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Board Pattern Mathematics

Paper II

By
Nitin Oke
For Safe Hands

By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS


Out line of paper
• Qu.1
– (A) Two out of three (3+3+3)
– (B) One out of two (2 + 2)
• Qu.2
– (A) Two out of three (3+3+3)
– (B) One out of two (2 + 2)
• Qu.3, Qu.4, Qu.5
– (A)
– (a) One out of two (3+3)
– (b) One out of two (3 + 3)
– (B) One out of two (2 + 2)
By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS
Out line of paper
• Limit and continuity (3+3+3) 06/09
• Differentiation (3+3+3) 09/18
• Application of differentiation (2+2) 04/08
• Indefinite & definite integrals (3+3+2) 08/16
• Application of integration (3) 03/06
• Differential equation (2) 02/04
• Application of differential equation(3) 03/06
• Numerical methods (3+3) 03/06
• Boolean Algebra (2+2) 02/04

By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS


Limit (3+3) and Continuity (3)
• Theory questions are C

sin x
– Prove that Lim =1 B
• x →0 x
• Use the fact A
O
• A(∆OAB) ≤ Area of sector OAC ≤ A(∆OAC)
• 1 > (sinx)/x > cosx taking limit of both sides
• We get

sin x
Lim =1
x →0 x

By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS


Some slandered formulae
sin x tan x ax − 1
Lim =1 Lim =1 Lim = log a
x →0 x x →0 x x →0 x
log(1 + x) 1 1
Lim =1 ( ) Lim =0
x →0 x Lim (1 + x) x = e x →∞ x
x →0
xn − an e x −1
Lim = nxn −1 Lim =1
x →0 x − a x →0 x
1 − cos x 1
Lim =
x →0 x 2 2
By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS
You need to remember
• L’ Hospital’s rule is not allowed in board examination
• Write standard result before using at end
• Trigonometric functions must have angle in radian
• Be careful about problem of continuity whether it
is at point or on interval.
• Please note that following results are not standard
result you need to divide and multiply by proper
term
1 a
sin ax a ( ) ( )
Lim = Lim (1 + ax) bx = e b
x →0 bx b x →0

By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS


Differentiation (3+3+3+2)
Derivative & application of derivatives
• One proof (out of two) & two problems of 3 marks
( out of three) one problem of 2 marks (out of two)
• Proof will be of
– Chain rule y= f(u) & u = g(x) then dy/dx = (dy/du).(du/dx)
– If y = u+v then prove that y’ = u’ + v’
– If y = u.v then prove that y’ = uv’ + u’v
– If y = u/v then prove that y’ = (vu’ – u’v)/v2
– If y = f(x) then y’ = 1/(dx/dy)
– If y = f(u) and x = g(u) then dy/dx = (dy/du)/(dx/du)
– If f(x) is derivable at x = a then f(x) is continuous at x=a
– Derivatives of inverse circular functions.
– Derivative by first principle.
By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS
Some important results of inverse
trigonometric functions
• T-1(T(x)) = x −1 −1 −1 x±y 
tan (x) ± tan ( y) = tan  

 1  xy 
• T (T-1(x)) = x
• (CoT-1(x)) = T-1(1/x) a sin x ± b cos x
−1
sin ( ) = sin −1( sin( α ± x )
• Sin-1(-x) = -sin-1(x) a 2 + b2
b
• Tan (-x) = -tan (x)
-1 -1 where α = tan −1( )
a
• Cos-1(-x) = π - cos-1(x)
• Sin-1(x) + cos-1(x) = π/2
• Tan-1(x) + cot-1(x) = π/2
• Sec-1(x) + cosec-1(x) = π/2

By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS


You need to know!

Derivative of
Derivatives by first
composite function by
principle
chain rule

Derivative
Derivative
of u.v.w
of
OR u.v/w.z
parametric Derivatives
OR uv by
function
taking log
of both
sides
Derivative of inverse
trigonometric functions using Higher order Derivatives and
proper substitution relation between derivatives

By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS


Application of derivatives
• Geometrical applications—
– Geometrical meaning of derivative
– Tangent at a point of y = f(x), As y – y1 = f’(x).(x-x1)
– Normal at a point of y = f(x) As y – y1 = (x – x1)/f’(x)
• Rate of change measure –
– Meaning of growth and decay rate
– Physical meaning
• Approximation –
– F (a + h) = h. f’ (a) + f (a) You need to identify function, value of a & h
• Maxima minima –
– Identification of critical points
– Single derivative test
– Double derivative test

By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS


Integration (3+3+3+2)
Indefinite(3+3), Definite (3 + 2) & application
• One proof of indefinite integral or one property of definite
integral (out of two) & two problems of 3 marks ( one out of
two each on I and D) one problem of 2 marks (out of 2 on I )
• Proof will be of
– Integration by parts
– ∫ e x (f( x) + f'(x))dx = e x f(x) + c
x a 2
2 2 a2 + x2 + log[x + a 2 + x 2 + c
∫ a + x dx =
2 2
2 2 x 2 2 a2
∫ x − a dx = x −a − log[x + x 2 − a 2 + c
2 2
2 2 x 2 2 a2 −1x
∫ a − x dx = a −x − sin   + c
2 2 a

By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS


Integration (3+3+3+2)
Indefinite(3+3), Definite (3 + 2) & application
• One proof of indefinite integral or one property of definite
integral (out of two) & two problems of 3 marks ( one out of
two each on I and D) one problem of 2 marks (out of 2 on I )
• Proof will be of
b a 2a a

∫ f(x) = − ∫ f(x) ∫ f(x) = 2∫ f(x) if f(2a - x) = f(x)


a b 0 0
b c b = 0 if f(2a - x) = - f(x)
∫ f(x) = ∫ f(x) + ∫ f(x)
a a c

a a

∫ f(x) = 2∫ f(x) if f(x) is even


−a 0
= 0 if odd.
By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS
Integration (3+3+3+2)
Indefinite(3+3), Definite (3 + 2) & application
• One proof of indefinite integral or one property of definite
integral (out of two) & two problems of 3 marks ( one out of
two each on I and D) one problem of 2 marks (out of 2 on I )
– Problem to find area or volume of solid of revolution.

By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS


Numerical Methods (3+3)
• There will be no problem on solving integrals by numerical
method. The problems will be based on relations of E, E-1,∆,
and ∇ You know that
– E(f(x) = f(x+h)
∆(f(x)) = f(x+h) – f(x)
∆=E–I
∆∇=∇∆
∇E = ∆
∆E =E∆
∆-∇=∆∇
– E-1 = I -∇
∆/∇ + ∆/∇ = ∆ + ∇
– (I+∆) (I-∇)= I
– E(I-∇) = I

By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS


Boolean Algebra (2+2)
• Questions will be based on • x. 1 = x
only properties of Boolean • x+1=x
algebra or on duals. One • x + x’ = 1
question will be on logic
gates or switching circuits • (x + y)’ = x’ . Y’
• If x, y, z are elements of • (x . Y)’ = x’ + y’
Boolean algebra then with • x + (x . Y ) = x
usual notations • x.(x+y)=x
• x+x=x • x + x’ . y = x + y
• x.x = x • (x’)’ = x
• x . x’ = 0 • (x + y) . (x + z) = x + y. z
• x.y’ + x’.y = (x + y) . (x’ + y’)

By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS


Boolean Algebra (2+2)

• Logic gates

x x . y (1,1 is 1 all other zero)


AND
y

x x + y (0,0 is 0 all other one


OR
y

y NOT y’

By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS


By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS