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Contract Management:Available Contract strategies: Separate Design & Build (Traditional):- The strategy has been used from

very long time in the industry and states the separation of Design from building in a contract. The design organisation is selected by the employer himself so can apply any relevant criteria according to the requirements. The employer gets the benefit of making decisions during the development of design. Advantages: All the designing part is done before appointing of a contractor and can be amended or changed with the consent of the Bestwater. Payment matters and contract claims are decided by the Contract Administrator. Widely used in the industry so every other problem has a solution. Dis-Advantages: Chances of misunderstanding increases as the contractor is introduced to design during the tender period which can also cause lack of teamwork between the Design (appointed by Bestwater) and Construction organisations. Both the process doesnt go hand in hand and the strategy becomes slower.

2) Design & Build: - A strategy developed to make work even quicker by concurrency of Design and Construction organisations. Bestwater needs to deal with only the contractor and the designing team is therefore under the control of the contractor, which produces good Planning and Programming. Advantages: More risks are undertaken by the contractor which can sometimes increase the cost of the Task. Requirements for the tasks are Dis-Advantages: The tender cost will be generally high as the designing is also done by the contractor which also makes the task period longer than usual.

clearly stated in contractor documents before the work starts. Good for standard buildings which doesnt needs amendments in design like Dams and Highways.

Not good for complex and difficult planning and the changes can be costly.

No professional guidance as provided in traditional strategies.

3) Management Contracting: - The strategy was developed to overcome shortcomings from the traditional strategy. The strategy is mostly like the traditional strategy but the management contractor is more expected as a partner to the task and is also introduced in the contract with other certain subcontractors. The Management contractor looks into the liaison and management of all works and the construction part is done with the help of the subcontractors. Under the strategy as everything is interconnected there is an uncertain risk developed about the delay of the works which needs proper planning and execution or it can cost extra. Advantages: Rather than D. & B. Bestwater can influence the design and can have better control over it. As the sub-contractors are also involved, it can give a faster start and good design expertise for an early completion of the task. The management contractor is responsible for the work of Subcontractors. Dis-Advantages: Management Contractor is another addition to the cost of the task. Liability on Sub-Contractors increased. Payment to the sub-contractors can be late.

4) Construction Management: - Construction management strategy omits the title of management contractor and introduces the employer directly to the subcontractor; its nearly same as the Management Contracting. In the strategy a Construction Manager is introduced which also acts as a consultant and

coordinates the work with all contractors on behalf of the employer. Here the employer needs to take all the interface risks as its in direct contact with the sub-contractors and any mistakes caused will be his responsibility. Construction manager hardly carries any risk. Advantages: Good for technologically complex projects containing numerous inter-dependent projects. Pay will be prompt as the subcontractors will directly paid by Bestwater. The Strategy makes an early start on the site despite the design is complete. Dis-Advantages: Not suitable for small and simple tasks. More involvement of smaller companies as Sub-contractors increases the risk which cant withstand any big damages or delays to the projects as they have less financial ability.

Recommendations:1) Mains rehabilitation: - The Management contracting strategy can be used for the task. The designing part is very little and can be done by the design team appointed by the Bestwater with the proper requirements. There is more of liaison work involved with the local authorities, so a full time Management contractor can be appointed for it. The strategy can increase the price of the project but the task will be done with full expertise and concentration. 2) The Sewage Treatment: - The Construction management strategy can be used for the task. The requirement of structural and hydraulic design expertise can be completed by appointing a qualified design organisation as a sub-contractor, also the design is not too complex which will reduce some amount of cost. The construction manager can therefore handle all the sub-contractor as well as the operational staff as described in the task requirement. 3) The Dam: - The Design and Build strategy can be used for the task. As there is ample amount of time available for the task and the construction process is also of a very

common framework, which suits the strategy needs. It can be completely given to a design and build organisation which can look after the expert supervision needed for the design. Also the panel required for the design is not available to Bestwater so if there are any of the mistakes, the organisation is fully responsible for it, but not the employer. 4) The Telemetry and Control System: - The Design and Build strategy can be used for the task. Bestwater can directly appoint some of the contractors available in UK for both the Design and construction, as the task is described as Fundamental and urgent a full expertise organisation can influence it in a better way. In this way the employers risk is also mitigated.

References: 1)