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EDELSTAHL WITTEN-KREFELD GMBH

S t a i n l e s s, a c i d a n d h e a t - r e s i s t a n t

Remanit

Stainless, acid and heat-resistant special steel grades la carte

Remanit 4000
Material number 1.4000* DIN ASTM BS X 6 Cr 13 403 403 S 17 NF SIS EN Z 8 C 12 2301 X6Cr13 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.08

Cr 12.0 14.0

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature
Size range mm Heat treatment status 0.2% proof stress (Rp 0.2) min. N/mm2 Tensile strength (Rm) N/mm2 Elongation Notched bar after fracture impact work A5 min. min. in % in J Hardness HB max.

* Data to EN 10088

d 25

230

400 to 630

20

200

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

At elevated temperatures in condition A Temperature in C 0.2% proof stress (Rp 0.2) min. in N/mm2 Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure Hot forming C 1100 to 800 Cooling Air 100 220 150 215 200 210 250 205 300 200 350 195 400 190

Heat treatment, structure Annealing A


C 750 to 800 Cooling Air Micro- Hardening Cooling structure C Ferrite 950 to 1000 Oil, air Sufficiently quick

Tempering
C 650 to 750 Cooling Air Structure Ferrite with transformation structure

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.7

20C 200C 400C

220

210
-6

195
-1

W/mK 25

J/kgK 460

mm 2/m 0.6

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 10.5 Processing 200 C 11.0 300 C 11.5 400 C 12.0

Depending on the intended use and as-delivered condition (annealed / quenched and tempered), it must be checked whether repeated heat treatment is necessary. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining is the same as that for plain carbon steel grades of corresponding strength. REMANIT 4000 can be polished.

Welding

Good weldability using the TIG and manual arc welding processes, limited weldability using the MAG, MIG, submergedarc and resistance welding processes. Preheat at 100 to 300 C. In the upper temperature range for ferritic fillers. Filler metals: Similar Thermanit 14 K More highly alloyed CM* Nicro 82* * For welds which are not subjected to full mechanical stress and not in atmospheres containing sulphur at operating temperatures over 450 C. Recommended heat treatment after welding with a similar type of filler: 650-750 C

Notes on use

REMANIT 4000 is used as apparatus construction steel, particularly in cracking installations in the oil industry, owing to its good resistance to hydrogen and hydrogen sulphide. REMANIT 4000 is also suitable for welded parts in water turbine and hydroelectric station construction. A smoothed (industrially polished) and residue-free surface is necessary in order to achieve optimum corrosion resistance of this chromium steel grade. The material displays higher resistance in quenched and tempered condition than in annealed condition.

Remanit 4006
Material number 1.4006* DIN ASTM BS X 10 Cr 13 410 410 S 21 NF SIS EN Z 10 C 13 2302 X12Cr13 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.08 0.15

Cr 11.5 13.5

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature
Size range mm Heat treatment status Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Tensile after fracture impact work stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. A5 min. min. (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 in % in J Hardness HB max.

* Data to EN 10088

d 160

A QT 650

450

max. 730 650 to 850

220 15

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

At elevated temperatures in quenched and tempered condition QT 650 Temperature in C 0.2% proof stress (Rp 0.2) min. in N/mm2 Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure Hot forming C 1100 to 800 Cooling Air 100 420 150 410 200 400 250 385 300 365 350 335 400 305

Heat treatment, structure Annealing A


C 745 to 825 Cooling Air Structure Ferrite

Quenching QT 650
C 950 to 1000 Cooling Oil, air Sufficiently quick

Tempering QT 650
C 650 to 780 Cooling Air Structure Ferrite with transformation structure

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.7

20C 200C 400C

215

205
-6

190
-1

W/mK 30

J/kgK 460

mm 2/m 0.6

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 10.5 Processing 200 C 11.0 300 C 11.5 400 C 12.0 500 C

REMANIT 4006 is primarily supplied in quenched and tempered condition QT 650. It can also be set to other tensile strengths. It must be borne in mind in this context that the temperature range between 425 and 525 C must be avoided owing to embrittlement at 475 C. The steel should preferably be formed in heated condition (100 to 300 C). Depending on the degree of forming, hot forming at 700 to 800 C may be necessary. Stress-relief annealing approx. 50 C below the tempering temperature, but above 525 C, is recommended in this context. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining is the same as that for plain carbon steel grades of corresponding strength. REMANIT 4006 can be polished. Good weldability using the manual arc, TIG, MIG and MAG welding processes, limited weldability using the resistance welding process. Preheat at 200 to 300 C. In the upper temperature range for similar types of filler. Filler metals: Similar Thermanit 14 K More highly alloyed Nicro 82* * For welds which are not subjectd to full mechanical stress and not in atmospheres containing sulphur at operating temperatures over 450 C. Recommended heat treatment after welding with a similar type of of filler: 650-750 C.

Welding

Notes on use

A smoothed (industrially polished) and residue-free surface is necessary in order to achieve optimum corrosion resistance of this chromium steel grade. The material displays higher resistance in quenched and tempered condition than in annealed condition. REMANIT 4006 is used for piston rods, shafts, spindles, screws and structural parts in hydroelectric station construction. REMANIT 4006 is also used in cracking installations owing to its good resistance to hydrogen and hydrogen sulphide.

Remanit 4021
Material number 1.4021* DIN ASTM BS X 20 Cr 13 420 420 S 37 NF SIS EN Z 20 C 13 2303 X20Cr13 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.16 0.25

Cr 12.0 14.0

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature
Size range mm Heat treatment status Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Tensile after fracture impact work stress strength A5 min. in % (Rp 0.2) min. min. in J (Rm) N/mm2 Long. Trans. N/mm2 Long. Trans. Hardness HB max.

* Data to EN 10088

d 160 d 160
Treatment level

A QT 700 QT 800

500 600

max. 760 650 to 850 800 to 950 100 460 515

230 13 12 150 445 495 25 20 200 430 475 250 415 460

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

At elevated temperatures in quenched and tempered condition Temperature in C 0.2% proof stress (Rp 0.2) min. in N/mm2 300 395 440 350 365 405 400 330 355

QT 700 QT 800 Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure Hot forming

Heat treatment, structure Cooling Slow cooling Annealing A


C 745 to 825 Cooling Air Structure

C 1100 to 800

Quenching QT
C Cooling Oil, air Sufficiently quick Ferrite with 980 integrated to carbides 1030

Tempering QT
C QT 700 650 to 700 QT 800 600 to 700
Cooling

Structure Transformation structure (+ ferrite)

Air

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.7

20C 200C 400C

215

205
-6

190
-1

W/mK 30

J/kgK 460

mm 2/m 0.6

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 10.5 Processing 200 C 11.0 300 C 11.5 400 C 12.0 500 C

REMANIT 4021 is primarily supplied in quenched and tempered condition QT 700 and QT 800. It can also be set to other tensile strengths. It must be borne in mind in this context that the temperature range between 425 and 525 C must be avoided owing to embrittlement at 475 C. Any forming should only be carried out in heated condition between 200 and 400 C. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining is the same as that for special structural steel grades of corresponding strength. The material version REMANIT 4021 IM displays better cutting properties owing to the specific addition of sulphur. REMANIT 4021 can be polished.

Welding

Limited weldability using the manual arc, TIG and resistance welding processes. Preheat at 300 to 400 C. Filler metals: Similar Thermanit 14 K More highly alloyed Nicro 82* Recommended heat treatment with similar types of filler metal: cool below martensite start temperature (to approx. 120 C) after welding, then temper or reharden; with more highly alloyed filler metals, only temper after cooling to below martensite start temperature. * For welds which are not subjected to full mechanical stress.

Notes on use

REMANIT 4021 is used for parts with relatively high strengths which come into contact with water or steam, such as turbine blades, shafts, spindles, valve cones and seats in steam and water fittings, as well as for surgical instruments, such as forceps and pincers.

Remanit 4028
Material number 1.4028* DIN ASTM BS X 30 Cr 13 420 F 420 S 45 NF SIS EN Z 33 C 13 2304 X30Cr13 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.26 0.35

Cr 12.0 14.0

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature
Size range mm Heat treatment status Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Tensile after fracture impact work stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. A5 min. in % min. in J (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 Long. Trans. Long. Trans. Hardness HB max.

* Data to EN 10088

d 160

A QT 850

650

max. 800 850 to 1000

245 10

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1100 to 800 Cooling Slow cooling

Heat treatment, structure Annealing A


C 745 to 825 Cooling Air Structure

Quenching QT
C Cooling Oil, air Sufficiently quick Ferrite with 950 integrated to carbides 1050

Tempering QT
C 625 to 675 Cooling Air Structure Transformation structure (+ ferrite)

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.7

20C 200C 400C

215

205
-6

190
-1

W/mK 30

J/kgK 460

mm 2/m 0.65

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 10.5 Processing 200 C 11.0 300 C 11.5 400 C 12.0 500 C

Ensure that the carbides are completely dissolved by means of a sufficiently long holding time when hardening REMANIT 4028. Metal-cutting machining is the same as that for special structural steel grades of corresponding strength. The material version REMANIT 4028 IM displays better cutting properties owing to the specific addition of sulphur. REMANIT 4028 can be polished.

Welding

REMANIT 4028 is not usually welded.

Notes on use

REMANIT 4028 displays the best corrosion resistance in hardened and slightly tempered (around 150 C) condition. A smoothed (industrially polished) and residue-free surface is necessary in order to achieve optimum corrosion resistance of this chromium steel grade. REMANIT 4028 is used for valve spindles, pump rods, valves and shafts in the construction of steam and water fittings.

Remanit 4034
Material number 1.4034* DIN ASTM BS X 46 Cr 13 420 420 S 45 NF SIS EN Z 44 C 14 X46Cr13 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.43 0.50

Cr 12.5 14.5

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature
Size range mm Heat treatment status Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Tensile after fracture impact work stress strength A5 min. in % min. in J (Rp 0.2) min. (Rm) N/mm2 Long. Trans. Long. Trans. N/mm2 Hardness HB max.

* Data to EN 10088

max. 800

250

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1100 to 800 Cooling Slow cooling

Heat treatment, structure Annealing A


C 750 to 850 Cooling Furnace, air Structure Ferrite with integrated carbides

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.7

20C 200C 400C

215

205
-6

190
-1

W/mK 30

J/kgK 460

mm 2/m 0.65

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 10.5 Processing 200 C 11.0 300 C 11.5 400 C 12.0 500 C

The hot forming temperature given should not be exceeded, as harmful grain coarsening and simultaneous formation of a carbide network along the grain boundaries could otherwise occur. This results in poor development of hardness and a decline in toughness and elasticity in hardened condition. Metal-cutting machining is the same as that for special structural steels of corresponding strength. REMANIT 4034 can be polished to give a mirror finish.

Welding

REMANIT 4034 is not usually welded.

Notes on use

REMANIT 4034 displays the best corrosion resistance in hardened condition with a surface polished to give a mirror finish. REMANIT 4034 is used for cutting implements of all kinds in industry and the home, as well as for surgical instruments and measuring gauges.

Remanit 4057
Material number 1.4057* DIN ASTM BS X 20 CrNi 17 2 431 431 S 29 NF SIS EN Z 15 CN 16-02 2321 X17CrNi16-2 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.12 0.22

Cr 15.0 17.0

Ni 1.5 2.5

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature
Size range mm Heat treatment status Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Tensile after fracture impact work stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. A5 min. in % min. in J (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 Long. Trans. Long. Trans. Hardness HB max.

* Data to EN 10088

d 60 60 < d 160 d 60 60 < d 160


Treatment level

A QT 800 QT 900

600 700

14 12 12 900 to 1050 10 100 515 565 150 495 525

max. 950 800 to 950

295 25 20 20 15 200 475 505 250 460 490

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

At elevated temperatures in quenched and tempered condition Temperature in C 0.2% proof stress (Rp 0.2) min. in N/mm2 300 440 470 350 405 430 400 355 375

QT 800 QT 900 Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure Hot forming C

Heat treatment, structure Cooling Slow cooling Annealing A*


C 745 to 825 Cooling Furnace, air Structure

Quenching QT
C Cooling Oil, air Sufficiently quick Ferrite with 950 integrated to carbides 1050

Tempering QT
C QT 800 750 to 800 650 to 700** QT 900 600 to 700 Cooling Air Structure Transformation structure (+ ferrite)

1100 to 800

* Double annealing may be necessary ** If the Ni content is in the lower range, simple tempering between 620 and 720 C may be Physical properties*
Density at 20 C Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.7

20C 200C 400C

215

205
-6

190
-1

W/mK 25

J/kgK 460

mm 2/m 0.7

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 10.0 Processing 200 C 10.5 300 C 10.5 400 C 10.5 500 C

REMANIT 4057 is primarily supplied in quenched and tempered condition. It can also be set to other tensile strengths. It must be borne in mind in this context that the temperature range between 420 and 520 C must be avoided owing to embrittlement at 475 C. Metal-cutting machining is the same as that for special structural steel grades of corresponding strength. Optimum corrosion resistance is only ensured with a bright metallic surface. REMANIT 4057 can be polished.

Welding

Only limited weldability using the manual arc and TIG welding processes, as hardening next to the weld must be expected. Filler metals: Identical Thermanit 17 Owing to the hardening of the heat-affected zone, tempering or preferably renewed quenching and tempering of the workpiece after welding is necessary.

Notes on use

Owing to its good resistance, together with high strength values and good running properties, REMANIT 4057 is suitable for machine parts under relatively great mechanical stress, such as valves, pump and valve shafts and compressor wheels.

Remanit 4104
Material number 1.4104* DIN ASTM BS X 12 CrMoS 17 430 F NF SIS EN Z 13 CF 17 2383 X14CrMoS17 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.10 0.17

Cr 15.5 17.5

Mo 0.2 0.6

S 0.15 0.35

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature
Size range mm Heat treatment status Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Tensile after fracture impact work stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. A5 min. in % min. in J (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 Long. Trans. Long. Trans. Hardness HB max.

* Data to EN 10088

d 60 60 < d 160

A QT 650

500

max. 730 650 to 850

220 12 10

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1100 to 800 Cooling Air

Heat treatment, structure Annealing A


C 750 to 850 Cooling Structure

Quenching QT
C Cooling Oil, air Sufficiently quick

Tempering QT
C 550 to 650 Cooling Air Structure Transformation structure (+ ferrite)

Furnace, Ferrite with 950 integrated to air carbides 1070

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.7

20C 200C 400C

215

205
-6

190
-1

W/mK 25

J/kgK 460

mm 2/m 0.7

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 10.0 Processing 200 C 10.5 300 C 10.5 400 C 10.5 500 C

Hot forming of this steel grade is difficult, as a mixed austenite-ferrite structure occurs at the forming temperatures. The sulphides also impair hot forming. Cold forming is only possible to a limited extent owing to the sulphide precipitations. The cutting properties are markedly better than those of the low-sulphur 13% and 17% chromium steel grades owing to the high sulphur content.

Welding

REMANIT 4104 is not usually welded.

Notes on use

REMANIT 4104 is preferably used for the metal-cutting manufacture of relatively small parts, such as screws, nuts, shafts, journals and other machine parts which are not subject to any particular corrosion stress, e.g. in water meters, gas meters and switchgear.

Remanit 4112
Material number 1.4112* DIN ASTM BS X 90 CrMoV 18 440 B NF SIS EN 2319 X90CrMoV18 * To SEW 400 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.85 0.95

Cr 17.0 19.0

Mo 0.9 1.3

V 0.07 0.12

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature
Size range mm Heat treatment status Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Tensile after fracture impact work stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. A5 min. min. (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 in % in J Hardness HB max.

* Data to EN 10088

d 100

265

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1100 to 800 Cooling Slow cooling

Heat treatment, structure Annealing A


C 780 to 840 Cooling Furnace, air Structure Ferrite with integrated carbides

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.7

20C 200C 400C

215

205
-6

190
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 430

mm 2/m 0.8

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 10.4 Processing 200 C 10.8 300 C 11.2 400 C 11.6 500 C

REMANIT 4112 is supplied in annealed condition and hardened after finish-machining. Excessive local heating must be avoided when finish-machining hardened and stress-relieved parts with thin cross-sections owing to the risk of stress cracking. Air hardening is preferable to oil hardening when hardening complicated workpieces. Hardnesses of around 60 HRC can be achieved. REMANIT 4112 can be polished.

Welding

REMANIT 4112 is not usually welded.

Notes on use

REMANIT 4112 possesses a particularly long cutting edge life and high cutting capacity. In addition to use for cutting implements, REMANIT 4112 is also used for spray nozzles, hardened valve parts and ball bearings.

Remanit 4116
Material number 1.4116* DIN ASTM BS X 45 CrMoV 15 NF SIS EN Z 50 CD 15 X50CrMoV15 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.45 0.55

Cr 14.0 15.0

Mo 0.50 0.80

V 0.10 0.20

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature
Size range mm Heat treatment status Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Tensile after fracture impact work stress strength A5 min. in % in J (Rp 0.2) min. (Rm) N/mm2 Long. Trans. Long. Trans. N/mm2 Hardness HB max.

* Data to EN 10088

d 100

max. 900

280

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1100 to 800 Cooling Slow cooling

Heat treatment, structure Annealing A


C 750 to 850 Cooling Furnace, air Structure Ferrite with integrated carbides

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.7

20C 200C 400C

215

205
-6

190
-1

W/mK 30

J/kgK 460

mm 2/m 0.65

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 10.5 Processing 200 C 11.0 300 C 11.0 400 C 11.5 500 C

The hot forming temperature given for REMANIT 4016 should not be exceeded, as grain coarsening and simultaneous formation of a carbide network along the grain boundaries could otherwise occur, resulting in poor development of hardness and a decline in toughness and elasticity in hardened condition. Hardnesses of around 55 HRC can be achieved. REMANIT 4116 can be polished to give a mirror finish.

Welding

REMANIT 4116 is not usually welded.

Notes on use

REMANIT 4116 is used for industrial cutting implements owing to its particularly long cutting edge life.

Remanit 4120
Material number 1.4120* DIN ASTM BS X 20 CrMo 13 NF SIS EN Z 20 CD 14 * To SEW 400

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.17 0.22

Cr 12.0 14.0

Mo 0.9 1.3

Ni 1.0

* To SEW 400

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature
Size range mm Heat treatment status Annealed Quenched/ tempered Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Tensile after fracture impact work stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. A5 min. in % min. in J (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 Long. Trans.Long. Trans. Hardness HB max.

* To SEW 400

d 160

550

max. 770 750 to 900

14

28

240 220 280

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

At elevated temperatures in quenched and tempered condition Temperature in C 0.2% proof stress (Rp 0.2) min. in N/mm2 Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure Hot forming C 1150 to 750 Cooling Slow cooling 100 520 150 510 200 500 250 490 300 480 350 450 400 410

Heat treatment, structure Annealing A


C 750 to 850 Cooling Furnace Structure

Q u e n c h i n g QT
C Cooling Oil, air Sufficiently quick Ferrite with 950 to integrated carbides 1000

Tempering QT
C 650 to 750 Cooling Air Structure Transformation structure with ferrite components

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* To SEW 400

kg/dm3 7.7

20C 200C 400C

220

209
-6

192
-1

W/mK 25

J/kgK 430

mm 2/m 0.6

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 10.4 Processing 200 C 10.8 300 C 11.2 400 C 11.6 500 C 11.9

REMANIT 4120 is primarily supplied in quenched and tempered condition. It can also be set to other tensile strengths. It must be borne in mind in this context that the temperature range between 420 and 520 C must be avoided owing to embrittlement at 475 C. Metal-cutting machining is the same as that for special structural steel grades of corresponding strength. Optimum corrosion resistance is only ensured with a bright metallic surface. REMANIT 4120 can be polished.

Welding

Only limited weldability using the manual arc, resistance and TIG welding processes, as hardening occurs in the heat-affected zone. Filler metal: Similar Thermanit 1520 Owing to the hardening of the heat-affected zone, tempering or preferably renewed quenching and tempering of the workpiece after welding is necessary.

Notes on use

REMANIT 4120 is resistant to water with a low chlorine content in fine-machined, preferably polished, condition. Owing to its greater high-temperature strength and corrosion resistance - due to the addition of molybdenum - REMANIT 4120 is used for shafts and blades in water and steam turbine systems. One special field of application is for bedknives in the cellulose industry.

Remanit 4122
Material number 1.4122* DIN ASTM BS X 35 CrMo 17 NF SIS EN X39CrMo17 * To SEW 400 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.33 0.45

Cr 15.5 17.5

Ni 1.00

Mo 0.8 1.3

S 0.03

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature
Size range mm Heat treatment status Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Tensile after fracture impact work stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. A5 min. in % min. in J (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 Long. Trans. Long. Trans. Hardness HB max.

* Data to EN 10088

d 60 60 < d 160

A QT 750 550

max. 900 750 to 950

12 12

20 14

280

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given..

At elevated temperatures in quenched and tempered condition


Treatment level

Temperature in C 0.2% proof stress (Rp 0.2) min. in N/mm2

100 540

150 535

200 530

250 520

300 510

350 490

400 470

QT 750 Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure Hot forming C

Heat treatment, structure Cooling Slow cooling Annealing A


C 750 to 850 Cooling Structure

Q u e n c h i n g QT
C Cooling Oil

Tempering QT
C 650 to 750 Cooling Air Structure Transformation structure with ferrite components

1100 to 800

Furnace, Ferrite with 980 to air integrated carbides 1060

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.7

20C 200C 400C

215

205
-6

190
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 430

mm 2/m 0.8

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 10.4 Processing 200 C 10.8 300 C 11.2 400 C 11.6 500 C

REMANIT 4122 is primarily used with a quenched and tempered strength of 750 to 950 N/mm2. In order to achieve higher strengths up to 1700 N/mm2, tempering temperatures up to max. 500 C must be selected. REMANIT 4122 can be partially hardened; stress-relieving at 150 to 200 C is necessary after hardening. Metal-cutting machining is the same as that for special structural steel grades of corresponding strength. REMANIT 4122 can be polished.

Welding

Only limited weldability using the manual arc and TIG welding processes, as hardening occurs in the heat-affected zone. Preheat: 300 to 400 C. Filler metals: Identical Thermanit 1740 Similar 1720 Owing to the hardening of the heat-affected zone, tempering or preferably renewed quenching and tempering of the workpiece after welding is necessary.

Notes on use

Owing to the addition of molybdenum, REMANIT 4122 possesses broader chemical resistance compared to 17% chromium steel grades, although this only comes completely into effect with smoothed or industrially polished surfaces. Owing to its good wear and erosion resistance, REMANIT 4122 is used in pump shafts, fitting and compressor parts, as well as steam and water control valves and boat shafts for use in fresh water. Use in salt water is only possible with cathodic protection.

Remanit 4301
Material number 1.4301* DIN ASTM BS X 5 CrNi 18 10 304 304 S 31 NF SIS EN Z 7 CN 18-09 2332/33 X5CrNi18-10 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.07

Cr 17.0 19.5

Ni 8.0 10.5

N 0.11

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion
Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 condition Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

500 45 100 to Yes 160 < d 250 700 35 60 * Sensitisation treatment lasting 15 min. at 700 C with subsequent cooling in air 190 225 At elevated temperatures Temperature in C
0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. 1% proof stress (Rp1.0) min. in N/mm2

d 160

No*

100 155 190

150 140 170

200 127 155

250 118 145

300 110 135

350 104 129

400 96 125

450 95 122

500 92 120

550 90 120

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1200 to 900 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, structure C 1000 to 1100 Cooling Water, air Structure Austenite with very small ferrite component

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.9

20C 200C 400C

200

186
-6

172
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.73

Processing

The material may be slightly magnetisable in quenched condition. The higher the degree of cold forming, the higher the magnetisability. The possibilities for cold forming REMANIT 4301 are very good. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. In general, the regulations set out in AD Data Sheet HP7/3 should be complied with during cold and hot forming, as well as any heat aftertreatment. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. The material versions REMANIT 4301 IM and REMANIT 4301 SUPER IM display better cutting properties owing to the specific addition of sulphur or sulphur and calcium. REMANIT 4301 can be polished. 100 C 16.0 200 C 16.5 300 C 17.0 400 C 17.5 500 C 18.0 Good weldability using all processes (except gas welding). Filler metals: Identical or similar Thermanit J JE More highly alloyed 21/ 10E H G* A* Max. working temperature (interpass temperature): 200 C. Heat treatment after welding is not necessary. Authorisations: The material and filler metal are authorised for pressure vessel construction. * Only if permissible considering the corrosion stress

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and

Welding

Notes on use

Owing to its good corrosion resistance, cold formability and weldability, REMANIT 4301 is widely used in apparatus and tank construction, for fittings in equipment for the processing of food and tobacco goods, and in medical systems. REMANIT 4301 is resistant to intercrystalline corrosion during continuous operation at up to 300 C .

Remanit 4303
Material number 1.4303* DIN ASTM BS X 5 CrNi 18 12 305 305 S 19 NF SIS EN Z 5 CN 18-11 FF X4CrNi18-12 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.06

Cr 17.0 19.0

Ni 11.0 13.0

N 0.11

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion
Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition condition

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

500 45 100 to Yes 160 < d 250 700 35 60 * Sensitisation treatment lasting 15 min. at 700 C with subsequent cooling in air 190 225 At elevated temperatures Temperature in C
0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. 1% proof stress (Rp1.0) min. in N/mm2

d 160

No*

100 155 190

150 140 170

200 127 155

250 118 145

300 110 135

350 104 129

400 98 125

450 95 122

500 92 120

550 90 120

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1200 to 900 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, structure C 1000 to 1100 Cooling Water, air Structure Austenite

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.9

20C 200C 400C

200

186
-6

172
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.73

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 16.0 Processing 200 C 16.5 300 C 17.0 400 C 17.5 500 C 18.0

The nickel content of this steel grade - which is approx. 2% higher than that of REMANIT 4301 results in higher austenite stability. The resultant considerable reduction in the tendency towards strain hardening permits better cold formability by means of cold heading or cold pressing, for example. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools. REMANIT 4303 can be polished.

Welding

Good weldability using all processes (except gas welding). Filler metals: Similar Thermanit JE More highly alloyed 21/ 10E HE GE* A*

* Only if permissible considering the corrosion stress

Max. working temperature (interpass temperature): 150 C. Heat treatment after welding is not necessary.

Notes on use

The main application of REMANIT 4303 is the manufacture of screws, nuts and cold-extruded parts, as this steel grade is particularly suitable for stronger cold forming.

Remanit 4305
Material number 1.4305* DIN ASTM BS X 10 CrNiS 18 9 303 303 S 22 NF SIS EN Z 8 CNF 18-09 2346 X8CrNiS18-9 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.10

Cr 17.0 19.0

Ni 8.0 10.0

S 0.15 0.35

Cu 1.00

N 0.11

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion
Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 condition Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition

* Data to EN 10088

d 160

190

225

500 to 700

35

No

No

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1200 to 900 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, structure C 1000 to 1100 Cooling Water, air Structure Austenite with small ferrite component

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.9

20C 200C 400C

200

186
-6

172
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.73

Processing

The material may be slightly magnetisable in quenched condition. The higher the degree of cold forming, the higher the magnetisability. REMANIT 4305 is processed almost exclusively by means of metal-cutting. As with other austenitic steel grades, tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel or carbide cutting tools are necessary. Attention must be paid to good cooling. Owing to the addition of sulphur, short-brittle chips are obtained from REMANIT 4305 during metal-cutting, meaning that automatic machines can be used. REMANIT 4305 can be polished to a limited extent. 100 C 16.0 200 C 16.5 300 C 17.0 400 C 1.,5 500 C 18.0

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and

Welding

REMANIT 4305 cannot be welded owing to its susceptibility to welding cracks caused by the high sulphur content.

Notes on use

The cutting properties of REMANIT 4305 are considerably improved by the addition of sulphur; this makes this material particularly suitable for the manufacture of turned parts on automatic machines. However, the addition of sulphur reduces the corrosion resistance. The corrosion resistance can be markedly improved whilst retaining the cutting properties by adding titanium. Please consult us in this regard.

Remanit 4306
Material number 1.4306* DIN ASTM BS X 2 CrNi 19 11 304 L 304 S 11 NF SIS EN Z 3 CN 18-10 2352 X2CrNi19-11 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.03

Cr 18.0 20.0

Ni 10.0 12.0

N 11.0

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion
Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 condition Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

d 160 60 < d 250

180

215

460 to 680

45 35

100 Yes 60 Yes

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C


0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. 1% proof stress (Rp1.0) min. in N/mm2

100 145 180

150 130 160

200 118 145

250 108 135

300 100 127

350 94 121

400 89 116

450 85 112

500 81 109

550 80 108

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1200 to 900 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, structure C 1000 to 1100 Cooling Water, air Structure Austenite with very small ferrite component

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.9

20C 200C 400C

200

186
-6

172
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.73

Processing

The material may be slightly magnetisable in quenched condition. The higher the degree of cold forming, the higher the magnetisability. The possibilities for cold forming REMANIT 4306 are very good. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. In general, the regulations set out in AD Data Sheet HP7/3 should be complied with during cold and hot forming, as well as any heat aftertreatment. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. The material versions REMANIT 4306 IM and REMANIT 4306 SUPER IM display better cutting properties owing to the specific addition of sulphur or sulphur and calcium. REMANIT 4306 can be polished. 100 C 16.0 200 C 16.5 300 C 17.0 400 C 17.5 500 C 18.0 Good weldability using all processes (except gas welding). Filler metals: Identical or similar Thermanit JE More highly alloyed 21/10E H* HE* Max. working temperature (interpass temperature): 200 C. Heat treatment after welding is not necessary. Authorisations: The material and filler metal are authorised for pressure vessel construction. * Only if permissible considering the corrosion stress

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and

Welding

Notes on use

Owing to its low C content, the resistance of REMANIT 4306 to intercrystalline corrosion is ensured for all sizes, even in welded condition. REMANIT 4306 is resistant up to 350 C during continuous operation. Its resistance to relatively high concentrations of nitric acid at temperatures up to boiling point deserves special mention. Special analytical measures may be necessary in this context.

Remanit 4313
Material number 1.4313* DIN ASTM BS X 4 CrNi 13 4 S 41500 425 C 11 NF SIS EN Z 6 CN 13-04 2384 X3CrNiMo13-4 * To SEW 400 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.05

Cr 12.0 14.0

Ni 3.5 4.5

Mo 0.3 0.7

N 0.020

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Mechanical properties*

At room temperature
Size range mm d 160 160 < d 250 d 160 160 < d 250 d 160 160 < d 250 Heat treatment status A QT 650 QT 780 QT 900 Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Tensile after fracture impact work stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. A5 min. in % min. in J (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 Long. Trans. Long. Trans. max. 1100 15 70 650 to 830 520 12 50 15 70 780 to 980 620 12 50 15 70 900 to 1100 800 12 50 Heat treatment status QT 650 QT 780 QT 900 100 500 590 720 150 490 575 690 Hardness HB max. 320

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

At elevated temperatures in quenched and tempered condition


Temperature in C 0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. in N/mm2 200 480 560 665 250 470 545 640 300 460 530 620 350 450 515

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Heat forming C 1150 to 900 Cooling Air

Heat treatment, structure Annealing A


C 1000 to 1100 Cooling Water, air

Quenching QT
C 950 to 1050 Cooling Oil, air sufficiently quick

Tempering QT
C
650 to700+ QT 650 600 to 620 QT 780 550 to 600 QT 900 520 to 580

Cooling Oil, air

Structure Martensite with small ferrite component

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.7

20C 200C

200

185
-6

170
-1

W/mK 25

J/kgK 430

mm 2/m 0.6

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 10.5 Processing 200 C 10.9 300 C 11.3 400 C 11.6

REMANIT 4313 is usually supplied in three tempering levels. Hot and cold forming in quenched and tempered condition is not envisaged. If forming is necessary, we recommend that you consult our quality office. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining is the same as that for alloyed special structural steel grades of corresponding strength. REMANIT 4313 can be polished.

Welding

Good weldability using the manual arc, TIG and submerged-arc welding processes. Filler metals: Identical Thermanit 13/04 More highly alloyed 17/06

Preheating: To 100 to 150 C for identical weld fillers over 10 mm wall thickness. Always to approx. 150 C if using 17/06. Renewed tempering corresponding to the condition of the parent material is recommended after welding.

Notes on use

Owing to its good strength and toughness properties, together with its good corrosion resistance and reliable weldability, REMANIT 4313 is used for parts in fittings and pump construction subjected to high mechanical stress, for compressors and turbines in hydroelectric stations, as well as in crude oil and refrigerating systems.

Remanit 4401
Material number 1.4401* DIN ASTM BS X 5 CrNiMo 17 12 2 316 316 S 31 NF SIS EN Z 7 CND 17-11-02 2347 X5CrNiMo17-12-2 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.07

Cr 16.5 18.5

Ni 10.0 13.0

Mo 2 2.5

N 0.11

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion
Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 condition Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

500 40 100 to Yes 160 < d 250 700 30 60 * Sensitisation treatment lasting 15 min. at 700 C with subsequent cooling in air 200 235 At elevated temperatures Temperature in C
0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. 1% proof stress (Rp1.0) min. in N/mm2

d 160

No*

100 175 210

150 158 190

200 145 175

250 135 165

300 127 155

350 120 150

400 115 145

450 112 141

500 110 139

550 106 137

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1200 to 900 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, Structure C 1000 to 1100 Cooling Water, air Structure Austenite with small ferrite component

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 8.0

20C 200C 400C

200

186
-6

172
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.75 The material may be slightly magnetisable in quenched condition. The higher the degree of cold forming, the higher the magnetisability.

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 16.0 Processing 200 C 16.5 300 C 17.0 400 C 17.5 500 C 18.0

The possibilities for cold forming REMANIT 4401 are very good. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. In general, the regulations set out in AD Data Sheet HP7/3 should be complied with during cold and hot forming, as well as any heat aftertreatment. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. REMANIT 4401 can be polished.

Welding

Good weldability using all processes (except gas welding). Filler metals: Identical or similar Thermanit G GE More highly alloyed A 18/17E (ferrite-free) Max. working temperature (interpass temperature): 200 C. Heat treatment after welding is not necessary. Authorisations: The material and filler metal are authorised for pressure vessel construction.

Notes on use

Owing to the molybdenum content, REMANIT 4401 displays good resistance to media containing chloride and non-oxidising acids. REMANIT 4401 is used in apparatus construction for the chemical industry and textile finishing. REMANIT 4401 is resistant to intercrystalline corrosion during continuous operation at up to 300 C.

Remanit 4404
Material number 1.4404* DIN ASTM BS X 2 CrNiMo 17 12 2 316 L 316 S 11 NF SIS EN Z 3 CND 17-11-02 2348 X2CrNiMo17-12-2 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.03

Cr 16.5 18.5

Ni 10.0 13.0

Mo 2.0 2.5

N 0.11

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion
Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 condition Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

d 160 160 < d 250

200

235

500 to 700

40 30

100 Yes 60 Yes

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C


0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. 1% proof stress (Rp1.0) min. in N/mm2

100 165 200

150 150 180

200 137 165

250 127 153

300 119 145

350 113 139

400 108 135

450 103 130

500 100 128

550 98 127

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1200 to 900 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, structure C 1000 to 1100 Cooling Water, air Structure Austenite with small ferrite component

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 8.0

20C 200C 400C

200

186
-6

172
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.75

Processing

The material may be slightly magnetisable in quenched condition. The higher the degree of cold forming, the higher the magnetisability. The possibilities for cold forming REMANIT 4404 are very good. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. In general, the regulations set out in AD Data Sheet HP7/3 should be complied with during cold and hot forming, as well as any heat aftertreatment. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. The material versions REMANIT 4404 IM and REMANIT 4404 SUPER IM display better cutting properties owing to the specific addition of sulphur or sulphur and calcium. REMANIT 4404 can be polished. 100 C 16.0 200 C 16.5 300 C 17.0 400 C 17.5 500 C 18.0 Good weldability using all processes (except gas welding). Filler metals: Identical Thermanit GE More highly alloyed A 18/17E* 19/15* Max. working temperature (interpass temperature): 150 C. Heat treatment after welding is not necessary. Authorisations: The material and filler metal are authorised for pressure vessel construction. * Only to max. 350 C in the event of wet corrosion

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and

Welding

Notes on use

The resistance of REMANIT 4404 to intercrystalline corrosion, even in welded condition, is ensured by the low carbon content. REMANIT 4404 is resistant to intercrystalline corrosion during continuous operation at up to 400 C. Owing to the molybdenum content, REMANIT 4404 displays good resistance to media containing chloride and non-oxidising acids. REMANIT 4404 is used in apparatus construction for the chemical and pharmaceutical industries and textile finishing.

Remanit 4418
Material number 1.4418* DIN ASTM BS X 4 CrNiMo 16 5 NF SIS EN Z 5 CND 16-04 2387 X4CrNiMo16-5-1 * To SEW 400 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.06

Cr 15.0 17.0

Ni 4.0 6.0

Mo 0.8 1.5

N 0.020 -

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature
Size range mm Heat treatment status A d 160 160 < d 250 d 160 160 < d 250 QT 760 QT900 550 700 Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Tensile after fracture impact work stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. A5 min. in % min. in J (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 Long. Trans. Long. Trans. max. 1100 760 to 960 900 to 1100 16 14 16 14 80 60 90 70 Hardness HB max. 320

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

At elevated temperatures in quenched and tempered condition


Temperature in C 0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. in N/mm2 Heat treatment status QT 760 QT 900 100 520 660 150 510 640 200 500 620 250 490 600 300 480 580

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1150 to 900 Cooling Air

Heat treatment, structure Annealing A


C 1000 to 1100 Cooling Water, air

Quenching QT
C 950 to 1050 Cooling Oil, air sufficiently quick

* Either 2 x 4 h or 1 x 8 h as the minimum time Tempering QT


C QT 760 650 to700* QT 900 550 to 620 Cooling Oil, air Structure Martensite with small ferrite component

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.7

20C 200C 400C

200

185
-6

170
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 430

mm 2/m 0.8

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 10.3 Processing 200 C 10.8 300 C 11.2 400 C 11.6

Soft annealing in the sense of ferrite formation is not possible. REMANIT 4418 is usually supplied in two tempering levels. During any heat treatment, it must be noted that, when cooling from temperatures above 600 C, the formation of martensite does not start until below 200 C and that it may not be completed at room temperature. It is thus recommendable to deep-freeze to approx. - 50 C, or at least to store for several hours at room temperature, before tempering. The temperature range between 420 and 550 C should be avoided or passed through as quickly as possible owing to embrittlement at 475 C. Metal-cutting machining is perfectly possible if the high strength is taken into account. Good weldability using the manual arc, TIG and submerged-arc welding processes. Filler metals: Identical Thermanit 17/06 Preheating: 100 to 200 C Cool to room temperature after welding and then temper to the appropriate level, or preferably quench and temper again.

Welding

Notes on use

The application possibilities of REMANIT 4418 are characterised by its good corrosion behaviour, its high strength with good toughness properties down to - 60 C and its reliable weldability. REMANIT 4418 is used for highly-stressed parts in fittings and pump construction, for compressors and turbines in hydroelectric stations, and for general mechanical engineering parts for refrigerating systems. REMANIT 4418 is also used for ship shafts.

Remanit 4429
Material number 1.4429* DIN ASTM BS X 2 CrNiMoN 17 13 3 316 LN 316 S 63 NF SIS EN Z 3 CND 17-12 Az 2375 X2CrNiMoN17-13-3 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.03

Cr 16.5 18.5

Ni 11.0 14.0

Mo 2.5 3.0

N 0.12 0.22

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion
Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 condition Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

d 160 160 < d 250

280

315

580 to 800

40 30

100 Yes 60 Yes

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C


0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. 1% proof stress (Rp1.0) min. in N/mm2

100 215 245

150 195 225

200 175 205

250 165 195

300 155 185

350 150 180

400 145 175

450 140 170

500 138 168

550 136 166

Hot forming / Heat treatment, microstructure

Hot forming C 1200 to 900 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, microstructure C 1000 to 1100 Cooling Water, air Structure Austenite with small ferrite component

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 8.0

20C 200C 400C

200

186
-6

172
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.75 The material is not magnetisable in quenched condition.

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C und 100 C 16.0 Processing 200 C 16.5 300 C 17.0 400 C 17.5 500 C 18.0

The possibilities for cold forming REMANIT 4429 are very good. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. In general, the regulations set out in AD Data Sheet HP7/3 should be complied with during cold and hot forming, as well as any heat aftertreatment. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. REMANIT 4429 can be polished.

Welding

Good weldability using all processes (except gas welding). Filler metals: Identical Thermanit GE More highly alloyed A 18/15E* 19/15*

* Only to max. 350 C in the event of wet corrosion

Max. working temperature (interpass temperature): 150 C. Heat treatment after welding is not necessary. Authorisations: The material and filler metal are authorised for pressure vessel construction.

Notes on use

The resistance of REMANIT 4429 to intercrystalline corrosion, even in welded condition, is ensured by the low carbon content. REMANIT 4429 is resistant to intercrystalline corrosion during continuous operation at up to 400 C. While its corrosion resistance is comparable to that of REMANIT 4435, this material offers the advantage of higher design strengths. REMANIT 4429 is used in textile finishing and the pharmaceutical industry, as well as in man-made fibre production and pulp and paper processing. Furthermore, REMANIT 4429 is also used for the production of artificial fertilisers. If resistance to the Huey test is required, special analytical and process engineering measures may be necessary. REMANIT 4429 meets the requirements of Basle Standard 2.

Remanit 4435
Material number 1.4435* DIN ASTM BS X 2 CrNiMo 18 14 3 316 L 316 S 11 NF SIS EN Z 3 CND 17-12-03 2353 X2CrNiMo18-14-3 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.03

Cr 17.0 19.0

Ni 12.5 15.0

Mo 2.5 3.0

N 0.11

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion
Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 condition Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

d 160 160 < d 250

200

235

500 to 700

40 30

100 Yes 60 Yes

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C


0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. 1% proof stress (Rp1.0) min. in N/mm2

100 165 200

150 150 180

200 137 165

250 127 153

300 119 145

350 113 139

400 108 135

450 103 130

500 100 128

550 98 127

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1200 to 900 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, structure C 1020 to 1120 Cooling Water, air Structure Austenite

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 8.0

20C 200C 400C

200

186
-6

172
-1

W/mK 14

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.85 The material is not magnetisable in quenched condition.

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 16.0 Processing 200 C 16.5 300 C 17.0 400 C 17.5 500 C 18.0

The possibilities for cold forming REMANIT 4435 are very good. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. In general, the regulations set out in AD Data Sheet HP7/3 should be complied with during cold and hot forming, as well as any heat aftertreatment. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. The material version REMANIT 4435 SUPER IM displays better cutting properties owing to the specific addition of sulphur and calcium. REMANIT 4435 can be polished. Good weldability using all processes (except gas welding). Filler metals: Identical Thermanit GE More highly alloyed A 18/15E* Max. working temperature (interpass temperature): 150 C. Heat treatment after welding is not necessary. Authorisations: The material and filler metal are authorised for pressure vessel construction. *Only to max. 350 C in the event of wet corrosion

Welding

Notes on use

The resistance of REMANIT 4435 to intercrystalline corrosion, even in welded condition, is ensured by the low carbon content. REMANIT 4435 is resistant to intercrystalline corrosion during continuous operation at up to 400 C. The higher molybdenum content compared to REMANIT 4404 increases the corrosion resistance to non-oxidising acids and media containing chloride, in particular. REMANIT 4435 is used in textile finishing and the pharmaceutical industry, as well as in man-made fibre production and pulp and paper processing. Furthermore, REMANIT 4435 is also used for the production of artificial fertilisers. If resistance to the Huey test is required, special analytical and process engineering measures may be necessary. REMANIT 4435 meets the requirements of Basle Standard 2. This material is supplied with a modified composition as Material No. 1.4441 to DIN 17443 for use in surgical implants.

Remanit 4436
Material number 1.4436* DIN ASTM BS X 5 CrNiMo 17 13 3 316 316 S 33 NF SIS EN Z 6 CND 18-12-03 2343 X3CrNiMo17-13-3 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.05

Cr 16.5 18.5

Ni 10.5 13.0

Mo 2.5 3.0

N 0.11

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion
Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 condition Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

500 40 100 to Yes 160 < d 250 700 30 60 * Sensitisation treatment lasting 15 min. at 700 C with subsequent cooling in air 200 235 At elevated temperatures Temperature in C
0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. 1% proof stress (Rp1.0) min. in N/mm2

d 160

No*

100 175 210

150 158 190

200 145 175

250 135 165

300 127 155

350 120 150

400 115 145

450 112 141

500 110 139

550 108 137

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1200 to 900 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, structure C 1020 to 1120 Cooling Water, air Structure Austenite

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 8.0

20C 200C 400C

200

186
-6

172
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.75

Processing

The material may be slightly magnetisable in quenched condition. The higher the degree of cold forming, the higher the magnetisability. The possibilities for cold forming REMANIT 4436 are very good. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. In general, the regulations set out in AD Data Sheet HP7/3 should be complied with during cold and hot forming, as well as any heat aftertreatment. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. The material version REMANIT 4436 SUPER IM displays better cutting properties owing to the specific addition of sulphur and calcium. REMANIT 4436 can be polished. 100 C 16.0 200 C 16.5 300 C 17.0 400 C 17.5 500 C 18.0 Good weldability using all processes (except gas welding). Filler metals: Identical Thermanit G GE More highly alloyed A 18/15E* Max. working temperature (interpass temperature): 200 C. Heat treatment after welding is not necessary. Authorisations: The material and filler metal are authorised for pressure vessel construction. *Only to max. 350 C in the event of wet corrosion

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and

Welding

Notes on use

REMANIT 4436 is resistant to intercrystalline corrosion during continuous operation at up to 300 C. The higher molybdenum content compared to REMANIT 4404 increases the corrosion resistance to non-oxidising acids and media containing chloride, in particular. REMANIT 4436 is used in textile finishing and the pharmaceutical industry, as well as in man-made fibre production and pulp and paper processing.

Remanit 4462
Material number 1.4462* DIN ASTM BS X 2 CrNiMoN 22 5 3 S 31803 318 S 13 NF SIS EN Z 3 CND 22-05 Az 2377 X2CrNiMoN22-5-3 * To SEW 400 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.03

Cr 21.0 23.0

Ni 4.5 6.5

Mo 2.5 3.5

N 0.10 0.22

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Mechanical properties*

At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion


Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 condition Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

d 160

450

650 to 800

25

100

Yes

Yes

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C 0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. in N/mm2 Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure Hot forming* C 1100 to 900 Cooling Air 100 360 150 335 200 315 250 300 * Data to SEW 400

Heat treatment, structure C 1020 to 1100 Cooling Water, air Structure Ferriteaustenite

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.8

20C 200C 400C

200

186
-6

172
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.8

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 13.0 Processing 200 C 13.5 300 C 14.0

REMANIT 4462 can be cold and hot formed. Renewed heat treatment is necessary after hot forming. Cold forming can be carried out at room temperature; heat treatment must also be carried out after cold forming of more than 10%. The tendency of this steel grade towards strain hardening is lower than that of austenitic chromium-nickel steel grades, although it requires greater forming forces. A bright metallic surface, such as can be achieved by pickling, is a prerequisite for good corrosion resistance. Metal-cutting machining is possible in the range of parameters used for austenitic steel grades, although REMANIT 4462 displays a lesser tendency towards smearing. REMANIT 4462 can be polished. Good weldability using all processes (except gas welding). Filler metals: Identical Heat treatment after welding is not necessary. Thermanit 22/09

Welding

Notes on use

Owing to its good mechanical properties and simultaneous high resistance to general corrosion, stress corrosion cracking and vibrational corrosion, REMANIT 4462 is suitable for many applications in the chemical and petrochemical industries, in seawater desalination plants and in offshore engineering, e.g. for acid gas pipelines and supporting structures. Material 1.4462 is authorised for pressure vessels in the temperature range between - 10 C and + 280 C (VdTV Material Data Sheet 418).

Remanit 4539
Material number 1.4539* DIN ASTM BS X 1 NiCrMoCuN 25 20 5 NF N 08904 SIS 904 S 13 EN Z 2 NCDU 25-20 2562 X1NiCrNiMoCu25-20-5 * To SEW 400 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.02

Cr 19.0 21.0

Ni 24.0 26.0

Mo 4.0 5.0

Cu 1.2 2.0

N 0.15

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Mechanical properties*

At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion


Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 condition Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

d 160 160 < d 250

230

260

530 to 730

35 30

100 Yes 60 Yes

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C


0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. 1% proof stress (Rp1.0) min. in N/mm2

100 205 295

150 190 220

200 175 205

250 160 190

300 145 175

350 135 165

400 125 155

450 115 145

500 110 140

550 105 135

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1200 to 900 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, structure C 1050 to 1150 Cooling Water, air Structure Austenite

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 8.0

20C 200C 400C

195

182
-6

166
-1

W/mK 14

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.85

Processing

The material may be slightly magnetisable in quenched condition. The higher the degree of cold forming, the higher the magnetisability. The possibilities for cold forming REMANIT 4539 are very good. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. In general, the regulations set out in AD Data Sheet HP7/3 should be complied with during cold and hot forming, as well as any heat aftertreatment. As this material is not included in AD Data Sheet HP7/3 by name, we recommend that you consult the respective acceptance societies. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. REMANIT 4539 can be polished. 100 C 15.8 200 C 16.1 300 C 16.5 400 C 16.9 500 C 17.3 Good weldability using all processes (except gas welding). Filler metals: Identical Thermanit 20/25Cu* More highly alloyed 30/40E** 625* Max. working temperature (interpass temperature): 150 C. Heat treatment after welding is not necessary. Authorisations: The material and filler metal are authorised for pressure vessel construction. *Only to max. 350 C in the event of wet corrosion ** Only if permissible considering the corrosion stress

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and

Welding

Notes on use

The resistance of REMANIT 4539 to intercrystalline corrosion, even in welded condition, is ensured by the low carbon content. REMANIT 4539 is resistant to intercrystalline corrosion during continuous operation at up to 300 C. The high chromium and molybdenum content results in very good chloride resistance. The nickel content of 24 to 26%, in conjunction with the addition of copper, results not only in resistance to stress corrosion cracking, but also in excellent resistance in sulphuric solutions. REMANIT 4539 is used in the production and processing of phosphoric and sulphuric acid, the pulp and paper industry, the production of artificial fertilisers, as well as in flue-gas desulphurisation plants.

Remanit 4541
Material number 1.4541* DIN ASTM BS X 6 CrNiTi 18 10 321 321 S 31 NF SIS EN Z 6 CNT 18-10 2337 X6CrNiTi18-10 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.08

Cr 17.0 19.0

Ni 9.0 12.0

Ti 5xC 0.7

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion
Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 condition Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

d 160 160 < d 250

190

225

500 to 700

45 35

100 Yes 60 Yes

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C


0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. 1% proof stress (Rp1.0) min. in N/mm2

100 175 205

150 165 195

200 155 185

250 145 175

300 136 167

350 130 161

400 125 156

450 121 152

500 119 149

550 118 147

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1200 to 900 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, structure C 1020 to 1120 Cooling Water, air Structure Austenite with small ferrite component

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.9

20C 200C 400C

200

186
-6

172
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.73 The material may be slightly magnetisable in quenched condition. The higher the degree of cold forming, the higher the magnetisability.

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 16.0 Processing 200 C 16.5 300 C 17.0 400 C 17.5 500 C 18.0

The possibilities for cold forming REMANIT 4541 are very good. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. In general, the regulations set out in AD Data Sheet HP7/3 should be complied with during cold and hot forming, as well as any heat aftertreatment. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. The material version REMANIT 4541 IM displays better cutting properties owing to the specific addition of sulphur. REMANIT 4541 can be polished to a limited extent. Good weldability using all processes (except gas welding). Filler metals: Identical oder similar Thermanit H HE More highly alloyed A* Max. working temperature (interpass temperature): 200 C. Heat treatment after welding is not necessary. Authorisations: The material and filler metal are authorised for pressure vessel construction. * Only if permissible considering the corrosion stress

Welding

Notes on use

Owing to the addition of titanium as a carbide former, REMANIT 4541 is resistant to intercrystalline corrosion, even in welded condition, during continuous operation at up to 400 C, regardless of its thickness or cross-section. REMANIT 4541 is used in wide sectors of the chemical industry and in the construction of apparatus and tanks for welded structures and fittings. REMANIT 4541 is likewise used in many areas of power station construction.

Remanit 4542
Material number 1.4542* DIN ASTM BS X 5 CrNiCuNb 17 4 630 NF SIS EN Z 7 CNU 17-04 X5CrNiCuNb16-4 * To EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.07

Cr 15.0 17.0

Ni 3.0 5.0

Mo 0.60

Cu 3.0 5.0

Nb 5xC 0.45

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature in solution-annealed and precipitation-hardened condition
Size range mm Heat treatment status AT P800 P930 P960 P1070 Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Tensile after fracture impact work stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. A5 min. in % min. in J (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 Long. Trans.Long. Trans. max. 1200 520 18 75 800 to 950 720 16 40 930 to 1100 790 12 960 to 1160 1070 to 1270 10 1000 Heat treatment status P 800 P 930 P 960 P1070 100 500 680 730 880 150 490 660 690 830 Hardness HB max. 360

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

d 100

At elevated temperatures in precipitation-hardened condition


Temperature in C 0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. in N/mm2 200 480 640 665 800 250 470 620 640 770 300 460 600 620 750

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1150 to 900 Cooling Furnace, air

Heat treatment, structure


Solution annealing Precipitation hardening
C 1030 to 1050 Cooling Oil, air C P 800 P 930 P 960 P1070 Structure 2h 760 C/air + Martensite 4h 620 C/air with ferrite 4h 620 C/air components 4h 590 C/air 4h 550 C/air Resistivity at 20 C

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.8

20C 200C 400C

200

185
-6

170
-1

W/mK 16

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.71

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 10.9 Processing 200 C 300 C 11.1 400 C

If none of the heat treatment conditions named is expressly stated in the order, REMANIT 4542 is supplied in solution-annealed condition. Soft annealing in the sense of ferrite formation is not possible. During any heat treatment, it must be noted that, when cooling from temperatures above 600 C, the formation of martensite does not start until below 200 C and that it may not be completed at room temperature. It is thus recommendable to deep-freeze to approx. - 50 C, or at least to store for several hours at room temperature, before ageing. REMANIT 4542 has good metal-cutting properties. The cutting properties are improved further by double ageing: 2 hours at 760 C and 4 hours at 620 C. The material must be solution-annealed and aged under defined conditions after machining.

Welding

REMANIT 4542 is not usually welded.

Notes on use

REMANIT 4542 is used wherever high strengths and simultaneously good corrosion resistance are required. The possibility of setting different strengths uniformly and specifically by means of the various ageing treatments, even for cross sections of up to 200 mm, makes this steel grade suitable for processing into screws, spindles and wheel, cover and hub disks.

Remanit 4550
Material number 1.4550* DIN ASTM BS X 6 CrNiNb 18 10 347 347 S 31 NF SIS EN Z 6 CNNb 18-10 2338 X6CrNiNb18-10 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.08

Cr 17.0 19.0

Ni 9.0 12.0

Nb 10 x C 1.0

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion
Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 condition Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

d 160 160 < d 250

205

240

510 to 740

40 30

85 Yes 55 Yes

Temperature in C
0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. 1% proof stress (Rp1.0) min. in N/mm2

100 175 210

150 165 195

200 155 185

250 145 175

300 136 167

350 130 161

400 125 156

450 121 152

500 119 149

550 118 147

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1200 to 900 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, structure C 1020 to 1120 Cooling Water, air Structure Austenite

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 7.9

20C 200C 400C

200

186
-6

172
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.73 The material may be slightly magnetisable in quenched condition. The higher the degree of cold forming, the higher the magnetisability.

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 16.0 Processing 200 C 16.5 300 C 17.0 400 C 17.5 500 C 18.0

The possibilities for cold forming REMANIT 4550 are very good. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. In general, the regulations set out in AD Data Sheet HP7/3 should be complied with during cold and hot forming, as well as any heat aftertreatment. Stabilisation annealing at 900 to 920 C with subsequent air cooling is permissible. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. REMANIT 4550 can be polished. Good weldability using all processes (except gas welding). Filler metals: Identical Thermanit H HE More highly alloyed A* Max. working temperature (interpass temperature): 200 C. Heat treatment after welding is not necessary. Authorisations: The material and filler metal are authorised for pressure vessel construction. * Only if permissible considering the corrosion stress

Welding

Notes on use

Owing to the addition of niobium as a carbide former, REMANIT 4550 is resistant to intercrystalline corrosion, even in welded condition, during continuous operation at up to 400 C, regardless of its thickness and cross-section. REMANIT 4550 is preferably used in the construction of nuclear power stations. Certain ferrite contents and stabilisation ratios are used in order to increase the reliability of welds.

Remanit 4563
Material number 1.4563* DIN ASTM BS X 1 NiCrMoCuN 31 27 4 NF N 08028 SIS EN Z 2 NCDU 31-27 2584 X1NiCrMoCu31-27-4 Cu 0.7 1.5 N 0.11 * To SEW 400 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.02

Cr 26.0 28.0

Ni 30.0 32.0

Mo 3.0 4.0

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion
Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 condition Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

d 160 160 < d 250

220

250

500 to 750

35 30

100 Yes 60 Yes

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C


0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. 1% proof stress (Rp1.0) min. in N/mm2

100 190 220

150 175 205

200 160 190

250 155 185

300 150 180

350 145 175

400 135 165

450 125 155

500 120 150

550 115 145

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1150 to 850 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, structure C 1050 to 1150 Cooling Water, air Structure Austenite

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 8.0

20C 200C 400C

195

182
-6

166
-1

W/mK 12

J/kgK 450

mm 2/m 1.0 The material is not magnetisable in quenched condition.

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 15.8 Processing 200 C 16.1 300 C 16.5 400 C 16.9 500 C 17.3

The possibilities for cold forming REMANIT 4563 are very good. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. REMANIT 4563 can be polished.

Welding

Good weldability using all processes (except gas welding). Filler metals: More highly alloyed Thermanit 30/40E Max. working temperature (interpass temperature): 150 C. Heat treatment after welding is not necessary.

Notes on use

The resistance of REMANIT 4563 to intercrystalline corrosion, even in welded condition, is ensured by the low carbon content. REMANIT 4563 is resistant to intercrystalline corrosion during continuous operation at up to 400 C. The high chromium, nickel and molybdenum contents afford REMANIT 4563 better resistance to media containing chloride, as well as oxidising and reducing acids. The addition of copper increases the resistance to sulphuric solutions. REMANIT 4563 is a very stable austenite which is resistant to stress corrosion cracking. REMANIT 4563 is a material for particularly critical applications in the chemical industry, for rock phosphate digestion and the manufacture and processing of sulphuric acid. Its high resistance to pitting makes it suitable for applications in marine systems, such as seawater desalination plants or seawater-cooled heat exchangers, and as a material for pipes transporting acid gases.

Remanit 4565
Material number 1.4565* DIN ASTM BS X 3 CrNiMnMoNbN 23 17 5 3 UNS 34565 NF SIS EN * To SEW 400

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.04

Cr 21.0 25.0

Ni 15.0 18.0

Mo 3.0 4.5

Mn 4.5 6.5

Nb 0.3

N 0.3 0.5

Mechanical properties*

At room temperature in solution-annealed condition


Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Tensile stress after fracture impact work stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. A5 min. in % min. in J (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 Long. Trans. Long. Trans.

* Data to SEW 400

d 160

420

460

800 to 1000

35

30

85

55

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C


0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. 1% proof stress (Rp1.0) min. in N/mm2

100 350 400

150 310 355

200 270 310

250 255 290

300 240 270

350 225 255

400 210 240

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1200 to 950 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, structure C 1020 to 1100 Cooling Water Structure Austenite

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

kg/dm3 8.0

20C 200C 400C

198

183
-6

172
-1

W/mK 12

J/kgK 450

mm 2/m 1.0

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 15.8 Processing 200 C 16.1 300 C 16.5 400 C 16.9 500 C 17.3

The possibilities for cold forming REMANIT 4565 are very good. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. A high feed rate and a likewise larger depth of cut must be selected. Weldable using the manual arc and TIG welding processes. Filler metals: More highly alloyed Thermanit Nimo C A more highly alloyed filler metal than the parent material must be used in order to retain the mechanical and chemical corrosion properties, the best results to date being achieved with the nickel-based alloy Thermanit Nimo C.

Welding

Notes on use

REMANIT 4565 is a highly nitrogen-alloyed, fully austenitic special steel grade, which displays excellent corrosion resistance in a host of corrosive media, as well as great strength. The high nitrogen content results in a stable austenitic structure, high strength and extraordinary resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion, in both quenched and welded condition. REMANIT 4565 is particularly recommended for use in the construction of chemical apparatus, in the pulp and paper industry, and for the transport and storage of key chemicals. REMANIT 4565 is suitable for installations in flue-gas desulphurisation and seawater treatment plants, as well as in fields with comparable requirements. The high resistance to chlorine-induced pitting and crevice corrosion permits use in the extraction and transport of crude oil and natural gas under both offshore and onshore conditions.

Remanit 4571
Material number 1.4571* DIN ASTM BS X 6 CrNiMoTi 17 12 2 316 Ti 320 S 18 NF SIS EN Z 6 CNDT 17-12 2350 X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2 * To DIN 17440 and EN 10088

Chemical composition*

C min. max. 0.08

Cr 16.5 18.5

Ni 10.5 13.5

Mo 2.0 2.5

Ti 5xC 0.7

* Data to EN 10088 in % by mass

Depending on the properties desired, special agreements can be reached within the specified analysis limits. Mechanical properties* At room temperature in solution-annealed condition and resistance to intercrystalline corrosion
Size range mm 1% proof Elongation Notched bar 0.2% proof Resistance to Tensile stress after fracture impact work intercrystalline corrosion stress strength (Rp 0.2) min. (Rp 1.0) min. In sens. A5 min. in % min. in J In as-delivered (Rm) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 condition Long. Trans. Long. Trans. condition

* Data to EN 10088 The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

d 160 160 < d 250

200

235

500 to 700

40 30

100 Yes 60 Yes

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C


0.2% proof stress (Rp0.2) min. 1% proof stress (Rp1.0) min. in N/mm2

100 185 215

150 175 205

200 165 192

250 155 183

300 145 175

350 140 169

400 135 164

450 131 160

500 129 158

550 127 157

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1200 to 900 Cooling Air

AT heat treatment, structure C 1000 to 1100 Cooling Water, air Structure Austenite with small ferrite component

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Modulus of elasticity kN/mm2 at

Thermal conductivity at 20 C

Specific heat at 20 C

Resistivity at 20 C

* Data to EN 10088

kg/dm3 8.0

20C 200C 400C

200

186
-6

172
-1

W/mK 15

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.75 The material may be slightly magnetisable in quenched condition. The higher the degree of cold forming, the higher the magnetisability.

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 100 C 16.5 Processing 200 C 17.5 300 C 18.0 400 C 18.5 500 C 19.0

The possibilities for cold forming REMANIT 4571 are very good. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. In general, the regulations set out in AD Data Sheet HP7/3 should be complied with during cold and hot forming, as well as any heat aftertreatment. The annealing colours or scaling occurring during hot forming or welding impair the corrosion resistance. They must be removed by pickling, grinding or sand-blasting (iron-free!). Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. The material version REMANIT 4571 IM displays better cutting properties owing to the specific addition of sulphur. REMANIT 4571 can only be polished to a limited extent. Good weldability using all processes (except gas welding). Filler metals: Identical Thermanit A More highly alloyed 18/17E* (ferrite-free) Max. working temperature (interpass temperature): 200 C. Heat treatment after welding is not necessary. Authorisations: The material and filler metal are authorised for pressure vessel construction. *Only to max. 350 C in the event of wet corrosion

Welding

Notes on use

Owing to the addition of titanium as a carbide former, REMANIT 4571 is resistant to intercrystalline corrosion, even in welded condition, regardless of its thickness or cross-section. REMANIT 4571 is resistant to intercrystalline corrosion during continuous operation at up to 400 C. Owing to the molybdenum content, REMANIT 4571 displays good resistance to media containing chloride and non-oxidising acids. REMANIT 4571 is used in the construction of apparatus for the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, and for textile finishing.

Thermax 4713
Material number 1.4713* SEW X 10 CrAl 7 ASTM NF SIS BS Mn 1.0 Cr 6.0 8.0 Al 0.5 1.0 Z 8 CA 7 (similar types) Stability limit temperature in air * 800 C * The limit temperature was defined on the basis of a weight loss of 1 g/m2*h in scaling tests lasting 1000 h. * To SEW 470

Chemical composition* Guide values in %

C min. max. 0.12

Si 0.5 1.0

Mechanical properties*

At room temperature, supplied in annealed condition


Size range mm 0.2% proof stress (Rp 0.2) min. N/mm2 Tensile strength (Rm) N/mm2 Elongation after fracture A5 min. in % Long. Trans. Hardness HB max. The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for

d < 15

220

420 to 620

20

15

192

thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given. 800
3.7 2.1 7.5 4.3 2.3

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C


Duration Duration Duration Duration Duration 1000 h at C 1% time-creep limit in N/mm 2 10 000 h at C 1% time-creep limit in N/mm 2 1000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm 2 10 000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm 2 100 000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm
2

500
80 50 160 100 55

600
27.5 17.5 55 35 20

700
8.5 4.7 17 9.5 5

900
1.8 1.0 3.6 1.9 1.0

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1100 to 750 Cooling Air

Heat treatment, structure C Soft annealing Stress-relief annealing after cold forming
Specific heat at 20C

Duration 30 min. Just pull through

Cooling

Structure

750 to 800 700 to 800

Air or water Ferrite & pearlite Ferrite & pearlite Air

Physical properties*

Density at 20C

kg/dm3 7.7 200C 11.5 Processing

Thermal conductivity at 20C 500C

Resistivity at 20C

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.7

23
-6

25
-1

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 400 C 12.0 600 C 12.5 800 C 1000 C 13.0 -

The material cannot be as easily formed as austenitic steel grades. Hot forming at 600 to 800 C is recommended. Metal-cutting machining is the same as that for low-carbon carbon steel grades, although THERMAX 4713 has a slight tendency towards smearing.

Embrittlement

With THERMAX 4713 and its relatively low Cr content, embrittlment occurs at temperatures above approx. 950 C due to ferrite grain growth. This embrittlement cannot be eliminated. Only use electric welding as far as possible. The weldability is good. In general, no heat treatment is necessary after welding; stress-relief annealing for 30 to 45 minutes at 750 C to 800 C with subsequent air-cooling is recommended for parts with widely differing cross-sections or after intensive cold forming. Filler metals: Identical Thermanit 9 More highly alloyed X*; D* ** * The austenitic basic bead weld seam is to be covered with a cover bead identical to the parent material in highly sulphurous or carbonising atmospheres ** Heat-resistant up to 950 C

Welding

Notes on use

THERMAX 4713 is a heat-resistant ferritic steel grade with time-creep limit values which are considerably lower than those of austenitic steel grades. For this reason, it can only be used under moderate mechanical stresses. THERMAX 4713 is scale-resistant up to 800 C in oxidising atmospheres. As a ferritic steel grade, THERMAX 4713 is characterised by its high resistance to sulphurous gases. Its tendency towards carbonisation in reducing gases is also low.

Thermax 4762
Material number 1.4762* SEW X 10 CrAl 24 ASTM NF SIS BS Mn 1.0 Cr 23.0 26.0 Al 1.2 1.7 Z 10 CAS 24 (similar types) 2322 (similar types) 446 (similar types) Stability limit temperature in air * 1150 C * The limit temperature was defined on the basis of a weight loss of 1 g/m2*h in scaling tests lasting 1000 h. * To SEW 470

Chemical composition* Guide values in %

C min. max. 0.12

Si 0.7 1.4

Mechanical properties*

At room temperature, supplied in annealed condition


Size range mm 0.2% proof stress (Rp 0.2) min. N/mm2 Tensile strength (Rm) N/mm2 Elongation after fracture A5 min. in % Long. Trans. Hardness HB max.

d 15

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

280

520 to 720

10

7 500

223 600
27.5 17.5 55 35 20

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C


Duration Duration Duration Duration Duration 1000 h at C 1% time-creep limit in N/mm 2 10 000 h at C 1% time-creep limit in N/mm 2 1000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm 2 10 000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm 2 100 000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm
2

700
8.5 4.7 17 9.5 5

800
3.7 2.1 7.5 4.3 2.3

900
1.8 1.0 3.6 1.9 1.0

80 50 160 100 55

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1150 to 800 Cooling Air

Heat treatment, structure C Soft annealing Stress-relief annealing after cold forming
Specific heat at 20C

Duration 30 min. Just pull through

Cooling

Structure

800 to 850 820 to 850

Air or water Ferrite & pearlite Ferrite & pearlite Air

Physical properties*

Density at 20C

Thermal conductivity at

Resistivity at 20C

kg/dm3 7.9

20C 14

500C 19
-6 -1

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.9

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 400C 17.0 Processing 800C 18.0 1000C 19.0

The material cannot be as easily formed as austenitic steel grades. Hot forming at 600 to 800 C is recommended. Metal-cutting machining is the same as that for low-carbon carbon steel grades.

Embrittlement

Embrittlement due to ferrite grain growth also occurs when heating THERMAX 4762 to temperatures over approx. 950 C. This embrittlement cannot be eliminated. Another area of brittleness is the temperature range between 400 and 550 C (475 C embrittlement). Lengthy heating or slow cooling in this temperature range should be avoided. This embrittlement can be eliminated by briefly heating to temperatures between 700 and 800 C. In the temperature range between 600 and 900 C, THERMAX 4762 displays a tendency towards -phase embrittlement, meaning that the toughness properties are greatly reduced after relatively long use in this temperature range. Therefore, THERMAX 4762 should not be used in this temperature range. If embrittlement nonetheless occurs, it can be eliminated by heating to temperatures above 1000 C.

Welding

Only use electric welding as far as possible, as this minimises embrittlement due to the formation of coarse grains next to the weld seam. In general, no heat treatment is necessary after welding. Filler metals: Identical Thermanit 30 More highly alloyed C*, L *The austenitic basic bead weld seam is to be covered with a cover bead identical to the parent material in highly sulphurous or carbonising atmospheres

Notes on use

THERMAX 4762 is a heat-resistant ferritic steel grade with time-creep limit values which are considerably lower than those of austenitic steel grades. For this reason, it can only be used under moderate mechanical stresses. THERMAX 4762 is scale-resistant up to around 1150 C in oxidising atmospheres. As a ferritic steel grade, THERMAX 4762 is characterised by its high resistance to sulphurous gases. Its tendency towards carbonisation in reducing gases is also low.

Thermax 4828
Material number 1.4828* SEW X 15 CrNiSi 20 12 ASTM NF SIS BS Cr 19.0 21.0 Ni 11.0 13.0 309 (similar types) Z 15 CNS 24-13 (similar types) 309 S 24 (similar types) Stability limit temperature in air * 1000 C * * The limit temperature was defined on the basis of a weight loss of 1 g/m2*h in scaling tests lasting 1000 h. * To SEW 470

Chemical composition* Guide values in %

C min. max. 0.2

Si 1.5 2.5

Mn 2.0

Mechanical properties*

At room temperature, supplied in annealed condition


Size range mm 0.2% proof stress (Rp 0.2) min. N/mm2 Tensile strength (Rm) N/mm2 Elongation after fracture A5 min. in % Long. Trans. Hardness HB max.

d 160

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

230

500 to 750

30

22 223

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C


Duration Duration Duration Duration Duration 1000 h at C 1% time-creep limit in N/mm 2 10 000 h at C 1% time-creep limit in N/mm 2 1000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm 2 10 000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm 2 100 000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm
2

600
120 80 190 120 65

700
50 25 75 36 16

800
20 10 35 18 7.5

900
8 4 15 8.5 3

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1150 to 800 Cooling Air

Heat treatment, structure C 1050 to 1100


Specific heat at 20C

Cooling Water

Structure Austenite

Physical properties*

Density at 20C

Thermal conductivity at

Resistivity at 20C

kg/dm3 7.9

20C 150

500C 210
-6 -1

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.9

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 400 C 17.5 Processing 800 C 1000 C 18.5 19.5

The formability in cold and hot condition is excellent. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. The selection of relatively low cutting speeds and feed rates is recommended.

Embrittlement

In the critical temperature range between 600 and 900 C, THERMAX 4828 displays a slight tendency towards -phase embrittlement, meaning that the toughness properties are reduced after relatively long use in this temperature range. Therefore, THERMAX 4828 should not be used in this temperature range. If embrittlement nonetheless occurs, it can be eliminated by heating to temperatures above 1000 C.

Welding

Weldable using all processes. Good weldability. Filler metals: Identical Thermanit D* More highly alloyed C or CM

* Heat-resistant up to 950 C

Notes on use

THERMAX 4828 is a heat-resistant austenitic steel grade which is characterised by good high-temperature strength at elevated temperatures. It can thus be used wherever relatively high mechanical stresses occur, in particular. THERMAX 4828 is scale-resistant to around 1050 C in oxidising atmospheres. As an austenitic steel grade, THERMAX 4828 is sensitive to SO2, and particularly gases containing H2S, at temperatures over 650 C. It also displays a certain sensitivity to carbonising gases, especially at temperatures above 900 C. THERMAX 4828 displays a tendency towards embrittlement due to -phase formation during continuous operation in the temperature range between 600 and 850 C.

Thermax 4841
Material number 1.4841* SEW X 15 CrNiSi 25 20 ASTM NF SIS BS Cr 24.0 26.0 Ni 19.0 22.0 314 (similar types) Z 15 CNS 25-20 (similar types) 314 S 25 (similar types) Stability limit temperature in air * 1150 C * The limit temperature was defined on the basis of a weight loss of 1 g/m2*h in scaling tests lasting 1000 h. * To SEW 470

Chemical composition* Guide values in %

C min. max. 0.2

Si 1.5 2.5

Mn 2.0

Mechanical properties*

At room temperature, supplied in annealed condition


Size range mm 0.2% proof stress (Rp 0.2) min. N/mm2 Tensile strength (Rm) N/mm2 Elongation after fracture A5 min. in % Long. Trans. Hardness HB max.

d 160

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

230

550 to 800

30

22 600

223 700
53* 37* 80* 40* 18*

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C


Duration Duration Duration Duration Duration 1000 h at C 1% time-creep limit in N/mm 2 10 000 h at C 1% time-creep limit in N/mm 2 1000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm 2 10 000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm 2 100 000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm
2

800
23 12 35 18 7

900
10 5.7 15 8.5 3

* Should not be used in this temperature range due to embrittlement

150* 105* 230* 160* 80*

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1150 to 800 Cooling Air

Heat treatment, structure C 1050 to 1100


Specific heat at 20 C

Cooling Water

Structure Austenite

Physical properties*

Density at 20 C

Thermal conductivity at

Resistivity at 20 C

kg/dm3 7.9

20 C 14

500 C 19

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.9

Thermal expansion in 10-6 K-1 between 20 C and 400 C 17.0 Processing 800 C 1000 C 18.0 19.0

The formability in cold and hot condition is excellent. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. Hot forming should be carried out at temperatures over 900 C. Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. The selection of relatively low cutting speeds and feed rates is recommended.

Embrittlement

In the critical temperature range between 600 and 900 C, THERMAX 4841 displays a marked tendency towards -phase embrittlement, meaning that the toughness properties are greatly reduced after relatively long use in this temperature range. Therefore, THERMAX 4841 should not be used in this temperature range. If embrittlement nonetheless occurs, it can be eliminated by heating to temperatures above 1000 C.

Welding

Weldable using all processes. Good weldability. Filler metals: More highly alloyed Thermanit C

Notes on use

THERMAX 4841 is a heat-resistant austenitic steel grade which is characterised by good high-temperature strength at elevated temperatures. It can thus be used wherever relatively high mechanical stresses occur, in particular. THERMAX 4841 is scale-resistant to around 1150 C in oxidising atmospheres. As an austenitic steel grade, THERMAX 4841 is slightly sensitive to SO2 and also to gases containing H2S at temperatures over 650 C. It displays slight sensitivity to carbonising gases at temperatures above 900 C. THERMAX 4841 should not be used in the temperature range between 600 and 900 C owing to -phase embrittlement.

Thermax 4845
Material number 1.4845* SEW X 12 CrNi 25 21 ASTM NF SIS BS Mn 2.0 Cr 24.0 26.0 Ni 19.0 22.0 310 S (similar types) Z 12 CN 26-21 (similar types) 2361 (similar types) 310 S 31 (similar types) Stability limit temperature in air * 1050 C * The limit temperature was defined on the basis of a weight loss of 1 g/m2*h in scaling tests lasting 1000 h. * To SEW 470

Chemical composition* Guide values in %

C min. max. 0.15

Si 0.75

Mechanical properties*

At room temperature, supplied in annealed condition


Size range mm 0.2% proof stress (Rp 0.2) min. N/mm2 Tensile strength (Rm) N/mm2 Elongation after fracture A5 min. in % Long. Trans. Hardness HB max.

d 160

The mechanical properties have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.

210

500 to 750

35

26

192

At elevated temperatures Temperature in C


Duration Duration Duration Duration Duration 1000 h at C 1% time-creep limit in N/mm 2 10 000 h at C 1% time-creep limit in N/mm 2 1000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm 2 10 000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm 2 100 000 h at C 1% creep rupture strength in N/mm
2

600
150 105 230 160 80

700
53 37 80 40 18

800
23 12 35 18 7

900
10 5.7 15 8.5 3

Hot forming / Heat treatment, structure

Hot forming C 1150 to 800 Cooling Air

Heat treatment, structure C 1050 to 1100


Specific heat at 20C

Cooling Water

Structure Austenite

Physical properties*

Density at 20C

Thermal conductivity at

Resistivity at 20C

kg/dm3 7.9

20C 14

500C 19
-6 -1

J/kgK 500

mm 2/m 0.9

Thermal expansion in 10 K between 20 C and 400 C 17.0 Processing 800 C 1000 C 18.0 19.0

The formability in cold and hot condition is excellent. The considerably greater strain hardening compared to plain steel grades demands correspondingly higher forming forces. Metal-cutting machining has to be performed with tools made of high-quality, high-speed steel (good cooling necessary), or preferably carbide cutting tools, owing to the strain hardening and the low thermal conductivity. The selection of relatively low cutting speeds and feed rates is recommended.

Embrittlement

This material displays no tendency towards embrittlement.

Welding

Weldable using all processes. Good weldability. Filler metals: Identical Thermanit C More highly alloyed 21/ 33

Notes on use

THERMAX 4845 is a heat-resistant austenitic steel grade which is characterised by good high-temperature strength at elevated temperatures. It can thus be used wherever relatively high mechanical stresses occur, in particular. THERMAX 4845 is scale-resistant to around 1050 C in oxidising atmospheres. As an austenitic steel grade, THERMAX 4845 is very slightly sensitive to SO2 and also to gases containing H2S at temperatures over 650 C. It displays slight sensitivity to carbonising gases at temperatures above 900 C.