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999736002 en-GB

Doka formwork engineering

9736-174 03/2012 Calculation Guide 999736002 en-GB Doka formwork engineering The Formwork Experts

The Formwork Experts

Introduction

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Important notice:

Reprinting and duplication of this Calculation Guide documentation, even in abridged form, is not permitted without the express prior consent of Doka Industrie GmbH. We reserve the right to make alterations in the interests of technical progress. © by Doka Industrie GmbH, A-3300 Amstetten

Introduction

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Introduction

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Introduction Contents 4 Eurocodes at Doka 6 Rules, standards and
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Introduction Contents 4 Eurocodes at Doka 6 Rules, standards and

Contents

4

Eurocodes at Doka

6

Rules, standards and reference tables

7

Design loads

12

Structural-design values for Doka system components

18

Composite formwork beams

19

Timber formwork beams

20

Formwork sheets

23

Doka floor props Eurex

26

Doka floor props Eco

28

Doka floor prop Eurex 60 550

30

Form-ties

32

Plumbing accessories

40

Large-area formwork Top 50

51

Column formwork

56

Supporting construction frames

62

Dokamatic table

65

Dokaflex table

66

Dokaflex

72

Doka floor end-shutter clamp

74

Guided climbing formwork Xclimb 60

77

Climbing formwork MF 240

80

Climbing formwork 150 F

82

Shaft platform

84

Load-bearing tower Staxo 100

86

Load-bearing tower Staxo 40

88

Load-bearing tower d2

90

Back-stays/shoring supports for the load- bearing towers

92

Heavy-duty supporting system SL-1

96

Bridge edge beam formwork T

100

Folding platform K

103

Edge protection system XP

112

Guard rails

115

Formulae and tables

119

Medium flange-width I-beams

120

Wide-flange I-beams

124

Narrow I-beams

125

U-section steel

126

Rectangular shaped tubes

129

Quadratic shaped tubes

131

Hollow profiles (tubes) with circular cross- sections

134

Squared timbers

135

Material constants

136

Buckling diagram for rectangular shaped tubes

137

Buckling diagram for quadratic shaped tubes

138

Buckling diagram for steel sections

139

Buckling diagram for U-sections

140

Buckling diagram for tubes

141

Platform decking and edge protection

143

Nailed joins

145

Systems of measuring units

146

Conversion tables

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Nailed joins 145 Systems of measuring units 146 Conversion tables 999736002 - 03/2012 The Formwork Experts

The Formwork Experts

3

Eurocodes at Doka

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Eurocodes at Doka

Eurocodes at Doka

In Europe, a uniform series of Standards known as Eurocodes (EC) was developed for the construction field by the end of 2007. These are intended to provide a uniform basis, valid throughout Europe, for product specifications, tenders and mathematical verification. The EC are the world's most highly developed Stand- ards in the construction field. In the Doka Group, the EC are to be used as standard from the end of 2008. They will thus supersede the DIN norms as the "Doka standard" for product design.

The widely used "Permissible stress design" (compar- ing the actual stresses with the permissible stresses) has been superseded by a new safety concept in the EC. The EC contrast the actions (loads) with the resistance (capacity). The previous safety factor in the permissible stresses is now divided into several partial factors. The safety level remains the same!

E d

F

F

d

k

γ F

E d R d R d
E d R d
R
d

Design value of effect of actions

(E

Internal forces from action F d

(V Ed , N Ed , M Ed ) Design value of an action F d = γ F · F k

(F force)

Characteristic value of an action "actual load", service load

(k characteristic)

e.g. dead weight, live load, concrete pressure, wind

Partial factor for actions

(in terms of load; F

e.g. for dead weight, live load, concrete pres- sure, wind Values from EN 12812

effect; d

design)

R

k

γ

M

force)

k mod

Design value of the resistance

(R

Design capacity of cross-section

(V Rd , N Rd , M Rd )

Steel:

R k

resistance; d

R d =

design)

Timber: R d = k mod ·

γ M

R k

γ M

Characteristic value of the resistance e.g. moment resistance to yield stress

Partial factor for a material property

(in

e.g. for steel or timber Values from EN 12812

terms of material; M

material)

Modification factor (only for timber – to take account of the moisture and the duration of load action) e.g. for Doka beam H20 Values as given in EN 1995-1-1 and EN 13377

Comparison of the safety concepts (example)

115.5 [kN] 60<70 [kN] 60 [kN] 98013-100 Permissible stress design F yield ~ 1.65 F

115.5 [kN]

60<70 [kN]

60 [kN]

98013-100

115.5 [kN] 60<70 [kN] 60 [kN] 98013-100 Permissible stress design F yield ~ 1.65 F permissible
115.5 [kN] 60<70 [kN] 60 [kN] 98013-100 Permissible stress design F yield ~ 1.65 F permissible

Permissible stress design

F yield

~ 1.65
~ 1.65

F permissible

~ 1.65 F permissible

F actual

A
A
F yield ~ 1.65 F permissible F actual A F actual ≤ F permissible EC /

F actual F permissible

EC/DIN concept

R k

115.5 [kN] M = 1.1 R d 90<105 [kN] A E d 90 [kN] F
115.5 [kN]
M = 1.1
R
d
90<105 [kN]
A
E
d
90 [kN]
F = 1.5
98013-102

E d R d

A Utilisation factor

The "permissible values" communicated in Doka documents (e.g.: Q p e r m i s

The "permissible values" communicated in

Doka documents (e.g.: Q permissible = 70 kN)

do not correspond to the design values

(e.g.: V Rd = 105 kN)!

Avoid any confusion between the two!

Our documents will continue to state the per- missible values. Allowance has been made for the following par- tial factors:

γ F = 1.5

γ M, timber = 1.3 γ M, steel = 1.1

k mod = 0.9 In this way, all the design values needed in an EC design calculation can be ascertained from the permissible values.

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Eurocodes at Doka

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Eurocodes at Doka 999736002 - 03/2012 The Formwork Experts 5
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Eurocodes at Doka 999736002 - 03/2012 The Formwork Experts 5

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Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Eurocodes at Doka 999736002 - 03/2012 The Formwork Experts 5

The Formwork Experts

5

Rules, standards and reference tables

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

General remarks

Rules, standards and reference tables

General remarks Rules, standards and reference tables The Calculation Guide 'Doka formwork engi- neering'

The Calculation Guide 'Doka formwork engi- neering' contains the principal structural-design data relating to Doka formwork systems. You will find in-depth information on each of our systems, and on the correct way to use them, in our User Information booklets.

correct way to use them, in our User Information booklets. Rules and standards EN 1065 Adjustable

Rules and standards

EN 1065

Adjustable telescopic steel props

EN 1991

Actions on structures

EN 1993

Eurocode 3 - Design of steel structures

EN 1995

Eurocode 5 - Design of timber structures

EN 1999

Eurocode 9 - Design of aluminium structures

EN 12811

Temporary works equipment

 

Falsework –

EN 12812

Performance requirements and general design

DIN 18.202

Tolerances in building construction

DIN 18.216

Formwork ties; requirements, testing, use

DIN 18.217

Concrete surfaces and formwork surface

DIN 18.218

Pressure of fresh concrete on vertical formwork

 

Accident protection regulations of (German) construc- tion-employee safety organisation

ons of (German) construc- tion-employee safety organisation Reference tables For unusual applicational problems, the

Reference tables

For unusual applicational problems, the following (Ger- man-language) reference works may be found helpful:

Bautabellen ('construction tables'), Sträussler & Krapfenbauer, published by Jugend und Volk

Stahl im Hochbau ('steel in building construc- tion'), Verein Deutscher Eisenhüttenleute, Verlag Stahleisen, Düsseldorf

Stahlbauprofile ('steel structural sections'), Verein Deutscher Eisenhüttenleute, Verlag Stahl- eisen, Düsseldorf

Bautechnische Zahlentafeln ('construction-engi- neering tables', Wendehorst & Muth, B.G. Teubner, Stuttgart

Holzbau Taschenbuch ('manual of practice for timber construction work', Halász & Scheer, pub- lished by Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Berlin

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Design loads

Design loads

Design loads

Vertical and horizontal loads

Design loads Design loads Vertical and horizontal loads Vertical loads Permanent loads For details of the

Vertical loads

Permanent loads

For details of the unit weights of Doka system compo- nents, see the Doka User Information booklets.

The data stated in EN 1991-1-1, or the following val- ues, may be used as rough approximations:

Large-area formwork Top 50 0.5 kN/m 2

Framed formwork Framax 0.7 kN/m 2

Framed formwork Frami 0.5 kN/m 2

Concrete loads

For ordinary fresh concrete with reinforcement, EN 12812 states that a density of 2500 kg/m 3 should be assumed.

Live loads

1. for floor-slab formwork:

EN 12812 states that a service load of at least 0.75 kN/m 2 should be assumed over the entire area, and – on a 3 m x 3 m area – a variable load of 10% of the concrete, but no more than 1.75 kN/m 2 and no less than 0.75 kN/m 2 .

Live load as a function of slab thickness

94503-821 A 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 1,0 1,1 Slab thickness
94503-821
A
0,1
0,2
0,3
0,4
0,5
0,6
0,7
0,8
0,9
1,0
1,1
Slab thickness [m]
A
EN 12812
Live load p [kN/m 2 ]
10
2
3
4

2. for working and protection platforms:

EN 12812 states that a minimum service load of 0.75 kN/m 2 should be assumed for all access zones and scaffold levels. Depending on the type of work to be carried out, it may also be necessary to assume higher live loads. For these live loads on work decks, EN 12811 specifies the following Load Classes.

Service loads on scaffold levels (EN 12811)

   

Load con-

Load con-

 

Evenly

centrated on

centrated on

distrib-

a

a

Partial-area load

Load

uted load

500x500mm

200x200mm

Class

area

area

q

1

F

1

F

2

q

2

Partial area fac- tor a p 1)

kN/m 2

kN

kN

kN/m 2

1

0.75

2)

1.50

1.00

 

- -

2

1.50

1.50

1.00

 

- -

3

2.00

1.50

1.00

 

- -

4

3.00

3.00

1.00

5.00

0.4

5

4.50

3.00

1.00

7.50

0.4

6

6.00

3.00

1.00

10.00

0.5

1 ) See EN12811-1 Point 6.2.2.4

2) See EN12811-1 Point 6.2.2.1

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10.00 0.5 1 ) See EN12811-1 Point 6.2.2.4 2) See EN12811-1 Point 6.2.2.1 999736002 - 03/2012

The Formwork Experts

7

Design loads

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Practical examples of Load Classes

Load Class

Load Class

 

Load Class

2

3

4, 5, 6

For service and maintenance work, especially for cleaning operations on facades

e.g. for external rendering and stucco work, coating, pointing or repair work; as a reinforce- ment or pouring platform in reinforced-concrete construction work.

Normally for masonry and external rendering work, tiling and squared-stone facing work, and heavy site-erection work.

Only for work in which it is not necessary to store building materials or parts on the platform decking.

The materials and equipment stored on the platform decking may not be set down on the platform by lifting-appliances.

Building materials and parts may be set down on the platform by lifting-appliances and stored on the platform decking.

 

Necessary precondition:

Necessary precondition:

When materials are stored on the platform decking, a clear access passage at least 0.20 m wide must be left free.

When materials are stored on the platform decking, a clear access passage at least 0.20 m wide must be left free.

   

Permitted service load Load Class

Permitted service load: 1.5 kN/m 2 (150 kg/m 2 )

Permitted service load: 2.0 kN/m 2 (200 kg/m 2 )

4

5

6

3.0 kN/m 2 (300 kg/m 2 )

4.5 kN/m 2 (450 kg/m 2 )

6.0 kN/m 2 (600 kg/m 2 )

plus partial-area load

 

The actual load is made up of the weight of the stored material and of the persons on the plat- form. For each person, a weight of 100 kg must be assumed.

The actual load is made up of the weight of the stored material and of the persons on the plat- form. For each person, a weight of 100 kg must be assumed.

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Design loads

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Horizontal loads Horizontal load for working operations For
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Horizontal loads Horizontal load for working operations For
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Horizontal loads Horizontal load for working operations For
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Horizontal loads Horizontal load for working operations For
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Horizontal loads Horizontal load for working operations For
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Horizontal loads Horizontal load for working operations For
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Horizontal loads Horizontal load for working operations For
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Horizontal loads Horizontal load for working operations For

Horizontal loads

Horizontal load for working operations

For load-bearing towers, the load to be assumed here

is

1/100 of the vertical load at the height of the bottom

of

the formwork.

Horizontal load from imperfections

When calculating the supports of 'top-held load-bearing towers', an additional horizontal load of 1/100 must be allowed for.

Wind loads

To be determined in accordance with EN 1991-1-4 or the Calculation Guide entitled 'Wind loads to the Euro- codes'

w

e

= q (z )·c

pe

p

Simplified method of determining the aerodynamic coefficient c p The aerodynamic coefficient allows for the geometry of the formwork and of the building member or building element.

 

Aerodynamic coefficient for

c

pe

External pressure

 

Free-standing walls, structural elements

c

p,net

with sharp-edged sections

The following simplified c-values are stipulated for everyday "Doka practice":

Single structural elements with sharp-edged sec- tions

c p,net Handrail plank = 1.3

c p,net Scaffolding tube = 1.3

Horizontal loads

such as block-and-tackle forces, shear forces, etc.

w

e

Wind pressure on surface in kN/m 2

q

p (z e )

Peak velocity pressure in kN/m 2 (old

term: impact pressure)

 

z

e

Reference height, height above ground

 

c

p

Aerodynamic coefficient

Lateral forces on railings

Horizontal point load P = 0.3 kN in unfavourable posi- tions as per EN 12811 or EN 13374.

Simplified method of determining the peak velocity pressure q p (z e ) In cases where no wind-load information is yet avail- able for a structure, the approximate peak velocity pressure q p (z e ) can be read off from the following sim- plified diagram. An exposure-time factor of 0.7 has already been allowed for:

1.50 A 1.00 B 0.50 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 Structure height z
1.50
A
1.00
B
0.50
0 0
10
20
30
40
50
Structure height z [m]
Peak velocity pressure q p (z e ) [kN/m 2 ]
98019-105

A will not be exceeded in large parts of Europe q b,0 = 0.49 kN/m 2 , TC II

B is exceeded in some parts of Europe (e.g. coastal and mountain areas) q b,0 = 0.39 kN/m 2 , TC II

A working wind of q = 0.2 kN/m 2 should always be

assumed. The aerodynamic wind pressure w is obtained by mul- tiplying the dynamic pressure q with the force coeffi- cient c f (as a rule, for wall formwork c p,net = 1.3).

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cient c f (as a rule, for wall formwork c p , n e t =

The Formwork Experts

9

Design loads

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Pressure of fresh concrete on vertical formwork, DIN 18218

The fresh-concrete pressure σ h is calculated in con- formity with DIN 18218. It will depend upon the:

time t E to end of initial setting

fresh-concrete temperature T c,PLACEMENT

ambient temperature T

unit weight of fresh concrete γ c

compaction

chemical admixtures

vibrations

reinforcement

rate of placing v

DIN 18218 contains diagrams illustrating these dependencies of the maximum horizontal fresh-con- crete pressure. Sample diagram based on the following preconditions:

Time of 5 hours to end of initial setting t E

150 6 94511-806 G 125 5 F D 100 4 C H E 75 3
150
6
94511-806
G
125
5
F
D
100
4
C
H
E
75
3
B
50
2
A
25
1
0
0
01234
5
6
7
max. wet-concrete pressure [kN/m 2 ]
hydrostatic head h s [m]

rate of rise v [m/h]

A Consistency class F1

B Consistency class F2

C Consistency class F3

D Consistency class F4

E ECC, consistency class F5

F ECC, consistency class F6

G SCC

H Hydrostatic to t E

Ensure that the following conditions are met:

Unit weight of fresh concrete γ c : 25 kN/m 3

Time t E to end of initial setting: 5 h

Formwork joins tightly closed

Compaction with internal vibrator

Fresh-concrete temperature: +15°C

Fresh-Concrete Pressure Calculator:

The permitted rate of placing, as determined by its various dependencies, can be determined with the Fresh-Concrete Pressure Calculator. This can be accessed on the Doka website.

www.doka.com/web/tools/fresh-concrete-pres-

sure-calculator/fresh-concrete-pressure-calcu-

lator.en.php

Screenshot

sure-calculator/fresh-concrete-pressure-calcu- lator.en.php Screenshot 10 The Formwork Experts 999736002 - 03/2012

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Design loads

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Properties of fresh concrete to ÖNORM B 4710-1, 2002-01-01
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Properties of fresh concrete to ÖNORM B 4710-1, 2002-01-01
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Properties of fresh concrete to ÖNORM B 4710-1, 2002-01-01
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Properties of fresh concrete to ÖNORM B 4710-1, 2002-01-01
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Properties of fresh concrete to ÖNORM B 4710-1, 2002-01-01
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Properties of fresh concrete to ÖNORM B 4710-1, 2002-01-01
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Properties of fresh concrete to ÖNORM B 4710-1, 2002-01-01
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Design loads Properties of fresh concrete to ÖNORM B 4710-1, 2002-01-01

Properties of fresh concrete

to ÖNORM B 4710-1, 2002-01-01 edition

to DIN 1045 (1972 edition) or DIN 18218

Table 3 - Slump-test classes: not relevant in Austria Table 4 - Slump-time classes: not relevant in Austria

Consistency ranges

Slump-flow 'a'

Degree of compacti-

Meaning

Symbol

(cm)

bility v

Stiff

K1

 

1.45

- 1.26

Plastic

K2

40

1.25

- 1.11

Soft

K3

41

- 50

1.10

- 1.04

to DIN 1045 (1980 edition)

Consistency ranges

Slump-flow 'a'

Degree of compacti-

Meaning

Symbol

(cm) bility v

Stiff

KS

 

1.20

Plastic

KP

35

- 41

1.19

- 1.08

Soft

KR

42

- 48

1.07

- 1.02

Flowable

KF

49

- 60

 

to DIN EN 206-1 (July 2001 edition)

Table 3 - Slump-test classes

Class

S1

S2

S3

S4

S5

Slump-test

Slump-test

classes

classes

10

50

100

160

- 40

- 90

- 150

- 210

≥ 220

220

Table 4 - Slump-time classes (Vébé)

Slump-time Class in s V0 ≥31 V1 30 - 21 V2 20 - 11 V3
Slump-time
Class
in s
V0
≥31
V1
30
- 21
V2
20
- 11
V3
10 - 6
V4
5 - 3

Table 5 - Compactability classes

Class

Degree of com-

Description

pactibility

C0 1)

1.46

Very stiff

C1

1.45

- 1.26

Stiff

C2

1.25

- 1.11

Stiff/plastic

C3 1)

1.10

- 1.04

1)

not relevant in Austria

Table 6 - Slump-flow classes

 

Class desig- nation in Aus- tria

Slump-flow

 

Class

in mm

Description

(diameter)

F1 1)

340

F2

F38

350

- 410

Plastic

F3

F45

420

- 480

Soft

F4

F52

490

- 550

Very soft

F5

F59

560

- 620

Flowable

F6 1)

630

 

F66

630

- 690

Highly flowable

 

F73

700

- 760

Extremely flowa-

ble

1)

not relevant in Austria

Comparative tables

Compactability classes to EN 206-1 2001 edition DIN 1045 2001 edition ÖNORM B4710-1 2002 edition

Approximately corresponds to consistency classes as per DIN 1045 1972 edition or DIN 18218 1980 edition

Class

Degree of compactibility

C0

1.46

C1

1.45

- 1.26

K1

C2

1.25

- 1.11

K2

C3

1.10

- 1.04

K3

Table 5 - Compactability classes

Slump-flow classes to ÖNORM B4710-1 2002 edition

 

Class

Degree of com- pactibility

 

Approximately corre- sponds to consist- ency classes as per DIN 1045 1972 edition or DIN 18218 1980 edition

EN 206-1

   

C0

 

1.46

2001

edition

C1

 

1.45

- 1.26

DIN 1045

2001

edition

Class desig-

C2

 

1.25

- 1.11

Class

nation

Slump-flow

C3

 

1.10

- 1.04

F1

340

K1

Table 6 - Slump-flow classes

F2

F38

350

- 410

K2

F3

F45

420

- 480

K3

     

Class

Slump-flow (diameter in mm)

 

F4

F52

490

- 550

Fluid concrete

   

F5

F59

560

- 620

Fluid concrete

F1

 

340

 

F2

 

350

- 410

F6

630

Fluid concrete

F3

 

420

- 480

 

F4

 

490

- 550

F5

 

560

- 620

F6

 

630

 

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F5   560 - 620 F6   ≥ 630   999736002 - 03/2012   11 The

The Formwork Experts

Structural-design values for Doka system components

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Structural-design values for Doka system components

Structural-design values for Doka system components

Structural-design values for Doka system components Doka steel components Connector components G F W

Doka steel components

Connector components

G

F

W

x

I

x

M

perm.

Q

perm.

[kg]

[cm

2 ]

[cm

3 ]

[cm

4 ]

[kNm]

[kN]

Splice plate Top50 Z

8.5

14.4

21.6

97

 

3.13

80.4

Adjustable waling extension 1.40m Top50

15.0

14.4

21.6

97

 

3.13

80.4

 

11.1

         

Universal support Top50

mm

per lin.m.

12.4

26.8

129

4.16

 

60

Formwork element connector FF20/50

6.3

14.4

21.6

97

 

3.13

80.4

Formwork element connector FF20/50 Z

6.0

         

Adjustable waling extension FF20/50

9.1

14.4

21.6

97

 

3.13

80.4

Anchoring plate FF20/50

6.6

14.4

21.6

97

 

3.13

80.4

Framax universal waling 0.90m

10.6

14.6

32.2

180

5.2

 

65

Framax universal waling 1.50m

16.8

14.6

32.2

180

5.2

 

65

Frami universal waling 0.70m

3.7

6.2

6.8

17

 

1.3

32.33

Frami universal waling 1.25m

6.4

6.2

6.8

17

 

1.3

32.33

Top100 tec formwork element connector

11.6

20

41.6

260

8.96

165.6

Top100 tec adjustable waling extension

20.9

20

41.6

260

8.96

165.6

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Structural-design values for Doka system components

Structural-design values for Doka system components Load-bearing capacity of Doka standard pro- files Doka
Structural-design values for Doka system components Load-bearing capacity of Doka standard pro- files Doka
Structural-design values for Doka system components Load-bearing capacity of Doka standard pro- files Doka
Structural-design values for Doka system components Load-bearing capacity of Doka standard pro- files Doka

Load-bearing capacity of Doka standard pro- files

Doka standard profiles (Multi-purpose walings WS10, WU12, WU14 and WU16) can also be used for custom constructions.

The data given below relate to plastic bound- ary internal forces. This means that the spec- ified interaction data must be complied with.

The decreased load-bearing capacities in the end zones of the WS10 and WU12 pro- files are only relevant for special applications (e.g. flexurally rigid special connecting plates), but not when used on Large-area formwork Top 50.

In order to increase the operational safety of flexurally rigid connecting devices, the following maximum load- bearing capacities shall apply:

Connector component

M perm. [kN]

Corner connecting plate SK with WS10

10.0

Corner connecting plate SK with WU12

12.0

Waling connector SL-1 WU16 0.75m with WS10

10.0

Waling connector SL-1 WU16 0.75m with WU12

15.0

Waling connector SL-1 WU16 0.75m with WU14

15.0

Waling connector SL-1 WU16 0.75m with WS16

27.4

Splice plate SKE 50 plus with WS10

10.0

Splice plate SKE 50 plus with WU12

11.0

When calculating Doka standard profiles with the Doka software 'Tipbeam', select 'Multi-purpose walings', not double U-sections.

Multi-purpose waling WS10 Top50

a a
a
a

Tr824-200-01

a 30 cm Middle End zone 'a' zone Permitted moment M[kNm] 12.3 10.0 Permitted shear
a
30 cm
Middle
End zone 'a'
zone
Permitted moment M[kNm]
12.3
10.0
Permitted shear force V [kN]
82
82
Permitted normal force N [kN] 1)
325
268
Permitted moment of inertia
412
[cm
4 ]
Interaction diagram
14
12.37
A
12
10.48
B
10
C
10.05
8.64
D
8.65
8
6.33
6
5.23
4
2.98
2
0 0
20
40
60
80
100
Permitted moment M [kNm]
21.1
41.4
82.76
Tr824-100

Permitted shear force V [kN]

A Middle zone N k = 0 kN 1)

B Middle zone N k = 70 kN 1)

C End zone N k = 0 kN 1)

D End zone N k = 70 kN 1)

1) without proof of stability

999736002 - 03/2012

13= 0 kN 1) D End zone N k = 70 kN 1) 1 ) without

The Formwork Experts

Structural-design values for Doka system components

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Multi-purpose waling WU12 Top50

a a Tr824-200-02 a 30 cm
a
a
Tr824-200-02
a
30 cm

Middle

zone

End zone 'a'

Permitted moment M[kNm]

18.3

15.2

Permitted shear force V [kN]

117

117

Permitted normal force N [kN] 1)

418

356

Permitted moment of inertia

[cm 4 ]

728

Interaction diagram

20 18.37 A 18 16.97 B 16 15.26 C 14.32 D 14 12.17 12 10
20
18.37
A
18
16.97
B
16
15.26
C
14.32
D
14
12.17
12
10
9.06
8.31
8
6
4.98
4
2
0 0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Permitted moment M [kNm]
38.5
58.7
117.4
Tr824-101

Permitted shear force V [kN]

A Middle zone N k = 0 kN 1)

B Middle zone N k = 70 kN 1)

C End zone N k = 0 kN 1)

D End zone N k = 70 kN 1)

1) without proof of stability

Multi-purpose waling SL-1 WU16

a a
a
a

Tr824-200-05

a 20 cm Middle End zone 'a' zone Permitted moment M[kNm] 31.9 28 Permitted shear
a
20 cm
Middle
End zone 'a'
zone
Permitted moment M[kNm]
31.9
28
Permitted shear force V [kN]
161
161
Permitted normal force N [kN] 1)
520
468
Permitted moment of inertia
1850
[cm
4 ]
Interaction diagram
35
31.94
30
28.04
A
25
23.14
C
22.74
20.51
20
16.61
B
15
D
10
8.12
5
4.28
0 0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
Permitted moment M [kNm]
34.7
80.9
161.8
Tr824-104

Permitted shear force V [kN]

A Middle zone N k = 0 kN 1)

B Middle zone N k = 160 kN 1)

C End zone N k = 0 kN 1)

D End zone N k = 160 kN 1)

1) without proof of stability

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Structural-design values for Doka system components

Structural-design values for Doka system components Top100 tec waling WU14 Facade waling WU14 a a a
Structural-design values for Doka system components Top100 tec waling WU14 Facade waling WU14 a a a
Structural-design values for Doka system components Top100 tec waling WU14 Facade waling WU14 a a a
Structural-design values for Doka system components Top100 tec waling WU14 Facade waling WU14 a a a

Top100 tec waling WU14

Facade waling WU14

a a
a
a

a

30 cm

98036-207-01

 

Middle

End zone a

Permitted moment M[kNm]

23.4

21.9

Permitted shear force V [kN]

 

143

Permitted normal force N [kN] 1)

462

442

Permitted moment of inertia [cm 4 ]

 

1210

Interaction diagram

24 23.41 22.25 22 21.92 21.20 A 20 C 18 16 B 14.49 14 D
24
23.41
22.25
22
21.92
21.20
A
20
C
18
16
B
14.49
14
D
12.99
12
10
9.64
8.17
8
6
4
2
0 0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
Permitted moment M [kNm]
51.0
71.5
143.0
Tr824-102

Permitted shear force V [kN]

A Middle zone N k = 0 kN 1)

B Middle zone N k = 70 kN 1)

C End zone N k = 0 kN 1)

D End zone N k = 70 kN 1)

End zone N k = 0 kN 1) D End zone N k = 70 kN

Tr824-200-03

 

Overall

Permitted moment M[kNm]

23.4

Permitted shear force V [kN]

143

Permitted normal force N [kN] 1)

462

Permitted moment of inertia

1210

[cm

4 ]

Interaction diagram

24 23.41 22.25 22 A 20 18 16 B 14.49 14 12 10 9.64 8
24
23.41
22.25
22
A
20
18
16
B
14.49
14
12
10
9.64
8
6
4
2
0 0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
Permitted moment M [kNm]
51.0
71.5
143.0
Tr824-102

Permitted shear force V [kN]

A N k = 0 kN 1)

B N k = 70 kN 1)

1) without proof of stability

1) without proof of stability

999736002

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The Formwork Experts

15

Structural-design values for Doka system components

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Deflection diagrams

Multi-purpose waling WS10 Top50 Steel waling WS10 Top50

8 p [kN/m] 7 6 L 5 4 3 2 1 9736-160 1.00 1.25 1.50
8
p [kN/m]
7
6
L
5
4
3
2
1
9736-160
1.00 1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
2.50
2.5
M
5.0
50.0
7.5
10.0
15.0 kN/m
40.0
30.0
20.0
Deflection [mm]

Support centres L [m]

Steel waling WU14 Top50

8 p [kN/m] 7 6 L 5 4 3 2 1 9736-162 1.50 1.75 2.00
8
p [kN/m]
7
6
L
5
4
3
2
1
9736-162
1.50 1.75
2.00
2.25
2.50
2.75
3.00
2.5
5.0
7.5
M
10.0
15.0
75.0
50.0
20.0 kN/m
30.0
40.0
Deflection [mm]

Support centres L [m]

M permitted bending moment

Steel waling WU16 Top50

M permitted bending moment

Multi-purpose waling WU12 Top50 Steel waling WU12 Top50

8 p [kN/m] 7 6 L 5 4 3 2 1 9736-161 1.00 1.25 1.50
8
p [kN/m]
7
6
L
5
4
3
2
1
9736-161
1.00 1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
2.50
2.5
M
5.0
7.5
10.0
100.0
15.0
30.0
75.0
20.0 kN/m
40.0
50.0
Deflection [mm]
8 p [kN/m] 7 6 L 5 4 3 2 1 9736-158 1.50 1.75 2.00
8
p [kN/m]
7
6
L
5
4
3
2
1
9736-158
1.50 1.75
2.00
2.25
2.50
2.75
3.00
2.5
5.0
7.5
M
10.0
15.0
100.0
20.0
75.0
50.0
30.0
40.0 kN/m
Deflection [mm]

Support centres L [m]

M permitted bending moment

Support centres L [m]

M permitted bending moment

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Structural-design values for Doka system components

Doka formwork engineering Structural-design values for Doka system components 999736002 - 03/2012 The Formwork Experts 17
Doka formwork engineering Structural-design values for Doka system components 999736002 - 03/2012 The Formwork Experts 17

999736002

- 03/2012

Doka formwork engineering Structural-design values for Doka system components 999736002 - 03/2012 The Formwork Experts 17

The Formwork Experts

17

Composite formwork beams

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Composite formwork beam I tec 20

Composite formwork beams

A C G D B F E A Web (grey)
A
C
G
D
B
F
E
A Web (grey)

B Flange (yellow top and bottom with grey I tec sheet)

C Distance-marks on beam-flanges, for Dokaflex system

D System holes

E End-reinforcement (grey)

F Notch for chalk line

G I tec sheet (grey)

Permitted values from technical approval

I tec 20

Perm. Q [kN]

20.0

Perm. M [kNm]

9.0

E · J [kNm 2 ]

640

These values allow for a γ F = 1.5, a k mod of 0.9 and a γ M

= 1.3. Based on a residual moisture content of 20 % or less. The values must be adjusted accordingly if conditions of use differ.

I tec 20 8.0 Approval Number Z-9.1-773 4.0 20.0
I tec 20
8.0
Approval
Number
Z-9.1-773
4.0
20.0

Overall height tolerance ±1.0 mm, assuming 12% timber moisture content.

tolerance ±1.0 mm, assuming 12% timber moisture content. Deflection diagram 30 98036-100 3 2.5 3.5 4

Deflection diagram

30 98036-100 3 2.5 3.5 4 p [kN/m] 2 4.5 25 L 5 M 1.5
30
98036-100
3
2.5
3.5
4
p [kN/m]
2
4.5
25
L
5
M
1.5
20
6
7
8
15
Q
9
1
10
12.5
10
15
L/500
0.5 kN/m
20
L/250
5
25
30
0
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
Support centres L [m]
M
permitted bending moment
Q
p
permitted shear force
actual load (service load)
Deflection [mm]

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Timber formwork beams

Timber formwork beams

Timber formwork beams

Timber formwork beams

A C D B F E A Web (yellow)
A
C
D
B
F
E
A Web (yellow)

B Flange (yellow)

C Beam-flange markings for the Dokaflex system

D System holes

E End reinforcement (blue plastic cap for Doka beam H20 top, rivet for Doka beam H20 eco)

F Notch for chalking line

Permissible values from EN 13377, Schedule E

 

H20

         

N and P

H16 P

H16 N

H24

H30*

H36*

perm. Q [kN]

11.0

8.5

7.5

12.5

15.0

17.0

perm. M [kNm]

5.0

2.7

2.7

6.5

13.5

17.0

E · J [kNm 2 ]

450

250

250

700

1250

1850

perm. span [m]

4.00

3.20

3.20

4.80

6.00

6.00

These values allow for a γ F = 1.5, a k mod of 0.9 and a γ M = 1.3. Based on a residual moisture content of 20 % or less. The values must be adjusted accordingly if conditions of use differ. *According to approval issued by the Institute for Con- struction Engineering, Berlin

Types of beam

for Con- struction Engineering, Berlin Types of beam H16 N H16 P H20 N H20 P

H16 N

H16 P

H20 N

H20 P

6.5 3.5 16.0
6.5
3.5
16.0
6.5 3.5 16.0
6.5
3.5
16.0
8.0 4.0 20.0
8.0
4.0
20.0
8.0 4.0 20.0
8.0
4.0
20.0

Approval Number

Z-9.1-222

Z-9.1-391

Z-9.1-21

or EN 13377

Z-9.1-391

Doka beams with no EN mark (i.e. those produced on or before 3rd Nov. 2008) are covered by the above-mentioned DIB ( German Institute of Building Technology) Approval. Doka beams with an EN mark (i.e. those produced from 4th Nov. 2008 onward) are covered by EN 13377.

Overall height tolerance ±1.0 mm, assuming 12% timber moisture content.

H24 N H30 H36 8.0 9.7 9.7 Approval Number Z-9.1-317 Z-9.1-21 Z-9.1-21 4.0 24.0 5.4
H24 N
H30
H36
8.0
9.7
9.7
Approval Number
Z-9.1-317
Z-9.1-21
Z-9.1-21
4.0
24.0
5.4
30.5
9736-252-01
5.4
36.0

Overall height tolerance ±1.0 mm, assuming 12% timber moisture content.

tolerance ±1.0 mm, assuming 12% timber moisture content. Deflection diagrams Doka formwork beams H20 N and

Deflection diagrams

Doka formwork beams H20 N and P

2.5 16 3 9732-105 2 14 p [kN/m] 3.5 12 4 L 1.5 4.5 10
2.5
16
3
9732-105
2
14
p
[kN/m]
3.5
12
4
L
1.5
4.5
10
5
L/500
8
1
7.5
6
10
4
0.5 kN/m
15
2
20
30
40
0
0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
Span L [m]
M
Permitted bending moment
Q
Permitted transverse force
p
Applied load (working load)
M
Q
Deflection [mm]

Doka formwork beams H16 N and P

16 9732-110 14 p [kN/m] 12 L 2 2.5 10 3 1.5 8 3.5 4
16
9732-110
14
p [kN/m]
12
L
2
2.5
10
3
1.5
8
3.5
4
L/500
6
4.5
1
5
4
7.5
0.5 kN/m
10
2
15
20
30
40
0
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
Span L [m]
M
permissible bending moment
Q
permissible transverse force
p
applied load (working load)
M
Deflection [mm]
Q

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transverse force p applied load (working load) M Deflection [mm] Q 999736002 - 03/2012 The Formwork

The Formwork Experts

19

Formwork sheets

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Formwork sheets

Formwork sheets

Doka formwork engineering Formwork sheets Formwork sheets Deflection diagrams If the moisture content is higher than
Doka formwork engineering Formwork sheets Formwork sheets Deflection diagrams If the moisture content is higher than

Deflection diagrams

If the moisture content is higher than shown in the dia- grams below, the modulus of elasticity diminishes sig- nificantly (i.e. deformation increases), and this is accompanied by a reduction in strength. This, in conse- quence, means a reduction in the ability to bear loads.

Doka formwork sheets 3-S plus, 3-SO, 3-S eco, Doka textured formwork sheets 3-SO Dokadur panel ProFrame panel

The grain of the face layer (A) must run at right angles to the supports (B) .

A B 9792-210-01
A
B
9792-210-01

21 mm

4.0 10 9732-101 p [kN/m²] 15 3.5 7.5 L L L L 3.0 20 2.5
4.0
10
9732-101
p
[kN/m²]
15
3.5
7.5
L
L
L
L
3.0
20
2.5
25
5
2.0
30
L/500
1.5
40
50
2.5
kN/m²
1.0
60
80
100
0.5
20 30
40
50
60
70
80
M
Q
Deflection [mm]

Span L [cm]

Bending strength EJ = 7.82 kNm 2 /m

(15% residual moisture content in the wood)

M Permitted bending moment Q Permitted shear force 27 mm 4.0 9732-102 p [kN/m²] 3.5
M
Permitted bending moment
Q
Permitted shear force
27
mm
4.0
9732-102
p
[kN/m²]
3.5
20
L
L
L
L
15
3.0
25
2.5
30
10
2.0
40
L/500
1.5
50
7.5
60
1.0
80
5
100
2.5
kN/m²
0.5
20 30
40
50
60
70
80
M
Q
Deflection [mm]

Span L [cm]

Bending strength EJ = 15.4 kNm 2 /m (15% residual moisture content in the wood)

M

Permitted bending moment

Q

Permitted shear force

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Formwork sheets

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Formwork sheets Dokaplex formwork sheets Finnish birch plywood ☞ The fibre
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Formwork sheets Dokaplex formwork sheets Finnish birch plywood ☞ The fibre
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Formwork sheets Dokaplex formwork sheets Finnish birch plywood ☞ The fibre
Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering Formwork sheets Dokaplex formwork sheets Finnish birch plywood ☞ The fibre

Dokaplex formwork sheets

Finnish birch plywood

The fibre direction of the face ply relative to the supports is of no significance.

The fibre direction of the face ply relative to the supports is of no significance.

18 mm 15 mm 2,0 3.0 25 20 15 9732-103 9736-127 p [kN/m²] p [kN/m²]
18 mm
15 mm
2,0
3.0
25
20
15
9732-103
9736-127
p [kN/m²]
p
[kN/m²]
1,8
10
30
2.5
L
LLLLL
1,6
L
L
L
L
7.5
1,4
2.0
40
1,2
50
1.5
1,0
5
L/500
0,8
1.0
60
2.5
kN/m²
0,6
0.5
0,4
0,2
20 30
40
50
60
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
l/500
M
2.5
Q
5.0
M
Deflection [mm]
7.5
15.0
100.0
80.0
10.0 kN/m²
60.0
50.0 40.0
30.0
20.0
Deflection [mm]

Span L [cm]

Bending strength EJ = 3.1 kNm 2 /m (15% residual moisture content in the wood)

M Permitted bending moment Q Permitted shear force 21 mm 3.0 30 25 20 9732-104
M
Permitted bending moment
Q
Permitted shear force
21
mm
3.0
30
25
20
9732-104
15
p
[kN/m²]
2.5
L
L
L
L
40
2.0
10
1.5
7.5
50
L/500
1.0
60
5
0.5
80
2.5
kN/m²
20 30
40
50
60
M
Q
Deflection [mm]

Span L [cm]

Bending strength EJ = 4.7 kNm 2 /m

(15% residual moisture content in the wood)

M

Permitted bending moment

Q

Permitted shear force

9mm

The Dokaplex formwork sheet 9mm is only used for facing profiled timber formers, e.g. as a simple way of forming curved surfaces.

Support centres L [cm]

Modulus of bending EJ = 2.0 kNm 2 /m (15% moisture content)

M permitted bending moment

12 mm

2,0 9736-102 p [kN/m²] 1,8 L LLLLL 1,6 1,4 1,2 L/500 1,0 0,8 0,6 0,4
2,0
9736-102
p [kN/m²]
1,8
L
LLLLL
1,6
1,4
1,2
L/500
1,0
0,8
0,6
0,4
0,2
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
2.5
M
100.0
80.0
60.0
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0 kN/m²
15.0
7.5
5.0
Deflection [mm]

Support centres L [cm]

Modulus of bending EJ = 1.1 kNm 2 /m (15% moisture content)

M permitted bending moment

999736002

- 03/2012

bending EJ = 1.1 kNm 2 /m (15% moisture content) M permitted bending moment 999736002 -

21

The Formwork Experts

Formwork sheets

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Xlife sheets 21mm

The deflection characteristics of the Xlife sheet in the longitudinal are different from those in the transverse direction. The only way to tell which is the longitudinal and which is the transverse direction is by the direction of the lettering on the formwork sheets. For the purpose of the following diagrams, then, be sure to know which way round the Xlife sheets are placed in relation to the supports (e.g. Doka beams).

Lettering falling from left to right (Xlife sheet side- ways)

B A 9732-404-01
B
A
9732-404-01

A Support

B Lettering on formwork sheet

4.0 30 25 20 15 10 7.5 9732-117 p [kN/m²] 3.5 40 L L L
4.0
30
25
20
15
10
7.5
9732-117
p
[kN/m²]
3.5
40
L
L
L
L
3.0
5
50
2.5
60
2.0
80
L/500
1.5
100
2.5 kN/m²
1.0
0.5
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
M
Deflection [mm]

Support centres L [cm]

Flexural stiffness EJ = 4.97 kNm 2 /m (15% timber moisture content)

M

Permitted bending moment

Lettering rising from left to right (Xlife sheet in the upright)

B A 9732-403-01
B
A
9732-403-01

A Support

B Lettering on formwork sheet

4.0 15 10 7.5 9732-118 5 p [kN/m²] 3.5 20 L L L L 3.0
4.0
15
10
7.5
9732-118
5
p
[kN/m²]
3.5
20
L
L
L
L
3.0
25
2.5
30
2.5 kN/m²
2.0
40
L/500
1.5
50
60
1.0
80
100
0.5
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
M
Deflection [mm]

Support centres L [cm]

Flexural stiffness EJ = 3.1 kNm 2 /m (15% timber moisture content)

M

Permitted bending moment

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Doka floor props Eurex

Doka floor props Eurex

Doka floor props Eurex

Floor props Eurex top and Eurex

Eurex Doka floor props Eurex Floor props Eurex top and Eurex Permitted capacities of Doka floor

Permitted capacities of Doka floor props

Used as free-standing construction props

*) Position of outer tube

Bottom

Top

For details of the permitted capacities of the Doka floor props when used with the Dokaflex and Doka-Xtra systems, please refer to the rel- evant User Information booklets.as free-standing construction props *) Position of outer tube Bottom Top 999736002 - 03/2012 The Formwork

999736002

- 03/2012

Doka-Xtra systems, please refer to the rel- evant User Information booklets. 999736002 - 03/2012 The Formwork

The Formwork Experts

23

Doka floor props Eurex

Calculation Guide Doka formwork engineering

Table 1: Permitted prop loads [kN]

   

Eurex 20 and Eurex 20 top

 

150

250

300

350

400

550

700

 

Top or bottom

Bottom

Top

Bottom

Top

Bottom

Top

Bottom

Top

Bottom