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CHM 2045 Final Exam

(Form Code A)

28 April 2007

Instructions: On your scantron sheet enter your name, UF ID number (start on the first space and leave the last space blank), Discussion Section No. and Form Code (see above). This exam consists of 30 multiple choice questions each worth 10.0 points for a total maximum of 300 pts. You may retain your exam sheet (mark your answers on it and the scantron sheet). Turn in only the scantron. Bubbling errors of any kind will count as an -18 incorrect response or result in the loss of points. Rhc = 2.18 x 10 J/atom; Planck constant, h = 6.626 x 10 -34

Js; Rydberg constant, R = 1.097 x 10 7 m-1 Avogadros number = 6.022 x 10 23, c = 2.99 x 10 8 m/s :
R = 0.0821 L atm /mol K or R = 8.314 J / mole K

1. A reaction has a rate constant of 7.3 s-1 at 100 C and an activation energy (Ea) of 59.0 kJ/mol. What is the value of the rate constant at 300 C? (1) 0.72 s-1 (2) 7.3 s-1 (3) 38 s-1 (4) 3.8 s-1 (5) 73 s-1 2. The data shown are for a reaction like: 2A + 2B Products. What is the missing rate (in M/s) for Experiment 4? Experiment [A] [B] Rate 1 0.50 0.15 3.3 x 10-3 M/s 2 1.50 0.15 1.0 x 10-2 M/s 3 1.50 0.30 4.0 x 10-2 M/s 4 0.25 0.30 ?????????? (1) 1.3 x10-2 (2) 6.7 x 10-3 (3) 2.0 x 10 -2 (4) 1.7 x10-3 (5) 2.4 x 10-1 3. Henrys constant for CO in water at 25oC is 9.71 x 10-4mol/Latm. How many grams of CO will dissolve in 1.00L of water at a CO partial pressure of 3.25 atm? (1) 8.84 x 10-2 (2) 3.16 x 10-3 (3) 1.13 x 10-4 (4) 1.26 x 10-1 (5) 4.42 x 10-2 4. The radioactive isotope tritium decays with a first-order rate constant of 0.056/year. What fraction of the tritium initially in a sample is still present 40 years later? (1) 0.94 (2) 0.80 (3) 0.40 (4) 0.22 (5) 0.11 5. The vapor pressure of pure water at 45 C is 71.9 mm Hg. What is the vapor pressure of a mixture of 18.0 g sucrose (C12H22O11, molar mass 342.3 g/mol) and 82.0 g water? (1) 0.827 mm Hg (2) 1.15 mm Hg (3) 71.9 mm Hg (4) 71.1 mm Hg (5) 72.7 mm Hg 6. The molality of an aqueous sodium nitrate solution is 2.14 m. What is the mole fraction of NaNO3? (the molar mass of NaNO3 is 85.00 g/mol; the molar mass of water is 18.02 g/mol) (1) 0.0386 (2) 0.0371 (3) 0.0331 (4) 0.0742 (5) 0.0772 7. The decomposition of SO2Cl2 is a first-order reaction: SO2Cl2(g) ---------> SO2(g) + Cl2(g) The rate constant for the reaction is 2.8 x 10-3 min-1 at 600K. If the initial concentration of SO2Cl2 is 1.46 x 10-3 mol/L, how long will it take for the concentration to drop to 0.35 x 10-3 mol/L? (1) 510 min (2) 260 min (3) 130 min (4) 1000 min (5) 770 min 8. The reaction between ozone and nitrogen dioxide at 231K is first order in both [NO2] and [O3]. If the concentration of NO2 is doubled, what is the change in the reaction rate? (1) halved (2) no change (3) doubled (4) quadrupled (5) quartered 9. A solution is prepared by dissolving 31.2 g of hemoglobin (Hb) in enough water to make up 1.00 L in volume. If the osmotic pressure of the solution with respect to pure water is found to be 10.0 mm Hg at 25.0C, the molar mass of Hb is closest to (1) 23,000 g/mol (2) 46,000 g/mol (3) 58,000 g/mol (4) 65,000 g/mol (5) 76,000 g/mol 10. What is the molarity of K+ in a solution that contains 63.3 ppm of K3Fe(CN)6 (329.3 g/mol)? (1) 5.77 x 10 - 4 M (2) 7.55 x 10 - 4 M (3) 6.43 x 10 - 4 M (4) 7.43 x 10 - 4 M (5) 9.55 x 10 - 4 M 11. Using the Clausius-Clapeyron equation determine the vapor pressure of water at 50.0 oC. The molar heat of vaporization of water is 40.7 kJ/mol. (1) 700 mm Hg (2) 450 mm Hg (3) 100 mm Hg (4) 80 mm Hg (5) 55 mm Hg 12. Arrange the following in order of increasing boiling point: NaClO3, Ar, H2O, H2O2 (1) NaClO3 < H2O < H2O2 < Ar (2) NaClO3< H2O2 < H2O < Ar (3) Ar < NaClO3 < H2O2 < H2O (4) Ar < H2O2 < H2O < NaClO3 (5) Ar < H2O < H2O2< NaClO3

Form A 13. Metallic calcium is crystallized in a face centered cubic lattice and the atomic radius of calcium is 1.97 x 10 - 10 m. Calculate the edge length of a unit cell (1) 4.19 x 10 - 10 m (2) 5.57 x 10 - 10 m (3) 6.05 x 10 - 10 m (4) 6.24 x 10 - 10 m (5) 6.83 x 10 - 10 m 14. Which of the following compounds is expected to have the highest vapor pressure? (1) CH3CH2CH3 (2) CH3OCH3 (3) CH3CH2CH2OH (4) CH3CH2CH2CH3 (5) CH3CH2CH2Cl 15. Each of the following contains two bonds except? (1) H2CCH2 (2) HCCH (3) CO2 (4) CN -1 (5) H2CCCH2 16. Which response contains all the characteristics that should apply to PF3? I. trigonal planar II. P has one unshared pair of electrons III. P is sp2 hybridized IV. molecule is polar V. bonds are polar (1) I, IV, and V (2) II, III, and IV (3) I, II, and IV (4) II, IV, and V (5) I, III, and V 17. Which one of the following provides the best evidence that all the carbon compounds listed below are tetrahedral and not square planar? (1) Only one CH4 compound is known and it is nonpolar (2) Only one CH2Cl2 compound is known and it is polar (3) Only one CH3Cl compound is known and it is polar (4) Only one CCl4 compound is known and it is nonpolar (5)Only one CHCl3 compound is known and it is polar 18. From a consideration of the Lewis structure of the thiocyanate ion, SCN-, in which carbon has a double bond with both sulfur and nitrogen atoms, the formal charge on the sulfur, carbon and nitrogen atoms are respectively (1) -1, 0, 0 (2) 0, 0, -1 (3) -1, +1, -1 (4) -2, +1, 0 (5) -2, 0, +1 19. In which of the following processes is the sign of its enthalpy change different from the rest? (1) 2CH3(g) C2H6(g) (2) Cl2 (g) 2Cl (g) (3) Cl(g) + e- Cl -1 + (4) 2Fe(s) + 3/2 O2(g) Fe2O3 (5) Na (g) + e Na (g) 20. In which of the following lists do the ions not appear in the order of increasing ionic radius (1) Li +1 < Na +1 < K +1 (2) Al +3 < Mg +2 < Na +1 (3) Na +1 < F -1 < O -2 (4) S -2 < Cl -1 < K +1 (5) Cl -1 < Br -1 < I -1 21. Which one of the following atoms should have the most negative value for the electron affinity of the free atom? Atoms are designated by electron configuration (1) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1 (2) 1s2 2s2 2p5 (3) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1 2 2 6 2 6 5 2 2 2 6 (4) 1s 2s 2p 3s 3p 3d 4s (5) 1s 2s 2p 22 When an ice cube is dropped into a Styrofoam cup containing 195 g of coffee at 97.0 oC, the thermal energy used to melt the ice is 2.1 kJ what is the final temperature of the coffee closest to ? (Assume a specific heat of 4.184 J/g oC for the coffee) (1) 98.7 oC (2) 96.1 oC (3) 94.4 oC (4) 90.6 oC (5) 91.5 oC 23. When 6 moles of reactant A are mixed with 12 moles of reactant B to produce 9 moles of product C with 3 moles of reactant B remaining after completion of the reaction. Which of the following represents the balanced chemical reaction? 1) 6A + 12 B 9 C 2) 6A + 3B 9C 3) 3A + 4B 3C 4) 2A + 3B 3C 5)A + 2B 4C 24. How many atoms are present in a 310.0 g sample of Fe3O4? (1) 4 x 10 23 (2) 6.82 x 10 22 (3) 8.06 x 10 23 (4) 5.64 x 10 24 (5) 1.34 x 10 24

25. In the reaction 3CuCl2(aq) + 2Al(s) 3 Cu(s) + 2 AlCl3(aq), the amount of Al required to produce 42.4 g of Cu is (1) 5.40 g (2) 8.10 g (3) 16.2 g (4) 32.4 g (5) 12.0 g 26. Combustion analysis of an organic compound (C, H, N, O) gives 31.58% C, 2.65% H and 55.25% N; the compound has an empirical formula of (1) C6H5N11 (2) C2H5N3 (3) C4H4N6O2 (4) C4H4N6O (5) C8H8N12O2 27. For the MnO2(s) + 2C(s) Mn(s) + 2CO(g) [Ho = 299.86 kJ], if Hof of CO(g) = -110.52 kJ/mol, what is the Hof of MnO2(s) in kJ/mol? (1) 520.9 (2) 410.38 (3) - 410.38 (4) - 520.9 (5) - 450.8 28. What is the partial pressure of He in a container that is at a total pressure of 2.33 atm and contains 1.3 g of Ar and 3.3 g of He ? (1) 2.24 atm (2) 3.33 atm (3) 1.93 atm (4) 4.52 atm (5) 0.0884 atm 29. Which of the following transitions in a hydrogen atom would emit the lowest energy photon? (1) n = 1 to n = 2 (2) n = 3 to n = 2 (3) n = 5 to n = 1 (4) n = 2 to n = 8 (5) n = 9 to n = 6 30. Only one set of quantum numbers listed below is allowed; which one? 1) 3, 2, 0, 2) 2, 2, -2, 3) 3, 3, -3, 4) 4,4, -3, 5) 4, 4, -5,