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EXPERIMENT NO: DATE:

NO LOAD AND BLOCKED ROTOR TESTS ON 3-PHASE SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTOR

Aim :
1.To conduct the no load test and blocked rotor test on the given 3 phase cage induction motor and to obtain the values of equivalent circuit parameters. 2.Also ,using the equivalent circuit to calculate the following at any given slip a)Current drawn from the supply b)Input power factor c)Torque developed d)Approximate output e)Efficiency 3.To calculate the slip corresponding to maximum torque and the maximum torque. 4.To calculate the slip for maximum power and the maximum power.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

Serial no. 1 2 3

Item Voltmeter Ammeter Wattmeter

Range & Type 0-600V(MI) 0-300V(MI) 0-50V(MC) 0-5A(MI) 0-5 A(MC) 600 V 5A (UPF) double element , 150V 5A (LPF) Single element 150 Ohms, 3.4 A 3-phase, 415 V, 50 Hz,10A

Quantity 1 1 1 1 1

Rheostat

Auto transformer

PROCEDURE:
1.NO-LOAD TEST
(1) Make the connections as shown in figure 1(a) (2 ) With no load on the motor and with autotransformer set for zero output voltage ,switch on the supply. (3) Slowly increase the voltage to normal rated value. (4) While increasing the voltage see that the current drawn by the motor never exceeds the full load value. (5) Note down the no-load voltage ,current and input power.

(6) Reduce the voltage to zero and switch off the supply.Note that the no-load current drawn by the motor is 20-30% of the full load value and the no-load power factor will be usually be less than 0.2 .Hence a LPF wattmeter is used for power measurement.

2.BLOCK ROTOR TEST:


(1) Connections are made as shown in fig.2(b)(Usually about 30% rated voltage is sufficient for circulating full-load current through the stator winding. The power factor under blocked rotor condition is well above 0.5 and hence a UPF wattmeter is to be used. (2) Prevent the rotor from rotation by mechanical loading. (3) With autotransformer set for zero output voltage,switch on the supply. (4) Increase the voltage to a value sufficient to circulate the full-load current through stator windings. (5) Note down the input power,current and voltage applied. (6) Reduce the voltage and switch off the supply and release the load on the motor.

3.STATOR RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT


(1 ) Make the connections as shown in figure1(c) (2) The d.c.resistance per phase of the stator winding is determined by the usual voltmeterammeter method.

SAMPLE CALCULATIONS:

No load input ,W0 No load power factor cos o = Sin 0 Magnetising current / phase Im = Core loss current/phase Iw = Magnetic Circuit reactance ,Xm = Magnetic circuit resistance, rm (core loss representation) No load current /ph, Io = Input power under blocked rotor condition Wsc Total resistance /ph , r1 +r2e Stator resistance /ph , r1 Rotor resistance / ph ohm Impedance Z r2e = =
Vo/Iw

= = Wo/VoIo

Watts

= =Io sin 0 /
3

=Io cos 0/ 3

Vo/ Im

=(Iw-jIm)

Wsc/3(Isc/3)2

= = = Vsc/ (Isc/3) =

Total reactance (x1+x2) Assuming x1=x2 =

=Z2 (r1+r2e)2

Performance for any Slip s Impedance offered to Z2e X2e Z2e Current I2e = = =
Vo/

= (r1+

)+ j(x1+ x2)

Z2e

2.a)Stator current / ph I1 I1 value) b)Input power factor= cos Total torque developed

= =

I0 +I2e A/ph = = = (line

Nm Synchronous speed Ns Torque developed = = d) Approximate output = P2 S) =T(in synch watts) *(1= Input to motor ,P1 =3 VL IL cos = = RPM ) Synch.watts

e)Efficiency 3 a) Slip corresponding to Tm Sm Corresponding I2em =

=(

) * 100

=r2e/ ((r12+(x1+x2e)2)

= =

b)Maximum torque developed

Nm
4 a)Slip corresponding to maximum output where Corresponding I2ep
=

Sp=

-2 + (1+2)

r2e / x2e =

Maximum power developed

Watts

RESULT:

1. The equivalent circuit was drawn inserting the values of all parameters . 2. At any value of slip,say s= 4%

a) current drawn from the supply


b) Input powerfactor

c) Torque developed d) Approximate output e) Efficiency 3.a)Slip corresponding to maximum torque b)Maximum torque Tm 4. a) Slip corresponding to maximum power Sp = b)Maximum power Pm

INFERENCE: