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# GENERAL DETAILS OF THE PILES, COLUMNS AND PILE CAP

## Axial load on column= 35000 kN

Column size = 1200 mm x 1200mm square
Pile diameter = 1500 mm
No. of piles connected by the pile cap = 4
Center to center distance in between piles = 4500 mm

As this is a symmetric structure
T
AB
= T
BC
= T
CD
= T
DA
=
( )
2 2
3
12
N
L a
Ld

Average effective depth of pile cap = 2500 mm
Total depth can be taken as about 2625mm allowing for 75 mm cover and bar spacing
Width of the cap = 4500+750 X 2+250 X 2 = 6500 mm

4500 mm
4500 mm
1200 mm
1200 mm
1500mm
N
C C
T
N/2
N/2
2L = 4500 mm
d
A
B
C
D
a
T
AB
= T
BC
= T
CD
= T
DA
=
( )
2 2
3
12
N
L a
Ld

T
AB
= T
BC
= T
CD
= T
DA
=
3
2
7688.33 10
0.87 460 /
N
N mm

= 7688.33 kN
T
AB
= T
BC
= T
CD
= T
DA
= 0.87 f
y
A
s

7688.33 kN = 0.87 X 460 A
s

A
s
=
3
2
7688.33 10
0.87 460 /
N
N mm

= 19211.22 mm
2

Assume 32 mm bars
No of bars =
2
19211.22
32 4 t
= 23.887 bars
Hence provide 24 Nos of 32 mm diameter bars @ 270 mm spacing
As provided = 24 X 804.25
= 19302 mm
2
in both directions
Distribute the bars along the section uniformly as
Spacing of piles = 3 times pile diameter
4500 = 3 X 1500
Min r/f check

100 100 19302 2
0.2263 0.13
6500 2625
As
bh

= = >

Hence more than minimum provided
Check for shear
100 100 19302 2
0.238
6500 2500
As
bd

= =

Corresponding shear resistance

( ) ( ) ( )
1/3 1/ 4 1/3
1/3 1/ 4 1/3
100 400
0.79
25
0.79 .238 1 1.2
1.25
s cu
v
m
A f
b d d

| | | | | |

| | |
\ . \ . \ .
=

=

= 0.416 N/mm
2
2
Enhanced shear resistance value c
v
d
V
a
=

2 2500
0.416
1200

=
= 1.733 N/mm
2

Shear stress along the critical section =
3
35000
10
2
6500 2500

=1.0938N/mm
2
< 1.733 N/mm
2

Hence ok for shear and no shear reinforcement needed
Check for punching shear
Punching shear check is not necessary as
Spacing of piles =3 times pile diameter
3750 =3 X 1500
Shear at the face of the column =
3
35000 10
4 1200 2500

= 2.917 N/mm
2
< 4.38 = 0.8 cu f
Anchorage
Anchorage length = 37 times diameter of the main bar
= 37 X 32
= 1184 mm
Horizontal binders
Use 25 % of main steel required as horizontal binders
Binders = 0.25 X 19211.22
= 4802.805mm
2

Hence provide 16 T20 bars as horizontal binders at 150 mm spacing
Reinforcement provided as binders= 314.2 x 16 = 5027.2 mm
2
Detail drawing of the pile cap

DESIGN OF A PILE CAP

NAME : R.M. RIFDY
INDEX : 080425E
COURSE : BSc Eng
MODULE : CE4240 COMPUTER ANALYSIS OF
STRUCTURES