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Ab Imperio, 3/2007

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. . . // . 1913. No.
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, . (Bernard
S. Cohn, 1928-2003). , -: Historiographic, Survey, Enumerative, Surveillance
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I.
(1867-1916)

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.9
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1867 , - (1818-1882; - 1867 1882 )
,
.
-
- . . XVII XVIII
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10
. . . , 2005; / . . . , ,
1950; . . . . , 1967; . . . : . , 1996; Svetlana Gorshenina. Le destin
des Tartares.
9

11
. . . , . . . . -, 1910. . 215.
12
( , )
1882 . . . 12 ,
. : . ( ) (. 1886. 10) // . -, 1883. . 389. . 37.
13
( ).
. 1. . 16. . 2414. . 6.
14
. . . ( . 1908. 271) // . , 1907. . 495. . 180.

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Ab Imperio, 3/2007

(18611923) 19-
1908-1909 ,
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15
. . . . . 219-220. . :
. . 1. . 16. . 2414. . 6.
16
. . . : . . . . . (1830-1894) /
. . . . . , 1949 ( : . 29-32);
. . . . , 1985. . 14-31. . . 1831 . . : . . .
// . 1953. . 3. . 123.
17
. . . . . 16.
18
, . .
, 1852-1854 ,
. . : . . . . . . . . , , //
. . 2691. . 1. . 4. . 7.

. . , , , , , ,
, , / . .
, , , . , Survey The Times of India,
The Englishman, Pioneer [Lahore] .. (, ).
,

. . . . 18 1884 // .
. -1. . 11. . 47. . 221. . : . . . //
. . , 1959. . 71.
19

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Ab Imperio, 3/2007

.
/ . , . . , , ,
.20 ,
.
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, 1866 , ,21
-, ,
.22 , Erdkunde,
(Alexandre von
Humboldt, 1769-1859) (Carl Ritter, 1779-1858)

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. . Erdkunde Asiens (1832-1833)
- (1827-1914),
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),
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(
25),
. . .
, ,
-, -

20
.: Tzvetan Todorov. Nous et les Autres. La rflexion franaise sur la
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The Geographic Construction of British India, 1765-1843. Chicago and London, 1997.
21
. . . . :
, ,
, : . . . . . 19-20.
22
, , , ,
. [.
. ?]. , . . (.
1878. 56) // . -, . . 195. . 110.
, , . .
.

23

10

.
. . - 1856 1859 .;
. . 1895 .: . . -.
1845-1895. . 1. -, 1896. . 91; . . . // Idem. . , 1951. . 235; . . .
(1818-1862) // . . ,
, . , 1971. . 10. . 228; Milan Hauner. What is Asia to Us? P.
167; . . . . C. 352, 355.
24
. . . . . (1847) // .
. , , . , 1976. .
18. . 242-268; Svetlana Gorshenina. Le destin des Tartares.
25
. . , 1859-1880 . : . . .
. . . . . . 10; . . . . . 15-16.

11

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007


raisons dtre. ,
.26

: - . XIX ,
.27
, , . 1840 1860-

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.30

Svetlana Gorshenina. Construction dune image savante du Turkestan russe.


. . 9 1870 . (?)
, , , -: [] ; , , , . ,
, .
. ,
?: . . -1. . 15. . 73. . 21-22.
28
. . . //
. 1895. 34. . : . . .
. . 123-124. . . , . .
(, , ,
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,
84 : Ibid. . 124.
26
27

12

, ,
. . . . . . 1. -, 1878. . V-VI.
: . . . . . . ( . 1874. . 157) // . 1873. . 73.
. 229.
30
. . . . . . V-VI.
29

13

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Ab Imperio, 3/2007

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, .32

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1878 , , ,

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.33
David MacKenzie. Kaufman of Turkestan: An Assessment of His Administration
1867-1881 // Slavic Review. 1967. Vol. 26. No. 2. Pp. 265-285; Idem. Expansion in
Central Asia: St. Petersburg vs. the Turkestan Generals, 1863-1866 // Canadian Slavic
Studies. 1969. Vol. 3. No. 2. Pp. 286-311; Idem. Turkestans Significance to Russia (18501917) // Russian Review. 1974. Vol. 33. No. 2. Pp. 168-171; Frank G. Siscoe. Eugene
Schuyler, General Kaufman, and Central Asia // Slavic Review. 1968. Vol. 27. No. 1. Pp.
119-124 [: David Mackenzie Pp. 124-130]; . . . //
. . 473. , 1975.
. 38-50; Idem. ( ) // , . . . 482.
, 1976. . 39-60; Idem. .
70- XIX // ,
. . 517. , 1976. . 30-52.
32
. . . . 13 1869: . . -1. .
20. . 2157. . 3. . . . . . 1959. . 72.
33
. . . . . . V-VI.
31

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. . (. . ): [ ] , , , ; , ,
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. . . . . . . . 31.
35
. . . . . . V-VI.
36
Ibid.
34

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Ab Imperio, 3/2007

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, , 1872 . . . 1000 : . . -1. . 20. . 5138.
39
. . . . . 9. . . , . .
. . . . . . 33.
40
. . . . 18 1884 : . .
-1. . 11. . 47. . 221. . . . . . . 71.
41
. . . . . . . . 228; [. .
?]. . . 110.
38

17

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.42 , 1868
,
.43 1872
, 41 ,
.44
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, ( 28 1870 ,
17 ).46 ,
, 1869 (18161912; 1861-1881), . ,
,
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. [. . ?]. . . 110.
1882
,
: . ( ). . 37. . . 1867 1870
.
- 1870
2200 , 1200 ( ), . 216 . . 1871 : . . -1. . 1. . 359. . 1; Ibid. . 16. . 2414. .
7; . 1870. 1, 2; . . . . . 135, 220.
44
. . -1. . 20. . 5138. . 1. . . 1876
. . : . . . . 1959. . 72.
45
. . 1. . 16. . 2414. . 7.
46
. . . . . 134.
42
43

18

Ab Imperio, 3/2007
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20
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250 , - . . . .
1887
166 . 1867 1887 Ibid. . 215.
Ibid. . 134.
49
. . . . . . . . 229; .. ( . . 18. -, 1908. . 0191-0193) // . . 517. , . . 194.
47
48

19

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Ab Imperio, 3/2007

416 , 4713 .
3 .50


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1-150 1878 , 151-300 1884


301-416 1888 .
51
[. . ?]. . . 110.
52
. . . . . . . . 228-229.
53
. . . . . 39.
54
. . . . . . . . 228.
: . . . .
(1878).
55
. . . . . V-VI.
56
.
50

20

,
, . . (1869-1930)
, , ...,58
. . ,
.59
, (Georg
Nathaniel Curzon, 1859-1925) 1889 , ,
,
1867 , .
, , ,
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..
[ , .. ..] , - , . . . . -, 1886. . 180, . 1.
(1915) .
58
. . . // . , 1977. . 9. . 496.
59
. . 1. . 16. . 2414. . 7 .
57

21

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;
,
.60

.
1884 ,61 , ,
, -
.

( 62), ,
,
, .
- , ,
.
. , ,63 George Nathaniel Marquis of Curzon. Russia in Central Asia in 1889 and the AngloRussian Question. London, New York, 1889. P. 248.
61
.. . . 194.
62
. .
. .
, . . ,
(1867-1887), 1887-1907 ., 179 1677 . . .
,
5392 : . . . // . 1895. 15, 16, 18, 26 28 ( ); . . .
. . 124; . . . . .
. . . . 22-23, 29-30. . : . . . // . . .
1. , 1945. . 118-121.
63
. . 13 312,
. . , , 10.200
60

22

Ab Imperio, 3/2007
1882 1883 , - (1828-1898; - 1882-1884)
,
-.
416 1887 (1828-1901, - 1884-1888), ,
, , .64
,
, ,
65 ...
, .
1884 ,
(1846-1930) (1841-1910).
. , : , - - ;
,
. . . ,
, , . 1883 , 1885 , 1886 1886
: . . -1. . 1. . 359. . 3. . : . ( ). . 36-40; . . . . . 439-440; . . .
. . . . . . 22-23; . . 1. .
16. . 2414. : . . .
// . , 1977. . 9. . 496-498.
64
. . . . . 442.
65
. 1907 .
, 1908 // . . 462. , 1908. . 185; . . . . . 182.

23

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Ab Imperio, 3/2007

, ,
, . .66
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; , .67

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... , .69

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1888 .
.
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, .70

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: . . . . . . . . . 16-17. .: . . . . . 73; . . . . 1985. . 31.
67

1885-1889
. 1884, 1885, 1886, 1887 .: . . . . .
. . . . 17-18.
68
. . . . . 182.
69
. . 24 1887 15 1888 . . : .
. . . . . . . . 17-18.
66

24

, ,
. 1903 1904 ,
609 1000 ( 1903
12.110 14.110 1904 ),
1903
( 690 550) 1904 (6.750).71

- (- 1907 ,
)
. 1911 . . ,
,
. . . ( . 1908. 261) // . . 495. , 1907. .
159-161.
71
. . -17. . 1. . 464. . 3; Ibid. . -1. . 1. . 359. . 5.
70

25

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007

(18731958).72
(1907) 34 ,73 1000
,74 1908 45 , 1909 44 .
, ... 500 [] ,75 - ,76 , , .. 1907
1916 48 . . , 175 .77
- , ,
, . . . ,

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, 20
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( . . ).78

, , , :

, - 18 1908 , ,
,
,
.79

. . , . . (1855-1938), . . , . . -.
. . .: . . . . . . .
. . 4-5, passim.
73
. . 1907 . .
185.
74
60.000 ,
, 1907-1909 . , . , ,
, .
, ,
, : . . -1. . 17. . 678. . 1-1., 3., 22,
28-28., 121-121.
75
. . . . . 182.
76
. . -1. . 17. . 678. . 28 .
77
. . . . . 73-74; . . . . 1985. . 36-39; . . , . , 2002.
72

26


, , ,
, , . , , : ,
, [. . ?],
.80 . . , . . 1907 . .
185; .. . . 194-195; . . . . . 182.
79
. . -1. . 17. . 678. . 121.
80
.. . . 195.
78

27

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007


: c , .. .81

/ /
/ .

.
416 , ,
. . (-, 1878-1888, 3- .),
175 , 19401953 , . . . . .
(1849-1908),
, , , ,
,83 , , , ,
.84
1950- . ,
1953 ( )
,
. . . 23 , 1870-1890 . . .85
, . . , 89
1849-1867 ,86
(1834-1892), ,

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... . , , . , ,
1916 , , .82
, ,
. ,
. , , . 1950-
. 1939 ,
,
(1887-1956) (1837-1909) .
, . . . // . . . . , 1977. . 9. . 488.
82
. . .
. 227-229.
81

28

.. . . 194.

. : . . .
. . 123; . . . . 1985. . 67.
85
. .
1870-1878 ,
. 17 ,
1840-1890 , . . (133 186
): . . . . . 123.
86
. . 123-124.
83
84

29

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007

1850- 1860- .87 1952 . (


) 29 ( 417 446 ), . , , (). ,
, .88 ,89 , ,
.
, ,
, , ( ) . 594 ,
10.710 (416
1867-1887 ; 175 -

. . . . 1907-1916
3 . . 1939 ).90
,
Media-Land
, .
.91 ,
, . ,
, , , ,
.92

87
. .
1869 : . . . . . . . .
. 6.
88
. . , ,
, , -
1887 . . . , , 1870-
. . . 1910
, , , . 1925 29
--, 1945 . , 1926
. . 23 : . . 124-125. . . , . . ,
, . , , : . . . . .
. . . . 20. . . . . 1959. . 76; . . .
. 1985. . 45.
89
, 16 880 , .

30

II. (18711872)
. .
...
. . - .
,
.
. , , .
: . . . //
. , 100-
. . . , 1989. . 64; . 1870-1970. , 1977. . 24-26.
91

Media-Land . .
.
92
. . . . . 182.
90

31

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007

, , .93
.
, , , , , , ,
, .
, :
, . . 8 1870 , ...
[] ,


.94
. . . , , :
1867
-


,
, .... [ ] .
,
, ,
, .95

, , , . , . (Heather S. Sonntag),
, - (John Canning).96 :
, .97
, .
.98 , . ,
. . , 18661867 1867
.
1866 . (-,
1868), . . .
,
-.
,
, .99

93

Svetlana Gorshenina. Construction dune image savante du Turkestan russe.


. . -1. . 15. . 73. . 24-26.
95
Ibid. . 20. . 6636. . 3-3. : . . .
94

32

(1874) // . . . 1847-1886. . 3:
. -, 1894. . 1537-1538.
96
. . . : http://www.reseau-asie.com.
97
. - []. . . // . 1888. 46. 22 .
98
1867 , ,
:
1869 // . 1869. . 5. . 373.
99
. . . . . 890. . , . . . . , . 207:

33

. , ...

. .

- (1840-1888), 1868 - .100 101 1871-1872 ,
, , , , ,
, . ,

. . . // . 1874. . 10. 2. . 97-99; . . .


// 1883 . -, 1885. . 47-51; ... [. . ].
. . // . 1889. . 36. ., Heather S. Sonntag ( 109): Paul Vanderbilt.
Kun Collection // Guide to the Special Collections of Prints & Photographs in the Library
of Congress. No. 92. Washington, DC, 1955; Brenda Parker. Turkestanskii Albom:
Portrait of a Faraway Place and Another Time // Quarterly Journal of the Library of
Congress. 1983. Vol. 40. Pp. 284-341.
100
. . - 24 1868 16 1869 ,

, 18711872 . . ,
.
, , 1870
, : . . -1. . 20. . 3001; Ibid. . 15. . 73. . 24-26. .
: . . . //
. . , 1974. . 203-208.
101
. . , , . . ,
. . , . . . . . . . . : . . -1. . 20. . 6652. . 66.

34

Ab Imperio, 3/2007
, (1873 )
,
, ,
.102
. . , -. 6 , 16.200 , , .
1 1 1872
.103 1873
,
, , . . ,
.104
23 1871
,
[] :
1- ; 2-
- ; 3- ; 4- 5- . ,
, [. . . ..]
. . -1. . 20. . 6636. . 4.
35 ,
. . 90
: . . -1. . 20. . 6461. . 33.
104
. . -1. . 20. . 4058. . 5; Ibid. . 6461. . 4, 5; Ibid. . 6636. . 1;
Ibid. . 6597. . 70-70.
102
103

35

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007

100150 .105
, . ; . .
( ); . . ;
- (
-
); (
), , . . .106 , .107 c
, : (2 ),
(2 ), .108
. (45 60 ), 1400 , 7 .109

, - , 4 .
5 .110
25 ,
( 50 ). 7 , 18 . 100-150 50 , 10 -

. . -1. . 20. . 6461. . 1-1.


(80 ),
10 , ,
3 10 . . .
.
107
. . -1. . 20. . 6461. . 18-18, 23.
108
Ibid. . 6636. . 3-3.
109
, .
. . ,
447 1262 : . . . . . 204. , . (Heather S. Sonntag;
, ), ,
1235 , 21
105
106

36

, 14 13 - ,
.. 1337 (. : http://www.reseauasie.com; Heather S. Sonntag. Re-viewing a Portrait of Empire in Central Asia: The
Turkestan Album Exposed // Abstracts of Papers Presented at the Central Eurasian
Studies Society. 6 th Annual Conference, 2005: http://www.cess.muohio.edu/
CESSpg_conf_abstracts2005.html). C , (http://
www.loc.gov/rr/print/coll/287_turkestan.html),
445, 1223 54
( ): 1. ,
, - . .
1- . . . . . , 1871-1872 (2
6 . 154 , 317 40 ; 18 154,
, . . , . . ); 2. , :
, - . .
1- . . . , 1871-1872 (2 6 .
164 , 491 ; , . . , 7 15 ); 3.
, , - . . 1- . . . ,
1871-1872 (1 6 . 79 , 203
13 ); 4. , : [] ,
- . . 1- . . . . , , . , 18711872 (1 48 , 212 1 ).
, .
110
. . -1. . 20. . 6461. . 2.

37

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007

, 40
.111
.
, , -, , ,
( . . ,
112). :
,
,
, :
, ,
,
. , , .113

1873 , . .
, 50 , .114 , , , , .115 1872 .116
,
, ( )
, 9627 51 .117
, 1875 , .
. , ,
: , ,
: , , , , ,
, ..,
, , , , .. ,
; , ; ,
.118


20 , , 10 , 25 , , , 25
20 : . . -1. . 20.
. 6461. . 2-2.
112
,
, 1872 , . . . . ,
.
1874 . .

.
,
: . . -1.
. 20. . 7247. . 28-28. . . .
: . . -1. . 20. . 6652. . 75.
113
. . . (1874).
. 1538.
111

38

. . -1. . 20. . 6636. . 4-5.


41 , ,
:
. . , . . ,
. . , . . , . . ,
. . , . . , - . . ,
. . . ,
, . . , . . , . . , . . :
. . -1. . 20. . 6636. . 30-30.
116
Svetlana Gorshenina. Construction dune image savante du Turkestan russe.
117
. . -1. . 20. . 6461. . 7.
118
. . . (1874).
. 1538.
114
115

39

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007

:
[]
, ,
, . , , , , ,

.119

,
, .
, ,
. , ,
.
.121
.
. . 1873
:122 ,

.
,
.
, (, 1875 ,
123).
: , , , .

.

. 1874 1200 100
.
( , -


. , ,
III --, . XVI , , :
. , .

, .120
. . , , 1872 .
, ,
. , XIX , -

121

. . -1. . 20. . 6636. . 47-47.


120
. , 1871-1872. . 3.
119

40

Svetlana Gorshenina. Construction dune image savante du Turkestan russe.


. . -1. . 20. . 6652. . 59.
123
Ibid. . 71.
122

41

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007

),124 , 3 1874
, [] ,
.125 1874
;126 1876 - 8-
,127
.
,
.128



, ,
. , , (1816-1881) , ,
, , , .129
:
, , 1500 (
,
).130
- ,131 1874

- , ,
.132
(1823-1889; 18661880 ), .
: . .
- .

-

Ibid. . 5871; . 7247.


Ibid. . 7247. . 42.
126
Ibid. . 7247. . 52.
127
Ibid. . 10095.
128
,

,

: . . . .
(1898-1917). , 2002.
, , .,
. . : Au pays sacr des anciens Turcs /
Eski Trklerin Kutsal lkesinde [photos by H. Bouillane de Lacoste]. Runion des
Muses nationaux /Yap Kredi Yaynlar. Istanbul-Paris, 1995; E. agatay. Once Upon a
Time in Central Asia. Istanbul, 1996; Charles Daney. Le Transsibrien. Documents photographiques de la Socit de gographie de Paris. Paris, 1980; G. Dopffer. Paul Nadar.
De la Turquie au Turkestan. Istanbul, 1994; W. Kenneth. Frontire dAsie. Photographies et notes de voyage du fonds Louis Martin. Paris, 1933; E. Maillart, N. Bouvier. La
vie immdiate. Photographies. Paris, Lausanne, 1991; A. G. Nadvetskiy (Dir.). Boukhara (Juste a temps: les grandes archives photographiques [1871-1898]) / Trad. de langlais
par M. Suchaud. Paris, 1993; V. V. Naumkin (Dir.). Samarcande (Juste temps: les
grandes archives photographiques [1871-1898], I) / Trad. de langlais par S. Mendez.
Paris, 1992; Svetlana Gorshenina. La route de Samarcande: lAsie centrale dans lobjectif
des voyageurs dautrefois. Genve, 2000; Eadem. Private Collections of Russian Turkestan; Margaret Dikovitskaya. Central Asia in Early Photographs: Russian Colonial Attitudes and Visual Culture // Uyama Tomohiko (Ed.). Empire, Islam, and Politics in Central Eurasia, 2005 Summer International Symposium at the Slavic Research Center,
Hokkaido University Regional and Transregional Dynamism in Central Eurasia: Empires, Islam and Politics. Sapporo, 2007. Pp. 99-121; . .
.
. -, 2007.
124
125

42

. . -1. . 20. . 7247. . 43, 52.


Ibid. . 6652. . 62-62.
131
, 30
1872 ,
: . . -1. . 20. . 6637.
-
- : . . -1. .
20. . 6652. . 60, 62-62.
132
. . -1. . 20. . 6652. . 63-63.
129
130

43

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007

. , , -
6 1880

:
, . .
, , ,
, ,
, . , , ,
,
.133

(
, ) .135
, . , ,
- 1876 . . : -,
, -, ,
. - , , ... , , , ;
,
(2
2 ), , , ,
, -, .136
, , , , ,

. , ,
( ,
), . - ,

, ,
- . -

,
, ,
,
,
-.134 , 238 119 , , 1880
Ibid.. 1. . 1449. . 1-2.
,
, 1500
1877 : . . -19. . 1. . 186. . 1.

133
134

44

135
136

. . -1. . 1. . 1449. . 4, 5, 12-12; Ibid. . 19. . 722.


Ibid. . -5. . 1. . 263. . 1-2.

45

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007

; ,
, , ,
. ,
, - .
,
, .
, ,

, ,
.137
. ,
-
, ,
, , , . , , .138

, , ,
, , - .
,


, ,
, .

Ibid. . 6.
,
, ,

, [
..] , , ,
: . . -5. . 1. . 263. . 8-8.

137
138

46

III. ( 1873 )

, .
, , , ,
,
. .
. 1867 , -
-, . , , , -.139

. 1871
(?) ,
, ,
,
. 139

. . . . . 10.

47

. , ...
, , ,
, .140

, , , . ,
, .
1873 , -
.141 ,
.142 ,
, . ,

1907 , 1873 , . -, ; -, ,

(); ,
. , , ,
. ,
, 1873
. . -1. . 20. . 3312. . 1.
. ,
, : Edmund Burke III. The Creation of the Moroccan Colonial
Archive, 1880-1930 // History and Anthropology. 2007. Vol. 18. No. 1. Pp. 1-9.
142
. : . . .
. C. 130-147.
140
141

48

Ab Imperio, 3/2007
. . .
, .
, .143
, . ,
, , .
(
), -
(1819-1896), 1873 -:

, . ,

.
, ,
,
,
, , ,
. ,

.
. . , . .144
Ibid. C. 27-28.
. . -1. . 16. . 689. . 2-2; Ibid. . -17. . 1. . 348. . 1-2.
.

143
144

49

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007

, ,
, .
,
. . ,
.
, .
.

, - , ,
:
. -.
: ,
,
. :
, - , . : ,
, , .


,
.145

, , .

,
,146 .
( ,
?). , -
:
. , n 4509, ,
, ,
, - .
, , , , - ,
, .
, ,
, , , . ,
, , ,
, . ,
- .147

,
,

(, , .). , - , -

, , . , 146

145

50

Ibid. . -1. . 16. . 689. . 2-3.

147

Ibid. . 10.
Ibid. . 11. .

51

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007

, , 17
1875 , 1872 1875
(.. ) 400 ,
[]
.148
- ,
:
,
, , 5000 .149

.152 : 1916 . . , ,
, ,
. - ,
.153
,
1917 , 1918-1921-
1924-1936- , , . , (David
Mackenzie),
1960- 1970- , , ,
, .154
, .

, , , ,
-.155 , , , -

,

( ) , . . 1903 , .. 30
,
,
, ,
. , ,
.150
, , -.151
, . 1909
Ibid. . -17. . 1. . 348. . 49.
Ibid. . -1. . 16. . 689. . 11.
150
Ibid. . 28. . 618. . 1.
151
, -, , .
148
149

52



19 1909 , . ; 6
: . . -1.
. 28. . 1277. . 5-5.
153
. . . 1916 //
. , 1973. . 8. . 338.
154
David Mackenzie. Kaufman of Turkestan. . 265, note 3.
155
/ . . . . . - . . , 1997.
152

53

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007

. 1958 1961

. 1966 -- (Dpt
des archives doutre-Mer Aix-en-Provence; , , ).156 ,
, . - .

( 1872 )
, .158
,
, (1848-1925),
1901 . , ,159
-
(- 1901-1904 ) ,
(1863-1919),
. - - .160

,
-

IV.
(1901-1915)

, ,
,
.
. , , , .157 Vincent Confer. The Depot in Aix and Archival Sources for France Outre-Mer //
French Historical Studies. 1969. Vol. 6. No. 1. Pp. 120-126.
157
. . (1876-1882). -, 1882; : . 1915. . 1, 6; . . .
. -, 1868; . . . 1839-1840.
1839 . -, 1873; . . . .
1880-1881 . -, 1883-1884; Idem.
1873 . . -, 1888; . . . . , 1890; . . .
- .
1863 . ( ). -, 1900; . . . . -, 1902; . . . // . -, 1877. . 3. . 58-106 ( : . 1877.
1. . 214-215); . [.]. . . 1900 . , 1900; . .
156

54

1841 . // . 1861. .
XXVI. 11. . 41-92; . . . // . 1851. . 5. . 62-153; . . 1858 . - . , 1897. . . . . . .
. , 1963. . 45, 98. . . : . .
. XIX // , . . 1.
, 1960. . 95-102.
158
, 1903 - ,
: . . -1. . 17. . 359. . 24.
159
. . . // , 1864 . . 2. , 1914. . 1.
160
. . . // , . 1895. . 70. . 1-52; Idem.
// . 1899. 6. . 432-444; 7. . 219-236; 8. . 442446; 9. . 212-226; 10. . 447-466; Idem. //
. [1899?]. 9. . 5-28; Idem. (- ) // . 1894.
11-12. . 1539-1554. . . .
. . . . 8. . : Eadem. . 9-10.

55

. , ...

Ab Imperio, 3/2007

, , ,
. . .
. (, 1908-1915).161 ,162
,
- 1905 (
):
, ,
. , , ,

,
.

,
, , , ,
.163

1908-1913 .164
, , , - . , , , .
(1901-1905).165 , , , , , .166
,

, ( ), ,
(
), . .
, .
. -715. . 1. 74 .
162
.
163
. . . . . 1.
161

56

, 1908 , 1839 ;
, 1840
1841 , 1912 ; , 1842-1843
, 1914 . , - 1907
,
.
. . :
,
. ,
. . . . . . 2.
165
, , - :
. . . . . . 11.
166
. . . . . 1. . , : -;
, ;
;
;
. , : , , , - , . . . . . . . 8-9.
164

57

. , ...
, ,
, , , , ,
.167 , , - . . , , , 1839 , ,
1876 , .
-, 1885 :
,
. , .

. 74 ,
, , , , .
. ,
, -, . ,
,168 ,
. ,
:
, , , , . : , , : .
. 193-215.
168
. . . . . 2.
167

58

Ab Imperio, 3/2007
, [ , ]
.169

, ,
. 1908 1915 . 74

30 , . 12 , 1915 - . 52 14 27
34 67 ( )

.170
, .
. . ,171 . . .
,
.172
, ,
( ,
) .173 , .
. . .
// . 1940. . 3. . 413; . .
. . . . 11, 17.
170
1908-1913 , 1839-1843 .; 1914 . 5- 8- (1844-1852 .) 17- 20- (1864-1865 .); 1915 .
21-22 (1866 .).
171
. . . . , 1913. . 44. . :
. . . . .
172
. . . 1916 //
. , 1973. . 8. . 338; Idem. . 1920 // . . 8. . 370-371; Idem.
// . . 9. 1977. . 558-559; Idem.
// . . 9. 1977. . 447-448.
173
. . . . . . 18-24.
169

59

. , ...

XIX-XX .,
,
, ..,

, , .
, , , , , . , , ( ,
, ,
..).
,
, , , , , .
,
.
, , ,
, , .

,
, . ,

, , .
, , () , 60

Ab Imperio, 3/2007
, .
, , ,
, .
.
. , ( ), ,
.174
,
, , , ,
, ,
, ,
. . ,
174
. , ,
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Muslim Culture in Russia and Central Asia from the 18th to the Early 20th Centuries. Vol.
1-4. Berlin, 1996-2004; Jo-Ann Gross. Historical Memory, Cultural Identity, and Change:
Mirza Abd al-Aziz Samis Representation of the Russian Conquest of Bukhara // Daniel
R. Brower and Edward J. Lazzerini (Eds.). Russias Orient: Imperial Borderlands and
Peoples. Pp. 203-226; Adeeb Khalid. Representations of Russia in Central Asian Jadid
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Erkinov. Praying For and Against the Tsar; Bakhtijar Babadzhanov. Russian Colonial
Power in Central Asia as See by Local Muslim Intellectuals // Beat Eschment and Hans
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Komatsu and Kosugi Yasushi. Intellectuals in the Modern Islamic World: Transmission,
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. , ...

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. , , ,
.175
, . ,
. ( ) -
-: ,
, , , , ... , . , , ,
. , -, , .
, -, (
). , , .176 ,

, , . ,
. , ( , - ). ,

, ,
.

Benedict Anderson. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of


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175

62

SUMMARY
Taking the analysis of colonial archives of British India by Bernard S.
Cohn as a point of departure, the present article is an attempt to explore in
the same analytical framework the colonial archives of Russian Turkestan.
The article is based on the comparison of four case-types of archives that
were represented in the collections of published materials, published documents and photographs. These archives are The Turkestan Collection by
V. I. Mezhov (1867-1916), The Turkestan Album by A. L. Kun (1871-1872),
the archives of the Turkestan General-Gevernors office (1873-1917) and
the collection The Turkestan Region by A. G. Serebrennikov (1901-1915).
These archives are variegated forms of colonial knowledge, they differ
in terms of provenance and functionality and represent four different aspects of Russian colonial rule over Central Asia. The archives demonstrate
the difference in the language of colonialiality and ways of representing
colonial objects. The first case is an ambitious project of cataloguing the
whole corpus of rational knowledge that was created in the West and in the
Russian Empire, and was focused on the region in question. The second
case is the construction by the colonial administration of a glamourous representation of Russian Turskestan for exportation and consumption abroad.
The third case is a monologue of the imperial voice represented in the documents of day-to-day administration of the system of indigenized military
rule. The forth case is the historical reconstruction of the initial phases of
the conquest of Central Asia. The comparison of these archival corpuses of
63

. , ...
knowledge allows a more adequate reconstruction of the specifics of the
colonial situation in Russian Turkestan. The history of the formation of
these archival complexes also allows a trace of the architecture and technology of power, as well as the peculiar features of the role of powerknowledge in the context of the Russian Empire. The article concludes
with the answer to the question of why these archives should be understood
as colonial, and the analytical framework that should be used for writing
the history of these archives.

64