-P-^-----
F--I-^-----
D-G-z-^-----
-;-h-^-----
S-q-P-^-----
m-q-GbP-^-----
--kh-^-----
G-GbP-^-----
+h-V-h-^-----

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

55

z-m 42

Lesson 42

I am going to ( )/ -

P- + O + + G-*I-G- + h
Statement 76: P-D-G--G-I-G-h
().

DP- + O + + G-*I-G- + hG
Statement 77: DP-D-G--G-I-G-hG
() ().

Yes: DP-D-G--G-I-G-hG-G
Eh-P-D-G--G-I-G-h-q
: G-h P-D-G--G-I-G-h
Ans: G-hG DP-D-G--G-I-G-hG: Eh-P-W-fP-G-I-G-h-q
No:
DP-W-fP-G-I-G-hG-G
: G-h P-W-fP-G-I-G-h
Ans: G--hG DP-W-fP-G-I-G--hG
: Eh-P-G--h-;-I-G-h
Key: DP-G--h-;-I-G-hG
: P-D-G--G-I-G-h
Ans: DP-D-G--G-I-G-hG: Eh-P-D-G--G-I-G-hOr:
DP-D-G--G-I-G-hGW-fP-G-I-G-h
W-fP-G-I-G-hG
: P-D-G--G-I-G-h
Ans: DP-D-G--G-I-G-hGG-G
1. . + G- ;-I-G- + .
12. K-MG-G---
2. -G-GbP-G---
13. xG--G---
3. hP-m-G---
14. -;-h-; ---
4. D-G-z-G- --
15. GTm-q-GbP-G---
5. hP-X-G---
16. Gh-G-OG-G---
6. eh--e-G--- 17.

W-fP-G---7 hG-G-Gm-G---
18. P-bG-Z-G---
8. h---G--- 19.
zh-G-P-G----
9. +h-V-h-;---/ 20. IG-q-fG-G---
10. hz->G-G---
21. q-JG-MG-G---
11. --GbP-G--- e-mail
22. D-q-GbP-G---
:

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

56

z-m 43

43

I am going to / ( )

P- + O + + G-*I-G- + m
Statement 78: P-D-G--G-I-G-m

DP- + O + + G-*I-G- + h
Statement 79: DP-D-G--G-I-G-h

().

() ().

Yes: DP-D-G--G-I-G-h-q
Eh-P-D-G--G-I-G-m-q
: G-m P-D-G--G-I-G-m
Ans: G-h DP-D-G--G-I-G-h
: Eh-P-W-fP-G-I-G-m-q
No: DP-W-fP-G-I-G-h-q
: G-m P-W-fP-G-I-G-m
Ans: G--h DP-W-fP-G-I-G--h
: Eh-P-G--h-;-I-G-m
Key: DP-G--h-;-I-G-h
: P-D-G--G-I-G-m
Ans: DP-D-G--G-I-G-h
: Eh-P-D-G--G-I-G-mOr: DP-D-G--G-I-G-hW-fP-G-I-G-m
W-fP-G-I-G-h
: P-D-G--G-I-G-m
Ans: DP-D-G--G-I-G-h
G-G
1. + G- ;-I-G +
12. K-MG-G---
2. -G-GbP-G--- 13. xG--G---
3. hP-m-G--- 14. -;-h-;---
4. D-G-z-G- -- 15. GTm-q-GbP-G---
5. hP-X-G--- 16. Gh-G-OG-G---
6. eh--e-G--- 17.
W-fP-G----
7 hG-G-Gm-G--- 18. P-bG-Z-G---
8. h---G--- 19.
zh-G-P-G----
:

9.
10.
11.

+h-V-h-;---hz->G-G-----GbP-G----

/ 20.

21.

22.

IG-q-fG-G---q-JG-MG-G---D-q-GbP-G----

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

57

z-m 44

44

I went to/ ( -)

P- + O + + G-*xm-q- + m
Statement 80: P-D-G--G-xm-q-m

DP- + O + + G-*xm- + PStatement 81: DP-D-G--G-xm-P.

() .

Yes: DP-D-G--G-xm-P-P
Eh-P-D-G--G-xm-q-m-q
: G-m P-D-G--G-xm-q-m
Ans: G-xm-P- DP-D-G--G-xm-P.
: Eh-P-W-fP-G-xm-q-m-q
No:
DP-W-fP-G-xm-P-P
: G-xm-h P-W-fP-G-xm-h
Ans: G-xm--P. DP-W-fP-G-xm--P-
: Eh-P-G--h-;-xm-q-m
Key: DP-G--h-;-xm-P.
: P-D-G--G-xm-q-m
Ans: DP-D-G--G-xm-P.
: Eh-P-D-G--G-xm-q-mOr:
DP-D-G--G-xm-PW-fP-G-xm-q-m
W-fP-G-xm-P-
: P-D-G--G-xm-q-m
Ans: DP-D-G--G-xm-P.
G-G
1. + G- ;- *xm-q- + .
12. K-MG-G---
2. -G-GbP-G---
13. xG--G---
3. hP-m-G--- 14. -;-h-;--
4. D-G-z-G- -- 15. GTm-q-GbP-G---
5. hP-X-G--- 16. Gh-G-OG-G---
6. eh--e-G--- 17.
W-fP-G----
7 hG-G-Gm-G--- 18. P-bG-Z-G---
8. h---G--- 19.
zh-G-P-G----
:

9.
10.
11.

+h-V-h-;---hz->G-G-----GbP-G----

20.

21.

22.

IG-q-fG-G---q-JG-MG-G---D-q-GbP-G----

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

58

zB-P.
31

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
32

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

O--G Zm-hGP-zh-G P-G--h--h


Zm-hGP-zh-G P-P-P-h--h
P-h---G--hG-q-h-q
G-h zm-ym-e-G--hG-q-h P-G--h-G--hG-q-h
P-@P-h-q---G--hG-q-h
- z-P--@P-h-q---hG-q-hG G--m-m

P--G--P.
KG-q;
-zO--G P-x-G--I-hG-h -z-
- P-hG-G-fG-G-I-G-m-q
G-m P-IG-q-fG-G-I-G-m
KG-hP. P-P-q-JG-MG-G-I-G-m
P- HG-q-h-hP.
- -z--h-hP.

33

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

z=--G Eh-P-G---G-P-bG-Z-G-I-G-hG
- DP-G-q-hG -Z-h-hG
DP-h-Gm-P-bG-P-DP--hG m-mP-G-q--hG
- P-P-bG-Z-G-xm-q-m-q
G-xm-h P---GbP-G-xm-q-m
P---G--G-GP-P-P
DP-G-P-bG-Z-G-I-G-h-GP-P.
- zG- P---G--G-I-G-m DP--Vm-q-h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

59

z-m 45

45

I need/ ( + )

P- + - + O + hG- (+ h)
Statement 82: P--V-hG

DP- + - + O + hG- + h
Statement 83: DP----hG-h

( ).

Eh-P--V-hG-q
: G-hG P--V-hG
: Eh-P--W-hG-q
: G--hG P--W--hG
: Eh-P--G--hG
: P--V-hG
: Eh-P--V-hG-W-hG
: P--V-hG-h
:

Yes:
Ans:
No:
Ans:
Key:
Ans:
Or:
Ans:

G-G
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
11.
13.
15.
17.
19.
21.

mG-qP@z-zG~G-~GG-q--K-PHG-hVWG-WG-

()

DP----hG-h-q
G-hG-h DP----hG-h
DP--~G-~G-hG-h-q
G-hG--h DP--~G-~G-hG--h
DP--G--hG-h
DP----hG-h
DP----hG-h-~G-~G-hG-h
DP----hG-h

h;-qP4. TG-6. -8. h-hz10. ;-12. zG-z14. -h16. -18. x-20. -q22. GP-G2.

()

()

tsampa

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

60

z-m 46

46

I need to/I have to / / ( -.)

P- + O + + hG- + h
Statement 84: P-V-fP-hG-h

DP- + O + + hG- + h
Statement 85: DP---GbP-hG-h

( ).

() .

Eh-P-V-fP-hG-h-q
: G-h P-V-fP-hG-h
: Eh-P-W-fP-hG-h-q
: G-h P-W-fP-hG-h
: Eh-P-G--fP-hG-h
: P-V-fP-hG-h
: Eh-P-V-fP-hG-h---W-fP-hG-h
:
P-V-fP-hG-h
:

Yes:
Ans:
No:
Ans:
Key:
Ans:
Or:

Ans:

G-G
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7
8.
9.
10.

hG-G-GbP-hGhP-m-hGD-G-z-hGhP-X-hGeh--e-hGhG-G-Gm-hGh---hG+h-V-h-hGhz->G-hGO + +

, +

12.

13.

14.
15.
16.

17.

18.

19.

/ 20.

DP---hG-h-q
G-h DP---GbP-hG-h
DP-~G-~G-GbP-hG-h-q
G--h DP-~G-~G-GbP-hG--h
DP-G--GbP-hG-h
DP---GbP-hG-h
DP---GbP-hG-h---~G-~G-GbP-hG-h
DP---GbP-hG-h


K-MG-hG
xG--hG
-;-h-hGGTm-q-GbP-hG-
Gh-G-OG-hG-

W-fP-hG
P-bG-Z-hGzh-G-P-hG-
IG-q-fG-hG-
21.
q-JG-MG-hG-


11.

--GbP-hG-

22.

D-q-GbP-hG-

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

61

z-m 47

47

I need to/have to go to // -

P- + O + + G-* + I- + hG- +
Statement
h 86: P-D-G--G-I-hG-h

DP- + O + + G-* + I- + hG- + h


Statement 87: DP-V-fP-G-I-hG-h

() .

Eh-P-D-G--G-I-hG-h-q Yes: DP-V-fP-G-I-hG-h-q


: G-h P-D-G--G-I-hG-h
Ans: G-h DP-V-fP-G-I-hG-h
: Eh-P-W-fP-G-I-hG-h-q
No: DP-VP-fP-G-I-hG-h-q
: G-h P-W-fP-G-I-hG-h
Ans: G--h DP-VP-fP-G-I-hG--h
: Eh-P-G--h-;-I-hG-h
Key: DP-G--fP-G-I-hG-h
: P-D-G--G-I-hG-h
Ans: DP-V-fP-G-I-hG-h
: Eh-P-D-G--G-I-hG-hOr: DP-V-fP-G-I-hG-hW-fP-G-I-hG-h
VP-fP-G-I-hG-h
: P-D-G--G-I-hG-h
Ans: DP-V-fP-G-I-hG-h
G-G
1. + G-I-hG- / + 12. K-MG-G-I-hG
2. -G-GbP-G-I-hG- 13. xG--G-I-hG
3. hP-m-G-I-hG- 14. -;-h-;-I-hG
4. D-G-z-G- I-hG- 15. GTm-q-GbP-G-I-hG-
5. hP-X-I-hG 16. Gh-G-OG-G-I-hG-
6. eh--e-G-I-hG 17. W-fP-G-I-hG
7 hG-G-Gm-G-I-hG- 18. P-bG-Z-G-I-hG
8. h---G-I-hG 19. zh-G-P-G-I-hG
9. +h-V-h-;-I-hG- /
20.
IG-q-fG-G-I-hG:


10.
11.

hz->G-G-I-hG-
--GbP-G-I-hG-

21.
22.

q-JG-MG-G-I-hGD-q-GbP-G-I-hG-

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

62

z-m 48

48

I know how to/ , ( -.)

P- + O + + eP- + -- + h
Statement 88: P-D-G-z-eP---h

DP- + O + + eP- + -- + h-h


Statement 89: DP-D-G-z-eP---h-h

, .

() , .

Eh-P-D-G-z-eP---h-q
: G-h P-D-G-z-eP---h
: Eh-P-W-z-eP---h-q
: G-h P-W-z-eP---h
: Eh-P-G--z-eP---h
: P-D-G-z-eP---h
: Eh-P-D-G-z-eP---hW-z-eP---h
: P-D-G-z-eP---h
:

DP-D-G-z-eP---h-h-q
G-h-h DP-D-G-z-eP---h-h
DP-W-z-eP---h-h-q
G-h--h DP-W-z-eP---h--h
DP-G--z-eP---h-h
DP-D-G-z-eP---h-h
DP-D-G-z-eP---h-hW-z-eP---h-h
DP-D-G-z-eP---h-h

G-G
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7
8.
9.
10.
11.

12.
eP-- +
-G-GbP-eP-- 13.
hP-m-eP-- 14.
15.
D-q-GbP-eP--
hP-X-eP-- 16.
eh--e-eP-- 17.
hG-G-Gm-eP-- 18.
19.
z--GbP-eP--
+h-V-h-eP-- / 20.
21.
hz->G-eP--
--GbP-eP-- 22.
+


K-MG-eP-xG--eP--
-;-h-eP--
GTm-q-GbP-eP--

I-eP-D-G-z-eP--
P-bG-Z-eP--
zh-G-P-eP--
IG-q-fG-eP--
q-JG-MG-eP--
h---eP--

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

63

z-m 49

49

I plan to go to/

P- + O + + G-*+ I-- + h
Statement 90: P-D-G-z-G-I--h
.

DP- + O + V + G-* + I-- + h-h


Statement 91: DP-W-fP-G-I--h-h
() .

Eh-P-D-G-z-G-I--h-q Yes: DP-W-fP-G-I--h-h-q


: G-h P-D-G-z-G-I--h Ans: G-h-h DP-W-fP-G-I--h-h
: Eh-P-W-z-G-I--h-q
No: DP-D-G--G-I--h-h-q
: G-h P-W-z-G-I--h
Ans: G-h--h DP-D-G--G-I--h--h
: Eh-P-G--h-;-I--h
Key: DP-G--h-;-I--h-h
: P-D-G-z-G-I--h
Ans: DP-W-fP-G-I--h-h
: Eh-P-D-G-z-G-I--hOr: DP-W-fP-G-I--h-hW-z-G-I--h
D-G--G-I--h-h
: P-D-G-z-G-I--h
Ans: DP-W-fP-G-I--h-h
G-G
1. + G-I-- + 12. --GbP-G-I-
2. GP-V--G-I-- 13. --z-G-I-
3. D-G--G-I-
14. D-G-PG-G-I--
4. z-P-h-;-I--
15. G-Zm-G-I-
5. P-bG-Z-G-I-
16. -;-h-;-I-
6. D-G-z-G-I- 17. Z-G-I-
7. +h-V-i-G-I- 18. hP-vh-;-I-
8. +h-V-h-;-I-- , 19. h---G-I-
9. zh-G-P-G-I-- 20. GTm-q-GbP-G-I--
10. hP-zX-G-I-
21. hG-G-Fh-;-I--
11. eh--e-G-I-
22. K-MG-G-I-
:

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

64

zB-P.
34

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

z=- P--OG-V-G-fP-h-q
G-h OG-V-G-fP-G-h
P--OG-V-G-fP-GTG-hG--hG GTG-G-hP.
Eh-P--OG-V-eh-fP-hG-h-q
hG-h P-OG-V-eh-fP-G-q-m

35

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

O- P-h-P-F--I-hG-h-q
G-P. P-P-bG-Z-G-I-hG-h P-zh-G-m-I-I-hG-h-q
G-h h-P-P--Lm-G-zG--hG
- h-P-P-G--h-G-I--h
h-P-P-JG-zm-e-G-I--h P-P-Z-h-I-G
J-zm-G--h G-h-G-G--h
V-h-hP-q-hP-xh-;--G-G--h

36

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

z=- G-;-P--DP--P-G-m
G---P.
G---P. P-hP-DP-m-hP-m-G-I-hG-h
O- --GbP-eP---h-q
--h --GbP-eP-Em-m---h
- ~G-~G-GbP-eP---h-q
~G-~G-GbP-eP---h
- h-i-m-m---GbP-G---q--iG-h P-zz-hG
hP-Gm fG-X-V-GmP.

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

65

z-m 50

50

I am able to/ (, -.)

DP-G- + O + + fz-- + h-h


Statement 93: DP-G-zh-G->G-fz--h-h

P- + O + + fz-- + h
Statement 92: P-D-G-z-fz--h
.

() -.

Yes:

Eh-P-G-D-G-z-fz--h-q
: G-h P-D-G-z-fz--h
: Eh-P-G---GbP-fz--h-q
: G-h P---GbP-fz--h
: Eh-P-G-G--h-fz--h
: P-D-G-z-fz--h
: Eh-P-G-D-G-z-fz--h--GbP-fz--h
: P-D-G-z-fz--h

Ans:
No:
Ans:
Key:
Ans:
Or:

Ans:

DP-G-zh-G->G-fz--h-h-q
G-h-h DP-G-zh-G->G-fz--h-h
DP-G-hm-W->G-fz--h-h-q
G-h--h DP-G-hm-W->G-fz--h--h
DP-G-G-->G-fz--h-h
DP-G-zh-G->G-fz--h-h
DP-G-zh-G->G-fz--h-hhm-W->G-fz--h-h
DP-G-zh-G->G-fz--h-h

G-G
fz-Gm-I-GbP-fz-D-G--fz-z-P-h-fz-P-bG-Z-fz-hz->G-fz--

1. +

, + 12.

2.

13.

14.

15.

16.

3.
4.
5.
6.

--GbP-fz---z-fz-D-G-PG-fz-G-Zm-fz--;-h-fz--

18.

hP-vh-fz--

17.

-P-fz--

7.

i-z-i-fz--

+h-V-h-fz-9. zh-G-P-fz-10. hP-zX-fz-11. eh--e-fz-8.

19.

20.

21.

22.

I-fz-GTm-q-GbP-fz-hG-G-Fh-fz-D-G-z-fz--

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

66

z-m 51

51

When I was, I was

DP- + ./. + m-h + .+ h-h

P- + ./. + m-h + .+ h
Statement 94:

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

P-VP-VP-m-h-z-q-h

Statement 95:

DP-VP-VP-m-h-z-q-h-h

, naughty.

() , naughty.

Eh-P-VP-VP-m-h-z-q-h-q
G-h P-VP-VP-m-h-z-q-h
Eh-P-VP-VP-m-h-h-q-h-q
G-h P-VP-VP-m-h-h-q-h
Eh-P-VP-VP-m-h-G-i-h
P-VP-VP-m-h-z-q-h
Eh-P-VP-VP-m-h-z-q-h-h-q-h
P-VP-VP-m-h-z-q-h

DP-VP-VP-m-h-z-q-h-h-q
G-h-h DP-VP-VP-m-h-z-q-h-h
DP-VP-VP-m-h-h-q-h-h-q
G-h--h DP-VP-VP-m-h-h-q-h--h
DP-VP-VP-m-h-G-i-h-h
DP-VP-VP-m-h-z-q-h-h
DP-VP-VP-m-h-z-q-h-h-h-q-h-h
DP-VP-VP-m-h-z-q-h-h

G-G
VP-VP.
G-qfG-qBh-qHP-qYh-qfG-Z-qG-qIP--

()

hG-Lm-m-h
-G-m-h
-V-m-h
P-GZ-IG-q-m-h

Vm-qkG-TG=z-qkG-qZm-qP-qfG-P-qP-q-z-

z-q+-qh;m-qHG-qS-zW-qP-qP-X-qxG-q-

z-yG-m-h
w-G-m-h
-h-q-m-h
P-GZ-m-I-GTG-q-m-h

h-qMG-q-
z-q-
G-- h-q-

x-z
z-qfP-fP.
hG-Z-q-

B-q

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

67

z-m 52

52

When I was I used to/ , ( -.)

P- + ./. + m-h + O + . . + G-* + h


Statement 96:

P-VP-VP-m-h-wG---G-h
, .

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Eh-P-VP-VP-m-h-wG---G-h-q
G-h P-VP-VP-m-h-wG---G-h
Eh-P-VP-VP-m-h-GG---G-h-q
G-h P-VP-VP-m-h-GG---G-h
Eh-P-VP-VP-m-h-G---G-h
P-VP-VP-m-h-wG---G-h
Eh-P-VP-VP-m-h-wG---G-h-GG---G-h
P-VP-VP-m-h-wG---G-h

DP- + ./. + m-h + O + . . . + G-* + hStatement


h 97: DP-VP-VP-m-h-wG---G-h-h
() , .
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

DP-VP-VP-m-h-wG---G-h-h-q
G-h-h DP-VP-VP-m-h-wG---G-h-h
DP-VP-VP-m-h-GG---G-h-h-q
G-h--h DP-VP-VP-m-h-GG---G-h--h
DP-VP-VP-m-h-G---G-h-h
DP-VP-VP-m-h-wG---G-h-h
DP-VP-VP-m-h-wG---G-h-h-GG---G-h-h
DP-VP-VP-m-h-wG---G-h-h

*
This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

68

z-m 53

53

When I was in/at, I used to/ , ( -.)

P- + + - + h-h- + O + . + . . .+ G-* + h
Statement 98: P-zh--h-h-VP-P-q-fP-G-h
, ( ).

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Eh-P-zh--h-h-VP-P-q-fP-G-h-q
G-h P-zh--h-h-VP-P-q-fP-G-h
Eh-P-zh--h-h-zh-W-P-q-fP-G-h-q
G-h P-zh--h-h-zh-W-P-q-fP-G-h
Eh-P-zh--h-h-G--P-q-fP-G-h
P-zh--h-h-VP-P-q-fP-G-h
Eh-P-zh--h-h-VP-P-q-fP-G-h-zh-W-P-q-fP-G-h
P-zh--h-h-VP-P-q-fP-G-h

DP- + + - + h-h- + O + . . . + G-* + h-h


Statement 99: DP----h-h-P-MG-G-h-h
() , .

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

DP----h-h-P-MG-G-h-h-q
G-h-h DP----h-h-P-MG-G-h-h
DP----h-h-G-z-P-h--h-h-q
G-h--h DP----h-h-z-P-h--h--h
DP----h-h-G--h--h-h
DP----h-h-P-MG-G-h-h
DP----h-h-z-P-h--h-h-P-MG-G-h-h
DP----h-h-P-MG-G-h-h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

69

zB-P.
37

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

G-q-zh-G O- Eh-P-G--h--h
P-D-G-z-G-h
- P-G-D-G-G--z-fz--h
P--G-G-z-fz--h
Eh-P-VP-VP-m-h---GbP-fz--h-q
G-h m-mP-P-@P-D-zm-fz--h

38

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

z=--G Eh-P-z-yG-m-h-z-q-h-q
G-P. P-z-yG-m-h-z-q--iG-h
-m Eh-P-G-IG-q-z-h-h-h
P-IG-q-P---iG-z-q-h-h P-z-yG-m-h-z-h-h
P-z-yG-m-h-h-q-h-P-Lm-G--P--q-h--h
hP-Gm

39

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

z=- P-VP-VP-m-h---G-h-q
G-h m-mP-hP-P--G-h
Eh-P-G-q-G-Gm-Gm-m-h-VP-fP-G-h-h-q
G-h--h DP-G-VP-D--m-H-h--h
- hq-G-q-h
Eh-P-zh--h-h-~--fP-G-h-q
G G-z G-z P-zh--h-h-VP-VP--iG-h
+-h--q-m
-

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

70

z-m 54

54

It is time for me to/ -.

P- + O + . + m-H- + hG
Statement 100: P-m-I--I-m-H-hG
( ).

Eh-P-m-I--I-m-H-hG-G
: G-hG P-m-I--I-m-H-hG
: Eh-P-mP--I-m-H-hG-G
: G--hG P-mP--I-m-H--hG
: Eh-P-G-q-I-m-H-hG
: P-m-I--I-m-H-hG
: Eh-P-m-I--I-m-H-hG-mP--I-m-H-hG
: P-m-I--I-m-H-hG
DP- + O + . + m-H- + h-h / hG
Statement 101: DP-Z-m-H-h-h
:

() .

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

DP-Z-m-H-h-h-q
G-h-h DP-Z-m-H-h-h
DP-P-m-H-h-h-q
G-h--h DP-P-m-H-h--h
DP-G--h-m-H-h-h
DP-Z-m-H-h-h
DP-Z-m-H-h-h-P-m-H-h-h
DP-Z-m-H-h-h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

71

z-m 55

55

It is time for me to go to/ (-.)

P- + O + . + G-* + I-m- + H- + hG
Statement 102: P-W-fP-G-I-m-H-hG
.

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Eh-P-W-fP-G-I-m-H-hG-G
G-hG P-W-fP-G-I-m-H-hG
Eh-P-V-fP-G-I-m-H-hG-G
G--hG P-V-fP-G-I-m-H--hG
Eh-P-G--fP-G-I-m-H-hG
P-W-fP-G-I-m-H-hG
Eh-P-W-fP-G-I-m-H-hG-V-fP-G-I-m-H-hG
P-W-fP-G-I-m-H-hG

DP- + O + . + G- + I-m- + H- + h-h / hG


Statement 103: DP--G-GbP-G-I-m-H-h-h
() .

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

DP--G-GbP-G-I-m-H-h-h-q
G-h-h DP--G-GbP-G-I-m-H-h-h
DP--G-m-G-I-m-H-h-h-q
G-h--h DP--G-m-G-I-m-H-h--h
DP-G--h-G-I-m-H-h-h
DP--G-GbP-G-I-m-H-h-h
DP--G-GbP-G-I-m-H-h-h--G-m-G-I-m-H-h-h
DP--G-GbP-G-I-m-H-h-h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

72

z-m 56

56

When I have time, I usually/ ( ),


When I had time, I used to/ ,

P- + - + h-h- + h-h- + O + . . . + G-* +


Statement
h 104: P--h-h-h-h-D-G-z-G-h
, .

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Eh-P--h-h-h-h-D-G-z-G-h-q
G-h P--h-h-h-h-D-G-z-G-h
Eh-P--h-h-h-h-W-z-G-h-q
G-h P--h-h-h-h-W-z-Gh
Eh-P--h-h-h-G--z-G-h
P--h-h-h-h-D-G-z-Gh
Eh-P-h-h-h-h-D-G-z-G-h-W-z-G-h
P--h-h-h-h-D-G-z-G-h

DP- + - + h-h- + h-h- + O + . . . + G-* + hh 105: m-mP-DP--h-h-h-h-eh--e-G-h-h


Statement
, () , () .

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

m-mP-DP--h-h-h-h-eh--e-G-h-h-q
G-h-h m-mP-DP--h-h-h-h-eh--e-G-h-h
m-mP-DP--h-h-h-h-h---G-h-h-q
G-h--h m-mP-DP--h-h-h-h-h---G-h--h
m-mP-DP--h-h-h-h-G--h--h-h
m-mP-DP--h-h-h-h-eh--e-G-h-h
m-mP-DP--h-h-h-h-eh--e-G-h-h-h---G-h-h
m-mP-DP--h-h-h-h-eh--e-G-h-h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

73

z-m 57

57

If I have time, I usually/ ,

P- + - + h-h- + h-m- + O + . . . + G-* + h


Statement 106:

P--h-h-h-m-OP-hz->G-G-h
, .

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Eh-P--h-h-h-m-OP-hz->G-G-h-q
G-h P--h-h-h-m-OP-hz->G-G-h
Eh-P--h-h-h-m-M-z->G-G-h-q
G-h P--h-h-h-m-M-z->G-G-h
Eh-P--h-h-h-m-G-->G-G-h
P--h-h-h-m-OP-hz->G-G-h
Eh-P--h-h-h-m-OP-hz->G-G-h-M-z->G-G-h
P--h-h-h-m-OP-hz->G-G-h

DP- + - + h-h- + h-m- + O + . . .+ G-* + h-h


Statement 107:

DP--h-h-h-m-V-V-I-G-h-h
() , () .

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

DP--h-h-h-m-V-V-I-G-h-h-q
G-h-h DP--h-h-h-m-V-V-I-G-h-h
DP--h-h-h-m----G-h-h-q
G-h--h DP--h-h-h-m----G-h--h
DP--h-h-h-m-G--h--h-h
DP--h-h-h-m-V-V-I-G-h-h
DP--h-h-h-m-V-V-I-G-h-h----G-h-h
DP--h-h-h-m-V-V-I-G-h-h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

74

zB-P.
40

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

z=--G P--m-I-I-m-H-hG
- h-e-V-h-G-h-h-hG
h-e-V-h-zT-q-h-G
S-q-h-i-I-hG-h-m h-e-I-m-H--hG-G
G-P. h-e-S-q--h P-V-h--e-hP.

41

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

O- P-D-G--G-I-m-H--hG-G
G--hG h-e-P-m-I-I-m-H-hG
- -m P-mP--D-G--G-I-G-m-h
P-GP-V--G-I-m-H--hG-G
GP-V-D-P-m--P.
- P--G--P.

42

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

z=- P--h-h-h-h-G--h--h
P--h-h-h-h-h---G-h
Eh-P-h---G--hG-q-h-i-h-q
G-P. P-VP-VP-m-h-m-h---hG-q--iG-h
- Eh-P--h-h-h-m-hz->G-G-h-q
G-h h-h-eP-q-h-h-G--h--h
h-h-eP-q-h-m-hG-G-Z-h-JG-zm-e-G-I-G-h
Eh-P-GZ-G-Z---G--h--h
P-GZ-G-Z---G-Z-MG-G-h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

75

z-m 58

58

P- + . + -* + I-G-* + hG I am getting/(. / )
Statement 108: P-MG--I-G-hG
G-G
.

G-- kG-
+-- () m----
h;--DG--

G-- -
fG--
=z-h;m-- z-- ( )
.
Bh-- . kG-
HG-- h-M-- . zk-- ()
HP--
Zm--

P--
B-

S-x-
Yh-- P- () (: () ).

V-VP-: DP-G--I-G-hG-G

W--
z-: G-hG DP-G--I-G-hG
fG-Z--
fG-P--

P-- fP-: DP-kG--I-G-hG-G

,
P-: G--hG DP-kG--I-G--hG G-
IP-- -: DP-G-i-hG

xG--
B-: DP-G--I-G-hG
P-X-- hG-Z-- ()
:

Eh-P-MG--I-G-hG-G
: G-hG P-MG--I-G-hG
: Eh-P-+--I-G-hG-G
: G--hG P-+--I-G--hG
: Eh-P-G-GG-q-G-i-hG
: P-MG--I-G-hG
: Eh-P-GG-q-MG--I-G-hG
+--I-G-hG
: P-MG--I-G-hG
DP- + . + - + I-G- + hG
Statement 109: DP-G--I-G-hG
:

DP-G--I-G-hG
kG--I-G-hG
DP-G--I-G-hG

*
This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

76

z-m 59

59

I forget to/

P- + O + . + G- + zXh-I-G- + hG
Statement 110:

P-hP-vh-G-zXh-I-G-hG
. (I am becoming forgetful about giving money.)

Eh-P-hP-vh-G-zXh-I-G-hG-G
: G-hG P-hP-vh-G-Xh-I-G-hG
:
Eh-P-hP-m-G-zXh-I-G-hG-G
: G--hG P-hP-m-G-zXh-I-G--hG
: Eh-P-G--h-G-zXh-I-G-hG
: P-hP-vh-G-zXh-I-G-hG
: Eh--hP-vh-G-zXh-I-G-hG-m-G-zXh-I-G-hG
: P-hP-vh-G-zXh-I-G-hG
DP- + O + . + G- + zXh-I-G- + hStatement
h 111: DP-P-P-h-G-zXh-I-G-h-h
:

() . (S/he becomes forgetful about doing his/her selfstudies.)

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

DP-P-P-h-G-zXh-I-G-h-h-q
G-h-h DP-P-P-h-G-zXh-I-G-h-h
DP-hz-E-G-zXh-I-G-h-h-q
G-h--h DP-hz-E-G-zXh-I-G-h--h
DP-G--h-G-zXh-I-G-h-h
DP-P-P-h-G-zXh-I-G-h-h
DP-P-P-h-G-zXh-I-G-h-h-hz-E-G-zXh-I-G-h-h
DP-P-P-h-G-zXh-I-G-h-h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

77

z-m 60

60

If I/ ()

P- O + . . .* + m- + O +. + hG
Statement 112: P--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-hG

DP-G- O + . . .* + m- + O +. + h
Statement 113: DP-G--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-h

() , ( ).

() , .

Eh-P-G--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-hG-G
: G-hG P--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-hG
: Eh-P-G--z-m-Ih-DG-G-hG-G
: G--hG P--z-m-G-m-G--hG
: Eh-P-G-G--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-hG
: P--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-hG
: Eh-P-G--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-hG---z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-hG
: P--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-hG

DP-G--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-h-q
G-h DP-G--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-h
DP-G--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-h-q
G--h DP-G--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G--h
DP-G-G--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-h
DP-G--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-h
DP-G--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-h----z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-h
DP-G--z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-h

G-G
1. . . . +

m-

-G-zbP-m3. hP-P-m4. D-G-z-m5. hP-zX-m6. eh--ze-m7 hG-G-Hm-m8. z--zbP-m9. +h-V-zh-m10. hz-z>G-m11. --zbP-m2.

Vocabulary

K-zMz-m
xG--m
-;--m
GTm-q-zbP-mGh-G-zOG-m-
17.

+h-zN-m18.
P-bG-Z-m-

zh-G-P-mIG-q-fG-m-

hq-JG-zMz-m
h--z-m-

() + agentive verb 12.


13.

14.

15.

16.

19.

/ 20.

21.
send email 22.

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

78

z-m 61

61

If I/ ( )

P- O + . . + m- + O + . + G-*h
Statement 114:

DP- O + . . .+ m- + O + . + G-*hh
Statement 115: DP-G-m-m-m--G-**h-h

P-G-m-m-m--G-**h

, .

Eh-P-G-m-m-m--G-h-q
: G-h P-G-m-m-m--G-h
: Eh-P-Ih-DG-m-m-m--G-h-q
: G-h P-Ih-DG-m-m-m--G-h
: Eh-P-G--m-m-m--G-h
: P-G-m-m-m--G-h
: Eh-P-G-G-m-m-m--G-h---Ih-DG-m-m-m--G-h
: P-G-m-m-m--G-h
:

G-G
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17

GG-qhqP-qIh-DG+h-q@P-qG-VGMzw-z-

() , .

DP-G-m-m-m--G-h-h-q
G-h-h DP-G-m-m-m--G-h-h
DP-Ih-DG-m-m-m--G-h-h-q
G-h--h DP-Ih-DG-m-m-m--G-h--h
DP-G--m-m-m--G-h-h
DP-G-m-m-m--G-h-h
DP-G-m-m-m--G-h-h---Ih-DG-m-m-m--G-h-h
DP-G-m-m-m--G-h-h

GG-q-V-

(. )

10

12

14

16

()

18

Parts of Body

GG-qP-DG@zq-o-DGPJ-z-

(. )
/

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

79

1.

Presnt n.a. verb +

2.

EG-GD-+-Hm-G-z-z-HGZh--Gim-HfP-Vh--

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
15.

m- if + non.ag. verb

to feel/to be

cold

9.

10.

sick/pain

11.

fever rising

12.

sleepy

13.

miss something

14.

-q-B-GIh-DG-eG-G-m-Gz-Zz--q-hG-G-

8.

-z-G-G-

hot

sad
hungry
headache
nervous
bored
happy

tired

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

80

zB-P.
43

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

O- -z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-hG-G
G-P. -z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-hG
Ih-DG-m-m-m--G-h-q
G-h Ih-DG-m-m-V-D--P-q-fP-G-h
- V-D-zbP-m-Ih-DG-iG-G-hG-G
G-P.

44

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

z=--G hP-P-P-MG--I-G-hG G---G-h


hP-Gm hG-z-D-G-G--G-h
hP-P-P-hG-Z--I-G--hG-G
-G--P. m-mP-hG-G-P--VP--I-G-hG
-F-h-hG--h MG-q-m-m-G-q-fP-G-hG
hP-Gm -G-GbP--hG

45

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

O- hP-P--;-h-G-P-q-GTG-Xh-I-G-hG G--m-m
P--G--P. P-m-DP-zem-m-G-q-h-h
z--h-G-q-hG P-m-DP--P-q-h-I-G-m
P-dG-q--;-h-G-Xh-I-G-hG-G
G-P. P-dG-q-P-G-hz-E-P-G-Xh-I-G-hG
G-h--h P-P-P-G-hP-vh-G-Xh-I-G-hG
h-P--Lm-DG-VG-I-G-h-q-i
-P. m--h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

81

z-m 62

62

As as possible/ (, )

P- + O + GP- + . + . + G-*h
Statement 116:

DP-G- O + GP- + .+ . + G-*hG- / h-h

P-D-G-GP---z-G-h

Statement 117:

() .

Eh-P-G-D-G-GP---z-G-h-q
: G-h P-D-G-GP---z-G-h
: Eh-P-G-W-GP---z-G-h-q
: G-h P-W-GP---z-G-h
: Eh-P-G-G--GP---z-G-h
: P-D-G-GP---z-G-h
: Eh-P-G-D-G-GP---z-G-h--W-GP---z-G-h
: P-D-G-GP---z-G-h
:

DP-G-W-GP---z-G-h-h-q
G-h DP-G-W-GP---z-G-h-h
DP-G-D-G-GP---z-G-h-h-q
G-h--h DP-G-D-G-GP---z-G-h--h
DP-G-G--GP---z-G-h-h
DP-G-W-GP---z-G-h-h
DP-G-W-GP---z-G-h-h--D-G-GP---z-G-h-h
DP-G-W-GP---z-G-h-h

G-G
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
11.
13.
15.
17.
19.
21.

DP-G-W-GP---z-G-h-h

GP-P-P-
GP-G-G-
GP-VP-VP-
GP-fP-fP-
GP-h;-h;-
GP---
GP---
GP-G-G-
GP-GP-GP-

GP-S-SGP-HG-HG-

()

2.
4.
6.
8.
10.
12.
14.
16.
18.
20.
22.

GP-ZP-ZP- (-)
GP-kG-kG-

GP-V-VGP-P-P-
GP-mG-mG-
GP-IP-IP-
GP-i-i-
GP-iG-iG-
GP-P-P-
GP-G-G-
GP-W-W- ()
(alert/smart)

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

82

z-m 63

63

It is ready to / -. ()

VG-VG- + m
Statement 118: D-G-z-VG-VG-m
O + . . . +

() , ( ).

VG-VG- + h
Statement 119: D-G-z-VG-VG-h
O + . . . +

, ( - ).

Yes: D-G-z-VG-VG-h-q
D-G-z-VG-VG-m-q
: G-m D-G-z-VG-VG-m
Ans: G-h D-G-z-VG-VG-h
: W-fP-VG-VG-m-q
No: W-zbP-VG-VG-h-q
: G-m W-zbP-VG-VG-m
Ans: G--h W-zbP-VG-VG--h
: G---VG-VG-m
Key: G---VG-VG-h
: D-G-z-VG-VG-m
Ans: D-G-z-VG-VG-h
: D-G-z-VG-VG-m---Or: D-G-z-VG-VG-h--W-zbP-VG-VG-m
W-zbP-VG-VG-h
: D-G-z-VG-VG-m
Ans: D-G-z-VG-VG-h
G-G
1. O + . . . + VG-VG- O + + 12.
K-zMz-VG-VG- doors closed
2. -G-zbP-VG-VG
13. xG--VG-VG
3. hP-P-VG-VG
14. -;--VG-VG
4. D-G-z-VG-VG
15. GTm-q-zbP-VG-VG
5. hP-zX-VG-VG
16. -G--VG-VG
6. eh--ze-VG-VGshows
17. +h-zN-VG-VG
7 hG-G-Hm-VG-VG
18. P-bG-Z-VG-VG
8. z--zbP-VG-VG-
19. zh-G-P-VG-VG
9. +h-V-zh-VG-VG
20. IG-q-fG-VG-VG
10. hz-z>G-VG-VG
21. hq-G-zMz-VG-VG
11. --zbP-VG-VG
22. h--z-VG-VG
:

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

83

z-m 64

64

Im ready to/

P- + O + . . . + VG-VG- + m
Statement 120: P-D-G-z-VG-VG-m
. (.)

DP- + O + . . . + VG-VG- + h
Statement 121: DP-D-G-z-VG-VG-h
() ().

Eh-P-D-G-z-VG-VG-m-q Yes: DP-D-G-z-VG-VG-h-q


: G-m P-D-G-z-VG-VG-m
Ans: G-h DP-D-G-z-VG-VG-h
: Eh-P-W-zbP-VG-VG-m-q
No: DP-W-zbP-VG-VG-h-q
: G-m P-W-zbP-VG-VG-m
Ans: G--h DP-W-zbP-VG-VG--h
: Eh-P-G---VG-VG-m
Key: DP-G---VG-VG-h
: P-D-G-z-VG-VG-m
Ans: DP-D-G-z-VG-VG-h
: Eh-P-D-G-z-VG-VG-m--Or:
DP-D-G-z-VG-VG-h--W-zbP-VG-VG-m
W-zbP-VG-VG-h
: P-D-G-z-VG-VG-m
Ans: DP-D-G-z-VG-VG-h

G-G
Some
Useful Verbs
1. O + + VG-VG- +
12. K-zMz-VG-VG
2. -G-zbP-VG-VG 13. xG--VG-VG
3. hP-P-VG-VG
14. -;--VG-VG
4. D-G-z-VG-VG
15. GTm-q-zbP-VG-VG
5. hP-zX-VG-VG
16. Gh-G-zOG-VG-VG-
6. eh--ze-VG-VG
17. +h-zN-VG-VG
7 hG-G-Hm-VG-VG
18. P-bG-Z-VG-VG
8. z--zbP-VG-VG-
19. zh-G-P-VG-VG
9. +h-V-zh-VG-VG/ 20. IG-q-fG-VG-VG-
10. hz-z>G-VG-VG
21. hq-G-zMz-VG-VG
11. --zbP-VG-VG 22. h--z-VG-VG
:

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

84

z-m 65

65

I know whethers/he has or not / , /

G-G
1. hG-G- /
2. hP
, (.).
: DP--hG-G-h-h-Eh-P-G--G-G-h-q
3. Im-DP
: G-h DP--hG-G-h-h-P--G-G-h
4. -DP
: DP--hP-h-h-Eh-P-G--G-G-h-q
5. z-I
: G-h DP--hP-h-h-P--G-G-h
6. m-I
: DP--G--h-h-Eh-P-G--G-G-h
7 z-I
: DP--hG-G-h-h-P--G-G-h
8. -DP- ,
: DP--hG-G-h-h--G-G-h9. P-DP
10. Gh-Glitter
hP-h-h--G-G-h
: DP--hG-G-h-h-P--G-G-h
11. D-G
12. W
O
+
+
+
P-- h-h- DP-G- -G-G-h-h
13. xG-
Statement 123: P--Im-DP-h-h-DP-G--G-G-h-h
14. G-K
h
, .
15. q-G
: P--Im-DP-h-h-DP-G--G-G-h-h-q
16. z-yG
: G-h-h P--Im-DP-h-h-DP-G--G-G-h-h
17. hG-Lm
: P---DP-h-h-DP-G--G-G-h-h-q
18. m-DP-
: G-h--h P---DP-h-h-DP-G--G-G-h--h
19. @z-zG
: P--G--h-h-DP-G--G-G-h-h
20. -G
: P--Im-DP-h-h-DP-G--G-G-h-h
: P--Im-DP-h-h--G-G-h-h--DP-h-h--G-G-h-h
: P--Im-DP-h-h-DP-G--G-G-h-h
DP-- O + h-h- + P- + -G-G-h
Statement 122: DP--hG-G-h-h-P--G-G-h

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

85

z-m 66

66

I know whetherhe is or not/ ,

DP- O/.+ m-m- + P- + -G- + G-h


Statement 124: DP-z-m-m-P--G-G-h
, .

DP-z-m-m-Eh-P-G--G-G-h-q
: G-h DP-z-m-m-P--G-G-h
: DP-xG-q-m-m-Eh-P-G--G-G-h-q
: G-h DP-xG-q-m-m-P--G-G-h
: DP-G--m-m-Eh-P-G--G-G-h
: DP-z-m-m-P--G-G-h
: DP-z-m-m--G-G-h-xG-q-m-m--G-G-h
: DP-z-m-m-P--G-G-h
:

P- O/. + m-m- + DP-G- + -G-G-h-h


Statement 125: P-z-yG-m-m-DP-G--G-G-h-h
h
() , .

P-z-yG-m-m-DP-G--G-G-h-h-q
: G-h-h P-z-yG-m-m-DP-G--G-G-h-h
: P-hG-Lm-m-m-DP-G--G-G-h-h-q
: G-h--h P-hG-Lm-m-m-DP-G--G-G-h--h
: P-G--m-m-DP-G--G-G-h-h
: P-z-yG-m-m-DP-G--G-G-h-h
: P-z-yG-m-m--G-G-h-h-hG-Lm-m-m--G-G-h-h
: P-z-yG-m-m-DP-G--G-G-h-h
:

G-G Vocabulary
1. z
2. z-
3. I-q
4. -m
5. z-yG
6. hG-Lm
7 z-u
8. D--z
9. P-z-z
10. G-
11. -m
12. G-q
13. Zm-dG-q
14. z-q
15. Gm-m-
16. -q
17. hP-GZ-
18. -V
19. mh-GG
20. z--z

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

86

zB-P.
46

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

P-G-h-m-mP-m-I-x-q-P-G-hG P-G-Z-MG-G-h-q
G-h G-;-GP-S-S-P-G-h m-mP-x-q-VG-I-G-hG
- G-;-V-h-G-h--P-G-h
G-;-V-h-iG-q-bG-bG--P-G-h
h-i-m-m-I-GP-HG-HG-P-m-IG-G-h-q

47

z=-
O-
z=-
O-

O- D-G-z-VG-VG-m
- h-q P-G--G--Z-h
P--P-q-Z-h
- h-P--;--P. P-VG-VG-m

48

z=-
O-
z=-

O- P-OG-V-Gm-VG-VG-m-q
G-P. W-P-zbP-VG-VG-m
fG-X-V h-P-xm-m-IG-q

49

O-
z=-
O-
z=-

z=- P-G-P--q-G-h-h---h-q
G-h P-VP--zMz-h-h-P-P---h VP--zMz--z
G-P. m-mP-VP--zMz-q-m
- P-Eh-P-KG-zkh-h

50

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

DP-P-E-G-m-m-P-G--G-G-h-q
Eh-P-G-EG-G-m-m-P--G-G-h
P-P-IG-q-P-q-m-q-i-q-Em-m--hG
P-G---P. P-VP--Sm--zMz--hG-G
P-G-P----P-P-z-q-P-VP--zMz--z-h-z-P.

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

87

z-m 67

67

Before I/

G-G Vocabulary
1. O + - + + GP-- +
2. -G---GP-
, .
: Eh-P-m-I--P-GP--P-P-h--h-q
3. --Z-GP-

: G-h P-m-I--P-GP--P-P-h--h 4. eh---ze-GP-5. D-hm---GP-


: Eh-P-m-I--P-GP--D-hm-h--h-q

: G-h P-m-I--P-GP--D-hm-h--h 6. m-I--I-GP-7 hG-G--Gm-GP-wearing
: Eh-P-m-I--P-GP--G--h--h
8. --P-GP-
: P-m-I--P-GP--P-P-h--h
9. --Z-GP-
: Eh-P-m-I--P-GP--P-P-h--h---10. D-G--z-GP-
D-hm-h--h
11. GP-V--GmP-GP--
: P-m-I--P-GP--P-P-h--h
12. GP-V---GP--
DP- + O + - + . . . + GP--/Sm-----13. W--zbP-GP-
Statement 127: DP-D-G--z-Sm--G-q-Fh--h-h
h
P- + O + - + . . . + GP--/Sm-----Statement 126: P-m-I--P-GP--P-P-h--h

( , ).

h DP-D-G--z-Sm--G-q-Fh--h-h-q
: G-h-h DP-D-G--z-Sm--G-q-Fh--h-h
: DP-D-G--z-Sm---Fh--h-h-q
: G-h--h DP-D-G--z-Sm---Fh--h--h
: DP-D-G--z-Sm--G--Fh--h-h
: DP-D-G--z-Sm--G-q-Fh--h-h
: DP-D-G--z-Sm--G-q-Fh--h-h--Fh--h-h
: DP-D-G--z-Sm--G-q-Fh--h-h
:

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

88

z-m 68

68

After I/ ,

G-G
1. O + +
z- / q-X-- +
2. -G--q-X-
, , ().
: Eh-P--P-q-X---Fh--h-q
3. -Z-X-
4. eh--ze-X-
: G-h P--P-q-X---Fh--h
5. D-hm--X-
: Eh-P--P-q-X--GhP-Fh--h-q
: G-h P--P-q-X--hP-Fh--h 6. m-I-I-z-X--
7 hG-G-Gm-q-X--

: Eh-P--P-q-X--G--h--h
8. -P-q-X-
: P--P-q-X---Fh--h
9. -Z-z-X-
: Eh-P--P-q-X---Fh--h----10. D-G-z-z-X--
GhP-Fh--h
11. GP-V-GmP-z-X--
: P--P-q-X---Fh--h
12. GP-V--q-X--
DP- + O + . . .+ z- / q-X----13.

-Statement 129: DP-m-I-I-z-X--mP--I-G-h-h W-zbP-q-X-P- + O + . . . + z- / q-X-----Statement 128: P--P-q-X---Fh--h

()

() , .

DP-m-I-I-z-X--mP--I-G-h-h-q
:
h G-h-h DP-m-I-I-z-X--mP--I-G-h-h
: DP-m-I-I-z-X--F--I-G-h-h-q
: G-h--h DP-m-I-I-z-X--F--I-G-h--h
: DP-m-I-I-z-X--G-q-I-G-h-h
: DP-m-I-I-z-X--mP--I-G-h-h
: DP-m-I-I-z-X--mP--I-G-h-h-F--I-G-h
: DP-m-I-I-z-X--mP--I-G-h-h
:

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

89

z-m 69

69

It takesfromto/ ( )

P- + + m- + + - + + G-HStatement
hG 130: P-mP-m-hq-h-DP--V-h-GTG-G-H-hG
() () .

Eh-P-mP-m-hq-h-DP--V-h-GTG-G-H-hG-G
: G-hG P-mP-m-hq-h-DP--V-h-GTG-G-H-hG
: Eh-P-mP-m-hq-h-DP--V-h-GZ-G-H-hG-G
: G--hG P-mP-m-hq-h-DP--V-h-GZ-G-H--hG
: Eh-P-mP-m-hq-h-DP--V-h-G-h-G-H-hG
: P-mP-m-hq-h-DP--V-h-GTG-G-H-hG
: Eh-P-mP-m-hq-h-DP--V-h-GTG-G-H-hG-GZ-G-H-hG
: P-mP-m-hq-h-DP--V-h-GTG-G-H-hG
O + + m- + + - + + G-H-hG / hStatement
h 131: --h-k--m-j-----V-h-zT-GZ-G-H-hG
:

12 .

--h-k--m-j-----V-h-zT-GZ-G-H-hG-G
: G-hG --h-k--m-j-----V-h-zT-GZ-G-H-hG
: --h-k--m-j-----V-h-zT-G-H-hG-G
: G--hG --h-k--m-j-----V-h-zT-G-H--hG
: --h-k--m-j-----V-h-G-h-G-H-hG
: --h-k--m-j-----V-h-zT-GZ-G-H-hG
: --h-k--m-j-----V-h-zT-GZ-G-H-hG-zT-G-H-hG
: --h-k--m-j-----V-h-zT-GZ-G-H-hG
:

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

90

z-m 70

70

I have not (yet) /

P- + O + . . . + M-m
Statement 132: P-W-zbP-M-m

DP- + O + . . . + M-h
Statement 133: DP-W-zbP-M-h

() .

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Eh-P-W-zbP-M-m-q
G-m P-W-zbP-M-m
Eh-P---zbP-M-m-q
G-h P---zbP-
Eh-P-G--zbP-M-m
P-W-zbP-M-m
Eh-P-W-zbP-M-m---zbP-M-m
P-W-zbP-M-m

() .

Yes:
Ans:
No:
Ans:
Key:
Ans:
Or:
Ans:

DP-W-zbP-M-h-q
G-h DP-W-zbP-M-h
DP---zbP-M-h-q
G--h DP---zbP--P.
DP-G--zbP-M-h
DP-W-zbP-M-h
DP-W-zbP-M-h---zbP-M-h
DP-W-zbP-M-h

G-G :
1.Object + . . . + M-
12. +h-Vzh-M2. hG-GHm-M- 13. PP-M3. D-G14. G-Gz-M-
PG-M4. -G 15. D-G-Mz-M5. P-bG 16. -;Z-M-M6. hzz>G-M- 17. P-M7. i-zi-M- 18. hP- vh-M8. - 19. GJ-MZm-M9. zh-GP-M- 20. GTm-q- GbP-M10. hPzX-M- 21. T-G- P-M11. eh-ze-M- 22. -zkh-M-

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

91

zB-P.
51

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

O- -z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-hG-G
G-P. -z-m-Ih-DG-m-G-hG
Ih-DG-m-m-m--G-h-q
G-h Ih-DG-m-m-V-D-P-q-fP-G-h
- V-D-zbP-m-Ih-DG-iG-G-hG-G
G-P.

52

O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-

z=--G hP-P-P-MG--I-G-hG G---G-h


hP-Gm hG-z-D-G-G--G-h
hP-P-P-hG-Z--I-G--hG-G
-G--P. m-mP-hG-G-P--VP--I-G-hG
-F-h-hG--h MG-q-m-G-q-fP-G-hG
hP-Gm -G-GbP--hG

53

z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-
z=-
O-

O- hP-P--;-h-G-P-q-GTG-Xh-I-G-hG G--m-m
P--G--P. P-m-DP-zem-m-G-q-h-h
z--h-G-q-hG P-m-DP--P-q-h-I-G-m
P-dG-q--;-h-G-Xh-I-G-hG-G
G-P. P-dG-q-P-G-hz-E-P-G-Xh-I-G-hG
G-h--h P-P-P-G-hP-vh-G-Xh-I-G-hG
h-P--Lm-DG-VG-I-G-h-q-i
-P. m--h

1. I am / I was / /

Tibetan Tense Revision/

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

92

First Person: Statement/ ,

Interrogative/

Singular/ . .

P-z-yG-m / h
Negative/.:2. P-z-yG-m / -h
Positive/.: 1.

1.
2.

P-z-yG-h-q
P-z-yG--h-q

Plural/. .

P--z-yG-m / h
Negative/.:4.P--z-yG-m / -h
Positive/.:3.

Second Person: Statement (2 , .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

Eh-P-z-yG-h
Eh-P-z-yG--h
Eh-P--z-yG-h
Eh-P--z-yG--h

Third Person: Statement (3 , .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

DP-z-yG-h
DP-z-yG--h
DP--z-yG-h
DP-z-yG--h

3.
4.

P--z-yG-h-q
P--z-yG--h-q

Second Person: Interrogative (.)


1.
2.
3.
4.

Eh-P-z-yG-h-q / m-q
Eh-P-z-yG--h-q / m-q
Eh-P--z-yG-h-q / m-q
Eh-P--z-yG--h-q / m-q

Third Person: Interrogative (.)


1.
2.
3.
4.

DP-z-yG-h-q
DP-z-yG--h-q
DP--z-yG-h-q
DP-z-yG--h-q

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

93
2. Past Tense/. .
First Person: Statement (1 ., .)
1.
2.
3.
4.

P-V-zbP-m
P-V-zbP-h
P--V-zbP-m
P--V-zbP-h

Second Person: Statement (2 ., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

Eh-P-G-V-zbP-P.
Eh-P-G-V-zbP--P.
Eh-P--V-zbP-P.
Eh-P--V-zbP--P.

Third Person: Statement (3., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

DP-G-V-zbP-P.
DP-G-V-zbP--P.
DP--V-zbP-P.
DP--V-zbP--P.

First Person: Interrogative (1 ., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

P-V-zbP-P-P
P-V-zbP--P-P
P--V-zbP-P-P
P--V-zbP--P-P

Second Person: Interrogative (2 ., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

Eh-P-G-V-zbP-m-q
Eh-P-G-V-zbP-h-q
Eh-P--V-zbP-m-q
Eh-P--V-zbP-h-q

Third Person: Interrogative (3 ., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

DP-G-V-zbP-P-P
DP-G-V-zbP--P-P
DP--V-zbP-P-P
DP--V-zbP--P-P

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

94
3. Present Tense\. .
First Person: Statement (1 ., .)
1.
2.
3.
4.

P-(P-)V-fP-G-h
P-(P-)V-fP-G-h
P--(-)V-fP-G-h
P--(-)V-fP-G-h

Second Person: Statement (2 ., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

Eh-P-(G-)V-fP-G-hG
Eh-P-(G-)V-fP-G--hG
Eh--(-)V-fP-G-hG
Eh--(-)V-fP-G--hG

Third Person: Statement (3 ., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

DP-(G-)V-fP-G-hG
DP-(G-)V-fP-G--hG
DP--(-)V-fP-G-hG
DP--(-)V-fP-G--hG

First Person: Interrogative (1 ., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

P-(P-)V-fP-G-hG-G
P-(P-)V-fP-G-m-hG-G
P--(-)V-fP-G-hG-G
P--(-)V-fP-G-m-hG-G

Second Person: Interrogative (2 ., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

Eh-P-(G-)V-fP-G-h-q
Eh-P-(G-)V-fP-G-h-q
Eh--(-)V-fP-G-h-q
Eh--(-)V-fP-G-h-q

Third Person: Interrogative


1.
2.
3.
4.

(3 ., .)

DP-(G-)V-fP-G-hG-G
DP-(G-)V-fP-G--hG-G
DP--(-)V-fP-G-hG-G
DP--(-)V-fP-G--hG-G

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

95
4. Present Continuous Tense /
First Person: Statement (1 ., .)
1.
2.
3.
4.

P-(P-)V-fP-zm-q-m
P-(P-)V-fP-zm-q-m
P--(-)V-fP-zm-q-m
P--(P--)V-fP-zm-q-m

Second Person: Statement (2 ., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

2.
3.
4.

1.
3.
3.
4.

DP-(G-)V-fP-zm-q-h
DP-(G-)V-fP-zm-q--h
DP--(-)V-fP-zm-q-h
DP--V-fP-zm-q--h

(1 ., .)

P-(P-)V-fP-zm-q-h-q
P-(P-)V-fP-zm-q--h-q
P--(-)V-fP-zm-q-h-q
P--(-)V-fP-zm-q--h-q

Second Person: Interrogative (2 ., .)

Eh-P-(G-)V-fP-zm-q-h 1.
Eh-P-(G-)V-fP-zm-q--h 2.
Eh--(-)V-fP-zm-q-h 3.
Eh--(-)V-fP-zm-q--h 4.

Third Person: Statement (3 ., .)


1.

First Person: Interrogative

Eh-P-(G-)V-fP-zm-q-h-q
Eh-P-(G-)V-fP-zm-q--h-q
Eh-P--(-)V-fP-zm-q-h-q
Eh-P--(-)V-fP-zm-q--h-q

Third Person: Interrogative (3 ., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

DP-(G-)V-fP-zm-q-h-q
DP-(G-)V-fP-zm-q--h-q
DP--(-)V-fP-zm-q-h-q
DP--(-)V-fP-zm-q--h-q

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

96
5. Future Tense /
First Person: Statement (1 ., .)
1.
2.
3.
4.

P-(P-)V-fP-G-m
P-(P-)V-fP-G-m
P--(-)V-fP-G-m
P--(-)V-fP-G-m

First Person: Interrogative (1 ., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

Second Person: Statement (2 ., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

Eh-P-(G-)V-fP-G-h
Eh-P-(G-)V-fP-G--h
Eh-P--(-)V-fP-G-h
Eh-P--(-)V-fP-G--h

Third Person: Statement (3 ., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

DP-(G-)V-fP-G-h
DP-(G-)V-fP-G--h
DP--(-)V-fP-G-h
DP-(-)V-fP-G--h

P-(P-)V-fP-G-h-q
P-(P-)V-fP-G--h-q
P--(-)V-fP-G-m-q / h-q
P--(-)V-fP-G-m-q / -h-q
Second Person: Interrogative (2 ., .)
1.
2.
3.
4.

Eh-P-(G-)V-fP-G-m-q
Eh-P-(G-)V-fP-m-q
Eh-P--(-)V-fP-m-q
Eh-P--(-)V-fP-G-m-q

Third Person: Interrogative (3 ., .)


1.
2.
3.
4.

DP-(G-)V-fP-G-h-q
DP-(G-)V-fP-G--h-q
DP--(-)V-fP-G-h-q
DP--(-)V-fP-G--h-q

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

97
6. Have/Have not
First Person: Statement
1.
2.
3.
4.

P--V-h
P--V-h
P---V-h
P---V-h

Second Person: Statement


1.
2.
3.
4.

2.
3.
4.

1.
2.
3.
4.

DP--V-hG / h-h
DP--V--hG / h--h
DP---V-hG / h-h
DP---V--hG / h--h

P--V-hG-G / h-h-q
P--V--hG-G / h--h-q
P---V-hG-G / h-h-q
P---V--hG-G / h--h-q

Second Person: Interrogative

1.
Eh-P--V-hG / h-h
Eh-P--V--hG / h--h 2.
Eh-P---V-hG / h-h 3.
Eh-P---hz--hG / h--h 4.

Third Person: Statement


1.

First Person: Interrogative

Eh-P--V-h-q
Eh-P--V-h-q
Eh-P---V-h-q
Eh---V-h-q

Third Person: Interrogative


1.
2.
3.
4.

DP--V-hG-G / h-h-q
DP--V--hG-G / h--h-q
DP---V-hG-G / h-h-q
DP---V--hG-G / h--h-q

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

98

-G

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

99

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

100

kG-G ANTONYMS
1.
zP-q
Pm-q
3.

5.

7.

11.

13.

15.

17.

19.

21.

23.

25.

27.

29.

31.

h;

h;-q

mG-q

Bh-q

kG-q

HP-

D-q

m-q

GP.

eP-

hG

Lm-q

Gm-q

MG

eG

M-q

zk-q

hI

GZm

Gm

P-z

zGh-q

S-z

x-z

2.

4.

6.

8.

10.

12.

14.

16.

18.

+-q

m-q

G-q

-z

h;m-q

z-q

AP-q

+-q

GbP.

DP-F

zh-q

E-q

z-P.

GP-

hG-z

kG-q


20.

22.

24.

26.

28.

30.

32.

h-q

HG-q

Mz

hm

HP-q

Zm-q

Z-z

P-q

I-q

zm-

P-

B-

Sm

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

101

33.

35.

37.

39.

41.

43.

45.

47.

49.

51.

53.

55.

57.

59.

61.

63.

65.

GTG-q

P-

GTm-q

GTm-

GTP-q

GTP-

U-z Yh-q

P-q

VG

kP.

Vm-q

VP-VP.

VG

hm

W-q

z-q

Z-z

P-q

Z-z

P-q

P-q

fP-fP.

Zm-

m-

GbP-z

m-q

eP.

em-;

hrh-;

()

zeh-q

h-q

G-q

P-q

()

hG

zhG

Gm

zh-I

Pm-I

zhm-q

zm-

Zm

mP.

u-zbP.

hG-z

IP-

-z

z-

34.

36.

38.

40.

42.

44.

46.

48.

50.

52.

54.

56.

58.

60.


62.

64.

64.

wm-m

Z-hG

xG-q

hz-q B-z

eh

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

102

63.

3.

fG-q

z-q

-q

hG-Z

()

GG-q-V-
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37

GG-qGhP-qG-qIh-DGhr-Gz-q-hmqG-qCt-G-o-DGn- -VGn-V-b
Ue-

64.

64.

w-xG

-xG

-m

PARTS OF BODY /

10

, .

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26

28

30

32

34

36

womans private part

38

GP-hG--Tm

GhqP-qP-DG+h-q+z@P-qdP-qMzu-zhs-z- fh-qGG-tG-qGo-DPn-DP-D-- I-qG-q- W-


crown

ear hole

mans private part

DOMESTICATED ANIMALS/

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

103

1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29

GG

z
z z

d
zP-z zP-G
-
i

wG-yG
G-G -G

E-yG

-w
-yG -yG

-yG

Q-P.

2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28

-w -
z-xG
JP. JP-GG
d
i

wG-q
G
E
-b
-
-
-

-hG--Tm

WILD ANIMALS /

P.
P-G
h
h-h;
ih-
GG
-wG
Gh

10

12

14

16

1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15

ih-P.
GP-P.
h-F --h
h-mG
eG
JP-q-V
AP.
J-z

female-yak breed
male-dzo/female-dzo
cow/cattle
ox/bull


()

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

104

18 -z-+-P.
-z
19 v

20 v21 -zP.

22 -~
23 E-uP.

24 uP-;
25 -

26
27 z-

28 FP-FP.
29 G-q

30 D-G
31 PP-q

32 w-G
33 -

34 ~-z
35 w-P.

36 wG-m P-G
37 kG-m

38 kG-q--
39

40 V-m
41 Z

42 P-z
43 x--z

44 IG-
45 -
/
46 k
h--P-G-DG-TG SOME TERMS OF PERIODS
S--Sm- - m-mP- X--X-
1

2
-z3
4
zhm-yG- G-D-
Z-5

6
mV-h7

8
+-+-V9

10
-q-zM-yG11 -zT-yG
12
S-i13 m-
14
Z-15 G-q-S-q
16
hGP-i-x-q17

P-

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

105

17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31

Zm-GP- ,
D-- / D-P-

hP-hGPD-Zm D-Zm

G-Zm
Zm-e+z-+z-
Zm-zT-X- 10

18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32

h-P- /h-PD-P-hGP-
D--G-qGmP-ZmhG-ZmP-Zm-Zm-zT-Sm-

10 ()

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

106

COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES/
Positive

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.

G-qkG-TGfP-fPP-qP-qZP-ZPVm-qVP-VPf-zh-zM-qzk-q-zIP-~-qy-qfG-qz-qP-B-MG-q+-qxG-q-

Comparative

Superlative

G-G- / qkG-G- / qfP-P- / zP-P- / zP-P- / zZP-P- / zV-zVP-P- / zf-zh-zM-qzk-q-zIP-P- / z~-qy-zfG-G- / qz-qP-- / zB-MG-G- / q+-qxG-G- / q-

G-kG-fP-P-P-ZP-V-VP-f-h-M-zk--IP-~-y-fG-z-P-B-MG-+-xG--

()

()

()

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

107

24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.

B-q-qGm-GmS-qx-qh-qYh-qhG-qBh-qzP-q-

B-z-qGm-qS-zx-zh-zYh-qhG-zBh-qzP-P- / z-

B--Gm-S-x-h-Yh-
hG-Bh-zP--

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

108

fm-q- fP-z- -zz-z- Zm-qz-q- m-z- >G-q- Hm-q- PG-qP-z- i-z- -z- m-q- kh-qZ-z- P-q- ZP-z- z-q---MG-qP-G-W-z-q-m z-m z-h

I-z- h-qzG-q- P-z-q- e-zzX-z-

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.

109

Hi Chok,
Not particularly creative, but here are some sentences.
If you wear clothes, you will stay warm
If you meet friends, you will be happy
If you pick up rubbish, the town will stay clean
If you prostrate, you will purify
If you play games, you will have fun
If you study Tibetan, you will be able to speak with Tibetans
If you work, you will make money
If you read, you will learn
If you urinate, you will experience relief
If you send a letter, your mother will be happy
If you make a telephone call, you will waste your money
If you make food, you will save money
If you think, you will understand
If you discuss, you will resolve conflict
If you close the door, you will keep warm
If you watch a show, you will forget your worries
If you change money, you can buy things
If you send an email, you will save money
If you buy fruit, you will be healthy
Rebecca

This is an ongoing research project. It is requested not to reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit in any form or by any means without prior
written permission from Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam.