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1.

TOTAL ADMISSION AND RELEASE OF PRISONERS - YEAR -2010

During the year 2012, 45030 prisoners of different categories were admitted in the Prisons and 45420 prisoners were released as per the following details. ADMISSIONS UNDERTRIALS

CIVIL PRISONERS MALE FEMALE MALE FEMALE MALE FEMALE MALE FEMALE 35173 1270 8217 223 105 0 42 0 RELEASES 36054 1233

CONVICTS

DETENUES

7782 202 107 ________________________ ________________________

42

2. CAPACITY AND POPULATION OF JAILS AS ON 31.12.2012 JAIL NUMBER Central Jail No.1 Central Jail No.2 Central Jail No.3 Central Jail No.4 Central Jail No.5 Central Jail No.6 (Woman Jail) Central Jail No.7 Central Jail No.8+9 Distt. Jail (Rohini) Total TOTAL POPULATION : AS ON 31.12.2012 MALE 11573 FEMALE 540 % AGE TOTAL MALE FEMALE 12113 95.54 4.46 CAPACITY POPULATION 565 455 740 740 750 400 350 1200 1050 6250 1778 897 1907 1967 883 540 812 1749 1580 12113 OCCUPANCY % OF TOTAL INMATES 314 197 258 266 118 135 232 162 150 194

3. TRENDS OF OVERCROWDING

The prisoner population as on 31.12.2010 has marginally declined by 3.47% in comparison to the population on 31.12.2009. The trend of decline of prison population which started in year 2007 retain its momentum and there are several factors responsible for maintaining this level which includes fast judicial pronouncement, fewer arrests under preventive sections of laws, release of poor prisoners who were unable to furnish surety, disposal of cases through Special/Plea Bargaining Courts etc, etc. The trend of overcrowding of Delhi Prisons during the preceding 10 years is depicted in the table below:Total population of 11023 12041 12172 12580 12317 13436 11605 11553 11246 10856

prisoners as on 31 December of each year YEAR 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

4.

PRISONERS PROFILE

PRISON POPULATION CATEGORY WISE AS ON 31.12.2012. %AGE MALE FEMALE 73.20 76.85 26.73 23.15 0.04 0.00 0.02 0.00 100.00 100.00

UNDERTRIALS CONVICTS DETENUES OTHERS TOTAL

MALE FEMALE 8472 415 3094 125 05 0 02 0 11573 540

Overall population (inclusive of both males and females) comprised 8087 undertrials (74.49%), 2751 Convicts (25.34%) and 18 detenues/others (0.17%). This figure includes 449 foreigner prisoners, majority of whom were from Nigeria, Nepal,Pakistan,and Bangladesh etc.

The comparison of above figures of prison population with those of 2009 reveal that there is decrease of around 9% in undertrial population while there is corresponding increase @20% in the convict population. The increase in percentage of convicts show there was better conviction rate during the year. It may be worthwhile to mention here that national average of undertrial prisoners in country jails was around 66.6% and in Delhi the population of undertrials(74.49%) is much above the national average. 5. DEMOGRAPHIC DETAILS OF PRISONERS

The Prison administration compiles the demographic details of the prisoners on the basis of information supplied by them at the time of their admission into the jail. A. Marital Status :-

As per figures available with prison Administration the married people constitute 52.53% of total male population whereas unmarried form 47.47%. In the female prisoner 81.19% of female population were married and 18.81% were unmarried. During the year 2009 the percentage of male married inmates was 51.46% and female was 80.75% and male unmarried population was 48.54% and female 19.25%. Thus there is decline of about 1% population of male married inmates and corresponding increase in the unmarried whereas in the female category there is increase of less than 1% in the married population and corresponding decrease in the unmarried population. This is reflected from the Table-A

Table A. Percentage Male Female 52.53 81.19 47.47 18.81

A.1 A.2 B.

Married Un-married Educational Standard:-

As per data compiled the majority of the prison population (around 66%) are possessing the education standards below class X, thus proving the linkage between the education standard and criminality. Lesser the literacy more is the crime. The comparisons between figures of education standards of inmates between year 2009 and 2010 shows the same trend.

The Prison administration is taking every possible step to increase the literacy rate of the prisoners. There are centers of National Institutes of Open School and Indira Gandhi National Open University to impart education to the prisoners. More emphasis on Academic education is given in the adolescent and female prison. The Adult education classes are organized in each jail. Table B reflect the education standards of the prisoners at the time of their admission in jail. Table B. Male% 31.71 33.78 26.16 5.85 1.19 1.31 Female % 55.05 18.42 16.04 8.51 1.78 0.20

1. 2 3 4 5 6

Illiterate Below class X Class X & above but below graduation Graduation Post-graduation Holding Technical Degree/Diploma etc. Domicile :-

C.

Around 72% of Prison population belongs to Delhi and 24% of belongs to outside States like UP,Haryana,Bihar and Rajasthan etc. and around 4% brlong to other countries. Table C. Male 1. 2. 3. Belong to Delhi Belong to others states Belong to other country 71.18 24.99 3.83 10.49 D. Income status of the prisoners :Female 79.41 10.10

The majority segment of prisoners come from the lower strata of the society. Around 77% of the prison population comprises the people who were earning the annual income below Rs.50,000/- at the time of their arrest. The prisoner whose earning was upto Rs.1,00,000/per year constituted around 15% of the population and rest 8% were the people whose earning was above Rs.1,00,000/- as on 31.12.2010.

Table-D S.No. INCOME GRADE (ANNUAL 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Grade A(UPTO 10000) Grade B(10001-30000) Grade C(30001-50000) Grade D(50001-100000) Grade E(100001-200000) Grade F(200001-400000) Grade G(400001-Above) MALE FEMALE 2191 96 2072 237 3680 87 1591 59 641 19 117 7 59 0 10351 505

% AGE MALE FEMALE 21.17 19.01 20.02 46.93 35.55 17.23 15.37 11.68 6.19 3.76 1.13 1.39 0.57 0.00 100.00 100.00

OUTSIDE OCCUPATION OF INMATES S.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 OCCUPATION AGRICULTURE (FARMING & LAND) AGRICULTURAL LABOUR BUSINESS GOVT. SERVICES PRIVATE SERVICES OTHERS TOTAL MALE FEMALE TOTAL 436 3 439 1839 20 1859 1554 0 1554 225 7 232 2216 35 2251 4081 440 4521 10351 505 10856

E.

AGEWISE POPULATION OF PRISONERS

Majority of the Prison population around 54% were in the age group of 21-30 years. Next come the prisoners in the age group of 30-50 years which is around 32%. Around 0.92% of the prisoners were more than 65 years of age. The figures further demonstrate that criminality in male offender was dominant in the age group of 21-30 years while in the female offender it was maximum in the age group of 30-50 years (because of dowry related offences). The Prison administration regularly take up the cases of seriously sick and aged prisoner with the concerned trial courts so that if the court consider it fit the prisoner can be released on bail. The age-wise classification of undertrial and convicted prisoners is depicted in the table E1 & E2 below:E-1 UNDERTRIALS:S.NO. AGE GROUP 1 2 3 4 5 18-21 Years 21-30 Years 30-50 Years 50-65 Years 65 Yrs & Above

NO. OF PRISONERS %AGE MALE FEMALE MALE FEMALE 822 20 10.70 4.99 4505 120 58.61 29.93 2024 190 26.33 47.38 283 58 3.68 14.46 52 13 0.68 3.24 7686 401 100.00 100.00

E2 CONVICTS:S.NO. AGE GROUP 1 2

NO. OF PRISONERS %AGE MALE FEMALE MALE FEMALE 18-21 Years 57 2 2.15 1.92 21-30 Years 1184 17 44.73 16.35

3 4 5

30-50 Years 50-65 Years 65 Yrs & Above

1171 202 33 2647

60 23 2 104

44.24 7.63 1.25 100.00 100.00

57.69 22.12 1.92

F.

RECIDIVISM DURING THE YEAR 2010

Around 22% of the both convict and undertrial population are repeater/habitual prisoners to the crime. Of the male population of convicts around 20.59% were the repeater whereas from the female population it was 16.14%. Similarly from the undertrial population around 22% of the convict were repeater whereas from the female population around 23% were the repeater. This mean 78% of the total prison population are first time offenders. Table F-1 and F-2 show the recidivism rate in the convicts and undertrials. Table F-1. CONVICT S.No MALE FEMALE TOTAL 1 No. of convicts admitted during the year 8217 223 8440 2 Out of which repeater convicts 1692 36 1728 Percentage 20.59% 16.14% 20.47% Table F-2. S.No 1 2 UNDERTRIAL MALE FEMALE TOTAL No. of undertrials admitted during the year 35173 1270 36443 Out of which repeater undertrials 7671 288 7959 Percentage 21.81% 22.68% 21.84%

6.

OFFENCE WISE POPULATION OF PRISONERS

A. UNDERTRIALS :The undertrial population is divided into two categories, one comprises undertrial who are facing charges under Indian Penal Code (IPC) and others who are facing charges under Local and Special Act Cases. (L & S A Cases). There has been increase in the number of male prisoners facing trial in IPC offences, in year 2009 it was 80.71% whereas in the year 2010 it was 83.56% of the total population, thus an increase of 2.85%. However, there is major decline of the prison population in the Local & Special Law category which has been decline from 19.27% in year 2009 to 16.44% thus a decline of 2.83%. Table G. IPC CASES SPECIAL & LOCAL LAWS CASES CIVIL & OTHER CASES MALE FEMALE TOTAL 6423 289 6712 1263 112 1375 0 0 0 7686 401 8087

The detailed offence wise analysis of undertrial prisoners is depicted in Table H below:Table H. A. IPC CASES

B. LOCAL AND SPECIAL ACT

CASES IPC CASES Murder Attempt to commit murder Rape Kidnapping & Abduction Dacoity Prep & Asmbly for Dacoity Robbery Burglary Thefts Extortion Riots %AGE MALE 33.47(32.79) 5.93(8.02) %AGE L & LS CASES FEMALE 46.15(56.63) Arms 6.73(3.61) N.D.P.S. Excise EXPL Subst. TADA Gambling Indian Railways Dowry Prohibition Act Prevention of Corruption Indian Official Secet Act Regs. of Foreigner Act Other L&SL Offence Cfe & Psa Act Civil & other cases %AGE MALE 2.87(3.03) 6.99(8.15) 0.38(0.68) 1.55(0.82) 0.53(1.00) 0.04(0.00) 0.23(0.41) 0.38(1.22) 0.83(0.23) 0.11(0.14) 0.04(0.23) 0.27(0.59) 0.23(0.00) 0.11(0.09) %AGE FEMALE 0.00(0.00) 13.46(13.25) 0.00(2.41) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(4.82) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.96(0.00) 0.00(2.41) 0.96(0.00) 0.00(0.00)

14.70(13.99) 7.69(3.61) 3.66(3.89) 10.58(8.44) 10.62(8.29) 0.53(0.95) 1.47(2.26) 0.08(0.45) 04.91(6.57) 0.08(0.00) 0.11(0.00) 1.92(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(1.20) 0.00(1.20) 08.66(2.42) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 2.89(0.00)

Criminal Breach 0.00(0.27) of Trust Arson 0.11(0.00) Cheating Counterfeiting Dowry Deaths Molestation Eve-Teasing Other IPC Crimes 1.21(0.91) 0.60(0.36) 2.64(2.99) 0.26(0.00) 0.00(0.09) 5.06(1.49)

The figure in bracket () reflect the figures of year-2009 The analysis & comparison of this year male prisoners profile with that of year 2009 shows that in IPC cases there is slight increase in the murder and theft cases (2.74% and 2.25% respectively) while dacoity shows decline by 3.40% and in other cases there is negligible variation (less than 1%). The profile of female prisoners shows that there is increase in Cheating cases by 4.94%, theft cases 4.71%, kidnapping and abduction act by 2.65% and in rape cases by 2.47%. In Local and Special Law categories there is decline in the Arms Act and NDPS Act cases (1.03% and 0.38% respectively) while dowry prohibition act shows increase by 0.79% of male prisoners. The profile of female prisoners shows that there is decrease of prisoners in dowry prohibition act by 6.88% and NDPS cases by 0.46% while there is slight variation in other cases. A. CONVICTS

In the male prisoner population the convicts constituted 25.57% (2647) and in the female convicts constituted 20.59% (104). The average convicts prisoners population in Delhi Prisons in the year 2009 was 20.21% whereas in the year 2010 it has been 25.34%, thus an increase of 4.56% over the last year. The convict population is divided into two categories, one comprising convicts who have been convicted under Indian Penal Code (IPC) and others who are convicted under Local and Special Act Cases. Table I. IPC CASES SPECIAL & LOCAL LAWS CASES CIVIL & OTHER CASES TOTAL Table J. A. IPC CASES CASES
IPC CASES Murder Attempt to commit murder Rape Kidnapping Abduction Dacoity %AGE MALE 33.47 (32.79) 5.93(8.02) %AGE FEMALE 46.15 (56.63) 6.73 (3.61)

MALE FEMALE TOTAL 2262 88 2350 382 16 398 03 0 03 2647 104 2751

B. LOCAL AND SPECIAL ACT


L & LS CASES Arms N.D.P.S. Excise EXPL Subst. TADA Gambling Indian Railways Dowry Prohibition Act Prevention of Corruption Indian Official Secet Act Regs. of Foreigner Act Other L&SL Offence Cfe & Psa Act Civil & other cases %AGE MALE 2.87(3.03) 6.99 (8.15) 0.38 (0.68) 1.55(0.82) 0.53(1.00) 0.04(0.00) 0.23(0.41) 0.38(1.22) 0.83(0.23) 0.11(0.14) 0.04(0.23) 0.27(0.59) 0.23(0.00) 0.11(0.09) %AGE FEMALE 0.00(0.00) 13.46(13.25) 0.00 (2.41) 0.00 (0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(4.82) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.96(0.00) 0.00(2.41) 0.96(0.00) 0.00(0.00)

&

14.70 (13.99) 3.66(3.89) 10.62(8.29) 0.53 (0.95) 1.47(2.26) 0.08(0.45) 04.91(6.57) 0.08(0.00) 0.11(0.00) 0.00(0.27) 0.11(0.00) 1.21(0.91) 0.60(0.36) 2.64(2.99) 0.26(0.00) 0.00(0.09) 5.06(1.49)

7.69 (3.61) 10.58(8.44) 1.92(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(1.20) 0.00(1.20) 08.66(2.42) 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 2.89(0.00)

Prep & Asmbly for Dacoity Robbery Burglary Thefts Extortion Riots Criminal Breach of Trust Arson Cheating Counterfeiting Dowry Deaths Molestation Eve-Teasing Other IPC Crimes

The figure in bracket () reflect the figures of year-2009. In 2010,There were 952 convicts undergoing life imprisonment and 18 prisoners have been awarded death penalty. On the corresponding year 2009 there were 779 life convicts and 08 prisoners facing death penalty.

Prison Statistics & Classification of Prison Population (as on 31 December 2012)

Total Capacity Male Female Total 5850 400 6250

Prison Population Male Female Total 11573 540 12113

Male Convicts Undertrials Detenues Others Total TOTAL 3094 8472 05 02 11573 12113

Female 125 415 0 0 540

Age wise Classification of Prisoners (as on 31 December 2012)

Male 18 - 21 years 21 - 30 years 30 - 50 years 50 - 65 Years 65 and above Total TOTAL 800 6161 3892 628 92 11573 12113

Female 10 155 277 88 10 540

Foreign Prisoners (as on 31 December 2012) Male Female Convict Undertrials 91 268 5 31

Others (Civil & Detenues) Total TOTAL

3 362 398

0 36

Classification of Undertrials as per the Length of stay in Jail (as on 31 December 2012)

PERIOD Upto 01 month 01 - 03 months 03 - 06 months 06 - 12 months 12 - 24 months 24 - 36 months 36 - 48 months 48 - 60 months Above 60 months Total TOTAL

Male 1646 1769 1542 1343 1090 466 287 165 164 8472 8887

Female 46 50 83 78 86 24 20 10 16 415

Classification of Convict Prisoners as per term of imprisonment (as on 31 December 2012)

PERIOD Upto 01 month 01 - 03 months 03 - 06 months 06 - 12 months 01 - 02 years 02 - 05years 05 - 10 years Above 10 years Life sentence Death sentence Total

Male 12 25 43 72 131 432 763 337 1256 23 3094

Female 0 0 0 1 1 9 49 4 57 4 125

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