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# Board Pattern Mathematics

Paper II

By
Nitin Oke
For Safe Hands

## By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS

Out line of paper
• Qu.1
– (A) Two out of three (3+3+3)
– (B) One out of two (2 + 2)
• Qu.2
– (A) Two out of three (3+3+3)
– (B) One out of two (2 + 2)
• Qu.3, Qu.4, Qu.5
– (A)
– (a) One out of two (3+3)
– (b) One out of two (3 + 3)
– (B) One out of two (2 + 2)
By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS
Out line of paper
• Limit and continuity (3+3+3) 06/09
• Differentiation (3+3+3) 09/18
• Application of differentiation (2+2) 04/08
• Indefinite & definite integrals (3+3+2) 08/16
• Application of integration (3) 03/06
• Differential equation (2) 02/04
• Application of differential equation(3) 03/06
• Numerical methods (3+3) 03/06
• Boolean Algebra (2+2) 02/04

## By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS

Limit (3+3) and Continuity (3)
• Theory questions are C

sin x
– Prove that Lim =1 B
• x →0 x
• Use the fact A
O
• A(∆OAB) ≤ Area of sector OAC ≤ A(∆OAC)
• 1 > (sinx)/x > cosx taking limit of both sides
• We get

sin x
Lim =1
x →0 x

## By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS

Some slandered formulae
sin x tan x ax − 1
Lim =1 Lim =1 Lim = log a
x →0 x x →0 x x →0 x
log(1 + x) 1 1
Lim =1 ( ) Lim =0
x →0 x Lim (1 + x) x = e x →∞ x
x →0
xn − an e x −1
Lim = nxn −1 Lim =1
x →0 x − a x →0 x
1 − cos x 1
Lim =
x →0 x 2 2
By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS
You need to remember
• L’ Hospital’s rule is not allowed in board examination
• Write standard result before using at end
• Trigonometric functions must have angle in radian
• Be careful about problem of continuity whether it
is at point or on interval.
• Please note that following results are not standard
result you need to divide and multiply by proper
term
1 a
sin ax a ( ) ( )
Lim = Lim (1 + ax) bx = e b
x →0 bx b x →0

## By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS

Differentiation (3+3+3+2)
Derivative & application of derivatives
• One proof (out of two) & two problems of 3 marks
( out of three) one problem of 2 marks (out of two)
• Proof will be of
– Chain rule y= f(u) & u = g(x) then dy/dx = (dy/du).(du/dx)
– If y = u+v then prove that y’ = u’ + v’
– If y = u.v then prove that y’ = uv’ + u’v
– If y = u/v then prove that y’ = (vu’ – u’v)/v2
– If y = f(x) then y’ = 1/(dx/dy)
– If y = f(u) and x = g(u) then dy/dx = (dy/du)/(dx/du)
– If f(x) is derivable at x = a then f(x) is continuous at x=a
– Derivatives of inverse circular functions.
– Derivative by first principle.
By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS
Some important results of inverse
trigonometric functions
• T-1(T(x)) = x −1 −1 −1 x±y 
tan (x) ± tan ( y) = tan  

 1  xy 
• T (T-1(x)) = x
• (CoT-1(x)) = T-1(1/x) a sin x ± b cos x
−1
sin ( ) = sin −1( sin( α ± x )
• Sin-1(-x) = -sin-1(x) a 2 + b2
b
• Tan (-x) = -tan (x)
-1 -1 where α = tan −1( )
a
• Cos-1(-x) = π - cos-1(x)
• Sin-1(x) + cos-1(x) = π/2
• Tan-1(x) + cot-1(x) = π/2
• Sec-1(x) + cosec-1(x) = π/2

## By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS

You need to know!

Derivative of
Derivatives by first
composite function by
principle
chain rule

Derivative
Derivative
of u.v.w
of
OR u.v/w.z
parametric Derivatives
OR uv by
function
taking log
of both
sides
Derivative of inverse
trigonometric functions using Higher order Derivatives and
proper substitution relation between derivatives

## By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS

Application of derivatives
• Geometrical applications—
– Geometrical meaning of derivative
– Tangent at a point of y = f(x), As y – y1 = f’(x).(x-x1)
– Normal at a point of y = f(x) As y – y1 = (x – x1)/f’(x)
• Rate of change measure –
– Meaning of growth and decay rate
– Physical meaning
• Approximation –
– F (a + h) = h. f’ (a) + f (a) You need to identify function, value of a & h
• Maxima minima –
– Identification of critical points
– Single derivative test
– Double derivative test

## By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS

Integration (3+3+3+2)
Indefinite(3+3), Definite (3 + 2) & application
• One proof of indefinite integral or one property of definite
integral (out of two) & two problems of 3 marks ( one out of
two each on I and D) one problem of 2 marks (out of 2 on I )
• Proof will be of
– Integration by parts
– ∫ e x (f( x) + f'(x))dx = e x f(x) + c
x a 2
2 2 a2 + x2 + log[x + a 2 + x 2 + c
∫ a + x dx =
2 2
2 2 x 2 2 a2
∫ x − a dx = x −a − log[x + x 2 − a 2 + c
2 2
2 2 x 2 2 a2 −1x
∫ a − x dx = a −x − sin   + c
2 2 a

## By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS

Integration (3+3+3+2)
Indefinite(3+3), Definite (3 + 2) & application
• One proof of indefinite integral or one property of definite
integral (out of two) & two problems of 3 marks ( one out of
two each on I and D) one problem of 2 marks (out of 2 on I )
• Proof will be of
b a 2a a

## ∫ f(x) = − ∫ f(x) ∫ f(x) = 2∫ f(x) if f(2a - x) = f(x)

a b 0 0
b c b = 0 if f(2a - x) = - f(x)
∫ f(x) = ∫ f(x) + ∫ f(x)
a a c

a a

## ∫ f(x) = 2∫ f(x) if f(x) is even

−a 0
= 0 if odd.
By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS
Integration (3+3+3+2)
Indefinite(3+3), Definite (3 + 2) & application
• One proof of indefinite integral or one property of definite
integral (out of two) & two problems of 3 marks ( one out of
two each on I and D) one problem of 2 marks (out of 2 on I )
– Problem to find area or volume of solid of revolution.

## By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS

Numerical Methods (3+3)
• There will be no problem on solving integrals by numerical
method. The problems will be based on relations of E, E-1,∆,
and ∇ You know that
– E(f(x) = f(x+h)
∆(f(x)) = f(x+h) – f(x)
∆=E–I
∆∇=∇∆
∇E = ∆
∆E =E∆
∆-∇=∆∇
– E-1 = I -∇
∆/∇ + ∆/∇ = ∆ + ∇
– (I+∆) (I-∇)= I
– E(I-∇) = I

## By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS

Boolean Algebra (2+2)
• Questions will be based on • x. 1 = x
only properties of Boolean • x+1=x
algebra or on duals. One • x + x’ = 1
question will be on logic
gates or switching circuits • (x + y)’ = x’ . Y’
• If x, y, z are elements of • (x . Y)’ = x’ + y’
Boolean algebra then with • x + (x . Y ) = x
usual notations • x.(x+y)=x
• x+x=x • x + x’ . y = x + y
• x.x = x • (x’)’ = x
• x . x’ = 0 • (x + y) . (x + z) = x + y. z
• x.y’ + x’.y = (x + y) . (x’ + y’)

## By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS

Boolean Algebra (2+2)

• Logic gates

AND
y

OR
y

y NOT y’

## By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS

By Nitin Oke for SAFE HANDS