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Kcl \ asphsol\ poly mud

This system is advanced or modified system of KCL\ POLY mud , the both systems depend on polymers reaction The polymers reaction generally tends to form series of chains , bonded to each other , this develop the thyxotropic properties of the mud ( gel strength , viscosity , yield point ) , POLY PAC UL ( high temp. additive ) and POLY PAC R are additives develop the viscosity which consequently reduce the water loss , the most important thing in dealing with polymers system is to maintain good environment to react properly as PH control ( 8.5 10 ) , acaustic soda is main additive to control PH value where acaustic soda refresh the polymers reaction . The bottom hole temperature should be consider when dealing with polymers where there is certain polymers types for high temperature cases as XCD-POLY . All the water base mud systems preparation start with water treatment , where adding of acaustic soda ( to react with Mg++ and forming Mg (OH)2 ) and adding of soda ash ( to react with Ca++ and forming CaCo3 ) to get water with minimum hardness ( total % of Mg & Ca) where presence of this material affect polymers reaction . By preparation of Water end , the system is ready to mix polymers with optimum % related to well condition , adding KCL as percent recommended in mud program . In case of high viscosity adding of thinner as SPERSENE is the best solution . FOR ASPHASOL SYSTEM There are some additives as ASPHASOL : it is asphaltic (hydrocarbon ) material used to inhibited shale zones by controlling water loss and bridging The well bore with thin film preventing water loss , swelling & sloughing , this product used by 4 lb/bbls This will give double inhibition where KCL + ASPHASOL are good inhibition agents . CALCIUM CARBONATE ( sized ) : this material is used mainly as bridging agent where there is trouble with high caving and wash out where it is react to form thick cake against high porosity , loose sand zones .And due to bad of effect of Barite as weighting material especially against pay zone , it is recommended to use calcium carbonate as weighting material where it is easy to remove any skin due to calcium carbonate invasion by acid job. RESINEX :it is resin material used in high temperature well as polymers . AS RULE OF THUMB , the recommended concentration of 100 bbls KCL /ASPH/POLY with 7% KCL is : Product Acaustic soda Soda ash Poly pac UL Poly pac R XCD poly asphasol CaCo3 resinex CMC - HV CMC LV Used for Mg ++ removal Ca++ removal W.L + visc ( high temp) W.L + visc W.L + visc. ( high temp) Inhibition + bridging ( high temp) LCM + weighting Visc. In high temp. Visc. Thinner Qty ( lb/bbl) 1 1 4 4 0. 5 - 1 4 30 45 Remarks

MUD TEST : 1. total hardness :


A/ Ca++:
get 1 ml From filtrate sample + 1ml of CLAVIER II + 2-3 drops of 8N . NaOH (as PH agent ) : titration the mix with EDTA solution , just when pink color appears , determine the amount of EDTA in ml. Used Ca++ ( mg/l) = EDTA (ml) * 400

B/ Mg++ :
get 1 ml From filtrate sample + 1ml of MUROXID + Buffer solution (as PH agent ) : titration the mix with EDTA solution , just when color changes , determine the amount of EDTA in ml. Used Mg++ ( mg/l) = Ca++ EDTA (ml) Mg++ EDTA (ml) * 243

2. chloride percent :
get 1 ml from filtrate sample + K2CrO4 ( potassium dicormate ) then yellow color will appear : titration with Ag No3 ( silver nitrate ) , just when color become dark brown , determine amount of Ag No3 CL (ppm) = AgNo3 (ml) *10000

mud cake & water loss :


100 psi is applied to mud sample for 7 min. (in this case result of filtrate multiple by 2 ) or for hr. , the mud cake is thickness check from filtration paper and filtrate sample represent water loss this sample used for Ca++ , Mg++ & Cl- test .

Yp &PV :
Using rheometer to measure shear force at 600 , 300 RPM PV = 600 reading 300 reading Yp = 300 reading PV

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How to mix water base mud


1. spud mud .
1 caustic soda +soda ash to treat calcuim and magnisuim (water hardness) 2 bentonite by the recommended concentartion and let it at least 4 hours for prehydration .

2.

LSNDM.

1 caustic soda +soda ash to treat calcuim and magnisuim (water hardness) 2 bentonite by the recommended concentartion and let it at least 4 hours for prehydration . 3 fluid loss control as PAC-UL&PAC-R. 4 Viscofiers and gelling agents as XCD-polymer or DUO-Vis. 5 Weighting material . All the above mentioned materails used with the same arrangement and with the recommended program conectration .

3.KCL/POLYMER MUD .
1 caustic soda +soda ash to treat calcuim and magnisuim (water hardness) 2 KCL. 3 fluid loss control as PAC-UL&PAC-R. 4 Viscofiers and gelling agents as XCD-polymer or DUO-Vis. 5 Weighting material . All the above mentioned materails used with the same arrangement and with the recommended program conectration .

4.KCL/POLYMER /SOLTEX MUD .


1 caustic soda +soda ash to treat calcuim and magnisuim (water hardness) 2 KCL. 3 fluid loss control as PAC-UL&PAC-R. 4 Soltex and resinex. 5 Viscofiers and gelling agents as XCD-polymer or DUO-Vis. 6 Weighting material . All the above mentioned materails used with the same arrangement and with the recommended program conectration .

3.

SALT SATURATED POLYMER MUD .

1 caustic soda +soda ash to treat calcuim and magnisuim (water hardness) 2 NaCl to saturation point ( see salt table ) . 3 fluid loss control as PAC-UL&PAC-R. 4 Viscofiers and gelling agents as XCD-polymer or DUO-Vis. 5 Weighting material . All the above mentioned materails used with the same arrangement and with the recommended program conectration . NB: Salt saturated mud used to drill salt formation .

4.

KCL/FLO-PRO. MUD.

1 caustic soda +soda ash to treat calcuim and magnisuim (water hardness) 2 KCL. 3 fluid loss control (FLOTROL) . 4 Viscofiers and gelling agents ( FLO-VIS or FLO-VIS PLUS) . 5 Weighting material . 6 Temp. stabilizer ( PTS-200) . 7 Lubricant ( LUBE 167) All the above mentioned materails used with the same arrangement and with the recommended program conectration . NB: 1 Drilling dtergent used with all water base mud systems when need it . 2 Incase of bit balling . 3 Defoamer also used with water base mud systems when need it . 4 In case of using foams making products .

OIL BASE MUD


1. 2. Mix brine with lime in separate pit ( water +CaCl2 with the recommended concentration +lime (2-3ppb) . mix the oil with the following oil base products: 1 Emulsifier as Versacoat. 2 Wetting agent as Versawet. add NO#1 on NO#2 very slowly with sheering . add viscosfier and gelling agent on the mixture as VG-69. Add Organophiling agent to improve low sheer reading as Versamod . Add weighting materials as barite or CaCo3.

3. 4. 5. 6.

All the above mentioned materails used with the same arrangement and with the recommended program conectration . NB: You have adjust the O/W ratio as recommended in the program. For Ex. If u need to prepare 500 bbls O/W ratio = 80/20 , you need the following quantities from water and oil Water = 100 bbls water fraction from CaCl2 table. Oil = 400 bbls Water fraction means ( total quantity of water needed minus the volume which produced as result of using CaCl2.