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15

1975

518:517.9:53


,

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1.



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,

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2

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,
[ ~ ] .

.

. + 1 {S }

( 0 , {, ]:
L

S =
h

t do(t);

1263

,- ( + 1
,
[, ]. [ ] ,

o (t) .
[ ] o(t),
(, ) , [ ] ,
.
.
" {S }

o(t).
{S }

D (t), &=0, 1,. . . , , ' C (t)
(. [ ] ) :
5

2n

2n

Dh{t)

D hiz)

c^)=e{ ~_

{D (t)D {t)}=8 ,

mh

D, (t)

S ...

S-

D (t)

(i)

So

5
51

S ..

t...

S ..
x

k+1

>2k

:
^,
1) ,
(, );
2) (, ), :
t>b

D (t)>0,
h

(2)
t<a

D (t)>0
h

>D (t)<0
k

,
;

3) D (t) D (t)
.

V[a, b; S ]. .
1 (. [ ] ) . (,
{S }
h

k+i

2n

00

2n

(3)

do ( 0

n + 1

(z)+Q(z)C (z)
n

_J, z-t
D (z)+Q(z)D (z)
- .
<^[, ; S ] Q(z),

n+l

2n

(4)

v.

dl(t)
, *

( z ) = a +

J -7 =t-zT '

a(Q) , ()

. .

1264

[ ]
, [, ],
D (t)
k+1

D (t)
k

||

/ i 4

jjB

l + 1

(0

D (t)
h

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D (b)

h+i

IIZ) (a) D (a) II


fc+1

fe

\\D (b)

D (b)\\

k+1

, Qh(t) Qk(t) ,
(, ) , (/+1)-
.
2 (. [ ] ) . [, ]
{S }o
7

2n

(5)

I da(t)
J

Pn(z)+a(z)P (z)
n

z-t

Q (z)+<o(z)Q (z)
n

-
o^V[a, \ S ] ( z ) ,

2n

"
(6)

<D(*) =

(6-Z)

d\(t)

f-p-

^(t) .
, (6), S[a, 6 ] ,
, (4), a (Q) =0,
[-

].

[ ] ,
, ,
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2
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(....)

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(
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1265

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,
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9

2. .
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.
L , m=l, 2, . . . ,
, ,
h

^'=0

/1=0

k=0

L <^L +i
t:
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= (, A ty),
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,
4 , 1|)==(,
xp^L 'ty^L .
, ,
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+
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I m z = 0 .
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n

n+i

(7).

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J tz

,),

:
o^V[, ; S n]..G , o<=V[, ; S ], La L ,

t L ,
2

2n

n+i

h+

t *do(t)

= (A e,A *e),
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<.

,
[ ; s ]

?

2n

1266

. .

(R (A)e,
) .
' L a
czL czH Lr^aH .
^A L ^L ^
, ,
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q^L h^L &L
,
z

n+i

1 0

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n+i

A\ =P A \ +{.,q)h,
ln

n Ln

.= |

(>)?

, -

(9)
A=A +(-,q)h+(.,h)q+Q,

=

{S } ,
a c 9 = P - 4 P " - . (9)
:

2n

k lQ

R ()

=#,(A )P +R (Q)Pn +

X { [ - ( . ,

[ 1 - ( , U n ) g , q) (Rz(Q)

RS(A )q)+(R (A )q,


n

H-(-,R 4Q)h)

q) (, RS(Q)h)

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]R (Q)h+
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z

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i .
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e) = (R (A )

(10)

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(R (Q)k,

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e),

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z

, (10). Q
Z/
(R (Q)h,h)
Q(z)

] .

{S } .
,
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h)h.
h (+1)- J 9 ( ) ,
z

2n

h 0

n+1

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D ^(t),

(p(i)=Vc/.

, (8) ,
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q)h.

42

(11) (12) , (, q) =c (A /A +i) .

, q(t) =^A (A A - )~ D -i(t).




n

(13)

(, )<.) (t)=P(t),

n+i

n li

P(t)^L .
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(13) (A zl),
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, / 2

Z)

1267

(i)].

n + 1

P^L , (14)
,
n

<p(z)+in(

D (z)=Q
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\ A n1 ++ 1i /

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c e . U . ^ x o -J-zj i Pj l T W D- ^ (D - . w ] .
W

n + 1


> () =e{t) () =<?()
1

D n M - D n M
, (

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*-z

Z> (z) '


n+1

(15), ,
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1 / 2

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( 1 6 )

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D (z)
n

g)=-

'

(, ;.-,)'

(16) (10) [ ]
(17)
C (z)Z) ( )-Z) (z)C (z)=b - ,
1

n + 1

n + 1


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(18)

"Viw,n
^
( (),)^

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= v

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(18) (ratbl)- ,
^ { 5 } | .
2- ,
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Q(z). ~ Q ( z ) ,
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; Szn]
+1

00

Q(z)=a+

dm
t-z

, 1 .

1268

. .

,
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, A
[, ].
, , ,
,
[, ]. , (10),
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(10)

A(z) : A(z)=0 n p n z < a z > 6 .
A(z)
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(.

tz

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, (.{
.

tz

- Q (z),

:
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2) [, ];
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,
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A ( z ) > 0

z<flHZ>6,

A(z)

z = 0 O

=l.

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r dr\ (t)

l-J--^^Q(z)>0ppHZ<a,
a

1-J

Q(g>>0,-

npHZ>b>

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Q(z)>0

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z < a ,

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n+l

Q(z)>0

u z>b.
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, z>b z<a

(2) i(z).

(-l)^D (b)
n+l

D M
n+

D (b)+Dn(b)Q(z)b -

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n+i

D ^(.a)+D {a)Q{z)b - '


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1269

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n + i

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. ()

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b
t

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>

n+i

[, 6] Q ( z ) ,
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1270

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, D (t),

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2n

$271+1 ].

, [a, 6; S ]
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.
m

3.
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2

, G (ee\ ) '=0 (., , [ ] . ) :
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a?>

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G ( ) - V
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G (0, ) =

aa

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8.0

'

, a ( t ) , ( 5 ) ,
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ix(t) = lim Re (is), v(t) = lim Im (t),


e|0

b|0

(5) :

[Pn(t)+ii(t)P (t)}+iv(t)Pn(t)

Pn(t)Q (t)-Pn(t)Q (t)


n

v(t)

(0=- [ $ . ( t ) + i i ( 0 2 . ( 0 ] ' + [ v ( 0 5 . W ]

(17)

P (t)Q (t)-P (t)Q {t)=Qn(b)b - ,


n

[ ( ? n ( 0 + ^ W ^ W ]

+ [ v W ^ ( 0 ]

(25) .
, (z)
[, ; ] ,
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(22)

1271



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CD(S)
.






.
0.90

,

co(z),

(
)
,
,

,


, (

)

,
t
. ,

co(z),
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.
( 2 5 ) ,
v(t)

( ,

. 1 : ;

/
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;
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n

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; ,
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1272

. .

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,(26)

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, ,
,
. co(z),

.
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-(b-*)J

{KMb-t)

+ [ (t-a)I (b-t)
2

t-z

] }dt
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, , ,
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,
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(g(co) =2( )), 9, 10 16 (
) , . 2.
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.
. 2 ,
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.
:
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2

1273

* , , -, ,
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9 (
, [*])
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r=ejln2sh(-^)p(0* '

C=J^csch (^)p(0^,
2

cth

2sh

pw i(

'=i[l (l)- ( w)] ' '

29/



, .
,
2
(
< 2 % ) ,
. . 1
, 15 . (
m 11.5%.)

: C =3kC \
= \
E=3h(d E*/2,
S=3kS\
<U y*=3h/M(o , a T=hd) Q/k ( : :
, 2nh , ,
).

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1274

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s*

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F *

0.05
0.00855
.0969
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.40
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.50
.870
.55
.889
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1.00
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2.00
. .985
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0.678
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1.070
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4.018
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5.004
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0.00195
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1.105
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0.339
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0.019
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1.608
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889
2.076
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3.024
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4.386
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5.522
6.097
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7.257
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8.424
9.010
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10.18,3
.771
11.360
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12.538
13.127
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14.307
.898
15.489
16.080


, ....,
,
.
C . 2.

, /,

= 15

6
10
15
20
25
30

/
V

0.0627
.238
.462
.625
.731
.798

0.0623
.237
.463
.623
.727
.792

35
40
45
50
55
60

15

.845
.877
.892
.915
.929
.939

.835
.866
'.882
.896
.907
.915

1 2

[ ] c o = 9 . 2 X
1 0 ~ ~\ . 2
C [ ] ,
L

12

1 3

1275

^ 5 0 - ^ 6 0 , C
, ,

.
. . ,
,
. . .
v

16.05.1974

1. . ,
. , . .
. ., , 19651
2. . W. Montroll. F r e q u e n c y spectrum of crystalline solids. J. Chem. Phys., 1942, 10,
4, 2 1 9 - 2 2 9 ; E. W. Montroll, D. Peaslee.
F r e q u e n c y spectrum of crystalline so
lids 3. Body-centered c u b i c lattices. J. Chem. Phys., 1944, 12, 3, 9 8 - 1 0 6 .
3. C. Isenberg. M o m e n t calculations in lattice d y n a m i c s 2. J. Phys., 1971, C4, 1 6 4 - 1 7 3 .
4. C. Isenberg.
M o m e n t calculations in lattice dynaniics 1. for lattice with nearestn e i g h b o r interactions. P h y s . Rev., 1963, 132, 2 4 2 7 - 2 4 3 3 .
5. H. . .
|. ., , 1961.
6. . Nevanlinna.
A s y m p t o t i s c h e e n t w i c k l u n g e n be'scrankter funktionen
und
das
Stieltjessche m o m e n t e n p r o b l e m . A n n . A c a d . Sci. Fennicae, 1922, A18, 4 - 6 8 ; Uber
beschrankte analytische funktionen. A n n . A c a d . Sci. Fennicae, 1929, A32, 3 - 7 5 .
7. M. . .
. . . . 2. 2.
, - . -, 1967, 1 1 4 - 1 3 2 .
8. R. Leighton.
T h e vibrational spectrum and
crystal. Rev. Mod. Phys., 1948, 20, 1 6 5 - 1 7 4 . ^

specific heat of face centered

cubic

9. . . .

. . . . ., 1967, 53,
6 0 5 - 6 1 4 ; . . ,
. . .


. . . . ., 1970, 58, 1 3 5 - 1 4 4 .
10. . . . ., , 1967.
1 1 . . . , , . .,

. ., , 1973.
12. / . S. Brown, G. . Horton. M o d e l potentials and the dispersion l a w in solid k r y p
ton. P h y s . Rev. Letters, 1967, 18, 6 4 7 - 6 4 9 .
13. D. L. Los.ee, R. O. Simmons. Thermal-expansion measurements and
of solid krypton. Phys. Rev., 1968, 172, 9 4 4 - 9 5 7 .

thermodynamics