24 views

Uploaded by govindarul

Capacito

Capacito

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Iit Mains Phy Question Paper2
- 221
- Practice Test 9 Capacitance Resistance Dc Circuits
- Discovery Bottles NSTA
- Discharge of Electric Charges Through Our Body
- UNIT -I
- ENGR 141 Sample Exam One
- Physics Promoss2[1]
- Physics Exempler 12.pdf
- ITP-1.pdf
- 2011 GF Series
- Kreatryx GATE EE 2018 Solutions
- eoc review goal 4
- Lecture_1 Electrical Engineering IIT G
- Electricity - Wikipedia
- Report
- 0128
- Kuliah Fisdas 2 Bab 2 Muatan Dan Medan Listrik
- 01102a
- lab 22

You are on page 1of 6

Charge Charge is fundamental property of matter and its units are coulombs. An individual electron or proton has a quantified charge of 1x10-19 C, the electron is negatively charged (- 1x10-19 C and a proton is positively charge (+1x10-19 C). A normal atom has the same number of electrons and protons and its total charge is zero. Opposite charges attract each other and same charges repel each other. Current The amount of charge passing through a point over a given period produces an electric current. Such that I = Q/t where I is the current in amps, Q is charge in coulombs and t is time in seconds. Electric current supplies our modern day appliance with the energy to operate the device. While there are many different ways to supply electric current to a device, it would also be beneficial to be able to store an accumulated amount of charge to be used later. Capacitance A capacitor is a device that can store a charge. A capacitor is a device that consists of two conductive plates separated by a small distance; with the distance and surface area of the plates playing a role in the total capacitance of the capacitor. A capacitor is charged by passing a current through it. One plate of the capacitor will acquire a positive charge and the other a negative charge. As the charge builds up on each plate, a voltage potential builds up between the plates. This voltage potential across the capacitor will continue to build until it matches the voltage source. The amount of charge stored in a capacitor is determined by the equation Q = CV Where Q is the stored charge in coulombs, C is the capacitance of the device in farads and V is the DC voltage across the device. [2] [1]

A device that you are familiar with that uses a capacitor to store a charge is the flash unit of a camera. This charge when discharged through the lamp produces the flash. Defibrillators are also a device that uses a capacitor to store a charge.

This experiment will explore the relationship between charge, current and capacitance. First, let us discuss another device that is used in this experiment. A resistor opposes the flow of an electric current. Ohms law is the relationship between current, resistance and voltage and its equation is shown below. I = V/R The resistor has a resistance in units of Ohms. In this experiment a known voltage will be supplied, when the switch is in the charged position the capacitor is charged. Switching to the discharge position allows the charge stored in the capacitor to dissipate through the resistor. A computer will be used to measured the voltage across the resistor and then using equation [3] the computer will calculate the current though the resistor. A graph on the computer screen will show a representation of current vs. time for the discharge of the capacitor through the resistor. The area under the graph of Current vs. time will yield the charge which was stored in the capacitor, this calculation is performed by the computer the results being in terms of Amp s. Looking at equation [1] and solving for Q it can be seen that Q = I t which has units of A s and is in agreement with the computer results. Combinations of capacitors There are two common methods of connecting multiple capacitors together, series and parallel, each are shown schematically in the diagrams below. A common purpose to connect capacitors in series or parallel is to create a new capacitance value. To determine the equivalent capacitance between the nodes A and B the equations [4] and [5] are used. [3]

Ceqv

To solve for the equivalent capacitance the following equations are used. Parallel Series

1

C eqv = C1 + C2 + C3 Cn

[4]

Cn

C eqv

= 1

C1

+ 1

C2

+ 1

C3

[5]

Energy Capacitors primary function is to store electro-static energy. This stored energy is a potential energy, which is stored and ready to do some form of work. A form of uses of this stored energy is to discharge through a flash lamp to produce light for a camera or produce the charge necessary to defibrillate a heart. The equation below quantifies the energy stored in a capacitor Energy = Procedure CV 2 2

[6]

1.

Turn on the computer and select the file named capacitance. On the table, you will find two boxes. The blue box contains the switch used to charge and discharge the capacitor. The black box contains three unknown capacitors. The blue box has connections for three devices; Power Supply, capacitor and 750 Interface. The 750 Interface is the box located under the monitor, use the supplied wire and connect Port A on the interface box to this point. Likewise, make a connection from the DC power supply to the points labeled power. Lastly, make a connection from the black capacitor box C1 to the connections labeled capacitor. Position the switch to the discharge position. Replace the probes of the Digital Multi-meter(DMM) with wires from the wire bag. Connect the wires from the DMM across the power supply. Set the Digital meter to the 20V DC range. Adjust the voltage on the power supply until the meter displays 1V DC 0.05 V. Position the switch to charge position it should only take a second or two, until the capacitor is fully charged. On the computer, select the Start button. Now move the switch to the discharge position. A graph will be created and automatically stops when a fixed minimum voltage is reached. If it does not automatically stop, the problem may be that the wires going to the Interface box are not connected properly. Make certain that the red wire is connected to the red connector and the black wire to the black connector. On the computer display, the window with the graph has a frame next to it with a numeric value followed by micro-amps s. This value represents the measured charge Q on the capacitor C 1 . Enter this value into the table. Use equation [2] to determine the capacitance C 1 . Repeat steps 4 6 for voltage settings of 2 ,3 ,4 and 5 volts.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Determine the average value for C 1 . 8. 9. Repeat the process outlined above for C 2 and C 3 . Once all the capacitors values are determined, use these values to calculate the value of the equivalent capacitor as if all the capacitors were connected in series, equation [5]. Also calculated the equivalent value for them connected in parallel, equation [4]. Record your findings. Now experimentally verify your calculations. Connect the capacitors in series as illustrated in the figure below. Use the same procedure as outline in steps 3 7 to find the capacitance for the series combinations.

10.

C1 C2 C3 Series

Determine the energy stored in the capacitors. Use equation [6] and complete data sheet 2

Data Sheet 1

Q1 C C1 F Q2 C C2 F Q3 C C3 F

Volts 1v 2v 3v 4v 5v

Calculated value of C 1 , C 2 , C 3 in parallel _______________ Calculated value of C 1 , C 2 , C 3 in series _______________ Volts 1 2 3 4 5 Q series C series Q parallel C parallel

Capacitor value (F) C1 C2 C3 C series C parallel Stored Energy at 1V (Joules) Stored Energy at 5V (Joules)

- Iit Mains Phy Question Paper2Uploaded byShashank Shekhar
- 221Uploaded byphysicsdocs
- Practice Test 9 Capacitance Resistance Dc CircuitsUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Discovery Bottles NSTAUploaded byfoolsclub
- Discharge of Electric Charges Through Our BodyUploaded byGomathi Sankar
- UNIT -IUploaded byZeeshanMirza
- ENGR 141 Sample Exam OneUploaded byTyler Harvey
- Physics Promoss2[1]Uploaded bysulayajanny
- Physics Exempler 12.pdfUploaded bySarthakJain
- ITP-1.pdfUploaded bymurali
- 2011 GF SeriesUploaded byanotherstupidregistr
- Kreatryx GATE EE 2018 SolutionsUploaded byNikhil Kashyap
- eoc review goal 4Uploaded byapi-244739204
- Lecture_1 Electrical Engineering IIT GUploaded byAnup Agarwal
- Electricity - WikipediaUploaded byOrigami toturial by Abhijeet
- ReportUploaded byHarish
- 0128Uploaded byNisal Nuwan Senarathna
- Kuliah Fisdas 2 Bab 2 Muatan Dan Medan ListrikUploaded byavakediri
- 01102aUploaded bywvairo
- lab 22Uploaded byapi-296884555
- Electromagnetism Hand OutUploaded byRob Laban
- w3 Chapter 20 Electric Potential EnergyUploaded byizz
- Electrostatic Forces and Fields_2Uploaded byIbrahim Syed
- Lab ExperimentUploaded byMustafidzul Mustapha
- Most Common Low Voltage Problems in Distribution Systems Can Be Addressed by Installing CapacitorsUploaded byFarrukh Rahman
- e-kw-22928Uploaded byMallappa Patil
- selecao_cap8Uploaded byThiago Bastos
- 01 Electric Charge to Gauss Law v2.1Uploaded byJCLeorna
- lec5notesUploaded byprateek
- UD 1 ELECTRICITY 3ºESO 13 14.es.enUploaded byluigarmo

- ZigZag TransformersUploaded bysukonna2004
- 9 - Dir Oc _ Ef Protn. - f60Uploaded bygovindarul
- 1MRK505266-UEN - En Application Manual Breaker Protection REQ650 IECUploaded byMourad Benderradji
- Siemens 7UT635 Differential ProtectionUploaded byMikeMaCSI
- 7UT6x_Manual_A4_V040300_enUploaded byAnonymous m65TTcfOT
- The Wonderful MusicianUploaded bygovindarul
- Tutorial,+TB+531,+B1-30+Cable+System+Electrical+CharacteristicsUploaded bylalvith04
- Skill_genie.pdfUploaded bysuresh
- Authorization Letter From CardholderUploaded bygovindarul
- A Guidebook for Minigrids-serc Lbnl March 2013Uploaded byChristian Xavier Merchan Pastor
- Copper WireUploaded bygovindarul
- ANGEN.en006 Restricted Earth Fault ProtectionUploaded byriddler_007
- Good WordsUploaded bygovindarul
- Calculo de Inrush TransformadoresUploaded byjorgemendezgiron
- 2000 Ga Tech PaperUploaded byAceel Fitch
- Tripping Relays EnUploaded bygovindarul
- ML12334A502Uploaded bygovindarul
- q 10945 RevUploaded bygovindarul
- DCRP RequirementsUploaded bygovindarul
- Technical Design XLPE 1x2500mm2, 220 KV-rev3Uploaded bygovindarul
- E560_23WT24_DS[1]Uploaded bygovindarul
- Section 4Uploaded bygovindarul
- 2858_990_RevDUploaded bygovindarul
- 1410_991_RevAUploaded bygovindarul
- 2905_990_RevAUploaded bygovindarul
- S1Uploaded bygovindarul
- 3103_990_RevAUploaded bygovindarul
- XDRCU PBT 400kVUploaded bygovindarul
- Mmlg_mmlb Brochure GbUploaded bygovindarul

- C5 Unofficial Service ManualUploaded byRichard Harrison
- Chapter+30Uploaded byNhi Tran
- An Introduction to Practical Electronics Microcontrollers and Software Design.pdfUploaded byDiogo Farias
- ENG_DS_VKP-X0000-A001_CUploaded bywrpinto
- Relaxation Time Constant of a Serial BulbUploaded byHema Anilkumar
- DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF MULTIPHASE DC DC CONVERTERS WITH COUPLED INDUCTORS.pdfUploaded byAnonymous K2Mnsld
- 114-214ohmUploaded byHikmat Saeful Bahri
- Ies Study MaterialsUploaded byमृत्युंजय झा
- Measurement by Wheatstone BridgeUploaded bynoi_doi8990
- PhysicsUploaded byDanica Banares
- Energy and ElectricityUploaded byrl228
- Thermal and Chemical Effects of Electric CurrentUploaded byOrbit MBBS Preparation
- Chapter-4-Impedance-Matching_2008_RF-Circuit-Design-Second-Edition-.pdfUploaded by66yunusk66
- Gr. 4 Science Grade Level IndicatorsUploaded byalbrightjiahan
- 7PG21 Solkor Rf Complete Technical Manual (1)Uploaded byboopathy1705
- Am g Sample ExamUploaded bympus
- (1) Resonant Circuits11Uploaded bySrujana Dec
- ROSEMARY AINSLIE Electric Heater ExperimentUploaded byMANNAJANELAGUNA
- Worksheet 4 SolutionsUploaded bySoham Pal
- Instr. Use RollarcUploaded bycatalincc
- ASC charge controller manualUploaded byNikolai Turetsky
- Practice Paper 3rdUploaded byAnonymous vRpzQ2BL
- Concept Recapitulation Test III Advanced PAPER-1 Question QuestionUploaded byMeenakshi Gupta
- RLC CircuitUploaded byHaresh Verma
- Villamor test_2.pdfUploaded byLocrian Ionian
- RPT ScienceF3Uploaded byWan Shima
- Basic DC Principles for Telecommunications TutorialUploaded byMatthew Duyker
- Calculating Short Circuit of Parallel GeneratorsUploaded byariorasalah
- e CircuitsUploaded byLazarevic_Goran
- GenaratorUploaded bykumarkaul