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Abbreviations ------------Grammatical ----------: noun feminine : noun masculine : pronoun : adjective : verb : adverb : conjunction : interjection : preposition : suffix

: prefix : figurative : plural : literal : poetic Word Origin ----------P : Persian A : Arabic T : Turkish H : Hindi S : Sanskrit G : Greek

n.f. n.m. pron. adj. v. adv. conj. intj. prep. suff. pref. fig. plu. lit. poet.

############################################################################# ### Vocabulary ---------'alif (long) -----------water splendor/elegance/polish/brightness/ temper(steel)/lustre(gems)/sharpness(sword) polish of a mirror bitter water/tears/wine tears populated/inhabited/peopled/prosperous/happy honor/fame/good name/dignity self/selves/respectful term of address fire soul/spirit/mind sinner/culprit last/final manners (plu. of adab) man (lit. offspring of Adam) humanity/human nature/civility embellishing/adorning rest/repose/respite/relief/ease/comfort decoration/adornment/beauty yearning/desire/wish/longing ardent desire/lust/covetousness free/unrestrained annoyed/dejected/uneasy/gloomy/sad trial/experiment/testing/proving longing/desire/hope/faith/shelter/refuge light/facile/easy means of subsistence/protection/shelter heaven/sky

aab: aab:

P P

n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.m. adj. n.f. pron. n.f. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.f. adj. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.f. n.f. adj. n.f. n.f. adj. n.m. n.m.

aab-e-aa'inah: aab-e-talkh: aab-e-chashm: aabaad: P aabru: P aap: H aatish: P aatmaa: S aasim: A aakhir: A aadaab: A aadmi: P aadmiyyat: A aaraa: P aaraam: P aara'ish P aarzoo: P aaz: P aazaad: P aazardah: P aazmaa'ish: P aas: H aasaan: P aasraa: H aasmaan: P

aasmaani: aasoodah: aashaa: aashuftah: aashnaa: aashiyaan.: aakhaaz: aaghosh: aafaat: aaftaab: aag: aalaap: aan.ch: aan.chal: aan.dhee: aan.soo: aawaarah: aawaarah: aawaaz: aawaazah: aah: aahistah: aa'inah: aayandah:

P P S P P P P P A P H H H H H H P P P P P P P P

adj. adj. n.f. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f/m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. adv. n.m. adj.

heavenly/celestial/azure opulent/rich/satisfied desire/hope/longing perplexed/careworn/distracted/confused aquaintance/friend/lover nest/house commencement/outset/beginning embrace/lap/bosom evils/disasters/misfortunes (plu. of aafat) sun flame/fire (fig. anger/passion/love/lust) conversation/preparatory tuning flame/warmth/fervor/loss/grief corner of the 'dopaTTa' worn by women dust-storm/hurricane tears without home wanderer/vagrant/destitute noise/sound/cry/shout rumor/fame/report/reputation sigh softly/leisurely/slowly mirror hereafter/in the future

############################################################################# ### 'alif (short) ab: ubaal: ibtidaa': abtar: ibtisaam: ibtilaa: abad: abr: abroo: absaar: ibn: abnaa': ittiHaad: ittifaaq: ittifaaqa an: ittikaa': itlaaf: itmaam: H H A n.f . P A n.m . A n.m . A P P A A A A n.m . A n.m . A adv . A n.m . A A adv. n.m. commencement/beginning adj. smile/cheerfulness trial/misfortune/suffering n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. union/alliance agreement/concord/chance/event/opp ortunity accidentally dependence/reliance n.m. n.m. loss/ruin/decay completion/perfection eternity cloud eyebrow eyes (plu. of basr) son sons (plu. of ibn) ------------now/presently boiling/rage/anger ruined/scattered/wort hless

ittihaam: aTak: isbaat: asar: ujaaR: ijaazat: ajnabee: iHtiyaaj: iHtiyaat: aHzaan: iHsaas: iHsaan: akhbaar: ikhtiyaar: akhz: ikhlaas: adaa: adaa: idraak: adib: iraadah: arjmand: urdoo: irshaad: arz: armaan: azal: asaas: asbaab: ustaad: isti'faa: isti'maal: asad: asraar: israaf: asfaar: asqaam: asir: ishaarah: ishtihaar: ishtiyaaq: ishraaq: ashfaaq: ishfaaq: ashqiyaa': ashk: as-haab: israar: asl:

A n.m . H A A H A n.f . A n.m . A n.f . A n.f . A A A A A A A A P A A A P T A A P A A A P A A A A A A A A P A A A A A A P A A A

charge/imputation/blame n.f. n.m. n.m. adj. permission/leave/sanction stranger/foreigner/alien need caution/heed n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. sorrows (plu. of huzn) feeling/emotion beneficence/favor/good deed news/newspaper choice/option/power/influence/control/authority grasping/seizing/taking sincerity/purity/love/selfless worship payment of debt/settlement charm/grace/beauty perception/comprehension learned, man of letters (plu. udabaa') aim/object/will/desire exalted army/camp instruction/order/command/guidance land/region/earth desire/yearning/wish eternity/without beginning foundation causes/motives/means master/professor resignation application/usage/use lion secrets (plu. of sirr) waste/extravagance voyages/travels (plu. of safar) evils/weaknesses/defects (plu. of suqm) prisoner/captive gesture/symbol/wink/sign notification/poster/reputation/renown longing/craving/desire dawn/day break/lustre favors (plu. of shafaq) compassion/kindness cruel/heartless (plu. of shaqi) tearS lords/masters (plu. of saahib) obduracy/persistence/obstinacy root/foundation/essence (plu. usool) obstacle/obstruction proof mark/sign/trace/effec t ruined/waste/abandone d

asli: iztiraab: iztiraar: atfaal: iz-haar: i'tibaar: i'tiraaz: i'jaaz: i'laam: aghlaat: aghyaar: uftaad: iftikhaar: ifraat: afsaanah: afsurdah: afsos: ufaq: iqbaal: iqraar: iqtizaa': akbar: aksar: aksar: agar: al: iltifaat: alfaaz: amaanat: imtiHaan: imtiyaaz: ummid: intikhaab: intizaar: intizaam: intiqaam: anjaam: anjuman: andaazah: an.dar: insaan: insaaniyyat: in'aam: inqilaab: inkaar: auqaat: auqaat: awwaal: aulaad: imaan:

A A A A A A A A A A A P A A P P P A A A A A A A P A A A A A A P A A A A A P P P A A A A A A A A A A

adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. adj. adv. conj. art. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. prep. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. adj. n.f. n.m.

original/genuine/real/true restlessness/perturbation/anxiety helplessness/agitation/constraint children/offspring (plu. of tifl) disclosure/proclamation/statement/testimony trust/confidence/faith/reliance objection/criticism/protest miracle/marvel/wonder announcing/notifying mistakes (plu. of ghalat) strangers/rivals (plu. of ghair) misery/distress/mishap/foundation honor/glory/repute/distinction excess/exuberance/plenty tale/legend/fiction melancholy/depressed regret/remorse/dejection horizon prosperity/good fortune/success/confession promise/pledge/confession/declaration/covenant requirement/need/demand greatest (sup. of kabir) most/much/many/frequent frequently/usually/generally/often if/in case the regard/kindness/favor/friendship words (plu. of lafz) something given in trust/deposit/security examination/test/trial/proof/experiment discrimination/discernment/distinction hope/expectation/trust selection/choice/election waiting (anxiously)/expectation management/order/method/arrangement revenge/reprisal end/conclusion/result/issue assembly/meeting/society/council measurement/guess/rough estimate within/inside/inward man/human being/mankind humanity/civility gift/reward/largesse revolution denial/contradiction times (plu. of waqt) status/position first/excellent/best children (plu. of walad) belief/faith/creed/conscience

############################################################################# ### be -by/with/from/in/into/near/on/for/towards

bi:

prep.

ba: baa: baab: baabul: baat: baad: baadshaah: baadal: baadah: baadiyah: baadiyah: baar: baar: baarish: baarah: baareek: baaz: baaz: baaz: baazaar: baazaaree: baazoo: baazi: baazichah: baagh: baaqee: baaqee: baalam: baam: baan: baan.kaa: baano: bachchah: baHaal: baHs: bukhaar: bakht: bakhshish: bad: bad bad bad bad bad bad bad bad bad bad bad badr: badal: badlaa: badan:

P P A H H P P H P A P H P P P P P P P P P P P P P A A S P P H P P A A A P P P akhtar: anjaam: tar: chalan: khwaab: du'aa: sirat: soorat: m'aash: naam: naseeb: A A A

(Always prefixed to another word) by/with/from/in/into/to/on/upon/for/upto (Always prefixed to another word) prep. with/by/possessed of n.m. door/gate/chapter/topic/subject n.m. father n.f. word/saying/speech/tale/news/question/business proposal/point/gossip/substance n.f. wind/air/breeze n.m. emperor/king n.m. cloud(s) n.m. wine/spirits n.m. wilderness/desert n.m. goblet/cup n.m. time/turn/chance/opportunity/delay/obstacle n.m. burden/load/permission/grief/court n.m. rain n.m. time/turn/about/in regard of adj. fine/slender/delicate/difficult/subtle suff. denotes doer/agent n.m. falcon adv. again/back/refusing n.m. market adj. common/low/vulgar/relating to the market n.m. arm/fold of a door/flank of an army n.f. sport/game/wager n.m. toy/fun/sport n.m. garden/orchard/grove adj. remaining/lasting n.f. residue/remainder/arrears n.m. a lover/sweet-heart/husband n.m. upper storey/terrace/balcony suff. signifying keeper or guardian adj. curved/crooked/sly/cunning n.f. lady/gentlewoman n.m. child adj. status quo/refreshed/happy n.f. dispute/argument/debate/controversy n.m. steam/temperature/fever/rage n.m. good fortune/luck/prosperity n.f. gift/donation/reward/alms/tip adj. bad/wicked/evil adj. unfortunate adj. having a bad end adj. worse/inferior adj. of bad conduct/ill-mannered/immoral n.m./f. nightmare n.f. curse/malediction adj. ill-tempered adj. ugly adj. roguish adj. disreputable/notorious/ignominous adj. unfortunate/unlucky n.m. full moon n.m. exchange/change/substitution n.m. exchange/retaliation/revenge n.m. body prep.

baraabar: P adj. bardaasht: P n.f. barsaat: H n.f. barkat: A n.f. baRhiyaa: H adj. buzurg: P adj. bazm: P n.f. bas: P adj. bisaat: A n.f. bast: P n.m. bistar: P n.m. bismil: P n.m. baseraa: H n.m. bashar: A n.m. basheer: A adj. basar: A n.f. baghaawat: A n.f. baghal: P n.f. balaa: A n.m. buland: P adj. billaur: P n.m. ban.dish: P adj. ban.dagi: P n.f. bandah: P n.m. bunyaad: A n.f. bood: P n.f. bahaadur: P adj. bahaar: P n.f. bahaanah: P n.m. bhool: H n.f. bhool bhulayyaan.: be: P pref. be aabroo: adj. be ittifaaqi: n.f. be iHtiyaati: n.f. be ikhtiyaari: n.f. be adab: adj. be i'tibaar: adj. be imtiyaaz: adj. be an.daazah: adj. be insaaf: adj. be imaan: adj. be bas: adj. be pardah: adj. be parwaa: adj. be taab: adj. be taasir: adj. be tameez: adj. be jaan: adj. be jurm: adj. be chain: adj. be Hadd: adj. be Hayaa: adj. be khabar: adj. be khataa: adj. be khud: adj. be daad: n.f.

equal/even/level/alike/opposite/accurate endurance/tolerance/patience rain/rainy season abundance/prosperity/blessing/auspiciousness superior/of good quality/expensive great/venerable/aged/noble assembly/company (at a feast or entertainment) sufficient/enough/plenty bedding/carpet/chess board/extent/capacity obstacle/knot/asylum/sanctuary bed sacrificial animal/a lover roosting/a night's lodging/shelter man/mortal a messenger of good news sight/vision/the eye revolt/rebellion/disloyalty armpit/side calamity/distress/trial/misfortune high/lofty/sublime/exalted/tall/loud crystal/crystal glass/transparent composition/elegance of style/plan/obstruction devotion/worship/service slave/servant/individual/man foundation being/existence brave/valiant/high-spirited spring/prime/bloom/beauty/glory/delight excuse/pretext/evasion/reason forgetfulness/omission/mistake/lapse/fault a maze/labyrinth without/void of dishonorable discord/disunity incautiousness helplessness/without choice rude/unmannerly untrustworthy/discredit indiscriminating unlimited/endless unfair/unjust faithless/liar/cheat helpless/weak unveiled/immodest/exposed heedless/indifferent/above want restless/powerless/impatient ineffectual/useless indiscreet/rude/uncultured lifeless faultless restless/uneasy endless/boundless shameless/impudent/bare-faced uninformed/ignorant/stupid faultless/innocent enraptured/in ecstasy/delirious/senseless iniquity/injustice/oppression

be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be be bayaabaan: bayaan: bait: bait: bedaar: bezaar: begaanah: bimaar:

daagh: dard: rahm: riyaa: zaar: zabaan: zar: sakhtah: saaz: sabab: sharm: sabr: taaqat: 'izzat: gham: fikr: qadr: qaraar: qusoor: kaar: kas: gunaah: ma'ni: naam: naseeb: nazir: wajh: wafaa: waqoof: hunar: hosh: P A A A P P P P

adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. adj. adj. adj. adj.

spotless/without blemish/innocent without feeling/pitiless/merciless merciless/cruel without guile/candid/sincere disgusted/displeased dumb/speechless/modest destitute/poor artless/unaffected/natural/plain without tools or apparatus without cause or reason shameless/immodest impatient powerless without honor or respect happy/without sorrow free from care or worry worthless uneasy/restless/unsettled innocent/not guilty idle/unemployed/useless friendless/lonely innocent/guiltless meaningless/absurd without name, character or reputation unfortunate unequalled/matchless/unique without cause faithless/ungrateful/treacherous foolish/stupid/dolt unskilled unconscious desert/wilderness description/statement/account house/abode couple/verse awake/alert/vigilant displeased/angry/out of humor strange/alien/foreign sick/ill

############################################################################# ### pe -leg/foot/root of a tree fettered/bound/subjugated trodden under foot/ruined fordable/within man's depth opposite bank/the end/termination custody/regard/supervision guard/sentinel favor/partiality/favoritism pure/holy/immaculate/chaste/undefiled pure/clean/neat mad/insane/idiotic/distressed water/rain/lustre/character/honor

paa:

P paa ban.d: paa maal: paa yaab: paar: H paas: P paas baan: paar daari: pak: P pakeezah: P paagal: H paani: H

n.m. n.m adj. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. adj. adj. adj. n.m.

pardah: parastish: paraknaa: parwaanah: parwarish: pariwash: pareshaan: pasand: pasinaa: pashemaan: pal: palak: panaah: pahlu: payaam: peshaah: paighaam: paimaan:

P P H P P P P P H P H H P P P P P P

n.m. n.m. v. n.m. n.f. adj. adj. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m.

curtain/screen/veil/secrecy/privacy worship to examine/to test moth/lover/warrant/permission fostering/rearing/sustenance/protecting fairy-like/beautiful troubled/distracted/distressed choice/approval/preference perspiration/sweat penitent/repentant/ashamed a moment eyelash/a moment/an instant protection/asylum/refuge side/advantage/flank of an army message craft/trade/profession message/news/advice promise/agreement/oath/confirmation

############################################################################# ### te -heat/power/endurance/rage heat/splendour/grief/sorrow effect/impression crown/tiara date/annals dark/obscure fresh/new/tender/happy look/regard/aim/view ruined/spoiled/depraved/wretched change smile/smiling experience/experiment/test/proof a gift throne/seat deliberation/opinion/advice/arrangement/order harmony/symphony/a kind of song interpreter fear/terror compassion/pity/mercy elevation/promotion/proficiency composition/mixture/plan/mode/method consolation/comfort/satisfaction salutation/greeting/resignation/submission honoring thirst/desire/longing imagination/fancy/idea mysticism picture/portrait/painting wondering/admiration/amazement/surprise explanation/description/praise/definition connection/relation/consideration demanding settlement of a debt/importunity fate/luck

taab: taabish: taasir: taj: taarikh: taarik: taazah: taak: tabaah: tabdeel: tabassum: tajribah: toHfaa: takht: tadbir: taraanah: tarjumaan: tars: tars: tarraqqee: tarkeeb: tasallee: tasleem: tashreef: tishnagi: tasawwur: tasawwuf: tasweer: ta'ajjub: ta'areef: ta'alluq: taqaazaa: taqdeer:

P P A P A P P P P A A A A P A P A P H A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

n.f. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.f. adj. adj. n.f. adj. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.f. n.f. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.f.

taqriban: taqwaa: takleef: talaash: talkh: talwaar: tamaashaa: tamaam: tameez: tan: tanqiH: tangi: tanhaa: taubah: taubah tauheen: taiyaar: teer: tez: tegh:

A A A A P H A A A P A P P P taubah: A P P P P

adv. n.f. n.f. n.f. adj. n.f. n.m. adj. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.f. adj. n.m. intj. n.f. adj. n.m. adj. n.m.

approximately piety/abstinence/fear of God imposition of a burden/difficulty/inconvenience search/inquiry/quest bitter/acrimonious/pungent/unpalatable sword entertainment/fun/amusement/sport/spectacle entire/complete/perfect/end discernment/judgement/observance of etiquette body cleaning/investigation/inquiry/issue narrowness/hardship/poverty alone/solitary repentance Heaven forbid! disgrace/contempt/defamation/dishonor/insult ready/prepared/finished/alert/ripe arrow sharp/keen/caustic/pungent/swift/clever sword/dagger

############################################################################# ### Te -the leg/a share to leak/to drip/to fall down (fruits) collision/encounter/rivalry/competition a piece/a morsel/a part/fraction breaking/fracture/loss fixed abode/proper place/goal/limit cold/chill obstacle/kick/stumble crookedness

Taan.g: Tapaknaa: Takkar: TukRaa: TooT: Thikaanaa: ThanD: Thokar: TeRh:

H H H H H H H H H

n.f. v. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.f.

############################################################################# ### se -confirmed/established/fixed/stable a fixed star shining brightly/splendid/sublime stability/endurance/resolution/constancy permanence/a seal/writing evidence/proof/conviction/constancy/stability wealth/power/influence the earth culture burden/weight reliability/trustworthiness reward/recompense the fixed stars (plu. of saabit)

saabit: saabit: saaqib: sabaat: sabt: suboot: saarwat: saraa: siqaafat: siqaalat: siqaahat: sawaab: sawaabit:

A A A A A A A A A A A A A

adj. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.m.

############################################################################# ###

jaadu: jaazib: jaaree: jaagir: jaam: jaan: jaanee: jaanee: jaahil: jaa'edaad: jaa'iz: jabeen.: judaa: judaaee: jazb: jazbah: jurm: jurmaanah: justjoo: jism: jashn: ja'l: jafaa: jigar: jalaal: jalwah: jamaal: janaab: janaazah: jumbish: jannat: jang: junoon: jawaab: jawaan: jawaahir: josh: jahaaz: jahaan: jahaannum: jeewan:

P A A P P P P P A P H P P P A A A P P A P A P P A A A A A P A P A A P A P A P A H

jeem ---n.m. magic/conjuring/charm/effect of evil spirits adj. alluring/attractive adj. running/flowing/current/continuing n.f. a fief n.m. goblet n.f. soul/life/mind/vigor/sweetheart/beloved adj. of or relating to life n.m. a beloved/a lover adj. ignorant/illiterate/barbarous n.f. property/estate/assets adj. legal/permitted n.f. the forehead adj. separate/apart/asunder/peculiar adj. separation/absence n.m. allurement/attraction n.m. passion/rage/desire/feeling n.m. crime/guilt n.m. fine/penalty n.f. search/inquiry n.m. body n.m. a feast/celebration n.f. counterfeit n.f. oppression/injustice/injury n.m. liver/heart/soul/mind n.m/f. splendor/majesty n.m. lustre/splendour/display/show n.m. beauty/elegance intj. sir!/your honor! n.m. corpse/funeral n.f. movement n.f. paradise/garden n.f. battle/war n.m. madness/insanity n.m. answer/equal/parallel/match adj. young/youth n.m. jewls/gems (plu. of jauhar) n.m. heat/zeal/enthusiasm/passion/lust n.m. ship/vessel n.m. the world n.f. hell n.m. life/existence

############################################################################# ### che --remedy/cure/help/aid/resource a sheet/veil/waterfall active/alert/healthy/fat/hale and hearty a small knife gait/walk/custom/trick/strategem clever/expert/cunning/nimble the moon

chaarah: chaadar: chaaq: chaaqoo: chaal: chaalaak: chaan.d:

P P T P H P H

n.m. n.f. adj. n.m. n.f. adj. n.m.

chaan.dani: H n.f. chaan.di: H n.f. chaah: H n.f. chitwan: H n.f. charaagh: P n.m. charaagaah: P n.f. chust: P adj. cashm: P n.f. chasm-e-baddoor:intj. chashm-o-chiraagh:n.m. chasmak: P n.m. chakaan.: P adj. chilman: H n.m. chamak: H n.f. chaman: P n.m. chand: P adj. chah: P suff. chehraa: P n.m. cheez: P n.f. chain: H n.m.

moonlight silver/wealth desire/love/affection/need/choice look/glance/appearance lamp meadow/pasture alert/active/clever/quick/tight eye/hope God preserve from evil eyes! light of the eye/dearly beloved wink/winking/misunderstanding/spectacles dropping/distilling a venetian blind glitter/splendour/flash/gleam flower garden how many/how much/few/how often/how long used to form dimunitives face/visage/a mask thing/commodity ease/comfort/rest/peace

Word beginning with baRi he/khe ############################################################################# ### baRi he ------n.m. generous (derived from Haatim Tai) n.m. accident/occurence/calamity/misfortune adj. present/ready/in attendance n.m. ruler/governor/judge/an official n.m. state/condition/narrative/circumstance n.f. condition/state/circumstance (plu. Haalaat) n.f. love/friendship/desire/affection/wish n.m. beloved/sweetheart/comrade/friend n.m. veil/modesty/bashfulness/night n.f. boundary/limit adv. very/at most/utmost point n.f. sharpness/fury/acrimony/poignancy n.m. novelty/innovation n.m/f. boundaries/penal laws n.m. Intelligence/wisdom n.f. heat/fever/ardor/fervor/zeal adj. unlawful/forbidden n.f. eager/greediness/desire/ambition n.f. emancipation/freedom n.m. firmness of mind/resolve n.m. grief/sadness/sorrow n.m. reckoning/account/computation/rate/sense n.f. regret/intense sorrow/desire/longing n.f. beauty/elegance adj. beautiful/elegant/charming/handsome n.f. state/dignity/pomp/retinue n.m. fort/enclosure/fence n.m. acquisition/profit/advantage/achievement n.m. share/portion/lot

Haatim: Haadisah: Haazir: Haakim: Haal: Haalat: Hubb: Habeeb: Hijaab: Hadd: Hadd: Hiddat: Hads: Hudood: Hizaaqat: Haraarat: Haraam: Hirs: Hoorriyat: Hazm: Huzn: Hisaab: Hasrat: Husn: Haseen: Hashmat: Hisaar: Husool: Hissah:

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

Hazrat: Huzoor: Huzoor: Hifaazat: Haqq: Haqeeqat: Hukm: Hikmat: Hakeem: Halaal: Himaayat: Hamlah: Hawaas: Hawaalah: Hoor: Hausalah: Hayaa: Hayaat: Haiseeyat: Hairaan:

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

n.m. n.m. intj. n.f. adj. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. adj. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.f. adj.

dignity/a title of respect presence of superior authority Your Highness! guarding/security/safety just/truth/right truth/reality/narration/condition order/decree/statute/law wisdom/knowledge/cleverness/device wise man/doctor/philosopher legal/permitted protection/patronage/support/defence attack/assault/invasion the senses charge/custody/care virgin of Paradise/nymph capacity/courage/spirit/resolution/desire modesty/shame life/existence rank/capacity/merit/status/prestige amazed/confounded/perplexed/worried

############################################################################# ### khe --special/particular/private/noble/unmixed the heart/mind/memory/sake/behalf/choice/favor dust/earth/ashes pure/genuine/sincere(friend) raw/green/inexpert/immature/vain silent family/lineage/dynasty lady/princess/wife house/room/compartment/partition news/information/report/rumor/notice conclusion/seal finished/done shame/bashfulness happy/auspicious/blessed God service/office/duty bad/depraved/ruined/spoiled/wretched/obscene happy purchase autumn/decay/old age treasury/treasure wounded/broken/sorrowful dry/withered/cynic letter/note/mark mistake/slio/oversight/error sermon/oration/introduction danger/fear/risk concealment/secrecy angry/displeased deliverance/redemption/freedom opposition/contraiety/falsehood

khaas: khaatir: khaak: khaalis: khaam: khaamosh: khaandaan: khaanum: khaanah: khabar: khatm: khatm: khajaalat: khajaalat: khuda: khidmat: kharaab: khurram: khareed: khazaan.: khizaanah: khastah: khushk: khatt: khataa: khutbah: khatrah: khafaa: khafaa: khalaas: khilaaf:

A A P A P P P P P A A A A P P A A P P P P P P A A A A A P A A

adj. n.f. n.f. adj. adj. adj. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. adj. n.m. n.f. adj. adj. n.f. n.f. n.m. adj. adj. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.f. adj. n.m. n.m.

khilaaf: khalish: khumaar: khanjar: khwaab: khwaar: khwaahish: khoob: khood: khoodi: khoorsheed: khoosh: khoon: khiyaaban: khayaal: khair: khair: khair:

A P A A P P P P P P P P P P A A A A

prep. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. n.f. adj. n./adj. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. adv. n.f.

against prick/pain/anxiety/apprehension intoxication dagger sleep/dream wretched/deserted/friendless/poor desire/request/demand good/excellent/beautiful/amiable self/private/personal/own egotism/vanity/presence of mind sun pleasing/happy blood/murder flower-bed/flower garden thought/imagination/opinion/care/respect good/best very well welfare/happiness

############################################################################# ### daal ---entering justice/appeal/revenge/praise gallows/a piece of wood having/holding house/country holder/sovereign/king alcohol medicine/remedy story/fable/tale scar/blemish/stain/calamity/grief/loss net/snare price/value skirt/foot of a mountain/a lap wise/learned knowingly knowledge/science/learning perpetual/permanent entrance/access/reach/skill door/gate/entrance in/into/within/to/about/by pearl long/tall/extended court (royal) request/petition/appeal pain/affliction/sympathy/compassion sight/view/look right/proper/well/safe/precise rough/hard/rigid/oppressive/fierce middle/midst/interval door/gate a large river/sea thief custom/usage/manner/rule

daakhil: daad: daar: daar: daar: daaraa: daaru: daaru: daastaan: daagh: daam: daam: daaman: daanaa: daanistah: daanish: daa'im: dakhl: dar: dar: durr: daraaz: darbaar: darkhwaasht: dard: dars: durust: durusht: darmiyan: darwaazah: darya: duzd: dastoor:

A P P P A P H P P P P H P P P P A A P P A P P P P H P P P P P P P

adj. n.m. n.f. suff. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. adv. n.f. adj. n.m. n.m. prep. n.m. adj. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. adj. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m.

dushman: P dushnaam: P dushwaar: P du'aa: A da'wat: A da'waa: A daghaa: P daf'a: A dafn: A diqqat: A dil: P dil aawar: dilbar: dil band: dil chasp: dil kharaash: dil daar: dil daar: dil daari: dil doz: dil rubaa: dil rubaa: dil rubaa: dil sokhtah: dil soz: dil shaad: dil fareb: dil figaar: dil kash: dil geer: dil lagi: dil nawaaz: dilaasaa: P dam: P dimaagh: A dunyaa: A dawaa: A door: P daur: A dost: P daulat: A diyaar: A deedaar: P deedah: P deen: A deewaar: P deewaanah: P

n.m. n.f. adj. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. n.m. n.f. adj. adj. adj. n.m. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. n.f. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m.

enemy abuse/invective difficult blessing/prayer/wish invitation/banquet claim/law suit/charge/demand/accusation deceit/treachery/delusion time/turn/section/class burial/concealment difficulty/intricacy/minute point heart/soul/courage/generosity/wish brave/valiant lovely/sweetheart charming/attractive interesting/pleasing/delightful heart rending charming/beloved sweetheart consolation heart-piercing fascinating/alluring fascinating/alluring sweetheart grieved/suffering touching/pathetic/passionate/ardent cheerful charming/alluring/enticing/beautiful melancholy attractive/winning melancholy amusement/diversion soothing (the mind) consolation/encouragement breath/vitality/moment/edge of a sword brain/intellect/airs/conceit world/worldly goods medicine distant/remote/far revolving/period/cycle/orbit friend/lover riches/fortune/happiness/cause/means country/region sight/interview the eye faith/religion a wall madman

############################################################################# ### Daal ---lake/pond/water pot robbery fear path/road

Daabar: Daakaa: Dar: Dagar:

H H H H

n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f.

############################################################################# ### zaal ---being endowed with/soul/self/caste/race innate/inherent/essential/natural remembering/grateful grateful person/obe who praises God remembrance/memory/Qur'an recital insult/dishonor/affront/abjectness abject/base/wretched/contemptible taste acumen/wit/sagacity/understanding

zaat: zaati: zaakir: zaakir: zikr: zillaat: zaleel: zauq: zehn:

A A A A A A A A A

n.f. adj. adj. n.m. n.m. n.f. adj. n.m. n.m.

############################################################################# ### re -rest/repose/comfort/tranquility/ease mystery/secret true/honest/straight/even/level path/road/manner willing/satisfied/agreed/pleased road/pathcustom/journey/method a guide conductor/leader/guide creator/god mercy/pity/compassion/kindness/tenderness face/cheek/side/point face/cheek/complexion/aspect leave/permission/dismissal/indulgence rejection/repulsion/returning war/battle marking/writing/established usage/model/law rope/string/cord infamous/dishonored/disgraced a prophet thread/line/relationship/kinship/alliance jealousy/envy/malice/spite strong desire/esteem/pleasure speed/pace/walk/motion high/sublime/exalted friend/ally dance/dancing rival/competitor grief/sorrow/trouble/inconvience grief/indignation/misunderstanding/anguish color/dye/fashion/enjoyment colored/lively/elegant/flowery/figurative despatched/proceeding soul/spirit/life/essence/divine revelation a day daily a fast

raaHat: A raaz: P raast: P raastah: P raazi: A raah: P raah bar: raah numaa: rabb: A rahm: A rukh: P rukhsaar: P rukhsat: A radd: A razm: P rasm: A rasan: P ruswaa: A rasool: A rishtah: P rashk: P raghbat: P raftaar: P rafi': A rafeeq: A raqs: A raqeeb: A ran.j: P ran.jish: P ran.g: P ran.geen: P rawaanah: P rooH: A roz: P roz: P rozah: P

n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. adj. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. adj. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m.

raushan/roshan: P raunaq: A resham: P

adj. n.f. n.m.

light/illuminated/bright/clear/splendid lustre/beauty/elegance/freshness silk

############################################################################# ### Re -This letter does not occur as the first letter of a word and hence there are no entries. The letter has the sound of a hardened 'r' and is often used interchangeably with Daal. ############################################################################# ### ze -weeping/lamentation/garden/desire/wish tongue/language/flame (of a candle) above/superior/greater/top vigorous/violent/tyrranical/superior uneasiness of mind/trouble/pain wound/damage/loss struck/stricken/oppressed gold cold curl/ringlet/tress time/age/period ground/earth chain prison/jail life/living/existence alive/living never/by no means beware! quickly/soon/suddenly force/strength/power/influence/stress poison too much/more/excessive pilgrimage/visit (a shrine) adorned/beautiful/proper/graceful decoration/beauty

zaar: zabaan: zabar:

P P P zabardast: zaHmat: A zakhm: P zadah: P zar: P zukaam: A zulf: P zamaanah: P zameen: P zanjeer: P zindaan: P zindagi: P zindah: P zinhaar: P zinhaar: P zood: P zor: P zahr: P ziyaadah: P ziyaarat: A zebaa: P zeenat: A

n.m. n.f. n.m. adj. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.f. adj. adv. intj. adv. n.m. n.m. adj. n.f. adj. n.f.

############################################################################# ### zhe --hail/dew/frost deep/penetrating/acute of mind dishevelled/entangled/intricate terrible/furious/angry/rapacious

zhaalah: zharf: zholeedah: zhiyaan:

P P P P

n.m. n.m. adj. adj.

############################################################################# ###

seen ---saajan: H n.m. lover/sweetheart/beloved saaHir: A n.m. magician saaHil: A n.m. shore/beach saadah: P adj. simple/plain/candid/sincere saaz: P n.m. apparatus/equipment/concord saazish: P n.f. conspiracy/intrigue/collusion saaqee: A n.m. cup-bearer/page/beloved saal: P n.m. year saalim: A adj. safe/sound/perfect/whole saamaan: P n.m. apparatus/custom/understanding/power saan.ch: H n.f. truth/reality saan.s: H n.m./f. breath/sigh saa'ir: A n.m. thw whole/the rest/wandering/walking/tax/duty saayah: P n.m. shadow/shade/shelter/apparition sabab: A n.m. cause/reason sabaq: A n.m. lesson/lecture/advancing subuk: P adj. light/delicate/trivial/frivolous/futile sitaarah: P n.m. star sitaan.: P adj. taking/seizing sitam: P n.m. oppression/tyranny/injustice/violence sajdah: A n.m. prostration saHar: A n.m. dawn/morning sakht: P adj. hard/firm/cruel/harsh/vehement sukhan: P n.m. speech/words/business/affair sukhan war: adj. eloquence sar: P n.m. head/top/pinnacle/origin/chief/desire sar afraaz: adj. exalted sar bastah: adj. hidden/secret sar basar: adv. wholly/entirely sar buland: adj. eminent/glorious sar taabee: n.f. rebellion sar taaj: n.m. chief/leader sar-e dast: adv. at present/immediately sar-e raah: adv. on the road sar zameen: n.f. country/limits/region sar-e shaam: n.f. about evening/evening sar-o saamaan: n.m. necessities/furniture/luggage siraaj: A n.m. lamp/candle/sun surkh: P adj. red sard: P adj. cold/damp/dull/dead suroor: A n.m. pleasure/joy/exhilaration sazaa: P n.f. correction/punishment/requital sust: P adj. loose/frail/lazy/slow/dull sifaarish: P n.f. recommendation safar: A n.m. journey safed: P adj. white saktah: P n.m. trance/swoon/pause sukoot: A n.f. silence/peace/rest/tranquility sukoon: A n.m. peace/rest/tranquility salaam: A n.m. salutation/peace/safety/compliment silsilah: A n.m. chain/series/pedigree/genealogy saleeqah: A n.m. good disposition/good taste/mode/skill sang: P n.m. stone/weight sanh: A n.m. year/era siwaa: P adv. except/save/but/besides

sawaal: saudaa: soz: saugand: soona: siyaah: sair: seerat: sailaab: seenah:

A P P P H P A A A/P P

n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. adj. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m.

question/petition/application/request/demand trade/marketing/goods burning/passion/vexation oath void/empty/desolate/lonely black/dark/unfortunate/bad walk/excursion/recreation/amusement quality/nature/disposition flood/deluge/torrent chest/bosom

############################################################################# ### sheen ----bravo! well done! (contr. of shaadbaash) branch/bough/dilemma/difficulty/objection happy/cheerful/delighted full of water/fresh/agreeable/verdant poet pupil/apprentice/servant evening including/comprising/connected/mingled/common dignity/glory/grandeur king/prince/monarch a beam/roof support prince perhaps/probably night goodnight! dew youth nocturnal brave a person/individual/being/body wine/liquor spark/gleam/flash nobility/civility/good manners condition/agreement/wager shame/modesty beginning noble/eminent/honorable verse/couplet flame/blaze/flash/light wisdom/intellect kindeness/compassion/mercy doubt/suspense/hesitation hunting/prey complaint/accusation/illness gratitude form/appearance/model/image/diagram complaint/chiding counting/numbering/estimation/account the sun sword lamp/candle

shaabaash: P shaakh: P shaad: P shaadaab: P shaa'ir: A shaagird: P shaam: P shaamil: A shaan: A shaah: P shaahtir: shahzaadah: shaayad: P shab: P shab bakhair: shabnam: shabaab: A shabeenah: P shujaa': A shakhs: A sharaab: A sharaarah: A sharaafat: A shart: A sharm: P shuroo': A shareef: A shi'r: A shu'lah: A shu'oor: A shafaqat: A shakk: A shikaar: P shikaayat: A shukr: A shakl: A shikwah: A/P shumaar: P shams: A shamsher: P shama': A

intj. n.f. adj. adj. n.m. n.m. n.f. adj. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. adv. n.f. intj. n.f. n.m. adj. adj. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f.

shinaas: shokh: shor: shauq: shahd: shahr: shuhrat: shaheed: shaikh: shekhi: sher: shireen: shishah: shaitaan:

P P P A P P A A A A P P P A

adj. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m.

knowing/acquainted with/intelligence playful/mischievous/bold/insolent noise/outcry/tumult/clamor/ardor taste/fondness/desire/interest honey city renown/fame/rumor martyr elder bragging lion/tiger/brave man sweet/pleasant/gentle glass/bottle/glass pane satan/devil/demon

############################################################################# ### saad ---master/lord/ruler/companion/title clean/pure/innocent/clear/legible/plain morning/dawn patience/endurance/submission/suffering companionship/society/conversation plain/desert right/correct/genuine/sound/pure/just chest/bosom/chief shock/blow/calamity/collision/suffering only/mere/sheer purely/exclusively difficulty/hardship peace/treaty/integrity/advice/counsel idol/sweetheart/mistress form/figure/countenance/aspect/manner/plight

saahib: saaf: subH: sabr: suHbat: saHraa: saHeeH: sadr: sadmah: sirf: sirf: sa'oobat: salaaH: sanam: surat:

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

n.m. adj. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. adj. adv. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.f.

############################################################################# ### zaad ---governor/master/possessor strict/punctual/patient/disciplinarian rule/custom/canon/law/code sponsor/surety/guarantor lost/destroyed/wasted/fruitless the contrary/opposition/stubborness injury/beating/impression (plu. zarbaat) injury/damage/harm/affliction/loss/ruin necessary/expedient/needful certainly/absolutely need/compulsion/want/exigency weakness/feebleness weak/infirm/feeble/old/faint error/fault/vice surety/bond mind/heart/thought/reflection/sense

zaabit: zaabit: zaabitah: zaamin: zaa'i: zidd: zarb: zarar: zaroor: zaroor: zaroorat: zu'f: za'if: zalaal: zamaanat: zameer:

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. adj. n.f. n.f. n.m. adj. adv. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. n.f. n.f.

zau: ziyaa: zeeq:

A A A

n.f. n.f. n.f.

light/sunlight light/splendour/brilliancy anguish/melancholy/

############################################################################# ### to-e ---sweet/agreeable/pure/excellent obedience/devotion (plu. taa'aat) arch/cupola/niche strength/power/might seeker/enquirer/lover/candidate nature/temperament/disposition palpitating/throbbing manner/mode/form/design/plan manner/fashion/way side/margin/direction method/custom/path/way blame/reproach/censure/chide divorce/repudiation search/inquiry//wish/demand/request manner/condition/mode/state storm/tempest/hurricane ready

taab: taa'at: taaq: taaqat: taalib: tabi'at: tapaan.: tarh: tarz: taraf: tariqah: ta'n: talaaq: talab: taur: toofaan: taiyyaar:

A A A A A A P A A A A A A A A A A

adj. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. adj. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.m. adj.

############################################################################# ### zo-e ---tyrant/oppressor manifest/clear/evident outwardly/manifestly witty/subtle/fine victory/triumph/gain oppression/tyranny suspicion ally/associate

zaalim: zaahir: zaahiraa: zarif: zafar: zulm: zann: zaheer:

A A A A A A A A

n.m. adj. adv. adj. n.m. n.m n.m. n.m.

############################################################################# ### ain --powerless/weak/helpless/dejected custom/habit/usage/practice/manner just/sincere/righteous determined/resolute lover/suitor end/conclusion/future life finally/at last wise/sensible world/universe/regions/public/beauty/period learned/wise/intelligent high/sublime/exalted/grand

'aajiz: 'aadat: 'aadil: 'aazim: 'aashiq: 'aaqibat: 'aaqibat: 'aaqil: 'aalam: 'aalim: 'aali:

A A A A A A A A A A A

adj. n.f. adj. adj. n.m. n.f. adv. adj. n.m. adj. adj.

'aam: 'ibaadat: 'ibaarat: 'abas: 'abd: 'ibrat: 'itaab: 'ajab: 'ajab: 'ajeeb: 'adaalat: 'adam: 'azaab: 'arsh: 'arz: 'irfaan: 'urooj: 'uryaan: 'izzat: 'azeez: 'ishrat: 'ishq: 'atr: 'atf: 'azeem: 'iffat: 'aql: 'uqoobat: 'ilaaj: 'ilaaqah: 'illat: 'ilm: 'aleem: 'imaarat: 'umr: 'amalan: 'inaad: 'awaam: 'aurat: 'aiyaash: 'aish:

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

adj. n.f. n.f. adj. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. adj. adj. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. adj. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. adj. n.f. n.f. adv. n.m. n.m. n.f. adj. n.m.

common/public/general/ordinary (plu. 'awaamm) prayers/devotion composition/style/diction useless/profitless/trifling/idle slave/servant of God warning/admonition rebuke/reproach/anger/displeasure wonder/astonishment wonderful/amazing/strange/rare wonderful/surprising/rare/admirable/unique court of justice/tribunal/justice/law non-existence/nothing/annihilation torment/pain/punishment roof/canopy/highest heaven petition/request/exposition/review knowledge/science/wisdom ascension/rising/exaltation naked/bare/devoid honor/esteem/glory/reputation dear/beloved/honored/respected/worthy pleasure/enjoyment/mirth/society love/excessive passion perfume kindness/favor/affection/present great/high in dignity/large purity/chastity intellect/reason/knowledge punishment/torment/torture cure/treatment/antidote jurisdiction/area/tenure fault/defect/bad habit/illness/pretext/basis knowledge/science/doctrine wise/learned building/edifice age/life-time/span of life practically/truly enmity/obstinacy populace/common people (plu. of 'aam) woman/wife/nudity luxurious/rakish/addicted to pleasure pleasure/delight/luxury

############################################################################# ### ghain ----victorious/predominant often/likely/most probably hidden/absent vapor/fog/mist/dust/vexation disloyal/treacherous intention/meaning/design/view/want pride/vanity poor/destitute/strange/innocent/wonderful ode/poem stupor/fainting

ghaalib: ghaalib: ghaa'ib: ghubaar: ghaddaar: gharaz: ghuroor: gharib: ghazal: ghash:

A A A A A A A A A A

adj. adv. adj. n.m. adj. n.f. n.m. adj. n.f. n.m.

ghussah: A ghaflat: A ghulaam: A ghalat: A ghaleez: A gham: A gham khwaar: gham deedah: gham gusaar: ghammaaz: A ghaur: A ghair: A ghair: A ghair: A ghair: A ghairat: A

n.m. n.f. n.m. adj. adj. n.m. adj. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. adv. adj. prep. n.f.

anger/passion/rage/anxiety/grief negligence/drowsiness/stupor slave/boy/youth wrong/incorrect/inaccurate dirty/filthy/gross/coarse/obscene grief/sorrow/concern/care consoling afflicted/grieved comforter informer/tattletale/back-biting deep thought/meditation/close attention stranger/foreigner besides other/different/alien/bad without/except/but/save honor/modesty/bashfulness/envy/enmity

############################################################################# ### fe -n.m. a boaster adj. apparent/known/notorious n.m. distance/space/separation adj. superfluous/accomplished person/virtuous n.m. starvation/fasting/poverty n.m. benefit/profit/utility adj. superior/great n.m. sedition/revolt/mischief/temptation n.m. judicial decree n.m. glory/honor/pride/egotism n.m. sacrifice/devotion/ransom/exchange n.m. lover n.m. separation/anxiety/absence/distance n.m. garden/paradise n.m. angel/apostle/prophet/messenger n.f. opportunity/leisure/rest/recovery n.m. duty/moral obligation/statute n.m. difference/distance/separation/defect n.f. separation/disunion/absence (of lovers) n.m. mandate/order/royal decree n.f. order for goods/requisition/pleasure/will adj. down/below/under n.f. complaint/cry n.m. deceit/trick/fraud n.f. lamentation/wailing n.m. romance/tale/fable n.m. excellence/virtue/reward/wisdom n.f. nature/creation/deceit/intrigue/wisdom n.m. clamor/lamentation/cry of distress n.m. poverty n.m./f. opinion/notion/care/concern/anxiety/counsel adj. wounded/sore/afflicted/confused n.m. sky/heaven/fortune/fate n.m. the heart n.f. army/crowd/multitude

faakhir: faash: faasilah: faazil: faaqah: faa'idah: faa'iq: fitnah: fatwaa: fakhr: fida: fidaa'ee: firaaq: firdaus: farishtah: fursat: farz: farq: furqat: farmaan: farmaa'ish: faro: faryaad: fareb: faza': fasanah: fazl: fitrat: fughaan.: faqr: fikr: figaar: falak: fuwaad: fauj:

A P A A A A A A A A A A&P A A P A A A A P P P P P A P A A P A A P A A A

fauran: fahm: faisalah: faiz:

A A A A

adv. n.m. n.m. n.m.

immediately/quickly/directly understanding/intellect settlement/decree/decision liberality/grace/bounty

############################################################################# ### qaaf ---worthy/able/competent/deserving/clever power/command/authority/possession/hold murderer/assassin/homicide judge custom/rule/manners/habit/established order rhyme/metre/cadence rule/law/system/state confessing/agreeing/conceding/subdued erect/stagnant/firm/durable grave/tomb gridp/clutch/possessing/power/hilt of a sword consent/acceptance/assent/recognition killing/murder/assassination stature/size/height dignity/honor/worth/value power/strength/universe/nature step/pace/footstep residence/stability/rest/patience/satisfaction sacrifice/victim/offering debt/loan near/adjacent/akin/approaching an oath sort/kind/species/portion/nature fortune/fate/share/portion/head/category fault/defect/blame/sin/failure tale/fable/romance/quarrel/dispute fate/destiny/jurisdiction/judgement cage/network/body heart/mind/soul/intellect/marrow/pith reed/pen/handwriting the moon word/saying/promise/consent/vow nation/people resurrection/Judgement Day/tumult imprisonment/confinement/obstacle/control price/value/woth/cost

qaabil: qaaboo: qaatil: qaazee: qaa'idah: qaafiyah: qaanoon: qaa'il: qaa'im: qabr: qabzah: qubool: qatl: qadd: qadr: qudrat: qadam: qaraar: qurbaan: qarz: qareeb: qasam: qism: qismat: qusoor: qissah: qazaa: qafas: qalb: qalam: qamar: qaul: qaum: qiyaamat: qaid: qeemat:

A P A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. adj. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m.

############################################################################# ### kaaf ---scribe/writer false affair/work/labor/duty/profession caravan/large company of pilgrims cup/goblet/bowl

kaatib: kaazib: kaar: kaarwaan: kaasah:

A A P P P

n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m.

kaash: P kaashif: A kaaghaz: P kaafir: A kaafir: A kaafur: A kaafi: P&A kaam: P kaamraan: kaam yaab: kaahish: P kaahil: A kabootar: P kabeer: A kitaab: A kasrat: A kadah: P karam: A kareem: A kas: P kasab: A kasr: A kasal: A kiswat: A kashaakash: P kashti: P kashish: P kufr: A kafan: A kul: A kalaam: A kam: P kam bakht: kamzor: kamaal: A kamaan: P kamar: P kamee: P kameenah: P kinaarah: P kandah: P koshish: P koft: P kaul: H koh: P kaif: A kaifiyyat: A keenah: P

intj. adj. n.m. n.m. adj. n.m. adj. n.m. adj. adj. n.f. adj. n.m. adj. n.m. n.f n.m. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.m. adj. n.m. adj. adj. adj. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.f. adj. n.m. adj. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m.

would that ! discoverer/revealer paper/letter/document infidel/sweetheart/mistress impious/ungrateful camphor sufficient/enough palate/desire/object/purport/design/intention successful/fortunate/happy/blessed prosperous/successfulhappy/satisfied anxiety/pining/decline/decay lazy/slow/indolent/relaxed/tardy/ailing pigeon/dove great/large/immense book/writing/despatch abundance/excess/bulk a place (usually a suff.) kindness/favor/bounty/clemency bountiful/generous/merciful/epithet of God man/person profession/trade breach/loss/affliction laxity/cowardice/depression/sickness dress/appearance/habit/figure/form/manner struggle/dilemma/contention/grief and pain ship/boat/vessel/tray drawing/attraction/allurement paganism/infidelity/profanity shroud all/complete/entire/aggregate/universe discourse/oration/a work/composition/objection deficient/few/little/rare/scanty unfortunate/wretched weak/feeble/powerless excellence/perfection/miracle/art bow/arch/spring waist/girdle/zone/army flank/arch deficiency/loss/abatement/reduction/dearth mean/vulgar/base/defective shore/river bank/edge/margin/limit carved/engraved attempt/endeavor/labor/exertion beating/pain/vexation/grief/gilding mouthful/morsel mountain/hill intoxication narrative/circumstances/explanation/situation malice/rancor/enmity

############################################################################# ### gaaf ---precious/costly/dear/important/heavy trifle/dust round/circumference/environs

giraan.: gard: gird:

P P P

adj. n.f. n.m.

girdaab: P gardish: P gardan: P giriftaar: P garm: P girau: P girah: P giriyaan.: P giryah: P gaz: P guzaarish: P guzaarah: P guzar: P gazeedah: P guzeedah: P gusaar: P gustaakhee: P guftgoo: P gul: P gul badan: gul dastah: gul zaar: gul sitaan.: gulshan: gulaab: P gilah: P gum: P gum raah: gum sum: gum gashtah: gum naam: gumaan: P gunaah: P gawaaraa: P gawaah: P gawaahee: P gosh: P goshah: P goyaa: P geer: P gesoo: P gaihaan.: P

n.m. n.f. n.f. adj. adj. n.m. n.f. adj. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. adj. adj. adj. n.f. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. adj. adj. adj. n.m. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. adj. n.m. n.m.

whirlpool/abyss/vortex revolution/circulation/misfortune/vagrancy the neck captured/seized/smitten/prisoner/captivated hot/burning/ardent/choleric/lively pledge/pawn knot/joint/knuckle weeping/crying weeping/lamentation/crying/plaint a yard measure petition/request/explanation living/subsistence/passage/abode a pass/a living/a road stung/bitten selected/chosen taking away/dissipating/removing rudeness/arrogance/audacity conversation/discourse rose/flower/ornament/brand delicate/graceful a bouquet flower-bed/garden rose-garden a flower or rose garden the rose complaint/blame/reproach/lamentation lost/missing/distracted astray/lost/wicked/depraved still/silent lost/wandering nameless/anonymous/unknown/inglorious doubt/surmise/fancy/pride/opinion/distrust fault/sin/crime/guilt palatable/agreeable/pleasant/nice a witness testimony/evidence the ear corner/angle/cell/privacy speaking/eloquent taking/holding/seizing/conquering tresses/locks the world/the universe

############################################################################# ### laam ---suff. no/not/by no means/without adj. rendered speechless/silenced adj. helpless/destitute/forlorn/disabled adj. heirless adj. necessary/compulsory/important n.f/m. corpse adj. worthy/suitable/able/qualified/decent n.m. the lip/edge/margin/shore/bank n.m. the twinkling of an eye/moment/glance

laa:

laazim: laash: laa'iq: lab: laHzah:

A laa jawaab: laa chaar: laa waaris: A T A P A

lazzat: larzaan.: lataafat: lutf: latmah: lateefah: lughat: lifaafah: lafz: luknat: lagaam: lamHah: lang: lan.gar: lau: lauH: liyaaqat:

A P P A A A A A A A H A P P H A A

n.f. adj. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.f.

taste/flavor/enjoyment/pleasure termbling/tremulous/fearing pleasantness/elegance/subtility kindness/favor/grace/pleasure slap/blow pleasantry/witticism/joke tongue/speech/dialect/word/dictionary cover/envelope/wrapper/secret word/saying stammering/speech impediment bridle/rein minute/moment lameness/limp anchor/cable/rope/public kitchen/alms candle flame/ardent desire/attachment plank/board/table/tablet/title page worth/ability/merit/skill

############################################################################# ### meem ---which/what/that which/whilst/during... following surroundings/environs what is past or dead what is beyond or behind mourning/grief riches/property/merchandise/revenue master/lord/owner/God impediment/hinderance/objection/stopper the moon/month handsome/beloved moonlight a beautiful person having a face as beautiful as the moon skilled/expert/master/excel without hope/disappointed auspicious/blessed/felicitation contending for glory/boasting/arrogance commencement/principle sorrowful/repentant/grieving smiling/laughing affable/tolerant/patient/passive hesitant/perplexed/wavering/grieved abandoned/obsolete/rejected prejudiced/partial/superstitious intoxicated/inebriated expecting/hopeful strong/solid/vigorous/obstinate simile/likeness/metaphor/example proverb/example power/strength/stability/opportunity compelled/helpless/oppressed criminal/culpable/faulty felon/criminal/sinner

maa:

A ba'd: Haul: faat: waraa: maatam: A maal: A maalik: A maani': A maah: P maah paaraa: maah taab: maah jabeen: maah wash: maahir: A maayoos: A mubaarak: A mubaahaat A mubtada: A mutaassif: A mutabassim: A mutaHammil: A mutaraddid: A matrook: A muta'assib: A matwalaa: A mutawaqqi': A matin: A misaal: A masal: A majaal: A majboor: A mujrim: A mujrim: A maa maa maa maa

adv. adj. n.m. adj. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. n.m. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. n.m. n.m. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. n.f. n.f. adj. adj. n.m.

majrooh: majma': majnoon.: muHaafiz: maHabbat: maHboob: maHboob: maHboobah: maHboos: muHtaj: maHjoob: maHdood: maHroom: moHzoon: muHsin: maHsood: maHsoos: maHzooz: maHfil: maHfooz: muHallah: miHnat: makhboot: mukhtasar: makhmal: makhmoor: madaar: mudaam: muddat: madad: madhosh: mazaaq: mazhab: muraad: martabah: marhalah: marhoom: mard: murdah: murshid: marghoob: marqoom: marmar: marham: mareez: mizaaj: mazaar: mazah: musaafir: mast: masroor: mash'al: mushkil: mashhoor: museebat: mazboot: mutaqbiq:

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A P P A A A G A A A A P A P A A A A A A A

adj. n.m. adj. n.m. n.f. n.m. adj. n.f. adj. adj. n.m. adj. adj. adj. n.m. adj. adj. adj. n.f. adj. n.m. n.f. adj. adj. n.m. adj. n.m. adv. n.f. n.f. adj. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f./m. n.m. adj. n.m. adj. n.m. adj. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. adj. n.f. adj. adj. n.f. adj. adj.

wounded/hurt/smitten congregation/assemblage/crowd/collection insane/madly in love protector/guardian/guard love/friendship lover/friend/sweetheart loved/lovely mistress/sweetheart confined/imprisoned needy/poor/defective modesty/shame/bashfulness limited/bounded/finite deprived/unlucky/prohibited/disappointed grieved/vexed patron/benefactor envied/hated felt/perceived/sensible pleased/delighted/rich/contented congregation/assembly kept safe/guarded/secure/memorized quarter(of a city)/street/ward labor/toil/difficulty/trial mad/insane concise/abbreviated velvet intoxicated/drunk circumference/orbit/station/dependence eternally/always/continually period(of time) help/assistance/reinforcement/wages intoxicated/astonished joke/taste/relish/perception religion/sect/doctrine desire/will/intention/vow/tenor/meaning degree/office/class/order stage/inn/day's journey/difficulty dead/deceased man/male/hero/husband dead/weak/decrepit teacher/spiritual guide desired/beautiful written/inscribed marble ointment/salve/cure patient mixture/temperament/humor/pride shrine/tomb/grave taste/relish/enjoyment/pleasure traveller/stranger drunk/intoxicated glad/cheerful/pleased torch/lantern difficult/intricate/hard/painful noted/famous/reported/proclaimed misfortune/calamity/adversity/evil strong/firm/resolute/valid conformable/suitable/like/in accordance with

matlab: mazloom: mu'aahid: mu'ijzah: ma'shooq: ma'loom: ma'mool: ma'nee: maghz: maghroor: maghloob: muft: maftoon: muflis: maflook: mufeed: muqaabil: maqaal: maqaam: maqbarah: maqbool: muqaddar: muqaddam: muqir: muqarrar: maqsad: maqsood: makkaar: makaan: mukaddar: mukarrar: maknoon: magar: mulaazim: mulaaqaat: malaal: malaamat: mulaa'im: mulk: malool: mumtaaz: mumkin: munaasib: munHasir: manzil: manish: manzar: manzoor: mana': maut: mauj: moojib: maujood: mausam: mauqa': mom: mua'yyid:

A A A A A A A A P A A P A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A P A A A A A A A A A A A A P A A A A A A A A A P A

n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. adj. n.m. n.m. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. n.m. adj. adj. adj. n.m. adj. adj. n.m. adj. adv. adj. conj. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. adj. n.m. adj. adj. adj. n.f. adj. n.f. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj.

object/aim/meaning/motive/wish/desire injure/oppressed/wronged ally/confederate miracle beloved/sweetheart known/evident/clear governed/prepared/customary meaning/intent/signifcance/reality/essence brain/pith/intellect proud/arrogant conquered/subdued free/gratis tempted/enamored/charmed/mad (with love) poor/indigent/bankrupt indigent/beggarly/destitute profitable/beneficial/useful opposite/converse/against/matching word/speech/saying/proverb dwelling/station/position/basis tomb/grave accepted/chosen/grateful fate/destiny/predestination antecedent/prior/superior/chief confessing/admitting/acknowledging established/fixed/certain/customary/permanent intention/purpose/aim/goal/desire intended/proposed cunning/artful/deceitful house/place/habitation turbid/muddy/sullen/gloomy/vexed repeatedly/again hidden/concealed unless/perhaps/except/but/however servant/aide meeting/encounter/interview/visit sadness/grief/langor/fatigue censure/rebuke soft/tender/gentle/placid nation/realm/territory sad/depressed/tired/bored exalted/eminent/chosen possible/feasible proper/suitable/fit/apt/congruous surrounded/besieged/dependent/resting day's journey/destination/storey/house heart/mind/soul/magnanimity/pride countenance/visage/sight/aspect/scene admired/chosen/approved/accepted/granted prohibition/refusal/hindrance/forbidding death/mortality wave/surge/enjoyment/ecstasy/caprice/plenty cause/reason present/existing/at hand/ready season/time occasion/opportunity/place/situation wax corroborative/confirmatory

muhaajir: A mahtaab: P mihrbaani: P muhlat: A mihmaan: P mai: P mai khaanah: mai kadah: maidaan: A muyassar: A

n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj.

refugee/emigrant moonlight favor/kindness retarding/delay/respite/leisure guest wine/liquor bar/tavern bar/tavern open field/battlefield/ground facilitated/easy/possible/feasible

############################################################################# ### noon ---no/not/termination of the infinitive not acquainted/stranger discord/disagreement hopelessness/despair injustice nonexistent/annihilated/extinct inconstancy/frailty disliked/unacceptable/offensive hard-hearted/severe/pitiless incomplete weakness/inability unlawful helpless/destitute/forlorn trifling/insignificant/worthless disagreeableness/displeasure poverty unwittingly/unknowingly ignorance greedy dishonesty discontent indisposed/dissonant/uncivil ignorant/dull/foolish cheerless/joyless/dull ungrateful ignorant unclean/impure/unchaste impatient/restless weak/feeble disobedient stupid unfit/unworthy/incapable unappreciative unsuccessful worthless/base unpleasant/unpalatable unworthy/unsuitable/improper disappointed unmanly unknown impossible

naa:

naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa

P&H aashnaa: ittifaaqi: ummeedee: insaafi: bood: paa'idari: pasand: tars: tamaam: tawaani: jaa'iz: chaar: cheez: khushi: daari: daanistah: daani: deedah: raasti: raazi: saaz: samajh: shaad: shukr: shinaas: saaf: saboor: taaqat: farmaan: fahm: qaabil: qadr: kaam: kas: gawaar: laa'iq: muraad: mard: ma'loom: mumkin:

pref. adj. n.f. n.f. n.f. adj. n.f. adj. adj. adj. n.f. adj. adj. adj. n.f. n.f. adv. n.f. adj. n.f. n.f. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj. adj.

naa manzoor: naa yaab: naataa: H naach: H naakhun: P naadir: A naadim: A naar: A naaz: P naazish: P naazuk: P naasoot: A naafiz: A naak: P naalaan: P naalish: P naam: P naamah: P naa'o: H naa-onosh: P naa'ib: A nabz: A nabi: A nataa'ij: A nateejaa: A nisaar: A najm: A najeeb: A nakhraah: A nadeem: A nar: S&P niraalee H nargis: P narm: P nazaakat: P nazdeek: P nisbat: A naseem: A nishaan: P nishaanee: P nashaah: P nasheen: P nusrat: A naseeb: A naseeHat: A nazaarah: A nazaafat: A nizaam: A nazar: A nazm: A nazm: A na'sh: A ni'am: A na'eem: A naghmaah: A nafrat: A nafs: A

adj. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. adj. n.f. n.m. n.f. adj. n.m. adj. suff. adj. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. n.f. adj. n.f. adj. n.f n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. adj. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m.

disallowed scarce/rare relationship/alliance/kin/affinity dance nail/claw rare/singular/precious penitent/ashamed/bashful fire/hell coquetry/airs/pride/elegance/softness/delicacy pride/arrogance thin/slender/fragile/delicate humanity/human nature having effect/piercing affected with/full of lamenting/moaning complaint/accusation name/title/honor/fame/ treatise/book/history boat/ship/vessel carousing/feasting assistant/deputy the pulse a prophet results/consequences (plu. of nateejah) result throwing/dispersion/scattering/sacrifice star/planet/fortune/horoscope praiseworthy/noble/generous airr/coquetry/trick/pretence/swagger intimate friend man/male unequalled/rare/strange Narcissus/the eye of a mistress smooth/tender/soft/slow neatness/elegance/politeness near relation/affinity/attribute/comparison Zephyr/gentle breeze mark/sign/signal/emblem/target/scar/trace mark/sign/souvenir/keepsake intoxication/pride/arrogance sitting victory fortune/fate/destiny advice/counsel/admonition sight/view/vista purity/neatness order/arrangement/custom/system look/glance/favor/motive/view/countenance poetry/verse order/arangement coffin/corpse/bier favors/benefits pleasure/ease/tranquility melody/song/musical note aversion/disgust/fright/terror soul/spirit/essence

naqsh: A naqshah: A nuqsaan: A naql: A naqli: A nikaah: A nakbat: A nuktah: A nuktah been: nuktah cheen: nuktah daan: nigaar: P nigaah: P nigaah baan: nam: P nam: P namaaz: A numaa'ish: P namoonah: P nau: P nau bahaar: nau jawaani: nau nihaal: nawaazish: P naubat: A noor: A nihaal: P nihaan.: P niyaaz: P niyyat: A nek: P neelaam: (Port.) nim: P niyoosh: P

n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. adj. n.m. n.f. n.m. adj. adj. adj. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. adj. n.f. n.f. n.m. adj. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m n.m n.m n.f. n.f. adj. n.m. adj. adj.

painting/picture/map/mark portrait/model/design/example loss narration/tale/mimicing/copying/aping artificial/spurious/counterfiet matrimony calamity/misfortune subtlety conceit/point of wit/epigram hypercritical captious sagacious painting/picture/sweetheart/beloved look/glance/sight/custody/care protector/guard moisture/wetness/dampness moist/wet/damp prayer show/display/sight/spectacle example/sample/specimen new/fresh/raw early spring youth/prime of life sapling/young man kindness/favor/patronage turn/time light sapling latent/hidden/secret/ desire/plea/poverty/need intention/purpose/will/aim good/lucky/virtuous/pious auction middle/half listening/hearing

############################################################################# ### vaa-o ----o: waa: waa: waa: waa waa waa waa waasiq: waajib: waajibaat: waajid: waahid: waar: waar: waar: waaris: P P P P bastah: pas: rastah: sokht: A A A A A H P S A conj. adj. adv. prep. adj. adj. adj. n.m. adj. adj. n.m. adj. adj. n.m. suff. n.m. n.m. and open again/back with bound together/attached behind/back/returning again free/delivered/escaped/carefree aversion/disgust strong/firm/confident/secure necessary/obligatory duties (plu. of waajib) possessor/creator unique/one/single/unit blow/attack/stroke like/resembling/possessing day of the week/moment heir

waarid: A adj. waaridaat: A adj. waastah: A n.m. waaste: A prep. waazih: A adj. waaqi': A adj. waaqi'i: A adv. waaqi'i: A adj. waalid: A n.m. waalidah: A n.f. waalah: A adj. waan: H suff. waahimah: A n.m. wajaahat: A n.f. wajd: A n.m. wijdaan: A n.m. wujood: A n.m. waj-h: A n.m. wajeeh: A n.m. waHshat: A n.f. waHeed: A adj. widaad: A n.f. widaa': A n.m. wadood: A adj. war: P suff. warnah: P adv. wazn: A n.m. waseem: A adj. wash: P suff. wasf: A n.m. wusool: A n.m. wasiyyat: A n.f. wazaahat: A n.f. waza': A n.f. watan: A n.m. wa'dah: A n.m. waghairah: A adv. wafaa: A n.f. wafaa begaanah: adj. wafaa daar: adj. wafaat: A n.f. waqt: A n.m. waqf: A n.m. wakaalat: A n.f. wakeel: A n.m. wilaayat: A n.f. walee: A n.m. wahm: A n.m. wairaagi: S n.m. weeraan: P adj. weeraanah: P n.m. weeraani: P n.f.

coming/arriving/happening events/occurences (plu. of waarid) account/sake/reason/means/motive for/for the sake of clear/evident/apparent occuring/happening really/actually/truly true/real/proper father mother distracted/mad with love possessing/endowed with imagination/fancy/whim dignity/respect/beauty ecstasy/rapture/excessive love ecstasy/rapture/intuition existence/essence/being cause/reason/mode/manner/face/appearance handsome/respectable/good appearance solitude/grief/fear/sadness/loneliness singular/unique/alone friendship/love/affection farewell loving/friendly possessing/having and if not/otherwise weight/measure/metre/rhyme/esteem/honor handsome/fine countenance like/resembling praise/merit/virtue collection/acquisition testament/last will/legacy/bequest vivid description state/position/situation native country promise/agreement et cetera/and so forth fulfilling a promise/fulfilment/fidelity faithless faithful/sincere death time/term/season/hour/opportunity religious bequest advocacy/attorneyship lawyer/attorney a foreign country/abroad/realm/union with God lord/prince/master/friend/guardian imagination/idea/fancy/opinion/fear/suspicion ascetic/recluse desolate/ruined a ruined place desolation/destruction/ruin

############################################################################# ### chhoTi he

haatif: haath: haadi: haar: haar: haalah: haamoon: haawiyah: haa'ilah huboot: hibah: hatauRa: hatauRee: hathyaar: hathelee: hijr: hijrat: hujoom: hidaayat: hadaf: hazaa: har: har har har har hiraas: harj: harzah: hargiz: haryaalee: hazl: hasti: hushyaar: haftah: hakaazah: halaak: halaak: hilaal: ham: ham ham ham ham ham

P H A S&P H A P A A A A H H H H A A A A A A P ek: baar: jaa'ee: dam: P A P P H A P P P A A A A P bazm: batn: batn: taa: jalees:

n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. n.f. n.m. pron. adj. adj. adv. adj. adv. n.m. n.m. adj. adv. n.f. n.m. n.f. adj. n.m. adv. adj. n.f. n.m. conj. & adv. adj. adj. n.m. adj. adj. & n.m. n.f. & n.m. n.f. adj. n.m. adj. adj. n.m.

--------angel/voice from heaven hand/arm/clutches/power/slap/reach guide/leader/director necklace/garland loss/defeat/fatigue halo/nimbus/circle round the moon desert/plain/level ground the lowest region of hell terrible/horrible decline/downfall/descent gift/bequest/grant sledgehammer small hammer tool/weapon palm of the hand separation/absence from one's country separation/flight (flight of the Prophet from Mecca to Medina) crowd/mob/tumult/assault/attack instruction/guidance/righteousness target/goal/object this all/every/each every one every time vagabond/faithless every moment fear/terror/confusion/sorrow/disappointment tumult/sedition/trouble/loss/harm/injury nonsense/absurd/frivolous/vain ever/never greeness/freshness/grass joke/jest/pleasantries life/existence intelligent/alert/awake a week similarly ruined/destroyed ruin/destruction/slaughter/death new moon/the crescent also/likewise/together/with/similar of the same society related by blood blood-relation/close ally equal/alike close friend playmate/equal/peer/friend sympathizer/partner in adversity confidant fellow-traveller unanimous/of the same language friendly/unanimous neighbor

ham jolee: ham ham ham ham ham ham dard: raaz: raah: zabaan.: saaz: saayah:

ham safar: ham mazhab: ham nasheen: humaa: P humaayun: P himmat: A hameshaah: P han.gaam: P han.gaamah: P hawaa: A hawas: A hosh: P haul: A hunar: P heeraa: H hai'at: A

n.m. adj. n.m. n.m. adj. n.f. adv. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.f. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.m. n.f.

fellow-traveller coreligionist playmate/associate eagle/phoenix/bird of Paradise august/royal/fortunate spirit/mind/courage/desire/design always season/time/period tumult/riot/uproar/confusion/disorder wind/breeze/air/atmosphere ambition/desire/lust sense/mind/understanding terror/horror/fright skill/art diamond astronomy/face/figure;commission/delegation

############################################################################# ### chhoTi ye/baRi ye ----------------intj. O! conj. either/or n.f. remembrance/memory/recollection n.f. a note/memorandum/memory memorial/souvenir/keepsake n.m. friend/lover/companion n.m. strength/courage/power n.m. friendship adv. friendly n.f. friendship/assistance/love/intrigue n.f. despair/fear/terror n.m. rebel/enemy n.m. ruby/garnet adj. aiding/friendly n.m. assistant/companion/friend n.f. favor/assistance/friendship adj. absurd/vain/futile/lost/ruined n.m. orphans (plu. of yateem) n.m. orphan n.m. hand/power/authority/protection/succor n.m. God n.m. left/left hand; affluence/opulence adv. namely/that is to say n.m. certainty/assurance/truth/confidence/trust adv. certainly/verily/assuredly/indeed adj. one/a/an adj. one soul adj. unanimous adj. one-sided adj. uniform opinion or speech adj. all at once adj. on one side/aside adv. all at once/suddenly adj. single/unique/matchless/incomparable n.m. kinsman/kindred

yaa: yaa: yaad:

A P P yaad daasht: yaad gaar: yaar: P yaaraa: P yaaraanah: P yaaraanah: P yaari: P yaas: A yaaghi: T yaaqoot: P yaawar: P yaawar: P yaawari: P yaawah: P yataamaa: A yateem: A yad: A yazdaan: P yasaar: A ya'ni: A yaqin: A yaqinan: yak: P yak jaan: yak dil: yak rukhee: yak zabaan: yak sar: yak soo: yak lakht: yaktaa: P yagaanah: P

yagaanah: yumn: yamin: yoorish: yaum:

P A A T A

adj. n.m. n.m. n.f. n.m.

unique/single/sole/agreed/unequalled felicity/prosperity/good luck right hand; oath assault/storm/invasion a day