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MANIPAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY (A Constituent College of Manipal University) Manipal 576 104. SIXTH SEMESTER B.E. (CIVIL ENGINEERING ) END SEMESTER EXAMINATION MAY.2010 EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT DESIGN OF STRUCTURES(CIE 304) (Revised Credit System) (12-05-2010)

TIME: 3 HRS.]
Note: 1. Answer any FIVE FULL questions.

[MAX. MARKS: 50]

2. Any missing data may be suitably assumed 3. Use of IS-1893-2002 is permitted. 1.A. Briefly describe the following (a) Focus & Epicentral Distance (1) (b) Surface waves (2) 1.B. What are the different methods of formulation of equation of motion of SDOF system (2) 1.C. (a) What is the difference between repairing and retrofitting? (1) (b) Explain briefly about the local retrofitting methods of masonry buildings (4) 2.A. (a) Set up the response for the free vibration of an under damped SDOF system with the following boundary conditions x 0 x x 0 and x (i) at t 0
0 x x 0 and x (ii) at t 0 (5) (b) Show by a sketch how the response amplitude varies with respect to damping (1)

2.B. A portal frame shown in figure (Fig.Q.2B). Initial displacement is 5 mm and initial velocity is 100 mm/sec. E = 200 kN/mm2 and I= 108 mm4. (i) Find the displacement response when t=2.5 sec (2) (ii) Calculate the maximum Bending Moment induced in left column (2) 3.A. A rectangular pulse load P0 of duration t1 seconds is acting on a SDOF system. Derive expressions for the response at t < t1 and t > t1 if the system starts from rest. Determine also the maximum response in the forced vibration era. (4)

3.B. A single degree of freedom damped system is acted by a harmonic force F F0 sin t having a maximum value of 350 N acting at a frequency of 4.5 Hz. Determine the maximum steady state amplitude of the motion of mass of 20 kg, a spring having a spring constant of 2700 N/m and a dashpot having a damping constant of 55 Ns/m. Also find the magnification factor. If there is no damping and the system starts from rest what is the displacement response at time t =1 second. (6)

4. A. How to make stone masonry buildings earthquake resistant?

(05)

4. B. As per IS 13920:1993, what are the recommendations for flexural members to resist earthquake induced forces? Explain with a neat sketch (05) 5. A. What are the different types of bands in typical masonry buildings? Why are horizontal bands necessary in masonry buildings? 5. B.Write short notes on. i) ii) iii) Tsunami Strong column-weak beam design Base isolation

(04)

(06)

6. An 8-storeyed (G+7) RCC framed office building has a ground plan 28m x 28m and elevation as shown in figure. Using following data determine the total base shear as per IS1893 -2002 ( Part I ) and distribute the base shear along the height of the building Type of soil: Hard rock; Masonry wall: 250mm thick is present on all the beams except the roof . Imposed load on the roof is 1.5kN/m2 and that on the floor is 3kN/m2 ;

Size of the beams: 250 x400mm; Size of the columns: 400 x500mm ; Thickness of slab: 150mm (both roof and floor); Specific weight of concrete; 25kN/m3; Specific weight of masonry: 20kN/m3; Assume location in zone III

3m

7m

3m 3m

7m 7m 7m

3m 3.5m 3.5m 3.5m 3.5m

7m

7m PLAN

7m

7m

7m

7m

7m

7m

Fig:5A

ELEVATION