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Jessa B.

Costelo BABA2 S24 10am-12nn RS-4: Vocation and Mission ENDTERM

May 17, 2012 Sir Dave Estanislao

I.

The Sacrament of Holy Orders: The Vocation of the Ministerial Priesthood A. Principles or Truths

The Sacrament of Holy Orders is the continuation of Christ's priesthood, which He bestowed upon His Apostles. From the New Testament, Holy Orders appear as a gift of the Spirit, communicated through the imposition of hands of the Apostles. The Sacrament of Holy Orders can be validly conferred only on baptized men, following the example set by Christ and His Apostles, who chose only men as their successors and collaborators. Integration into one of these bodies in the Church was accomplished by a rite called ordination, a religious and liturgical act which has a consecration, a blessing or a sacrament. A man cannot demand ordination; the Church has the authority to determine eligibility for the sacrament and because of his role as a successor to the Apostles, who were themselves successors to Christ, the bishop is the proper minister of the sacrament. B. Reflection The Sacrament of Holy Orders is the mission entrusted by Christ to his apostles that needs to be continued and to be exercised in the Church today. This sacrament in is the objective guarantee of the perpetual presence of Christ with us, His people. I learned that the bishops, priests, and deacons of the Church are neither vicars of Christ, nor substitutes for Christ nor representatives of Christ. I realized that the clergy do not act in behalf of Christ or instead of Christ as though he himself were absent. The reality and effectiveness of the sacraments of the Church ministered by the clergy do not depend upon the personal virtue of the ministers, but upon the presence of Christ who acts in his Church by the Holy Spirit. II. The Religious Life A. Principles or Truths The Religious live under twofold aspect that is met with in all ages and places: every soul possesses an inclination to good, and an inclination towards God. Every place around the globe has souls that are willing enough to follow these inclinations and consequently religious souls. These persons live under the vows of poverty, chastity and obedience. It is the mother of Jesus- Mary, who is the model and the mother of the consecrated life. The Religious, are the persons devoted to contemplation, solitude, and sacrifice; to give witness to common goals of service, simplicity of life, and common prayer as they strive to actualize together the eternal goal for the good of their community.

B. Reflection When a man seeks marriage and family, he must abandon the control of his life- his dreams, his desires, his personal autonomy and live for the other. But we all have within us that vague and general idea of the religious life which enables us to recognize it when it is described as a life directed to personal perfection, or a life seeking union with God. A unique aspect of the path towards religious life is the ability to share in community living which is basically where a religious community becomes an individual's spiritual family. If I had been born as a boy, I couldve had the inclination to enter into religious ministry as there seems to be will within me and the desire to become like one of the priests I salute to. III. The Sacrament of Matrimony: The Vocation of the Married Life A. Principles or Truths Matrimony is a holy sacrament, officiated by a priest, of uniting a man to a woman in which they become one in Christ. Marriage is a special blessing for Christians because of the grace of Christ, marriage is also a natural blessing and gift for everyone in all times and cultures. Marriage is a lifelong partnership of mutual and exclusive fidelity, established by mutual consent between a man and a woman, and ordered towards the good of the spouses and the procreation of offspring. Marriage has two fundamental ends or purposes towards which it is oriented, namely, the good of the spouses as well as the procreation of children and thus, the Church teaches that marriage is both unitive and procreative, and that it is inseparably both. The ministers of this sacrament are the contracting parties themselves. B. Reflection Conjugal love establishes a unique communion of persons through the relationship of mutual self-giving and receiving between husband and wife, a relationship by which- a man leaves his father and mother and clings to his wife, and the two of them become one body. The spouses mutual promise of lifelong love and fidelity provides clarity of an explicitly stated intention and emotion of faith, trust and affection. We can recognize that couples face many challenges to building and sustaining a strong marriage in the recent times since conditions in contemporary society do not always support marriage. For example, many couples struggle to balance home and work responsibilities while others bear serious economic and social burdens. Marriage should be upheld by humanity for God has made this sacrament especially for us among all other creatures and creations. IV. The Social Teachings of the Church A. Principles or Truths Catholic social teachings develop from the truth of what God has revealed to us about himself. God the Father sends his only Son Jesus Christ and shares the Holy Spirit as his gift of love. God reveals himself to us as one who is not alone, but rather as one who is relational, one who is Trinity and thus, we believe in the triune God whose very nature is communal and social. . It takes into consideration the various arenas that encompass life in society, including the political, economic, social, and cultural. Catholic social teaching is based on and inseparable from our understanding of human life and human dignity.

B. Reflection These teachings exist as guiding social and moral principles in order to develop our awareness of the social, economic, and political issues that plague us today. Furthermore, it allows us to acquire an understanding of the complexities that we face in our day-to-day existence and to familiarize ourselves with the proper discernment methods so that we may be able to act accordingly. It sets about naming the realities confronting persons and societies at a given point in time, highlighting the benefits and dangers those realities present to full human flourishing, and critiquing those realities and developments from the point of view of the values and moral vision of the Catholic faith. It is an essential element of faith and a key resource providing principles for reflection, criteria for judgment, and guidelines for action V. Diriment Impediment A. Principles or Truths These are the ones that render a marriage altogether invalid unless a dispensation can be granted by the Church, which is possible only in certain cases. This is to say those diriment impediments are those which render a marriage illicit, but do not impair its validity. Under the present Code of Canon Law these impediments are: defect of age, impotence, difference of worship (baptized and unbaptized), Sacred Orders, solemn vows, abduction, crime (adultery, homicide, or both), relationship, or affinity, within proscribed degrees, spiritual relationship, legal relationship (adoption when State forbids marriage between adopter and adopted), clandestinity, public decency. These render the marriage invalid because of their failure to comply with the requirements of the sacrament of matrimony. B. Reflection This topic is very sensitive to a number of culture, races and even across sexualities. Here, top-list issues like religion, optional celibacy, gender discrimination and same sex marriage can be deliberately argued upon. The evolution of generations led to the arousal of questions, concerns and ideologies which nevertheless are rotten and of no worth. If we do not guard ourselves, we may set our minds and eventually our beliefs on the wrong platter of truth and reality. Thats why, no matter how complex situations or emotions may arise, we should always stay grounded within our Christian faith, in its teachings and its doctrines.